Procedure : 2012/2890(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0539/2012

Texts tabled :

B7-0539/2012

Debates :

Votes :

PV 17/01/2013 - 12.7

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2013)0028

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 126kWORD 60k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0534/2012
5.12.2012
PE502.545v01-00
 
B7-0539/2012

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on the Recommendations of the Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference regarding the establishment of a Middle East free of weapons of mass destruction (2012/2890(RSP))


Helmut Scholz, Patrick Le Hyaric, Willy Meyer, Miloslav Ransdorf, Marie-Christine Vergiat, Sabine Lösing on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group

European Parliament resolution on the Recommendations of the Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference regarding the establishment of a Middle East free of weapons of mass destruction (2012/2890(RSP))  
B7‑0539/2012

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the numerous resolutions of the UN General Assembly on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East, e.g. Resolutions 3263 (XXIX) of 9 December 1974, 3474 (XXX) of 11 December 1975, 31/71 of 10 December 1976, 32/82 of 12 December 1977, 33/64 of 14 December 1978, 34/77 of 11 December 1979, 35/147 of 12 December 1980, 36/87 A and B of 9 December 1981, 37/75 of 9 December 1982, 38/64 of 15 December 1983, 39/54 of 12 December 1984, 40/82 of 12 December 1985, 41/48 of 3 December 1986, 42/28 of 30 November 1987, 43/65 of 7 December 1988, 44/108 of 15 December 1989, 45/52 of 4 December 1990, 46/30 of 6 December 1991, 47/48 of 9 December 1992, 48/71 of 16 December 1993, 49/71 of 15 December 1994, 50/66 of 12 December 1995, 51/41 of 10 December 1996, 52/34 of 9 December 1997, 53/74 of 4 December 1998, 54/51 of 1 December 1999, 55/30 of 20 November 2000, 56/21 of 29 November 2001, 57/55 of 22 November 2002, 58/34 of 8 December 2003, 59/63 of 3 December 2004, 60/52 of 8 December 2005, 61/56 of 6 December 2006, 62/18 of 5 December 2007, 63/38 of 2 December 2008, 64/26 of 2 December 2009, 65/42 of 8 December 2010 and 66/25 of 2 December 2011 on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East,

–   having regard to UN Security Council Resolutions 1540 (2004) and 1673 (2006) on the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD),

–   having regard to the final document of the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, especially to Final Document –Volume I, Conclusions and recommendations for follow-on actions, paragraphs 104 and 116, and Chapter IV on the Middle East, particularly the implementation of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East,

–   having regard to the statement of 24 November 2012 by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki‑moon reaffirming his support for the convening of a United Nations-sponsored conference attended by all the states in the Middle East with the aim of establishing a zone free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions of 26 February 2004(1), 10 March 2005(2), 17 November 2005(3) and 14 March 2007(4) on nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament, and of 10 March 2010(5) on the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,

–   having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas in a situation in which the Middle East region is marked by violent conflicts and is continuing to change rapidly and profoundly, it is more urgent than ever for the international community to intensify efforts towards peace, disarmament and confidence‑building;

B.  whereas the start of a process of establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East region would be an important step towards peace and security and the resolution of disputes of not only regional, but also worldwide, dimensions;

C. whereas a key result of the 2010 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference was the agreement to convene a conference in 2012 on the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East; whereas the preparations for this conference are well advanced; whereas all the countries in the region except Israel have expressed their willingness to participate in the conference on schedule;

D. whereas the conference was postponed on an initiative of the United States which referred to ‘present conditions in the Middle East and the fact that states in the region have not yet reached agreement on acceptable conditions for a conference’;

E.  whereas UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon clearly stated on 24 November 2012 that the 2012 conference might take place in 2013;

F.  whereas the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is a cornerstone of international security; whereas, because of the lack of progress in the nuclear disarmament process, there is an enduring crisis of confidence in the treaty; whereas the failure to start the dialogue on a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East would further deepen this crisis, with the danger of severe consequences for the 2015 NPT Review Conference;

1.  Deeply deplores the postponement of the 2012 conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction;

2.  Urges the UN Secretary-General, the UN facilitator, the sponsors of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East, the EU institutions and the EU Member States to make sure that the 2012 conference takes place not later that April 2013;

3.  Underlines the importance of the accession of Israel to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; calls on Israel to place all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards, as requested by the General Conference of the IAEA in its Resolution GC(56)/RES/15 of 20 September 2012;

4.  Calls on Israel to review its position on the conference and to participate constructively in its preparation and conduct; calls on all sides to show the necessary political will to overcome the obstacles and to work constructively on compromises with a view to starting the dialogue on a nuclear-weapon-free zone in 2013;

5.  Calls upon all states in the region to accede to and implement all relevant nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation conventions, to fulfil in good faith their international obligations and commitments in this field and to cooperate fully with the IAEA;

6.  Calls on all countries in the region, pending the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone, not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or permit the stationing on their territories, or territories under their control, of nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices;

7.  Calls on all countries in the region to accede to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction and to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention;

8.  Emphasises that progress in the Middle East peace process is a crucial element for peace and security in the region; welcomes the decision of the UN General Assembly to grant enhanced non-member status to the Palestinian State; urges the EU, as a member of the Quartet, to use this momentum and to undertake effective initiatives with a view to meeting the aspirations of Palestinians for real statehood and development and of Israelis for security; underlines the fact that a genuine solution to the current crisis can only be found by the establishment of a Palestinian State along the 1967 borders, with East Jerusalem as its capital, alongside Israel;

9.  Calls on all nuclear-weapon states, both acknowledged and unacknowledged, but in particular France, the UK, the USA and Israel, to grant negative security guarantees to Iran and all other countries of the Middle East region; stresses that such guarantees constitute a vital element in the effort to achieve confidence and security in the region;

10. Recalls that nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation are substantively interrelated and mutually reinforcing; calls on the EU and its Member States to make nuclear disarmament a priority of the foreign and security policy and to overcome the stalemate in the nuclear disarmament negotiations at the bilateral and multilateral levels;

11. Calls for the establishment of a zone free of weapons of mass destruction in Europe; calls on the French and British Governments to rid themselves of their nuclear weapons; urges the US Government to remove tactical nuclear weapons from Europe and the Government of the Russian Federation to withdraw its nuclear weapons from the western part of its territory; calls for the dissolution of all nuclear sharing arrangements between EU Member States and the USA;

12. Stresses that the best way to deal with the problem of proliferation would be to abandon atomic energy once and for all, as its civilian use alone is fraught with great dangers and the use of civilian nuclear technology for military purposes cannot be excluded with sufficient certainty;

13. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the EU Special Representative for the Middle East Peace Process, the UN Secretary-General, the governments and parliaments of the UN Security Council members, the Director-General of the IAEA, the Middle East Quartet Envoy, the Secretary-General of the Arab League, Finnish Under-Secretary of State Jaakko Laajava, the conference facilitator, and the Governments and parliaments of Israel, Iran and all the other states of the region.

(1)

OJ C 98 E, 23.4.2004, p. 152.

(2)

OJ C 320 E, 15.12.2005, p. 253.

(3)

OJ C 280E, 18.11.2006, p. 453.

(4)

OJ C 301 E, 13.12.2007, p. 146.

(5)

OJ C 349 E, 22.12.2010, p. 77.

Last updated: 6 December 2012Legal notice