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Procedură : 2006/2682(RSP)
Stadiile documentului în şedinţă
Stadii ale documentului : B6-0094/2007

Texte depuse :

B6-0094/2007

Dezbateri :

PV 14/03/2007 - 9
CRE 14/03/2007 - 9

Voturi :

PV 15/03/2007 - 5.4
CRE 15/03/2007 - 5.4

Texte adoptate :

P6_TA(2007)0075

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 121kDOC 67k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B6-0080/2007
7 March 2007
PE 385.111v01-00
 
B6‑0094/2007
to wind up the debate on statements by the Council and Commission
pursuant to Rule 103(2) of the Rules of Procedure
by Vito Bonsignore, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Tokia Saïfi and Simon Busuttil
on behalf of the PPE-DE Group
on Euro-Mediterranean relations

European Parliament resolution on Euro-Mediterranean relations 
B6‑0094/2007

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the statements by the Council and Commission,

–  having regard to the statement of 21 February 2007 by the Quartet,

–  having regard to the programme of the German Presidency,

–  having regard to the conclusions of the eighth Conference of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, held in Tampere on 27-28 November 2006,

–  having regard to the document on the European Union's strategy to combat terrorism (14469/4/05 of 30 November 2005) and the common position of the Council of 29 May 2006 on the implementation of specific measures to combat terrorism,

–  having regard to the communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on strengthening the European Neighbourhood Policy (COM(2006)0726), communication COM(2003)0104, its Strategy Paper on the European Neighbourhood Policy (COM(2004)0373) and its proposal for a European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (COM(2004)0628),

–  having regard to the conferences on immigration, the Euro-African conference in Rabat on 10-11 July 2006 and the conference in Tripoli on 22-23 November 2006,

–  having regard to the conclusions of the Euro-Mediterranean Summit held to mark the tenth anniversary of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership on 27-28 November 2005,

–  having regard to its resolution of 27 October 2005 on the Barcelona Process revisited,

–  having regard to the Barcelona Declaration of 28 November 1995, which established the Euro-Mediterranean partnership,

–  having regard to Rule 103(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas since 1995 the Barcelona Process has provided the framework for a partnership between the countries and peoples of the two sides of the Mediterranean,

B.  having regard to the strategic importance of the Mediterranean region for the European Union and the need for a Mediterranean policy based on solidarity to tackle the numerous common challenges posed by peace, stability, terrorism and security, mutual understanding, measures to combat trafficking in persons (including clandestine and illegal immigration) and the objective of establishing an area of shared prosperity,

C.  whereas the transformation of the Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Forum into a Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly (EMPA) with three committees enhances the parliamentary dimension of the Euro-Mediterranean process, which now has greater democratic responsibility; whereas this new body should step up the general dialogue between the two regions,

1.  Considers that it is appropriate and necessary to strengthen the political dimension of neighbourhood towards the south in view of the increased complexity of relations with the Mediterranean region, where the Barcelona Process represents a significant step;

2.  Considers it essential that the political dialogue should be complemented by more intensive cooperation and that, in order to be effective, the Euro-Mediterranean policy requires a budget commensurate with its ambitions;

3.  Reaffirms the need to impart fresh impetus to the partnership process, particularly by breathing new life into the Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly, as the democratic framework for parliamentary action; considers that the Assembly should be equipped with the necessary resources and administrative organisation to give it a high profile and enable it to run smoothly;

4.  Welcomes the Commission’s proposal to give the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) a thematic dimension, pursuing the reinforcement of free trade agreements and strengthening support for reforms to improve the regulatory environment and the investment climate;

5.  Considers that it is in the interests of the European Union to contribute to the democratic development of its neighbours and that the development of the ENP depends in large measure on the will of the neighbouring States and their peoples to share the same values as those on which the EU is based; calls on the European Union to do more to support the implementation of the necessary political, economic and social reforms which have been instituted in these countries;

6.  Welcomes Libya's closer involvement with the Barcelona Process, and expects practical measures with regard to the promised adoption of the Barcelona acquis, which could in future lead to its inclusion in the ENP process;

7.  Calls on the Commission to define more clearly the relationship between the ENP and the Euro-Mediterranean partnership, which it intends to revitalise;

MIDDLE EAST

8.  Reaffirms the need to impart fresh impetus to the Middle East peace process, taking account of the seriousness of the political and humanitarian situation;

9.  Notes the formation of the new Palestinian coalition government and welcomes the initiative taken by Saudi Arabia with the agreement signed in Mecca on 8 February 2007;

10.  Calls on that government to respect the three criteria to be fulfilled in order to be recognised by the international community as a dialogue partner, namely:

   -the rejection of violence,
   -recognition of the State of Israel,
   -acceptance of the international agreements signed in an attempt to settle the conflict;

11.  Notes the conclusions of the 8th Euro-Mediterranean Conference of Ministers of Foreign Affairs held on 27 and 28 November 2006 in Tampere, particularly with regard to political dialogue and security, and reaffirms that the Middle East conflict can only be resolved by negotiating a firm and final peace agreement, as provided for by the Road Map, i.e. without preconditions, based on the existence of two democratic, sovereign and viable States living in peace side by side within secure and recognised international borders;

12.  Considers that the resolution of the Middle East conflict, resulting in the peaceful coexistence of two States, would considerably enhance security, both regionally and internationally;

TERRORISM

13.  Considers that no terrorist act is defensible, no matter what the circumstances, that none can justify the pursuit of political or religious objectives, and that the fight against terrorism cannot legitimise the stigmatisation of any particular culture, civilisation or religion;

14.  Considers that the political response to terrorism should be based on three elements:

   -intensification of intercultural dialogue in the Euro-Mediterranean region, which should involve all movements which defend their ideas by non-violent means with the aim of promoting mutual understanding, common values and a shared vision of our future;
   -sustainable and equitable economic development, which should accompany democratisation and good governance in countries throughout the world, particularly in the Euro-Mediterranean region;
   -enhanced cooperation to fight terrorism, both with Mediterranean countries and with the countries of the whole world;

15.  Recommends that the Ministerial Conference of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership schedule meetings at least annually to consider measures against terrorism and review the implementation of the code of conduct against terrorism, and that it invite the Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly to take part in them;

16.  Urges all Member States of the Barcelona Process and the specialised bodies of the European Union to exchange information at bilateral and regional level so as to render the battle against terrorism more effective, particularly by supporting the ratification of a United Nations Convention on a database containing information on lost or stolen passports;

IMMIGRATION

17.  Recalls that immigration is a very important part of Euro-Mediterranean relations and stresses the need for reinforced cooperation and constructive dialogue between the Member States, on the one hand, and between the Member States of the EU and the countries of origin and transit in the Mediterranean, on the other hand; calls for far-reaching operational cooperation and technical assistance between Member States to monitor the borders and step up the work of FRONTEX to prevent any illegal immigration;

18.  Encourages the parliaments and governments of the countries of destination to adopt policies in favour of teaching immigrants the language of the host country, thus preventing marginalisation processes and promoting genuine integration of immigrants and enabling them to contribute actively to the community in which they are living;

19.  Stresses that a consistent immigration policy must be accompanied by an integration policy providing, inter alia, for regular integration into the employment market, the right to education and training, access to social and health services and participation by immigrants in social, cultural and political life;

20.  Calls for the adoption of an approach based on the principles of partnership and co-management of migratory movements with a view to preventing illegal immigration and the mafias which encourage it;

21.  Considers that an essential part of any European neighbourhood agreement should be devoted to the joint management of the frontiers between each neighbouring country and the European Union in order to ensure not only the security of borders but also the development of cross-border cooperation;

CULTURE

22.  Stresses that, in the context of the 2007-2013 schedule for the new European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), a prime role should be assigned to culture, in accordance with the purposes of the ENP, which is intended to 'enhance the special relationship based on mutual commitment and shared values (…) by strengthening relations between nationals of the Union and of the neighbourhood countries and consolidating mutual understanding between the respective cultures, histories and values';

23.  Stresses, in this context, the need for the Ministers of Culture of the Euro-Mediterranean countries to play a strong role, as they have a fundamental task to perform in encouraging and making proposals to all the authorities responsible, to ensure that the cultural sector is one of the fundamental priorities during the stage at which funding is awarded and negotiated;

24.  Calls on the parliaments of the countries which signed the Barcelona Declaration to establish a dialogue on protecting the marine environment, including at bilateral and multilateral level, to encourage their respective governments to implement the international commitments to which they have subscribed – and to apply their commitments in full – with a view to adopting policies which make development possible without damage to the environment;

25.  Draws attention to the need also to reach an agreement on controlling maritime traffic and the transportation of toxic waste, with the aim of regulating them in a strict and binding manner for all the countries in the Mediterranean;

ECONOMIC ASPECTS

26.  Maintains that globalisation offers the opportunity to undertake efforts in the economic, social, regional and environmental fields in order to establish a Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area, which will be of great benefit in the long term for the EU and the Mediterranean Partners;

27.  Considers that negotiations in the framework of the WTO constitute a potential opportunity for the EU and the Mediterranean Partners to enhance common strategies in order to liberalise trade and services;

28.  Notes that the Free Trade Area in the Mediterranean Region needs broad economic, legal and political reform in order to guarantee security for investors and increase the effectiveness of south-south integration;

29.  Underlines that the best way to reduce poverty and instability is through a mutually beneficial expansion of trade and investment; considers that this goal requires, at international level, a stable environment in order to develop economic relations and make them open among economic actors;

30.  Calls upon the Mediterranean partner countries, with the support of the European Union, to adopt measures to:

   o   fight tax evasion and fraud and pursue administrative reform,

   o   support the integration of businesses into the official economy by setting up an incentive-based taxation system, which should, however, be strictly enforced,

   o   support economic reforms to encourage investment in and development of the private sector, not least with a view to strengthening the role of SMEs, which provide between 50% and 70% of jobs in many countries,

   o   facilitate migrants' remittances to countries of origin on more favourable terms and ensure that those countries take these important contributions into account in national economic development plans,

   o   highlight the need for donor and recipient countries to form partnerships to fight corruption, in which connection the European Parliament calls on those countries which have not yet done so to ratify the United Nations Convention against Corruption,

   o   support the Commission’s proposal to adapt FEMIP in order to provide a more solid financial basis for support to SMEs;

31.  Calls on the Member States and the Mediterranean partner countries to promote common initiatives and join forces in the energy sector, as in the case of the bilateral agreements signed between Cyprus, Lebanon and Egypt regarding the exploration of potential oil and gas resources in the Mediterranean seabed as well as the construction of the Medgaz and Arab Gas Pipelines;

FEMIP

32.  Calls upon the EU Member States and their Mediterranean partners to make the necessary studies concerning the transformation of the Facility for Euro-Mediterranean Investment and Partnership (FEMIP) into a Euro-Mediterranean Development Bank, considering the importance of this Bank in encouraging the private sector and developing investment in the area;

WOMEN'S RIGHTS

33.  Highlights the necessity to address women's rights within the Euro-Med Dialogue and stresses the importance of legislative reforms to support gender equality; underlines the importance of women's participation in political, economic and social life as well as in the media; calls for an improvement in women's access to education and healthcare, especially in the southern states of the partnership; also stresses the need to support both governmental and non-governmental organisations in promoting women's rights;

34.  Calls upon the Commission and Council to include women's rights and the duty to implement gender equality policies in the Association Agreements with the southern partners, to assess this on a regular basis and enforce this with warning mechanisms and even suspension of agreements when not implemented; notes that the EP could have an enhanced monitoring role in this procedure;

35.  Welcomes the funds allocated within the framework of MEDA I and II and the European Initiative for Democracy and Human Rights to this issue but would further welcome a regional MEDA programme to promote women’s rights in particular;

36.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the national parliaments of the EU Member States and the parliaments of the Euro-Mediterranean partner countries.

Ultima actualizare: 9 martie 2007Notă juridică