Procedure : 2010/2934(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0650/2010

Texts tabled :

B7-0650/2010

Debates :

PV 24/11/2010 - 19
CRE 24/11/2010 - 19

Votes :

PV 25/11/2010 - 8.12
CRE 25/11/2010 - 8.12
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2010)0444

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 121kWORD 72k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0650/2010
23.11.2010
PE450.486v01-00
 
B7-0650/2010

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on Ukraine


Rebecca Harms, Werner Schulz, on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group

European Parliament resolution on Ukraine  
B7‑0650/2010

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions on Ukraine,

–   having regard to the resolution 1755 of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe adopted on 5 October 2010 on The functioning of democratic institution in Ukraine,

–   having regard to the report of the Monitoring Committee of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe approved on 9 September 2010,

–   having regard to the European Council conclusions on Ukraine of 16 September 2010,

–   having regard to the Statement and Recommendations of the 14th meeting of the EU-Ukraine Parliamentary Cooperation Committee, which took place 22-23 March 2010 in Brussels,

–   having regard to the last-minute changes to the Ukrainian electoral law passed by the Verkhovna Rada in June 2010, shortly before the holding of the local elections,

–   having regard to the Joint Statement adopted at the EU-Ukraine Summit which took place in Kiev on 4 December 2009,

–   having regard to the Joint Declaration on the Eastern Partnership launched in Prague on 7 May 2009,

–   having regard to the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between the European Union and Ukraine, which entered into force on 1 March 1998, and to the ongoing negotiations on the Association Agreement (AA) designed to replace the PCA,

–   having regard to the National Indicative Programme 2011-2013 for Ukraine,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas Ukraine is a European country of strategic importance to the EU; whereas its size, resources, population and geographical location give Ukraine a distinctive position in Europe and make it a key regional actor,

B.  whereas Ukrainian’s newly elected President Viktor Yanukovych, as well as the Ukrainian Parliament (Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine) have confirmed Ukraine’s determination to join the European Union,

C. whereas Ukraine’s European aspirations are fully reflected in the Association Agenda aimed at facilitating the implementation of the association agreement between the EU and Ukraine which is now being negotiated; whereas this new agreement will provide the framework for deeper and closer relations and pave the way for the further integration of Ukraine into the EU’s common policies and the stepping up of political cooperation,

D. whereas allegation have been made that democratic freedom, such as freedom of assembly, freedom of expression and freedom of the media, have come increasingly under pressure in Ukraine,

E.  whereas after the presidential elections there are increasing worrying signs of erosion of democracy and pluralism with regard, in particular, to the treatment of some NGOs and individual complaints by journalists about pressure from their editors or owners of their media outlets to cover or not cover certain events, as well as increased and politically motivated activity of Ukraine’s Security Service and political misuse of administrative and judicial system resources; whereas the head of the Kiyv office of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, who had just presented a critical report on Yanukovich’s first 100 days in government, was stopped with no reasons in July at the Kyiv airport for 8 hours and allowed to enter Ukraine only after the intervention of the German embassy,

F.  whereas Ukraine’s Constitutional Court’s ruling on 1 October 2010 re-establishes a presidential system of governance; whereas the establishment of a democratic, effective and durable system of checks and balances should remain a priority and the process for achieving this should be open, inclusive and accessible to all political parties and actors in Ukraine,

G. whereas local and regional elections took place in Ukraine on 31 October 2010 in a calm atmosphere without any incident; whereas strong criticism had been expressed by on-the-spot NGOs and institutional observers like the Council of Europe about many aspects of organisation and procedure in the pre-election period due also to last minutes changes of the election rules, late registration of candidates, imbalanced political party representation on electoral commissions, numerous extra ballots and a general atmosphere of mistrust,

H. whereas the President of Ukraine called for strict adherence to electoral laws and democratic standards; whereas opposition parties announced that they will challenge the elections results in many polling stations; whereas, in particular, allegations of fraud and manipulation were raised by the opposition as regards the conduct of the elections in Kharkiv,

I.   whereas a working group was established in order to elaborate proposals to improve the electoral legislation,

J.   whereas the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media stated on 13 October 2010 that Ukraine has achieved a great level of media freedom but it must take urgent steps to safeguard it, and called on the government to refrain from any attempt to influence or censor media content, to comply with their international media freedom standards and OSCE media freedom commitments,

1.  Stresses the importance of strengthening the European perspective of Ukraine and expects the Ukrainian authorities to show the necessary determination to confirm the European choice and continue on the path of reforms in line with the aspirations of the country;

2.  Expresses its concern about the increasing number of allegations, and credible reports, that democratic freedoms and rights, such as freedom of assembly, freedom of expression and freedom of the media, have come under pressure in recent months;

3.  Expresses its concern at the contradictory reports of international organisations and NGOs about the conduct of the local and regional elections of 31 October; takes note of the allegations of falsifications and fraud levelled by some opposition leaders;

4.  Calls on the Ukrainian competent authorities to carry out the investigations in a quick and transparent manner and to come in due time to tangible results for improving the incomplete and restrictive electoral legislation in regard to the preparation and conduct of future elections;

5.  Calls on the Ukrainian authorities to abstain from any interference in future pre-elections processes e.g. non-registration of candidates and parties, pressure against opposition and media;

6.  Calls upon the authorities to fully investigate all reports of infringements of rights and freedoms and to remedy any violations found; and to investigate the role of the SBU with regard to interference in the democratic process;

7.  Is concerned about the cases of violence and intimidation of journalists and the disappearance of Novy Styl reporter Vasyl Klymentiev on 11 August 2010; is confident that Ukrainian authorities will take all necessary measures to complete the investigation;

8.  Is concerned about recent developments that could undermine the freedom and pluralism of the media; calls upon the authorities to take all necessary measures to protect these essential aspects of a democratic society and to refrain from any attempts to control, directly or indirectly, the content of the reporting in the national media; stresses the urgent need for a legal reform of the media sector and therefore welcomes a recent proposal for Public Service Broadcasting in Ukraine; also welcomes public assurances by the Ukrainian authorities that a legal framework needed to establish a public broadcaster, will be concluded by the end of the year; calls upon the authorities to ensure that legal proceedings do not result in the selective revocation of broadcasting frequencies and to review any decision or appointment that could lead to a conflict of interest;

9.  Calls on the Ukrainian government to bring the legislation on media freedom in line with OSCE standards;

10. Calls for the quick adoption of the bill on the access to information due to set binding rules and clear deadlines for the administration and public servants as regards the access to information for journalists and citizens;

11. Expresses its concern at the violent break-up of the peaceful demonstrations against the alleged illegal construction of a road through Gorki park in Kharkiv in preparation of Euro 2012 that took place last May and June with the harassment and arrests of activists by security forces and other law enforcement agencies;

12. Regrets that election rules remain an ongoing subject of discussion and points out that the existing election law, as amended in August 2009, is regarded by OSCE/ODHIR as a backward step compared to previous legislation, resulting in unclear and incomplete legal framework;

13. Underlines the need to strengthen the credibility and stability, independence and effectiveness of institutions thereby guaranteeing democracy and the rule of law and promoting a consensual constitutional reform process based on clear separation of powers and effective checks and balances between state institutions; stresses that the co-operation with the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) is crucial to ensure that the legislative reform packages that are currently being developed are fully in compliance with European standards and values; calls upon all relevant political stakeholders including government and opposition to take part in this process, calls upon the Ukrainian authorities to ask the Venice Commission for an opinion on the final versions of draft laws;

14. Urges the Commission and Council to conclude a roadmap for the visa-free travel for Ukraine, including the intermediate objective of abolishing the existing visa fees; underlines that however the requirements of such agreements have to be fulfilled and respected; is confident that a consolidation of the democratic developments in Ukraine facilitates this process;

15. Stresses the great importance of Ukraine’s European integration process for the pursuance of economic, social and political reforms in Ukraine; therefore hopes that substantial progress will be made at the next EU/Ukraine Summit, taking place on 22 November in Brussels, to bring closer the rapid conclusion of an Association Agreement; therefore calls on the Commission and Ukraine to step up efforts in implementing the EU – Ukraine Association Agenda;

16. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments of the Member States the President, the Government and Parliament of Ukraine and the Parliamentary Assemblies of the Council Europe and the OSCE.

Last updated: 23 November 2010Legal notice