Procedure : 2012/2309(INL)
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Document selected : A7-0041/2013

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A7-0041/2013

Debates :

PV 12/03/2013 - 17
CRE 12/03/2013 - 17

Votes :

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CRE 13/03/2013 - 8.5

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2013)0082

REPORT     
PDF 251kWORD 540k
25 February 2013
PE 502.178v04-00 A7-0041/2013

on the composition of the European Parliament with a view to the 2014 elections

(2012/2309(INI))

Committee on Constitutional Affairs

Rapporteurs: Roberto Gualtieri and Rafał Trzaskowski

MOTION FOR A EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION
 ANNEX TO THE MOTION FOR A EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 ANNEX I
 ANNEX II
 RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE

MOTION FOR A EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION

on the composition of the European Parliament with a view to the 2014 elections

(2012/2309(INI))

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to Article 14(2) of the Treaty on European Union (TEU),

–   having regard to Protocol No 36 on transitional provisions,

–   having regard to the Treaty concerning the accession of the Republic of Croatia to the European Union,

–   having regard to Rules 41, 48 and 74f of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to its resolution of 11 October 2007 on the composition of the European Parliament(1),

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs (A7-0041/2013),

A. whereas Article 2(1) and (2) of Protocol No 36 will expire at the end of the 2009-2014 parliamentary term,

B.  whereas the Republic of Croatia is expected to accede to the Union before the elections to the European Parliament that are due to be held in the spring of 2014, and whereas Article 19(1) of the Act concerning the conditions of accession of the Republic of Croatia and the adjustments to the Treaty on European Union, the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community will expire at the end of the 2009-2014 parliamentary term,

C. whereas the demographic changes that have occurred since the last elections to the European Parliament should be taken into consideration,

D. whereas the establishment of a durable system for the apportionment of seats in the European Parliament should be considered in conjunction with a revision of the voting system in the Council as part of an overall reform of the Union institutions to be defined in a Convention, convened pursuant to Article 48(3) TEU, and whereas such reform should recognise that, according to the Treaties, the basis for Union democracy is the representation of both citizens and Member States;

E. whereas the apportionment of seats for the next parliamentary term should not be arbitrary but should instead be based on objective criteria to be applied in a pragmatic manner and whereas such apportionment should compensate gains in the number of seats with losses in such as way that losses are limited to a maximum of one seat per Member State;

1.  Submits to the European Council the annexed proposal for a decision of the European Council establishing the composition of the European Parliament for the 2014-2019 parliamentary term, on the basis of its right of initiative laid down in Article 14(2) TEU;

2.  Underlines the urgent need to adopt that decision, which requires its consent, as soon as the Treaty concerning the accession of the Republic of Croatia to the European Union enters into force, so that the Member States can enact, in good time, the necessary domestic provisions for organising the elections to the European Parliament for the 2014-2019 parliamentary term;

3.  Commits itself to submit shortly a proposal aimed at improving the practical arrangements for the holding of the elections in 2014;

4.  Undertakes to submit, before the end of 2015, a new proposal for a decision of the European Council with the aim of establishing, sufficiently far in advance of the beginning of the 2019-2024 parliamentary term, a durable and transparent system which, in future, before each election to the European Parliament, will allow seats to be apportioned amongst the Member States in an objective manner, based on the principle of degressive proportionality as set forth in Article 1 of the annexed proposal for a decision, taking account of any increase in their number and demographic trends in their population, as duly ascertained, and without excluding the possibility of reserving a number of seats to members elected on transnational lists;

5.  Observes that the new system for apportioning seats in the European Parliament should be established in conjunction with a review of the voting system in the Council as part of the necessary revision of the Treaties; determines to make proposals to this end at the next Convention to be convened pursuant to Article 48(3) TEU;

6.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution and the proposal for a decision of the European Council annexed hereto, together with the aforementioned report of its Committee on Constitutional Affairs, to the European Council and to the government and parliament of the Republic of Croatia, and, for information, to the Commission and to the governments and parliaments of the Member States.

(1)

OJ C 227 E, 4.9.2008, p. 132 (Lamassoure-Severin report).


ANNEX TO THE MOTION FOR A EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT RESOLUTION

Proposal for a decision of the European Council establishing the composition of the European Parliament

THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL,

Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 14(2) thereof,

Having regard to Article 2(3) of Protocol No 36 on transitional provisions,

Having regard to the initiative of the European Parliament,

Having regard to the consent of the European Parliament,

Whereas:

(1) The Article 2(1) and (2) of Protocol No 36 on transitional provisions will expire at the end of the 2009-2014 parliamentary term.

(2) The Article 19(1) of the Act concerning the conditions of accession of the Republic of Croatia and the adjustments to the Treaty on European Union (TEU), the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community will expire at the end of the 2009-2014 parliamentary term.

(3) It is necessary to comply without delay with the provisions of Article 2(3) of Protocol No 36 and therefore to adopt the decision provided for in the second subparagraph of Article 14(2) of the Treaty on European Union, in order to enable Member States to adopt in good time the necessary domestic measures for the holding of the elections to the European Parliament for the 2014-2019 parliamentary term.

(4) This Decision complies with the criteria laid down in the first subparagraph of Article 14(2) of the Treaty on European Union, namely that representatives of the Union's citizens are not to exceed seven hundred and fifty in number, plus the President, that representation is to be degressively proportional, with a minimum threshold of six members per Member State and that no Member State is to be allocated more than ninety-six seats,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

In the application of the principle of degressive proportionality provided for in the first subparagraph of Article 14(2) TEU, the following principles shall apply:

–    the allocation of seats in the European Parliament shall fully utilise the minimum and maximum numbers set by the Treaty in order to reflect as closely as possible the sizes of the respective populations of Member States;

–   the ratio between the population and the number of seats of each Member State before rounding to whole numbers shall vary in relation to their respective populations in such a way that each Member of the European Parliament from a more populous Member State represents more citizens than each Member from a less populous Member State and, conversely, that the larger the population of a Member State, the greater its entitlement to a large number of seats;

Article 2

      The total population of the Member States shall be calculated by the Commission (Eurostat) on the basis of data provided by the Member States, in accordance with a method established by means of a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

Article 3

Pursuant to Article 1, the number of representatives in the European Parliament elected in each Member State is hereby set as follows, with effect from the beginning of the 2014-2019 parliamentary term:

Belgium

21

Bulgaria

17

Czech Republic

21

Denmark

13

Germany

96

Estonia

6

Ireland

11

Greece

21

Spain

54

France

74

Croatia

11

Italy

73

Cyprus

6

Latvia

8

Lithuania

11

Luxembourg

6

Hungary

21

Malta

6

Netherlands

26

Austria

18

Poland

51

Portugal

21

Romania

32

Slovenia

8

Slovakia

13

Finland

13

Sweden

20

United Kingdom

73

Article 4

This Decision shall be revised sufficiently far in advance of the beginning of the 2019-2024 parliamentary term with the aim of establishing a system which in future will make it possible, before each fresh election to the European Parliament, to allocate the seats between Member States in an objective, fair, durable and transparent way, based on the principle of degressive proportionality set forth in Article 1, taking account of any change in their number and in demographic trends in their populations, as duly ascertained, as well as of the voting system in the Council.

Article 5

This Decision shall enter into force on the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Done at ...

For the European Council

The President


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

When the next parliamentary term starts in 2014, the current derogation from Article 14(2) of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) will expire and the European Parliament will be composed of 751 Members (750, plus the President). The current number of seats is 754: 736, for Members elected in accordance with the Nice Treaty, which was in force at the time of the 2009 elections, plus 18 for Members appointed under the Lisbon Treaty through an amendment to Article 2 of Protocol No 36 on transitional provisions, which established a temporary derogation from Article 14(2) TEU (which specifies that no Member State may be allocated more than 96 seats) to allow the maintenance until 2014 of the 99 seats assigned to Germany under the Nice Treaty.

When its accession treaty enters into force, Croatia will be assigned 12 seats in Parliament (it currently has 12 observers) under Article 19(1) of the Act of Accession, which also amends Article 2 of Protocol No 36, resulting in a temporary increase in the total number of seats to 766.

As a result, the total number of seats will need to be reduced by 15 in order to bring it into line with the number laid down by the Treaty provisions (751). Three out of the 15 will necessarily be taken away from Germany’s quota, which will drop from 99 to the 96 Treaty threshold. The other 12 will need to be found by taking one or more seats from up to 12 of the 24 Member States (including Croatia) which have more than the minimum Treaty threshold of 6 seats (the Member States with 6 seats are currently Malta, Luxembourg, Cyprus and Estonia). The decision establishing the composition of the new Parliament may also need to provide for a broader redistribution of seats to take into account any changes in the populations of Member States and/or to improve the interpretation and implementation of the Treaty principle of degressive proportionality.

Under Article14(2) TEU, the composition of the new Parliament must be established by a European Council decision adopted by unanimity on the initiative of the European Parliament and with its consent. Parliament is thus responsible for submitting a proposal to the European Council.

The proposal submitted by your rapporteurs is based on the following considerations.

Article 14(2) TEU states that representation of citizens in the EP must be degressively proportional. According to the Lamassoure-Severin report, degressive proportionality means the following: (1) the minimum and maximum numbers set by the Treaty ‘must be fully utilised to ensure that the allocation of seats in the European Parliament reflects as closely as possible the range of populations of the Member States’; (2) ‘the larger the population of a country, the greater its entitlement to a large number of seats’; and (3) ‘the larger the population of a country, the more inhabitants are represented by each of its Members of the European Parliament’. This definition lays down a general principle and not a mathematical criterion. It cannot be fully respected as far as its second principle is concerned (which, taken literally, would prevent two Member States with different populations from having the same number of seats). However, it can be implemented in different ways and does not lead to one single result. In any case, the current seat allocation arrangements for some Member States are not in keeping with the third principle, as can be seen in Table 1 of Annex I. Our first criterion will therefore be to respect degressive proportionality as far as possible. But which of the different ways of doing so should be chosen?

Previous reallocations stretched to the limit the degressivity of the seat distribution, considerably increasing the population/seats ratio for larger Member States compared with medium-sized ones (see Annex II), and pointing to the need to redress the balance. Moreover, the first principle of the Lamassoure-Severin report (to make full use of the limits set by the Treaty) makes it impossible to further reduce the number of seats allocated to Germany below the 96 threshold, which would be politically counterproductive for the whole European Parliament, given the German Constitutional Court’s well-known critical view of degressive proportionality. This automatically rules out any reduction in the number of seats for large Member States, and would, on the contrary, logically lead to an increase, at least for some of them.

In the last Convention, Parliament put forward the ‘fix-prop’ method, recently developed under the name ‘Cambridge compromise’: six seats would be allocated to all the Member States, and the others would be distributed on a proportionality basis (see Annex I, Table 4). As the most ‘proportional’ mechanism respecting degressive proportionality, the fix-prop method would considerably reduce criticism from the German Constitutional Court (especially if combined with a Treaty revision abolishing the upper limit of 96). However, its implementation would trigger a traumatic reallocation of seats, with heavy losses for medium-sized and small Member States and huge increases for larger ones. Furthermore, failure to abolish the 96 upper limit would discriminate against Germany among the large Member States, introducing a steep rise in the population/seats ratio between France and Germany.

Among the various possible mathematical formulae for implementing the principle of degressive proportionality(1), the ‘parabolic’ method is one of the most degressive (see Annex I, Table 3). It could, in the longer term, be used as a benchmark in the absence of a treaty change, but the redistribution which this model entails would be too drastic to be politically sustainable in a single step.

Your rapporteurs therefore propose a pragmatic solution, based on a different criterion, namely to minimise the loss of seats by Member States, while at the same time respecting degressive proportionality as far as possible, in accordance with the principle that ‘nobody gains and nobody loses more than one’ (see Annex I, Table 1). This pragmatic solution can be achieved through a two-step approach. The first step (see Annex I, Table 2) is a reallocation fully in line with the three principles of degressive proportionality and, at the same time, involving as little change as possible in the number of seats. It would result in a loss of seats for 13 Member States, with two losing 3 seats (Hungary and Lithuania), six losing 2 (Romania, Greece, Belgium, Portugal, Czech Republic, Latvia) and five losing 1 (Sweden, Bulgaria, Ireland, Croatia, Slovenia). On the other hand, France would gain 4 seats, the United Kingdom and Spain 3, and Italy 1. The second step consists in the political compensation between the gains (11 seats) and the losses of more than one seat (10 seats). The additional saved seat would be allocated to Slovenia (which would thus keep its 8 seats) as the smallest country among the losers in step one. The result is the ‘minimisation of losses’ mentioned above, with just twelve Member States losing 1 each and no Member State increasing its number of seats. Of course, this ‘gain waiver’ means that the third principle of degressive proportionality would not fully be respected, but the outcome is based on a clear political logic. Furthermore, this solution is far closer to complying with the degressive proportionality rule than any other based on the model ‘no gains and no losses of more than 1’ (e.g. by cutting 12 seats, one from each of the ‘gainers’ of the last reapportionment).

Your rapporteurs believe that, in the present circumstances and on the basis of the current decision-making procedure in this field, the proposed solution is the most likely to obtain a majority within Parliament and unanimity in the Council while respecting degressive proportionality as far as possible.

A new attempt to achieve a more permanent system, based on objective criteria acceptable to all stakeholders, could be launched in the form of a new Parliament initiative well in good time for the following elections in 2019. In conjunction with this, a more appropriate method for calculating the size of each Member State’s electorate could also be set out in a specific regulation to be adopted under the ordinary legislative procedure.

Annexes:

I.    Tables describing the effects of the different methods of calculation

II.   Historical background

(1)

For an analysis and a description of the various mathematical formulae, see the Special Issue of ‘Mathematical social sciences’, 63 (2012), pp. 65-191, especially Table 2, on p. 100.


ANNEX I

TABLE 1: PRAGMATIC SOLUTION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Member States

Population*

Seats (current allocation)

Ratio pop./seats

Seats (new allocation)

Difference

Ratio pop./seats (new allocation)

Germany

81843743

99

826704

96

minus 3

852539

France

65397912

74

883756

74

 

883756

United Kingdom

62989550

73

862871

73

 

862871

Italy

60820764

73

833161

73

 

833161

Spain

46196276

54

855487

54

 

855487

Poland

38538447

51

755656

51

 

755656

Romania

21355849

33

647147

32

minus 1

667370

Netherlands

16730348

26

643475

26

 

643475

Greece

11290935

22

513224

21

minus 1

537664

Belgium

11041266

22

501876

21

minus 1

525775

Portugal

10541840

22

479175

21

minus 1

501992

Czech Republic

10505445

22

477520

21

minus 1

500259

Hungary

9957731

22

452624

21

minus 1

474178

Sweden

9482855

20

474143

19

minus 1

499098

Austria

8443018

19

444369

19

 

444369

Bulgaria

7327224

18

407068

17

minus 1

431013

Denmark

5580516

13

429270

13

 

429270

Slovakia

5404322

13

415717

13

 

415717

Finland

5401267

13

415482

13

 

415482

Ireland

4582769

12

381897

11

minus 1

416615

Croatia

4398150

12

366513

11

minus 1

399832

Lithuania

3007758

12

250647

11

minus 1

273433

Slovenia

2055496

8

256937

8

 

256937

Latvia

2041763

9

226863

8

minus 1

255220

Estonia

1339662

6

223277

6

 

223277

Cyprus

862011

6

143669

6

 

143669

Luxembourg

524853

6

87476

6

 

87476

Malta

416110

6

69352

6

 

69352

TOTAL

 

766

 

751

 

 

* as of 1 January 2012

TABLE 2 : PRAGMATIC SOLUTION - the two steps

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Member States

Population*

Seats (step 1)

Difference

Ratio pop./seats (step 1)

Seats (step 2)

Difference

Ratio pop./seats (step 2)

Germany

81843743

96

minus 3

852539

96

minus 3

852539

France

65397912

78

plus 4

838435

74

 

883756

United Kingdom

62989550

76

plus 3

828810

73

 

862871

Italy

60820764

74

plus 1

821902

73

 

833161

Spain

46196276

57

plus 3

810461

54

 

855487

Poland

38538447

51

 

755656

51

 

755656

Romania

21355849

31

minus 2

688898

32

minus 1

667370

Netherlands

16730348

26

 

643475

26

 

643475

Greece

11290935

20

minus 2

564547

21

minus 1

537664

Belgium

11041266

20

minus 2

552063

21

minus 1

525775

Portugal

10541840

20

minus 2

527092

21

minus 1

501992

Czech Republic

10505445

20

minus 2

525272

21

minus 1

500259

Hungary

9957731

19

minus 3

524091

21

minus 1

474178

Sweden

9482855

19

minus 1

499098

19

minus 1

499098

Austria

8443018

19

 

444369

19

 

444369

Bulgaria

7327224

17

minus 1

431013

17

minus 1

431013

Denmark

5580516

13

 

429270

13

 

429270

Slovakia

5404322

13

 

415717

13

 

415717

Finland

5401267

13

 

415482

13

 

415482

Ireland

4582769

11

minus 1

416615

11

minus 1

416615

Croatia

4398150

11

minus 1

399832

11

minus 1

399832

Lithuania

3007758

9

minus 3

334195

11

minus 1

273433

Slovenia

2055496

7

minus 1

293642

8

 

256937

Latvia

2041763

7

minus 2

291680

8

minus 1

255220

Estonia

1339662

6

 

223277

6

 

223277

Cyprus

862011

6

 

143669

6

 

143669

Luxembourg

524853

6

 

87476

6

 

87476

Malta

416110

6

 

69352

6

 

69352

TOTAL

 

751

 

 

751

 

 

* as of 1 January 2012

TABLE 3: PARABOLIC FORMULA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Member States

Population*

Seats

Difference

Ratio population/seats

Germany

81843743

96

minus 3

852539

France

65397912

80

plus 6

817474

United Kingdom

62989550

78

plus 5

807558

Italy

60820764

75

plus 2

810944

Spain

46196276

60

plus 6

769938

Poland

38538447

51

 

755656

Romania

21355849

32

minus 1

667370

Netherlands

16730348

26

 

643475

Greece

11290935

20

minus 2

564547

Belgium

11041266

19

minus 3

581119

Portugal

10541840

19

minus 3

554834

Czech Republic

10505445

19

minus 3

552918

Hungary

9957731

18

minus 4

553207

Sweden

9482855

17

minus 3

557815

Austria

8443018

16

minus 3

527689

Bulgaria

7327224

15

minus 3

488482

Denmark

5580516

13

 

429270

Slovakia

5404322

12

minus 1

450360

Finland

5401267

12

minus 1

450106

Ireland

4582769

11

minus 1

416615

Croatia

4398150

11

minus 1

399832

Lithuania

3007758

9

minus 3

334195

Slovenia

2055496

8

 

256937

Latvia

2041763

8

minus 1

255220

Estonia

1339662

7

plus 1

191380

Cyprus

862011

7

plus 1

123144

Luxembourg

524853

6

 

87476

Malta

416110

6

 

69352

TOTAL

 

751

 

 

* as of 1 January 2012

TABLE 4: FIX-PROP - CAMBRIDGE COMPROMISE

 

 

 

 

 

 

Member States

Population*

Seats

Difference

Ratio population/seats

Germany

81751602

96

minus 3

851579

France

65048412

83

plus 9

783716

United Kingdom

62435709

80

plus 7

780446

Italy

60626442

78

plus 5

777262

Spain

46152926

61

plus 7

756605

Poland

38200037

51

 

749020

Romania

21413815

31

minus 2

690768

Netherlands

16655799

25

minus 1

666232

Greece

11309885

19

minus 3

595257

Belgium

10951665

18

minus 4

608426

Portugal

10636979

18

minus 4

590943

Czech Republic

10532770

18

minus 4

585154

Hungary

9985722

17

minus 5

587395

Sweden

9415570

17

minus 3

553857

Austria

8404252

16

minus 3

525266

Bulgaria

7504868

15

minus 3

500325

Denmark

5560628

12

minus 1

463386

Slovakia

5435273

12

minus 1

452939

Finland

5375276

12

minus 1

447940

Ireland

4480858

11

minus 1

407351

Croatia

4412137

11

minus 1

401103

Lithuania

3244601

9

minus 3

360511

Slovenia

2229641

8

minus 1

278705

Latvia

2050189

8

 

256274

Estonia

1340194

7

plus 1

191456

Cyprus

804435

6

 

134073

Luxembourg

511840

6

 

85307

Malta

417617

6

 

69603

TOTAL

 

751

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*calculation based on 2011 population data


ANNEX II

TABLE 1: 1979

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Member States

Population

Seats

Ratio population/seats

Germany

61.321.663

81

757058

France

53.481.073

81

660260

United Kingdom

56.209.039

81

693939

Italy

56.247.017

81

694408

Netherlands

13.985.526

25

559421

Belgium

9.841.654

24

410069

Denmark

5.111.537

16

319471

Ireland

3.354.700

15

223647

Luxembourg

362.261

6

60377

TOTAL

 

410

 

TABLE 2: 1986

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Member States

Population

Seats

Ratio population/seats

Germany

61.020.474

81

753339

France

55.411.238

81

684089

United Kingdom

56.618.895

81

698999

Italy

56.597.823

81

698739

Spain

38.484.642

60

641411

Netherlands

14.529.430

25

581177

Portugal

10.030.621

24

417943

Greece

9.949.100

24

414546

Belgium

9.858.895

24

410787

Denmark

5.116.273

16

319767

Ireland

3.534.117

15

235608

Luxembourg

367.210

6

61202

TOTAL

 

518

 

TABLE 3: 1995

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Member States

Population

Seats

Ratio population/seats

Germany

81538603

99

823622

France

59315139

87

681783

United Kingdom

57943472

87

666017

Italy

56844408

87

653384

Spain

39343100

64

614736

Netherlands

15424122

31

497552

Greece

10595074

25

423803

Belgium

10130574

25

405223

Portugal

10017571

25

400703

Sweden

8816381

22

400745

Austria

7943489

21

378261

Denmark

5215718

16

325982

Finland

5098754

16

318672

Ireland

3597617

15

239841

Luxembourg

405650

6

67608

TOTAL

 

626

 

TABLE 4: 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Member States

Population

Seats

Ratio population/seats

Germany

81751602

99

825774

France

65048412

78

833954

United Kingdom

62435709

78

800458

Italy

60626442

78

777262

Spain

46152926

54

854684

Poland

38200037

54

707408

Netherlands

16655799

27

616881

Greece

11309885

24

471245

Belgium

10951665

24

456319

Portugal

10636979

24

443207

Czech Republic

10532770

24

438865

Hungary

9985722

24

416072

Sweden

9415570

19

495556

Austria

8404252

18

466903

Denmark

5560628

14

397188

Slovakia

5435273

14

388234

Finland

5375276

14

383948

Ireland

4480858

13

344681

Lithuania

3244601

13

249585

Latvia

2229641

9

247738

Slovenia

2050189

7

292884

Estonia

1340194

6

223366

Cyprus

804435

6

134073

Luxembourg

511840

6

85307

Malta

417617

5

83523

TOTAL

 

732

 

TABLE 5: 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Member States

Population

Seats

Ratio population/seats

Germany

82002356

99

828307

France

64350226

72

893753

United Kingdom

60045068

72

833959

Italy

61595091

72

855487

Spain

45828172

50

916563

Poland

38135876

50

762718

Romania

21498616

33

651473

Netherlands

16485787

25

659431

Greece

10753080

22

488776

Belgium

11260402

22

511836

Portugal

10627250

22

483057

Czech Republic

10467542

22

475797

Hungary

10030975

22

455953

Sweden

9256347

18

514242

Austria

8355260

17

491486

Bulgaria

7606551

17

447444

Denmark

5511451

13

423958

Slovakia

5326314

13

409716

Finland

5412254

13

416327

Ireland

4450030

12

370836

Lithuania

3349872

12

279156

Latvia

2261294

8

282662

Slovenia

2032362

7

290337

Estonia

493500

6

82250

Cyprus

1340415

6

223403

Luxembourg

796875

6

132813

Malta

413609

5

82722

TOTAL

 

736

 

TABLE 6: 2009 + 18 EXTRA MEPs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Member States

Population

Seats

Difference

Ratio population/seats

Germany

82002356

99

 

828307

France

64350226

74

plus 2

869598

United Kingdom

60045068

73

plus 1

822535

Italy

61595091

73

plus 1

843768

Spain

45828172

54

plus 4

848670

Poland

38135876

51

plus 1

747762

Romania

21498616

33

 

651473

Netherlands

16485787

26

 

634069

Greece

10753080

22

plus 1

488776

Belgium

11260402

22

 

511836

Portugal

10627250

22

 

483057

Czech Republic

10467542

22

 

475797

Hungary

10030975

22

 

455953

Sweden

9256347

20

plus 2

462817

Austria

8355260

19

plus 2

439751

Bulgaria

7606551

18

plus 1

422586

Denmark

5511451

13

 

423958

Slovakia

5326314

13

 

409716

Finland

5412254

13

 

416327

Ireland

4450030

12

 

370836

Lithuania

3349872

12

 

279156

Latvia

2261294

9

plus 1

251255

Slovenia

2032362

8

plus 1

254045

Estonia

493500

6

 

82250

Cyprus

1340415

6

 

223403

Luxembourg

796875

6

 

132813

Malta

413609

6

plus 1

68935

TOTAL

 

754

 

 


RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE

Date adopted

19.2.2013

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

21

0

1

Members present for the final vote

Alfredo Antoniozzi, Andrew Henry William Brons, Carlo Casini, Andrew Duff, Ashley Fox, Roberto Gualtieri, Enrique Guerrero Salom, Zita Gurmai, Gerald Häfner, Constance Le Grip, Morten Messerschmidt, Paulo Rangel, Algirdas Saudargas, Indrek Tarand, Rafał Trzaskowski, Luis Yáñez-Barnuevo García

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Elmar Brok, Zuzana Brzobohatá, Andrea Češková, Sylvie Guillaume, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Vital Moreira, Evelyn Regner, Helmut Scholz, György Schöpflin, Alexandra Thein

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Csaba Őry

Last updated: 28 February 2013Legal notice