Procedure : 2010/2857(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0524/2010

Texts tabled :


Debates :

PV 22/09/2010 - 9
CRE 22/09/2010 - 9

Votes :

PV 07/10/2010 - 9.3

Texts adopted :


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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0524/2010

to wind up the debate on statements by the Council and the Commission

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on failures in protection of human rights and justice in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Filip Kaczmarek, Andrzej Grzyb, Cristian Dan Preda, Peter Šťastný, Mario Mauro on behalf of the PPE Group

European Parliament resolution on failures in protection of human rights and justice in the Democratic Republic of Congo  

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions on the DRC, in particular the one of 18 December 2009, relating to sexual violence by armed groups and the persistence of human rights abuses in the DRC,

–   having regard to the UN General Assembly Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment of 10 December 1984, and to the UN General Assembly Declaration 3318 on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict of 14 December 1974, in particular its paragraph 4 which calls for effective measures against persecution, torture, violence and degrading treatment of women and children,

–   having regard to the UN Security Council resolution 1325 on the protection and respect for sexual and human rights of women and children,

–   having regard to the EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton's and the European Commissioner for development, Andris Piebalgs' statement of 27 August 2010, condemning the acts of mass rapes in the DRC,

–   having regard to the UN Secretary General's report of 23 August 2010 on the recent mass rapes of civilians by members of armed groups in eastern DRC,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the United Nations reported on Monday 23 August 2010 that at least 179 women and children had been raped earlier that month in and around the town of Luvungi in North Kivu province, where Rwandan Hutu rebels are active,

B.  whereas these mass rapes occurred only 20 kilometres from the UN peacekeeping base in North Kivu; whereas the UN peacekeepers have learnt about these mass rapes only a few days later,

C. whereas reports by Human Rights activists detail the FDLR’s (Democratic Front for the Liberation of Rwanda) and the Rwandan Hutu militia's deliberate strategy launched early this year to increase sexual violence and the widespread burning of villages, homes, schools and churches,

D. outraged by the persistent occurrence of rapes and other forms of sexual violence against women and children and the ingrained culture of impunity for such crimes, which constitute grave and systematic violations of women's and children's rights in eastern DRC,

E.  whereas sexual violence and gender based violence have been used as weapons of war, and should therefore be condemned as war crimes and crimes against humanity,

F.  whereas the EU has reported over 15 000 rapes in the DRC in 2008 and 2009,

G. noting that former Congolese leader Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo is facing trial at the ICC for war crimes, including rape,

H. concerned about the situation of insecurity which makes it hardly possible for humanitarian organisations to reach the vulnerable populations with food and medicines, leading to an increased risk of epidemics, including malaria, HIV and other serious diseases in the provinces of eastern Congo,

1.  Strongly condemns the recent mass rapes committed against women and children and all other forms of violence committed against scores of innocent civilians in eastern DRC;

2.  Urges all parties to the conflict in the region to cease all forms of sexual violence and other human rights violations on civilians, whether they occur in a systematic or random manner, and to allow humanitarian agencies to reach the civilian populations in need of assistance;

3.  Demands that the DRC Government, in collaboration with the international community, continues to pursue its efforts to fight impunity and swiftly investigate the latest attacks, and to ensure that the perpetrators are brought to justice;

4.  Regrets that MONUSCO could not use its mandate and rules of engagement to provide protection against such massive rapes and other human rights abuses by armed movements in the vicinity of its peacekeeping base;

5.  Welcomes the UN Secretary-General’s prompt instruction to his Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Margot Wallström, to coordinate the UN response and follow-up on the DRC incident with a view to prevent such atrocities in the future;

6.  Calls on the international community, and the EU and AU in particular, to fully support the DRC government's efforts to bring an end to all forms of sexual violence and its use as a weapon of war;

7.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the EU Council and Commission, the UN Secretary General, MONUSCO, the Institutions of the African Union, the SADC, and the Governments of the Great Lakes Region, including the DRC and Rwanda.

Last updated: 15 September 2010Legal notice