Procedure : 2013/0012(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A7-0444/2013

Texts tabled :

A7-0444/2013

Debates :

PV 14/04/2014 - 16
CRE 14/04/2014 - 16

Votes :

PV 15/04/2014 - 8.12

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2014)0352

REPORT     ***I
PDF 555kWORD 789k
5 December 2013
PE 516.591v02-00 A7-0444/2013

on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

(COM(2013)0018 – C7-0022/2013 – 2013/0012(COD))

Committee on Transport and Tourism

Rapporteur: Carlo Fidanza

AMENDMENTS
DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy
 PROCEDURE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

(COM(2013)0018 – C7-0022/2013 – 2013/0012(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2013)0018),

–   having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 91 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C7-0022/2013),

–   having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 22 May 2013(1),

–   having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions of 4 July 2013(2),

–   having regard to Rule 55 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Transport and Tourism and the opinion of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (A7-0444/2013),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it intends to amend its proposal substantially or replace it with another text;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment  1

Proposal for a directive

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) The White Paper ‘Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a Competitive and Resource Efficient Transport System’ called for breaking the oil dependence of transport. In consequence the Commission undertook to develop a sustainable alternative fuels strategy as well as the appropriate infrastructure. The White Paper also set a target of 60% greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction from transport by 2050.

(2) The White Paper ‘Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a Competitive and Resource Efficient Transport System’ called for breaking the oil dependence of transport. This needs to be achieved through an array of policy initiatives, notably through the development of a sustainable alternative fuels strategy as well as the appropriate infrastructure. The White Paper also set a target of 60% greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction from transport by 2050, measured against the 1990 levels.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a directive

Recital 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a) A Union strategy on alternative fuels should be implemented without prejudice to efforts at Union and national level aimed at influencing passenger behaviour and promoting a modal shift towards more sustainable modes of transport and efficient logistical solutions, particularly in urban areas.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Based on the consultation of stakeholders and national experts, as well as expertise electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) were identified as the main alternative fuels with a potential for long-term oil substitution and decarbonisation.

(4) Based on the consultation of stakeholders and national experts, as well as expertise, electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) have been identified, at the current stage, as the main alternative fuels with a potential for long-term oil substitution and decarbonisation, also in light of their possible simultaneous and combined use by means of, for instance, dual-fuel technology systems.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) Without prejudice to the list of alternative fuels contained in this Directive, it should be emphasised that there exist further types of clean fuels that can represent potential alternatives to fossil fuels. Promising results from research and development should be considered when new types of alternative fuels are selected. Standards and legislation should be drawn up without giving preference to any particular type of technology, so as not to hamper further development towards alternative fuels and energy carriers.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a directive

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) Fragmentation of the internal market through uncoordinated market introduction of alternative fuels should be avoided. Coordinated policy frameworks of all Member States should therefore provide the long-term security required for private and public investement into vehicle and fuel technology, and infrastructure build-up. Member States should therefore establish national policy frameworks outlining their objectives, targets, and supporting actions on the market development of alternative fuels, including the necessary infrastructure to be put into place. Member States should cooperate with other neighbouring Member States on the regional or macro-regional level, through consultation or joint policy frameworks, in particular where continuity of alternative fuel infrastructure coverage across national borders or construction of new infrastructure in the proximity of national borders is required. A coordination of these national policy frameworks and their coherence at EU level should be ensured by the Commission, following a periodic evaluation thereof.

(6) Fragmentation of the internal market through uncoordinated market introduction of alternative fuels should be avoided. Coordinated policy frameworks of all Member States should therefore provide the long-term security required for private and public investment in vehicle and fuel technology, and infrastructure build-up, in order to serve the dual purpose of ending oil dependency in the transport sector and achieving a 60 % cut in greenhouse gas emissions in that sector by 2050. Member States should therefore establish growth-oriented national policy frameworks outlining their objectives, targets, and supporting actions on the market development of alternative fuels, including the necessary infrastructure to be put into place, in close cooperation with regional and local authorities and with the industry concerned. Such national policy frameworks should aim at an overall reduction in energy consumption, especially consumption of oil and its derivatives in the transport sector, as well as at the deployment of electrified public transport services. Member States should cooperate with other neighbouring Member States on the regional or macro-regional level, through consultation or joint policy frameworks, in particular where continuity of alternative fuel infrastructure coverage across national borders or construction of new infrastructure in the proximity of national borders is required. The Commission should ensure coordination of those national policy frameworks and their coherence at Union level, following a periodic evaluation thereof.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a directive

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) A strategic approach is necessary in order to meet the long-term energy needs of all transport modes. In particular, policies should build on a comprehensive mix of alternative fuels, with a focus on the specific needs of each transport mode. The needs of transport modes for which limited alternatives are available should, in particular, be duly integrated in the national policy frameworks.

Justification

While various energy sources can be used for some transport modes, other transport modes have a much more limited range of available alternatives. A European alternative fuels strategy should take into account these constraints and ensure that alternative fuels are allocated in the most optimal way to the various modes of transport.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a directive

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) Only fuels included in the national policy frameworks should be eligible for Union and national support measures for alternative fuels infrastructure in order to focus public support on a co-ordinated internal market development towards Union-wide mobility using alternative fuels vehicles and vessels.

deleted

Amendment  8

Proposal for a directive

Recital 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7a) This Directive is not intended to place an additional financial burden on Member States or regional and local authorities, especially in a period of financial and economic crisis. Member States may implement this Directive in a cost-neutral way as regards their national budgets, making use of a wide range of regulatory and non-regulatory incentives, in close cooperation with private-sector actors, who should play a leading role in supporting the development of alternative fuels infrastructure. Fiscal incentive schemes in favour of the different actors involved in the alternative fuels chain may also be considered in order to stimulate development of the market.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a directive

Recital 7 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7b) In accordance with Regulation (EU) No .../2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of ... establishing the Connecting Europe Facility15a, the development of new technologies and innovation, in particular regarding the decarbonisation of transport, should be eligible for Union funding. That Regulation also provides for additional funding to be granted for actions which exploit the synergies between at least two of the sectors covered by the Regulation (transport, energy and telecommunications). Lastly, that Regulation encourages the Commission to submit joint work programmes in an effort to take full advantage of possible synergies between those sectors. That source of funding should therefore fully contribute to the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure.

 

_____________________

 

15a OJ L ...

Amendment  10

Proposal for a directive

Recital 7 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7c) The Horizon 2020 programme will also provide support for research and innovation with regard to alternative-fuel vehicles and the related infrastructure, in particular through the specific objective "Smart, green and integrated transport", within the priority "Societal challenges". This specific source of financing should also contribute to the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure and should be fully considered as an additional opportunity to ensure a sustainable mobility market throughout the Union.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a directive

Recital 7 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7d) The structural funds, in particular the European Regional Development Fund and the Cohesion Fund, provide further opportunities to finance and support the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the Union. To that end, it is important to urge national, regional and local authorities to fully include the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in their operational programmes and priorities.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a directive

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) Biofuels are fuels produced from biomass, as defined in the Directive 2009/28/EC. Biofuels are currently the most important type of alternative fuels, accounting for 4.4% in EU transport. They can contribute to a substantial reduction in overall CO2 emissions, if they are produced sustainably and do not cause indirect lands use change. They could provide clean power to all modes of transport. However, supply constraints and sustainability considerations may limit their use.

(9) Biofuels are fuels produced from biomass, as defined in Directive 2009/28/EC. Biofuels are currently the most widespread type of alternative fuels, accounting for 4.4 % of the fuels used in transport within the Union. They can contribute to a substantial reduction in overall CO2 emissions, if they are produced sustainably and do not cause indirect change in the use of land. They could provide clean power for all modes of transport. However, supply constraints and sustainability considerations may limit their use.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a directive

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) The lack of sufficient production capacity remains one of the main obstacles to the deployment of biofuels in air transport. By contrast, infrastructure for the supply of aviation biofuels is already available as biofuels can be distributed through the existing fuel delivery system.

Justification

Infrastructure for the production of sustainable aviation biofuels has yet to be developed.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a directive

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) The lack of harmonised development of alternative fuels infrastructure across the Union prevents the development of economies of scale on the supply side and EU-wide mobility on the demand side. New infrastructure networks need to be built up, in particular for electricity, hydrogen and natural gas (LNG and CNG).

(10) The lack of harmonised development of alternative fuels infrastructure across the Union prevents the development of economies of scale on the supply side and Union-wide mobility on the demand side. New infrastructure networks need to be built up, in particular for electricity, hydrogen and natural gas (LNG and CNG), taking into account climate change, research, costs and technological development. It is important to acknowledge the different stages of development for each fuel technology and related infrastructures, including the maturity of business models for private investors and the availability and customer acceptance of alternative fuels. Moreover, population density and geographical characteristics should be taken into account when laying down minimum infrastructure targets.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a directive

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a) A demand-centred strategy should be devised in close cooperation with regional and local authorities and in particular with cities, as they are in the best position to meet the real needs of citizens and to take local circumstances accurately into account.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a directive

Recital 10 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10b) The deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure must be underpinned by a diversified and safe energy mix, prioritising decarbonised or low-carbon-emission solutions. In order to achieve the objectives of this Directive, technological neutrality must be ensured and national policy frameworks must take due account of the requirement to support the commercial development of alternative fuels that are of appropriate quality and available in sufficient quantities.

Justification

The principle of technological neutrality needs to be upheld if the Union strategy for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure is to succeed. Under that principle, no solution should be favoured at the expense of any other. What is more, it is vital to ensure that the solutions chosen involve sufficient quantities of alternative fuels so as to make them commercially viable.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a directive

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Electricity is a clean fuel particularly attractive for deployment of electric vehicles and electric two-wheelers in urban agglomerations which can contribute to improving air quality and reducing noise. Member States should ensure that recharging points for electric vehicles are built up with sufficient coverage, at least twice the number of vehicles, and 10% of them publicly accessible, focussing in particular on urban agglomerations. Private owners of electric vehicles depend to a large extent on access to recharging points in collective parking lots, such as in appartment blocks, office and business locations. Regulatory provisions should be set up by public authorities, assisting citizens by ensuring that the appropriate infrastructure with sufficient electric vehicle recharging points is provided by the site developers and managers.

(11) Electricity, as a clean fuel at the point of use, is particularly attractive for the deployment of electric vehicles and electric two-wheelers in urban agglomerations, peripheral areas and the transport routes connecting them, which can contribute to improving air quality and reducing noise and CO2 emissions from cars. Member States should ensure that recharging points for electric vehicles are built up with sufficient coverage, at least twice the number of vehicles, and 10% of them publicly accessible, focussing in particular on urban agglomerations. Private owners of electric vehicles depend to a large extent on access to recharging points in collective parking lots, such as in apartment blocks, office and business locations. Regulatory provisions should be set up by public authorities, assisting citizens by ensuring that the appropriate infrastructure with sufficient electric vehicle recharging points is provided by the site developers and managers.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a directive

Recital 11 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(11a) Electrification of transport enables multimodal energy to be managed through energy recovery and storage systems, thereby contributing to attainment of the Union's energy efficiency objectives. In that respect, it constitutes a first step towards "smart" cities and communities.

Justification

Electrification enables considerable perspectives for the improvement of the transport sector’s energy efficiency, especially at a time where transport becomes the source of the largest volume of greenhouse gas emissions.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a directive

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) Electric vehicles could contribute to the stability of the electricity system by recharging their batteries from the grid at times of low general electricity demand and feeding power from the batteries back into the grid at times of high general electricity demand. Therefore recharging points should use intelligent metering systems, and the price for electricity at a recharging point should be market based, so that flexible consumption (and storage) of electricity is promoted through dynamic pricing.

(13) Electric vehicles could contribute to the stability of the electricity system by recharging their batteries from the grid at times of low general electricity demand and feeding power from the batteries back into the grid at times of high general electricity demand. Periods of high demand on the local electricity distribution system are likely to coincide with times when prices are low on the wholesale electricity market. Therefore, in the market consolidation phase, recharging points should use intelligent charging systems which regulate the power and duration of the charge, and should be linked up to intelligent metering systems. The price for electricity at a recharging point should be market-based, so that flexible consumption (and storage) of electricity can be promoted through dynamic pricing and the dissemination of information from the electricity distribution system operator about off-peak hours.

Justification

Other factors besides market price and general demand for electricity which determine when electric vehicles are recharged should be taken into account, in particular demand on the local distribution system in question. An intelligent system which makes it possible to regulate the power and duration of the charge would therefore be an effective solution.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a directive

Recital 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a) Infrastructure for alternative fuels should be established in such a way as to ensure compliance with energy and climate change targets, particularly as regards security of supply, price competitiveness and greenhouse gas reductions. The promotion of alternative fuels, as well as of electric and hybrid vehicles, should lead to reduced dependence on foreign energy and to a cut in emissions, provided that electricity is generated from emission-free or low-emissions sources.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a directive

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14) With respect to recharging points for electric vehicles which are not publicly accessible, Member States should ensure consistency and aim to maximise synergies with intelligent meter roll-out plans following the obligation under Annex I.2 of Directive 2009/72/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and repealing Directive 2003/54/EC17. Publicly accessible recharging points are currently not part of the regulated activities of a distribution system operator as defined in Chapter VI of Directive 2009/72/EC.

(14) With respect to recharging points for electric vehicles which are not publicly accessible, Member States should ensure, by means of intelligent control systems, that such recharging points contribute to the stability of the electricity system and are economically efficient, using existing solutions and possible synergies with intelligent meter roll-out plans following the obligation under point 2 of Annex I to Directive 2009/72/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council17.

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17 OJ L 211, 14.8.2009, p. 55.

17 Directive 2009/72/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and repealing Directive 2003/54/EC (OJ L 211, 14.8.2009, p. 55).

Amendment  22

Proposal for a directive

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) The Commission delivered in 2010 a Mandate (M468) to the European Standardisation Organisations (ESOs) in order to issue new standards or review the existing ones with the aim of ensuring the interoperability and connectivity between the electricity supply point and the charger of electric vehicles. CEN/CENELEC set up a Focus Group which published a report in October 2011. Whereas the report contains a number of recommendations, no consensus was found to select one standard interface. Therefore, further policy action is needed in order to provide a non-proprietary solution ensuring interoperability across the EU.

(15) The Commission delivered in 2010 a Mandate (M468) to the European Standardisation Organisations (ESOs) in order to issue new standards or review the existing ones with the aim of ensuring Union-wide interoperability and connectivity between the electricity supply point and the charger of electric vehicles. CEN/CENELEC set up a Focus Group which published a report in October 2011. Whilst the report contains a number of recommendations, no consensus was found to select one standard interface. Therefore, further policy action is needed in order to provide a non-proprietary solution ensuring interoperability across the Union. The Union should also ensure that common technical specifications are established in the electric car market and work is carried out with a view to achieving global harmonisation of technical standards for electric vehicle charging infrastructure.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a directive

Recital 15 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15a) The choice of equipment for normal and fast recharging points should not lead to a lowering of the level of safety of electrical equipment and installations that have already been established throughout the Union. The relevant standards should be kept up to date in the light of technological progress and developments in good engineering practice in safety matters.

Justification

National rules have been developed over the past 50 years to increase the level of safety of electrical installations. Safety of electrical equipment is absolutely critical to the proper development of the electric vehicle market. The socket-outlet for Type 2 connector shall be standardised as soon as possible to comply with shutter requirements in several Member States.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a directive

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Shore-side electricity facilities can serve maritime and inland waterway transport as clean power supply, in particular in maritime and inland navigation ports where air quality or noise levels are poor.

(16) Shore-side electricity facilities can serve maritime and inland waterway transport as clean power supply, in particular in maritime and inland navigation ports where air quality and noise levels are poor. Furthermore, electricity supply to stationary airplanes at airports can reduce fuel consumption and noise, improve air quality and reduce the impact of climate change.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a directive

Recital 16 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(16a) For the railway sector, electricity is already the main energy source. However, increased electrification is necessary, and further support should be provided in order to raise the share of electrified rail infrastructure to its optimal level.

Justification

According to 2013 data from the European Environment Agency, specific emissions of CO2 per passenger-kilometre or tonne-kilometre in railway transport are approximately halved when switching from diesel to electric power.

Amendment  26

Proposal for a directive

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18) Member States should ensure that publicly accessible infrastructure for the supply of hydrogen to motor vehicles is built up, with distances between refuelling points for motor vehicles allowing area covering circulation of hydrogen vehicles within the national territory, as well as a certain number of refuelling points located in urban agglomerations. This would allow hydrogen vehicles to circulate Union-wide.

(18) Member States, in close cooperation with regional and local authorities and with the industry concerned, should ensure that publicly accessible infrastructure for the supply of hydrogen to motor vehicles is built up, with distances between refuelling points for motor vehicles allowing area-covering circulation of hydrogen vehicles within the national territory, as well as a certain number of refuelling points located in urban agglomerations. This would allow hydrogen vehicles to circulate Union-wide.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a directive

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20) Member States should ensure that publicly accessible infrastructure for the supply of gaseous Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) to motor vehicles is built up, with distances between refuelling points allowing area covering circulation of CNG vehicles across the Union, as well as a certain number of refuelling points located in urban agglomerations.

(20) Member States, in close cooperation with regional and local authorities and with the industry concerned, should ensure that publicly accessible infrastructure for the supply of gaseous Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) to motor vehicles is built up, with distances between refuelling points allowing area-covering circulation of CNG vehicles across the Union, as well as a certain number of refuelling points located in urban agglomerations.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a directive

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21) Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is an attractive fuel alternative for vessels to meet the requirements for decreasing the sulphur content in maritime fuels in the Sulphur Emission Control Areas, affecting half of the ships sailing in European Short Sea Shipping, as provided for by Directive 2012/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the sulphur content of marine fuels18. A core network of LNG refuelling points for maritime and inland waterway vessels should be available at least by the end of 2020. The initial focus on the core network should not rule out that in the longer perspective LNG is also made available at ports outside the core network, in particular those ports that are important for vessels not engaged in transport operations (fishing vessels, offshore service vessels etc.).

(21) Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is an attractive fuel alternative for vessels due to its advanced environmental performance. Amongst other environmental benefits, LNG provides a high-potential solution in meeting the requirements for decreasing the sulphur content in maritime fuels in the Sulphur Emission Control Areas, affecting half of the ships sailing in European Short Sea Shipping, as provided for by Directive 2012/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council18. A core network of LNG refuelling points for maritime and inland waterway vessels should be available at least by the end of 2020. LNG should be used alongside other fuels, such as low-sulphur-content distillates or fuels with a high sulphur content used by vessels equipped with a scrubber, in an effort to ensure that the aforementioned requirements are met. The initial focus on the core network should not rule out the possibility of LNG also being made available, in the longer-term perspective, at ports outside the core network, in particular those ports that are important for vessels not engaged in transport operations (fishing vessels, offshore service vessels, etc.).

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18 OJ L 327 of 27 Nov 2012

18 Directive 2012/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the sulphur content of marine fuels (OJ L 327, 27.11.2012, p. 1).

Amendment  29

Proposal for a directive

Recital 21 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(21a) The deployment of LNG infrastructure provided for in this Directive should not hamper the development of other potentially upcoming energy-efficient alternative fuels for vessels, such as methanol. That fuel should also be considered as a viable way to comply with the stricter sulphur content requirements for marine fuels as of 2015.

Amendment  30

Proposal for a directive

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22) LNG might also offer a cost-efficient technology for heavy duty vehicles to meet the stringent pollutant emission limits of Euro VI standards.

(22) LNG is also an attractive fuel for heavy duty vehicles, enabling them to meet the stringent pollutant emission limits of Euro VI standards.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a directive

Recital 23 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(23a) Although the basis for the deployment of LNG infrastructure should be the TEN-T Core Network, other elements might be of importance when establishing a network of LNG refuelling points in both maritime and inland ports. In particular, it is appropriate to consider actual market needs and the existing bunkering points in order to ensure proportionality in the deployment of LNG infrastructure. Ports that are important for vessels not engaged in transport operations (fishing vessels, offshore service vessels, etc.) also need to be considered.

Amendment  32

Proposal for a directive

Recital 23 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(23b) Natural gas extraction in the Union must comply with uniformly high Union-wide standards of safety and environmental and health protection.

Amendment  33

Proposal for a directive

Recital 24 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(24a) With a view to increasing consumer awareness about the alternative fuels covered by this Directive, the Commission and relevant stakeholders should examine ways of providing consumers with information at the refuelling/recharging points allowing comparison of the price, energy content and climate effects linked to different fuels.

Amendment  34

Proposal for a directive

Recital 24 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(24b) With a view to monitoring impact and collecting best practice in order to develop the right incentives, Member States, in collaboration with regions and cities, should establish a coordinated and harmonised data-collection framework that will include existing monitoring activities like the 'Clean Vehicle Portal', 'European Electro-mobility Observatory', etc.

Amendment  35

Proposal for a directive

Recital 24 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(24c) With a view to creating an intelligent transport system (ITS), the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure should go in parallel with the deployment of intelligent information systems that will provide users with key information concerning the availability of recharging and refuelling points and any other information necessary for unrestricted mobility.

Amendment  36

Proposal for a directive

Recital 26

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(26) Technical specifications for interoperability of recharging and refuelling points should be specified in European standards which are fully compatible with relevant international standards. Lack of European standards prevents giving detailed references to some required specifications. Thus the Commission should ask European standardisation organisations to publish such European standards in accordance with Article 10 of Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European Standardisation, amending Council Directives 89/686/EEC and 93/15/EEC and Directives 94/9/EC, 94/25/EC, 95/16/EC 97/23/EC, 98/34/EC, 2004/22/EC, 2007/23/EC, 2009/23/EC and 2009/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Decision 87/95/EEC and Decision No 1673/2006/EC22, and those standards should be based on current international standards or on-going international standardisation work, where applicable. Where international standards are already available, technical specifications contained in them should be used as an intermediate solution, pending the adoption of European standards. For standards not yet published, the work will be based on: (i) ‘Configuration FF, IEC 62196-3:CDV 2012’ for fast DC electric recharging points for motor vehicles, (ii) ISO TC67/WG10 for LNG refuelling points for waterborne vessels iii) the work of ISO/TC 252 for CNG and L-CNG refuelling for motor vehicles. The Commission should be empowered to adapt the references to technical specifications given in European standards through delegated acts.

(26) Technical specifications for interoperability of recharging and refuelling points should be specified in European standards which are fully compatible with relevant international standards. Lack of European standards prevents giving detailed references to some required specifications. Thus the Commission should ask European standardisation organisations to publish such European standards in accordance with Article 10 of Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council22, and those standards should be based on current international standards or ongoing international standardisation work, where applicable. Where international standards are already available, technical specifications contained in them should be used as an intermediate solution, pending the adoption of European standards. For standards not yet published, the work will be based on: (i) ‘Configuration FF, IEC 62196-3:CDV 2012’ for fast DC electric recharging points for motor vehicles, (ii) ISO TC67/WG10 for LNG refuelling points for waterborne vessels, (iii) the work of ISO/TC 252 for CNG and L-CNG refuelling for motor vehicles, and (iv) the work of CEN/TC19 on higher biocontent fuel standards and jetfuels. The Commission should be empowered to adapt the references to technical specifications given in European standards through delegated acts. This should be without prejudice to legislation in place regarding the rail sector, which is governed by legally binding technical specifications for interoperability as provided for in Directive 2008/57/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council22a.

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22 OJ L 316, 14.11.2012, p. 12

22 Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on European Standardisation, amending Council Directives 89/686/EEC and 93/15/EEC and Directives 94/9/EC, 94/25/EC, 95/16/EC 97/23/EC, 98/34/EC, 2004/22/EC, 2007/23/EC, 2009/23/EC and 2009/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Decision 87/95/EEC and Decision No 1673/2006/EC (OJ L 316, 14.11.2012, p. 12).

 

22a Directive 2008/57/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the interoperability of the rail system within the Community (OJ L 191, 18.7.2008, p. 1).

Amendment  37

Proposal for a directive

Recital 29 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(29a) The Commission should identify all necessary measures to ensure a harmonised high level of fuel quality throughout the Union, and should, if appropriate, submit a proposal for the amendment of Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council23a with a view to including key quality specifications for the alternative fuels covered by this Directive.

 

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23a Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 1998 relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Council Directive 93/12/EEC (OJ L 350, 28.12.1998).

Justification

Since the aim of this proposal is to deploy an alternative fuels infrastructure throughout the Union, the Commission should be tasked with proposing, within the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD), key parameters for these alternative fuels in accordance with the scope of the FQD, i.e. human health and environment related specifications, as it is the case for petrol and diesel.

Amendment  38

Proposal for a directive

Article 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the Union in order to break the oil dependence of transport and sets out minimum requirements on alternative fuels infrastructure build-up and common technical specifications, including recharging points for electric vehicles and refuelling points for natural gas (LNG and CNG) and hydrogen.

This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the Union in order to break the oil dependence of the transport sector and achieve the target of a 60% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transport by 2050, thereby contributing to the Union's long-term decarbonisation policy. It sets out minimum requirements on alternative fuels infrastructure build-up and common technical specifications, including recharging points for electric vehicles and refuelling points for natural gas (LNG and CNG) and hydrogen.

Amendment  39

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – point 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) 'Alternative fuels' mean fuels which substitute fossil oil sources in the energy supply to transport and which have a potential to contribute to its decarbonisation. They include:

(1) 'Alternative fuels' mean fuels or energy sources which serve as a substitute for fossil oil sources in the energy supply to transport and which have the potential to contribute to its decarbonisation and limit pollution. They include, inter alia:

Amendment  40

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – point 1 – indent 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– synthetic fuels,

– synthetic and paraffinic fuels, including methanol,

Amendment  41

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – point 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) 'Recharging point' means a slow recharging point or a fast recharging point or an installation for the physical exchange of a battery of an electric vehicle.

(2) 'Recharging point' means a normal, fast or wireless recharging point or an installation for the physical exchange of a battery of an electric vehicle.

Justification

This Directive should not prevent the development and introduction of other recharging technologies, such as wireless charging, on which international standardisation is currently in progress.

Amendment  42

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – point 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) 'Slow recharging point' means a recharging point that allows for a direct supply of electricity to an electric vehicle with a power of less than or equal to 22 kW.

(3) 'Normal recharging point' means a recharging point that allows for a direct supply of electricity to an electric vehicle with a power of less than or equal to 22 kW.

 

(This amendment applies throughout the text. Adopting it will necessitate corresponding changes throughout.)

Justification

This type of charging will be the most commonly used for private purposes and for a large share of charging in public areas. Therefore the reference to this type of recharging point should be positive as it will be used by the vast majority of electric vehicle users.

Amendment  43

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – point 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) 'Publicly accessible recharging or refuelling point' means a recharging or refuelling point which provides non-discriminatory access to the users.

(5) 'Publicly accessible recharging or refuelling point' means a recharging or refuelling point which provides non-discriminatory, easy, open and Union-wide interoperable access, by means of widely acceptable payment systems, to the users.

Justification

Most of the existing charging points operate under specific conditions on a private basis. This is rather inconvenient for the consumers as they cannot switch from one operator/energy supplier to another due to limited interoperability. Open access to all public charging points must be ensured, using widely acceptable payment systems, and without the obligation to have a contract with a specific operator/energy supplier.

Amendment  44

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – point 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) 'Off-peak charging' means a combination of two situations: a low price on the wholesale electricity market and low demand on the electricity grid.

Justification

Off-peak charging reflects the needs of most electric vehicle users, who make short daily journeys. This charging method should be promoted, therefore, in particular in the context of a smart system for regulating electric-vehicle charging.

Amendment  45

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – point 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) 'Electric vehicle' means a vehicle within the meaning of Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 September 2007 establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles24, with a maximum design speed exceeding 25 km/h, equipped with one or more traction motor(s) operated by electric power and not permanently connected to the grid, as well as their high voltage components and systems which are galvanically connected to the high voltage bus of the electric power train.

(6) 'Electric vehicle' means:

 

a vehicle within the meaning of Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council24, with a maximum design speed exceeding 25 km/h, equipped with one or more traction motor(s) operated by electric power and not permanently connected to the grid, as well as their high voltage components and systems which are galvanically connected to the high voltage bus of the electric power train;

 

a vehicle within the meaning of Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council24a, propelled by an electric engine.

______________________________

__________________

24 OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, p. 1.

24 Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 September 2007 establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles (OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, p. 1).

 

24a Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2013 on the approval and market surveillance of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles (OJ L 60, 2.3.2013, p. 52).

Justification

Directive 2007/46/EC does not include in its scope two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles. In order to make the proposed directive also applicable to electric cycles, mopeds, scooters, motorcycles, tricycles and quadricycles, this article must include a separate definition for these vehicles with a reference to the relevant type-approval legislation that defines and categorises them.

Amendment  46

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – point 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) 'refuelling point for LNG' means a provision of LNG, either through a physically established pump connected to fixed or mobile installations (including vehicles and vessels) or through a movable LNG container.

(8) 'refuelling point for LNG' means a provision of LNG through a physically established pump connected to fixed or mobile installations (including vehicles and vessels), through a movable LNG container, or through other systems.

Amendment  47

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – point 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(8a) 'loading point for LNG tank vehicles' means a supply point of LNG for the loading of cryogenic tank vehicles.

Justification

This amendment aims at requiring a minimum infrastructure in each Member State for the supply of LNG (in liquid phase) to cryogenic vehicle tanks for onward transport to refuelling points.

Amendment  48

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Each Member State shall adopt a national policy framework for the market development of alternative fuels and their infrastructure, that will include information listed in Annex I, and contain at least the following elements:

1. Without prejudice to Directive 2009/28/EC, Member States shall set national targets for the development of alternative fuels in the different transport modes (road, rail, water and air) and the deployment of the relevant infrastructure by 2020. Such targets shall be at least in line with the targets and provisions set out in this Directive.

 

Member States shall also set intermediate targets in order to assess their progress in the implementation of the 2020 national targets.

 

Each Member State shall adopt, in a transparent manner and in close cooperation with regional and local authorities and with the industry concerned, a national policy framework for the market development of alternative fuels and their infrastructure, which shall be consistent with the national targets referred to in the first subparagraph. It shall include the information listed in Annex I, and contain at least the following elements:

Justification

This amendment aims at strengthening the level of ambition of the national policy frameworks and ensuring that Member States are committed to these frameworks through their specific targets.

Amendment  49

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

an annual report on developments on the alternative fuels market, and in particular on supply and demand;

Amendment  50

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– assessment of the trans-border continuity of the infrastructure coverage for alternative fuels;

– assessment of the trans-border continuity of the infrastructure coverage for alternative fuels, also in light of their possible simultaneous and combined use;

Justification

The dual-fuel technology combining diesel with CNG reduces emissions of particulate matter (PM10) and CO2. It should therefore be provided together with other dual-fuel options combining electricity, LPG, CNG, etc.

Amendment  51

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– the regulatory framework to support the build-up of alternative fuels infrastructure;

– the regulatory framework to support the build-up of alternative fuels infrastructure, taking into account the needs of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs);

Amendment  52

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– policy measures to achieve the maximum possible sustainable mobility and the Union global target for the reduction of energy consumption in the transport sector;

Amendment  53

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 4 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– targets for the reduction of urban congestion, increased mobility efficiency and the deployment of electrified public transport services;

Amendment  54

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 4 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– national plans for the supply of green electricity to electric vehicles;

Amendment  55

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– deployment and manufacturing support measures;

– deployment and manufacturing support measures, with particular emphasis on the initial launch phase;

Amendment  56

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– information on the applicable technical and administrative procedures, personnel, methodology and legislation with regard to the authorisation of alternative fuels supply, in order to ensure that an application by an intended alternative fuel provider is authorised within a reasonable time from its submission;

Amendment  57

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– targets for the deployment of alternative fuels;

– targets for the deployment of alternative fuels, in line with the Union’s environmental and climate-protection legislation currently in force;

Amendment  58

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– assessment of the need for LNG refuelling points in ports outside the TEN-T core network that are important for vessels not engaged in transport operations, in particular fishing vessels;

– assessment of the need for LNG refuelling points in ports outside the TEN-T core network that are important for vessels engaged in transport, fishing and passenger carriage operations;

Amendment  59

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

designation of priority ports, whether or not forming part of the TEN-T Core Network, to be equipped with LNG supply infrastructure;

Amendment  60

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 9 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

a minimum number of railway and public transport stations, freight terminals and logistic centres to be equipped with recharging points for electric vehicles in technically suitable locations in their vicinity;

Justification

In line with European transport policy goals in support of multimodal transport, the deployment of electric vehicles should be integrated with railway and public transport infrastructure, as well as freight railway and logistic terminals infrastructure wherever possible.

Amendment  61

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

– arrangements for close cooperation with regional and local authorities, and with the industry concerned, in order to achieve the objectives of this Directive.

Amendment  62

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. Member States shall ensure that national policy frameworks integrate the needs of each mode of transport, including those for which limited alternatives to fossil fuels are available.

Justification

A European alternative fuels strategy should take into account existing constraints in the deployment of clean fuels in all transport modes and ensure that alternative fuels are allocated in the most optimal way to the various modes of transport.

Amendment  63

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Only fuels included in the national policy frameworks shall be eligible for Union and national support measures for alternative fuels infrastructure.

deleted

Amendment  64

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. Member States shall notify their national policy frameworks to the Commission [within 18 months from the date of entry into force of this Directive].

5. Member States shall notify their national targets for the deployment of alternative fuels and the relevant infrastructure, as well as their national policy frameworks, to the Commission [within 18 months from the date of entry into force of this Directive].

Amendment  65

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. The Commission shall evaluate the national policy frameworks and ensure that there is coherence at EU level. It shall forward to the European Parliament the report on the evaluation on the national policy frameworks within one year from the reception of the national policy frameworks.

6. The Commission shall evaluate the national policy frameworks, especially in terms of their efficacy for the achievement of the national targets referred to in paragraph 1, and ensure that there is coherence at Union level. It shall forward to the European Parliament the report on the evaluation on the national policy frameworks within one year from receipt of the national policy frameworks.

Amendment  66

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States shall ensure that a minimum number of recharging points for electric vehicles are put into place, at least the number given in the table in Annex II, by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

1. Member States, in close cooperation with regional and local authorities and with the industry concerned, shall ensure that a minimum number of publicly accessible recharging points for electric vehicles are put in place, at least the number given in the table in Annex II, by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

 

Member States shall also take measures to promote the development of recharging points not accessible to the public.

Amendment  67

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. At least 10% of the recharging points shall be publicly accessible.

2. Member States shall ensure that at least the number of publicly accessible recharging points for electric vehicles referred to in the table in Annex II are put in place, paying particular attention to urban agglomerations and other densely-populated areas such as suburbs, and within adequate distances along the TEN-T Core Network.

Amendment  68

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Slow recharging points for electric vehicles shall comply with the technical specifications set out in Annex III.1.1. by 31 December 2015 at the latest.

Normal recharging points for electric vehicles shall comply with the technical specifications set out in point 1.1 of Annex III by 31 December 2015 at the latest. Recharging points which are not publicly accessible and were put in place before ...* shall be exempt from this requirement.

 

_______________

 

* OJ: please insert the date: 36 months from the date of entry into force of this Directive.

Amendment  69

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Slow recharging points for electric vehicles shall comply with the technical specifications set out in Annex III.1.2. by 31 December 2017 at the latest.

Fast recharging points for electric vehicles shall comply with the technical specifications set out in point 1.2 of Annex III by 31 December 2017 at the latest. Recharging points which were put in place before ...* shall be exempt from this requirement.

 

_______________

 

* OJ: please insert the date 36 months from the date of entry into force of this Directive.

Amendment  70

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Wireless recharging points for electric vehicles shall comply with the technical specifications set out in point 1.2a of Annex III by 31 December 2015 at the latest.

Justification

This Directive should not prevent the development and introduction of other recharging technologies, such as wireless charging, on which international standardisation is currently in progress.

Amendment  71

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall ensure that the equipment for slow and fast recharging points as set out in Annex III.1.1 and Annex III.1.2 shall be available on fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory terms.

Member States, in close cooperation with regional and local authorities and with the industry concerned, shall ensure that the equipment for normal, fast and wireless recharging points as set out in points 1.1, 1.2 and 1.2a of Annex III will be available on fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory terms.

Amendment  72

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Member States may maintain additional safety requirements in force at national level, such as the charging sockets being fitted with safety shutters.

Amendment  73

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Member States shall ensure that shore side electricity supply for waterborne vessels is installed in ports provided that it is cost-effective and has environmental benefits.

4. Member States, in close cooperation with regional and local authorities, the managing bodies of the ports and the industry concerned, shall ensure that shore side electricity supply for waterborne vessels requiring more than 1 MVA is installed by 31 December 2020 in berths of ports of the TEN-T Core Network located within 3 km of residential and commercial areas. This requirement shall also apply to cruise and ferry terminals not included in the TEN-T Core Network, unless their managing bodies demonstrate a lack of cost-effectiveness or an absence of significant environmental benefits.

Amendment  74

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a. Member States shall ensure that electricity supply for use by stationary airplanes is installed in airports, provided that it is cost-effective and has environmental benefits.

Amendment  75

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 5 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5b. Electricity supply installed in airports for use by stationary airplanes shall comply by 31 December 2015 with the technical specifications set out in point 1.3a of Annex III.

Amendment  76

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 5 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5c. In order to facilitate multimodal passenger and freight transport, Member States, in close cooperation with railway infrastructure managers, operators, owners of railway and public transport stations and managers of railway freight terminals and logistic centres, shall identify, within their national policy frameworks, a minimum number of railway and public transport stations, freight terminals and logistic centres to be equipped with recharging points for electric vehicles in technically suitable locations in their vicinity. The smooth operation of railways and public transport services shall not be hindered thereby.

Justification

In line with European transport policy goals in support of multimodal transport, the deployment of electric vehicles should be integrated with railway and public transport infrastructure, as well as freight railway and logistic terminals infrastructure wherever possible.

Amendment  77

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. All publicly accessible recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped with intelligent metering systems as defined in Article 2(28) of Directive 2012/27/EU and respect the requirements laid down in Article 9(2) of that Directive.

6. During the market consolidation phase, adequate systems shall be available for the recharging of electric vehicles at publicly accessible recharging points, in order to encourage off-peak charging and provide clear and transparent consumer information concerning the recharging cost and specifying whether the price indicated covers a service provision or the amount of electricity (kWh) consumed.

Amendment  78

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

10. Member States shall ensure that prices charged at publicly accessible recharging points are reasonable and do not include any penalty or prohibitive fees for recharging an electric vehicle by the user not having contractual relations with the operator of the recharging point.

10. Member States shall ensure that prices charged at publicly accessible recharging points are transparent and reasonable and do not include any penalty or prohibitive fees for recharging an electric vehicle by the user not having contractual relations with the operator of the recharging point. Price reductions for electric vehicle users having contractual relations with the operator of the recharging point shall be clearly indicated.

Justification

In keeping with the principle of consumer-friendliness, consumer information must be transparent and easy to understand.

Amendment  79

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

11. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 8 concerning the updating of the technical specifications set out in Annex III.1.1, Annex III.1.2 and Annex III.1.3.

11. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 8 concerning the updating of the minimum number of publicly accessible electric recharging points per Member State laid down in Annex II and the technical specifications set out in points 1.1, 1.2, 1.2a, 1.3 and 1.3a of Annex III.

Amendment  80

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 11 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

11a. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt, by ...*, delegated acts in accordance with Article 8 concerning the technical specifications applicable to recharging points for electric buses.

 

_______________

 

* OJ: please insert the date: two years after the entry into force of this Directive

Amendment  81

Proposal for a directive

Article 5 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States on the territory of which exist already at the day of the entry into force of this Directive hydrogen refuelling points shall ensure that a sufficient number of publicly accessible refuelling points are available, with distances not exceeding 300 km, to allow the circulation of hydrogen vehicles within the entire national territory by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

1. Member States on the territory of which, on the date of entry into force of this Directive, hydrogen refuelling points already exist shall ensure, in close cooperation with regional and local authorities and with the industry concerned, that a sufficient number of publicly accessible refuelling points are available, with distances not exceeding 300 km, including one refuelling point per 250 000 inhabitants in urban areas, to allow the circulation of hydrogen vehicles within the entire national territory by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

Member States on the territory of which no hydrogen refuelling points exist on the date of entry into force of this Directive shall meet the requirements set out in the first subparagraph by 31 December 2030.

 

Isolated areas of Member States where the population density is lower than 10 inhabitants per square kilometre shall be excluded from the requirements set out in the first subparagraph.

Amendment  82

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States shall ensure that publicly accessible LNG refuelling points for maritime and inland waterway transport are provided in all maritime ports of the Trans-European Transport (TEN-T) Core Network by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

1. Member States, in close cooperation with regional and local authorities, the managing bodies of the ports and the industry concerned, shall ensure that a sufficient number of maritime ports of the Trans-European Transport (TEN-T) Core Network are equipped with publicly accessible LNG refuelling points for maritime and inland waterway transport, within adequate distances, to allow the circulation of LNG vessels Union-wide by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

 

When defining the network of LNG refuelling points in maritime ports, the actual market needs and the existing bunkering points shall be taken into consideration.

Justification

The notion of “adequate distance” allows for a more pragmatic approach when designating refuelling points, without putting into question the basic link with the ports of the TEN-T Core Network. The obligation for deploying bunkering infrastructure for LNG needs to take current market realities into account so that there are no investments in non-used or under- used facilities.

Amendment  83

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Member States shall ensure that publicly accessible LNG refuelling points for inland waterway transport are provided in all inland ports of the TEN-T Core Network, by 31 December 2025 at the latest.

2. Member States, in close cooperation with regional and local authorities, the managing bodies of the ports and the industry concerned, shall ensure that a sufficient number of inland ports of the TEN-T Core Network are equipped with publicly accessible LNG refuelling points for inland waterway transport, within adequate distances, to allow the circulation of LNG vessels Union-wide by 31 December 2025 at the latest.

 

When defining the network of LNG refuelling points in inland ports, the actual market needs and the existing bunkering points shall be taken into consideration.

Justification

The notion of “adequate distance” allows for a more pragmatic approach when designating refuelling points, without putting into question the basic link with the ports of the TEN-T Core Network. The obligation for deploying bunkering infrastructure for LNG needs to take current market realities into account so that there are no investments in non-used or under-used facilities.

Amendment  84

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. The Commission shall propose an amendment of Directive 2006/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council24b and of the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (ADN) in order to allow normal use and transportation of LNG on inland waterways.

 

_______________

 

24b Directive 2006/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 laying down technical requirements for inland waterway vessels and repealing Council Directive 82/714/EEC (OJ L 389, 30.12.2006, p. 1).

Justification

Currently neither the transport nor the bunkering of LNG on inland waterways is possible. The transport and bunkering currently taking place is based on an exemption granted in individual cases in the current legislation. It is evident that the legislation should be adapted to fully allow the transport and bunkering of LNG on inland waterways.

Amendment  85

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Member States shall cooperate to ensure that heavy duty motor vehicles running on LNG can travel all along the roads on the TEN-T Core Network. For this purposes, publicly accessible refuelling points for LNG shall be established within distances not exceeding 400 km by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

3. Member States, in close cooperation with regional and local authorities and with the industry concerned, shall cooperate to ensure that heavy-duty motor vehicles running on LNG can travel all along the roads on the TEN-T Core Network. For this purpose, publicly accessible refuelling points for LNG shall be established within distances not exceeding 400 km by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

Amendment  86

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. Member States shall ensure that at least one loading point for LNG tank vehicles is available in their territory by 31 December 2020.

Justification

This amendment aims at requiring a minimum infrastructure in each Member State for the supply of LNG (in liquid phase) to cryogenic vehicle tanks for onward transport to refuelling points.

Amendment  87

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. All LNG refuelling points for maritime and inland waterway transport shall comply with the technical specifications set out in Annex III.3.1 by 31 December 2015 at the latest.

4. All LNG refuelling points for maritime and inland waterway transport, as well as the necessary associated facilities such as storage tank and pontoons, shall comply with the technical specifications set out in point 3.1 of Annex III by 31 December 2015 at the latest.

Amendment  88

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. Member States shall ensure that a sufficient number of publicly accessible refuelling points are available, with maximum distances of 150 km, to allow the circulation of CNG vehicles Union-wide by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

6. Member States, in close cooperation with regional and local authorities and with the industry concerned, shall ensure that a sufficient number of publicly accessible refuelling points are available, with maximum distances of 100 km, including one refuelling point per 100 000 inhabitants in urban areas, to allow the circulation of CNG vehicles Union-wide by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

Justification

It is important to set more ambitious goals with regard to CNG, i.e. ensure the timely roll-out of its supply network across all Member States and increase the minimum requirement for refuelling stations.

Amendment  89

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

8. All CNG refuelling points for motor vehicles shall provide gas at a quality that is required for use in current and advanced technology CNG vehicles.

8. All LNG and CNG refuelling points for motor vehicles shall provide gas at a quality complying with the standards developed by CEN.

Amendment  90

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

8a. All publicly accessible LPG refuelling points for motor vehicles shall comply with the technical specifications set out in point 3a of Annex III by 31 December 2015 at the latest.

Amendment  91

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

9. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 8 concerning the updating of the technical specifications set out in Annex III.3.1, Annex III.3.2 and Annex III.3.3.

9. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 8 concerning the updating of the technical specifications set out in points 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 and 3a of Annex III.

Amendment  92

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 10 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall adopt implementing acts regarding:

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 8 concerning:

Justification

"Safety regulations" and "technical specifications" are measures of general application that seek to supplement non-essential elements of the basic act. They should therefore be adopted by means of delegated acts, in accordance with Article 290 of the TFEU.

Amendment  93

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 10 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 9.

deleted

Amendment  94

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Without prejudice to Directive 2009/30/EC, Member States shall ensure that relevant, clear and simple information on the compatibility between all fuels on the market and vehicles is available:

1. Without prejudice to Directive 2009/30/EC, Member States shall ensure that relevant, clear and simple information on specifications and compatibility between all fuels on the market and motor vehicles/maritime and inland waterway vessels is available:

Amendment  95

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) at the pumps in all refuelling points, at vehicle dealerships and at technical control facilities in their territory;

(a) at the pumps in all refuelling points in their territory;

Amendment  96

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) in vehicle manuals;

(b) in the vehicle owner manuals and at vehicle dealerships in their territory;

Amendment  97

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) at technical control facilities in their territory.

Amendment  98

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The information about compatibility of fuels referred to in paragraph 1, shall be based, where available and suitable for reaching the objectives of the Directive, on the fuel labelling standards under the European Norm (EN) schemes, as listed in Annex III.4, and a graphical expression of those standards shall be implemented.

2. The information about compatibility of fuels referred to in paragraph 1 shall be based, where available and suitable for reaching the objectives of this Directive, on the fuel labelling standards under the European Norm (EN) schemes, as listed in points 3a and 4 of Annex III, and a graphical expression of those standards shall be implemented.

Justification

This amendment aims at properly informing the consumer as regards the compatibility of his/her vehicle with LPG delivered at the pump in order to prevent fraud on the market.

Amendment  99

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. When fuel prices are displayed, a unit price expressed as "1 litre of petrol equivalent" may be additionally used, provided that the fuel in question is not sold per litre. To that end, the Commission shall consider a modification of Directive 98/6/EC of the European Parliament and the Council24c in order to increase consumer awareness and provide full fuel price transparency.

 

_______________

 

24c Directive 98/6/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 1998 on consumer protection in the indication of the prices of products offered to consumers (OJ L 80, 18.3.1998, p. 27).

Justification

Introducing a consumer friendly pricing model based on litre equivalent could be relevant in order to compare different fuels. Member States are currently not allowed to make use of this possibility, which would however be crucial to increase customer awareness and give full fuel price transparency.

Amendment  100

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 3 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3b. By ...*, the Commission shall submit a legislative proposal in order to ensure that fuel suppliers standardise the colour of the hoses and nozzles used for the delivery of petrol and diesel at refuelling stations throughout the Union.

 

_______________

 

* OJ: please insert the date: deadline for the transposition of this Directive.

Justification

Requiring fuel suppliers to adopt a common colour marking for dispensers is a simple task. It would facilitate consumers to identify more easily at the filling station the fuel they need. Fuel suppliers should in particular adopt common colours for the hoses and nozzles used for the delivery of petrol and diesel. Existing CEN standards do not provide for a common colour marking.

Amendment  101

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The delegation of power referred to in Articles 3, 4, 5, and 6 shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time.

2. The delegation of power referred to in Articles 3, 4, 5, and 6 shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from the [date of entry into force of this Directive]. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

Amendment  102

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Each Member State shall submit a report to the Commission on the national policy framework and its implementation by [two years after the entry into force of this Directive], and every 2 years thereafter. These reports shall include information set out in Annex I.

1. Each Member State shall submit to the Commission a report on the national policy framework and its implementation in relation to its national targets by ...*, and every two years thereafter. Those reports shall include the information set out in Annex I.

 

In those reports, a statement of reasons shall be given for any discrepancies between the targets achieved, as compared to the national targets established in accordance with Article 3(1) of this Directive.

 

_______________

 

* OJ: please insert the date: two years after the entry into force of this Directive

Amendment  103

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission report shall contain the following elements:

The Commission report shall contain the following elements:

the assessment of the actions taken by each Member State;

an assessment of the actions taken by each Member State, including their cost effectiveness;

the assessment of the effects of this Directive on the market development of alternative fuels and the impact on economy and environment;

an assessment of the effects of this Directive on the market development of alternative fuels and the impact on the economy, on the environment and on consumers;

– information on technical progress and market development of the alternative fuels covered by this Directive and of any other alternative fuel.

– information on technical progress and market development of the alternative fuels covered by this Directive and of any other alternative fuel.

Amendment  104

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission report shall assess the requirements and the dates set out in this Directive in respect to the infrastructure build-up and implementation of specifications, taking into account the technical, economic and market developments of the respective alternative fuels, accompanied if appropriate by a legislative proposal.

The Commission report shall assess the requirements, targets and dates set out in this Directive in respect to the infrastructure build-up and implementation of specifications, taking into account the technical, economic and market developments of the respective alternative fuels, accompanied if appropriate by a legislative proposal.

Amendment  105

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. By ...*, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and the Council identifying the measures necessary in order to ensure a harmonised high level of fuel quality throughout the Union. The report shall be accompanied, if appropriate, by a proposal for the amendment of Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council24d with a view to including quality specifications, units and limits for the new alternative fuels covered by this Directive. In particular, the proposed measures should ensure protection of health and of the environment by enabling alternative fuels to be provided at the quality required for use in current and future technology engines and ensuring a high level of environmental performance with regard to CO2 and other pollutant emissions.

 

_______________

 

* OJ: please insert the date: two years from the date of entry into force of this Directive.

 

24d Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 1998 relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Council Directive 93/12/EEC (OJ L 350, 28.12.1998, p. 58).

Justification

Since the aim of the proposed Directive is to deploy across the EU an alternative fuels infrastructure, the Commission should be tasked with proposing, within the Fuel Quality Directive, the key parameters of these alternative fuels in accordance with the scope of the FQD, i.e. human health and environment related specifications, as it is the case for petrol and diesel.

Amendment  106

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2b. By 31 December 2015, the Commission shall submit a proposal to the European Parliament and to the Council on a comprehensive European electric mobility strategy based on best practices and taking into account individual market needs and developments in the Member States with the aim of achieving the broadest possible shift to sustainable electric mobility.

Justification

A cross-sectoral European strategy for electric mobility is necessary to achieve the objectives by means of sustainable mobility.

Amendment  107

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

A regulatory framework shall consist of measures to support the build up of alternative fuels infrastructure, such as building permits, parking lots permits, environmental performance of businesses certification, fuel stations concessions.

A regulatory framework shall consist of measures to support the build-up of alternative fuels infrastructure, such as building permits, parking lots permits, environmental performance of businesses certification, fuel stations concessions.

In order to ensure that an application by an intended alternative fuel provider is authorised within a reasonable time from its submission, the regulatory framework shall include details on the applicable technical and administrative procedures, personnel, methodology and legislation so as to avoid bureaucratic and legislative delays.

Amendment  108

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 5 – indent 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– 2020 national targets for the deployment of alternative fuels in the different transport modes (road, rail, water and air) and for the relevant infrastructure;

– 2020 national targets for the deployment of alternative fuels in the different transport modes (road, rail, water and air) and for the relevant infrastructure, taking into account the objectives of a global reduction in the consumption of energy and oil and the reduction of urban congestion;

Amendment  109

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a. Market developments

 

An annual report on changes in supply (additional infrastructure capacity) and demand (capacity actually used) on alternative fuel markets, on direct and indirect costs and on changes in tax revenue.

Amendment  110

Proposal for a directive

Annex II – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Minimum number of electric vehicle recharging points in each Member State

Minimum number of publicly accessible recharging points for electric vehicles in each Member State

Amendment  111

Proposal for a directive

Annex II

Member State

Number of publicly accessible recharging points (in thousands)

BE

12

BG

4

CZ

7

DK

3

DE

86

EE

1

IE

1

EL

7

ES

47

FR

55

IT

72

CY

1

LV

1

LT

2

LU

1

HU

4

MT

1

NL

18

AT

7

PL

26

PT

7

RO

6

SI

1

SK

2

FI

4

SE

8

UK

70

HR

2

Justification

Member States shall ensure, within the national policy frameworks, that there is a sufficient number of publicly accessible charging points which will enable electric vehicles to be charged quickly in urban agglomerations. The minimum number of charging points for electric vehicles in each Member State should ensure adequate infrastructure for a Europe-wide fleet of around 2.3 million electric vehicles or an electric vehicle share of the new vehicle market in the EU of around 3 % by 2020.

Amendment  112

Proposal for a directive

Annex III – point 1 – point 1.1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Alternate Current (AC) slow recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with connectors of Type 2 as described in standard EN62196-2:2012.

Alternate Current (AC) normal recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with socket outlets of Type 2 as described in standard EN62196-2:2012.

 

They may, where necessary, be equipped with Type 2-compatible socket outlets comprising additional safety features such as safety shutters, in particular with a view to complying with relevant national requirements. To that end, the standard EN 62196-2:2012 shall be revised promptly and kept up to date in the light of technological progress and developments in good engineering practice in safety matters.

Amendment  113

Proposal for a directive

Annex III – point 1– point 1.1– paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Alternate Current (AC) normal recharging points for L-category electric vehicles shall be equipped with connectors as described in IEC/TR 60083, or, where applicable, with connectors as described in BS 1363. Where those connectors do not meet on-street recharging national regulations, the recharging points shall comply with the standard EN 61851-1:2011 and shall be equipped with connectors of Type 3a as described in standard EN 62196-2:2012.

Justification

Reference to IEC/TR 60083 “Plugs and socket outlets for domestic and similar general use standardized in member countries of IEC” allows whenever possible the use of smaller-sized and more cost-efficient connectors, meeting standards in force in the different EU Member States.

Amendment  114

Proposal for a directive

Annex III – point 1 – point 1.2 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Direct Current (DC) fast recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with connectors of Type "Combo 2" as described in the relevant EN standard, to be adopted by 2014.

Direct Current (DC) fast recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with connectors of Combined AC/DC Charging Systems "Combo 2" as described in standard EN62196-3.

Amendment  115

Proposal for a directive

Annex III – point 1 – point 1.2 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

For a transitional period ending on 1 January 2019, Direct Current (DC) fast recharging points for electric vehicles may be additionally equipped with connectors of Type "CHAdeMO" by means of dual charging systems.

Justification

As the Combo technology is not fully ready at the moment and as there are more than 650 CHAdeMO chargers already installed in Europe, with more than 1 000 to be deployed by the end of 2013, it is important to set a time-limited transitional period where both systems can be deployed, with the final objective to find a single standard as indicated in the Commission proposal.

Amendment  116

Proposal for a directive

Annex III – point 1 – point 1.2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1.2a. Wireless electric recharging points for motor vehicles

 

Wireless recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with a primary device as described in IEC/TS 61980-3, to be adopted by 2014.

Justification

This Directive should not prevent the development and introduction of other recharging technologies, such as wireless charging, on which international standardisation is currently in progress.

Amendment  117

Proposal for a directive

Annex III – point 1 – point 1.3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1.3a. Electricity supply for stationary airplanes

 

Electricity supply to be installed in airports for use by stationary airplanes, including the design, installation and testing of the systems, shall comply with the relevant EN standard [to be specified in the final text].

Amendment  118

Proposal for a directive

Annex III – point 3 – point 3.1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

LNG refuelling points for waterborne vessels shall comply with the relevant EN standards, to be adopted by 2014.

LNG refuelling points for waterborne vessels shall comply with the relevant EN standards, to be adopted by 2014. The standards shall be compatible with current international standards or on-going international standardisation work, where applicable.

Amendment  119

Proposal for a directive

Annex III – point 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. Technical specifications for Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) refuelling points for motor vehicles

 

LPG refuelling points shall comply with the fuel labelling requirements set out in standard EN 589:2004.

(1)

OJ C 271, 19.9.2013, p. 111.

(2)

OJ C 280, 27.9.2013, p. 66.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

I. Commission proposal

The proposed directive establishes a common framework of measures for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the Union in order to break oil dependence and accelerate the decarbonisation of the transport system. It sets out minimum requirements for the build-up of alternative fuels infrastructure including common technical specifications.

Minimum infrastructure coverage is proposed to be mandatory for electricity, hydrogen, and natural gas (CNG and LNG), for which market failures require public intervention, and for two modes of transport (road and waterborne) for which the development of a minimum necessary network cannot be achieved without Union support. These sectors represent more than 80% of freight and passenger transport volumes.

The proposed directive is accompanied by an impact assessment and a Communication providing a strategic vision for the development of a European alternative fuels policy framework.

II. Rapporteurs overall position

Your Rapporteur welcomes the Commission's proposal as a necessary instrument to break Europe's dependence on oil and improve the diversification and security of its energy supply. The proposed directive is also expected to support economic growth, strengthen the competitiveness of European industry and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport.

The long-term objective should be the decarbonisation of the transport sector. Oil accounts for more than 90% of energy consumed in transport, with 84% of it imported, and with a bill of up to € 1 billion a day (in 2011), leading to a significant deficit in the EU trade balance of around 2.5% of GDP.

Action at EU level is necessary as the market development of alternative fuels is still held back by technological and commercial short-comings, market failures, lack of consumer acceptance, missing adequate infrastructure and, in many cases, lack of common technical specifications which are necessary to ensure interoperability and pan-European mobility of vehicles using alternative fuels.

Your Rapporteur considers that a stable policy framework with binding targets is crucial to attract private investment for the build-up of the infrastructure, whereas incentives and public support will be essential in the initial stages as an impetus for the use of alternative fuels. EU financing can also play a significant role in supporting Member States to reach the targets of the proposed directive.

Your Rapporteur has included in this draft report a number of amendments with the broad aim of supplementing the provisions of the Commission's proposal and broadening its objectives. In drafting this report, your Rapporteur has consulted extensively with all relevant stakeholders, and took also into account the findings of the public hearing organised by the TRAN Committee on 18 June 2013. The Opinions of the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions were also properly considered.

The amendments proposed by the Rapporteur cover, inter alia, the following issues:

(a) Strengthen the national policy frameworks for the deployment of alternative fuels and their infrastructure

Some Member States have adopted ambitious targets for the deployment of alternative fuels and have shown progress in the build-up of the relevant infrastructure. In other Member States, discussions have only started recently and progress is slow. At present, the majority of Member States do not have a sufficient number of publicly accessible recharging points for electric cars, and have not announced policies to develop an adequate network of recharging or refuelling facilities. Your Rapporteur stresses the importance of preparing and implementing comprehensive national policy frameworks with ambitious targets for the deployment of alternative fuels and their infrastructure by 2020.

(b) Adopt a strategic approach for the deployment of alternative fuels in all transport modes

A consistent long-term strategy on alternative fuels should meet the energy needs of all transport modes, including those for which limited alternatives to fossil fuels are available.

Your Rapporteur stresses the need for a strategic approach based on a comprehensive mix of alternative fuels, thereby maintaining technology neutrality. As there is no single fuel solution for the future of mobility, national policy frameworks should include all main alternative fuel options with a focus on the specific needs of each transport mode. Existing constraints in the deployment of clean fuels in all transport modes shall be properly addressed.

(c) Provide smart and inclusive solutions for electric vehicle recharging

Different technological choices in different parts of Europe have led to a fragmentation of the internal market, inhibiting the mobility of alternatively fuelled vehicles across Europe. Most urgent is the implementation of common technical specifications for the interface between electric vehicles and recharging points, in order to ensure interoperability and pan-European mobility of electric vehicles.

Until recently, the European industry could not come to an agreement about a uniform standard for electric vehicle charging connectors. A fundamental point of divergence, apart from the different technological solutions available on the market, is the legal requirement in several Member States for an enhanced contact protection mechanism in the socket-outlet in the form of a safety shutter.

Your Rapporteur recognises the need for a single connector solution ensuring interoperability across the EU. Having followed more recent discussions between the industry, he upholds the technical solution proposed by the Commission for a Type 2 connector provided that it can also address requirements in those Member States where sockets must be fitted with shutters.

On the other hand, this directive should not prevent the development and introduction of other recharging technologies, such as wireless charging, on which international standardisation is currently in progress. Your Rapporteur supports therefore the inclusion of technical specifications for wireless charging in the directive.

(d) Enlarge the coverage of hydrogen refuelling points

The technology for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles is maturing, and is being demonstrated in passenger cars, city buses, light vans and inland ship applications. They have performance, range and refuelling times comparable to gasoline and diesel vehicles. Presently about 500 vehicles are in operation, and around 120 hydrogen refuelling stations in place. Industry has announced a roll-out of new vehicles, including hydrogen powered two-wheelers, for the next years, and several Member States plan to build up hydrogen refuelling networks. The main issues are high cost of fuel cells and the absence of a refuelling infrastructure network. Industry studies indicate that costs can be reduced to the levels of conventional petrol and diesel vehicles by 2025(1). Given the expected advantages of this alternative fuel, your Rapporteur proposes to enlarge the coverage of hydrogen refuelling points, through an enhanced deployment in urban areas, but also, at a later date, in Member States on the territory of which such refuelling points do not yet exist.

(e) Ensure availability of LNG refuelling points in maritime and inland ports

Natural gas in liquefied form (LNG) with high energy density offers a cost-efficient alternative to diesel for waterborne activities (transport, offshore services, and fisheries), trucks and rail, with lower pollutant and CO2 emissions and higher energy efficiency. Your Rapporteur considers it necessary to assess the need for making available LNG refuelling points in ports outside the TEN-T core network that are important for vessels not engaged in transport operations, in particular fishing vessels. Although the basis for the deployment of LNG infrastructure should be the TEN-T Core Network, other elements might be of importance when establishing a network of LNG refuelling points in both maritime and inland ports. It is in particular appropriate to consider the actual market needs and the existing bunkering points in order to ensure proportionality in the deployment of LNG infrastructure.

(f) Increase the network density of CNG refuelling points

Natural gas vehicle technology is mature for the broad market, with close to million vehicles on the road in Europe and around 3 000 filling stations. Additional refuelling stations could easily be supplied from the existing natural gas distribution network in Europe, provided the quality of gas is sufficient for use in current and advanced technology CNG vehicles.(2) Therefore, your Rapporteur is proposing a more dense distribution network for CNG with shorter distances between refuelling points, including urban areas.

(g) Ensure the quality of alternative fuels

In order to ensure a harmonised high level of fuel quality throughout the Union, your Rapporteur invites the Commission to propose an amendment of the Fuel Quality Directive [Directive 98/70/EC] in order to include quality standards for the alternative fuels covered by this proposal. In particular, the revision of the Fuel Quality Directive should ensure a high level of health and environmental protection and provide for quality fuels adequate for current and future technology engines.

(h) Enhance consumer information on alternative fuels

Harmonisation of consumer information on fuel quality, vehicle/fuel compatibility, availability of recharging/refuelling points, as well as on environmental, financial and safety aspects, is important to create consumer acceptance. Your Rapporteur is in favour of providing transparent and comprehensive information to consumers concerning the pricing and energy content of alternative fuels.

(1)

Communication from the Commission on Clean Power for Transport: A European alternative fuels strategy, COM(2013)0017, p.8

(2)

ibid, p. 6


OPINION of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (24.10.2013)

for the Committee on Transport and Tourism

on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

(COM(2013)0018 – C7-0022/2013 – 2013/0012(COD)

Rapporteur: Niki Tzavela

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

It is understood that vehicles that do not use oil products have difficulties being sold, especially since the options of refuelling or recharging are not readily available on a national as well as on a cross-border level. At present, it is difficult for new technologies and new vehicles to compete in the internal market and make up a significant market share.In this context, this directive sets out to create incentives and send signals for investments in the development and deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, in order to facilitate new market entrants and increase competition.

On the one hand, measures to ensure the availability of powering new vehicles, such as electric vehicles, must be envisaged. On the other hand, intervening in the market comes at a certain cost for governments and for consumers. Furthermore, it is important to note that it would potentially be inefficient and counterproductive to make investments in infrastructure if the relevant technology is not ready or remains unproven. In particular, hydrogen cars do not seem to be fit for entry into the market yet.

The rapporteur welcomes attempts to deploy alternative fuel infrastructures, thus steadily reducing the Union's dependence on oil. The rapporteur stresses that investments should primarily be driven according to market demand and should be based on a technology neutral basis. Moreover, the rapporteur firmly believes that the appropriate research and development funds should be made available by the Union in order to facilitate the market integration of new technologies and speed up their readiness for deployment..In addition, the rapporteur believes that EU efforts on standardisation are critical with respect to this proposal. given the large-cross border dimension of this directive. Finally, in order to respect the EUs decarbonisation agenda, it is important for the European market to remain firmly in the lead on initiatives such as this one

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy calls on the Committee on Transport and Tourism, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Based on the consultation of stakeholders and national experts, as well as expertise electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) were identified as the main alternative fuels with a potential for long-term oil substitution and decarbonisation.

(4) Based on the consultation of stakeholders and national experts, as well as expertise electricity, hydrogen, biofuels, paraffinic fuels, natural gas (possibly shale gas), liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) were identified as the main alternative fuels with a potential for long-term oil substitution and decarbonisation.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a directive

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) Fragmentation of the internal market through uncoordinated market introduction of alternative fuels should be avoided. Coordinated policy frameworks of all Member States should therefore provide the long-term security required for private and public investement into vehicle and fuel technology, and infrastructure build-up. Member States should therefore establish national policy frameworks outlining their objectives, targets, and supporting actions on the market development of alternative fuels, including the necessary infrastructure to be put into place. Member States should cooperate with other neighbouring Member States on the regional or macro-regional level, through consultation or joint policy frameworks, in particular where continuity of alternative fuel infrastructure coverage across national borders or construction of new infrastructure in the proximity of national borders is required. A coordination of these national policy frameworks and their coherence at EU level should be ensured by the Commission, following a periodic evaluation thereof.

(6) Fragmentation of the internal market through uncoordinated market introduction of alternative fuels should be avoided. Coordinated policy frameworks of all Member States should therefore provide the long-term security required for private and public investment into vehicle and fuel technology, and infrastructure build-up. Regulation must provide the right incentives, namely by pursuing the convergence of frameworks. Member States should therefore establish national policy frameworks outlining their objectives, targets, and supporting actions on the market development of alternative fuels, including the necessary infrastructure to be put into place. Member States should cooperate with other neighbouring Member States on the regional or macro-regional level, through consultation or joint policy frameworks, in particular where continuity of alternative fuel infrastructure coverage across national borders or construction of new infrastructure in the proximity of national borders is required. A coordination of these national policy frameworks and their coherence at EU level should be ensured and the Commission should explore all means and sources to promote the infrastructure for alternative fuels.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a directive

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) When Member States are establishing their national policy frameworks, full account should be taken of the impacts of deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure on consumers and on tax revenues as well as on the cost effectiveness of future investments in the deployment of such infrastructure.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a directive

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) The lack of harmonised development of alternative fuels infrastructure across the Union prevents the development of economies of scale on the supply side and EU-wide mobility on the demand side. New infrastructure networks need to be built up, in particular for electricity, hydrogen, and natural gas (LNG and CNG).

(10) The lack of harmonised development of alternative fuels infrastructure across the Union prevents the development of economies of scale on the supply side and EU-wide mobility on the demand side. New infrastructure networks need to be built up, in particular for electricity, hydrogen, and natural gas (LNG and CNG). Recalls the importance of technological development, demonstration and infrastructures, in particular, in the are of hydrogen.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a directive

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a) Standards concerning equipment for basic and fast electric recharging points should be regarded as harmonised once they are drawn up by common agreement as referred to in Annex III.1.1 and Annex III.1.2 and published under national procedures. The standards should be kept up to date in light of technological progress and the developments in good engineering practice in safety matters.

 

Throughout the text "slow" is replaced by "basic".

Amendment  6

Proposal for a directive

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Electricity is a clean fuel particularly attractive for deployment of electric vehicles and electric two-wheelers in urban agglomerations which can contribute to improving air quality and reducing noise. Member States should ensure that recharging points for electric vehicles are built up with sufficient coverage, at least twice the number of vehicles, and 10% of them publicly accessible, focussing in particular on urban agglomerations. Private owners of electric vehicles depend to a large extent on access to recharging points in collective parking lots, such as in appartment blocks, office and business locations. Regulatory provisions should be set up by public authorities, assisting citizens by ensuring that the appropriate infrastructure with sufficient electric vehicle recharging points is provided by the site developers and managers.

(11) Electricity coming from sustainable energy sources is particularly attractive for deployment of electric vehicles, in particular those used for collective transport and electric bicycles, scooters and motorcycles in urban agglomerations which can contribute to improving air quality and reducing noise. Member States should endeavour that recharging points for electric vehicles are built up with sufficient coverage (an adequate number of which should be publicly accessible), bearing in mind the geographical and socioeconomic aspects and focusing in particular on urban agglomerations. Private owners of electric vehicles depend to a large extent on access to recharging points in collective parking lots, such as in appartment blocks, office and business locations. Regulatory provisions should be set up by public authorities, assisting citizens by ensuring that the appropriate infrastructure with sufficient electric vehicle recharging points is provided by the site developers and managers.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a directive

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) Hydrogen vehicles, including hydrogen powered two-wheelers, have at present very low market penetration rates but a build-up of sufficient hydrogen refuelling infrastructure is essential to enable larger-scale hydrogen vehicle deployment.

(17) Hydrogen vehicles, including hydrogen powered two-wheelers, have at present very low market penetration rates but a build-up of sufficient hydrogen refuelling infrastructure is essential to enable larger-scale hydrogen vehicle deployment in the long term.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a directive

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18) Member States should ensure that publicly accessible infrastructure for the supply of hydrogen to motor vehicles is built up, with distances between refuelling points for motor vehicles allowing area covering circulation of hydrogen vehicles within the national territory, as well as a certain number of refuelling points located in urban agglomerations. This would allow hydrogen vehicles to circulate Union-wide.

(18) Member States opting for the use of hydrogen in transport should endeavour that publicly accessible infrastructure for the supply of hydrogen to motor vehicles is built up as the technology matures, with distances between refuelling points for motor vehicles allowing area covering circulation of hydrogen vehicles within the national territory, as well as a certain number of refuelling points located in urban agglomerations. This would facilitate circulation of hydrogen vehicles Union-wide.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a directive

Recital 18 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(18a) In order to ensure and safeguard the competitiveness of European industries, the necessary EU financing will be provided for further research and development into the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, as currently it is third countries that have the leading role in the deployment of new technologies such as electric batteries for electric vehicles.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a directive

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20) Member States should ensure that publicly accessible infrastructure for the supply of gaseous Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) to motor vehicles is built up, with distances between refuelling points allowing area covering circulation of CNG vehicles across the Union, as well as a certain number of refuelling points located in urban agglomerations.

(20) Member States selecting this option should endeavour that publicly accessible infrastructure for the supply of gaseous Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) to motor vehicles is built up, with distances between refuelling points allowing area covering circulation of CNG vehicles within the Union, as well as a certain number of refuelling points located in urban agglomerations.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a directive

Recital 24

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(24) With the increasing diversity in the type of fuels for motorized vehicles coupled with on-going growth in the road mobility of citizens across the Union, it is necessary to provide the consumers with a clear and easy to understand information on the compatibility of their vehicle with different fuels offered in the transport fuels market of the Union, without prejudice to Directive 2009/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 98/70/EC as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the specification of fuel used by inland waterway vessels and repealing Directive 93/12/EEC .

(24) With the increasing diversity in the type of fuels for motorized vehicles coupled with on-going growth in the road mobility of citizens across the Union, it is necessary to provide the consumers with a clear and easy to understand information on the compatibility of their vehicle with different fuels offered in the transport fuels market of the Union, without prejudice to Directive 2009/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 98/70/EC as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the specification of fuel used by inland waterway vessels and repealing Directive 93/12/EEC. In particular, EU-wide standardisation of the colours used for the hoses and nozzles to deliver fuel at filling stations should be considered.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a directive

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25) In order to ensure adaptation of the provisions of this Directive to market development and technical progress, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the portfolio of alternative fuels, the infrastructure characteristics and the adequate coverage as well as the standards for the fuels. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level.

(25) In order to ensure adaptation of the provisions of this Directive to market development and technical progress, the Commission should submit by 31 December 2018 a review of this directive, particularly in respect of the portfolio of alternative fuels, the infrastructure characteristics and the adequate coverage as well as the standards for the fuels It is of particular importance in this connection that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations, including at expert level.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a directive

Article 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the Union in order to break the oil dependence of transport and sets out minimum requirements on alternative fuels infrastructure build-up and common technical specifications, including recharging points for electric vehicles and refuelling points for natural gas (LNG and CNG) and hydrogen.

1.This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the Union in order to reduce the oil dependence of transport and sets out minimum requirements on alternative fuels infrastructure build-up and common technical specifications, including recharging points for electric vehicles and refuelling points for natural gas (LNG and CNG) and hydrogen.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 1 – indent 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– synthetic fuels,

– synthetic fuels, such as DME,

Justification

DME (Dimethylether) is a fuel that is already available on the market and should be specifically mentioned.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) Recharging point means a slow recharging point or a fast recharging point or an installation for the physical exchange of a battery of an electric vehicle.

(2) "Recharging point" means a dedicated parking spot with equipment for recharging a single vehicle at one time (i.e. basic charging and/or fast charging and/or wireless charging).

 

Throughout the text "slow" is replaced by "basic".

Amendment  16

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) ‘Slow recharging point’ means a recharging point that allows for a direct supply of electricity to an electric vehicle with a power of less than or equal to 22 kW.

(3) ‘Basic recharging point’ means a recharging point that allows for a direct supply of electricity to an electric vehicle with a power of less than or equal to 3,7 kW.

 

 

Amendment  17

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) ‘Fast recharging point’ means a recharging point that allows for a direct supply of electricity to an electric vehicle with a power of more than 22 kW.

(4) ‘Fast recharging point’ means a recharging point that allows for a direct supply of electricity to an electric vehicle with a power of more than 3,7 kW.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) Publicly accessible recharging or refuelling point means a recharging or refuelling point which provides non-discriminatory access to the users

(5) "Publicly accessible recharging or refuelling point" means a recharging or refuelling point that provides non-discriminatory and EU-wide interoperable access to the users, with a payment system that is widely accepted across the EU without being discriminatory.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- demand support measures

Amendment  20

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

– assessment of the need for LNG refuelling points in ports outside the TEN-T core network that are important for vessels not engaged in transport operations, in particular fishing vessels;

– assessment of the need for LNG refuelling points in ports outside the TEN-T core network;

Amendment  21

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- assessment of the impact of the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure on tax revenues and on consumers;

Amendment  22

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – indent 10 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- a thorough cost-benefit analysis.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 8 to modify the list of elements provided for in paragraph 1 and information set out in Annex I.

deleted

Amendment  24

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States shall ensure that a minimum number of recharging points for electric vehicles are put into place, at least the number given in the table in Annex II, by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

1. Every two years, Member States shall, in their national policy frameworks, endeavour to establish a minimum number of recharging points for electric vehicles calculated according to the existing fleet of electric-powered vehicles and the growth forecasted for the following years, with the aim of achieving the number given in the table in Annex II. Annex II shall be used as a guideline for the number they shall seek to put in place by 31 December 2020. The Commission shall monitor the annual registration figures for electric vehicles in the EU, and by 1 January 2017 shall review the number of recharging points needed.

 

(The terminology chosen determines comparable articles throughout the directive.)

Amendment  25

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. At least 10% of the recharging points shall be publicly accessible.

deleted

Amendment  26

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Slow recharging points for electric vehicles shall comply with the technical specifications set out in Annexx III.1.1. by 31 December 2015 at the latest.

3. Basic recharging points for electric vehicles shall comply with the technical specifications set out in Annexx III.1.1. by 31 December 2017 at the latest.

Fast recharging points for electric vehicles shall comply with the technical specifications set out in Annex III.1.2. by 31 December 2017 at the latest.

Fast recharging points for electric vehicles shall comply with the technical specifications set out in Annex III.1.2. by 31 December 2017 at the latest.

Member States shall ensure that the equipment for slow and gast recharging points a set out in Annex III.1.1 and Annex III.1.2 shall be available on fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory terms.

Member States shall endeavour that the equipment for basic and fast recharging points a set out in Annex III.1.1 and Annex III.1.2 shall be available on fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory terms and shall allow necessary flexibility in order to ensure that specific safety requirements enforced at national level are respected.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2 – point 1 (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1) To minimise the complexity of recharging at different recharging points, these points should be equipped with a combined AC/DC plug.

Justification

A combined recharging system for electric vehicles permits both standard and fast charging using the vehicle plug and minimises the complexity of the recharging process.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. Wireless recharging points for electric vehicles shall comply with the technical specifications set out in Annex III.1.3 by 31 December 2017 at the latest.

Justification

This Directive should not prevent the development and introduction of new recharging technologies such as wireless charging.

Amendment  29

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. All publicly accessible recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped with intelligent metering systems as defined in Article 2(28) of Directive 2012/27/EU and respect the requirements laid down in Article 9(2) of that Directive.

6. For recharging at publicly accessible recharging points for electric vehicles, intelligent and transparent metering systems shall be provided, either individually or in aggregate, as defined in Article 2(28) of Directive 2012/27/EU and respecting the requirements laid down in Article 9(2) of that Directive.

Amendment  30

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7. Annex I.1 (h) and the last subparagraph of Annex I.2 of Directive 2009/72/EC shall apply to the consumption data and the metering system of the recharging point for electric vehicles.

7. Annex I.1 (h) and the last subparagraph of Annex I.2 of Directive 2009/72/EC shall apply to the consumption data and the metering system of the recharging point for electric vehicles at private consumer premises.

Justification

Public recharging points may not require detailed billing provisions if they are offered as part of a service to customers.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

8. Member States shall not prohibit electric vehicle users from buying electricity from any electricity supplier regardless of the Member State in which the supplier is registered. Member States shall ensure that consumers have the right to contract electricity simultaneously with several suppliers so that electricity supply for an electric vehicle can be contracted separately.

8. Member States shall not prohibit electric vehicle users from buying electricity from any electricity supplier regardless of the Member State in which the supplier is registered. Member States shall ensure that consumers have the right to contract electricity simultaneously with several suppliers so that electricity supply for an electric vehicle can be contracted separately. Member States shall ensure that the above does not result in separate connection fees or a separate physical electricity connection required.

Justification

To unlock new electric vehicle markets and support independent service providers, it is important to ensure that there are no regulatory barriers hampering separate electricity supply to electric vehicles.

Amendment  32

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

10. Member States shall ensure that prices charged at publicly accessible recharging points are reasonable and do not include any penalty or prohibitive fees for recharging an electric vehicle by the user not having contractual relations with the operator of the recharging point.

10. Member States shall ensure that prices charged at publicly accessible recharging points are transparent and reasonable. Price reductions for electric vehicle users having contractual relations with the operator of the recharging point must be clearly indicated.

Justification

To maximise consumer convenience, consumer information must be clearly visible.

Amendment  33

Proposal for a directive

Article 5 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States on the territory of which exist already at the day of the entry into force of this Directive hydrogen refuelling points shall ensure that a sufficient number of publicly accessible refuelling points are available, with distances not exceeding 300 km, to allow the circulation of hydrogen vehicles within the entire national territory by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

1. Member States opting for the deployment of hydrogen refuelling points in their national policy framework as defined in Article 3 shall endeavour that a sufficient number of publicly accessible refuelling points are available, particularly in urban areas, in order to allow sufficient circulation of hydrogen vehicles by 31 December 2020 at the latest, provided that the operation of these refuelling points is economically viable.

Amendment  34

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States shall ensure that publicly accessible LNG refuelling points for maritime and inland waterway transport are provided in all maritime ports of the Trans-European Transport (TEN-T) Core Network by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

1. Member States shall endeavour that publicly accessible LNG refuelling points for maritime and inland waterway transport are provided in all maritime ports of the Trans-European Transport (TEN-T) Core Network by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

Amendment  35

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. All LNG refuelling points for maritime and inland waterway transport shall comply with the technical specifications set out in Annex III.3.1 by 31 December 2015 at the latest.

4. All LNG refuelling points for maritime and inland waterway transport as well as the necessary associated facilities (such as storage tanks, pontoons, etc) shall comply with the technical specifications set out in Annex III.3.1 by 31 December 2015 at the latest.

Amendment  36

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. Member States shall ensure that a sufficient number of publicly accessible refuelling points are available, with maximum distances of 150 km, to allow the circulation of CNG vehicles Union-wide by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

6. Member States shall endeavour that a minimum number of recharging points for electric vehicles are put into place by 31 December 2020 at the latest, provided that the operation of these refuelling points is economically viable.

Amendment  37

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 6 a

 

Liquid gas supply for transport

 

Member States shall endeavour that a sufficient number of publicly accessible refuelling points are available, with maximum distances of 150 km, to allow the circulation of LPG vehicles throughout the national territory by 31 December 2020 at the latest. In states where LPG is already established, efforts should be made to ensure full coverage at motorway refuelling stations.

Amendment  38

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Without prejudice to Directive 2009/30/EC, Member States shall ensure that relevant, clear and simple information on the compatibility between all fuels on the market and vehicles is available:

1. Without prejudice to Directive 2009/30/EC, Member States shall ensure that relevant, clear and simple information on the specifications of and compatibility between all fuels on the market and vehicles is available:

Justification

A clear understanding of all information on alternative fuels is essential to facilitate consumer judgments and will also promote the acceptance of electric vehicles.

Amendment  39

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) on the vehicle. This requirement shall apply to all new vehicles sold on the territory of the Member States from [the date of the transposition of this Directive], and for all other vehicles registered on the territory of the Member States from the date of the first technical control of the vehicles following [the date of the transposition of this Directive].

(c) on the vehicle. This requirement shall apply to all new vehicles sold on the territory of the Member States from [the date of the transposition of this Directive], and for all other vehicles registered on the territory of the Member States from the date of the next technical control of the vehicles following [the date of the transposition of this Directive].

Amendment  40

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. Following the transposition of this Directive and without prejudice to the relevant EU legislation the Commission shall submit a proposal requiring fuel suppliers to standardise the colours used for hoses and nozzles to deliver fuel at filling stations across the EU territory.

Justification

Adopting common colours for delivering fuel across the EU will improve consumer awareness and understanding of the different fuels available.

Amendment  41

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. The Commission may adopt implementing acts, defining the specific location of the compatibility information on the vehicle and its graphical expression to ensure its harmonisation across the Union. Where EN schemes that include fuel labelling standards are not available or suitable for reaching the objectives of the Directive, the Commission may adopt implementing acts, determining the parameters of fuel labelling for fuels introduced in the Union market and reaching the level of 1% of the total volume of sales, in the assessment of the Commission, in more than one Member State.

4. Where EN schemes that include fuel labelling standards are not available or suitable for reaching the objectives of the Directive, the Commission may adopt implementing acts, determining the parameters of fuel labelling for fuels introduced in the Union market and reaching the level of 1% of the total volume of sales, in the assessment of the Commission, in more than one Member State.

Amendment  42

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The delegation of power referred to in Articles 3, 4, 5, and 6 shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time.

2. The delegation of power referred to in Articles 4, 5, and 6 shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time.

Amendment  43

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The delegation of power referred in Articles 3, 4, 5, and 6 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision of revocation shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

3. The delegation of power referred to in Articles 4, 5 and 6 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision of revocation shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

Amendment  44

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Articles 3, 4, 5, and 6 shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by three months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Articles 4, 5, and 6 shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by three months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

Amendment  45

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.The Commission report shall contain the following element:

2.The Commission report shall contain the following element:

- the assessment of the actions taken by each Member State;

- the assessment of the actions taken by each Member State, including their cost effectiveness;

- the assessment of the effects of this Directive on the market development of alternative fuels, the impact on economy and environment;

- the assessment of the effects of this Directive on the market development of alternative fuels, the impact on economy and environment and on consumers.

– information on technical progress and market development of the alternative fuels covered by this Directive and of any other alternative fuel.

– information on technical progress and market development of the alternative fuels covered by this Directive and of any other alternative fuel.

The Commission may suggest any appropriate measures.

The Commission may suggest any appropriate measures.

The Commission report shall assess the requirements and the dates set out in this Directive in respect to the infrastructure build-up and implementation of specifications, taking into account the technical, economic and market developments of the respective alternative fuels, accompanied if appropriate by a legislative proposal.

The Commission report shall assess the requirements and the dates set out in this Directive in respect to the infrastructure build-up and implementation of specifications, taking into account the technical, economic and market developments of the respective alternative fuels, accompanied if appropriate by a legislative proposal.

Amendment  46

Proposal for a directive

Annex 1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

A regulatory framework shall consist of measures to support the build up of alternative fuels infrastructure, such as building permits, parking lots permits, environmental performance of businesses certification, fuel stations concessions.

A regulatory framework shall consist of measures to support the build up of alternative fuels infrastructure, such as building permits, parking lots permits, environmental performance of businesses certification, fuel stations concessions. In order to ensure that a request of an intended alternative fuel provider is authorised within three months from the request, the regulatory framework should include details on the applicable technical and administrative procedures, personnel, methodology and legislation to avoid bureaucratic and legislative delays.

Amendment  47

Proposal for a directive

Annex 1 – paragraph 2 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

These measures shall include at least the following elements:

These measures shall take as a guideline the following elements:

Amendment  48

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. Targets

5. Targets

- 2020 national targets for the deployment of alternative fuels in the different transport modes (road, rail, water and air) and for the relevant infrastructure

- national indicative values which should be sought to be achieved by 2020 for the deployment of alternative fuels in the different transport modes (road, rail, water and air) and for the relevant infrastructure

- national targets, established year by year, for the deployment of alternative fuels in the different transport modes and for the relevant infrastructure in order to achieve 2020 national targets.

- national indicative targets, established year by year, for the deployment of alternative fuels in the different transport modes and for the relevant infrastructure in order to achieve 2020 national targets.

Amendment  49

Proposal for a directive

Annex 2 – table title 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Minimum number of electric vehicle recharging points in each Member State

Indicative number of electric vehicle recharging points in each Member State

Amendment  50

Proposal for a directive

Annex 3 – point 1 – point 1.1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.1. Slow electric recharging points for motor vehicles

1.1. Basic electric recharging points for motor vehicles

Amendment  51

Proposal for a directive

Annex 3 – point 1 – point 1.1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Alternate Current (AC) slow recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with connectors of Type 2 as described in standard EN62196-2:2012.

Alternate Current (AC) basic recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with socket-outlet of Type 2 as described in standard EN62196- 2:2012 and respective updates.

Amendment  52

Proposal for a directive

Annex 3 – point 1 – point 1.1 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Alternate Current (AC) basic recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with primary devices for wireless power transfer as described in IEC/TS 61980-3, to be adopted by 2014.

 

(The choice of the terminology will be taken over throughout the whole legislative proposal.)

Justification

This Directive should not prevent the development and introduction of new recharging technologies such as wireless charging.

Amendment  53

Proposal for a directive

Annex 3 – point 1 – point 1.2 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.2. Fast electric recharging points for motor vehicles

1.2. Fast electric recharging points for motor vehicles above 22 kW

Amendment  54

Proposal for a directive

Annex 3 – point 1 – point 1.2 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Alternate Current (AC) fast recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with connectors of Type 2 as described in standard EN62196-2:2012.

Alternate Current (AC) fast recharging points for vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with attached cables with connector of Type 2 as described in standard EN62196-2:2012 and respective updates."

Amendment  55

Proposal for a directive

Annex 3 – point 1 – point 1.2 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Direct Current (DC) fast recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with connectors of Type ‘Combo 2’ as described in the relevant EN standard, to be adopted by 2014.

Direct Current (DC) fast recharging points for electric vehicles shall be equipped, for interoperability purposes, with multi-standard connectors providing both 'CHAdeMO' and Type ‘Combo 2’connection, as described in the relevant EN standard to be adopted by 2014.

Justification

It is important that future standards are technology neutral and are compatible with the market developments, i.e. are in line with the electric vehicles being produced and used in the EU.

Amendment  56

Proposal for a directive

Annex 3 – point 3 – point 3.1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

LNG refuelling points for waterborne vessels shall comply with the relevant EN standards, to be adopted by 2014.

LNG refuelling points for waterborne vessels shall comply with the relevant EN standards, to be adopted in accordance with the relevant IMO and ISO regulations and standards by 2014. Member States must coordinate to jointly support the development of those standards by IMO and ISO as soon as possible.

PROCEDURE

Title

Deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

References

COM(2013)0018 – C7-0022/2013 – 2013/0012(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

TRAN

5.2.2013

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

ITRE

5.2.2013

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Niki Tzavela

18.4.2013

Discussed in committee

9.7.2013

 

 

 

Date adopted

26.9.2013

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

42

2

2

Members present for the final vote

Josefa Andrés Barea, Jean-Pierre Audy, Zigmantas Balčytis, Ivo Belet, Bendt Bendtsen, Jan Březina, Maria Da Graça Carvalho, Giles Chichester, Pilar del Castillo Vera, Dimitrios Droutsas, Christian Ehler, Adam Gierek, Norbert Glante, Robert Goebbels, Fiona Hall, Jacky Hénin, Romana Jordan, Judith A. Merkies, Angelika Niebler, Jaroslav Paška, Aldo Patriciello, Vittorio Prodi, Miloslav Ransdorf, Herbert Reul, Teresa Riera Madurell, Amalia Sartori, Francisco Sosa Wagner, Konrad Szymański, Britta Thomsen, Patrizia Toia, Ioannis A. Tsoukalas, Claude Turmes, Marita Ulvskog, Adina-Ioana Vălean, Alejo Vidal-Quadras

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Elisabetta Gardini, Satu Hassi, Jolanta Emilia Hibner, Eija-Riitta Korhola, Bernd Lange, Werner Langen, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Markus Pieper, Hannu Takkula, Hermann Winkler

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Britta Reimers


PROCEDURE

Title

Deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

References

COM(2013)0018 – C7-0022/2013 – 2013/0012(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

24.1.2013

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

TRAN

5.2.2013

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

5.2.2013

ITRE

5.2.2013

IMCO

5.2.2013

REGI

5.2.2013

 

AGRI

5.2.2013

 

 

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

ENVI

19.2.2013

IMCO

20.2.2013

REGI

19.2.2013

AGRI

31.1.2013

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Carlo Fidanza

6.3.2013

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

6.5.2013

16.9.2013

4.11.2013

 

Date adopted

26.11.2013

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

30

7

0

Members present for the final vote

Magdi Cristiano Allam, Georges Bach, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Philip Bradbourn, Antonio Cancian, Michael Cramer, Philippe De Backer, Luis de Grandes Pascual, Christine De Veyrac, Saïd El Khadraoui, Ismail Ertug, Carlo Fidanza, Knut Fleckenstein, Jacqueline Foster, Mathieu Grosch, Jim Higgins, Juozas Imbrasas, Dieter-Lebrecht Koch, Georgios Koumoutsakos, Jörg Leichtfried, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Gesine Meissner, Hubert Pirker, Dominique Riquet, Petri Sarvamaa, Vilja Savisaar-Toomast, Olga Sehnalová, Brian Simpson, Keith Taylor, Silvia-Adriana Ţicău, Giommaria Uggias, Peter van Dalen, Patricia van der Kammen, Dominique Vlasto

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Bogdan Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, Sabine Wils, Janusz Władysław Zemke

Date tabled

5.12.2013

Last updated: 10 February 2014Legal notice