Procedure : 2011/2948(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0700/2011

Texts tabled :

B7-0700/2011

Debates :

OJ 13/12/2011 - 146

Votes :

PV 14/12/2011 - 7.10

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2011)0575

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 133kWORD 80k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0693/2011
12.12.2011
PE479.399v01-00
 
B7-0700/2011

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on the upcoming EU-Russia Summit on 15 December 2011 and the outcome of the DUMA elections on 4 December 2011 (2011/2948(RSP))


Elmar Brok, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Ria Oomen-Ruijten, Ioannis Kasoulides, Alojz Peterle, Elena Băsescu, Cristian Dan Preda, Tokia Saïfi, Lena Kolarska-Bobińska, Laima Liucija Andrikienė, Inese Vaidere, Arnaud Danjean, Nadezhda Neynsky, Mario Mauro, Joachim Zeller, Traian Ungureanu on behalf of the PPE Group

European Parliament resolution on the upcoming EU-Russia Summit on 15 December 2011 and the outcome of the DUMA elections on 4 December 2011 (2011/2948(RSP))  
B7‑0700/2011

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to its previous reports and resolutions on Russia, in particular its resolutions of 9 June 2011(1) on the EU-Russia summit on 9/10 June 2011, of 17 June 2010 on the EU/Russia Summit and of 12 November 2009(2) prior to the EU-Russia Summit held in Stockholm on 18 November 2009,

–   having regard to its previous reports and resolutions on EU/Russia relations including the resolutions of 7 July 2011(3) on Preparations for the Russian State Duma elections in December 2011; of 17 February 2011(4) on the rule of law, of 17 September 2009 on the murder of human rights activists in Russia(5) and its resolution of 17 September 2009 on external aspects of energy security(6), as well as its report of 16 December 2010 on the Annual Report on Human Rights in the World 2009 and the European Union’s policy on the matter,(7)

–   having regard to the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between the EU and the Russian Federation(8), and the negotiations initiated in 2008 on a new EU-Russia agreement, as well as to the ‘Partnership for Modernization’ initiated in 2010,

–   having regard to the objective shared by the EU and Russia, set out in the joint statement issued following the 11th EU-Russia Summit held in St Petersburg on 31 May 2003, of creating a common economic space, a common space of freedom, security and justice, a common space of cooperation in the field of external security and a common space of research and education, including cultural aspects (the ‘four common spaces’),

–   having regard to the joint statement of the Russia-EU Permanent Partnership Council on Freedom, Security and Justice 11 October 2011 in Warsaw,

–   having regard to the remarks of HR Catherine Ashton at the 8th meeting of the EU-Russia Permanent Partnership Council 17 November 2011 in Moscow,

–   having regards to the latest EU-Russia Human Rights Dialogue on 28 November 2011,

–   having regard to the Statement by EU High Representative Catherine Ashton, on the Duma elections in the Russian Federation of 6 December 2011,

–   having regard to the agenda of the EU-Russia Summit on 15 December 2011,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the EU and Russia are mutually interdependent both economically and politically; whereas therefore enhanced cooperation and good-neighbourly relations between the EU and Russia are of major importance for the stability, security and prosperity of Europe and beyond; whereas the European Union continues to be committed to further deepen and develop the relations between the EU and Russia, based on a deep commitment to democratic principles;

B.  whereas Russia as a permanent member of the UN Security Council has joint responsibility with the other members for maintaining global stability; whereas many challenges on international level in particular with regards to Syria, the Middle East, Iran, terrorism, energy security, climate change and the financial crises can be solved only through a coordinated approach which includes Russia;

C. whereas the Russian Federation is a full member of the Council of Europe and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe and has therefore committed itself to the principles of democracy and respect for fundamental rights; whereas concerns remain regarding the human rights situation, the rule of law, independence of judiciaries and the repressive measures taken against journalists and the opposition;

D.  whereas on 12 April 2011 the European Court of Human Rights expressed its criticism of the cumbersome registration procedures for political parties in Russia, which do not comply with the election standards set by the Council of Europe and the OSCE; whereas great concerns remain regarding the difficulties faced by political parties in taking part in elections which effectively constrains political competition and pluralism in Russia;

E.  whereas one year has passed since the European Parliament called on the Council, ‘in the absence of positive moves from the Russian authorities to cooperate and investigate the case of Sergey Magnitsky, to insist that the Russian authorities bring those responsible to justice and to consider imposing an EU entry ban’; also encouraged ‘EU law enforcement agencies to cooperate in freezing bank accounts and other assets of the Russian officials in all EU Member States’(9);

1.  Calls on the EU and Russia to take the opportunity of the upcoming summit to take up new speed in the negotiations on a new Partnership and Cooperation Agreement where a more balanced progress in negotiations is needed; calls for greater effort to be taken to also progress the EU-Russia Partnership of Modernisation; calls for concrete goals and calendar to be set;

2.  Welcomes the completion of Russia’s accession negotiation to the WTO, which will help to create a more level playing field for business communities on both sides and will facilitate and liberalise the trade in the global economy; stresses that with accession, Russia has the legal obligation to fulfil all WTO rules including the renouncement of protectionist measures; expresses in this context its concern regarding the Russia-Kazakhstan-Belarus customs union, which has led to higher consolidated tariffs;

3.  Stresses the importance of intensifying the Energy partnership with Russia; reiterates that the supply of natural resources shall not be used as a political tool; underlines the need for a legally binding energy framework which guarantees reliable and secure energy supply based on equal standards to all EU Member States;

4. Acknowledges the joint conclusions of 11 October 2011 announcing the finalisation of the list of Common Steps towards visa free regime and supports its official approval and following implementation; recalls the importance of ensuring regional coherence in the approach adopted towards visa liberalisation with Russia and the Eastern Partnership countries; welcomes the finalisation of the negotiations on amendments to the existing 2006 Russia-EU Visa facilitation agreement; stresses the importance of the effective implementation of the Russia-EU readmission agreement as well as of the establishment of the Migration Dialogue; calls for further cooperation on illegal immigration, improved controls at cross-border checkpoints and information exchange on terrorism and organised crime;

5.  Welcomes the proposal to simplify Local Border Traffic in the Region of Kaliningrad Oblast and outlines that this will contribute to further promoting the strategic partnership between the EU and Russia, in line with the priorities set out in the Roadmap of the Common Space on Freedom, Security and Justice;

6.  Takes note of the result of the DUMA election on 4 December 2011; stresses that the running of the election has shown that Russia does not fulfil election standards as defined by the OSCE; restates that the cumbersome registration process has lead to the exclusion of several opposition parties and has hindered political competition and pluralism from the beginning; expresses its concern with regards to reports of fraud and of the preliminary findings of the OSCE/ODIHR report on procedural violations, lack of media impartiality, harassment of independent monitors, lack of separation between party and state;

7.  Welcomes the demonstrations in Russia as expression of the will of the Russian people for more democracy; condemns the crackdown and arrest of peaceful demonstrators including leading members of the opposition and journalists; urges the Russian authorities to respect freedom of assembly and expression, to leave peaceful demonstrators unharmed and to release those that have been arrested in the context of the elections;

8.  Urges the Russian authorities to address the findings of the OSCE/ODIHR observation report, to reform electoral laws in line with Council of Europe and OSCE standards and to fulfil those standards in practise in order to guarantee free and democratic presidential elections in 2012 with equal opportunities for opposition candidates; calls on the OCSE to closely monitor the preparation of the elections and enforcement of the electoral rules;

9.  Reiterates its concern over the human rights situation in Russia and the lack of rule of law and independent judiciary; expresses concern especially with regards to the case of Sergey Magnitsky including non-punishment practices for those proven guilty in his death; calls on the Investigative Committee to lead a comprehensive and thorough investigation without taboo, to promptly present concrete conclusions and to take all actions necessary to bring those responsible to justice;

10. Recognises the 20th anniversary of the dissolution of the USSR which was a major milestone for European history; recognises the contribution to these events by those who actively opposed totalitarianism and who contributed to the liberation from it;

11. Calls on Russia to actively contribute to the solving of the ‘frozen conflicts’ in its neighbourhood and to respect sovereignty and territorial integrity of all states involved in ‘frozen conflicts’;

12. Reiterates Russia’s obligation to fully implement the Six-point ceasefire agreement including the respect for Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity;

13. Supports the OSCE Minsk Group and its Co-Chair in its progress with regards to the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh;

14. Welcomes the restarting of negotiations within the 5+2 format with regards to the Transnistrian conflict and takes note of the first official meeting on 1 December 2011 which hopefully will be the start of a solution to the conflict;

15. States that Russia, which has veto power in the UN Security Council, has to live up to its responsibilities in international crises; stresses that challenges on an international level in particular with regards to Syria and Iran cannot be solved without a coordinated approach which includes Russia; calls on Russia to take a more constructive approach especially with regards to resolutions of the UN Security Council;

16. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Government and Parliament of the Russian Federation, the Council of Europe and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

(1)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2011)0268.

(2)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2009)0064.

(3)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2011)0335.

(4)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2011)0066.

(5)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2009)0022.

(6)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2009)0021.

(7)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2010)0489

(8)

OJ L 327, 28.11.1997, p. 1.

(9)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2010)0489.

Last updated: 13 December 2011Legal notice