Procedure : 2011/2656(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0262/2011

Texts tabled :


Debates :

PV 06/04/2011 - 17

Votes :

PV 07/04/2011 - 6.7

Texts adopted :


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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0256/2011

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on the situation in Côte d'Ivoire

Charles Goerens, Marielle De Sarnez, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Marietje Schaake, Kristiina Ojuland, Sonia Alfano on behalf of the ALDE Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Côte d'Ivoire  

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions on Côte d'Ivoire, particularly the resolution of 16 December 2010,

–   having regard to the UN Security Council resolutions and the decisions of the African Union and the ECOWAS,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas, after months of stalemate and a latent civil war, everything came to a head at the end of March, and forces loyal to Alassane Ouattara took control of almost all of the country and are now preparing to launch a final offensive against the presidential palace in Abidjan,

B.  whereas there have been numerous instances of abuse, reprisals and accounts being settled, so that the worst is feared for the coming weeks, particularly if no political solution is found,

C. whereas the Red Cross and Caritas have reported a massacre of at least 800 people in the west of the country at Duekoue, which may have targeted the Guere community,

D. whereas Alassane Ouattara has been recognised by the international community as the legitimate winner of the presidential election of 28 November 2010, and whereas the current situation results from the refusal of the outgoing President, Mr Laurent Gbagbo, to cede power,

E.  whereas since the start of hostilities more than 500 people have been killed and a million have been displaced,

F.  having regard to the extremely adverse economic impact of the events of the past four months on Côte d'Ivoire and the whole of West Africa,

G. considering Article 12(3) of the declaration submitted by the Ivorian Government on 1 October 2003 in which Côte d’Ivoire accepts the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (ICC) for crimes committed on its territory as of 19 September 2002,

1.  Considers that the priority is to protect civilians, in view of the presence of undisciplined militias which could act in an uncontrolled way; calls on the ONUCI, which has received a mandate to do so, to take the necessary action, including the use of force, particularly to prevent ‘collective punishment’ on an ethnic basis; stresses that the United Nations Secretary-General, Mr Ban Ki-Moon, has urged the parties engaged in the conflict to ‘refrain from exacting revenge’;

2.  Calls on the legal authorities in Côte d'Ivoire to do all in their power to re-establish the rule of law, in particular by prohibiting and punishing reprisals, and calls for sanctions to be imposed on anyone who uses or incites violence;

3.  Recalls its condemnation of outgoing President Laurent Gbagbo’s refusal to recognise the results of the presidential election, which has cost the death of several hundred Ivorians and displaced hundreds of thousands of people, and urges him to resign immediately and give himself up to the legal authorities;

4.  Calls for democracy to be re-established in Côte d'Ivoire and for the people’s vote to be respected, and points out that the international community supports Mr Ouattara, the legitimate winner of the November 2010 presidential election;

5.  Points out that the perpetrators of these abuses will be held responsible for their actions and stresses that the International Criminal Court has said it is ready to act quickly against the perpetrators of crimes against humanity; recalls that Côte d’Ivoire remains under preliminary investigation by the Office of the Prosecutor of the ICC;

6.  Calls for those who have committed war crimes and crimes against humanity not to be allowed to go unpunished, welcomes the decision by the UN to set up an international commission of inquiry into the human rights violations committed by the forces on the ground, and hopes that the UN Security Council will bring the matter before the International Criminal Court;

7.  Condemns in particular the use of heavy weapons against civilian populations, but also the assaults on UN forces, extrajudicial executions and rapes, and all the acts of violence committed by all the parties, which could constitute crimes against humanity which lie within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court;

8.  Welcomes the UN Security Council resolution of 30 March 2011 to impose sanctions against Mr Gbagbo and targeted measures against people and organisations who are obstructing the process of peace and national reconciliation, and calls on the African Union to do likewise; underlines the importance of rapid and effective application of these measures, even if those concerned flee the country;

9.  Considers that after the end of the conflict it will be essential to set up a truth and reconciliation commission, as was done in South Africa, in order to bring all human rights abuses to light and defend the rights of the victims;

10. Stresses the importance of honouring promises of humanitarian aid and aid for reconstruction of the country in order to respond to the needs of the Ivorian population and tackle the growing numbers of internally displaced people and refugees;

11. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the United Nations Security Council, the United Nations Secretary-General, the United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (ONUCI), the institutions of the African Union, including the pan-African Parliament, the ECOWAS, the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly and the EU Member States.

Last updated: 9 May 2011Legal notice