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Verfahren : 2010/2553(RSP)
Werdegang im Plenum
Entwicklungsstadium in Bezug auf das Dokument : B7-0108/2010

Eingereichte Texte :


Aussprachen :

PV 11/02/2010 - 10.3
CRE 11/02/2010 - 10.3

Abstimmungen :

PV 11/02/2010 - 11.3
CRE 11/02/2010 - 11.3

Angenommene Texte :


PDF 115kWORD 69k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0105/2010

with request for inclusion in the agenda for the debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law

pursuant to Rule 122 of the Rules of Procedure

on Burma / Myanmar

Rui Tavares, Marie-Christine Vergiat, Helmut Scholz on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group
NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.

European Parliament resolution on Burma / Myanmar  

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions of 22 October 2008, 18 June 2008, 22 April 2008, 26 September 2007, 21 June 2007 and 14 December 2006 on Burma/ /Myamnar

–   having regard to Rule 122(5) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas Burma's human rights record continued to deteriorate in 2009 ahead of announced elections in 2010; whereas the citizens are systematically denied basic freedoms including freedom of expression, association, and assembly;

B.  whereas Aung San Suu Kyi, one of the leaders of the opposition National League for Democracy (NLD), has been under house arrest since 2003; whereas on May 14, 2009, authorities arrested her on charges that she breached terms of her house arrest order by permitting the visit of an American, John Yettaw; whereas on August 11, 2009, a criminal court inside Insein prison in Rangoon sentenced Suu Kyi to 3 years of imprisonment for violating her order for house arrest, with the sentence reduced to 18 months, to be served under house arrest;

C.  whereas for the first time after 20 years parliamentary elections are foreseen in Burma at the end of 2010;

D.  whereas in 2009 the Burmese government conducted two prisoner amnesties, releasing 6313 prisoners in February and 7114 in September, but only 31 of those released in February and an estimated 130 released in September were political prisoners; whereas an estimated 2100 political prisoners remain in prison; whereas more than 230 Buddhist monks involved in the 2007 protests remain in prison;

E.  whereas in May 2009, attacks by the army and the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) displaced thousands of civilians and forced an estimated 5000 refugees into Thailand; whereas in late July attacks by Burmese army troops against 39 villages in central Shan state displaced an estimated 10 000 civilians in the area;

F.  whereas there are an estimated half-million internally displaced persons in eastern Burma, and 140 000 refugees remain in nine camps along the Thailand-Burma border; whereas Millions of Burmese migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers live in Thailand, India, Bangladesh, and Malaysia and are sometimes subject to trafficking; whereas 3000 ethnic Karen refugees who were forced to flee into Thailand in June 2009 are facing forced return to Burma starting on 5 February;

G.  whereas Burma continues widespread and systematic forced recruitment of child soldiers;

1.  strongly condemns the ongoing systematic violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms of the people of Myanmar;

2.  expresses grave concern at the recent trial, conviction and sentencing of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and calls for her immediate and unconditional release;

3.  urges the Government of Myanmar to release all prisoners of conscience without delay, without conditions and with full restoration of their political rights and to desist from further politically motivated arrests;

4.  reaffirms the essential importance of a genuine process of dialogue and national reconciliation for a transition to democracy; calls on the Government of Myanmar to immediately start a genuine dialogue with Aung San Suu Kyi, the National League for Democracy and all other concerned parties and ethnic groups; welcomes in this context the mediation efforts by the UN Secretary-General and his Special rapporteur on Burma;

5.  strongly urges the Government of Myanmar to take without delay the necessary steps to ensure a free, fair, transparent and inclusive electoral process, including by enacting the required electoral laws and allowing the participation of all voters, all political parties, and all other relevant stakeholders in the electoral process;

6.  strongly calls upon the Government of Myanmar to lift restrictions on the freedom of assembly, association, movement and freedom of expression, including for free and independent media, including through the openly available and accessible use of Internet and mobile telephone services, and ending the use of censorship;

7.  expresses grave concern at the continuing practice of arbitrary detentions, enforced disappearances, rape and other forms of sexual violence, torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, and strongly calls upon the Government of Myanmar to ensure a full, transparent, effective, impartial and independent investigation into all reports of human rights violations, and to bring to justice those responsible in order to end impunity for such crimes;

8.  expresses concern about the conditions in prisons and other detention facilities, and consistent reports of ill-treatment of prisoners of conscience, including torture, and about the moving of prisoners of conscience to isolated prisons far from their families where they cannot receive food and medicine;

9.  expresses its deep concern about the resumption of armed conflict in some areas and calls upon the Government of Myanmar to protect the civilian population in all parts of the country and for all concerned to respect existing ceasefire agreements;

10.  strongly calls upon the Government of Myanmar to end the practice of systematic forced displacement of large numbers of persons within their country and other causes of refugee flows into neighbouring countries;

11.  expresses its concern about the continuing discrimination, human rights violations, violence, displacement and economic deprivation affecting numerous ethnic minorities, including, but not limited to, the Rohingya ethnic minority in Northern Rakhine State, and calls upon the Government of Myanmar to take immediate action to bring about an improvement in their respective situations;

12.  strongly calls upon the Government of Myanmar to put an immediate end to the continuing recruitment and use of child soldiers, to intensify measures to ensure the protection of children from armed conflict and to pursue its collaboration with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, including by granting access to areas where children are recruited, for the purpose of implementing an action plan to halt this practice;

13.  notes the continued cooperation of the Government of Myanmar with the international community, including the United Nations, in delivering humanitarian assistance to the people affected by Cyclone Nargis, and in the light of ongoing humanitarian need encourages the Government of Myanmar to ensure that cooperation is maintained;

14.  urges the Governments of China, India and Russia to use their considerable economic and political leverage with the Burmese authorities in order to bring about substantial improvements in the country and to cease the supply of weaponry and other strategic resources;

15.  instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the EU Special Envoy for Burma, the Burmese State Peace and Development Council, the governments of the ASEAN and ASEM member states, the ASEM secretariat, the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the NLD, the UN Secretary-General, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the UN Human Rights Special Rapporteur for Burma.


Letzte Aktualisierung: 12. Mai 2010Rechtlicher Hinweis