Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0261/2011

Texts tabled :

B7-0261/2011

Debates :

PV 06/04/2011 - 17

Votes :

PV 07/04/2011 - 6.7

Texts adopted :


MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 116kDOC 67k
4.4.2011
PE459.798v01-00
 
B7-0261/2011

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on Côte d'Ivoire


Marie-Christine Vergiat, Jacky Hénin, Patrick Le Hyaric, Elie Hoarau, Sabine Lösing, Gabriele Zimmer, João Ferreira, Willy Meyer on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group

European Parliament resolution on Côte d'Ivoire  
B7‑0261/2011

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions on Côte d'Ivoire, in particular that of December 2010,

–   having regard to the Bamako Declaration of 3 December 2000 on democracy, rights and freedoms,

–   having regard to United Nations Resolution 1975,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas there has been a serious political and institutional crisis in Côte d'Ivoire since the second round of the presidential elections on 28 November 2010; whereas at least several hundred persons have died and more than a million have been displaced as a result of the crisis,

B.  whereas, for some days, the pro-Ouattara forces' armed offensive has demonstrated Côte d'Ivoire's plunge into civil war; whereas, because of the military escalation between the two rival camps, it is to be feared that there will be more and more civilian victims,

C. whereas, in recent days, fighting has been particularly fierce in Abidjan; whereas, in the Duékoué region, several international human rights organisations have condemned the fact that all parties to the conflict have committed serious human rights violations, including unlawful killings and rape and sexual violence against women; whereas several hundred died when Duékoué was taken,

D. whereas, according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, pro‑Ouattara forces had engaged in 'looting and extortion, as well as serious human rights violations such as abductions, arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment of civilians',

E.  whereas the crisis in Côte d'Ivoire has long-established roots, as identified by the Bamako Declaration in November 2000, which noted, in addition to 'conclusive achievements', 'deficiencies and failures: the recurrence of conflicts, the interruption of democratic processes, genocide and massacres, serious violations of human rights, the persistence of attitudes which inhibit the development of a culture of democracy, the lack of independence of certain institutions, and restrictions of an economic, financial and social nature, which lead to the discontent of citizens with the democratic process'; whereas the structural adjustment plans which have been imposed by the IMF for years have helped to erode the system;

F.  whereas 'mediation' by the international community has simply intensified the climate of division in the country; whereas the warmongering intentions of some powers, in particular France, can but bring about a further escalation of violence,

G. whereas France, with its permanent military presence in Côte d'Ivoire, has increased its troop strength from 900 to 1 400 in recent days; whereas two more companies - nearly 300 men - have been deployed in Abidjan; whereas on 3 April, going beyond any international mandate, the French Licorne force took control of Félix Houphouët-Boigny Airport,

H. whereas, on top of the political and institutional crisis, there is now an economic, social and humanitarian crisis; whereas European sanctions have brought about an exponential increase in unemployment, a fuel shortage, inflation and commodity shortages; whereas Ivorians are the first casualties of this situation,

1.  Voices its great concern at the civil war situation in Côte d'Ivoire and at the abuses by both camps; condemns the decision to use force to resolve the political crisis in Côte d'Ivoire instead of resolving the conflict by diplomatic means;

2.  Condemns the violation of UN Resolution 1975 by the Ouattara forces; calls on all fighting forces to enter into a ceasefire, abide by international humanitarian law and human rights, bring about an end to the looting and killings and guarantee freedom of expression and freedom of the press;

3.  Condemns the recent raids and attacks on the United Nations' Human Rights Council in Côte d'Ivoire;

4.  Calls on the international community to set up a humanitarian emergency fund so as to respond to economic and social problems caused by the crisis and to ensure that refugees can be taken in;

5. Deplores the fact that the international community has exacerbated the climate of division in the country; takes the view that all forces on the ground must work towards a peaceful and political end to the crisis; is therefore opposed to any military intervention as encouraged by France, since that would lead only to further slaughter;

6.  Condemns, accordingly, the armed offensive which, regardless of international law, France has been conducting for some days; backs the African Union in calling for the immediate withdrawal of French troops;

7.  Notes the importance of finding a solution in the face of the deficiencies and failures of the economic, social, political and institutional system, as anticipated by the Bamako Declaration, so that the current crisis can be resolved over the long term;

8.  Regrets the failure of the attempts at mediation fostered by the African Union and South African President Jacob Zuma;

9.  Calls therefore on all parties to look further into the scope for an overall African Union political solution, in particular, as suggested by the decision taken on 10 March 2011 by the African Union Peace and Security Council Summit, through the appointment of a High Representative for the implementation of an overall political solution;

10. Calls for those responsible for the abuses committed in recent weeks to be tried before an international court: the Hague Tribunal, or the International Criminal Court;

11. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the United Nations, the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States and to the Côte d'Ivoire authorities.

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