Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0453/2011

Texts tabled :


Debates :

PV 06/07/2011 - 12
CRE 06/07/2011 - 12

Votes :

PV 07/07/2011 - 7.2

Texts adopted :

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to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on Syria, Yemen and Bahrain in the context of the situation in the Arab world and North Africa

Willy Meyer, Patrick Le Hyaric, Marisa Matias on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group

European Parliament resolution on Syria, Yemen and Bahrain in the context of the situation in the Arab world and North Africa  

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Charter of the United Nations,

–   having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas in several countries in the north of Africa, the Middle East and the Arab Peninsula there have been, and there are, important movements of workers and citizens calling for better living conditions and for action against injustice, unemployment and corruption, and demanding more democracy and rights, social justice and an end to exploitation, oppression and war,

B.  whereas the population is clearly rejecting a system that has deprived people of fundamental rights and has committed a range of serious abuses, including widespread acts of torture,

C. whereas the various structural adjustment policies (deregulation of food prices, privatisations and austerity measures) imposed by the IMF and international organisations for decades are playing a considerable part in social and economic problems such as unemployment and poverty (e.g. 40% of Egyptians live below the poverty line),

D. whereas the European Union, and particularly the governments of some Member States and the United States, which have for decades supported undemocratic regimes, have a particular responsibility in view of the current crisis,

1.  Expresses its solidarity with the struggles and popular uprisings in North Africa, the Middle East and the Arab Peninsula for the improvement of living conditions, for social and labour rights and for freedom and democracy;

2.  Reiterates its commitment to the defence of freedom, democracy and the Charter of the United Nations, namely its principles in defence of a peaceful solution of conflicts, respect for the sovereignty of peoples and the independence and territorial integrity of states;

3.  Condemns the foreign military intervention which has led to war in Libya and calls for an immediate end to the aggression against the Libyan people and all military actions by NATO member states and their allies; welcomes the involvement of the African Union; calls on all parties involved in the internal conflict in Libya to agree on and implement an immediate ceasefire, with this being the first condition for establishing a negotiating framework that will lead to a peaceful political solution, safeguarding the human rights and freedoms of all Libyans, and the sovereignty and territorial integrity of that country;

4.  Underlines the huge responsibility of the Gaddafi regime in the formation of the internal conflict;

5.  Strongly condemns the use of violence by the regimes against peaceful demonstrators and deplores the large number of persons killed and wounded; expresses its condolences to the families of the victims and wounded; calls for an immediate end to the bloodshed and release of the arrested; calls for investigation into the killings, arrests and alleged tortures;

6.  Denounces the support that the European Union and particularly some governments of Member States have provided for decades to those regimes; therefore firmly opposes any attempt at external interference and any attempt to destabilise the democratic process currently under way in these countries;

7.  Points out that these revolts have highlighted the failure of the European Neighbourhood Policy and the urgent need for a revision of the EU's external policy; calls on the European Union to establish a new framework of relations with these countries and regions based on non-intervention in the internal affairs and respect of their sovereignty, aiming at supporting development of the neighbouring regions, encouraging employment and education, instead of ‘association agreements’ based mainly on establishing free-trade areas which benefit corporate interests on the European side;

8.  Calls on to Bashar Al Assad and his authorities to stop immediately from the use of force against civilians and peaceful demonstrations, and to undertake all necessary actions to meet the just and legitimate popular demands; draw attention to the dangers that hang over the independence and territorial integrity of this country, warning about the manoeuvres led by several foreign powers that raise great concern about the risks of a foreign intervention;

9.  Calls on the convening in Syria of a National Conference with the participation of all political parties, including the opposition, trade unions, and civil society aiming at reaching an agreement to stop the conflict and take steps towards meeting the legitimate popular demands and safeguarding the unity of the country;

10. Strongly concerned about the situation in Bahrain, especially the means used to silence the opposition, the allegations of tortures and treatment of the wounded; is concerned about the role played by the Gulf Cooperation Council and mainly of Saudi Arabia;

11. Calls on King Hamad and his government to put an end to the prosecutions and convene an all inclusive forum in order to pave the way for a peaceful political solution to the conflict, by meeting the justified popular demands;

12. Calls for the 5th US Fleet stationed in Bahrain to leave the area; calls for the dismantling of all foreign military bases;

13. Welcomes the movements in Yemen asking for better living conditions, the resignation of President Ali Abdullah Saleh, for democratic reforms, freedom of press and the release of prisoners of conscience; in this sense supports the demonstrations and the camps in the Square of Change; denounces that these mobilizations have been used to start a civil war among the different tribes and Ali Abdallah Saleh's regime; calls for an immediate end of the violence and a negotiated political solution;

14. Denounces the use of religious differences in instigating a political crisis;

15. Strongly criticises the intensive arms trade of EU Member States with various countries in the region; calls on the Council to verify whether there have been breaches in the EU Code of Conduct on arms export and to adopt stringent measures so that this code is fully respected by all the Member States;

16. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean and the Governments and Parliaments of XXX, the African Union and the Gulf Cooperation Council.

Last updated: 5 July 2011Legal notice