Procedure : 2006/2240(INI)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A6-0068/2007

Texts tabled :

A6-0068/2007

Debates :

PV 23/05/2007 - 4
CRE 23/05/2007 - 4

Votes :

PV 23/05/2007 - 5.11
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P6_TA(2007)0206

REPORT     
PDF 429kWORD 522k
15 March 2007
PE 378.731v04-00 A6-0068/2007

on promoting decent work for all

(2006/2240(INI))

Committee on Employment and Social Affairs

Rapporteur: Marie Panayotopoulos-Cassiotou

MOTION FOR A EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Development
 OPINION of the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality
 OPINION of the Committee on International Trade
 PROCEDURE

MOTION FOR A EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION

on promoting decent work for all

(2006/2240(INI))

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission communication on Promoting decent work for all - The EU contribution to the implementation of the decent work agenda in the world (COM(2006)0249),

–   having regard to the Commission Staff Working Document - Annex to Commission communication on decent work (SEC(2006)0643),

–   having regard to the of the European Economic and Social Committee opinion on the Commission communication on decent work (CESE 1054/2006),

–   having regard to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work,

–   having regard to the European Convention for the protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms,

–   having regard to the ILO conventions and Core Labour Standards,

–   having regard to paragraph 47 of the UN General Assembly resolution on the 2005 World Summit Outcome of 24 October 2005,

–   having regard to the outcome document of the September 2005 UN Summit (paragraph 47) on decent work and fair globalisation and the adoption of the ministerial declaration by the UN Economic and Social Council on 5 July 2006, stating that there is an urgent need to create an environment at the national and international levels, conducive to generating full and productive employment and decent work for all, as a key element of sustainable development,

–   having regard to the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalisation report entitled "A fair globalisation: creating opportunities for all" of February 2004,

–   having regard to the Commission communication on the Social Dimension of Globalisation - the EU´s policy contribution on extending the benefits to all (COM(2004)0383),

–   having regard to the Commission Staff Working Document entitled "Second annual Report on Migration and Integration" (SEC(2006)0892),

–   having regard to its resolution of 4 July 2002 on the Commission communication to the Council, the European Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee entitled "Promoting core Labour Standards and Improving Social governance in the context of globalisation"(1),

–   having regard to the joint statement by the Council and the representatives of the governments of the Member States meeting within the Council, the European Parliament and the Commission on European Union Development Policy: "The European Consensus"(2),

–   having regard to the Commission communication entitled "Investing in people - Communication on the thematic programme for human and social development and the financial perspectives for 2007-2013" (COM(2006)0018),

–   having regard to its resolution of 23 October 2002 on the Commission communication "Adapting to change in work and society: a new Community strategy on health and safety at work 2002-2006"(3),

–   having regard to the report by the ILO Governing Body's Committee on Employment and Social Policy, entitled "An update of the implementation of the Global Employment Agenda and related aspects of policy integration" of March 2004,

–   having regard to the ILO working paper on "Legal Aspects of trafficking for Forced Labour Purposes in Europe" of April 2006,

–   having regard to ILO Working paper No 58 on Decent work, standards and indicators of August 2005,

–   having regard to the ILO study on "Decent work deficits around the globe: measuring trends with index of August 2006,

–   having regard to the ILO note on "Decent work in national frameworks", Policy Integration department, October 2004,

–   having regard to Article 31(1), of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union which provides that "Every worker has the right to working conditions which respect his or her health, safety and dignity",

–   having regard to Article 152(1) of the EC Treaty which provides that "A high level of human health protection shall be ensured in the definition and implementation of all Community policies and activities",

– having regard to Article 50 of the Partnership Agreement between the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States of the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, of the other part, signed at Cotonou on 23 June 2000(4),

–   having regard to the Council Conclusions on decent work for all adopted in Brussels on 1 December 2006,

–   having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1905/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation(5),

   having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1889/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on establishing a financing instrument for the promotion of democracy and human rights worldwide(6),

–   having regard to Rule 45 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs and the opinions of the Committee on Development, the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality and the Committee on International Trade (A6-0068/2007),

A. whereas the concept of decent work goes well beyond safeguarding core labour standards; whereas the concept includes productive and freely chosen employment, rights at work, social protection and social dialogue, and gender mainstreaming under all four pillars,

B.  whereas the means to achieve decent work should be adapted to each society's specificities, level of development and capacities; whereas efforts to promote decent work should include workers in the formal and the informal economy, including workers in the agriculture sector, the self-employed, and part-time, temporary and home workers,

C. whereas the promotion of decent work for all at all levels should be a global objective, as called for by the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalisation, the UN resolution on the 2005 World Summit Outcome and the ministerial declaration adopted by the UN Economic and Social Committee on 5 July 2006; whereas that objective should also be part of the efforts to realise the Millennium Development Goals and the commitments of the 1995 Copenhagen World Summit for Social Development,

D. whereas decent work today tends to be scorned and undermined as a result of the opening up of new cheap labour markets and the corresponding attempt to exploit ‘lucrative’ labour dumping, which has taken on very worrying dimensions, mainly because of the relocation (sometimes on a large scale) of European enterprises,

E.  whereas the ILO is the body competent to define and negotiate the international labour standards and to supervise their application in law and in practice; whereas increased cooperation between the ILO and all relevant stakeholders and the full participation of the ILO in the work of the World Trade Organization is essential, and whereas the European Union, representing its 27 Member States, has a significant weight and a major role to play in this field, as well as in the field of social governance,

F.  whereas the ILO's Decent Work Country Programmes as well as other efforts by international development agencies and the United Nations aiming to address the jobs challenge contribute in a broader context to national and regional strategies for development, combating unemployment and poverty reduction,

G. whereas for the period 2000 to 2006, employment, social cohesion and decent work were not covered by the majority of programmes and studies on external cooperation,

H. whereas decent work is becoming the centrepiece of continuous improvement in working conditions and the fight against unemployment, poverty and social exclusion; whereas it is becoming increasingly difficult to guarantee paid work for all, and consideration must therefore be given to some form of universal citizens' income,

I.   whereas decent work standards are often not met in part-time work, underemployment and other particularly exploitative forms of work, and, within the informal economy, undeclared and illegal activities, including forced and child labour,

J.   whereas non-decent work situations can also be observed among those who are forced rather than choose to work part-time, many of whom live on incomes below the minimum wage,

K. whereas respect for cultural diversity, fair globalisation, the goals of full and productive employment and decent work for all, including people with disabilities, women, young and older workers, cultural and indigenous minorities, migrants, people with low-level qualifications and those living in backward and disadvantaged areas, are the main instruments for fighting poverty, unemployment and social exclusion,

L.  whereas all international actors must help to increase the opportunities for older people to obtain and retain decent work, by improving their access to lifelong learning schemes and their retraining for new kinds of jobs on the one hand, or by ensuring that they have sufficient pensions, medical care and other relevant social services and benefits on the other; considering that social protection is an integral part of decent work,

M. whereas young people everywhere have the right to find decent work; and whereas these efforts should be developed through a life-cycle and inter-generational approach; whereas a long period of unemployment at the beginning of a young person's working life risks having a lasting impact on that people’s employability, income and access to quality jobs,

N. whereas many migrant workers in Europe do not enjoy decent working conditions,

O. whereas in many parts of the world women are at risk of being subjected to unfair working conditions and therefore deserve special attention in this regard,

P.  whereas educational and training systems adapted to the demands of the knowledge society play a crucial role in preparing youth for their inclusion in the labour market by helping to increase their opportunities of finding work that is decent and of better quality,

Q. whereas lifelong learning enables all people to acquire the necessary skills to adapt to the changing needs of the labour market, contribute to its productivity and to take part as active citizens in the knowledge society,

R.  whereas all the Member States have drawn up national action plans for employment in line with the Employment Guidelines launched at the Extraordinary European Council Meeting on Employment in Luxembourg on 20 and 21 November 1997,

S.  whereas the European Employment Strategy (EES) and the social protection and social inclusion strategies aim to give direction to and ensure the coordination of the employment and social protection and social inclusion policy priorities to which Member States should subscribe at EU level,

T.  whereas in its revised Lisbon Strategy for Growth and Jobs and European strategy on sustainable development, the European Council on 22 and 23 March 2005, stressed the importance of developing working life in a socially sustainable way,

U. whereas the EU has set itself a new strategic goal with the Lisbon Strategy: to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world, capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs, social cohesion and a high degree of environmental protection; whereas the anticipated results have not, to date, become apparent,

V. whereas, as indicated in the Guidelines for employment policies (2005-2008), in order to strengthen the competitiveness of the European Union in a socially sustainable way, it is important to improve productivity by promoting decent work and the quality of working life, including health and safety at work, a better balance between flexibility and security in employment, lifelong learning, mutual trust and participation as well as a better conciliation between private/family and working life; combating gender discrimination and all other forms of discrimination, as well as promoting the social integration of vulnerable groups, are integral parts of the efforts towards decent work,

1.  Considers that decent work is a centrepiece of the fight against poverty and social exclusion;

2.  Believes that the European Union can make a significant contribution towards the promotion of decent work for all through both its internal and external policies, applying its social values and principles, combating forms of social dumping of labour and putting forward its role at the international level;

3.  Underlines that decent work is not only an issue of employment or social protection but also a matter of governance, and that the implementation of effective policies focused on decent work requires accountable institutions, political commitment to sound management of the State and a vibrant and organised civil society;

4.  Calls on the Council and the Commission to take into account the considerations and recommendations of the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalisation, the UN resolution on the 2005 World Summit Outcome and the ministerial declaration adopted by the UN Economic and Social Committee on 5 July, and to include the perspective of decent work in all the activities of the European Union and encourage the same in its Member States;

5.  Emphasises the need for multinational companies in particular to uphold the principle of the social dimension of globalisation, and adhere to international labour standards and decent work practices in all their operations throughout the world;

6.  Calls on the Commission to put into practice its proposed strategy and orientations for a better mobilisation of the internal and external policies of the EU on the promotion of the decent work agenda, especially in matters of development, external assistance, enlargement, neighbourhood policy, trade, migration and external bilateral and multilateral relations;

7.  Stresses that the possibility of attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and strengthening the concept of decent work through sustainable development aid requires a fair and innovative tax policy, e.g. taxes on financial and currency transactions;

8.  Calls on the Council and the Commission not to abdicate their responsibilities in implementing GSP+, but to work actively with the ILO in ensuring that the terms of the agreements are fully complied with, and, where necessary, using the powers at its disposal to cancel preferences with any countries failing to respect fundamental social, labour and human rights, including the right to freedom of association, and other core ILO conventions and labour standards;

9.  Calls on the Commission to show greater rigour in implementing the GSP by making recommendations to the beneficiary governments and to activate the oversight arrangements provided for in Council Regulation (EC) No 980/2005 of 27 June 2005 applying a scheme of generalised tariff preferences and, where necessary, apply the mechanisms for temporarily suspending preferences in respect of those countries which do not honour their commitments and which seriously and systematically breach fundamental social rights while ensuring that the cancellation of preferences does not encourage protectionism; calls also for monitoring and the application of those mechanisms to be extended to cover the other GSP beneficiary countries, especially as regards child labour and forced labour, the elimination of which is a central challenge for the ILO, as indicated in its report entitled ‘The end of child labour: Within reach’;

10. Calls on the Member States, following the Commission’s commitment in its communication on decent work, to consider the social dimension of decent work in the Commission's initiatives when it concludes commercial agreements with third countries;

11. Emphasises that the decent work agenda encompasses a number of universal strategies, which are not tied to a specific developmental model but are directly related to a fairer and more balanced distribution of produced wealth, and is an instrument tailoring development to values and principles of action and governance which combine economic competitiveness with social justice;

12. Within the context of the sustainable development strategy, calls on the Commission to develop a consistent approach regarding links between social, employment and environmental policies, based on freedom and responsibility;

13. Stresses that the objective of decent work calls for a coherent and integrated package of economic and social policies seeking to promote productive, quality jobs; emphasises that the decent work agenda advocates the adoption of policies which go beyond traditional labour market policies, and that it must be supported by all the economic policies of the Member States;

14. Calls on the Member States and businesses, in cooperation with the social partners and on the basis of Community legislation on the health and safety of workers, to adopt preventive strategies and implement measures designed to protect maternity and improve health and safety at work for pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding;

15. Stresses the need to improve the transparency of labour markets, so that all kinds of work (temporary, permanent, full-time, part-time, and that which is paid on an hourly basis) are official, decently paid, and fully respectful of workers’ rights, core labour standards, social dialogue, social protection (including health and safety at work) and gender equality;

16. Recalls that the conditions of employment for young people, including trainees, must respect the fundamental rights of all workers and the principles of decent work;

17. Welcomes the Commission communication on decent work and urges the Member States and the candidate countries to ratify and implement fully the ILO conventions that have been classified by the ILO as up-to-date, particularly those related to decent work; is convinced that the implementation of the ILO conventions related to decent work should be promoted in the neighbourhood and external policies; calls upon the Commission and the Member States to support the ILO in strengthening its supervisory system and mechanisms;

18. Strongly supports the Commission's approach aimed at supporting initiatives on promoting trade union freedom and collective bargaining, on improving labour administration, labour inspectorates and bodies for managing social protection, and on developing integrated prevention strategies in the field of health and safety at work in the framework of enlargement and pre-accession programmes;

19. Welcomes the establishment by the Commission of the new thematic programme "Investing in People" (2007-2013) in the context of the "European Consensus" (EU development policy) and the importance attached in that programme to the implementation of the Decent Work Agenda in EU partner countries;

20. Stresses that Article 12(2)(d)(ii) of the Regulation establishing the Development Cooperation Instrument; calls for the promotion of the 'decent work for all' agenda as a universal objective, to be achieved, inter alia, through global and other multi-country initiatives to implement internationally agreed ILO core labour standards, assessment of the trade impact on decent work and sustained and adequate mechanisms for the fair financing and effective functioning – and wider coverage – of social protection systems; emphasises that, also in Article 5(2)(c) of the same Regulation, decent work is mentioned as a focus area; calls on the Commission to use those provisions actively in its development policy; further calls on the Commission to report systematically on its efforts to promote decent work in its annual report on its development policy and implementation of external assistance;

21. Calls on the Commission to encourage the respect of the ILO Core Labour Standards and the objective of decent work in the trade policy of the WTO Members as an effective and binding set of rules, complemented by a mechanism of sanctions for partners which do not adjust to such standards, while giving full effect to the GSP procedure; encourages the European Union to consider the setting up of mechanisms which would be in charge of monitoring parallel evolution of trade and decent work both at European and international level;

22. Calls on the Commission not only to support but also to participate, where possible, in the dialogue launched between the international financial institutions, the ILO, the UN and the WTO concerning the complementarity and consistency of their policies which are related to economic growth, investment, trade and decent work;

23. Calls on the Commission to take into account, when granting trade preferences, for instance under the stability and growth pact, compliance by the beneficiary countries with international labour standards that safeguard decent work so that countries that do not meet these basic standards do not benefit from European Union trade preferences;

24. Stresses the need for greater cooperation between the WTO, UNCTAD, the ILO and other international organisations with regard to the complementarity of their policies; considers that coherence among the measures undertaken is essential in promoting decent work and guaranteeing it in practice; proposes that the ILO be granted observer status at the WTO; addresses the parliaments of other WTO members to ask them to support this request;

25. Calls on the Commission to propose establishing a 'trade and decent work' committee in the WTO, along the lines of the 'trade and environment' committee;

26. Points out that the ILO statutes allow it to call for trade sanctions against a country in the event of failure to comply with international social conventions, and calls on the WTO to undertake to comply with ILO decisions for the sake of consistency in the action of international institutions;

27. Proposes that the ILO be authorised to submit expert reports (amicus briefs) to the WTO panels and Appellate Body in relevant cases where the violation of international conventions is at issue in a dispute and in which the decisions of the ILO have to be taken into account;

28. Proposes that where a decision by the Dispute Settlement Body is regarded by a WTO Member State as calling into question ILO decisions on compliance with the labour conventions, an appeal route to the ILO should exist so as to guarantee the coherence of international community’s action in promoting decent work;

29. Calls on the EU to make compliance with international work standards one element in negotiations for the accession of new member states to the WTO;

30. Urges the Commission to make compliance with core labour standards a precondition for its purchasing and contracting policy; calls on the Commission, to this end, to develop a policy and to provide trade related assistance which would make it possible for small producers in developing countries likewise to comply with these standards;

31. Underlines the need for the further development of methodologies assessing the effects of trade and trade agreements on the promotion of decent work, including in global supply chains and export processing zones as well as the need to ensure the strengthening and effective timing of the Trade Sustainability Impact Assessments;

32. Calls on the Commission to recognise, and incorporate into its bilateral and multilateral trade negotiations and SIAs, reasonable indicators, as defined by the ILO, for the number of labour inspectors based on the size of the workforce: 1 inspector per 10 000 workers in industrialised countries with a market economy, 1 per 20 000 in transition economies and 1 per 40 000 in less developed countries;

33. Calls on the Commission to ensure the implementation of Article 50 of the Cotonou Agreement, which includes a specific provision on trade and labour standards and which confirms the parties' commitment to core labour standards;

34. Calls on the Commission, in collaboration with the organs of the United Nations, national and regional organisations, the social partners, and other parts of civil society better to coordinate decent work and decent work external cooperation programmes with implementation of the ILO Decent Work Country Programmes or equivalent roadmaps and to increase joint efforts with a view to integrating decent work in poverty reduction strategies, poverty reduction strategy papers and development strategies as they can provide an added value to the fight for decent work for all; calls in this context for close consultation of social partners and other parts of civil society;

35. Calls for the European Union to fund a decent work development programme in cooperation with the ILO, particularly with a view to identifying the most effective strategies for promoting decent work;

36. Stresses that it is of crucial importance, in the interest of progress towards the objective of decent work, for the Member States to meet the spending target of 0,7 % of their GNP in aid to developing countries, given that growth and sound social structures are an essential precondition for the evolution of decent work, particularly in developing countries;

37. Encourages the Commission to follow an integrated multi-dimensional approach in its activities based on the four pillars of the Decent Work Agenda: productive and freely chosen employment, rights at work, including the fundamental labour standards, social protection and social dialogue, mainstreaming the gender dimension in all the pillars; encourages the Member States to consider the introduction of a minimum wage as a safety-net to prevent people from being exploited and prevent poverty in employment;

38. Stresses the importance of supporting the integration of employment and decent work into development strategies; calls for the inclusion of a more thorough analysis of employment and other aspects of decent work in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), Country Strategy Papers (CSPs) and Multiannual Indicative Programmes (MIPs); in this context, highlights the importance of consultations with all relevant stakeholders, including organised employers, trade unions and workers as well as the private sector and civil society in the broadest sense;

39. Calls for employment ministries, employers' associations and workers' organisations to be strengthened and more systematically integrated into the participatory process underpinning the design and implementation of PRSPs, CSPs and MIPs; believes that, for this purpose, their cooperation with economic and finance ministers as well as with the respective international financial and economic institutions such as the Bretton Woods Institutions, the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) must be improved; calls on all parties to ensure that CSPs are drafted in a truly participatory manner; urges the Commission to invest more in technical and institutional capacity building and to facilitate measures to root decent work in country strategy papers;

40. Stresses in particular the need for country-led Decent Work Country Programmes, or a similar “road map”, developed with the participation of social partners' organisations and other relevant stakeholders, aimed at achieving decent work for all through development cooperation – including policy dialogue on the employment impacts of economic policies and governance, budget support measures and capacity building, in particular institutional capacity building – which is well-coordinated and harmonised among the Commission, the Member States and other international development partners and relevant actors, including the ILO and other UN agencies as well as international financial institutions;

41. Calls for a renewed effort to combat breaches of human rights and labour law and to monitor the activities of multinational companies, with the possibility of excluding multinationals operating in developing countries from public procurements funded or supported by the European Union and its Member States as well as from export credit guarantees granted by the European Investment Bank and other financial institutions in the event of breaches of these rights; calls on the Commission and the Member States to make respect for core labour standards obligatory in the framework of public procurement financed by the European Development Fund and other Community or bilateral support;

42. Calls on the Member States to coordinate greater efforts on skill development in order to garner and share the benefits of new technologies and innovation; notes that decent work is achieved through growth, investment and enterprise development, together with social responsiveness;

43. Calls on the EU institutions, within the context of the Lisbon Agenda and the European Union's Integrated Guidelines for Growth and Jobs (2005-2008), to develop and promote a European entrepreneurial culture targeted at individuals and especially young people, in order to generate high-growth enterprises and better to achieve one of the decent work objectives, namely that of creating "more and better jobs";

44. Calls on the Member States to make decent work a priority of their economic and social policy by placing special emphasis on the creation of quality jobs, on respect for fundamental labour rights for all categories of workers, on strengthening social protection and on the promotion of social dialogue;

45. Calls the Commission and the Member States to encourage the adoption of codes of conduct as voluntary initiatives at the enterprise or sectoral level referring to and complementing the national legislation and international standards, as well as the codes of conduct for multinational enterprises of the OECD and the ILO;

46. Recommends that the Commission investigate and identify companies which continuously and persistently permit the violation of core labour standards in any part of the production and supply chain and calls for such a list to be made available to EU-based importers;

47. Urges the Commission to develop a label for products that are produced under conditions that respect the principles of decent work and conform to core labour standards, and that specifically exclude any child labour input;

48. Strongly recommends that the Member States and the European Union promote the application of good practices of corporate social responsibility (CSR) by all companies, wherever they perform their activities, with the aim of creating a safe, flexible and high-quality working environment; invites the Multi-Stakeholder Forum and the European Alliance on CSR to develop binding initiatives that would promote the inclusion of decent work as an important element of corporate social responsibility;

49. Calls on the Member States and the Commission, as employers in developing countries, to take account of the principle of decent work, particularly by increasing wages in accordance with Recommendation 135 of the ILO concerning Minimum Wage Fixing, with Special Reference to Developing Countries;

50. Welcomes the contribution to decent work made by UN organisations, such as the initiative of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights for a supplementary report on human rights in transnational corporations (TNCs);

51. Calls, to that end, for the evaluations and monitoring of European businesses’ respect for the principles of decent work, and of their commitments to corporate social responsibility, to extend to their activities and subsidiaries outside the EU, so that corporate social responsibility can also benefit third countries, particularly as regards trade union rights and the bans on child labour and on forced labour, specifically for women, migrants and minority groups;

52. Encourages governments of the home countries of transnational enterprises to monitor implementation of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and to periodically publish reports on the contribution of those enterprises to the effective implementation of ILO core labour standards;

53. Emphasises the importance of promoting the ILO Tripartite Declaration on Multi-National Enterprises and Social Policy;

54. Encourages businesses to adopt responsible, non-discriminatory recruitment and professional development policies in order to boost the employment of women and the disadvantaged on the labour market;

55. Recommends that businesses take initiatives to promote greater participation and representation of women on bodies involved in social dialogue, a strategic goal of the concept of decent work;

56. Calls on the Commission, in cooperation with the social partners and the ILO, to encourage female entrepreneurs to set up and develop businesses inside and outside the European Union as part of the policy of development cooperation;

57. Calls on the Member States to ensure that enterprises operating inside and outside the European Union provide for better information and consultation with workers’ representatives as part of a wider ongoing social dialogue, informing and consulting workers on a range of issues relevant to their employment and working conditions; calls on the Commission, Member States and social partners to recognise that high standards of occupational health and safety constitute an essential human right;

58. Stresses the importance of social dialogue in drawing up the national programmes for decent work for implemention by the Member States, and calls on them to hold a genuine consultation of the social partners;

59. Stresses that the social partners are crucial to the successful implementation of the decent work agenda, and should therefore be actively involved, at least by way of a hearing process, in the implementation of decent work initiatives;

60. Welcomes the European social partners' negotiations about a framework agreement on harassment and violence at work as an example of promoting decent work in Europe; calls the Commission to encourage the social partners to successfully conclude these negotiations;

61. Underlines that the European social agenda, the Lisbon Strategy (including the national reform programs) and increasing efforts to ratify and apply international labour conventions that have been classified as up-to-date by the ILO, constitute the EU decent work roadmap;

62. Calls the Member States to implement effective, preventive and protective policies and programmes in order to increase the number, quality and the competencies and tools of the labour inspectorate in accordance with the Community legislation and the ILO conventions so as to enforce the safety and health at work, working conditions and other social legislation;

63. Suggests a stronger cooperation between the development of exchanges of best practices at Community level among national labour inspection services so as to contribute to the promotion of decent work; calls on the Member States to provide the responsible authorities for labour inspection with more comprehensive resources in order to enable them to carry out their tasks with a view to ensuring that their national labour laws applied in practice and not evaded;

64. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to ensure that new forms of work are also protected by existing law, and to consider new legal instruments which can be applied flexibly to new forms of work, so that an equal level of protection can be guaranteed for all workers;

65. Recognises the importance of the work of the Youth Employment Network and the ILO Decent Work Forum as peer exchange, support and review mechanisms; calls the Commission to support the development of these networks in EU partner countries together with ILO as a way to implement the global Employment Agenda;

66. Calls on the Member States to guarantee education for young people as an effective strategy to avoid social exclusion and poverty and to develop their employability by using existing mechanisms such as the Euroguidance network, which helps individuals to better understand work opportunities in Europe; also calls on them to facilitate a successful transition to the labour market and improve access to employment through schemes of professional orientation, while ensuring consistency with a life-cycle and inter-generational approach;

67. Calls on the Member States to expand their investment in infrastructure needed for the use of information communication technologies and in the education and training of young people with shared investments from both the public and private sectors;

68. Calls on Member States, when implementing Community policies, to generalise and broaden access to lifelong learning opportunities, even in geographically remote and rural areas and to implement specific measures adapted to local realities so as to guarantee the employability of all within a changing work environment;

69. Calls on the Member States to introduce relevant reforms in their education systems and to guarantee access to high-quality education for all;

70. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to integrate the gender and development dimensions into all policies and programmes promoting decent work and asks Member States to guarantee equal opportunities for men and women for decent work, not only from the point of view of access to employment or of promotion but also with regard to the level of pay;

71. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to take all the necessary measures to ensure the conciliation between private/family and working life with a view to increasing women’s participation in the labour market and to examine and eliminate the causes that could undermine the effectiveness of such measures;

72. Recommends that ways be explored to increase the desirability of jobs now considered too heavy or menial (domestic help, family assistance, caring for the elderly, personal services, etc.);

73. Calls on the Commission and Member States to improve measures to allow all workers to achieve a better balance between work and family life, bearing in mind that long hours, stress and insecurity of employment threaten the fabric of family life, which is an important foundation of our society;

74. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to cooperate with NGOs, trade unions, women’s organisations and networks for the economic and social empowerment of women in developing countries and the promotion of decent work at all levels;

75. Welcomes the initiative announced in the Commission communication on decent work to support efforts to improve the involvement of the social partners and other society stakeholders in global governance on the basis of the OECD´s consultative model;

76. Calls on Member States to adopt national policies to promote equality of opportunity and treatment for workers, whatever their age or gender; calls on Member States to take measures to prevent discrimination against women and older workers and to ensure voluntary retirement, a gradual transition from work, and a flexible pension age, which would not, however, exceed the current pension age;

77. Underlines that promoting decent work aims to achieve an overall improvement of living and working conditions for all, and includes to this end support for the integration of the informal sector into the mainstream economy;

78. Calls on the Commission and Member States to support and promote legislative and policy initiatives and practices on disability non-discrimination and equal opportunities in vocational training and in the workplace, including support for adapting workplaces to accommodate disabilities in respect of developing countries;

79. Calls on the Commission to encourage Member States to use the Open Method of Coordination in the field of social protection in order to add value to the different social systems; to this end, and in accordance with the renewed Lisbon Strategy, with the aim of improving the flexibility and mobility of European workers and social cohesion in the Union, considers that there is a need to seek greater harmonisation of pension schemes, mainly with regard to the cover of services when people have worked in different Member States, particularly as this is not only a serious obstacle to the free movement of workers but also an impediment to a single market in financial services;

80. Notes that the marginalisation of certain minorities based on religion or race is an obstacle to achieving decent work for all in the EU, and therefore calls on all those Member States that have not yet done so to complete the transposition of the Race Directive(7);

81. Within the framework of a consistent approach to international labour migration, welcomes the will of Member States to ratify the International Convention C 97 on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, as well as ILO Conventions 97 and 143;

82. Calls on the Member States to agree on a common standard definition of forced labour and abuse of vulnerability in order to reduce ambiguity and bias in judicial decisions;

83. Notes that some EU citizens exercising their right to freedom of movement are vulnerable to poor working conditions and calls on the Commission and Member States to adopt polices to monitor the experiences of intra-EU migrants in the labour market and to adopt measures to eliminate exploitative work practices;

84. Calls on the Commission and the Community’s national delegations in partner countries to actively promote the inclusion of the Decent Work Agenda , Decent Work Country Programmes and Decent Work Regional Programmes into the Country Strategy Papers (CSPs), the Regional Strategy Papers (RSPs), the National Action Plans (NAPs) and other programming instruments of the EU development cooperation policies;

85. Welcomes the Commission's intention to consider extending the provision of Regulation (EC) No 2110/2005(8), as regards compliance with core labour standards, to contracts financed through the European Development Fund;

86. Calls on the Commission to allocate adequate resources to implementation of the proposals for the promotion of decent work contained in the thematic programme "Investing in People";

87. Welcomes the introduction by the Commission of the new thematic programme Investing in People (2007–2013) in the context of the 'European Consensus ' (the EU's on Development policy) and the importance which that programme attaches to the implementation of the decent work agenda in the EU's partner countries; welcomes the programme's recognition of the clear link between decent work and social protection; calls on the Commission to earmark enough funding for the promotion of decent work within the thematic programme Investing in People;

88. Welcomes the new integrated strategy for children´s rights announced in the Commission communication Towards an EU Strategy on the Rights of the Child (COM(2006)0367) and recalls that action against child labour, as defined in the ILO Conventions Nos 138 and 182 against forced labour, must be mainstreamed into national and international measures;

89. Notes that third-country nationals are at risk of experiencing poorer working conditions than their EU national counterparts, and therefore calls on Member States to adopt policies in line with the common basic principles on the Integration of Third Country Nationals in the EU, particularly CBP 3 on promoting migrants’ integration into the labour market;

90. Welcomes the Commission’s intention to produce a follow-up report to its communication on decent work by 2008, which should include an analysis and assessment of the ratification and application by the Member States of the ILO conventions on employment, health and safety, maternity protection and migrant workers’ rights;;calls for this report to contain an action programme for decent work covering both cooperation in the EU and efforts at international level;

91. Welcomes the Commission's effort to improve analysis and to develop appropriate indicators related to the implementation of the decent work agenda;

92. Welcomes the UN Committee on economics and social affairs suggestion that the Decent work agenda be developed under full steam, so as to achieve tangible results by 2015;

93. Calls on the Commission to submit to Parliament specific figures on how decent work and issues related thereto are financed in order to better assess, in terms of funding, the political commitment;

94. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the parliaments of the Member States.

(1)

OJ C 271 E, 12.11.2003, p. 598.

(2)

OJ C 46, 24.2.2006, p. 1.

(3)

OJ C 300 E, 11.12.2003, p. 290.

(4)

2000/483/EC (OJ L 317, 15.12.2000, p. 3.

(5)

OJ L 378, 27.12.2006, p. 41.

(6)

OJ L 386, 29.12.2006, p. 1.

(7)

Council Directive 2000/43/EC implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin (OJ L 180, 19.7.2000, p. 22).

(8)

Regulation (EC) No 2110/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 December 2005 on access to Community external assistance (OJ L 344, 27.12.2005, p. 1).


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Background

The decent work concept was proposed by the ILO in 2000 at formulating a universal political objective of promoting employment and improving working conditions, going beyond the respect for the fundamental social rights as defined by the eight core labour standards conventions of the ILO(1). It consists of the following four strategic objectives, with gender equality as a crosscutting objective:

Ø Job creating

Ø Guaranteeing rights at work

Ø Extending social protection

Ø Promoting dialogue and conflict resolution

In 2006, at the high-level segment of the UN’s Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), a ministerial declaration was adopted underscoring the priority of managing to attain productive, full-time employment and decent work for all.

The meeting was the first international summit to take on board the recommendations made by the UN Summit of Heads of State and Government organised in September 2005. 150 global leaders agreed to place full and productive employment and Decent Work as a central objective of relevant national and international policies, in the efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.

The European Parliament(2) had already called for the strengthening of the social dimension of globalisation and for the promotion of decent work for all, in accordance with the ILO's strategy in this area.

Commission's Communication

The Commission's Communication aims to go beyond just ensuring minimum labour rights by giving a clear indication how the promotion of decent work could be achieved. This includes promoting job creation, improved governance and social dialogue, identifying and addressing decent work deficits, better cooperation between the main stakeholders and reducing corruption.

The Commission envisages several actions, which include:

Ø Strengthening the contribution of decent work in EU development policy and external aid

Ø Reinforcing cooperation with regional, international organisations, the business community and other parts of civil society

Ø Emphasising the need for decent work for all in its agreements and cooperation with countries outside the EU including candidate, neighbouring, developing and developed countries

Ø Strengthening decent work in an open trade regime

Ø Encouraging countries to formulate a 'road map' towards establishing decent work for all, taking into account the needs and specific situations of partner countries

Position of the draftsperson

The draftsperson believes that the EU can play a significant role in the promotion of decent work for all through both its internal and external policies, through its social model and its role at international level. To this end and in order to better evaluate the impact of the EU activities, Ms Panayotopoulos requests the Commission to submit periodically to the European Parliament and Council an impact assessment report of all the different EU policies on the promotion of decent work for both EU and its partner country workers.

Furthermore, only an effective application of methodologies and indicators can show the progress made in implementing the decent work agenda.

The current rules of globalization following the logic of increased liberalization in all spheres of economic and social policies push towards a global labour market, even if it still remains highly segmented. This raises the issue of developing and, subsequently, ratifying and applying the appropriate norms for a fair global labour market. The draftsperson encourages the Member states and candidate countries to ratify and apply the ILO Conventions. It emerges from the table that most of the countries analysed did not ratify the following ILO Conventions:

Ø Convention No 168 on employment policy

Ø Convention No 155 on health and safety at work

Ø Convention No 183 on maternity protection

Ø Conventions Nos 118 and 157 on equality of treatment and maintenance of social security rights in case of mobility

Ø Conventions Nos 97 and 143 on migrant workers

The recent Codification of the Maritime Labour Convention, which sets out seafarers' rights to decent conditions of work and is an example of the promotion of decent work at sector level, still needs to be ratified by all EU countries.

The draftsperson agrees with the European Commission that the endorsement of social objectives cannot under any circumstances be used for protectionist purposes. The objective should be to achieve social progress at all levels and ensure that it is spread fairly for the benefit of all. Furthermore, Mrs Panayotopoulos believes that labour market flexibility and employment security are not mutually exclusive objectives, but with appropriate practices should reinforce each other. Even though there is no one-size-fits-all model of labour market policies, there are some institutional characteristics that can help improve the effectiveness of labour markets. Some of them are the social dialogue, the long-term establishment of active labour market policies as a component of macro-economic policy, sound labour management relations, support for development of institutional capacities and an expenditure which is adjusted to the changing phases of the business cycle. Additionally, a greater effort on skill development for workers and managers is vital to get and share the benefits of new technologies. Rapidly changing skill requirements call for a comprehensive effort to increase the educational level in all countries and especially in developing countries. This would call for national policies for an integrated educational system in which workers skills are permanently upgraded and youth is being prepared for the challenges of globalisation. In order to mainstream youth employment into national development strategies, measures to enhance the employability of youth should be a key component of active labour market policies and educational reforms.

Despite economic growth of 4.3 per cent in 2005 that increased world output by some US$2.5 trillion, the global economy is nowadays failing to deliver enough new jobs for those entering the job markets(3). With reference to people with no work at all unemployment is at its highest point ever and stands at nearly 192 million worldwide (about 6 per cent of the global workforce). Of these unemployed, the ILO estimates that 86 million (about half the global total) are young people aged 15 to 24(4). The draftsperson recognises this problem and calls the Commission to support the development of the Youth Employment Network in EU partner countries together with the ILO as a way to implement the global Employment Agenda.

In addition, Ms Panayotopoulos stresses the need to integrate a gender dimension into the agendas of decent work. Women are less paid and receive less training than their male colleagues and are at higher risk to live in poverty as they get older.

Lastly, the draftsperson recalls the issues of migrant workers, of whom women now represent nearly half, and who constitute also a growing share of the world’s workforce. In 2000 there were more than 86 million migrant workers throughout the world, with 34 million of these indeveloping regions(5). The ILO estimated in 2004 that 2.45 million people in forced labour had been trafficked across international boundaries. Of these, about 43 per cent had been destined for commercial sexual exploitation and a third for economic exploitation(6). The draftsperson recalls that actions against child labour should be taken at national and international level so as to alleviate child exploitation and poverty and achieve decent work for adults everywhere.

ANNEX I: Level of ratification of the ILO conventions in the Member States and candidate countries

 

EU - 15

10 New Member States

ACCESSION

2007

CANDITATE

COUNTRIES

 

BE

FR

UK

DE

IT

NL

LU

DK

IE

EL

PT

ES

AT

FI

SE

CY

CZ

EE

HU

LV

LT

MT

PL

SK

SI

BG

RO

HR

TU

FYROM

Core Labour Standards

C87

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

C98

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

C138

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

-

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

C182

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

C29

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

C105

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

C100

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

C111

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

Conventions on employment policy

C122

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

+

C168

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

Convention on occupational guidance and training

C142

-

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

-

-

-

+

+

Conventions on employment services

C88

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

-

+

+

-

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

C181

+

-

-

-

+

+

-

-

-

-

+

+

-

+

-

-

+

-

+

-

+

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

Convention on job security

C158

-

+

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

+

+

-

+

+

+

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

+

+

Convention on health and safety at work

C155

-

-

-

-

-

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

-

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

-

-

-

+

+

-

-

+

+

+

Convention on occupational health services

C161

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

+

-

+

-

+

-

-

-

+

+

+

-

-

+

+

+

Conventions on labour inspection and administration

C81

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

+

+

+

C150

-

-

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

+

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Conventions on minimum wage fixing and protection of wages

C26

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

-

+

-

+

+

+

-

-

-

+

-

+

-

-

+

-

+

-

+

-

-

+

-

C95

+

+

+

-

+

+

-

-

-

+

+

+

+

-

-

+

+

-

+

-

-

+

+

+

-

+

+

-

+

-

C131

-

+

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

+

+

-

-

+

-

+

-

-

+

Convention on maternity protection

C183

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

+

-

-

+

-

+

-

-

+

-

+

+

-

-

-

Conventions on migrant workers

C97

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

-

-

-

+

+

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

+

 

BE

FR

UK

DE

IT

NL

LU

DK

IE

EL

PT

ES

AT

FI

SE

CY

CZ

EE

HU

LV

LT

MT

PL

SK

SI

BG

RO

HR

TU

FYROM

C143

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

+

 

Convention on reconciling working life and family life

C156

-

+

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

+

+

+

-

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

+

+

+

-

+

-

+

Convention on vocational rehabilitation and employment

C159

-

+

-

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

+

-

+

-

+

+

+

+

+

-

-

+

+

+

Convention on protection of indigenous and tribal peoples

C169

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Convention on Social Security (minimum standards)

C102

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

+

+

+

-

-

+

+

+

Conventions on equality of treatment and maintenance of social security rights in case of mobility

C118

-

+

-

+

+

+

-

+

+

-

-

-

-

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

C157

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Conventions on effective promotion of collective bargaining

C151

+

-

+

-

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

-

-

+

+

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

C154

+

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

+

-

+

-

+

+

+

-

-

+

+

+

-

-

-

+

-

+

-

-

-

Convention on Tripartite consultation

C144

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

-

+

+

-

+

+

Convention on information of workers representatives within the enterprise

C135

-

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

-

+

-

+

+

+

+

Note: +: convention ratified, -: convention not ratified yet

ANNEX II: Decent Work Ranking

Dharam Ghai, "Decent Work: Concept and Indicators", International Labour Review,
Vol. 142 (2003), No. 2

Patterns of decent work performance

In order to sketch out decent work profiles of the industrial countries, it is useful to group them in the following categories:

Nordic: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden

Anglo-Saxon: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom,United States

Continental: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg,Netherlands, Switzerland

Industrializing: Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain

Japan does not fit into any of these categories.

The Nordic countries perform well on all indicators except the unemployment rate, where Sweden and Denmark are average and Finland is among the poor performers.

ANNEXI II: Decent Work and Economic Performance: Combined Ranking

The industrializing countries are poor on all indicators. There are exceptions for a few indicators: gender disparities (Ireland and Portugal average), labour force participation (Portugal average), unemployment rate (Portugal good), inequality, social protection and social dialogue (Ireland good). When it comes to economic performance, it is interesting to note that this typology does not hold. For example, while Denmark and Norway are among the best performers, Sweden is among the poor performers. Likewise in the Anglo-Saxon group, Australia and the United States are among the best, New Zealand and Canada in the middle and the United Kingdom among the lowest-ranking. In the continental group, Netherlands is among the best, France, Luxembourg and Belgium among the middle-ranking, and Switzerland, Austria, Germany and Italy among the lowest-ranking. In the industrializing group, Ireland is among the best, Portugal and Spain are among the middleranking and Greece among the poor performers.

(1)

Core labour standards:

- Convention No 87 on freedom of association of employers and workers organisations

- Convention No 98 on promotion of collective bargaining

- Conventions Nos 138 and 182 on elimination of child labour

- Conventions Nos 29 and 105 on elimination of forced labour

- Conventions Nos 100 and 111 on equal remuneration for men and women

(2)

A6-0308/2005 and A5/0251/2002.

(3)

ILO: "Changing patterns in the world of work", Report I (C), International Labour Conference, 95th Session 2006.

(4)

Ibidem.

(5)

ILO: "Towards a fair deal for migrant workers in the global economy", Report IV, International Labour Conference, 92nd Session, Geneva, 2004.

(6)

ILO: "A global alliance against forced labour", Global Report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration, Report I (B), International Labour Conference, 93rd Session, Geneva, 2004, para.60.


OPINION of the Committee on Development (28.2.2007)

for the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs

on promoting decent work for all

(2006/2240(INI))

Draftswoman: Feleknas Uca

SUGGESTIONS

The Committee on Development calls on the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following suggestions in its motion for a resolution:

–  having regard to Article 50 of the Partnership Agreement between the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP), of the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, of the other part, signed at Cotonou on 23 June 2000,

–    having regard to the Council Conclusions on decent work for all adopted on 1 December 2006 at the meeting of the 2767th Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumers Affairs Council in Brussels,

–    having regard to the Joint Statement by the Council and the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States meeting within the Council, the European Parliament and the Commission on European Union Development Policy: The European Consensus ('the European Consensus on Development') signed on 20 December 2005,

–    having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1905/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation,

    having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1889/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on establishing a financing instrument for the promotion of democracy and human rights worldwide,

1.   Calls on the Commission to promote the implementation of Article 50 of the ACP-EC Partnership Agreement, in which the parties undertake, including in their trade relations, to respect fundamental labour standards; calls on the Commission and Member States to support the ACP countries in formulating and enforcing legislation on the subject and in organising information campaigns;

2.   Welcomes the introduction by the Commission of the new thematic programme Investing in People (2007–2013) in the context of the 'European Consensus ' (the EU's on Development policy) and the importance which that programme attaches to the implementation of the decent work agenda in the EU's partner countries; welcomes the programme's recognition of the clear link between decent work and social protection; calls on the Commission to earmark enough funding for the promotion of decent work within the thematic programme Investing in People;

3.   Welcomes the fact that the Commission has included fundamental labour standards and the promotion of corporate social responsibility within the scope of the Human Rights and Democracy financing instrument; calls on the Commission to devote sufficient attention to these points in the programming and award of operational appropriations under this instrument;

4.  Welcomes the Commission Communication of 24 May 2006 and the decisions taken by the 2767th Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Protection Council;

5.  Stresses the importance of supporting the integration of employment and decent work into development strategies; calls for the inclusion of a more thorough analysis of employment and other aspects of decent work in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), Country Strategy Papers (CSPs) and Multiannual Indicative Programmes (MIPs); in this context, highlights the importance of consultations with all relevant stakeholders, including organised employers, trade unions and workers as well as the private sector and civil society in the broadest sense;

6.  Calls for employment ministries, employers' associations and workers' organisations to be strengthened and more systematically integrated into the participatory process underpinning the design and implementation of PRSPs, CSPs and MIPs; believes that, for this purpose, their cooperation with economic and finance ministers as well as with the respective international financial and economic institutions such as the Bretton Woods Institutions, the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) must be improved; calls on all parties to ensure that CSPs are drafted in a truly participatory manner; urges the Commission to invest more in technical and institutional capacity building and to facilitate measures to root decent work in country strategy papers;

7.   Stresses in particular the need for country-led Decent Work Country Programmes, or a similar “road map”, developed with the participation of social partners' organisations and other relevant stakeholders, aimed at achieving decent work for all through development cooperation – including policy dialogue on the employment impacts of economic policies and governance, budget support measures and capacity building, in particular institutional capacity building – which is well-coordinated and harmonised among the Commission, the Member States and other international development partners and relevant actors, including the International Labour Organization (ILO) and other UN agencies as well as international financial institutions;

8.  Emphasises that child labour is one of the main causes of poverty in future generations and that child and forced labour constitute violations of fundamental rights;

9.   Calls on the Commission and the Member States to support and promote legislative and policy initiatives in developing countries on non-discrimination and equal opportunities in vocational training schemes and in the work place, including support for work place adaptations/accommodation for people with disabilities;

10. Calls for a renewed effort to combat breaches of human rights and labour law and to monitor the activities of multinationals, with the possibility of excluding multinationals operating in developing countries from public procurements funded or supported by the EU and its Member States as well as from export credit guarantees granted by the EIB and other financial institutions in the event of breaches of these rights; calls on the Commission and the Member States to make respect for core labour standards obligatory in the framework of public procurement financed by the EuropeanDevelopment Fund and other community or bilateral support;

11. Stresses that Article 12(2)(d)(ii) of the Regulation establishing the Development Cooperation Instrument calls for the promotion of the 'decent work for all' agenda as a universal objective, to be achieved, inter alia, through global and other multi-country initiatives to implement internationally agreed ILO core labour standards, assessment of the trade impact on decent work and sustained and adequate mechanisms for the fair financing and effective functioning – and wider coverage – of social protection systems; emphasises that, also in Article 5(2)(c) of the same Regulation, decent work is mentioned as a focus area; calls on the Commission to actively use those provisions in its development policy; further calls on the Commission to report systematically on its efforts to promote decent work in its annual report on its development policy and implementation of external assistance;

12. Stresses that the possibility of attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and strengthening the concept of decent work through sustainable development aid requires a fair and innovative tax policy, e.g. taxes on financial and currency transactions;

13. Stresses that decent work is a multidisciplinary subject which has an impact on all aspects of foreign policy; considers, therefore, that support for decent work must also be encouraged by means of foreign-policy financing instruments;

14. Calls for all Commission programmes in the areas of development cooperation and trade policy to make financial provision for measures to foster decent work;

15. Believes that trade agreements must be vehicles for the promotion of decent work; stresses therefore that the EU should include in its negotiating mandates for bilateral and other trade agreements the principles and objectives of decent work; calls on the Commission to take into account, when granting trade preferences, compliance by the beneficiary countries with international core labour standards, so that countries that do not meet these basic standards do not benefit from EU trade preferences; calls on the Commission to work actively with the ILO in ensuring that the terms of the agreements are fully complied with, and, where necessary, use the powers at its disposal to cancel preferences with any countries failing to respect fundamental social, labour and human rights;

16. Calls for the mainstreaming of the decent work principle in all Community actions; recalls in this connection the crucial importance of socio/economic policy coherence and coordination at national, regional and international levels, which, in the latter case, should include the involvement of the ILO in this process;

17. Emphasises the need for the concept of decent work to be put into practice by local actors in developing countries, with particular emphasis being placed on rural areas and the informal sector; stresses the importance of NGOs in promoting and supporting this process; stresses the urgent need to undertake effective action, including through EU assistance in partner countries, to promote decent work in the informal economy, with a view to the gradual integration of the informal economy into the formal economy;

18. Emphasises the need to support existing best practices that guarantee decent working conditions in developing countries, such as those of the international Fair Trade movement;

19. Notes that only respect for fundamental ILO conventions was included as an indicator of good governance on the basis of which developing countries might be eligible for additional financing; considers that investing in decent work is also a sign of good governance; stresses, therefore, that, in addition to the fundamental ILO conventions, decent work should be included as an indicator of good governance;

20. Emphasises the need to establish a demand-driven global knowledge-sharing network on decent work and local development based on primarily national research, capacity and institution building;

21. Proposes that the EU request observer status for the ILO within the WTO and the establishment of a committee on trade and decent work along the lines of the committee on trade and environment;

22. Reminds the Member States of ILO Convention C100 concerning Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value, which calls on governments and the social partners to build new social and economic structures to strengthen the role of women in the economy and in the labour market; believes that there is a need both to take specific measures in favour of women and to introduce gender mainstreaming into all policies, programmes and projects to overcome obstacles preventing women from finding decent work;

23. Calls on the Member States and the Commission, as employers in developing countries, to take account of the principle of decent work, particularly by increasing wages in accordance with Recommendation 135 of the ILO concerning Minimum Wage Fixing, with Special Reference to Developing Countries.

PROCEDURE

Title

Promoting decent work for all

Procedure number

2006/2240(INI)

Committee responsible

EMPL

Opinion by
  Date announced in plenary

DEVE
28.9.2006

Enhanced cooperation – date announced in plenary

 

Drafts(wo)man
  Date appointed

Feleknas Uca
6.11.2006

Previous drafts(wo)man

 

Discussed in committee

27.2.2007

 

 

 

 

Date adopted

27.2.2007

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

25

0

0

Members present for the final vote

Margrietus van den Berg, Josep Borrell Fontelles, Danutė Budreikaitė, Corina Creţu, Alexandra Dobolyi, Filip Kaczmarek, Glenys Kinnock, Maria Martens, José Javier Pomés Ruiz, Miguel Portas, Horst Posdorf, Pierre Schapira, Frithjof Schmidt, Jürgen Schröder, Feleknas Uca, Luis Yañez-Barnuevo García, Anna Záborská

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Ana Maria Gomes, Jan Jerzy Kułakowski, Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez, Manolis Mavrommatis, Tobias Pflüger, Anne Van Lancker, Åsa Westlund, Zbigniew Zaleski

Substitute(s) under Rule 178(2) present for the final vote

 

Comments (available in one language only)

...


OPINION of the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality (24.1.2007)

for the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs

on promoting decent work for all

(2006/2240(INI))

Draftswoman: Amalia Sartori

SUGGESTIONS

The Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality calls on the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following suggestions in its motion for a resolution:

1.  Declares that all jobs are dignified provided that workers’ rights are respected: fair and equal wages for equal work, irrespective of gender, adequate payment of insurance and social security contributions and a safe and healthy working environment;

2.  Calls on the Member States and businesses, in cooperation with the social partners and on the basis of Community legislation on the health and safety of workers, to adopt preventive strategies and implement measures designed to protect maternity and improve health and safety at work for pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding;

3.  Stresses that the concept of decent work also involves a decent retirement and the entitlements pertaining thereto;

4.  Furthermore, states that there can be no decent work without equality between the sexes and emphasises in particular the requirement that equal work must be rewarded by equal pay;

5.  Stresses that decent work calls for any kind of violence at work to be prevented, with particular reference - owing to its greater incidence and impact - to violence (both physical and psychological) relating to the victim’s sex;

6.  Stresses the need to improve the transparency of labour markets, so that all kinds of work (temporary, permanent, full-time, part-time, hourly paid) are official, decently paid, and that they fully respect workers’ rights, core labour standards, social dialogue, social protection (including health and safety at work) and gender equality;

7.  Encourages businesses to adopt responsible, non-discriminatory recruitment and professional development policies in order to boost the employment of women and the disadvantaged on the labour market;

8.  Points out that special attention should be paid to the employment of women, with regard to which the regulations are still not being fully complied with in many cases and the indices of which are less favourable in both quantitative and qualitative terms than those relating to the employment of men, and to creating an environment enabling women to balance work and family life;

9.  Recommends that businesses take initiatives to promote greater participation and representation of women on bodies involved in social dialogue, a strategic goal of the concept of decent work;

10. Calls upon the Member States which have not yet done so to incorporate into their domestic law provisions which make bullying and sexual harassment an offence;

11. Criticises the fact that gender mainstreaming is not adequately taken into account in the Commission’s approach on promoting decent work for all; highlights the lack of suitable gender equality indicators and the systematic absence of information on wage differentials and ‘glass ceilings’;

12. Stresses the importance of promoting working relations in which gender issues are duly regulated for all and in every sector, in both the EU’s relations and cooperation programmes with the regions and with non-member states, with the aim of achieving equal opportunities for women and men and awareness of the gender dimension on the labour market;

13. Calls on the Commission, in cooperation with the social partners and the ILO, to encourage female entrepreneurs to set up and develop businesses inside and outside the EU as part of the policy of development cooperation;

14. Stresses the need to outlaw enforced part-time working (which mainly affects women) and working hours which are detrimental to family life because they are disjointed or excessively spread out;

15. Stresses the need for greater efforts to be made with regard to vocational training through the introduction in particular of appropriate personalised monitoring for employees at every stage of their working lives;

16. Recommends that ways be explored to increase the desirability of jobs now considered too heavy or menial (domestic help, family assistance, caring for the elderly, personal services, etc.);

17. Stresses the importance, therefore, of seeking practical strategies for promoting occupations which, for reasons of culture or ‘social image’, are stigmatised as being difficult and dangerous jobs, and as such are often not governed by the law and without any social protection;

18. Stresses that support should be given to the efforts of the Member States to coordinate their activities and exchange best practices in order to achieve these objectives.

PROCEDURE

Title

Promoting decent work for all

Procedure number

2006/2240(INI)

Committee responsible

EMPL

Opinion delivered by
  Date announced in plenary

FEMM
28.9.2006

Enhanced cooperation
  Date announced in plenary

 

Draftswoman
  Date appointed

Amalia Sartori
11.10.2006

Previous draftsman

 

Discussed in committee

19.12.2006

24.1.2007

 

 

 

Date adopted

24.1.2007

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

30

0

0

Members present for the final vote

Edit Bauer, Maria Carlshamre, Edite Estrela, Ilda Figueiredo, Věra Flasarová, Claire Gibault, Lissy Gröner, Zita Gurmai, Esther Herranz García, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Lívia Járóka, Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou, Urszula Krupa, Pia Elda Locatelli, Angelika Niebler, Siiri Oviir, Marie Panayotopoulos-Cassiotou, Christa Prets, Marie-Line Reynaud, Teresa Riera Madurell, Eva-Britt Svensson, Britta Thomsen, Corien Wortmann-Kool, Anna Záborská

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Lidia Joanna Geringer de Oedenberg, Christa Klaß, Zita Pleštinská, Bernadette Vergnaud

Substitute(s) under Rule 178(2) present for the final vote

Jean Lambert, Elisabeth Schroedter

Comments (available in one language only)

...


OPINION of the Committee on International Trade (8.1.2007)

for the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs

on promoting decent work for all

(2006/2240(INI))

Draftsman: Désir

SUGGESTIONS

The Committee on International Trade calls on the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following suggestions in its motion for a resolution:

1.   Recalls the international community's commitment, at the United Nations summit of 14-16 September 2005, to supporting the decent work agenda drawn up by the ILO; considers the promotion of this agenda to be a priority with a view to achieving the millennium development goals and the eradication of poverty;

2.   Welcomes the Commission's will to mainstream the promotion of decent work into the EU's external policies, in particular bilateral and regional trade and external aid policies; stresses that the Commission must take advantage of the bilateral and multilateral negotiations to place more of its commercial weight behind promoting social standards and decent work;

3.   Calls on the Commission not to neglect the multilateral dimension in the promotion of a decent work agenda; asks the Commission, in particular, to come forward with a proposal at the WTO with the aim of making sure that WTO rulings fully incorporate the ILO decent work proposals;

4.   Affirms that promoting decent work is consistent with the EU's values and that it is in the EU's interest to ensure that international trade grows in line with the European social model with a view to avoiding all kinds of social dumping; calls for the EU's external policies to aim for the economic development of partner countries, but also for compliance with social standards and decent work, providing decent incomes for workers and their families, together with the right to health and safety at work, social protection and trade union freedom;

5.   Stresses the responsibility of the social partners for promoting decent work for all, and calls on the Commission to support them and encourage their initiatives in this field;

6.   Believes that multinational companies, including European multinationals, operating in developing countries must consider themselves to have responsibilities extending to the social sphere, requiring them to promote decent work in the conduct of their business and to endeavour to eliminate child labour;

7.   Supports the Commission's action with a view to securing the broadest possible ratification of ILO conventions, particularly those which relate to fundamental working standards; recommends that the Commission make the implementation of core labour standards a permanent element in bilateral consultations at all levels, both with countries where violations occur and with countries that have trade and investment links with such countries; recommends that the Commission include, in all bilateral trade agreements and strategic partnerships, a clause on the implementation of core labour standards, in particular with regard to trade union rights, the ban on forced labour and child labour, gender equality at work and the rights of migrant workers; calls on the Commission, once the ILO conventions have been ratified, to monitor effectively their implementation and report to Parliament on a regular basis; also calls for measures to be taken with a view to effectively combating social dumping;

8.   Proposes that the EU incorporates, as a matter of course, social clauses on decent work in all bilateral and regional cooperation instruments, including trade agreements;

9.   Calls on the Commission to ensure the implementation of Article 50 of the Cotonou Agreement, which includes a specific provision on trade and labour standards and which confirms the parties' commitment to core labour standards;

10. Urges the Commission to make compliance with core labour standards a precondition for its purchasing and contracting policy; calls on the Commission, to this end, to develop a policy and to provide trade related assistance which would make it possible for small producers in developing countries likewise to comply with these standards;

11. Is convinced that the lead position of the EU in global trade and in the reaping of the economic benefits of increased global trade is due to the high level of social partnership and peace in the EU, which must be preserved as the overall aim of all trade policy instruments;

12. Approves the Commission's guidelines on the development of indicators and assessment methodologies which incorporate decent work into the sustainability impact assessments (SIAs), in particular for new bilateral and regional trade agreements and export processing zones; welcomes the pilot project launched with the ILO to measure the impact of trade and its liberalisation on decent work; hopes that it may be extended to more countries and that these indicators may be systematically included in SIAs as tools for assessing trade policies;

13. Calls on the Commission to recognise, and incorporate into its bilateral and multilateral trade negotiations and SIAs, reasonable indicators, as defined by the ILO, for the number of labour inspectors based on the size of the workforce: 1 inspector per 10,000 workers in industrialised countries with a market economy, 1 per 20,000 in transition economies and 1 per 40,000 in less developed countries;

14. Calls on the Commission to step up its commitment to promoting and guaranteeing, in the GSP+ beneficiary countries, the effective application of the fundamental rights of workers set out in the UN and ILO conventions; also calls on the Commission to show greater rigour in implementing the GSP by making recommendations to the beneficiary governments and to activate the oversight arrangements provided for in Council Regulation (EC) No. 980/2005 of 27 June 2005 applying a scheme of generalised tariff preferences (“the GSP Regulation”) and, where necessary, apply the mechanisms for temporarily suspending preferences in respect of those countries which do not honour their commitments and which seriously and systematically breach fundamental social rights while ensuring that the cancellation of preferences does not encourage protectionism; calls also for monitoring and the application of those mechanisms to be extended to cover the other GSP beneficiary countries, especially as regards child labour and forced labour, the elimination of which is a central challenge for the ILO, as indicated in its report entitled ‘The end of child labour: Within reach’; believes that the Chinese economy has now grown to such a scale and is having such a strong impact on international trade that similar standards have to be applied if China is to continue to enjoy trade preferences; requests that the Commission reports annually to Parliament;

15. Calls on the Commission to encourage a stronger commitment to social responsibility on the part of businesses; stresses the importance of businesses in ensuring greater respect for fundamental working standards in their relations with developing countries, particularly at the product design stage;

16. Requests that, in the forthcoming revision of the GSP Regulation,the Commission makes express provision for suspension and withdrawal of GSP+ benefits to be based on a proportionality criterion, so as not to rule out incentives for companies which, in their business operations and their relations with their workers, comply with the obligations deriving from the international commitments entered into by beneficiary countries;

17. Recalls that, while States are primarily responsible for the proper adoption and implementation of core labour standards, transnational corporations should also be held, at least indirectly, responsible; encourages transnational corporations to adopt and promote Corporate Social Responsibility practices and core labour standards in relation both to activities that the company owns and directly controls and to the company's offshore suppliers and subcontractors (usually in developing countries); recommends that such policies be developed in partnership with all relevant stakeholders (governments, companies, trade unions and NGOs); recognises that the growing interest in Corporate Social Responsibility has increased transnational corporations' awareness of the positive role of labour standards in enterprise development; recommends that the Commission investigates the possibility of providing technical assistance to companies, particularly small and medium sized enterprises, and local authorities in third countries to ensure that they have the financial and human resources necessary for the implementation of such policies;

18. Encourages governments of the home countries of transnational enterprises to monitor implementation of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and to periodically publish reports on the contribution of those enterprises to the effective implementation of ILO core labour standards;

19. Urges the Commission to contribute to the development of the UN Norms on the Responsibilities of Trans-national Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with regard to Human Rights in order to ensure that it is an effective global instrument against the violation of core labour standards and other possible human rights abuses by companies;

20. Recommends that the Commission investigates the creation of appropriate legal safeguards and mechanisms at EU level which identify and prosecute EU-based importers who import products in cases where the violation of the core ILO conventions has been permitted in any part of the supply chain; recommends that the Commission explore the possibility of creating incentives for EU-based importers who carry out regular and independent monitoring of the manufacture of their products in all third countries which form part of the production chain;

21. Recommends that the Commission investigates and identifies companies which continuously and persistently permit the violation of core labour standards in any part of the production and supply chain and calls for such a list to be made available to EU-based importers;

22. Calls on the EU to contribute to decent work through its migration policy, providing support for the authorities in host countries with a view to protection and better treatment of migrants who live in their country, and combating illegal migration and people trafficking;

23. Underlines the basic role that corporate social responsibility can play in promoting decent work and calls on the Commission to continue to promote it, together with the measures that the OECD and the ILO have approved;

24. Stresses the need for greater cooperation between the WTO, UNCTAD, the ILO and other international organisations with regard to the complementarity of their policies; considers that coherence among the measures undertaken is essential in promoting decent work and guaranteeing it in practice; proposes that the ILO be granted observer status at the WTO; addresses the parliaments of other WTO members to ask them to support this request;

25. Calls on the Commission to make 'promoting decent work' an EU objective in the WTO in the form of a package deal aimed at providing developing countries with more policy space, including greater respect within the EU for Special & Differential Treatment (SDT) demands and initiatives for the stabilisation of commodity prices;

26. Calls on the Commission to propose establishing a 'trade and decent work' committee in the WTO, along the lines of the 'trade and environment' committee;

27. Points out that the ILO statutes allow it to call for trade sanctions against a country in the event of failure to comply with international social conventions, and calls on the WTO to undertake to comply with ILO decisions for the sake of consistency in the action of international institutions;

28. Proposes that the ILO be authorised to submit expert reports (amicus briefs) to the WTO panels and Appellate Body in relevant cases where the violation of international conventions is at issue in a dispute and in which the decisions of the ILO have to be taken into account;

29. Proposes that, where a decision by the Dispute Settlement Body is regarded by a WTO Member State as calling into question ILO decisions on compliance with the labour conventions, an appeal route to the ILO should exist so as to guarantee the coherence of international community’s action in promoting decent work;

30. Stresses the need to promote codes of conduct for multinational businesses negotiated with the trade unions within the OECD, incorporating the objectives of decent work, and calls for these rules to apply to the third-country subsidiaries of companies with their headquarters in Europe, as well as to sub-contractors and suppliers involved in the firm’s production chain;

31. Welcomes the support which the Commission intends to give to improving the involvement of the social partners and other civil society actors in world governance (such as the WTO and the International Financial Institutions) along the lines of the OECD consultative model, but recalls that it is just as important for these actors to be involved in EU bilateral or regional trade negotiations;

32. Calls on the EU to make compliance with international work standards one element in negotiations for the accession of new member states to the WTO;

33. Calls on the Commission to promote a more united approach on the part of EU Member States with regard to achieving the effective incorporation of decent work into the International Financial Institutions, with regard in particular to their policy advice, their development assistance programmes and their loans to private companies;

34. Emphasises that decent work concerns all workers and that work performed on an informal basis has been identified by the ILO as reflecting the existence of "decent work deficits" which need to be eliminated so that all workers can carry out work in a legal and institutional framework in which their rights are protected;

35. Stresses that codes of conduct must not be endorsed without specifically identifying those kinds of initiatives that promote decent work and that, too often, codes are inadequate substitutes for the adoption and application of law and for the role of trade unions and genuine industrial relations; calls instead for the creation of decent work to be recognised as an essential part of what it means for an enterprise to be considered socially responsible; emphasises furthermore that the Multi-Stakeholder Forum and the European Alliance on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) will not be a useful means of developing decent work until the concerns of trade unions and NGOs regarding those bodies have been addressed;

36. Emphasises, finally, the importance of promoting the ILO Tripartite Declaration on Multi-National Enterprises and Social Policy.

PROCEDURE

Title

Promoting decent work for all

Procedure number

2006/2240(INI)

Committee responsible

EMPL

Opinion by
  Date announced in plenary

INTA
28.9.2006

Draftsman
  Date appointed

Harlem Désir
11.9.2006

Discussed in committee

3.10.2006

22.11.2006

Date adopted

19.12.2006

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

24

1

0

Members present for the final vote

Kader Arif, Francisco Assis, Jean-Pierre Audy, Enrique Barón Crespo, Daniel Caspary, Françoise Castex, Christofer Fjellner, Béla Glattfelder, Alain Lipietz, Caroline Lucas, Erika Mann, Helmuth Markov, David Martin, Georgios Papastamkos, Peter Šťastný, Robert Sturdy, Gianluca Susta, Johan Van Hecke, Daniel Varela Suanzes-Carpegna, Zbigniew Zaleski

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Panagiotis Beglitis, Harlem Désir, Elisa Ferreira, Małgorzata Handzlik, Jens Holm


PROCEDURE

Title

Promoting decent work for all

Procedure number

2006/2240(INI)

Committee responsible
  Date authorisation announced in plenary

EMPL
28.9.2006

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)
  Date announced in plenary

DEVE
28.9.2006

FEMM
28.9.2006

INTA
28.9.2006

 

 

Not delivering opinion(s)
  Date of decision

AFET
13.9.2006

 

 

 

 

Enhanced cooperation
  Date announced in plenary

 

 

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)
  Date appointed

Marie Panayotopoulos-Cassiotou
21.6.2006

Previous rapporteur(s)

 

 

Discussed in committee

22.11.2006

24.1.2007

28.2.2007

 

 

Date adopted

1.3.2007

Result of final vote

+

-

0

35

4

0

Members present for the final vote

Jan Andersson, Alexandru Athanasiu, Roselyne Bachelot-Narquin, Emine Bozkurt, Philip Bushill-Matthews, Milan Cabrnoch, Alejandro Cercas, Christina Christova, Derek Roland Clark, Luigi Cocilovo, Proinsias De Rossa, Harlem Désir, Harald Ettl, Richard Falbr, Carlo Fatuzzo, Ilda Figueiredo, Joel Hasse Ferreira, Stephen Hughes, Karin Jöns, Jan Jerzy Kułakowski, Jean Lambert, Raymond Langendries, Bernard Lehideux, Elizabeth Lynne, Thomas Mann, Ana Mato Adrover, Maria Matsouka, Marie Panayotopoulos-Cassiotou, Pier Antonio Panzeri, Jacek Protasiewicz, José Albino Silva Peneda, Kathy Sinnott, Jean Spautz, Gabriele Stauner, Anne Van Lancker

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Edit Bauer, Mihael Brejc, Françoise Castex, Richard Howitt, Sepp Kusstatscher, Roberto Musacchio

Substitute(s) under Rule 178(2) present for the final vote

André Brie, Jaromír Kohlíček

Date tabled

15.3.2007

Comments
(available in one language only)

 

Last updated: 12 April 2007Legal notice