with request for inclusion in the agenda for the debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
pursuant to Rule 122 of the Rules of Procedure
on the rights of minorities in China and use of death penalty
Jelko Kacin, Marietje Schaake, Marielle De Sarnez
on behalf of the ALDE Group
NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.
European Parliament resolution on the rights of minorities in China and use of death penalty
The European Parliament,
-Having regard to those articles of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China and in particular the 1984 Regional Ethnic Autonomy Law, which promise all nationalities living in China the respect of their cultural, economic, linguistic, and religious rights;
-Having regard to United Nations General Assembly Resolutions 62/149 and 63/168 calling for a moratorium on the use of the death penalty;
-Having regard to the Human Rights Dialogue held between the European Union and the People’s Republic of China in Prague, Czech Republic on 14 May 2009;
-Having regard to the 11th EU-China Summit convened in Prague, Czech Republic on 20 May 2009;
-Having regard to the Council of the European Union’s declaration (Nr: 15132/09) condemning the execution of two Tibetans;
-Having regard to the visit of President Obama of the United States of America to the People’s Republic of China on 17 November 2009 and his statements in support of the fundamental human rights of all ethnic and religious minorities;
-Having regard to the forthcoming visit of Mr. Fredrik Reinfeldt in his capacity of President of the Council of the European Union to the People’s Republic of China on 30 November 2009;
A. whereas the forthcoming 12th EU-China Summit offers the opportunity for a free and frank exchange between equal partners;
B. whereas the People’s Republic of China has expressed a desire for harmonious ethnic relations in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR)
C. whereas populistic public statements made by Mr Li Zhi, Party Secretary of the Urumqi Communist Party, stated that those identified as involved in unrest would be sentenced to death;
D. whereas serious concerns have been raised regarding the fairness and observation of due process in the trials of twenty-two individuals sentenced to death;
E. whereas international observers were not permitted to observe the trials of twenty-two individuals sentenced to death;
F. whereas nine individuals were summarily executed in November 2009 after an appeal process that independent observers noted was conducted with uncommon haste;
G. whereas a media blackout instituted by Chinese authorities continues to make accurate information regarding the human rights situation in the XUAR difficult to obtain;
H. whereas the reinstitution of a ‘Strike Hard’ campaign will, as in past instances, do nothing to protect human rights or promote better inter-communal relations in the XUAR;
1. Believes the European Union must maintain its public opposition to the death penalty and condemn the executions that have claimed the lives of nine Uyghurs in November 2009 with an additional call for the commutation of all outstanding death sentences;
2. Calls on the Chinese authorities to immediately end the ‘Strike Hard’ campaign that is repressing the rights of all people in East Turkestan whilst disregarding or addressing the causes of unrest;
3. Calls on the Chinese authorities to lift the media blackout in East Turkestan and to allow people to communicate freely, and to have uncensored access to, telephone, internet, and mail communication;
4. Calls on the Chinese authorities to observe the provisions of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China that protect the rights and freedoms of nationalities in China and to end its policy of population transfer in East Turkestan that can been cited an act of ‘cultural genocide’.
5. Calls on the Chinese authorities to respect and protect the language, culture, and religious freedoms of Uyghurs and all nationalities in China in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China and the 1984 Regional Ethnic Autonomy Law.
6. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the, the Council of Europe, and the Government of the People's Republic of China.