Trafficking in human beings (THB) is a severe violation of fundamental rights and a serious form of organised crime that affects women, men, girls and boys who are trafficked in different circumstances and require gender-specific assistance and support, as mentioned in Directive 2011/36/EU. According to Eurostat, women accounted for 68%, men for 17%, girls 12% and boys for 3% of those who are trafficked.
The Commission has been monitoring progress on the implementation of this Directive in the Member States, for example through the EU Strategy towards the Eradication of THB which identifies violence against women and gender inequalities as a root cause of trafficking.
As THB is recognised as a gender-specific phenomenon, which concrete measures does the Commission envisage taking in order to develop knowledge on the gender dimension of THB?
The Commission should have submitted, by 6 April 2015, a report assessing the measures taken by Member States in order to comply with Directive 2011/36/EU. When will the Commission be able to submit this report? What measures does the Commission intend to take to address delays in the transposition and compliance by Member States? Does the Commission consider that in Member States that have transposed the Directive, the implementation is adequate to meet the targets of the Directive?
Considering that the current strategy expires in 2016, will the Commission aim for the future strategy to incorporate a clear gender perspective and give priority to the rights of victims of THB and their specific needs, with a particular focus on new methods of THB. A human rights-based approach focusing on victims of THB must discourage demand for all forms of THB, including for the purpose of sexual exploitation which is the most common form of exploitation. What concrete actions does the Commission envisage taking in order to identify best practices for Member States to share in view of this new strategy? In particular, which actions related to gender-specific measures for preventing THB and reducing supply and demand will the Commission take?