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Postopek : 2005/2619(RSP)
Potek postopka na zasedanju
Potek postopka za dokument : B6-0026/2006

Predložena besedila :

B6-0026/2006

Razprave :

Glasovanja :

PV 18/01/2006 - 4.9
CRE 18/01/2006 - 4.9

Sprejeta besedila :

P6_TA(2006)0017

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 99kWORD 48k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B6-0026/2006
11 January 2006
PE 368.249v01-00
 
B6‑0026/2006
to wind up the debate on the statement by the Commission
pursuant to Rule 103(2) of the Rules of Procedure
by Pasqualina Napoletano and Emilio Menéndez del Valle
on behalf of the PSE Group
on Afghanistan

European Parliament resolution on Afghanistan 
B6‑0026/2006

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its numerous previous resolutions on Afghanistan and, most recently, those of 5 September 20021(1), 15 January 20032(2) and 12 February 20043(3),

–  having regard to Rule 103(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  recalling the inauguration of the Afghan National Assembly on 19 December 2005; recalling that the parliamentary elections held on 18 September 2005 mark the final phase of the so-called Bonn process (2001-2006), during which the EU mobilised over EUR 1 bn for the democratisation and reconstruction of the country,

B.  having regard to the fact that the EU is the second biggest donor in Afghanistan and that it contributes to bringing a failed state back to the fold of nations so that it is no longer a danger for the international community,

C.  considering that the overall situation in the country remains fragile and is not yet sustainable and that, in particular, the establishment of democracy will not be complete as long as political forces are not organising themselves - and are not encouraged to organise themselves - within political parties,

D.  deploring the recent acts of violence which accompanied the inauguration of the Afghan Parliament and the suicide attacks for which the Taliban claim responsibility,

1.  Welcomes the holding of the legislative and provincial elections of 18 September 2005 - the first in 36 years, which were conducted under conditions that were generally peaceful and well-organised, marking a decisive step in the democratisation of Afghanistan; looks forward to establishing good contacts with the Afghan Parliament which will contribute to the development and strengthening of democracy and democratic institutions in Afghanistan;

2.  Congratulates the people of Afghanistan who voted, sometimes in spite of dangers and difficulties; regrets, however, the fact that the turnout of 54% is considerably lower than at the presidential elections held in October 2004 (67%);

3.  Notes the important role that the EU played in the election process: the EU and its Member States raised 40% of the funds necessary for the financing of the elections; the EU EOM was the largest single foreign observation mission in the country;

4.  Welcomes in particular the circumstances that:

   -a large number of candidates from a variety of ethnic, social and political backgrounds offered the electorate a wide choice of political contestants and that the result of the elections mirrors Afghan society;
   -women registered in large numbers as candidates (10% of the total) and voters (44% of the total), and around a quarter of seats in the Wolesi Jirga and the provincial councils are reserved for women; women have fared unexpectedly well in the elections and 27.3% of the seats in the Wolesi Jirga will be occupied by women, a percentage higher than in many Western countries;
   -civil society played an important role throughout the election process, in particular through the deployment of a large number of domestic observers; encourages civil society to play an active role in the democratisation of the country, together with the political authorities;

5.  Is concerned, however, about:

   -the human rights record of a number of those elected, including former commanders, warlords and Taliban, and the fact that a considerable number of women were elected as proxy candidates for persons with criminal links or questionable human rights records;
   -the numerous reports of intimidation and the deplorable killings of 7 candidates, clerics, election workers and others, and the fact that security problems impeded campaigning in parts of the country;
   -the failure to produce a functional voters' list which could also serve as a basis for future district, village or municipal elections;
   -the fact that voters in remote areas were disadvantaged in terms of access to information, registration and polling stations, etc;
   -the fact that the Election Complaints Commission did not have a sufficient investigative capacity to exclude a number of potentially questionable candidates;

6.  Considers that the chosen election system - the single non-transferable vote - can produce problems of legitimacy because of the sometimes weak relationship between the votes cast by a community and their level of representation; regrets that this voting system contributes to the fragmentation of the parliament; considers that a democratic parliament with strong parties is necessary to counterbalance a strong and responsive central government;

7.  Agrees with the need to define a 'post-Bonn process' and supports the holding of a donors' conference hosted by the UN in London in January 2006, in order to assess the political and financial support needed for the interim 'Afghanistan National Development Strategy' that the Afghan government will submit; considers that this strategy should emphasise sustainability and specific targets, such as:

   -respect for human rights, and in particular women's rights and the rule of law;
   -governance and institution-building, and, in particular a functioning administration, an independent judiciary able to act against widespread corruption, and a well-trained police force, given that the stability of Afghanistan is nowadays threatened more from the inside than from the outside;
   -countering narcotics with alternative livelihood crops having a quick impact;

8.  Welcomes the Joint Political Declaration on the EU-Afghan Partnership signed by President Karzai and the EU on 16 November 2005 in Strasbourg, which translates our strong and continued engagement into an increasingly cohesive policy and effective action;

9.  Recalls its decision of 10 March 2004(4)according to which Parliament 'will consider the establishment of permanent delegations with.... Afghanistan once parliamentary structures are in place'; notes in this context that a formal decision on Afghanistan's membership of SAARC will be taken at the next SAARC summit; in the meantime, strongly encourages all forms of cooperation and technical assistance between the European Parliament and the newly elected Afghan Parliament, in particular the training of officials of the Afghan Parliament's administration;

10.  Considers that in our future partnership with Afghanistan a stronger emphasis must be placed on the concept of Afghan 'ownership' and on giving greater responsibility to the Afghan authorities and civil society for making strategic choices for the development of their country, while the EU will link aid more explicitly to performance, in particular to good governance, respect for human rights and sound financial management of projects;

11.  Insists on more visibility of EU funding, given that the EU is the second biggest donor in Afghanistan, and demands that international organisations which administer projects co-funded by the EU be more transparent as regards the sources of their funds; agrees that it should make a direct and concrete contribution by providing training opportunities for parliamentary officials;

12.  Welcomes the gradual expansion of the ISAF forces to reach a total of 15 000 soldiers in 2006, through which almost all the EU Member States (23 countries) are represented; supports their progressive deployment throughout the country with a view to assisting the Afghan government in extending its authority across the country; notes that ISAF and Operation Enduring Freedom will be linked in terms of the command structure, but will continue to have separate mandates, i.e. ISAF will focus on its stabilisation and security mission while Operation Enduring Freedom will continue its counter-terrorism mission; calls for a solution to the problem of the so-called caveats which impede a proper cooperation among the different national contingents in the country;

13.  Considers that foreign troops in Afghanistan play a constructive role to the extent that their work meets the expectations of the population and respects their lifestyle; is worried about alleged misconduct in several cases by European and US troops, in particular the burning of Taliban corpses; considers that this act is in breach of the Geneva Convention and that the act of desecration of Muslim beliefs may ultimately play into the hands of the Taliban;

14.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the CFSP High Representative, the Governments and Parliaments of the Member States and the Government of Afghanistan.

(1) P5_TA(2002)0407
(2) P5_TA(2003)0016
(3) P5_TA(2004)0098
(4) P5-TA(2004)0166

Zadnja posodobitev: 13. januar 2006Pravno obvestilo