Procedure : 2014/2595(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0224/2014

Texts tabled :

B7-0224/2014

Debates :

Votes :

PV 27/02/2014 - 10.7
CRE 27/02/2014 - 10.7

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2014)0170

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 127kWORD 59k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0219/2014
25.2.2014
PE529.583v01-00
 
B7-0224/2014

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on the situation in Ukraine (2014/2595(RSP))


Rebecca Harms, Ulrike Lunacek, Mark Demesmaeker, Tarja Cronberg, Werner Schulz, Raül Romeva i Rueda, Indrek Tarand, Helga Trüpel on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Ukraine (2014/2595(RSP))  
B7‑0224/2014

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to its previous resolutions on the European Neighbourhood Policy, on the Eastern Partnership (EaP) and on Ukraine, with particular reference to its resolution of 6 February 2014 on the situation in Ukraine(1),

–       having regard to the conclusions of the extraordinary meeting of the Foreign Affairs Council on Ukraine of 20 February 2014,

–       having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.     whereas since the decision of the Ukrainian President and Government to suspend the signing of the Association Agreement, hundreds of thousands of people have taken spontaneously to the streets all over the country in support of European integration; whereas in Kyiv the demonstrators have been peacefully occupying Independence Square, calling for strong political change with a view to making the government review its decision, and whereas the Euromaidan movement is the strongest citizens’ movement for freedom and democracy there has been in Europe since the late 1980s;

B.     whereas the authorities under President Yanukovych crossed a clear line by authorising the security forces to use live ammunition against the protestors and by deploying snipers on roofs in and around Maidan Square, which since late November has been the epicentre of an anti-government and pro-European protest; whereas protesters and bystanders were executed on the streets of Kyiv, provoking international outrage and condemnation;

C.     whereas, at the same time, three foreign affairs ministers from the EU travelled to Kyiv in an effort to mediate a compromise solution between President Yanukovych and the opposition; whereas they managed to broker an agreement on a roadmap for a peaceful and democratic exit from the crisis; whereas the Russian special envoy also facilitated the agreement, but without co-signing it;

D.     whereas after the signing of the agreement, the President left the capital for an unknown destination and the Speaker of the Parliament stepped down shortly afterwards, leaving the country without a government, since the Prime Minister had resigned some weeks before;

1.      Expresses its deepest condolences to the families of the victims, both demonstrators and members of the security forces, strongly condemns all acts of violence and calls on all Ukrainian citizens, together with political and civic leaders, to act with the utmost responsibility at this historic moment for Ukraine;

2.      Firmly condemns the brutal and disproportionate action of anti-riot forces that led to the dramatic escalation of violence;

3.      Welcomes the responsible role played by the Verkhovna Rada in assuming its full constitutional functions and filling the political and institutional vacuum created by the resignation of the government and the dismissal of the President, and is convinced that the Euromaidan movement will play its role in the future political process in Ukraine; takes note of the measures adopted so far by the parliament with regard, in particular, to the return to the 2004 Constitution, the decision to hold presidential elections on 25 May 2014, the decision to withdraw police and security forces and the release from prison of former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko; calls for the formation of a national unity government that is as inclusive as possible in order to address the urgent needs of the country;

4.      Commends the people of Ukraine on the swift change in power and on their civic resilience in the past few months, and underlines that this civic and popular protest serves as an example and will mark a watershed in the history of Ukraine; stresses that this democratic, civic victory should not be marred by any spirit of revenge or acts of retribution towards adversaries, or by political infighting;

5.      Calls for the setting up of an independent commission to investigate, in close collaboration with the Council of Europe International Advisory Panel, the human rights violations that have taken place since the beginning of the demonstrations;

6.      Expresses its strong support, sympathy and solidarity to all the people who have been taking peacefully to the streets over the last three months in Kyiv and all over Ukraine in support of fundamental European values, democratic accountability, respect for human rights, the rule of law and the right to protest; underlines that democracy is not rule by the majority but a form of governance based on checks and balances; regrets, in this respect, the recent decision of the Verkhovna Rada to abolish the law on languages, and calls for the adoption of new legislation in line with Ukraine’s obligations under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages;

7.      Urges the Commission to find ways to provide medical care and support for all those who have been victims of violence during the demonstrations, in cooperation with the International Committee of the Red Cross;

8.      Welcomes the conclusions of the extraordinary Foreign Affairs Council of 20 February 2014 and, in particular, the decision to introduce targeted sanctions, including an asset freeze and a visa ban directed against those responsible for human rights violations, and to suspend export licences for equipment that might be used for internal repression; notes the enormous impact that these sanctions have had on Ukrainian public opinion, and is of the opinion that these measures could have been adopted earlier;

9.      Takes the view that targeted, flexible, individual sanctions and restrictive measures should be maintained as part of the EU policy towards Ukraine during this transitional period and be complemented with serious efforts in the Member States to combat money laundering and the hiding of assets;

10.    Demands the immediate and unconditional release of all the demonstrators and political prisoners who have been illegally detained, the dropping of all charges against them, and their political rehabilitation;

11.    Hopes that the constitutional majority formed in the Verkhovna Rada in the last few days can provide the basis for the beginning of a national dialogue involving all the democratic components of Ukrainian society, with a view to achieving genuine reconciliation between the parties, holding in-depth discussions on the future of the Ukrainian nation, and preserving the unity of the country;

12.    Points out that the proposal to sign the Association Agreement is still valid and that the EU stands ready to sign it as soon as the current political crisis has been resolved and as long as the benchmarks set by the Foreign Affairs Council of December 2012 are met;

13.    Expects the Council and the Commission to deliver on promises and to continue to help Ukraine to overcome this deep political and economic crisis, particularly in connection with possible urgent financial needs resulting inter alia from the decision of the Russian Federation to suspend the second tranche of the purchase of Ukrainian bonds;

14.    Expects the Council and the Commission to come forward as soon as possible, together with the IMF, the World Bank, the EBRD and the EIB, with emergency measures, as well as with a long-term package of concrete financial support to help Ukraine tackle its worsening economic and social situation and provide economic support to launch the necessary deep and comprehensive reforms of the Ukrainian economy;

15.    Acknowledges that widespread corruption continues to hamper Ukraine’s potential to develop and is undermining the confidence of its citizens in their own institutions; urges the new government, therefore, to make the fight against corruption a top priority in its programme; urges the EU and Ukraine to take immediate action to prevent further capital flight;

16.    Takes the view that the rapid finalisation of a visa-free agreement between the EU and Ukraine is the best way to respond to the calls of the members of Ukrainian civil society and students who over the last few days have demonstrated in the squares in favour of Ukraine’s European choice; points out that such an agreement will step up and facilitate exchanges and people-to-people contacts between civil societies, thus increasing mutual understanding and providing the opportunity for Ukrainian public opinion to become familiar with European standards and best practices in all fields; calls, in the meantime, for the immediate introduction of temporary, very simple and cost-free visa procedures;

17.    Underlines that the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) provisions do not represent any commercial challenges to the Russian Federation and that the Association Agreement does not impinge on the historical links that Ukraine has shared with its eastern neighbour; points out that political stability, predictability and economic prosperity remain a common objective;

18.    Stresses that no lasting political solution can be achieved in Ukraine without the constructive and legitimate contribution of Russia, but rejects the idea of a new partition of Europe based on areas of influence;

19.    Calls on Moscow to adopt a constructive attitude and to stop retaliatory measures and undue pressure aimed at undermining the sovereign right of its neighbours freely to determine their future, so as to create the conditions for Ukraine to benefit from bilateral relations with both the EU and Russia; urges the EU and its Member States to speak to Russia with one voice in support of the European aspirations of the EaP countries that freely choose to deepen their relations with the EU; calls on the EU in this context to act in support of Ukraine or any other EaP country in the WTO or any other international organisations in the event of controversy with the Russian Federation;

20.    Calls, furthermore, on the Commission to work together with the Ukrainian authorities to find ways of counterbalancing the effects of the retaliatory measures adopted by Moscow in order to stop the signing of the Association Agreement;

21.    Believes, furthermore, that beyond the Association Agreement, there is a serious European perspective for Ukraine once the country gives concrete signs of its readiness to engage in reforms and to adopt and share EU values in compliance with Article 49 TEU;

22.    Points out that the EU’s communication strategy in Partner Countries still lacks effectiveness; urges the Commission, in this context, to step up its efforts to explain the potential benefits and advantages of the Association Agreement to the relevant sections of public opinion;

23.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments of the Member States, the President, Government and Parliament of Ukraine, the Council of Europe and the President, Government and Parliament of the Russian Federation.

 

(1)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2014)0098.

Last updated: 26 February 2014Legal notice