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Postupak : 2012/2788(RSP)
Faze dokumenta na plenarnoj sjednici
Odabrani dokument : B7-0438/2012

Podneseni tekstovi :


Rasprave :

OJ 11/09/2012 - 86

Glasovanja :

PV 13/09/2012 - 11.15
CRE 13/09/2012 - 11.15

Doneseni tekstovi :

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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0425/2012

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on the situation in Syria (2012/2788(RSP))

Charles Tannock, Ryszard Antoni Legutko, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Ryszard Czarnecki, Paweł Robert Kowal on behalf of the ECR Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Syria (2012/2788(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions on Syria,

–   having regard to Council Decision 2011/523/EU partially suspending the application of the Cooperation Agreement between the European Economic Community and the Syrian Arab Republic, Council Regulation 36/2012/EU concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Syria, Council Decision 2012/424/CFSP implementing Decision 2011/782/CFSP concerning restrictive measures against Syria,

–   having regard to the statements of the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) on Syria, most recently of 8 August and 5 September 2012,

–   having regard to the Council conclusions on Syria of 18 July; 10 October; 1 December 2011; 23 January; 23 April; 14 May; 25 June; and 23 July 2012,

–   having regard to the Joint Communication on ‘A new response to a changing neighbourhood’ of the European Commission and the High Representative to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions of 25 May 2011,

–   having regard to the UN Security Council resolutions 2042(2012) of 14 April and 2043(2012) of 21 April 2012,

–   having regard to the UNGA Resolution on the Situation in Syria of 3 August 2012,

–   having regard to the Report of the independent international commission of inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic of 15 August 2012,

–   having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,

–   having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) of 1966, to which Syria is party,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the situation in Syria continues to worsen, with the ongoing conflict and unrest further descending towards outright civil war;

B.  whereas the UN has been unable to confirm figures relating to the number of casualties resulting from the conflict, but wherein a number of organisations have estimated that the death toll now exceeds 20 000 people, of which the majority have been civilians, and whereas many more have been injured;

C. whereas it is estimated that 2.5 million people now require humanitarian assistance in Syria, and up to 1.5 million people in Syria have been internally displaced, and whereas around 230,000 people have fled to neighbouring countries;

D. whereas citizens of Syria are subjected to arbitrary arrest and imprisonment without trial, or trial by military court and have no independent judiciary to defend them, no freedom of speech and no right to demonstrate guaranteed by law;

E.  whereas it is reported that cities and towns throughout Syria are kept under siege by government-led forces, without access to food, medical supplies or communications;

F.  whereas despite many public statements committing to political reform, President Bashar al-Assad has failed to act to implement a specific agenda that would safeguard public freedoms and judicial independence and prohibit the Syrian government from encroaching on human rights;

G. whereas on the EU Member States have agreed extended sanctions, in addition to existing restrictions applied to Syria, mostly recently on 23 July 2012;

H. whereas President Assad has ignored countless calls by the international community to put an end to the horrific violence in Syria;

I.   whereas the Arab League have previously proposed a peace plan for Syria, and on 28 January 2012 suspended its Monitoring mission due to worsening conditions on the ground in Syria;

J.   whereas the UN Supervision Mission in Syria which commenced in April 2012 was suspended in June due to escalating violence, and was not renewed following expiry of its mandate on 20 August 2012;

K. whereas on 5 September Lakhdar Barahimi was appointed UN and Arab League Joint Special Envoy to Syria, following the resignation of Kofi Annan on 2 August 2012;

L.  whereas civil unrest and the Syrian authority’s brutal repression of the Syrian people now threaten to draw the country into a state of all out civil war which in turn risks a regional conflict;

1.  Deplores the brutality shown by the Syrian regime, which has incorporated gross violations of human rights effected indiscriminately on a large scale, pursuant to regime policy; calls upon the Syrian regime to withdraw all Syrian forces from the towns and cities of Syria; further calls upon the Syrian regime to allow immediate and unconditional access for human rights agencies and humanitarian workers; underlines that medical attention must not be withheld from those injured in the violence;

2.  Strongly condemns the use of violence by all actors in Syria;

3.  Condemns the decisions of China and Russia to veto the latest attempts made in the United Nations to draft a resolution condemning Syria’s violent crack down on anti-government protests; expresses disappointment at the lack of a joint response from the UN Security Council concerning the brutal actions of the Syrian authorities and calls upon the international community to be united in their condemnation of the Syrian regime’s response to demonstrations;

4.  Regrets that the situation on the ground in Syria has prevented the renewal of the UN Supervision Mission, and the failure of the Syrian regime to implement fully the Annan Peace Plan;

5.  Notes that President Assad bears ultimately responsibility as the constitutional and legal head of the Syrian state for all actions carried out by the armed forces; urges President Assad to recognise the rejection of his regime by the Syrian people and to step aside in the best interests of Syria and the unity of its people; Demands, in this regard, that all Syrian parties work with the Office of the Joint Special Envoy of the United Nations and the League of Arab States to Syria to implement rapidly the transition plan issued by the Action Group for Syria on 30 June 2012;

6.  Welcomes the Council’s conclusions on 23 July, and supports the extension of sanctions against the Syrian regime;

7.  Welcomes the condemnation of the Syrian regime by Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Egypt, and the important role being played by Turkey and Jordan in accepting refugees; regrets Iran’s continuing support for President Al Assad’s intransigent position and brutal repression of his people;

8.  Insists that the government of Syria guarantees protection from attack for protesters and upholds the right of protesters to take part in peaceful demonstrations, to guarantee freedom of expression; calls on the Syrian government therefore to cease immediately the use of force against peaceful protesters;

9.  Calls upon the Syrian government to desist from the arbitrary arrest and detention of political activists, human rights defenders and journalists, and release all prisoners of conscience; calls upon the authorities in Syria to account publicly for everyone who has been killed, injured or those who remain missing;

10. Supports international efforts to refer the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court;

11. Expresses serious concern that intimidation by Syrian authorities may be extending to exiled opposition activists;

12. Is deeply concerned about the dangers posed to Syria’s many minorities, including refugees from Iraq, and in particular the Christians. who are being caught up in the fight between the minority Alawite dominated Baathist regime and the Sunni dominated, which also includes hardline Salafist elements, Free Syrian Army;

13. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces of Egypt and the Secretary-General of the Arab League and the Government and Parliament of the Syrian Arab Republic.

Posljednje ažuriranje: 11. rujna 2012.Pravna napomena