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Procedūra : 2006/2614(RSP)
Dokumenta lietošanas cikls sēdē
Dokumenta lietošanas cikls : B6-0478/2006

Iesniegtie teksti :


Debates :

PV 05/09/2006 - 4

Balsojumi :

PV 07/09/2006 - 7.5
CRE 07/09/2006 - 7.5

Pieņemtie teksti :


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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B6-0460/2006
4 September 2006
PE 378.335v01-00
to wind up the debate on the statement by the Commission
pursuant to Rule 103(2) of the Rules of Procedure
by Willy Pleite Meyer, Ilda Figueiredo, Vincenzo Aita, Pedro Guerreiro and Dimitris Papadimoulis
on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group
on forest fires

European Parliament resolution on forest fires 

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to Articles 2, 6 and 174 of the EC Treaty,

  having regard to its resolutions of 13 January 2005 on the outcome of the Buenos Aires Conference on Climate Change(1), 14 April 2005 on the drought in Portugal(2), 12 May 2005 on the drought in Spain(3), and 8 September 2005 on the natural disasters (fires and floods) in Europe(4), as well as those of May 2006 on natural disasters (fires, drought and floods - agricultural, environmental and development aspects) (2005/2195(INI) - A6-0152, 0147 and 0149/2006),

–  having regard to the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change of 11 December 1997 and the ratification of that Protocol by the EU on 31 May 2002,

–  having regard to the scientific report by the Institute for the Environment and Sustainability of the Commission's Joint Research Centre on climate change and the European water dimension(5),

–  having regard to the 'Forest Focus' regulation(6),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 3 November 1998 on a European Union strategy for the forestry sector (COM (1998)0649),

–  having regard to the Commission proposal of 29 September 2004 on the future programme LIFE + (COM (2004)0621),

–  having regard to the new European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EARDF),

–  having regard to the Commission communication of 20 April 2005 on reinforcing EU disaster and crisis response in third countries (COM (2005)0153),

-   having regard to the Commission communication of 20 April 2005 on improving the Community civil protection mechanism (COM (2005)0137),

-   having regard to Regulation (EC) 2012/2002 on the European Solidarity Fund and to the resolution of Parliament of 3 April 2006 on the reform of that regulation (A6-0123/2006),

-   having regard to the action plan on biomass (COM (2005)628) and the EU strategy for biofuels (COM (2006)34),

–  having regard to Rule 103(4) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas thousands of hectares have been affected by forest fires in the EU so far this year, once again mostly in Spain, Portugal, Greece, Italy and France, as well as in other Member States,

B.  whereas in Galicia (Spain), according to data supplied by the regional government, as many as 77 000 hectares have been burned down,

C.  whereas in Portugal, as at 22 August 2006 more than 50 000 hectares of forest had been burned down, in fires causing several deaths and the destruction of an important environmental heritage – especially in the Peneda-Gerês and Serras D'Aire and Candeeiros national park areas – as well as enormous material damage,

D.  whereas since the beginning of the year fires have affected a total of 9068 hectares in 22 of Portugal's national parks and nature reserves, including 3871 hectares in the Peneda-Gerês national park and 3636 in the Serras D'Aire and Candeeiros national park,

E.  whereas in Greece, especially in Chalkidiki and Lakonia, the fires destroyed thousands of hectares of forest, dozens of houses, as well as fauna and vegetation; whereas the increased number of fires, as well as their extent, are in many cases the result of criminal acts aimed at the reclassification of forested land and of the lack of preventive measures and firefighting resources,

F.  whereas the fires have claimed human lives in a number of Member States,

G.  having regard to the extent of the damage caused by these fires in the EU, including the devastation of hundreds of thousands of hectares of woodland and other vegetation, as well as vineyards, orchards, houses and infrastructures. and the deaths of large numbers of animals of all types,

H.  whereas many of the fires were the result of drought and high temperatures, but also of rural depopulation, inadequate forest maintenance, the planting of unsuitable tree varieties, and a high crime rate, as in the cases of Galicia (Spain) and Chalkidiki (Greece),

I.  having regard to the economic and social damage caused by these fires to the local and rural economies, productive activity and tourism,

J.  whereas the forests of the EU Member States are part of the common European natural heritage, and rural development policy will not suffice for dealing with this problem; whereas, surprisingly, the new European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EARDF) will not finance aids to farmers for constructing firebreaks or other preventive measures which are needed to minimise fire risks,

K.  whereas, as has been seen once more in Galicia in 2006, the risks to those who live, work or travel in the vicinity of the Iberian woodland are increasing, and there is a need for specific protection plans for rural communities surrounded by forest,

L.  whereas closer cooperation in the coordination of measures, at regional, national and supranational level, would help reduce the effects of major natural disasters and forest fires,

M.  whereas preventive forestry creates large numbers of permanent jobs directly linked to the preservation of the way of life and customs of rural communities,

N.  whereas woodland grazing has always helped prevent and limit fires of natural origin; whereas the disappearance of the pastures, with the animals being kept inside, has been a disaster for the rural world while not helping eliminate the indirect factors that cause some forest fires,

1.  Expresses its solidarity with the families of those who have died and with the inhabitants of the affected areas throughout this disastrous summer, and offers them its sincerest condolences; salutes the disinterested attitude of the firefighters and ordinary people who have risked their lives to take part in putting out the fires;

2.  Believes that these disasters will have consequences not only at national level, calling for a real commitment to the countryside at European level;

3.  Is concerned at the increasing number of natural disasters which, in the opinion of the experts, can be attributed essentially to climate change and the intensification of extreme weather conditions, and to farming and forestry practices that are inefficient, environmentally unsound, economically unsustainable and socially outdated and discriminatory, since they entail the depopulation of large natural areas whose conservation requires a human presence;

4.  Advocates the protection of extensive methods of animal husbandry, in those Member States where they still exist, as another of the measures that are urgently needed in order to reduce forest fires;

5.  Calls for the establishment of Specific Protection Plans for those Mediterranean Member States where rural communities are surrounded by forest areas which are liable to natural disasters such as those which happened this summer in Galicia, when fire threatened more than 500 municipalities, including substantial cities such as Orense or Santiago de Compostela, as well as over 1000 isolated woodland dwellings;

6.  Urges the Commission to create extraordinary Community aid arrangements for Portugal, especially of a financial nature, so as to support the rehabilitation of the forest areas of the Peneda-Gerês and Serras D'Aire and Candeeiros national parks, in view of their major importance from the ecological, landscape and economic points of view;

7.  Invites the Commission to contribute to the funding of measures for the damage registered in Chalkidiki and Lakonia, compensation and relief for those affected, and the full replanting of the burnt areas;

8.  Advocates funding for the establishment of forestry policies introducing preventive forestry measures based on the planting of species of tree, shrub and vegetation that are resistant to drought stress and to soils which have suffered degradation over time, thanks to damaging agricultural practices such as the burning of stubble alongside roads, streams and ditches;

9.  Believes that many fires, especially in Greece but also in other countries, are the consequence of criminal acts by aimed at destroying the forest and at converting the areas concerned to other forms of profitable activity;

10.  Invites the Member States to take strong action to improve and implement their legislative framework of forest protection and to abstain from commercialisation, reclassification and privatisation activities, thus limiting intrusion and speculation;

11.  Calls for the adoption of the necessary legislative measures at Union level to ensure that the perpetrators of arson or of other natural disasters do not go unpunished;

12.  Invites the Member States to act immediately on the lack of firefighting resources and personnel, and to reorganise the services concerned taking account of climate change, constantly rising temperatures and prolonged drought;

13.  Advocates the creation of a Forest Protection Fund for all the woodland areas of the Mediterranean Member States;

14.  Calls on the Commission to speed up the establishment of the European monitoring centre for drought and desertification, so that it can immediately start gathering information and making proposals for more effective action;

15.  Invites the Commission to establish stronger and integrated structures for forest protection and firefighting, so as to make preventive and fighting measures more effective;

16.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Governments of the Member States, and the regional and local authorities responsible for the affected areas.

(1) Texts Adopted, P6_TA(2005)0005.
(2) Texts Adopted, P6_TA(2005)0139.
(3) Texts Adopted, P6_TA (2005)0187.
(4) Texts Adopted, P6_TA(2005)0334.
(5) and_the_European_Water_Dimension_2005.pdf.
(6) Regulation (EC) No 2152/2003 of the European Parliament and Council of 17 November 2003 concerning monitoring of forests and environmental interactions in the Community (Forest Focus) (OJ L 324, 11.12.2003, p.1), amended by Regulation (EC) No 788/2004 (OJ L 138, 30.4.2004, p. 17).

Pēdējā atjaunošana - 2006. gada 5. septembraJuridisks paziņojums