Procedure : 2011/0400(NLE)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A7-0407/2012

Texts tabled :

A7-0407/2012

Debates :

Votes :

PV 19/11/2013 - 8.15

Texts adopted :


REPORT     *
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10 December 2012
PE 489.630v03-00 A7-0407/2012

on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Research and Training Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (2014-2018) complementing Horizon 2020 – The Framework Programme for Research and Innovation

(COM(2011)0812 – C7-0009/2012 – 2011/0400(NLE))

Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

Rapporteur: Peter Skinner

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Budgets
 OPINION of the Committee on Legal Affairs
 RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Research and Training Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (2014-2018) complementing Horizon 2020 - The Framework Programme for Research and Innovation

(COM(2011)0812 – C7-0009/2012 – 2011/0400(NLE))

(Consultation)

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to the Council (COM(2011)0812),

–   having regard to Article 7 of the Euratom Treaty, pursuant to which the Council consulted Parliament (C7-0009/2012),

–   having regard to Rule 55 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy and the opinions of the Committee on Budgets and of the Committee on Legal Affairs (A7-0407/2012),

1.  Approves the Commission proposal as amended;

2.  Points out that the financial envelope specified in the legislative proposal constitutes only an indication to the legislative authority and that it cannot be fixed until agreement is reached on the proposal for a regulation laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020;

3.  Recalls its resolution of 8 June 2011 on Investing in the future: a new Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for a competitive, sustainable and inclusive Europe(1); reiterates that sufficient additional resources are needed in the next MFF in order to enable the Union to fulfil its existing policy priorities and the new tasks provided for in the Treaty of Lisbon, as well as to respond to unforeseen events; points out that even with an increase in the level of resources for the next MFF of at least 5% compared to the 2013 level only a limited contribution can be made to the achievement of the Union’s agreed objectives and commitments and the principle of Union solidarity; challenges the Council, if it does not share this approach, to clearly identify which of its political priorities or projects could be dropped altogether, despite their proven European added value;

4.  Recalls, furthermore, its position that the next MFF should see a greater concentration of budgetary resources in areas that stimulate economic growth and competitiveness, such as research and innovation according to the principles of European added value and excellence;

5.  Recalls, in particular, that in the same resolution the European Parliament calls for a significant increase in relevant expenditure from 2013, in order to enhance, stimulate and secure the financing of research, development and innovation in the Union;

6.  Calls on the Commission to alter its proposal accordingly, in accordance with Article 293(2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and Article 106a of the Euratom Treaty;

7.  Calls on the Council to notify Parliament if it intends to depart from the text approved by Parliament;

8.  Asks the Council to consult Parliament again if it intends to substantially amend the Commission proposal;

9.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and the Commission.

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) By supporting nuclear research the Research and Training Programme of the Community (hereinafter the ‘Euratom Programme’) will contribute to achieving objectives of the ‘Horizon 2020’ Framework Programme for Research and Innovation established by Regulation (EU XX/XXXX of [….] (hereinafter ‘Horizon 2020 Framework Programme’) and facilitate implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy and the creation and operation of the European Research Area.

(3) By supporting nuclear research and innovation excellence the Research and Training Programme of the Community (hereinafter the ‘Euratom Programme’) will contribute to achieving objectives of the ‘Horizon 2020’ Framework Programme for Research and Innovation established by Regulation (EU) No.../..... of [….] (hereinafter ‘Horizon 2020 Framework Programme’) and facilitate implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy and the creation and operation of the European Research Area and help to implement the Strategic Energy Technology Plan (the "SET-Plan") In addition, the Euratom Programme should seek to make further use of Structural Funds for nuclear research and ensure alignment of the funds with Community research priorities without compromising the principle of excellence.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a) Three major European cooperative initiatives in nuclear science and technology were launched under the Seventh Euratom Framework Programme (2007 to 2011). They are the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform (SNETP), the Implementing Geological Disposal Technology Platform (IGDTP) and the Multidisciplinary European Low Dose Initiative (MELODI). Both SNETP and IGDTP correspond with SET-Plan objectives.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Notwithstanding the potential impact of nuclear energy on energy supply and economic development, severe nuclear accidents may have the potential to endanger human health. Therefore, nuclear safety and, where appropriate, security aspects should be given the greatest possible attention in the Euratom Research and Training Programme.

(4) Notwithstanding the potential impact of nuclear energy on energy supply and economic development, severe nuclear accidents nuclear proliferation and malevolent acts including nuclear terrorism may have the potential to endanger human health. Therefore, nuclear safety and, where appropriate – as part of the work of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) – security aspects should be given the greatest possible attention in the Euratom Programme. Attention should also be paid to third countries that border the Union and cross-border aspects of nuclear safety that underline the Union's added value.

Justification

R&D in the field of nuclear security does not fall within Euratom’s remit. Only the Joint Research Centre is authorised to work on nuclear-security-related matters. This should be made clear.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) The European Sustainable Nuclear Industrial Initiative (ESNII) targets the deployment of Gen-IV Fast Neutron Reactors with closed fuel cycle by 2040. It includes three major projects: the ASTRID prototype (sodium cooled), the ALLEGRO demonstrator (gas cooled) and the MYRRHA technology pilot plant (lead cooled).

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) As all Member States have nuclear installations or make use of radioactive materials particularly for medical purposes, the Council has recognised in its conclusions of 2 December 2008 the continuing need for skills in the nuclear field, in particular through appropriate education and training linked with research and coordinated at Community level.

(5) As all Member States have nuclear installations or make use of radioactive materials particularly for medical purposes, the Council has recognised in its conclusions of 2 December 2008 the continuing need for skills in the nuclear field, in particular through appropriate education and training linked with research as well as improved working conditions which are coordinated at Community level.

Justification

Given the small but potential danger of nuclear researchers and workers being exposed to harmful materials, it should be remembered that the Union should never cease trying to improve safety standards for those involved.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) By signing the Agreement on the Establishment of the ITER International Fusion Energy Organisation for the Joint Implementation of the ITER Project , the Community has undertaken to participate in ITER construction and its future exploitation. The Community contribution is managed through the European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy (hereinafter Fusion for Energy), established by Council Decision of 27 March 2007. The activities of Fusion for Energy, including ITER, are to be regulated by a separate legislative act.

(6) By signing the Agreement on the Establishment of the ITER International Fusion Energy Organisation for the Joint Implementation of the ITER Project , the Community has undertaken to participate in ITER construction and its future exploitation. The Community contribution is managed through the 'European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy' (hereinafter 'Fusion for Energy'), established by Council Decision of 27 March 2007. The activities of Fusion for Energy, including ITER, are to be regulated by a separate legislative act, which, will ensure that the funding for ITER comes from within the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) while also setting a ring-fenced maximum amount for contribution from the Union's budget for the years 2014-2018.

Justification

Although the ITER Project will be largely dealt with under a different legislative act it is the responsibility of the European Parliament to issue a signal to the Commission and the Council of the European Union that the project should have its funding secured under the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) as it had been previously. The Commission has not proposed any logical reason why it should be taken-out. This must be done in a way which does not undermine other Horizon 2020 projects or other established Union programmes

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) In order to compliment other Union priorities for the coming decades, the framework for nuclear fission research should support the Union's existing objectives and proposals, such as the SET- Plan and the 'Energy Roadmap 2050'. This framework should also support ESNII. The framework should also complement broader Union proposals in terms of co-operation with third countries as far as possible.

Justification

It is important that the framework should act to compliment agreed-upon and established Union priorities. The framework should also provide further support for the European Sustainable Nuclear Industrial Initiative (ESNII) which was launched in November 2010.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) For fusion to become a credible option for commercial energy production, it is, firstly, necessary to successfully and timely complete the construction of ITER and start its operation. Secondly it is necessary to establish an ambitious, yet realistic roadmap towards the production of electricity by 2050. Reaching those goals requires the European fusion programme to be redirected. A stronger focus should be placed on the activities in support to ITER. Such rationalisation should be achieved without jeopardising the European leadership of the fusion scientific community.

(7) For fusion to become a credible option for commercial energy production, it is, firstly, necessary to successfully and timely complete the construction of ITER and start its operation, and continue to support the activities of existing allied and ancillary projects such as the Joint European Torus (JET). Secondly it is necessary to establish an ambitious, yet realistic roadmap towards the production of electricity by 2050. Reaching those goals requires the European fusion programme to be redirected. A stronger focus should be placed on the activities in support to ITER, including ensuring its funding within the MFF in a complete and transparent way. Guaranteeing funding within the MFF will guarantee the Community's commitment to the long-term success of the project and prevent costs from mounting exponentially thereafter. Maintaining European leadership of the fusion scientific community is an essential aim of this framework.

Justification

In addition to ITER there are other significant fusion energy projects such as JET, which has been in operation for years and is a source of important, on-going research into the future of fusion energy ahead of ITER's scheduled start date. It is important for the viability of the ITER project that this research continues.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The Joint Research Centre (JRC) should continue to provide independent customer-driven scientific and technological support for the formulation, development, implementation and monitoring of Community policies, in particular in the field of nuclear safety and security research and training.

(8) The JRC should continue to provide independent customer-driven scientific and technological support for the formulation, development, implementation and monitoring of Community policies and, where appropriate, international policies, in particular in the field of nuclear safety and security research and training. It should make this contribution subject to guidelines to be adopted by the Union institutions, particularly in the light of the stress tests on nuclear power plants.

Justification

The JRC’s role is to work in support of EU policies, in this case on safety and security matters. It is therefore legitimate to wait for guidelines from the EU institutions, following the stress tests on nuclear power plants, on the JRC’s work programme.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) While it is for each Member State to choose whether or not to make use of nuclear power, the role of the Union is to develop, in the interest of all its Member States, a framework to support joint cutting-edge research, knowledge creation and knowledge preservation on nuclear fission technologies, with special emphasis on safety, security, radiation protection and non-proliferation. That requires independent scientific evidence, to which the JRC can make a key contribution. That has been recognised in the Commission Communication ‘Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative Innovation Union’, in which the Commission stated its intention to strengthen scientific evidence for policy making through the JRC. The JRC proposes to respond to that challenge by focusing its nuclear safety and security research on the Union's policy priorities.

(10) While it is for each Member State to choose whether or not to make use of nuclear power, the role of the Union is to develop, in the interest of all its Member States, a framework to support joint cutting-edge research, knowledge creation and knowledge preservation on nuclear fission technologies, in particular new generation fission reactors, with special emphasis on safety, security, radiation protection, including improved working conditions for those engaged in working directly with nuclear materials, nuclear decommissioning and non-proliferation. That requires independent scientific evidence, to which the JRC can make a key contribution. That has been recognised in the Commission Communication ‘Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative Innovation Union’, in which the Commission stated its intention to strengthen scientific evidence for policy making through the JRC. The JRC proposes to respond to that challenge by focusing its nuclear safety and security research on the Union's policy priorities. The precise nature of this research should be determined subject to guidelines to be adopted by the Union institutions, particularly in the light of the stress tests on nuclear power plants.

Justification

In addition to the necessary standards of working conditions it is important to remember that nuclear decommissioning is also of vital importance for the future.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a) Because Europe’s citizens must remain at the core of the Union-level discussions, the European Parliament should be more broadly involved in the deliberations and the decisions taken about the Euratom Programme.

Justification

It is time to involve the European Parliament, as the citizens’ representative, to the greatest possible extent.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) With the aim of deepening the relationship between science and society and reinforcing public confidence in science, the Euratom Programme should favour an informed engagement of citizens and civil society on research and innovation matters by promoting science education, by making scientific knowledge more accessible, by developing responsible research and innovation agendas that meet citizens‘ and civil society's concerns and expectations and by facilitating their participation in the Euratom programme activities.

(11) With the aim of deepening the relationship between science and society and reinforcing public confidence in science, the Euratom Programme should favour an informed engagement of citizens and civil society on research and innovation matters by promoting science education, by making scientific knowledge more accessible, by developing responsible research and innovation agendas that meet citizens‘ and civil society's concerns and expectations and by facilitating their participation in the Euratom Programme activities. This should include making scientific and research careers attractive to the next generation of researchers, in particular if they are from groups under-represented in research. This informed engagement by citizens on matters connected with the Euratom Programme implies closer involvement of the European Parliament, which represents Europe’s citizens.

Justification

While there are many experts in the filed of nuclear research within the Union it is vital to involve the next generation of researchers in nuclear science. At present women are underrepresented among researchers as well as other groups, which must be addressed.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) The Euratom Programme should contribute to the attractiveness of the research profession in the Union. Adequate attention should be paid to the European Charter for Researchers and Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers, together with other relevant reference frameworks defined in the context of the European Research Area, while respecting their voluntary nature.

(13) The Euratom Programme should seek to promote the attractiveness of the research profession in the Union, having the general aim of increasing the visibility of science in society but also having the aim of preventing any skills shortage in the Union or 'brain- drain' from the Union to third countries. While much expertise currently exists within the Union, it is vitally important that a new generation of nuclear researchers be trained in all aspects of nuclear research. The Euratom Programme should also at all levels seek to give European added value for all those seeking to participate in nuclear research. Adequate attention should be paid to the European Charter for Researchers and Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers, together with other relevant reference frameworks defined in the context of the European Research Area, while respecting their voluntary nature.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) Research and innovation activities supported by the Euratom Programme should respect fundamental ethical principles. The opinions of the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies should be taken into account. Research activities should also take into account Article 13 of the TFEU and reduce the use of animals in research and testing, with a view to ultimately replacing animal use. All activities should be carried out ensuring a high level of human health protection.

(15) Research and innovation activities supported by the Euratom Programme have to respect the ethical principles. The opinions of the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies should be taken into account. Research activities should also take into account Article 13 of the TFEU and replace, reduce and refine the use of animals in research and testing. All activities should be carried out ensuring a high level of human health protection.

Justification

The use of the word “should” is not sufficient, as the expression just refers to an opportunity, while an obligation must be clearly stated. Article 13 TFEU is better defined with reference to the 3 R’s of reduction, refinement and replacement; in this way a better coherence with Article 19(10) of the proposal on the rules for participation and dissemination is also ensured. The addition of the word “the” before the words “ethical principles” is necessary to create coherence with Recital 24 of the Regulation establishing the Programme.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) A greater impact should also be achieved by combining the Euratom Programme and private sector funds within public-private partnerships in key areas where research and innovation could contribute to Union's wider competitiveness goals. Particular attention should be given to the involvement of small and medium-sized enterprises.

(16) A greater impact should also be achieved by combining the Euratom Programme and private sector funds within public-private partnerships in key areas where research and innovation could contribute to Union's wider competitiveness goals. Particular attention should be given to the involvement of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The need to increase the uptake of available community funding by SMEs should apply to those working in nuclear research as it does in other fields. The Euratom Programme should support SMEs at all stages in the innovation chain, especially activities closer to the market inter alia through the use of innovative financial instruments. Such support should include the dedicated SME instrument and all the revised financial instruments which should provide for appropriate measures to unleash the full innovation potential of SMEs and which will become available through the Horizon 2020 funding programme as well as similar programmes such as the Programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises (2014 - 2020) (COSME).

Justification

The Horizon 2020 aims to improve the situation of SMEs across the Union. SMEs are key to job creation across the Union but often have difficulty in accessing Union funding owing to the administrative burden and are often under- represented in nuclear research. Appropriate measures should be taken at all levels to ensure an adequate balance between industry, SMEs and academia when appointing groups of independent experts. In particular SMEs must not only have access not only to the targeted SME instruments but that simplification ought to increase the potential of SMEs.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) The Euratom Programme should promote cooperation, in particular in the field of safety, with third countries based on common interest and mutual benefit.

(17) The Euratom Programme should, in particular, take account of all nuclear installations in third countries which border the Union, especially if it is located in an area susceptible to natural disasters. International cooperation on nuclear energy should contain appropriate instruments for securing mutual financial obligations. This must include cooperative contracts and reciprocal financial obligations

Justification

At the 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit, President Van Rompuy said he would like to see the emergence of "a global security culture" It is important that the Union contribute to all attempts to raise nuclear security standards worldwide.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) The need for a new approach to control and risk management in Union research funding was recognised by the European Council of 4 February 2011, asking for a new balance between trust and control and between risk-taking and risk avoidance. The European Parliament, in its Resolution of 11 November 2010 on simplifying the implementation of the Research Framework Programmes , called for a pragmatic shift towards administrative and financial simplification and stated that the management of Union research funding should be more trust-based and risk-tolerant towards participants.

(19) The need for a new approach to control and risk management in Union research funding was recognised by the European Council of 4 February 2011, asking for a new balance between trust and control and between risk-taking and risk avoidance. The European Parliament has called for a radical simplification of Union research and innovation funding and has made numerous calls for a shift towards much greater administrative and financial simplification. In its resolution of 11 November 20101 on simplifying the implementation of the Research Framework Programmes the European Parliament called for a pragmatic shift towards administrative and financial simplification and stated that the management of Union research funding should be more trust-based and risk-tolerant towards participants. In its resolution 8 June 2011 on Investing in the future: a new Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for a competitive, sustainable and inclusive Europe2 the European Parliament reiterated its call for a shift towards administrative and financial simplification and also emphasised that any increase of funds should be coupled with a radical simplification of funding procedures. The Euratom Programme should also duly consider the concerns and recommendations from the researchers' community as expressed in the final report of the Expert Group 'Interim Evaluation of the 7th Framework Programme' of 12 November 2010 as well as the Commission's Green Paper of 9 February 2011. 'From Challenges to Opportunities towards a Common Strategic Framework for EU Research and Innovative Funding'.

 

_____________

 

1 OJ C 74E, 13.3.2012, p. 34.

 

2 Texts adopted, P7_TA(2011)0266.

Justification

The framework should follow the simplification agenda of Horizon 2020 and will follow the regulation on Rules of Participation. It is hoped that that this will relieve SMEs, universities and others of much of the administrative burden of the previous framework programmes make the preparation of proposals and the management of projects easier and the possibility of an 'opt-out' for certain kinds of participants such as universities and non-profit organisations that have already adopted a full-costing system should be considered.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20) The financial interests of the Union should be protected through proportionate measures throughout the expenditure cycle, including the prevention, detection and investigation of irregularities, the recovery of funds lost, wrongly paid or incorrectly used and, where appropriate, penalties. A revised control strategy, shifting focus from minimisation of error rates towards risk-based control and fraud detection, should reduce the control burden for participants.

(20) The financial interests of the Union should be protected through necessary, proportionate and efficient measures throughout the expenditure cycle, including the prevention, detection and investigation of irregularities, the recovery of funds lost, wrongly paid or incorrectly used and, where appropriate, penalties. A revised control strategy, shifting focus from minimisation of error rates towards risk-based control and fraud detection, should reduce the control burden for participants.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25) Article 7 of the Euratom Treaty entrusts the Commission with the responsibility of carrying out the Euratom Programme. For the purposes of implementing the Euratom Programme, except its direct actions, the Commission should be assisted by a consultative committee of Member States to ensure appropriate coordination with national policies in the areas covered by this research and training programme.

(25) Article 7 of the Euratom Treaty entrusts the Commission with the responsibility of carrying out the Euratom Programme. For the purposes of implementing the Euratom Programme, except its direct actions, the Commission should be assisted by a consultative committee of Member States to ensure appropriate coordination with national policies in the areas covered by this research and training programme and to foster strong synergies and complementarities between European, national and regional funds. The European Parliament should be involved in the Commission’s implementation of the Euratom Programme.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(25a) The spending of Union and Member States’ funds on research and innovation should be better coordinated in order to assure complementarity, better efficiency and visibility, as well as to achieve better budgetary synergies.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 29 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(29a) Following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and the enhanced role granted to the European Parliament in terms of budgetary procedure, the current legal framework should be discussed.

Justification

The Lisbon Treaty gave the Parliament, together with the Council, equal say in the adoption of the EU budget. The European Parliament adopted 2011/0046(NLE) in 2011 which called for the process of amending the Euratom treaty to begin so as to strengthen its provisions on the information and co-legislation rights of the European Parliament on Euratom research and environmental protection issues in order to facilitate, inter alia, future budgetary procedures.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea) "small and medium-sized enterprise (SME)" means a legal entity fulfilling the criteria laid down in the Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC of 6 May 2003 concerning the definition of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises 1.

 

_________

 

1 OJ L 124, 30.5.2003, p.36.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The general objective of the Euratom Programme is to improve nuclear safety, security and radiation protection, and to contribute to the long-term decarbonisation of the energy system in a safe, efficient and secure way. The general objective shall be implemented through the activities specified in Annex I in the form of direct and indirect actions which pursue the specific objectives set out in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article.

1. The general objective of the Euratom Programme is to improve nuclear safety, security and radiation protection, and to contribute to the long-term decarbonisation of the energy system in a safe, efficient and secure way, to contribute to other areas of research related to nuclear research such as medical research and to guarantee the long-term future of European nuclear research. The general objective shall be implemented through the activities specified in Annex I in the form of direct and indirect actions which pursue the specific objectives set out in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) support safe operation of nuclear systems;

(a) support safe operation of all existing and future civilian nuclear systems;

Amendment  25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) support the development and sustainability of nuclear competences at Union level;

(c) support the measures necessary to ensure suitably trained human resources and the development and sustainability of nuclear competences at Union level;

Amendment  26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) foster radiation protection;

(d) support R&D in the field of radiation protection; and seek to maintain the highest level of working conditions for those working directly with nuclear materials;

Justification

Use of the term ‘foster’ suggests that radiation protection has been neglected in previous Euratom research programmes. This is not the case: it has always been an important aspect of Euratom R&D.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da) contribute to the R&D agenda resulting from the recommendations listed in the conclusions of the Union stress-tests (e.g. seismic modelling, core melt behaviour,...);

Justification

The final peer review report of ENSREG (European Nuclear Safety Regulators Group) of the European safety assessments include recommendations on national safety regulators' activities (e.g. benefits of periodic safety assessments) and on the implementation of recognized measures (e.g. for containment integrity). The Horizon 2020 Euratom framework should address the EU stress-tests and focus on the R&D agenda which derives from these recommendations, in particular in the fields of natural hazards assessment (seismic modelling) and accident impact limitation (core melt behaviour).

Amendment  28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point d b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(db) support the long-term sustainability of nuclear fission through improvements in the field of reactor time extension or in the design of new reactor types;

Amendment  29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f) lay the foundations for future fusion power plants by developing materials, technologies and conceptual design;

(f) lay the foundations for future fusion and fission power plants by developing materials, technologies and conceptual design;

Amendment  30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g) promote innovation and industrial competitiveness;

(g) promote innovation and European industrial leadership in fission and fusion;

Justification

Currently the Union is seen as a leading area of expertise for both fusion and fission, it is important that this status is not lost and can be used to help attract new researchers and investment.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point g a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ga) support the stated priorities of Horizon 2020: excellent science, industrial leadership and societal challenges;

Justification

The three goals of Horizon 2020; excellence in science, industrial leadership and tackling the grand societal challenges are all supported by nuclear research.

Amendment  32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point (h)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(h) ensure availability and use of research infrastructures of pan-European relevance;

(h) ensure availability and use, and promote the development, of new research infrastructures of pan-European relevance;

Amendment  33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) improve nuclear safety including: fuel and reactor safety, waste management and decommissioning, and emergency preparedness;

(a) improve nuclear safety including: fuel and reactor safety, waste management and decommissioning, emergency preparedness, working conditions for those working directly with nuclear materials and dealing with the direct consequences of nuclear safety incidents, however unlikely they may be;

Justification

The Fukushima accident demonstrated that in the unlikely event of a major release of radioactivity, the consequences and how to deal with them were not as well understood as they should have been.

Amendment  34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) foster knowledge management, education and training;

(d) foster knowledge management, education and training, including increasing the uptake of nuclear research among European scientists as well as attracting those from outside the Union;

Amendment  35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) support the policy of the Union on nuclear safety and security and the related evolving Union legislation.

(e) support the policy of the Union on nuclear safety and security and the related evolving Union legislation, including working towards the development of internationally recognised standards of nuclear safety for fission reactors;

Justification

The framework programme for fission should also continue to support the demonstration reactors in operation in the Union, which are preparing for the future of fission reactors.

Amendment  36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea) address any skills shortage with relation to nuclear expertise and prevent any future skills leakage or 'brain drain' of nuclear scientists from the Union;

Amendment  37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point e b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(eb) complement all required safety improvements suggested following the results of the stress tests carried out on all nuclear reactors in the Union and third countries that border the Union. This should focus on contributing to the R & D agenda resulting from their recommendations;

Justification

In 2011 stress tests were carried out on all nuclear power plants in the Union following the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant in Japan. It is important that framework support all Union efforts that seek to improve safety at plants following the results of these tests. The framework should focus on implementing the R&D aspects recommended as a result of the tests and not seek to duplicate the work of other instruments or bodes.

Amendment  38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point e c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ec) support the simplification agenda of Horizon 2020, reducing the administrative burdens of previous frameworks, in particular on SMEs, universities and smaller research institutes.

Amendment  39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. The Euratom Programme shall be implemented in such a way as to ensure that the priorities and activities supported are relevant to changing needs and take account of the evolving nature of science, technology, innovation, policy making, markets and society.

4. The Euratom Programme shall be implemented in such a way as to ensure that the priorities and activities supported are relevant to changing needs and take account of the evolving nature of science, technology, innovation, policy making, markets and society, as well as the direct consequences of nuclear safety incidents, however unlikely they may be.

Amendment  40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a. The Euratom Programme shall contribute to implementing the SET-plan. Its indirect and direct actions shall be aligned with the Strategic Research Agenda of the three existing European technology platforms on nuclear energy: SNETP, IGDTP and MELODI.

Amendment  41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The financial envelope for the implementation of the Euratom Programme shall be EUR 1 788.889 million. That amount shall be distributed as follows:

1. Within the meaning of point [18] of the Interinstitutional Agreement of.../.... between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management, the financial envelope for the implementation of the Euratom Programme shall be EUR [XXXX] million. That amount shall constitute the prime reference for the budgetary authority during the annual budgetary procedure. It shall be distributed as follows:

Justification

Financing for Euratom, whether for fusion or for fission systems, has been notoriously inadequate. Over several programme periods the budget for fission research in particular has barely been adjusted in line with inflation (whereas the budget for JRC direct actions has soared). Similarly, for reasons that are unclear, the administrative costs of Horizon 2020 Euratom are higher than those of Horizon 2020. These costs should be harmonised and the resultant savings should be directed to research.

Amendment  42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) indirect actions for the fusion research and development programme, EUR 709.713 million;

(a) indirect actions for the fusion research and development programme, EUR [XXXX]million;

Amendment  43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) indirect actions for nuclear fission, safety and radiation protection, EUR 354.857 million;

(b) indirect actions for nuclear fission, safety and radiation protection, EUR [XXXX] million;

Justification

Nuclear fission, as a low-carbon source of electricity, is included as one of the low-carbon technologies to be developed for a more sustainable future under the SET-Plan. In the absence of specific funding for the SET-Plan projects, the budget for nuclear fission under Horizon 2020 should be increased – as it has been for the non-nuclear low-carbon technologies – so that work on the European Sustainable Nuclear Industrial Initiative (ESNII) can be progressed.

Amendment  44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) direct actions, EUR 724.319 million.

(c) direct actions, EUR [XXXX] million.

Justification

The overall amount will be subject to MFF negotiations. The total figures allocated to fusion, fission and direct actions should not decrease from those stated here in the draft text, however the figure for fission does not include ITER and the figure for fission hardly seems to be sufficient.

Amendment  45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

For the implementation of indirect actions of the Euratom Programme, no more than 13.5 % shall be for the Commission's administrative expenditure.

For the implementation of indirect actions of the Euratom Programme, no more than 7% shall be for the Commission's administrative expenditure.

Justification

This projected expenditure is too high.

Amendment  46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. The ITER project shall be included within the framework and funded from within the MFF in a complete and transparent way.

 

Aspects of the project not directly related to research and training need not be included in this Euratom framework funding.

Justification

The ITER project should be funded from within the MFF so as to prevent any preception of disengagement from the project, which could be seen as harmful to the Community's interest. The long-term success of the ITER would be better-ensured by continuing to fund it through the MFF.

Amendment  47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1b. The annual appropriations shall be authorised by the budgetary authority without prejudice to the provisions of the Regulation laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 and the Interinstitutional Agreement of xxx/201z between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters and sound financial management.

Amendment  48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a. The Community shall work towards the wider and more frequent use of structural funds for nuclear research and shall ensure that funds are implemented in line with the Community's priorities in the area of research.

Amendment  49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Participant guarantee fund established pursuant to Regulation (EU) No XX/2012 [Rules for participation and dissemination] shall replace and succeed the Participant guarantee funds established pursuant to Regulation (Euratom) No 1908/2006 and Regulation (Euratom) No XX/XX [Euratom Rules for participation 2012-2013].

3. The 'Participant guarantee fund' established pursuant to Regulation (EU) No XX/2012 [Rules for participation and dissemination] shall replace and succeed the Participant guarantee funds established pursuant to Regulation (Euratom) No 1908/2006 and Regulation (Euratom) No 139/2012.

Amendment  50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Any sums from the Participant guarantee funds established pursuant to Regulations (Euratom) No 1908/2006 and (Euratom) No XX/XX [Euratom Rules for participation (2012-2013)] shall be transferred to the Participant guarantee fund as of 31 December 2013. The participants in actions under Decision XX/XX [Euratom Programme 2012-2013] signing grant agreements after 31 December 2013 shall make their contribution to the Participant guarantee fund.

Any sums from the Participant guarantee funds established pursuant to Regulations (Euratom) No 1908/2006 and (Euratom) No 139/2012 shall be transferred to the Participant guarantee fund as of 31 December 2013. The participants in actions under Decision 2012/94/Euratom signing grant agreements after 31 December 2013 shall make their contribution to the Participant guarantee fund.

Justification

Council Regulation (Euratom) No 139/2012 lays down the rules for the participation of undertakings, research centres and universities in indirect actions under the Framework Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community and for the dissemination of research results (2012-2013). Council Decision 2012/94/Euratom concerns the specific programme, to be carried out by means of indirect actions, implementing the FP of the EAEC for nuclear research and training activities (2012-2013).

Amendment  51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. Programmes aimed at increasing both current and planned innovative research should be opened up to allow nuclear research as part of their list of applicable research categories. The Eureka Eurostars Programme and the Marie Curie Actions should widen their rules of participation to allow SMEs involved in nuclear research to participate.

Justification

SMEs are vital to Europe's economy but are often under-represented when it comes to nuclear research. It is important that certain Union programmes designed to improve the situation of SMEs do not exclude those involved in nuclear research.

Amendment  52

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Euratom Programme shall ensure the effective promotion of gender equality and the gender dimension in research and innovation content.

The Euratom Programme shall ensure the effective promotion of gender equality and the gender dimension and support the aim of Horizon 2020 to address gender as a cross-cutting issue in order to rectify imbalances between men and women.

Justification

It is hoped that of the projected target of PhD students and post-doctorate researchers involved in Euratom fission projects and fusion programme at least 20% of them should be women.

Amendment  53

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Particular attention shall be paid to the principle of proportionality, the right to privacy, the right to the protection of personal data, the right to the physical and mental integrity of a person, the right to non-discrimination and the need to ensure high levels of human health protection.

 

 

Particular attention shall be paid to the principle of proportionality, the protection of human dignity, the principle of the primacy of the human being, the right to privacy, the right to the protection of personal data, the right to the physical and mental integrity of human beings, the right to non-discrimination and the need to ensure high levels of human health protection.

Justification

Two of the most important principles applicable in this sector are absent: the protection of human dignity (see, for example, Article 1 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights) and the primacy of the human being, The use of the term ‘human being’ broadens the scope of the protection afforded, as it is more 'scientific', more objective and less controversial and should therefore be used in preference to ‘person’ in legal instruments.

Amendment  54

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

That multi-annual work programme shall also take account of relevant research activities carried out by the Member States, associated countries and European and international organisations. They shall be updated as and where appropriate.

That multi-annual work programme shall be submitted to the JRC Board of Governors and presented to the European Parliament and Council. It shall take account of relevant research activities carried out by the Member States, associated countries and European and international organisations, so as to avoid any waste of research effort in Europe and to make best use of the financial resources. It shall be updated as and where appropriate.

Justification

The JRC’s budget is growing at such a rate that its work programme must be more closely monitored, and it must be properly ensured that it complements Member States’ research programmes.

Amendment  55

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The work programmes shall take account of the state of science, technology and innovation at national, Union and international level and of relevant policy, market and societal developments. They shall be updated as and where appropriate.

3. The work programmes shall take account of the state of science, technology and innovation at national, Union and international level and of relevant policy, market and societal developments. They shall be updated as and where appropriate, keeping in mind the aims and objectives of Horizon 2020.

Amendment  56

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Particular attention shall be paid to ensuring the adequate participation of, and innovation impact on, small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) in the Euratom Programme. Quantitative and qualitative assessments of SME participation shall be undertaken as part of the evaluation and monitoring arrangements.

1. Particular attention shall be paid to ensuring the adequate participation of, and innovation impact on, small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) in the Euratom Programme. Quantitative and qualitative assessments of SME participation shall be undertaken as part of the evaluation and monitoring arrangements.

 

2. Given the importance of the SME sector to the European economy and current under-representation of SMEs in the nuclear industry, the framework shall, in line with the objectives of Horizon 2020, support all efforts to ease the administrative burden placed on SMEs.

Justification

The importance of SMEs should be underlined, both due to their importance to the European economy but also as they have been exposed to significant risk during the recent crisis.

Amendment  57

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) combat all forms of nuclear proliferation and trafficking;

Justification

All international attempts at combating nuclear proliferation trafficking should be supported. Common international safety standards have yet to develop however the EU should continue to support all efforts to develop common international standards similar to those which exist in the Union.

Amendment  58

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point c b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(cb) support international efforts in respect of developing common international safety standards;

Justification

Common international safety standards have yet to develop however the EU should continue to support all efforts to develop common international standards similar to those which exist in the Union.

Amendment  59

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point c c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(cc) contribute to the improvement of knowledge exchange.

Justification

Common international safety standards have yet to develop however the EU should continue to support all efforts to develop common international standards similar to those which exist in the Union.

Amendment  60

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Particular attention shall be paid to all reactors and nuclear installations located in third countries but which are geographically very close to Member State territory, especially when located close to hazardous geographical or geological locations.

Amendment  61

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) initiatives aimed at widening awareness and facilitating access to funding under the Euratom Programme, in particular for those regions or types of participant that are underrepresented;

(a) initiatives aimed at widening awareness and facilitating access to funding under the Euratom Programme, in particular for those regions or types of participant that are underrepresented and in particular for SMEs to increase their uptake of available funding and participation in appropriate programmes.

Amendment  62

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The attempts at increased simplification in terms of participation shall be communicated to all participants, including SMEs and academic institutions.

Amendment  63

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Commission shall take appropriate measures ensuring that, when actions financed under this Regulation are implemented, the financial interests of the Union are protected by the application of preventive measures against fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities, by effective checks and, where irregularities are detected, by the recovery of the amounts wrongly paid and, where appropriate, by effective, proportionate and deterrent penalties.

1. The Commission shall take appropriate measures ensuring that, when actions financed under this Regulation are implemented, the financial interests of the Union are protected by the application of preventive measures against fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities, by effective checks and, where irregularities are detected, by the recovery of the amounts wrongly paid and, where appropriate, by effective, proportionate and deterrent penalties. The European Parliament shall be informed of such measures.

Amendment  64

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The Commission or its representatives and the Court of Auditors shall have the power of audit, on the basis of documents and on-the-spot checks and inspections, over all grant beneficiaries, contractors, subcontractors and other third parties who have received Union funds under this Regulation.

2. The Commission or its representatives, the European Parliament and the Court of Auditors shall have the power of audit, on the basis of documents and on-the-spot checks and inspections, over all grant beneficiaries, contractors, subcontractors and other third parties who have received Union funds under this Regulation.

Amendment  65

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Without prejudice to the paragraphs 1, 2 and 3, cooperation agreements with third countries and international organisations, grant agreements, grant decisions and contracts resulting from the implementation of this Regulation shall expressly empower the Commission, the Court of Auditors and the OLAF to conduct audits, on-the-spot checks and inspections.

4. Without prejudice to paragraphs 1, 2 and 3, cooperation agreements with third countries and international organisations, grant agreements, grant decisions and contracts resulting from the implementation of this Regulation shall expressly empower the Commission, the Court of Auditors and the OLAF to conduct audits, on-the-spot checks and inspections. The European Parliament shall be informed of the result of such audits without delay.

Amendment  66

Proposal for a regulation

Article 21 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

By 31 May 2017, and taking into account the ex-post evaluation of the Euratom 7 Framework Programme established by Decision 2006/970/Euratom and of the Euratom Programme (2012-2013) established by Decision 20XX/XX/Euratom to be completed by the end of 2015, the Commission shall carry out, with the assistance of independent experts, an interim evaluation of the Euratom Programme on the achievements, at the level of results and progress towards impacts, of the objectives and continued relevance of all the measures, the efficiency and use of resources, the scope for further simplification, and European added value. The evaluation shall additionally take into account the contribution of the measures to the Union priorities of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and results on the long-term impact of the predecessor measures.

By 31 May 2016, and taking into account the ex-post evaluation of the Euratom 7 Framework Programme established by Decision 2006/970/Euratom and of the Euratom Programme (2012-2013) established by Decision 20XX/XX/Euratom to be completed by the end of 2015, the Commission shall carry out, with the assistance of independent experts, an interim evaluation of the Euratom Programme on the achievements, at the level of results and progress towards impacts, of the objectives and continued relevance of all the measures, the efficiency and use of resources, the scope for further simplification, and European added value. This evaluation shall also take into consideration aspects relating to access to funding opportunities for extending the excellence of the Union’s science and innovation base for SMEs and for promoting gender balance. The evaluation shall additionally take into account the contribution of the measures to the Union priorities of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and results on the long-term impact of the predecessor measures.

Amendment  67

Proposal for a regulation

Article 21 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Member States shall provide the Commission with data and information necessary for the monitoring and evaluation of the measures concerned.

4. Member States shall provide the Commission and the European Parliament with data and information necessary for the monitoring and evaluation of the measures concerned.

Amendment  68

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 1 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Euratom Programme shall strengthen the research and innovation framework in the nuclear field and coordinate Member States research efforts, thereby avoiding duplication, retaining critical mass in key areas and ensuring that public funding is used in an optimal way.

The Euratom Programme shall strengthen the research and innovation framework in the nuclear field and coordinate Member States' research efforts, thereby avoiding duplication, providing Union added value, retaining key skills and critical mass in key areas and ensuring that public funding is used in an optimal way.

Amendment  69

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 1 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The strategy to develop fusion as a credible option for commercial carbon-free energy production shall follow a roadmap with milestones towards the goal of electricity production by 2050. To implement that strategy, a radical restructuring of fusion-related work in the Union, including governance, funding and management, shall be carried out to ensure a shift of emphasis from pure research to designing, building and operating future facilities such as ITER, DEMO and beyond. That shall require a close cooperation between the entire Union fusion community, the Commission and the national funding agencies.

The strategy to develop fusion as a credible option for commercial carbon-free energy production shall follow a roadmap with milestones towards the goal of electricity production by 2050. To implement that strategy, a restructuring of fusion-related work in the Union, including governance and management, shall be carried out to ensure a shift of emphasis from pure research to designing, building and operating future facilities such as ITER, DEMO and beyond. That shall require a close cooperation between the entire Union fusion community, the Commission and Member States.

Amendment  70

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 2 – point 2.1 – point d – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) Foster radiation protection (Excellent science; Societal challenges)

(d) Support R&D in the field of radiation protection (Excellent science; Societal challenges)

Justification

Use of the term ‘foster’ suggests that radiation protection has been neglected in previous Euratom research programmes. This is not the case: it has always been an important aspect of Euratom R&D.

Amendment  71

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 2 – point 2.1 – point e – paragraph -1 (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Support activities for the joint realisation of ITER as an international research infrastructure. The Community will have a special responsibility within the ITER Organisation as the host of the project and will assume a leading role, in particular regarding site preparation, establishing the ITER Organisation, management and staffing, plus general technical and administrative support.

 

Support activities agreed upon in Council Decision XXXX/XXX/EU [on the adoption of a Supplementary Research Programme for the ITER project (2014-2018)] to manage the project.

Amendment  72

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 2 – point 2.1 – point i – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The legal entity shall support all efforts to continue the work of JET beyond its 2015 end of experimental phase, and support where possible all efforts aimed at attracting international partners to help provide additional funding. Such efforts should include reciprocal agreements for future Union involvement in DEMO and other planned fusion reactors.

Justification

As the ITER project is not due to be operational until 2020 at the earliest there is no point in finishing the work of JET five years in advance of ITER's earliest operational date.

Amendment  73

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 2 – point 2.2 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The nuclear activities of the JRC shall aim to support the implementation of Council Directives 2009/71/Euratom and 2011/70/Euratom, as well as Council Conclusions giving priority to the highest standards for nuclear safety and security in the Union and internationally. The JRC shall notably mobilise the necessary capacity and expertise in order to contribute to assess and improve the safety of nuclear installations and the peaceful use of nuclear energy and other non fission applications, to provide a scientific basis to relevant Union legisation and, where necessary, to react within the limits of its mission and competence to nuclear incidents and accidents. To that effect, the JRC shall carry out research and assessments, provide references and standards and deliver dedicated training and education. Synergies with the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform (SNETP) and other cross-cutting initiatives will be sought as appropriate.

The nuclear activities of the JRC shall aim to support the implementation of Council Directives 2009/71/Euratom and 2011/70/Euratom, as well as Council Conclusions giving priority to the highest standards for nuclear safety and security in the Union and internationally. The JRC shall notably mobilise the necessary capacity and expertise in order to contribute to R&D in the field of nuclear installation safety and the peaceful use of nuclear energy and other non fission applications, to provide a scientific basis to relevant Union legislation and, where necessary, to react within the limits of its mission and competence to nuclear incidents and accidents. To that effect, the JRC shall carry out research and assessments, provide references and standards and deliver dedicated training and education. Synergies with the Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform (SNETP) and other cross-cutting initiatives will be sought as a matter of necessity, in order to optimise the human and financial resources for nuclear R&D in Europe. The JRC shall keep in mind the published results of the 'stress tests' carried out in 2011 on all existing nuclear reactors in line with Union regulations.

Justification

The rewording confines the activity of the JRC to R&D in the field of safety. The JRC is not a safety authority and it is not part of its role to ‘assess’ installation safety or cope with emergency situations. Seeking to optimise the relevant resources is also vital.

Amendment  74

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 2 – point 2.2 – point a – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) Improve nuclear safety including: fuel and reactor safety, waste management and decommissioning, and emergency preparedness

(a) Improve nuclear safety including: fuel and reactor safety, waste management and decommissioning, improve working conditions of those working with nuclear materials and emergency preparedness

Amendment  75

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 2 – point 2.2 – point a – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The JRC shall contribute to the development of tools and methods to achieve high safety standards for nuclear power reactors and fuel cycles relevant to Europe. Those tools and methods shall include:

The JRC shall, in close cooperation with the relevant research bodies in the Union, contribute to the development of tools and methods to achieve high safety standards for nuclear power reactors and fuel cycles relevant to Europe. Those tools and methods shall include:

Justification

The rewording confines the activity of the JRC to its own field of responsibility. The JRC is not a safety authority and is not therefore responsible for coping with emergency situations or supplying appropriate technical assistance: there are technical safety organisations in Europe which fill this role. Given the limited nature of the relevant resources, seeking to optimise them is also vital, as is the coordination of research in Europe.

Amendment  76

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 2 – point 2.2 – point a – paragraph 1 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) severe accident analyses modelling and methodologies for assessment of nuclear installations operational safety margins; support to the establishment of a common European approach to the evaluation of advanced fuel cycles and designs; and investigation and dissemination of the lessons learnt from the operational experience. The JRC shall further reinforce its 'European Clearinghouse on NPP Operational Experience Feedback' to respond to the emerging post-Fukushima nuclear safety challenges.

(1) severe accident analyses modelling and methodologies for assessment of nuclear installations operational safety margins; support to the establishment of a common European approach to the evaluation of advanced fuel cycles and designs; and investigation and dissemination of the lessons learnt from the operational experience. The JRC shall pursue the work of the 'European Clearinghouse on NPP Operational Experience Feedback' to respond to the emerging post-Fukushima nuclear safety challenges, continuing to draw on relevant expertise in the Member States.

Justification

The rewording confines the activity of the JRC to its own field of responsibility. The JRC is not a safety authority and is not therefore responsible for coping with emergency situations or supplying appropriate technical assistance: there are technical safety organisations in Europe which fill this role. Given the limited nature of the relevant resources, seeking to optimise them is also vital, as is the coordination of research in Europe.

Amendment  77

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 2 – point 2.2 – point a – paragraph -1 (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Decommissioning and dismantling are promising market areas, given the relevant scientific advances and safety imperatives. The Union must acquire the best possible technologies for this work, which will involve increasingly sophisticated techniques (such as underwater cutting, laser cutting and state-of-the-art robots to eliminate human intervention).

Amendment  78

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 2 – point 2.2 – point c – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The JRC shall further develop the scientific basis for nuclear safety and security. Emphasis shall be given to research on fundamental properties and behaviour of actinides, structural and nuclear materials. In support to Union standardisation, the JRC shall provide state-of-the-art nuclear standards, reference data and measurements, including the development and implementation of relevant databases and assessment tools. The JRC shall support the further development of medical applications, namely new cancer therapies based on alpha irradiation.

The JRC shall further develop the scientific basis for nuclear safety and security. Emphasis shall be given to research on fundamental properties and behaviour of actinides, structural and nuclear materials. In support to Union standardisation, the JRC shall provide state-of-the-art nuclear standards, reference data and measurements, including the development and implementation of relevant databases and assessment tools. The JRC shall support the further development of medical applications, namely new cancer therapies based on alpha irradiation. The JRC shall keep in mind the aims of the Horizon 2020 framework as well need to avoid a European skills gap or 'brain drain'.

Amendment  79

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 2 – point 2.2 – point e – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

JRC shall foster its competence in order to provide the independent scientific and technical evidence necessary to support the evolving Union legislation on nuclear safety and security.

JRC shall foster its competence in order to provide the independent scientific and technical evidence necessary to support the evolving Union legislation on nuclear safety and security and support higher standards internationally. The precise nature of this research must be determined subject to guidelines to be adopted by the Union institutions, particularly in the light of the stress tests on nuclear power plants.

Justification

The JRC’s role is to work in support of EU policies, in this case on safety and security matters. It is therefore legitimate to wait for guidelines from the EU institutions, following the stress tests on nuclear power plants, on the JRC’s work programme.

Amendment  80

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 3 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

In order to achieve its general objectives, the Euratom Programme shall support complementary activities (direct and indirect, coordination and stimulating joint programming) that ensure synergy of research efforts in solving common challenges (such as materials, coolant technology, reference nuclear data, modelling and simulation, remote handling, waste management, radiation protection).

In order to achieve its general objectives, the Euratom Programme shall support complementary activities (direct and indirect, worker protection, coordination and stimulating joint programming) that ensure synergy of research efforts in solving common challenges (such as materials, coolant technology, reference nuclear data, modelling and simulation, remote handling, waste management, radiation protection).

Amendment  81

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 4 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Euratom Programme may contribute to the Debt facility and Equity facility developed under the ‘Horizon 2020’ Framework Programme that shall be widened to cover the objectives referred to in Article 3.

The Euratom Programme may contribute to the Debt facility and Equity facility developed under the ‘Horizon 2020’ Framework Programme that shall be widened to cover the objectives referred to in Article 3 as well as increasing the visibility and participation of SMEs.

Amendment  82

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 4 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Basic research that is potentially applicable not only in nuclear-related fields but also in other research sectors covered by Horizon 2020 will be eligible for European Research Council (ERC) programme funding.

Justification

Currently, basic research erroneously tagged as ‘nuclear’ is barred from ERC funding on the grounds that it comes under Euratom. Such discrimination must be prevented, as the ERC is supposed to fund all types of basic research.

Amendment  83

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 1 – point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da) Contribute to the R&D agenda resulting from the recommendations listed in the conclusions of the Union stress-tests such as those related to seismic modelling or core melt simulation

 

- Percentage of funded projects likely to facilitate the application of these recommendations.

Amendment  84

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 1 – point d b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(db) Support the long-term sustainability of nuclear fission through improvements in the field of reactor time extension or in the design of new reactor types

 

- Percentage of funded projects likely to have a demonstrable impact in the field of reactor time extension or in the design of new reactors types.

Amendment  85

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(e) Move toward demonstration of feasibility of fusion as a power source by exploiting existing and future fusion facilities and developing materials, technologies and conceptual design

Amendment  86

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 2 – paragraph 1 – bullet point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Improve nuclear safety including: fuel and reactor safety, waste management and decommission; and emergency preparedness;

Improve nuclear safety including: fuel and reactor safety, waste management and decommissioning; worker protection and emergency preparedness;

Amendment  87

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 2 – paragraph 1 – bullet point 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Prevent skills shortage in key scientific and engineering fields

(1)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2011)0266.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Introduction

The Horizon 2020 programme provides the Union many opportunities in research and innovation. This applies to nuclear research as well as to other aspects of research in the Union.

The Commission's original intent was to present Horizon 2020 as a common framework programme and therefore it is appropriate that it extends also to nuclear research. The contribution made by nuclear researchers to all aspects of Union research remains of vital importance and it is therefore appropriate that Horizon 2020 covers nuclear research as well. The three pillars of Horizon 2020 are excellence in science, industrial leadership and tackling the grand societal challenges facing the Union and its citizens, all of which are enhanced by the inclusion of nuclear research and researchers. The exclusion of nuclear research from the Horizon 2020 would therefore handicap the Union in its pursuit of these goals.

Regardless of whether a Member State chooses to use nuclear energy, all Member States can and should benefit from nuclear research and from the added European value of the Euratom framework. Euratom programme must therefore at all levels ensure the most efficient use of resources and avoid duplication of efforts in its pursuit of promoting excellence in the nuclear field.

The ambition of the Horizon 2020 framework should incorporated into nuclear research as much as others. The European Parliament has dealt with the current Euratom framework for 2012-2013 within the last few months under procedures 2011/0046(NLE), 2011/0043(NLE), 2011/0045(NLE) and 2011/0044(NLE). The reduction of reports under Euratom framework represents a significant step in terms of simplification and should be welcomed. As regards the overall legal framework, the Rapporteur believes that following calls in reports recently adopted by the European Parliament, it is right time to revisit the legal issue in light of the European Parliament's rights in future budgetary procedures,

The Rapporteur notes that within the proposed financial envelope the proposed budget for fission represents only a small increase. Compared to the amount of Union funding that has been made available for renewable energy sources under various programmes, fission has not received similar levels of support, even though nuclear fission is an acknowledged source of low-carbon energy.

The results of the nuclear stress tests, carried out in 2011, should also be kept in mind when considering the allocated budget. The projected 13.5% budget for administrative expenditure seems unjustifiably high and needs to be revised.

ITER, JET & the future of fusion

The Commission's proposed in its initial proposal to leave ITER funding outside of the Horizon 2020 and the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF). This is not based on any logical or scientific reasons. It is important that Europe's leadership in the field of fusion research is not threatened and the long-term viability of the ITER project, in which so much has already been invested, should not therefore be compromised by being left out of the MFF.

The inclusion of ITER within the MFF and the Horizon 2020 framework of funding will give a better and complete overview of the resources dedicated to it and reconfirm its place within the future framework of Union research and this aspect must be taken account in the Parliament's position.

The Rapporteur calls for continuing the support to existing fusion projects such as the Joint European Torus (JET), which continues to provide the most accurate information on the work of fusion energy in Europe so far. If the Union is seriously committed to transforming all ITER research into useable energy, it should support the operation of JET at least until the projected start for the ITER.

Supporting the SET plan

Nuclear research plays a significant role in the realisation of the Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan). In order to continue with this plan and to contribute to two key pillars of Horizon 2020 (industrial leadership and grand societal challenges), the Rapporteur calls in his amendments to continue the work on the SET-Plan throughout the period 2013 - 2018 and beyond. This shall include support for the work on platforms and bodies such as the European Sustainable Nuclear Industrial Initiative, Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform and the Implementing Geological Disposal Technical Platform.

Cross-cutting measures

The Rapporteur would like to re-emphasize the need for simplification at all levels and therefore welcomes respective proposals included in the Commission proposal. The European Parliament has already addressed the issue of simplification in its previous reports on research framework - on the FP7 Midterm Review (2011/2043(INI)), on Simplifying the implementation of Research Framework Programmes (2010/2079(INI)) and on the Green Paper "From Challenges to Opportunities" (2011/2107(INI)) - all of which were broadly supported within the Parliament and reflected general feeling with businesses and academia. It is vital that the Commission takes seriously the need for greater simplification and that the new approach reflects a change in Commission thinking in particular with regards to the administrative burden. A more user-friendly approach that rewards excellence shall be preferred instead of rewarding solely administrative capabilities.

A consistent approach should be maintained across all different parts of the framework. The creation of central mediation service, open to beneficiaries and Commission officials to provide clarity in cases of differing interpretation, should be considered. The proposed reduction in the audit threshold from €375.000 in FP7 to €325.000 in Horizon 2020 would likely further increase costs on bureaucracy and should be reconsidered. The option for institutions to use full economic costing methodology to claim real costs should be retained. While many of the improved reimbursement methods are welcome, it is important that further clarity is provided on different forms of reimbursement in order to prevent further confusion.

The societal aims of Horizon 2020, promoting a greater gender balance in researchers and enhancing mobility of researchers, must be maintained throughout in this programme and should be matched by direct and indirect actions.

Widening participation and SMEs

The Commission has sought to address the concerns of SMEs throughout the Horizon 2020 framework. This is appropriate when considering their importance to the European economy and their vulnerability in the wake of the financial crisis. The underrepresentation of SMEs in many areas of the chain of nuclear research needs to be addressed.

Existing programmes for funding SMEs, such as the Eureka Star programme and parts of the Marie Curie actions, should be open to nuclear researchers.

In terms of funding, SMEs must not only have access to the targeted SME instruments but all innovative financing instruments that should be available for SMEs involved in nuclear research.

Appropriate measures should be taken at all levels to ensure an adequate balance between industry, SMEs and academia when appointing groups of independent experts.

Making use of innovative financial instruments will be of crucial importance throughout the Horizon 2020 framework and accessing them should not be made difficult for SMEs. In its communications role the JRC should consider it as a direct action to increase the uptake by SMEs of Euratom and develop communications strategies to do so.

Preventing a 'Skills gap' or 'Brain drain'

In terms of the second pillar of Horizon 2020 (industrial leadership), it is crucial to avoid a 'skills shortage' in nuclear skills. It should be necessary for all aspects of fission and fusion that they are kept within the Union. To address this risk of 'brain drain', the Rapporteur proposes in his amendments the improvement of working conditions for researchers.

The role of the (European Research Council) ERC will be important in attracting and retaining excellent research in Europe and its role should be recognised. The budget for the ERC should not go below the proposed 77% increase.

International Co-operation

It is important to emphasize the importance of international cooperation for the agreeing and promoting of safety measures, both current and future. International co-operation is also important in promoting the access of Union researchers to countries with less developed nuclear industries.

In general the Horizon 2020 proposals lack the clarity relating to international co-operation and there is a need for greater clarification in this respect. There is also a need for collaboration with non-Union partners that could result in internationally targeted calls as a result of a transparent process.

Among many of the reactors being built and planned for the next three decades, many of them are in non-Union and non-OECD countries, offering therefore a great opportunity for European safety standards to be exported. This also presents opportunities for Union-trained scientists and Union-based companies to help bridge any lack of expertise in emerging nuclear states. This should be seen as a great opportunity for many non-Union and non-OECD countries to become familiar with high Union safety standards and levels of excellence prevalent in the Union.

The Rapporteur has in his amendments highlighted several aspects that need to be taken into account in this matter, such as the potential impact of nuclear energy on nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism, as well as cross-border aspects of nuclear safety.

Further Union funds

It is important to recognise and promote the role that Structural Funds can play in helping to fund nuclear research projects, such as SUSEN in the Czech Republic. Regions should also be encouraged to use ERDF funding to develop smart specialisation strategies to develop regional clusters for nuclear research.


OPINION of the Committee on Budgets (18.9.2012)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Research and Training Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (2014-2018) complementing Horizon 2020 - The Framework Programme for Research and Innovation

(COM(2011)0812 – C7-0009/2012 – 2011/0400(NLE))

Rapporteur: Nils Torvalds

Amendment  1

Draft legislative resolution

Paragraph 1a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. Points out that the financial envelope specified in the legislative proposal constitutes only an indication to the legislative authority and that it cannot be fixed until agreement is reached on the proposal for a regulation laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020.

Amendment  2

Draft legislative resolution

Paragraph 1 b (new)

Draft legislative resolution

Amendment

 

1b. Recalls its resolution of 8 June 2011 on Investing in the future: a new Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for a competitive, sustainable and inclusive Europe1; reiterates that sufficient additional resources are needed in the next MFF in order to enable the Union to fulfil its existing policy priorities and the new tasks provided for in the Treaty of Lisbon, as well as to respond to unforeseen events; points out that even with an increase in the level of resources for the next MFF of at least 5% compared to the 2013 level only a limited contribution can be made to the achievement of the Union’s agreed objectives and commitments and the principle of Union solidarity; challenges the Council, if it does not share this approach, to clearly identify which of its political priorities or projects could be dropped altogether, despite their proven European added value

 

_______________

 

1 Texts adopted, P7_TA(2011)0266.

Amendment  3

Draft legislative resolution

Paragraph 1c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1c. Recalls, furthermore, its position that the next MFF should see a greater concentration of budgetary resources in areas that stimulate economic growth and competitiveness, such as research and innovation according to the principles of European added value and excellence;

Amendment  4

Draft legislative resolution

Paragraph 1 d (new)

Draft legislative resolution

Amendment

 

1d. Recalls, in particular, that in the same resolution the European Parliament calls for a significant increase in relevant expenditure from 2013, in order to enhance, stimulate and secure the financing of research, development and innovation in the Union;

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) By supporting nuclear research the Research and Training Programme of the Community (hereinafter the ‘Euratom Programme’) will contribute to achieving objectives of the ‘Horizon 2020’ Framework Programme for Research and Innovation established by Regulation (EU XX/XXXX of [….] (hereinafter ‘Horizon 2020 Framework Programme’) and facilitate implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy and the creation and operation of the European Research Area.

(3) By supporting nuclear research and innovation excellence the Research and Training Programme of the Community (hereinafter the ‘Euratom Programme’) will contribute to achieving objectives of the ‘Horizon 2020’ Framework Programme for Research and Innovation established by Regulation (EU) No.../..... of [….] (hereinafter ‘Horizon 2020 Framework Programme’) and facilitate implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy and the creation and operation of the European Research Area; in addition, it should seek to make further use of Structural funds for nuclear research and ensure alignment of the funds with Community research priorities without compromising the principle of excellence.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) By signing the Agreement on the Establishment of the ITER International Fusion Energy Organisation for the Joint Implementation of the ITER Project, the Community has undertaken to participate in ITER construction and its future exploitation. The Community contribution is managed through the ‘European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy’ (hereinafter ‘Fusion for Energy’), established by Council Decision of 27 March 2007. The activities of Fusion for Energy, including ITER, are to be regulated by a separate legislative act.

(6) By signing the Agreement on the Establishment of the ITER International Fusion Energy Organisation for the Joint Implementation of the ITER Project, the Community has undertaken to participate in ITER construction and its future exploitation. The Community contribution is managed through the ‘European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy’ (hereinafter ‘Fusion for Energy’), established by Council Decision of 27 March 2007. The activities of Fusion for Energy, including ITER, are to be regulated by a separate legislative act. This separate legislative act will set a ring-fenced maximum amount for the contribution from the Union's budget to the ITER project for the years 2014-2018. This maximun amount is to be seen as additional to the budget proposed by the Commission for the Horizon 2020 programme, the EURATOM framework programme or other Union programmes. Any cost overruns above this maximum amount should not have any impact on other projects financed from the Union's budget and should be financed through an increase of MFF ceilings or through additional resources above the ceilings as appropriate.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) For fusion to become a credible option for commercial energy production, it is, firstly, necessary to successfully and timely complete the construction of ITER and start its operation. Secondly it is necessary to establish an ambitious, yet realistic roadmap towards the production of electricity by 2050. Reaching those goals requires the European fusion programme to be redirected. A stronger focus should be placed on the activities in support to ITER. Such rationalisation should be achieved without jeopardising the European leadership of the fusion scientific community.

(7) For fusion to become a credible option for commercial energy production, it is, firstly, necessary to successfully and timely complete the construction of ITER and start its operation. Secondly it is necessary to establish an ambitious, yet realistic roadmap towards the production of electricity by 2050. Reaching those goals requires the European fusion programme to be redirected. A stronger focus should be placed on the activities in support to ITER while ensuring adequate risk control and the avoidance of cost overruns. Such rationalisation should be achieved without jeopardising the European leadership of the fusion scientific community or other successful Union programmes.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) While it is for each Member State to choose whether or not to make use of nuclear power, the role of the Union is to develop, in the interest of all its Member States, a framework to support joint cutting-edge research, knowledge creation and knowledge preservation on nuclear fission technologies, with special emphasis on safety, security, radiation protection and non-proliferation. That requires independent scientific evidence, to which the JRC can make a key contribution. That has been recognised in the Commission Communication ‘Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative Innovation Union’, in which the Commission stated its intention to strengthen scientific evidence for policy making through the JRC. The JRC proposes to respond to that challenge by focusing its nuclear safety and security research on the Union's policy priorities.

(10) While it is for each Member State to choose whether or not to make use of nuclear power, the role of the Union is to develop, in the interest of all its Member States, a framework to support joint cutting-edge research, knowledge creation and knowledge preservation on nuclear fission technologies, in particular new generation fission reactors, with special emphasis on safety, security, radiation protection and non-proliferation. That requires independent scientific evidence, to which the JRC can make a key contribution. That has been recognised in the Commission Communication ‘Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative Innovation Union’, in which the Commission stated its intention to strengthen scientific evidence for policy making through the JRC. The JRC proposes to respond to that challenge by focusing its nuclear safety and security research on the Union's policy priorities.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) A greater impact should also be achieved by combining the Euratom Programme and private sector funds within public-private partnerships in key areas where research and innovation could contribute to Union's wider competitiveness goals. Particular attention should be given to the involvement of small and medium-sized enterprises.

(16) A greater impact should also be achieved by combining the Euratom Programme and private sector funds within public-private partnerships in key areas where research and innovation excellence could contribute to Union's wider competitiveness goals. Particular attention should be given to the involvement of small and medium-sized enterprises. Moreover, any further use of Structural funds for nuclear research and the partial alignment of these funds with Community research priorities should be facilitated without compromising the principle of excellence.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) The need for a new approach to control and risk management in Union research funding was recognised by the European Council of 4 February 2011, asking for a new balance between trust and control and between risk-taking and risk avoidance. The European Parliament, in its Resolution of 11 November 2010 on simplifying the implementation of the Research Framework Programmes, called for a pragmatic shift towards administrative and financial simplification and stated that the management of Union research funding should be more trust-based and risk-tolerant towards participants.

(19) The need for a new approach to control and risk management in Union research funding was recognised by the European Council of 4 February 2011, asking for a new balance between trust and control and between risk-taking and risk avoidance. The European Parliament has called for a radical simplification of Union research and innovation funding in its resolutions of 11 November 20101 and 8 June 20112. The former resolution called for a pragmatic shift towards administrative and financial simplification and stated that the management of Union research funding should be more trust-based and risk-tolerant towards participants while the latter emphasised that any increase of funds should be coupled with a radical simplification of funding procedures.

 

_____________

 

1 OJ C 74E, 13.3.2012, p. 34..

 

2 Texts adopted, P7_TA(2011)0266.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20) The financial interests of the Union should be protected through proportionate measures throughout the expenditure cycle, including the prevention, detection and investigation of irregularities, the recovery of funds lost, wrongly paid or incorrectly used and, where appropriate, penalties. A revised control strategy, shifting focus from minimisation of error rates towards risk-based control and fraud detection, should reduce the control burden for participants.

(20) The financial interests of the Union should be protected through necessary, proportionate and efficient measures throughout the expenditure cycle, including the prevention, detection and investigation of irregularities, the recovery of funds lost, wrongly paid or incorrectly used and, where appropriate, penalties. A revised control strategy, shifting focus from minimisation of error rates towards risk-based control and fraud detection, should reduce the control burden for participants.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25) Article 7 of the Euratom Treaty entrusts the Commission with the responsibility of carrying out the Euratom Programme. For the purposes of implementing the Euratom Programme, except its direct actions, the Commission should be assisted by a consultative committee of Member States to ensure appropriate coordination with national policies in the areas covered by this research and training programme.

(25) Article 7 of the Euratom Treaty entrusts the Commission with the responsibility of carrying out the Euratom Programme. For the purposes of implementing the Euratom Programme, except its direct actions, the Commission should be assisted by a consultative committee of Member States to ensure appropriate coordination with national policies in the areas covered by this research and training programme and to foster strong synergies and complementarities between European, national and regional funds.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(25a) The spending of Union and Member States’ funds on research and innovation should be better coordinated in order to assure complementarity, better efficiency and visibility, as well as to achieve better budgetary synergies.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point ea (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea) "small and medium-sized enterprise (SME)" means a legal entity fulfilling the criteria laid down in the Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC of 6 May 20031.

 

_________

 

1 OJ L 124, 30.5.2003 p.36.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point (h)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(h) ensure availability and use of research infrastructures of pan-European relevance;

(h) ensure availability and use and promote the development of new research infrastructures of pan-European relevance;

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The financial envelope for the implementation of the Euratom Programme shall be EUR 1 788.889 million. That amount shall be distributed as follows:

1. Within the meaning of point [18] of the Interinstitutional Agreement of.../.... between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management, the financial envelope for the implementation of the Euratom Programme shall be EUR 1 788 889 million. That amount shall constitute the prime reference for the budgetary authority during the annual budgetary procedure. It shall be distributed as follows:

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. The financing of ITER for the years 2014-2018 is not included in the above-mentioned envelope and will be established in Council Decision xxx/xxx

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. The annual appropriations shall be authorised by the budgetary authority without prejudice to the provisions of the Regulation laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 and the Interinstitutional Agreement of xxx/201z between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters and sound financial management.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a. The Community shall make further use of Structural Funds for nuclear research and ensure alignment of the funds with Community research priorities without compromising the principle of excellence.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) initiatives aimed at widening awareness and facilitating access to funding under the Euratom Programme, in particular for those regions or types of participant that are underrepresented;

(a) initiatives aimed at widening awareness and facilitating access to funding under the Euratom Programme, in particular for those regions or types of participant that are underrepresented, notably for SMEs to increase their uptake of available funding and participation in the Euratom Programme;

Amendment  21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 21 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

By 31 May 2017, and taking into account the ex-post evaluation of the Euratom 7 Framework Programme established by Decision 2006/970/Euratom and of the Euratom Programme (2012-2013) established by Decision 20XX/XX/Euratom to be completed by the end of 2015, the Commission shall carry out, with the assistance of independent experts, an interim evaluation of the Euratom Programme on the achievements, at the level of results and progress towards impacts, of the objectives and continued relevance of all the measures, the efficiency and use of resources, the scope for further simplification, and European added value. The evaluation shall additionally take into account the contribution of the measures to the Union priorities of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and results on the long-term impact of the predecessor measures.

By 31 May 2016, and taking into account the ex-post evaluation of the Euratom 7 Framework Programme established by Decision 2006/970/Euratom and of the Euratom Programme (2012-2013) established by Decision 20XX/XX/Euratom to be completed by the end of 2015, the Commission shall carry out, with the assistance of independent experts, an interim evaluation of the Euratom Programme on the achievements, at the level of results and progress towards impacts, of the objectives and continued relevance of all the measures, the efficiency and use of resources, the scope for further simplification, and European added value. This evaluation shall also take into consideration aspects relating to access to funding opportunities for extending the excellence of the Union’s science and innovation base for SMEs and for promoting gender balance. The evaluation shall additionally take into account the contribution of the measures to the Union priorities of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and results on the long-term impact of the predecessor measures.

RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE

Date adopted

6.9.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

29

3

0

Members present for the final vote

Marta Andreasen, Richard Ashworth, Reimer Böge, Zuzana Brzobohatá, Jean Louis Cottigny, Jean-Luc Dehaene, Göran Färm, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazábal Rubial, Jens Geier, Lucas Hartong, Jutta Haug, Monika Hohlmeier, Sidonia Elżbieta Jędrzejewska, Anne E. Jensen, Jan Kozłowski, Alain Lamassoure, Giovanni La Via, George Lyon, Claudio Morganti, Jan Mulder, Juan Andrés Naranjo Escobar, Dominique Riquet, Derek Vaughan, Angelika Werthmann

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Burkhard Balz, Maria Da Graça Carvalho, Edit Herczog, Jürgen Klute, Peter Šťastný, Georgios Stavrakakis, Nils Torvalds


OPINION of the Committee on Legal Affairs (18.9.2012)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Research and Training Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (2014-2018) complementing the Horizon 2020 – The Framework Programme for Research and Innovation

(COM(2011)0812 – C7-0009/2012 – 2011/0400(NLE))

Rapporteur: Piotr Borys

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

This regulation is part of the Horizon 2020 package presented by the Commission in November 2011. The aim of the package is to establish the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation for the 2014-2020 period.

The European Union's research and innovation policy is of particular importance for the Union's competitiveness. The aim is for the EU to adapt to the changing world by pursuing a research policy which puts it at the forefront of technology, thus creating jobs and boosting the economy.

This Council regulation establishes that part of the Horizon 2020 package which applies to the European Atomic Energy Community. The legal basis for this regulation is Article 7 of the Euratom Treaty. That article provides that Euratom research programmes shall be drawn up every five years, which is why the Euratom part of the Horizon 2020 package applies only to the 2014-2018 period.

Article 7 does not give any place to Parliament in establishing the Euratom research programmes. However, by letter of 6 January 2012, the Council decided to consult Parliament on this regulation. On behalf of Parliament, the committee would like to thank the Council for correcting this omission in the Treaties and involving Parliament in the process.

The Committee on Legal Affairs' interest in this regulation is largely restricted to ethical issues, as its responsibility includes ethical questions related to new technologies.

Nuclear energy raises a whole series of ethical questions, which largely relate to the safety of atomic energy and to the issue of disposal.

In this context, the committee would like to congratulate the Commission on the draft programme, which gives considerable importance to improving nuclear safety.

The committee would also draw attention to Article 10 of the draft regulation, which submits funded research activities to ethical principles. The foremost of these ethical principles is, of course, that the focus of EU-funded research must be on the civil application of nuclear science only.

The Committee on Legal Affairs therefore calls on Parliament to approve the draft regulation, particularly as the proposal makes it clear that each Member State shall remain free to decide whether to make use of nuclear power or not.

******

The Committee on Legal Affairs calls on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as the committee responsible, to propose approval of the Commission proposal.

RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE

Date adopted

18.9.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

25

0

0

Members present for the final vote

Raffaele Baldassarre, Luigi Berlinguer, Sebastian Valentin Bodu, Françoise Castex, Christian Engström, Marielle Gallo, Giuseppe Gargani, Lidia Joanna Geringer de Oedenberg, Sajjad Karim, Klaus-Heiner Lehne, Antonio Masip Hidalgo, Jiří Maštálka, Alajos Mészáros, Bernhard Rapkay, Evelyn Regner, Francesco Enrico Speroni, Dimitar Stoyanov, Rebecca Taylor, Alexandra Thein, Rainer Wieland, Cecilia Wikström, Tadeusz Zwiefka

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Piotr Borys, Eva Lichtenberger, Angelika Niebler, Dagmar Roth-Behrendt, József Szájer

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Jacek Włosowicz


RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE

Date adopted

28.11.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

36

5

4

Members present for the final vote

Amelia Andersdotter, Josefa Andrés Barea, Jean-Pierre Audy, Zigmantas Balčytis, Ivo Belet, Jan Březina, Maria Da Graça Carvalho, Giles Chichester, Pilar del Castillo Vera, Dimitrios Droutsas, Christian Ehler, Vicky Ford, Adam Gierek, Norbert Glante, András Gyürk, Fiona Hall, Kent Johansson, Romana Jordan, Krišjānis Kariņš, Lena Kolarska-Bobińska, Philippe Lamberts, Bogdan Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, Marisa Matias, Judith A. Merkies, Angelika Niebler, Aldo Patriciello, Herbert Reul, Teresa Riera Madurell, Jens Rohde, Paul Rübig, Salvador Sedó i Alabart, Konrad Szymański, Britta Thomsen, Patrizia Toia, Evžen Tošenovský, Catherine Trautmann, Ioannis A. Tsoukalas, Claude Turmes, Alejo Vidal-Quadras

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Satu Hassi, Jolanta Emilia Hibner, Seán Kelly, Vladimír Remek, Peter Skinner, Silvia-Adriana Ţicău

Last updated: 16 October 2013Legal notice