Procedure : 2011/0461(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A7-0003/2013

Texts tabled :

A7-0003/2013

Debates :

PV 10/12/2013 - 6
CRE 10/12/2013 - 6

Votes :

PV 10/12/2013 - 7.22

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2013)0540

REPORT     ***I
PDF 725kDOC 1134k
8 January 2013
PE 490.991v02-00 A7-0003/2013

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism

(COM(2011)0934 – C7-0519/2011 – 2011/0461(COD))

Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

Rapporteur: Elisabetta Gardini

Rapporteur for opinion (*): Michèle Striffler, Committee on Development

(*) Associated committee – Rule 50 of the Rules of Procedure

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Development (*)
 OPINION of the Committee on Foreign Affairs
 OPINION of the Committee on Budgets
 OPINION of the Committee on Regional Development
 PROCEDURE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism

(COM(2011)0934 – C7-0519/2011 – 2011/0461(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2011)0934),

–   having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 196 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C7-0519/2011),

–   having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to Rule 55 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety and the opinions of the Committee on Development , the Committee on Foreign Affaires, the Committee on Budgets and the Committee on Regional Development (A7-0003/2013),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Points out that the financial envelope specified in the legislative proposal constitutes only an indication to the legislative authority and cannot be fixed until agreement is reached on the proposal for a regulation laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020;

3.  Recalls its resolution of 8 June 2011 on Investing in the future: a new Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for a competitive, sustainable and inclusive Europe(1); reiterates that sufficient additional resources are needed in the next MFF in order to enable the Union to fulfil its existing policy priorities and the new tasks provided for in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), as well as to respond to unforeseen events; challenges the Council, if it does not share this approach, to clearly identify which of its political priorities or projects could be dropped altogether, despite their proven European added value; points out that even with an increase in the level of resources for the next MFF of at least 5% compared to the 2013 level only a limited contribution can be made to the achievement of the Union’s agreed objectives and commitments and the principle of Union solidarity;

4.   Recalls that in its resolution of 8 June 2011 on Investing in the future: a Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for a competitive, sustainable and inclusive Europe1, the European Parliament identified civil protection (Article 196 TFEU) as one of the fields where the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon has provided the Union with significant new prerogatives and recalls in this context Article 311 TFEU which requires the Union to provide itself with the means necessary to attain its objectives and carry out its policies;

5.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it intends to amend its proposal substantially or replace it with another text;

6.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment  1

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) In view of the significant increase in the numbers and severity of natural and man-made disasters in recent years and in a situation where future disasters are likely to be more extreme and more complex with far reaching and longer-term consequences, resulting, in particular, from climate change and potential interaction between several natural and technological hazards, an integrated approach to disaster management is increasingly important. The Union should support, coordinate and supplement actions of Member States in the field of civil protection with a view to improving the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters.

(1) There has been a significant increase in the numbers and severity of natural and man-made disasters in recent years. Future disasters are likely to be more extreme and more complex with far reaching and longer-term consequences, resulting, in particular, from climate change, which has a disproportionate effect on developing countries, and potential interaction between several natural and technological hazards. There is, therefore, an urgent need to leave behind the system of ad hoc coordination and move towards an efficient European disaster management mechanism based on an integrated approach. The Union should support, coordinate and supplement actions of Member States in the field of civil protection with a view to improving the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a decision

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The protection to be ensured under the Union Civil Protection Mechanism should cover primarily people, but also the environment and property, including cultural heritage, against all natural and man-made disasters, including acts of terrorism and technological, radiological and environmental accidents, marine pollution and acute health emergencies, occurring inside or outside the Union. Civil protection and other emergency assistance may be required in all of these disasters to complement the response capabilities of the affected country.

The protection to be ensured under the Union Civil Protection Mechanism should cover primarily people, but also the environment and property, including cultural heritage, against all natural and man-made disasters, including acts of terrorism and technological, radiological and environmental accidents, marine pollution and acute health emergencies, occurring inside or outside the Union. Civil protection and other emergency assistance may be required in all of these disasters to complement the response capabilities of the affected country and of its competent authorities, including regional and local authorities, which are closest to dealing with the problems.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a decision

Recital 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a) Under Article 222 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, the European Union and its Member States are bound to act jointly in a spirit of solidarity if a Member State is the object of a terrorist attack or the victim of a natural or man-made disaster. The Mechanism should play a major role in the implementation of Article 222 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, by making available its resources and capabilities as necessary.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a decision

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) The Civil Protection Mechanism constitutes a visible expression of European solidarity by ensuring a practical and timely contribution to prevention of and preparedness for disasters and the response to major disasters and imminence thereof. This Decision should therefore not affect the reciprocal rights and obligations of the Member States under bilateral or multilateral treaties, which relate to the matters covered by this Decision, nor Member States' responsibility to protect people, the environment and property on their territory.

(4) The Civil Protection Mechanism constitutes a visible, concrete and important expression of European solidarity by ensuring a practical, integrated, effective and timely contribution to consistent prevention of and preparedness for disasters and the response to major disasters and imminence thereof. However, as it is primarily the responsibility of Member States to protect people, the environment and property on their territory against disasters and to ensure their emergency management systems have sufficient capabilities, this Decision does not affect either that responsibility or the reciprocal rights and obligations of the Member States under bilateral or multilateral treaties, which relate to the matters covered by this Decision.

Justification

The amendment further emphasises that primary responsibility for civil protection lies with the Member States.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a decision

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The Mechanism should take due account of relevant Union legislation and international commitments, and exploit synergies with relevant Union initiatives, such as the European Earth monitoring programme (GMES), the European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (EPCIP) and the Common Information Sharing Environment (CISE).

(5) The Mechanism should take due account of relevant Union legislation and international commitments, and exploit synergies with relevant Union initiatives, such as the European Earth monitoring programme (GMES), the European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (EPCIP) and the Common Information Sharing Environment (CISE), as well as the Funds covered by Regulation (EU) No ..../.... of the European Parliament and of the Council of ... [laying down common provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund covered by the Common Strategic Framework and laying down general provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund and the Cohesion Fund], and instruments of external action.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a decision

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) The Mechanism should include a general policy framework for Union disaster risk prevention actions aimed at achieving a high level of protection and resilience against disasters by preventing or reducing their effects and by fostering a culture of prevention. Risk management plans are essential to ensure an integrated approach to disaster management, linking risk prevention, preparedness and response actions. Therefore, the Mechanism should include a general framework for their communication and implementation.

(6) The Mechanism should include a general, integrated policy framework for Union disaster risk prevention actions aimed at achieving a high level of protection and resilience against, and response to, disasters by preventing or reducing their effects and by fostering a culture of prevention. Risk management plans are essential to ensure an integrated approach to disaster management, linking risk prevention, preparedness and response actions. Therefore, the Mechanism should include a general framework for the preparation, communication, minimum content requirements, and implementation of such plans. The Commission should develop and update guidelines for the structure of such plans, in order to facilitate their comparability and compatibility.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a decision

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) Prevention is of key importance for protection against disasters and requires further action as called for in the Council Conclusions of 30 November 2009 and in the European Parliament Resolution of 21 September 2010 on the Commission's Communication a ‘Community approach on the prevention of natural and man-made disasters‘.

(7) Effective prevention measures are the key to protecting the population effectively against disasters. Prevention requires further action as called for in the Council Conclusions of 30 November 2009 and in the European Parliament Resolution of 21 September 2010 on the Commission's Communication a ‘Community approach on the prevention of natural and man-made disasters‘, including due consideration of the likely impacts of climate change and the need for appropriate adaptation action.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) By contributing to the further development of detection and early warning systems, the Union should assist Member States in minimising the lead time to respond to disasters and to alert Union citizens. These systems should take into account and build upon existing and future information sources and systems.

(9) By contributing to the further development and better integration of detection and early warning systems, the Union should assist Member States in minimising the lead time to respond to disasters and to alert Union citizens. These systems should take into account and build upon existing and future information and telecommunications sources and systems as well as encourage innovative approaches. The Commission’s Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection and national civil protection services should cooperate closely.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a decision

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) The development of civil protection assistance intervention modules, consisting of resources of one or more Member States which aim to be fully interoperable, is pursued at Union level in order to contribute to the development of a civil protection rapid response capability. Modules should be organised at the level of the Member States and subject to their direction and command.

(12) The development of civil protection assistance intervention modules on a voluntary basis, consisting of resources of one or more Member States which aim to be fully interoperable, is pursued at Union level in order to contribute to the development of a civil protection rapid response capability. Modules should be organised at the level of the Member States and subject to their direction and command. Special attention should be paid in this respect to the civil protection capacities in the border areas of the Member States.

Justification

The voluntary nature of module development has to be clearly spelt out.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) The Mechanism should make it possible to mobilise and facilitate coordination of assistance interventions. The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities from the Member States, trained experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions.

(13) The Mechanism should make it possible to mobilise and facilitate coordination of assistance interventions. The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities from the Member States, trained emergency management experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions by promoting examples of good practice.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) The Mechanism should make it possible to mobilise and facilitate coordination of assistance interventions. The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities from the Member States, trained experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions.

(13) The Mechanism should make it possible to mobilise and facilitate coordination of assistance interventions. The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre coordinated with existing national, regional and local structures, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities from the Member States, trained experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions

Amendment  12

Proposal for a decision

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14) In order to improve the planning of disaster response operations and to ensure the availability of key capacities, it is necessary to develop reference scenarios for the main types of disasters, map key existing capacities available in Member States, develop contingency plans for the deployment of the capacities and develop a European Emergency Response Capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities of Member States. The contingency planning exercise could also be used to determine whether there are gaps in the emergency response capacities available in the Member States that may be filled with capacities to be developed with Union support, which would be shared across the Union.

(14) In order to improve the planning of disaster response operations and to ensure the availability of key capacities, it is necessary to develop reference scenarios for the main types of disasters, map key existing capacities available in Member States, develop contingency plans for the deployment of the capacities and develop a European Emergency Response Capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities of Member States. The contingency planning exercise could also be used to determine whether there are gaps in the emergency response capacities available in the Member States that may be filled with capacities to be developed with Union support, which would be shared across the Union. The reference scenarios and contingency plans, however, should be handled with some flexibility to allow adjustments to be made to the response plans according to the needs of the particular disaster situation.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a decision

Recital 14 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14a) The Member States’ various permanent facilities around the world, especially military bases and platforms, should also serve as support bases to facilitate the pre-positioning of logistics and resources and EU disaster response operations.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a decision

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) With respect to disaster response assistance interventions outside the Union, the Mechanism should facilitate and support actions undertaken by the Member States and the Union as a whole in order to promote consistency in international civil protection work. The United Nations, where present, has an overall coordinating role for relief operations in third countries. Assistance provided under the Mechanism should be coordinated with the United Nations and other relevant international actors to maximise the use of available resources and avoid any unnecessary duplication of effort. Enhanced coordination of civil protection assistance through the Mechanism is a prerequisite to supporting the overall coordination effort and ensuring a comprehensive Union contribution to the overall relief effort. In major disasters where assistance is provided under both the Mechanism and Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid, the Commission shall ensure the effectiveness, coherence and complementarities of the overall Union response respecting the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid.

(15) With respect to disaster response assistance interventions outside the Union, the Mechanism should facilitate and support actions undertaken by the Member States and the Union as a whole in order to promote consistency in international civil protection work. The United Nations, where present, has an overall coordinating role for relief operations in third countries. Assistance provided under the Mechanism should be coordinated with the United Nations and other relevant international actors, particularly humanitarian NGOs, with a view to maximising the use of available resources and avoid any unnecessary duplication of effort. Enhanced coordination of civil protection assistance through the Mechanism is a prerequisite to supporting the overall coordination effort and ensuring a comprehensive Union contribution to the overall relief effort. In major disasters where assistance is provided under both the Mechanism and Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid, the Commission shall ensure the effectiveness, coherence and complementarities of the overall Union response, as well as due consideration for and involvement of humanitarian NGOs, respecting the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a decision

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) The availability of adequate means of transport needs to be improved to support the development of a rapid response capability at the Union level The Union should support and supplement the efforts of Member States by facilitating the pooling of transport resources of Member States and contributing, where necessary, to the financing of additional means of transport subject to certain criteria.

(16) The accessibility of transport in all EU regions and the availability and speed of adequate means of transport need to be improved to support the development of a rapid response capability at Union level. The Union should support and supplement the efforts of Member States by facilitating the coordination and pooling of transport resources of Member States and contributing, where necessary, to the financing of additional means of transport subject to certain criteria. In the event of a disaster outside the Union, the question of the availability of means of transport should take account of existing systems (UN, NATO and Member States).

Amendment  16

Proposal for a decision

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) Where the use of military capacities is considered in support of civil protection operations to be appropriate, cooperation with the military should follow the modalities, procedures and criteria established by the Council or its competent bodies for making available to the Mechanism military capacities relevant to the protection of civilian populations.

(19) The use of military means under civilian oversight as a last resort often constitutes an important contribution to disaster response. Where the use of military capacities as a last resort is considered in support of civil protection operations to be appropriate, cooperation with the military should follow the modalities, procedures and criteria established by the Council or its competent bodies as well as "The Guidelines on the Use of Foreign Military and Civil Defence Assets in Disaster Relief" (Oslo Guidelines, rev. 1.1 of 2007) of the UN for making available to the Mechanism military capacities relevant to the protection of civilian populations.

Justification

The use of military resources can make an important contribution to disaster response in particular for specialised assets, strategic lifting or heavy engineering. That, however, should always be a last resort and should be in compliance with the "Oslo Guidelines" on The Use of Foreign Military and Civil Defence Assets In Disaster Relief (Revision 1.1 of 2007).

Amendment  17

Proposal for a decision

Recital 20 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(20a) In order to supplement the provisions of this Decision, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of establishing and managing the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) and specifying the functioning of the Common Emergency Communication and Information System; specifying the conditions for identifying modules and the general requirements for their functioning and interoperability; establishing conditions for resources available for assistance intervention; specifying the functioning of the European emergency response capactity (EERC) as a voluntary pool, the capacity goals for the EERC, the interoperability and quality requirements for capacities in the EERC, and the process for certification and registration of capacities; specifying the modalities for addressing capacity gaps; defining the aim, the content, the structure, the organisation, and the target group of the training programme and the training network; specifying the procedure for responding to major disasters or imminent major disasters within and outside the Union; specifying the functioning of the expert teams and the conditions of selection, dispatching and disengaging an expert team; specifying the level of detail of the information on equipment and transport resources and specifying the procedures for the identification of such equipment and resources and for the provision of additional transport resources; specifying the procedure for requesting and deciding on granting Union financial support for transport; and adopting the annual work programmes. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and Council.

Justification

Detailed measures for the functioning of the Mechanism, which are of general application and which are meant to supplement the basic act, have to be adopted via delegated acts and not via implementing acts. The draft report revises the Commission proposal to a large extent, and introduces delegated acts where the conditions of Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union are met.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a decision

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21) In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Decision, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers, in particular in accordance with the examination procedure.

(21) In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Decision, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission with respect to the managing the process for certification and registration of capacities of the EERC and applications for funding from third countries. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers, in particular in accordance with the examination procedure.

Justification

The scope of implementing acts has to be precisely defined in the recital.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a decision

Article 1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Union Civil Protection Mechanism (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Mechanism’) shall aim to support, coordinate and supplement the actions of the Member States in the field of civil protection in improving the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters.

1. The Union Civil Protection Mechanism (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Mechanism’) shall aim to strengthen cooperation between Member States and the Union in the field of civil protection, and to facilitate coordination in order to improve the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters and emergencies.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a decision

Article 1 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The protection to be ensured by the Mechanism shall cover primarily people, but also the environment and property, including cultural heritage, against all natural and man-made disasters, including acts of terrorism, technological, radiological or environmental accidents, marine pollution and acute health emergencies, occurring inside or outside the Union.

2. The protection to be ensured by the Mechanism shall cover primarily people, but also the environment and property, including cultural heritage, against all natural or man-made disasters, including acts of terrorism, technological, radiological or environmental accidents, marine pollution and acute health emergencies, occurring inside or outside the Union.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a decision

Article 1 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Union intervention enhances prevention, preparedness and response capacity of Member States to face major disasters minimising human and material loss. The objective of this Decision cannot be sufficiently achieved by Member States operating alone and can be better achieved at Union level by reason of the scale or effects of the proposed action.

3. The Union’s supporting, coordinating and supplementary measures enhance prevention, preparedness and response capacity of Member States to face major disasters minimising especially human, but also environmental and material losses. It is possible to work at Union level towards the objective of rendering the Mechanism more efficient and effective, and of mobilising resources more quickly, while the Member States still retain their individual responsibility.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a decision

Article 1 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. The Mechanism shall not affect Member States' responsibility to protect people, the environment and property on their territory against disasters and endowing their emergency management systems with sufficient capabilities to enable them to cope adequately with disasters of a magnitude and nature that can reasonably be expected and prepared for.

5. The Mechanism shall not affect Member States' primary responsibility to protect people, the environment and property on their territory against disasters and endowing their emergency management systems with sufficient capabilities and resources to enable them to cope adequately and in a consistent manner with disasters of a magnitude and nature that can reasonably be expected and prepared for.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. This Decision shall apply to actions to assist with the response to immediate adverse consequences of a major disaster regardless of its nature, inside or outside the Union, where a request is made for assistance in accordance with this Decision.

2. This Decision shall apply to actions to assist with the response to immediate adverse consequences of a major disaster regardless of its nature, inside or outside the Union, including the countries referred to in Article 28(1), where a decision to intervene has been taken following a request for assistance in accordance with this Decision.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. This Decision shall take into account the special needs of isolated, outermost and other regions or islands of the Union in the case of a disaster.

3. This Decision shall take into account the assets and special needs of isolated, outermost and other regions or islands of the Union as well as the overseas countries and territories that are associated with it in the case of a disaster.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) to achieve a high level of protection against disasters by preventing or reducing their effects and by fostering a culture of prevention;

(a) to achieve a high level of protection against disasters by preventing or reducing their effects, by fostering a culture of prevention and by improving cooperation between civil protection and other competent services;

Amendment  26

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) to enhance the Union's state of preparedness to respond to disasters;

(b) to enhance the Member States' and the Union's state of preparedness to respond to disasters;

Amendment  27

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 - point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) to increase public awareness and preparedness for major disasters.

Justification

The special Eurobarometer 383 on Civil Protection conducted in February-March 2012 identified that EU citizens generally express a high level of concern about man-made and natural disasters, but they have a low level of awareness of EU actions in this area. 75% said they are concerned about oil spills and nuclear accidents, 67% - about floods and earthquakes. Only 38% in EU27 were aware of the EU's coordination role of civil protection actions inside and outside of the EU.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Progress towards the achievement of the specific objectives set out in paragraph 1 shall be assessed through indicators that cover inter alia:

2. Progress towards the achievement of the specific objectives set out in paragraph 1 shall be assessed through common indicators that cover inter alia:

Amendment  29

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) progress in implementing the disaster prevention framework measured by the number of Member States with disaster management plans as set out in Article 4;

(a) progress in implementing the disaster prevention framework measured by the number of Member States with risk management plans as set out in Article 6;

Justification

The term used throughout the proposal is "risk management plan" so the terminology of this point has to be aligned.

Amendment  30

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) progress in increasing the level of readiness for disasters measured by the number of response capacities available for emergency interventions under the Mechanism and the degree of their interoperability;

(b) progress in increasing the level of readiness for disasters measured by the number of response capacities available for emergency interventions under the Mechanism and the degree of their interoperability, as well as the effectiveness of detection and early-warning systems;

Amendment  31

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) progress in improving the response to disasters measured by the speed and degree of coordination of interventions under the Mechanism and the adequacy of assistance provided to the needs on the ground.

(c) progress in improving the response to disasters measured by the speed and degree of coordination of interventions and services under the Mechanism and the adequacy of assistance provided to the needs on the ground.

Amendment  32

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. "disaster" means any situation, which has or may have an adverse impact on people, the environment or property;

1. "disaster" means any situation – whether of man-made origin or resulting from natural phenomena – which has or may have an adverse impact on people, the environment, property or cultural heritage.

Justification

It is important to distinguish man-made disasters (such as political unrest or armed conflicts) from those resulting from natural phenomena, since the issues and rules for relief interventions (humanitarian and civil protection) vary depending on the context.

Amendment  33

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – point 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. ‘prevention’ means any action aimed at reducing risks or prevent harm to people, the environment or property resulting from disasters;

5. ‘prevention’ means any action aimed at reducing risks or prevent harm to people, the environment, property or cultural heritage resulting from disasters;

Amendment  34

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – point 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

9. ‘risk management plan’ means planning instrument prepared by a Member State to foresee risks, to estimate their impacts, and to develop, select and implement measures to reduce, adapt to and mitigate the risks and their impacts cost-effectively, as well as to set the framework for integrating different sector or hazard-specific risk management instruments into a common overall plan;

9. ‘risk management plan’ means planning instrument prepared by a Member State to foresee potential risks, to estimate their impacts, and to develop, select and implement sustainable measures to reduce, adapt to and mitigate the risks and their impacts cost-effectively, as well as to set the framework for integrating different sector or hazard-specific risk management instruments into a common overall plan;

Amendment  35

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – point 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

10. "host nation support" means any action undertaken in the preparedness and response phases by country receiving assistance and transit countries to remove foreseeable obstacles to the delivery and use of international assistance;

10. "host nation support" means any action undertaken in the preparedness and response phases by countries receiving and sending assistance and transit countries, as well as by the Commission, to remove foreseeable obstacles to the delivery and use of international assistance;

Justification

In line with the Council conclusions on Host Nation Support adopted by the JHA Council on 2-3 December 2010, and the EU Host Nation Support Guidelines adopted by the Civil Protection Committee, countries sending assistance and the Commission also have a role in ensuring that disaster preparedness and response operations proceed smoothly.

Amendment  36

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) take action to improve the knowledge base on disaster risks and facilitate the sharing of knowledge, best practices and information;

(a) take action to improve the knowledge base on disaster risks and facilitate cooperation and the sharing of knowledge, best practices and information, both at Union level and among Member States at macro- or sub-regional level, where territories face similar disaster risks;

Amendment  37

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) support and promote Members States' risk assessment and mapping;

(b) support and promote Members States' risk assessment and mapping and, building on its Risk Assessment and Mapping Guidelines for Disaster Management, update, in cooperation with the Member States, those guidelines, in particular in the areas of terminology, methodology, impact assessment and scenarios;

Justification

In 2010 the Commission adopted guidelines on "Risk Assessment and Mapping for Disaster Management". In line with Point 12 of the Council conclusions on "Further developing risk assessment for disaster management within the European Union", adopted by the JHA Council on 11-12 April 2011, the Commission, working together with the Member States, should update those guidelines on risk assessment and mapping.

Amendment  38

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) establish and regularly update an overview of natural and man-made risks the Union may face taking into account the future impact of climate change;

(c) establish and regularly update an overview and map of natural and man-made risks the Union may face taking due account of the likely impacts of climate change, and put forward recommendations on ways of adapting national civil protection systems to cope with the impact of climate change;

Amendment  39

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) promote and support the development and implementation of Members States' risk management plans including guidelines on their content and provide for adequate incentives, where needed;

(d) promote and support the development, updating and implementation of Members States' risk management plans, including guidelines on their structure in order to facilitate their comparability and compatibility, and provide for adequate incentives, where needed;

Amendment  40

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) raise awareness about the importance of risk prevention and support Member States in public information, education and awareness-raising;

(e) raise awareness about the importance of risk prevention and support Member States and regional and local authorities in public information, education and sensitivity and awareness-raising;

Amendment  41

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point f a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fa) promote the use of Union funds for sustainable disaster prevention and encourage Member States and regions to exploit such funding opportunities;

Amendment              42

Proposal for a decision

Article 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 6

Article 6

Risk management plans

Risk management plans

1. In order to ensure an effective cooperation within the Mechanism, Members States shall communicate to the Commission their risk management plans.

1. In order to ensure the effectiveness of the Mechanism, Members States shall communicate to the Commission their risk management plans, taking into account the minimum content requirements set out in paragraph 1a.

 

1a. The risk management plans referred to under paragraph 1 shall, as a minimum, be a collation of the information from either national or regional plans, including, but not limited to, possible risks together with risk maps, capacities available, and contingency plans in place. The submission of information concerning both national and regional plans, as well as the plans themselves, and any relevant data, shall be encouraged.

2. The risk management plans shall take into account the national risk assessments and other relevant risk assessment and shall be coherent with other relevant plans in force in that Member State.

2. The risk management plans shall take into account the national, regional and local risk assessments and other relevant risk assessment, and shall be coherent with other relevant plans in force in that Member State, including any existing plans on climate change adaptation.

3. Member States shall ensure by the end of 2016 at the latest that their risk management plans are ready and communicated to the Commission in their most up-to-date form.

3. Member States shall ensure by the end of 2014, at the latest, that their risk management plans are ready and communicated to the Commission. Member States shall update their risk management plans every two years, and communicate those updated plans to the Commission.

 

3a. Member States shall make provision, in accordance with their national law, for the involvement of the regional and local authorities concerned and of specialised institutions in the preparation and updating of their risk management plans.

Amendment  43

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) establish and manage the Emergency Response Centre (ERC), ensuring 24/7 operational capacity, and serving the Member States and the Commission for the purposes of the Mechanism;

(a) establish and manage the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) in coordination with the existing national and regional bodies, ensuring 24/7 operational capacity, and serving the Member States and the Commission for the purposes of the Mechanism;

Amendment  44

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) manage a Common Emergency Communication and Information System (CECIS) to enable communication and sharing of information between the ERC and contact points of the Member States;

(b) manage a Common Emergency Communication and Information System (CECIS) to enable communication and sharing of information between the ERC and contact points of the Member States and promote its linkage to existing Commission and Council crisis coordination platforms;

Amendment  45

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) contribute to the development of detection and early warning and alert systems for disasters in order to enable a rapid response, and to promote their inter-linkage and their linkage to the ERC and the CECIS. Those systems shall take into account and build upon existing and future information, monitoring and detection sources and systems;

(c) contribute to the development and better integration of detection and early warning and alert systems for disasters in order to enable a rapid response, and to promote their linkage to the ERC and the CECIS. Those systems shall take into account and build upon existing and future information, monitoring and detection sources and systems;

Amendment  46

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – point d – indent 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– assessing the needs in a state requesting assistance,

– assessing the needs in a state or region requesting assistance,

Amendment  47

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – point d – indent 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– facilitating, when necessary, the coordination of emergency assistance operations on site and liaising, when necessary and appropriate, with the competent authorities of the state requesting assistance,

– facilitating, when necessary, the coordination of emergency assistance operations on site and liaising, when necessary and appropriate, with the competent national or regional authorities of the state requesting assistance,

Amendment  48

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) establish and maintain a capability to provide logistical support and assistance for expert teams, modules and other response capacities deployed under the Mechanism, as well as other actors on the ground;

(e) establish and maintain a capability to provide logistical support and assistance for expert teams, modules and other response capacities deployed under the Mechanism, which supports and complements the efforts of other actors on the ground including Member States;

Amendment  49

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – point f a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fa) develop and update guidelines on host nation support, in cooperation with the Member States, on the basis of operational experience;

Justification

In line with Points 13(c) and 14(a)of the Council conclusions on Host Nation Support adopted by the JHA Council on 2-3 December 2010 the Commission, together with the Member States, developed EU guidelines on Host Nation Support. These guidelines might need to be further updated in the future.

Amendment  50

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – point f b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fb) support the creation of voluntary peer review assessment programmes for the Member States' preparedness strategies, based on pre-defined criteria, that will enable recommendations to be formulated to strengthen the Union's level of preparedness;

Amendment  51

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to establish the ERC, to define its tasks, functioning and operational structures, and to specify the procedures to be followed by the ERC in the event of a major disaster or an imminent major disaster within or outside the Union.

Justification

The Emergency Response Centre is one of the core elements of the Mechanism, and its establishment and operation is vital to the proper functioning of the Mechanism. The ERC is operational in case of any disasters. These provisions form a general framework and are not specific to a particular, individual disaster; furthermore, these provisions are not related to the implementation of the basic act by the Member States. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts.

Amendment  52

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – paragraph 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1b. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to specify the functioning and operational methods of CECIS.

Justification

The Common Emergency Communication and Information System is one of the core elements of the Mechanism, and its operation is vital to the proper functioning of the Mechanism. The CECIS is operational in case of any disasters. These provisions form a general framework and are not specific to a particular, individual disaster; furthermore, these provisions are not related to the implementation of the basic act by the Member States. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts.

Amendment  53

Proposal for a decision

Article 8 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States shall work towards developing modules, in particular to meet priority intervention or support needs under the Mechanism.

1. Member States shall work on a voluntary basis towards developing modules, in particular to meet priority intervention or support needs under the Mechanism.

Justification

The voluntary nature of module development has to be clearly spelt out. The proposed text is in line with the existing legislation.

Amendment  54

Proposal for a decision

Article 8 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to specify the conditions for identifying modules and to specify general requirements for their functioning and interoperability.

Justification

Repositioning and amending Article 30, paragraph 1, point (d) of the proposal. Conditions for indentifying modules and the general requirements for the operation of modules form a general framework and are not specific to a particular, individual disaster; furthermore, these provisions are not related to the implementation of the basic act by the Member States. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts.

Amendment  55

Proposal for a decision

Article 9 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Member States shall consider providing, as required, other intervention support, which might be available from the competent services, such as specialised personnel and equipment to deal with a particular disaster, including for the purpose of Article 16(.7), and of calling upon resources, which may be provided by non-governmental organisations and other relevant entities.

3. Member States shall consider providing, as required, other intervention support, which might be available from the competent services, such as specialised personnel and equipment to deal with a particular disaster, including for the purpose of Article 16(7), and of calling upon resources, which may be provided by non-governmental organisations and other relevant entities. Each Member State shall reserve the right to make use of the capacities present on its territory.

Amendment  56

Proposal for a decision

Article 9 – paragraph 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7. Member States shall take the necessary actions to ensure host nation support for assistance coming from other Member States.

7. Member States and the Commission shall take the necessary actions to ensure host nation support for assistance.

Justification

Countries sending assistance and the Commission also have a role in ensuring that disaster preparedness and response operations proceed smoothly. The proposed text is in line with the definition used in Footnote 1 of the Council conclusions on Host Nation Support adopted by the JHA Council on 2-3 December 2010 as well as the EU Host Nation Support Guidelines adopted by the Civil Protection Committee.

Amendment  57

Proposal for a decision

Article 9 – paragraph 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

8a. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to establish conditions for resources applicable to experts, modules and other assistance intervention made available by Member States pursuant to paragraphs 1 to 4 of this Article.

Justification

Repositioning and amending Article 30, paragraph 1, point (e) of the proposal. The general conditions for resources available for assistance intervention form a general framework. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts. With regard to implementing acts, their scope has to be defined more precisely.

Amendment  58

Proposal for a decision

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Commission and Member States shall work together to improve the planning of response operations under the Mechanism. For this purpose:

1. The Commission and Member States shall work together to improve the planning of disaster response operations under the Mechanism. For this purpose:

Amendment  59

Proposal for a decision

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) Member States shall identify and map key existing capacities that could be made available for the response under the Mechanism to these scenarios and inform the Commission thereof;

(b) Member States shall, in cooperation with their regions, identify and map key existing capacities that could be made available for the response under the Mechanism to these scenarios and inform the Commission thereof;

Amendment  60

Proposal for a decision

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba) the Commission shall establish contact with interested non-governmental civil protection actors and, where possible, record what capacities they can make available for operations under the Mechanism;

Justification

Non-governmental civil protection actors are often willing to participate in operations within the Union and in third countries, and often own civil protection assets themselves. Whenever they are willing to participate, their support should be welcomed and if possible incorporated from an early stage.

Amendment  61

Proposal for a decision

Article 10 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The Commission and the Member States shall identify and ensure synergies between in-kind assistance and humanitarian aid funding provided by the Union and Member States in the planning of response operations outside the Union.

2. The Commission and the Member States shall identify and ensure synergies between in-kind assistance and humanitarian aid funding provided by the Union and Member States in the planning of response operations outside the Union and in tackling humanitarian crises.

Amendment  62

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. A European Emergency Response Capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed response capacities of Member States shall be established.

1. A European Emergency Response Capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed response capacities of Member States shall be established, which the Member States may draw on.

Amendment  63

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Commission shall define quality requirements for the capacities to be committed to the European Emergency Response Capacity. Member States shall be responsible for ensuring their quality.

3. The Commission shall, in cooperation with the Member States, define quality and interoperability requirements for the capacities to be committed to the European Emergency Response Capacity. Member States shall ensure that those requirements are met.

Justification

Capacities which are committed to the European Emergency Response Capacity have to be able to work together; to this end the Commission should define interoperability criteria.

Amendment  64

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. The Commission shall establish and manage a process for certification and registration of capacities that Member States make available to the European Emergency Response Capacity.

4. The Commission shall establish and manage a process for certification, registration and regular auditing of capacities that Member States are able to make available to the European Emergency Response Capacity.

Amendment  65

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to specify:

 

(a) the functioning of the EERC as a voluntary pool;

 

(b) the capacity goals pursuant to paragraph 2 of this Article;

 

(c) the interoperability and quality requirements pursuant to paragraph 3 of this Article; and

 

(d) the process for certification, registration and regular auditing of capacities pursuant to paragraph 4 of this Article.

Justification

Repositioning and amending Article 30, paragraph 1, point (f) of the proposal. The details of the functioning of the EERC, the definition of the capacity goals and the establishment of inter-operability and quality requirements, and the process for certification and registration of capacities form a general framework. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts. With regard to implementing acts, their scope has to be defined more precisely.

Amendment  66

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 4 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4b. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts in order to manage the process for certification, registration and regular auditing of capacities pursuant to paragraph 4. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 31(2).

Justification

Repositioning and amending Article 30, paragraph 1, point (f) of the proposal. The details of the functioning of the EERC, the definition of the capacity goals and the establishment of inter-operability and quality requirements, and the process for certification and registration of capacities form a general framework. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts. With regard to implementing acts, their scope has to be defined more precisely.

Amendment  67

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. The capacities registered in the European Emergency Response Capacity shall be available for emergency response operations under the Mechanism at the request of the Commission through the ERC. Member States shall inform the Commission as soon as possible of any compelling reasons that prevent them from making these capacities available in a specific emergency.

6. The capacities registered in the European Emergency Response Capacity shall be available for emergency response operations under the Mechanism at the request of the Commission through the ERC. Member States shall inform the Commission as soon as possible of any compelling reasons that prevent them from making these capacities available in a specific emergency. Member States shall provide the Commission with a brief description of these compelling reasons.

Justification

There are many circumstances which could understandably leave a Member State no longer able to participate in a voluntary pool. It does not seem unreasonable therefore to ask for a brief explanation of compelling reasons when they arise, which would add to the durability of the ERC.

Amendment  68

Proposal for a decision

Article 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 12

 

Article 12

 

Addressing capacity gaps

Addressing capacity gaps

1. The Commission shall monitor progress towards the capacity goals and, in cooperation with Member States, identify gaps in the European Emergency Response Capacity.

1. The Commission shall monitor progress towards the capacity goals and, in cooperation with Member States, identify gaps in the European Emergency Response Capacity.

2. The Commission shall support Member States in addressing the capacity gaps and in filling these gaps in the most appropriate and cost-effective way, including by:

2. The Commission shall assist interested Member States in addressing the capacity gaps and in filling these gaps in the most appropriate and cost-effective way, including by:

(a) supporting interested Member States in developing response capacities that are not, or not in sufficient quantities, available from the European Emergency Response Capacity; or

(a) supporting interested Member States in developing response capacities that are not, or not in sufficient quantities, available from the European Emergency Response Capacity; or

(b) developing response capacities at Union level, where it is more cost-effective, that can serve as a common buffer against shared risks.

(b) facilitating access to or developing response capacities at Union level, where it is more cost-effective, that can serve as a common buffer against shared risks, including horizontal capacities that support emergency response operations in terms of assessment, logistics and coordination, as well as response capacities in relation to low probability/high impact disasters.

3. Any capacities developed according to this Article shall be controlled and managed by interested Member States. The Commission shall develop templates for agreements between the Commission and Member States involved. The Member States managing the capacities shall be responsible for their registration in accordance with national procedures.

3. Any capacities developed according to this Article shall be controlled and managed by interested Member States. The Commission shall develop templates for agreements between the Commission and Member States involved. The Member States managing the capacities shall be responsible for their registration in accordance with national procedures.

4. These capacities shall be a part of the European Emergency Response Capacity. They shall be available for emergency response operations under the Mechanism at the request of the Commission through the ERC. When not in use under the Mechanism, these capacities shall be available for the national purposes of Member States managing them.

4. These capacities shall be a part of the European Emergency Response Capacity. The Member States managing them shall ensure that these capacities are available for emergency response operations under the Mechanism at the request of the Commission through the ERC following request for assistance through the ERC. The Member States managing these capacities may refer to any reason pursuant to Article 11(6) which might prevent them from making these capacities available in a specific emergency. When not in use under the Mechanism, these capacities shall be available for the national purposes of Member States managing them.

5. Member States and the Commission shall ensure appropriate visibility for the capacities developed in accordance with this Article.

5. Member States and the Commission shall ensure visibility for the capacities developed in accordance with this Article by displaying, in particular, the national and European emblems.

6. The Commission shall inform the European Parliament and the Council every two years on the progress made on the achievement of capacity goals and remaining gaps in the European Emergency Response Capacity.

6. The Commission shall inform the European Parliament and the Council every two years on the progress made on the achievement of capacity goals and remaining gaps in the European Emergency Response Capacity.

7. The Commission may define, by means of implementing acts, the following modalities on the development, management, maintenance and making these capacities available to all Member States through the Mechanism:

7. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to specify modalities on the development, management, maintenance and making these capacities available to all Member States through the Mechanism relating to:

(a) modalities on supporting Member States in developing response capacities that are otherwise not, or not in sufficient quantities, available from the European Emergency Response Capacity;

(a) supporting Member States in developing response capacities that are otherwise not, or not in sufficient quantities, available from the European Emergency Response Capacity;

(b) modalities on developing response capacities at Union level to serve as a common buffer against shared risks;

(b) developing response capacities at Union level to serve as a common buffer against shared risks;

(c) modalities on the management and maintenance of the capacities mentioned under points (a) and (b);

(c) the management and maintenance of the capacities mentioned under points (a) and (b);

 

(d) modalities on how to make the capacities mentioned in points (a) and (b) available to all Member States through the Mechanism.

(d) how to make the capacities mentioned in points (a) and (b) available to all Member States through the Mechanism.

8. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 31(2).

deleted

Amendment  69

Proposal for a decision

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Commission shall carry out the following tasks in the field of training, lessons learnt and knowledge dissemination:

1. The Commission shall, in cooperation with the Member States, carry out the following tasks in the field of training, exercises, lessons learnt and knowledge dissemination:

Justification

It is important to ensure that: 1: there is cooperation between the Commission and the Member States on this issue, and 2: It is important to include exercises, as this helps improve the disaster response capabilities of the Member States.

Amendment  70

Proposal for a decision

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) setting up a training programme and training network for civil protection and other emergency management personnel on disaster prevention, preparedness, and response, with a view to enhance the coordination, compatibility and complementarity between the modules and other capacities referred to in Articles 8, 9 and 11, and by improving the competence of the experts referred to in point (d) of Article 7. The programme shall include joint courses, exercises and exchange of experts system, whereby individuals may be seconded to other Member States;

(a) setting up and ensuring the functioning of a training programme and training network for local and regional civil protection and other emergency management personnel on disaster prevention, preparedness, and response, with a view to enhance the coordination, compatibility and complementarity between the modules and other capacities referred to in Articles 8, 9 and 11, and by improving the competence of the experts referred to in point (d) of Article 7. The programme shall include joint courses, exercises and exchange of experts system, whereby individuals may be seconded to other Member States;

Justification

It is necessary for the Commission to be involved not only in the creation of a training programme and of a training network but also in their functioning.

Amendment  71

Proposal for a decision

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) developing guidance on Union and international civil protection training, including training on prevention, preparedness and response;

(b) developing guidance on Union and international civil protection training, taking advantage of Member States’ past experiences, including training on prevention, preparedness and response;

Amendment  72

Proposal for a decision

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) setting up a programme of lessons learned from the interventions, exercises and trainings conducted within the framework of the Mechanism, including relevant prevention, preparedness and response aspects, disseminating these lessons and implementing them as appropriate;

(d) setting up a programme of lessons learned from the interventions, exercises and trainings conducted within the framework of the Mechanism, including relevant prevention, preparedness and response aspects, disseminating these lessons and implementing them as appropriate. That programme shall also include, where appropriate, lessons learnt from interventions outside the Union with regard to exploiting links and synergies between assistance provided under the Mechanism and humanitarian response;

Justification

Joint post-disaster assessment by humanitarian aid and civil protection experts could improve the coherence and effectiveness of the EU humanitarian response.

Amendment  73

Proposal for a decision

Article 13 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. When carrying out the tasks set out in paragraph 1, the Commission shall take particular account of the need and interest of Member States of the same region facing disaster risks of a similar nature.

Justification

Stronger emphasis should be placed on the regional aspect of the Mechanism as Member States from the same region are prone to similar disaster risks.

Amendment  74

Proposal for a decision

Article 13 – paragraph 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1b. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to specify the aim, the content, the structure, the organisation, and the target group of the training programme and the training network referred to in point (a) of paragraph 1 of this Article.

Justification

Repositioning and amending Article 30, paragraph 1, point h of the proposal. The general framework of the training programmes is not specific to a specific, individual disaster; furthermore, these provisions are not related to the implementation of the basic act by the Member States. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts.

Amendment  75

Proposal for a decision

Article 14 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. In the event of a major disaster within the Union, or of the imminence thereof, which causes or is capable of causing trans-boundary effects, the Member State in which the disaster has occurred or is likely to occur shall, without delay, notify the Commission and potentially affected Member States.

1. In the event of a major disaster within the Union, or of the imminence thereof, which causes or is capable of causing trans-boundary effects, the Member State in which the disaster has occurred or is likely to occur shall, without delay, notify the Commission, through the ERC, and potentially affected Member States.

Amendment  76

Proposal for a decision

Article 15 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Where a major disaster occurs within the Union, or in the imminence thereof, a Member State may request assistance through the ERC. The request shall be as specific as possible.

1. Where a major disaster occurs within the Union, or in the imminence thereof, affected Member States may request assistance through the ERC. The request shall be as specific as possible.

Amendment  77

Proposal for a decision

Article 15 – paragraph 3 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) propose a response plan based on the needs on the ground and pre-developed contingency plans, and invite Member States to deploy specific capacities from the European Emergency Response Capacity in accordance with the plan;

(c) together with the requesting Member State(s) propose a response plan based on the needs on the ground and pre-developed contingency plans, and invite Member States to deploy specific capacities from the European Emergency Response Capacity in accordance with the plan;

Amendment  78

Proposal for a decision

Article 15 – paragraph 3 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) facilitate the mobilisation of teams, experts, modules and intervention support other than that from the European Emergency Response Capacity;

(d) facilitate and hasten the speedy mobilisation of teams, experts, modules and intervention support other than that from the European Emergency Response Capacity;

Amendment  79

Proposal for a decision

Article 15 – paragraph 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

6a. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to specify the procedure to be followed when responding to major disasters within the Union within the framework set out in paragraphs 1 to 6 of this Article.

Justification

Repositioning and amending Article 30, paragraph 1, point (i) of the proposal. The details of the process for responding to a major form a general framework and are not specific to a particular, individual disaster; furthermore, these provisions are not related to the implementation of the basic act by the Member States. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts.

Amendment  80

Proposal for a decision

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) liaising with the affected third country on technical details, such as the precise needs for assistance, the acceptance of offers and the practical arrangements for the local reception and distribution of assistance;

(c) liaising with the affected third country and the Member States on technical details, such as the precise needs for assistance, the acceptance of offers and the practical arrangements for the local reception and distribution of assistance;

Amendment  81

Proposal for a decision

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

e) liaising with all relevant actors, in particular in the closing phase of the assistance intervention under the Mechanism, to facilitate a smooth handover;

e) liaising with all relevant actors, in particular in the closing phase of the assistance intervention under the Mechanism, to facilitate a smooth handover; contributing to strengthening the link between emergency measures, rehabilitation and development with humanitarian and development operators;

Justification

There is often a vacuum between the humanitarian phase and the development phase, and a lack of coordination and complementarity. Civil protection, which takes place during an emergency, may help to strengthen this link (LRRD) and its actions may foreshadow the development stage.

Amendment  82

Proposal for a decision

Article 16 – paragraph 11

Texte proposé par la Commission

Amendment

11. Synergies shall be sought with other instruments of the Union, in particular, with actions financed under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96.

11. Synergies shall be sought with other instruments of the Union, in particular, with actions financed under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96. Actions that may be eligible for funding under this Decision shall not receive funding under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96.

Amendment  83

Proposal for a decision

Article 16 – paragraph 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

13a. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to specify the procedure to be followed when responding to major disasters outside the Union within the framework set out in paragraphs 1 to 13 of this Article.

Justification

Repositioning and amending Article 30, paragraph 1, point (i) of the proposal. The details of the process for responding to major disasters form a general framework and are not specific to a particular, individual disaster; furthermore, these provisions are not related to the implementation of the basic act by the Member States. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts.

Amendment  84

Proposal for a decision

Article 17 – paragraph 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to specify the functioning of the expert teams, and the conditions of selection, dispatching and disengaging an expert team.

Justification

Repositioning and amending Article 30, paragraph 1, point c) of the proposal. The 'modus operandi' of the expert teams forms a general framework and is not specific to a particular, individual disaster; furthermore, these provisions are not related to the implementation of the basic act by the Member States. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts.

Amendment  85

Proposal for a decision

Article 18 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to specify the level of detail of the information provided and shared pursuant to point (a) of paragraph 1 of this Article, and to specify procedures for the identification of transport resources and equipments pursuant to points (b) and (c) of paragraph 1 of this Article, and for the provision of additional transport resources by the Commission pursuant to paragraph 2 of this Article.

Justification

Repositioning and amending Article 30, paragraph 1, point j) of the proposal. The detailed measures on transport form a general framework and are not specific to a particular, individual disaster; furthermore, these provisions are not related to the implementation of the basic act by the Member States. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts.

Amendment  86

Proposal for a decision

Article 19 –paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The financial reference amount for the implementation of this Decision for the period 2014 to 2020 shall be EUR 513 000 000 at current prices.

1. The financial reference amount for the implementation of this Decision for the period 2014 to 2020 shall be [...] at current prices.

EUR 276 000 000 at current prices shall derive from heading 3 "Security and Citizenship" of the financial framework and EUR 237 000 000 at current prices from heading 4 "Global Europe."

70% of that amount shall derive from heading 3 "Security and Citizenship" of the financial framework and 30 % of that amount from heading 4 "Global Europe.

Justification

As negotiations on the MFF are still ongoing, it is premature to include any figure on the overall budget into the draft report at this stage. The Mechanism should focus on actions inside the EU and it should be reflected in the allocation of budgetary resources. It is therefore proposed that actions inside the EU (financed from heading 3) receive 70% of the budget while actions outside the EU (financed from heading 4) receive 30%.

Amendment  87

Proposal for a decision

Article 19 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Of the overall financial envelope referred to in the first sub-paragraph, at least 20 % shall be allocated to general actions under Article 20.

Amendment  88

Proposal for a decision

Article 19 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. The budgetary authority shall authorise the available annual appropriations without prejudice to the provisions of Regulation [laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020] and the Interinstitutional Agreement of xxx/201z between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters and sound financial management.

Amendment  89

Proposal for a decision

Article 20 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The following general actions shall be eligible for financial assistance:

The following general actions to enhance prevention, preparedness and effective response shall be eligible for financial assistance:

Amendment  90

Proposal for a decision

Article 20 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) public information, education and awareness raising and associated dissemination actions, so as to minimise the effects of disasters on Union citizens and to help Union citizens to protect themselves more effectively;

(d) public information, education and awareness raising and associated dissemination actions, so as to involve citizens in preventing and minimising the effects of disasters in the Union and to help Union citizens to protect themselves more effectively and in a sustainable manner;

Amendment  91

Proposal for a decision

Article 21 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) preparing risk management plans and a Union-wide overview of risks;

(a) preparing, updating and implementing risk management plans and a Union-wide overview of risks;

Justification

For coherence with Article 5 and in order to meet the prevention objectives, the Commission should support Member States throughout the preparation and implementation of the risk management plans.

Amendment  92

Proposal for a decision

Article 21 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea) collaborating with the Union on creating integrated recovery strategies that take into account the inter-institutional collaboration and the coordinated management of the technical and economic resources;

Amendment  93

Proposal for a decision

Article 21 – point g – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Union financial contribution for actions under this point shall take the form of unit costs determined per type of capacity and shall not exceed 25% of the total eligible costs.

The Union financial contribution for actions under this point shall take the form of unit costs determined per type of capacity and shall not exceed 40% of the total eligible costs.

Amendment  94

Proposal for a decision

Article 21 – point h – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Actions taken in accordance with this point shall be based on a thorough needs and cost-benefit analysis per type of capacity, taking into account the probability and impact of the relevant risks. The Union financial contribution for the actions under this point shall not exceed 85% of the total eligible costs;

Actions taken in accordance with this point shall be based on a thorough needs and cost-benefit analysis per type of capacity, taking into account its horizontal nature and its possible benefit in different disaster situations, its highly specialised nature and cost, and the probability and impact of the relevant risks. The Union financial contribution for the actions under this point shall not exceed 85% of the total eligible costs;

Justification

It is necessary to strengthen the scope for EU co-financing to address different types of capacity gaps.

Amendment  95

Proposal for a decision

Article 21 – point k (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(k) supporting a training programme and an EU training network, involving civil protection schools, training centres and other emergency management personnel on disaster prevention, preparedness and response in Member States.

Justification

In order to achieve the objectives set out in Article 13, financial support from the EU budget is needed.

Amendment  96

Proposal for a decision

Article 23 –paragraph 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a in order to specify further details, in accordance with this Article, of the procedure for requesting and deciding on granting Union financial support for transport.

Justification

Repositioning and amending Article 30, paragraph 1, point j) of the proposal. The detailed measures on transport costs form a general framework and are not specific to a particular, individual disaster; furthermore, these provisions are not related to the implementation of the basic act by the Member States. These provisions are of general nature and supplement the basic act; therefore they have to be adopted via delegated acts.

Amendment  97

Proposal for a decision

Article 25 –paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. In order to implement this Decision, the Commission shall adopt annual work programmes in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 31(2), except for actions falling under the emergency response of Chapter IV, which may not be foreseen in advance. They shall set out the objectives pursued, the expected results, the method of implementation and their total amount. They shall also contain the description of actions to be financed, an indication of the amount allocated to each action and an indicative implementation timetable. For grants, they shall include the priorities, the essential evaluation criteria and the maximum rate of co-financing.

3. In order to implement this Decision, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 29a concerning the adoption of the annual work programmes, except for actions falling under the emergency response of Chapter IV, which may not be foreseen in advance. They shall set out the objectives pursued, the expected results, the method of implementation and their total amount. They shall also contain the description of actions to be financed, an indication of the amount allocated to each action and an indicative implementation timetable. For grants, they shall include the priorities, the essential evaluation criteria and the maximum rate of co-financing.

Justification

The annual work programmes relate to the implementation of the Mechanism by the Commission not by the Member States thus, the conditions of Article 291 are not met. The work programmes therefore should be adopted by delegated acts.

Amendment  98

Proposal for a decision

Article 26 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Synergies and complementarity shall be sought with other instruments of the Union. In the case of a response in third countries, the Commission shall ensure the complementarity and coherence of actions financed under this Decision and actions financed under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96.

2. Synergies and complementarity shall be sought with other instruments of the Union. In the case of a response in third countries to tackle a humanitarian crisis, the Commission shall ensure the complementarity and coherence of actions financed under this Decision and actions financed under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96.

Amendment  99

Proposal for a decision

Article 26 – paragraph 3

Texte proposé par la Commission

Amendment

3. When assistance under the Mechanism contributes to a wider Union humanitarian response, actions receiving financial assistance under this Decision shall be consistent with the humanitarian principles referred to in the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid.

3. When assistance under the Mechanism contributes to a Union humanitarian response, particularly in complex emergencies, actions receiving financial assistance under this Decision shall be consistent with the humanitarian principles referred to in the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid. Use of European Emergency Response Capacity resources shall be based on the needs identified and shall comply with the principles on the use of civil protection and military resources and equipment as formulated in the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid.

Justification

Respect for humanitarian principles (neutrality, impartiality, independence and humanity) and intervention based on an evaluation of needs must guide humanitarian and civil protection actions. This is particularly true during complex emergencies, where a confusion between the various operators is possible, thus making the delivery of aid and access to populations difficult.

Amendment  100

Proposal for a decision

Article 26 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. The Union and the Member States shall coordinate their respective support programmes with the aim of increasing the effectiveness and efficiency in the delivery of support and policy dialogue in line with the established principles for strengthening operational coordination, and for harmonising policies and procedures. Coordination shall involve regular consultations and frequent exchanges of relevant information and best practices during the different phases of the support cycle.

Amendment  101

Proposal for a decision

Article 28 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Financial Assistance referred to in Articles 20 and Article 21 (a) to (f) may also be granted to countries coming under the European Neighbourhood Policy as well as potential candidate countries not participating in the Mechanism.

2. Financial Assistance referred to in Articles 20 and Article 21 (a) to (f) may be granted to candidate countries and potential candidate countries not participating in the Mechanism and to countries coming under the European Neighbourhood Policy, in so far as it complements funding under the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) and the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI).

Justification

Funding under the Union Civil Protection Mechanism should be complementary to funding from other sources, such as the IPA and the ENPI, as this would ensure greater funding for civil protection activities for candidate and potential candidate countries and Neighbourhood Policy countries.

Amendment  102

Proposal for a decision

Article 28 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts concerning applications for funding from third countries. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 31(2).

Amendment  103

Proposal for a decision

Article 29 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 29a

 

Exercise of the delegation

 

1. The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.

 

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 7(1a) and (1b), Article 8(3a), Article 9(8a), Article 11(4a), Article 12(7), Article 13(1b), Article 15(6a), Article 16(13a), Article 17(5a), Article 18(2a), Article 23(5a) and Article 25(3) shall be conferred on the Commission until 31 December 2020.

 

3. The delegation of power referred to in Article 7(1a) and (1b), Article 8(3a), Article 9(8a), Article 11(4a), Article 12(7), Article 13(1b), Article 15(6a), Article 16(13a), Article 17(5a), Article 18(2a), Article 23(5a) and Article 25(3) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision of revocation shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of delegated acts already in force.

 

4. As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.

 

5. A delegated act pursuant to Article 7(1a) and (1b), Article 8(3a), Article 9(8a), Article 11(4a), Article 12(7), Article 13(1b), Article 15(6a), Article 16(13a), Article 17(5a), Article 18(2a), Article 23(5a) and Article 25(3) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or the Council.

Justification

With the introduction of delegated acts, the conditions, the scope, and the term of delegation also have to be defined in the basic act. Furthermore, the basic act has to stipulate the conditions of revocation of delegated power, the notification of the delegated act, and the procedure for objection. The text is in line with the "Common Understanding" between the Institutions on delegated acts.

Amendment  104

Proposal for a decision

Article 30

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts on the following matters:

deleted

(a) functioning of the ERC, as provided for in point (a) of Article 7;

 

(b) functioning of the CECIS, as provided for in point (b) of Article 7;

 

(c) modalities for the expert teams, as provided for in Article 17, including conditions for the selection of experts;

 

(d) conditions for identifying the modules, as provided for in Article 8;

 

(e) conditions for resources available for assistance intervention, as provided for in Article 9;

 

(f) functioning of the Emergency Response Capacity in the form of the voluntary pool, as provided for in Article 11;

 

(g) modalities on identifying and filling gaps in the European Emergency Response Capacity, as provided for in Article 12;

 

(h) modalities for the training programme, as provided for in Article 13;

 

(i) modalities applicable to interventions inside the Union, as provided for in Article 15 as well as for the interventions outside the Union, as provided for in Article 16;

 

(j) modalities on transport, as provided for in Articles 18 and 23.

 

2. These implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 31(2).

 

Justification

Delegated and implementing acts are referred to at their respective place in the text, Article 30 of the proposal therefore becomes superfluous.

Amendment  105

Proposal for a decision

Article 31 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply. Where the Committee delivers no opinion, the Commission shall not adopt the draft implementing act and the third subparagraph of Article 5(4) of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply.

2. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply. Where the Committee delivers no opinion, including on national security issues, the Commission shall not adopt the draft implementing act and the third subparagraph of Article 5(4) of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply.

(1)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2011)0266.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Civil protection in the Union is currently governed by two legal instruments: one on the Community Civil Protection Mechanism, and one on the related Financial Instrument covering the period 2013 – 2020. The preparation of the new Multiannual Financial Framework and the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon presents a good moment to revise the existing legal framework.

Apart from changes to the institutional and budgetary framework, reality also calls for revising the current system. The number and gravity of natural and man-made disasters increased significantly in the past years; and climate change is expected to trigger even more extreme future disasters.

It is worth to be noted that while the Treaty of Lisbon introduced a new legal base for civil protection in Article 196 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, the notion of civil protection is not defined either by the Treaty, or by the legislative proposal. The Treaty provides with an implicit definition only when referring to "preventing and protecting against natural and man-made disasters". The notion of civil protection is interpreted differently in various Member States in the light of national and historical developments; and its scope is also evolving with time. This, however, does not require harmonisation at European level as the present piece of legislation deals with civil protection only for the purposes of cooperation within the proposed framework; it does not (and it can not) aim at further harmonising the Member States’ civil protection activities. The reason for that is that civil protection remains primarily the responsibility of the Member States and the purpose of European legislation can not be more than supporting and complementing Member States' actions, and promoting cooperation and consistency.

This is the backdrop against which the legislative proposal is presented. Your rapporteur welcomes the Commission’s proposal on the establishment of a Union Civil Protection Mechanism as a very good basis for further work; and proposes a set of amendments to further strengthen the proposal along the following lines:

- On the basis of Council Conclusions, the Commission and the Member States are already working closely together and developing guidelines on various issues. Though those guidelines are non-binding by nature, their use is strongly encouraged for the better functioning of the Mechanism. The rapporteur wishes to further promote those existing guidelines on risk assessment and risk mapping, as well as on host nation support; to make a clearer reference to the future guidelines presented to improve the comparability of Member States’ risk management plans; and to align the definition of host nation support with the one used by the EU guidelines.

- Member States from the same regions are prone to disasters of a similar nature. Though bilateral and regional agreements already exist, the Union Mechanism should also promote further regional cooperation in the field of sharing knowledge and best practices, and in the training programmes.

- EU-funded assets and the establishment of the European Emergency Response Capacity (EERC) in the form of a voluntary pool are major steps towards a better and more reliable European disaster response system.

For the better functioning of the pool the Commission should define not only quality criteria but interoperability criteria as well.

Furthermore, it has to be made clear, that EU-funded assets, whose development can be financed up to 85 % by the Union, should always be available for being used by the EERC. Exception could be made only when the Member State which is managing the given asset is faced with a major disaster. In such case the responsibility of the affected Member State to protect its people and territory by using the given asset should have priority over the obligation to make the asset available. In other words, in such case the affected Member State may refer to a compelling reason and withdraw the asset from the pool.

- Some elements of the Commission proposal need to be clarified or further emphasised such as the voluntary nature of module developments, and the use of military assets as last resort.

- An important change introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon is the replacement of the old "comitology" system by delegated acts and implementing acts. In its Articles 290 and 291, the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union makes it clear that those acts are addressing different needs and therefore they are not interchangeable.

The rapporteur notes that the Commission’s proposal introduces only implementing acts. She therefore proposes to replace implementing acts by delegated acts in a number of places where the conditions of Article 290 of the Treaty are met. These amendments aim to not only safeguard the European Parliament’s institutional rights, but also to ensure the legality and validity of those secondary acts.

Your rapporteur is confident that the proposed amendments will pave the way for the establishment of a more reliable civil protection mechanism for the Union.


OPINION of the Committee on Development (*) (19.9.2012)

for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism

(COM(2011)0934 – C7-0519/2011 – 2011/0461(COD))

Rapporteur (*): Michèle Striffler

(*) Associated committee – Rule 50 of the Rules of Procedure

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Development calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) In view of the significant increase in the numbers and severity of natural and man-made disasters in recent years and in a situation where future disasters are likely to be more extreme and more complex with far reaching and longer-term consequences, resulting, in particular, from climate change and potential interaction between several natural and technological hazards, an integrated approach to disaster management is increasingly important. The Union should support, coordinate and supplement actions of Member States in the field of civil protection with a view to improving the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters.

(1) In view of the significant increase in the numbers and severity of natural and man-made disasters in recent years, and in a situation where future disasters are likely to be more extreme and more complex with far reaching and longer-term consequences, resulting, in particular, from climate change, which has a disproportionate effect on developing countries, and potential interaction between several natural and technological hazards, an integrated approach to disaster management is increasingly important. The Union should support, coordinate and supplement actions of Member States in the field of civil protection with a view to improving the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Relief asset pre-positioning capacities should be developed in order to improve the speed at which the Union responds to disasters. Continued Union financial support will be indispensable for the development of depots/hubs that will guarantee effectiveness in terms of speed, quality and cost efficiency. In this respect, the Union would benefit from using the Union's outermost regions and overseas countries and territories, on a non-exclusive basis, as support bases to facilitate the pre-positioning of vital products and logistics, which would make it easier to deploy European human and material resources in the event of an urgent humanitarian intervention outside the Union.

Amendment   3

Proposal for a decision

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) With respect to disaster response assistance interventions outside the Union, the Mechanism should facilitate and support actions undertaken by the Member States and the Union as a whole in order to promote consistency in international civil protection work. The United Nations, where present, has an overall coordinating role for relief operations in third countries. Assistance provided under the Mechanism should be coordinated with the United Nations and other relevant international actors to maximise the use of available resources, and avoid any unnecessary duplication of effort. Enhanced coordination of civil protection assistance through the Mechanism is a prerequisite to supporting the overall coordination effort and ensuring a comprehensive Union contribution to the overall relief effort. In major disasters where assistance is provided under both the Mechanism and Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid, the Commission shall ensure the effectiveness, coherence and complementarities of the overall Union response respecting the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid.

(15) With respect to disaster response assistance interventions outside the Union, the Mechanism should facilitate and support actions undertaken by the Member States and the Union as a whole in order to promote consistency in international civil protection work. The majority of the Union’s civil protection mechanism interventions take place outside the Union, mainly in developing countries. The United Nations, where present, has an overall coordinating role for relief operations in third countries. Assistance provided under the Mechanism should be coordinated with the United Nations and other relevant international actors to maximise the use of available resources, and avoid any unnecessary duplication of effort. Enhanced coordination of civil protection assistance through the Mechanism is a prerequisite to supporting the overall coordination effort and ensuring a comprehensive Union contribution to the overall relief effort. In major disasters where assistance is provided under both the Mechanism and Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid, the Commission shall ensure the effectiveness, coherence and complementarities of the overall Union response respecting the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid.

Amendment 4

Proposal for a decision

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) Where the use of military capacities is considered in support of civil protection operations to be appropriate, cooperation with the military should follow the modalities, procedures and criteria established by the Council or its competent bodies for making available to the Mechanism military capacities relevant to the protection of civilian populations.

(19) The use of military resources may constitute essential support for humanitarian operations in response to natural disasters. Where the use of military capacities – as a last resort – is considered in support of civil protection operations to be appropriate, cooperation with the military must follow the modalities, procedures and criteria established by the Council or its competent bodies for making available to the Mechanism military capacities relevant to the protection of civilian populations, as well as the ‘guidelines on the use of foreign military and civil defence assets in disaster relief’ (Oslo guidelines, rev. 1.1, 2007) and the ‘guidelines on the use of military and civil defence assets to support United Nations Humanitarian Activities in Complex Emergencies’ (MCDA, rev. I, 2006).

Amendment  5

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. "disaster" means any situation, which has or may have an adverse impact on people, the environment or property;

1. "disaster" means any situation – whether of man-made origin or resulting from natural phenomena – which has or may have an adverse impact on people, the environment or property;

Justification

It is important to distinguish man-made disasters (such as political unrest or armed conflicts) from those resulting from natural phenomena, since the issues and rules for relief interventions (humanitarian and civil protection) vary depending on the context.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a decision

Article 10 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The Commission and the Member States shall identify and ensure synergies between in-kind assistance and humanitarian aid funding provided by the Union and Member States in the planning of response operations outside the Union.

2. The Commission and the Member States shall identify and ensure synergies between in-kind assistance and humanitarian aid funding provided by the Union and Member States in the planning of response operations outside the Union and in tackling humanitarian crises.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 8

Texte proposé par la Commission

Amendment

8. Member States and the Commission shall ensure an appropriate visibility of the interventions of the European Emergency Response Capacity.

8. The EU shall clearly display its presence and its actions; Member States and the Commission shall ensure an appropriate visibility of the interventions of the European Emergency Response Capacity both on individuals and on vehicles, by displaying, in particular, the national and European emblems. .

Amendment  8

Proposal for a decision

Article 13 - paragraph 1 - point d

Texte proposé par la Commission

Amendment

d) setting up a programme of lessons learned from the interventions, exercises and trainings conducted within the framework of the Mechanism, including relevant prevention, preparedness and response aspects, disseminating these lessons and implementing them as appropriate;

d) setting up a programme of lessons learned from the interventions, including outside of the Union, exercises and trainings conducted within the framework of the Mechanism, including relevant prevention, preparedness and response aspects, disseminating these lessons and implementing them as appropriate;

Amendment  9

Proposal for a decision

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

e) liaising with all relevant actors, in particular in the closing phase of the assistance intervention under the Mechanism, to facilitate a smooth handover;

e) liaising with all relevant actors, in particular in the closing phase of the assistance intervention under the Mechanism, to facilitate a smooth handover; contributing to strengthening the link between emergency measures, rehabilitation and development with humanitarian and development operators;

Justification

There is often a vacuum between the humanitarian phase and the development phase, and a lack of coordination and complementarity. Civil protection, which takes place during an emergency, may help to strengthen this link (LRRD) and its actions may foreshadow the development stage.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a decision

Article 16 – paragraph 11

Texte proposé par la Commission

Amendment

11. Synergies shall be sought with other instruments of the Union, in particular, with actions financed under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96.

11. Synergies shall be sought with other instruments of the Union, in particular, with actions financed under Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid. Actions under this decision that may be eligible for funding under this decision shall not receive financing under the said regulation concerning humanitarian aid.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a decision

Article 19 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The financial reference amount for the implementation of this Decision for the period 2014 to 2020 shall be EUR 513 000 000 at current prices.

1. The financial reference amount for the implementation of this Decision for the period 2014 to 2020 shall be [...] at current prices.

EUR 276 000 000 at current prices shall derive from heading 3 "Security and Citizenship" of the financial framework and EUR 237 000 000 at current prices from heading 4 "Global Europe."

50 % of this amount shall derive from heading 3 "Security and Citizenship" of the financial framework and 50 % from heading 4 "Global Europe."

Justification

The total cost of interventions outside the Union will be increased during the 2014–2020 period as a result of:

(1) the higher co-financing rate of transport and logistics costs laid down in Article 23 of this decision,

(2) the stepping up of actions in the prevention and preparedness spheres,

(3) the extension of the actions provided for in Articles 20 and 21(a) to (f) to countries coming under the European Neighbourhood Policy, potential candidate countries not participating in the Mechanism and, as proposed by the rapporteur, on a case by case basis, the least developed developing countries.

In addition, in recent years, the majority of the EU’s civil protection interventions have taken place outside the Union, mainly in developing countries. The financial envelopes for the 2014–2020 period must reflect this situation.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a decision

Article 26 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Synergies and complementarity shall be sought with other instruments of the Union. In the case of a response in third countries, the Commission shall ensure the complementarity and coherence of actions financed under this Decision and actions financed under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96.

2. Synergies and complementarity shall be sought with other instruments of the Union. In the case of a response in third countries to tackle a humanitarian crisis, the Commission shall ensure the complementarity and coherence of actions financed under this Decision and actions financed under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a decision

Article 26 – paragraph 3

Texte proposé par la Commission

Amendment

3. When assistance under the Mechanism contributes to a wider Union humanitarian response, actions receiving financial assistance under this Decision shall be consistent with the humanitarian principles referred to in the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid.

3. When assistance under the Mechanism contributes to a Union humanitarian response, particularly in complex emergencies, actions receiving financial assistance under this Decision shall be consistent with the humanitarian principles referred to in the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid. Use of European Emergency Response Capacity resources must be based on the needs identified and must be in compliance with the principles on the use of civil protection and military resources and equipment as formulated in the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid.

Justification

Respect for humanitarian principles (neutrality, impartiality, independence and humanity) and intervention based on an evaluation of needs must guide humanitarian and civil protection actions. This is particularly true during complex emergencies, where a confusion between the various operators is possible, thus making the delivery of aid and access to populations difficult.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a decision

Article 28 – paragraph 2

Texte proposé par la Commission

Amendment

2. Financial Assistance referred to in Articles 20 and Article 21 (a) to (f) may also be granted to countries coming under the European Neighbourhood Policy as well as potential candidate countries not participating in the Mechanism.

2. Financial Assistance referred to in Articles 20 and Article 21 (a) to (f) may also be granted to countries coming under the European Neighbourhood Policy, potential candidate countries not participating in the Mechanism and the least developed developing countries, on a case by case basis and in accordance with the strategy for supporting disaster risk reduction in developing countries1.

 

_______________

 

1 Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: EU Strategy for supporting disaster risk reduction in developing countries, 23.2.2009. COM(2009)0084 final.

Justification

The decision should provide the possibility to finance prevention and preparedness actions in the least developed countries and in particular cases, such as in Haiti, a country which regularly suffers from natural disasters.

PROCEDURE

Title

Union Civil Protection Mechanism

References

COM(2011)0934 – C7-0519/2011 – 2011/0461(COD)

Committee responsible

Date announced in plenary

ENVI

19.1.2012

 

 

 

Opinion by

Date announced in plenary

DEVE

19.1.2012

Associated committee(s) - date announced in plenary

14.6.2012

Rapporteur

Date appointed

Michèle Striffler

25.1.2012

Discussed in committee

27.3.2012

10.7.2012

 

 

Date adopted

18.9.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

22

0

0

Members present for the final vote

Michael Cashman, Véronique De Keyser, Leonidas Donskis, Charles Goerens, Catherine Grèze, Eva Joly, Filip Kaczmarek, Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez, Gay Mitchell, Norbert Neuser, Maurice Ponga, Jean Roatta, Birgit Schnieber-Jastram, Alf Svensson, Keith Taylor, Eleni Theocharous, Patrice Tirolien, Ivo Vajgl, Anna Záborská

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Isabella Lövin

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

María Irigoyen Pérez, Helmut Scholz


OPINION of the Committee on Foreign Affairs (22.11.2012)

for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism

(COM(2011)0934 – C7-0519/2011– 2011/0461(COD))

Rapporteur: Ioan Mircea Paşcu

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The Commission has presented to the European Parliament and the Council a proposal for a Decision on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism, aimed at strengthening EU capacities to prevent and respond to disasters, both within and outside the EU territory.

The Committee on Foreign Affairs broadly supports the general approach of the proposal which consists in transforming the current ad-hoc system into pre-planned disaster management, while respecting the leading role and primary responsibility of Member States in civil protection.

Furthermore, the Committee on Foreign Affairs welcomes the increased focus on prevention and preparedness and highlights the importance of shared risk assessment and contingency planning. It stresses the need to ensure consistency with the forthcoming implementation of the Solidarity Clause.

Finally, the Committee points out to the need to reach adequate balance between the imperative of rapid response on the one hand, and coherence of EU external relations on the other.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Foreign Affairs calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a decision

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) The Mechanism should play a major role in the implementation of Article 222 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, by making available its resources and capabilities as necessary.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) By contributing to the further development of detection and early warning systems, the Union should assist Member States in minimising the lead time to respond to disasters and to alert Union citizens. These systems should take into account and build upon existing and future information sources and systems.

(9) By contributing to the further development and better integration of detection and early warning systems, the Union should assist Member States in minimising the lead time to respond to disasters and to alert Union citizens. These systems should take into account and build upon existing and future information sources and systems.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a decision

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) The Mechanism should include a general policy framework aimed at continuously improving the level of preparedness of civil protection systems, personnel and citizens within the Union. This includes training programmes and a training network, at Union and Member State level, on disaster prevention, preparedness, and response as called for in the Council Conclusions of 14 November 2008 on European disaster management training arrangements.

(10) The Mechanism should include a general policy framework aimed at continuously improving the level of preparedness of civil protection systems and citizens within the Union. This includes training programmes and a training network, at both the Union and Member State level, on disaster prevention, preparedness, and response as called for in the Council Conclusions of 14 November 2008 on European disaster management training arrangements.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a decision

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) Where the use of military capacities is considered in support of civil protection operations to be appropriate, cooperation with the military should follow the modalities, procedures and criteria established by the Council or its competent bodies for making available to the Mechanism military capacities relevant to the protection of civilian populations

(19) Where the use of military capacities is considered in support of civil protection operations to be appropriate, cooperation with the military should follow the modalities, procedures and criteria established by the Council or its competent bodies for making available to the Mechanism military capacities relevant to the protection of civilian populations, and in particular be in line with the Guidelines on the Use of Foreign Military and Civil Defence Assets in Disaster Relief (Oslo Guidelines) and the Guidelines on the Use of Military and Civil Defence Assets to support United Nations humanitarian activities in complex emergencies (MCDA Guidelines). Civilian and military chains of command should be kept separate.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a decision

Recital 26

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(26) As regards disasters caused by terrorist action, nuclear or radiological accidents, the Mechanism should cover only the preparedness and response actions within the remit of civil protection.

(26) As regards disasters caused by terrorist action, nuclear or radiological accidents, the Mechanism should cover only the preparedness and response actions within the remit of civil protection. Initiatives in this regard shall be coordinated with and complement the actions already taken for the implementation of the Council conclusions on strengthening chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear security in the European Union - an EU CBRN Action Plan1.

 

________________

 

1 Council conclusions of 12 November 2009, 15505/1/09 REV.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a decision

Article 1 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) The Union intervention enhances prevention, preparedness and response capacity of Member States to face major disasters minimising human and material loss. The objective of this Decision cannot be sufficiently achieved by Member States operating alone and can be better achieved at Union level by reason of the scale or effects of the proposed action.

(3) The Union intervention enhances prevention, preparedness and response capacity of Member States to face major disasters minimising especially human but also material loss. The objective of this Decision cannot be sufficiently achieved by Member States operating alone and can be better achieved at Union level by reason of the scale or effects of the proposed action, in full compliance with the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a decision

Article 1 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a. The Mechanism shall contribute to the implementation of Article 222 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – introductory wording

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Progress towards the achievement of the specific objectives set out in paragraph 1 shall be assessed through indicators that cover inter alia:

Progress towards the achievement of the specific objectives set out in paragraph 1 shall be assessed through indicators, examining where appropriate whether these indicators are suitable for measuring the achievement of the specialist objectives; the indicators shall cover inter alia:

Amendment  9

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) progress in implementing the disaster prevention framework measured by the number of Member States with disaster management plans as set out in Article 4;

(a) progress in implementing the disaster prevention framework measured by the number of Member States with risk management plans as set out in Article 4;

Amendment  10

Proposal for a decision

Article 6 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) In order to ensure an effective cooperation within the Mechanism, Members States shall communicate to the Commission their risk management plans.

(1) In order to ensure an effective cooperation within the Mechanism, Member States shall communicate to the Commission their risk management plans. The Commission and Member States shall make sure classified information and data are duly protected.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) establish and manage the Emergency Response Centre (ERC), ensuring 24/7 operational capacity, and serving the Member States and the Commission for the purposes of the Mechanism;

(a) establish and manage the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) in coordination with the existing national and regional bodies, ensuring 24/7 operational capacity, and serving the Member States and the Commission for the purposes of the Mechanism;

Amendment  12

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) manage a Common Emergency Communication and Information System (CECIS) to enable communication and sharing of information between the ERC and contact points of the Member States;

(b) manage a Common Emergency Communication and Information System (CECIS) to enable communication and sharing of information between the ERC and contact points of the Member States and promote its linkage to existing Commission and Council crisis coordination platforms;

Amendment  13

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) contribute to the development of detection and early warning and alert systems for disasters in order to enable a rapid response, and to promote their inter-linkage and their linkage to the ERC and the CECIS. Those systems shall take into account and build upon existing and future information, monitoring and detection sources and systems;

(c) contribute to the development and better integration of detection and early warning and alert systems for disasters in order to enable a rapid response, and to promote their linkage to the ERC and the CECIS. Those systems shall take into account and build upon existing and future information, monitoring and detection sources and systems;

Amendment  14

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point d – indent 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– facilitating, when necessary, the coordination of emergency assistance operations on site and liaising, when necessary and appropriate, with the competent authorities of the state requesting assistance,

– facilitating, when necessary, the coordination of emergency assistance operations on site and liaising with the competent authorities of the state requesting assistance,

Amendment  15

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Commission shall define quality requirements for the capacities to be committed to the European Emergency Response Capacity. Member States shall be responsible for ensuring their quality.

3. The Commission shall, in agreement with the Member States, define quality requirements for the capacities that may be committed to the European Emergency Response Capacity. Member States shall be responsible for ensuring their quality.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. The Commission shall establish and manage a process for certification and registration of capacities that Member States make available to the European Emergency Response Capacity.

4. The Commission shall establish and manage a process for certification and registration of capacities that Member States can make available to the European Emergency Response Capacity.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. The capacities registered in the European Emergency Response Capacity shall be available for emergency response operations under the Mechanism at the request of the Commission through the ERC. Member States shall inform the Commission as soon as possible of any compelling reasons that prevent them from making these capacities available in a specific emergency.

6. The capacities registered in the European Emergency Response Capacity shall in principle be available for emergency response operations under the Mechanism at the request of the Commission through the ERC. Member States shall retain the ultimate decision on their deployment and shall inform the Commission as soon as possible of any domestic emergencies or other serious reasons that prevent them from making these capacities available in a specific emergency.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Commission shall monitor progress towards the capacity goals and, in cooperation with Member States, identify gaps in the European Emergency Response Capacity.

1. Fully respecting the voluntary nature of the European Emergency Response Capacity as defined in Article 11, the Commission shall monitor progress towards the capacity goals and, in cooperation with Member States, identify gaps in the European Emergency Response Capacity.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 2 – introductory wording

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The Commission shall support Member States in addressing the capacity gaps and in filling these gaps in the most appropriate and cost-effective way, including by:

2. The Commission shall support interested Member States in addressing the capacity gaps and in filling these gaps, where it is accepted by the Member States to be the most appropriate and cost-effective way, including by:

Amendment  20

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. Member States and the Commission shall jointly identify the assessment criteria for the appropriateness and cost effectiveness of filling such capacity gaps.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) Any capacities developed according to this Article shall be controlled and managed by interested Member States. The Commission shall develop templates for agreements between the Commission and Member States involved. The Member States managing the capacities shall be responsible for their registration in accordance with national procedures.

(3) Any capacities developed according to this Article shall be controlled and managed by interested Member States on the basis of agreements between the Commission and Member States involved. The Member States managing the capacities shall be responsible for their registration in accordance with national procedures.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. These capacities shall be a part of the European Emergency Response Capacity. They shall be available for emergency response operations under the Mechanism at the request of the Commission through the ERC. When not in use under the Mechanism, these capacities shall be available for the national purposes of Member States managing them.

4. These capacities shall be a part of the voluntary pool of the European Emergency Response Capacity. They shall be available for emergency response operations under the Mechanism at the request of the Commission through the ERC. When not in use under the Mechanism, these capacities shall be available for the national purposes of Member States managing them.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) Member States and the Commission shall ensure appropriate visibility for the capacities developed in accordance with this Article.

(5) Member States and the Commission shall ensure appropriate visibility for the capacities developed in accordance with this Article, both at Union and at Member State level.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. The Commission shall inform the European Parliament and the Council every two years on the progress made on the achievement of capacity goals and remaining gaps in the European Emergency Response Capacity.

6. The Commission shall inform the European Parliament and the Council every two years on the progress made on the achievement of capacity goals and remaining gaps in the voluntary pool of the European Emergency Response Capacity.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 7 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) modalities on supporting Member States in developing response capacities that are otherwise not, or not in sufficient quantities, available from the European Emergency Response Capacity;

(a) modalities on supporting Member States in developing response capacities that are otherwise not, or not in sufficient quantities, available from the voluntary pool of the European Emergency Response Capacity;

Amendment  26

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 7 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) modalities on developing response capacities at Union level to serve as a common buffer against shared risks;

deleted

Amendment  27

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 7 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) modalities on the management and maintenance of the capacities mentioned under points (a) and (b);

(c) modalities on the management and maintenance of the capacities registered in the voluntary pool of the European Emergency Response Capacity and mentioned under points (a) and (b);

Amendment  28

Proposal for a decision

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) developing guidance on Union and international civil protection training, including training on prevention, preparedness and response;

(b) developing guidance on Union and international civil protection training, taking advantage of Member States’ past experiences, including training on prevention, preparedness and response;

Amendment  29

Proposal for a decision

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) liaising with the affected third country on technical details, such as the precise needs for assistance, the acceptance of offers and the practical arrangements for the local reception and distribution of assistance;

(c) liaising with the affected third country and the Member States on technical details, such as the precise needs for assistance, the acceptance of offers and the practical arrangements for the local reception and distribution of assistance;

Amendment  30

Proposal for a decision

Article 16 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Without prejudice to the Commission's role, as defined in paragraph 2, and respecting the imperative for an immediate operational response through the Mechanism, upon activation the Commission shall inform the European External Action Service to allow for consistency between the civil protection operation and the overall Union relations with the affected country.

3. Without prejudice to the Commission's role, as defined in paragraph 2, and respecting the imperative for an immediate operational response through the Mechanism, upon activation the Commission shall inform the European External Action Service to allow for consistency between the civil protection operation and the overall Union relations with the affected country. The Commission and the European External Action Service shall regularly exchange information with the aim of concerting their respective activities to ensure consistency of the Union's external action, in accordance with Article 21 of the Treaty on European Union. They shall report to the European Parliament at regular intervals on this issue.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a decision

Article 16 – paragraph 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

11. Synergies shall be sought with other instruments of the Union, in particular, with actions financed under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96.

11. Synergies shall be sought with other instruments of the Union, in particular, with actions financed under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 and with actions developed under the Common Security and Defence Policy.

PROCEDURE

Title

Union Civil Protection Mechanism

References

COM(2011)0934 – C7-0519/2011 – 2011/0461(COD)

Committee responsible

Date announced in plenary

ENVI

19.1.2012

 

 

 

Opinion by

Date announced in plenary

AFET

19.1.2012

Rapporteur

Date appointed

Ioan Mircea Paşcu

18.6.2012

Discussed in committee

9.10.2012

12.11.2012

 

 

Date adopted

22.11.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

47

3

4

Members present for the final vote

Pino Arlacchi, Elmar Brok, Jerzy Buzek, Tarja Cronberg, Arnaud Danjean, Mário David, Michael Gahler, Marietta Giannakou, Ana Gomes, Andrzej Grzyb, Anna Ibrisagic, Liisa Jaakonsaari, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Ioannis Kasoulides, Maria Eleni Koppa, Andrey Kovatchev, Paweł Robert Kowal, Eduard Kukan, Alexander Graf Lambsdorff, Sabine Lösing, Ulrike Lunacek, Mario Mauro, Willy Meyer, Francisco José Millán Mon, Alexander Mirsky, María Muñiz De Urquiza, Norica Nicolai, Pier Antonio Panzeri, Ioan Mircea Paşcu, Alojz Peterle, Bernd Posselt, Hans-Gert Pöttering, Cristian Dan Preda, Libor Rouček, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Nikolaos Salavrakos, Jacek Saryusz-Wolski, György Schöpflin, Werner Schulz, Adrian Severin, Marek Siwiec, Charles Tannock, Geoffrey Van Orden, Boris Zala, Karim Zéribi

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Nikolaos Chountis, Marije Cornelissen, Véronique De Keyser, Kinga Gál, Elisabeth Jeggle, Barbara Lochbihler, Emilio Menéndez del Valle, Marietje Schaake, Ivo Vajgl


OPINION of the Committee on Budgets (16.11.2012)

for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism

(COM(2011)0934 – C7-0519/2012 – 2011/0461(COD))

Rapporteur: Georgios Stavrakakis

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

Background

The Commission proposal for a Decision provides for the creation of a new Civil Protection Mechanism for the Union to support, coordinate and supplement the actions of the Member States in the field of civil protection by improving the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters of all kinds within and outside the Union. The idea is to provide for an integrated approach to disaster management. The Rapporteur welcomes this overall approach, especially the emphasis on supporting transport activities in disaster relief.

Budget

This proposal envisages budgetary commitments for the EU civil protection policy of EUR 513 million (in current prices), as follows: EUR 276 million inside the Union and EUR 237 million for operations outside the Union. Eligible actions fall within the following 4 fields: general actions, prevention and preparedness, response, and transport. According to the Rapporteur, the planned financial allocation for the 7-year period is quite modest, and will allow only for limited EU intervention and effect.

Objectives

The specific objectives of the proposal are (1) to achieve a high level of protection against disasters by preventing or reducing their effects and by fostering a culture of prevention; (2) to enhance the Union's state of preparedness to respond to disasters; and (3) to facilitate rapid and efficient emergency response interventions in the event of major disasters.

Prevention

Every euro spent on prevention contributes to saving many more after major disasters occur and significant physical and human assets are lost. The proposal, in this context, sets out to (1) improve the knowledge base on disaster risks and facilitating the sharing of knowledge, exchange of best practices and information and ensure effective cooperation within the Mechanism; (2) support and promote Members States' risk assessment and mapping by requiring Member States to communicate their risk management plans by the end of 2016; (3) provide an inventory of natural and man-made risks the Union may face taking into account, inter alia, the future impact of climate change; and (4) raise awareness about the importance of risk prevention and supporting Member States in public information, education and awareness-raising, etc. The Rapporteur in his amendments intends to reinforce the prevention dimension of civil protection.

Synergies

The provisional allocation of 513 million EUR, considered against the high costs of actual disaster relief, seems like a drop in the sea. This is clearly demonstrated by the fact that during the last decade, the total aid granted by the EU for disaster relief, just within the Union, is estimated to be about EUR 2 500 million.

The Rapporteur intends to enumerate the possible budgetary synergies with other instruments of internal and external action, such as the Funds covered by the Common Provisions Regulation (ERDF, ESF, CF, EARDF, EMFF) and the European Union Solidarity Fund. For the latter, there have been instances when its mobilization was not quick enough. In this respect, it is advisable to review the provisions dealing with the speed of its mobilization, so that this instrument can be deployed in a timely manner, in order to effectively address the urgencies created after the occurrence of disasters.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Budgets calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Draft legislative resolution

Paragraph 1 a (new)

Draft legislative resolution

Amendment

 

1a. Points out that the financial envelope specified in the legislative proposal constitutes only an indication to the legislative authority and can not be fixed until agreement is reached on the proposal for a regulation on the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020;

Justification

The figures in the thematic legal bases cannot be considered final, while the negotiations on the MFF are still ongoing, following the principle "nothing is decided, until everything is decided".

Amendment  2

Draft legislative resolution

Paragraph 1 b (new)

Draft legislative resolution

Amendment

 

1b. Recalls its resolution of 8 June 2011 on Investing in the future: a new Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for a competitive, sustainable and inclusive Europe1; reiterates that sufficient additional resources are needed in the next MFF in order to enable the Union to fulfil its existing policy priorities and the new tasks provided for in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), as well as to respond to unforeseen events; challenges the Council, if it does not share this approach, to clearly identify which of its political priorities or projects could be dropped altogether, despite their proven European added value; points out that even with an increase in the level of resources for the next MFF of at least 5% compared to the 2013 level only a limited contribution can be made to the achievement of the Union’s agreed objectives and commitments and the principle of Union solidarity;

 

________________

 

1 Texts adopted, P7_TA(2011)0266.

Justification

If the Council reduces the MFF amounts, the EP urges it to identify "negative priorities" despite their proven added value and new tasks the Union must fulfil after coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty.

Amendment  3

Draft legislative resolution

Paragraph 1 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1c. Recalls that in its resolution of 8 June 2011 on Investing in the future: a Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for a competitive, sustainable and inclusive Europe1, the European Parliament identified civil protection (Article 196 TFEU) as one of the fields where the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon has provided the Union with significant new prerogatives and recalls in this context Article 311 TFEU which requires the Union to provide itself with the means necessary to attain its objectives and carry out its policies;

 

_______________

 

1 Texts adopted, P7_TA(2011)0266.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a decision

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) The Civil Protection Mechanism constitutes a visible expression of European solidarity by ensuring a practical and timely contribution to prevention of and preparedness for disasters and the response to major disasters and imminence thereof. This Decision should therefore not affect the reciprocal rights and obligations of the Member States under bilateral or multilateral treaties, which relate to the matters covered by this Decision, nor Member States' responsibility to protect people, the environment and property on their territory.

(4) The Civil Protection Mechanism constitutes a visible, concrete and important expression of European solidarity by ensuring a practical and timely contribution to prevention of and preparedness for disasters and the response to major disasters and imminence thereof. This Decision should therefore not affect the reciprocal rights and obligations of the Member States under bilateral or multilateral treaties, which relate to the matters covered by this Decision, nor Member States' responsibility to protect people, the environment and property on their territory.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a decision

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The Mechanism should take due account of relevant Union legislation and international commitments, and exploit synergies with relevant Union initiatives, such as the European Earth monitoring programme (GMES), the European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (EPCIP) and the Common Information Sharing Environment (CISE).

(5) The Mechanism should take due account of relevant Union legislation and international commitments, and exploit synergies with relevant Union initiatives, such as the European Earth monitoring programme (GMES), the European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (EPCIP) and the Common Information Sharing Environment (CISE), as well as the Funds covered by the Common Provisions Regulation (ERDF, ESF, CF, EARDF, EMFF) and instruments of external action.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a decision

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) The Mechanism should include a general policy framework for Union disaster risk prevention actions aimed at achieving a high level of protection and resilience against disasters by preventing or reducing their effects and by fostering a culture of prevention. Risk management plans are essential to ensure an integrated approach to disaster management, linking risk prevention, preparedness and response actions. Therefore, the Mechanism should include a general framework for their communication and implementation.

(6) The Mechanism should include a general policy framework for Union disaster risk prevention actions aimed at achieving a high level of protection and resilience against disasters by preventing or reducing their effects and by fostering a culture of prevention. Risk management plans are essential to ensure an integrated approach to disaster management, linking risk prevention, preparedness and response actions. Risk management plans must be based on standardised scientific evidence about probability and potential of risks. Therefore, the Mechanism should include a general framework for their communication and implementation.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a decision

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) Prevention is of key importance for protection against disasters and requires further action as called for in the Council Conclusions of 30 November 2009 and in the European Parliament Resolution of 21 September 2010 on the Commission's Communication a "Community approach on the prevention of natural and man-made disasters".

(7) Prevention is of key importance for protection against disasters and requires further action as called for in the Council Conclusions of 30 November 2009 and in the European Parliament Resolution of 21 September 2010 on the Commission's Communication a "Community approach on the prevention of natural and man-made disasters". Prevention is cost-effective in the long run and it is a key to successful civil protection at both Member State and Union level.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a decision

Recital 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

7a. The amount allocated to the Mechanism should enable financial support to be granted for activities entailed in all different aspects of the disaster management cycle. It will need to be managed flexibly in order to allow scope for increases whenever the circumstances demand.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) By contributing to the further development of detection and early warning systems, the Union should assist Member States in minimising the lead time to respond to disasters and to alert Union citizens. These systems should take into account and build upon existing and future information sources and systems.

(9) By contributing to the further development of detection and early warning systems, the Union should assist Member States in minimising the lead time to respond to disasters and to alert Union citizens. These systems should take into account and build upon existing information sources and systems as well as encourage innovative approaches.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) The Mechanism should make it possible to mobilise and facilitate coordination of assistance interventions. The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities from the Member States, trained experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions.

(13) The Mechanism should make it possible to mobilise and facilitate coordination of assistance interventions. The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed resources from the Member States, trained experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions with the shortest delay possible.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a decision

Recital 14 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

14a. The establishment of both the Emergency Response Centre with strengthened planning and coordination functions, as well as the European Emergency Response Capacity, aims at generating savings at Member State level which should outweigh the costs to the Union budget, although the benefits of fast and effective disaster response in terms of human lives saved cannot be measured in purely financial terms.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a decision

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) The availability of adequate means of transport needs to be improved to support the development of a rapid response capability at the Union level The Union should support and supplement the efforts of Member States by facilitating the pooling of transport resources of Member States and contributing, where necessary, to the financing of additional means of transport subject to certain criteria.

(16) The availability of adequate means of transport needs to be improved to support the development of a rapid response capability at the Union level. The Union should support and supplement the efforts of Member States by facilitating the coordination and pooling of transport resources of Member States and contributing, where necessary, to the financing of additional means of transport subject to certain criteria.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a decision

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22) The objective of this Decision cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States, and can therefore, by reason of the scale or effects of the proposed action, taking into account the benefits resulting from the operation of the Mechanism in terms of reducing the loss of human life and damage, be better achieved at Union level. If a major emergency overwhelms the response capabilities of an affected Member State, this State should be able to appeal to the Mechanism to supplement its own civil protection and other emergency response resources. The Union may therefore adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Decision does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

(22) The objective of this Decision cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States alone, and can therefore, by reason of the scale or impacts of the proposed action, taking into account the benefits resulting from the operation of the Mechanism in terms of reducing the loss of human life and damage, be better achieved at Union level. If a serious emergency overwhelms the response capabilities of an affected Member State, this State should be able to appeal to the Mechanism to supplement its own civil protection and other emergency response resources. The Union may therefore adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Decision does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 - point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) to increase public awareness and preparedness for major disasters.

Justification

The special Eurobarometer 383 on Civil Protection conducted in February-March 2012 identified that EU citizens generally express a high level of concern about man-made and natural disasters, but they have a low level of awareness of EU actions in this area. 75% said they are concerned about oil spills and nuclear accidents, 67% - about floods and earthquakes. Only 38% in EU27 were aware of the EU's coordination role of civil protection actions inside and outside of the EU.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f) support Member States and third countries, referred to in Article 28, in preventing major disasters;

(f) support Member States and third countries, referred to in Article 28, in preventing major disasters, with a particular emphasis on sustainable development, green economy and preventing climate change;

Amendment  16

Proposal for a decision

Article 6 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) The risk management plans shall take into account the national risk assessments and other relevant risk assessment and shall be coherent with other relevant plans in force in that Member State.

(2) The risk management plans shall include national risk assessments and other relevant risk assessment and shall be coherent with other relevant plans in force in that Member State. They shall be based on scientific data.

Justification

Setting a clear content for the risk management plans would improve coherence among different Member States plans.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a decision

Article 6 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. The risk management plans shall be regularly updated every three years by the Member States in order to ensure full coverage of the developing nature, structure, and intensity of risks. The updated risk management plans shall be communicated to the Commission.

Justification

Taking into consideration that the structure, the frequency and the intensity of the risks are permanently changing over the time, the management of the risks should be similarly updated, thereby enabling Member States and the European Union to manage these risks accordingly.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) The capacities registered in the European Emergency Response Capacity shall be available for emergency response operations under the Mechanism at the request of the Commission through the ERC. Member States shall inform the Commission as soon as possible of any compelling reasons that prevent them from making these capacities available in a specific emergency.

(6) The capacities registered in the European Emergency Response Capacity shall be available for emergency response operations under the Mechanism at the request of the Commission through the ERC. Member States shall inform the Commission as soon as possible of any compelling reasons that prevent them from making these capacities available in a specific emergency. In order to allow for solutions in case a Member State is prevented from making its capacities available and in order to guarantee a swift and sufficient response, the voluntary pool shall include an adequate number of assets of each type.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) developing response capacities at Union level, where it is more cost-efective, that can serve as a common buffer against shared risks.

(b) developing response capacities at Union level, where it is more cost-effective, inter alia horizontal assets' capacities, logistics, assessment and coordination, that can serve as a common buffer against shared risks

Justification

There are areas where EU funding may be more appropriate

Amendment  20

Proposal for a decision

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) setting up a training programme and training network for civil protection and other emergency management personnel on disaster prevention, preparedness, and response, with a view to enhance the coordination, compatibility and complementarity between the modules and other capacities referred to in Articles 8, 9 and 11, and by improving the competence of the experts referred to in point (d) of Article 7. The programme shall include joint courses, exercises and exchange of experts system, whereby individuals may be seconded to other Member States;

(a) setting up and ensuring the functioning of a training programme and training network for civil protection and other emergency management personnel on disaster prevention, preparedness, and response, with a view to enhance the coordination, compatibility and complementarity between the modules and other capacities referred to in Articles 8, 9 and 11, and by improving the competence of the experts referred to in point (d) of Article 7. The programme shall include joint courses, exercises and exchange of experts system, whereby individuals may be seconded to other Member States;

Justification

It is necessary for the Commission to be involved not only in the creation of a training programme and of a training network but also in their functioning.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a decision

Article 19 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The financial reference amount for the implementation of this Decision for the period 2014 to 2020 shall be EUR 513 000 000 at current prices.

1. Within the meaning of point [17] of the Interinstitutional Agreement of .../.... between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management, the prime  reference amount for the budgetary authority during the annual budgetary procedure for the implementation of this Decision for the period 2014 to 2020shall be EUR XXX XXX XXX at 2011 prices.

EUR 276 000 000 at current prices shall derive from heading 3 "Security and Citizenship" of the financial framework and EUR 237 000 000 at current prices from heading 4 "Global Europe."

EUR XXX XXX XXX at 2011 prices shall derive from heading 3 "Security and Citizenship" of the financial framework and EUR XXX XXX XXX at 2011 prices from heading 4 "Global Europe."

Amendment  22

Proposal for a decision

Article 19 – paragraph 1a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. The budgetary authority shall authorise the available annual appropriations without prejudice to the provisions of the Regulation laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 and the Interinstitutional Agreement of xxx/201z between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters and sound financial management.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a decision

Article 21 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) preparing risk management plans and a Union-wide overview of risks;

(a) preparing and implementing risk management plans and a Union-wide overview of risks;

Justification

For coherence with Article 5 and in order to meet the prevention objectives, the Commission should support Member States throughout the preparation and implementation of the risk management plans.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a decision

Article 21 – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g) creating and maintaining the European Emergency Response Capacity, as referred to in Article 11.The Union financial contribution for actions under this point shall take the form of unit costs determined per type of capacity and shall not exceed 25% of the total eligible costs.

(g) creating and maintaining the European Emergency Response Capacity, as referred to in Article 11.The Union financial contribution for actions under this point shall take the form of unit costs determined per type of capacity and shall not exceed 50% of the total eligible costs.

Justification

In order to set-up a pool big enough to guarantee that key assets will be available in every situation of disaster, an EU co-financing rate of at least 50% is proposed.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a decision

Article 21 – point h

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(h) identifying and filling gaps in the European Emergency Response Capacity in accordance with Article 12. Actions taken in accordance with this point shall be based on a thorough needs and cost-benefit analysis per type of capacity, taking into account the probability and impact of the relevant risks. The Union financial contribution for the actions under this point shall not exceed 85% of the total eligible costs;

(h) identifying and filling gaps in the European Emergency Response Capacity in accordance with Article 12. Actions taken in accordance with this point shall be based on a thorough needs and cost-benefit analysis per type of capacity, taking into account its horizontal nature and its possible benefit in different disaster situations, its highly specialised nature and cost, or the probability and impact of the relevant risks. The Union financial contribution for the actions under this point shall not exceed 85% of the total eligible costs;

Justification

It is necessary to strengthen the scope for EU co-financing to address different types of capacity gaps

Amendment  26

Proposal for a decision

Article 21 – point k (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(k) supporting a training programme and an EU training network, involving civil protection schools, training centres and other emergency management personnel on disaster prevention, preparedness and response in Member States.

Justification

In order to achieve the objectives set out in Article 13, financial support from the EU budget is needed.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a decision

Article 26 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Synergies and complementarity shall be sought with other instruments of the Union. In the case of a response in third countries, the Commission shall ensure the complementarity and coherence of actions financed under this Decision and actions financed under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96.

2. Synergies and complementarity shall be sought with other instruments of the Union, inter alia, with the Funds covered by the Common Provisions Regulation (ERDF, ESF, CF, EARDF, EMFF). In the case of a response in third countries, the Commission shall ensure the complementarity and coherence of actions financed under this Decision and actions financed under Regulation (EC) No 1257/96. In the field of preventive external action, synergies should be exploited with Regulation No. .... establishing the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation and Regulation No. .... establishing the Development Cooperation Instrument. In terms of post-crisis action, complementarity should be ensured with Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid, the European Voluntary Human Aid Corps, European Development Fund and the Emergency Aid Reserve.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a decision

Article 26 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. The Union and the Member States shall coordinate their respective support programmes with the aim of increasing the effectiveness and efficiency in the delivery of support and policy dialogue in line with the established principles for strengthening operational coordination, and for harmonizing policies and procedures. Coordination shall involve regular consultations and frequent exchanges of relevant information and best practices during the different phases of the support cycle.

PROCEDURE

Title

Union Civil Protection Mechanism

References

COM(2011)0934 – C7-0519/2011 – 2011/0461(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

19.1.2012

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

19.1.2012

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Georgios Stavrakakis

6.2.2012

Date adopted

15.11.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

27

2

0

Members present for the final vote

Marta Andreasen, Francesca Balzani, Zuzana Brzobohatá, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazábal Rubial, Salvador Garriga Polledo, Jens Geier, Ivars Godmanis, Lucas Hartong, Jutta Haug, Monika Hohlmeier, Sidonia Elżbieta Jędrzejewska, Anne E. Jensen, Ivailo Kalfin, Jan Kozłowski, Alain Lamassoure, Giovanni La Via, George Lyon, Barbara Matera, Jan Mulder, Juan Andrés Naranjo Escobar, Nadezhda Neynsky, Dominique Riquet, Alda Sousa, Derek Vaughan

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

François Alfonsi, Jürgen Klute, Jaroslav Paška, Peter Šťastný, Georgios Stavrakakis, Nils Torvalds


OPINION of the Committee on Regional Development (22.10.2012)

for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism

(COM(2011)0934 – C7-0519/2011 – 2011/0461(COD))

Rapporteur: Oldřich Vlasák

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

This proposal for a decision on the Union Civil Protection Mechanism is a high-quality document taking account of the prevention and response requirements of the European Union in this field. The rapporteur welcomes the Commission's intention to combine the Civil Protection Mechanism with the Financial Instrument in a single document, including its implementation, which was submitted as a proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and the Council. He particularly welcomes a number of the proposed changes which introduce simplifying rules and procedures for activation of the Mechanism, thereby enhancing the effectiveness, efficiency and coherence of EU disaster response.

From the standpoint of the Committee on Regional Development the amendments focus primarily on the need for closer involvement of the regions, cities and local communities, because these independent authorities play a key role in both emergency prevention and emergency response and cannot be neglected. It is repeated that the basic principle of civil protection should be to address problems at the lowest possible level. Emphasis is also placed on the specific needs of border regions, where particularly in the reaction phase there is great potential for implementing an enhanced joint emergency response enabling coordination between cross-border regions. For similar reasons REGI opinion adds also references to specific situation of outermost regions, sea basin, island, mountain regions, isolated or inaccessible locations. Particular attention must be given to regions on EU external borders and outermost regions, given the increased risk of natural and man-made disasters and the fact that intervention is more difficult there than in other regions, frequently necessitating assistance from third countries.

Account also needs to be taken of the need to provide rapid and flexible assistance in the event of disasters exceeding the response capacity of the affected Member State or the authorities of its regional or local administration. Therefore, with reference to EU funds, an appeal is also made for more effective linking of the Civil Protection Mechanism and the Solidarity Fund, where a lack of flexibility in application is currently perceived.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Regional Development calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a decision

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) In view of the significant increase in the numbers and severity of natural and man-made disasters in recent years and in a situation where future disasters are likely to be more extreme and more complex with far reaching and longer-term consequences, resulting, in particular, from climate change and potential interaction between several natural and technological hazards, an integrated approach to disaster management is increasingly important. The Union should support, coordinate and supplement actions of Member States in the field of civil protection with a view to improving the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters.

(1) In view of the significant increase in the numbers and severity of natural and man-made disasters in recent years and in a situation where future disasters are likely to be more extreme and more complex with far reaching and longer-term consequences, resulting, in particular, from climate change and potential interaction between several natural and technological hazards, an integrated approach to disaster management is increasingly important. The Union should support, coordinate and supplement actions of Member States in the field of civil protection with a view to improving the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters. An integrated approach for each sea basin might prove necessary.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a decision

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The protection to be ensured under the Union Civil Protection Mechanism should cover primarily people, but also the environment and property, including cultural heritage, against all natural and man-made disasters, including acts of terrorism and technological, radiological and environmental accidents, marine pollution and acute health emergencies, occurring inside or outside the Union. Civil protection and other emergency assistance may be required in all of these disasters to complement the response capabilities of the affected country.

The protection to be ensured under the Union Civil Protection Mechanism should cover primarily people, but also the environment and property, including cultural heritage, against all natural and man-made disasters, including acts of terrorism and technological, radiological and environmental accidents, marine pollution and acute health emergencies, occurring inside or outside the Union. Civil protection and other emergency assistance may be required in all of these disasters to complement the response capabilities of the affected country and of its competent public authorities, including regional and local authorities, which are closest to dealing with the problems.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a decision

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) The Civil Protection Mechanism constitutes a visible expression of European solidarity by ensuring a practical and timely contribution to prevention of and preparedness for disasters and the response to major disasters and imminence thereof. This Decision should therefore not affect the reciprocal rights and obligations of the Member States under bilateral or multilateral treaties, which relate to the matters covered by this Decision, nor Member States' responsibility to protect people, the environment and property on their territory.

(4) The Civil Protection Mechanism constitutes a visible expression of European solidarity by ensuring a practical and timely contribution to consistent prevention of and preparedness for disasters and the response to major disasters and imminence thereof. This Decision should therefore not affect the reciprocal rights and obligations of the Member States under bilateral or multilateral treaties, which relate to the matters covered by this Decision, nor Member States' responsibility to protect people, the environment and property on their territory.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a decision

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) The Mechanism should include a general policy framework for Union disaster risk prevention actions aimed at achieving a high level of protection and resilience against disasters by preventing or reducing their effects and by fostering a culture of prevention. Risk management plans are essential to ensure an integrated approach to disaster management, linking risk prevention, preparedness and response actions. Therefore, the Mechanism should include a general framework for their communication and implementation.

(6) The Mechanism should include a general policy framework for Union disaster risk prevention actions aimed at achieving a high level of protection and resilience against disasters by preventing or reducing their effects and by fostering a culture of prevention. Risk management plans are essential to ensure an integrated approach to disaster management, linking risk prevention, preparedness and response actions. Therefore, the Mechanism includes a general framework for their communication and implementation. The Mechanism should develop guidelines in order to achieve coherence and comparability of the different risk management plans of Member States.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a decision

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) By contributing to the further development of detection and early warning systems, the Union should assist Member States in minimising the lead time to respond to disasters and to alert Union citizens. These systems should take into account and build upon existing and future information sources and systems.

(9) By contributing to the further development of detection and early warning systems, the Union should assist Member States in minimising the lead time to respond to disasters and to alert Union citizens. These systems should take into account and build upon existing and future information sources and systems; stresses the importance of closer cooperation between the Commission’s Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection and national civil protection services.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a decision

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) The Mechanism should include a general policy framework aimed at continuously improving the level of preparedness of civil protection systems, personnel and citizens within the Union. This includes training programmes and a training network, at Union and Member State level, on disaster prevention, preparedness, and response as called for in the Council Conclusions of 14 November 2008 on European disaster management training arrangements.

(10) The Mechanism should include a general policy framework aimed at continuously improving the level of preparedness of civil protection systems, personnel and citizens within the Union. This includes training programmes and a training network, at Union but primarily at Member State level, on local disaster prevention, preparedness, and response as called for in the Council Conclusions of 14 November 2008 on European disaster management training arrangements.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a decision

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Other preparatory measures include pooling of information related to necessary medical resources and stimulating the use of new technologies. In accordance with Article 346 of the Treaty, no Member State should be obliged to supply information the disclosure of which it considers contrary to the essential interests of its security.

Other preparatory measures include pooling of information related to necessary medical resources and stimulating the use of new technologies. In accordance with Article 346(1)(a) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, no Member State should be obliged to supply information the disclosure of which it considers contrary to the essential interests of its security.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a decision

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The development of civil protection assistance intervention modules, consisting of resources of one or more Member States which aim to be fully interoperable, is pursued at Union level in order to contribute to the development of a civil protection rapid response capability. Modules should be organised at the level of the Member States and subject to their direction and command.

The development of civil protection assistance intervention modules, consisting of resources of one or more Member States which aim to be fully interoperable, is pursued at Union level in order to contribute to the development of a civil protection rapid response capability. Modules should be organised at the level of the Member States and subject to their direction and command. Special attention must be paid in this respect to the civil protection capacities in the border areas of the Member States.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a decision

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) The development of civil protection assistance intervention modules, consisting of resources of one or more Member States which aim to be fully interoperable, is pursued at Union level in order to contribute to the development of a civil protection rapid response capability. Modules should be organised at the level of the Member States and subject to their direction and command.

(12) The development of civil protection assistance intervention modules on a voluntary basis, consisting of resources of one or more Member States which aim to be fully interoperable, is pursued at Union level in order to contribute to the development of a civil protection rapid response capability. Modules should be organised at the level of the Member States and subject to their direction and command.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities from the Member States, trained experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions.

(13) The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities from the Member States, trained experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions by promoting examples of good practice.

 

Amendment  11

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities from the Member States, trained experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions.

(13) The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities from the Member States, trained experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States, for standardising Member State alert systems and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a decision

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) The Mechanism should make it possible to mobilise and facilitate coordination of assistance interventions. The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities from the Member States, trained experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions.

(13) The Mechanism should make it possible to mobilise and facilitate coordination of assistance interventions. The reinforced cooperation should be based on a Union structure consisting of an emergency response centre coordinated with existing national, regional and local structures, a European emergency response capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities from the Member States, trained experts, a common emergency communication and information system managed by the Commission and contact points in the Member States. It should provide a framework for collecting validated emergency information, for disseminating that information to the Member States and for sharing lessons learnt from interventions

Amendment  13

Proposal for a decision

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14) In order to improve the planning of disaster response operations and to ensure the availability of key capacities, it is necessary to develop reference scenarios for the main types of disasters, map key existing capacities available in Member States, develop contingency plans for the deployment of the capacities and develop a European Emergency Response Capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities of Member States. The contingency planning exercise could also be used to determine whether there are gaps in the emergency response capacities available in the Member States that may be filled with capacities to be developed with Union support, which would be shared across the Union.

(14) In order to improve the planning of disaster response operations and to ensure the availability of key capacities, it is necessary to develop reference scenarios for the main types of disasters, map key existing capacities available in Member States, develop contingency plans for the deployment of the capacities and develop a European Emergency Response Capacity in the form of a voluntary pool of pre-committed capacities of Member States. The contingency planning exercise could also be used to determine whether there are gaps in the emergency response capacities available in the Member States regarding coordination between cross-border regions that may be filled with capacities to be developed with Union support, which would be shared across the Union.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a decision

Recital 15 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15a) Particular attention must be given to regions on EU external borders and outermost regions, given the increased risk of natural and man-made disasters and the fact that intervention is more difficult there than in other regions, frequently necessitating assistance from third countries.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a decision

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) The availability of adequate means of transport needs to be improved to support the development of a rapid response capability at the Union level. The Union should support and supplement the efforts of Member States by facilitating the pooling of transport resources of Member States and contributing, where necessary, to the financing of additional means of transport subject to certain criteria.

(16) The availability and speed of adequate means of transport need to be improved to support the development of a rapid response capability at the Union level. The Union should support and supplement the efforts of Member States by facilitating the pooling of transport resources of Member States and contributing, where necessary, to the financing of additional means of transport subject to certain criteria.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a decision

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) The availability of adequate means of transport needs to be improved to support the development of a rapid response capability at the Union level The Union should support and supplement the efforts of Member States by facilitating the pooling of transport resources of Member States and contributing, where necessary, to the financing of additional means of transport subject to certain criteria.

(16) The accessibility of transport in all EU regions and the availability of adequate means of transport needs to be improved to support the development of a rapid response capability at the Union level The Union should support and supplement the efforts of Member States by facilitating the pooling of transport resources of Member States and contributing, where necessary, to the financing of additional means of transport subject to certain criteria

Amendment  17

Proposal for a decision

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) Assistance interventions should be subject to full coordination in situ so as to maximise the effectiveness and ensure access to suffering populations. The Commission should provide appropriate logistical support for the dispatched expert teams.

(17) Assistance interventions should be subject to full coordination in situ so as to maximise the effectiveness and ensure access to suffering populations. The Commission should provide appropriate logistical support for the dispatched expert teams and for the logistical deployment of volunteer teams in response to emergency situations in isolated or inaccessible locations.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a decision

Recital 17 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(17a) European Union assistance and support in disaster prevention, repair and response is of particular importance in isolated or more outlying regions, which face permanent difficulties in terms of accessibility and available human and material resources, are more exposed to the risk of natural disasters and where the effects of such disasters are of greater impact, as is the case of the outermost regions.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a decision

Recital 18 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(18a) As a result of their geostrategic situations as set out in the Commission Communication of 26 May 2004 entitled ‘Stronger Partnership for the ORs’ and Michel Barnier’s report of January 2006 entitled ‘EuropeAid’, the outermost regions should clearly appear in the Member States’ risk management plans and benefit from priority implementation of modules aimed at preparing and coordinating interventions in their geographical environment.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a decision

Recital 19 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Account also needs to be taken of the need to provide rapid and flexible assistance in the event of disasters exceeding the response capacity of the affected Member State or the authorities of its regional or local administration. In this respect, emphasis should be placed on the possibility of drawing down financial resources from the Solidarity Fund, whose assistance is intended for Member States and acceding countries which are affected by a major natural disaster and whose implementation should be linked more effectively to the operation of the Civil Protection Mechanism.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a decision

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The objective of this Decision cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States, and can therefore, by reason of the scale or effects of the proposed action, taking into account the benefits resulting from the operation of the Mechanism in terms of reducing the loss of human life and damage, be better achieved at Union level. If a major emergency overwhelms the response capabilities of an affected Member State, this State should be able to appeal to the Mechanism to supplement its own civil protection and other emergency response resources. The Union may therefore adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Decision does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

The basic principle of civil protection should be to address problems at the lowest possible level. In the case of larger-scale operations, the objective of this Decision cannot, however, be sufficiently achieved by the Member States, and can therefore, by reason of the scale or effects of the proposed action, taking into account the benefits resulting from the operation of the Mechanism in terms of reducing the loss of human life and damage, be better achieved at Union level. If a major emergency overwhelms the response capabilities of an affected Member State, this State should be able to appeal to the Mechanism to supplement its own civil protection and other emergency response resources. The Union may therefore adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Decision does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a decision

Article 1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Union Civil Protection Mechanism (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Mechanism’) shall aim to support, coordinate and supplement the actions of the Member States in the field of civil protection in improving the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters.

1. The Union Civil Protection Mechanism (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Mechanism’) shall aim to support, coordinate and supplement the actions in the Member States in the field of civil protection in improving the effectiveness of systems for preventing, preparing for and responding to natural and man-made disasters.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a decision

Article 1 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The protection to be ensured by the Mechanism shall cover primarily people, but also the environment and property, including cultural heritage, against all natural and man-made disasters, including acts of terrorism, technological, radiological or environmental accidents, marine pollution and acute health emergencies, occurring inside or outside the Union.

2. The protection to be ensured by the Mechanism shall cover primarily people, but also the environment and property, including cultural heritage, against all natural and man-made disasters, including the consequences of acts of terrorism, technological, radiological or environmental accidents, marine pollution and acute health emergencies, occurring inside or outside the Union.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a decision

Article 1 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. The Mechanism shall not affect Member States' responsibility to protect people, the environment and property on their territory against disasters and endowing their emergency management systems with sufficient capabilities to enable them to cope adequately with disasters of a magnitude and nature that can reasonably be expected and prepared for.

5. The Mechanism shall not affect Member States' responsibility to protect people, the environment and property on their territory against disasters and endowing their emergency management systems with sufficient capabilities and resources to enable them to cope adequately and in a consistent manner with disasters of a magnitude and nature that can reasonably be expected and prepared for.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a decision

Article 1 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. The Mechanism shall not affect Member States' responsibility to protect people, the environment and property on their territory against disasters and endowing their emergency management systems with sufficient capabilities to enable them to cope adequately with disasters of a magnitude and nature that can reasonably be expected and prepared for.

5. The Mechanism shall not affect Member States’ primary responsibility to protect people, the environment and property on their territory against disasters and endowing their emergency management systems with sufficient capabilities to enable them to cope adequately with disasters of a magnitude and nature that can reasonably be expected and prepared for.

Amendment  26

Proposal for a decision

Article 1 – paragraph 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7. This Decision shall not apply to the actions carried out under [Regulation (EC) No 1717/2006; Regulation (EC) No 1257/96; Regulation (EC) No 1406/2002 [and Union legislation concerning action programmes in the fields of health, home affairs, justice]

7. This Decision shall not apply to the actions carried out under [Regulation (EC) No 1717/2006; Regulation (EC) No 1257/96; Regulation (EC) No 1406/2002 [and Union legislation concerning action programmes in the fields of health, home affairs, justice] and other unrelated Union legislation.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a decision

Article 2 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. This Decision shall take into account the special needs of isolated, outermost and other regions or islands of the Union in the case of a disaster.

3. This Decision shall take into account the special needs of isolated, outermost, cross-border and other regions or islands of the Union in the case of a disaster. An integrated approach for each sea basin might prove necessary in these regions if the best possible synergies are to be ensured.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) to achieve a high level of protection against disasters by preventing or reducing their effects and by fostering a culture of prevention;

(a) to achieve a high level of protection against disasters by preventing or reducing their effects, by fostering a culture of prevention and by improving cooperation between civil protection and other competent services;

Amendment  29

Proposal for a decision

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) progress in improving the response to disasters measured by the speed and degree of coordination of interventions under the Mechanism and the adequacy of assistance provided to the needs on the ground.

(c) progress in improving the response to disasters measured by the speed and degree of coordination of interventions and services under the Mechanism and the adequacy of assistance provided to the needs on the ground.

Amendment  30

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. "major disaster" means any situation, which has or may have an adverse impact on people, the environment or property and which may result in a call for assistance under the Mechanism;

2. ‘major disaster’ means an elementary event which, owing to its unusual magnitude, has already endangered life and property or will do so in the immediate future, which the resources of the Member State affected are insufficient to deal with and which may result in a call for assistance under the Mechanism.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a decision

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

9. ‘risk management plan’ means planning instrument prepared by a Member State to foresee risks, to estimate their impacts, and to develop, select and implement measures to reduce, adapt to and mitigate the risks and their impacts cost-effectively, as well as to set the framework for integrating different sector or hazard-specific risk management instruments into a common overall plan;

9. ‘risk management plan’ means planning instrument prepared by a Member State to foresee risks, to estimate their impacts, and to develop, select and implement sustainable measures to reduce, adapt to and mitigate the risks and their impacts cost-effectively, as well as to set the framework for integrating different sector or hazard-specific risk management instruments into a common overall plan;

Amendment  32

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) take action to improve the knowledge base on disaster risks and facilitate the sharing of knowledge, best practices and information;

(a) take action to improve the knowledge base on disaster risks and facilitate cooperation and the sharing of knowledge, best practices and information;

Amendment  33

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) take action to improve the knowledge base on disaster risks and facilitate the sharing of knowledge, best practices and information;

(a) take action to improve the knowledge base on disaster risks and facilitate the sharing of knowledge, best practices and information, both at European level and among Member States at macro- or sub-regional level, where territories face similar disaster risks;

Amendment  34

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) promote and support the development and implementation of Members States' risk management plans including guidelines on their content and provide for adequate incentives, where needed;

(d) promote and support the development, coordination between Member States and implementation of Members States' risk management plans including guidelines on their content and provide for adequate incentives, where needed;

Amendment  35

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) promote and support the development and implementation of Members States‘ risk management plans including guidelines on their content and provide for adequate incentives, where needed;

(d) promote and support the development and implementation of Members States‘ risk management plans including guidelines on their content in order to facilitate their coherence and comparability and provide for adequate incentives, where needed;

Amendment  36

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) raise awareness about the importance of risk prevention and support Member States in public information, education and awareness-raising;

(e) raise awareness about the importance of risk prevention and support Member States and regional and local authorities in public information, education and awareness-raising;

Amendment  37

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) raise awareness about the importance of risk prevention and support Member States in public information, education and awareness-raising;

(e) raise awareness about the importance of risk prevention and support Member States in public information, education and sensitivity and awareness-raising.

Amendment  38

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point f a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(f a) promote the use of Union's funds for sustainable disaster prevention and encourage Member States and regions to exploit these funding opportunities;

Amendment  39

Proposal for a decision

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point g a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ga) takes note of the particular vulnerability of the regions on the basis of Article 349 of the Treaty.

Amendment  40

Proposal for a decision

Article 6 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. In order to ensure an effective cooperation within the Mechanism, Members States shall communicate to the Commission their risk management plans.

1. In order to ensure an effective cooperation within the Mechanism, Members States shall, after consultation with their competent public authorities, including regional and local authorities, communicate to the Commission their risk management plans. Emphasis shall be placed on the assistance to be given to outermost, island, cross-border and mountain regions, which often lack adequate resources with which to rapidly respond to disasters.

Amendment  41

Proposal for a decision

Article 6 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The risk management plans shall take into account the national risk assessments and other relevant risk assessment and shall be coherent with other relevant plans in force in that Member State.

2. The risk management plans shall take into account the major natural and man-made disaster risks analysed in the national risk assessments and other relevant risk at national or appropriate sub-national level and shall be coherent with other relevant plans in the Member State.

Amendment  42

Proposal for a decision

Article 6 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The risk management plans shall take into account the national risk assessments and other relevant risk assessment and shall be coherent with other relevant plans in force in that Member State.

2. The risk management plans shall take into account the national risk assessments and other relevant risk assessment and shall be coherent with other relevant plans in force in that Member State. Member States must develop a strategy for coordinating risk management planning in cross-border regions.

Amendment  43

Proposal for a decision

Article 6 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Member States shall ensure by the end of 2016 at the latest that their risk management plans are ready and communicated to the Commission in their most up-to-date form.

deleted

Amendment  44

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

a) establish and manage the Emergency Response Centre (ERC), ensuring 24/7 operational capacity, and serving the Member States and the Commission for the purposes of the Mechanism;

a) establish and manage the Emergency Response Centre (ERC) in coordination with the existing national and regional bodies, ensuring 24/7 operational capacity, and serving the Member States and the Commission for the purposes of the Mechanism;

Amendment  45

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) contribute to the development of detection and early warning and alert systems for disasters in order to enable a rapid response, and to promote their inter-linkage and their linkage to the ERC and the CECIS. Those systems shall take into account and build upon existing and future information, monitoring and detection sources and systems;

(c) contribute to the development of detection and early warning and alert systems for disasters and alert code standardisation in order to enable a rapid response, and to promote their inter-linkage and their linkage to the ERC and the CECIS. Those systems shall take into account and build upon existing and future information, monitoring and detection sources and systems

Amendment  46

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point d – indent 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

assessing the needs in a state requesting assistance,

assessing the needs in a state or region requesting assistance,

Amendment  47

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point d – indent 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

facilitating, when necessary, the coordination of emergency assistance operations on site and liaising, when necessary and appropriate, with the competent authorities of the state requesting assistance,

facilitating, when necessary, the coordination of emergency assistance operations on site and liaising, when necessary and appropriate, with the competent national or regional authorities of the state requesting assistance,

Amendment  48

Proposal for a decision

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) establish and maintain a capability to provide logistical support and assistance for expert teams, modules and other response capacities deployed under the Mechanism, as well as other actors on the ground;

(e) establish and maintain a capability to provide logistical support and assistance for expert teams, modules and other response capacities deployed under the Mechanism, as well as other actors on the ground and volunteer groups in isolated or inaccessible areas;

 

Amendment  49

Proposal for a decision

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) Member States shall identify and map key existing capacities that could be made available for the response under the Mechanism to these scenarios and inform the Commission thereof;

(b) Member States shall, in cooperation with their regions, identify and map key existing capacities that could be made available for the response under the Mechanism to these scenarios and inform the Commission thereof;

Amendment  50

Proposal for a decision

Article 10 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The Commission and the Member States shall identify and ensure synergies between in-kind assistance and humanitarian aid funding provided by the Union and Member States in the planning of response operations outside the Union.

2. The Commission and the Member States shall identify and ensure synergies between in-kind assistance and humanitarian aid funding provided by the Union and Member States in the planning of response operations outside the Union and shall ensure the integration of outermost regions when such plans involve their territory.

Amendment  51

Proposal for a decision

Article 11 – paragraph 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7. In the event of deployment, the capacities shall remain under Member States’ command and direction. The coordination among the different capacities shall be ensured by the Commission through the ERC. The capacities shall remain available for the national purposes of Member States when not deployed in operations under the Mechanism.

7. Response capacities that Member States make available for the European Emergency Response Capacity shall remain available for national purposes of Member States at all times.

Amendment  52

Proposal for a decision

Article 12 – paragraph 2 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba) assistance for Member States to improve accessibility in regions at greater risk from emergency situations.

 

Amendment  53

Proposal for a decision

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) setting up a training programme and training network for civil protection and other emergency management personnel on disaster prevention, preparedness, and response, with a view to enhance the coordination, compatibility and complementarity between the modules and other capacities referred to in Articles 8, 9 and 11, and by improving the competence of the experts referred to in point (d) of Article 7. The programme shall include joint courses, exercises and exchange of experts system, whereby individuals may be seconded to other Member States;

(a) setting up a training programme and training network for local and regional civil protection and other emergency management personnel on disaster prevention, preparedness, and response, with a view to enhance the coordination, compatibility and complementarity between the modules and other capacities referred to in Articles 8, 9 and 11, and by improving the competence of the experts referred to in point (d) of Article 7. The programme shall include joint courses, exercises and exchange of experts system, whereby individuals may be seconded to other Member States;

Amendment  54

Proposal for a decision

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) setting up a programme of lessons learned from the interventions, exercises and trainings conducted within the framework of the Mechanism, including relevant prevention, preparedness and response aspects, disseminating these lessons and implementing them as appropriate;

(d) setting up a programme of lessons learned from the interventions inside and outside the Union, exercises and trainings conducted within the framework of the Mechanism, including relevant prevention, preparedness and response aspects, disseminating these lessons and implementing them as appropriate;

Amendment  55

Proposal for a decision

Article 19 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The financial reference amount for the implementation of this Decision for the period 2014 to 2020 shall be EUR 513 000 000 at current prices.

The financial reference amount for the implementation of this Decision for the period 2014 to 2020 shall be EUR 400 000 000 at current prices.

Amendment  56

Proposal for a decision

Article 19 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The financial reference amount for the implementation of this Decision for the period 2014 to 2020 shall be EUR 513 000 000 at current prices.

The financial reference amount for the implementation of this Decision for the period 2014 to 2020 shall be EUR 513 000 000 at current prices. Within this framework, the budgetary means for operations inside as well as for operations outside the EU will be determined/set according to the needs incurred.

Amendment  57

Proposal for a decision

Article 19 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

EUR 276 000 000 at current prices shall derive from heading 3 "Security and Citizenship" of the financial framework and EUR 237 000 000 at current prices from heading 4 "Global Europe."

EUR 200 000 000 at current prices shall derive from heading 3 "Security and Citizenship" of the financial framework and EUR 200 000 000 at current prices from heading 4 "Global Europe."

Amendment  58

Proposal for a decision

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) public information, education and awareness raising and associated dissemination actions, so as to minimise the effects of disasters on Union citizens and to help Union citizens to protect themselves more effectively;

(d) public information, education and awareness raising and associated dissemination actions, so as to minimise the effects of disasters on Union citizens and to help Union citizens to protect themselves more effectively and in a sustainable manner;

Amendment  59

Proposal for a decision

Article 26 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Actions receiving financial assistance under this Decision shall not receive assistance from other Union financial instruments.

Actions receiving financial assistance under this Decision shall not receive assistance from other Union financial instruments, except in the case of disaster relief actions in the outermost regions and those with geographical or demographic constraints, such as island, mountain or scarcely populated regions.

PROCEDURE

Title

Union Civil Protection Mechanism

References

COM(2011)0934 – C7-0519/2011 – 2011/0461(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

19.1.2012

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

REGI

19.1.2012

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Oldřich Vlasák

26.1.2012

Date adopted

10.10.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

34

2

2

Members present for the final vote

François Alfonsi, Luís Paulo Alves, Charalampos Angourakis, Jean-Jacob Bicep, Victor Boştinaru, John Bufton, Alain Cadec, Salvatore Caronna, Nikos Chrysogelos, Francesco De Angelis, Rosa Estaràs Ferragut, Danuta Maria Hübner, Vincenzo Iovine, María Irigoyen Pérez, Seán Kelly, Mojca Kleva, Constanze Angela Krehl, Petru Constantin Luhan, Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska, Vladimír Maňka, Iosif Matula, Erminia Mazzoni, Miroslav Mikolášik, Ana Miranda, Lambert van Nistelrooij, Jan Olbrycht, Markus Pieper, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Monika Smolková, Ewald Stadler, Nuno Teixeira, Oldřich Vlasák, Kerstin Westphal, Hermann Winkler, Joachim Zeller

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Karin Kadenbach, Czesław Adam Siekierski, Giommaria Uggias


PROCEDURE ()

Title

Union Civil Protection Mechanism

References

COM(2011)0934 – C7-0519/2011 – 2011/0461(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

20.12.2011

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

19.1.2012

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

AFET

19.1.2012

DEVE

19.1.2012

BUDG

19.1.2012

REGI

19.1.2012

Associated committee(s)

       Date announced in plenary

DEVE

14.6.2012

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Elisabetta Gardini

7.2.2012

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

26.4.2012

19.9.2012

5.11.2012

 

Date adopted

28.11.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

52

5

3

Members present for the final vote

Elena Oana Antonescu, Kriton Arsenis, Sophie Auconie, Pilar Ayuso, Paolo Bartolozzi, Sandrine Bélier, Sergio Berlato, Lajos Bokros, Nessa Childers, Yves Cochet, Chris Davies, Anne Delvaux, Bas Eickhout, Edite Estrela, Elisabetta Gardini, Matthias Groote, Françoise Grossetête, Satu Hassi, Jolanta Emilia Hibner, Dan Jørgensen, Karin Kadenbach, Christa Klaß, Eija-Riitta Korhola, Holger Krahmer, Jo Leinen, Peter Liese, Zofija Mazej Kukovič, Linda McAvan, Radvilė Morkūnaitė-Mikulėnienė, Vladko Todorov Panayotov, Antonyia Parvanova, Andres Perello Rodriguez, Mario Pirillo, Pavel Poc, Oreste Rossi, Dagmar Roth-Behrendt, Richard Seeber, Theodoros Skylakakis, Claudiu Ciprian Tănăsescu, Salvatore Tatarella, Thomas Ulmer, Åsa Westlund, Glenis Willmott, Sabine Wils

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Nikos Chrysogelos, Vicky Ford, Julie Girling, Georgios Koumoutsakos, Judith A. Merkies, Miroslav Mikolášik, Britta Reimers, Birgit Schnieber-Jastram, Renate Sommer, Alda Sousa, Rebecca Taylor, Marita Ulvskog, Vladimir Urutchev, Andrea Zanoni

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Ashley Fox, Emma McClarkin

Date tabled

8.1.2013

Last updated: 3 December 2013Legal notice