Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B6-0049/2008

Texts tabled :

B6-0049/2008

Debates :

PV 30/01/2008 - 16
CRE 30/01/2008 - 16

Votes :

PV 31/01/2008 - 8.8
CRE 31/01/2008 - 8.8

Texts adopted :


MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 117kWORD 59k
23 January 2008
PE401.030v01-00
 
B6‑0049/2008
to wind up the debate on the statements by the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy and the Commission
pursuant to Rule 103(2) of the Rules of Procedure
by Angelika Beer, Monica Frassoni, Hélène Flautre and Cem Özdemir
on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group
on Iran

European Parliament resolution on Iran 
B6‑0049/2008

The European Parliament,

-  having regard to UN Security Council Resolutions 1696 (2006) and 1747 (2007),

-  having regard to the Report by the Director-General to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors of 15 November 2007 on the Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement and relevant provisions of Security Council Resolutions 1737 (2006) and 1747 (2007) in the Islamic Republic of Iran,

-  having regard to the National Intelligence Estimate on Iran's nuclear intentions and capabilities, published by the United States National Intelligence Council on 3 December 2007,

-  having regard to its previous resolutions on Iran, in particular those of 25 October 2007 and 15 November 2006,

-  having regard to UN General Assembly Resolution 62/168 of 18 December 2007 on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, and Resolution 62/149 of the same date on a moratorium on the use of the death penalty,

-  having regard to the European Council conclusions of 14 December 2007,

-  having regard to the 2nd EP-Iran interparliamentary meeting in Tehran from 9 to 12 December 2007,

-  having regard to Rule 103(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

On the nuclear issue:

A.  whereas in his latest report to the IAEA Board of Governors Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei states that the Agency has been able to verify the non-diversion of declared nuclear material in Iran, but that it is not in a position to provide credible assurances about the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities in Iran without full implementation of the Additional Protocol,

B  whereas on 15 November 2007 the IAEA's Board of Governors approved a 'work plan' in which Tehran agreed to resolve all outstanding issues on its nuclear activities within two months,

C.  whereas Director-General ElBaradei reached an agreement with the Iranian Government on 13 January 2008 to resolve the remaining open nuclear questions within one month, before his report to the Board of Governors in March 2008,

D.  whereas the US National Intelligence Estimate on Iran's nuclear intentions and capabilities comes to the conclusion that Iran stopped its nuclear weapons program in 2003 and that it had not restarted it as of mid-2007; whereas the intelligence agencies further state that 'Tehran's decision to halt its nuclear weapons program suggests it is less determined to develop nuclear weapons than we have been judging since 2005',

E.  whereas earlier, when the Security Council adopted Resolution 1696 on 31 July 2006, the representative of the US Administration said that 'Iran had defied the international community by continuing its pursuit of nuclear weapons' and 'posed a direct threat to international peace and security' which demanded a 'tough resolution',

F.  whereas the European Council, in its conclusions of 16 December 2007, calls on Iran 'to provide full, clear and credible answers to the IAEA, to resolve all questions concerning Iran's nuclear activities, to ratify and implement the Additional Protocol and to fully implement the provisions of the Comprehensive Safeguard Agreement, including its subsidiary arrangements'; whereas the conclusions further emphasise that 'carrying out these actions and the transparency measures as requested by the IAEA would constitute a positive step to build confidence concerning Iran's nuclear programme',

G.  whereas on 6 June 2006 the European Union's High Representative, Javier Solana, presented to Iran, on behalf of China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States, a set of far-reaching proposals for a comprehensive agreement, including active support in the building of light-water power reactors in Iran, participation in a uranium-enrichment facility in Russia, legally binding assurances relating to the supply of nuclear material (not dependent on a single foreign supplier), and a substantive cooperation package in the area of less proliferation-sensitive nuclear research and development, including a trade and cooperation agreement with the European Union,

H.  having regard to the six-nation foreign minister meeting on the Iranian nuclear issue held in Berlin on 22 January 2008,

I.  having regard to the recent nuclear cooperation agreements which France concluded with the United Arab Emirates, Algeria and Libya,

On human rights and democracy:

J.  whereas the situation in Iran regarding civil and political rights has continued to deteriorate since the presidential elections of June 2005,

K.  whereas Iran has undertaken to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms under various international instruments,

L.  whereas the registration period for candidates for the Majlis parliamentary elections in March 2008 ended on 10 January 2008; whereas the Ministry of the Interior will be announcing the decisions from 22 January 2008; and whereas the Guardian Council, which supervises the validity of the elections in accordance with the Constitution, has the right to disqualify candidates,

M.  whereas in 2007 at least 312 people, including child offenders, were executed in Iran, the true figure being possibly much higher,

N.  whereas television, the print media and the Internet all suffer under heavy censorship,

O.  whereas hundreds of professors have been removed from their teaching posts under the accusation of being too secular, and whereas numerous students have been arrested following protests, such as those participating in the demonstrations for National University Students' Day on 7 December 2007,

P.  whereas active campaigners for respect for human rights, such as trade unionists or members of the One Million Signatures Campaign for women's rights, risk persecution,

Q.  whereas members of ethnic and religious minorities, such as Azeris, Sufis and Sunnis, continue to face repression of their cultural and civil rights; whereas members of certain minorities, such as Ahwasis, Kurds, Baluchs or Baha'is, even face torture and execution,

On the nuclear issue:

1.  Welcomes the agreement between the IAEA and Iran on a 'work plan' to clarify all outstanding questions on Iran's nuclear programme as a chance for de-escalation if the undertaking is honoured;

2.  Considers that the conclusions of the National Intelligence Estimates rule out any immediate military threat scenario/use of force scenario and calls on the EU Member States with seats on the Security Council to refer the Iran issue back for negotiations in the NPT framework;

3.  Fully endorses the European Council's position reaffirming full and unequivocal support for efforts to find a negotiated long-term solution to the Iranian nuclear issue and expresses its support for IAEA Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei's efforts to solve all outstanding issues with Iran by March 2008;

4.  Calls on Iran to honour its undertaking to provide answers to the outstanding questions as established by the IAEA before March 2008;

5.  Reiterates its call to the Iranian Parliament and Government to ratify and implement the Additional Protocol and to fully implement the provisions of the Comprehensive Safeguard Agreement;

6.  Believes that Iran's legitimate security concerns can best be met in direct talks between the parties concerned and welcomes all diplomatic and economic regional or bilateral initiatives to this end;

7.  Calls on the Iranian Government to declare publicly that Iran has no intention of threatening the territorial integrity of any country, including Israel;

8.  Calls on the Council, represented by the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana, to resume negotiations with Iran and considers that the proposals put forward by Javier Solana on 6 June 2006 could represent a viable basis if used for talks with no prior conditions attached;

9.  Reiterates its general opposition to the use of nuclear energy because of its inherent severe risks, the insoluble waste problem, high costs and the intrinsic link to nuclear weapons;

10.  Expresses, in view of the inherent dual-use options of nuclear technology for military and civil purposes, its grave concern at President Sarkozy's recent nuclear proliferation policy;

11.  Calls on Iran, and those countries in the Middle East which are considering investing in nuclear power, not to repeat the error made by many EU Member States of favouring a dangerous and outdated technology; instead appeals to those countries to develop all the options offered by modern renewable energy technologies, energy efficiency and conservation methods;

12.  Reiterates its call on all nuclear weapons states to make progressive steps to reduce nuclear warhead numbers, to phase out the role of nuclear weapons in security policy and support a nuclear weapon-free zone comprising Europe and the Middle East;

13.  Supports, pending full abandonment of nuclear technology, initiatives, such as those proposed by the High-Level Panel on UN Reform in 2005 and by the G8 leaders at their annual summit in June 2007, to create a multilateral programme to provide nuclear fuel under UN control;

On democracy and human rights:

14.  Reiterates its grave concern at the deterioration of the human rights situation in Iran and calls on the Iranian Government to respect its human rights obligations, including:

   -the ending of amputations, flogging and other forms of torture and inhumane punishment; the abolition of public executions;
   -the abolition of stoning as a method of execution; the abolition of executions of persons who at the time of their offences were under the age of 18;
   -the elimination of all forms of discrimination and violence against women and girls;
   -the elimination of all forms of discrimination and other human rights violations against persons belonging to religious, ethnic, linguistic or other minorities;
   -an end to the harassment, intimidation and persecution of political opponents and human rights defenders and the ending of impunity for human rights violations;

15.  Welcomes UN General Assembly Resolution 62/149 and calls on all countries, notably Iran, which still employ the death penalty to introduce a general moratorium;

16.  Calls for the release of persons imprisoned arbitrarily or on the basis of their political views and for the due process of law to be upheld; calls, in particular, for the immediate release of student protesters, the trade unionists Mansour Osanloo and Muhemed Salihi and the members of the One Million Signatures Campaign;

17.  Strongly condemns the executions of Ahwasi political activists, most recently Ahmad Marmazi, Abdolhussein Harrabii, Hussein Asakereh, and Mehdi Haidari, and calls on the Iranian Government immediately to halt any further executions, including those of Zamal Bawi, Faleh al-Mansouri, Said Saki and Rasoul Mazrea;

18.  Deeply deplores the arrests of hundreds of members of the Kurdish, Ahwasi and Baluch minorities; calls, in particular, for the release of the Kurdish journalists Abdolvahed 'Hiwa' Butimar and Adnan Hassanpour, who have been sentenced to death;

19.  Expresses its concern at the screening procedure for electoral candidates by the Guardian Council, and insists that full passive and active electoral rights should be secured for all Iranian adult citizens in the forthcoming national elections;

On EU-Iran relations:

20.  Calls on the Commission to submit a communication on the situation in and the prospects for EU-Iran relations; urges both sides to revive the human rights dialogue independently of all other considerations and to explore ways of moving negotiations on a Cooperation and Trade Agreement forward if, in parallel, progress can be achieved on the nuclear issue;

21.  Calls on the Commission to establish a Delegation in Iran in order to step up talks concerning, in particular, aid to refugees, the fight against drug trafficking and the promotion of dialogue with the authorities and civil society;

22.  Takes note of the British court ruling stipulating that the Mujahedin-e-Khalq (MKO) organisation has to be removed from the UK list of terrorist organisations; underlines, independently of that fact, that the internal human rights violations and the authoritarian and sect-like nature of the organisation rule out official contacts between the European Parliament and the MKO;

23.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the High Representative for the CFSP, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the United Nations Secretary-General, the UNSC, the UN Commission on Human Rights, the Head of the State Supreme Court of Iran and the Government and Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

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