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Postup : 2008/2534(RSP)
Postup v rámci schôdze
Postup dokumentu : B6-0081/2008

Predkladané texty :

B6-0081/2008

Rozpravy :

PV 21/02/2008 - 9.2
CRE 21/02/2008 - 9.2

Hlasovanie :

PV 21/02/2008 - 10.2
CRE 21/02/2008 - 10.2

Prijaté texty :

P6_TA(2008)0071

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 97kDOC 50k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B6-0081/2008
19 February 2008
PE401.077v01-00
 
B6‑0081/2008
with request for inclusion in the agenda for the debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
pursuant to Rule 115 of the Rules of Procedure
by Janusz Onyszkiewicz, Marios Matsakis, Jules Maaten
on behalf of the ALDE Group
on the situation in Belarus
NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Belarus 
B6‑0081/2008

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on the situation in Belarus, in particular to its resolution of 3 April 2006,

-  having regard to the November 2006 European Commission declaration of the European Union´s readiness to renew its relationship with Belarus and its people within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP),

-  having regard to its Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought, which was awarded in December 2004 to the Belarusian Association of Journalists and in December 2006 to Aleksander Milinkevich,

-  having regard to its resolution of 15 November 2007 on strengthening the European Neighbourhood Policy,

-  having regard to Rule 115(5) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas the European Parliament has repeatedly condemned the failed Presidential, Parliamentary, and local elections in Belarus and has pointed out that the Lukashenko regime lacks all democratic legitimacy and continues as the last dictatorship in Europe,

B.  whereas the European Parliament has welcomed the decision of the Council to add President Lukashenko to the visa ban list and has called on the Commission to expand the list to include representatives of the Belarus local, regional, national and academic authorities who are involved in breaching the human rights and political freedoms of Belarusian citizens,

C.  whereas the European Parliament has called on the Commission and the Council to make proposals to put further pressure on Lukashenko´s regime in international organisations and demanded that a complete package of concrete and direct smart sanctions - severely affecting the perpetrators of oppression without adding any further suffering to the citizens of Belarus - be brought forward,

D.  whereas the European Parliament particularly condemned the fact that local democracy, which is the cornerstone of any democratic governance and which expresses the will of ordinary people to attain their genuine hopes and expectations, has been disregarded and neglected in Belarus,

E.  whereas the continuous political and administrative pressure exerted upon non-governmental organisations in Belarus, threaten their existence and undermine their independence,

F.   whereas in its non-paper “What the EU could bring to Belarus” and other statements regarding the situation in Belarus, the Commission situation always stresses that it wants to engage with Belarusian society by further strengthening the support for Civil Society and democratisation and wants to facilitate people-to-people contacts;

1.  Deeply regrets the fact that rather than there being any sign of a change of heart in Minsk, the situation of democracy, human rights and rule of law is further deteriorating in Belarus;

2.   Notes that constant arbitrary arrests of the civil society and opposition activists, clampdown on independent media and the continuous use of death penalty blatantly contradict the recent rhetoric of Belarusian Government of their wish to improve relations with the European Union; stresses that in violating the fundamental rights of Belarusian people, the government of Mr Lukashenko cannot expect to become a reliable partner for dialogue with the EU;

3.  Takes note of the recent release of several democratic opposition activists, including the leaders of the Young Front; at the same time urges the Belarus authorities to release immediately all remaining political prisoners, including Alyaksandr Kazulin and Andrey Klimaw, and to put a complete stop to the use of intimidation, harassment, targeted arrests and politically motivated prosecutions against the activists of the democratic opposition and of the civil society of Belarus;

4.  Condemns the reported executions in February 2008 of Syarhey Marozaw, Ihar Danchanka and Valerii Gorbatii, who were found guilty of grave crimes in the Gomel region between 1990 and 2004; stresses that the European Parliament rigorously condemns the application of death penalty, wherever it is still used, regardless of the circumstances; urges Belarus to respect the fundamental principles of human rights;

5.  Recalls that in November 2006 the European Union declared its readiness to renew its relationship with Belarus and its people within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) as soon as the Belarusian Government demonstrates respect for democratic values and for the basic right of the Belarusian people;

6.   Underlines that in order to engage in any substantial dialogue with the EU, Belarus needs to implement the remaining twelve conditions laid down in the non-paper What the EU could bring to Belarus, which include release of all political prisoners, abolition of the death penalty, assurance of free media, independence of the judiciary and respect for democratic values and for the basic rights of the Belarusian people;

7.  Encourages the neighbouring EU Member States, following the recent enlargement of the Schengen area in December 2007, to conclude bilateral agreements with Belarus on the local border traffic regime and thus facilitate movement of people living in the border areas;

8.  Calls on Member States in the Schengen area to use all available tools (national visa costs) in order to facilitate the movement of Belarusian citizens within each Member State territory, particularly for:

   -Children under 6 years of age;
   -Pupils, students, post-graduate students;
   -Researchers, on purpose of the scientific research;

10.  Encourages the Member States of the Schengen Area towards a unilateral decision to reduce the cost of obtaining visa to the level which would be affordable for ordinary Belarussian citizens, in line with visa facilitation agreements with neighbouring countries;

11.  Calls on the Commission, the Council and the international community as a whole to extend more support to the civil society of Belarus and, in particular, to increase financial aid to the independent media, to the nongovernmental organizations and to Belarusian students studying abroad;

12.  Underlines that the energy crisis between Belarus and Russia in January 2007 raised major concern in the European Union and highlighted Belarus’s crucial role in ensuring the energy security of the EU; in this regard, stresses that the EU should take note of the indications from the Belarusian Government about its willingness to engage in an energy dialogue; at the same time urges the EU not compromise on its values and start energy dialogue with Belarus only under clear conditions;

13.  Welcomes the recent visit of European Commission experts to Minsk for technical talks on energy, transport and environment that can lay the ground for substantial cooperation in the framework of a full partnership, provided that Belarus takes steps towards democratisation; calls for special attention to freedom of the internet;

14.  Acknowledges that the European Union's attempts to provide the people of Belarus access to independent information and its support of the written press and the broadcasting of independent TV and radio programmes to Belarus is crucially important for strengthening the civil society and providing necessary conditions for democratic reforms in Belarus; at the same time, stresses that the EU support for independent media should be increased and the existing EU media projects should be improved and made more effective;

15.  Deplores the decision of the authorities of Belarus to repeatedly refuse entrance visas to the Members of the European Parliament in the last couple of years; calls on Belarus authorities not to create any further obstacles for the European Parliament Delegation for relations with Belarus to visit the country and to obtain first-hand experience and observations in Belarus;

16.  Expresses solidarity with the United Democratic Forces of Belarus and the leader of the democratic movement Aliaksander Milinkevich and all Belarusian citizens who strive for an independent, open and democratic Belarus based on the rule of law; encourages the leaders of the democratic opposition to demonstrate unity and to establish a reliable program for Belarusian citizens in the upcoming parliamentary elections in autumn this year;

17.   Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the parliaments and governments of the Member States, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the Parliamentary Assemblies of the OSCE and the Council of Europe, and the Belarus authorities.

Posledná úprava: 19. februára 2008Právne oznámenie