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RECOMMENDATION FOR SECOND READING     
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4 February 1998
PE 224.598/fin. A4-0038/98
on the common position established by the Council with a view to the adoption of a European Parliament and Council Directive on the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Council Directive 93/12/EEC (C4-0532/97 - 96/0163(COD))
Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Protection
Rapporteur: Ms Hautala
At its sitting of 10 April 1997 Parliament delivered its opinion at first reading on the proposal for a European Parliament and Council Directive on the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Council Directive 93/12/EEC.
 A DRAFT DECISION
 B EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

 At its sitting of 10 April 1997 Parliament delivered its opinion at first reading on the proposal for a European Parliament and Council Directive on the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Council Directive 93/12/EEC.

At the sitting of 23 October 1997 the President of Parliament announced that the common position had been received and referred to the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Protection.

The committee had appointed Ms Hautala rapporteur at its meeting of 24 September 1997.

It considered the common position and the draft recommendation for second reading at its meetings of 25 November 1997 and 4 February 1998.

At the latter meeting it adopted the draft decision unanimously.

The following took part in the vote: Kenneth Collins, chairman; Poggiolini and Lannoye, vicechairmen; Hautala, rapporteur; Apolinario, Blokland, Bowe, Breyer, Cabrol, Diez de Rivera Icaza, Eisma, Flemming, Florenz, Garosci (for Viceconte), Gonzalez Alvarez, Graenitz, Grossetête, Jackson, Kirsten Jensen, Kokkola, Kronberger, Kuhn, Lange (for Marinucci), Lienemann, Liese (for Burtone), Myller (for van Putten), Needle, Olsson, Oomen-Ruijten, Pollack, Roth-Behrendt, Schleicher, Schnellhardt, Sjöstedt (for Bertinotti), Tamino, Trakatellis, Valverde Lopez, Virgin, White and Whitehead.

The recommendation for second reading was tabled on 4 February 1998.

The deadline for tabling amendments to the common position or proposals for declarations of intended rejection is on 12 February 1998 at noon.


 A DRAFT DECISION

Decision on the common position established by the Council with a view to the adoption of a European Parliament and Council Directive on the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Council Directive 93/12/EEC (C4-0532/97 - 96/0163(COD))

(Codecision procedure: second reading)

The European Parliament,

- having regard to the common position of the Council, (C4-0532/97 - 96/0163(COD)),

- having regard to its opinion at first reading(1) on the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council COM(96)0248(2),

- having regard to the amended Commission proposal COM(97)0271(3),

- having regard to Article 189b(2) of the EC Treaty,

- having regard to Rule 72 of its Rules of Procedure,

- having regard to the recommendation for second reading of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Protection (A4-0038/98),

1. Amends the common position as follows;

2. Calls on the Commission to support Parliament's amendments in the opinion it is required to deliver pursuant to Article 189b(2)(d) of the EC Treaty;

3. Calls on the Council to approve all Parliament's amendments, amend its common position accordingly and definitively adopt the act;

4. Instructs its President to forward this decision to the Council and the Commission.

Common position of the Council

Amendments by Parliament

(Amendment 1)
Recital 5a (new)

Whereas, in addition to an initial stage of fuel specifications beginning in the year 2000, provision must be made for a second stage, to come into effect in 2005, to enable the industry to make the necessary investments to adapt its production plans;

(Amendment 2)
Recital 5b (new)

Whereas petrol and diesel fuel complying with the specifications set out in annexes I, II, III and IV are already available on the market in the European Union;

(Amendment 3)
Recital 6a (new)

Whereas the cost of the measures adopted is ultimately to be borne by consumers and taxpayers; and whereas the Auto/Oil programme is not based on a macro-economic cost-benefit analysis which takes account not only of cost effectiveness but also of social costs and, in particular, the savings to the health system which would result from improved air quality standards;

(Amendment 4)
Recital 7

Whereas the introduction of environmental fuel specifications for petrol and diesel fuels is an important element of the cost-effective package of European-wide and national/regional/local measures that should be put into effect;

Whereas the introduction of environmental fuel specifications for petrol and diesel fuels is an important element of the cost-benefit package of European-wide and national/regional/local measures that should be put into effect;

(Amendment 5)
Recital 8

Whereas the implementation of a combination of European-wide and national/regional/local measures to reduce vehicle emissions is part of the Commission"s overall strategy to reduce air emissions from mobile and stationary sources in a cost-effective and balanced way;

Whereas the implementation of a combination of European-wide and national/regional/local measures to reduce vehicle emissions is part of the Commission"s overall strategy to reduce air emissions from mobile and stationary sources in a way that is balanced and meets cost-benefit criteria;

(Amendment 6)
Recital 9

Whereas it is necessary to obtain in the short term a reduction, in particular in urban areas, of polluting vehicle emissions, including primary pollutants such as unburnt hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide, secondary pollutants such as ozone, toxic emissions such as benzene and particle emissions;

Whereas it is necessary to obtain in the short term a reduction, in particular in urban areas, of polluting vehicle emissions, including primary pollutants such as unburnt hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide, secondary pollutants such as ozone, toxic emissions such as benzene and particle emissions;

whereas the reduction of polluting vehicle emissions in urban areas can be immediately achieved on motor vehicles equipped with positive ignition engines through changes in fuel composition;

(Amendment 7)
Recital 9a (new)

Whereas the incorporation of oxygen and the significant reduction in aromatics, olefins, benzene and sulfur permit better fuel quality to be obtained from an environmental standpoint; whereas to this end it is appropriate to encourage the use of oxygenates

(Amendment 8)
Recital 10

Whereas this Directive should apply without prejudice to Council Directive 92/81/EEC of 19 October 1992 on the harmonization of structures of excise duties on mineral oils(1), and in particular Article 8(4) thereof;

Whereas the provisions of Council Directive 92/81/EEC of 19 October 1992 on the harmonization of structures of excise duties on mineral oils(1), and in particular Article 8(4) thereof, prohibit Member States from operating excise tax differentiation designed to accelerate fuel quality above Community-wide fuel specifications;

(Amendment 9)
Recital 10a (new)

Whereas Member States should have the right through differentiated excise taxation to use fiscal incentives to introduce more advanced fuels in line with national priorities, capacity and requirements;

(Amendment 10)
Recital 12

Whereas atmospheric pollution by lead arising from the combustion of leaded petrol constitutes a risk for human health and the environment and whereas therefore it is appropriate to ban the marketing of leaded petrol;

Whereas atmospheric pollution by lead arising from the combustion of leaded petrol constitutes a risk for human health and the environment; whereas, it is to be expected that by 2000 all petrol driven road vehicles should be able to run on unleaded petrol and whereas therefore it is appropriate to ban the marketing of leaded petrol;

(Amendment 11)
Recital 13

Whereas the need for vehicle emission reduction and the availability of the necessary refinery technology justify the setting of environmental fuel specifications for the marketing as from 1 January 2000 of unleaded petrol and diesel fuels;

Whereas the need for vehicle emission reduction and the availability of the necessary refinery technology justify the setting of environmental fuel specifications for the marketing of unleaded petrol and diesel fuels;

(Amendment 12)
Recital 13b (new)

Whereas, since the application of this Directive enables distributors to make use, from the year 2000, of the infrastructure which had hitherto been used for leaded fuel, it seems appropriate to provide for the availability of two types of diesel fuel, one of which would be a higher-quality diesel; whereas the Commission should ensure that with effect from 1 January 2005 the diesel fuel for which the specifications are proposed in Annex II will no longer be available on the market, and will be replaced by a diesel fuel complying with the specifications proposed in Annex IV;

(Amendment 13)
Recital 15

Whereas, in order to ensure compliance with the fuel quality standards required under this Directive, Member States should introduce monitoring systems, and whereas information on fuel quality collected by Member States should be communicated to the Commission according to a common format;

Whereas, in order to ensure compliance with the fuel quality standards required under this Directive, Member States should introduce monitoring systems. Such monitoring systems should be based on common procedures for sampling and testing; and whereas information on fuel quality collected by Member States should be communicated to the Commission according to a common format;

(Amendment 14)
Recital 16

Whereas, on the basis of a comprehensive assessment, the Commission is to submit a proposal setting down inter alia environmental specifications for petrol and diesel fuels to be applied as from 1 January 2005; whereas this proposal is to confirm, modify and complement the indicative specifications set down in this Directive; whereas the Commission"s proposal may, as appropriate, also set down environmental specifications for other types of fuel such as liquid petroleum gas, natural gas and biofuels;

Whereas, on the basis of a comprehensive assessment, the Commission is to submit a proposal complementing, and if necessary improving, the mandatory specifications for petrol and diesel fuels referred to in annexes III and IV, to be applied as from 1 January 2005; whereas the Commission"s proposal may, as appropriate, also set down environmental specifications for other types of fuel such as liquid petroleum gas, natural gas and biofuels; whereas captive vehicle fleets exist (buses, taxis, commercial vehicles, etc.) which are responsible for a large proportion of urban pollution and would benefit from separate specifications;

(Amendment 15)
Article 3
Petrol

1. No later than 1 January 2000, Member States shall prohibit the marketing of leaded petrol within their territory.

2. Member States shall ensure that, no later than 1 January 2000, unleaded petrol can be marketed within their territory only if it complies with the environmental specifications set out in Annex I.

3. By way of derogation from paragraph 1, a Member State may be allowed, upon a request to be submitted to the Commission no later than 31 August 1998, to continue to permit the marketing of leaded petrol, until at the latest 1 January 2005, if it can demonstrate that the introduction of a ban would result in severe socio-economic problems or would not lead to overall environmental or health benefits because inter alia of the climatic situation in that Member State.

The lead content of leaded petrol shall not exceed 0,15 g/l and the benzene content shall comply with the specifications in Annex I. The other values of the specifications may remain unchanged compared to the present situation.

4. By way of derogation from paragraph 2, a Member State may be allowed, upon a request to be submitted to the Commission no later than 31 August 1998 (*), to continue to permit the marketing, until at the latest 1 January 2003, of unleaded petrol with a sulphur content which does not comply with Annex I but which does not exceed the current content, if it can demonstrate that the introduction of the sulphur specification as set out in Annex I would result in severe socio-economic problems.

5. The Commission may authorize the derogations referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4.

The Commission shall notify the Member States and inform the Council of its decision.

6. Notwithstanding paragraph 1, Member States may continue to permit the marketing of small quantities of leaded petrol with the specifications mentioned in the second subparagraph of paragraph 3 to a maximum of 0,5% of total sales to be used by old vehicles of a characteristic nature and to be distributed through special interest groups.

1. No later than 1 January 2000, Member States shall prohibit the marketing of leaded petrol within their territory.

2. Member States shall ensure that, no later than 1 January 2000, unleaded petrol can be marketed within their territory only if it complies with the environmental specifications set out in Annex I.

Member States shall ensure that, no later than 1 January 2005, unleaded petrol can be marketed within their territory only if it complies with the environmental specifications set out in Annex III.

3. By way of derogation from the provisions of paragraph 1, a Member State may be allowed, upon a request to be submitted to the Commission no later than 31 August 1998, to continue to permit the marketing of leaded petrol until at the latest 1 January 2005, if it can demonstrate that the introduction of a total ban on the marketing of leaded petrol as from 1 January 2000 would result in severe socioeconomic problems.

The lead content of leaded petrol shall not exceed 0,15 g/l and other values of the specifications shall comply with the specifications in Annex I.

4. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 2, a Member State may be authorized, on request to the Commission submitted no later than 31 August 1998(*), to continue to permit the marketing, until 1 January 2001 at the latest, of unleaded petrol which does not comply with the specification in Annex I, if it can demonstrate that severe difficulties would ensue for its industries in making the necessary changes in their manufacturing facilities during the period of time between the date of adoption of this Directive and 1 January 2000.

5. The Commission may authorize the derogations referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4.

The Commission shall notify the Member States and inform the Council and the European Parliament of its decision.

6. Notwithstanding paragraph 1, Member States may continue to permit the marketing of small quantities of leaded petrol with the specifications mentioned in the second subparagraph of paragraph 3 to a maximum of 0,5% of total sales to be used by old vehicles of a characteristic nature and to be distributed through special interest groups.

(Amendment 16)
Article 4
Diesel fuel

Member States shall ensure that, no later than 1 January 2000, diesel fuel can be marketed within their territory only if it complies with the environmental specifications set out in Annex II.

1. Member States shall ensure that, no later than 1 January 2000, diesel fuel can be marketed within their territory only if it complies with the environmental specifications set out in Annex II or IV.

Member States shall ensure that, no later than 1 January 2005, diesel fuel can be marketed within their territory only if it complies with the environmental specifications set out in Annex IV.

2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, a Member State may be authorized, on request to the Commission submitted no later than 31 August 1998(*), to continue to permit the marketing on its territory, until 1 January 2003, of diesel fuel with a sulphur content which does not comply with the provisions of Annex II, but does not increase the present content, if it can demonstrate that the sulphur specification listed in Annex II would cause severe social and economic difficulties.

3. The Commission may authorize the exception referred to in paragraph 2. It shall notify the Member States of its decision and inform the Council and the European Parliament accordingly.

(*) Date to be checked in the light of date of adoption of this Directive.

(Amendment 17)
Article 5
Free Circulation

No Member State may prohibit, restrict or prevent the placing on the market of fuels which comply with the requirements of this Directive as from 1 January 2000.

No Member State may prohibit, restrict or prevent the placing on the market of fuels which comply with the requirements of this Directive.

(Amendment 18)
Article 5a (new)
Fiscal Incentives

The Commission shall, in reviewing Council Directive 92/81/EEC, as amended by Directive 94/74/EC, submit to the Council and the European Parliament proposals having as their object the active use of fiscal incentives through differentiated excise taxation, so as to facilitate the introduction of more advanced fuels and outlining the procedures to be followed by a Member State wishing to avail themselves of such a right.

(Amendment 19)
Article 6(1)
Marketing of fuels with more stringent environmental specifications

1. By way of derogation from Articles 3, 4 and 5, Member States may require that in specific areas fuels may only be marketed if they comply with more stringent environmental specifications than those set out in Annexes I and II for all or part of the vehicle fleet with a view to protecting the health of the population in a specific agglomeration or the environment in a specific ecologically sensitive area in a Member State, if atmospheric pollution constitutes or may reasonably be expected to constitute a serious and recurrent problem for human health or the environment.

1. By way of derogation from Articles 3, 4 and 5, Member States may require that in specific areas fuels may only be marketed if they comply with more stringent environmental specifications than those foreseen in this Directive for all or part of the vehicle fleet with a view to protecting the health of the population in a specific agglomeration or the environment in a specific ecologically sensitive area in a Member State, if atmospheric pollution constitutes or may reasonably be expected to constitute a serious and recurrent problem for human health or the environment.

(Amendment 20)
Article 6(6)

6. The Commission shall take a decision on the request of Member States within three months after the date on which Member States have submitted their comments. The Commission will take these comments into account and will notify the Member States and inform the Council at the same time.

6. The Commission, after consulting the committee referred to in Article 11 of this Directive, shall take a decision on the request of Member States. The Commission will take Member States' comments into account and will notify them and inform the Council and the European Parliament at the same time.

(Amendment 21)
Article 6(7)

Any Member State may refer the Commission's decision to the Council within one month of its notification or, in the case of a non-decision, refer the matter to the Council within one month of the expiry of the period referred to in paragraph 6.

The Council, acting by a qualified majority, may take a different decision within two months of the matter being referred to it.

Deleted

(Amendment 22)
Article 7
Change in supply of crude oils

If, as a result of exceptional events, a sudden change in the supply of crude oils or petroleum products renders it difficult for the refineries in a Member State to respect the fuel specification requirements of Articles 3 and 4, that Member State shall inform the Commission thereof. The Commission, after informing the other Member States, may authorize higher limit values in that Member State for one or more fuel components for a period not exceeding six months.

The Commission shall notify the Member States and inform the Council of its decision.

Any Member State may refer the Commission's decision to the Council within one month of its notification.

The Council, acting by a qualified majority, may take a different decision within one month of the matter being referred to it.

If, as a result of exceptional events, a sudden change in the supply of crude oils or petroleum products renders it difficult for the refineries in a Member State to respect the fuel specification requirements of Articles 3 and 4, that Member State shall inform the Commission thereof. The Commission, after consulting the committee referred to in Article 11 of this Directive, may authorize higher limit values in that Member State for one or more fuel components for a period not exceeding six months.

The Commission shall notify the Member States and inform the Council and the European Parliament of its decision.

(Amendment 23)
Article 9
Review process

1. The Commission shall, periodically and for the first time not later than 12 months from the date of adoption of this Directive but in any event not later than 30 June 1999, and in the light of the assessment carried out in accordance with the requirements of Article 3 of Directive 97/ /EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of ........ relating to measures to be taken against air pollution by emissions from motor vehicles and amending Council Directive 70/220/EEC (4), submit to the European Parliament and the Council a proposal for a revision of this Directive as an integral part of the strategy designed to produce effects to meet the requirements of the Community air quality standards and related objectives at least costs.

2. The proposal shall contain the environmental specifications required for petrol which is marketed from

1 January 2005, confirming or modifying and complementing the indicative specifications stipulated in Annex III.

3. The proposal shall also contain environmental specifications for diesel fuel of a quality compatible with the effective functioning of new pollution abatement technologies the marketing of which will be ensured from 1 January 2005, confirming or modifying and complementing the indicative specifications stipulated in Annex IV. The proposal shall also allow for a gradual increase in the availability and a balanced distribution throughout the territory of the Member States of such diesel fuel and contain a date on which only such diesel fuel can be marketed.

4. The proposal shall, as appropriate, also contain environmental specifications for liquid petroleum gas, natural gas and biofuels.

1. The Commission shall, periodically and for the first time not later than 12 months from the date of adoption of this Directive but in any event not later than 30 June 1999, and in the light of the assessment carried out in accordance with the requirements of Article 3 of Directive 97/ /EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of ........ relating to measures to be taken against air pollution by emissions from motor vehicles and amending Council Directive 70/220/EEC (5), submit to the European Parliament and the Council a proposal for a revision of this Directive as an integral part of the strategy designed to produce effects to meet the requirements of the Community air quality standards and related objectives.

2. The proposal may contain environmental specifications complementing the mandatory specifications stipulated in Annex III for petrol and Annex IV for diesel fuels which are marketed from 1 January 2005. These mandatory specifications may be complemented and/or improved on the basis of inter alia accumulated knowledge concerning requirements on emission reductions related to air quality, on the effective functioning of new pollution abatement technologies and on developments affecting international fuel markets.

3. In addition to the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2, the Commission may inter alia bring forward

- proposals taking into consideration the particular situation of captive fleets and the need to propose levels of specifications for the special fuels they use;

- proposal setting levels of specifications applicable to liquid petroleum gas, natural gas and biofuels;

(Amendment 24)
Article 11
Committee procedure

1. The representative of the Commission shall submit to the committee referred to in Article 10 a draft of the measures to be taken. The committee shall deliver its opinion on the draft within a time limit which the chairman may lay down according to the urgency of the matter. The opinion shall be delivered by the majority laid down in Article 148(2) of the Treaty in the case of decisions which the Council is required to adopt on a proposal from the Commission. The votes of the representatives of the Member States within the committee shall be weighted in the manner set out in that Article. The chairman shall not vote.

2. The Commission shall adopt the measures envisaged if they are in accordance with the opinion of the committee.

If the measures envisaged are not in accordance with the opinion of the committee, or if no opinion is delivered, the Commission shall, without delay, submit to the Council a proposal relating to the measures to be taken. The Council shall act by a qualified majority.

If, on the expiry of 3 months from the date of referral to the Council, the Council has not acted, the proposed measures shall be adopted by the Commission, save where the Council has decided against the said measures by a simple majority.

1. The Commission shall be assisted by a committee of an advisory nature composed of one representative per Member State and chaired by the representative of the Commission.

The representative of the Commission shall submit to the committee a draft of the measures to be taken. The committee shall deliver its opinion on the draft within a time limit which the chairman may lay down according to the urgency of the matter, if necessary by taking a vote.

The opinion shall be recorded in the minutes; in addition each Member State shall have the right to ask to have its position recorded in the minutes.

2. The Commission shall take the utmost account of the opinion delivered by the committee. It shall inform the committee of the manner of which its opinion has been taken into account.

3. Meetings of the committee shall as a rule be held in public except where there has been a specific decision to the contrary, duly reasoned and published in good time. The committee shall publish its agendas two weeks in advance of its meetings. It shall publish the minutes of its meetings. It shall draw up a public register of declarations of the interests of its members.

(Amendment 25)
ANNEX I, Hydrocarbon analysis: olefins

.olefins 18.0

.olefins 14.0

(Amendment 26)
ANNEX I, Hydrocarbon analysis: aromatics

.aromatics 42.0

.aromatics 35.0

(Amendment 27)
ANNEX I, Oxygen content

Oxygen content 2.3

Oxygen content 2.7

(Amendment 28)
ANNEX I, Sulphur content

Sulphur content 150

Sulphur content 100

(Amendment 29)
ANNEX II, Sulphur content

Sulphur content 350

Sulphur content 200

(Amendment 30)
ANNEX III, Title

INDICATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR MARKET FUELS TO BE USED FOR VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH POSITIVE IGNITION ENGINES

ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR MARKET FUELS TO BE USED FOR VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH POSITIVE IGNITION ENGINES

(Amendment 31)
ANNEX III, Hydrocarbon: aromatics

.aromatics 35

.aromatics 30

(Amendment 32)
ANNEX III, Sulphur content

Sulphur content 50

Sulphur content 30

(Amendment 33)
ANNEX IV, Title

INDICATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR MARKET FUELS TO BE USED FOR VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINES

ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR MARKET FUELS TO BE USED FOR VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINES

(Amendment 34)
ANNEX IV, Cetane number

Cetane number, Minimum ---

Cetane number, Minimum 58.0

(Amendment 35)
ANNEX IV, Density at 15ΊC, Maximum

Density at 15ΊC, Maximum --

Density at 15ΊC, Maximum 825

(Amendment 36)
ANNEX IV, Distillation: 95% point, Maximum

Distillation: 95% point, Maximum --

Distillation: 95% point, Maximum 340

(Amendment 37)
ANNEX IV, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Maximum

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Maximum --

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Maximum 01

(1)() OJ C 132, 28.4.1997, p. 125.
(2)() OJ C 077, 11.3.1997, p. 1.
(3)() OJ C 209, 10.7.1997, p. 25.
(4)
(5)


 B EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Introduction

In its first reading of the Fuel Quality Directive, by adopting the report drafted by Noël Mamère with an absolute majority (325 votes in favour, 40 votes against and 56 abstentions), the EP clearly expressed its dissatisfaction with the Commission"s proposal, which was not ambitious enough to tackle the challenges of air pollution.

The Council's Common Position took a few steps towards meeting the European Parliament's demands, in particular acknowledging the need to offer some planning opportunities for investors and manufacturers beyond the year 2005. Such instances are rare but very welcome. However, the Common Position is far from being satisfactory and therefore your rapporteur intends to retable the key amendments from the first reading.

Fuel specifications for the year 2000 : bridging the gap between the Council's Common Position and the European Parliament"s first reading

As regards the immediate future, improved fuel specifications for 2000 are very important for air quality because better fuels affect the performance of all cars, not just those equipped with special abatement technologies; hence the proposal to improve fuel quality standards by 2000 for both petrol and diesel: less sulphur, a lower aromatics content and a higher oxygen content.

Mandatory values for 2005

The Common Position of the Council accepts limit values of 50 ppm sulphur for both petrol and diesel, as proposed by the EP at first reading, but declares these figures as being no more than indicative. Indicative figures are not credible. In order to improve air quality and for the industry to plan its investments in good time, it is necessary to make these 2005 values mandatory.

Double diesel system

In order to introduce clean diesel gradually onto the market, amendments to allow for a double diesel system to be in place between 2000 until 2005 are being retabled. Two types of diesel (a “dirty” diesel with 200 ppm sulphur and a cleaner diesel with 50 ppm sulphur) could be put on the market from the year 2000. Just as with leaded and unleaded gasoline, a small tax differential will be enough to promote clean diesel over those five years and allow consumer choices to operate. After 2005 only “clean” diesel will be allowed on the market. Since leaded gasoline will in principle be banned after 2000, the infrastructure investments for retailers will not be beyond their capacity.

Mandatory specifications for 2005 will not render the Auto/Oil 2 program redundant

The Auto/Oil 2 programme should allow the Commission, by June 1999 to propose fuel specifications for LPG, natural gas, bio fuels and captive fleets. The Commission could also, in this context, improve or finetune the 2005 mandatory specifications already set.

Last updated: 7 April 1999Legal notice