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Ciclo de vida en sesión
Ciclo relativo al documento : B7-0182/2009

Textos presentados :


Debates :

PV 26/11/2009 - 12.3
CRE 26/11/2009 - 12.3

Votaciones :

PV 26/11/2009 - 13.3
CRE 26/11/2009 - 13.3

Textos aprobados :

PDF 121kWORD 66k

with request for inclusion in the agenda for the debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law

pursuant to Rule 122 of the Rules of Procedure

on the rights of minorities in China and use of the death penalty

Helmut Scholz on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group
NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.

European Parliament resolution on the rights of minorities in China and use of the death penalty  

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions on the abolition of death penalty and the need for an immediate moratorium on executions in those countries where the death penalty still applies,

-    having regard to the updated version of the EU Guidelines on the death penalty of 16 June 1998,

–   having regard to UNGA Resolution 62/191 of 18 December 2008 on a moratorium on the use of the death penalty,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination of the UN Human Rights Commission on the situation in China CERD/C/CHN/CO/10-13 28 August 2009),

–   having regard to Rule 122 of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas it is in the interests of the European Union and the People's Republic of China to find international political and geostrategic common ground going beyond trading relations and economic cooperation, which includes the mutual respect for and the promotion of fundamental rights and democratic values despite different historical and political development ; whereas this common ground can only be achieved by dialogue and mutual respect;

B.  whereas nine people - eight from the Uighur ethnic group and one of Han Chinese ethnicity - were executed in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in western China in early November; whereas they were among 21 individuals sentenced in October in relation to unrest which broke out in the region in July; whereas China is still the country with the highest number of executions;

C.  whereas it is in the mutual interest to increase the cooperation of both the European Union and the People's Republic of China ;

1.  Reiterates its longstanding position against the death penalty in all cases and under all circumstances; recalls the EU's strong commitment to working towards the abolition of the death penalty everywhere ;

2.  Calls upon on China as on all other countries where the death penalty is carried out to abolish death penalty; calls on the Chinese authorities to immediately establish a moratorium on executions as an urgent a first step;

3.  Notes with appreciation the rate of economic development and the adoption of policies and programmes aimed at achieving an equal level of development in all regions, including the autonomous provinces largely inhabited by ethnic minorities; appreciates the adoption of a number of programs and policies aimed at the advancement of minorities, including the 11th Five-Year Program for the Ethnic Minority Cause, the Development Program to Help Ethnic Groups with Relatively Small Populations (2005-2010), the Grand Strategy for the development of China’s West and the 11th Five-Year Program for the Action on Prosperity Promotion in Border Areas;

4.  Notes that a number of minority rights problems persist; notes in particular that the North-Western and Western provinces and regions that are inhabited by the most numerous minorities continue to be economically underdeveloped in relation to the Coastal areas and that economic growth in minority regions, ipso facto, is not tantamount to the equal enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights; underlines that economic development and modernisation should be accompanied by a sustainable and balanced policy of promotion of and respect for local and regional cultures and traditions;

5.  Reiterates its solidarity with all the victims of the events in Urumqi, Xingjian Uighur Autonomous Region, in July 2009; while recognizes the State institutions’ duty to maintain public order, is concerned at reports alleging the disproportionate use of force against ethnic Uighurs and the important number of their detentions;

6.  Calls on the Chinese authorities to ensure that those detained in connection with the above events are guaranteed humane treatment while in custody and fair trial standards according to international law, including access to a lawyer of their choice, presumption of innocence, and handing down proportionate sentences on those found guilty;

7.  Recommends a careful analysis of the root causes of such events and the reasons why the situation escalated; takes the view that in particular dialogue with the civil society on the political, religious, socio-economic and cultural aspects of the future developments of regions where various ethnic entities live together is needed to avoid violent escalations of problems ;

8.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the President, Government and Parliament of the People's Republic of China.


Última actualización: 14 de mayo de 2010Aviso jurídico