Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0205/2012

Texts tabled :


Debates :

OJ 17/04/2012 - 88

Votes :

PV 20/04/2012 - 10.4
CRE 20/04/2012 - 10.4

Texts adopted :

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to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on Mali (2012/2603(RSP))

Marie-Christine Vergiat, Jacky Hénin, Younous Omarjee, Willy Meyer, João Ferreira on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group

European Parliament resolution on Mali (2012/2603(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Council conclusions on Sahel of 22-23 March 2012,

–   having regard to the remarks by Catherine Ashton of 22 March 2012,

–   having regard to the Ouagadougou Declaration of 15 April 2012, the framework agreement of 6 April 2012 and the commitment of 1 April 2012 to re-establish constitutional order,

–   having regard to the appeal by UN agencies UNICEF, HCR and WHO of 10 April 2012 for additional funds for the millions of people affected by food insecurity in the Sahel region,

–   having regard to the appeal launched by UNICEF Mali for USD 26 million to enable it to meet children's health and nutritional needs up to the end of the year,

–   having regard to the emergency response appeal of 23 February 2012 by the UN Refugee Agency, calling for USD 35.6 million in order to respond to the growing humanitarian crisis in Mali,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas northern Mali is currently largely in the hands of armed groups such as the Tuaregs of the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and the Islamists of Ansar Dine; whereas the latter have taken control of a number of towns in the north, such as Timbuktu, Kidal and Gao, while terrorising the entire population and indulging in the worst acts of violence, particularly against women, who are being abducted and raped;

B.  whereas the MNLA has claimed independence for the Tuareg of northern Mali and unilaterally declared, on 6 April, the independence of Azawad; whereas, meanwhile, the Ansar Dine movement and its leader, Iyad ag-Ghali, are seeking to take control of the entire territory of Mali and impose Sharia law there;

C. whereas several other extremist movements are present in northern Mali, such as the AQMI (Al-Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb), the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) and the Boko Haram movement;

D. whereas, two weeks after the coup, the Mali military junta surrendered its arms; whereas the speaker of Parliament, Dioncounda Traoré, took the helm of the country on 12 April and was supposed to organise presidential elections within 40 days;

E.  whereas the country is still at war and split in two;

F.  whereas the negotiations of 14 and 15 April in Ouagadougou enabled a roadmap to be drawn up, in an attempt to put an end to the crisis in Mali, between the leading players in the crisis, with the President of Burkina Faso, Blaise Compaoré, acting as mediator;

G. whereas in the evening of Monday 16 April and on Tuesday 17 April in Bamako armed men carried out a wave of arrests of politicians and military leaders in what appears to be an attempt by the military junta formerly in power in Mali to regain ascendancy, while the country is still waiting for a transitional prime minister to be appointed;

H. whereas the presidential elections that were supposed to be held on 29 April have now in fact been cancelled because of this new putsch;

I.   whereas Mali is now having to face its 'worst humanitarian crisis for twenty years' owing to the food insecurity affecting around three million people and the displacements caused by the conflict in the north; whereas this situation has become even more serious since the coup of 22 March 2012;

J.   whereas there is still uncertainty as to the whereabouts and status of some 93 500 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in northern Mali; whereas it has been reported that
200 000 people have fled northern Mali since the start of the conflict and moved to neighbouring countries, and that the situation is very difficult along the borders with Niger and Mauritania in particular;

K. whereas between 175 000 and 220 000 children will suffer from acute malnutrition this year and access to northern Mali and to the areas in which the refugees have settled on the other side of the borders is becoming increasingly problematic;

L.  whereas thousands of tonnes of arms and military equipment inundated northern Mali after the military intervention of France, the United Kingdom, United States and NATO in Libya, and those arms reached Mali without any authority attempting to prevent them from doing so, contrary to the action taken in all neighbouring countries;

M. whereas this huge influx of arms, in addition to the disorganised nature of the Malian army, is to blame for the trouble which has broken out in northern Mali since 17 January 2012;

N. whereas the Mali Tuareg have risen up on a number of occasions in 1963, 1990 and 2006, in an attempt to improve their living conditions, and the agreements following those rebellions have only been very partially implemented;

O. whereas the entire Sahel area has, over the past ten years or so, become an area in which all kinds of trafficking, in particular in arms and drugs, has grown amid general indifference;

P.  whereas northern Mali is an area which has much more natural wealth than the rest of the country, making it highly coveted not only within Mali itself but also by neighbouring countries and others, including European countries;

Q. whereas in the coup of 22 March 2012 led by Amadou Aya Sanogo, the putschists' main criticism of the President of Mali, Amadou Toumani Touré, had concerned his laxness in settling the crisis that had been causing turmoil in the north of the country; whereas, ultimately, the coup had increased the growth of conflict in the north;

1.  Condemns the new putsch which has just taken place in Mali and calls for all those who have been arrested to be released in order to open the way, as soon as possible, to a peaceful end to the conflict which safeguards the people's sovereignty and the country's territorial integrity;

2.  Is alarmed by the catastrophic situation in Mali and reasserts its solidarity with the victims and their families;

3.  Is concerned about the recent series of abductions, including those of several Algerian diplomats and a Swiss national on Sunday in Timbuktu;

4.  Calls for an investigation to be held in order to shed light on the acts of violence committed over the past few months in northern Mali;

5.  Welcomes the talks held under the aegis of the African Union and ECOWAS and regrets they were inconclusive;

6.  Supports the demands of the peoples of Mali, who believe that in view of the current humanitarian situation it is vital for them to regain control of their natural resources and achieve genuine food sovereignty;

7.  Stresses the need for the EU and its Member States to respond to the humanitarian emergency in this country; calls, therefore, for the EU to heed the recommendations set out in the appeal by UN agencies UNICEF, HCR and WHO of 10 April 2012 and to release additional humanitarian aid to respond to the humanitarian emergencies in the region;

8.  Considers it necessary, likewise, for the EU and its Member States to support the African Union and ECOWAS in their attempt to find a peaceful solution to the conflict that focuses on the protection of the people, by involving all stakeholders and without any external interference in the country's political affairs;

9.  Underlines the fact that any desire to intervene or attempt to interfere would only make the situation more delicate and further destabilise this entire region of Africa; declares itself, therefore, to be particularly concerned about the allegations made by representatives of Malian civil society and various political groups in the country that the French Government is involved in the current situation in Mali; calls, accordingly, for all those responsible to be identified and the extent of their responsibility ascertained;

10. Points out that the crisis that Mali is undergoing today is rooted in the country's economic and social problems and that it is a matter of urgency that people's needs in terms of access to jobs, healthcare, housing and public services be met, with a level playing field for everyone; does not underestimate, however, the impact of the way in which colonial border lines were drawn;

11. Calls for a detailed review to be carried out of the support given to this region by the EU;

12. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council and Commission, the
Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Catherine Ashton, the UN Security Council and the UN Secretary General, the ONUCI, the institutions of the African Union, ECOWAS, the ACP-EU Parliamentary Assembly and the governments of EU Member States.

Last updated: 3 May 2012Legal notice