Procedure : 2011/0217(COD)
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Document selected : A7-0271/2012

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A7-0271/2012

Debates :

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CRE 22/10/2012 - 20

Votes :

PV 23/10/2012 - 13.5
CRE 23/10/2012 - 13.5
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Explanations of votes

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P7_TA(2012)0368

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21 September 2012
PE 480.579v03-00 A7-0271/2012

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Year of Citizens (2013)

(COM(2011)0489 – C7-0217/2011 – 2011/0217(COD))

Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

Rapporteur: Antigoni Papadopoulou

AMENDMENTS
DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs
 OPINION of the Committee on Culture and Education
 OPINION of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs
 OPINION of the Committee on Petitions
 PROCEDURE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Year of Citizens (2013)

(COM(2011)0489 – C7-0217/2011 – 2011/0217(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2011)0489),

–   having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 21(2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C7-0217/2011),

–   having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 28 March 2012(1),

–   having regard to Rule 55 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs and the opinions of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, the Committee on Culture and Education, the Committee on Constitutional Affairs and the Committee on Petitions (A7-0271/2012),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it intends to amend its proposal substantially or replace it with another text;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment 1

AMENDMENTS BY THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT(2)*

to the Commission proposal

---------------------------------------------------------

DECISION No .../2012/EUOF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of

on the European Year of Citizens (2013)

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 21(2) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee(3),

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure(4),

Whereas:

(-1)   The Union is founded on the indivisible, universal values of human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity and based on the principles of democracy and the rule of law. Those principles are fundamental to the Member States in societies in which pluralism, non-discrimination, tolerance, justice, solidarity and equality between women and men prevail. Every citizen of the Union has and should enjoy the rights provided for in the Treaty on European Union (TEU), the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

(1)  The Treaty of Maastricht in 1993 introduced the concept of ‘citizenship of the Union. The Treaty of Amsterdam in 1999 and the Treaty of Lisbon in 2009 further strengthened the rights associated with Union citizenship. The year 2013 will mark the twentieth anniversary of the establishment of citizenship of the Union. Point (12) of Article 1 and point (34) of Article 2 of the Treaty of Lisbon (now Article 9 TEU and Article 20 TFEU) provides that every person holding the nationality of a Member State is a citizen of the Union, that citizenship of the Union is additional to, and does not replace, national citizenship of a Member State and that citizens of the Union enjoy the rights and are subject to the duties provided for in the Treaties ▌. Point (35) of Article 2 of the Treaty of Lisbon (now Article 21 TFEU) enshrines the right of citizens of the Union to free movement and residence.

▌(4)  ▌ The Stockholm Programme — An open and secure Europe serving and protecting citizens(5) puts the citizen at the heart of European policies in the field of freedom, security and justice. It focuses its actions on ‘building a citizens' Europe’, including through promotion of citizens' rights, in particular the right of freedom of movement and rights which allow Union citizens to participate actively in the democratic life of the Union.

(5)         In its Resolution of 15 December 2010 on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2009) - effective implementation after the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon(6), the European Parliament called on the Commission to make 2013 the ▌European Year of Citizens in order to give momentum to the debate on Union citizenship, including its terminology, content and scope, and to inform Union citizens of their rights, in particular of the new rights resulting from the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, and of the means available to exercise those rights.

(5a)  2013 should be designated as the European Year of Citizens. A European Year of Citizens would provide a timely opportunity to raise the awareness of the general public about the rights and responsibilities attached to Union citizenship. The European Year of Citizens should aim also to raise the awareness of citizens about their rights arising from Union citizenship when they exercise their right to move and reside freely in another Member State, for example as students, workers, job-seekers, volunteers, consumers, entrepreneurs, young people or retired persons. In that context awareness-raising should be mainstreamed geographically, demographically and socially, and should also focus on the removal of remaining obstacles to exercising rights arising from Union citizenship. The message should be conveyed that Union citizens themselves also have a critical role to play in strengthening those rights through their participation in civil society and democratic life.

(5b)  To enable Union citizens to make informed decisions about whether to exercise their right of freedom of movement, it does not suffice to raise their awareness about the right itself. It is essential that Union citizens are also adequately informed about other rights available to them under Union law in cross-border situations. That information would enable them also to enjoy those other rights fully, if they decide to make use of their right of freedom of movement.

(6)         Since its introduction in the 1958 Treaty of Rome as one of the four fundamental freedoms, the right of freedom of movement and residence has demonstrated its value as one of the pillars for the creation of a internal market for the benefit of Member States' economies and of individual Union citizens.

(8)  The right to move and reside freely across the territory of the Member States is highly valued by Union citizens as a core individual right linked to Union citizenship. As such, it demonstrates and promotes a better understanding of the value of European integration, as well as citizens' participation in shaping the ▌Union. ▌

(9)         Despite the fact that the right of freedom of movement and residence is firmly anchored in primary Union law and substantially developed in secondary Union law, a gap still remains between the applicable legal rules and the reality confronting citizens when they seek to exercise those rights in practice. In addition to uncertainty over the advantages of mobility, Union citizens perceive too many practical obstacles with regard to living and working in another Member State.

(10)  In its EU Citizenship Report 2010 of 27 October 2010 entitled "Dismantling the obstacles to EU citizens' rights", the Commission addressed the main obstacles which citizens still encounter in their daily lives when they seek to exercise their rights as Union citizens, in particular in cross-border situations, and outlined 25 concrete actions to remove those obstacles. One of the obstacles identified in this context was lack of information. The Commission concluded, in its report, that Union citizens are prevented from exercising their rights because they lack awareness of them and announced its intention to step up the dissemination of information to Union citizens about their rights, in particular about their right of freedom of movement.

(10a)  The TEU and the TFEU confer on every citizen of the Union the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States, the right to vote and to stand as a candidate in elections to the European Parliament and in municipal elections in his or her Member State of residence, under the same conditions as nationals of that State, the right to enjoy protection by the diplomatic or consular authorities of any Member State in a third country in which his or her own country is not represented on the same conditions as nationals of that Member State, the right to petition the European Parliament, the right to apply to the European Ombudsman and the right to address institutions of the Union as well as a series of rights in various fields such as the free movement of goods and services, consumer protection and public health, equal opportunities and equal treatment, access to employment and to social protection.

(10b)  The Treaty of Lisbon introduced new rights, in particular the citizens' initiative, provided for in its point (12) of Article 1 and point (37) of Article 2 (Article 11 TEU and Article 24 TFEU), which enables at least one million citizens, from a significant number of Member States, to ask the Commission to present a proposal in any of the Union's areas of responsibility, thereby further allowing citizens to be actively engaged in the political life of the Union and to participate directly in shaping the development of Union law(7).

(10c)  Since 1979, when the first direct elections were held, the European Parliament has acted as a direct interface between citizens and the Union. The European Parliament and its Members play a crucial role in communicating the rights and benefits of Union citizenship, in bringing Union citizens' concerns to the fore in the formulation of policy, and in promoting the active participation of Union citizens. Raising awareness about Union citizens' rights, gender equality, the participation of women and men in the democratic life of the Union including their electoral rights, as voters and as candidates, in their Member State of residence and about the scope of the European Parliament's powers in the legislative process, is also important in view of the European Parliament elections in 2014. The impact of such awareness-raising actions should be multiplied through close coordination and exploitation of synergies with relevant actions implemented by Union institutions, in particular the European Parliament, by European political parties and foundations, and by Member States in the run up to those elections.

(13)       In addition, Union citizens considering whether to make use of their right of freedom of movement and residence should be informed about their rights to acquire or preserve social security, including those concerning cross-border healthcare, by virtue of the Union rules on coordination of social security systems. Those rules ensure that they will not lose their social security rights when choosing to move within the Union. Furthermore they should be informed about ▌recognition of their educational, academic and professional qualifications and about the social and civic competences which form part of the European framework of "Key Competences for lifelong learning"(8) and which can equip them to fully participate in civic life and empower them to exercise their rights under Union law.

(14)  Union Citizens should also be better informed of their rights as passengers travelling by any mode of transport across the Union and of their consumer rights across borders. If Union citizens are confident that their rights as consumers are effectively protected, they will be in a position to contribute ▌to the development of the Union market for goods and services, which will thereby achieve its full potential more effectively for the benefit of citizens. Similarly, citizens should be better informed about rules on general product safety and market surveillance, so as to be aware of how their health and their rights are protected throughout the Union, particularly in the case of threats or risks that they are not able to deal with as individuals. Moreover, it is important to enhance Union citizens' awareness of their rights to cross-border healthcare and accompanying measures, such as eHealth and telemedicine, so that they are able to benefit fully from safe and good-quality healthcare across Member States' borders.

(14a)  This Decision aims to contribute to the realisation of the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy, to the extent that facilitating the freedom of movement of persons and enhancing workers' mobility are important means by which to address the consequences of demographic change on the labor market and to increase the employability of people and the competitiveness of European industries. This Decision also has the long-term aim of supporting research and innovation in the Union against the current backdrop of alarmingly high unemployment figures in particular Member States.

(14b)  The information, education and awareness-raising campaigns organised within the framework of the European Year of Citizens should also take into consideration the needs of more specific audiences and vulnerable groups. Information should be free and accessible in all official languages of the Union. It should be provided in simple language and in collaboration with local, regional and national authorities, the media, civil society and non-governmental organisations. All those different stakeholders could consider initiatives such as essay competitions and the development of action plans and guides, on-line fora and campaigns in schools and universities.

(14c)  The active role of Union citizens and the associations representing them are central to the functioning of the Union. Articles 10 and 11 TEU stress the importance of participative democracy in all its aspects and the role citizens and their representative associations play in publicising and exchanging their views in all areas of Union action. The Union institutions should promote active democratic participation in the decision-making process by means of an open, transparent and regular dialogue with civil society in order to ensure that the Union’s actions are coherent and transparent. The active participation of Union citizens should also be facilitated by access to documents and information, good governance and administration.

(14d)  Education policy plays an important role in informing citizens, particularly young people, about the concept of Union citizenship and the rights attached to it. It can also help to promote multilingualism, the mobility of students, teachers, persons undergoing vocational training and their instructors, and to foster social and civic competences in accordance with the European framework of "Key Competences for lifelong learning", which can equip them to participate fully in civic life and empower them to exercise their rights under Union law comprehensively. It should be possible to implement specific actions, raise awareness about opportunities to volunteer, to study abroad, to participate in a traineeship in another Member State or to take part in Union education exchange programmes.

(14e)  The European Year of Citizens will be marked by the Commission's 2013 EU Citizenship Report that will set out progress made since its 2010 EU Citizenship Report and propose further actions to remove persistent obstacles to Union citizens' exercise of their rights. On the basis of that report, the Council could adopt provisions to strengthen or to add to the rights attached to Union citizenship.

(14f)      Union citizens should also be made aware of the multilingual Your Europe portal, which is a one-stop-shop information point on the rights of citizens and businesses in the Union.

(14g)     The "Europe Direct" Information Centres, as a local interface between the Union and its citizens, should be close partners of the European Parliament in awareness-raising campaigns, by facilitating local and regional debate about the Union, transmitting and distributing information material to the public and offering the opportunity to send feedback to the Union institutions.

(14h)  All initiatives launched for the purpose of and within the European Year of Citizens should aim at increasing mutual understanding between Union citizens, the Union institutions and the Member States. This implies raising awareness of citizens' rights among the staff of public authorities, whether at Union, national, regional or local level.

(14i)      Since it was founded in 1949, the Council of Europe has played a leading role in the educational and cultural domain by promoting and establishing European cultural networks and through intercultural dialogue and the promotion of linguistic diversity. The Union should therefore develop synergies with the Council of Europe's work in this field in connection with the European Year of Citizens.

▌ (22)  The primary responsibility for raising citizens' awareness of their rights as Union citizens rests with the Member States. This includes providing information about the Union and targeted reporting on the activities of all Union institutions. Action at Union level complements and supplements action taken at national, regional and local level, as highlighted in the political declaration "Communicating Europe in Partnership" signed on 22 October 2008 by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission(9). The Union institutions and the Member States should strengthen cooperation with the media and undertake to provide them with high-quality information on the Union.

(22a)  In order to optimise the effectiveness and efficiency of the activities envisaged for the European Year of Citizens, it is important to carry out a set of preparatory actions during 2012 in accordance with Article 49(6) of Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002 of 25 June 2002 on the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Communities (the Financial Regulation) (10).

(24)       Appropriate measures should be taken to prevent irregularities and fraud and the necessary steps should be taken to recover funds lost, unduly paid or incorrectly used in accordance with Council Regulations (EC, Euratom) No 2988/95 of 18 December 1995 on the protection of the European Communities’ financial interests(11) and (Euratom, EC) No 2185/96 of 11 November 1996 concerning on-the-spot checks and inspections carried out by the Commission in order to protect the European Communities’ financial interests against fraud and other irregularities(12) and Regulation (EC) No 1073/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 May 1999 concerning investigations conducted by the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF)(13).

(25)  Union funding for activities other than those funded under the budget of the European Year of Citizens may be given through existing Union programmes or the Structural Funds, in particular the 2007 to 2013 "Europe for Citizens" programme and the 2007 to 2013 specific programme "Fundamental Rights and Citizenship" as part of the general programme "Fundamental Rights and Justice", the "Lifelong Learning" programme, including the Erasmus programme, the "Youth on the Move" initiative and the "MEDIA" programme.

(25a)     For the benefit of future European years, a thorough evaluation of the measures carried out as part of the European Year of Citizens should be prepared. Such a report should include ideas and best practices for future action on how most effectively to reach out to and involve citizens basing itself, where possible, on comparable quantitative data obtained from the European Year of Citizens.

(25b)  Since the objectives of the European Year of Citizens, namely raising awareness among Union citizens about the rights and responsibilities attached to Union citizenship and promoting the ability to exercise those rights as well as encouraging active participation in the democratic life of the Union, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States due to the need for multilateral partnerships, transnational exchange of information and the Union-wide awareness-raising and dissemination of good practices, and can therefore, by reason of the scale of the European Year of Citizens, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Decision does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve those objectives,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

Subject-matter

The year 2013 shall be designated as the 'European Year of Citizens' ▌.

Article 2Objectives

1.          The general objective of the European Year of Citizens (hereinafter: European Year) shall be to enhance awareness and knowledge of the rights and responsibilities attached to Union citizenship, in order to enable citizens to make full use of their right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. In this context, the European Year shall also promote the enjoyment by Union citizens of the other rights attached to Union citizenship.

2.   On the basis of paragraph 1, the specific objectives of the European Year shall be:

(a)    to raise Union citizens' awareness of their right to move and reside freely within the European Union and in this context of all other rights guaranteed to Union citizens, without discrimination, including their right to vote in local and European elections in any Member State in which they reside;

(b)    to raise awareness among Union citizens, including young people, about how they can tangibly benefit from Union rights, as well as about policies and programmes that exist to support the exercise of those rights;

(c)    to stimulate debate about the impact and potential of the right of freedom of movement and residence, as an inalienable aspect of Union citizenship, with a view to stimulating and strengthening active civic and democratic participation of Union citizens, in particular in civic fora on Union policies and European Parliament elections, thereby reinforcing societal cohesion, cultural diversity, solidarity, equality between women and men, mutual respect and a sense of a common European identity among Union citizens, based on the core values of the Union, as enshrined in the TEU and the TFEU and in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

Article 3Initiatives involved

1.          The measures to be taken to achieve the objectives set out in Article 2 may include the following initiatives organised at Union, national, regional or local level ▌:

(a)    initiating information, media coverage, education and awareness-raising campaigns targeted at the general public and more specific audiences;

(b)    exchanging information and sharing experience and good practices among Union, national, regional and local authorities and other public and civil society organisations ;

(c)    organising conferences, hearings, including by means of the internet, and other events to promote debate and raise awareness of the importance and benefits of the right of freedom of movement and residence, and more generally on the concept of Union citizenship and the rights attached to it;

(d)    using the existing multilingual participatory tools to stimulate the active involvement of civil society organisations and citizens in ▌the European Year, including such direct democracy tools as the citizens' initiative and public consultations;

(e)    strengthening the role and visibility of existing tools in place, including modern information and communication technology tools, for informing citizens, such as the multilingual Europe Direct information centres and Your Europe web portal as key elements of a 'one-stop-shop' information system relating to Union citizens' rights;

(f)     strengthening the role and visibility of problem-solving tools, such as SOLVIT, in order to allow Union citizens to better make use of and defend their rights under Union law;

(g)  providing Union citizens with information about the European Parliament’s Committee on Petitions and the European Ombudsman in order to allow them to make better use of, and defend their rights under, Union law; and

(h)    promoting the EU Citizenship Report, which will be based on a thorough debate and active contributions by citizens and stakeholders, and which will identify further obstacles preventing Union citizens from fully exercising Union citizenship rights, and promote appropriate strategies to remove them.

2.          Details of the initiatives referred to in paragraph 1 are set out in the Annex.

3.  The Commission and the Member States may identify other activities as contributing to objectives of the European Year set out in Article 2 and allow the name of the European Year to be used in promoting those activities insofar as they contribute to achieving those objectives.

3a.        In the context of initiatives organised in the framework of the European Year, consideration shall be given to identifying obstacles to Union citizens’ exercise of their rights and to promoting appropriate ways and strategies to remove those obstacles, as well as to promoting cross-cultural understanding of and fighting against discrimination. Synergies shall therefore be sought between those initiatives and existing tools and programmes in the field of fundamental rights, citizens' rights, employment and social affairs, education and culture.

Article 4Coordination and implementation at Union level

1.          The Commission shall cooperate closely with Member States, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions, as well as with local and regional authorities and with bodies and associations which represent local and regional interests ▌.

2.        The Commission shall convene meetings of representatives of European or civil society organisations, or bodies that are active in the fields of citizenship and that defend citizens' rights or promote education and culture, and other stakeholders, to assist the Commission in implementing the European Year at Union level.

3.  The Commission shall endeavor to exploit possible synergies between different thematic European years, by evaluating achievements, monitoring persistent gaps and providing statistical data, where appropriate, thus ensuring effective implementation of the aims of European Year.

4.          The Commission shall implement this Decision at Union level.

Article 5Financial provisions

1.          Measures which are Union-wide in nature, referred to in part A of the Annex, shall give rise to a procurement contract or the award of grants financed from the general budget of the Union.

2.  Measures which are Union-wide in nature, referred to in part B of the Annex, may be subsidised by the general budget of the Union.

Article 6International cooperation

For the purpose of the European Year, the Commission may cooperate with appropriate international organisations, in particular with the Council of Europe.

Article 7

Protection of the Union's financial interests

1.          The Commission shall ensure that, where actions financed under this Decision are implemented, the financial interests of the Union are protected by the application of preventive measures against fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities, by effective checks and by the recovery of the amounts unduly paid and, if irregularities are detected, by effective, proportionate and dissuasive penalties. The Commission may carry out checks and verifications in situ under this Decision, in compliance with Council Regulation (Euratom, EC) No 2185/96. If need be, investigations shall be carried out by the European Anti-Fraud Office in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1073/1999 ▌.

2.  For the Union actions financed under this Decision, the notion of irregularity referred to in Article 1(2) of Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 2988/95 shall mean any infringement of a provision of Union law or any breach of a contractual obligation resulting from an act or omission by an economic operator which has, or would have, the effect of prejudicing the general budget of the Union by an unjustified item of expenditure.

3.          The Commission shall reduce, suspend or recover the amount of financial assistance granted for an action if it finds irregularities, particularly non-compliance with the provisions of this Decision or of the individual decision or contract granting the financial support in question, or if it transpires that, without Commission approval having being sought, the action has undergone significant change that conflicts with its nature or with its implementing conditions.

4.  If the time limits have not been observed or if only part of the allocated financial assistance is justified by the progress made with implementing an action, the Commission shall request the beneficiary to submit observations within a specified period. If the beneficiary does not give a satisfactory answer, the Commission may cancel the remaining financial assistance and demand repayment of sums already paid.

5.          Any amount unduly paid shall be repaid to the Commission. Interest shall be added to any sums not repaid in due time under the conditions laid down in the Financial Regulation.

Article 8Monitoring and evaluation

By 31 December 2014, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the implementation, results and overall assessment of the initiatives provided for in this Decision. That report shall serve as a basis for future Union policies, measures and actions in this field. Pursuant to the experience of the European Year, that report shall also present ideas and best practices on how better to inform citizens of their rights, even after the end of the European Year.

Article 9Entry into force

This Decision shall enter into force on the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Article 9a

Addressees

This Decision is addressed to the Member States.

Done at ...,

For the European Parliament                      For the Council

The President                                                The President

ANNEX

MEASURES REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 3

As a guiding principle, the implementation of the European Year will be built around a broad Union-wide information campaign which can be complemented by actions of the Member States. Union and national actions may also involve civil society, which has substantial experience in the field in question, and other stakeholders with a view to create ownership of all key actors. Implementation will be carried out through the following measures:

A.       DIRECT UNION INITIATIVES

Financing will generally take the form of direct purchase of goods and services under existing framework contracts. Part of the financing can be devoted to the provision of linguistic services (translation, interpretation, multilingual information, sign language and Braille).

Information and promotion campaigns including:

- producing and disseminating audiovisual and print material which reflect the messages outlined in Article 2;

- holding high-visibility events and fora for exchanging experience and good practices;

- taking measures to publicise the results and raise the profile of Union programmes, schemes and initiatives contributing to the objectives of the European Year;

- establishing an information website on Europa (http://europa.eu/index_en.htm) which is dedicated to the actions implemented in the context of the European Year.

- including information on the European Year in the newsletters, brochures, information material and websites of education institutions and associations, non-governmental organisations and trade unions.

B.        CO-FINANCING UNION INITIATIVES

Union programmes, such as the 2007 to 2013 Europe for Citizens could be used to co-finance activities under the European Year. Other programmes, such as the 2007-2013 specific programme"Fundamental Rights and Citizenship" as part of the general programme "Fundamental Rights and Justice", will provide information on EU rights as a priority criteria for projects.

C.  INITIATIVES NOT RECEIVING ANY UNION FINANCIAL AID

The Union will grant non-financial support, including written authorisation to use the label, once developed, and other materials associated with the European Year, to initiatives carried out by public or private organisations, in so far as they provide assurances to the Commission that the initiatives in question are or will be carried out during 2013 and are likely to make a significant contribution to achieving the objectives of the European Year.

_______________

(1)

OJ C 181, 21.6.2012, p. 137.

(2)

* Amendments: new or amended text is highlighted in bold italics; deletions are indicated by the symbol ▌.

(3)

          OJ C 181, 21.6.2012, p. 137.

(4)

         Position of the European Parliament of ... (not yet published in the Official Journal) and decision of the Council of

(5)

         OJ C 115, 4.5.2010, p. 1.

(6)

         OJ C 169 E, 15.6.2012, p. 49.

(7)

         Regulation (EU) No 211/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 on the citizens' initiative (OJ L 65, 11.3.2011, p. 1).

(8)

          Recommendation 2006/962/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 on key competences for lifelong learning (OJ L 394, 30.12.2006, p. 10).

(9)

          OJ C 13, 20.1.2009, p.3.

(10)

          OJ L 248, 16.9.2002, p. 1.

(11)

        OJ L 312, 23.12.1995, p. 1.

(12)

        OJ L 292, 15.11.1996, p. 2.

(13)

        OJ L 136, 31.5.1999, p. 1.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Background

The Treaty of Maastricht established the Union Citizenship, in 1993, in order to strengthen and enhance the European identity and enable European citizens to participate actively in the European integration process. Union citizenship, conferred automatically upon all nationals of the respective Member States, is additional to national citizenship.

On the whole, EU citizens shall enjoy the rights to: move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States, vote and to stand as candidates in elections to the European Parliament and in municipal elections in their Member State of residence, enjoy protection of the diplomatic and consular authorities of any Member State in the territory of a third country, if their own Member State is not represented, petition the European Parliament, apply to the European Ombudsman, address the EU institutions and advisory bodies in any of the Treaty languages.

It is true that among others, EU citizens enjoy travel with safer and cheaper flights, better and cheaper phone calls, consumer protection, food safety and access to healthcare systems throughout the EU. The single market also gives them the opportunity to live, work, study and do business throughout the EU and to enjoy a wide choice of competitively priced goods and services.

Commission Proposal

The overall purpose of the proposed European Year is to enhance awareness of the rights attached to Union citizenship, in order to help citizens make full use of their right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States.

The proposal provides a new momentum to the debate on Union citizenship and puts the informed and effective exercise of this right at the centre of the political agenda.

Existing problems and obstacles

Unfortunately, there is lack of visibility of the Union citizenship and lack of awareness of the concrete benefits it provides to EU citizens, students, workers, consumers, and business people as well as to providers of goods and services. According to a Eurobarometer report(1) published in 2010 on European Union Citizenship, only 43% of EU citizens claim familiarity with the term "citizen of the European Union". More than two-thirds of respondents from the 27 EU Member States (67%) are not well informed or not informed at all.

According to another Eurobarometer study(2), published in September 2011, among the most common problems that EU citizens face when they reside, study or work in another EU country are the lack of information and awareness of their rights as well as the language barriers and the non-recognition of diplomas and qualifications. These barriers become more severe at the present times of financial, political and social crisis within the EU, because of the negative consequences of the crisis, including the rise of unemployment and social unrest.

Citizens want concrete solutions to their daily problems, better and equal opportunities for all, without discrimination on the grounds of nationality, age, disability sex, sexual orientation, belief or religion.They expect EU policies to overcome all obstacles associated with their desire to move, reside and work freely everywhere within the EU. Young graduates in particular, want to have real opportunities to move and reside in a Member State other than their own, if they so decide.

Recent surveys(3) however, indicate that among the 31% of EU’s citizens who envisage the possibility of working in another Member State, only 11% finally decide to do so and 15% of them feel that the existing obstacles are too great.

Citizens complain in addition for shortcomings in European regulations, problems with EU's administrative effectiveness, lack of transparency and excessive bureaucracy. The gulf between EU Institutions and citizens persists as well as the low citizens' involvement in the functioning of the EU. The abstention rates in European elections are high, especially among young people.

Position of the rapporteur

The rapporteur welcomes the Commission proposal but she suggests a change in the title, so that the European Year is devoted to citizenship as it was originally addressed by the European Parliament's Resolution of 15 December, 2010 on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2009). Therefore, the European Year of Citizenship 2013 will commemorate the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the Union Citizenship.

In addition, more emphasis should be placed on participatory democracy and the new rights derived from the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, as for example, the Citizens' Initiative.

The rapporteur considers that the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States is indeed a core individual right deriving from Union citizenship, but citizens must be fully aware and take full advantage of the broad array of rights granted to them under Union law, both in their country as well as in cross-border situations.

Therefore it should be of paramount importance to strengthen Union citizenship at all levels and at every stage of the democratic process, to make citizenship a transversal dimension of EU policies and a key priority in all areas of EU action and to match EU policies with EU values, interests and needs of citizens.

Having all these in mind, the rapporteur considers that the European Year of Citizenship provides a great momentum to increase citizens' awareness on Union citizenship and to stimulate (a) citizens' participation in the democratic life of the Union and (b) to tackle the democratic deficits and the high percentage of abstention in European elections.

(a) Citizens' participation in the democratic life

In order to enhance citizens' participation in the democratic life of the Union, citizens must be aware of how they can truly benefit from EU rights and policies, and exercise them everywhere within the societies of the EU Member States, which share the same values of pluralism, non discrimination, tolerance, justice, solidarity and equality between men and women.

By giving greater visibility to Union citizenship and to its concrete benefits for individuals, a better understanding of the value of European integration is achieved. All activities during the Year, should aim to enhance the sense of belonging, strengthening tolerance, mutual understanding, solidarity, social and societal cohesion.

The rapporteur believes that a Union of growth, stability and solidarity can only be built with the involvement of well informed and active citizens in the European project and policy-making and in civic fora.

(b) Tackle democratic deficits and abstention in elections.

There is a need for practical ways to eliminate the gulf between EU institutions and the Union citizen, to address democratic deficits and the low participation in European elections. Citizens must have access to simple and transparent information about the European Parliamentary elections, to programmes and objectives of political parties and candidates and to know their electoral rights. Moreover the voting procedures should be simplified. The crucial issue of parity should also be addressed in the content of the Year, since 2013, is the year before the European elections.

Proposals of the rapporteur

The rapporteur proposes concrete and practical actions in order to optimise the effectiveness and efficiency of the European Year.

The proposed actions include among others:

– Information, education and awareness campaigns, easily and freely accessible to all EU citizens and especially to vulnerable groups.

– Evaluation of the feedback based on the comments and expectations of EU citizens who use information and assistance networks, portals and tools.

– Preparation of an action plan in the run up of the European Year, in collaboration with all Member States, EU institutions, civil society and various stakeholders in order to identify obstacles and promote appropriate strategies to overcome them.

–Establishment of a special steering committee / task force on "European Citizenship" within the European Parliament

– Organization of a pan-European campaign on Union Citizenship in 2013, by the European Parliament in collaboration with the national parliaments.

– Adoption of a Green Paper by the Commission in order to establish a thorough debate on active Citizenship.

– Preparation of a comparative Manual by the Commission explaining terminology, scope and content of Union citizenship in order to promote a common understanding of the concept.

Budget

The rapporteur regrets for the insufficient budget for running the European Year. The 2011 European year had a budget of 11 million euro, (if preparations carried out in 2010 are included), whilst the budget for the 2010 European Year totalled 27 million euro. The current budget proposal, of one million euro, for the 2013 European Year, is comparatively low. It does not foresee co-financing for initiatives of the civil society organisations, thus allowing only for top-down communication measures and not for tangible actions. The rapporteur's strong opinion however, is that participatory European citizenship requires EU citizens' involvement. A bigger budget allocation will enable civil society organizations to participate in the preparation of the European Year and their involvement will definitely have a multiplier effect.

Final comment

The objectives and proposals of the European Year can be better achieved at EU, national, regional and local level with multilateral partnerships and exchange of good practices, information, and experience.

The rapporteur aspires that the European Year on Citizenship should not be another celebratory year but rather the beginning of setting up a framework for the establishment of a long-term debate on the concept of Union citizenship and she proposes a roadmap as a basis for future policies, measures and actions to be gradually implemented.

The European Year of Citizenship 2013 should pave the way to the new "Europe for Citizens" programme (2014-2020) which supports activities to increase awareness and citizens' understanding of EU, its values and history.

(1)

Flash Eurobarometer 294, European Union Citizenship Analytical report, Fieldwork: March 2010, Publication October 2010

(2)

Eurobarometer qualitative survey , Obstacles citizens face in the Internal Market, September 2011

(3)

Flash Eurobarometer 263, The Internal Market: Awareness-Perceptions-Impacts, Fieldwork :February/March 2009, Publication March 2010


OPINION of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (2.3.2012)

for the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Year of Citizens (2013)

(COM(2011)0489 – C7-0217/2011 – 2011/0217(COD))

Rapporteur: Inês Cristina Zuber

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs calls on the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) Article 20(1) of the Treaty provides for citizenship of the Union as additional to national citizenship of the respective Member States, stipulating that every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. The second paragraph of Article 20 specifies that citizens of the Union shall enjoy the rights and be subject to the duties provided for in the Treaties, and that they shall have, inter alia, the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. The right of Union citizens to free movement and residence is further enshrined in Article 21 of the Treaty.

(1) Article 20(1) of the Treaty provides for citizenship of the Union as additional to national citizenship of the respective Member States, stipulating that every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. The second paragraph of Article 20 specifies that citizens of the Union shall enjoy the rights and be subject to the duties provided for in the Treaties, and that they shall have, inter alia, the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States without any kind of discrimination. The right of Union citizens to free movement and residence is further enshrined in Article 21 of the Treaty.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a) Article 18 of the Treaty provides for a prohibition against discrimination on the grounds of nationality, be it direct or indirect.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1b) The sense of Union citizenship of the nationals of the Member States draws its strength partly from the possibility of employment elsewhere within the internal market, and therefore the right to live and work in another Member State, as a basic component of Union citizenship recognised by the Treaties and constituting one of the Union's fundamental freedoms.

Justification

The free movement of people is a right which cannot be denied to EU Member States' citizens, and it includes the right to work, study and live in the Member State of one's choice. It follows that all necessary conditions need to be created to ensure the free movement of workers and their families, so as to avoid 'social dumping'. Discrimination of whatever kind in the country where such workers are employed is unacceptable. All rights must be guaranteed, including access to public services and welfare benefits, as well as trade union rights.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1c) Article 45 of the Treaty provides for the guarantee of freedom of movement for workers which "shall entail the abolition of any discrimination based on nationality between workers of the Member States as regards employment, remuneration and other conditions of work and employment".

Justification

Any kind of discrimination against workers, in the country of employment, is not accepted.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1d) By involving men and women equally, the European Year of Citizens should contribute to promoting equality and combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation by including everyone on an equal basis. However, common horizontal anti-discrimination legislation is needed to remove barriers to free movement.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a decision

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) The rights inherent to citizenship of the Union are incorporated in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. According to the Charter's Preamble, the Union 'places the individual at the heart of its activities, by establishing a citizenship of the Union and by creating an area of freedom, security and justice'. Chapter V of the Charter sets down "Citizens' rights", including, in its Article 45, the right of every citizen of the Union to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States.

 

(3) The rights inherent to citizenship of the Union are incorporated in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (Charter). According to the Charter's Preamble, the Union 'is founded on the indivisible, universal values of human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity' and 'places the individual at the heart of its activities, by establishing the citizenship of the Union and by creating an area of freedom, security and justice'. Chapter V of the Charter sets down 'Citizens' rights', including, in its Article 45, the right of every citizen of the Union to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. Those rights should be guaranteed in all Member States and for all citizens without discrimination of any kind on grounds of gender, race, age, disability or professional qualifications and may be granted, in accordance with the Treaties, to nationals of third countries legally resident in the territory of a Member State.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a decision

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Accordingly, the Stockholm Programme puts the citizen at the heart of European policies in the field of freedom, security and justice. It focuses its actions on ‘building a citizen's Europe’, including by ensuring the full exercise of the citizens' right to free movement.

(4) Accordingly, the Stockholm Programme puts the citizen at the heart of European policies in the field of freedom, security and justice. It focuses its actions on ‘building a citizen's Europe’, including by ensuring the full exercise of the citizens' right to free movement and by safeguarding the existence of an area in which diversity is respected and the most vulnerable are protected.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a decision

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) Workers' mobility, as well as raising the quality of education through the mobility of students, trainees and researchers, constitutes a basic pillar of the EU 2020 strategy for "smart, sustainable and inclusive growth", in terms of providing the outline for resolving the economic crisis through intra-Union mobility.

Justification

The principle of professional and student mobility is enshrined in the "Youth on the Move" and "Agenda for new skills and jobs" flagship initiatives of the EU 2020 strategy.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a decision

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) In its "Resolution of 15 December on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2009) - effective implementation after the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon" the European Parliament called on the Commission to devote the 2013 European Year to citizenship in order to give momentum to the debate on Union citizenship and inform Union citizens of their rights, in particular the new rights resulting from the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon.

(5) In its Resolution of 15 December 2010 on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2009) - effective implementation after the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, the European Parliament called on the Commission to devote the 2013 European Year to citizenship in order to give momentum to the debate on Union citizenship and inform Union citizens of their new rights and freedoms, in particular the new rights resulting from the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, such as the "European Citizens' Initiative" and the individual rights laid down in the Charter.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a decision

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) With the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, the Charter and the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) were raised to the same level as the four fundamental freedoms under primary law. The Union should use the European Year of Citizens (2013) to educate citizens about their basic rights guaranteed under primary law, as those guarantee a safety and protection framework for citizens.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a decision

Recital 5 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5b) In terms of the rights of migrants workers and the benefits of mobility for the economies of both the Union and its Members States, a key factor for effectively implementing Union law in this field is raising the awareness of employees, members of their families and interested parties about their rights, opportunities and the tools available for the exercise of their freedom of movement.

Justification

The information currently available to citizens on their civil, social and employment rights is insufficient, and this fact creates significant obstacles to the free movement of workers in the EU. Citizens need to be properly informed of their rights when moving to another Member States, so as not to be exploited by employers.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a decision

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) The Treaty of Maastricht of 1992 introduced the concept of "citizenship" in the Union, conferring on every Union citizen the fundamental right to move and reside freely within the Union. The Treaty of Amsterdam of 1997 further strengthened the rights associated with Union citizenship.

Justification

The first right of a European citizen is the right to travel, work and live anywhere in the Union. The Treaty of Maastricht enshrined this right in its chapter on citizenship, while the Treaty of Amsterdam introduced a procedure for taking action against an EU country that violates its citizens’ fundamental rights.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a decision

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) In particular, free movement and workers' mobility help addressing the consequences of demographic change on the labour market, while also increasing the employability of people and improving the competitiveness of European industries. At the same time, free movement either enables, as an essential condition, or stimulates the exercise by citizens of a broad range of rights available to them under Union law, such as their rights as consumers to access goods and services or their rights as passengers and tourists. Facilitating free movement has therefore the potential to enhance citizens' possibilities to fully benefit from the single market, whilst being a key driver for growth.

(7) In particular, free movement and workers' mobility have helped mitigate somewhat the consequences of industrial change, of new work patterns and of demographic change on the labour market. At the same time, free movement either enables, as an essential condition, or stimulates the exercise by citizens of a broad range of rights available to them under Union law, such as their rights as consumers to access goods and services, their rights as passengers and tourists, such as free movement without any discrimination based on nationality between workers of the Member States as regards employment, remuneration and other conditions of work and employment, ensuring that migrant citizens receive equal treatment and are not used as a cheap labour force. Facilitating free movement has the potential to enhance citizens' possibilities to fully benefit from the internal market, but labour mobility should be combined with the safeguarding of workers' social security and trade union rights and not be interpreted by some employers as an opportunity to reduce wages, cut back on social security or, in general, to downgrade working conditions.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a decision

Recital 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7a) To enhance the mobility of Union citizens and the development of a common sense of belonging, it is of the utmost importance to reinforce mobility instruments such as the European programme for lifelong learning or the Flagship initiative 'Youth on the move' and to better inform all citizens about their existence and function. Disadvantaged groups who have a more difficult access to Union mobility, such as persons with little education, older people or disabled people should have specific support and should be addressed by specific initiatives of the European Year.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a decision

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States is highly valued by Union citizens as a core individual right deriving from Union citizenship. As such, it demonstrates and promotes a better understanding of the value of European integration, as well as citizens' participation in shaping the European Union. When extending aspects of their lives beyond national borders by travelling to other Member States or settling there, citizens become aware and take advantage of the broad array of rights granted to them under Union law in cross-border situations. Exercising the right to free movement and residence therefore contributes to making Union citizenship a tangible reality in the daily life of citizens.

 

(8) The right to move, reside, work and study freely within the territory of the Member States, without any kind of discrimination, is highly valued by Union citizens as a core individual right, a fundamental freedom and as a personal upgrade at professional level deriving from Union citizenship. As such, it demonstrates and promotes a better understanding of the positive aspects of European integration and inclusion, as well as citizens' participation in shaping the European Union. When extending aspects of their lives beyond national borders by travelling to other Member States, working, studying or settling there, citizens become aware and take advantage of the broad array of rights granted to them under Union law in cross-border situations. Exercising the right to free movement and residence therefore contributes to making Union citizenship a tangible reality in the daily life of citizens and to strengthening cohesion and togetherness.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) Despite the fact that the right to free movement and residence is firmly anchored in primary Union law and substantially developed in secondary law, a gap still remains between the applicable legal rules and the reality confronting citizens when they seek to exercise this right in practice. Aside from an uncertainty over the advantages of being mobile, Union citizens perceive too many practical obstacles with regard to living and working elsewhere in the Union.

(9) Despite the fact that the right to free movement and residence is firmly anchored in primary Union law and substantially developed in secondary law and despite the Union programmes aimed at promoting free movement of workers or job mobility, a gap still remains between the applicable legal rules and the reality confronting citizens when they seek to exercise this right in practice. Aside from an uncertainty over the advantages of being mobile, Union citizens perceive too many practical obstacles and often face difficulties relating to their nationality, their ethnic origin, their social and marital status, such as the rights of international couples, or citizenship, coordination of social security or access to public services, due to legal and administrative measures imposed by the some Member States which are not in line with Union rules, or are interpreted in a manner contrary to Union law with regard to living and working elsewhere in the Union, including lack of access to information regarding their rights and the procedures to be followed. The key objectives of this European Year of Citizens should be to improve the effective exercise of rights by citizens and remove practical obstacles.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) To achieve a genuine freedom of movement, equal treatment and mobility within the EU-27 will demand a greater effort to integrate the new Member States and their inhabitants within the notion of their citizenship rights. Member States should also remove all existing administrative and legal obstacles based on incorrect interpretation. A special effort should be made to assist poorly qualified workers and workers with special needs due to a disability in their desire for job mobility, job exchanges and occupational training. Back-up measures should be taken by the host Member State to enable them to exercise their social rights (such as access to social security, healthcare and educational institutions) and voting rights (such in as local elections and trade union elections). This will facilitate social cohesion and will mean that national industrial relations systems and collective agreements are respected and not called into question.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9b) In many sectors, the importance of cross-border labour markets is on the increase. However, most of the cross-border workers involved have very limited knowledge of the rules and regulations that apply to their job or workplace, including labour rights, working conditions and social security. It is important to provide proper information to mobile workers about their labour and social rights.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a decision

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) In the EU Citizenship Report 2010 ‘Dismantling the obstacles to EU citizens’ rights‘, the Commission addressed the main obstacles which citizens still encounter in their daily lives when they seek to exercise their rights as Union citizens, in particular in cross-border situations and outlined 25 concrete actions to remove these obstacles. One of the obstacles identified in this context was lack of information. The Commission concluded, in the EU Citizenship Report 2010, that Union citizens are prevented from enjoying their rights because they lack awareness of them and announced its intention to step up the dissemination of information to Union citizens about their rights, in particular about their right to free movement.

(10) In the EU Citizenship Report 2010 ‘Dismantling the obstacles to EU citizens’ rights‘, the Commission addressed the main obstacles which citizens still encounter in their daily lives when they seek to exercise their rights as Union citizens, in particular in cross-border situations and outlined 25 concrete actions to remove these obstacles. One of those obstacles was the lack of guarantees on the ground (in other words, citizens' rights are not fully enforced by Member States). Another obstacle identified in this context was lack of information. The Commission concluded, in the EU Citizenship Report 2010, that Union citizens are prevented from enjoying their rights because they lack awareness of them and announced its intention to step up the dissemination of information to Union citizens about their rights, in particular about their right to free movement.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a decision

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Given that the right to free movement significantly improves individuals' lives, it is vital that information about the existence of this right and the conditions for exercising it is available as broadly as possible. As all Union citizens are potential beneficiaries of this right, awareness raising efforts should be made across the Union.

(11) Given that the right to free movement can make mobility easier in many different ways, it is of key importance that information about the existence of this right and the conditions for exercising it is available as broadly as possible. It should therefore be easily accessible in all the official languages of the Union and for people with disabilities. Awareness raising efforts should be made across the Union to ensure that all potential beneficiaries are informed about their rights.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a decision

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) However, to enable Union citizens to make informed decisions about whether to exercise their right to free movement, it does not suffice to raise their awareness about the right to free movement itself; it is essential that Union citizens are also adequately informed about other rights available to them under Union law in a cross-border context. This information will also enable them to fully enjoy these rights, if they decide to make use of their right to free movement.

(12) However, to enable Union citizens to make informed decisions about whether to exercise their right to free movement, it does not suffice to raise their awareness about the right to free movement itself; it is essential that Union citizens are also adequately informed about other rights available to them under Union law in a cross-border context. Adequate information and increased awareness of the benefits of mobility could accordingly prove to be of vital importance in attempting to contain the brain drain from the Union. This information will also enable them to fully enjoy these rights, if they decide to make use of their right to free movement.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a decision

Recital 12 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(12a) All the existing websites set up by the Commission to inform citizens should be simplified to make them more comprehensible with a view to facilitating mobility for all workers, whatever their qualifications.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) In particular, Union citizens considering whether to make use of their right to free movement should be informed about their rights to acquire or preserve social security rights by virtue of the Union rules on coordination of social security systems; these rules ensure that they will not lose out on their social security rights when choosing to move within Europe. They should further be informed about their right to obtain recognition of their professional qualifications and about the social and civic competences which form part of the European framework of "Key Competences for lifelong learning" and which can equip them to fully participate in civic life and empower them to exercise their rights under Union law.

(13) In particular, Union citizens considering whether to make use of their right to free movement should be proactively informed about their entitlement to be recruited under the same conditions, without any additional requirements, as nationals of the country in which they are seeking work. They should also be informed about their rights to acquire or preserve social security rights by virtue of the Union rules on coordination of social security systems; these rules ensure that they will not lose out on their social security rights or individually accumulated rights when choosing to move or work within Europe. They should further be informed about their right to obtain recognition of their professional qualifications and about the social and civic competences which form part of the European framework of ‘Key Competences for lifelong learning’ and which can equip them to fully participate in civic life and empower them to exercise their rights under Union law. Union law also entitles Union citizens to freedom of movement without any discrimination based on nationality between workers of the Member States as regards employment, remuneration and other conditions of work and employment, without their having to apply for a work permit, and as regards tax benefits. Further, when a Union citizen works in another Member State, his or her family members have the right to stay and work in that country, regardless of their nationality. Children of workers exercising the right to freedom of movement have the right to education. In order to achieve the objectives of better information and greater awareness it is necessary to mobilise all the organisations involved as well as the social partners.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a) Specific actions could be implemented to raise awareness of Union citizens' rights to volunteer, study or participate in an internship in another Member State, or to take part in Union education exchange programmes, such as Erasmus, Leonardo or Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs. Union citizens should also be informed about the new possibilities for the recognition of qualifications they have acquired, via reference to national and European qualifications frameworks. This fosters personal development and enhances Union citizens’ prospects and opportunities for mobility, both in education and on the labour market. At the same time, an insufficient knowledge of foreign languages (especially among adults) remains a major obstacle to workforce mobility. The learning of foreign languages should therefore be actively promoted at Union level.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13b). Union citizens should also be informed about the Eures network with regard to workforce mobility in the Union, especially in border regions, and about its contribution to promoting labour mobility across the Union by providing information for all citizens, including disabled people, intending to work abroad in another Member State, on job vacancies, on rights and obligations attendant on migration, on education and vocational training opportunities, and on working and living conditions.

Justification

The free movement of people is a right which cannot be denied to EU Member States' citizens, and it includes the right to work, study and live in the Member State of one's choice. The EURES network has the potential to act as a means of transmitting information on labour rights and job opportunities in other Member States.

Amendment  26

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13c) The right to freedom of movement implies that life-long learning and vocational training strategies should be tailored, at Union level, to developments in the labour markets, and the provision of transferable skills that have a wider coverage in terms of geographical area and knowledge, with a view to properly matching them with the supply of jobs. In that context, investment should be encouraged in formal and informal education, vocational training, exchanges of work experience and coordinated measures, with a view to accelerating the process of workforce mobility;

Amendment  27

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13d) It should be stressed that mobility support measures have focused mainly on citizens with educational qualifications. It is therefore time for the Union to open up mobility to the least qualified workers, workers with disabilities, through the establishment of new exchange programmes and clearly structured and user-friendly websites.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a decision

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14) In this context, citizens should also be better informed of their rights as passengers travelling by any transport mode across the European Union and of their consumer rights across borders. If they are confident that their rights as consumers are effectively protected, they will contribute more to the development of the European-wide market for goods and services to its full potential and better enjoy its benefits. In the same vein, citizens should be better informed about rules on general product safety and market surveillance, so as to be aware of how their health and their rights are protected throughout the EU, particularly when it comes to threats or risks that they cannot deal with as individuals. It would be further important to enhance citizens' awareness of their rights to cross-border healthcare, so that they are able to fully benefit from safe and good quality healthcare across European borders.

(14) In this context, citizens should also be better informed of their rights as passengers travelling by any transport mode across the European Union and of their consumer rights across borders. If they are confident that their rights as consumers have the highest level of protection, they will contribute more to the development of the European-wide market for goods and services to its full potential and better enjoy its benefits. In the same vein, citizens should be better informed about rules on general product safety and market surveillance, so as to be aware of how their health and their rights are protected throughout the EU, particularly when it comes to threats or risks that they cannot deal with as individuals. It would be further important to enhance citizens' awareness of their rights to cross-border healthcare, so that they are able to fully benefit from safe and good quality healthcare across European borders.

Amendment  29

Proposal for a decision

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) Awareness of the electoral rights guaranteed to Union citizens is of primary importance in this respect. Union citizens should be fully aware of their right to vote and stand as candidates in the municipal and European Parliament elections in their Member State of residence. At the same time, political participation can contribute to the integration of Union citizens into the society of their chosen Member States of residence.

(15) Awareness of the electoral rights guaranteed to Union citizens is of primary importance in this respect. Union citizens should be fully aware of their right to vote and stand as candidates in the municipal and European Parliament elections in their Member State of residence. Citizens (regardless of whether they are organised in political parties, associations, non-governmental organisations or citizens' initiatives) should also be well informed about their opportunities to be actively involved in European policy-making. At the same time, political participation can contribute to the integration of Union citizens into the society of their chosen Member States of residence.

Amendment  30

Proposal for a decision

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) A European Year of Citizens in 2013 will provide a very timely opportunity to raise the awareness of the general public about the rights attached to Union citizenship and thus to contribute to the objective of facilitating the exercise of the right to free movement.

(17) A European Year of Citizens in 2013 will provide a very timely opportunity to raise the awareness of the general public about the rights attached to Union citizenship and thus to contribute to the objective of facilitating the exercise of the right to free movement and strengthening European solidarity, European identity and awareness of European values.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a decision

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18) The year 2013 will be the 20th anniversary of the establishment of Union citizenship by the Treaty of Maastricht, which entered into force on 1st November 1993. The European Year of Citizens will be marked by the follow up to the EU Citizenship Report and of an action plan toward completing the removal of remaining obstacles standing in the way of citizens' enjoyment of their rights as Union citizens. This European Year will give visibility to Union citizenship and its concrete benefits for individuals, including by demonstrating the tangible impact of Union policies in citizens' lives, in particular in terms of removing obstacles to the enjoyment of their rights.

(18) The year 2013 will be the 20th anniversary of the establishment of Union citizenship by the Treaty of Maastricht, which entered into force on 1st November 1993. The European Year of Citizens will be marked by the follow up to the EU Citizenship Report and of an action plan toward completing the removal of remaining obstacles standing in the way of citizens' enjoyment of their rights as Union citizens. This European Year will give visibility to Union citizenship and its concrete benefits for individuals, including by demonstrating the tangible impact of Union policies in citizens' lives, in particular in terms of removing obstacles to the enjoyment of their rights. The achievement of the internal market, as well as the active and correct implementation of Union law in all areas involving the right to free movement, taking into account the social dimension and the effects on the labour market, are necessary for the enhancement of the mobility of Union citizens.

Amendment  32

Proposal for a decision

Recital 18 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(18a) Union citizens in the new Member States are still partly concerned by transitional rules on the right to work and reside freely in another Member State. The positive experience of countries which did not apply transitional periods has shown that the freedom of movement for workers in the Union has no negative effects on the labour market or on wages.

Amendment  33

Proposal for a decision

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) Raising awareness about citizens' rights, including their electoral rights in their Member State of residence, is also important in view of the European Parliament elections in 2014. The impact of such awareness raising actions should be multiplied through close coordination and exploitation of synergies with relevant actions implemented by other Union institutions, notably the European Parliament, and by Member States in the run up to these elections.

(19) Raising awareness about citizens' rights, including their electoral rights in their Member State of residence, is also important in view of the European Parliament elections in 2014. The impact of such awareness raising actions should be multiplied through close coordination and exploitation of synergies with relevant actions implemented by other Union institutions, notably the European Parliament, and by Member States in the run up to these elections. Wide-ranging and effective reporting on Union matters by public TV/radio or internet service providers from all Member States and greater media cooperation (such as with Euronews) would successfully enhance the flow of information for citizens.

Amendment  34

Proposal for a decision

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22) The primary responsibility for raising citizens' awareness of their rights as Union citizens rests with Member States; action at Union level complements and supplements national actions in this respect, as highlighted in the political declaration "Communicating Europe in Partnership" signed on 22 October 2008 by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission.

(22) The primary responsibility for raising citizens' awareness of their rights as Union citizens rests with the Member States, which should carry out their obligations to the full and show they are aware of their responsibility for a shared Union. This includes providing an intensive flow of accompanying information and targeted reporting on the activities of the Union institutions. Action at Union level complements and supplements national actions in this respect, as highlighted in the political declaration "Communicating Europe in Partnership" signed on 22 October 2008 by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission.

Amendment  35

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of their right to move and reside freely within the European Union and more generally the rights guaranteed to Union citizens in cross-border situations, including their right to participate in the democratic life of the Union;

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of their right to move and reside, study and work freely within the European Union and more generally the rights guaranteed to Union citizens in cross-border situations, including their right to participate in democratic life and democratic opinion formation in the Union;

Amendment  36

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of how they can tangibly benefit from Union rights and policies while living in another Member State, and to stimulate their active participation in civic fora on Union policies and issues;

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of how they can tangibly benefit from Union rights and policies while living and working in another Member State, of how they can effectively exercise their rights and to stimulate their active participation in civic fora on Union policies, issues and political processes;

Amendment  37

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– to raise citizens' awareness of the risks involved in illegal work and the advantages of engaging in legal employment in terms of tax, social security, occupational training, citizenship, housing, family reunification, access to schooling for children and access to apprenticeships through existing instruments (such as Eures).

Amendment  38

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

- to stimulate a debate about the impact and potential of the right to free movement, as an inalienable aspect of Union citizenship, in particular in terms of strengthening societal cohesion and mutual understanding between Union citizens and the bond between citizens and the Union.

- to stimulate a debate about the impact and potential of the right to free movement and its implementation by Member States, as an inalienable aspect of Union citizenship, without discrimination on the grounds of nationality or ethnic origin and as a fundamental freedom, in particular in terms of strengthening societal cohesion, social integration, employment, quality education and mutual understanding between Union citizens and the bond between citizens and the Union.

Amendment  39

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- to promote activities aimed at combating discrimination on the grounds of nationality in order to overcome the prejudices which have an impact on the rights of citizens to freedom of movement and on their right to work and live in another Member State.

Justification

The information currently available to citizens on their civil, social and employment rights is insufficient, and this fact creates significant obstacles to the free movement of workers in the EU. Citizens need to be properly informed of their rights when moving to another Member States, so as not to be exploited by employers.

Amendment  40

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph -1 (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

-1. In the course of 2012, the Commission shall organise a Union-wide competition to design a logo for the European Year.

Amendment  41

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– information, education and awareness raising campaigns targeted at the general public and more specific audiences;

– information, education and awareness raising campaigns, with the active participation of the social partners, targeted at the general public and more specific audiences, with equal treatment and without discrimination, in particular, regarding, the most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups;

Amendment  42

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– exchange of information, sharing of experience and good practices of national, regional, local administrations and other organisations;

– exchange of information, sharing of experience (both positive and negative) and good practices of national, regional, local administrations and other organisations;

Amendment  43

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– conferences and events to promote debate and raise awareness of the importance and benefits of the right to free movement and residence and more generally citizens' rights as Union citizens;

– conferences and events to promote debate and raise awareness of the importance, the benefits and the obstacles to exercising the right to free movement and residence and more generally citizens' rights as Union citizens;

Amendment  44

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

- strengthening of the role and visibility of the multilingual Europe Direct and Your Europe web portal as key elements of a 'one-stop-shop' information system on Union citizens' rights;

- strengthening of the role and visibility of the multilingual Europe Direct, Your Europe and Eures web portal as key elements of a 'one-stop-shop' information system on Union citizens' rights and options including information on the rights of workers and their families in the relevant country of employment as well as initiatives such as Youth on the Move, with an increasing use of digital communication tools and social networks;

Amendment  45

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- highlighting the importance of the Citizen’s Initiative, an instrument that seeks to permit direct involvement by citizens in the formation of Union policy;

Amendment  46

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 6 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- strongly encourages comprehensive and objective reporting in the Member States on the activities of the Union institutions;

Amendment  47

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 6 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- better information for citizens on the right of petition to the European Parliament and the right to apply to the European Ombudsman;

Amendment  48

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 6 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– information campaigns to raise the profile of the European Parliament’s Committee on Petitions and the European Ombudsman;

Amendment  49

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 6 e (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– modernisation of the Eures website to make it more user friendly and improve regular updating thereof, and an information campaign to make it more visible;

Amendment  50

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 6 f (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– information campaigns to increase the visibility, accessibility and multilingualism of the Naric website relating to recognition of diplomas and qualifications;

Amendment  51

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. When implementing the initiatives mentioned in Article 3(1), the Commission and the Member States shall ensure the active participation of representatives of civil society such as the social partners.

Amendment  52

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Commission and the Member States may identify other activities as contributing to objectives of the European Year and allow the name of the European Year to be used in promoting those activities insofar as they contribute to achieving the objectives set out in Article 2.

3. The Commission and the Member States shall identify additional activities as contributing to objectives of the European Year and allow the name of the European Year to be used in promoting those activities insofar as they contribute to achieving the objectives set out in Article 2.

Amendment  53

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall also cooperate closely with the European Economic and Social Committee.

The Commission shall also cooperate closely with the European Economic and Social Committee and the social partners.

Amendment  54

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall convene meetings of representatives of European organisations or bodies active in the field of defending citizens' rights and stakeholders to assist the Commission in implementing the European Year at Union level.

The Commission shall convene meetings of representatives of European organisations or bodies active in the field of defending citizens' rights and stakeholders to assist the Commission in implementing the European Year at Union level. To that end, the Commission shall work closely with civil society organisations and citizens.

 

The Commission shall also work closely with organisations which are representative of specific audiences, such as disabled people, vulnerable groups, third-country nationals, Roma people or citizens of candidate countries.

Amendment  55

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 5a

 

The Commission and the Council shall ensure that sufficient budgetary resources are available for the successful completion of the European Year and of the activities called for in that connection, in order to ensure the achievement of its objectives.

Amendment  56

Proposal for a decision

Article 8 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

By 31 December 2014, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the implementation, results and overall assessment of the initiatives provided for in this Decision.

By 31 December 2014, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the implementation, results and overall assessment of the initiatives provided for in this Decision, to serve as a basis for future Union policies, measures and actions in this field. Pursuant to the experience of the European Year, that report shall also present ideas and proposals on how to better inform citizens of their rights, even after the end of European Year.

PROCEDURE

Title

European Year of Citizens (2013)

References

COM(2011)0489 – C7-0217/2011 – 2011/0217(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

LIBE

13.9.2011

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

EMPL

13.9.2011

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Inês Cristina Zuber

15.9.2011

 

 

 

Previous rapporteur(s)

Ilda Figueiredo

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

5.12.2011

25.1.2012

29.2.2012

 

Date adopted

1.3.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

38

2

2

Members present for the final vote

Regina Bastos, Edit Bauer, Heinz K. Becker, Pervenche Berès, Vilija Blinkevičiūtė, Philippe Boulland, Milan Cabrnoch, Alejandro Cercas, Ole Christensen, Emer Costello, Andrea Cozzolino, Frédéric Daerden, Karima Delli, Sari Essayah, Richard Falbr, Marian Harkin, Nadja Hirsch, Stephen Hughes, Danuta Jazłowiecka, Ádám Kósa, Veronica Lope Fontagné, Olle Ludvigsson, Thomas Mann, Elisabeth Morin-Chartier, Csaba Őry, Konstantinos Poupakis, Licia Ronzulli, Elisabeth Schroedter, Nicole Sinclaire, Joanna Katarzyna Skrzydlewska, Jutta Steinruck, Andrea Zanoni, Inês Cristina Zuber

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Georges Bach, Malika Benarab-Attou, Kinga Göncz, Jan Kozłowski, Svetoslav Hristov Malinov, Ramona Nicole Mănescu, Gabriele Zimmer

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Phil Bennion, Silvia-Adriana Ţicău


OPINION of the Committee on Culture and Education (1.3.2012)

for the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Year of Citizens (2013)

(COM(2011)0489 – C7-0217/2011 – 2011/0217(COD))

Rapporteur: Marie-Christine Vergiat

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Culture and Education calls on the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) Article 20(1) of the Treaty provides for citizenship of the Union as additional to national citizenship of the respective Member States, stipulating that every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. The second paragraph of Article 20 specifies that citizens of the Union shall enjoy the rights and be subject to the duties provided for in the Treaties, and that they shall have, inter alia, the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. The right of Union citizens to free movement and residence is further enshrined in Article 21 of the Treaty.

(1) Article 20(1) of the Treaty provides for citizenship of the Union as additional to, and not a replacement of, national citizenship of the respective Member States, stipulating that every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. The second paragraph of Article 20 specifies that citizens of the Union shall enjoy the rights and be subject to the duties provided for in the Treaties, and that they shall have, inter alia, the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. The right of Union citizens to free movement and residence is further enshrined in Article 21 of the Treaty.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a) Citizens and the associations that represent them are central to the functioning of the Union, as provided for in Articles 10 and 11 of the Treaty on European Union, which underline the importance of all aspects of participatory democracy.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1b) The essential rights of Union citizenship are also connected to the European dimension of education, in particular through the promotion of multilingualism and the mobility of students, teachers, persons undergoing vocational training and their instructors, as specified in Articles 165 and 166 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1c) In the interest of its citizens, the Union should take the cultural dimension into account in all the measures it introduces, so as to encourage mutual respect between cultures, promote diversity, protect the common cultural heritage and improve knowledge of the history of the European peoples, as provided for in Article 167 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a decision

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) The entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty strengthened the status of Union citizenship and complemented the rights attached to it, including by introducing a new right, the Citizens' Initiative, which enables one million citizens, from a significant number of Member States, to ask the Commission to present a proposal in any of the EU's areas of responsibility.

(2) The entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty strengthened the status of Union citizenship and complemented the rights attached to it, including by introducing a new right, the Citizens' Initiative, which enables at least one million eligible signatories coming from at least one quarter of all Member States, to ask the Commission to present a proposal in any of the EU's areas of responsibility.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a decision

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) The rights inherent to citizenship of the Union are incorporated in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. According to the Charter's Preamble, the Union 'places the individual at the heart of its activities, by establishing a citizenship of the Union and by creating an area of freedom, security and justice'. Chapter V of the Charter sets down "Citizens' rights", including, in its Article 45, the right of every citizen of the Union to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States.

(3) The rights inherent to citizenship of the Union are incorporated in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. According to the Charter's Preamble, the Union 'places the individual at the heart of its activities, by establishing a citizenship of the Union and by creating an area of freedom, security and justice'. Chapter V of the Charter sets down "Citizens' rights", including, in its Article 45, the right of every citizen of the Union to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States and, in its Article 41, the right to write to the institutions of the Union in one of the languages of the Treaties and to receive an answer in the same language.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a decision

Recital 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a) As stated in the Charter’s Preamble, the Union is founded on the indivisible, universal values of human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity, which are of fundamental importance for the exercise of citizenship. The Union should also contribute to the preservation and development of those common values, while respecting the diversity of the cultures and traditions of the peoples of Europe, and help to uphold freedom of expression and information, the right to education, the freedom of the arts and of research and academic freedom.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a decision

Recital 3 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3b) The UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions of 20 October 2005 (the Convention) provides that cultural diversity plays an important role in the full realisation of human rights and fundamental freedoms and in maintaining social cohesion. Under Article 10 of the Convention, the Member States and the Union are committed to encouraging and promoting understanding of the importance of the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions, inter alia, through educational programmes and programmes intended to raise public awareness.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a decision

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) Since it was set up, the Council of Europe has played a leading role in the educational and cultural domain by promoting and establishing European cultural networks and through intercultural dialogue and the promotion of linguistic diversity. The Union should therefore develop synergies with the Council of Europe's work in this field and, in particular, the recommendations made in the Council of Europe’s Charter on Education for Democratic Citizenship and Human Rights Education of May 2010 should be promoted in connection with a European Year of Citizens in 2013.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a decision

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) Since the Treaty of Maastricht, which specified the means whereby the Union could play a role in the fields of education, culture and youth policy, the main aim of the programmes set up by the Commission has been to encourage meetings and exchanges between citizens living in the Union and to promote dialogue and mutual understanding and respect. In the context of the European Year, those programmes should be developed to take account of the cultural and educational aspects of Union citizenship.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a decision

Recital 6 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6b) Education, provided it is accessible to all, plays a vitally important role in the formation of future citizens by enabling them to acquire a solid basis of general knowledge, including an informed understanding of European integration and of the history and cultures of the European peoples. In this respect civic education is essential as a means of enabling individuals to participate fully in democratic, social and cultural life and regard themselves as true citizens of the Union from as early an age as possible.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a decision

Recital 6 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6c) Non-formal and informal education play a vitally important role in both the teaching and the exercise of citizenship, as it promotes individual empowerment, solidarity and mutual understanding and strengthens social cohesion. The European Year of Citizens should be seen, therefore, as building on the European Year of Volunteering 2011 . In this context, it is important to encourage recognition of the commitment of volunteers, to validate the skills and expertise acquired in this field and to remove obstacles relating to cross-border activities, including those involving third countries and their nationals, particularly those living in the Union. Obtaining recognition for European association status is also important and could, moreover, facilitate the development of cross-border projects.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a decision

Recital 6 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6d) The exercise of citizenship is predicated on the full and unimpeded exercise of social, economic and cultural rights, and also requires the recognition of cultural diversity and the development of cultural activities in which all members of the public can take part, including the most vulnerable groups (such as people with disabilities, people of immigrant descent and people who are socially and economically disadvantaged).

Amendment  14

Proposal for a decision

Recital 6 e (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6e) Freedom of thought, expression and information, and media pluralism and independence, are essential principles for the exercise of citizenship. The communications policy of the Union institutions, and in particular that of the Commission, should take greater account of the need to inform, and be understood by, as many people as possible. The Commission should liaise more closely with representatives of local, regional and national authorities, the information offices of the Union institutions in the Member States, representatives of civil society and the media, including local and regional media, to help increase citizens’ understanding of the impact of European policies on national and local policies and to enable them to assume ownership of such policies.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a decision

Recital 6 f (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6f) Since 1979, when the first direct elections were held, the European Parliament has acted as a direct interface between citizens and the Union. The Members of the European Parliament have played a crucial role in communicating the rights and benefits of Union citizenship and in bringing citizens' concerns to the fore in the formulation of policy.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a decision

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) In particular, free movement and workers' mobility help addressing the consequences of demographic change on the labour market, while also increasing the employability of people and improving the competitiveness of European industries. At the same time, free movement either enables, as an essential condition, or stimulates the exercise by citizens of a broad range of rights available to them under Union law, such as their rights as consumers to access goods and services or their rights as passengers and tourists. Facilitating free movement has therefore the potential to enhance citizens' possibilities to fully benefit from the single market, whilst being a key driver for growth.

(7) In particular, free movement and workers' mobility help addressing the consequences of demographic change on the labour market, while also increasing the employability of people, improving the competitiveness of European industries, and, in the long term, supporting research and innovation in the Union. At the same time, free movement either enables, as an essential condition, or stimulates the exercise by citizens of a broad range of rights available to them under Union law, such as their rights as consumers to access goods and services or their rights as passengers and tourists. Facilitating free movement has therefore the potential to enhance citizens' possibilities to fully benefit from the single market, whilst being a key driver for growth. Moreover, it is socially and culturally enriching and helps people to overcome language barriers.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a decision

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States is highly valued by Union citizens as a core individual right deriving from Union citizenship. As such, it demonstrates and promotes a better understanding of the value of European integration, as well as citizens' participation in shaping the European Union. When extending aspects of their lives beyond national borders by travelling to other Member States or settling there, citizens become aware and take advantage of the broad array of rights granted to them under Union law in cross-border situations. Exercising the right to free movement and residence therefore contributes to making Union citizenship a tangible reality in the daily life of citizens.

(8) The right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States is highly valued by Union citizens as a core individual right deriving from Union citizenship. As such, it demonstrates and promotes a better understanding of the value of European integration, as well as citizens' participation in shaping the European Union. When extending aspects of their lives beyond national borders by travelling to other Member States or settling there, citizens become aware and take advantage of the broad array of rights granted to them under Union law in cross-border situations. To enable people to exercise those rights, however, more information points – with associated, transparent and easily accessible websites – should be established, in particular in border regions. Exercising the right to free movement and residence therefore contributes to making Union citizenship a tangible reality in the daily life of citizens.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) Despite the fact that the right to free movement and residence is firmly anchored in primary Union law and substantially developed in secondary law, a gap still remains between the applicable legal rules and the reality confronting citizens when they seek to exercise this right in practice. Aside from an uncertainty over the advantages of being mobile, Union citizens perceive too many practical obstacles with regard to living and working elsewhere in the Union.

(9) Despite the fact that the right to free movement and residence is firmly anchored in primary Union law and substantially developed in secondary law, a gap still remains between the applicable legal rules and the reality confronting citizens when they seek to exercise this right in practice. Aside from an uncertainty over the advantages of being mobile, Union citizens perceive too many practical obstacles with regard to living, working and studying elsewhere in the Union. This is particularly apparent in those regions close to the internal borders, where it is especially common for people to live in a different Member States from the one in which they work. With a view to strengthening economic and social cohesion, information about "cross-border jobs" –therefore needs to be made more transparent and accessible. Facilitating access, through more regular arrangements for exchanging information between Member States in ways that are clearer and more easily understandable to job seekers, is also urgently necessary in relation to the recruitment of skilled workers.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) The mobility of students and research workers is strongly encouraged, inter alia, under the Lifelong Learning programme. Serious obstacles to mobility remain, however, particularly in terms of social rights, financial resources and sociocultural stereotyping, and the mutual recognition of diplomas and qualifications is still a work in progress.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9b) Freedom of movement for those working in the cultural sector, including artists, plays a decisive role in the discovery of different forms of cultural expression and mutual understanding and respect. The exercise of that freedom should be generally facilitated, therefore, for example by introducing ad hoc procedures and working towards recognition at European level of a statute for artists.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a decision

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Given that the right to free movement significantly improves individuals' lives, it is vital that information about the existence of this right and the conditions for exercising it is available as broadly as possible. As all Union citizens are potential beneficiaries of this right, awareness raising efforts should be made across the Union.

(11) Given that the right to free movement significantly improves individuals' lives, it is vital that easily accessible, transparent information about the existence of this right and the conditions for exercising it is available as broadly as possible. As all Union citizens are potential beneficiaries of this right, awareness raising efforts should be made across the Union.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a decision

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) Awareness of the electoral rights guaranteed to Union citizens is of primary importance in this respect. Union citizens should be fully aware of their right to vote and stand as candidates in the municipal and European Parliament elections in their Member State of residence. At the same time, political participation can contribute to the integration of Union citizens into the society of their chosen Member States of residence.

(15) Awareness of the electoral rights guaranteed to Union citizens is of primary importance in this respect. Union citizens should be fully aware of their right to vote and stand as candidates in the municipal and European Parliament elections in their Member State of residence. From childhood onwards, they should learn about the history of Europe and its peoples and about the Union institutions, to enable them to play a full role in participatory European processes. At the same time, political participation can contribute to the integration of Union citizens into the society of their chosen Member States of residence.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a decision

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Enhanced citizens' awareness of the benefits of these rights for them individually and for society can also contribute to a stronger sense of belonging and adherence to the Union.

(16) Enhanced citizens' awareness of the benefits of these rights for them individually and for society can also contribute to a stronger sense of belonging to the Union, and sharing in a cultural heritage that binds people together, and can strengthen adherence to it.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a decision

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) A European Year of Citizens in 2013 will provide a very timely opportunity to raise the awareness of the general public about the rights attached to Union citizenship and thus to contribute to the objective of facilitating the exercise of the right to free movement.

(17) A European Year of Citizens in 2013 will provide a very timely opportunity to raise the awareness of the general public about the rights and duties attached to Union citizenship, to identify obstacles to the effective exercise of those rights, and thus to contribute to the objective of facilitating the exercise of the right to free movement, in particular by ensuring the participation of representatives of civil society. Particular efforts should be made to involve those representing young people, students, teachers, cultural workers and the media, given the broad sections of the public to which they have access.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a decision

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18) The year 2013 will be the 20th anniversary of the establishment of Union citizenship by the Treaty of Maastricht, which entered into force on 1st November 1993. The European Year of Citizens will be marked by the follow up to the EU Citizenship Report and of an action plan toward completing the removal of remaining obstacles standing in the way of citizens' enjoyment of their rights as Union citizens. This European Year will give visibility to Union citizenship and its concrete benefits for individuals, including by demonstrating the tangible impact of Union policies in citizens' lives, in particular in terms of removing obstacles to the enjoyment of their rights.

(18) The year 2013 will be the 20th anniversary of the establishment of Union citizenship by the Treaty of Maastricht, which entered into force on November 1993. The European Year of Citizens will be marked by the follow up to the EU Citizenship Report and of an action plan toward completing the removal of remaining obstacles standing in the way of citizens' enjoyment of their rights as Union citizens. This European Year will give visibility to Union citizenship and its concrete benefits for individuals, including by demonstrating the tangible impact of Union policies in citizens' lives, in particular in terms of removing obstacles to the enjoyment of their rights and of sustaining open, transparent and regular dialogue with organised civil society, thus encouraging people to involve themselves in public life and decision making, while highlighting the core values that Europe’s citizens share.

Amendment  26

Proposal for a decision

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21) This European Year should make full use of existing participatory tools and the rights enshrined in Articles 10 and 11 of the Treaty on European Union to stimulate citizens' involvement in the process of implementing the 2013 action plan for the removal of obstacles to the enjoyment of their rights and, more broadly, in defining Union policies that give concrete effect to their rights. European civil society organisations will have a central role in this respect.

(21) This European Year should make full use of existing participatory tools and the rights enshrined in Articles 10 and 11 of the Treaty on European Union to stimulate citizens' involvement in the process of implementing the 2013 action plan for the removal of obstacles to the enjoyment of their rights and, more broadly, in defining Union policies that give concrete effect to their rights. European civil society organisations will have a central role in this respect. Practice-based organisations and projects rooted in civil society should therefore receive particular support.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a decision

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25) Union funding for other activities than those funded under the budget of the European Year may be given through existing Union programmes or the Structural Funds, in particular the "Europe for Citizens" programme and the "Fundamental Rights and Citizenship" programme,

(25) Activities other than those funded under the budget of the European Year which contribute to the achievement of its objectives and are funded under existing Union programmes or the Structural Funds, such as the "Europe for Citizens", "Fundamental Rights and Citizenship", "Lifelong Learning", "Youth in Action" and Culture and MEDIA programmes, should be further developed in parallel with the European Year,

Amendment  28

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The general purpose of the European Year shall be to enhance awareness of the rights attached to Union citizenship, in order to help citizens make full use of their right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. In this context, the European Year shall focus, among others, on the opportunities for civic participation and access to rights by Union citizens residing in another Member State than their own, by students, workers, consumers, and providers of goods and services across the Union.

The general purpose of the European Year shall be to develop and promote greater public understanding of the concept of Union citizenship in all its various aspects, including its cultural and educational aspects, and to identify obstacles to the effective exercise of the rights attached to Union citizenship, with the aim of enabling citizens to exercise all their rights and participate fully in the democratic life of the Member States and the Union. In this context, the European Year shall focus, among others, on the opportunities for civic and political participation, access to rights, exchanges and mobility available to all Union citizens, including in particular students, workers, consumers, and providers of goods and services, whatever the Member State in which they live.

Amendment  29

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of their right to move and reside freely within the European Union and more generally the rights guaranteed to Union citizens in cross-border situations, including their right to participate in the democratic life of the Union;

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of their right to move and reside freely within the European Union and more generally the rights guaranteed to Union citizens in cross-border situations, including their right to participate in the democratic life of the Union, in particular their right to vote and their right to stand as candidates in elections to the European Parliament and in municipal elections in their Member State of residence, allowing them to identify and address obstacles to their enjoyment of those rights;

Amendment  30

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of the European Parliament and the scope of its powers in the legislative process, and the directly representative role of locally elected Members of the European Parliament;

Amendment  31

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of direct democracy tools, such as the Citizens' Initiative and public consultations and to encourage their active engagement in the political life of the Union. Public consultations shall be conducted in all official languages and in a proactive manner involving cooperation with civil society organisations so as to significantly increase participation levels;

Amendment  32

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– to create greater public awareness, particularly among young people, of Union programmes in the field of education and culture and thereby facilitate their access to Union citizenship, primarily by ensuring that as many people as possible take part in such programmes;

Amendment  33

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– to develop communications networks and tools to provide information in all the European languages about the policies adopted at European level and their impact on everyday life, including those networks and tools which serve to reinforce dialogue with Union institutions and influence policy-making;

Amendment  34

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 2 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– to encourage young people to participate in the formulation of local, national and European policies by, for example, developing on-line and other platforms that enable their voice to be heard;

Amendment  35

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 2 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– to offer a suitable opportunity for people working in the cultural sector to engage with the public in educational and cultural settings or centres, including those situated in remote areas, to show the role played by cultural activities in the exercise of citizenship;

Amendment  36

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– to stimulate a debate about the impact and potential of the right to free movement, as an inalienable aspect of Union citizenship, in particular in terms of strengthening societal cohesion and mutual understanding between Union citizens and the bond between citizens and the Union.

– to stimulate a debate about the impact and potential of the right to free movement, as an inalienable aspect of Union citizenship, but also to create greater awareness of the remaining obstacles to the exercise of that right, with particular regard to its potential in terms of strengthening societal cohesion, cultural diversity and mutual understanding and respect between all those who live in the Union.

Amendment  37

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– information, education and awareness raising campaigns targeted at the general public and more specific audiences;

– information, education and awareness raising campaigns targeted at the general public and more specific audiences, in collaboration with local, regional and national authorities and civil society associations and organisations, particularly those operating at Union level;

Amendment  38

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– exchange of information, sharing of experience and good practices of national, regional, local administrations and other organisations;

– exchange of information, sharing of experience and good practices of national, regional and local administrations, associations, non-governmental organisations and other organisations;

Amendment  39

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– conferences and events to promote debate and raise awareness of the importance and benefits of the right to free movement and residence and more generally citizens' rights as Union citizens;

– conferences and events – in association with representatives of civil society, and open to the widest possible cross-section of the public – to promote debate and raise public awareness of European history and integration, Union policies and their impact on everyday life, the benefits of the right to free movement and residence – including a campaign promoting youth mobility –, opportunities for exchanges, particularly in the cultural and educational field, and, more generally, the rights of citizens living in the Union;

Amendment  40

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– partnerships between regions to promote European Year actions;

Amendment  41

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– use of the existing multilingual participatory tools to stimulate citizens' contributions in giving tangible effect to their rights and more generally in achieving the objectives of the European Year;

– use and dissemination of the existing multilingual participatory tools to help citizens to understand their rights and be able to exercise them, in accordance with the objectives of the European Year;

Amendment  42

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– improved use of easily accessible online communication tools by the Union institutions to facilitate inter-active communication with citizens;

Amendment  43

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– strengthening of the role and visibility of the multilingual Europe Direct and Your Europe web portal as key elements of a ‘one-stop-shop’ information system on Union citizens' rights;

– strengthening of the role and visibility of the multilingual Europe Direct and Your Europe web portal, including information on the mobility among Union students, as key elements of a ‘one-stop-shop’ information system on Union citizens' rights;

Amendment  44

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– strengthening the role and visibility of the Europeana web portal, of European projects accorded the European Heritage Label and of the European Capital of Culture programme, with a view to enabling citizens to extend their knowledge of European history and integration and promoting mutual understanding;

Amendment  45

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– strengthening of the role and visibility of problem solving tools, such as SOLVIT, to allow Union citizens to better make use of and defend their rights.

a significant strengthening of the role and visibility of efficient problem solving tools, such as SOLVIT, to allow Union citizens to better make use of and defend their rights;

Amendment  46

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– the development of more extensive contacts with the media, particularly local and regional media, to establish a basis for more direct communication between the public and the institutions, and further development of projects and initiatives aimed at promoting the provision of information about the Union to the general public;

Amendment  47

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 6 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– strengthening of the efforts to develop tools for improving academic recognition of diplomas and periods of study, thereby removing obstacles to the mobility of students and job-seekers.

Amendment  48

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. Public authorities, at all levels of governance, in cooperation with non-governmental organisations, shall organise programmes enabling nationals of other Member States living in their territory to gain the necessary knowledge to participate fully in the social, economic, cultural, and political life of the host Member State.

Amendment  49

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 3 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3b. Public authorities shall offer effective help to enable migrant workers to register and satisfy fully, without undue burden, procedural requirements essential to allowing them to participate fully in the economic life of the host Member State. It is crucial that Citizenship of the Union confers tangible rights.

Amendment  50

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The Commission shall cooperate with the Presidencies of the Council of the European Union to ensure the visibility of European Year actions.

Amendment  51

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall convene meetings of representatives of European organisations or bodies active in the field of defending citizens' rights and stakeholders to assist the Commission in implementing the European Year at Union level.

The Commission shall convene meetings of representatives of European organisations, civil society associations or bodies active in the fields of citizenship and defending citizens' rights, education and culture, and stakeholders, to assist the Commission in implementing the European Year at Union level.

Amendment  52

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 4a

 

Budget

 

The European Year shall be endowed with a budget of EUR 5 million.

Amendment  53

Proposal for a decision

Annex – point A – paragraph 2 – bullet point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

• Production and dissemination of audiovisual and print material which reflect the messages outlined in Article 2;

• Production and dissemination of audiovisual and print material and of targeted promotional items which reflect the messages outlined in Article 2;

PROCEDURE

Title

European Year of Citizens (2013)

References

COM(2011)0489 – C7-0217/2011 – 2011/0217(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

LIBE

13.9.2011

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

CULT

13.9.2011

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Marie-Christine Vergiat

12.9.2011

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

20.12.2011

24.1.2012

 

 

Date adopted

29.2.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

26

3

0

Members present for the final vote

Malika Benarab-Attou, Lothar Bisky, Piotr Borys, Jean-Marie Cavada, Silvia Costa, Lorenzo Fontana, Mary Honeyball, Petra Kammerevert, Emma McClarkin, Emilio Menéndez del Valle, Marek Henryk Migalski, Katarína Neveďalová, Gianni Pittella, Marie-Thérèse Sanchez-Schmid, Marietje Schaake, Marco Scurria, Emil Stoyanov, Hannu Takkula, László Tőkés, Helga Trüpel, Gianni Vattimo, Marie-Christine Vergiat, Milan Zver

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Heinz K. Becker, Nadja Hirsch, Seán Kelly, Iosif Matula, Georgios Papanikolaou, Olga Sehnalová, Rui Tavares

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez


OPINION of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs (21.3.2012)

for the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Year of Citizens (2013)

(COM(2011)0489 – C7-0217/2011 – 2011/0217(COD))

Rapporteur: Gerald Häfner

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

European Parliament adopted on 15 December 2010 a resolution on "Fundamental rights in the European Union (2009) - effective implementation after the entry into force of the treaty of Lisbon" (P7_TA(2010)0483). In this resolution the Parliament called on the Commission to "make 2013 the European Year of Citizenship in order to give momentum to the debate on European citizenship and inform EU citizens of their rights, in particular the new rights resulting from the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon".

The Commission has now answered to this demand by the Parliament by its proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Year of Citizens (2013) (COM(2011)489 final).

Legal basis

The Commission has chosen Article 21(2) TFEU as the legal basis of its proposal. which provides that, if action by the Union should prove necessary to attain this objective (the right of every citizen of the Union to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States), the European Parliament and the Council may adopt provisions with a view to facilitating the exercise of these rights. The decision shall be made in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure. The other articles of the Treaties do not give such direct possibility for action, or if they do, as Article 25 TFEU does, a special legislative procedure is demanded.

The problem with the chosen legislative basis is, however, that it directs the activities mainly to the right of the free movement, to the detriment of the other citizens' rights - especially those resulting from the Lisbon Treaty, as the Parliament asked for in its resolution. It should therefore be made clear in the Decision that the freedom of free movement can not be fully exercised, if it is not connected to the other rights of the European citizens: the political, economic and social rights.

Activities

The scope of the action programme should be broadened to include all rights linked to citizenship and promote active and participatory citizenship.

The European Year of Citizens should not concentrate only on informing the citizens of their existing rights, but it should give the citizens themselves the possibility to express their concerns and their ideas - also about new rights that they would see necessary. It should serve to strengthen and stimulate active and participatory citizenship at all levels and at every stage of the decision making process. To that effect and to make the result of the Year enduring, consideration should be given to ideas to develop a structured framework for European civil dialogue, to develop a holistic concept of citizenship and to establish a permanent office for a Special Representative for Citizens' Participation in the European Union, which will, inter alia, monitor and report on the State's and the citizens' views on their involvement and participation and make proposals for further improvements.

The internet-based media gives good opportunities for interactive communication, but also meetings where citizens can meet face-to-face with the decision-makers are needed.

The civil society organisations are excellent partners in organising activities and initiatives like these both on European, national and local level

The role of the Member States is important for the success of the European Year of Citizens. All relevant stakeholders should be involved in the preparations and implementation of the Year. Young people should be a special target group.

The timing of the year just before the elections of the European Parliament stresses the importance of highlighting the electoral rights. However, it is not enough that citizens are aware of their right to vote, they should also be convinced that their vote has some influence on their lives. Campaigns should be organised together with the European Parliament and European political parties.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Constitutional Affairs calls on the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) Article 20(1) of the Treaty provides for citizenship of the Union as additional to national citizenship of the respective Member States, stipulating that every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. The second paragraph of Article 20 specifies that citizens of the Union shall enjoy the rights and be subject to the duties provided for in the Treaties, and that they shall have, inter alia, the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. The right of Union citizens to free movement and residence is further enshrined in Article 21 of the Treaty.

(1) Article 20(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) provides for citizenship of the Union as additional to national citizenship of the respective Member States, stipulating that every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. The second paragraph of Article 20 specifies that citizens of the Union shall enjoy the rights and be subject to the duties provided for in the Treaties, and that they shall have the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States, the right to vote and to stand as candidates in elections to the European Parliament and in municipal elections in their Member State of residence, under the same conditions as nationals of that State, the right to enjoy, in the territory of a third country in which the Member State of which they are nationals is not represented, the protection of the diplomatic and consular authorities of any Member State on the same conditions as the nationals of that State, and the right to petition the European Parliament, to apply to the European Ombudsman, and to address the institutions and advisory bodies of the Union in any of the Treaty languages and to obtain a reply in the same language. The rights arising from citizenship of the Union are further enshrined in Articles 21, 22, 23 and 24 TFEU.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a) Article 25 TFEU obliges the Commission to report every three years on the application of the provisions of the TFEU on Union citizenship and furthermore gives the legislators the right to strengthen or add to the rights listed in Article 20(2) TFEU.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a decision

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) The entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty strengthened the status of Union citizenship and complemented the rights attached to it, including by introducing a new right, the Citizens' Initiative, which enables one million citizens, from a significant number of Member States, to ask the Commission to present a proposal in any of the EU's areas of responsibility.

(2) The entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty significantly strengthened Union citizenship and complemented the rights attached to it, including by introducing new rights and instruments, in particular the Citizens' Initiative, which enables one million citizens, from a significant number of Member States, to ask the Commission to present a proposal in any of the EU's areas of responsibility. Pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 211/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 on the citizens' initiative1, the citizens' initiative will apply from 1 April 2012.

 

________________

 

1 OJ L 65, 11.3.2011, p. 1.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a decision

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) The rights inherent to citizenship of the Union are incorporated in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. According to the Charter's Preamble, the Union 'places the individual at the heart of its activities, by establishing a citizenship of the Union and by creating an area of freedom, security and justice'. Chapter V of the Charter sets down "Citizens' rights", including, in its Article 45, the right of every citizen of the Union to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States.

(3) The rights inherent to citizenship of the Union are incorporated in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. According to the Charter's Preamble, the Union 'places the individual at the heart of its activities, by establishing a citizenship of the Union and by creating an area of freedom, security and justice'. Chapter V of the Charter sets down "Citizens' rights". It follows that there is a general presumption against the loss of citizenship.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a decision

Recital 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a) Active and participatory citizenship also includes access to documents and information, transparency, good governance and administration, , democratic participation and representation, with decision-making as closely as possible to the citizens, protecting them against all form of discrimination and promoting equality and inclusion of minority groups.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a decision

Recital 3 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3 b) Article 6(2) of the Treaty on European Union provides for the accession of the Union to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR), and the negotiations to this end which are now in train will not be concluded without a unanimous decision of the Council after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament, followed by the approval of all Member States in accordance with their constitutional requirements and ratification by all signatory states of the Council of Europe.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a decision

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Accordingly, the Stockholm Programme puts the citizen at the heart of European policies in the field of freedom, security and justice. It focuses its actions on ‘building a citizen’s Europe’, including by ensuring the full exercise of the citizens' right to free movement.

(4) Accordingly, the Stockholm Programme puts the citizen at the heart of European policies in the field of freedom, security and justice. It focuses its actions on ‘building a citizen’s Europe’.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a decision

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) In its Resolution of 15 December on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2009) - effective implementation after the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon the European Parliament called on the Commission to devote the 2013 European Year to citizenship in order to give momentum to the debate on Union citizenship and inform Union citizens of their rights, in particular the new rights resulting from the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon.

(5) In its Resolution of 15 December on the situation of fundamental rights in the European Union (2009) - effective implementation after the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon the European Parliament called on the Commission to make 2013 the European Year of Citizenship in order to give momentum to the debate on European citizenship and inform EU citizens of their rights, in particular the new rights resulting from the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a decision

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) In particular, free movement and workers' mobility help addressing the consequences of demographic change on the labour market, while also increasing the employability of people and improving the competitiveness of European industries. At the same time, free movement either enables, as an essential condition, or stimulates the exercise by citizens of a broad range of rights available to them under Union law, such as their rights as consumers to access goods and services or their rights as passengers and tourists. Facilitating free movement has therefore the potential to enhance citizens' possibilities to fully benefit from the single market, whilst being a key driver for growth.

(7) In particular, free movement and workers' mobility help addressing the consequences of demographic change on the labour market, while also increasing the employability of people and improving the competitiveness of European industries. At the same time, free movement either enables, as an essential condition, or stimulates the exercise by citizens of a broad range of rights available to them under Union law, such as their rights as consumers to access goods and services or their rights as passengers, residents, students and tourists. Facilitating free movement will therefore enhance citizens' possibilities to fully benefit from the single market, whilst being a key driver for growth.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) Despite the fact that the right to free movement and residence is firmly anchored in primary Union law and substantially developed in secondary law, a gap still remains between the applicable legal rules and the reality confronting citizens when they seek to exercise this right in practice. Aside from an uncertainty over the advantages of being mobile, Union citizens perceive too many practical obstacles with regard to living and working elsewhere in the Union.

(9) Despite the fact that Union citizenship rights are firmly anchored in primary Union law and substantially developed in secondary law, a gap still remains between the applicable legal rules and the reality confronting citizens when they seek to exercise those rights in practice.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a decision

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) In the EU Citizenship Report 2010 "Dismantling the obstacles to EU citizens' rights", the Commission addressed the main obstacles which citizens still encounter in their daily lives when they seek to exercise their rights as Union citizens, in particular in cross-border situations and outlined 25 concrete actions to remove these obstacles. One of the obstacles identified in this context was lack of information. The Commission concluded, in the EU Citizenship Report 2010, that Union citizens are prevented from enjoying their rights because they lack awareness of them and announced its intention to step up the dissemination of information to Union citizens about their rights, in particular about their right to free movement.

(10) In the EU Citizenship Report 2010 "Dismantling the obstacles to EU citizens' rights", the Commission addressed the main obstacles which citizens still encounter in their daily lives when they seek to exercise their rights as Union citizens, in particular in cross-border situations and outlined 25 concrete actions to remove these obstacles. One of the obstacles identified in this context was lack of information. The Commission concluded, in the EU Citizenship Report 2010, that Union citizens are prevented from enjoying their rights because they lack awareness of them and announced its intention to step up the dissemination of information to Union citizens about their rights, in particular about their right to free movement. In order to increase awareness, such dissemination of information should be effected in all Union languages and should be addressed and accessible to all citizens, including by using digital communication tools and social networks.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) In particular, Union citizens considering whether to make use of their right to free movement should be informed about their rights to acquire or preserve social security rights by virtue of the Union rules on coordination of social security systems; these rules ensure that they will not lose out on their social security rights when choosing to move within Europe. They should further be informed about their right to obtain recognition of their professional qualifications and about the social and civic competences which form part of the European framework of "Key Competences for lifelong learning" and which can equip them to fully participate in civic life and empower them to exercise their rights under Union law.

(13) In particular, Union citizens considering whether to make use of their right to free movement should be informed about their rights to acquire or preserve social security rights by virtue of the Union rules on coordination of social security systems; these rules ensure that they will not lose out on their social security rights when choosing to move within Europe. They should further be informed about their right to obtain recognition of their professional qualifications and about the social and civic competences which form part of the European framework of "Key Competences for lifelong learning" and which can equip them to fully participate in civic life and empower them to exercise their rights under Union law. Specific actions can be implemented to raise awareness of their rights to volunteer, to study abroad, to do an internship in another Member State or to take part in Union education exchange programmes.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a decision

Recital 15 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15a) Gender equality is one of the Union’s fundamental principles and must be upheld in all its activities. The European Year of Citizens in 2013 must encourage people of both sexes to participate actively in the next European Parliament elections both as voters and as candidates.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a decision

Recital 15 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15b) The possibility of direct involvement by European citizens in European political parties through the adoption of a common legal regime will contribute significantly to their active participation in the public life of the Union.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a decision

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Enhanced citizens' awareness of the benefits of these rights for them individually and for society can also contribute to a stronger sense of belonging and adherence to the Union.

(16) Enhanced awareness of the benefits of citizens' rights for them individually and for society and active involvement of citizens in the democratic life of the Union can also contribute to a stronger sense of belonging and adherence to the Union.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a decision

Recital 16 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(16a) Cross-border debate within the EU should be encouraged, especially with respect to the Citizens' Initiative"

Amendment  17

Proposal for a decision

Recital 16 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(16b) Young people should be a particular target group during the European Year of Citizens. Schools have a particularly important role in offering civic education about the Union.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a decision

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) A European Year of Citizens in 2013 will provide a very timely opportunity to raise the awareness of the general public about the rights attached to Union citizenship and thus to contribute to the objective of facilitating the exercise of the right to free movement.

(17) A European Year of Citizens in 2013 will provide a very timely opportunity to raise the awareness of the general public about the rights and responsibilities attached to Union citizenship and thus to contribute to the objective of facilitating the exercise of those rights.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a decision

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) Raising awareness about citizens' rights, including their electoral rights in their Member State of residence, is also important in view of the European Parliament elections in 2014. The impact of such awareness raising actions should be multiplied through close coordination and exploitation of synergies with relevant actions implemented by other Union institutions, notably the European Parliament, and by Member States in the run up to these elections.

(19) Raising awareness about citizens' rights, including their electoral rights in their Member State of residence, is also important in view of the European Parliament elections in 2014. The impact of such awareness raising actions should be multiplied through close coordination and exploitation of synergies with relevant actions implemented by other Union institutions, notably the European Parliament, by European political parties and foundations, and by Member States in the run up to these elections.

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Amendment  20

Proposal for a decision

Recital 21 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(21a) All initiatives launched for the purpose and within the European Year should work for the benefit of both Union citizens and Union institutions and bodies, thus increasing mutual understanding and cooperation.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a decision

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25) Union funding for other activities than those funded under the budget of the European Year may be given through existing Union programmes or the Structural Funds, in particular the "Europe for Citizens" programme and the "Fundamental Rights and Citizenship" programme,

(25) Union funding for other activities than those funded under the budget of the European Year may be given through existing Union programmes or the Structural Funds, such as the "Europe for Citizens" programme, the Lifelong Learning Programme, the Youth in Action Programme, and the "Fundamental Rights and Citizenship" programme,

Amendment  22

Proposal for a decision

Article 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The general purpose of the European Year shall be to enhance awareness of the rights attached to Union citizenship, in order to help citizens make full use of their right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. In this context, the European Year shall focus, among others, on the opportunities for civic participation and access to rights by Union citizens residing in another Member State than their own, by students, workers, consumers, and providers of goods and services across the Union.

The general purpose of the European Year shall be to enhance awareness and promote citizens' participation with regard to the rights and responsibilities attached to Union citizenship, in order to help citizens make full use of their rights, inter alia to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. In this context, the European Year shall focus, among others, on the opportunities for civic participation and access to political, social and economic rights by Union citizens, even when residing in another Member State than their own, by students, workers, consumers, and providers of goods and services across the Union.

On this basis, the specific objectives of the European Year shall be:

On this basis, the specific objectives of the European Year shall be:

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of their right to move and reside freely within the European Union and more generally the rights guaranteed to Union citizens in cross-border situations, including their right to participate in the democratic life of the Union;

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of, and ability to exercise, their rights, including the right to move and reside freely within the European Union and more generally the rights guaranteed to and responsibilities incumbent upon Union citizens, in particular the new rights arising from the Lisbon Treaty, including their right to participate in the democratic life of the Union, inter alia through the citizens' initiative;

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of how they can tangibly benefit from Union rights and policies while living in another Member State, and to stimulate their active participation in civic fora on Union policies and issues;

– to strengthen and stimulate active and participatory citizenship at all levels and at every stage of the decision-making process;

 

– to develop a structured framework for European civil dialogue and organise civic fora on Union policies and issues;

– to stimulate a debate about the impact and potential of the right to free movement, as an inalienable aspect of Union citizenship, in particular in terms of strengthening societal cohesion and mutual understanding between Union citizens and the bond between citizens and the Union.

– to stimulate a long-term debate about the meaning, impact and potential of all aspects of Union citizenship, in particular in terms of strengthening societal cohesion and mutual understanding between Union citizens and the bond between citizens and the Union.

 

- to strengthen and widen civic rights by completing the accession of the Union to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms;

Amendment  23

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The measures to be taken to achieve the objectives set out in Article 2 may include the following initiatives organised at Union, national, regional or local level linked to the objectives of the European Year:

1. The measures to be taken to achieve the objectives set out in Article 2 may include the following initiatives organised at Union, national, regional or local level linked to the objectives of the European Year:

– information, education and awareness raising campaigns targeted at the general public and more specific audiences;

– information, education and awareness raising campaigns targeted at the general public and more specific audiences, that also give citizens the opportunity to express their views;

– exchange of information, sharing of experience and good practices of national, regional, local administrations and other organisations;

– exchange of information, sharing of experience and good practices of national, regional, local administrations and other organisations;

– conferences and events to promote debate and raise awareness of the importance and benefits of the right to free movement and residence and more generally citizens' rights as Union citizens;

– conferences and events involving all stakeholders, including Union institutions, civil society organisations, including those representing vulnerable people, the social partners, national, regional and local administrative bodies and educational institutions, to promote debate and raise awareness of the importance and benefits of the right to free movement and residence and more generally citizens' rights and obligations as Union citizens;

– use of the existing multilingual participatory tools to stimulate citizens' contributions in giving tangible effect to their rights and more generally in achieving the objectives of the European Year;

– use of the existing multilingual participatory tools and development of new participatory tools, including web-based tools to provide an area where citizens may express themselves, discuss and put European issues on the agenda in order to promote deliberative and participatory citizenship and to encourage citizens' contributions in giving tangible effect to their rights and more generally in achieving the objectives of the European Year;

– strengthening of the role and visibility of the multilingual Europe Direct and Your Europe web portal as key elements of a 'one-stop-shop' information system on Union citizens' rights;

– strengthening of the role and visibility of the multilingual Europe Direct Network and Your Europe web portal as key elements of a 'one-stop-shop' information system on Union citizens' rights, in particular with an increasing use of digital communication tools and social networks;

– strengthening of the role and visibility of problem solving tools, such as SOLVIT, to allow Union citizens to better make use of and defend their rights.

– strengthening of the role and visibility of problem solving tools, such as SOLVIT, to allow Union citizens to better make use of and defend their rights,

 

– other initiatives such as essay competitions, summer schools, development of action plans and guides, or an on-line agora,

Amendment  24

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall cooperate closely with Member States and bodies and associations which represent local and regional interests, in particular the Committee of Regions.

The Commission shall cooperate closely with Member States, the European Parliament and bodies and associations which represent local and regional interests, in particular the Committee of Regions.

PROCEDURE

Title

European Year of Citizens (2013)

References

COM(2011)0489 – C7-0217/2011 – 2011/0217(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

LIBE

13.9.2011

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

AFCO

13.9.2011

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Gerald Häfner

5.10.2011

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

26.1.2012

28.2.2012

 

 

Date adopted

20.3.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

19

4

0

Members present for the final vote

Alfredo Antoniozzi, Andrew Henry William Brons, Carlo Casini, Andrew Duff, Ashley Fox, Roberto Gualtieri, Enrique Guerrero Salom, Zita Gurmai, Gerald Häfner, Daniel Hannan, Stanimir Ilchev, Constance Le Grip, Morten Messerschmidt, Paulo Rangel, Algirdas Saudargas, Indrek Tarand, Rafał Trzaskowski, Manfred Weber, Luis Yáñez-Barnuevo García

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Zuzana Brzobohatá, György Schöpflin, Alexandra Thein, Rainer Wieland


OPINION of the Committee on Petitions (22.3.2012)

for the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Year of Citizens (2013)

(COM(2011)0489 – C7-0217/2011 – 2011/0217(COD))

Rapporteur: Nikolaos Salavrakos

PA_Legam

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Petitions calls on the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a decision

Citation 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 21 (2) thereof

Having regard to the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 20(2) of the latter

Amendment  2

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) Article 20(1) of the Treaty provides for citizenship of the Union as additional to national citizenship of the respective Member States, stipulating that every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. The second paragraph of Article 20 specifies that citizens of the Union shall enjoy the rights and be subject to the duties provided for in the Treaties, and that they shall have, inter alia, the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. The right of Union citizens to free movement and residence is further enshrined in Article 21 of the Treaty.

(1) Article 20(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and Article 9 of the Treaty on European Union provide for citizenship of the Union as additional to national citizenship of the respective Member States, stipulating that every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. The second paragraph of Article 20 specifies that citizens of the Union shall enjoy the rights and be subject to the duties provided for in the Treaties, and that they shall have, inter alia, the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. The right of Union citizens to free movement and residence is further enshrined in Article 21 of the Treaty.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a) Article 20 also grants to citizens of the Union the right to vote and to stand for elections to the European Parliament and municipal government, to be protected by any Member State's diplomatic mission in a third country when their own Member State is not represented. 

Amendment  4

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1b) Citizens and the associations that represent them are central to the functioning of the Union, as stated in Articles 10 and 11 of the Treaty on European Union, which emphasise the importance of all aspects of participatory democracy.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a decision

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) The entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty strengthened the status of Union citizenship and complemented the rights attached to it, including by introducing a new right, the Citizens’ Initiative, which enables one million citizens, from a significant number of Member States, to ask the Commission to present a proposal in any of the EU’s areas of responsibility.

(2) The entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty strengthened the status of Union citizenship and complemented the rights attached to it, including by introducing a new right, the Citizens’ Initiative, which enables at least one million citizens, from at least a quarter of the Member States, to ask the Commission to present a proposal in any of the EU’s areas of responsibility.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a decision

Recital 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2a) Any citizen of the Union and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member State should be able, individually or jointly with others, at any time, to exercise his/her right to petition the European Parliament under Article 227 TFEU.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a decision

Recital 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2b) Any citizen of the Union and any natural or legal person residing or having its registered office in a Member State has the right to petition the European Ombudsman concerning instances of maladministration in the activities of the Union institutions, bodies, offices or agencies, with the exception of the Court of Justice of the European Union acting in its judicial role.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a decision

Recital 2 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2c) The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union provides that every person may write to the institutions of the Union in one of the languages of the Treaties and must receive an answer in the same language.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a decision

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) The rights inherent to citizenship of the Union are incorporated in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. According to the Charter's Preamble, the Union 'places the individual at the heart of its activities, by establishing a citizenship of the Union and by creating an area of freedom, security and justice'. Chapter V of the Charter sets down "Citizens' rights", including, in its Article 45, the right of every citizen of the Union to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States.

(3) The rights inherent to citizenship of the Union are incorporated in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. According to the Charter's Preamble, the Union 'is founded on the indivisible and universal values of human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity' and 'places the individual at the heart of its activities, by establishing the citizenship of the Union and by creating an area of freedom, security and justice'. Chapter V of the Charter sets down 'Citizens' rights', including, in its Article 45, the right of every citizen of the Union to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. That right should therefore, without further delay, be granted to Romanian and Bulgarian nationals.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a decision

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Accordingly, the Stockholm Programme puts the citizen at the heart of European policies in the field of freedom, security and justice. It focuses its actions on ‘building a citizen's Europe’, including by ensuring the full exercise of the citizens' right to free movement.

(4) Accordingly, the Stockholm Programme puts the citizen at the heart of European policies in the field of freedom, security and justice. It focuses its actions on ‘building a citizen's Europe’, including by ensuring the full exercise of the citizens' right to free movement, and it contributes to the realisation of the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy, to the extent that facilitating free movement and workers' mobility is an important means of addressing the consequences of demographic change on the labour market and increasing the employability of people and the competitiveness of European industries.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a decision

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) Freedom of thought, expression and information, and media pluralism and independence, are essential principles for the exercise of citizenship.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a decision

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) In particular, free movement and workers' mobility help addressing the consequences of demographic change on the labour market, while also increasing the employability of people and improving the competitiveness of European industries. At the same time, free movement either enables, as an essential condition, or stimulates the exercise by citizens of a broad range of rights available to them under Union law, such as their rights as consumers to access goods and services or their rights as passengers and tourists. Facilitating free movement has therefore the potential to enhance citizens' possibilities to fully benefit from the single market, whilst being a key driver for growth.

(7) In particular, free movement and workers' mobility help addressing the consequences of demographic change on the labour market, while also increasing the employability of people and improving the competitiveness of European industries. Furthermore, against the current backdrop of alarmingly high unemployment figures in individual Member States, they provide an opportunity to bring labour supply and demand more into kilter again and, as a result, help ease tensions on the European labour market. At the same time, free movement either enables, as an essential condition, or stimulates the exercise by citizens of a broad range of rights available to them under Union law, such as their rights as consumers to access goods and services or their rights as passengers and tourists. Facilitating free movement has therefore the potential to enhance citizens' possibilities to fully benefit from the single market, whilst being a key driver for growth.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a decision

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States is highly valued by Union citizens as a core individual right deriving from Union citizenship. As such, it demonstrates and promotes a better understanding of the value of European integration, as well as citizens' participation in shaping the European Union. When extending aspects of their lives beyond national borders by travelling to other Member States or settling there, citizens become aware and take advantage of the broad array of rights granted to them under Union law in cross-border situations. Exercising the right to free movement and residence therefore contributes to making Union citizenship a tangible reality in the daily life of citizens.

(8) The right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States, inter alia for the purpose of work or study, is highly valued by Union citizens as a core individual right deriving from Union citizenship. As such, it demonstrates and promotes a better understanding of the value of European integration, as well as citizens' participation in shaping the European Union. When extending aspects of their lives beyond national borders by travelling to other Member States or settling there, citizens become aware and take advantage of the broad array of rights granted to them under Union law in cross-border situations. Exercising the right to free movement and residence therefore contributes to making Union citizenship a tangible reality in the daily life of citizens.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) Despite the fact that the right to free movement and residence is firmly anchored in primary Union law and substantially developed in secondary law, a gap still remains between the applicable legal rules and the reality confronting citizens when they seek to exercise this right in practice. Aside from an uncertainty over the advantages of being mobile, Union citizens perceive too many practical obstacles with regard to living and working elsewhere in the Union.

(9) Despite the fact that the right to free movement and residence is firmly anchored in primary Union law and substantially developed in secondary law, a gap still remains between the applicable legal rules and the reality confronting citizens when they seek to exercise this right in practice. Aside from an uncertainty over the advantages of being mobile, Union citizens encounter too many practical and unjustified obstacles with regard to living and in particular working elsewhere in the Union.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) Student mobility is given strong support, inter alia, by the Erasmus programme. However, obstacles remain, particularly as a result of deficiencies in the mutual recognition of diplomas and qualifications.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a decision

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Given that the right to free movement significantly improves individuals' lives, it is vital that information about the existence of this right and the conditions for exercising it is available as broadly as possible. As all Union citizens are potential beneficiaries of this right, awareness raising efforts should be made across the Union.

(11) Given that the right to free movement significantly improves individuals' lives, it is vital that easily accessible, transparent information about the existence of this right, the exercise of which also includes obligations to be met by citizens (e.g. proof of regular employment after three months’ residence), is available as broadly as possible. As all Union citizens are potential beneficiaries of this right, awareness raising efforts should be made across the Union.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) In particular, Union citizens considering whether to make use of their right to free movement should be informed about their rights to acquire or preserve social security rights by virtue of the Union rules on coordination of social security systems; these rules ensure that they will not lose out on their social security rights when choosing to move within Europe. They should further be informed about their right to obtain recognition of their professional qualifications and about the social and civic competences which form part of the European framework of ‘Key Competences for lifelong learning’ and which can equip them to fully participate in civic life and empower them to exercise their rights under Union law.

(13) In particular, Union citizens considering whether to make use of their right to free movement should be informed about their rights to acquire or preserve social security rights by virtue of the Union rules on coordination of social security systems; these rules ensure that they will not lose out on their social security rights when choosing to move within Europe. They should further be informed about their right to obtain recognition of their professional and academic qualifications and about the social and civic competences which form part of the European framework of ‘Key Competences for lifelong learning’ and which can equip them to fully participate in civic life and empower them to comprehensively exercise their rights under Union law.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a) Citizens of the Union, in particular potentially mobile workers in cross-border regions, should be made aware of the European Job Mobility Portal, where they can get information about European Employment Services (the Eures network) and its objectives.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13b) Citizens of the Union should also be made aware of the European e-Justice portal, which provides information on justice systems and improves access to justice throughout the Union in 22 languages.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a decision

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14) In this context, citizens should also be better informed of their rights as passengers travelling by any transport mode across the European Union and of their consumer rights across borders. If they are confident that their rights as consumers are effectively protected, they will contribute more to the development of the European-wide market for goods and services to its full potential and better enjoy its benefits. In the same vein, citizens should be better informed about rules on general product safety and market surveillance, so as to be aware of how their health and their rights are protected throughout the EU, particularly when it comes to threats or risks that they cannot deal with as individuals. It would be further important to enhance citizens' awareness of their rights to cross-border healthcare, so that they are able to fully benefit from safe and good quality healthcare across European borders.

(14) In this context, citizens should also be better informed of their rights as passengers travelling by any transport mode across the European Union and of their consumer rights across borders. If they are confident that their rights as consumers are effectively protected, and if they have full access to low-cost and straightforward dispute settlement procedures (e.g. in connection with on-line purchases), they will contribute more to the development of the European-wide market for goods and services to its full potential and better enjoy its benefits. In the same vein, citizens should be better informed about rules on general product safety and market surveillance, so as to be aware of how their health and their rights are protected throughout the EU, particularly when it comes to threats or risks that they cannot deal with as individuals. It would be further important to enhance citizens' awareness of their rights to cross-border healthcare, so that they are able to fully benefit from safe and good quality healthcare across European borders. In this connection, reference should also be made to the vast potential of eHealth and telemedicine not only for the simplification of cross-border health care, but also for improving the quality and increasing the efficiency of national medical services.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a decision

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Enhanced citizens’ awareness of the benefits of these rights for them individually and for society can also contribute to a stronger sense of belonging and adherence to the Union.

(16) Enhanced citizens’ awareness of the benefits of these rights for them individually and for society can also contribute to a stronger sense of belonging and adherence to the Union. The Commission ought also to ensure that local, regional and national authority representatives, civil society and the media are more closely involved in helping citizens improve their understanding of the impact that European policies have on national and local policies. The information campaigns carried out as part of the European Year must therefore also comprehensively communicate the added value of such rights and, in so doing, ensure that all Union citizens, without exception, become fully aware of their Union citizenship

Amendment  22

Proposal for a decision

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) A European Year of Citizens in 2013 will provide a very timely opportunity to raise the awareness of the general public about the rights attached to Union citizenship and thus to contribute to the objective of facilitating the exercise of the right to free movement.

(17) A European Year of Citizens in 2013 will provide a very timely opportunity to raise the awareness of the general public about the rights attached to Union citizenship, to identify and remove obstacles to the full enjoyment of those rights and to contribute towards facilitating the exercise of the right to free movement, in particular by ensuring the participation of representatives of civil society. To this extent, and in order to achieve a better flow of information for citizens, broad and effective reporting on the Union by all Member States' media will be needed.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a decision

Recital 21 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(21a) In the context of the planned European Year of Citizens (2013), appropriate measures should also be taken to prevent and condemn all forms of intolerance, discrimination, humiliation and xenophobia affecting citizens who exercise their right to free movement and who travel, settle and work in the Union.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a decision

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22) The primary responsibility for raising citizens' awareness of their rights as Union citizens rests with Member States; action at Union level complements and supplements national actions in this respect, as highlighted in the political declaration "Communicating Europe in Partnership" signed on 22 October 2008 by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission.

(22) The primary responsibility for raising citizens' awareness of their rights as Union citizens rests with Member States. They should discharge their obligations to the full and meet their responsibility for the Europe we share. This includes providing an intensive flow of accompanying information and targeted reporting on the activities of all EU institutions. Action at Union level complements and supplements national, regional and local actions in this respect, as highlighted in the political declaration "Communicating Europe in Partnership" signed on 22 October 2008 by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a decision

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Union funding for other activities than those funded under the budget of the European Year may be given through existing Union programmes or the Structural Funds, in particular the "Europe for Citizens" programme and the "Fundamental Rights and Citizenship" programme,

(25) Union funding for other activities than those funded under the budget of the European Year may be given through existing Union programmes or the Structural Funds, in particular the Europe for Citizens programme, the Fundamental Rights and Citizenship programme, the Erasmus programme and the Youth on the Move initiative.

Amendment  26

Proposal for a decision

Recital 25 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(25a) A thorough evaluation of the outcomes of the measures carried out as part of the European Year of Citizens is a prerequisite for the success of future European Years. The objective must be a comprehensive assessment of how the European Year was run and what its tangible impact was which, in some cases, includes comparable quantitative factors (e.g. how many persons were targeted by what measures).

Amendment  27

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The general purpose of the European Year shall be to enhance awareness of the rights attached to Union citizenship, in order to help citizens make full use of their right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States. In this context, the European Year shall focus, among others, on the opportunities for civic participation and access to rights by Union citizens residing in another Member State than their own, by students, workers, consumers, and providers of goods and services across the Union.

The general purpose of the European Year shall be to facilitate the exercise of Union citizens' rights, in particular, the right to move and reside freely within the territory of the Union. In this context, the European Year shall focus, among others, on the opportunities for civic participation and access to rights by European citizens residing in another Member State than their own, by students, workers, consumers, and providers of goods and services across the Union. It will thus serve to highlight the concrete benefits of European citizenship for individuals and the importance of their participation in shaping the European project, as well as, indirectly, to enhance Europeans' sense of belonging to the European Union. The European Year delivers on to the Commission's political objective to put the citizen at the heart of the European Union policy agenda and to help the Union become a tangible reality in citizens' daily lives, by giving real effect to their rights.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of their right to move and reside freely within the European Union and more generally the rights guaranteed to Union citizens in cross-border situations, including their right to participate in the democratic life of the Union;

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of their rights guaranteed to Union citizens in cross-border situations, including their right to participate in the democratic life of the Union;

(See Amendment to indent 3)

Amendment  29

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- to raise Union citizens' awareness of their right to vote in local and European elections in any Member State in which they reside;

Amendment  30

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

- to raise Union citizens' awareness of how they can tangibly benefit from Union rights and policies while living in another Member State, and to stimulate their active participation in civic fora on Union policies and issues;

- to raise Union citizens' awareness of how they can tangibly benefit from Union rights and policies while living in another Member State, and to stimulate their active participation in civic fora on Union policies and issues, but also to draw their attention to the still existing obstacles to exercising those rights and the conditions that must be met in order to exercise them;

Amendment  31

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 - paragraph 2 - indent 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- to develop a better network of information resources and powerful communication, including interactive, tools and to provide information in all the Union languages about the policies adopted at Union level and the impact on people's private and professional life;

Amendment  32

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– to stimulate the active participation of Union citizens in civic fora on Union policies and issues;

Amendment  33

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– to stimulate a debate about the impact and potential of the right to free movement, as an inalienable aspect of Union citizenship, in particular in terms of strengthening societal cohesion and mutual understanding between Union citizens and the bond between citizens and the Union.

– to raise Union citizens' awareness of their right to move and reside freely within the European Union and more generally to stimulate a debate about the impact and potential of the right to free movement, as an inalienable aspect of Union citizenship, in particular in terms of strengthening societal cohesion and mutual understanding between Union citizens and the bond between citizens and the Union;

Amendment  34

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- to raise Union citizens' awareness of their rights, under Union law, of access to education, social programmes and health care to the same extent as nationals of the Member State in which they reside;

Amendment  35

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 3 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- to raise Unions citizens' and authorities' awareness of the appropriate measures to prevent and condemn all forms of intolerance, discrimination, humiliation and xenophobia affecting citizens who exercise their right to free movement and who travel, settle and work in the Union; to encourage the defence of fundamental rights, freedoms and European values and combat all forms of extremism, as well as for the European Commission, as the guardian of the Treaties, to intervene in the circumstances where such situations occur in order to prevent  the division of European citizens into two categories.

Amendment  36

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 3 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– to create awareness of the fact that not only individuals who leave their country of origin benefit from their status as Union citizens, but that the rights associated with Union citizenship provide every Union citizen in their homeland, without exception, with tangible added value in their everyday lives too.

Amendment  37

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 3 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- to raise Union citizens' awareness of their rights to join a citizens' initiative under Article 11(4) TEU; 

Amendment  38

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 3 e (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- to raise Union citizens' awareness of their rights to protection by any Member State's diplomatic mission in a third country when their own Member State is not represented.

Amendment  39

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – indent 3 f (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– to raise Union citizens' awareness about their right to work in another Member State and to promote this freedom by cooperating with all the relevant European and national stakeholders;

Amendment  40

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 - paragraph 1 - indent 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

- information, education and awareness raising campaigns targeted at the general public and more specific audiences;

- information, education and awareness campaigns targeting the public and more specific audiences, with the participation of local, regional and national authorities and civil society including NGOs and grassroots organisations;

Amendment  41

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 - paragraph 1 - indent 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

- strengthening of the role and visibility of the multilingual Europe Direct and Your Europe web portal as key elements of a 'one-stop-shop' information system on Union citizens' rights;

- strengthening of the role and visibility of the information networks physically consultable in the Member States and the multilingual Europe Direct, Eures and Your Europe web portal as key elements of a 'one-stop-shop' information system on Union citizens' rights;

Amendment  42

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 - paragraph 1 - indent 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

- strengthening of the role and visibility of problem solving tools, such as SOLVIT, to allow Union citizens to better make use of and defend their rights.

- strengthening of the role and visibility of problem solving tools and bodies, such as Solvit, and the European Parliament's Committee on Petitions and the European Ombudsman, in order to allow Union citizens to better make use of and defend their rights under Union law.

Amendment  43

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 6 а (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- stepping up the provision of information on citizens’ rights and their right of petition, especially through the European Parliament's information offices in the Member States and the network of national ombudsmen.

Amendment  44

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 6 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– active support for comprehensive and objective media reporting on the part of the Member States.

Amendment  45

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The Commission shall cooperate closely with the European Parliament to coordinate joint actions to promote the European Year of Citizens. 

Amendment  46

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall convene meetings of representatives of European organisations or bodies active in the field of defending citizens’ rights and stakeholders to assist the Commission in implementing the European Year at Union level.

The Commission shall convene meetings of representatives of European civil society organisations or bodies active in the field of defending citizens’ rights and stakeholders, such as the European social partners, to assist for example the Commission in implementing the European Year at Union level. It shall also organise seminars and events as well as media campaigns in all Member States, for the better information of all citizens.

Amendment  47

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Budget

 

The financial envelope for the activities to take place during the 2013 European Year of Citizens shall be EUR 5 million.

Amendment  48

Proposal for a decision

Annex – part B – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

No co-financing initiatives are foreseen.

Other Union programmes,such as "Europe for Citizens" programme and the "Fundamental Rights and Citizenship" programme, could be used to co-finance activities under the European Year of Citizens.

(See Amendment to article 5(2))

PROCEDURE

Title

European Year of Citizens (2013)

References

COM(2011)0489 – C7-0217/2011 – 2011/0217(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

LIBE

13.9.2011

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

PETI

13.9.2011

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Nikolaos Salavrakos

3.10.2011

 

 

 

Date adopted

19.3.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

21

1

0

Members present for the final vote

Margrete Auken, Elena Băsescu, Heinz K. Becker, Victor Boştinaru, Philippe Boulland, Simon Busuttil, Giles Chichester, Carlos José Iturgaiz Angulo, Peter Jahr, Lena Kolarska-Bobińska, Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez, Erminia Mazzoni, Judith A. Merkies, Ana Miranda, Mariya Nedelcheva, Chrysoula Paliadeli, Nikolaos Salavrakos, Jarosław Leszek Wałęsa

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Zoltán Bagó, Kinga Göncz, Gerald Häfner, Norica Nicolai, Cristian Dan Preda

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Mario Pirillo


PROCEDURE

Title

European Year of Citizens (2013)

References

COM(2011)0489 – C7-0217/2011 – 2011/0217(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

11.8.2011

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

LIBE

13.9.2011

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

EMPL

13.9.2011

CULT

13.9.2011

AFCO

13.9.2011

PETI

13.9.2011

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Antigoni Papadopoulou

11.10.2011

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

17.10.2011

9.2.2012

28.2.2012

8.5.2012

 

3.9.2012

 

 

 

Date adopted

3.9.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

45

2

2

Members present for the final vote

Jan Philipp Albrecht, Edit Bauer, Simon Busuttil, Philip Claeys, Carlos Coelho, Agustín Díaz de Mera García Consuegra, Ioan Enciu, Frank Engel, Monika Flašíková Beňová, Kinga Gál, Kinga Göncz, Nathalie Griesbeck, Sylvie Guillaume, Anna Hedh, Salvatore Iacolino, Lívia Járóka, Teresa Jiménez-Becerril Barrio, Juan Fernando López Aguilar, Baroness Sarah Ludford, Monica Luisa Macovei, Véronique Mathieu, Anthea McIntyre, Louis Michel, Antigoni Papadopoulou, Georgios Papanikolaou, Carmen Romero López, Judith Sargentini, Birgit Sippel, Rui Tavares, Nils Torvalds, Axel Voss, Renate Weber, Josef Weidenholzer, Cecilia Wikström, Auke Zijlstra

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Anna Maria Corazza Bildt, Cornelis de Jong, Evelyne Gebhardt, Monika Hohlmeier, Franziska Keller, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Antonio Masip Hidalgo, Jan Mulder, Raül Romeva i Rueda, Marie-Christine Vergiat, Glenis Willmott

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Ádám Kósa, Justas Vincas Paleckis, Iuliu Winkler

Date tabled

21.9.2012

Last updated: 11 October 2012Legal notice