Procedure : 2012/2890(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0534/2012

Texts tabled :

B7-0534/2012

Debates :

Votes :

PV 17/01/2013 - 12.7

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2013)0028

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 122kWORD 59k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0534/2012
5.12.2012
PE493.740v01-00
 
B7-0534/2012

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on the Recommendations of the Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference regarding the establishment of a Middle East free of weapons of mass destruction (2012/2890(RSP))


Tarja Cronberg, Raül Romeva i Rueda, Bart Staes, Jean Lambert, Keith Taylor, Judith Sargentini, Margrete Auken on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group

European Parliament resolution on the Recommendations of the Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference regarding the establishment of a Middle East free of weapons of mass destruction (2012/2890(RSP))  
B7‑0534/2012

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions of 26 February 2004(1), 10 March 2005(2), 17 November 2005(3) and 14 March 2007(4) on nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament, and of 10 March 2010(5) on the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,

–   having regard to the report on the implementation of the European Security Strategy agreed by the European Council on 11 December 2008,

–   having regard to the European Union Strategy against the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), adopted by the European Council on 12 December 2003,

–   having regard to the Council statement of 8 December 2008 on tighter international security, in particular points 6, 8 and 9 thereof, which expresses the EU’s ‘determination to combat the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery’,

–   having regard to the statement by the spokesperson of EU High Representative Catherine Ashton of 24 November 2012 on the postponement of the Helsinki Conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of weapons of mass destruction,

–   having regard to the three EU seminars on ‘Middle East Security, WMD Non-proliferation and Disarmament’ held in Paris in June 2008, the first EU Non-Proliferation Consortium Seminar on the Middle East held in Brussels on the 6-7 July 2011, and the second EU Non-Proliferation Consortium Seminar on the Middle East held on 5-6 November 2012 which had the objective of preparing the UN conference on the Middle East zone free of weapons of mass destruction,

–   having regard to the final document of the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) , especially to Final Document Volume I, Conclusions and recommendations for follow-on actions, paragraphs 104 and 116, and chapter IV on the Middle East, particularly implementation of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East,

–   having regard to treaties on regional WMD-free zones such as the 1967 Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean, the 1985 South Pacific Nuclear‑Free Zone Treaty, the 1995 Southeast Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty, the 1996 African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty, and the 2006 Treaty on a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia,

–   having regard to UN Security Council Resolutions 1540 (2004) and 1673 (2006) on the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD),

–   having regard to the statement of 24 November 2012 by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki‑moon reaffirming his support for convening a United-Nations-sponsored Conference attended by all the states in the Middle East with the aim of establishing a zone free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas the proliferation of WMD and their means of delivery, both to state and non-state actors, represents one of the most serious threats to international stability and security;

B.  whereas there is a need to strengthen NPT as the cornerstone of the global non‑proliferation regime, and to recognise that bold political leadership and a number of progressive, consecutive steps are urgently needed in order to reaffirm the validity of the NPT and to reinforce the agreements, treaties and agencies that make up the existing proliferation and disarmament regime;

C. whereas the EU has committed itself to making use of all instruments at its disposal to prevent, deter, halt and, if possible, eliminate proliferation programmes causing concern at global level, as clearly expressed by the EU Strategy against Proliferation of WMD adopted by the European Council on 12 December 2003;

D. whereas there has been a generalisation of ‘non-proliferation clauses’ introduced into the agreements concluded between the EU and third countries since 2003;

E.  whereas Chapter IV of the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference urged all states in the region to take relevant steps and confidence-building measures to contribute to the realisation of the objectives of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East; whereas this document also urged the parties to organise a conference in 2012, to be attended by all states of the Middle East, on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction;

F.  whereas Chapter IV of the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference called for the UN Secretary-General and the co-sponsors of the 1995 Resolution to appoint a facilitator with a mandate to support the implementation of the 1995 Resolution and to undertake preparations for the convening of the 2012 Conference; whereas Finish Under‑Secretary of State Jaakko Laajava was appointed facilitator and Finland was declared host country for the 2012 Conference;

G. whereas UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon declared on 24 November 2012 that the 2012 Conference might take place in 2013;

1.  Deeply deplores the postponement of the 2012 Conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction;

2.  Urges the UN Secretary-General, the UN facilitator, the sponsors of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East, the EU High Representative and the EU Member States to make sure that the 2012 Conference takes place at the latest in early 2013;

3.  Reminds all stakeholders concerned of the urgency of the issue, bearing in mind the conflict concerning, and negotiations on, the Iranian nuclear programme and the civil war in Syria; recalls the fact that the Syrian Government still controls one of the post powerful and dangerous chemical weapons arsenals in the world;

4.  Calls for a new confidence-building initiative at regional level, based on the example of the Helsinki process with the aim of achieving the long-term goal of a Middle East free of military conflicts;

5.  Calls for the establishment of nuclear-free zones as a promising initial step towards a nuclear-free world;

6.  Strongly welcomes the establishment of five regional nuclear-weapon-free zones in. respectively, Latin America and the Caribbean, the South Pacific, South-East Asia, Central Asia, and Africa; calls on the Member States, the United States and Russia to follow this example by establishing an European zone free of weapons of mass destruction; calls on the French and British governments to do away with their nuclear weapons; urges the US Government to remove all tactical nuclear weapons from Europe, and calls on the Government of the Russian Federation to withdraw all nuclear weapons from the western part of its territory;

7.  Calls on all parties concerned to advance the goal of complete nuclear disarmament on the basis of an international treaty for the progressive elimination of nuclear weapons worldwide, and reiterates its opposition to the use of nuclear energy for both military and civil purposes, given the inherent dual-use risks;

8.  Calls on all parties to review their military doctrines with a view to renouncing any first-strike option;

9.  Urges, in this respect, the Vice-President / High Representative, the Council and the Commission to make every effort to raise European awareness of non proliferation issues, in collaboration with all the parties and non-state actors working for a nuclear-free world, with regard, in particular, to the network of Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non‑Proliferation and Disarmament, the network of Mayors for Peace and the network of denuclearised municipalities;

10. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Council, the Commission, the UN Secretary-General, the facilitator, and the governments and parliaments in the region.

(1)

OJ C 98 E, 23.4.2004, p. 152.

(2)

OJ C 320 E, 15.12.2005, p. 253.

(3)

OJ C 280E, 18.11.2006, p.453.

(4)

OJ C 301 E, 13.12.2007, p.146.

(5)

OJ C 349 E, 22.12.2010, p. 77.

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