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Proċedura : 2005/2576(RSP)
Ċiklu ta' ħajja waqt sessjoni
Ċiklu relatat mad-dokument : B6-0496/2005

Testi mressqa :

B6-0496/2005

Dibattiti :

PV 28/09/2005 - 3

Votazzjonijiet :

PV 28/09/2005 - 5.2

Testi adottati :

P6_TA(2005)0350

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 110kDOC 51k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B6-0484/2005
21 September 2005
PE 361.916v01-00
 
B6‑0496/2005
to wind up the debate on statements by the Council and Commission
pursuant to Rule 103(2) of the Rules of Procedure
by Martin Schulz, Jan Marinus Wiersma and Hannes Swoboda
on behalf of the PSE Group
on the opening of negotiations with Turkey

European Parliament resolution on the opening of negotiations with Turkey 
B6‑0496/2005

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its resolution of 15 December 2004 on the 2004 regular report and the recommendation of the European Commission on Turkey’s progress towards accession, and to its previous resolutions on this subject adopted between 18 June 1987 and 15 December 2004,

–  having regard to its resolution of 6 July 2005 on the role of women in Turkey in social, economic and political life,

–  having regard to the conclusions of the European Council meeting of 17 December 2004,

–  having regard to the draft framework for the accession negotiations with Turkey, as presented by the European Commission on 29 June 2005,

–  having regard to the decisions by the Council of the European Union on the start of the accession negotiations with Turkey,

–  having regard to Rule 103(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas the Commission has concluded that Turkey has fulfilled the Copenhagen political criteria sufficiently well and has recommended that accession negotiations be opened,

B.  whereas the European Council decided in 2002 that if Turkey fulfilled the Copenhagen political criteria the European Union (EU) would open accession negotiations without delay,

C.  whereas the European Parliament considered on 15 December 2005 that the opening of accession negotiations is to be recommended so long as it is agreed that:

   in the first phase of the negotiations priority is given to the full implementation of the political criteria; that therefore the agenda of negotiations at ministerial level will start with the assessment of the fulfilment of the political criteria, especially in the area of human rights and full fundamental freedoms in both theory and practice, in the meantime opening up the opportunity to put other chapters on the agenda for the negotiations,
   in accordance with the Commission’s requirements, six important remaining pieces of legislation are to be adopted and enforced prior to the beginning of negotiations,
   all mechanisms envisaged by the Commission to ensure close monitoring, intensive political dialogue and a possible suspension of negotiations, if necessary, are fully effective,

D.  whereas on that occasion the European Parliament, whilst respecting the democratic will of the Greek Cypriot community, expressed its regret that it had not been able to reach a solution, and called on the Turkish authorities to maintain their constructive attitude in finding a settlement of the Cyprus question leading to an equitable solution, to be negotiated on the basis of the Annan plan and the principles upon which the EU is founded, and to effect an early withdrawal, pursuant to the relevant UN resolutions, of its forces in accordance with a specific timetable; whereas it expressed its belief that such a withdrawal of Turkish forces is a necessary step forward on the way to easing tension further, resuming dialogue between the parties and preparing for a lasting solution; whereas it called on the Turkish authorities to recognise the Republic of Cyprus; whereas it called the attention of the Turkish authorities to the fact that the negotiations concerned are intergovernmental negotiations between Turkey on the one hand and the 25 Members of the EU on the other; the Republic of Cyprus is one of those Member States; whereas it noted that the opening of negotiations obviously implies the recognition of Cyprus by Turkey,

E.  whereas the European Parliament also invited the Turkish authorities to abolish all existing restrictions applying to ships flying the Cypriot flag and involved in trade relating to a Member State of the EU,

F.  whereas the European Council concluded on 17 December 2004 that Turkey fulfilled the Copenhagen criteria sufficiently well to start the accession negotiations on 3 October 2005, provided that it brought into force six outstanding pieces of legislation and that it signed, in accordance with its own commitment, the protocol extending the Ankara Agreement to the ten new Member States,

G.  whereas on 1 June 2005 Turkey brought into force the six outstanding pieces of legislation required,

H.  whereas on 29 July 2005 Turkey signed the Protocol extending the Ankara Agreement to the ten new Member States but at the same time, along with the Protocol, released a statement saying that the signing, ratification and implementation of this protocol did not amount to any form of recognition of the Republic of Cyprus referred to in the Protocol,

I.  whereas at the same time Turkey is continuing the embargo on Cypriot-flagged vessels entering its ports and Cypriot-flagged aircraft making use of its airports,

J.  whereas a democratic and economically stable Turkey would substantially benefit the whole of Europe,

K.  whereas only by demonstrating readiness to embrace EU values through determined implementation and continued reform will Turkey be able to ensure the irreversibility of the process of reform and to gather the necessary support amongst the body of EU public opinion,

L.  whereas the European Union’s capacity to cope with enlargement is considered a prerequisite, as part of the Copenhagen criteria, and whereas, therefore, the European Union, for its part, must demonstrate that it is capable of political and institutional reform,

1.  Notes that Turkey has formally fulfilled the last conditions for starting the accession negotiations on 3 October 2005, namely the bringing into force of the six outstanding pieces of legislation and the signing, in accordance with its own undertaking, of the protocol extending the Ankara Agreement to the ten new Member States;

2.  Sincerely deplores the fact that Turkey has cast serious doubt on its willingness fully to implement all provisions of the Protocol by releasing at the same time, together with the Protocol, a statement saying that the signing, ratification and implementation of this Protocol does not amount to any form of recognition of the Republic of Cyprus referred to in the Protocol;

3.  Is increasingly doubtful as to Turkey’s willingness fully to implement all provisions of the Protocol, because of its continuing embargo on Cypriot-flagged vessels entering its ports and of Cypriot-flagged aircraft making use of its airports;

4.  Insists that the Council of the European Union will ensure, together with the Turkish authorities, that all provisions of the Protocol extending the Ankara Agreement are fully implemented with regard to trade and trading possibilities and facilities for all the Union’s Member States; calls on the Commission to make, by the end of 2006, a full assessment of the implementation of the extended Ankara Agreement, and stresses that failure in the implementation of this agreement will have serious implications for the negotiation process and could even lead to a halting of the negotiation process; demands, therefore, that the implementation of the Customs Union be amongst the first chapters to be dealt with in the accession negotiations;

5.  Expresses once again, whilst respecting the democratic will of the Greek Cypriot community, its regret that it has not been able to reach a solution, and calls on the Turkish authorities to maintain their constructive attitude in finding a settlement of the Cyprus question leading to an equitable solution, to be negotiated on the basis of the Annan plan and the principles upon which the EU is founded, and to effect an early withdrawal of its forces, pursuant to the relevant UN resolutions, in accordance with a specific timetable; believes that such a withdrawal of Turkish forces is a necessary step forward on the way to further easing tension, resuming dialogue between the parties and preparing for a lasting solution;

6.  Emphasises that a rapid normalisation of relations between Turkey and all EU Member States, including Turkey’s recognition of the Republic of Cyprus, is a necessary component of the accession process; stresses that Turkey’s recognition of the Republic of Cyprus can in no way be the subject of the negotiations; calls on the Turkish authorities to recognise the Republic of Cyprus at an early stage of the negotiating process and stresses that failure to do so will have serious implications for the negotiation process and could even lead to a halting of the negotiation process;

7.  Calls on the Council also to deliver on promises and to put an end to the isolation of the Turkish Cypriot community; expects the rapid adoption of the two regulations on economic aid and trade with the northern part of the island;

8.  Calls on the Council to respect fully all elements of the framework for negotiations as laid down in the conclusions of the meeting of the European Council of 17 December 2004; emphasises in particular in this framework that the shared objective of the negotiations is accession, that these negotiations are an open-ended process, the outcome of which cannot be guaranteed in advance; that while taking account of all the Copenhagen criteria, if the candidate State is not in a position to assume in full all the obligations of membership it must be ensured that the candidate State concerned is fully anchored in the European structures through the strongest possible bond;

9.  Calls on the Commission and the Council in this context to report annually to the European Parliament and the national parliaments of the EU Member States on the progress made by Turkey in fulfilling the political criteria, and to include in this report all verified cases of torture reported in that year and the number of Turkish asylum seekers accepted by the EU Member States during that year;

10.  Urges the Commission, once the negotiations on the various chapters have started, to recommend, in the event of a serious and persistent breach of the principles of liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, the rights of minorities and the rule of law, and after consultation of the European Parliament, the suspension of negotiations, in line with the Treaty on European Union;

11.  Notes that the budgetary impact of Turkey’s accession to the EU can only be fully assessed once the parameters for the financial negotiations with Turkey have been defined in the context of the financial perspectives from 2014 onwards;

12.  Stresses that the Commission’s recommendation to negotiate long transition periods, specific arrangements in areas such as structural policies and agriculture and permanent safeguards for the free movement of workers in the accession agreement should not have a negative impact on Turkey’s efforts to align with the acquis;

13.  Stresses that the opening of negotiations will be the starting point for a long-lasting process, which by its very nature is an open-ended process and does not lead ‘a priori’ and automatically to accession; emphasises, however, that the objective of the negotiations is Turkish EU membership, but that the realisation of this ambition will depend on the efforts of both sides; accession is thus not the automatic consequence of the start of the negotiations;

14.  Emphasises that the Nice Treaty is not an acceptable basis for further decisions on the accession of any further new Member States and therefore insists that the necessary reforms are brought into force within the framework of the constitutional process;

15.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council and Commission, the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe, the President of the European Court of Human Rights and the Government and Parliament of Turkey.

Aġġornata l-aħħar: 23 ta' Settembru 2005Avviż legali