Procedure : 2005/0043(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A6-0202/2006

Texts tabled :

A6-0202/2006

Debates :

PV 13/06/2006 - 6
CRE 13/06/2006 - 6

Votes :

PV 15/06/2006 - 9.2
CRE 15/06/2006 - 9.2
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P6_TA(2006)0265

REPORT     ***I
PDF 2085kWORD 2160k
1 June 2006
PE 360.033v03-00 A6-0202/2006

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the seventh framework programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)

(COM(2005)0119 – C6-0099/2005 – 2005/0043(COD))

Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

Rapporteur: Jerzy Buzek

ERRATA/ADDENDA
DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Budgets
 OPINION of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
 OPINION of the Committee on Transport and Tourism
 OPINION of the Committee on Regional Development
 OPINION of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development
 OPINION of the Committee on Fisheries
 OPINION of the Committee on Legal Affairs
 OPINION OF THE COMMITTEE ON WOMEN'S RIGHTS AND GENDER EQUALITY
 PROCEDURE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the seventh framework programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)

(COM(2005)0119 – C6-0099/2005 – 2005/0043(COD))

(Codecision procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to the European Parliament and the Council (COM(2005)0119)(1),

–   having regard to Article 251(2) and Article 166(1) of the EC Treaty, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C6-0099/2005),

–   having regard to Rule 51 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy and the opinions of the Commitee on Budgets,of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, the Committee on Transport and Tourism, the Committee on Regional Development, the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development, the Committee on Fisheries, the Committee on Legal Affairs and the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality (A6-0202/2006),

1.  Approves the Commission proposal as amended;

2.  Calls on the Commission, once the next multiannual financial framework is adopted, to present, if appropriate, a proposal to adjust the financial reference amount of the programme;

3.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it intends to amend the proposal substantially or replace it with another text;

4.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and Commission.

Text proposed by the Commission  Amendments by Parliament

Amendment 1

Recital 1

(1) The Community has the objective of strengthening the scientific and technological bases of the Community industry and to assure a high level of competitivity. To this end, the Community shall promote all the research activities deemed necessary, in particular by encouraging undertakings, including small and medium sized enterprises (“SMEs”), research centres and universities in their research and technological development activities

 

(1) The Community has set itself the objective of creating the knowledge society by developing the know-how and strengthening the scientific and technological bases of the Community industry, including service industries, with a view to assuring a high level of competitivity. To this end, the Community recognises the responsibility and independence of scientists, in the definition of the broad lines of research at the frontiers of knowledge, and it shall promote all the research activities deemed necessary, in particular by encouraging undertakings, including small and medium sized enterprises (“SMEs”), research centres and universities in their research and technological development activities, giving priority to those areas and projects where European funding and cooperation is of particular importance and gives an added value. Through its support for research at the frontiers of knowledge, applied research and innovation, the Community seeks to promote synergies in European research and thus provide a more stable foundation for the European Research Area. This will make a positive contribution to the social and economic progress of the 25 Member States.

Justification

The revival of the Lisbon strategy will not be possible without a strong boost from the European Research Area, and in particular from frontier research at EU level.

The participation of the service sector is of central importance if the Framework Programme is to be able to contribute to meeting the Lisbon objectives through growth and job creation.

Amendment 2

Recital 1 a (new)

(1a) To ensure wide dissemination of the knowledge generated by publically funded research activity, researchers must be encouraged to publish their findings and to disseminate scientific results. To this end, the case of ICT research based on 'open source' development is a model that has been successful in providing innovation and increasing collaboration.

Amendment 3

Recital 2

(2) The central role of research in ensuring competitivity and economic growth was recognised by the European Council of Lisbon which highlighted knowledge and innovation as the heart of the economic progress, including growth of employment in Europe.

(2) The central role of research was recognised by the European Council of Lisbon which highlighted knowledge and innovation as the key, setting itself a new strategic goal for the next decade: to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world, capable of sustainable economic development and aiming at full employment with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion.

Justification

The Lisbon 'triangle' is worth mentioning.

Amendment 4

Recital 2 a (new)

 

(2a) The seventh Framework Programme is central to achieving the Lisbon strategic goal of Europe becoming the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world. The triangle of knowledge - education, research and innovation - is a principal tool for achieving this goal.

Amendment 5

Recital 2 b (new)

(2b) The central role of knowledge and intangible goods in the production of economic, social and cultural wealth was recognised by the Lisbon European Council. In the knowledge-based society, innovation and knowledge production, far from flowing top-down, are widely distributed throughout society and are increasingly achieved by bottom-up processes. It is an aim of the Community to mobilize and strengthen all these research and innovation capacities.

Amendment 6

Recital 3 a (new)

(3a) To that end, many Member States, and European industry, must step up their research efforts in order to help make the promotion of research under the Seventh Framework Programme a success.

Justification

It must be made clear to the Member States that the achievement of the FP 7 objectives can only be achieved by greater financial input.

Amendment 7

Recital 3 b (new)

(3b) In order to more effectively attract private investment and to ensure that research and development most effectively contribute to enhancing European competitiveness, appropriate measures should be taken in the Framework Programme for the protection of intellectual property rights at an early stage in the research process. This is particularly important for SMEs, which have fewer ancillary advantages in a competitive market.

Justification

This is an addition to the original Amendment of the rapporteur, highlighting special SME needs.

Amendment 8

Recital 3 c (new)

(3c) Protection of intellectual property is essential feature for the development of the ERA. The European Patent Office should be reformed in its legal basis to reflect the change in the European Institutions and its procedures should be simplified towards a single European patent and in close coherence with the principle of monopoly granted for exploitation of the invention in exchange of and limited to its full disclosure. The participation of the private sector and the commercial exploitation of scientific and technical results should be encouraged but a balance between intellectual property rights and dissemination of knowledge should be found.

 

Justification

It is absolutely essential to guarantee the intellectual property rights with transparent and simplified procedures that would mostly benefit SMEs.

Amendment 9

Recital 3 d (new)

(3d) The Framework Programme must seek to ensure that in addition to securing a competitive edge for the European economy through increased investment in science, scientific research funded by the EU must be used, where possible, for the good of the Community, in particular in areas where there the market fails to invest.

Justification

Public funding should, where appropriate, contribute to improving people's lives, meeting people's needs and limiting risks faced by people as well as improving the economy.

Amendment 10

Recital 3 e (new)

(3e) Tax incentives may be a useful tool to increase funds for European research.

Justification

Tax incentives have been very beneficial in boosting research in the US and Europe should consider use of this tool.

Amendment 11

Recital 3 f(new)

 

(3f) The overriding aim of the whole Seventh Framework Programme must be to contribute to the European Union becoming the world’s leading research area. This requires the Framework Programme to be strongly focused on promoting and investing in world-class research. It is therefore imperative that the implementation of the specific programmes is based upon the principles of scientific excellence rather than other priorities. Only by creating opportunities for state-of-the-art research is it possible for the EU to become the world’s leading research area.

Amendment 12

Recital 4

(4) The European Parliament has repeatedly stressed the importance of research, technological development and the increased role of knowledge for economic growth, most recently in its guidelines for future EU policy to support research of March 2005.

(4) The European Parliament has repeatedly stressed the importance of research, technological development and the increased role of knowledge for economic growth and social and environmental well-being, most recently in its guidelines for future EU policy to support research of March 2005.

Justification

The Lisbon goals will not be achieved if the social and environment well-being are not considered to contribute to economic growth.

Amendment 13

Recital 5

(5) En tenant compte des besoins de recherche de toutes les politiques communautaires, et en s’appuyant sur un large soutien de la part de l’industrie, de la communauté scientifique, des universités et d’autres milieux intéressés en Europe, la Communauté devrait établir les objectifs scientifiques et technologiques à atteindre au titre de son septième programme-cadre, couvrant la période 2007-2013.

 

(5) En tenant compte des besoins de recherche de toutes les politiques communautaires, et en s’appuyant sur un large soutien de la part de l’industrie, de la communauté scientifique, des universités et d’autres milieux intéressés en Europe, la Communauté devrait établir les objectifs scientifiques et technologiques à atteindre au titre de son septième programme-cadre, couvrant la période 2007-2013; demande à la Commission que dans ses propositions (clause de révision 2009) la réorientation du cadre budgétaire, à la fois dans le domaines des recettes ainsi que dans celui des dépenses, les objectifs de la stratégie de Lisbonne soient prioritairement pris en compte et que le 7PCRD puisse en bénéficier.

Justification

Une dotation adéquate de moyens budgétaires du 7PCRD dans le prochain cadre budgétaire (clause de révision 2009) est un des facteurs clés pour récupérer le retard de l'Union. L'objectif du 3% ne peut pas être ultérieurement retardé.

Amendment 14

Recital 5 a (new)

 

(5a) Particularly relevant for industrial research are the European Technology Platforms (ETPs) and the Joint Technological Initiatives (JTIs). ETPs can evolve to represent a general tool for fostering European competitiveness.

Justification

The generalised involvement of all European enterprises be they Small or Medium or Large into an innovation effort is absolutely necessary for the competitiveness of our manufacturing industries. TPs and JTIs are an appropriate tool to expose all the enterprises to the advantages of the scientific and technological research for innovation.

Amendment 15

Recital 6

(6) These objectives should build upon the achievements of the sixth Framework Programme towards the creation of the European Research Area and carry them further towards the development of a knowledge-based economy and society in Europe. Among these objectives the following are particularly important:

(6) These objectives should build upon the achievements of the sixth Framework Programme towards the creation of the European Research Area and carry them further towards the development of a knowledge-based economy and society in Europe which will fulfil the objectives of the Lisbon strategy in all Community sectoral policies. Among these objectives the following are particularly important:

Amendment 16

Recital 8

(8) The dynamism, creativity and excellence of European research at the frontier of knowledge should be enhanced.

(8) The dynamism, creativity and excellence of European research at the frontier of knowledge should be enhanced. In view of this, financing more speculative basic research should be a clear priority of the Framework Programme.

Amendment 17

Recital 9

(9) The human potential in research and technology in Europe should be strengthened quantitatively and qualitatively.

(9) The human potential in research and technology in Europe should be strengthened quantitatively and qualitatively; better education and easier access to research opportunities are the principal tools for achieving this goal, not least through a significant increase in the presence of women in research, and encouraging researcher mobility. To that end, Member States should be called upon to enforce the European Charter for Reseachers and the Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers, both instruments being necessary in order to establish a genuine European area for researchers.

Justification

If a genuine European area for researchers is to be brought into being, common rules will need to apply. To that end it would be useful if Member States were to adopt the European Charter for Researchers and the Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers, since this would help to encourage greater researcher mobility.

Women make up a significant proportion of the unused human potential in the research sphere.

Amendment 18

Recital 9 a (new)

..

(9a) The dialogue between science and society in Europe should be deepened in order to develop a science and research agenda that meets citizens' concerns, including by fostering critical reflection, and aimed at restoring public confidence in science.

Justification

In order restore public confidence in science and research, it is important to create mechanisms enabling European scientists to listen to the concerns of society regarding research projects. The proposal of the Commission gives the impression that the main problem is to convince the public opinion and can be solved with a "top-down" approach.

Amendment 19

Recital 9 b (new)

 

(9b) Special attention should be paid to facilitating the scientific career of junior, early-stage and early-career researchers, in the most productive period of life, to allow them to play a significant role in all Framework Programme activities. Early -stage and early-career researchers should become a major driving force of science in Europe. Concrete measures should be undertaken in this regard in all Framework Programme activities in the “Cooperation”, “Ideas” and “People” programmes..

Justification

The EU needs early stage and early career researchers by 2010, if the target of the 3% investment in research is to be achieved. The support for early stage and early career researchers in the proposal does not go far enough. Special attention and clear action are necessary for creating attractive, competitive conditions for early stage and early career researchers from around the world and for increasing the competitiveness of the European research system.

Amendment 20

Recital 9 c (new)

..

(9c) The innovative character of the Seventh Framework Programme lies in the concept of European research ‘at the frontier of knowledge’ and the fact that excellence is in this context to be the guiding criterion; the human potential that the Union can tap should consequently be put to the best possible use.

Or. en

Justification

To enable scientific research in Europe to develop in the true sense of the word, wide scope must be afforded to human potential.

Amendment 21

Recital 10

(10) The research and innovation capacities throughout Europe should be enhanced and their optimal use should be ensured.

(10) The research, innovation and technology transfer capacities throughout Europe should be enhanced and their optimal use should be ensured by adopting an "Open Innovation" approach in order to support the emergence of world leading research in Europe. To that end, a debate might be held on the exemption from company tax of European subsidies awarded to SMEs under the Seventh Framework Programme.

Justification

An important new paradigm for ensuring growth from knowledge is Open Innovation. It refers to the trend of companies increasingly building on internal and external sources of ideas to create value from innovation. Firms that can harness outside ideas to advance their own business while leveraging their internal ideas outside their current operations will likely thrive. For this to happen, large firms, SMEs, universities and research institutes will need to work closely together in ecosystems for Open Innovation.

Optimal use of innovation capacities cannot be achieved without a debate on taxation at European level.

Technology transfer is where the EU is weakest and should be encouraged at every opportunity.

Amendment 22

Recital 10 a (new)

 

 

(10a) The translation of results from excellent research into products, processes and services must be stimulated.

Justification

Europe produces excellent research results but faces serious problems compared to its competitors when it comes translate them into innovation.

Amendment 23

Recital 10 b (new)

 

(10b) The scientific excellence of the project proposals should be the decisive criterion for the award of European funds.

Justification

It must be clearly stressed that scientific excellence remains the decisive criterion for the award of FP 7 funds. Only in this way can the ambitious objectives of the FP and the Lisbon Strategy be achieved.

Amendment 24

Recital 10 c (new)

 

(10c) Taking note of the Protocol on the Protection and Welfare of Animals to the Amsterdam Treaty, research for the development of alternative testing strategies and in particular non-animal methods in all research areas should be promoted and enhanced in order to reduce the use of animals in research and testing, with a view to ultimately replacing animal use.

Justification

The Protocol on the Protection and Welfare of Animals requires the Community and the Member States to pay full regard to the welfare requirements of animals in formulating and implementing policies, including research policy. The development and validation of alternatives to animal testing is a priority under Art. 7.2 (a) and (b) of the Sixth Community Environment Action Programme, and Art. 23 of Council Directive 86/609/EEC requires the Commission and Member States to encourage research into the development of alternatives. The objective to promote and enhance the development of non-animal methods and alternative testing strategies should therefore be specifically included, in particular in view of the requirements of Council Directive 76/768/EEC on cosmetic products, as amended, and the objective of the proposed EU chemicals Regulation to promote non-animal testing.

Amendment 25

Recital 12

(12) Under “Cooperation”, support should be provided to trans-national co-operation at every scale across the European Union and beyond, in a number of thematic areas corresponding to major fields of the progress of knowledge and technology, where research should be supported and strengthened to address European social, economic, environmental and industrial challenges.

(12) Under “Cooperation”, support should be provided to trans-national co-operation at appropriate scale across the European Union and beyond, in a number of thematic areas corresponding to major fields of the progress of knowledge and technology, where research should be supported and strengthened to address European social, economic, environmental, public health and industrial challenges, serve the public good and assist developing countries. Where possible, this programme will allow flexibility for mission orientated schemes which cut across the thematic priorities. To ensure that SME's interests are adequately taken into account in the decision-making procedures of the Technology Platforms, they should be represented by both their national and international representatives. The programme should also ensure that the EU is able to maintain its leading position in sociology and humanities research into the interaction between people and new technology, and into the significance of technology for the development of society as a whole.

Justification

The Framework Programme should, where possible, meet the needs of those living in the developing world. The Cooperation programme should also be more flexible so as to allow projects which cross themes, to easily access funding. For example, in the case of developing a green car, transport, energy, ICT and New Production Technology themes are all applicable. This type of multidisciplinary should be actively encouraged.

As SMEs often do not have adequate resources to actively participate in Technology Platforms, and as the involvement of SMEs is important to the establishment of the strategic research agenda, a solution would be to involve them via their national and international representatives.

Applications and technologies derived from scientific discoveries shape our every-day lives and challenge our ethical views. Prioritising science is therefore based on a political choice and should therefore aim towards strengthening the public good.

A better understanding of the interaction between technology and society and of the broad lines of the development of society in general is also an essential pre-requisite with a view to exploiting to the full the advantages of technology and gearing policies to take account of demographic and cultural trends. In the long term this will provide Europe with both an economic and a competitive advantage.

The experiences of the researchers involved show that smaller projects are generally more efficient and more scientifically productive.

Amendment 26

Recital 13

(13) Under “Ideas”, activities should be implemented by a European Research Council (“ERC”), which should enjoy a high degree of autonomy.

(13) Under “Ideas”, activities should be implemented by a European Research Council (“ERC”), which should enjoy a high degree of autonomy. It is essential to develop very high-level frontier research at EU level, building on excellence in Europe and raising its profile above that of the activities carried out in the Member States. After an initial phase, the ERC will have regular contact with the European Institutions and the scientific community in order to agree an organisational method by which to support the work of the ERC and promote its interests in the public sphere.

Justification

Frontier research is the real innovation of the 7th FP. This research at EU level will provide a genuine added value which will benefit all actors in the scientific community.

Amendment 27

Recital 14

(14) Under “People”, individuals should be stimulated to enter into the researcher’s profession, European researchers should be encouraged to stay in Europe, researchers from the entire world should be attracted to Europe and Europe should be made more attractive to the best researchers.

(14) The objectives of the “People” programme should be as follows:- encouraging more gifted individuals to enter the profession of researcher; promoting convergence of training methodologies and options where researchers are concerned, extending also to the skills that they acquire; ensuring that European researchers stay in or return to Europe; making it easier for researchers to move from public to private research institutions and vice versa; and attracting researchers from all over the world to Europe. To that end, efforts should be made to improve the mutual recognition of diplomas and professional qualifications acquired on the territory of the Community and in third countries. The successful Marie Curie Programme, which has been welcomed by applicants, should be continued with the existing instruments. The mobility of researchers in Europe should be given priority in order to secure the diffuse dissemination of knowledge and to ensure that innovative frontier research in various disciplines benefits from dedicated and competent researchers, as well as increased financial resources.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Justification

Compared with the Commission wording, the new wording of recital 14 does not significantly alter the substance of the text, but serves to spell out not only the ambitious objectives of the ‘People’ specific programme, but also the need to promote convergence of the skills that researchers acquire while undergoing training.

The European Parliament adopted on 10 March 2005 “Guidelines for future European Union policy to support research” (2004/2150(INI)). In these guidelines, the European Parliament calls on the European institutions to consider as a priority the promotion of women's access and career advancement in the field of research, including means of affirmative action and proposes the launching of European initiatives aimed at removing cultural stereotypes and barriers which discourage women from following a scientific education path (Subheading “Human resources”, point 23).

The European Parliament firmly believes that the successful Marie Curie Programme, which has been welcomed by applicants, should be continued with the existing instruments and ought also to ensure that top-level international scientists, including those of the younger generation, will opt for European research work. The European Parliament recognises the success of the Marie Curie actions and recommends a substantial increase in funding for them (Subheading “Human resources”, point 25).

It would be sensible to add a targeted programme component seeking to encourage the return to Europe of researchers from other countries, since in this way valuable discoveries and results could also be brought back to Europe.

The notion of “dual careers” should also be introduced to promote the mobility of researchers, in the sense of permitting greater permeability between private and public research.

In order to encourage European researchers to remain in Europe and to attract foreign researchers, it is essential to accelerate the mutual recognition of qualifications acquired in the Member States and abroad so as not to hinder the movement of researchers on Community territory.

Amendment 28

Recital 14 a (new)

 

(14a) The “People” programme should serve to raise the quality and the scale of the human potential for research and technology in Europe, not least by recognising the “profession” of researcher. This would enable excellence to be maintained in basic research, promote even development of technological research, and greatly encourage researcher mobility towards and away from Europe.

Justification

This new recital further clarifies the objectives of the ‘People’ programme by adding the concept of research as a profession, which should be accorded the same dignity as other professions.

Amendment 29

Recital 14 b (new)

 

(14b) Under "People", children's curiosity and interest in science should be fostered within an environment which triggers curiosity for science in children and young people, by reinforcing science education at all levels including schools and promoting interest and participation in science among young people.

Amendment 30
Recital 15

(15) Under “Capacities”, the use and development of research infrastructures should be optimised; innovative capacities of SMEs and their ability to benefit from research should be strengthened; the development of regional research-driven clusters should be supported; the research potential in the EU’s convergence and outermost regions should be unlocked; science and society should be brought closer together for the harmonious integration of science and technology in European society; and horizontal actions and measures in support of international co-operation should be undertaken.

(15) Under “Capacities”, the use and development of research infrastructures should be optimised; procedures for access to the Seventh Framework Programme should be simplified; the dissemination of information on the actions being carried out under the Seventh Framework Programme should be promoted; innovative capacities of SMEs and their ability to benefit from research should be strengthened; the development of regional research-driven clusters with the potential to be world leaders should be supported; the research potential in the EU’s convergence and outermost regions should be unlocked; science and society should be brought closer together through the integration of research and dissemination; and horizontal actions and measures in support of international co-operation should be undertaken.

Justification

The dissemination of research is an essential pre-requisite with a view to enabling society to gain the maximum benefit from its research money. In particular it is absolutely necessary for decision-makers to be given a clearer insight into what goes on in the world of science. A greater degree of dissemination is also necessary in order to justify the use of tax-payers' money both to business and to citizens.

Better information together with simplified procedures for access to the 7th FP would encourage the achievement of the desired objectives.

Amendment 31
Recital 16

(16) The Joint Research Center should contribute to the attainment of the objectives set out above by carrying out direct actions and by providing customer-driven support for the implementation of EU policies.

(16) The Joint Research Center has the crucial role of providing customer-driven scientific and technological support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. Continuous support should be given to the JRC to allow it to function as a reference centre of science and technology for the EU, independent of private and national interests. Efforts should be undertaken to make JRCs an independent instrument by which the Community can assess risks to the citizens, especially as regards environmental risks, food safety, and energy impact assessments.

Justification

This wording is exactly the same as the description of the role of the JRC as decided by the Council in FP5, and confirms that it will continue in FP7 as it has in FP6.

Amendment 32
Recital 16 a (new)

 

(16a)The Commission has recognised on numerous occasions that the regions have an important part to play in implementing the European Research Area1.

1 Commission communication entitled ‘The Regional Dimension of the European Research Area' (COM (2001)0549).

Justification

Commission communication COM (2001)0549 states that ‘regional research policies and initiatives may provide the essential ingredients for the emergence of agglomeration economies and of successful industrial clusters’. And given that the key message of the communication relates to the main Community policies, and research is mentioned in that connection, the necessary means should be employed to enable the regions to mesh with the fabric of a genuine European Research Area.

Amendment 33
Recital 17

(17) The seventh Framework Programme complements the activities carried out in the Member States as well as other Community actions that are necessary for the overall strategic effort for the implementation of the Lisbon objectives, alongside in particular those on structural funds, agriculture, education, training, competitiveness and innovation, industry, employment and environment.

(17) The seventh Framework Programme complements the activities carried out in the Member States as well as other Community actions that are necessary for the overall strategic effort for the implementation of the Lisbon objectives, alongside in particular those on structural funds, agriculture, education, training, competitiveness and innovation, industry, employment and environment and rules on intellectual property rights. Accordingly, alongside support for research projects, which form the core of the Framework Programme, it is vital that the Seventh Framework Programme should support the coordination of national and regional research policies and programmes. The important contribution of European local authorities to the research funding effort should be stressed, and the Framework Programme should make it possible to enhance the synergies between regional policies and Community actions. The Commission Directorate General for Research is responsible for ensuring that complementarity and synergy exist between the various funding programmes including the structural funds, the EDF and CIP.

Justification

While complementarity is encouraged throughout Commission documents, little reference is made to how it will be achieved, and who is responsible for ensuring this. The Commissioner for Research should be responsible for developing processes which ensure this, and encouraging a culture of communication between the various funding programmes.

If Europe wants to reach the ambitious Lissabon agenda it needs harmonised rules on intellectual property rights, such as a Community patent.

Amendment 34
Recital 18

(18) Innovation and SME-related activities supported under this Framework Programme should be complementary to those undertaken under the framework programme for Competitiveness and Innovation.

(18) The Seventh Framework Programme should aim in particular to secure the appropriate involvement of SMEs in all of its activities and programmes. Innovation and SME-related activities supported under this Framework Programme should be such as to achieve the greatest possible synergy with, and the closest possible complementary relationship to, those undertaken under the framework programme for competitiveness and innovation and with other Community programmes and measures. To that end, intellectual property should be protected more securely, and action intensified at European level to combat pirating and counterfeiting, which severely damage the innovation capacities of European SMEs.

Justification

SMEs are the heart of European industry. However, it is well known that they find it difficult to carry out innovation-related activities and above all R & D. More specific and intensive action accordingly needs to be taken to enocourage them to take part in the seventh research and development framework programme.

It is estimated that about 100 000 jobs a year in Europe are wiped out by counterfeiting. The fact that pirating and counterfeiting adversely affect SMEs and employment has to be taken into account. It follows that if intellectual property were protected more securely, SMEs could be more competitive and invest on a larger scale in innovation.

Amendment 35
Recital 18 a (new)

 

(18a) The Framework Programme should contribute to the creation of mutual synergies and complementarity with other Community policies and programmes, including the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme, the structural funds, rules on intellectual property rights, state aid rules, and so on. Such synergies will address the need for a strengthened and simplified approach to research funding, which is particularly important for SMEs.

Justification

A close coordination of EU programmes and policies must be pursued in the field of research to overcome one of key European weaknesses – “European Paradox”- in generating splendid scientific knowledge and insufficient ability to convert this knowledge into innovation and commercial products. Such coordination would facilitate SMEs obtaining funding for innovative projects.

Amendment 36
Recital 18 b (new)

(18b) The Framework Programme must profit, through the Member States' funding schemes in the newly proposed innovation-driven Structural Funds, from an increased complementarity with the Structural Funds.

Justification

Research and Innovation strands in structural funds, 7FP, CIP have to be complementary.

Amendment 37
Recital 18 c (new)

 

(18c) New specific research programs for the benefit of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) should be identified.

Amendment 38

Recital 18 d (new)

 

(18d) The participation of the business sector and the commercial exploitation of scientific knowledge and technical skills are important factors in ensuring that the seventh Framework Programme can make a contribution to the Lisbon agenda and the creation of growth and jobs.

Justification

This is to overcome one of key European weaknesses -“European Paradox” in generating splendid scientific knowledge and insufficient ability to convert this knowledge into innovation and commercial products For this, integration between FP7 and CIP Programmes should be pursued.

Amendment 39

Recital 19

(19) Given the widely supported enlarged scope of the Framework Programme actions, the leverage effect of funding in national and private investments, the need to enable the Community to meet new science and technology challenges, the vital role the Community intervention plays in making the European research system more efficient and effective, the contribution of a larger seventh Framework Programme to the reinvigoration of the Lisbon strategy, there is a pressing need to double the EU research budget.

(19) Given the widely supported enlarged scope of the Framework Programme actions, the leverage effect of funding in national and private investments, the need to enable the Community to meet new science and technology challenges and make full use of its researchers' potential without any form of discrimination, the vital role the Community intervention plays in making the European research system more efficient and effective, the contribution of a larger seventh Framework Programme to the effort of finding solutions to climate change and sustainability, the health of Europe's population as well as reinvigoration of the Lisbon strategy, there is a pressing need to double the EU research budget.

Justification

The best use of the potential of all researchers, both men and women, in the field of research should be a priority for the European Union.

Amendment 40
Recital 20

(20) Taking into account the mid-term review of the use of new instruments under the sixth Framework Programme and the Five Year Assessment of the Framework Programme, a new approach has been defined which should allow the political objectives of EU research policy to be reached more easily, more efficiently and in a more flexible way. To this end, a smaller set of simpler “funding schemes” should be used, alone or in combination, with more flexibility and freedom, to support the different actions

(20) Taking into account the mid-term review of the use of new instruments under the sixth Framework Programme and the Five Year Assessment of the Framework Programme, a new approach has been defined which should allow the political objectives of EU research policy to be reached more easily, more efficiently and in a more flexible way. To this end, a smaller set of simpler “funding schemes” should be used, alone or in combination, with more flexibility and freedom, to support the different actions, and stronger management autonomy should be granted to participants. These simpler "funding schemes" should include rules (such as minimum rates for certain cost items) which are appropriate to decrease possible imbalances. Participants should be granted a say in the choice of instruments and a greater degree of administrative autonomy.

Justification

It should be noted that although scientific excellence remains the most important criteria, the funding schemes are cost based and not value based. As the costs are widely different after the enlargement, this might create imbalance between Member States starting dangerous process. As a consequence of the inherited structure in the new Member States, the reimbursable infrastructure costs are unrealistically low, especially in the case of "everyday" infrastructure. (Of course the Cohesion Fund should be used to solve the existing disparities in larger infrastructures.)

It is necessary for participants to have a greater say in the choice of instruments. They should also be given greater scope to develop those project concepts which appear most suitable from the point of view of research actors.

Simplification of funding schemes is certainly necessary to encourage the participations in the Framework Programme, especially for small groups and SMEs. This must stand at all stages of a research action, from the submission of a proposal to management of the project. To this purpose, participants should be allowed to choose among several options, to be agreed with Commission, as far as the administrative and scientific management of the research action is concerned, provided that accountability is guaranteed.

Amendment 41
Recital 20 a (new)

 

(20a) Taking into account administrative requirements for participation, short time-to-decision, short time-to-contract, short time-to-payment, transparency, operational efficiency and clarity with regard to legal rules and the Union's financial commitments are essential matters for participants in this Framework Programme.

Justification

Simplification measures proposed by the European Commission do not ensure shortening waiting periods between proposal submission and decision/payment of funds.

Amendment 42

Recital 21

(21) Since the objective of the actions to be taken in accordance with Article 163 of the Treaty in contributing towards the creation of a knowledge-based society and economy in Europe cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States and can therefore be better achieved at Community level, the Community may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this seventh Framework Programme does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve those objectives.

(21) Since the objective of the actions to be taken in accordance with Article 163 of the Treaty in contributing towards the creation of a knowledge-based society and economy in Europe cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States and can therefore be better achieved at Community level, in closer partnership with the European regions, the Community may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this seventh Framework Programme does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve those objectives.

Justification

In keeping with Article 163 and with the scope of Article 5, as well as to make the programme more efficient and effective, Europe’s regions need to be more fully involved.

Amendment 43
Recital 23

(23) The Community has concluded a number of international agreements in the field in research and efforts should be made to strengthen international research cooperation with a view to further integrating the Community into the world-wide research community.

(23) The Community has concluded a number of international agreements in the field in research and efforts should be made to strengthen international research cooperation with a view to reaping the full benefits of internationalisation of R&D, to contributing to the production of global public goods and to further integrating the Community into the world-wide research community.

Justification

The international agreements are an instrument among others to reach the objectives of international cooperation in the field of R&D which can be numerous such as: to contribute to the production of knowledge and of other public goods, to pave the way for European industry to new and emerging market, to attract foreign investments in R&D etc

Amendment 44
Recital 23 a (new)

 

(23a) There is already a significant body of scientific knowledge capable of drastically improving the lives of those who live in developing countries; where possible, the Framework Programme will contribute to meeting the Millennium Development Goals by 2010.

Justification

The European Parliament and the Council have repeatedly stressed the need for the EU research be used to the benefit of those living in developping countries for example, in the Resolution on Millenium Development Goals, on major and neglected diseases and ACP-EU resolution on communicable diseases. The Framework Programme should therefore include the MDG's as one of its overarching priorities.

Amendment 45
Recital 23 b (new)

(23b) The participation of the less developed regions of the European Union and the wider dissemination of the results of research and technological development are of vital importance for European competitiveness, bridging the technological divide and improving social cohesion,

Amendment 46
Recital 24

(24) The seventh Framework Programme should contribute towards promoting sustainable development and environmental protection.

 

(24) The Seventh Framework Programme should contribute towards promoting growth, sustainable development and environmental protection, and, specifically, to addressing climate change and the ensuing increasing severity of extreme climatic events.

Justification

The Seventh Framework Programme should aim at contributing to the targets of the Lisbon Strategy as a whole. Of which one of the the most challenging objectives is the stimulation of growth within the EU.

Climate change by far is the metaphor of sustainable development as an expression of solidarity to future generations which is more and more considered as a compelling guiding principle of the EU.

Amendment 47
Recital 25

(25) Research activities supported by this Framework Programme should respect fundamental ethical principles, including those reflected in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. The opinions of the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies are and will be taken into account.

(25) Research activities supported by this Framework Programme should respect fundamental ethical principles, including those reflected in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. The opinions of the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies are and will be taken into account. Research activities aimed at human cloning, heritable modifications of the human genome, or production of human embryos solely for stem cell procurement should not be supported under this programme. Research on the use of human stem cells may be financed under this framework programme, depending both on the contents of the scientific proposal and the legal framework of the Member State(s) involved.

Justification

Funding for research on Embryo stem cells, where it is approved by a Member state must be subject to strict controls.

Amendment 48

Recital 25 a (new)

(25a) Community competences with regard to research are laid down in Article 163 et seq. of the EC Treaty; those provisions state that the Community is to complement the activities carried out in the Member States with a view to achieving the objective of strengthening the scientific and technological bases of Community industry, encouraging its competitiveness at international level and promoting research activities.

Justification

Included in Legal affairs committee’s opinion 2003.

Amendment 49

Recital 25 b (new)

(25b) The Community’s competences with regard to research complement those of the Member States and the Community should make use of those complementary competences essentially through initiatives to provide financial support and/or non-binding coordination or to support and complement national policies. This may never, even indirectly, equate to harmonisation of national provisions.

Justification

Included in Legal affairs committee’s opinion 2003.

Amendment 50
Recital 26

(26) Under the seventh Framework Programme due regard will be paid to the role of women in science and research with a view to further enhancing their active role in research.

 

(26) Under the seventh Framework Programme the role of women in science and research will be actively promoted by appropriate measures with a view to encouraging greater numbers to become involved in this working environment, not least by taking the steps required to make for a work-life balance, where childcare facilities be guaranteed in accordance with the conclusion of the 2002 Barcelona Council. Furthermore, an appropriate choice of research topics should contribute to achieving women’s full equality in all areas of social and working life.

Justification

The professional integration of female researchers should be encouraged, not least through specific measures enabing women to participate actively in research activities without being obliged to sacrifice their family life.

Adequate childcare facilities are crucial for women to be competitive at the workplace; the 2002 Barcelona Council agreed that Member States should provide childcare by 2010 to at least 90% of children between 3 years old and the mandatory age and at least 33% of children under 3 years of age.

Promotion of women in research is needed with regard both to their active role in research and to their position in society (women’s topics), in order to achieve full equality for women as regards not only their professional opportunities but also their social position.

Amendment 51
Recital 27 a (new)

(27a) Calls for proposals may be published as early as the previous year, subject to the availability of funds in the following year. Irrespective of the date of publication and notwithstanding Article 115 of the Financial Regulation, calls for proposals must announce all the criteria applicable to the award of a support (particularly the exclusion criteria under Articles 93 and 94), which may include references to standards. The applicable criteria in the version in force valid at the date of announcement will be binding for the duration of the award procedure.

Justification

The aim of publication in the previous year is to prevent a rush of applications at the beginning of the next year, with its attendant delays. Applicants should be guaranteed legal certainty for the duration of the procedure. The ban on changes to the criteria during the course of the procedure reduces the administrative burden both for recipients and for the Commission, tightens up procedures and makes for a uniform support policy.

Amendment 52
Recital 28

(28) Appropriate measures should also be taken to prevent irregularities and fraud and the necessary steps should be taken to recover funds lost, wrongly paid or incorrectly used in accordance with Council Regulations (EC, Euratom) No 2988/95 of 18 December 1995 on the protection of the European Communities financial interests , (EC, Euratom) No 2185/96 of 11 November 1996 concerning on-the-spot checks and inspections carried out by the Commission in order to protect the European Communities’ financial interests against fraud and other irregularities and Regulation (EC) No 1073/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning investigations conducted by the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF)

 

(28) Appropriate measures - proportionate to the European Communities’ financial interests at stake and with a minimum of bureaucracy - should also be taken to monitor both the effectiveness of the subsidies granted and the effectiveness of the utilisation of these funds, to prevent irregularities and fraud, and the necessary steps should be taken to recover funds lost, wrongly paid or incorrectly used in accordance with Council Regulations (EC, Euratom) No 2988/95 of 18 December 1995 on the protection of the European Communities financial interests , (EC, Euratom) No 2185/96 of 11 November 1996 concerning on-the-spot checks and inspections carried out by the Commission in order to protect the European Communities’ financial interests against fraud and other irregularities and Regulation (EC) No 1073/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning investigations conducted by the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF).

Justification

As soon as public funds are committed, there is a need to monitor the effectiveness of appropriations awarded for research work.

Economically speaking, the transaction costs associated with the implementation system of the Framework Programme have grown out of proportion, with marginal costs of controls, checks and balances exceeding their marginal benefits. In view of simplification, any measures taken to prevent irregularities and fraud should be in proportion to the European Communities’ financial interests at stake.

A reduction of bureaucracy in connection with the practical implementation and monitoring of the Research Programme is one of the Programme’s aims.

Amendment 53
Recital 29

(29) It is important to ensure sound financial management of the seventh framework programme and its implementation in the most effective and user-friendly manner possible, as well as ease of access for all participants. It is necessary to ensure compliance with Council Regulation (EC, EURATOM) No 1605/2002 of 25 June 2002 on the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Communities; and with the requirements of simplification and better regulation.

(29) It is important to ensure sound financial management of the seventh framework programme and its implementation in the most effective and user-friendly manner possible, while ensuring legal certainty and the accessibility of the programme for all participants. It is necessary to ensure compliance with Council Regulation (EC, EURATOM) No 1605/2002 of 25 June 2002 on the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Communities; and with the requirements of simplification and better regulation. The simplification of procedures used to execute the Seventh Framework Programme will help to ensure that flexible implementing measures are included in the rules of participation.

Justification

Where possible, procedures should be simplified to avoid inflexibility and cut red tape.

Amendment 54
Recital 29 a (new)

(29a) For reasons of practical expediency and consistency with the preceding recital, it is important that Regulation No ... laying down rules for the participation of undertakings, research centres, and universities in actions under the Seventh Framework Programme and for the dissemination of results (2007-2013) should fully reflect the spirit of simplification in which this proposal concerning the Seventh Framework Programme has been drafted. Simplification is essential in order to guarantee a right of access to the programme to all interested parties.

Justification

The complex procedures are one of the aspects of the sixth research framework programme that has been criticised most severely. The seventh programme should pay heed to the comments on this subject by simplifying the arrangements for participation and, more generally, interaction among interested parties.

Amendment 55
Recital 29 b (new)

(29b) Bodies awarding financial aid should cooperate in creating a joint body with the task of providing information and advice to applicants. In particular, this body should set common standards for application forms for similar types of funding, monitor the length and readability of application forms, provide information to potential applicants (especially by seminars and the production of manuals) and should maintain a data bank for the notification of applicants by the Commission.

Amendment 56
Recital 29 c(new)

(29c) The award procedure should in principle be divided into several procedural steps, the first confining itself to a rough assessment of the admissible applications submitted. Where it is already clear following this stage of the procedure that an application has no chance of success, the applicant should be notified of the fact pursuant to Article 116(3) of the Financial Regulation. Each subsequent step of the proceedings must be clearly distinct from the preceding one, particularly as regards the scope and content of the evidence the applicant is required to submit. Where an applicant is required to submit a supporting document, this document must be required of him only once per procedure. Once gathered, data are to be stored in a data bank (Article 109a of the Financial Regulation). The aim is to achieve a speedy conclusion to the procedure. Notwithstanding the principles of Article 109(1) of the Financial Regulation, the authorising officer must ensure throughout the procedure that the effort required of an applicant in terms of publication, documentation and other compulsory supporting material in order to obtain financial support is not disproportionate to the value of the support.

Justification

Dividing up the procedure into sections is intended to permit pre-selection. This can considerably reduce the burden of documentation at an early stage of the procedure. The monitoring function of the authorising officer serves the same purpose.

Amendment 57

Recital 29 d (new)

 

(29d) The roles and duties of the new executive agencies proposed by the Commission for the administration and management of mobility and SME-specific support actions will be clearly defined in the Rules for Participation.

Justification

Danger of conflict of competences between the institutions involved. Critical assessment of further development of agencies by the EP.

Amendment 58

Article 2, paragraph 2, point (i)

(i) Security and Space.

(i) Security;

Justification

Since there are not many evident links between space and security they should be considered as distinct themes.

Amendment 59

Article 2, paragraph 2, point (i a) (new)

(ia) Space.

Justification

Since there are not many evident links between space and security they should be considered as distinct themes.

Amendment 60

Article 2, paragraph 4

(4) People: strengthening, quantitatively and qualitatively, the human potential in research and technology in Europe.

(4) People: strengthening, quantitatively and qualitatively, the human potential in research, technological development and entrepreneurship in Europe and supporting the increased mobility of researchers in Europe.

Amendment 61

Article 3

The seventh Framework Programme shall be implemented through specific programmes. These programmes shall establish precise objectives and the detailed rules for implementation.

 

The seventh Framework Programme shall be implemented through specific programmes. These programmes shall establish precise objectives and the detailed rules for implementation in accordance with Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002.

Justification

The implementation of the EU Budget should follow the Financial Regulation.

.

Amendment 62
Article 4, paragraph 1, introductory part

1. The maximum overall amount for Community financial participation in this seventh Framework Programme shall be EUR 72726 million. That amount shall be distributed among the activities and actions referred to in paragraphs 2 to 6 of Article 2 as follows (in EUR million):

1. The maximum indicative overall amount for Community financial participation in this seventh Framework Programme shall be EUR 50862 million for the period of 7 years starting on 1 January 2007. That amount shall be distributed among the activities and actions referred to in paragraphs 2 to 6 of Article 2 as follows (in EUR million):

Amendment 63
>Article 4, paragraph 1, table

Text proposed by the Commission

Cooperation

44432

Ideas

11862

People

7129

Capacities

7486

Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre

1817

Amendment by Parliament

Cooperation

32582

Ideas

7560

People

4927

Capacities

4042

Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre

1751

Amendment 64

Article 4, paragraph 3 a (new)

 

3a. The above amounts shall be amended when the Financial Framework is revised by 2011.

Amendment 65

Article 4, paragraph 3 b (new)

 

3b. The Commission shall provide prior information to the budgetary authority whenever it intends to depart from the breakdown of expenditure set out in the remarks and annex to the annual general budget of the European Union.

Justification

To improve the financial monitoring of Community financed research activities, the rapporteur considers that the Commission should inform the budgetary authority on the implementation of specific programmes on a regular basis and provide prior information whenever it intends to depart from the breakdown of expenditure stated in the general budget

Amendment 66
Article 6

All the research activities carried out under the seventh Framework Programme shall be carried out in compliance with fundamental ethical principles.

1. All the research activities carried out under the seventh Framework Programme shall be carried out in compliance with fundamental ethical principles.

 

2. The following fields of research shall not be financed under this Framework Programme:

 

– research activity aiming at human cloning for reproductive purposes,

 

– research activity intended to modify the genetic heritage of human beings which could make such changes heritable,

 

– research activities intended to create human embryos solely for the purpose of research or for the purpose of stem cell procurement, including by means of somatic cell nuclear transfer.

 

3. Research on the use of human stem cells, both adult and embryonic, may be financed, depending both on the contents of the scientific proposal and the legal framework of the Member state(s) involved.

 

Any such application for financing must include details of the licensing and control measures that will be taken by the competent authorities of the Member States.

 

As regards the use of human embryonic stem cells, Institutions, organisations and researchers must be subject to strict licensing and control in accordance with the legal framework of the Member State(s) involved.

 

4. A revision of the fields of research must take place in the second phase of this programme in the light of scientific advances.

Justification

Funding for research on Embryo stem cells, where it is approved by a Member state must be subject to strict controls.

Amendment 67

Article 7, title and paragraph 1

Monitoring, assessment and review

Monitoring, evaluation, assessment and review

1. Not later than 2010, the Commission shall carry out, with the assistance of external experts, an interim evaluation of this Framework Programme and its specific programmes on the quality of the research activities under way and progress towards the objectives set.

1. The Commission, with the assistance of external experts, shall keep this Framework Programme and its specific programmes under continuous and systematic review, and shall carry out at least two interim evaluations, one in 2009 and the other in 2011 based on empirical methodologies; where appropriate, it shall propose modifications to the objectives and research activities in order to enhance their efficiency and effect and to take account of emerging fields of research. New funding instruments and participation rules will also be subject to an evaluation as to their simplicity and flexibility. The results of the evaluation, including the findings on the effectiveness of new actions and structures (especially the ERC and JTIs) as well as the results of the simplification procedures, shall be presented to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions.

 

Prior to the commencement of the seventh Framework Programme, data necessary for a thorough impact assessment evaluation report will be identified, in order to ensure that consistent data methodologies are used to collate that information. The Commission will also collate data detailing where Framework funding is allocated across the EU.

Justification

Given that the seventh framework programme is to last longer than its predecessors (seven years as opposed to four years), it will need to be kept permanently under review, and at least two interim evaluations will have to be carried out for the purpose of assessing the operation of its many new features and, where necessary, applying corrective measures.

Evaluation is a key requirement if the achievements and failures of the Framework Programme are to be measured in any meaningful way. To do this we need to be sure that comparable evaluation methodologies are being used and that they are identified at the beginning of the programme, thereby ensuring that comparative data exists at the end of the programme. For example, patents registered, publications, and instances of technology transfer. There should be one Mid Term Review and one overall evaluation of the outcomes of the programme. Having two reviews is excessive and unhelpful.

The interim evaluation should not be confined to the FP 7 and its Specific Programmes, but – in line with the call made in the FP 7 for thorough-going simplification of participation rules – should also be extended to the funding instruments and participation rules, particularly to any newly-introduced provisions.

Amendment 68

Annex I, introduction, paragraph 1 a (new)

 

The following strategic lines will be supported by the programme; the ERA, SME involvement, private sector finance, policy-based research, complementarity with national policies, attracting and retaining researchers in the EU, and technology transfer.

Justification

Distinctions between basic and applied research are not relevant in relation to the framework programme which emphasises excellent frontier research and the accompanying technological transfer. Strategic lines should reflect this emphasis and the other core principles which will drive programme.

Amendment 69

Annex I, introduction, paragraph 1 b (new)

 

Europe must aim for true excellence in research in order to become a leading player in cutting-edge research, technological development and demonstration activities.

Justification

Excellency must always be the main principle governing European research in accordance with the goals set out at Lisbon.

Amendment 70

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", paragraph 1

In this part of the 7th Framework Programme, support will be provided to trans-national co-operation at every scale across the European Union and beyond, in a number of thematic areas corresponding to major fields of the progress knowledge and technology, where research must be supported and strengthened to address European social, economic, environmental and industrial challenges.

In this part of the 7th Framework Programme, support will be provided to trans-national co-operation at every scale across the European Union and beyond, in a number of thematic areas corresponding to major fields of the progress knowledge and technology, where the highest quality research must be supported and strengthened to address European social, economic, environmental and industrial challenges, and fields of research that have been neglected over the years, with particular reference to the medical needs of developing countries.

Justification

The 7th Framework programme must encourage the best work, on basic and applied research.

Amendment 71

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", paragraph 3

The nine themes determined for EU action are the following:

The ten themes determined for EU action are the following:

(1) Health;

(1) Health;

(2) Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology;

(2) Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology;

(3) Information and Communication Technologies;

(3) Information and Communication Technologies;

(4) Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies;

(4) Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies;

(5) Energy;

(5) Energy;

(6) Environment (including Climate Change);

(6) Environment (including Climate Change);

(7) Transport (including Aeronautics);

(7) Transport (including Aeronautics);

(8) Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities;

(8) Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities;

(9) Security and Space.

(9) Security

 

(9a) Space.

Justification

A consequence of the separation of Security and Space into distinct themes.

Amendment 72

Annex I, Chapter 1 "Cooperation", paragraph 5

Special attention will be paid to priority scientific areas which cut across themes, such as marine sciences and technologies.

Special attention will be paid to the effectiveness of coordination between thematic areas and scientific areas which cut across themes.

 

Thus, a joint call will be organised, stressing in particular the inter- and multi-disciplinary aspects, in those thematic priorities which clearly imply the interrelation of various disciplines such as social sciences and natural sciences. To this end, calls will include criteria to assess the level of interdisciplinarity.

Amendment 73

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", paragraph 5 a (new)

 

The involvement of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), in particular knowledge-based SMEs, must be secured by means of practical support measures accompanied by quantitative and qualitative monitoring of the objectives achieved.

Justification

In view of the essential role played by SMEs in innovation and in improving competitiveness, the contribution which they make must be secured and assessed as part of the framework programme.

Amendment 74

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", paragraph 7

In the case of subjects of industrial relevance in particular, the topics have been identified relying, among other sources, on the work of different “European Technology Platforms” set up in fields where Europe’s competitiveness, economic growth and welfare depend on important research and technological progress in the medium to long term. European Technology Platforms bring together stakeholders, under industrial leadership, to define and implement a Strategic Research Agenda. This Framework Programme will contribute to the realisation of these Strategic Research Agendas where these present true European added value.

In the case of subjects of industrial relevance in particular, the topics have been identified relying, among other sources, on the work of different “European Technology Platforms” set up in fields where Europe’s competitiveness, economic growth and welfare depend on important research and technological progress in the medium to long term.

Amendment 75

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", paragraph 8

The nine themes also include research needed to underpin the formulation, implementation and assessment of EU policies, such as in the areas of health, safety, consumer protection, energy, the environment, development aid, fisheries, maritime affairs, agriculture, animal welfare, transport, education and training, employment, social affairs, cohesion, and justice and home affairs, along with pre-normative and co-normative research relevant to improving the quality of standards and their implementation.

 

The nine themes also include research needed to underpin the formulation, implementation and assessment of EU policies, along with pre-normative and co-normative research and independent expertise relevant to improving interoperability and competition by improving the quality of standards and their implementation.

Justification

It is superfluous to give a list of EU policies.

Amendment 76

Annex I, Chapter 1 "Cooperation", paragraph 9, bullet 1

– Emerging needs: through specific support for spontaneous research proposals aiming at identifying or further exploring, in a given field and/or at the intersection of several disciplines, new scientific and technological opportunities, in particular linked with a potential for significant breakthroughs;

 

– Future and emerging technologies: there is a need to encourage research aiming at identifying or further exploring, in a given field and/or in combination with other relevant areas and disciplines, new scientific and technological opportunities, through specific support for spontaneous research proposals, including joint calls; there is also a need to cultivate original ideas and radically new uses and to explore new options in the form of road maps, in particular when linked with a potential for significant breakthroughs; adequate coordination with activities pursued under the "Ideas" programme heading will be needed in order to prevent any overlap and permit optimum use of funds.

Justification

There is a need to disseminate the positive experience gained in the IST thematic area under the 6th FPRD, consisting in reserving part of the funds for each theme to finance future and emerging technologies.

Amendment 77

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", paragraph 10

In order to strengthen the diffusion and use of the output of EU research, the dissemination of knowledge and transfer of results, including to policy makers, will be supported in all thematic areas, including through the funding of networking initiatives, seminars and events, assistance by external experts and information and electronic services in particular CORDIS. Actions to support innovation will be taken under the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme. Support will also be provided to initiatives aiming at engaging the dialogue on scientific issues and research results with a broad public beyond the research community, and in the field of scientific communication and education. Ethical principles and gender aspects will be taken into account.

In order to strengthen the diffusion and use of the output of EU research, the dissemination of knowledge and transfer of results, including to policy makers, will be supported in all thematic areas, including through the funding of networking initiatives, seminars and events, assistance by external experts and information and electronic services in particular CORDIS. Actions to support innovation will be taken under the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme. Particular attention will be paid to ensuring the adequate participation of SMEs, in particular knowledge-intensive SMEs, in transnational cooperation. Therefore, concrete measures, including special calls for SMEs, “National Exploratory Awards”, and support actions to facilitate SME participation will be taken throughout the “Cooperation” programme. Support will also be provided to initiatives aiming at engaging the dialogue on scientific issues and research results with a broad public beyond the research community, and in the field of scientific communication and education. Ethical principles, gender aspects and the involvement of early stage researchers will be taken into account.

Amendment 78

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", paragraph 10 a (new)

The Community will support technology transfer activities and contribute to bridging the gap between research and its commercialisation by providing finance to the European Investment fund (EIF) to manage a “Technology Transfer Facility”. Subject to, and in accordance with, detailed arrangements to be established by a regulation adopted pursuant to Article 167 of the Treaty and the Council decisions adopting the specific programmes, the facility will finance technology transfer activities of universities, research centres or other legal entities active in the field of technology transfer.

Amendment 79

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", paragraph 10 b (new)

The wide variety of activities funded under the Framework Programme makes the proper integration and coordination of activities necessary. To avoid fragmentation and overlapping competencies, there should be more cooperation between national and European research programmes, and between economic actors in the long-term research agenda.

Justification

Fragmentation is a major obstacle to the success of the European research agenda.

Amendment 80

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", Paragraph 11, bullet -1 (new)

 

European Technology Platforms

Amendment 81

Annex I, Chapter I " Cooperation", paragraph 11 a (new)

 

Raising competitiveness of European research requires that the potential across the whole ERA is fully unlocked. Therefore, projects aiming at the providing scientific excellence, while fostering a true ERA through the formation of broad-based consortia, will explore possibilities for optimal use of human and financial resources.

Amendment 82

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle and paragraphs 11 b, 11 c, 11 d and 11 e (new)

 

European Technology Platforms

 

European Technology Platforms (ETPs) are mechanisms to bring together all interested stakeholders to develop their respective Strategic Research Agendas (SRAs) and follow them up with concrete distribution of tasks among them.

 

ETPs will facilitate the participation of single enterprises (especially SMEs) or groups of enterprises in research projects relating to their specific fields of competence.

 

In order to fully exploit their competitiveness potential, regional research-driven clusters, have the possibility of joining ETPs.

 

The financial institutions should mobilise capital to facilitate loans for projects implementing SRAs, using all financing options, including the Risk Sharing Finance Facility, which is an instrument of the Framework Programme.

Amendment 83

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle "Collaborative Research", paragraph 1 a (new)

 

To support the development of the European Research Area, existing European institutions and universities, in their capacity as fundamental centres of excellence in the area of scientific and technological research, should be supported in developing and enhancing their excellence by increasing points of contact and general coordination with other research and innovation activities at national and regional level. This will be achieved through introducing new networking and integration tasks into the remit of the Networks of Excellence.

Amendment 84

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle "Collaborative Research", paragraph 2

This will be achieved by supporting collaborative research through a range of funding schemes: Collaborative projects, Networks of Excellence, Co-ordination/support actions (see Annex III).

This objective will be achieved by supporting collaborative research through a range of funding schemes: by far the largest number of projects will be Collaborative projects and Networks of Excellence, Co-ordination/support actions (see Annex III).

 

Collaborative projects should cover research and demonstration activities, bringing results closer to the market and linking this action line with instruments offered by the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme.

Amendment 85

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle "Joint Technology Initiatives", paragraph 1

In a limited number of cases, the scope of a RTD objective and the scale of the resources involved justify setting up long term public private partnerships in the form of Joint Technology Initiatives. These initiatives, mainly resulting from the work of European Technology Platforms and covering one or a small number of selected aspects of research in their field, will combine private sector investment and national and European public funding, including grant funding from the Research Framework Programme and loan finance from the European Investment Bank. Joint Technology Initiatives may be decided on the basis of Article 171 of the Treaty (this may include the creation of a joint undertaking) or on the basis of the Specific Programme Decisions in accordance with Article 166 of the Treaty.

In a limited number of cases, the scope of a RTD objective and the scale of the resources involved justify setting up long term public private partnerships in the form of Joint Technology Initiatives. These new instruments should be based on the activities developed by the European Technology Platforms and the smooth passage from the Strategic Research Agendas must be ensured by the Commission. Clearly defined criteria and guidelines must be established for the selection of JTIs. Implemented under Article 171 of the Treaty, such Joint Undertakings must combine public and private funds. The EIB must mobilise capital to facilitate loans under The Risk Sharing Finance Facility. The Risk Sharing Finance Facility, jointly implemented by the EIB and the Commission, must be managed by an appropriate joint committee and organised as an instrument of the Framework Programme. It must compile a report containing recommendations for budgetary distribution among the RTD priorities in the JTIs in line with the Barcelona priorities. The activities should also be coordinated with the EIF to provide financial resources for SMEs.

Justification

Following the Lisbon objectives “building the Knowledge society” FP7 is built upon the concept of the European Space of Research (ERA). It aims at reinforcing excellence and in what concerns the thematic areas of interest for industry the topics have been selected based on the activities developed by the different European Technology Platforms. These have been constituted in the domains where competitiveness and economic growth depend very much on the results on short and medium term of technological research. The ETPs - 28 up to date-represent very valuable instruments to build PPPs (Public Private Partnerships) and when necessary following Art 171 Joint Undertakings can be organised to accomplish specific tasks in well defined sectors. As the ETPs are new concept and the JTIs are new instruments in FP7 specific support actions and specified decision making procedures and follow up has to be established.

Amendment 86

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle “Joint Technology Initiatives”, paragraph 1 a (new)

 

European Technological Platforms should make use of the extensive experience gained by the EUREKA clusters, which have successfully contributed to the growth of Strategic Research Areas in Europe.

Justification

Involving such clusters alongside the development, evolution and implementation of FP7 projects will likely result in positive synergies for both the Framework Programme and EUREKA.

Amendment 87

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle “Joint Technology Initiatives”, paragraph 2

Potential Joint Technology Initiatives will be identified on the basis of a series of criteria including:

Potential Joint Technology Initiatives will be identified in an open and transparent way on the basis of an evaluation using a series of criteria:

 

 The existence of a genuine, societal need and commitment from industry.

- Added value of European-level intervention.

 Added value of European-level intervention measured in terms of excellence and synergies obtained through cross-border cooperation.

 

 Relevance of benefit to society.

 

 Inability of existing instruments to achieve the objective.

 

 Scale of the impact on industrial competitiveness and growth.

 

 Capacity to encourage entrepreneurship.

 The degree and clarity of definition of the objective to be pursued.

 The degree and clarity of definition of the objective and deliverables to be pursued.

 

 Agenda for the training of researchers involved.

 Strength of the financial and resource commitment from industry.

 Strength of the financial and resource commitment from industry.

 Scale of the impact on industrial competitiveness and growth.

 

 Importance of the contribution to broader policy objectives.

 Importance of the contribution to broader policy objectives.

 Capacity to attract additional national support and leverage current or future industry funding.

 Capacity to attract additional national support and leverage current and future industry funding.

 Inability of existing instruments to achieve the objective.

 

(The indents have been reordered)

Amendment 88

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle “Joint Technology Initiatives”, paragraph 2 a (new)

 

The nature of the Joint Technology Initiatives must be clearly defined, in particular with regard to matters concerning:

 

- financial commitments;

 

- duration of the commitment of the participants;

 

- regulations for entering and exiting the contract;

 

- intellectual property rights.

Amendment 89

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle "Joint Technology Initiatives", paragraph 3

Particular attention will be paid to the overall coherence and coordination between Joint Technology Initiatives and national programmes and projects in the same fields.

Considering the wide scope and particular complexity of the Joint Technology Initiatives, significant efforts will be made to ensure their transparent operation in line with principles of excellence. Particular attention will be paid to the overall coherence and coordination between Joint Technology Initiatives and national programmes and projects in the same fields. Their implementation procedures should include specific roadmaps for the inclusion of SME’s and technology transfer, as well as programmes for the education and training of researchers taking part. Member States and the Commission must make common efforts to establish coherent coordination actions and provide the financial backing to implement them.

Justification

Excellence should be the watchword for activities in the framework programme.

Joint technology initiatives should are an excellent tool for the participation of SME’s on research and reducing the technology gap.

The collaboration between academia and industry should be enforced. It should never be underestimated power of training and education for the improvement of researchers' capacities.

“Overall coherence and coordination” implies an organisational and monetary effort that must be additional to the expenditure of involved companies.

Amendment 90

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle "Co-ordination of non-Community research programmes", paragraph 2, indent 2 a (new)

 

– Applying, in a limited number of areas, the successful ERA-STAR model of cooperation between European regions and small or medium-sized Member States to the governance of long-term programmes such as Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES).

Justification

ERA-STAR is an ERA-NET project in which medium-sized European regions and Member States are participating, cooperating with each other in what is seen as a promising arrangement. This project is particularly suitable for the governance of a programme such as GMES, in which the needs of the European regions should be duly taken into account.

Amendment 91

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle "Co-ordination of non-Community research programmes", paragraph 3, introductory part

The participation of the Community in national research programmes jointly implemented on the basis of Article 169 is especially relevant to European co-operation on a large scale in “variable geometry” between Member States sharing common needs and/or interests. Such Article 169 initiatives will be launched in areas to be identified in close association with the Member States, including the possible cooperation with intergovernmental programmes, on the basis of a series of criteria:

The participation of the Community in national research programmes jointly implemented on the basis of Article 169 is especially relevant to European co-operation on a large scale in “variable geometry” between Member States sharing common needs and/or interests. Such Article 169 initiatives will be launched in areas to be identified in close association with the Member States, including the possible cooperation with intergovernmental programmes such as EUREKA, on the basis of a series of criteria:

Justification

is an intergovernmental initiative which functions through a network of 35 National Project Coordinators (NPCs) and one at the European Commission’s DG Research. EUREKA supports cross-border projects with a strong European dimension and focus on European Strategic Research Areas, thus creating growth and employment for the country which positive effects are also shared by the European community at large. Close cooperation between EUREKA and the Community programmes is advice to avoid fragmentation of efforts and funding and overlapping in key thematic areas.

Amendment 92

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle "Co-ordination of non-Community research programmes", paragraph 3, indent 4 a (new)

 

– Social and environmental added value.

Amendment 93

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle "International co-operation", paragraph 1, introductory part and bullet 1

International cooperation actions under this part of the Framework Programme will be:

International cooperation actions must show clearly defined European added value. and. Under this part of the Framework Programme such actions will be:

The opening of all activities carried out in the thematic areas to researchers and research institutions from all third countries, with a strong effort to encourage them to seize this opportunity.

 

– Increased participation in the thematic areas by researchers and research institutions from third countries, with appropriate restrictions for the Security theme in connection with issues of confidentiality, with a strong effort to encourage them to seize this opportunity.

Justification

There need to be special provisions to cover participation by third-country bodies in projects under the Security theme.

For projects of international cooperation a clearly defined European added value must also be shown.

Amendment 94

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle “International co-operation”, paragraph 1, bullet 2

- Specific co-operation actions in each thematic area dedicated to third countries in the case of mutual interest in co-operating on particular topics. Closely associated with the bilateral co-operation agreements or multilateral dialogues between the EU and these countries or groups of countries, these actions will serve as privileged tools for implementing the co-operation between the EU and these countries. Such actions are, in particular: actions aiming at reinforcing the research capacities of candidate countries as well as neighbourhood countries; cooperative activities targeted at developing and emerging countries, focusing on their particular needs in fields such as health, agriculture, fisheries and environment, and implemented in financial conditions adapted to their capacities.

- Specific co-operation actions in each thematic area dedicated to third countries in the case of mutual interest in co-operating on particular topics. Closely associated with the bilateral co-operation agreements or multilateral dialogues between the EU and these countries or groups of countries, these actions will serve as privileged tools for implementing the co-operation between the EU and these countries. As well as serving fields of mutual interest, such actions also include: actions aiming at reinforcing the research capacities of candidate countries as well as neighbourhood countries and cooperative activities targeted at developing and emerging countries, focusing on their particular needs in fields such as health, with particular emphasis on orphan and neglected diseases, agriculture, fisheries and environment, and implemented in financial conditions adapted to their capacities.

Justification

It should be clear that international specific cooperation actions under the Cooperation Programme shall cover in particular research fields of mutual interest for the EU and third countries.

More attention must be given to orphan and neglected diseases.

Amendment 95

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle "International co-operation", paragraph 2 a (new)

 

An overall strategy for International Cooperation within the Framework Programme will be prepared, defining objectives, European interest and specific areas of cooperation with each group of countries. The strategy will indicate areas in which third country participation should be limited, e.g. in security research.

Justification

Strategy will ensure coherent approach to the broad area of International Cooperation and will improve effectiveness. In the case of security, limited access to the information issues is necessary.

Amendment 96

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Objective"

Improving the health of European citizens and increasing the competitiveness of European health-related industries and businesses, while addressing global health issues including emerging epidemics. Emphasis will be put on translational research (translation of basic discoveries in clinical applications), the development and validation of new therapies, methods for health promotion and prevention, diagnostic tools and technologies, as well as sustainable and efficient healthcare systems.

Improving the health of European citizens, increasing the competitiveness and boosting the innovative capacity of European health-related industries and businesses, while addressing global health issues including emerging epidemics and neglected diseases. Research will aim both at optimising the prevention of diseases and the development of effective treatments and medicines while ensuring equitable access to the results of publicly-funded research. Emphasis will be put on translational research (translation of basic discoveries in clinical applications), the development and validation of new therapies, methods for health promotion and prevention, diagnostic tools and technologies, research-based treatment facilities representing the newest state of the art, as well as sustainable and efficient healthcare systems.

Amendment 97

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1

The sequencing of the human genome and the recent advances in post-genomics have revolutionised research into human health and diseases. Integrating the vast amounts of data and understanding underlying biological processes requires bringing together critical masses of various expertises and resources that are not available at a national level. Significant advances in translational health research, which is essential to ensure that biomedical research provides practical benefits, also requires multidisciplinary and pan-European approaches involving different stakeholders. Such approaches allow Europe to contribute more effectively to international efforts to combat diseases of global importance.

The sequencing of the human genome and the recent advances in post-genomics have revolutionised research into human health and diseases. Integrating the vast amounts of data, understanding underlying biological processes and developing key technologies for health related bio-industries requires bringing together critical masses of various expertises and resources that are not available at a national level. Significant advances in translational health research, which is essential to ensure that biomedical research provides practical benefits, also requires multidisciplinary and pan-European approaches involving different stakeholders. Such approaches allow Europe to contribute more effectively to international efforts to combat diseases of global importance.

Justification

The strongest challenge for innovation in health in the years to come lies in the successful incorporation of new technologies, including new bio-processes, into heath related industries.

Amendment 98

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2

Clinical research on many diseases (e.g. cancer, cardiovascular diseases, mental and neurological diseases, in particular those linked with ageing, such as Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases) relies on international multi-centre trials to achieve the required number of patients in a short time-frame. Epidemiological research requires a large diversity of populations and international networks to achieve significant conclusions. Developing new diagnostics and treatments for rare disorders also require multi-country approaches to increase the number of patients for each study. And performing health policy-driven research at the European level enables comparisons of the models, systems, data, and patient material held in national databases and biobanks.

Clinical research on many diseases (e.g. cancer, cardiovascular diseases, auto-immunity and infectious diseases, allergic diseases, epilepsy, trauma, rheumatic diseases, respiratory system diseases, mental and neurological diseases, in particular those linked with ageing, such as osteoporosis, Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases) relies on international multi-centre trials to achieve the required number of patients in a short time-frame. Epidemiological research requires a large diversity of populations and international networks to achieve significant conclusions. Developing new engineering approaches for biologicals and cells, and new diagnostics and treatments for rare disorders also require multi-country approaches to increase the number of patients for each study. And performing health policy-driven research at the European level enables comparisons of the models, systems, data, and patient material held in national databases and biobanks.

Amendment 99

Annex I, Chapter I " Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3

- A strong EU-based biomedical research will help strengthen the competitiveness of the European healthcare biotechnology, medical technology and pharmaceutical industries. The EU also has to play an active role in creating an environment conducive to innovation in the pharmaceutical sector, in particular to maximise the success of clinical research.

- A strong EU-based biomedical research will help strengthen the competitiveness of the European healthcare biotechnology, medical technology and pharmaceutical industries. EU collaboration with developing countries will allow those countries to develop research capacities. The EU also has to play an active role in creating an environment conducive to innovation in the public and pharmaceutical sectors which address public health needs, in particular to maximise the success of clinical research. To this endt, the implementation of the MICE programme (Medicines Investigation for the Children of Europe) will be promoted. Major EU-based research into ion therapy (proton and carbon ions) will open up and further improve already successful methods of cancer treatment and strengthen the competitivity of plant engineering and the construction (accelerator technology) and medical technology industries. In this field the success of clinical research should also be maximised. European research and innovation in the field of alternative testing strategies, in particular non-animal methods, will ensure global leadership in addressing public and stakeholder concerns about the continuing use of animals in biomedical research and could, in addition, provide a market for certain sectors of industry.

Justification

Progress in ion therapy of cancer treatment (protons and carbon ions) is as important as treatment by improved pharmaceuticals (chemotherapy). Basic discoveries in preclinical research carried out in an ion irradiation facility can be easily translated to the clinical research department (cancer treatment) of the same facility.

Public health needs should be prioritised. Collaboration with developing countries should be encouraged.

Regulation on medicinal products for paediatric use and amending Regulation (EEC) No 1768/92, Directive 2001/83/EC and Regulation (EC) No 726/2004.

Amendment 100

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 4

The activities that will be addressed, which include research essential to policy requirements, are set out below. Two strategic issues, child health and the health of the ageing population will be addressed across activities. Research agendas established by European Technology Platforms, such as the one on innovative medicines, will be supported where relevant. To complement these and respond to new policy needs, additional actions may be supported for example in the areas of health policy issues and occupation health and safety.

 

The activities that will be addressed, which include research essential to policy requirements, are set out below. Two strategic issues, child health and the health of the ageing population will be addressed across activities and themes. In other respects, research on health will be prioritised around (a) present and future projections of disease burden in a European and global context and (b) scientific quality. Research agendas established by European Technology Platforms, such as the ones on innovative medicines and nanomedicine, will be supported where relevant. To complement these and respond to new policy needs, additional actions may be supported for example in the areas of health policy issues , ageing and occupational health and safety.

Justification

Prioritisation of research funding should be based on scientific quality as well as on current and future health needs. Experience in FP6 has identified difficulties and frustration among scientists, which have also been noted by grant assessors, resulting from the objective to achieve equity in the areas of study, at the cost of inequity in terms of burden of disease and science quality.

The recently launched European Technology Platform Nanomedicine addresses breakthrough technologies for molecular imaging and diagnostics, which can offer impressive benefits for the early diagnosis and “smart” treatment of e.g. cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, cardiovascular problems.

The increasing number of elderly people in society impacts on a very wide range of policies, including health, social security, employment and transport, and must therefore be taken into account specifically in health research.

Amendment 101

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 1

– High-throughput research. To catalyse experimental progress in biomedical research by enhancing data generation, standardisation, acquisition and analysis.

– High-throughput research. To catalyse experimental progress in genome, post-genome and biomedical research by developing new model-cell engineering methods, enhancing data generation, standardisation, acquisition and analysis including research into DNA reading, bio-informatics and super computing for structural modelling.

Amendment 102

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 2

- Detection, diagnosis and monitoring. With emphasis on non-invasive or minimally invasive approaches.

- Detection, diagnosis and monitoring. With emphasis on non-invasive or minimally invasive approaches and technologies such as DNA chips and molecular imaging and diagnostics. Priority should be given to diagnostic tools that are directly linked to therapy.

Justification

In genetic diseases in particular but also in other diseases, diagnostic has made tremendous progress during the last years, especially because of sequencing of DNA. There's a big gap between diagnosis and therapy. For the patient, it is definitely important to have not only diagnosis but also therapy. That's why research activities which address this problem should get a priority.</

Amendment 103

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation'" theme I "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 3

– Predicting suitability, safety and efficacy of therapies. To develop and validate biological markers, in vivo and in vitro methods and models, including simulation, pharmacogenomics, targeting approaches and alternatives to animal testing.

 

– Predicting suitability, safety and efficacy of therapies. To identify and develop biological markers so as to quantify and validate them. To improve the availability of therapeutic agents. To develop and validate in vivo and in vitro methods and models, including simulation, pharmacogenomics, immuno-monitoring, targeting approaches and other alternatives to animal testing, in particular to replace the use of non-human primates; infertility research.

Justification

Il s'agit ici de rechercher (Identifier) le marqueur spécifique d'une pathologie (en général un métabolite) dans un fluide biologique très accessible (sang, urine). Sa caractérisation, sa validation (Quantifier) dans le contexte biologique et sa synthèse (Elaborer) pour l'obtention d'échantillons purs sont nécessaires avant l'analyse. L'amélioration de la disponibilité des agents thérapeutiques devrait permettre une meilleure efficacité d'un médicament en limitant les doses délivrées. Enfin, l'immuno-monitorage est une étape indispensable pour mesurer les effets des thérapies sur le système immunitaire.

In view of the requirements in the Protocol on the Protection and Welfare of Animals and the serious public concern in Europe about animal testing, it is unacceptable for the EU to fund the development of in vivo methods and models. In accordance with Art. 23 of Council Directive 86/609/EEC and Art. 7.2 (a) and (b) of the Sixth Community Environment Action Programme, the EU should develop and validate alternatives to animal testing. In addition, the European Commission and Council have repeatedly stated their commitment to reduce and replace the use of non-human primates in research, such as in the Preamble to Council Decision 1999/575/EC on the European Convention for the protection of animals used in research. This should therefore be reflected in EU funding under the Framework Programme.

According to statistics published by the Council of Europe, the birth rate fell from 1.8 in 1990 to 1.5 in 2005, whereas the generational replacement rate is 2.1. Europe’s population is the oldest in the world with an average age of 37.7

Amendment 104

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 4

– Innovative therapeutic approaches and intervention. To consolidate and ensure further developments in advanced therapies and technologies with potential application in many diseases and disorders.

 

– Innovative therapeutic approaches and intervention. To research, consolidate and ensure further developments in advanced therapies and technologies, including immunotherapy, new vaccines and methods of producing them, innovative medicines and electronic implants, with potential application in many diseases and disorders (including those affecting children) as well as new therapeutic tools for regenerative and cell-based medicine, gene therapies, cellular therapies, immunotherapy and biomaterials, and protection and regeneration of damaged tissue by means of somatic stem cell therapies.

Amendment 105

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme I "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 4 a (new)

..

- Bioproduction, including vectorisation: optimisation of new molecule production processes.

Justification

Work to optimise production processes is vital to ensure the transition from research to industrial production, which will benefit patients. Production operates within a very strict regulatory framework designed to ensure patient safety. This question concerns both manufacturing and controls and is vital to SME, which are closely involved in the development of production processes.

Amendment 106

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 1

- Integrating biological data and processes: large-scale data gathering, systems biology. To generate and analyse the vast amount of data needed to understand better the complex regulatory networks of thousands of genes and gene-products controlling important biological processes.

-Integrating biological data and processes and modelisation of complex systems: large-scale data gathering, systems biology and physiology, engineering of cellular and biological models. To generate and analyse the vast amount of data needed to understand better the complex regulatory networks of thousands of genes, their mutations and gene-products and cell systems controlling important biological processes (i.e. synaptic and cellular reorganisation). The focus will be on genomics, the RNA world, proteomics, population genetics, comparative and functional genomics.

Amendment 107

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 2

– Research on the brain and related diseases, human development and ageing. To explore the process of healthy ageing and the way genes and environment interact with brain activity, under normal conditions as well as in brain diseases.

– Research on the brain and related diseases, human development and ageing, focusing in particular on progressive degenerative diseases and the different forms of epilepsy. To explore the process of healthy ageing and improve the quality of life of elderly people.

Amendment 108

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2 , indent 2 a (new)

 

- Human ethology. To study man and the urban, natural and cultural environment.

Justification

A knowledge of man and of his responses and adaptation to the environment is a basic requirement if his behaviour and possible dysfunctions are to be understood.

Amendment 109

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 3

– Translational research in infectious diseases. To address anti-microbial drug resistance, the global threats of HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis as well as emerging epidemics (e.g. SARS and highly pathogenic influenza).

– Translational research in infectious diseases and pathogen-host interactions. To address anti-microbial drug resistance, the global threats of HIV/AIDS, including research into microbiocides malaria, tuberculosis, fungal infections, and hepatitis, as well as emerging epidemics (e.g. SARS and highly pathogenic influenza or arboviral diseases) as well as other potentially serious infectious diseases.

Amendment 110

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 4

- Translational research in major diseases: cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes/obesity; rare diseases; and other chronic diseases (e.g. osteoarthritis). To develop patient-oriented strategies from prevention to diagnosis and treatment including clinical research.

- Translational research in major diseases: cancer, cardiovascular disease, allergic and respiratory diseases; diabetes/obesity; rheumatic diseases; rare diseases; and other chronic diseases (e.g. osteoarthritis). To develop patient-oriented strategies from prevention to diagnosis and treatment including clinical research and research on active ingredients.

Amendment 111

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indents 4 a, 4 b and 4 c (new)

 

- Translational research into occupational diseases and into diseases caused by environmental and work-related stress factors (such as asthma and allergies). To produce and analyse data on these diseases and accidents at work, and develop strategies for prevention, diagnosis and treatment (e.g. for musculo-skeletal disorders).

 

- Translational research into the health of users of passenger transport systems and nearby residents. To study the long-term and large-scale effects.

 

- Palliative medicine: pain therapy and symptomatic therapy for diseases which are not yet curable, in order to combat the patient's symptoms as effectively as possible.

Amendment 112

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 1

– Translating clinical outcome into clinical practice. To understand clinical decision-making and how to translate outcomes of clinical research into clinical practice and especially addressing the specificities of children, women and elderly population.

– Translating clinical outcome into clinical practice. To study advanced computer-aided detection, clinical decision support systems and other IT tools to improve workflow, enhance quality of diagnosis and treatment, reduce medical error and lower costs, as well as to understand clinical decision-making and how to translate outcomes of clinical research into clinical practice and especially addressing the specificities of children, women, the elderly population and disabled persons. To develop telemedical applications for geographically isolated populations of the European Union, especially in island and mountainous regions.

Justification

Health care delivery is often not adequately designed to ensure it is properly accessed by disabled persons and ethnic minorities. Research in respect of how health care reaches such disadvantaged groups is lacking and needs to be investigated.

Clinical decision support systems and advanced computer-aided detection can help handling the growing complexity of medical diagnosis and treatment. These and other Information Technology tools have the potential to achieve breakthroughs in the efficiency of healthcare in hospitals and secondary care by improving the workflow, enhancing the quality of diagnosis, linking people to processes and proceeds, reducing medical errors, and lowering costs.

The population of remote EU regions (especially island and mountainous regions) may be included among the population groups whose specificities are to be especially addressed with a view to optimising the delivery of health care. The objective is to support tele-medical applications for remote populations in the European Union.

Amendment 113

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 2

– Quality, efficiency and solidarity of health systems including transitional health systems. To translate effective interventions into management decisions, to ensure an adequate supply of human resources, to analyse factors influencing equity of access to high quality health care, including analyses of changes in population (e.g. ageing, mobility and migration, and the changing workplace).

– Quality, efficiency and solidarity of health systems including transitional health systems. To translate effective interventions into management decisions, to ‘re-engineer’ diagnostic and therapeutic processes, to ensure an adequate supply of human resources, to analyse factors influencing equity of access to high-quality health care (also by disadvantaged groups), including analyses of changes in the population (e.g. ageing, mobility and migration, and the changing workplace) and complications during hospital treatment.

Amendment 114

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 3

Enhanced disease prevention and better use of medicines. To develop efficient public health interventions addressing wider determinants of health (such as stress, diet or environmental factors). To identify successful interventions in different health care settings for improving the prescription of medicines and improving their use by patients (including pharmacovigilence aspects).

Enhanced disease prevention and better use of medicines. To develop efficient public health interventions addressing wider determinants of health. Environmental health : analysis of three factors: syndromes and chronic exposure; interaction with toxic substances and mixtures of such substances; analysis of genetic polymorphisms and immunology tests, including tests for lymphocyte transformation and activation. Immunological, toxicological and epidemiological studies shall be conducted. To identify successful interventions in different health care settings for improving the prescription of medicines and improving their use by patients (including pharmacovigilence aspects).

Amendment 115

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 4 a (new)

 

Use of scientifically tested complementary and alternative medicines. To identify successful interventions in complementary and alternative medicine for improving the health of European citizens.

Amendment 116

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 4 b (new)

 

- Appropriate use of new technologies. To provide capacity for fast development and rapid production of medical countermeasures to biological threats and emerging diseases.

Justification

Rational genome engineering’s contribution to fighting emerging epidemics lies partly in the speed it provides in the development of medical countermeasures and biological production strains.

Amendment 117

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 4 c (new)

 

- Transnational research on occupational diseases and industrial accidents. To generate and analyse the data relating to occupational diseases and industrial accidents, develop prevention, diagnostic and treatment strategies (e.g. in relation to musculoskeletal disorders).

Justification

The work carried out in the context of the European social policy and the Social Dialogue has demonstrated the added value of a common approach to prevention in the area of occupational diseases and industrial accidents. It is necessary to strengthen this common policy upstream by also supporting research activities relating to the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases and accidents.

Amendment 118

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 1 "Health", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 4 d (new)

 

- Sustainable optimization of industrial processes and active ingredients

Justification

Optimization of the chemical (and fermentative) part of the active ingredients’ production is necessary for the economic and environmental sustainability of health technologies.

Amendment 119

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 2 "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology", subtitle "Objective"

Building a European Knowledge Based Bio-Economy by bringing together science, industry and other stakeholders, to exploit new and emerging research opportunities that address social and economic challenges: the growing demand for safer, healthier and higher quality food and for sustainable use and production of renewable bio-resources; the increasing risk of epizootic and zoonotic diseases and food related disorders; threats to the sustainability and security of agricultural and and fisheries production resulting in particular from climate change; and the increasing demand for high quality food, taking into account animal welfare and rural contexts.

 

Building a European Knowledge Based Bio- Economy by bringing together science, industry and other stakeholders, to support the Union's policies and to exploit new and emerging research opportunities that address social, environmental and economic challenges: the growing demand for safer, healthier and higher quality food and for sustainable use, engineering and production of renewable bio-resources; the increasing risk of epizootic and zoonotic diseases and food related disorders; threats to the sustainability and security of fisheries aquacultural, agricultural, and stockbreeding production, including those resulting in particular from climate change; and the increasing demand for high quality food, taking into account animal welfare and rural and coastal contexts and ways of meeting specific consumer needs. Research will aim to integrate the diversity of scientific knowledge to develop balanced, sustainable and socially acceptable solutions and approaches. The awareness of citizens will be pursued to improve their ability to make informed choices.

Amendment 120

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 2 "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1

Innovations and advancement of knowledge in the sustainable management, production and use of biological resources (micro-organism, plants, animals), will provide the basis for new, sustainable, eco-efficient and competitive products for agriculture, fisheries, food, health, forest based and related industries. In line with the European strategy on life sciences and biotechnogy, this will help increase the competitiveness of European biotechnology and food companies, in particular high tech SMEs, while improving social welfare and wellbeing. Research into the safety of food and feed chains, diet related diseases, food choices and the impact of food and nutrition on health will help to fight food related disorders (e.g. obesity, allergies) and infectious diseases (e.g. transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, avian-flu), while making important contributions to the implementation of existing and the formulation of future policies and regulations in the area of public, animal and plant health and consumer protection.

 

Innovations and advancement of knowledge in the sustainable management, engineering, production and use of biological resources (micro-organism, plants, animals), will provide the basis for new, sustainable, eco-efficient and competitive products for agriculture, fisheries, food, health, forest based and related industries. In line with the European strategy on life sciences and biotechnogy, this will help develop new activities and increase the competitiveness of European agriculture and biotechnology, seed and food companies, in particular high tech SMEs, while improving social welfare and wellbeing. A high level of SME participation in research is to be particularly encouraged. Research into nutritional physiology for healthy living, the safety of food and feed chains, diet related diseases, food choices and the impact of food and nutrition on health will help to fight food related disorders (e.g. obesity, allergies) and infectious diseases (e.g. transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, avian-flu),while making important contributions to the implementation of existing and the formulation of future policies and regulations in the area of public, animal and plant health and consumer protection.

Justification

Food must not be seen only as a potential source of disease (obesity, allergies, TSE), but also as a factor contributing to human health.

The research capacities of SMEs in Europe must be used and the sharing of information between them encouraged.

Amendment 121

Annex I, Chapter 1 "Cooperation", theme 2"Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology" subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3

Several European Technology Platforms contribute in setting common research priorities, in fields such as plant genomics and biotechnology, forestry and forest based industries, global animal health, farm animal breeding, food and industrial biotechnology. The research will also provide the knowledge base needed to support : the Common Agricultural Policy; agriculture and trade issues; food safety regulations; Community animal health, disease control and welfare standards; and the Common Fisheries Policy reform aiming to provide sustainable development of fishing and aquaculture. A flexible response to new policy needs is also foreseen, in particular with respect to new social or economic trends.

Several European Technology Platforms contribute in setting common research priorities, in fields such as plant genomics and biotechnology, forestry and forest based industries, global animal health, farm animal breeding, food and industrial biotechnology. The research will also provide the knowledge base needed to support : the Common Agricultural Policy; agriculture and trade issues; food safety regulations; Community animal health, disease control and welfare standards; and the Common Fisheries Policy reform aiming to provide sustainable development of fishing and aquaculture, safe seafood products and environmental remediation. A flexible response to new policy needs is also foreseen, in particular with respect to new social or economic trends.

Amendment 122

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 2 "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology", subtitle "Activities", bullet. 1

Sustainable production and management of biological resources from land, forest, and aquatic environments: Enabling research, including 'omics' technologies, such as genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, systems biology and converging technologies for micro-organisms, plants and animals, including exploitation of their biodiversity; improved crops and production systems, including organic farming, quality production schemes and GMO impacts; sustainable, competitive and multifunctional agriculture, and forestry; rural development; animal welfare, breeding and production; plant health; sustainable and competitive fisheries and aquaculture; infectious diseases in animals, including zoonoses; safe disposal of animal waste; conservation, management and exploitation of living aquatic resources, developing the tools needed by policy makers and other actors in agriculture and rural development (landscape, land management practices etc.).

Sustainable production and management of biological resources from land, forest, and aquatic environments: Enabling research, including 'omics' technologies, such as genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, rational reverse genomics, systems biology, bioinformatics and converging technologies for micro-organisms (particularly the study of metagenomics), plants and animals, including the genomic engineering, conservation and sustainable use of their biodiversity; soil fertility; improved crops: plant breeding, plant health, technological alternatives to plant random transgenesis and improved production systems in all their diversity, including organic farming, rational and conservation farming, quality production schemes and GMO impacts; evaluation and marketing of plant innovations (varieties, seeds); sustainable, competitive and multifunctional agriculture, and forestry; integrated rural development, including civil society participation in planning and decision making, rational management of water use, animal health and welfare, breeding and production; including research into vaccines and diagnostics; alternative testing strategies and non-animal methods, plant health; sustainable and competitive fisheries and aquaculture; infectious diseases in animals, including epidemiological studies, zoonoses and diseases linked to animal feedstuffs; safe disposal of animal waste; conservation, management and exploitation of living aquatic resources, developing the tools needed by policy makers and other actors in agriculture and rural development (landscape, land management practices etc.).

Amendment 123

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 2 "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2

“Fork to farm”: Food, health and well being: Consumer, societal, industrial and health aspects of food and feed, including behavioural and cognitive sciences; nutrition, diet related diseases and disorders, including obesity; innovative food and feed processing technologies (including packaging); improved quality and safety, both chemical and microbiological, of food, beverage and feed; integrity (and control) of the food chain; environmental impacts on and of food/feed chains; total food chain concept (including seafood); traceability.

Fork to table, sea to plate”: Food, including sea products, health and well being: Consumer, societal, cultural, industrial and health aspects of food and feed, including behavioural and cognitive sciences; nutrition, diet related diseases and disorders, including obesity and allergies; health benefits of certain food and diets; innovative food and feed processing technologies (including packaging); improved quality and safety, both chemical and biological, of food, beverage and feed; integrity, sustainability, risk assessment and control of the food chain; environmental impacts on and of terrestrial and aquatic food/feed chains; impact on and resistance of food chain to global changes; total food chain concept (including seafood); development of new traceability methods (for both GM and non-GM organisms); consequences of animal feeds and veterinary medicine for human health.

Amendment 124

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 2 "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3

- Life sciences and biotechnology for sustainable non-food products and processes: Improved crops, feed-stocks, marine products and biomass (including marine resources) for energy, environment, and high added value products such as materials and chemicals, including novel farming systems, bio-processes and bio-refinery concepts; bio-catalysis; forestry and forest based products and processes; environmental remediation and cleaner processing.

- Life sciences, biotechnology and chemistry for sustainable non-food products and processes: Improved crops, feed-stocks, marine products and biomass (including marine resources) for energy, environment, and high added value products such as materials and chemicals, including new engineering methods for bio-producer or bio-catalytic strains and organisms, novel farming systems, bio-processes and bio-refinery concepts; bio-catalysis, bio-degradation and bio-remediation; forestry and forest based products and processes; environmental remediation and cleaner processing. In view of potential competition among end-uses of agriculture and wood products, particular attention will be devoted to the optimization of the system to ensure the compatibility of food, energy and raw materials production.

Amendment 125

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Objective"

To enable Europe to master and shape the future developments of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) so that the demands of its society and economy are met. Activities will strengthen Europe’s scientific and technology base in ICT, help drive and stimulate innovation through ICT use and ensure that ICT progress is rapidly transformed into benefits for Europe’s citizens, businesses, industry and governments.

To enable Europe to master and shape the future developments of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) so that the demands of its society and economy are met and the competitiveness of European industry is improved. Activities will strengthen Europe’s scientific and technology base and ensure its global leadership in ICT, help drive and stimulate product and process innovation and creativity through ICT use and ensure that ICT progress is rapidly transformed into benefits for Europe’s businesses, industry, and, in the final analysis, for all citizens, especially those at risk of social exclusion such as people with disabilities, older people, or those with particular difficulties as regards access to ICT. The priority will be considered to lie in reducing the digital divide. ICT will be the core of the knowledge-based society.

Amendment 126

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1

Information and Communication Technologies are critical to Europe’s future and underpin the realisation of the Lisbon agenda. Half of the productivity gains in our economies are explained by the impact of ICT on products, services and business processes. ICT is the leading factor in boosting innovation and creativity and in mastering change in value chains across industry and service sectors. ICT is essential to meet the rise in demand for health and social care and to modernise services in domains of public interest such as education, learning, security, energy, transport and the environment. And ICT is catalytic in the advance of other fields of science and technology as it transforms the way researchers conduct their research, co-operate and innovate.

Information and Communication Technologies are critical to Europe’s future and underpin the realisation of the Lisbon agenda. Half of the productivity gains in our economies are explained by the impact of ICT on products, services and business processes. ICT is the leading factor in boosting innovation and creativity and in mastering change in value chains across industry and service sectors. ICT will promote accessibility and transparency of governance and policy development processes. ICT is essential to meet the rise in demand for health and social care, accounted for primarily by older people and people suffering from some form of disability, and to modernise services in domains of public interest such as education, learning, security, energy, transport and the environment. ICT plays an important role in RTD management and communication and is catalytic in the advance of other fields of science and technology as it transforms the way researchers conduct their research, co-operate and innovate.

Amendment 127

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2

The escalating economic and societal demands, together with the continued mainstreaming of ICT and the need to push further the technology limits set a growing agenda for research. To bring technology closer to people and organisational needs means: hiding technology complexity and revealing functionality on demand; making technology very simple to use, available and affordable; providing new ICT-based applications, solutions and services that are trusted, reliable, and adaptable to the users’ context and preferences. Driven by the demand of more-for-less, ICT researchers are involved in a global race to achieve further miniaturisation, to master the convergence of computing, communications and media technologies, and the convergence with other relevant sciences and disciplines, and to build systems that are able to learn and evolve. From these diverse efforts a new wave of technologies is emerging. ICT research activities will also draw on a broader range of scientific and technological disciplines including bio- and life sciences, psychology, pedagogy, cognitive and social sciences.

The escalating economic and societal demands, together with the continued mainstreaming of ICT and the need to push further the technology limits as well as to develop innovative high-value ICT-based products and services set a growing agenda for research. To bring technology closer to people and organisational needs means: hiding technology complexity and making technology functional; making technology very simple to use, available and affordable; providing new ICT-based applications, solutions and services that are trusted, reliable, and adaptable to the users’ context and preferences. Current ICT research focuses on miniaturisation, mastering convergence of computing, communications and media technologies, including system interoperability, and convergence with other relevant sciences and disciplines, and on building systems that are able to learn and evolve. From these diverse efforts a new wave of technologies is emerging. ICT research activities will also contribute to a broader range of scientific and technological disciplines including biology, chemistry and life sciences, psychology, pedagogy, cognitive and social sciences, and the humanities. ICT does not simply produce new technologies. ICT is directly involved in development. The service sector, which is experiencing strong growth, still possesses considerable potential through a greater focus on the interconnection between service provision and ICT.

Justification

System interoperability will facilitate convergence and compatibility, thus enhancing the efficiency of information and communication technologies.

Chemistry can give a strong boost to ICT technologies and can substantially benefit from them for the competitiveness; so research projects, which join chemistry and ICT, can be very fruitful.

SMEs constitute the engines of Europe’s future prosperity and are the only job creation machine Europe has. Strong SME involvement in the Seventh Framework Programme must be secured to achieve the Lisbon Agenda.

There is a need to emphasise the knock-on effects of ICT technology on growth, development and employment in all sectors and thus focus on technology's use to society and not only on technology itself.

Amendment 128

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2 a (new)

 

ICT research activity based on the 'open source' development model is proving its utility as a source of innovation and increasing collaboration. It is worthwhile exploring whether this model for cooperation and innovation could also prove useful for other Framework Programme activities.

Justification

As applied to software, the open source development model is based on community collaboration with widespread dissemination, access and ability to reuse the results with minimal restrictions This development model encourages examination, peer review, reuse, customisation and improvement of the software developed and released in an open source community. Open source development is a major vector for innovation in the ICT sector, contributing both to technological advancement and increased competition. European enterprises both large and small, universities and individual developers are among the world’s primary contributors to open source software development.

Amendment 129

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies" subtitle "Rationale" paragraph 2 b (new)

 

ICT research should not endorse one sole business model over others. It is important that a wide choice of models remain available for commercialisation of the research output.

Justification

There is a need to reinforce the technology neutrality principle.

Amendment 130

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 4

The ICT research activities will be closely articulated with policy actions for ICT deployment and with regulatory measures within a comprehensive and holistic strategy. Priorities have been set following extensive consultations including input from a series of European Technology Platforms and industrial initiatives in areas such as nano-electronics, embedded systems, mobile communications, electronic media, robotics and software, services and Grids.

The ICT research activities will be closely articulated with policy actions for ICT deployment and with regulatory measures within a comprehensive and holistic strategy. Priorities have been set following extensive consultations including input from a series of European Technology Platforms and industrial initiatives in areas such as nano-electronics, embedded systems, mobile communications, electronic media, photonics, robotics and software, including Free, Libre and Open Source Software, services and Grids.

Justification

The European Technology Platform on Photonics should not be disregarded.

EU companies are global leaders in development and maintenance of Open Source Software (often referred to as FLOSS) ; the continuation of the support of the FP is crucial for this sector to keep its leadership.

Amendment 131

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 'Information and Communication Technologies', subtitle 'Activities', bullet 1, indent 1

Nano-electronics, photonics and integrated micro/nano-systems. pushing the limits of miniaturisation, integration, variety and density; increasing performance and manufacturability at lower cost; facilitating incorporation of ICT in range of applications; interfaces; upstream research requiring exploration of new concepts.

Micro-, nano- and optoelectronics, photonics, mathematics, and integrated micro/nano-systems. pushing the limits of miniaturisation, integration, variety and density; increasing performance and manufacturability at lower cost; facilitating incorporation of ICT in range of applications; interfaces; upstream research requiring exploration of new concepts.

Justification

Micro- and opto-electronics are basic technologies for novel components and systems and key requirements for new solutions in ICT. Mathematical modelling and scientific computing play a fundamental but often invisible role in complex industrial technologies. The language of modelling and abstraction is mathematics which enables to direct this complexity to innovation. Virtual labs are mathematical tools to improve materials and production processes, but also the development of environment and economies without expensive practical experiments. Europe has a very strong position in applied mathematics as key technology with broad impact on diverse fields such like the design and production of modern steels or the proper deployment of networks for mobile phones.

Amendment 132

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 3

- Embedded systems, computing and control: powerful, secure and distributed computing and communication systems that are embedded in objects and physical infrastructures and that can control and adapt to their environment.

- Embedded systems, computing, storage and control: powerful, secure and distributed computing, storage and communication systems that are embedded in objects and physical infrastructures and that can control and adapt to their environment.

Justification

The development of new storage systems and techniques permits the amelioration of embedded systems.

Amendment 133

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 6

Simulation, visualisation, interaction and mixed realities: tools for innovative design and creativity in products, services and digital media, and for natural, language-enabled and context-rich interaction and communication.

Simulation, visualisation, interaction and mixed realities: tools for innovative design, decision-making support and creativity in products, services and digital media, and for natural, language-enabled and context-rich interaction and communication.

Justification

It is important to promote the use of ICT for business management.

Amendment 134

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 6 a (new)

 

- the transition towards 4th generation mobile systems and beyond, and related breakthrough technologies in digital transmissions and antennas

Justification

4th generation systems reached a good level of studies and definition in the Japanese context. Europe has accumulated some delay on the path to 4th generation

Amendment 135

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 6 b (new)

 

- Optical switching and related network control capabilities.

Justification

New Optical Technologies open great opportunities for the European industry. Control capabilities are of fundamental interest for the network Operators, because enable them to create new service configurations.

Amendment 136

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, last paragraph after indents

New perspectives in ICT drawing on other science and technology disciplines, including insights from physics, biotechnologies, materials- and life-sciences, for miniaturisation of ICT devices to sizes compatible and interacting with living organisms, to increase performance of systems engineering and information processing, and for modelling and simulation of the living world.

New perspectives in ICT drawing on other science and technology disciplines, including insights from physics, biotechnologies, materials- and life-sciences, mathematics, for miniaturisation of ICT devices to sizes compatible and interacting with living organisms, to increase performance of systems engineering and information processing, and for modelling and simulation of the living world. Sustainability issues must also be addressed in this area particularly in the field of electronics (less use of materials, energy consumption, recycling and waste, 'end of life' approaches)

Justification

Sustainability issues are becoming increasingly important for the field of electronics and related European legislation. Implementation of the Commission directives requires an approach based on the entire life cycle of products as well as reliable data and methods for a design for environment specifically matched to the distinctive features of the electronics sector.Mathematical modelling and scientific computing play a fundamental but often invisible role in complex industrial technologies. The language of modelling and abstraction is mathematics which enables to direct this complexity to innovation. Virtual labs are mathematical tools to improve materials and production processes, but also the development of environment and economies without expensive practical experiments. Europe has a very strong position in applied mathematics as key technology with broad impact on diverse fields such like the design and production of modern steels or the proper deployment of networks for mobile phones.

Amendment 137

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 3

–  Robotic systems: advanced autonomous systems; cognition, control, action skills, natural interaction; miniaturisation.

–  Robotic systems: advanced autonomous systems; cognition, control, action skills, natural interaction and cooperation, miniaturisation.

Justification

The term 'cooperation' makes particular reference to the industrial utilisation of robotic systems both in the services and in the manufacturing sector and should therefore be mentioned.

Amendment 138

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 1, introductory part

– ICT meeting societal challenges: New systems and services in areas of public interest improving quality, efficiency, access and inclusiveness; user friendly applications, integration of new technologies and initiatives such as ambient assisted living.

– ICT meeting societal challenges: New systems and services in areas of public interest improving quality, efficiency, social inclusiveness, including accessibility for the disabled; user friendly applications, integration of new technologies and initiatives such as ambient assisted living.

Amendment 139

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 1, sub-indent -1 (new)

 

- New business models for ICT: conceive and define new business models for ICT by working jointly with those themes where ICT will play a fundamental role in changing the approach to production and services (e.g. transport, health, energy, environment). [The Projects originated through this joint Research should be tested in specific situations. The joint efforts should be supported through the cross thematic approach mentioned in Annex 1.]

Justification

New opportunities are arising for ICT in conjunction with the emerging socio-economical-environmental problems. In particular, transport, health, energy sector may benefit by a diffuse application of the ICT technologies. In order to make possible these new applications, new business models and value chains have to be defined to encourage investments in the related innovation initiatives.

Amendment 140

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 1, sub-indent 1

- for health, improving disease prevention, early diagnosis and personalisation; autonomy, safety and mobility of patients; health information space for knowledge discovery.;

- for health, improving disease prevention, early diagnosis and personalisation; autonomy, safety and mobility of patients; health information space for knowledge discovery; knowledge management, including rationalisation of health expenditure.

Justification

The efficiency and effectiveness of health systems are measured inter alia by means of knowledge management and the capacity of various levels of government to manage spending capacity, service quality and information flows using models for monitoring, assessment and control.

Amendment 141

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3, "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 1, sub-indent 3

– for mobility; intelligent ICT-based transportation systems and vehicles enabling people and goods to move safely, comfortably and efficiently.

 

– for mobility; intelligent ICT-based transportation systems and vehicles and vessels enabling people and goods to move safely, comfortably and efficiently and in an environment-friendly way.

Justification

In addition to the fact that ICT can make mobility safer and more comfortable, we must not forget that they also have a key ecological role to play in reducing the large-scale pollution, now being caused by transport systems.

The addition of the word 'vessel' renders more inclusive the description of the activity.

Amendment 142

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation" , theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 1, sub-indent 5

– for governments; efficiency, openness and accountability, for a world-class public administration and links to citizens and businesses, supporting democracy.

– for governments, regional and local authorities and cities; efficiency, openness and accountability, for a world-class public administration and links to citizens and businesses, supporting democracy.

Justification

Research and demonstration projects are needed to determine what policies and strategies are most practical and effective for cities to play their role in stimulating ICT use and to facilitate stronger local contribution to the modernisation of the services provided for European citizens and businesses and in public interest domains such as education, learning, security.

Governments, regional and local authorities must provide first class services to citizens under their jurisdiction.

Amendment 143

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3. "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 1, sub-indent 5 a (new)

for security; following the guidelines indicated in the 'Security' and 'Space' themes.

Justification

The list would not look complete without reference to Security, although this theme is covered in another section of the Framework Programme.

Amendment 144

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 1, sub-indent 5 b (new)

 

- exploitation of works or services open to the public: design and development of study simulators for crisis situations of natural origin (natural disasters) or human origin (attacks, terrorism, etc.).

Justification

ICTs can make a useful contribution to preventing and reacting effectively in crisis situations of natural or human origin affecting works and services open to the public.

Amendment 145

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 2, sub-indent -1 (new)

 

- ICT-based systems to support transfer and their application to cultural heritage resources.

Justification

The transfer of ICT applications into an important sector for Europe, the cultural sector, which tends to react conventionally and less rapidly to new technological opportunities, is of great significance for European competitiveness and helps support SMUs and the creation of new, non-exportable jobs. The swift penetration of all sectors by means of ICT is a European objective.

Amendment 146

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3, "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 2, sub-indent 1

– new media paradigms and new forms of content; creation of interactive digital content; enriched user experiences; cost-effective content delivery.

– new media paradigms and new forms of content; creation of interactive digital content accessible to all; enriched user experiences; cost-effective content delivery.

Amendment 147

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 2, sub-indent 2

- technology-enhanced learning; adaptive and contextualised learning solutions; active learning;

- technology-enhanced learning, including transfer of knowledge and experience; adaptive and conceptualised learning solutions; active learning;

Justification

In those sectors of the economy which are finding it difficult to replenish their workforce, particularly the construction industry, it is all the more vital to develop information and communication support to promote the transfer of knowledge and experience in the context of initial and continuing training.

Amendment 148

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3, "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 2, sub-indent 3

– ICT-based systems to support accessibility and use over time of digital cultural resources and assets, in a multilingual environment

– ICT-based systems to support accessibility and use over time of digital cultural (and scientific) resources and assets, in a multilingual and multicultural environment

Justification

The Union’s diversity cannot and must not exclude multiculturalism, which is one of our great assets.

Amendment 149

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 3, sub-indent 2

– Manufacturing: rapid and adaptive design, production and delivery of highly customised goods; digital and virtual production; modelling, simulation and presentation tools; miniature and integrated ICT products;

– Manufacturing, including traditional industries: rapid and adaptive design, production and delivery of highly customised goods; digital and virtual production; modelling, simulation and presentation tools; miniature and integrated ICT products; ICT-based improvements to industrial processes;

Justification

Mathematical modelling and scientific computing play a fundamental but often invisible role in complex industrial technologies. The language of modelling and abstraction is mathematics which enables to direct this complexity to innovation. Virtual labs are mathematical tools to improve materials and production processes, but also the development of environment and economies without expensive practical experiments. Europe has a very strong position in applied mathematics as key technology with broad impact on diverse fields such like the design and production of modern steels or the proper deployment of networks for mobile phones.

Traditional industries still play a key role in the Union and must consequently not be excluded from the process of adapting to new information and communication technologies.

Amendment 150

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 3, sub-indent 2 a (new)

 

- Monitoring business management and performance in real time through efficient and productive support for managerial decisions, and data tracing, gathering and processing.

Justification

It is important to promote the use of ICT for business management.

Amendment 151

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 3 a (new)

 

- ICT supporting the built heritage.

Justification

In France, 70% of the assets of individuals is in the form of buildings. And Europe-wide, the proportion is probably similar. It is vital to preserve the value of this common heritage, including through the support of information and communication technologies (for example, by developing identity cards for buildings).

Amendment 152

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3. "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 4

– ICT for trust and confidence: identity management; authentication and authorization; privacy enhancing technologies; rights and asset management; protection against cyber threats.

– ICT for trust and confidence: identity management; authentication and authorization; privacy enhancing technologies; rights and asset management; based on interoperability and open standards; protection of privacy against cyber threats; monitoring of security/privacy critical issues.

Justification

Privacy risks to be overlooked unless a specific committee is created in order to secure it along the way; the JRC is the EU body that looks entitled to take the initiative of a committee as it covered the Security/Privacy issue extensively over the past years.

European businesses need interoperability safeguards and open standards to fully benefit from identity management solutions. These safeguards avoid undesirable restrictions of free competition, both for software and hardware solution providers. The precise object which gets protection by identity management against cyber threats is privacy

Amendment 153

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", subtitle "Activities", bullet 4

Future and Emerging Technologies: to support research at the frontier of knowledge in core ICTs and in their combination with other relevant areas and disciplines; to nurture novel ideas and radically new uses and to explore new options in ICT research roadmaps.

Future and Emerging Technologies: to support research at the frontier of knowledge in core ICTs and in their combination with other relevant areas and disciplines; to nurture novel ideas, such as quantum information technology, and radically new uses and to explore new options in ICT research roadmaps.

Justification

Quantum information technology is an important example of forward- looking research in the ICT sector. Europe's worldwide lead should be further expanded.

Amendment 154

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 4, "Nanosciences, nanotechnologies, materials and new production technologies", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1 a (new)

 

Particular attention will be paid to disseminating research findings so as to make them accessible to businesses, especially SMEs, and to society in general.

Justification

It is essential for knowledge and advances in this field of research to be properly publicised so as to enable businesses, especially SMEs, to reap the benefits as well as bringing science closer to society.

Amendment 155

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 4 "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3

European Technology Platforms in fields such as nanoelectronics, manufacturing, steel, chemistry, the transport industry, construction, industrial safety, textiles, pulp and paper help establish common research priorities and targets. In addition to industry relevant priorities and their integration for sectoral applications,, the relevant policy, regulatory and standardisation, and impact issues will be addressed, including by responding flexibly to new policy needs that arise.

European Technology Platforms in fields such as nanoelectronics, nanomedicine, photonics, manufacturing, power generation, steel, chemistry, energy, minerals, the transport industry, construction, industrial safety, textiles, ceramics, pulp and paper help establish common research priorities and targets. In addition to industry relevant priorities and their integration for sectoral applications,, the relevant policy, regulatory and standardisation, and impact issues will be addressed, including by responding flexibly to new policy needs that arise.

Amendment 156

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 4 " Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies ", subtitle "Activities"

Nanoscience, nanotechnologies

– Generating new knowledge on interface and size dependent phenomena; nano-scale control of material properties for new applications; integration of technologies at the nano-scale; self-assembling properties; nano-motors; nano-machines and nano-systems; methods and tools for characterisation and manipulation at nano dimensions; nano and high-precision technologies in chemistry; impact on human safety, health and the environment; metrology, nomenclature and standards; exploration of new concepts and approaches for sectoral applications, including the integration and convergence of emerging technologies.

Nanoscience, nanotechnologies

– Generating new knowledge on interface and size dependent phenomena; nano-scale control of material properties for new applications; integration of technologies at the nano-scale; self-assembling properties; nano-motors; nano-optics, nano-biotechnology, nano-machines and nano-systems; nanovectors; methods and tools for characterisation and manipulation at nano dimensions; nano and high-precision technologies in chemistry for the manufacture of basic materials and components; nanomedicine, such as regenerative medicine targeted drug delivery and release, and nanodiagnostics including imaging; implications of nanosciences for life sciences; nano-sustainability and nano-reliability, human and animal safety and health, the food chain and the environment, specifically in view of the possibility of a direct interaction of nano-particles with genetic materials of living cells; metrology, monitoring and sensing, nomenclature and standards; exploration of new concepts and approaches for sectoral applications, including the integration and convergence of emerging technologies.

Materials

- Generating new knowledge on high-performance materials for new products and processes; knowledge-based materials with tailored properties; more reliable design and simulation; higher complexity; environmental compatibility; integration of nano-molecular-macro levels in the chemical technology and materials processing industries; new nano-materials, bio-materials and hybrid materials, including design and control of their processing.

Materials

- Generating new knowledge on high-performance materials, particularly composites, intelligent materials and materials with multifunctional surfaces for multiple applications, as well as for the repair/retrofitting of existing ones; knowledge-based materials with tailored properties; more reliable design and simulation; higher complexity; environmental compatibility; integration of nano-molecular-macro levels in the chemical technology and materials processing industries; new nano-materials, bio-materials, metamaterials, materials inspired by the biological world (biomimicry) and hybrid materials, including design and control of their processing; design or improvement of materials helping to reduce emissions during their life cycle.
Materials with new properties are key to the future competitiveness of European industry and the basis for technical progress in many areas such as health, electronics, energy, transportation and security. This key area with high relevance across many technologies at the core of Europe’s industrial competence should be particularly strengthened.

New production

- Creating conditions and assets for knowledge-intensive production, including construction, development and validation of new paradigms responding to emerging industrial needs; development of generic production assets for adaptive, networked and knowledge-based production; development of new engineering concepts exploiting the convergence of technologies (eg, nano, bio, info, cognitive and their engineering requirements) for the next generation of high value-added products and services, and adaptation to the changing needs.

New production

– Creating conditions and assets for knowledge-intensive production, including construction, development and validation of new paradigms responding to emerging industrial needs; development of generic production assets for adaptive, networked and knowledge-based production, (including composites and engineering of bio-producer and biocatalytic strains); development of new engineering concepts exploiting the convergence of technologies (eg, nano, bio, geo, info, optical, cognitive and their engineering requirements) for the next generation of high value-added products and services, and adaptation to the changing needs; implementation of high-throughput production technologies; encouraging production technologies with lower impact on CO² emissions.

Integration of technologies for industrial applications

- Integrating new knowledge and technologies on nano, materials and production in sectoral and cross sectoral applications such as: health, construction, transport, energy, chemistry, environment, textiles and clothing, pulp and paper, mechanical engineering.

Integration of technologies for industrial applications

- Integrating new knowledge and technologies (e. g. mathematical approaches and tools, eco-technologies), on nano, materials and production in sectoral and cross sectoral applications such as: health, construction, ceramics, transport, energy, chemistry, minerals, environment, footwear, textiles and clothing, pulp and paper, mechanical engineering, steel.

Justification

In nanosciences, new materials and production technologies (NMP) Europe has strong scientific and industrial competence. These areas are highly relevant to Europe’s technology leadership, offer excellent employment and export performance potential, and outstanding leverage for FP7 to make a contribution towards growth and employment. Vast oversubscription in the NMP thematic priority calls of FP6 (rejection rates up to 90 % - discouraging participation, curtailing potential) are a clear indication that these areas need disproportionally higher funding.

Amendment 157

Annex I, Chapter 1 "Cooperation", theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Objective"

Transforming the current fossil-fuel based energy system into a more sustainable one based on a diverse portfolio of energy sources and carriers combined with enhanced energy efficiency, to address the pressing challenges of security of supply and climate change, whilst increasing the competitiveness of Europe’s energy industries.

Transforming the current fossil-fuel based energy system into the most sustainable and energy efficient economy in the world by 2020, based on a diverse portfolio of energy sources and carriers, with particular attention being paid to less and non-CO2 emitting energy sources, combined with enhanced energy efficiency, energy conservation and reduction of the greenhouse effect to address the pressing challenges of security of supply and climate change, whilst increasing the competitiveness of Europe’s energy industries

Amendment 158

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1

Energy systems are confronted with major challenges. The urgency to develop adequate and timely solutions is justified by the alarming trends in global energy demand (predicted to rise by 60% in the next 30 years), the need to curb dramatically emissions of greenhouse gases to mitigate the devastating consequences of climate change, the damaging volatility of oil prices (in particular for the transport sector which is heavily oil dependent) and geopolitical instability in supplier regions. Research and demonstration are needed to provide the most environmentally and cost effective technologies and measures enabling the EU to meet its targets under the Kyoto Protocol and beyond and to implement its energy policy commitments, as described in the 2000 Green Paper on the security of energy supply.

Energy systems are confronted with major challenges. The urgency to identify and develop adequate and timely solutions is justified by the alarming scenarios in global energy demand the finite nature of conventional oil and natural gas reserves and the need to curb dramatically emissions of greenhouse gases to mitigate the devastating consequences of climate change, the damaging volatility of oil prices (in particular for the transport sector which is heavily oil dependent) and geopolitical instability in supplier regions. Energy research is an important contribution towards ensuring affordable energy costs for our citizens and industries. Research and demonstration are needed to provide the most environmentally and cost effective technologies, create safer applications for nuclear energy in Europe and the rest of the world, and provide measures enabling the EU to meet its targets under the Kyoto Protocol and beyond and to implement its energy policy commitments, as described in the 2005 Green Paper on Energy Efficiency and in the 2000 Green Paper on the security of energy supply.

Justification

It is worth mentioning the 2005 Green Paper on Energy Efficiency.

Nuclear energy remains an essential part in our energy supply and thus on the European energy agenda. Therefore it is necessary to create safer and more durable applications of nuclear energy.

The growth of energy demand must be seen in the context of increasingly scarce resources and climate change.

Amendment 159

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2

has developed world leadership in a number of energy technologies. It is the pioneer in modern renewable energy technologies, such as bio-energy and wind energy. The EU is also a global competitor in power generation and distribution technologies and has a strong research capability in the area of carbon capture and sequestration. These positions, however, are under severe threat from competition (in particular from the US and Japan).

Europe has developed world leadership in a number of energy generation and energy efficiency technologies. It is the pioneer in modern renewable energy technologies, such as solar energy, bio-energy and wind energy. The EU is also a global competitor in power generation and distribution technologies and has a strong research capability in the area of carbon capture and sequestration. These positions, however, are now facing competition (in particular from the US and Japan). The efforts of Europe’s industrial sector in developing less polluting production techniques should therefore be encouraged by specific research projects.

Amendment 160

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3

Radically transforming the energy system requires new technologies with risks that are too high and the benefits too uncertain for private firms to provide all the investment needed for research, development, demonstration and deployment. Public support should therefore play a key role in mobilising private investment and European efforts and resources should be combined in a coherent and more effective manner, to compete with economies that are investing heavily and consistently in similar technologies. European technology platforms play a vital role in this regard, by mobilising the necessary research effort in a coordinated manner. The activities to meet the objective are set out below. A specific activity on knowledge for energy policy making is included which may also provide support to new policy needs that emerge, for example relating to the role of European energy policy in the developments of international climate change actions, and instabilities or disruptions in energy supply and price.

Radically transforming the energy system into a less- or non-CO2 emitting reliable, competitive and sustainable energy system requires new materials and new technologies with risks that are too high and the profits too uncertain for private firms to provide all the investment needed for research, development, demonstration and deployment. Public support should therefore play a key role in mobilising private investment and European efforts and resources should be combined in a coherent and more effective manner, to compete with economies that are investing heavily and consistently in similar technologies. European technology platforms play a vital role in this regard, by mobilising the necessary research effort in a coordinated manner. The activities to meet the objective are set out below. A specific activity on knowledge for energy policy making is included which may also provide support to new policy needs that emerge, for example relating to the role of European energy policy in the developments of international climate change actions, and instabilities or disruptions in energy supply and price.

Amendment 161

Annex I, Chapter I. "Cooperation", theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1

Integrated action to provide a strong technological foundation for competitive EU fuel cell and hydrogen industries, for stationary, portable and transport applications. The Hydrogen and Fuel Cells European Technology Platform helps this activity by proposing an integrated research and deployment strategy.

Integrated action to provide a strong technological foundation for competitive EU fuel cell and hydrogen industries, for stationary, portable and transport applications. The Hydrogen and Fuel Cells European Technology Platform helps this activity by proposing an integrated research and deployment strategy, and organization of the system of production, collection and treatment of biomasses for direct hydrogen production.

Justification

This technology appears extremely promising to provide even in short times hydrogen at a competitive level in terms of price and quantity.

Amendment 162

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 5, "Energy", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2

Technologies to increase overall conversion efficiency, driving down the cost of electricity production from indigenous renewable energy sources, and the development and the demonstration of technologies suited to different regional conditions.

Technologies to increase overall conversion efficiency, driving down the cost of electricity production from indigenous renewable energy sources, including waste, and the development and the demonstration of technologies suited to different regional conditions.

Justification

It is necessary here to specify and allow for the energy generation potential of the ‘biodegradable fraction of waste’.

Amendment 163

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation" , subtitle theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3

Integrated conversion technologies: to develop and drive down the unit cost of solid, liquid and gaseous (including hydrogen) fuels produced from renewable energy sources, aiming at the cost-effective production and use of carbon-neutral fuels, in particular liquid biofuels for transport.

Integrated conversion technologies: to develop and drive down the unit cost of solid, liquid and gaseous (including hydrogen) fuels produced from renewable energy sources, including energy crops, biomass, and waste, aiming at the cost-effective production, storage, distribution and use of carbon-neutral fuels, in particular liquid biofuels for transport, including energy crops specifically optimised by plant breeding using classic as well as biotechnological methods, and electricity generation.

Justification

The complete value should be included. Crops specifically optimized for energy use will dramatically improve efficiencies and thus competitiveness of alternative energy supply. They will help opening up new markets and thus opportunities for investment, specialisation and growth of European agriculture and in rural areas.

It is worth researching these activities given the hazardous nature of hydrogen. Furthermore, they fit logically into the product cycle.

Amendment 164

Annexe I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Activities", bullet 4

Technologies to increase efficiencies and drive down the costs of heating and cooling from renewable energy sources, ensuring their use in different regional conditions.

Technologies and infrastructures to increase efficiencies and drive down the costs of heating and cooling from renewable energy sources, ensuring their use in different regional conditions.

Justification

District and local heating systems for heating/cooling are one means of increasing the proportion of renewable energies substantially and thereby helping to cut costs.

Amendment 165

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Activities", bullet 5, title and paragraph

CO2 capture and storage technologies for zero emission power generation

CO2 capture and storage technologies and technologies of transformation for use as raw materials for zero emission power generation

To drastically reduce the environmental impact of fossil fuel use aiming at highly efficient power generation plants with near zero emissions, based on CO2 capture and storage technologies.

To drastically reduce the adverse environmental impact of fossil fuel use aiming at highly efficient power and/or steam generation plants with near zero emissions, based on CO2 capture and storage technologies and technologies of transformation, in particular underground storage , and CO2 enriched atmosphere to enhance vegetal organisms' growth.

Amendment 166

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Activities", bullet 6, title and paragraph

Clean coal technologies

Clean Coal and other Fossil Fuels technologies

To substantially improve plant efficiency, reliability and cost through development and demonstration of clean coal conversion technologies.

To substantially improve plant efficiency, reliability and cost through development and demonstration of clean energy conversion technologies based on coal and other fossil fuels, gaseous or liquid process fuels and alternative fuels also introducing advanced chemical conversion technologies for energy, heat, chemicals and fuel production.

Amendment 167

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Activities", bullet 7

To increase the efficiency, safety and reliability of the European electricity and gas systems and networks e.g. by transforming the current electricity grids into an interactive (customers/operators) service network and to remove obstacles to the large-scale deployment and effective integration of distributed and renewable energy sources.

To increase the efficiency, safety and reliability of the European electricity and gas systems and networks e.g. by transforming the current electricity grids into an interactive (customers/operators) service network, by developing energy storage options, removing obstacles and by developing intelligent metering systems managed by remote. To remove obstacles to the large-scale deployment and effective integration of distributed and renewable energy sources. To develop storage options not covered under the topic 'Hydrogen and fuel cells'. Concepts and technologies to improve the efficiency and cost-benefit ratio of heating and cooling networks:. To develop integrated technologies/concepts for the purposes of supply using heating and cooling networks and to promote the integration of renewable energy sources into heating and cooling networks.

Justification

The develop of metering remotely management systems are essential to reach the EU’s purpose to increase the efficiency, safety and reliability of the European electricity and gas systems and networks

Research on further Storage options plays an important role for realizing an increasing share of renewable energies.

Smart energy networks should encompass all kinds of activities including local heating and cooling which should be treated on an equal footing with electricity and gas networks. Increased efficiency, safety and reliability of networks also involve network management.

The development of storage options for electricity is important, particularly for electricity generated from wind power. Hydrogen and fuels cells are, among others, a storage options.

Amendment 168

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation"theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Activities", - bullet 8

New concepts and technologies to improve energy efficiency and savings for buildings, services and industry. This includes the integration of strategies and technologies for energy efficiency, the use of new and renewable energy technologies and energy demand management.

New concepts and technologies to improve energy efficiency, for example in lighting, and to reduce further final and primary energy consumption of buildings, taking into account the life cycle of buildings and of building works, transport systems, services and industry. This includes the integration of strategies and technologies for energy efficiency (e.g. cogeneration), the use of new consumption-related and renewable energy technologies and energy demand management measures, e.g. in the form of flexible electricity consumption, and energy use management measures such as individual metering systems managed remotely.

Justification

In Europe's energy system, losses in the supply chain from primary energy conversion to delivery to the final customer are today twice as big as the amount of end-energy consumed. Therefore efforts should not focus on kWh but on primary energy saved. A system approach should encompass the entire supply chain from energy conversion to the final customers. Any approach based on environmental performance and the energy efficiency of buildings should take into account the life cycle specific to the built environment.

New conceptions and technologies should concern not only on energy saving by end energy consumers, but also should focus on most efficient use of primary energy in fuel.

Cogeneration is the only one technology used commonly, which allows to process the primary energy in useful heat and electric energy, with efficiency of often more than 90%.

Technology of cogeneration, among other things, because of implementation of Directive 2004/8/EC (The 'CHP'), will be used in wider scale in Europe.

This is the reason why activities for searching for more operational solutions should be supported, because with common use of this technology, primary energy saving in Europe can be very much valuable.

In France, 70% of the assets of individuals is in the form of buildings. And Europe-wide, the proportion is probably similar. It is vital to preserve the value of this common heritage, including through the support of information and communication technologies (for example, by developing identity cards for buildings).

To hugely improve energy efficiency and savings in e.g. buildings, Solid State Lighting (SSL, Light Emitting Diodes and Lasers) offers major new opportunities. According to the Vision paper of the recently launched ETP Photonics, aggressive introduction of SSL can save Europe 40,000 megawatt in electrical peak power supply or an equivalent of 2 billion barrels of oil and 50 million tonnes CO2 per year by 2015.

The develop of demand management measures such as individual metering systems managed by remote could improve energy efficiency and energy saving through the offer of different rates to customers, lower peak demand and improve the security of supply.

New energy savings systems will not in themselves promote more intelligent and better targeted use of energy sources as a whole. It is therefore necessary to promote not only energy demand management but also rational use of energy through sustainable management of energy use by individual organisations.

Amendment 169

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 5 "Energy", subtitle "Activities", bullet 9

Development of tools, methods and models to assess the main economic and social issues related to energy technologies and to provide quantifiable targets and scenarios for medium and long term horizons;

Development of tools, methods and models to assess the main economic and social issues related to energy technologies and to provide quantifiable targets and scenarios for medium and long term horizons; the development of policy tools for a significant acceleration of the implementation of new energy efficiency, demand side management and renewable energy concepts and technologies.

Amendment 170

Annex 1, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 5, "Energy", subtitle "Activities", bullet 9 a (new)

 

Polygeneration

Development of end user-oriented integrated energy systems, highly efficient in overall terms, aimed at tapping the best available environment-friendly energy sources. Improvement and development of new forms of energy storage. Network connection management for the above systems in order to improve overall efficiency and the quality of service.

Justification

Given the advances in polygeneration, it is likely that the efficiency of energy conversion processes will rise substantially, renewable or relatively clean energy sources will be used on a massive scale, the products of the above processes (environmentally more friendly than conventional thermoelectric generation) will be incorporated inton the electricity network, and infrastructure costs will be cut, the end effect of which will be to enhance competitiveness. That is why we consider it essential to include polygeneration as a specific field for research, development, and demonstration.

Amendment 171

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6"Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Objective"

Sustainable management of the environment and its resources through advancing our knowledge on the interactions between the biosphere, ecosystems and human activities, and developing new technol ogies, tools and services, in order to address in an integrated way global environmental issues . Emphasis will be put on prediction of climate, ecological, earth and ocean systems changes; on tools and technologies for monitoring, prevention and mitigation of environmental pressures and risks including on health, as well as for the conservation of the natural and man-made environment.

 

Sustainable management of the environment and its resources through advancing our knowledge on the interactions between the climate, biosphere, ecosystems and human activities, knowledge on biodiversity and its sustainable use, and developing new technologies, tools and services, in order to address in an integrated way global environmental issues . Emphasis will be put on prediction of climate, ecological, earth and ocean systems changes; on tools and technologies for monitoring, prevention, mitigation and adaptation of environmental pressures and risks including on health, as well as for the conservation and recovery of the natural and man-made environment.

Justification

The importance of (both land and marine) biodiversity and its conservation is increasingly evident in a changing environment (major growth in the man-made environment, climate change, new land use, urban development etc.). Advancing knowledge in this field will make it possible to improve our understanding of differing ecosystems and their interaction, and thus to have a clearer idea of the changes linked to global change, with a view to achieving sustainable development at the service of citizens.

When considering interactions, terrestrial systems cannot be looked at in isolation since considerable feedback activity occurs between biosphere and atmosphere at global level as well as in topographically differentiated regions. This point is not covered by mentioning the climate in connection with the development of forecasting tools.

Some environmental pressures or risks may be difficult to reverse. Therefore ways of adapting such risks to reduce their impact on mankind and the environment should be investigated.

Although risk prevention is the main way for environmental protection, it is important to support also environmental recovery research projects, where that is necessary, considering that recovery requires long times, sophisticated technologies and a lot of care in interventions.

Amendment 172

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1

Environmental problems go beyond national frontiers and require a coordinated approach at a pan-European and often global level. Earth’s natural resources and the man-made environment are under intense pressures from growing population, urbanisation, continuous expansion of the agriculture, transport and energy sectors, as well as climate variability and warming at local, regional and global scales. Europe needs to engage in a new sustainable relationship with the environment while improving competitiveness and strengthening European industry. EU-wide cooperation is needed to attain critical mass given the scale, scope and high level of complexity of environmental research. It facilitates common planning, the use of connected and inter-operable databases, and the development of coherent and large scale observation and forecasting systems.

Environmental problems go beyond national frontiers and require a coordinated approach at a pan-European and often global level. Earth’s natural resources and the man-made environment are under intense pressures from growing population, urbanisation, continuous expansion of the agriculture, fishery, transport, construction and energy sectors, as well as climate variability and warming at local, regional and global scales. Europe needs to engage in a new sustainable relationship with the environment while improving competitiveness based on environmental friendly quality and strengthening European industry. EU-wide cooperation is needed to attain critical mass given the scale, scope and high level of complexity of environmental research. It facilitates common planning, the use of connected and inter-operable databases, and the development of coherent and large scale observation and forecasting systems.

Justification

Environmental requirements and technologies will improve the competitiveness of European industries as well as ensure a more sustainable future.

The construction sector is one major purveyor of emissions, and environmental pressures in general, in Europe

Amendment 173

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2

Research is needed at EU level for the implementation of international commitments such as the Kyoto protocol, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, the objectives of the World Summit on Sustainable Development 2002, including the EU Water Initiative, and contributions to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Earth Observation initiative. In addition there are significant research needs arising from existing and emerging EU level policies, the implementation of the 6th Environmental Action Plan and associated thematic strategies, the action plans on Environmental Technologies and Environment and Health, and Directives such as the Water Framework.

Research is needed at EU level for the implementation of international commitments such as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto protocol, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the objectives of the World Summit on Sustainable Development 2002, including the EU Water Initiative, contributions to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Earth Observation initiative and the forthcoming soil protection programme. In addition there are significant research needs arising from existing and emerging EU level policies, the implementation of the 6th Environmental Action Plan and associated thematic strategies, the action plans on Environmental Technologies and Environment and Health, and Directives such as the Water Framework, and actions for improving the mechanisms relating to conservation of the Natura 2000 network.

Amendment 174

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3

The EU needs to strengthen its position in world markets for environmental technologies. Such technologies help deliver sustainable growth providing eco-efficient solutions to environmental problems at different scales and protecting our cultural heritage. Environmental requirements act as a stimulus for innovation and can provide business opportunities. European Technology Platforms on water supply and sanitation and on sustainable chemistry confirm the need for EU level action and their research agendas are taken into consideration in the activities below. Other Platforms (e.g. on Construction and on Forestry) partially deal with environmental technology issues and are taken into consideration as well.

The EU needs to strengthen its position in world markets for environmental technologies. Such technologies contribute to sustainable consumption and production and, help deliver sustainable growth providing eco-efficient solutions to environmental problems at different scales and protecting our cultural and natural heritage. Environmental requirements act as a stimulus for innovation and can provide business opportunities and higher competitiveness while at the same time ensuring a more sustainable future for next generations. European Technology Platforms on water supply and sanitation and on sustainable chemistry confirm the need for EU level action and their research agendas are taken into consideration in the activities below. Other Platforms (e.g. on Construction and on Forestry) partially deal with environmental technology issues and are taken into consideration as well.

Amendment 175

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 1

- Pressures on environment and climate: Functioning of climate and the earth system; adaptation and mitigation measures; pollution in air, soil and water; changes in atmospheric composition and water cycle; interactions between climate, land surface and the ocean; and impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems.

- Pressures on environment and climate: Functioning of climate and the earth and marine systems, including the polar regions, adaptation and mitigation measures; pollution and prevention of pollution in air, soil and water; changes in atmospheric composition and water cycle; global and regional interactions between atmosphere, land surface and the ocean; and impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems, including the effects of the sea level rise on valuable coastal zones and coastal cities, and impacts on particularly sensitive areas such as coastal and mountainous regions.

Amendment 176

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 2

– Environment and health: Interaction of environmental stressors with human health including identification of sources, links to indoor environment, and impact and emerging risk factors; integrated risk assessment methods for toxic substances including alternatives to animal testing; quantification and cost-benefit analysis of environmental health risks and indicators for prevention strategies.

– Environment and health: Interaction of environmental stressors with human health including identification of sources, links to indoor environment, and impact and emerging risk factors; integrated risk assessment methods for toxic substances including engineered cells and other alternatives to animal testing; quantification and cost-benefit analysis of environmental health risks and indicators for prevention strategies.

Justification

Genome engineering allows complete rational re-engineering of cell lines. It allows erasing or substituting whole groups of genes, mimicking human metabolism of drugs or uptake.

Genome engineering of cell lines is also the key to applying high throughput screening to polygenic contexts.

Amendment 177

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 3

–  Natural hazards: Improve prediction and integrated hazards- vulnerability - and risks assessments for disasters related to geological hazards (such as earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis) and climate (such as storms and floods); develop early warning systems and improve prevention and mitigation strategies.

–  Natural hazards: Improve forecasting and integrated hazards- vulnerability - and risks assessments for disasters related to geological hazards (such as earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis) and climate (such as storms, frosts, drought, floods, conflagrations, avalanches, landslides, forest fires and other extreme phenomena) as well as phenomena provoked by such disasters; develop early warning systems and improve prevention and mitigation strategies; analyse the handling of natural hazards and disasters; draw up multirisk approaches focused on combining strategies for specific risks with comprehensible plans, procedures and protocols.

Amendment 178

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 1

- Conservation and sustainable management of natural and man-made resources: ecosystems; water resources management; waste management and prevention; protection and management of biodiversity, soil protection, seabed and coastal areas protection, approaches against desertification and land degradation; forest management; sustainable management and planning of urban environment, data management and information services; assessment and foresight relating to natural processes.

- Conservation and sustainable management of natural and man-made resources: ecosystems; water resources management; waste management and prevention; protection and management of biodiversity, including control of invasive alien species, soil remediation and protection, seabed, lagoons and coastal areas protection, approaches against desertification and land degradation, preservation of landscape; forest and mineral management; sustainable management and planning of urban environment, historic resources, cultural heritage and tourism, data management and information services; assessment and foresight relating to natural processes.

Amendment 179

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 1

- Environmental technologies for observation, prevention, mitigation, adaptation, remediation and restoration of the natural and man-made environment: related to water, climate, air, marine, urban and rural environment, soil, waste treatment, recycling, clean production processes, chemicals safety, protection of cultural heritage and of the built environment.

- Environmental technologies for observation, prevention, mitigation, adaptation, remediation and restoration of the natural and man-made environment: related to water, climate, air, marine, urban and rural environment, soil, energy, minerals, waste treatment, recycling, clean production processes and sustainable products, treatment and/or valuable reuse of residues or waste materials from energy production, chemicals safety, protection of cultural heritage and of the built environment.

Amendment 180

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation" theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 1 a (new)

 

- Protection, conservation and enhancement of cultural heritage, including human habitat: improved damage assessment for cultural heritage, development of innovative conservation strategies; fostering the integration of cultural heritage in the urban setting.

Justification

It is essential to have a specific paragraph on cultural heritage giving that it represents potential "raw materials" to be exploited, in terms of research, with the use of new technologies.

Amendment 181

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 2

- Technology assessment, verification and testing: Methods and tools for environmental risk and lifecycle assessment of processes, technologies and products; support for sustainable chemistry, water supply and sanitation Platforms; scientific and technological aspects of a future European environmental technologies verification and testing programme.

- Technology assessment, verification and testing: Methods and tools for environmental risk and lifecycle assessment of processes, technologies and products, including alternative testing strategies and in particular non-animal testing methods; support for sustainable chemistry, water supply and sanitation Platforms; scientific and technological aspects of a future European environmental technologies verification and testing programme, creation and dissemination of third-party assessment instruments.

Justification

In accordance with the requirements in the Protocol on the Protection and Welfare of Animals, Art.23 of Council Directive 86/609/EEC, Art. 7.2 (a) and (b) of the Sixth Community Environment Action Programme, and the objective of the proposed EU chemicals Regulation to promote non-animal testing, the development of alternative testing strategies and in particular non-animal test methods should be included here.

Improving environmental activities will undoubtedly depend on the measures proposed, yet it seems dangerous for the Commission neither to give explicit encouragement to third party assessment instruments nor to mention those already produced (EMAS, ECOLABEL), which have not been as widely used as expected at European level.

Amendment 182

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 4, indent 1

 Earth observation: Contribute to the development and integration of observation systems for environmental and sustainability issues in the framework of GEOSS; interoperability between systems and optimisation of information for understanding, modelling and predicating environmental phenomena

.

 Earth observation: Contribute to the development and integration of observation systems for environmental and sustainability issues in the framework of GEOSS; interoperability between systems and optimisation of information for understanding, modelling and predicating environmental phenomena, and for assessing, exploring and managing natural resources.

Justification

Earth Observation technologies are also of great importance for assessing, exploring for and managing natural resources. They are very important in domains such as forestry, soils conservation, agriculture; water, energy and mineral resources.

Amendment 183

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 4, indent 2

–   Forecasting methods and assessment tools: modelling links between economy/environment/society including market based instruments, externalities, thresholds and developing the knowledge base and methodologies for sustainability impact assessment on key issues such as land use and marine issues; social and economic tensions related to climate change.

- Forecasting methods and assessment tools taking into account differing scales of observation: modelling links between economy/environment/society including market based instruments, externalities, thresholds and developing the knowledge base and methodologies for sustainability impact assessment on key issues such as land use and marine issues; social and economic tensions related to climate change.

Justification

Creating a link between data derived from space observations and those from land observations would make it possible to validate, by means of observations on the ground, the representativeness or reproducibility of certain space models which provide only a synoptic view of surface states and processes. It would also open up a number of research opportunities, particularly in regional planning, changes of land use, energy and water flows, environmental indicators, etc.

Amendment 184

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", subtitle "Objective"

Based on technological advances, develop integrated, “greener” and “smarter” pan-European transport systems for the benefit of the citizen and society, respecting the environment and natural resources; and securing and further developing the leading role attained by the European industries in the global market.

 

Based on technological advances, develop integrated, “greener”, “smarter” and disability accessible pan-European transport systems for the benefit of all citizens and society, respecting the environment and natural resources; and securing and further developing the leading role attained by the European industries in the global market, also facilitating the closing of the technological gaps at transatlantic level.

Justification

There are segments of the air transport system where Europe has lost its leadership (e.g. the regional air transport is now dominated by Canadians and Brazilians). There are also segments where Europe, without adequate investments, risks to be pushed to marginal positions (e.g. tiltrotors).

Access to mainstream transport services for disabled persons is central to transport policies of most Member States. There are opportunities for European research and development initiatives to support developments in this area and provide comparative data for example, studies on the cost-benefits of accessible transport including the wider social implications and improved and innovative solutions in respect of accessible design.

Amendment 185

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2

The enlargement (increasing land surface by 25% and population by 20%) and economic development of the EU present new challenges for transporting people and goods efficiently, cost-effectively and in a sustainable manner. Transport also has direct relevance on other major policies such as trade, competition, employment, cohesion, energy, security and the internal market. Investment in RTD in EU transport industries is a prerequisite to ensure technological competitive advantage in global markets. Activities at European level will also stimulate the restructuring of the industry, including the integration of the supply chain and in particular SMEs.

The enlargement (increasing land surface by 25% and population by 20%) and economic development of the EU present new challenges for transporting people and goods efficiently, cost-effectively and in a sustainable manner and imply the development of innovative infrastructures. Transport also has direct relevance on other major policies such as trade, competition, the environment, employment, cohesion, energy, security and the internal market. Investment in RTD in EU transport industries is a prerequisite to ensure technological competitive advantage in global markets. Activities at European level will also stimulate the restructuring of the industry, including the integration of the supply chain and in particular SMEs.

Justification

The contribution of R&D policy to the development of surface infrastructures should also be explicitly recognised, particularly with a view to restoring the balance between modes of transport and improving the geographical coverage of the new Member States.

Clearly transport also has a direct impact on the environment.

Amendment 186

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3

The research agendas developed by European Technology platforms support the need to take a new “transport systems” perspective that considers the interactions of vehicles, transport networks and the use of transport services, which can only be developed at European level. RTD costs in all these fields are rising substantially, and collaborative activity at EU-level is essential to enable a “critical mass” of diverse RTD providers to address the scale and multi-disciplinary challenges in a cost-effective way, as well as meeting the political, technological and socio-economic challenges on issues such as the “clean and safe vehicle” of the future, interoperability and intermodality with particular reference to rail transport, affordability, safety, capacity, security and environmental impacts in an enlarged Union. Also, developing technologies in support of the Galileo system and its applications will be essential in implementing European policies.

The research agendas developed by European Technology platforms support the need to take a new “transport systems” perspective that considers the interactions of vehicles or vessels, transport networks or infrastructures and the use of transport services, which can only be developed at European level. RTD costs in all these fields are rising substantially, and collaborative activity at EU-level is essential to enable a “critical mass” of diverse RTD providers to address the scale and multi-disciplinary challenges in a cost-effective way, as well as meeting the political, technological and socio-economic challenges on issues such as the “clean and safe vehicle” of the future, interoperability and intermodality with particular reference to waterborne and rail transport, the"sustainable and safe maritime supply" of Europe, affordability, safety, capacity, security and environmental impacts in an enlarged Union. A strong technological foundation for a competitive EU fuel cell and hydrogen industry for transport applications - the “clean and safe vehicles” of the future - is of particular importance. Environmental research should include the development of this “clean and safe vehicle” of the future and the avoidance, reduction and optimisation of traffic. Also, developing technologies in support of the Galileo system and its applications will be essential in implementing European policies.

Justification

Application of fuel cells in transport should involve financial resources also from this priority theme.The experts foresee an increase of the maritime transportation demand of 4% in volume per annum: that means a global rise of 80% of goods transportation within 2010. This increase will be due in particular to the rise of the container traffic and the trucks transportation (the sea motorway concept). In particular, the demand of liquefied natural gas (LNG) transportation will increase for environmental purposes and supply resources diversification.

Amendment 187

Annex 1, Chapter 1 "Cooperation", theme 7 “Transport (including Aeronautics)”, subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 1

- The greening of air transport: reduction of emissions and noise disturbance, incorporating work on engines and alternative fuels, structures and new aircraft designs, airport operations and traffic management.

- The greening of air transport: developing technologies for the reduction of emissions and noise disturbance, incorporating work on engines and alternative fuels, structures, lighter materials and new aircraft designs including rotorcraft (helicopters and tiltrotors), airport operations and traffic management, improved maintenance, repair and overhaul.

Justification

While the “aircraft” concept is ample enough to include all types of fixed wing vehicles (from the wide-bodies to regional) it is necessary to add also the rotorcraft (helicopters and tiltrotors) since this is today one of the segments more in need of greening technologies.

The focus is on the development of technologies for new (sub)systems. Due to the long life time of aircraft, the greening of air transport will largely depend on the greening of the existing fleet, e.g. the development of green retrofits, transfer of recently developed technologies to the existing fleet and new repair technologies, etc. Specific attention for maintenance, repair and overhaul will contribute considerably to the greening of air transport and will foster the involvement of SME’s in all Member States.

A significant proportion of energy consumption is linked to aircraft weight. More resistant but lighter materials are actively being researched, because they combine lower energy consumption with higher safety standards. This is also applicable to sea transport.

Amendment 188

Annex 1, Chapter 1 "Cooperation", theme 7 “Transport (including Aeronautics)”, subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 3

Ensuring customer satisfaction and safety: improvement of passenger comfort, innovative in-flight services and more efficient passenger handling; improvement of all safety aspects of air transport; wider choice of aircraft ranging from wide body to small size vehicles.

Ensuring customer satisfaction and safety: improvements of passenger comfort, innovative in-flight services and more efficient passenger handling; improvement of all safety aspects of air transport; wider choice of aircraft ranging from wide body to smaller size vehicles for city-centre to city-centre connections and any regional application (e.g. tiltrotors), also ensuring improved design in respect of disability-access to aircraft, developed in consultation with representative disability organisations.

Justification

“Smaller” explains better the need to consider the whole range of aircraft below the wide body category. We should also improve the city-centrer-to-city-centre connections and any regional connection where adequate infrastructures are not present.

Access to mainstream transport services for disabled persons is central to transport policies of most Member States. There are opportunities for European research and development initiatives to support developments in this area and provide comparative data for example, studies on the cost-benefits of accessible transport including the wider social implications and improved and innovative solutions in respect of accessible design.

Amendment 189

Annex 1, Chapter 1 "Cooperation", theme 7 “Transport (including Aeronautics)”, subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 4

Improving cost efficiency: reduction of costs associated with product development, manufacturing and operating costs focusing on zero maintenance aircraft, increased use of automation and simulation.

Improving cost efficiency: reduction of costs associated with product development, manufacturing and operating costs focusing on innovative and zero maintenance, repair and overhaul, aircraft, increased use of automation and simulation.

Justification

In the operational theatre the maintenance repair and overhaul are strong cost drivers. The Air Transport sector could strengthen its competitive edge by the introduction of new, integrated and advanced concepts for maintenance, repair and overhaul. Specific attention in this field will also foster the involvement of SME’s in all member states.

Amendment 190

Annex 1, Chapter 1 "Cooperation"', theme 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 6

– Pioneering the air transport of the future: addressing the longer term challenges of aviation with more radical, environmentally efficient and innovative combinations of technologies which would lead to significant steps forward in air transport.

– Pioneering the air transport of the future: addressing the longer term challenges of aviation with more radical, environmentally efficient, disability-accessible and innovative combinations of technologies which would lead to significant steps forward in air transport.

Justification

Access to mainstream transport services for disabled persons is central to transport policies of most Member States. There are opportunities for European research and development initiatives to support developments in this area and provide comparative data for example, studies on the cost-benefits of accessible transport including the wider social implications and improved and innovative solutions in respect of accessible design.

Amendment 191

Annex 1, Chapter 1 "Cooperation", theme 7 “Transport (including Aeronautics)”, subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 6 a (new)

 

- fostering general aviation research as a source of ideas and human resources across the whole aeronautics sector.

Justification

General Aviation has a long European Tradition. It is a natural source of ideas and human resources for the aeronautics industry. Meanwhile SMEs and smaller research facilities can sometimes contribute much easier in this smaller brother of commercial aviation.

Amendment 192

Annexe I, Chapter I "Cooperation" theme 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, title

Surface Transport

Sustainable Surface Transport

Justification

Similar as in the 6FPRD, the heading should include the word 'sustainable', as Art. 6 of the Treaty obliges to integrate sustainable development into e.g. the research- and transport-sectors.

Amendment 193

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 1

– The greening of surface transport: reduction of environmental and noise pollution;; development of clean and efficient engines, including hybrid technology and the use of alternative fuels for transport applications; end of life strategies for vehicles and vessels.

– The greening of surface transport: reduction of environmental and noise pollution;; development of clean and efficient engines, including hybrid technology and the use of alternative fuels for transport applications in particular hydrogen and fuel cells, taking account of cost-efficiency and energy-efficiency considerations; end of life strategies for vehicles and vessels.

Justification

Application of fuel cells in transport should involve financial resources also from this priority theme.

For transport activities, costs should be studied and assessed in terms of energy.

Amendment 194

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation" theme 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics), subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 1 a (new)

 

- Fostering the objectives of the Marco Polo programmes: specific research into the technical possibilities for, and benefits to health and the environment of, a shift to “greener” modes of transport and of overall traffic avoidance.

Justification

A great deal of money is being expended under the Marco Polo I and II programmes. However, there seems as yet to be a lack of corresponding research to ensure that the measures being subsidised are actually appropriate to the objectives. Particular clarifications and studies are needed in this context on overall traffic avoidance schemes.

Amendment 195

I., Chapter I. "Cooperation", theme 7., "Transport (including Aeronautics)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 2

Encouraging modal shift and decongesting transport corridors: development of innovative, intermodal and interoperable regional and national transport networks, infrastructures and systems in Europe; cost internalisation; information exchange between vehicle/vessel and transport infrastructure; optimisation of infrastructure capacity.

Encouraging modal shift and decongesting transport corridors: development of innovative, intermodal and interoperable regional and national transport and logistics networks, infrastructures and systems in Europe and methods for achieving their efficient operational use together with strategies providing transport links for urban and rural regions to corridors and higher-tier transport networks; cost internalisation; information exchange between vehicle/vessel and transport infrastructure; development of off-shore infrastructures; optimisation of infrastructure capacity, including activities addressing the interoperability and operational optimisation of local, regional, national and European transport networks, further experience with, and development of, the European Rail Traffic Management System.

Justification

ERTMS is important within TEN-T. Further accompanying research on standardisation, stabilisation and new experiences should be developed.

The European port capacity should double according experts within 2020 (source : UPACCIM Union des Ports Autonomes et des Chambres de Commerce et d’Industrie Maritimes) : in the context of an increasing difficulty to develop new port infrastructures due to environmental protection of the coasts, a promised alternative answer in the LNG transportation is a greater development of off-shore natural gas infrastructures for LNG carriers delivery.

Given the current problems facing progress on intermodality and the increase in congestion, it is urgent to develop new logistics systems at EU, national and regional level.

Infrastructure measures will lead to an improvement in the transport situation only where their efficient use is transparent. Intermodal transport networks require a huge input of coordination (by operators) and planning aids (for users) to ensure that the advantages are not outweighed by inherent inertia.

The proposed changes will mean a lasting improvement in the opportunities for boosting the proportion of rail transport in urban regions (rail links) and feeder routes to and from the main corridors. In particular, new technical and organisational developments from the Sixth Framework programme provide highly promising approaches here.

Amendment 196

I., Chapter I. "Cooperation", theme 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 3

- Ensuring sustainable urban mobility: innovative organisation schemes, including clean and safe vehicles and non-polluting means of transport, new public transportation modes and rationalisation of private transport, communication infrastructure, integrated town planning and transport.

- Ensuring sustainable and accessible urban mobility: innovative organisation schemes, including clean and safe vehicles and means of transport with lower levels of pollution, also based on hydrogen and fuel cells, improving accessibility for persons with reduced mobility, improved and innovative solutions for transport vehicles and infrastructure - making them accessible to disabled persons, new public and/or collective transportation modes with a focus on efficiency throughout the entire mobility chain (public/collective transport, carsharing or pooling, walking and cycling) and rationalisation of private transport, communication infrastructure, integrated town planning, street works and transport incorporating modal shifts for freight traffic in line with environmental considerations; affordable schemes, balancing hardware and infrastructure measures with mobility management measures; management tools; smart software for integrated air quality, noise and traffic modelling; greater mobility between cities and their outer regions; mobility management and behavioural change measures.

Justification

Access to mainstream transport services for disabled persons is central to transport policies of most the Member States. There are opportunities for European research and development initiatives to support developments in this area and provide comparative data for example, studies on the cost-benefits of accessibility transport including the wider social implications and improved and innovative solutions in respect of accessible design.

Application of fuel cells in transport should involve financial resources also from this priority theme.

Amendment 197

I., Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 4

- Improving safety and security: as inherent to the transport system, in transport operations for drivers, passengers, crew, cyclists and pedestrians, in the design of vehicles, vessels, and within the total transport system.

- Improving safety and security: as inherent to the transport system, in transport operations for drivers, passengers, crew, cyclists and pedestrians and goods (including LNG), in the design of vehicles, vessels, infrastructures and within the total transport system.

Justification

R&D has to back up the LNG developments with sustainable management: it means to deal with efficient and safe LNG infrastructures and technologies together with deep understanding of LNG behaviour: energy ratio of LNG carriers, thermodynamic cycles, new material, new equipment...As it is more and more difficult to build LNG terminals in Europe mainly due to third party acceptance, the development of LNG offshore infrastructures appears as a promised solution to combine industrial constraints and third party demand as well as the safety aspects.

Amendment 198

I., Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 7., "Transport (including Aeronautics)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 5

- Strengthening competitiveness: improvement of design processes; development of advanced power-train and vehicle technologies; innovative and cost-effective production systems and infrastructure construction; integrative architectures.

- Strengthening competitiveness: improvement of design processes; development of advanced power-train and vehicle technologies; innovative and cost-effective production systems and infrastructure construction and maintenance; integrative architectures.

Justification

The maintenance of surface transport infrastructures should also be supported by RTD activities since very often it is very cost-effective, if not more cost-effective than infrastructure construction.

Amendment 199

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3

Support to the European global satellite navigation system (Galileo): precise navigation and timing services for use in a range of sectors; efficient use of satellite navigation and support to the definition of second generation technologies.

Support to the European global satellite navigation system (Galileo) and EGNOS: precise navigation and timing services for use in a range of sectors; efficient use of satellite navigation and support to the definition of second generation technologies that could be used to rationalise terrestrial and marine transportation systems to increase efficiency and to improve safety and security. Enhancement of convergence between Galileo and all other existing transportation systems.

Justification

The EGNOS programme (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service), as a European contribution to the first generation of GNSS (global navigation satellite systems), should also receive special support to help overcome the limits of the current air navigation system and the strong growth in air travel in recent years.

It is necessary to emphasize the need for Galileo to join the existing trend towards a “quadruple” concept including voice, data, video, mobile communications, thus enhancing the general principle of ubiquity, encompassing transportation and communication systems.

To emphasize the role of Galileo in the realisation of a more integrated, safer and more efficient transportation system.

Amendment 200

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme point 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and Humanities", subtitle "Objective"

Generating an in-depth, shared understanding of complex and interrelated socio-economic challenges Europe is confronted with, such as growth, employment and competitiveness, social cohesion and sustainability, quality of life and global interdependence, in particular with the view of providing an improved knowledge base for policies in the fields concerned.

Generating an in-depth, shared understanding of complex and interrelated socio-economic challenges Europe is confronted with, such as demographic change and environmental challenges and all the consequences and opportunities they bring for growth, employment and competitiveness, social cohesion, intercultural understanding and integration and sustainability, quality of life and global interdependence, in particular with the view to providing an improved knowledge base for policies in these fields, with the specific objective of developing the prerequisites for a modern sustainable society based on full employment.

Justification

The challenges of growth, employment and competitiveness etc... are the Lisbon agenda points and not the challenges at stake. The issue at hand is that other important changes affect our present conception of the basis of our society of which the Lisbon agenda is the output. Research should be directed toward understanding the consequences and, not to forget, the new opportunities of the changes at hand and develop policy scenario's for Europe's policy makers.

The objective is the creation of a functioning European social model with something approaching full employment.

The interplay between different cultures in European societies is one of Europe's greatest challenges and is of crucial importance both for the overall cohesiveness of societies and for Europe's competitiveness.

Amendment 201

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and Humanities", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1

has a strong and high quality research base in socio-economic sciences and the humanities fields. The diversity of approaches within the EU in the economic, social, political and cultural domains provides a highly fertile ground for research in these fields at EU-level. There is a high European added value in collaborative research addressing European socio-economic issues in the areas mentioned. First, the issues and challenges concerned are of high priority at the EU level and are addressed by EU policies. Second, comparative research across several or all EU countries offers a particularly effective tool as well as important learning opportunities across countries and regions.

Europe has a strong and high-quality research base in socio-economic and socio-cultural sciences and the humanities fields. The diversity of approaches within the EU in the economic, social, political and cultural domains provides a highly fertile ground for research in these fields at EU-level. There is a high European added value in collaborative research addressing European socio-economic issues in the areas mentioned. First, the issues and challenges concerned are of high priority at the EU level and are addressed by EU policies. Second, comparative research across several or all EU countries offers a particularly effective tool as well as important learning opportunities across countries and regions.

Justification

Europe also has a strong and high-quality research base in the socio-cultural sciences, which should be mentioned in this paragraph.

Amendment 202

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and Humanities", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3

The activities to be supported are listed below and are expected to contribute significantly to improve the formulation, implementation, impacts and assessments of policy in a wide range of areas such as economic, social, education and training, enterprise, international trade, consumer, external relations, justice and home affairs and official statistics policies. In addition, opportunities will be provided to address emerging socio-economic challenges as well as to undertake research on new or unforeseen policy needs.

The activities to be supported are listed below and are expected to contribute significantly to improve the formulation, implementation, impacts and assessments of policy in a wide range of areas such as economic, scientific and technological, social, education and training, cultural, gender equality, enterprise, international trade, consumer, external relations, justice and home affairs and official statistics policies. In addition, opportunities will be provided to address emerging demographic and socio-economic challenges as well as to undertake research on new or unforeseen policy needs.

Justification

The comparative assessment and study of the science and technology policies of the various Union countries could be a valuable way of improving national efforts to fulfil the aims of the Lisbon agreement.

Cultural research is important and wide enough to be mentioned in the FP level and it compasses all aspects of culture.

Demographic change and the altered age structure of the population in the EU will in the future confront us with new political challenges which should be closely studied as part of the framework programme.

Amendment 203

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1

• Growth, employment and competitiveness in a knowledge society: developing and integrating research on the issues affecting growth, employment and competitiveness, ranging from innovation, education including life-long learning and the role of scientific and other knowledge, to national institutional contexts.

• Growth, employment and competitiveness in a knowledge society: developing and integrating research on the issues affecting growth, employment and competitiveness, ranging from innovation, education including life-long learning and the role of scientific and other national institutional contexts; the central role of knowledge and intangible goods in the production of economic, social and cultural wealth and for social and environmental well-being on a world wide scale; Age and policies on aging, linked to the necessary changes to social and welfare systems..

Justification

Central role should be given to knowledge for achieving Lisbon goals in creating knowledge-based economy and thus ensuring competitiveness and growth in Europe. This will promote also environmental, social and cultural well-being.

In regard to the R&D and Social-economic sciences and Humanities, knowledge and immaterial goods can promote research activities and development, particularly in respect to making science more popular for young researchers and raising the awareness on the main research challenges in Europe.

One of the biggest challenges for Europe will be aging population and the future of the welfare state, it must be tackled and knowledge for the adaptation will be needed.

Amendment 204

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and Humanities", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2

Combining economic, social and environmental objectives in a European perspective: by addressing the two key and highly interrelated issues of continuing evolution of European socio-economic models and economic and social cohesion in an enlarged EU, taking into account the protection of the environment.

Combining economic, social and environmental objectives in a European perspective: by addressing the two key and highly interrelated issues of continuing evolution of European socio-economic models and economic, social and regional cohesion in an enlarged EU, from an interdisciplinary approach, taking into account the socioeconomic impact of European legislation, the protection of the environment, sustainability, including sustainable urban planning, energy issues and the role of cities and metropolitan regions.

Justification

Sustainable development as the cornerstone implies an interdisciplinary approach, and the analysis of its impact.

Amendment 205

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3

Major trends in society and their implications: such as demographic change including ageing and migration; lifestyles, work, families, gender issues, health and quality of life; criminality; the role of business in society and population diversity, cultural interactions and issues related to protection of fundamental rights and the fight against racism and intolerance.

Major trends in society and their implications: such as demographic change including ageing and migration; lifestyles, work, families, reconciling professional and family life, gender equality issues, health and quality of life, growing inequalities; urban areas as complex eco-systems; urban competitiveness; public and private actors in the development of planning of cities and urban areas; criminality; the situation and quality of life of disabled persons, in particular the situation of disabled persons with complex dependency needs and disabled persons living in institutions in Europe and the status of independent living schemes across Europe; the role of business in society and population diversity, ethnicity, religious pluralism, cultural interactions , including translation to facilitate cultural communication and issues related to protection of fundamental rights, the fight against racism and intolerance and the fight against all forms of discrimination; the positive impact of the cultural heritage on the quality of life in towns and cities; urban governance; development of innovative instruments, approaches and training for more effective cooperation between different spheres of government and between public and private actors in the development of planning processes for cities and urban areas; inequalities despite economic development.

Justification

In respect of quality of life initiatives, there is an important need for funding to be made available to investigate, in a comprehensive and thorough way, the situation of disabled persons living in institutions in Europe. A recent preliminary investigation undertaken by a Commission funded initiative indicates that little information exists at present about residential institutions and services in Europe. The project final report states that further investigation is necessary in this area and that the issues should be addressed in the future research framework of the European Union.

In addition, much more research is needed to provide comparative data on what exists across the different EU Member States and accession countries in respect of personal assistance support for disabled people, direct payment schemes and independent living centres for disabled people. Research is also necessary to assess how disabled persons and their families can exert free choice in respect of independent living.

The global context in which public authorities operate changes rapidly. Innovative mechanisms addressing relations between municipalities, regions and other spheres of government, as well as between public authorities and other stakeholders, should be developed and tested. The European City is characterised by specific capacities for social integration, compact spatial development patterns, concentration of economic activities and collective infrastructures, and participative modes of governance. The city is therefore of prime importance for the achievement of Europe’s socio-economic and environmental goals as described, for example, in the Lisbon and Gothenburg strategies.

In respect of quality of life initiatives, there is an important need for funding to be made available to investigate, in a comprehensive and thorough way, the situation of disabled persons living in institutions in Europe. A recent preliminary investigation undertaken by a Commission funded initiative indicates that little information exists at present about residential institutions and services in Europe. The project final report states that further investigation is necessary in this area and that the issue should be addressed in the future research framework of the European Union.

The urban landscape shapes citizens' lives, and has the potential to improve their well-being. Violence and other problems are often linked to the poor quality of urban architecture.

It is essential to include translation, which is of prime importance for ensuring mutual understanding between European countries and citizens, as a research area under the seventh framework programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013). If the European Union wishes to optimise the translation process, as stated by the Commission in its 'New framework strategy for multilingualism' of 22 November 2005, it is essential for extensive research to be undertaken into translation between a number of different languages, and for research workers to be able to apply for funding for such projects.

The theme of religious pluralism is as significant for Europe as it is topical and should be mentioned explicitly. The existing and still influential religious traditions in Europe make a major contribution to shaping the pluralist conditions in Europe since religious players are an influential component of civil society, while at the same time religious ideas and ethical systems lead to conflict but also inspire conflict solution, dialogue and bridge-building.

Growing inequalities should be mentioned in the FP-level. Solving problems and concerns related to ethnicity is a major task in Europe; it should be taken into account in FP-level.

One of the major difficulties facing European society is how to reconcile professional and family life. Moreover, gender equality and the fight against all forms of discrimination also form part of the issues facing the EU.

Amendment 206

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and Humanities", subtitle "Activities", bullet 4

Europe in the world: understanding changing interactions and interdependencies between world regions and their implications for the regions concerned, especially Europe; and addressing emerging threats and risks without undermining human rights, freedom and well-being.

Europe in the world: understanding changing interactions, inter-cultural relations and interdependencies between world regions, including the inter-cultural relations and interdependencies of the developing regions, and their implications for the regions concerned, especially Europe, in particular through historical and linguistic research; addressing emerging threats and risks without undermining human rights, freedom and well-being.

Justification

We should not omit the study of relations and interaction between the developing regions as a way of better understanding the development of these regions and their influence in a globalised world, with special reference to Europe.

The study of cultural interactions through history and languages may contribute to improving synergies between Europe and the rest of the world.

Amendment 207

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities", subtitle "Activities", bullet 5

The citizen in the European Union: in the context of the future development of the EU, addressing the issues of achieving a sense of democratic “ownership” and active participation by the peoples of Europe; effective and democratic governance including economic governance; and building a shared understanding and respect for Europe’s diversities and commonalities in terms of culture, institutions, history, languages and values.

Citizenship in the European Union: in the context of the future development of the EU, addressing the issues of achieving a sense of democratic “ownership” and active and equal participation by the peoples of Europe; continuous building of civil society in the enlarged Europe; effective and democratic governance including economic governance.

Justification

The study of the different cultures that have made up today’s Europe in their historical evolution and their pluralism is weighty enough to become a specific activity under this theme. Europe is widely acknowledged as the most impressively multicultural geopolitical ensemble in the world. This multicultural identity not only is a factor to be treasured as such, but can provide us with rich insights into the future of the Lisbon economic, social and environmental agenda, and also into the progression of the European political integration.

Research on the building of the civil society should be continued in the FP7.

Importance of the European cultural heritage and the historical emergence of a European identity that form part of our riches as Europeans. Participation must be balanced between men and women and any forward thinking must incorporate the gender perspective.

Amendment 208

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8"“Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities", subtitle "Activities", bullet 5 a (new)

 

European multicultural heritage and identity: building a shared understanding of European cultures in terms of institutions, history, languages, values and practices; studying their convergences and divergences and the historical factors therefor; exploring the ways European cultural diversity and pluralism can support the future development and further integration of the EU.

Justification

The study of the different cultures that have made up today’s Europe in their historical evolution and their pluralism is weighty enough to become a specific activity under this theme. Europe is widely acknowledged as the most impressively multicultural geopolitical ensemble in the world. This multicultural identity not only is a factor to be treasured as such, but can provide us with rich insights into the future of the Lisbon economic, social and environmental agenda, and also into the progression of the European political integration.

Amendment 209

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities", subtitle "Activities", bullet 7

Foresight activities on major science, technology and socio-economic related issues such as the future demographic trends and the globalization of knowledge and evolution of research systems, as well as future developments in and across major research domains and scientific disciplines.

Foresight activities on major science, technology and socio-economic related issues such as the future demographic trends and the globalization of knowledge, the dissemination of knowledge and evolution of research systems, as well as future developments in and across major research domains and scientific disciplines.

Justification

The globalization of knowledge makes it crucial to understand mechanisms of dissemination of knowledge

Amendment 210

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities", subtitle "Activities", bullet 7 a (new)

 

Enlargement of the European Union: research addressing the problems of EU enlargement, including economic transformation, delocalisation of industry, demographic changes, migrations,(re-) emerging diseases and their prolifertation, fostering of democracy, development of self governance, cultural heritage.

Justification

Numerous, large-scale changes, not yet completed and still inadequately known.

Research on the enlargement of European Union should be continued in the FP7.

Amendment 211

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities", subtitle "Activities", bullet 7 b(new)

 

Peace in the context of the European Union and the world: peace as a fundamental value, its positive consequences in the European Union and the other regions of the world, problems caused by the absence of peace (war, insecurity) and relations between the regions as a consequence of securing peace.

Justification

Peace is and must be a fundamental value both in the European Union and the rest of the world. Many different kinds of relations and (negative or positive) consequences are the consequence of peace or the lack of peace, and they should be the subject of study and research.

Amendment 212

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities", subtitle "Activities", bullet 7 c (new)

 

Research in the humanities: languages -language structure and language learning - literature, history, art history, geography and earth science, history of the territory, philosophy, and cultural heritage in relation to visual arts and crafts, architecture and cities.

Justification

For getting to know where the European Union is heading we have first to know its cultural roots.

Amendment 213

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9 "Security and Space", title and subtitle "Objective"

9. Security and Space

9. Security

Objective

Objective

To develop the technologies and knowledge for building capabilities needed to ensure the security of citizens from threats such as terrorism, and crime, while respecting fundamental human rights; to ensure optimal and concerted use of available technologies to the benefit of European security, and to stimulate the co-operation of providers and users for security solutions.

To develop the technologies and knowledge for building capabilities needed to ensure the security of citizens from threats such as terrorism, natural disasters and crime, while respecting fundamental human rights and privacy; to encourage conflict prevention and peaceful conflict resolution; to ensure optimal and concerted use of available technologies to the benefit of European security, and to stimulate the co-operation of providers and users for security solutions while ensuring transparency and accountability, inter alia, by way of consultation with the European Parliament..

Supporting a European Space Programme focusing on applications such as GMES with benefits for citizens and for the competitiveness of the European space industry. This will contribute to the development of a European Space Policy, complementing efforts by Member States and by other key players, including the European Space Agency.

(The deleted text will be placed under them 9 a (new)' Space')

 

Justification

The deleted text will become the text of a new Heading 10. Space.

People’s needs for security are not confined to the threats caused by man but should also include natural disasters.

Amendment 214

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.1 "Security", title

9.1 Security

deleted

Amendment 215

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", subtitle "Themes", point 9: "Security and Space", subtitle"Rationale", paragraph 2

Security related research is an important building block in supporting the Common Foreign and Security Policy as well as for realising a high level of security within an EU-wide area of justice, freedom and security as underpinned by the Hague programme. It will also contribute to developing technologies and capabilities in support of other EU policies in areas such as transport, civil protection, energy and environment.

Security related research is an important building block in supporting the Common Foreign and Security Policy as well as for realising a high level of security within an EU-wide area of justice, freedom and security as underpinned by the Hague programme. It will also contribute to developing technologies and capabilities in support of other EU policies in areas such as transport, civil protection, energy, environment and health.

Amendment 216

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.1 "Security", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3

Existing security related research activities in Europe suffer from the fragmentation of efforts, the lack of critical mass of scale and scope and the lack of connections and interoperability. Europe needs to improve the coherence of its efforts by developing efficient institutional arrangements and by instigating the various national and international actors to co-operate and co-ordinate in order to avoid duplication and to explore synergies wherever possible. Security research at Community level will focus on activities of clear added value to the national level. As a consequence, security research at Community level will reinforce the competitiveness of the European security industry.

Existing security related research activities in Europe suffer from the fragmentation of efforts, the lack of critical mass of scale and scope and the lack of connections and interoperability. Europe needs to improve the coherence of its efforts by developing efficient institutional arrangements and by instigating the various national and international actors to co-operate and co-ordinate in order to avoid duplication and to explore synergies wherever possible. Security research at Community level will focus on activities of clear added value to the national level. As a consequence, security research at Community level will reinforce the competitiveness of the European security industry. Security research should emphasise the Union's capabilities regarding surveillance, distribution of information and knowledge of threats and incidents as well as systems for better assessments and situation control through better use of common ICT-systems in the fields of different operations. The research should be organised in such a way that it contributes to a common defence market in Europe.

Amendment 217

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.1 "Security", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3 a (new)

 

When drawing up the rules of participation the recommendation of the high-level group in the field of security research from March 2004 and the findings of the European Advisory Council on Security Research are to be taken into account. The special requirements concerning secrecy are to be enforced but the transparency of research findings is not to be unnecessarily restricted. In addition, areas are to be identified that permit the present transparency of research findings.

Justification

This amendment seeks to clarify the misunderstanding concerning GMES which derives from the fact that it is scheduled as an operational programme for which the only source of possible EU funding is money from the framework research programme.

Amendment 218

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.1 "Security", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3 b (new)

 

Special requirements are to be laid down in the field of security research for financial participation from the seventh framework research programme on account of the structured nature of the market. The preparatory action should provide guidance here.

Amendment 219

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.1 "Security", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 4 a (new)

 

The SME definition for the security research sector does not do adequate justice to the objective of promoting small businesses. When formulating the rules of participation the diversity of company structures in this sector when compared with other fields of research will be taken into account by adjusting the figures for employment and turnover.

Amendment 220

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.1"Security", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1

Protection against terrorism and crime: delivering technology solutions for threat (e.g. CBRN) awareness, detection, prevention, identification, protection, neutralisation and containment of effects of terrorist attacks and crime

Protection against terrorism and crime: delivering technology solutions for threat (e.g. CBRN) awareness, detection, prevention, identification, protection, neutralisation and containment of effects of terrorist attacks and crime, including by developing strategic reserves and strategic medical counter-measure rapid production capacity.

Justification

Strategic response capacity is now technically achievable.

Genome engineering of producer strains for medical counter measures to Biological Toxicological or Chemical agents allows for a strategic capacity to respond rapidly to a potential threat and to ensure the availability of prophylactic or therapeutic measures for large populations.

Amendment 221

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.1"Security", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3

Border security: focusing on technologies and capabilities to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of all systems, equipment, tools and processes required for improving the security of Europe’s land and coastal borders, including border control and surveillance issues.

Border security: focusing on technologies and capabilities to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of all systems, equipment, tools, processes and methods for rapid identification required for improving the security of Europe’s land and coastal borders, including border control and surveillance issues.

Justification

The capability in rapid identification of chemicals and/or handmade articles is the base for effective and prompt controls.

Amendment 222

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.1 "Security", subtitle "Activities", bullet 4

- Restoring security in case of crisis: focusing on technologies in support of diverse emergency management operations (such as civil protection, humanitarian and rescue tasks, support to CFSP), and on issues such as inter-organisational co-ordination and communication, distributed architectures and human factors.

- Restoring security and safety in case of crisis: focusing on technologies providing an overview of, and support for diverse emergency management operations (such as civil protection, humanitarian aid, natural disasters and rescue tasks, support to CFSP), and on issues such as inter-organisational co-ordination and communication, distributed architectures and human factors

Justification

Amendment is self evident: in this context security and safety can not be separated.

A joint European disaster standby unit is an important part of the global effort to ensure a rapid response. In order to be able to manage disaster situations effectively, it is essential to have the best possible overview of the situation. For natural disasters in particular, it is crucial to have access to detailed observations over a wide area, which is possible only from space.

Amendment 223

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.1"Security", subtitle "Activities", bullet 5

Security Systems Integration and interoperability: focusing on technologies to enhance the interoperability of systems, equipment, services and processes, including law enforcement information infrastructures, as well as on the reliability, organisational aspects, protection of confidentiality and integrity of information and traceability of all transactions and processing.

Security Systems Integration, interconnection and interoperability: Intelligence, information gathering and home security, focusing on technologies to enhance the interoperability of systems, equipment, services and processes, including law enforcement information infrastructures, as well as on the reliability, organisational aspects, protection of confidentiality and integrity of information and traceability of all transactions and processing. Increased integration and interoperability is a priority in order for the Union to make full use of achievements in all areas mentioned above.

Justification

One of the biggest challenges for Europe will be aging population and the future of the welfare state, it must be tackled and knowledge for the adaptation will be needed.

To obtain the effect of interoperability, which is desirable in security systems, there is a need to ensure that they are properly interconnected.

Amendment 224

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.1"Security and Space", subtitle "Activities", bullet 6

Security and society: mission orientated research which will focus on socio-economic analyses, scenario building and activities related to: crime, the citizen’s perception of security, ethics, protection of privacy and societal foresight. Research will also address technologies that better safeguard privacy and liberties, and will address vulnerabilities and new threats, as well as the management and impact assessment of possible consequences.

Security and society: mission orientated research which will focus on analyses of the cultural, social, political and economic dimensions and consequences of terrorism and crime, the role of human values, policy making, the impact and role of media, conflict resolution, scenario building and activities related to: crime, psychology of terrorism and its social environment, citizens’ perception of security, ethics, protection of privacy and societal foresight. Research will also address technologies that better safeguard privacy and liberties, and will address vulnerabilities and new threats, as well as the management and impact assessment of possible consequences.

Justification

Global and personal security issues cannot be resolved if they are seen solely in terms of technical solutions. Human, cultural and social dimensions to resolving problems must be addressed. This might include the social determinants of conflict, crime and terrorism; the role of human values; policy making; the impact and role of media; and conflict resolution; the vulnerability and socio-psychological consequences of insecurity and terrorism on groups and individuals. Social science dimension is too weak - e.g. situation in France in late October and early November 2005 (street violence and blind destruction of private property) is something that was very difficult to foresee. Text as it is now does not give enough possibilities to study social or ethnical roots of “ill fare state”.

Amendment 225

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.2 "Space"

9.2 Space

9a. Space

 

Objective

 

Supporting a European Space Programme focusing on applications such as GMES with benefits for citizens and for the competitiveness of the European space industry. This will contribute to the development of a European Space Policy, complementing efforts by Member States and by other key players, including the European Space Agency.

(The above text correspond to the text deleted at the beginning of theme 9.)

Justification

The text of the new Heading 9a. Space correspond to the deleted text in Heading 9.

Amendment 226

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.2 "Space", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1

The EU can contribute in this field to the better definition of common objectives based on user requirements and policy objectives; to the coordination of activities, to avoid duplications and maximise interoperability; and to the definition of standards. Public authorities and decision-makers represent important potential users and the European industry will also benefit from a well defined European Space policy implemented through a European Space Programme, supported in part by the proposed research and technological development actions. European level actions are also needed to support EU policy objectives, for example in the fields of agriculture, fisheries, environment, telecommunications, security, transport as well as ensuring that Europe is a respected partner in regional and international cooperation.

The EU can contribute in this field to the better definition of common objectives based on user requirements and policy objectives; to the coordination of activities, to avoid duplications and maximise interoperability; and to the definition of standards. Public authorities and decision-makers represent important potential users and the European industry will also benefit from a well defined European Space policy implemented through a European Space Programme, supported in part by the proposed research and technological development actions. European level actions are also needed to support EU policy objectives, for example in the fields of agriculture, forestry, fisheries, environment, health, telecommunications, security, transport as well as ensuring that Europe is a respected partner in regional and international cooperation.

Amendment 227

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.2 "Space", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2

In the last 40 years, Europe has built up excellent technological competence. Sustaining a competitive industry (including manufacturers, service providers and operators) requires new research and technologies. Space applications bring important benefits to the citizens.

 

In the last 40 years, Europe has built up excellent technological competence. Sustaining a competitive industry (including manufacturers, service providers and operators) requires new research and technologies. Space applications bring important benefits to the citizens by virtue of technological spin-off effects and are indispensable in a high-tech society.

Justification

Technological applications based on satellites in space play an increasingly large part in the development of society. Space research is an area that generates considerable technological spin-off. Much everyday technology was originally developed as a result of space research. Furthermore, space research is among the areas with the largest return per euro invested.

Amendment 228

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.2 "Space", subtitle “Rationale”, paragraph 3

The activities set out below aim at: the exploitation of space assets for the implementation of applications, namely GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) and their contribution to law enforcement in EU policies; as well as space exploration, allowing international cooperation opportunities and dramatic technological breakthroughs; exploitation and exploration of space supported through enabling activities guaranteeing the strategic role of the European Union. These activities will be complemented by other actions included in the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme and in the Education and Training Programme. The public policy benefits of the below activities will also be maximised, included additional support for new policy needs that may arise, for example: space based solutions in support of developing countries; and use of space-observation tools and methods to support developments in Community policies.

The activities set out below aim at: the exploitation of space assets (in coordination with in-situ assets, including airborne assets) for the implementation of applications, namely GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) and their contribution to law enforcement in EU policies; as well as space exploration and on-orbit servicing infrastructure, allowing international cooperation opportunities and dramatic technological breakthroughs as well as cost-efficient missions; exploitation and exploration of space supported through enabling activities guaranteeing the strategic role of the European Union. These activities will be complemented by other actions included in the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme and in the Education and Training Programme. The public policy benefits of the below activities will also be maximised, included additional support for new policy needs that may arise, for example: space based solutions in support of developing countries; and use of space-observation tools and methods to support developments in Community policies.

Justification

One very important aspect of the fully developed in the future Galileo and GMES Programmes is the successful downloading and utilisation of on-orbit servicing infrastructure.

The European Space Programme, elaborated and implemented in close cooperation with the European Space Agency, has been very successful. This success has brought about the challenge of putting space policy priorities and developing cost-effective space missions, while at the same time not jeopardising Europe’s capacity to ensure its space operations.

It is also important to have in situ monitoring for management of environment and security, and its necessity for various services requiring very high resolution (urban mapping for example) out of reach of satellite imagery.

Amendment 229

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.2 "Space", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3 a (new)

 

The Community activities set out below are to be carried out using existing capabilities in Europe, possibly by means of externalisation. Dispersion of resources by to create new entities and management structures is to be avoided.

Justification

Several competent public actors in space activities already exist in Europe, representing technological scientific and managerial excellence. The scarce FP7 funding on space should be focused on activities, not on parallel institution building and administrative costs.

Amendment 230

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.2 "Space", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 1

-GMES: development of satellite-based monitoring systems and techniques relating to the management of the environment and security and their integration with ground-based, ship-borne and airborne components; support to the use and delivery of GMES data and services

GMES: development of satellite-based and in-situ monitoring systems and techniques relating to the management of the environment and security and their integration with ground-based, ship-borne and airborne components; support to the integration, harmonization, use and delivery of GMES data (both satellite-based and in-situ, including ground-based, ship-borne and airborne) and services.

Justification

This amendment insists on the importance of in situ monitoring for management of environment and security: GMES includes both a space component and an in situ component, and integration of both is crucial. Furthermore some objectives of GMES cannot at this stage be fulfilled by space-based systems, and those are thus best complemented with in-situ tools. A separation of space-based systems from other techniques is, in the context of GMES, counterproductive. Integration tools are needed because integration is not realized automatically and requires large efforts of harmonization, equalization, etc. However this integration allows to avoid duplication of effort, taking into account existing systems, and developing new systems only where they are needed.

Amendment 231

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.2 "Space", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 3 a (new)

Development of space-based systems for risk prevention and risk management and all kinds of emergency, enhancing convergence with non-space systems.

Justification

This amendment underlines the one introduced above for Galileo’s convergence and stresses the need to focus on risks, civil protection when considering space-based services.

Amendment 232

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.2 "Space", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 1

- Contribution to international space exploration initiatives.

- Maximisation of scientific added value through synergies with the European Space Agency and Member States’ space agencies’ initiatives in the field of space exploration; facilitation of access to scientific data.

Justification

An important number of space exploration initiatives have been developed both by ESA and by Member States at national level. The Community should seek to maximise synergies between the different actors in the field and bring added value, including through the better diffusion of scientific results throughout the European space science community.

Amendment 233

Annex I, Chapter I "Cooperation", theme 9.2."Space", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 1 a (new)

 

- Coordination of efforts for the development of space-borne telescopes and detectors as well as for data analysis in space sciences.

Justification

The development of space observation instruments such as telescopes and detectors should be one main aim of the European space exploration policy, given both the quantity and the quality of data these instruments will provide to space scientists.

Amendment 234

Annex I, Chapter I, "Cooperation", theme 9.2 "Space", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3, indent 2

Space sciences including life in space

Space sciences including bio-medicine and life science in space

Amendment 235

Annex I, Chapter II "Ideas", subtitle "Objective"

This programme will enhance the dynamism, creativity and excellence of European research at the frontier of knowledge. This will be done by supporting “investigator driven” research projects carried out across all fields by individual teams in competition at the European level. Projects will be funded on the basis of proposals presented by researchers on subjects of their choice and evaluated on the sole criterion of excellence as judged by peer review.

This programme will enhance the dynamism, creativity and excellence of European research at the frontier of knowledge. This will be done by supporting “investigator driven” research projects carried out across all fields by individual teams in competition at the European level. Projects will be funded on the basis of proposals presented by researchers both from the private and public sectors on subjects of their choice and evaluated on the sole criterion of excellence as judged by peer review. In all cases the research results will be communicated and disseminated.

Justification

Europe suffers from a weak collaboration public and private sectors in R&D activities. Therefore it is important to stress the great role that both private and public sectors should have in improving the European capacity to carry out research activities. A diffuse and strong cooperation among these two systems is clearly one pf the priorities of the Programme.

Amendment 236

Annex I, Chapter II "Ideas", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2

Despite many achievements and a high level of performance in a large number of fields, Europe is not making the most of its research potential and resources, and urgently needs a greater capacity to generate knowledge.

Despite many achievements and a high level of performance in a large number of fields, Europe is not making the most of its research potential and resources, and urgently needs a greater capacity to generate knowledge and translate it into economic value and growth.

Justification

To implement the Union’s Lisbon Strategy and become the world’s most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy, Europe’s key challenge is not only acquiring more knowledge, but also turning knowledge into more economic value and growth.

Amendment 237

Annex I, Chapter II "Ideas", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3

A Europe-wide competitive funding mechanism for frontier research executed by individual teams is a key component of the European Research Area, complementing other EU and national activities. It will help reinforce the dynamism and attractiveness of Europe for the best researchers from both European and third countries, and for industrial investment.

A Europe-wide competitive funding structure for frontier research executed by individual teams is a key component of the European Research Area, complementing other EU and national activities. It will help reinforce the dynamism and attractiveness of Europe for the best researchers from both European and third countries, and for industrial investment.

Justification

In order to avoid any misunderstanding about the fact that the ERC must operate as an autonomous body better referring to it as a "structure" which should be legally independent and established according to Article 171 of the EC Treaty.

Amendment 238

Annex I, Chapter II "Ideas", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1

This action will respond to the most promising and productive areas of research and the best opportunities for scientific and technological progress, within and across disciplines, including engineering and social sciences and the humanities. It will be implemented independently of the thematic orientations of the other parts of the Framework Programme, and will pay attention to young researchers and new groups as well as established teams.

This action will respond to the most promising and productive areas of research and the best opportunities for scientific and technological progress, within and across disciplines, including engineering and social sciences and the humanities. It will be implemented independently of the thematic orientations of the other parts of the Framework Programme, and will pay attention to early-stage researchers and new groups as well as established teams.

 

(This amendment applies throughout the text. Adopting it will necessitate corresponding changes throughout.)

Amendment 239

Annex I, Chapter II "Ideas", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 2

The EU activities in frontier research will be implemented by a European Research

Council (ERC), consisting of a scientific

council, supported by a dedicated

implementation structure.

 

The EU activities in frontier research will be implemented by a European Research Council (ERC), initially set up as an Executive Agency that will become an independent structure established under the co-decision procedure as laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty. It will consist of a scientific council and an administrative board. The scientific council will be supported by temporary scientific staff chosen by the scientific council members.

 

The management of the ERC will be carried out by staff either recruited for that purpose or seconded from EU institutions and will cover only the real administrative needs in order to assure the stability and continuity necessary for an effective administration.

Amendment 240

Annex I, Chapter II "Ideas", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 3

The scientific council will consist of representatives of the European scientific community at the highest level, acting in their personal capacity, independently of political or other interests. Its members will be appointed by the Commission following an independent procedure for their identification. The scientific council will, inter alia, oversee decisions on the type of research to be funded and act as guarantor of the quality of the activity from the scientific perspective. Its tasks will cover, in particular, the development of the annual work programme, the establishment of the peer review process, as well as the monitoring and quality control of the programme’s implementation from the scientific perspective.

The scientific council will consist of representatives of the European scientific community at the highest level, acting in their personal capacity, independently of political or other interests. Its members will be selected from among the scientific community by the scientific council, ensuring the diversity of the scientists' research fields, following general criteria set by the European legislator, under the co-decision procedure as laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty. Members of the scientific council will be selected for a period of four years, renewable once for a maximum of an additional three years on a rotating system which will ensure the continuity of scientific Council's work. The scientific council will, inter alia, be fully responsible for decisions on the type of research to be funded and act as guarantor of the quality of the activity from the scientific perspective and the adoption of a code of conduct on the avoidance of conflicts of interest. Its tasks will cover, in particular, the development of the annual work programme, the establishment of the peer review process, as well as the monitoring and quality control of the programme’s implementation from the scientific perspective.

Amendment 241

Annex I, Chapter II "Ideas", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 4

The dedicated implementation structure will be responsible for all aspects of implementation and programme execution, as provided for in the annual work programme. It will, in particular, implement the peer review and selection process according to the principles established by the scientific council and will ensure the financial and scientific management of the grants.

The dedicated implementation structure will be responsible for all aspects of implementation and programme execution, as provided for in the annual work programme. It will, in particular, implement the peer review and selection process according to the principles established by the scientific council and will ensure the financial and scientific management of the grants. The administrative and staffing costs for the ERC (scientific council and dedicated implementation structure) may account for no more than 3% of the annual budget allocated to the ERC.

Justification

The success of the European Research Council depends on as much money as possible being channelled into projects. The establishment of a top-heavy administration must be avoided.

Amendment 242

Annex I, Chapter II "Ideas", subtitle "Activities", paragraphs 5 and 6

The implementation and management of the activity will be reviewed and evaluated at appropriate intervals to assess its achievements and to adjust and improve procedures on the basis of experience.

The scientific council and the administrative board will report annually to the European Parliament and the Council on the implementation and management of the activity to assess its achievements and to adjust and improve procedures on the basis of experience.

The European Commission will act as the guarantor of the ERC’s full autonomy and integrity.

For the first transitional period the European Commission shall ensure that the implementation of the ERC is in accordance with the principles of scientific excellence, autonomy, efficiency and transparency, and that it follows precisely the strategy and implementation methodology established by the Scientific Council. At the same time the Commission will take all the initiatives necessary, under theco-decision procedure as laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty, to implement the European Research Council as a permanent, legally independent structure. The implementation and management of the ERC will be reviewed and evaluated on an ongoing basis in order to assess its achievements and to adjust and improve procedures on the basis of experience. An independent review will be carried out by 2008 of the ERC's structures and mechanisms, against the criteria of scientific excellence, autonomy, efficiency, accountability and transparency and with the full involvement of the Scientific Council. Following the evaluation, the structures and mechanisms of the ERC can be modified. The Commission will ensure that the necessary preparatory work is undertaken with a view to a transition to any modified structure required.

Amendment 243

Annex I, Chapter II "Ideas", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 6 a (new)

The ERC will have the faculty to conduct its own strategic studies for preparing and supporting its operative activities. In particular, it will have the power to consult with European, intergovernmental and national initiatives so as to avoid any duplicate financing of research at European and national level.

Justification

ERC should develop its own strategies of frontier research including by subcontracting specific studies to competent bodies. It should also develop its activities keeping in mind the objective of European added value and complimentarities with other similar activities to avoid undue duplication and fragmentation of the EU efforts for basic research.

Amendment 244

Annex I, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Objective"

Strengthening, quantitatively and qualitatively, the human potential in research and technology in Europe, by stimulating people to enter into the researcher’s profession, encouraging European researchers to stay in Europe, and attracting to Europe researchers from the entire world, making Europe more attractive to the best researchers. This will be done by putting into place a coherent set of “Marie Curie” actions, addressing researchers at all stages of their careers, from initial research training to life long learning and career development.

 

 

Strengthening, quantitatively and qualitatively, the human potential in research and technology in Europe, by stimulating people to enter into the researcher’s profession, encouraging European researchers to stay in Europe, and attracting to Europe researchers from the entire world, making Europe more attractive to the best researchers. This will be done by applying the same set of instruments as under the sixth Framework Programme, with minor adjustments where necessary, by putting into place a coherent set of “Marie Curie” actions, with particular emphasis on the European added value they generate through the structuring effect they have on the European research area. These actions will address researchers at all stages of their careers, from initial research training specifically intended for young people to life long learning and career development in the public and private sectors. Efforts will also be made to ensure that a substantial part of the resources are allocated to actions increasing participation by women researchers, as their presence in these areas is still far smaller than that of men.

Justification

The Programme “Human Resources and Mobility” is a very successful programme and experience shows that the current set of instruments should be in place as in Framework Programme 6. The participants of the programme would appreciate this kind of continuity. The European Parliament decided on 10 March 2005 in its“Guidelines for future European Union policy to support research” (2004/2150(INI)) that the envisaged actions should be continued as in Framework Programme 6.

It is important to draw attention to the fact that actions designed to promote mobility and foster researchers' career development also have a formative influence on structures on the ground by helping to bring about genuine European cooperation inside the European Research Area. It should also be emphasised that researchers' career development should be promoted both in the public and the private sectors.

Although they are designed for researchers at every stage of their careers, it is important to make a special reference to young researchers, so as to fulfil the aims through which 'People' seeks to stimulate professionals engaged in research to develop their scientific activity and encourage them to pursue their profession throughout the Community. Special efforts are also merited for actions to include and empower women in the world of science.

Amendment 245

Annexe I, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1

Abundant and highly trained qualified researchers are a necessary condition to advance science and to underpin innovation, but also an important factor to attract and sustain investments in research by public and private entities. Against the background of growing competition at world level, the development of an open European labour market for researchers and the diversification of skills and career paths of researchers are crucial to support a beneficial circulation of researchers and their knowledge, both within Europe and in a global setting.

Abundant and highly trained qualified researchers are a necessary condition to advance science and to underpin innovation, but also an important factor to attract and sustain investments in research by public and private entities. Against the background of growing competition at world level, the development of an open European labour market for researchers, free of all forms of discrimination, and the diversification of skills and career paths of researchers are crucial to support a beneficial circulation of researchers and their knowledge, both within Europe and in a global setting.

Justification

The European research market should be free of all forms of discrimination in order to attract as many people as possible, inlcuding women, and enable the EU to become more competitive in accordance with the Lisbon objectives.

Amendment 246

Annex I, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1 a (new)

 

Special measures to encourage young researchers and support early stages of scientific career, as well as measures to reduce the “brain drain”, such as reintegration grants, will be introduced.

Justification

Special attention and clear actions are necessary not only in view of the expected dramatic demographic shortage of researchers of European origin but also in creating attractive, competitive conditions for young scientists from around the world.

Amendment 247

Annex I, Chapter III, subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1 b (new)

 

The actions envisaged under the Framework Programme will pay particular attention to researchers in the early stages of their career; at the same time, provision should be made for measures to counter the 'brain drain' such as, for example, the provision of grants to assist the return and reintegration of research workers.

Justification

To achieve the objective of 700 000 research workers by 2010, it is necessary to improve the recruitment of research workers and, at the same time, introduce special actions to reduce the scale of the brain drain, encourage researcher workers who have left Europe to return there and assist the reintegration of research workers who have completed their initial training period. Special measures for the reintegration of research workers would provide researchers with the possibility of finding work in the field.

Amendment 248

Annex I, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2

Mobility, both trans-national and intersectoral, including stimulating industrial participation and the opening of research careers and academic positions at European scale, is a key component of the European Research Area and indispensable to increase European capacities and performances in research.

Mobility, both trans-national and intersectoral, including stimulating industrial participation and the opening of research careers and academic positions at European scale, is a key component of the European Research Area and indispensable to increase European capacities and performances in research. The “People” programme will be closely coordinated with the Training and Education Programmes as well as with other parts of the Framework Programme.. Another key component is the establishment of appropriate employment conditions, whether in terms of ensuring independence of research, bringing salaries into line with the best international standards, or taking greater care to ensure research workers are covered by social security and insurance schemes. Increasing the mobility of researchers and strengthening the resources of those institutions which attract researchers from other Member States will encourage centres of excellence and also spread that excellence around the European Union.

Justification

Research training is the element of Networks of Excellence, Programme “People” and some education Programmes. Coordination and common actions will be beneficial for the efficient use of researchers' mobility. Visible link must be introduced to the Education and Training Programmes to assure the continuous development of scientific career of young people.

To encourage the European Research Area, which is also intended to make the profession of research worker more attractive, it is important to ensure that conditions of employment are levelled up while at the same time ensuring independence of research.

Amendment 249

Annex I, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Rationa"’, paragraphs 2 a, 2 b, 2 c and 2 d (new)

 

Mobility for research workers applies to all sectors of scientific and technological research covered by the Seventh Framework Programme, while also taking future scientific developments into account.

 

In view of the fact that there is a low proportion of women in scientific professions in many European countries, the 'People' programme will make provision for actions to redress this anachronistic gender imbalance.

 

The European Union and the Member States should launch actions at European, national and regional level to establish services which make it possible to reconcile working and family life. This social policy will also have a significant impact on science and technology policy.

 

To meet the objective of 8 researchers for every 1000 employees, actions will have to address course structures and teaching methods with a view to engaging the interest of young people in a career in science.

Justification

Mobility of research workers is a key means of establishing the European Research Area. It is important to identify instruments which will facilitate mobility for men and women. Provision should be made for measures to make it possible to reconcile working and family life and, although at this initial stage they mainly concern women, they should also apply to men.

Achieving a critical mass of research workers is an essential precondition for the establishment of a European Research Area, and action should be taken to attain that objective by overhauling courses and teaching methods so as to attract young people to a scientific career.

Amendment 250

Annex I, Chapter III "People", Subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2 e (new)

 

Marie Curie actions are widely regarded as the best part of the Framework Programme and have been highly successful. However, oversubscription has been a disincentive for participation in the Marie Curie programme which impacts upon the research community and the business community in particular. A significant increase in the budget for this programme is fully justified.

Justification

The Parliament should underline how successful the Marie Curie actions of the framework programme have been as indicated by the level of oversubscription and for this reason its budget cannot be reduced.

Amendment 251

Annex I, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, paragraph 1

Initial training of researchers to improve their career perspectives, in both public and private sectors, including through the broadening of their scientific and generic skills, and attracting more young researchers to scientific careers

Initial training of researchers to improve their career perspectives, in both public and private sectors, including through the broadening of their scientific and generic skills, including those relating to technology transfer and entrepreneurship, and attracting more young researchers to scientific careers

Justification

Researchers should be given the skills to identify and follow through with business opportunities wherever possible. This should be a core skill for all Marie Curie participants.

Amendment 252

Annex I, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, paragraph 2

This will be implemented through Marie Curie Networks with the main objective to overcome fragmentation of and to strengthen at European level the initial training and career development of researchers. Members of the trans-national networks shall exploit their complementary competencies through integrated training programmes. Support will comprise recruitment of early stage researchers, organisation of training events also open to researchers outside the network and senior chairs and/or industry positions for knowledge transfer and supervision.

This will be implemented through Marie Curie Networks with the main objective to overcome fragmentation of and to strengthen at European level the initial training and career development of researchers. Twinning networks, assuming closer integration of a few partners will be introduced based on the Erasmus scheme. Mobility of researchers will be encouraged by increased communication and links between the "People" programme and the "Capacity" programme. Members of the trans-national networks shall exploit their complementary competencies through integrated training programmes. Support will comprise recruitment of early stage researchers, organisation of training events also open to researchers outside the network and senior chairs and/or industry positions for knowledge transfer and supervision, while taking over the key characteristics from the Industry Host Fellowships from the Fifth Framework Programme. Reintegration grants for young researchers, after their initial training period will be provided. Moreover, a permanent mechanism for horizontal coordination between the "People" programme and the higher education "Erasmus" programme will be introduced.

Justification

Twinning networks will enhance young researchers mobility between a few centres specialised in the same area and strengthen links between their staff. They will provide opportunity for young researchers to stay in a mother institution and to be trained abroad.

Twinning networks will enhance early stage and early career researchers mobility between a few centres specialised in the same area and provide opportunities for them to stay in a mother institution and to be trained abroad. Making FP7 friendlier for early stage and early career researchers requires that scheme of reintegration is the same for all researchers. It is necessary to closely coordinate actions with the Education and Training Programmes to fully realise education and research integration as a part of the knowledge triangle.

Making FP7 more friendly for young researchers requires that scheme of reintegration is the same for all researchers.

It is necessary to fully realise the education and research integration as a part of the knowledge triangle. For instance, in view of the fact that the higher education and research sectors may overlap (the doctoral studies being a part of one or the other), it will be necessary to closely coordinate actions with the Education and Training Programmes.

Migrating researchers between the public and private sector are key instruments for Open Innovation. Therefore, support for mobility of researchers between academia and industry needs to be increased. Furthermore, in view of positive experiences in industry with FP5’s Marie Curie Industrial Host Fellowships, their key characteristics need to be taken over in the Marie Curie Networks, industry-academia pathways and partnerships proposed for FP7. Fast turnaround times are essential, because otherwise good candidates meanwhile accept other offers.

Improved communication with the research community to inform research workers of the opportunities available in the Union could encourage mobility while also slowing down the brain-drain.

Amendment 253

Annex 1, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2

Life-long training and career development to support the career development of experienced researchers. With a view to complementing or acquiring new skills and competencies or to enhance inter/multidisciplinarity and/or inter-sectoral mobility, support is foreseen for researchers with particular needs for additional/complementary competences and skills, for researchers to resume a research career after a break and for (re)integrating researchers into a longer term research position in Europe, including in their country of origin, after a trans-national/international mobility experience. This action line will be implemented through both individual fellowships awarded directly at Community level, and through the co-financing of regional, national or international programmes.

Life-long training and career development to support the career development of researchers. With a view to complementing or acquiring new skills and competencies or to enhance inter/multidisciplinarity and/or inter-sectoral mobility, support is foreseen for the best doctoral students who could join well established research teams to work on their PhDs, for which mutual recognition of the quality of such training will be required as well as mutual recognition of diplomas and other certificates issued in connection with the programmes in question. Support is also foreseen for researchers with particular needs for additional/complementary competences and skills, for researchers to resume a research career after a break, such as maternity or parental leave, and for (re)integrating researchers into a longer term research position in Europe, including in their country of origin, after a trans-national/international mobility experience. This action line will be implemented through individual fellowships awarded directly at Community level. The Commission will explore through a pilot scheme the possibility of co-financing regional, national and international programmes, subject to compliance with the criteria of European added value, transparency and openness.

Amendment 254

Annex I, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2 a (new)

 

- The setting up of an autonomous and independent European network of universities under the aegis of the European Research Council.

Justification

Europe urgently needs an independent, autonomous and multidisciplinary sytem of universities working in partnership as a means of halting the brain-drain and attracting research workers back. An organisation of this kind must be a shared resource, open to all networks and allowing the ERC to function effectively as required.

Amendment 255

Annex I, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Activities", bullet 3

Industry-academia pathways and partnerships: Support to longer term co-operation programmes between organisations from academia and industry, in particular SMEs, aims at increasing knowledge sharing through joint research partnerships, supported by the recruitment of experienced researchers to the partnership, by staff secondments between both sectors, and by the organisation of events.

Industry-academia pathways and partnerships: Support to longer term co-operation programmes between organisations from academia and industry, in particular SMEs and traditional manufacturing industries, aims at increasing knowledge sharing through joint research partnerships, supported by the recruitment of experienced researchers with experience of industry-academia partnership and of young researchers to the partnership, by staff secondments between both sectors, and by the organisation of events, while taking over the key characteristics from the Industry Host Fellowships from the Fifth Framework Programme for such recruitment and secondments. In addition, it should be made easier for researchers to move from public to private research establishments and vice versa.

Justification

The opportunities of working in the industry environment should be available for young researchers too. The decline of traditional manufacturing and heavy industries is recognized by the European Institution on several communications, including the proposal for the 7th RFP. It is therefore logic to support people employed by this industries on their research efforts. The task of facilitating cooperation between academia and industry requires people who are capable of filling this role. It is important to recruit researchers who already have experience in this field.

Exchanging and migrating researchers – as prime carriers of tacit knowledge – between the public sector and the private sector are key instruments for Open Innovation. Therefore, support for mobility of researchers between academia and industry needs to be increased. Furthermore, in view of very positive experiences in industry with the Marie Curie Industrial Host Fellowships of FP5, their key characteristics need to be taken over in the Marie Curie Networks, industry-academia pathways and partnerships proposed for FP7. A particularly efficient feature was the possibility to first acquire the host status and subsequently hire researchers on a temporary basis, while observing the prescribed criteria for eligibility and selection. In any case, fast turnaround times are essential, because otherwise good candidates meanwhile accept other offers.

With the slogan 'dual career paths', the mobility of researchers should also be encouraged from the perspective that greater interaction between private and public research is possible. This exchange of academic and private research should at the same time be facilitated by better involvement of SMUs and companies in the Marie Curie Programme. Established researchers must also be encouraged to face up to new scientific challenges in other fields of activity.

Amendment 256

Annex I, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Activities", bullet 5

Specific actions to support the creation of a genuine European labour market for researchers, by removing obstacles to mobility and enhancing the career perspectives of researchers in Europe. Furthermore, awards to improve the public awareness of Marie Curie actions and their objectives will be provided.

Specific actions to support the creation of a genuine European labour market for researchers, by removing obstacles to mobility and enhancing the career perspectives of researchers in Europe. Incentive measures for public institutions that promote the mobility, quality and profile of their researchers. Furthermore, awards to improve the public awareness of Marie Curie actions and their objectives will be provided.

Justification

Public institutions promoting the mobility of their researchers deserve some incentives, including financial, for further development of action of this type.

Amendment 257

Annex I, Chapter III "People", subtitle "Activities", after bullet 5, last paragraph (new)

 

In order to further facilitate researchers' mobility and interregional mobility (including within the same country), the activities funded by the Structural funds and other instruments will be coordinated with those carried out under the Seventh Framework Programme.

Justification

Research workers' mobility could be further promoted by greater coordination between the Seventh Framework Programme, the Structural funds and other programmes. Interregional mobility is an important element of the in-country and trans-border mobility, but few funding schemes enable it.

Amendment 258

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", paragraph 1, indent 3

- Supporting the development of regional research-driven clusters.

- Supporting the development of regional research-driven clusters and research-driven techno-poles, including within the framework of the European Technology Platforms.

Justification

It is appropriate that even regional clusters are inserted into the wider European dimension to fully exploit the benefits of research and innovation.

Less developed regions and regions with structural problems must establish research driven techno poles before they can start with the formation of research driven clusters. Techno pole is the local concentration of research institutions, a university, Incubator, Industrial Park, Inward Investment Agency, Banks, Venture Capitalists and services for going enterprises. Such techno poles turn out to be motors of regional innovation in less developed regions.

Amendment 259

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", paragraph 1, indent 5

- Bringing science and society closer together for the harmonious integration of science and technology in European society.

- Bringing science and society closer together for the harmonious integration of science and technology in European society; Enabling EU, national or regional information help desks to provide SMEs, industry and knowledge institutions with all relevant information on the Framework Programme, the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme and the Structural Funds.

Amendment 260

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", paragraph 1, indent 6

- Horizontal actions and measures in support of international co-operation.

- Horizontal actions and measures in support of international, cross-border and interregional cooperation.

Justification

The same principle that goes for international co-operation has to be used for cross-border and interregional co-operation.

Amendment 261

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", paragraph 1, indents 6 a and 6 b (new)

 

- Liasing on research and innovation and between industry and SMEs.

 

- Increasing visibility of European high-excellence research

Amendment 262

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", paragraph 2, indent 2

- Monitoring and analysis of research related public policies and industrial strategies.

- Monitoring and policy evaluation analysis of research related public policies and industrial strategies.

Justification

The key performance indicators need to be structured in line with political, technology and social objectives. There is a need to distinguish different types and stages of research and for evaluation systems to be flexible and discriminating between different stages and types of ‘R’ and ‘D’. Linking research to policy objectives is vital giving the increasing spending on R&D by the Member States of the EU.

Amendment 263

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", paragraph 2, indent 3

- Coordination of research policies, including trans-national cooperation initiatives undertaken at national or regional level on issues of common interest.

- Coordination of research policies, including trans-national cooperation initiatives undertaken at national or regional level on issues of common interest. Special attention will be paid to (a) a synergetic approach to the development of research potential in combination with innovation-driven Structural Funds and programmes and (b) the reduction of administrative and physical obstacles to effective cross-border cooperation between regions from different Member States and the development of combined research and innovation capacity.

Justification

Within regional policy, cross-border regional policy has distinct features and has a particular meaning for EU integration, trying to surpass the Member States borders. Too often, innovative cooperation across Member States borders is often not successful. This is due to administrative and spatial hindrances. Any help in the coordination of policies within regions and Member States to solve these problems have to be welcomed. Innovation does not stop at a Member State's border.

Amendment 264

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research Infrastructures", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2

The development of a European approach with regard to research infrastructures, including computing and communication based e-infrastructures, and the carrying out of activities in this area at Union level, can make a significant contribution to boosting European research potential and its exploitation.

The development of a European approach with regard to research infrastructures, including computing and communication based e-infrastructures, and the carrying out of activities in this area at Union level, can make a significant contribution to boosting European research potential and its exploitation and contributing to the development of the European Research Area.

Justification

Research infrastructures have a vital role not only for the research itself but also for high-technology innovation.

Amendment 265

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research Infrastructures", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1 a (new)

 

In order to support the dissemination of knowledge the application of a system of "knowledge vouchers" for SMEs financed at Member States level might prove a useful instrument. Knowledge and know-how which can be directly transformed into innovative commercial products may be offered to SMEs free of any charge through a national or regional system of "knowledge vouchers" for SMEs, thus enhancing the capacity of SMEs to innovate. In order to support the dissemination of knowledge the application of a system of "knowledge vouchers" for SMEs financed at Member States level might prove a useful instrument. "Knowledge vouchers" may profit from EU funding under this Framework Programme and the Structural Funds ("regional competitiveness and employment").

Justification

The system of knowledge vouchers for SME's introduces a new mechanism of support for SMEs by using already existing knowledge and bringing this into innovative applications, reducing as such the "knowledge gap" for EU's industries and businesses. It may prove a very useful mechanism, to be funded by financial means as for example the 7th FP or the Structural Funds, complementing thus the objectives of CIP.

Amendment 266

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research Infrastructures", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 2, bullet 1, indent 1

- trans-national access to ensure that European researchers may have access to the best research infrastructures to conduct their research, irrespective of the location of the infrastructure

- trans-national access to ensure that European researchers, including researchers from industry and SMEs, may have access to the best research infrastructures to conduct their research, irrespective of the location of the infrastructure

Justification

To avoid doubts and ensure equal treatment of all researchers regardless where the work..

Amendment 267

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research Infrastuctures", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 2, bullet 1, indent 2

- integrating activities to structure better, on a European scale, the way research infrastructures operate in a given field and promote their coherent use and development

- integrating activities to structure better, on a European scale, the way research infrastructures operate in a given field, like clinical research infrastructures / networks for paediatric diseases, and promote their coherent use and development

Justification

Several academic groups are trying to develop successful networks for clinical trials in paediatric diseases (e.g. paediatric oncology where the number of childhood cancers requires cooperation between different centres at international level) and need urgently to be supported in their tasks.

Amendment 268

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research Infrastructures", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 2, bullet 1, indent 3

- research e-infrastructure by fostering the further development and evolution of high-capacity and high-performance communication and grid infrastructures and reinforcing European high-end computing capabilities, as well as fostering the adoption by user communities, enhancing their global relevance and increasing the level of trust and confidence, building on the achievements of GEANT and Grid infrastructures.

- research e-infrastructure by fostering the further development, evolution and global connectivity of high-capacity and high-performance communication and grid infrastructures and reinforcing European high-end computing capabilities, as well as fostering the adoption by user communities, enhancing their global relevance and increasing the level of trust and confidence, building on the achievements of GEANT and Grid infrastructures and based on open standards for interoperability.

Justification

It is important that the EU have the possibility to collaborate also with third countries through the development of e-infrastructure research projects that have an international dimension. Open standards are the best way to ensure interoperability and technological neutrality ; interoperability is crucial for the success of ICT.

Amendment 269

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research infrastructures", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 2, bullet 2, indent 1

 construction of new infrastructures and major updates of existing ones to promote the creation of new research infrastructures, based on the work conducted by ESFRI notably, and which may be decided on the basis of Article 171 of the Treaty or on the basis of Specific Programme Decisions in accordance with Article 166 of the Treaty.

 construction of new infrastructures and major updates of existing ones to promote the creation of new research infrastructures, for example to promote science, technology and the cultural heritage, based on the work conducted inter alia by ESFRI without this being in any way considered as a condition for the payment of subsidies, and which may be decided on the basis of Article 171 of the Treaty or on the basis of Specific Programme Decisions in accordance with Article 166 of the Treaty.

Justification

The Seventh Research Framework Programme sought to create a 'European cultural heritage network' embodying a research infrastructure combining research into Europe's concrete and abstract cultural heritage.

It would be unsatisfactory for inclusion on the ESFRI list to be the sole criteria for the launching of new infrastructural projects. It is necessary to ensure that projects not included on the list which may be of strategic importance in the future are not excluded.

Amendment 270

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research Infrastructures", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 2, bullet 2, indent 1 a (new)

 

- Development of a scientific methods server which will greatly help to increase research efficiency, making available certain research findings under comparable conditions.

Justification

The STOA survey commissioned by the European Parliament entitled 'How to optimise the efficiency of science and research, the most important critical success factors of the high-tech economies – Scientific Methods Server' (Project EP/IV/A/2003/07/01) indicates among its conclusions that such a methods server considerably increases research efficiency. In order to minimise costs, researchers could call up certain (interim) findings, for example laboratory test findings, from the server, for their own purposes.

Amendment 271

, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research Infrastructures", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 2, bullet 2, indent 2 a (new)

 

- "Open Innovation" centres to allow for single-site execution of major collaborative industrial R&D projects, with consortium partners seconding their staff for temporary postings, and/or providing open access to research infrastructures and services on the basis of facility sharing.

Justification

An important new paradigm for ensuring growth from knowledge is 'Open Innovation'. It refers to the trend of companies increasingly building on internal and external sources of ideas to create value from innovation and share the risks. Firms that can harness outside ideas to advance their own business while leveraging their internal ideas outside their current operations will likely thrive. For this to happen, large firms, SMEs, universities and research institutes will need to work closely together in ecosystems for 'Open Innovation'.

Amendment 272

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research Infrastructures", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 3

Infrastructures projects proposed for funding in this respect will be identified on the basis of a series of criteria including in particular:

Infrastructures projects proposed for funding in this respect will be identified on the basis of the following criteria alone:

 

- Scientific excellence above all else

– Added value of EU financial support

– Added value of EU financial support

– Capacity to offer a service to users from the scientific (academic and industrial) community at European level

– Capacity to offer a service to users from the scientific (academic and industrial) community at European level

– Relevance at international level

– Relevance at international level

– Technological feasibility

– Technological and organisational feasibility and technological development capacity

– Possibilities for European partnership and commitment of major stakeholders

– Possibilities for European partnership and commitment of major stakeholders, the EIB and Structural Funds

– Construction and operating costs evaluated.

– Construction and operating costs evaluated

 

– Contribution to the European Research Area

 

– Contribution to the objective of developing 'research-based clusters of excellence'

Amendment 273

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle 1 ‘Research Infrastructures’, subtitle ‘Activities’, paragraph 4

As far as the construction of new infrastructures is concerned, an efficient coordination of the Community financial instruments, Framework Programme and Structural Funds in particular, will be ensured.

As far as the construction of new infrastructures is concerned, the potential for scientific excellence in the convergence regions as well as the outermost regions should be taken into account. An efficient coordination of the Community financial instruments, Framework Programme and Structural Funds in particular, will be ensured. Local and regional authorities should be closely involved in discussions concerning choices over the establishment and financing of these infrastructures.

Amendment 274

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research for the benefit of SME's",subtitle "Objectives"

Strengthening the innovation capacity of European SMEs and their contribution to the development of new technology based products and markets by helping them outsource research, increase their research efforts, extend their networks, better exploit research results and acquire technological know how.

Strengthening the innovation capacity of European SMEs and their contribution to the development of new technology based products and markets by helping them outsource research, increase their research efforts, gain better access to pre-funding, extend their networks, better exploit research results and acquire technological know how; bridging the gap between research and innovation.

Amendment 275

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research for the benefit of SME's", subtitle "Rationale"

SMEs are at the core of European industry. They should be a key component of the innovation system and in the chain of transformation of knowledge into new products, processes and services. Faced with an increasing competition in the internal market and globally, European SMEs need to increase their knowledge and research intensity, expand their business activities on larger markets and internationalize their knowledge networks. Most Member states actions relevant to SMEs do not encourage and support transnational research cooperation and technology transfer. Actions at EU level are necessary to complement and enhance the impact of actions undertaken at national and regional level. In addition to the actions listed below, the participation of SMEs will be encouraged and facilitated, and their needs taken into account, across the Framework Programme.

SMEs are at the core of European industry. They should be a key component of the innovation system and in the chain of transformation of knowledge into new products, processes and services. Faced with an increasing competition in the internal market and globally, European SMEs need to increase their knowledge and research intensity, develop projects facilitating the market accessibility of research, expand their business activities on larger markets and internationalize their knowledge networks. Most Member states actions relevant to SMEs do not encourage and support transnational research cooperation and technology transfer. Actions at EU level are necessary to complement and enhance the impact of actions undertaken at national and regional level. In addition to the actions listed below, the participation of SMEs will be encouraged and facilitated, and their needs taken into account, across the Framework Programme. In the event of SME specific instruments becoming oversubscribed, the funding of the various FP instruments will be reviewed with a view to directing funding towards those instruments in demand.The synergies between the Framework Programme and EUREKA can be harnessed to support partnering between large companies and SMEs.

Amendment 276

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research for the benefit of SMEs", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1, introductory part

Specific actions in support to SMEs are conceived to support SMEs or SME associations in need of outsourcing research to universities and research centres: mainly low to medium tech SMEs with little or no research capability. Research intensive SMEs who need to outsource research to complement their core research capability may also participate. Actions will be carried out in the entire field of science and technology. Financial means will be allocated through two schemes:

Specific actions in support to SMEs are conceived to support SMEs or SME associations in need of outsourcing research to universities and research centres: mainly low to medium tech SMEs with little or no research capability. Research intensive SMEs who need to outsource research to complement their core research capability may also participate; they may also serve as research providers for other project partners. Support will be given also to the creation of spin-offs as a means to commercialise research results. Actions will be carried out in the entire field of science and technology, following a bottom-up approach. Actions will cover research and demonstration activities bringing results closer to the market and linking this action line with instruments offered by the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme. Financial means will be allocated through:

Justification

To improve the competitiveness of SMEs, close integration of research with demonstration and other actions such as take up should be introduced. As the next step they should be linked to instruments offered by CIP, stimulating commercialization of products. Actions must be pursued in such a way as to allow for the basic element, that is to say, SMEs as such and their particular research and development needs, as well as for innovation.

Amendment 277

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research for the benefit of SMEs", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1, indent 1

- Research for SMEs: To support small groups of innovative SMEs to solve common or complementary technological problems

- Research for SMEs: To support small groups of innovative SMEs and craft industries in Europe to solve common or complementary technological problems, through the Framework programme and / or intergovernmental funding schemes, such as the Commission, EIB and EBRD's JEREMIE and JASPER initiatives.

Justification

JEREMIE and JASPER are initiatives of the Commission, the European Investment Bank and the European Bank for Regional Development, specially focused on SME support in all Member States. MS can choose to step in the programme. Object of the funding should be access to finance and the latter being a necessity for research development for SMEs. In view of the strategic guidelines of the Commission in regional innovation policy, complementarity between JEERMIE / JASPER is important.

What EUREKA is concerned : this is a international cooperation between Member States and Commission and provides support for high tech SMEs.

European craft industries are of a pivotal importance regarding job creation and must increase their competitivity through research. Conservation and modernisation of a wide range of craft industries will be a unique selling proposition for Europe on the global market and will be a key task for the Lisbon Process. Programmes such as CRAFT have much to contribute in this respect.

Amendment 278

Annex I, Chapter IV" Capacities", subtitle "Research for the benefit of SMEs" subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1, indent 2 a (new)

 

- Research for CSOs : to support Civil Society Organizations or networks of Civil Society Organizations to commission research from research performers.

Amendment 279

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research for the benefit of SMEs", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1 a (new)

 

These three schemes will replace the Cooperative research activities and Collective research activities, implemented for SMEs in the 6th Framework Programme. In doing so, no change will be made in the administrative and management rules except where essential for the sake of simplification.

Justification

To ensure continuity and simplification, making programme more friendly for users.

Amendment 280

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research for the benefit of SMEs", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1 b (new)

 

In addition, support will be granted to “national exploratory awards” schemes providing financial means to SMEs or SME associations to prepare proposals for the Framework Programme.

Justification

To remove one of the existing barriers, national support measures for the initial phase of preparations of SMEs to participate in FP7 should be supported at European level. National exploratory award should for example enable to cover the cost of bridging meetings and costs of preparation of proposals.

Amendment 281

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research for the benefit of SMEs", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1 c (new)

 

Measures to facilitate participation by SMEs in the framework programme: creation or further development of bodies specialised in helping SMEs to participate in the Framework Programe.

Justification

Experience with the Sixth Framework Programme has shown that the level of SME participation has been less than expected. There are many reasons for this, often relating to lack of staff. Specially designated 'Lisbon Angels' can assist SMEs seeking to participate in the framework programme.

Amendment 282

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research for the Benefit of SMEs", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 2

The Competitiveness and Innovation Programme will provide support to networks of intermediaries and national schemes for actions to encourage and facilitate the participation of SMEs in the Framework Programme.

The Competitiveness and Innovation Programme will provide support to networks of intermediaries and national and regional schemes for actions with the following objectives:

 

- to encourage SME participation in, and facilitate their access to the Framework Programme; and,

 

- to ensure that SMEs take full advantage of the funding opportunities available under the Framework Programme.

 

 

Justification

Any actions taken across the Seventh Framework Programme and the CIP must ensure the full and wide participation of SMEs. This may be achieved if both programmes are designed to be friendly for users. Such an approach will reduce difficulties in project preparation by SMEs and facilitate their management and financial administration resulting in the increase of SME participation in the research and innovation programmes. The EU programmes will be attractive for SMEs when projects have three crucial features to offer: money, short time decision and application

Amendment 283

Annex 1, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Regions of Knowledge", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1

Regions are increasingly recognised as important players in the EU’s research and development landscape. Research policy and activities at regional level often rely on the development of “clusters” associating public and private actors. The Pilot Action on “Regions of Knowledge” demonstrated the dynamic of this evolution and the necessity to support and encourage the development of such structures.

Regions are increasingly recognised as important players in the EU’s research and development landscape. Research policy and activities at regional, interregional and cross-border level often rely on the development of “clusters” associating public and private actors. The Pilot Action on “Regions of Knowledge” demonstrated the dynamic of this evolution and the necessity to support and encourage the development of such structures.

Justification

Within regional policy, cross-border and interregional policy have distinct features and have a particular importance for EU integration, trying to surpass the Member States' borders.

Amendment 284

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Regions of knowledge", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2

The actions undertaken in this area will enable European regions to strengthen their capacity for investing in RDT and carry out research activities, while maximising their potential for a successful involvement of their operators in European research projects.

The actions undertaken in this area will enable European regions to strengthen their capacity for investing in RDT and carry out research activities, while maximising their potential for a successful involvement of their operators in European research projects and facilitating the emergence of regional centres and/or clusters, thereby promoting regional development in Europe as well as developing the European Research Area.

Justification

All clusters should be encouraged to contribute to the development of Europe's research capacity, not just cross-border clusters.

Amendment 285

Annex 1, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Regions of Knowledge", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 2 a (new)

 

Attention must be paid to the specific case of co-operation between adjacent border regions, as it was under the Interreg III programmes, and as laid down under the rules governing the territorial objective. The Regions of Knowledge programme must incorporate solutions for cross-border problems as well as mechanisms to encourage cross-border regional co-operation in research irrespective of whether the regions concerned fall under either the convergence or the regional competitiveness objective.

Justification

In regional policy, cross-border regional policy has distinct features and has a particular meaning for EU integration.

Amendment 286

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Regions of knowledge", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1

The new Regions of Knowledge initiative will involve and bring together regional actors involved in research: universities, research centres, industry, public authorities (regional councils or regional development agencies). Projects will cover joint analysis of research agendas of regional clusters (in coordination with other activities on the broader issue of regional innovation clusters) and the elaboration of a set of instruments to address them in specific research activities, including through “mentoring” of regions with a less developed research profiles by highly developed ones. This will comprise measures aiming at improving research networking and access to sources of research funding as well as better integration of research actors and institutions in regional economies. These activities will be implemented in close relationship with EU regional policy and the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme and the Education and Training Programmes.

The new Regions of Knowledge initiative will involve and bring together regional actors involved in research: universities, research centres, industry, public authorities (regional councils or regional development agencies). Projects will cover actions supporting implementation of regional innovation strategies, joint analysis of research agendas of regional or cross-border clusters (in coordination with other activities on the broader issue of regional innovation clusters) and the elaboration of a set of instruments to address them in specific research activities including through “mentoring” of regions with a less developed research profiles by highly developed ones and direct support to emerging Regions of Knowledge. This will comprise measures aiming at improving research networking and access to sources of research funding as well as better integration of research actors and institutions in regional economies. These activities will be implemented in close relationship with EU regional policy (in particular as regards use of Structural Funds) and the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme and the Education and Training Programmes.

Justification

Successful development of Regional Innovation Strategies in FP5 and FP6 allows now to enter into the implementation phase. Institutions in neighbouring regions of two countries can be interested in creating common clusters.

Amendment 287

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Regions of knowledge", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 2

In the context of the specific activity of “Regions of Knowledge” synergies will be sought with the EU’s regional policy, in particular with regard to convergence and outermost regions.

 

In the context of the specific activity of “Regions of Knowledge” synergies will be sought with the EU’s regional policy and with major national and regional programmes, in particular with regard to convergence and outermost regions. In this context, additional appropriations will be provided from the structural funds and possibly the EIB Group for strengthening regional technology transfer structures and in particular science and technology parks and complexes and innovation zones, incubators and techno-cells.

Justification

A reference in this paragraph to national and regional programmes will make for consistency with Community regional policy.

Amendment 288

Annex I, Chapter IV. "Capacities", subtitle "Research potential", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1, bullet 1

Trans-national two-way secondments of research staff between selected organisations in the convergence regions, and one or more partner organisations; the recruitment by selected centres of incoming experienced researchers from other EU countries;

Trans-national two-way secondments of research staff between selected organisations in the convergence regions, and one or more partner organisations; the recruitment by selected centres of incoming experienced researchers and managers from Member States, associated countries, neighbourhood countries and third countries.

Justification

It is important to include managers for research and innovation activities into the exchange mechanism of personal.

Amendment 289

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Research potential", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 2 a (new)

 

Synergies will also be sought with the Competitiveness and Innovation programme in order to promote the regional commercialisation of R&D in collaboration with industry.

Amendment 290

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Science in Society", subtitle "Objective", paragraph 1 a (new)

 

Environmental policy in particular will form the meeting point between scientific knowledge and social development.

Justification

Scientific knowledge and social development should be developed in parallel.

Amendment 291

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Science in Society", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1, bullet 1

Strengthening and improvement of the European science system, including: questions of scientific advice and expertise; the future of scientific publications; safeguards for scientific domains open to misuse; and frauds, trust and “self regulation”.

Strengthening and improvement of the European science system, including: questions of scientific advice and expertise; creation of a European knowledge bank; the future of scientific publications; measures to promote the indexing and conservation of scientific publications and make scientific publications more accessible to those members of the public wishing to consult them; safeguards for scientific domains open to misuse; and frauds, trust and “self regulation”.

Justification

European research would be more effective if past research results were made more widely available. The European Knowledge Bank would provide an open access library of research results after an embargo period from the official project closing date, unless there are strong reasons for a project not to do this.

The interaction between science and society requires mutual understanding, which can only be achieved on a reciprocal basis, making scientific publications accessible to a wide cross-section of the public wishing to consult them.

Amendment 292

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Science in Society", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1, bullet 2

Broader engagement of researchers and the public at large, including organised civil society, on science-related questions, to anticipate and clarify political and societal issues, including ethical issues.

Broader engagement of researchers and the public at large, including organised civil society, on science-related questions, to anticipate and clarify political and societal issues, including ethical issues, such as the use of animals in testing and research.

Justification

In view of the serious public concern in European society about the use of animals in testing and research, this issue should be specifically mentioned here.

Amendment 293

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Science in Society", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1, bullet 3 a (new)

 

Risk assessment and management as a tool for decision making.

Justification

Risk assessment is a procedure that allows a comparison to be made between different options in a quantitative way. Any effort should be made to inform citizens and so to limit the emotional implications on the decision taking.

Amendment 294

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Science in Society", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1, bullet 4

Gender research, including the integration of the gender dimension in all areas of research and the role of women in research.

Gender research, including the integration of the gender dimension in all areas of research and the promotion of women in research and in scientific decision-making bodies.

Justification

The active promotion of women in research, both as researchers and as decision-makers, is necessary in order to increase the influence society has in social life.

Amendment 295

Annexe I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Science in society", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1, bullet 5

Creation of an environment which triggers curiosity for science in young people, by reinforcing science education at all levels including schools and promoting interest and participation in science among young people.

Creation of an environment free of all stereotypes which triggers curiosity for science in young people, by reinforcing science education at all levels including schools and promoting interest and full participation in science among young people.

Justification

It is important to create a 'scientific' environment free of all stereotypes with a view to promoting full participation in science among girls and boys and reinforcing science education not only in schools but also in other appropriate institutions.

Amendment 296

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Science in Society", subtitle "Activities", paragraph 1, bullet 7

Improved communication between the scientific world and the wider audience of policy-makers, the media and the general public, by helping scientists better communicate their work and by supporting scientific information and media.

 

Improved intercommunication and mutual understanding between the scientific world and the wider audience of policy-makers, the media and the general public, by helping scientists better communicate and present their work and by supporting scientific information, publications and media.

Justification

The communications means one-way relation. The involvement of the society is necessary. Communication must involve the presentation of our own ideas as well as consideration of opinions from outside.

Mutual understanding can be achieved with the help of not only standard media communication but also the objective presentation of findings. Support is necessary for specialised scientific publications as a means of achieving this.

Amendment 297

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Activities of international co-operation", paragraph 1

To become competitive and play a role at world level, the European Community needs a strong and coherent international science and technology policy.

 

To become competitive and play a role at world level, the European Community needs a strong and coherent international science and technology policy. An overall strategy for international cooperation encompassing all the international actions carried out under the different programmes within the Framework Programme will be prepared.

Amendment 298

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Activities of international co-operation", paragraph 2, indent 1 a (new)

 

- To contribute to the production of knowledge in Europe by enabling universities, research institutions and European firms to establish contact with their partners in third countries, thereby making it easier for them to access research carried out elsewhere in the world and helping to open up external markets to European firms.

Justification

The ends should not be confused with the means. Strategic partnerships are only one of the means of accessing the knowledge, human resources and markets of third countries.

Amendment 299

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Activities of international co-operation", paragraph 5

Under the “Capacities” programme, horizontal support actions and measures with a focus other than a specific thematic or interdisciplinary area will be implemented. Efforts will be undertaken to improve the coherence of national activities by supporting the co-ordination of national programmes on international scientific co-operation. The overall coordination of the international cooperation actions under the different programmes of the Framework Programme will be ensured.

Under the “Capacities” programme, measures to support the implementation of the European strategy for international cooperation in science and technology will be implemented. In particular, actions and measures not covered in the “Cooperation” and "People" programmes, will be supported, and supplemented, when necessary, by specific cooperation actions of mutual interest.

 

The focus will be on bi-regional S&T Cooperation including priority setting and definition of S&T Cooperation policies; and supporting the co-ordination of national policies on international S&T co-operation.

 

Taking into account the experience gained with INTAS while cooperating with the Eastern European and Central Asian countries, INTAS will be continued. Its activities will be funded from the specific programmes "Cooperation", "People" and "Capacities"

 

The overall coordination of the international cooperation actions under the different programmes of the Framework Programme will be ensured.

Amendment 300

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 1

The JRC’s independence of special interests, whether private or national, combined with its technical expertise enable it to facilitate communication and consensus building between stakeholders (industry associations, environmental action groups, Member States’ competent authorities, other research centres etc.) and policy makers, especially at the EU level. Through scientific and technological support the JRC helps to make the EU policy process more effective, transparent and based on sound science.

The JRC’s independence of special interests, whether private or national, combined with its technical expertise enable it to facilitate communication and consensus building between stakeholders (industry associations, environmental action groups, Member States’ competent authorities, other research centres etc.) and policy makers, especially at the EU level. Through scientific and technological support the JRC helps to make the EU policy process more effective, transparent and based on sound science. In this context, the JRC will provide support to the European Parliament and strengthen its relationship with the Parliamentary Committees and Members. Through a Working Group for the Interface between the European Parliament and the JRC, requests for studies and other requests will be addressed to the JRC by Parliament. Any research conducted by the JRC will be coordinated with the research undertaken under the thematic priorities, in order to avoid overlap and duplication.

Justification

The JRC needs to actively communicate with the Commission on research being undertaken under the nine themes in order to ensure that work is not being duplicated.

The EP is a key actor of the EU policy making process and needs an independent and science based advice, as well as the MS. In addition the availability of such an expertise for EP will improve the confidence of the public opinion in the decisions taken by the EU.

Amendment 301

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre", subtitle "Rationale", paragraph 3 a (new)

 

The Joint Research Centre will strengthen its unique position in the European Research Area at the heart of the Scientific European Culture. In facilitating access to its facilities by European and non European researchers, in particular early-stage scientists, it will increase its co-operation with other public and private research organisations, consistently improve the scientific quality of its own activities and contribute more scientifically to higher education and training, which shall remain a high priority for the JRC.

Justification

The JRC is established in five Member States and succeeded during the recent years to create very efficient relations with the new Member States and Candidate Countries. It is in the heart of the Scientific European Culture. Many unique facilities exist in the JRC. They shall be open to other researchers, to join projects and play a significant role in the training of young researchers.

Amendment 302

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre", subtitle "Activities", bullet 1, indent 2 a (new)

 

- To develop risk assessments and management procedures as tools for decision making, in particular with regard to the tasks of the European Parliament, Commission, Council, and Agencies.

Justification

Risk assessment is a procedure that allows a comparison to be made between different options in a quantitative on the decision taking. JRC should be the core for a further development of this procedure as a support to all European Institutions.

Amendment 303

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 3 a (new)

 

- To provide expertise and play a central role in GMES research activities and in the development of new applications in this field.

Justification

This amendment tries to clarify the misunderstanding on GMES which is caused by the fact that it is intended to be an operational programme whose only source of EU potentially available funding today is research money (FP).

Amendment 304

Annex I, Chapter IV "Capacities", subtitle "Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre", subtitle "Activities", bullet 2, indent 4 a (new)

 

- To promote and enhance the development and validation of alternative strategies, and in particular non-animal methods, in all relevant areas of research (safety assessment, vaccine testing, health and biomedical research, etc.)

Justification

In accordance with the requirements in the Protocol on protection and welfare of animals, Art.23 of Council Directive 86/609/EEC as amended, and the objective of the proposed EU Regulation to promote non-animal testing, the development and alternative testing strategies and in particular non-animal test methods should be included among the activities of JRC.

Amendment 305

Annex III, subtitle “Indirect actions”, paragraph 3

Where different funding schemes can be used, the work programmes may specify the funding scheme to be used for the topic on which proposals are invited.

In principle the choice of funding schemes should be left to research staff and only in very specific areas may the work programmes specify the funding scheme to be used for the topic on which proposals are invited.

Justification

Experience from the Sixth Framework Programme has shown that the final choice of funding schemes should be left to research staff.

Amendment 306

Annex III, subtitle “Indirect actions”, paragraph 4, point (a), point 1

Support to research projects carried out by consortia with participants from different countries, aiming at developing new knowledge, new technology, products or common resources for research. The size, scope and internal organisation of projects can vary from field to field and from topic to topic. Projects can range from small or medium-scale focused research actions to larger integrating projects which mobilise a significant volume of resources for achieving a defined objective.

Support to research projects carried out by consortia with participants from different countries, aiming at developing new knowledge, new technology, products or common resources for research. The size, scope and internal organisation of projects can vary from field to field and from topic to topic. Projects can range from small or medium-scale focused research actions to larger integrating projects which mobilise a significant volume of resources for achieving a defined objective. Projects should be targeted on smaller project consortia and SMEs. For this purpose, projects with simple, short and quick procedures, devoid of complex financial principles and unnecessary reporting will be introduced.

Amendment 307

Annex III, subtitle “Indirect actions”, paragraph 4, point (a), point 4

Support to projects carried out by individual research teams. This scheme will mainly be used to support investigator-driven “frontier” research projects funded in the framework of the European Research Council

Support to projects carried out by individual research teams. This scheme will mainly be used to support investigator-driven “frontier” research projects funded through portable grants in the framework of the European Research Council.

Justification

Grant agreements are signed between the Commission and another legal entity. However, if responsible researcher moves to another research organisation, the grant should be transferred with him/her.

Amendment 308

Annex III, subtitle "Indirect Actions" paragraph 4, point (a), point 5

Support for training and career development of researchers, mainly used for the implementation of the Marie Curie actions.

Support for training and career development of researchers in all programmes, projects and initiatives, and also in the Marie Curie actions. Promotion of the conditions which make it easier for women to enter and pursue a research career.

Justification

Genuine integration calls for a comprehensive policy and for support facilities such as childcare centres and assisted mobility.

Amendment 309

Annex III, subtitle "Indirect Actions", paragraph 4, point (a), point 6.

Support to research projects where the bulk of the research is carried out by universities, research centres or other legal entities, for the benefit of specific groups, in particular SMEs or associations of SMEs.

Support to research projects where the bulk of the research is carried out by universities, research centres or other legal entities, for the benefit of specific groups, in particular SMEs or associations of SMEs. Efforts will be undertaken to mobilise additional financing from the EIB Group.

Justification

Before a technology start-up is able to attract seed money, it must first achieve the more challenging task of securing pre-seed money. Pre-seed money is used to fund activities aimed at proving to investors that a new technology has a certain level of commercial and technical viability. These activities often include: a) conducting a marketing assessment, b) creating a working prototype, and c) other activities like: underwriting of consultants, initial human resource development costs, grant writing assistance and assistance seeking investors. Pre-seed money is vital, requires timely deployment and is in very short supply compared to seed funding.

Amendment 310

Annex III, subtitle "Indirect Actions", paragraph 4, point (b), paragraph 1, footnote 25

25. Or by the Council in consultation with the European Parliament

deleted

Justification

Support action should be implemented under the co-decision procedure.

Amendment 311

Annex III, subtitle "Indirect Actions", paragraph 4, point (b), bullet 2

A financial contribution from the Community to the implementation of Joint Technology Initiatives to realise objectives that cannot be achieved through the funding schemes identified in point 1 above. Joint Technology Initiatives will mobilise a combination of funding of different nature and from different sources, private and public, European and national. This funding can take different forms and can be allocated or mobilised though a range of mechanisms: support from the Framework Programme, loans from the European Investment Bank, support to risk capital. Joint Technology Initiatives may be decided and implemented on the basis of Article 171 of the Treaty (this may include the creation of joint undertakings) or through the Specific Programme Decisions. Community support will be provided subject to the definition of an overall blueprint of financial engineering, based on formal commitments from all parties concerned.

A financial contribution from the Community to the implementation of Joint Technology Initiatives to realise objectives that cannot be achieved through the funding schemes identified in point 1 above. Joint Technology Initiatives will mobilise a combination of funding of different nature and from different sources, private and public, European and national. This funding can take different forms and can be allocated or mobilised though a range of mechanisms: support from the Framework Programme, loans from the European Investment Bank, support to risk capital. Joint Technology Initiatives may be decided and implemented on the basis of Article 171 of the Treaty (this may include the creation of joint undertakings) or through the Specific Programme Decisions. Community support will be provided subject to the definition of an overall blueprint of financial engineering, based on formal commitments from all parties concerned. Rules for Participation will include specific measures to ensure that as regards the implementation of Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs), access and participation by SMEs and small research groups, including their adequate involvement in the decision taking procedures, is encouraged and supported. This aspect of the JTIs must be an element in their periodic evaluation after their establishment.

Amendment 312

Annex III, paragraphs 4 a and 4 b(new)

 

The Community will support technology transfer activities and contribute to bridging the gap between research and its commercialisation by providing finance to the European Investment fund (EIF) to manage a “Technology Transfer Facility”.

 

Subject to and in accordance with detailed arrangements to be established by the regulation adopted pursuant to Article 167 of the Treaty and Council decisions adopting the specific programmes, the facility will finance technology transfer activities from universities, research centres or other legal entities active in the field of technology transfer.

Justification

The technology transfer landscape in Europe suffers from a number of structural weaknesses that have been identified by various studies (e.g Techology transfer accelerator study from DG RTD, UK presidency EU biotechnology working group). In order to tackle this market failure, it is essential to develop a specific facility which could play an important role in preparing projects from universities or research centres to a development stage where venture capital for example could thereafter play a role.

As of today, no Community instruments address this particular gap which is essential for the competitiveness of the European economy and the commercialisation of research. Given the importance of such gap, this technology transfer facility could be implemented through the 7th Research Framework Programme and operated by the European Investment Fund (EIF) which would be able to bridge the gap between the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme and the Research Framework Programme.

Amendment 313

Annex III, subtitle "Indirect Actions", paragraph 6

In addition to direct financial support to participants, the Community will improve their access to EIB loans through the “Risk-Sharing Finance Facility” by providing a grant to the Bank. The Community grant shall be used by the Bank, in addition to its own funds, to cover the provisioning and capital allocation for its loan financing. Subject to and in accordance with modalities to be established by the regulation adopted pursuant article 167 of the Treaty and the Council decisions adopting the specific programmes, this mechanism will enable broader EIB lending to European RTD actions (such as joint technology initiatives, large projects-including Eureka projects, and new research infrastructures).

In addition to direct financial support to participants, the Community will improve their access to EIB loans through the “Risk-Sharing Finance Facility” by providing a grant to the Bank. The Community grant shall be used by the Bank, in addition to its own funds, to cover the provisioning and capital allocation for its loan financing. Subject to and in accordance with modalities to be established by the regulation adopted pursuant article 167 of the Treaty and the Council decisions adopting the specific programmes, this mechanism will enable broader EIB lending to European RTD actions (such as joint technology initiatives, large projects-including Eureka projects, new research infrastructures and projects run by SMEs). Regional development actors should be consulted in the development of this "Risk-Sharing Finance Facility" in order to leverage R&D projects with private-sector investment.

Justification

SME access to this research facility (RSFF) is an important issue in view of the EU’s widening R&D lag, particularly in private R&D. The EIB should set up a system for delegating operations to commercial banks or specialist units in financial institutions, modelled on the global loans which it already uses (given that it has insufficient staff to administer large numbers of files for small amounts). This mechanism was to have been introduced at a later stage so all that is needed is for it to be brought forward.

Amendment 314

Annex III, subtitle "Indirect Actions", paragraph 7 a (new)

 

The Community will support technology transfer activities and contribute to bridging the gap between research and its commercialisation by providing finance to the European Investment fund (EIF) to manage a “Technology Transfer Facility”. Subject to and in accordance with detailed arrangements to be established by the regulation adopted pursuant to Article 167 of the Treaty and Council decisions adopting the specific programmes, the facility will finance technology transfer activities from universities, research centres or other legal entities active in the field of technology transfer.

Justification

The technology transfer landscape in Europe suffers from a number of structural weaknesses that have been identified by various studies (e.g Technology transfer accelerator study from DG RTD, UK presidency EU biotechnology working group). In order to tackle this market failure, it is essential to develop a specific facility which could play an important role in preparing projects from universities or research centres to a development stage where venture capital for example could thereafter play a role.

As of today, no Community instruments address this particular gap which is essential for the competitiveness of the European economy and the commercialisation of research. Given the importance of such gap, this technology transfer facility could be implemented through the 7th Research Framework Programme and operated by the European Investment Fund (EIF) which would be able to bridge the gap between the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme and the Research Framework Programme.

Amendment 315

Annex II, Indicative breakdown among programmes

Cooperation

44432

Health

8317

Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology

2455

Information and Communication Technologies

12670

Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies

4832

Energy

2931

Environment (including Climate Change)

2535

Transport (including Aeronautics)

5940

Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities

792

Security and Space

3960

Ideas

11862

People

7129

Capacities

7486

Research Infrastructures

3961

Research for the benefit of SMEs

1901

Regions of Knowledge

158

Research Potential

554

Science in Society

554

Activities of International Co-operation

358

Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre

1817

TOTAL

72726

Amendment by Parliament

Cooperation

32582

Health

6134

Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology

1935

Information and Communication Technologies

9050

Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies

3467

Energy

2415

Environment (including Climate Change)

1886

Transport (including Aeronautics)

4180

Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities

657

Security

1429

Space

1429

Ideas

7560

People

4927

Capacities

4042

Research Infrastructures

1708

Research for the benefit of SMEs

1366

Regions of Knowledge

126

Research Potential

350

Science in Society

359

Activities of International Co-operation

133

Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre

1751

TOTAL

50862

Justification

Adjustments are made to bring the Framework Programme in line with the European Parliament's position on the Interinstitutional Agreement on Budgetary Discipline (including the Financial Perspectives 2007-2013) as adopted by Plenary on 15 May 2006, and to indicate by internal budgetary allocation the priorities for the Framework Programme which are shared by all political groups in ITRE.

(1)

Not yet published in OJ.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Europe deserves better

The Lisbon Summit endorsed the creation of the European Research Area (ERA) integrating research and innovation activities throughout Europe, while at the Barcelona European Council it was agreed that overall spending on R&D in the Union should be increased with the aim of approaching 3% of GDP by 2010, with two thirds of this new investments coming from the private sector.

In its report on the Lisbon Strategy, the High-Level Group chaired by Mr Wim Kok(1) identified the development of a knowledge-based society as one of top five policy areas. The following actions were recommended: “setting up of an area of research and innovation; boosting spending on R&D to 3% of GDP; making Europe more attractive for its best brains; promoting new technologies”.

In its resolution on Science and technology- Guidelines for future European Union policy to support research (Locatelli Report)(2), the European Parliament agreed with the Commission communication on the same subject(3), according to which, in order to realize these objectives the budget of the 7th Framework Programme must be doubled. In line with this strategy the Commission has presented a proposal for FP7 with an overall amount of Community financial participation of EUR 72.7 billion. The proposed budget was firmly supported by the European Parliament in its resolution on Policy Challenges and Budgetary Means of the enlarged Union 2007-2013 (Boege report)(4).

In the Locatelli report, besides the budgetary issues, there are a number of top priorities which remain of uttermost importance for the EP. The Commission proposal for FP7 meets a great majority of these recommendations and objectives. Therefore, the 7th Framework Programme is broadly accepted by the European Parliament.

Nevertheless, it is essential to stress that only by preserving the original level of financing, as indicated by the European Commission and the European Parliament, will it be possible to guarantee a realization of the objectives mentioned below. Any cuts in FP7 budget are against the Lisbon Strategy and in disagreement with all the declarations of European Union leaders. Thus, a clear vision and strong leadership are necessary. We expect both of these features to emerge in the European Council decisions.

It is important to focus on basic research and support "investigator-driven" basic research activities, selected on the basis of the sole criterion of scientific excellence. This will confer to basic research a European added value, boosting creativity at the highest level, through Europe-wide competition. In this field the research process is often long and complex. Therefore, only a critical mass of financing can lead to the final success.

Also the renewed emphasis given to the programme "People", supporting training and career development of researchers (at all levels) was particularly well received by the EP. Considering the fact that Europe is lacking at least 700 000 researchers, if the target of 3% investment in R&D is to be met by 2010, a strong support for young researchers is necessary.

In addition to these new measures, a high degree of continuity with FP6 in the specific activities for SMEs, namely, research for SMEs and SME associations in the entire field of science and technology, should be preserved.

Following the recommendations in the report of the High-Level Expert Panel chaired by Professor Ramon Marimon(5), the programme "Cooperation” shows high degree of continuity with FP6, in the thematic priorities and a series of important new instruments and corrective measures is introduced. The European Parliament believes that an adequate budget should be preserved to all the areas covered by this Programme, in order to boost and consolidate the research efforts at EU level. It will be of crucial importance for increasing the quality of life in the EU as well as European growth, competitiveness and employment. However, special attention must be paid to those fields where long-term research activities are particularly needed, and thus support from the public sector is more essential. We cannot imagine how possible budgetary cuts could affect such sensitive areas as for instance health (considering aging population and several dangerous emerging diseases), energy (giving the arising urgency of energetic problems) or environment (in order to face challenges deriving from climate change).

FP7 objectives

1. Enhance cooperation within ERA, including cooperation in basic research, acting as a lever to increase national research budgets, improving the conditions for researchers.

2. Contribute to sustainable development of the European Research Area in all EU regions, development of new large infrastructure, making optimal use of existing potential, bringing closer scientists form more developed with convergence regions and exploring the possibility of use of the structural funds for development of R&D capacities in ERA.

3. Develop highly qualified human resources, stimulate attractiveness of research career for young researchers and facilitate their participation in FP7, increase mobility of researchers within ERA and increase attractiveness of Europe for foreign researchers; special attention should be paid to women's access and career in the field of research.

4. Bridge the research-innovation gap by stimulating private investments in areas crucial to competitiveness, promoting public-private partnership, stimulating SMEs participation in Community R&D activities.

5. Creation of the Triangle of Knowledge: supporting the aims of the Lisbon Agenda through Community funded research activities, focusing on building the European knowledge-based economy and society.

6. Introduction of simpler and transparent administrative procedures in order to facilitate participation in FP7.

FP7 instruments - strengthening the European Research Area

The development of a ERA is supported in FP7 in many different ways. All these efforts must be a continuation of the achievements of FP6 in strengthening the realisation of ERA. To reduce fragmentation and overlapping as well as to assure a significant integration with national and regional actions the role of Networks of Excellence will be extended. Important role of integrating R&D activities across Europe should be assigned to ERA-Nets and EUREKA as well.

Basic research - European Research Council

Crucial for economic development is the establishment of the European Research Council supporting basic research at European level on the basis of scientific excellence, conferring a European added value through Europe-wide competition and promotion of scientific excellence at highest level. The ERC should be adequately funded at European level, being autonomous and independent for its activities. It will support research projects which will be selected on their scientific merit and on topics that are chosen by the researchers themselves, through a bottom-up approach. The individual grant scheme will be introduced which can accommodate either individual teams or a combination of teams.

Industry-driven research - Joint Technology Initiatives

To face challenges of global competitiveness the European industry will be supported by wide variety of research and demonstration projects ranging from small Collaborative Projects (CP) to large Joint Technology Initiatives (JTI). The last ones will benefit from long-term public-private partnership and will be the result of the activities of European Technology Platforms (ETPs) which are an important instrument bringing together all interested stakeholders (research institutions, industry and SMEs, financial institutions and policy makers) from all Europe. It is important that ETPs will contribute to integration of ERA by developing a common long-term vision to address a specific challenge, create a coherent strategy to achieve that vision. They should also integrate national and regional strategies, especially those developed by national technology platforms and regional clusters.

Special role of SMEs should be underlined by direct intensive involvement in CPs and JTIs as well as special support measures such as specific calls for SMEs, “national exploratory awards” schemes providing financial means to SMEs or SME associations to prepare proposals for the Framework Programme.

Human potential

Development of human resources, assuring their flexible mobility as a ‘mass phenomenon’ among scientists, facilitating scientific career of young researchers, developing the position of women in science, as well as opening Europe for international cooperation are the major objectives of the “People” programme. Strong measures should be introduced to attract and to retain world-class researchers in Europe.

A special attention should be paid to gender mainstreaming - questions regarding maternity leave and childcare should be seriously taken into consideration. Developing the equal start position of women and men in science will permit to unlock a consistent human potential in the field of research.

Special measures to promote young researchers participation and encouraging them to undertake European scientific career are introduced throughout all actions of FP7. E.g. within the “Ideas” there are introduced special calls for young researchers with so called excellence grants for young researchers. Within “People” it is proposed to introduce “Twinning networks”, assuming closer integration of a few partners with a special offer for early stage researchers. Moreover, different types of reintegration grants for young researchers are provided.

Infrastructure

For the development of ERA it is vital to increase availability, coordination and access in relation to top-level European scientific and technological infrastructure. The development of new infrastructure will be closely coordinated with structural funds and other financial instruments available at European and national level. For instance, “Capacities” may contribute to the development of large infrastructure at national level, in particular supported by structural funds, by assuring its accessibility and networking within ERA.

Regions of knowledge

Actions will facilitate creation of the Regions of Knowledge and Innovation (exploring all education-research-innovation triangle actions) contributing to the development of European Research Area. This will include “mentoring” of highly developed regions with a less developed ones as well as the direct support to emerging Regions of Knowledge and Innovation. Measures facilitating better access of SMEs to technological innovation will be pursued.

Research potential

It is the most important to fully realise the ERA in the enlarged Union. It is necessary to support existing and emerging high potential centres such as Centres of Excellence and Centres of Transfer of Knowledge in the convergence regions. They should be reoriented, fully networked and integrated with ERA. Their transformation should be supported from structural funds as well.

Triangle of Knowledge

Successful realisation of all FP7 objectives requires a sustainable development of excellent human resources, basic research and new technologies leading to commercialisation and contributing to increasing the competitiveness of European industry. Therefore we have to create an integrated Triangle of Knowledge: education - research - innovation. A key success factor will be sustainable development of all elements of the Triangle of Knowledge as well as their deep integration and networking through seamless interfaces.

Education - research

Strengthening the role of universities in research is necessary if research career is to be promoted among students. Young researchers are one of the most important aspects of FP7. Education is mainly a question of national policy but there should be some measures introduced that would link FP7 with the Education & Training Programmes in the European Higher Education Area to allow a smooth research career development of young people.

Research - innovation

The continuity between research and innovation should be maintained also thanks to Joint Technology Initiatives and European Technology Platforms. They can contribute to integrate closely FP7 activities with Competitiveness and Innovation Programme (CIP) in order to facilitate a continuous support at all stages of technology development, from the research, through demonstration up to commercialization. There are foreseen longer term co-operation programmes between organisations from academia and industry, in particular SMEs, which aim at increasing knowledge sharing through joint research partnerships, supported by the recruitment of experienced researchers to the partnership, by staff secondments between both sectors. There should be some extended measures supporting fellowships for researchers employed by industry and research activities undertaken by people from industry.

Multidisciplinarity of research should be strongly supported as it is the basis of development of such leading disciplines as biotechnology and nanotechnology. Moreover, in order to ensure economic return on the results of research, intellectual property rights should be adequately protected. This is a crucial issue especially in such important and dynamic sector as ICT, where additionally, in combination with other models, also an open source development model is proving its utility as a basis for innovation, increasing collaboration and dissemination of knowledge.

Perspectives for the future research and innovation policy

FP6 was oriented towards development of European Research Area. Many successful initiatives were commenced and developed throughout FP6. Now, FP7 will ultimately strengthen the ERA introducing new instruments and integrating the old ones. Particularly, the creation of European Research Council proposed in FP7 will strongly support basic research at European level.

Perhaps a similar way could be chosen for strengthening applied research by creating a European Research and Innovation Area (ERIA), which will orient our efforts towards a closer integration of research with innovation and convert the scientific knowledge into innovation and commercial products. This idea was foreseen in the Lisbon Strategy and in the Kok report which suggested the creation of strict links between research and innovation. Its rationale derives from the necessity to incorporate more industrial funds and risk capital in research and innovation process and collect from these investments concrete financial benefits. That's why it is so important to coordinate the actions of FP7 with CIP. It is worthwhile to analyze whether such a structure as a European Institute of Technology (EIT) could also contribute to the creation of synergy between these two programmes. Thus, EIT, acting as a liaison structure for technology transfer, would generate new technologies and their direct implementation, creating spin-offs, facilitating operations and incubating high-tech start-ups, micro and small enterprises as well as disseminating knowledge.

Obviously, the overall success of such a broad policy cannot be guaranteed only by the Framework Programmes for research and innovation. It is also a matter of macro-economical approach. Making R&D investment attractive for industry it's an absolute necessity and requires stronger efforts. A properly integrated European common market should strengthen the technology transfer, creating a wide interface between industry and research.

(1)

http://europa.eu.int/comm/councils/bx20041105/kok_report_en.pdf

(2)

Texts adopted, P6_TA(2005)0077.

(3)

COM(2004)0353.

(4)

Texts adopted, P6_TA(2005)0224.

(5)

http://www.cordis.lu/fp6/instruments_review/


OPINION of the Committee on Budgets (22.2.2006)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the seventh framework programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)

(COM(2005)0119 – C6-0099/2005 – 2005/0043(COD))

Draftswoman: Marilisa Xenogiannakopoulou

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

I. General Overview of FP 7

As the European Parliament stated lately on 8 June 2005(1), scientific research, technological development and innovation are at the heart of the knowledge-based economy and are key factors for growth and sustainable development, the competitiveness of companies, employment, and attainment of the objectives of the Lisbon Strategy(2). As early as 2003, it had considered that research efforts should be boosted and consolidated towards the target established at the 2002 Barcelona European Council for an increase in R&D expenditure to 3% of EU GDP by 2010(3). Although the commitment made in Lisbon was reiterated at the occasion of the Barcelona summit in 2002, the Council has constantly tried to cut expenditure for research in all annual budgetary procedures since.

1. Context

The new Framework Programme for Research & Development is foreseen for the period 2007-2013 and proposes to double the FP6 budget, rising it to EUR 72,726 billion over the seven years of the programming period, plus the Euratom part, of EUR 3,092 billion (period 2007-2011).

Fortunately, in the Budget 2006 European Parliament was able to defend European Commission's proposals in the Preliminary Draft Budget (PDB) in this last year of implementation of FP 6. The overall cuts intended by Council in its Draft Budget concerned especially the Payments, which amounted to 40 to 45 per cent of all relevant lines. These cuts were not justified as implementation rates for FP 6 had reached constantly 98 per cent in the past years.

2. Legal Constraints

Based on Article 166, 164 of the Treaties, the multi-annual Framework Programmes have to serve two main strategic objectives: Strengthening the scientific and technological bases of industry and encourage its international competitiveness while promoting research activities in support of other EU policies. These two objectives are setting the general scene for choosing priorities and instruments. Activities that can better be carried out at national or regional level, i.e. without co-operation across borders are not eligible. FP7 also provides possibilities and funding for organisations from third countries (“international co-operation”).

The EU contributes only a certain percentage of the total costs of a project, the co-financing rate is ranging from 35 to 100 %, depending on the type of activity but amounts normally to 50 %. Participants have to mobilise own resources accordingly. FP7 will be financed under Titles 02, 06, 08, 09, 10 and 11 of the EC Budget. Five Commission DGs are jointly managing the budget: Research, Enterprise, Information Society, Energy & Transport and the Joint Research Center (JRC).

3. Structure and timetable

COM(2005)119 comprises two legislative proposals, the Community part (EP and Council Decision, in Co-decision procedure) and the Euratom part (Council Decision, in consultation procedure). The Community part of FP7 would consist in four basic components: "Cooperation" (44,432 billion), "Ideas" (11,862 billion), "People" (7,129 billion), "Capacities" (7,486 billion) and Non-nuclear actions of the JRC (1,817 billion).

COOPERATION

Themes (4)

million EUR

Health

8317

Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology

2455

Information and Communication Technologies

12670

Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials
and new Production Technologies

4832

Energy

2931

Environment (including Climate Change)

2535

Transport (including Aeronautics)

5940

Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities

792

Security and Space

3960

Total COOPERATION

44432

IDEAS

European Research Council

11862

PEOPLE

Marie Curie Actions

7129

CAPACITIES

Research Infrastructures

3961

Research for the benefit of SMEs

1901

Regions of Knowledge

158

Research Potential

554

Science in Society

554

Activities of International Co-operation

358

TOTAL CAPACITIES

7486

Non-nuclear actions of the Joint Research Centre

1817

TOTAL EC

72726

On 21 September 2005, the Commission has proposed the seven specific programmes according Article 166, par. 3 TCE, which will be adopted by Council after consultation of EP (article 166, par.4 TCE). Each activity foreseen by FP7 will be implemented through these specific programmes which shall define the detailed rules for implementation, fixing its duration and provide for the means deemed necessary. The sum of the amounts deemed necessary, fixed in the specific programmes, may not exceed the overall maximum amount fixed for the framework programme and each activity.

Following these proposals the Commission will, beginning of the year 2006, and according Article 167, 172 and 251 TCE present the two legislative proposals for determining of the rules for the participation of undertakings, research centres and universities, and for laying down the rules governing the dissemination of research results (co-decision).

4. Small and medium enterprises

SMEs have more difficulties to access the funds of community Framework Programmes because of the often cumbersome procedures and the heavy paperwork required from then. Therefore, the participation of SMEs must be improved not only by interdisciplinary initiatives under "Co-operation", "People" and "Capacities", but also by simplifying of the implementation of the programmes, especially by reducing the obligations of the beneficiaries, e.g. use of the two-stage submission and evaluation procedures (i.e. simpler, first stage) and common standards of control and harmonisation of internal Commission control activities.

5. Renewable energies

Renewable energies are an integral feature of an effective strategy to protect the climate; they help achieve the Kyoto objectives; they do not waste resources; they reduce emissions of harmful substances into the air; together with the possibility of sustainable regional development and new employment prospects.

II. Recommendations by the draftswoman

1.   Although Council regularly repeats its commitment to scientific research, technological development and innovation as being at the heart of the knowledge-based economy and as key factors for growth and sustainable development, it has once again, in its Draft Budget 2006 cut payments of the relevant budget lines of the 6th FRP by about 40 per cent. This should not be followed by Parliament.

2.   The agreement reached by the European Council on 15/16 December on a new financial Framework 2007 - 2013 are not satisfying as regards to Research policy. In order to avoid a blockage of legislative work on the new programmes, the Trialogue Parliament, Council, Commission of 18 October, has agreed on a joint declaration "Guidelines for legislative proposals related to the 2007-2013 multi-annual financial framework". It allows EP and Council to proceed to the legislative work pending an agreement on the IIA. EP should not abandon its legislative work, every time a legislative act has budgetary implications. It should continue "normal' first readings also in the case of FP 7, in accordance with the legislative procedure set out in Article 251 of the Treaty and taking into account the large majority of the resolution of 8 June 2005. Therefore, your draftswoman wishes to maintain the amounts proposed in the Commission proposal in order to be consistent with the EP negotiating position of 8 June 2005.

3.   In order to achieve the Lisbon objectives, your rapporteur is convinced that all has to be done to improve the regulatory environment for SMEs and their access to 7 FP. The ongoing reform of the Financial Regulation(5) and its Implementing measures is an opportunity also for FP 7 to lessen bureaucracy and to make life easier for beneficiaries such as SMEs who can not afford to meet with a too heavy administrative burden.

4.   The ongoing volatility of oil prices in the last 2 years and the recent natural disasters linked to global warming do show it very clearly: Europe must become less dependent from oil. Your draftswoman welcomes the proposal of the European Commission to commit attention to activities in modern renewable energy technologies.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Budgets calls on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Draft legislative resolution

Amendment 1

Point 1 a (new)

1a.      Points out that the appropriations indicated in the legislative proposal beyond 2006 are subject to the decision on the next multiannual financial framework;

.

Amendment 2

Point 1 b (new)

1b.      Calls on the Commission, once the next multiannual financial framework is adopted, to present, if appropriate, a proposal to adjust the financial reference amount of the programme;

Justification

Standard amendment in order to emphazise that the amounts proposed are subject to confirmation by a possible multiannual financial framework.

Proposal for a decision

Text proposed by the Commission(6)  Amendments by Parliament

Amendment 3

Article 3

The seventh Framework Programme shall be implemented through specific programmes. These programmes shall establish precise objectives and the detailed rules for implementation.

 

The seventh Framework Programme shall be implemented through specific programmes. These programmes shall establish precise objectives and the detailed rules for implementation in accordance with the Financial Regulation.

Justification

The implementation of the EU Budget should follow the Financial Regulation.

.

Amendment 4

Article 3, paragraph 1 a (new)

 

Each specific programme shall have its own budget line under heading 3 of the general budget so as to ensure the follow-up of the financial implementation and guarantee a better flow of information between the Commission and the budgetary authority on the activities financed under the framework programme.

Justification

The rapporteur considers that the reduction of thematic priorities and their concentration under one heading may cause a risk to the transparency and accountability of these projects. To ensure the monitoring of these activities, it is necessary to set up a separate budget line for each specific programme

Amendment 5

Article 4, paragraph 1, introductory part

1. The maximum overall amount for Community financial participation in this seventh Framework Programme shall be EUR 72726 million. That amount shall be distributed among the activities and actions referred to in paragraphs 2 to 6 of Article 2 as follows (in EUR million):

1. The maximum indicative overall amount for Community financial participation in this seventh Framework Programme shall be EUR 72 726 million for the period of 7 years starting on 1 January 2007. That amount shall be distributed among the activities and actions referred to in paragraphs 2 to 6 of Article 2 as follows (in EUR million):

Justification

Standard amendment in order to emphasise that the amounts proposed are subject to confirmation by a possible multiannual financial framework.

Amendment 6

Article 4, paragraph 3 a (new)

 

3a. Access to funding shall be facilitated by the application of the principle of proportionality as regards the documents to be supplied and by the creation of a database for the submission of applications.

Justification

The methods and the procedures need to be simplified in order to speeding up the transparency of the selection procedure and facilitate access to the programme. The appropriations allocated to the Executive Agency should comply with the provisions of the Code of conduct on the setting up of an Executive agency and Council Regulation N°58/2003 laying down the statute for executive agencies to be entrusted with certain tasks in the management of Community programs. This will ensure appropriate financing of the actions of the programme

Amendment 7

Article 4, paragraph 3 b (new)

 

3b. The overall administrative expenditure of the programme including internal and management expenditure for the executive agencies should be proportional to the tasks provided for in the programme concerned and shall be subject to the decision of the budgetary and legislative authorities.

Justification

The methods and the procedures need to be simplified in order to speeding up the transparency of the selection procedure and facilitate access to the programme. The appropriations allocated to the Executive Agency should comply with the provisions of the Code of conduct on the setting up of an Executive agency and Council Regulation N°58/2003 laying down the statute for executive agencies to be entrusted with certain tasks in the management of Community programs. This will ensure appropriate financing of the actions of the programme

Amendment 8

Article 4, paragraph 4 a (new)

 

4a. The Commission shall provide prior information to the budgetary authority whenever it intends to depart from the breakdown of expenditure stated in the remarks and annex of the annual budget.

Justification

To improve the financial monitoring of Community financed research activities, the rapporteur considers that the Commission should inform the budgetary authority on the implementation of specific programmes on a regular basis and provide prior information whenever it intends to depart from the breakdown of expenditure stated in the general budget

PROCEDURE

Title

Proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the seventh framework programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)

References

COM(2005)0119 – C6-0099/2005 – 2005/0043(COD)

Committee responsible

ITRE

Opinion by           Date announced in plenary

BUDG
27.4.2005

Enhanced cooperation

 

Draftswoman
  Date appointed

Marilisa Xenogiannakopoulou
9.6.2005

Discussed in committee

22.2.2006

 

 

 

 

Date amendments adopted

2.2.2006

Result of final vote

for:

against:

abstentions:

34

1

0

Members present for the final vote

Laima Liucija Andrikienė, Reimer Böge, Simon Busuttil, Paulo Casaca, Gérard Deprez, Valdis Dombrovskis, Brigitte Douay, Bárbara Dührkop Dührkop, James Elles, Szabolcs Fazakas, Louis Grech, Nathalie Griesbeck, Catherine Guy-Quint, Jutta D. Haug, Ville Itälä, Anne E. Jensen, Alain Lamassoure, Janusz Lewandowski, Vladimír Maňka,, Gérard Onesta, Giovanni Pittella, Antonis Samaras, Esko Seppänen, Nina Škottová, László Surján, Helga Trüpel, Kyösti Tapio Virrankoski, Ralf Walter, Thomas Wise, Marilisa Xenogiannakopoulou

 

Substitutes present for the final vote

Albert Jan Maat, Hans-Peter Martin, Paul Rübig, José Albino Silva Peneda, Margarita Starkevičiūtė

Substitutes under Rule 178(2) present for the final vote

 

Comments (available in one language only)

 

(1)

European Parliament resolution on Policy Challenges and Budgetary Means of the enlarged Union 2007-2013 (2004/2209(INI)), P6_TA(2005)0224, point 16

(2)

European Parliament resolution P6_TA(2005)0069 of 9 March 2005

(3)

European Parliament resolution preparing FP 7 of 18 November 2003 on "Investing in research: an action plan for Europe" (COM(2003) 226 – 2003/2148(INI)), P5_TA(2003)0495.

(4)

details for each sub-programme can be found on http://www.cordis.lu/fp7/faq.htm#1

(5)

Proposal COM(2005)0181, report Grässle

(6)

Not yet published in OJ.


OPINION of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (24.2.2006)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the seventh framework programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013)

(COM(2005)0119 – C6-0099/2005 – 2005/0043(COD))

Draftsman: Satu Hassi

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

In many respects, the Commission's proposal concerning the seventh framework programme is positive. The proposal takes account of a number of positions adopted by Parliament in its previous decisions.

However, the true significance of the proposal will remain uncertain until such time as a decision is taken on the EU's Financial Perspective for 2007-2013. If the overall budget adopted is smaller than proposed, there is a danger that the appropriations available for the seventh framework programme may be considerably less than indicated in this proposal.

There are also grounds for criticising the procedure because the Commission has already published its proposals for specific programmes, which it did on 21 September 2005, despite the fact that the consideration of the framework programme under the codecision procedure is still under way and that specific programmes should be based on the framework programme. By adopting this approach, the Commission is in advance depriving the codecision procedure of much of its meaning.

From the point of view of the environment and public health, the Commission proposal contains many positive points. The rapporteur proposes approving those which are concerned with reducing pollution, protecting biodiversity, combating climate change, developing new energy technologies and creating an energy-intelligent Europe. The rapporteur proposes placing a clearer emphasis on preventing disease and on research in support of that objective. She also proposes stressing the role of civil society and women's rights.

The rapporteur proposes that the individual fields of energy research should be listed in the framework programme in an order which reflects the order of priority assigned to the various options for controlling climate change and promoting sustainable development, and she proposes creating separate budget lines for the individual energy options. It is proposed that research into carbon dioxide capture and sequestration should be geared to its environmental impact. The rapporteur takes the view that research into clean coal technologies should be funded by the coal industry, which is long established and has significant resources available.

As regards stem cell research, the rapporteur proposes that Community funding should not be used for embryonic stem cell research but only for adult stem cell research, umbilical stem cell research and other such alternatives which do not use embryos as their raw material.

On the subject of agricultural biotechnology, the rapporteur stresses the protection of non-GMO biodiversity and research into the environmental impact of GMOs.

The rapporteur wishes to draw attention to the disproportion between the energy section of the proposed seventh framework programme of research and the proposed seventh Euratom programme of research, which is not subject to the codecision procedure. Under the Euratom proposal, more funds would be used for fusion and other aspects of nuclear power over 5 years than would be earmarked for all other forms of energy research put together over a 7-year period. This conflicts with various EU decisions, which have stated that global warming must be kept below 2° and stressed the role of energy efficiency and renewable energy in achieving this. Nuclear power is not among the priorities which have been jointly approved. It entails serious risks, and, even in theory, fission power cannot play a significant role in controlling climate change because uranium reserves are too limited. Fusion meanwhile will not be able to produce usable energy for many decades, and as yet, indeed, there is no guarantee that it will even become a viable proposition several decades hence.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety calls on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Text proposed by the Commission(1)  Amendments by Parliament

Amendment 1

Recital 1 a (new)

 

(1a) Publicly funded research needs to be invested primarily in answering public needs and priorities.

Justification

Public research funding should focus on research needs which are in the public interest, and should not be primarily guided by industrial competitiveness.

Amendment 2

Recital 2

(2) The central role of research in ensuring competitivity and economic growth was recognised by the European Council of Lisbon which highlighted knowledge and innovation as the heart of the economic progress, including growth of employment in Europe.

 

(2) The central role of research in ensuring competitivity and economic growth was recognised by the European Council of Lisbon which highlighted knowledge and innovation as the heart of the economic and social progress, including growth of employment in Europe.

 

Amendment 3

Recital 4 a (new)

 

(4a) The European Parliament has called for EU leadership in developing and applying environmental technologies and ensuring sustainable production and consumption. Parliament has also repeatedly stressed the role of research in finding solutions to climate change. In order to achieve the necessary leaps in technological development, significant Community research effort is required. Parliament has furthermore underlined the need to prevent the exploitation of women and ruled out support and funding for human cloning under any EU programme.

Amendment 4

Recital 5

(5) Taking into account the research needs of all Community policies and building upon wide-spread support from European industry, the scientific community, universities, and other interested circles, the Community should establish the scientific and technological objectives to be achieved under its seventh Framework Programme in the period 2007 to 2013.

 

(5) Taking into account the research needs of all Community policies and building upon wide-spread support from European industry, the scientific community, universities, and other interested non-commercial circles, the Community should establish the scientific and technological objectives to be achieved under its seventh Framework Programme in the period 2007 to 2013.

Justification

It is important that Parliament should support scientific centres not involved in any commercial activity.

Amendment 5

Recital 10

(10) The research and innovation capacities throughout Europe should be enhanced and their optimal use should be ensured.

 

(10) The research and innovation capacities throughout Europe should be enhanced and their optimal use should be ensured. In this connection, consideration could be given to exemptions from company tax in respect of EU subsidies to SMEs under the Seventh Framework Programme for Research & Development.

Justification

Optimal use of innovation capacities may also entail new ideas at Community level in the taxation field.

Amendment 6

Recital 12

(12) Under "Cooperation", support should be provided to trans-national co-operation at every scale across the European Union and beyond, in a number of thematic areas corresponding to major fields of the progress of knowledge and technology, where research should be supported and strengthened to address European social, economic, environmental and industrial challenges.

 

(12) Under "Cooperation", support should be provided to trans-national co-operation at every scale across the European Union and beyond, in a number of thematic areas corresponding to major fields of the progress of knowledge and technology, where research should be supported and strengthened to address European social, economic, environmental, public health and industrial challenges.

Amendment 7

Recital 14

(14) Under "People", individuals should be stimulated to enter into the researcher's profession, European researchers should be encouraged to stay in Europe, researchers from the entire world should be attracted to Europe and Europe should be made more attractive to the best researchers.

 

(14) Under "People", individuals should be stimulated to enter into the researcher's profession, European researchers should be encouraged to stay in Europe, researchers from the entire world should be attracted to Europe and Europe should be made more attractive to the best researchers. In this connection, consideration could be given at Community level to tax harmonisation measures to cover researchers.

Justification

The EU is justifiably concerned at the 'brain drain' to Asia and America, where conditions are more attractive. The Council could surely introduce specific tax harmonisation measures for researchers in both private and public sectors.

Amendment 8

Recital 15

(15) Under "Capacities", the use and development of research infrastructures should be optimised; innovative capacities of SMEs and their ability to benefit from research should be strengthened; the development of regional research-driven clusters should be supported; the research potential in the EU's convergence and outermost regions should be unlocked; science and society should be brought closer together for the harmonious integration of science and technology in European society; and horizontal actions and measures in support of international co-operation should be undertaken.

 

 

(15) Under "Capacities", the use and development of research infrastructures should be optimised; access procedures for the seventh Framework Programme should be simplified; there should be more dissemination of information on the actions under the seventh Framework Programme; innovative capacities of SMEs and their ability to benefit from research should be strengthened; the development of regional and local research-driven clusters should be supported; the research potential in the EU's convergence and outermost regions, including in local centres, should be unlocked; science and society should be brought closer together for the harmonious integration of science and technology in European society; and horizontal actions and measures in support of international co-operation should be undertaken.

 

Justification

The realisation of the objectives will be favoured by the simplification of access procedures to the Seventh FPRD.

Emphasis should be placed on the development of local centres, particularly centres situated in the outermost regions of the EU.

Amendment 9

Recital 19

(19) Given the widely supported enlarged scope of the Framework Programme actions, the leverage effect of funding in national and private investments, the need to enable the Community to meet new science and technology challenges, the vital role the Community intervention plays in making the European research system more efficient and effective, the contribution of a larger seventh Framework Programme to the reinvigoration of the Lisbon strategy, there is a pressing need to double the EU research budget.

(19) Given the widely supported enlarged scope of the Framework Programme actions, the leverage effect of funding in national and private investments, the need to enable the Community to meet new science and technology challenges, the vital role the Community intervention plays in making the European research system more efficient and effective, the contribution of a larger seventh Framework Programme to the effort of finding solutions to climate change and sustainability, the health of Europe's population as well as reinvigoration of the Lisbon strategy, there is a pressing need to double the EU research budget.

Amendment 10

Recital 24

(24) The seventh Framework Programme should contribute towards promoting sustainable development and environmental protection.

(24) The seventh Framework Programme and the projects and technologies supported by it should contribute towards promoting sustainable development and environmental protection.

Justification

The specific programmes, projects and technologies should also be assessed as regards their contribution to sustainable development.

Amendment 11

Recital 25

(25) Research activities supported by this Framework Programme should respect fundamental ethical principles, including those reflected in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. The opinions of the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies are and will be taken into account.

(25) Research activities supported by this Framework Programme should primarily benefit human beings and respect fundamental ethical principles, including those reflected in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the Council of Europe Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine and UNESCO'S Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.

Justification

Research activities should not lead to greater unemployment among EU citizens or cause harm to human beings, as in the case of cloning and prenatal research etc.

Amendment 12

Recital 27

(28) Appropriate measures should also be taken to prevent irregularities and fraud and the necessary steps should be taken to recover funds lost, wrongly paid or incorrectly used in accordance with Council Regulations (EC, Euratom) No 2988/95 of 18 December 1995 on the protection of the European Communities' financial interests, (EC, Euratom) No 2185/96 of 11 November 1996 concerning on-the-spot checks and inspections carried out by the Commission in order to protect the European Communities' financial interests against fraud and other irregularities and Regulation (EC) No 1073/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning investigations conducted by the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF).

(28) Appropriate measures should also be taken to verify the effectiveness of the aids granted and of the use of those funds and to prevent irregularities and fraud, and the necessary steps should be taken to recover funds lost, wrongly paid or incorrectly used in accordance with Council Regulations (EC, Euratom) No 2988/95 of 18 December 1995 on the protection of the European Communities' financial interests, (EC, Euratom) No 2185/96 of 11 November 1996 concerning on-the-spot checks and inspections carried out by the Commission in order to protect the European Communities' financial interests against fraud and other irregularities and Regulation (EC) No 1073/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning investigations conducted by the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF).

Justification

From the moment when public funds are committed, it is desirable to verify the effectiveness of the appropriations granted in the context of research work.

Amendment 13

Recital 29

(29) It is important to ensure sound financial management of the seventh framework programme and its implementation in the most effective and user-friendly manner possible, as well as ease of access for all participants. It is necessary to ensure compliance with Council Regulation (EC, EURATOM) No 1605/2002 of 25 June 2002 on the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Communities; and with the requirements of simplification and better regulation.

(29) It is important to ensure sound financial management of the seventh framework programme and its implementation in the most effective and user-friendly manner possible, as well as ease of access for all participants. A key feature of the seventh Framework Programme is a significant simplification of administrative procedures and a strengthened focus on assessing scientific merit of research projects. It is necessary to ensure compliance with Council Regulation (EC, EURATOM) No 1605/2002 of 25 June 2002 on the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Communities; and with the requirements of simplification and better regulation.

Justification

The emphasis in the evaluation of the projects should be on their scientific merit not on administrative qualities.

Amendment 14

Article 2, paragraph 4

(4)       People: strengthening, quantitatively and qualitatively, the human potential in research and technology in Europe.

(4)       People: strengthening, quantitatively and qualitatively, the human potential in research and technology in Europe. In this connection, consideration could be given at Community level to tax harmonisation for researchers.

Justification

The EU is justifiably concerned at the 'brain drain' to Asia and America, where conditions are more attractive. The Council could surely introduce specific tax harmonisation measures for researchers in both private and public sectors.

Amendment 15

Article 2, paragraph 5

(5) Capacities: supporting key aspects of European research and innovation capacities such as research infrastructures; regional research driven clusters; the development of a full research potential in the Community’s convergence and outermost regions; research for the benefit of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs); 'Science in Society' issues; horizontal activities of international cooperation.

(5) Capacities: supporting key aspects of European research and innovation capacities such as research infrastructures; regional research driven clusters; the development of a full research potential in the Community’s convergence and outermost regions, including local research centres; research for the benefit of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs); 'Science in Society' issues; horizontal activities of international cooperation and assistance in scientific exchanges among the outermost regions of the EU.

Justification

The need for cooperation and scientific exchanges among research centres in the outermost regions of the EU should be taken into consideration.

Amendment 16

Article 3

The seventh Framework Programme shall be implemented through specific programmes. These programmes shall establish precise objectives and the detailed rules for implementation.

The seventh Framework Programme shall be implemented through specific programmes. These programmes shall establish precise objectives and the detailed rules for implementation. The administrative procedures shall be significantly simplified compared to the previous Programmes and a strengthened focus shall be put on assessing scientific merit of research projects.

Justification

The emphasis in the evaluation of the projects should be on their scientific merit not on administrative qualities.

Amendment 17

Article 6

All the research activities carried out under the seventh Framework Programme shall be carried out in compliance with fundamental ethical principles.

All the research activities carried out under the seventh Framework Programme shall be carried out for the benefit of human beings and their development in compliance with fundamental ethical principles, including those set out in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, the Council of Europe Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine and UNESCO's Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.

Justification

Community-funded research should not lead to increased unemployment or cause harm to human beings, as in the case of cloning and prenatal research etc.

Amendment 18

Article 7, paragraph 1

1. Not later than 2010, the Commission shall carry out, with the assistance of external experts, an interim evaluation of this Framework Programme and its specific programmes on the quality of the research activities under way and progress towards the objectives set.

1. Not later than 2010, the Commission shall carry out, with the assistance of external experts, an interim evaluation of this Framework Programme and its specific programmes on the quality of the research activities under way and progress towards the objectives set by having an independent report drawn up.

Justification

In view of the fact that the RTD agenda is constantly evolving, the Seventh Framework Programme must be monitored more closely.

Amendment 19

Annex I, Part I, "Cooperation", paragraph 3, introductory part

The nine themes determined for EU action are the following

The ten themes determined for EU action are the following

Justification

The aim of this amendment is to secure consistency with the amendment below.

Amendment 20

Annex I, Part I, "Cooperation", paragraph 3, point 9 a (new)

 

(9a) Creating a platform for exchanges between creators and industry.

Justification

It is frequent in the EU to encounter unfinished innovations conceived by European researchers or entrepreneurs. For structural, financial or other reasons creators lack the resources to develop their concept further. This is a deplorable waste, as in many cases they do not know where to turn to make over their procedure to an entity which could incorporate it into more extensive research or convert it into a practical industrial application. The EU must build the bridges that are needed to link creators to industry.

Amendment 21

Annex I, Part I, "Cooperation", paragraph 5

Special attention will be paid to priority scientific areas which cut across themes, such as marine sciences and technologies.

Special attention will be paid to priority scientific areas which cut across themes, such as marine sciences and technologies. Such attention will be based on coordination and on obtaining results which will enable a relevant EU policy to be drawn up.

Justification

The EU needs to draw up a proper European marine science and technology policy.

Amendment 22

Annex I, Part I, "Cooperation", paragraph 5 a (new)

 

The involvement of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), in particular knowledge-based SMEs, must be secured by means of practical support measures accompanied by quantitative and qualitative monitoring of the objectives achieved.

Justification

In view of the essential role played by SMEs in innovation and in improving competitiveness, the contribution which they make must be secured and assessed as part of the framework programme.

Amendment 23

Annex I, Part I, "Cooperation", paragraph 5 b (new)

 

Support must be provided for initiatives which are designed to promote scientific dialogue and to disseminate results to as large an audience as possible beyond the scientific community, with a view to enhancing the role of civil society in research. The sex-equality dimension must be promoted at all levels of research.

Justification

A knowledge-based society needs to be developed and within it the full potential of women must be exploited.

Amendment 24

Annex I, Part I, "Cooperation", paragraph 7

In the case of subjects of industrial relevance in particular, the topics have been identified relying, among other sources, on the work of different “European Technology Platforms” set up in fields where Europe’s competitiveness, economic growth and welfare depend on important research and technological progress in the medium to long term. European Technology Platforms bring together stakeholders, under industrial leadership, to define and implement a Strategic Research Agenda. This Framework Programme will contribute to the realisation of these Strategic Research Agendas where these present true European added value.

In the case of subjects of industrial relevance in particular, the topics have been identified relying, among other sources, on the work of different “European Technology Platforms” set up in fields where Europe’s competitiveness, economic growth and welfare depend on important research and technological progress in the medium to long term. European Technology Platforms bring together stakeholders, under industrial leadership, to define and implement a Strategic Research Agenda.

Justification

It is not the job of the Framework Programme to serve industry's strategic research agendas.

Amendment 25

Annex I, Part I, "Cooperation", paragraph 10

In order to strengthen the diffusion and use of the output of EU research, the dissemination of knowledge and transfer of results, including to policy makers, will be supported in all thematic areas, including through the funding of networking initiatives, seminars and events, assistance by external experts and information and electronic services in particular CORDIS. Actions to support innovation will be taken under the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme. Support will also be provided to initiatives aiming at engaging the dialogue on scientific issues and research results with a broad public beyond the research community, and in the field of scientific communication and education. Ethical principles and gender aspects will be taken into account.

In order to strengthen the diffusion and use of the output of EU research, the dissemination of knowledge and transfer of results, including to policy makers, will be supported in all thematic areas, including through the funding of networking initiatives, seminars and events, assistance by external experts and information and electronic services in particular CORDIS. Actions to support innovation will be taken under the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme. Support will also be provided to initiatives aiming at engaging the dialogue on scientific issues and research results with a broad public beyond the research community, and in the field of scientific communication and education. Ethical principles, accessibility issues and gender aspects will be duly and horizontally taken into account in all relevant research themes.

Justification

Newly developed technologies will otherwise create new barriers to many European citizens; whereas if such issues are considered at the design phase, full accessibility will be guaranteed with only limited investment (typically 2-4% of the overall budget of each new project).

Amendment 26

Annex I, Part I, "Joint Technology Initiatives", paragraph 1

In a limited number of cases, the scope of a RTD objective and the scale of the resources involved justify setting up long term public private partnerships in the form of Joint Technology Initiatives. These initiatives, mainly resulting from the work of European Technology Platforms and covering one or a small number of selected aspects of research in their field, will combine private sector investment and national and European public funding, including grant funding from the Research Framework Programme and loan finance from the European Investment Bank. Joint Technology Initiatives may be decided on the basis of Article 171 of the Treaty (this may include the creation of a joint undertaking) or on the basis of the Specific Programme Decisions in accordance with Article 166 of the Treaty.

In a limited number of cases, the scope of a RTD objective and the scale of the resources involved justify setting up long term public private partnerships in the form of Joint Technology Initiatives. These initiatives, mainly resulting from the work of European Technology Platforms and covering one or a small number of selected aspects of research in their field, will combine private sector investment and national and European public funding, including grant funding from the Research Framework Programme and loan finance from the European Investment Bank. Joint Technology Initiatives may be decided on the basis of Article 171 of the Treaty (this may include the creation of a joint undertaking) or on the basis of the Specific Programme Decisions in accordance with Article 166 of the Treaty. Each Joint Technology Initiative must be approved by means of an individual Council decision in order to ensure that there is a greater degree of fairness (in both economic and technological terms) amongst the various Member States.

Justification

Support for structures of this kind should not lead to an increase in the technological and economic disparities amongst the Member States.

Amendment 27

Annex I, Part I, "Joint Technology Initiatives", paragraph 3

Particular attention will be paid to the overall coherence and coordination between Joint Technology Initiatives and national programmes and projects in the same fields.

Particular attention will be paid to the participation of SMEs and research institutes in such initiatives and to the overall coherence and coordination between Joint Technology Initiatives and national programmes and projects in the same fields.

Justification

The participation of SMEs in Joint Technology Initiatives is indeed important. Of equal importance however is the participation of Research Institutes in them, so as to guarantee that state-funded research serves not only the industrial but also societal and public interest. Otherwise, the industry-led JTI's may for example neglect traffic safety in the expense of driver's comfort and enhanced scales.

Amendment 28

Annex I, Part I, “International co-operation”, paragraph 1, bullet point 2

Specific co-operation actions in each thematic area dedicated to third countries in the case of mutual interest in co-operating on particular topics. Closely associated with the bilateral co-operation agreements or multilateral dialogues between the EU and these countries or groups of countries, these actions will serve as privileged tools for implementing the co-operation between the EU and these countries. Such actions are, in particular: actions aiming at reinforcing the research capacities of candidate countries as well as neighbourhood countries; cooperative activities targeted at developing and emerging countries, focusing on their particular needs in fields such as health, agriculture, fisheries and environment, and implemented in financial conditions adapted to their capacities.

 

Specific co-operation actions in each thematic area dedicated to third countries in the case of mutual interest in co-operating on particular topics. Closely associated with the bilateral co-operation agreements or multilateral dialogues between the EU and these countries or groups of countries, these actions will serve as privileged tools for implementing the co-operation between the EU and these countries. Such actions are, in particular: actions aiming at reinforcing the research capacities of candidate countries as well as neighbourhood countries; cooperative activities targeted at developing and emerging countries, focusing on their particular needs in fields such as health, with particular emphasis on orphan and neglected diseases, agriculture, fisheries and environment, and implemented in financial conditions adapted to their capacities.

Justification

More attention must be given to orphan and neglected diseases.

Amendment 29

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Objective"

Improving the health of European citizens and increasing the competitiveness of European health-related industries and businesses, while addressing global health issues including emerging epidemics. Emphasis will be put on translational research (translation of basic discoveries in clinical applications), the development and validation of new therapies, methods for health promotion and prevention, diagnostic tools and technologies, as well as sustainable and efficient healthcare systems.

Improving the physical and mental health of European citizens and contributing to the performance of the European health sector, while supporting the competitiveness of businesses related to that sector and addressing global health issues including emerging epidemics, orphan diseases and neglected diseases. Research will aim both at the prevention of diseases and the development of effective treatments and medicines while ensuring equitable access to results of publicly funded research. Emphasis will be put on translational research (translation of basic discoveries in applications at clinical and population level), the development and validation of new therapies, methods for health promotion and prevention, diagnostic tools and technologies, technologies for healthy ageing as well as sustainable, accessible and efficient healthcare systems.

Amendment 30

Annex I, Part I, Section"Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 2

Clinical research on many diseases (e.g. cancer, cardiovascular diseases, mental and neurological diseases, in particular those linked with ageing, such as Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases) relies on international multi-centre trials to achieve the required number of patients in a short time-frame. Epidemiological research requires a large diversity of populations and international networks to achieve significant conclusions. Developing new diagnostics and treatments for rare disorders also require multi-country approaches to increase the number of patients for each study. And performing health policy-driven research at the European level enables comparisons of the models, systems, data, and patient material held in national databases and biobanks.

 

Clinical research on many diseases (e.g. cancer, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases,rheumatic diseases, mental and neurological diseases, in particular those linked with ageing, such as Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases, and non-transmissible diseases linked to children's health), relies on international multi-centre trials to achieve the required number of patients in a short time-frame. Epidemiological research aimed at identifying disease determinants at levels ranging from the molecular to the social requires a large diversity of populations and international networks to achieve significant conclusions. Developing new diagnostics and treatments for rare disorders and carrying out epidemiological research into such disorders also require multi-country approaches to increase the number of patients for each study. And performing health policy-driven research at the European level enables comparisons of the models, systems, data, and patient material held in national databases and biobanks, including public banks of stem cells taken from umbilical cord blood.

Amendment 31

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 3

A strong EU-based biomedical research will help strengthen the competitiveness of the European healthcare biotechnology, medical technology and pharmaceutical industries. The EU also has to play an active role in creating an environment conducive to innovation in the pharmaceutical sector, in particular to maximise the success of clinical research. Research-based SMEs are the main economic drivers of the healthcare biotechnology and medical technology industries. Although Europe now has more Biotechnology companies than US, most of them are small and less mature than their competitors. Public-private research efforts at the EU level will facilitate their development. EU research will also contribute to the development of new norms and standards to set up an appropriate legislative framework for new medical technologies (e.g. regenerative medicine).

A strong EU-based biomedical research will help to improve health and to strengthen the competitiveness of the European healthcare biotechnology, medical technology and pharmaceutical industries. Research-based SMEs are the main economic drivers of the healthcare biotechnology and medical technology industries. Although Europe now has more Biotechnology companies than US, most of them are small and less mature than their competitors. Public-private research efforts at the EU level will facilitate their development. EU research will also contribute to the development of new norms and standards to set up an appropriate legislative framework for new medical technologies (e.g. regenerative medicine). European research and innovation in the field of alternative testing strategies and in particular non-animal methods will ensure global leadership in addressing public and stakeholder concerns about the continuing use of animals in biomedical research and could in addition provide a market for industry sectors.

 

In accordance with the subsidiarity principle, Community research funding will focus on adult stem-cell research and umbilical-cord stem-cell research and will not prevent supernumerary embryos which are due to be destroyed from being used for research into treatments. Pursuant to Article 18 of the Council of Europe Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine (1997 Oviedo Convention), embryos may not be produced for research purposes.

 

It is desirable to encourage the creation of the MICE (Medicines Investigation for the Children of Europe) programme pursuant to Regulation (EC) No …/… on medicines used for paediatric purposes, amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 1768/92, Directive 2001/83/EC and Regulation (EC) No 726/2004.

Justification

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, which was proclaimed in Nice (France) on 7 December 2000, explicitly prohibits eugenic practices and reproductive cloning, but does not comment explicitly on embryo research (Article 3)

– "(...) in accordance with relevant international conventions and codes of conduct, e.g.

(…) the Convention of the Council of Europe on Human Rights and Biomedicine signed in Oviedo on 4 April 1997, and the Additional Protocol on the Prohibition of Cloning Human Beings signed in Paris on 12 January 1998

Source: Commission Staff Working Paper Report On Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Brussels, 3.4.2003 SEC(2003) 441

It is important to insist on Parliament's position in favour of the creation of the MICE programme under the Seventh FPRD.

Amendment 32

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 4

The activities that will be addressed, which include research essential to policy requirements, are set out below. Two strategic issues, child health and the health of the ageing population will be addressed across activities. Research agendas established by European Technology Platforms, such as the one on innovative medicines, will be supported where relevant. To complement these and respond to new policy needs, additional actions may be supported for example in the areas of health policy issues and occupational health and safety.

The activities that will be addressed, which include research essential to policy requirements, are set out below. Three strategic issues, child health, women's health and the health of the ageing population, will be addressed across activities. Research agendas established by European Technology Platforms, such as the one on innovative medicines, will be supported where relevant. To complement these and respond to new policy needs, additional actions may be supported for example in the areas of health policy issues and occupational health and safety. There is a particular need to address and to investigate the needs of sub-populations, including disabled persons, minority groups and disadvantaged groups.

Amendment 33

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 1 "Biotechnology, generic tools and technologies for human health", indent 1

- High-throughput research. To catalyse experimental progress in biomedical research by enhancing data generation, standardisation, acquisition and analysis.

- High-throughput research. To catalyse experimental progress in biomedical research by enhancing data generation, standardisation, acquisition and analysis. Together with basic research on neurobiology and behaviour biology, genetics and genomics for human and animal health.

Justification

Current research has proven the need to invest on basic research on neuroscience, as the cornerstone for bioscience and the knowledge of human beings.

Amendment 34

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 1 "Biotechnology, generic tools and technologies for human health", indent 2

- Detection, diagnosis and monitoring. With emphasis on non-invasive or minimally invasive approaches.

- Detection, diagnosis and monitoring. With emphasis on non-invasive or minimally invasive approaches and technologies such as DNA chips and molecular imaging and diagnostics. Priority should be given to diagnostic tools that are directly linked to therapy.

Justification

In genetic diseases in particular but also in other diseases, diagnostic has made tremendous progress during the last years, especially because of sequencing of DNA. There's a big gap between diagnosis and therapy. For the patient, it is definitely important to have not only diagnosis but also therapy. That's why research activities which address this problem should get a priority.

Amendment 35

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 1 "Biotechnology, generic tools and technologies for human health", indent 3

- Predicting suitability, safety and efficacy of therapies. To develop and validate biological markers, in vivo and in vitro methods and models, including simulation, pharmacogenomics, targeting approaches and alternatives to animal testing.

- Predicting suitability, safety and efficacy of therapies. To develop and validate biological markers, in vitro methods and models, including simulation, pharmacogenomics, targeting approaches and other alternatives to animal testing, in particular to replace the use of non-human primates.

Justification

In view of the requirements in the Protocol on the Protection and Welfare of Animals and the serious public concern in Europe about animal testing, it is unacceptable for the EU to fund the development of in vivo methods and models. In accordance with Art. 23 of Council Directive 86/609/EEC and Art. 7.2 (a) and (b) of the Sixth Community Environment Action Programme, the EU should develop and validate alternatives to animal testing. In addition, the European Commission and Council have repeatedly stated their commitment to reduce and replace the use of non-human primates in research, such as in the Preamble to Council Decision 1999/575/EC on the European Convention for the protection of animals used in research. This should therefore be reflected in EU funding under the Framework Programme.

Amendment 36

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 1 "Biotechnology, generic tools and technologies for human health", indent 4

Innovative therapeutic approaches and intervention. To consolidate and ensure further developments in advanced therapies and technologies with potential application in many diseases and disorders.

Innovative therapeutic approaches and intervention. To consolidate and ensure further developments in advanced therapies and technologies with potential application in many diseases and disorders, including those affecting children Priority will be given to research using adult stem cells.

Amendment 37

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 2 "Translating research for human health", indent 2

- Research on the brain and related diseases, human development and ageing. To explore the process of healthy ageing and the way genes and environment interact with brain activity, under normal conditions as well as in brain diseases.

- Research on the brain and related diseases, human development and ageing. To explore the process of healthy development and ageing and the way genes and environmental factors interact with brain activity, under normal conditions as well as in brain diseases.

Amendment 38

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 2 "Translating research for human health", indent 2 a (new)

 

- Human ethology. Study of man and the urban, natural and cultural environment.

Justification

A knowledge of man and of his responses and adaptation to the environment is a basic requirement if his behaviour and possible dysfunctions are to be understood.

Amendment 39

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 2 "Translating research for human health", indent 3

- Translational research in infectious diseases. To address anti-microbial drug resistance, the global threats of HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis as well as emerging epidemics (e.g. SARS and highly pathogenic influenza).

- Translational research in infectious diseases. To address anti-microbial drug resistance, the global threats of HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis as well as emerging epidemics (e.g. SARS and highly pathogenic influenza) and neglected diseases.

Justification

There are many diseases that primarily affect developing countries that are neglected in terms of translational research. Neglected diseases should be emphasised as they fall outside of the scope of the drug industry's research and development efforts.

Amendment 40

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 2 "Translating research for human health", indent 4

- Translational research in major diseases: cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes/obesity; rare diseases; and other chronic diseases (e.g. osteoarthritis). To develop patient-oriented strategies from prevention to diagnosis and treatment including clinical research.

- Translational research in major diseases: cancer, cardiovascular disease, respiratory diseases, lung disease, diabetes/obesity; rare diseases; neglected diseases; and other chronic diseases (e.g. osteoarthritis and rheumatic conditions). To develop patient-oriented strategies from prevention to diagnosis and treatment including clinical research.

Justification

More attention must be paid to treating and preventing orphan diseases and neglected diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria etc.

Amendment 41

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 2 "Translating research for human health", indent 4 a (new)

 

- Translational research into diseases caused by environmental and work-related stress factors (e.g. asthma, allergies).

Amendment 42

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 2 "Translating research for human health", indent 4 b (new)

 

- Palliative medicine: Pain therapy and symptomatic therapy for diseases which are not yet curable, in order to combat the patient's symptoms as effectively as possible.

Justification

Many diseases will not be curable in the next seven to eight years. Also after expiration of RFP7, humans will die of diseases. The aim of palliative medicine is to fight suffering, mainly pain but also other symptoms like thirst, itching and nausea when the disease itself cannot be fought causally anymore.

Amendment 43

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 3 "Optimising the delivery of health care to European citizens", indent 1

- Translating clinical outcome into clinical practice. To understand clinical decision-making and how to translate outcomes of clinical research into clinical practice and especially addressing the specificities of children, women and elderly population.

- Translating clinical outcome into clinical practice. To understand clinical decision-making and how to translate outcomes of clinical research into clinical practice and especially addressing the specificities of children, women, the elderly and disabled persons.

Justification

Health care delivery is often not adequately designed to ensure it is properly accessed by disabled persons. Research in respect of how health care reaches such disadvantaged groups is lacking and needs to be investigated

Amendment 44

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 3 "Optimising the delivery of health care to European citizens", indent 2

- Quality, efficiency and solidarity of health systems including transitional health systems. To translate effective interventions into management decisions, to ensure an adequate supply of human resources, to analyse factors influencing equity of access to high quality health care, including analyses of changes in population (e.g. ageing, mobility and migration, and the changing workplace).

- Quality, efficiency and solidarity of health systems including transitional health systems. To translate effective interventions into management decisions, to ensure an adequate supply of human resources, to analyse factors influencing equity of access to high quality health care, including analyses of changes in population (e.g. ageing, mobility and migration, and the changing workplace). Access to health care of disadvantaged populations including disabled persons.

Justification

Health care delivery is often not adequately designed to ensure it is properly accessed by disabled persons and ethnic minorities are groups. Research in respect of how health care reaches such disadvantaged groups is lacking and needs to be investigated.

Amendment 45

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 1 "Health", Subpoint "Activities", subheading 3 a (new)

 

· Alternative testing strategies and non-animal methods

 

- Increased research for the development and validation of alternatives to animal testing. To develop and validate alternative testing strategies and in particular non-animal methods for human and veterinary vaccine testing, toxicological and pharmaceutical safety testing, and other areas of research. Special attention needs to be given to replacing the use of non-human primates.

Justification

In accordance with the requirements in the Protocol on protection and welfare of animals, Art. 23 of Council Directive 86/609/EEC, and Art. 7.2 (a) and (b) of the Sixth Community Environment Action Programme, the development and validation of alternative testing strategies and in particular non-animal test methods should be included among the activities in relation to health and biomedical research.

Amendment 46

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 2 "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology", Subpoint "Objectives"

Building a European Knowledge Based Bio-Economy by bringing together science, industry and other stakeholders, to exploit new and emerging research opportunities that address social and economic challenges: the growing demand for safer, healthier and higher quality food and for sustainable use and production of renewable bio-resources; the increasing risk of epizootic and zoonotic diseases and food related disorders; threats to the sustainability and security of agricultural and fisheries production resulting in particular from climate change; and the increasing demand for high quality food, taking into account animal welfare and rural contexts.

Building a European Knowledge Based Bio-Economy by bringing together science, industry and other stakeholders, to exploit new and emerging research opportunities that address social, environmental and economic challenges: the growing demand for safer, healthier and higher quality food and for sustainable use and production of renewable bio-resources; the increasing risk of epizootic and zoonotic diseases and food related disorders; threats to the sustainability and security of agricultural and fisheries production resulting in particular from climate change; and the increasing demand for high quality food, taking into account animal welfare and rural contexts.

Amendment 47

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 2 "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 1

Innovations and advancement of knowledge in the sustainable management, production and use of biological resources (micro-organism, plants, animals), will provide the basis for new, sustainable, eco-efficient and competitive products for agriculture, fisheries, food, health, forest based and related industries. In line with the European strategy on life sciences and biotechnology, this will help increase the competitiveness of European biotechnology and food companies, in particular high tech SMEs, while improving social welfare and well-being. Research into the safety of food and feed chains, diet related diseases, food choices and the impact of food and nutrition on health will help to fight food related disorders (e.g. obesity, allergies) and infectious diseases (e.g. transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, avian-flu), while making important contributions to the implementation of existing and the formulation of future policies and regulations in the area of public, animal and plant health and consumer protection.

Innovations and advancement of knowledge in the sustainable management, production and use of biological resources (micro-organism, plants, animals), will provide the basis for new, sustainable, eco-efficient and competitive products for agriculture, fisheries, food, health, forest based and related industries. Sustainable production of healthy food and other products as well as the European strategy on life sciences and biotechnology will help increase the competitiveness of European biotechnology and food companies, in particular SMEs, while improving social welfare and well-being. Research into the safety of food and feed chains, diet related diseases, sustainable food choices and the impact of food and nutrition on health will help to fight food related disorders (e.g. obesity, allergies) and infectious diseases (e.g. transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, avian-flu), while making important contributions to the implementation of existing and the formulation of future policies and regulations in the area of public, animal and plant health and consumer protection.

Justification

Research in innovation should be promoted for organic farming and other low-input farming systems.

Amendment 48

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 2 "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point 1

· Sustainable production and management of biological resources from land, forest, and aquatic environments: Enabling research, including 'omics' technologies, such as genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, systems biology and converging technologies for micro-organisms, plants and animals, including exploitation of their biodiversity; improved crops and production systems, including organic farming, quality production schemes and GMO impacts; sustainable, competitive and multifunctional agriculture, and forestry; rural development; animal welfare, breeding and production; plant health; sustainable and competitive fisheries and aquaculture; infectious diseases in animals, including zoonoses; safe disposal of animal waste; conservation, management and exploitation of living aquatic resources, developing the tools needed by policy makers and other actors in agriculture and rural development (landscape, land management practices etc.).

· Sustainable production and management of biological resources from land, forest, and aquatic environments: Enabling research, including 'omics' technologies, such as genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, systems biology and converging technologies for micro-organisms, plants and animals, including conservation and sustainable use of their natural biodiversity and genetic resources on farm; improved crops and production systems, including organic and other sustainable low energy input farming systems, marker assisted breeding, quality production schemes and monitoring and assessment of GMO impacts on the environment and humans; sustainable, competitive and multifunctional agriculture, and forestry; integrated rural development including the aspects of civil society participation in planning and decision-making; animal welfare, breeding and production; plant health; sustainable and competitive fisheries and aquaculture; infectious diseases in animals, including zoonoses; other threats to the sustainability and food supply security of food production (including climate change and oil depletion); safe disposal and utilisation of animal waste; conservation, management and exploitation of living aquatic resources, developing the tools needed by policy makers and other actors in agriculture and rural development (landscape, land management practices etc.).

Justification

Sustainability of food production and resource management shall be the main focus of this activity.

Amendment 49

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 2 "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point 2

· Fork to farm”: Food, health and well being: Consumer, societal, industrial and health aspects of food and feed, including behavioural and cognitive sciences; nutrition, diet related diseases and disorders, including obesity; innovative food and feed processing technologies (including packaging); improved quality and safety, both chemical and microbiological, of food, beverage and feed; integrity (and control) of the food chain; environmental impacts on and of food/feed chains; total food chain concept (including seafood); traceability.

· “Fork to farm”: Food, health and well being: Consumer, societal, cultural, industrial and health aspects of food and feed, including behavioural and cognitive sciences; nutrition, diet related diseases and disorders, including obesity and allergies; health benefits of certain foods and diets; innovative food and feed processing, transport and retailing technologies (including reduction of packaging and food miles); improved quality and safety, both chemical and biological, of food, beverage and feed; integrity and sustainability (and control) of the food chain; environmental impacts on and of food/feed chains; total food chain concept (including seafood); traceability.

Amendment 50

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 2 "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point 3

· Life sciences and biotechnology for sustainable non-food products and processes: Improved crops, feed-stocks, marine products and biomass (including marine resources) for energy, environment, and high added value products such as materials and chemicals, including novel farming systems, bio-processes and bio-refinery concepts; bio-catalysis; forestry and forest based products and processes; environmental remediation and cleaner processing.

· Life sciences and biotechnology for sustainable non-food products and processes: Improved crops, feed-stocks, marine products and biomass (including marine resources) for energy, environment, and high added value products such as materials and chemicals, including novel sustainable and renewable energy based farming systems, bio-processes and bio-refinery concepts; bio-catalysis; forestry and forest based products and processes; environmental remediation and cleaner processing.

Amendment 51

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 2

The escalating economic and societal demands, together with the continued mainstreaming of ICT and the need to push further the technology limits set a growing agenda for research. To bring technology closer to people and organisational needs means: hiding technology complexity and revealing functionality on demand; making technology very simple to use, available and affordable; providing new ICT-based applications, solutions and services that are trusted, reliable, and adaptable to the users’ context and preferences. Driven by the demand of more-for-less, ICT researchers are involved in a global race to achieve further miniaturisation, to master the convergence of computing, communications and media technologies, and the convergence with other relevant sciences and disciplines, and to build systems that are able to learn and evolve. From these diverse efforts a new wave of technologies is emerging. ICT research activities will also draw on a broader range of scientific and technological disciplines including bio- and life sciences, psychology, pedagogy, cognitive and social sciences.

The escalating economic and societal demands, together with the continued mainstreaming of ICT and the need to push further the technology limits set a growing agenda for research. To bring technology closer to people and organisational needs means: hiding technology complexity and revealing functionality on demand; making technology very simple to use, available and affordable and accessible for all, including for disabled persons; providing new ICT-based applications, solutions and services that are trusted, reliable, and adaptable to the users’ context and preferences; using ICT for sustainable development, particularly in the management of transport, in conservation of energy and in natural resource use. Driven by the demand of more-for-less, ICT researchers are involved in a global race to achieve further miniaturisation, to master the convergence of computing, communications and media technologies, and the convergence with other relevant sciences and disciplines, and to build systems that are able to learn and evolve. From these diverse efforts a new wave of technologies is emerging. ICT research activities will also draw on a broader range of scientific and technological disciplines including bio- and life sciences, psychology, pedagogy, cognitive and social sciences.

Justification

Access to the information society for disabled people is absolutely essential to fulfilling the Lisbon goals of social inclusion of disadvantaged groups. In this respect EDF believes a two pronged approach must be adopted by the Framework Programme which embraces both the principles of assistive technologies (AT) and Design for All principles.

Given the rapid pace of innovation and change in this area it is essential that the perspective and input of disabled users is integrated horizontally across the bulk of information society projects both in respect of ICT innovations for goods/equipment and services as well as the interplay between assistive technologies and universal design.

Amendment 52

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 4

The ICT research activities will be closely articulated with policy actions for ICT deployment and with regulatory measures within a comprehensive and holistic strategy. Priorities have been set following extensive consultations including input from a series of European Technology Platforms and industrial initiatives in areas such as nano-electronics, embedded systems, mobile communications, electronic media, robotics and software, services and Grids.

The ICT research activities will be closely articulated with policy actions for ICT deployment and with regulatory measures within a comprehensive and holistic strategy. Priorities have been set following extensive consultations including input from a series of European Technology Platforms and industrial initiatives in areas such as nano-electronics, embedded systems, mobile communications, electronic media, robotics and software, services and Grids, and relevant infrastructure designed to increase Europe's high-level computer capacity (GÉANT and GRID).

Justification

GÉANT, high-speed networks and GRID technologies must be backed to the hilt, since they constitute major successes stemming from research financed under the Framework Programmes and since they are currently at the forefront of world-class ICT - a status which must not be jeopardised.

Amendment 53

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 3 "Information and Communication Technologies", Subpoint "Activities", subheading "Applications Research", indent 1

- ICT meeting societal challenges: New systems and services in areas of public interest improving quality, efficiency, access and inclusiveness; user friendly applications, integration of new technologies and initiatives such as ambient assisted living.

- ICT meeting societal challenges: New systems and services in areas of public interest improving quality, efficiency, access and inclusiveness in particular with regard to disadvantaged groups, including ICT accessibility for disabled persons; user friendly applications, integration of new technologies and initiatives such as ambient assisted living.

Justification

Access to the information society for disabled people is absolutely essential to fulfilling the Lisbon goals of social inclusion of disadvantaged groups. In this respect EDF believes a two pronged approach must be adopted by the Framework Programme which embraces both the principles of assistive technologies (AT) and Design for All principles.

Given the rapid pace of innovation and change in this area it is essential that the perspective and input of disabled users is integrated horizontally across the bulk of information society projects both in respect of ICT innovations for goods/equipment and services as well as the interplay between assistive technologies and universal design.

Amendment 54

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 4 "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "Materials"

Generating new knowledge on high-performance materials for new products and processes; knowledge-based materials with tailored properties; more reliable design and simulation; higher complexity; environmental compatibility; integration of nano-molecular-macro levels in the chemical technology and materials processing industries; new nano-materials, bio-materials and hybrid materials, including design and control of their processing.

Generating new knowledge on high-performance materials for new products and processes as well as for their repair, upgrade and extension of lifespan; knowledge-based materials with tailored properties; more reliable design and simulation; higher complexity; environmental compatibility; integration of nano-molecular-micro-macro levels in the chemical technology and materials processing industries; new nano-materials, bio-materials and hybrid materials, including design and control of their processing.

Amendment 55

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 4 "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "New Production"

Creating conditions and assets for knowledge-intensive production, including construction, development and validation of new paradigms responding to emerging industrial needs; development of generic production assets for adaptive, networked and knowledge-based production; development of new engineering concepts exploiting the convergence of technologies (eg, nano, bio, info, cognitive and their engineering requirements) for the next generation of high value-added products and services, and adaptation to the changing needs.

Creating conditions and assets for sustainable knowledge-intensive production, including construction, development and validation of new paradigms responding to emerging industrial needs; development of generic production assets for adaptive, networked and knowledge-based production; development of new engineering concepts exploiting the convergence of technologies (eg, nano, bio, info, cognitive and their engineering requirements) for the next generation of high value-added products and services, and adaptation to the changing needs.

Amendment 56

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 4 "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "Integration of technologies for industrial applications"

Integrating new knowledge and technologies on nano, materials and production in sectoral and cross sectoral applications such as: health, construction, transport, energy, chemistry, environment, textiles and clothing, pulp and paper, mechanical engineering.

Integrating new knowledge and technologies, including eco-technologies, on nano, materials and production in sectoral and cross sectoral applications such as: health, construction, transport, energy, chemistry, environment, textiles and clothing, pulp and paper, mechanical engineering.

Amendment 57

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 5 "Energy", Subpoint "Objective"

Transforming the current fossil-fuel based energy system into a more sustainable one based on a diverse portfolio of energy sources and carriers combined with enhanced energy efficiency, to address the pressing challenges of security of supply and climate change, whilst increasing the competitiveness of Europe’s energy industries.

Transforming the current fossil-fuel based energy system into the most energy efficient and least fossil fuels dependent economy in the world by 2020; such a sustainable energy economy will be based primarily on a diverse portfolio of renewable energy sources and carriers combined with enhanced energy efficiency and energy conservation to address the pressing challenges of security of supply and climate change, whilst increasing the competitiveness of Europe’s sustainable energy industries.

Amendment 58

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 5 "Energy", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 1

Energy systems are confronted with major challenges. The urgency to develop adequate and timely solutions is justified by the alarming trends in global energy demand (predicted to rise by 60% in the next 30 years), the need to curb dramatically emissions of greenhouse gases to mitigate the devastating consequences of climate change, the damaging volatility of oil prices (in particular for the transport sector which is heavily oil dependent) and geopolitical instability in supplier regions. Research and demonstration are needed to provide the most environmentally and cost-effective technologies and measures enabling the EU to meet its targets under the Kyoto Protocol and beyond and to implement its energy policy commitments, as described in the 2000 Green Paper on the security of energy supply.

Energy systems are confronted with major challenges. The urgency to identify and develop adequate and timely solutions is justified by the alarming trends in global energy demand (predicted to rise by 60% in the next 30 years), the need to curb dramatically emissions of greenhouse gases to mitigate the devastating consequences of climate change, the damaging volatility of oil prices (in particular for the transport sector which is heavily oil dependent) and geopolitical instability in supplier regions. Research and demonstration are needed to provide the most environmentally and cost-effective technologies and measures enabling the EU to meet its targets under the Kyoto Protocol and beyond and to implement its energy policy commitments, as described in the 2005 Green Paper on Energy Efficiency and in the 2000 Green Paper on the security of energy supply.

Amendment 59

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 5 "Energy", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 2

has developed world leadership in a number of energy technologies. It is the pioneer in modern renewable energy technologies, such as bio-energy and wind energy. The EU is also a global competitor in power generation and distribution technologies and has a strong research capability in the area of carbon capture and sequestration. These positions, however, are under severe threat from competition (in particular from the US and Japan).

Europe has developed world leadership in a number of energy generation and energy efficiency technologies. It is the pioneer in modern renewable energy technologies, such as solar energy, bio-energy and wind energy. The EU is also a global competitor in power generation and distribution technologies and has a strong research capability in the area of carbon capture and sequestration. These positions, however, are now facing competition (in particular from the US and Japan).

Amendment 60

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 5 "Energy", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 3

Radically transforming the energy system requires new technologies with risks that are too high and the benefits too uncertain for private firms to provide all the investment needed for research, development, demonstration and deployment. Public support should therefore play a key role in mobilising private investment and European efforts and resources should be combined in a coherent and more effective manner, to compete with economies that are investing heavily and consistently in similar technologies. European technology platforms play a vital role in this regard, by mobilising the necessary research effort in a coordinated manner. The activities to meet the objective are set out below. A specific activity on knowledge for energy policy making is included which may also provide support to new policy needs that emerge, for example relating to the role of European energy policy in the developments of international climate change actions, and instabilities or disruptions in energy supply and price.

Radically transforming the energy system into a sustainable intelligent energy one requires new technologies with risks that are too high and the benefits too uncertain for private firms to provide all the investment needed for research, development, demonstration and deployment. Public support should therefore play a key role in mobilising private investment and European efforts and resources should be combined in a coherent and more effective manner, to compete with economies that are investing heavily and consistently in similar technologies. European technology platforms play a vital role in this regard, by mobilising the necessary research effort in a coordinated manner. The activities to meet the objective are set out below. A specific activity on knowledge for energy policy making is included which may also provide support to new policy needs that emerge, for example relating to the role of European energy policy in the developments of international climate change actions, and instabilities or disruptions in energy supply and price.

Amendment 61

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 5 "Energy", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "Hydrogen and fuel cells"

Integrated action to provide a strong technological foundation for competitive EU fuel cell and hydrogen industries, for stationary, portable and transport applications. The Hydrogen and Fuel Cells European Technology Platform helps this activity by proposing an integrated research and deployment strategy.

Integrated action to provide a strong technological foundation for competitive EU fuel cell and hydrogen industries, for stationary, portable and transport applications based on renewable energy sources. The Hydrogen and Fuel Cells European Technology Platform helps this activity by proposing an integrated research and deployment strategy.

Justification

In line with the EU objective of creating a sustainable hydrogen economy by 2050, research should focus on the production of hydrogen from renewable energy sources.

Amendment 62

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 5 "Energy", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "CO2 capture and storage technologies for zero emission power generation"

To drastically reduce the environmental impact of fossil fuel use aiming at highly efficient power generation plants with near zero emissions, based on CO2 capture and storage technologies.

Research on carbon capture and storage technologies will be oriented towards the development of social, economic, legal and environmental criteria for the technology, including guarantees as to the permanence of the storage throughout its lifetime. Carbon capture and storage projects will be subject to independent scientific review and monitoring on a site-by-site basis, results of which will be fully disclosed to the public.

Amendment 63

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 5 "Energy", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "Energy efficiency and savings"

New concepts and technologies to improve energy efficiency and savings for buildings, services and industry. This includes the integration of strategies and technologies for energy efficiency, the use of new and renewable energy technologies and energy demand management.

Development and demonstration of new concepts and technologies to improve energy efficiency and savings for low-energy, passive energy and plus-energy buildings, services and industry. This includes the integration of strategies and technologies for energy efficiency, the use of renewable and sustainable new energy technologies and energy demand management.

Amendment 64

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 5 "Energy", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "Knowledge for energy policy making"

Development of tools, methods and models to assess the main economic and social issues related to energy technologies and to provide quantifiable targets and scenarios for medium and long term horizons.

Development of tools, methods and models to assess the main economic and social issues related to energy technologies and to provide quantifiable targets and scenarios for medium and long term horizons; the development of policy tools for a significant acceleration of the implementation of new energy efficiency, demand side management and renewable energy concepts and technologies.

Amendment 65

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 2

Research is needed at EU level for the implementation of international commitments such as the Kyoto protocol, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, the objectives of the World Summit on Sustainable Development 2002, including the EU Water Initiative, and contributions to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Earth Observation initiative. In addition there are significant research needs arising from existing and emerging EU level policies, the implementation of the 6th Environmental Action Plan and associated thematic strategies, the action plans on Environmental Technologies and Environment and Health, and Directives such as the Water Framework.

Research is needed at EU level for the implementation of international commitments such as the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto protocol, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, the objectives of the World Summit on Sustainable Development 2002, including the EU Water Initiative, and contributions to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Earth Observation initiative. In addition there are significant research needs arising from existing and emerging EU level policies, the implementation of the 6th Environmental Action Plan and associated thematic strategies, the action plans on Environmental Technologies and Environment and Health, the Community Strategy on Mercury, and Directives such as the Water Framework.

Amendment 66

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 3

The EU needs to strengthen its position in world markets for environmental technologies. Such technologies help deliver sustainable growth providing eco-efficient solutions to environmental problems at different scales and protecting our cultural heritage. Environmental requirements act as a stimulus for innovation and can provide business opportunities. European Technology Platforms on water supply and sanitation and on sustainable chemistry confirm the need for EU level action and their research agendas are taken into consideration in the activities below. Other Platforms (e.g. on Construction and on Forestry) partially deal with environmental technology issues and are taken into consideration as well.

The EU needs to strengthen its position in world markets for environmental technologies. Such technologies contribute to sustainable consumption and production and help to deliver sustainable growth providing eco-efficient solutions to environmental problems at different scales and protecting our cultural heritage. Environmental requirements act as a stimulus for innovation and can provide business opportunities. European Technology Platforms on water supply and sanitation and on sustainable chemistry confirm the need for EU level action and their research agendas are taken into consideration in the activities below. Other Platforms (e.g. on Construction and on Forestry) partially deal with environmental technology issues and are taken into consideration as well.

Amendment 67

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 6 "Environment (including Climate Change), Subpoint "Activities", subheading "Climate change, pollution and risks", indent 1

– Pressures on environment and climate: Functioning of climate and the earth system; adaptation and mitigation measures; pollution in air, soil and water; changes in atmospheric composition and water cycle; interactions between climate, land surface and the ocean; and impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems.

– Pressures on environment and climate, including causes of climate change and previous changes ('palaeoclimate'): Functioning of climate and the earth system; adaptation and mitigation measures; pollution in air, soil and water; changes in atmospheric composition and water cycle; interactions between climate, land surface and the ocean; interaction between agriculture and climate change and impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems.

Amendment 68

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "Climate Change, pollution and risks", indent 2

- Environment and health: Interaction of environmental stressors with human health including identification of sources, links to indoor environment, and impact and emerging risk factors; integrated risk assessment methods for toxic substances including alternatives to animal testing; quantification and cost-benefit analysis of environmental health risks and indicators for prevention strategies.

- Environment and health: Interaction of environmental stressors with human health including identification of sources, biomonitoring, links to indoor environment, and impact and emerging risk factors; integrated risk assessment methods for toxic and hazardous substances including alternatives to animal testing; quantification and cost-benefit analysis of environmental health risks and indicators for prevention strategies.

Amendment 69

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "Climate Change, pollution and risks", indent 3

- Natural hazards: Improve prediction and integrated hazards- vulnerability - and risks assessments for disasters related to geological hazards (such as earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis) and climate (such as storms and floods); develop early warning systems and improve prevention and mitigation strategies.

- Natural hazards: Improve prediction and integrated hazards- vulnerability - and risks assessments for disasters related to geological hazards (such as earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis) and climate (such as storms, forest fires, droughts and floods); develop early warning systems and improve prevention and mitigation strategies, and assess the socio-economic impact on the areas affected.

Justification

One of the most important tasks relating to natural disasters is assessing the impact which such disasters have on the continuity of economic activity and hence on the welfare of the population. There would be no point in having a better knowledge of natural disasters if this did not result in better protection for the areas affected.

Amendment 70

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 6 "Environment (including Climate Change), Subpoint "Activities", subheading "Sustainable Management of Resources", indent 1

- Conservation and sustainable management of natural and man-made resources: ecosystems; water resources management; waste management and prevention; protection and management of biodiversity, soil protection, seabed and coastal areas protection, approaches against desertification and land degradation; forest management; sustainable management and planning of urban environment, data management and information services; assessment and foresight relating to natural processes.

- Conservation and sustainable management of natural and man-made resources: ecosystems, their uses and functions; water resources management; waste management and prevention; protection and management of biodiversity, soil protection, seabed and coastal areas protection, approaches against desertification and land degradation; preservation of landscape; forest protection and management; sustainable management and planning of urban environment, historic resources and cultural heritage, data management and information services; assessment and foresight relating to natural processes; criteria for the impact assessment of urban development and agricultural policies.

Justification

The study of the environment has to be made from a holistic approach, as well as the policies that will result.

Amendment 71

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "Sustainable Management of Resources", indent 2

- Evolution of marine environments: Impacts of human activities on the marine environment and its resources; pollution and eutrophication in regional seas and coastal areas; deep sea ecosystems; assessment of marine biodiversity trends, of ecosystem processes and of ocean circulation; seabed geology.

- Evolution and management of marine environments: Impacts of human activities on the marine environment and its resources; pollution and eutrophication in regional seas and coastal areas; deep sea ecosystems; assessment of marine biodiversity trends, of ecosystem processes and of ocean circulation; seabed geology.

Amendment 72

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 6 "Environment (including Climate Change), Subpoint "Activities", subheading "Environmental Technologies", indent 1 a (new)

 

- Protection, conservation and enhancement of cultural heritage including human habitat: improved damage assessment on cultural heritage, development of innovative conservation strategies, fostering the integration of cultural heritage in the urban setting.

Justification

The environmental technologies already discovered in the course of cultural research have been used in other fields.

Amendment 73

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 6 "Environment (including Climate Change), Subpoint "Activities", subheading "Environmental Technologies", indent 2

– Technology assessment, verification and testing: Methods and tools for environmental risk and lifecycle assessment of processes, technologies and products; support for sustainable chemistry, water supply and sanitation Platforms ; scientific and technological aspects of a future European environmental technologies verification and testing programme.

– Technology assessment, verification and testing: Methods and tools for environmental risk and lifecycle assessment of processes, technologies and products; support for sustainable chemistry, water supply and sanitation Platforms ; scientific and technological aspects of a future European environmental technologies verification and testing programme; assessment and impact of desalination technologies as regards the marine environment and soils.

Justification

In this amendment, emphasis is placed on the need for the characteristics of seawater desalination - a promising technology which has both advantages and disadvantages - to be studied in greater depth.

Amendment 74

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 6 "Environment (including Climate Change), Subpoint "Activities", subheading "Environmental Technologies", indent 2 a (new)

 

- Mathematical methods for the economic assessment of polluting emissions: development of models for assigning economic values to pollutant gases, environmental accounting.

Justification

Further efforts must be made to develop mathematical models which will in future enable values to be assigned to pollution, so that pollution can be entered in the accounts by means of a single accounting unit, thereby enabling other instruments to be developed.

Amendment 75

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes" Point 6 "Environment (including Climate Change)", Subpoint "Activities", new subheading

 

Biodiversity:

 

- Protection and sustainable management of biodiversity; assessment of medium- and long-term trends; assessment of the environmental, economic and social impact of alterations in biodiversity and interactions between society and biodiversity.

Justification

The Millenium evaluation of our ecosystem highlighted the loss of biodiversity arising from existing habits of mismanagement. This loss of biodiversity is on a scale unprecedented in human history and calls for a major research effort at European level.

Major research needs in the field of biodiversity arise from our international commitments, including those related to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol, as well as to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity.

Amendment 76

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", Subpoint "Objective"

Based on technological advances, develop integrated, “greener” and “smarter” pan-European transport systems for the benefit of the citizen and society, respecting the environment and natural resources; and securing and further developing the leading role attained by the European industries in the global market.

Based on technological and operational advances, develop integrated, “greener” and “smarter” pan-European transport systems, accessible to disabled persons, for the benefit of all citizens and society, respecting the environment and natural resources; and securing and further developing the competitiveness attained by the European industries in the global market.

Justification

Access to mainstream transport services for disabled persons is central to transport policies of most the Member States. There are opportunities for European research and development initiatives to support developments in this area and provide comparative data for example, studies on the cost-benefits of accessible transport including the wider social implications and improved and innovative solutions in respect of accessible design.

Amendment 77

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 2

The enlargement (increasing land surface by 25% and population by 20%) and economic development of the EU present new challenges for transporting people and goods efficiently, cost-effectively and in a sustainable manner. Transport also has direct relevance on other major policies such as trade, competition, employment, cohesion, energy, security and the internal market. Investment in RTD in EU transport industries is a prerequisite to ensure technological competitive advantage in global markets. Activities at European level will also stimulate the restructuring of the industry, including the integration of the supply chain and in particular SMEs.

The enlargement (increasing land surface by 25% and population by 20%) and economic development of the EU present new challenges for transporting people and goods efficiently, cost-effectively and in a sustainable manner. Transport also has direct relevance on other major policies such as trade, competition, employment, environment, cohesion, energy, security and the internal market. Demand-side management in transport is essential in relation to logistical and spatial planning. Investment in RTD in EU transport industries is a prerequisite to ensure technological competitive advantage in global markets. Activities at European level will also stimulate the restructuring of the industry, including the integration of the supply chain and in particular SMEs.

Amendment 78

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 3

The research agendas developed by European Technology platforms support the need to take a new “transport systems” perspective that considers the interactions of vehicles, transport networks and the use of transport services, which can only be developed at European level. RTD costs in all these fields are rising substantially, and collaborative activity at EU-level is essential to enable a “critical mass” of diverse RTD providers to address the scale and multi-disciplinary challenges in a cost-effective way, as well as meeting the political, technological and socio-economic challenges on issues such as the “clean and safe vehicle” of the future, interoperability and intermodality with particular reference to rail transport, affordability, safety, capacity, security and environmental impacts in an enlarged Union. Also, developing technologies in support of the Galileo system and its applications will be essential in implementing European policies.

The research agendas developed by European Technology platforms support the need to take a new “transport systems” perspective that considers the interactions of vehicles, transport networks and the use of transport services, which can only be developed at European level. RTD costs in all these fields are rising substantially, and collaborative activity at EU-level is essential to enable a “critical mass” of diverse RTD providers to address the scale and multi-disciplinary challenges in a cost-effective way, as well as meeting the political, technological and socio-economic challenges on issues such as the “clean and safe vehicle” of the future, interoperability and intermodality with particular reference to waterborne and rail transport, affordability, safety, capacity, security and environmental impacts in an enlarged Union. Also, developing technologies in support of the Galileo system and its applications will be essential in implementing European policies.

Amendment 79

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", Subpoint "Rationale", paragraph 4

As well as the strong industry relevance of the themes and activities set out below, the needs of policy makers will be addressed in an integrated way covering economic, social and environmental aspects of transport policy. In addition, support will be provided to respond to existing as well as new policy needs, for example relating to developments in maritime policy.

As well as the strong industry relevance of the themes and activities set out below, the needs of policy makers will be addressed in an integrated way covering economic, social and environmental aspects of transport policy. In addition, support will be provided to respond to existing as well as new policy needs, for example relating to developments in maritime policy or implementation of the European Single Sky.

Amendment 80

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "Aeronautics and air transport", indent 3

- Ensuring customer satisfaction and safety: improvement of passenger comfort, innovative in-flight services and more efficient passenger handling; improvement of all safety aspects of air transport; wider choice of aircraft ranging from wide body to small size vehicles.

- Ensuring customer safety: improvement of all safety aspects of air transport; wider choice of aircraft ranging from wide body to small size vehicles, also ensuring improved design in respect of access for disabled persons to aircraft, to be developed in consultation with representative disabled persons organisations.

Justification

EU research funding to air transport is justified only as regards customer safety aspects.

Access to mainstream transport services for disabled persons is central to transport policies of most the Member States. There are opportunities for European research and development initiatives to support developments in this area and provide comparative data for example, studies on the cost-benefits of accessible transport including the wider social implications and improved and innovative solutions in respect of accessible design.

Amendment 81

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", Subpoint "Activities", subheading "Aeronautics and air transport", indent 6

- Pioneering the air transport of the future: addressing the longer term challenges of aviation with more radical, environmentally efficient and innovative combinations of technologies which would lead to significant steps forward in air transport.

- Pioneering the air transport of the future: addressing the longer term challenges of aviation with more radical, environmentally efficient and innovative combinations of technologies, including as regards access for disabled persons, which would lead to significant steps forward in air transport.

Justification

Access to mainstream transport services for disabled persons is central to transport policies of most the Member States. There are opportunities for European research and development initiatives to support developments in this area and provide comparative data for example, studies on the cost-benefits of accessible transport including the wider social implications and improved and innovative solutions in respect of accessible design.

Amendment 82

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "Surface transport", Title

· Surface Transport (rail, road and waterborne)

· Sustainable Surface Transport (rail, road and waterborne)

Justification

Similar as in the 6FPRD, the heading should include the word 'sustainable', as Art. 6 of the Treaty obliges to integrate sustainable development into e.g. the research- and transport-sectors.

Amendment 83

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point "Surface transport (rail, road and waterborne)", indent 2

- Encouraging modal shift and decongesting transport corridors: development of innovative, intermodal and interoperable regional and national transport networks, infrastructures and systems in Europe; cost internalisation; information exchange between vehicle/vessel and transport infrastructure; optimisation of infrastructure capacity.

- Encouraging modal shift and decongesting transport corridors: development of sustainable, innovative, intermodal and interoperable regional and national transport networks, infrastructures and systems in Europe; cost internalisation; information exchange between vehicle/vessel and transport infrastructure; optimisation of infrastructure capacity.

Amendment 84

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 7 "Transport (including Aeronautics)", Subpoint "Activities", subheading "Surface transport (rail, road and waterborne)", indent 3

- Ensuring sustainable urban mobility: innovative organisation schemes, including clean and safe vehicles and non-polluting means of transport, new public transportation modes and rationalisation of private transport, communication infrastructure, integrated town planning and transport.

- Ensuring sustainable urban mobility: innovative organisation schemes, including clean and safe vehicles and non-polluting means of transport, improved and innovative solutions to the access of disabled persons to transport vehicles and infrastructures, public transportation modes and rationalisation of private transport, communication infrastructure, integrated town planning and transport.

Justification

Access to mainstream transport services for disabled persons is central to transport policies of most the Member States. There are opportunities for European research and development initiatives to support developments in this area and provide comparative data for example, studies on the cost-benefits of accessible transport including the wider social implications and improved and innovative solutions in respect of accessible design.

Amendment 85

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", Point 8 "Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities", Subpoint "Activities", subheading "Major trends in society and their implications"

∙ Major trends in society and their implications: such as demographic change including ageing and migration; lifestyles, work, families, gender issues, health and quality of life; criminality; the role of business in society and population diversity, cultural interactions and issues related to protection of fundamental rights and the fight against racism and intolerance.

∙ Major trends in society and their implications: such as demographic change including ageing and migration; lifestyles, work, families, gender issues, health and quality of life; criminality; the role of business in society and population diversity, cultural interactions and issues related to protection of fundamental rights and the fight against racism, intolerance and all forms of discrimination.

Amendment 86

Annex I, Part I, Section "Themes", point 9a (new) "Creating a platform for exchanges between creators and industry"

 

9a. Creating a platform for exchanges between creators and industry

 

Objective:

 

Building bridges between research and industry

 

Rationale:

 

It is frequent in the EU to encounter unfinished innovations conceived by European researchers or entrepreneurs. For structural, financial or other reasons creators lack the resources to develop their concept further. This is a deplorable waste, as in many cases they do not know where to turn to make over their procedure to an entity which could incorporate it into more extensive research or convert it into a practical industrial application. The EU must build the bridges that are needed to link creators to industry.

 

Activities:

 

- creation of a common European base of offers and requests;

 

- administration and supervision of this bridge-building measure.

Amendment 87

Annex I, Part II "Ideas", Subpoint "Activities", paragraph 2

The EU activities in frontier research will be implemented by a European Research Council (ERC), consisting of a scientific council, supported by a dedicated implementation structure.

The EU activities in frontier research will be implemented by a European Research Council (ERC), consisting of a scientific council to be set up in accordance with Article 171 of the Treaty.

Justification

The ERC should be set up on the basis of Article 171 of the Treaty - this being the only legal framework which will ensure that it is scientifically autonomous and independent. The Commission's proposal to create an executive structure for the ERC is a bureaucratic act which would not help to stimulate Europe's scientific policy.

Amendment 88

Annex I, Part II "Ideas", Subpoint "Activities", paragraph 4

The dedicated implementation structure will be responsible for all aspects of implementation and programme execution, as provided for in the annual work programme. It will, in particular, implement the peer review and selection process according to the principles established by the scientific council and will ensure the financial and scientific management of the grants.

deleted

Amendment 89

Annex I, Part III "People", Subpoint "Activities", bullet point 2

· Life-long training and career development to support the career development of experienced researchers. With a view to complementing or acquiring new skills and competencies or to enhance inter/multidisciplinarity and/or inter-sectoral mobility, support is foreseen for researchers with particular needs for additional/complementary competences and skills, for researchers to resume a research career after a break and for (re)integrating researchers into a longer term research position in Europe, including in their country of origin, after a trans-national/international mobility experience. This action line will be implemented through both individual fellowships awarded directly at Community level and through the co-financing of regional, national or international programmes.