Procedure : 2018/2752(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0308/2018

Texts tabled :

B8-0308/2018

Debates :

PV 11/09/2018 - 15
CRE 11/09/2018 - 15

Votes :

PV 12/09/2018 - 6.8

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2018)0341

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 164kWORD 46k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0308/2018
5.9.2018
PE621.719v01-00
 
B8-0308/2018

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on autonomous weapon systems (2018/2752(RSP))


Reinhard Bütikofer, Bodil Valero, Max Andersson, Barbara Lochbihler, Monika Vana, Philippe Lamberts on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group

European Parliament resolution on autonomous weapon systems (2018/2752(RSP))  
B8‑0308/2018

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its study of 3 May 2013 entitled ‘Human rights implications of the usage of drones and unmanned robots in warfare’,

–  having regard to its various positions, recommendations and resolutions calling for a ban on autonomous weapon systems, such as the mandate to start negotiations adopted in plenary on 13 March 2018 with a view to the adoption of a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the European Defence Industrial Development Programme, its resolution of 13 December 2017 on the Annual Report on Human Rights and Democracy in the World 2016 and the European Union’s policy on the matter(1), its recommendation to the Council of 7 July 2016 on the 71st session of the United Nations General Assembly(2) and its resolution of 27 February 2014 on armed drones(3),

–  having regard to relevant UN reports, in particular the report of 9 April 2013 of the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Christof Heyns (UN A/HRC/23/47),

–  having regard to the EU statement on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) to the Group of Governmental Experts of the parties to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in Geneva, of 13-17 November 2017 and 9-13 April 2018,

–  having regard to the European Economic and Social Committee opinion of 31 May 2017 calling for a human-in-command approach to AI and a ban on autonomous weapons,

–  having regard to contributions from different states prior to the 2017 and 2018 Group of Governmental Experts meetings, including from EU Member States,

–  having regard to the open letter of July 2015 signed by over 3 000 artificial intelligence and robotics researchers and that of 21 August 2017 signed by 116 founders of leading robotics and artificial intelligence companies,

–  having regard to relevant statements by the International Committee of the Red Cross and civil society initiatives such as the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots, which represents 70 organisations in 30 countries, including Human Rights Watch, Article36 and Amnesty International,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas some countries and industries are reportedly developing weapon systems with various autonomous functions;

B.  whereas lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS) have the potential to change warfare fundamentally, accelerate the speed and timescale of hostile military interaction dramatically, and trigger unprecedented arms races;

C.  whereas the use of lethal autonomous weapon systems raises fundamental ethical and legal questions of human control, in particular with regard to critical functions such as target selection and engagement;

D.  whereas the use of lethal autonomous weapon systems raises key questions about the applicability of international human rights law, international humanitarian law and European norms and values with regard to future military actions;

E.  whereas in August 2017, 116 founders of leading robotics and artificial intelligence companies sent an open letter to the UN calling on governments to ‘prevent an arms race in these weapons’ and ‘to avoid the destabilising effects of these technologies’; whereas this letter also stated that ‘lethal autonomous weapons threaten to become the third revolution in warfare’ which ‘will permit armed conflict to be fought at a scale greater than ever, and at timescales faster than humans can comprehend’;

1.  Stresses the need to act urgently to prevent the proliferation of lethal autonomous weapon systems; underlines that common action at EU level potentially strengthens the EU as an international actor by having an impact on a key military security challenge;

2.  Calls on the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR), the Member States and the European Council to urgently develop and adopt a common position on autonomous weapon systems that ensures human control over the critical functions during deployment prior to the November 2018 meeting of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons and to speak in relevant forums with one voice and act accordingly;

3.  Urges the VP/HR, the Member States and the Council to work towards an international ban on weapon systems that lack meaningful human control in the critical function of selecting and engaging targets, as requested by Parliament on various occasions; stresses the key importance of also preventing research, development, and production of weapon systems that lack human control, in particular with regard to critical functions such as target selection and engagement;

4.  Recalls its position of 13 March 2018 on the Regulation on the European Defence Industrial Development Programme, in particular Article 6 (eligible actions), and underlines its willingness to adopt a similar position in the context of the upcoming defence research programme, the defence industrial development programme and other relevant features of the post-2020 European Defence Fund;

5.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, and the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

(1)

Texts adopted, P8_TA(2017)0494.

(2)

OJ C 101, 16.3.2018, p. 166.

(3)

OJ C 285, 29.8.2017, p. 110.

Last updated: 6 September 2018Legal notice