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Postup : 2010/2553(RSP)
Postup v rámci schôdze
Postup dokumentu : B7-0106/2010

Predkladané texty :

B7-0106/2010

Rozpravy :

PV 11/02/2010 - 10.3
CRE 11/02/2010 - 10.3

Hlasovanie :

PV 11/02/2010 - 11.3
CRE 11/02/2010 - 11.3

Prijaté texty :

P7_TA(2010)0033

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 120kDOC 71k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0105/2010
9.2.2010
PE432.960v01-00
 
B7-0106/2010

with request for inclusion in the agenda for the debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law

pursuant to Rule 122 of the Rules of Procedure


on Burma


Véronique De Keyser, Marc Tarabella on behalf of the S&D Group
NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.

European Parliament resolution on Burma  
B7‑0106/2010

The European Parliament,

_    having regard to the EU Council Conclusions on Burma/Myanmar of 27 April 2009 and the Council Common Position renewing restrictive measures against Burma,

-     having regard to the statement of Tomas Ojea Quintana, UN Special Rapporteur on human rights situation in Myanmar, of 23 October 2009,

_    having regard to the 1951 United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol thereto,

_    having regard to its previous resolutions on Burma, in particular those of 4 February 2009 and of 22 October 2009,

–    having regard to Rule 122(5) of its Rules of Procedure,

 

A. whereas in the autumn 2010 Burma is expected to hold its first parliamentary elections in two decades; whereas the junta has promised the U.S. President and Southeast Asian leaders that the vote would be free, fair and inclusive;

B. whereas Burma's military leadership warned voters to make the "correct choices" when they go to the polls;

C. whereas the elections will be based on the army-drafted constitution that was overwhelmingly approved (by 92.4% of the 22 million voters with alleged voter turnout of 99%) in the referendum in May 2008; whereas the new constitution foresees multi-party elections to be held in 2010 that would legitimise five decades military rule, as the charter gives the military 25% of seats in parliament;

D. whereas the new Constitution bars Aung San Suu Kyi from public office; whereas some opposition parties and ethnic minority groups have declared that they would boycott the elections while the NLD will not accept their outcome if there is no prior constitutional review dialogue;

E. whereas on 21st January Home Minister Major General Maung Oo announced in a meeting of local officials that would be released in November when her latest sentence is due to end but too late to enable her to effectively campaign in the elections; whereas he has also announced that the NLD vice-Chairman Tin Oo, detained without trial since 2003, would be released on February 13;

F. whereas on 28th January Ngwe Soe Lin was sentenced by the special closed court in Insein prison in Rangoon for working for the exiled news agency Democratic Voice of Burma to 10 years imprisonment for violation of the country's Electronics Act and to another 3 years under the Immigration Emergency Provisions Act;

G. whereas on 30 December 2009 the Myanmar court sentenced freelance video reporter Hla Hla Win to 27 years in prison on similar charges after it ruled she had worked for the Democratic Voice of Burma,

H. whereas Myanmar has handed heavy jail terms to large numbers of activists, monks, student leaders and journalists for their alleged roles in the protests and for helping victims of Cyclone Nargis in May 2008,

I. whereas the continuous crackdown on political dissent has to be seen as an attempt by the junta to seize greater control over media ahead of national elections planned for later this year; whereas according to reports there are 2,177 political prisoners, including 14 reporters, in Burma as of this month,

J. whereas on 5 February Thai authorities were to start deporting nearly 3000 Karen refugees living in Tha Song Yang camp back to Burma despite pleas from the refugees and various NGOs; whereas there is a great concern for the safety of those refugees that fled into Thailand in June 2009 following a military offensive by the Burmese Army and their allies, the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA), in Karen State, Eastern Burma;

K. whereas many of those refugees had already been forced to flee their homes repeatedly before finally finding refuge in Thailand; whereas there is a severe risk that upon their return the Karen refugees will be subjected to severe human rights violations, including forced labour and rape by soldiers of the Burma Army;

L. whereas from 2 January 2010 there has been an unprecedented crackdown by Bangladesh law enforcement agencies against unregistered Rohingya refugees who had settled outside the two official refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar District; whereas more than 500 Rohingyas have been arrested during the month of January and some of those arrested were pushed back across the Burmese border and others were charged under immigration legislation and sent to jail;

 

M. considering that over the last three weeks more than 5,000 self-settled Rohingya in Bangladesh have already fled their homes and flocked to the Kutupalong makeshift camp in Ukhia in search of safety and the makeshift camp population has now swelled to an estimated of over 30,000; whereas the makeshift camp residents, including uprooted families, do not receive food assistance and are now denied access to livelihood as they would face arrest if they leave the camp to find work while food insecurity and hunger is spreading rapidly and a serious humanitarian crisis is looming;

 

1. Expresses its strong disapproval for the announced elections that would be held under a rigged constitution, with opposition leaders excluded and no international monitoring;

2. Calls on the Burmese authorities to begin immediately political dialogue with opposition parties leading to a constitutional review dialogue that would constitute a first step towards national reconciliation;

3. Urges the authorities of Burma/Myanmar to take further necessary steps to make the 2010 elections a credible, transparent and inclusive process, based on international standards;

 

 

4. Condemns the continued detention of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, who has been under house arrest since 1990; calls for an immediate release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and of all other political prisoners and detainees;

5. Strongly condemns the ethnic cleansing by the Burmese Government directed against minorities, including those seeking refuge in the neighbouring countries;

6. Issues an urgent appeal to the authorities in Thailand to continue to provide shelter and protection to all Karen refugees fleeing abuses in Burma until there is a certitude that they can return safely to their homes in Burma; calls for an open investigation into possible conditions of refugee return with the involvement of UNHCR and insists that safeguards need to be put in place to ensure safety of returned refugees in compliance with international standards;

 

7. Urges the Government of Bangladesh to immediately cease arrests, push-backs and forced displacement of the unregistered Rohingya population in Cox’s Bazar and Bandarban Districts, to recognise that the unregistered Rohingyas are stateless asylum seekers who fled persecution in Myanmar and are in need of international protection and to provide them with adequate protection, access to livelihood and other basic services;

 

8. Calls on the Royal Thai government to work with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Thai Burma Border Consortium (TBBC) and the international community to find an alternative solution that would ensure the safety of the 3000 Karen refugees;

9. Calls on the European Commission, in light of the ongoing conflict on the Thailand-Burma border, to reconsider its decision to further cut support from the EC Humanitarian Office (ECHO) for refugee assistance on the Thailand-Burma border in 2010;

10. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand, the Government of Bangladesh, the Burmese State Peace and Development Council, the NLD, the governments of the ASEAN member states, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

 

 

Posledná úprava: 12. mája 2010Právne oznámenie