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Процедура : 2008/2503(RSP)
Етапи на разглеждане в заседание
Етапи на разглеждане на документа : B6-0027/2008

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Разисквания :

PV 16/01/2008 - 8
CRE 16/01/2008 - 8

Гласувания :

PV 17/01/2008 - 6.5
CRE 17/01/2008 - 6.5

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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B6-0024/2008
14 January 2008
to wind up the debate on statements by the Council and Commission
pursuant to Rule 103(2) of the Rules of Procedure
by Jan Mulder, Johan Van Hecke, Marco Cappato, Fiona Hall, Marielle De Sarnez, Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck and Marios Matsakis
on behalf of the ALDE Group
on the general elections in Kenya

European Parliament resolution on the general elections in Kenya 

The European Parliament,

-  having regard to the Partnership Agreement between the members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, of the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, of the other part, signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000 (the 'Cotonou Agreement') and amended in Luxembourg on 25 June 2005, and in particular Articles 8 and 9 thereof,

-  having regard to the African Charter of Human and People's Rights' guidelines on the conduct of democratic elections,

-  having regard to the African Union Declaration on Principles Governing Democratic Declarations (2002),

-  having regard to the 'Declaration of Principles for International Election Observation' and the 'Code of Conduct for International Election Observers', commemorated at the UN on 27 October 2005,

-  having regard to the Preliminary Statement of the European Union Election Observation Mission (EUEOM) in Kenya of 1 January 2008,

-  having regard to the Declaration of 8 January 2008 by the Presidency of the European Union on behalf of the EU concerning the Kenyan presidential elections,

-  having regard to Rule 103(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas according to Article 9 of the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement 'respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms, including respect for fundamental civil rights, democracy based on the rule of law and transparent and accountable governance are an integral part of sustainable development',

B.  whereas the 2007 general elections in Kenya fell short of basic international and regional standards for democratic elections and were followed by rioting and ethnic tensions that led to the death of approximately 1000 citizens,

C.  whereas the political and ethnic violence led to the displacement of 250 000 people and affected between 400 000 and 500 000 Kenyans, specifically from the cities of Eldoret, Kericho and Kisumu, according to the UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OGHA),

D.  whereas these elections have betrayed the hopes and expectations of the Kenyan people, who eagerly engaged in the electoral process by voting in large numbers in a peaceful and patient manner,

E.  whereas during the election campaign, freedom of association, expression and assembly were broadly respected; whereas, however, the campaign was also marked by ethno-political divisions which contributed to the volatile situation in the run-up to the elections,

F.  whereas the international community did not pay sufficient attention to these underlying ethnic tensions and must henceforth take this issue into consideration in any future mediation efforts in the current Kenyan crisis,

G.  whereas the Election Commission of Kenya (ECK) oversaw the logistical and technical aspect of the elections, improved access to voter registration centres, and trained the polling staff,

H.  whereas, however, the ECK did not demonstrate the impartiality, transparency and confidentiality that are prerequisites in a democratic election, and this is reflected in the flawed nomination procedures for the ECK Commissioners,

I.  whereas the EUEOM observers were welcomed by the relevant authorities at the polling stations, where voting was conducted in an orderly manner,

J.  whereas, however, the EUEOM observers were not given similar access to the tallying stations, and concluded that the lack of transparency and adequate security procedures severely undermined the credibility of the presidential results,

K.  whereas turnouts higher than 90% were recorded at certain polling stations, and whereas the ECK voiced doubts with regard to these unrealistically high figures,

L.  whereas journalists who attended the announcement of the presidential elections on 30 December 2007 were then expelled from the meeting room while live broadcasting was summarily ended,

M.  whereas the EUEOM concluded that overall, the election process prior to tabulation was well-managed and that the parliamentary elections should be deemed largely successful,

N.  whereas, however, the EUEOM concluded that the tallying process of the presidential election lacked credibility and therefore expresses doubts as to the accuracy of the results,

O.  whereas the Finance Minister, Amos Kimunyu, estimates that the political turmoil will cost the Kenyan economy USD 1 bn,

P.  whereas on 8 January 2008 the incumbent President Mwai Kibaki appointed 17 members of his cabinet, thus frustrating a tripartite negotiation,

Q.  whereas the incumbent President Mwai Kibaki has suggested bilateral talks with the opposition, a proposal rejected by Raila Odinga,

R.  whereas four former African presidents from Botswana, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia have travelled to Kenya and appealed to Kenyans to cease fighting and unite in order to hold their country together,

S.  whereas Kenya has made commitments to good governance, human rights and the rule of law within the framework of the Cotonou Partnership Agreement,

T.  whereas the recommendations made by the 2002 EUEOM were not sufficiently taken into consideration, including those on the size and boundaries of the constituencies for the legislative elections, and that the tenure of office of the ECK Commissioners should run to six months after general elections, in order to enhance the independence and professionalism of the election authority,

1.  Condemns the tragic loss of life and the critical humanitarian situation, and therefore urgently calls on the relevant authorities and stakeholders to do their utmost to bring peace to the Republic of Kenya and to ensure respect for human rights and the rule of law; calls on the leadership of the political parties to take responsibility for preventing further violence in the country;

2.  Endorses the conclusions presented by the EUEOM in its Preliminary Statement;

3.  Regrets that, despite the broadly successful parliamentary elections, the results of the presidential elections cannot be considered credible, thanks to widespread reports of electoral irregularities;

4.  Deplores the fact that despite those flawed results, the incumbent President Mwai Kibaki rejected the offer of President John Kufuor's mediation and appointed his cabinet;

5.  Calls in this regard, on the incumbent President Mwai Kibaki to respect his country's democratic commitments enshrined in the Kenyan constitution and in the African Charter of Human and People's Rights guidelines relating to free and fair elections;

6.  Welcomes the agreement of President Kibaki and Mr Odinga to accept the mediation of an African panel headed by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan;

7.  Welcomes, in this regard, the bilateral talks held on 9 January 2008 between President John Kufuor and the two political leaders, but stresses that this is not sufficient and that both parties need to engage urgently in a constructive dialogue, upon request by either party and assisted by representatives of the international community;

8.  Urges in addition that the Kenyan authorities urgently, thoroughly and transparently investigate the electoral irregularities and take immediate action to redress the situation and make the perpetrators of those irregularities accountable for their actions;

9.  Calls for concrete measures to establish a truly impartial Election Commission so that it will in future be better able to conduct free and fair elections;

10.  Draws attention to the statement of Samuel Kivuitu, head of the Kenyan Election Commission, who has disowned the presidential election results published in the media and has called for an independent inquiry into the allegations of fraud;

11.  Calls for the Election Commission to be dissolved and for a truly impartial new Election Commission to be established (by the newly elected Kenyan parliament), which should, under international supervision, investigate the possibility of recounting the votes of the presidential election in a credible and fair way, based on the results registered in the polling stations;

12.  Expects the Kenyan authorities to give a newly established Election Commission their full and unconditional cooperation;

13.  Regrets the missed opportunity provided by the 2007 general elections to consolidate and further develop the electoral and wider democratic process;

14.  Calls for new presidential elections should it prove impossible to organise a credible and fair recount of the votes in the presidential election by an independent body;

15.  Calls on the leadership of the political parties to take responsibility for preventing further violence in the country, to demonstrate a commitment to the rule of law, and to ensure the respect for human rights;

16.  Is deeply preoccupied by the social repercussions of the current economic crisis and the detrimental effect on the country's socio-economic development and economic consequences for the neighbouring countries, which depend to a large extent on Kenya's infrastructures and whose humanitarian situation is being undermined by this crisis;

17.  Calls on the relevant authorities to ensure free and independent press coverage and to reinstate live broadcasting with immediate effect;

18.  Urges the Kenyan government to address the roots of the corruption that has undermined governance in much of the country, especially at state and local levels;

19.  Calls on the Commission to report to Parliament on the advantages and disadvantages of continuation of budget and other aid to the Kenyan government in the present circumstances;

20.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Governments of the Member States, the Government of Kenya, the Co-Presidents of the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly, and the Chairmen of the Commission and the Executive Council of the African Union.

Последно осъвременяване: 14 януари 2008 г.Правна информация