Procedure : 2011/0406(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A7-0450/2013

Texts tabled :

A7-0450/2013

Debates :

PV 10/12/2013 - 15
CRE 10/12/2013 - 15

Votes :

PV 11/12/2013 - 4.20
CRE 11/12/2013 - 4.20

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2013)0571

REPORT     ***I
PDF 1069kWORD 907k
6 December 2013
PE 491.264v02-00 A7-0450/2013

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation

(COM(2011)0840 – C7-0493/2011 – 2011/0406(COD))

Committee on Development

Rapporteur: Thijs Berman

AMENDMENTS
DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 ANNEX TO THE LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Foreign Affairs
 OPINION of the Committee on International Trade
 OPINION of the Committee on Budgets
 OPINION of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality
 PROCEDURE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation

(COM(2011)0840 – C7-0493/2011 – 2011/0406(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2011)0840),

–   having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 209(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C7-0493/2011),

–   having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to the undertaking given by the Council representative by letter of 4 December 2013 to approve Parliament’s position, in accordance with Article 294(4) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to Rule 55 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Development and the opinions of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on International Trade, the Committee on Budgets and the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality (A7-0450/2013),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Approves the statement by Parliament and the joint statement by Parliament, the Council and the Commission annexed to this resolution;

3.  Takes note of the Commission statements annexed to this resolution;

4.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it intends to amend its proposal substantially or replace it with another text;

5.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment  1

AMENDMENTS BY THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT(1)*

to the Commission proposal

---------------------------------------------------------

Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI)

Final compromise text reflecting the outcome of the trilogue on 2 December 2013

REGULATION (EU) …/20..OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of

XXXXXXX

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Articles 209(1) and 212(2) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of Regions(2)[1],

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure(3)[2],

Whereas:

(1)    This Regulation forms part of the Union's development cooperation policy and constitutes one of the instruments providing support for the European Union's external policies. It replaces the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council No 1605/2006 of 18 December 2006 establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation which expires on 31 December 2013.

(1a)  This Regulation should lay down, for the entire duration of the instrument, a financial envelope constituting the prime reference, within the meaning of point [..] of the Interinstitutional Agreement of XX/201Z between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management, for the budgetary authority during the annual budgetary procedure.

(2)    The fight against poverty remains the primary objective of the development policy of the European Union, as laid down in Title V, Chapter 1 of the Treaty on European Union and Title III, Chapter 1 of Part Five of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, in line with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and other internationally agreed development commitments and objectives approved by the Union and its Member States in the context of the United Nations and other competent international fora.

(3)    The European Consensus, which is a joint declaration by the Council and the representatives of the governments of the Member States meeting within the Council, the European Parliament and the Commission on the development policy of the European Union, and agreed modifications thereto, provide, the general policy framework, the orientations and the focus to guide the implementation of this Regulation.

(3 new) Over time, Union assistance should contribute to reducing aid dependence.

(4)    The Union's action on the international scene should be guided by the principles which have inspired its own creation, development and enlargement, and which it seeks to advance in the wider world: democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, the principles of equality and solidarity and respect for the principles of the UN Charter and international law. It seeks to develop and consolidate commitment to these principles in partner countries, territories and regions through dialogue and cooperation. While pursuing those principles, the Union, proves its added value as an actor in development policies.

In implementing this regulation, and in particular during the programming process, the Union should have due regard to the priorities, objectives and benchmarks in human rights and democracy established by the Union for partner countries, in particular its human rights country strategies.

4a)   The Union acknowledges that respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms, the promotion of the rule of law, democratic principles, transparency, good governance, peace and stability and gender equality are essential for the development of partner countries and that those issues should be mainstreamed in the Union’s development policy, particularly in programming and in agreements with partner countries.

(5)    The Union should seek the most efficient use of available resources in order to optimise the impact of its external action. This should be achieved through a comprehensive approach for each country based on complementarity, the creation of synergies and the mutual reinforcement of the programmes devised under this Regulation and the other external instruments of the Union. While striving for overall consistency of the Union's external action in accordance with Article 21 TEU, the Union should ensure policy coherence for development as required by Article 208 TFEU.

(6)   Aid effectiveness, greater transparency, cooperation and complementarity and better harmonisation, alignment with partner countries, as well as coordination of procedures, both between the Union and its Member States and in relations with other donors and development actors, are essential for ensuring the consistency and relevance of aid whilst at the same time reducing the costs borne by partner countries. Through its development policy, the Union is committed to implementing the conclusions of the Declaration on Aid Effectiveness adopted by the High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, held in Paris, on 2 March 2005, the Accra Agenda for Action adopted on 4 September 2008 and their follow-up Declaration adopted in Busan on 1st December 2011. These commitments have led to a number of conclusions of the Council and of the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States meeting with the Council such as the EU Code of Conduct on Complementarity and Division of Labour in Development Policy, and the Operational Framework on Aid Effectiveness. Efforts and procedures for achieving joint programming should be reinforced.

(7)    Union assistance should support the Joint Africa-EU Strategy, adopted at the Lisbon Summit in December 2007 and subsequent modifications and additions thereto, based on the shared vision, principles and objectives underpinning the Africa-European Union strategic partnership.

(8)    The Union and the Member States should improve the consistency, coordination and the complementarity of their respective policies on development cooperation, in particular by responding to partner countries' and regions' priorities at country and regional level. To ensure that the Union's development cooperation policy and that of the Member States complement and reinforce each other, and to ensure cost-effective aid delivery while avoiding overlap as well as gaps, it is both urgent and appropriate to provide for joint programming procedures which should be implemented whenever possible and relevant.

(9)   The Union's policy and international action for development cooperation are guided by the MDGs, such as the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, including any subsequent modifications thereto, and by the development objectives, principles and commitments approved by the Union and its Member States, including in the context of their cooperation within the United Nations (UN) and other competent international fora in the field of development cooperation. The Union's policy and international action is also guided by its commitments and obligations concerning human rights and development, including inter alia the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the UN Declaration on the Right to Development.

(9a)  The European Union is strongly committed to gender equality as a human right, a question of social justice and a core value of the Union development policy; gender equality is central in achieving all MDGs; the Council has adopted the EU Plan of Action on Gender equality and Women's Empowerment in Development (2010-2015).

(10)  The Union should, as a matter of high priority, promote a comprehensive approach in response to crisis and disaster and to conflict-affected and fragile situations, including those of transition and post-crisis. This should in particular build on the Council conclusions on Security and Development on an EU response to situations of fragility on conflict prevention, as well as any relevant subsequent conclusions.

Particularly in those situations where needs are most urgent and poverty both most widespread and deepest, Union support should be geared at strengthening the resilience of countries and their populations to adverse events. This should be done through the appropriate mix of approaches, responses and instruments in particular by ensuring that the security-oriented, humanitarian and development approaches are balanced, consistent and effectively coordinated, thereby linking relief, rehabilitation and development (LRRD).

(11)  Union assistance should focus where it has more impact, having regard to its capacity to act on a global scale and respond to global challenges such as poverty eradication, sustainable and inclusive development and worldwide promotion of democracy, good governance, human rights and the rule of law, its long-term and predictable commitment to development assistance and its role in coordinating with its Member States. To ensure such impact, the principle of differentiation should be applied not only at the level of funds allocation, but also at the level of programming, to ensure that bilateral development cooperation targets partner countries most in need, including fragile states and states with high vulnerability, and with limited capacity to have access to other sources of financing for supporting their own development. The EU should engage in new partnerships with countries that graduate from bilateral aid programmes, notably on the basis of regional and thematic programmes under these instruments and other thematic financial instruments for EU external action, in particular the new Partnership Instrument.

(11a) The Union should seek the most efficient use of available resources in order to optimise the impact of its external action. This should be achieved through coherence and complementarity between Instruments for external action, as well as the creation of synergies between the present Instrument, other Instruments for external action and other policies of the Union. This should further entail mutual reinforcement of the programmes devised under these Instruments.

(12)  This Regulation should allow for enhanced consistency between Union policies while respecting Policy Coherence for Development. It should enable full alignment with partner countries and regions by using, where possible, national development plans or similar comprehensive development documents, adopted with the involvement of national and regional bodies concerned, as the basis for the programming of the Union’s action; and pursue a better coordination amongst donors, in particular between the Union and its Member States, through joint programming.

(13)  Since the objectives of this Regulation cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States and can therefore, by reason of the scale of the action, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty of the European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary to achieve those objectives.

(14)  In a globalised world, different internal EU policies such as environment, climate change, promotion of renewable energies, employment (including decent work for all), gender equality, energy, water, transport, health, education, justice and security, culture, research and innovation, information society, migration, agriculture and fisheries, are increasingly becoming part of the EU's external action.

A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, i.e. growth patterns that enhance social, economic and territorial cohesion and enable the poor to increase their contribution to, and benefit from national wealth, underlines the commitment of the Union to promote in its internal and external policies smart, inclusive and sustainable growth bringing together three pillars: economic, social and environmental.

(15)  Fighting climate change and protecting the environment are among the great challenges which face the Union and developing countries where the need for national and international action is urgent. This Regulation should therefore contribute to the objective of addressing at least 20% of the EU budget to low carbon and climate resilient society, and the global public goods and challenges programme should use at least 25% of its funds to cover climate change and environment. Actions in these areas should, wherever possible, be mutually supportive in order to reinforce their impacts.

(16)   This Regulation should enable the Union to contribute to fulfilling the joint Union commitment of providing continued support for human development to improve peoples' lives. To contribute to that end, at least 25% of the global public goods and challenges programme should support that area of development.

At least 20 % of the allocated assistance under this Regulation should be allocated to basic social services, with a focus on health and education, and secondary education, recognising that a degree of flexibility must be the norm such as in cases where exceptional assistance is involved. Data concerning compliance should be included in the annual report referred to in Article 13 of the Common Implementation Regulation.

(16a) In the Istanbul Programme of Action, Least-Developed Countries committed to integrate trade and trade capacity-building policies into national development strategies. Furthermore, at the WTO 8th Ministerial Conference, ministers agreed to maintain, beyond 2011, Aid for Trade levels that at least reflect the average of the period 2006-2008. Better and more targeted Aid for Trade and trade facilitation must accompany these efforts.

16b)  While thematic programmes should primarily support developing countries, some beneficiary countries as well as the overseas countries and territories (OCTs), the characteristics of which do not meet the requirements to be defined as Official Development Assistance (ODA) recipients by the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD/DAC) and which are covered by Article 1(1)(b), should also be eligible for thematic programmes under the conditions set out in this Regulation.

17)  The details of areas of cooperation and adjustments of financial allocations per geographic area and area of cooperation constitute non-essential elements of this Regulation. Consequently, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty of the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission for updating elements of the Annexes of this Regulation which include details of the areas of cooperation under geographic and thematic programmes and indicative financial allocations per geographic area and area of cooperation. It is of particular importance that the Commission should carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should further ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and Council.

(18)  In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission.

(19)  The implementing powers relating to strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes laid down in Articles 11 to 14 of this Regulation should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission's exercise of implementing powers. Taking into account the nature of those implementing acts, in particular their policy orientation nature or their budgetary implications, the examination procedure should in general be used for their adoption, except for measures of a small financial scale. The Commission should adopt immediately applicable implementing acts where, in duly justified cases relating to the need for a swift response from the Union, imperative grounds of urgency so requires.

(20)  Common rules and procedures for the implementation of the Union's instruments for external action are laid down in Regulation (EU) No …/…of the European Parliament and of the Council of …. , hereinafter 'the Common Implementation Regulation'.

(21)  The organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service are described in Council Decision 2010/427/EU ,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

TITLE I : INTRODUCTION

Article 1

Subject matter and scope

1.      Under this Regulation, the Union may finance:

a)      geographic programmes aimed at supporting development cooperation with developing countries that are included in the list of recipients of Official Development Assistance (ODA) of the OECD/DAC, except:

(i)     countries signatories to the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000, excluding South Africa;

(ii)    countries eligible for the European Development Fund;

(iii)    countries eligible for Union funding under the European Neighbourhood instrument;

(iv)   beneficiaries eligible for Union funding under the Instrument for Pre-Accession.

b)     thematic programmes to address development-related global public goods and challenges and support civil society organisations and local authorities in partner countries pursuant to paragraph 1(a) and countries eligible for Union financing under the instruments mentioned in paragraph 1(a)(i) to (iii), and countries and territories covered by the Council Decision on the association of the overseas countries and territories.

c)      a Pan-African programme to support the strategic partnership between the Union and Africa and subsequent modifications and additions thereto, to cover activities of a trans-regional, continental or global nature in and with Africa.

2.   For the purposes of this Regulation, a region is defined as a geographical entity comprising more than one developing country.

3.      The countries and territories referred to under paragraph 1 a), 1 b), and 1 c) are hereinafter referred to as "partner countries" or "partner regions" as the case may be under their relevant geographic, thematic or Pan-African programme.

TITLE II : OBJECTIVES AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES

Article 2

Objectives and eligibility criteria

1.      Within the framework of the principles and objectives of the Union's external action and the European Consensus on Development and agreed modifications thereto:

(a)    the primary objective of cooperation under this Regulation shall be the reduction and, in the long term, the eradication of poverty;  

(b)    consistently with this primary objective, cooperation under this regulation will also contribute to:

(i)     fostering sustainable economic, social and environmental development, and

(ii)    consolidating and supporting democracy, the rule of law, good governance, human rights and the relevant principles of international law.

1a.    Cooperation under this Regulation shall contribute to the achievement of the international commitments and objectives in the field of development that the Union has agreed to, in particular the MDGs, and post-2015 new development targets.

         The achievement of these objectives shall be measured using relevant indicators, including human development indicators, in particular MDG 1 for subparagraph (a) and MDGs 1 to 8 for subparagraph (b) and, after 2015, other indicators agreed at international level by the Union and its Member States.

2.      Actions under geographic programmes shall be designed so as to fulfil the criteria for ODA established by the OECD/DAC.

         Actions under the Pan-African and thematic programmes shall be designed so as to fulfil the criteria for ODA established by the OECD/DAC, unless:

a)    they apply to a beneficiary country or territory that does not qualify as an ODA recipient country or territory according to the OECD/DAC, or

b)     the action implements a global initiative, a Union policy priority or an international obligation or commitment of the Union, as referred to in Article 6 (2), and the action does not have the characteristics to fulfil the criteria for ODA.

2a.    Without prejudice to point (a), at least 90 % of the expenditure foreseen under the Pan-African and at least 95 % of the expenditure foreseen under thematic programmes shall fulfil the criteria for ODA established by the OECD/DAC.

3.      Actions covered by Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid and eligible for funding under that Regulation shall not, in principle, be funded under this Regulation, except where there is a need to ensure continuity of cooperation from crisis to stable conditions for development. In those cases, special consideration shall be given to ensuring that humanitarian relief, rehabilitation and development assistance are effectively linked.

Article 3

General principles

1.      The Union seeks to promote, develop and consolidate the principles of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms on which it is founded, through dialogue and cooperation with partner countries and regions.

2.      In the implementation of this Regulation and with the purpose to ensure high impact of Union assistance, a differentiated approach amongst partner countries shall be pursued, in order to ensure that they are provided with specific, tailor-made cooperation based on their:

(a)    needs, based on criteria such as population, income per capita, the extent of poverty, income distribution and the level of human development;

(b)   capacities to generate and access financial resources and absorption capacities; and

(c)    commitments and performance, based on criteria and indicators, such as political, economic and social progress, gender equality, progress in good governance and human rights, and the effective use of aid, in particular the way a country uses scarce resources for development, beginning with its own resources;

(d)    the potential impact of EU development aid.

The differentiated approach shall also be pursued having regard to the potential impact of the Union assistance in partner countries.

The countries most in need, in particular the least developed countries, low income countries and countries in crisis, post-crisis, fragile and vulnerable situation, shall be given priority in the resource allocation process.

Criteria such as the Human Development Index, the Economic Vulnerability Index and other relevant indexes, including for measuring in-country poverty and inequality shall be taken into account to underpin the analysis and identification of countries most in need.

3.      Throughout all programmes, cross cutting issues as defined in the European Consensus shall be mainstreamed. In addition, conflict prevention, decent work and climate change shall be mainstreamed where relevant.

The cross-cutting issues referred to in the above subparagraph are understood to encompass the following dimensions, to which specific attention shall be paid where circumstances so require: non-discrimination, the rights of persons belonging to minorities, the rights of persons with disabilities, the rights of persons with life-threatening diseases and other vulnerable groups, core labour rights and social inclusion, the empowerment of women, the rule of law, capacity building for parliaments and civil society, and promoting dialogue, participation and reconciliation, as well as institution building, including at local and regional level.

4.  […]

5.      In implementing this Regulation, policy coherence for development and consistency with other areas of Union external action and with other relevant Union policies shall be ensured, in accordance with article 208 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU.

         In this regard, measures financed under this Regulation, including those managed by the EIB, shall be based on the development cooperation policies set out in instruments such as agreements, declarations and action plans between the Union and the third countries and regions concerned, and on the relevant Union decisions, specific interests, policy priorities and strategies.

6.      The Union and the Member States shall seek regular and frequent exchanges of information, including with other donors, and promote better donor coordination and complementarity by working towards joint multiannual programming based on partner countries' poverty reduction or equivalent development strategies. They may undertake joint action, including joint analysis of and joint response to these strategies identifying priority sectors of intervention and in-country division of labour, by joint donor-wide missions and by the use of co-financing and delegated cooperation arrangements.

7.      The Union shall promote a multilateral approach to global challenges and shall cooperate with Member States in this respect. Where appropriate, it shall foster cooperation with international organisations and bodies and other bilateral donors.

7a.    Relations between the Union and its Member States and partner countries are based on and will promote shared values of human rights, democracy and the rule of law as well as the principles of ownership and of mutual accountability.

Further, relations with partner countries shall take into account their commitment and track record in implementing international agreements and contractual relations with the Union.

8.   The Union shall promote effective cooperation with partner countries and regions in line with international best practice. It shall align its support with partners' national or regional development strategies, reform policies and procedures wherever possible, and support democratic ownership, as well as domestic and mutual accountability. To that end, it shall promote:

(a)    a development process that is transparent and partner country or region led and owned, including the promotion of local expertise;

(aa)   (new) a rights based approach encompassing all human rights, whether civil and political, economic, social and cultural, in order to integrate human rights principles in the implementation of this Regulation, to assist partner countries in implementing their international human rights obligations and to support the right holders, with a focus on poor and vulnerable groups, in claiming their rights;

(b)    the empowerment of the population of partner countries, inclusive and participatory approaches to development and a broad involvement of all segments of society in the development process and in national and regional dialogue, including political dialogue. Particular attention shall be given to the respective roles of parliaments, local authorities and civil society, inter alia regarding participation, oversight and accountability;

(c)    effective cooperation modalities and instruments in line with OECD/DAC best practices, as set out in Article 4 of the Common Implementation Regulation, including the use of innovative instruments such as blending grants and loans and other risk-sharing mechanisms in selected sectors and countries and private-sector engagement, with due regard to the issues of debt sustainability, the number of such mechanisms, and the requirement for systematic assessment of the impact in accordance to the objectives of this Regulation, in particular poverty reduction.

         All programmes, interventions and cooperation modalities and instruments shall be adapted to the particular circumstances of each partner country or region, with a focus on programme-based approaches, on the delivery of predictable aid funding, on the mobilisation of private resources, including from the local private sector, on universal and non-discriminatory access to basic services, and on the development and use of country systems;

(ca)   (new) mobilisation of domestic revenue through the reinforcement of partner countries' fiscal policy with the purpose of reducing poverty and aid dependence;

(d)    an improved impact of policies and programming through coordination, consistency and harmonisation between donors to create synergies and avoid overlap and duplication, to improve complementarity and to support donor-wide initiatives;

(e)    coordination in partner countries and regions using agreed guidelines and best practice principles on coordination and aid effectiveness;

(ea)   (new) results-based approaches to development including through the use of transparent country-level results frameworks, based on, where appropriate, internationally agreed targets and indicators such as those of the MDGs, to assess and communicate the results, including the outputs, outcomes and impact of development aid

9.      The Union shall support, as appropriate, the implementation of bilateral, regional and multilateral cooperation and dialogue, the development dimension of partnership agreements, and triangular cooperation. The Union shall also promote South-South cooperation.

9a.    The Commission shall inform and have regular exchanges of views with the European Parliament.

9b.    In its development cooperation activities the Union shall as appropriate draw on and share the reform and transition experiences of Member States and lessons learned.

10.    The Commission shall have regular exchanges of information with civil society and local authorities.

10a.  Union assistance under this Regulation shall not be used to finance the procurement of arms or ammunition, or operations having military or defense purposes.

TITLE III : OBJECTIVES AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES

Article 4

Implementation of Union Assistance

Consistently with the overall purpose and scope, objectives and general principles of this Regulation, Union assistance shall be implemented through geographic, thematic and the Pan-African programmes and in accordance with the Common Implementation Regulation.

Article 5

Geographic programmes

1.      Union cooperation activities under this Article will be implemented for activities of national, regional, trans-regional and continental nature.

2.      A geographic programme shall encompass cooperation in appropriate areas of activity:

a)      regionally with partner countries referred to in Article 1(1a), in particular in view of easing the impact of graduation in partner countries showing high and growing inequalities, and

b)     bilaterally with partner countries that are not upper middle income countries on the OECD/DAC list of developing countries or do not have a GDP greater than one per cent of global GDP.

c)      In exceptional cases, including in view of phasing out development grant aid, bilateral cooperation may also be undertaken with a limited number of countries when duly justified against the criteria set out in Article 3(2). Phasing out shall take place in close coordination with other donors; ending this type of cooperation will, wherever appropriate, be accompanied by a policy dialogue with the country concerned focusing on the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable groups.

3.   Geographic programmes shall be drawn from the areas of cooperation contained in the European Consensus on Development and subsequent agreed modifications thereto as well as from the following areas of cooperation in order to attain the objectives provided for in Article 2(1):

I.      Human rights, democracy and good governance:

(a) Democracy, human rights and the rule of law;

(b) Gender equality, empowerment of and equal opportunities for women;

(c) Public sector management at central and local level;

(d) Tax policy and administration;

(e) Fight against Corruption;

(f) Civil society and local authorities;

(g) Promoting and protecting the rights of children

II.     Inclusive and sustainable growth for human development:

(a) Health, education, social protection, employment and culture;

(b) Business environment, regional integration and world markets;

(c) Sustainable agriculture; food and nutrition security;

(ca)          Sustainable energy;

(d) Natural resources management, including land, forestry and water;

(e) Climate change and environment.

III.    Other areas of significance for Development:

(a) Migration and asylum;

(b) Linking humanitarian relief and development cooperation;

(c) Resilience and disaster risk reduction;

(d) Development and security, including conflict prevention.

3a.   Further details of the above areas of cooperation are set out in Annex IV.

4.      Within each country programme, the Union will in principle concentrate its assistance on a maximum of three sectors, to be agreed with partner country wherever possible.

Article 6

Thematic programmes

1.      Consistent with the overall purpose and scope, objectives and general principles of this Regulation, actions undertaken through thematic programmes shall add value to, and be complementary to, and coherent with, actions funded under geographic programmes.

2.      The following conditions shall apply to the programming of thematic actions:

(a)    Union policy objectives under this Regulation cannot be achieved in an appropriate or effective manner through geographic programmes, including, where appropriate, actions in cases where there is no geographic programme or where it has been suspended or where there is no agreement on the action with the partner country concerned;

(b)    the actions address global initiatives supporting internationally agreed development goals or global public goods and challenges;

(c)    the actions have a multi-regional, multi-country and/or cross-cutting nature;

(d)    the actions implement innovative policies or initiatives with the objective of informing future actions;

or

(e)    the actions reflect a Union policy priority or an international obligation or commitment of the Union relevant to development cooperation.

3.  Unless specifically provided for in this Regulation, thematic actions shall directly benefit countries or territories specified in point (b) of Article 1(1) and shall be carried out in these countries or territories. These actions may be carried out outside those countries or territories when it is the most effective way of achieving the objectives of the respective programme.

Article 7

Global public goods and challenges

1.      The objective of Union assistance under the programme ‘Global public goods and challenges’ shall be to support actions in areas to be drawn from:

(a)    Environment and climate change;

(b)    Sustainable energy;

(c)    Human development, including decent work, social justice and culture;

(d)    Food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture; and

(e)    Migration and asylum.

2.      Further details of the above areas of cooperation are set out in Annex V, Part A.

Article 8

Civil Society Organisations and Local Authorities

1.      The objective of the programme is to strengthen civil society organisations and local authorities in partner countries and, when provided for in this Regulation, in the Union and beneficiaries eligible under the IPA Regulation. The initiatives to be financed shall be primarily carried out by civil society organisations and local authorities. Where appropriate, in order to ensure their effectiveness, initiatives may be carried out by other actors for the benefit of the civil society organisations and the local authorities concerned.

2.      Further details of the areas of cooperation under this Article are set out in Annex V, Part B.

Article 9

Pan African Programme

1.      Union assistance shall finance a Pan-African programme to support the strategic partnership between the Union and Africa, and subsequent modifications and additions thereto, to cover activities of a trans-regional, continental or global nature in and with Africa.

2.      The Pan-African programme shall be complementary to and consistent with other programmes under this Regulation, as well as other financing instruments of the Union's external action, notably the European Development Fund and the European Neighbourhood Instrument.

3.      Further details of the areas of cooperation under this Article are set out in Annex VI.

TITLE IV

PROGRAMMING AND ALLOCATION OF FUNDS

Article 10

General framework for programming and allocating funds

1.      For geographic programmes, multiannual indicative programmes for partner countries and regions shall be drawn up on the basis of a strategy document, as provided for in Article 11.

For thematic programmes, multiannual indicative programmes shall be drawn up as provided for in Article 13.

The Pan-African multiannual indicative programme shall be drawn up as provided for in Article 13a.

The Commission shall adopt the implementing measures in accordance with Article 2 of the Common Implementation Regulation on the basis of the programming documents referred to in Articles 11, 13 and 13a.

Union support may also take the form of measures not covered in these documents, as provided for in Article 2 of the Common Implementation Regulation.

Programming under this Regulation shall have due regard to human rights and democracy in partner countries.

2.   The Union and the Member States shall consult each other at an early stage of and throughout the programming process in order to promote coherence, complementarity and consistency among their cooperation activities. This consultation may lead to joint programming between the Union and its Member States. The Union shall also consult other donors and development actors including representatives of civil society, local authorities and other implementing bodies. The European Parliament shall be informed.

3.      The Commission shall adopt the multiannual indicative allocations within each geographic programme in accordance with the general principles of this Regulation, based on the criteria laid down in Article 3 (2), and taking into account, alongside the specificity of the different programmes, the particular difficulties faced by countries or regions that are in crisis, vulnerable, fragile, in conflict or disaster prone.

4.      Funds may be left unallocated in order to ensure an appropriate response of the Union in cases of unforeseen circumstances, in particular in fragile, crises and post crisis situations, as well as to allow for the synchronisation with partner countries strategy cycles and the modification of indicative allocations as a result of the reviews carried out pursuant to Articles 11 (5), 13 (2) and 13a (3). Subject to their subsequent allocation or re-allocation in accordance with the procedures provided for in Article 14, the use of these funds shall be decided later in accordance with the Common Implementation Regulation.

         The part of funds left unallocated at the level of each type of programme, shall not exceed 5%, except for the purpose of synchronisation and for countries referred to in Article 12 (1).

5.      Without prejudice to Article 2.2, the Commission may include a specific financial allocation to assist partner countries and regions in strengthening their cooperation with neighbouring Union outermost regions.

5a.    (new) Any programming or reviews of programmes taking place after the publication of the report referred to in article 16 of the Common Implementation Regulation shall take into account the results, findings and conclusions of it.

Article 11

Programming documents for geographic programmes

-1.    The Union documents referred to in this Article shall be considered strategic programming documents within the meaning of Article 2 of the Common Implementation Regulation.

-1a.  The preparation, implementation and review of all programming documents under this Article shall comply with the principles of Policy Coherence for Development and those of aid effectiveness: democratic ownership, partnership, coordination, harmonisation, alignment with partner country or regional systems, transparency, mutual accountability and results orientation as laid down in Article 3(5) to (8). Where possible, the programming period shall be synchronised with partner country strategy cycles.

         Programming documents for geographic programmes, including joint programming documents, shall be based, to the extent possible, on a dialogue between the Union, Member States and the partner country or region, including national and regional parliaments, and involve civil society and local authorities and other parties so as to enhance ownership of the process and to encourage support for national development strategies, particularly those for reducing poverty.

1.      Strategy papers are documents drawn up by the Union to provide a coherent framework for development cooperation between the Union and the partner country or region concerned, consistent with the overall purpose and scope, objectives, principles and policy provisions set out in this Regulation.

2.      Strategy papers shall be reviewed at their mid-term or ad hoc as necessary, in accordance, as appropriate, with the principles and procedures laid down in the partnership and cooperation agreements concluded with the partner countries and regions.

3.   Strategy papers shall be drawn up for the partner countries or regions. No strategy paper will be required for:

(a)    countries having a national development strategy in the form of a national development plan or a similar development document accepted by the Commission as a basis for the corresponding multiannual indicative programme, when adopting the latter document;

(aa)   countries of regions for which a joint framework document laying down a comprehensive Union strategy, including a specific chapter on development policy, has been drawn up;

(b)    countries or regions for which a joint multiannual programming document between the Union and Member States has been agreed;

(c)    regions having a jointly agreed strategy with the EU;

(d)    countries where the Union intends to synchronise its strategy with a new national cycle starting before 1 January 2017; in such cases the multiannual indicative programme for the interim period between 2014 and the beginning of the new national cycle shall contain the Union's response for that country.

(e)    the countries or regions receiving an allocation of Union funds under this Regulation not exceeding EUR 50 million for the 2014-2020 period;

         In the case of (aa) and (e), the multiannual indicative programme for that country or region shall contain the Union’s development strategy for that country or region.

5.      Multiannual indicative programmes shall be drawn up for each of the countries or regions receiving an indicative allocation of Union funds under this Regulation. Except for countries or regions mentioned in point (d) of the second subparagraph of paragraph 3 and in paragraph 4, these documents shall be drawn up on the basis of the strategy papers or equivalent documents as referred to in paragraph 3.

         For the purpose of this Regulation, where it complies with the principles and conditions established in this paragraph, including an indicative allocation of funds, and with the procedures provided for in Article 14, the joint multiannual programming document provided for in paragraph 3(b) may be considered as the multiannual indicative programme.

         Multiannual indicative programmes shall set out the priority areas selected for Union financing, the specific objectives, the expected results, clear, specific and transparent performance indicators the indicative financial allocations, both overall and per priority area and, where applicable, aid modalities. Where appropriate, the financial allocations may be given in the form of a range and/or some funds may be left unallocated. No indicative financial allocations may be foreseen beyond the period provided for in Article 20 (1), unless they are specifically subject to the availability of resources beyond that period.

         The multiannual indicative programmes may be reviewed where necessary, including for effective implementation, taking into account mid-term or ad hoc reviews of the strategy document on which they are based.

         Indicative allocations, priorities, specific objectives, expected results, performance indicators and, where applicable, aid modalities may also be adapted as a result of reviews, in particular following a crisis or post-crisis situation.

         Such reviews should cover needs as well as the commitment and progress with regard to agreed objectives for development, including those referring to human rights, democracy, the rule of law and good governance.

5a.    The Commission shall report on joint programming with Member States within the report referred to in Article 16 of the Common Implementation Rules, and shall include recommendations in cases where joint programming was not fully achieved.

Article 12

Programming for countries in crisis, post-crisis or fragility situations

1.      When drawing up the programming documents for countries and regions in crisis, post-crisis, fragility situations or prone to natural disasters, due account shall be taken of the vulnerability, special needs and circumstances of the countries or regions concerned.

         Proper attention should be given to conflict prevention, state and peace building, post-conflict reconciliation and reconstruction measures, as well as to the role of women and the rights of children in those processes.

         Where partner countries or regions are directly involved in, or affected by, a crisis, post-crisis or fragility situation, special emphasis shall be placed on stepping up coordination between relief, rehabilitation and development amongst all relevant actors to help the transition from an emergency situation to the development phase. Programmes for countries and regions in fragility or regularly subject to natural disasters shall provide for disaster preparedness and prevention and for managing the consequences of such disasters and shall address vulnerability to shocks and strengthen resilience.

2.      On duly justified imperative grounds of urgency, such as crises or immediate threats to democracy, the rule of law, human rights or fundamental freedoms, the procedure referred to in Article 14(3) may be used to modify the documents referred to in Article 11.

         Such reviews may propose a specific and adapted strategy to ensure the transition to long-term cooperation and development, promoting a better coordination and transition between the humanitarian and development policy instruments.

Article 13

Programming documents for thematic programmes

-1.    The Union documents referred to in this Article shall be considered strategic programming documents within the meaning of Article 2 of the Common Implementation Regulation.

1.      Multiannual indicative programmes for thematic programmes shall set out the Union's strategy for the theme concerned and, with regard to the Global Public Goods and Challenges Programme, for each area of cooperation, the priorities selected for financing by the Union, the specific objectives, the expected results, clear, specific and transparent performance indicators, the international situation and the activities of the main partners and, where appropriate, the aid modalities.

         Where applicable, resources and intervention priorities shall be laid down for participation in global initiatives. Multiannual indicative programmes shall be complementary to geographic programmes and consistent with the documents referred to in Article 11(3).

2.      The multiannual indicative programmes shall give the indicative financial allocation, overall, by area of cooperation and by priority. Where appropriate, this allocation may be given in the form of a range, and/or some funds may be left unallocated.

         Multiannual indicative programmes shall be reviewed where necessary for an effective implementation, taking into account mid-term or ad hoc reviews.

         Indicative allocations, priorities, expected results, performance indicators and, where applicable, aid modalities, may also be adapted as a result of reviews.

Article 13a

Programming documents for the Pan-African Programme

1.      The Union documents referred to in this Article shall be considered strategic programming documents within the meaning of Article 2 of the Common Implementation Regulation.

2.      The preparation, implementation and review of the programming documents under this Article shall comply with the principles of aid effectiveness as laid down in paragraphs 5 to 8 of Article 3.

         Programming shall be based on a dialogue involving all relevant stakeholders, such as the Pan-African Parliament.

         The multiannual indicative programme for the Pan-African programme shall set out the priorities selected for financing, the specific objectives, the expected results, clear, specific and transparent performance indicators and, where applicable, aid modalities.

         The multiannual indicative programme shall be coherent with geographic and thematic programmes under this Regulation.

3.      The multiannual indicative programme shall give the indicative financial allocations, overall, by area of activity and by priority. Where appropriate, that allocation may be given in the form of a range. The multiannual indicative programme may be reviewed where necessary, to respond to unforeseen challenges or implementation problems, and to take into account any review of the strategic partnership.

Article 14

Approval of strategy papers and adoption of multiannual indicative programmes

1.      Strategy papers shall be approved and multiannual indicative programmes shall be adopted by the Commission in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 15(3) of the Common Implementation Regulation. This procedure shall also apply to reviews which have the effect of significantly modifying the strategy or its programming.

2.      […]

3.      On duly justified imperative grounds of urgency relating to the circumstances referred to in Article 12(2), the Commission may review strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes in accordance with the urgency procedure referred in Article 15(4) of the Common Implementation Regulation.

TITLE V

FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 15

Participation by a third country non eligible under this Regulation

In exceptional and duly justified circumstances, and without prejudice to Article 2(2), in order to ensure the coherence and effectiveness of Union financing or to foster regional or trans-regional cooperation, the Commission may decide, within the Multiannual Indicative Programmes in accordance with Article 14 or the relevant implementing acts in accordance with Article 2 of the Common Implementation Regulation, to extend the eligibility of actions to countries and territories which otherwise would not be eligible for financing pursuant to Article 1, where the action to be implemented is of a global, regional, trans-regional or cross border nature.

Article 16

Suspension of assistance

[deleted]

Article 17

Delegation of powers to the Commission

1.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 18 to amend:

a)      the details of areas of cooperation referred to in:

-       Article 5 (3) as set out in Annex IV, Part A and Part B

-       Article 7 (2) as set out in Annex V, Part A

-       Article 8 (2) as set out in Annex V, Part B

-       Article 9 (3) as set out in Annex VI, in particular in follow-up to Africa-EU Summits

b)   indicative financial allocations under the Geographic programmes and under the Global Public Goods and Challenges thematic programme, as set out in Annex VII. The amendments shall not have the effect of decreasing the initial amount by more than 5%, except for allocations under Annex VII, 1 b.

2.      In particular, following the publication of the mid-term report, as referred to in Article 16 of the Common Implementation Regulation, and based on the recommendations contained in the mid-term review report, the Commission shall adopt delegated acts amending the elements listed in paragraph 1 by 31 March 2018.

Article 18

Exercise of the delegation

1.      The delegation of powers referred to in Article 17 shall be conferred for the period of validity of this Regulation.

2.      The delegation of powers may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision of revocation shall put an end to the delegation of power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

3.      As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and the Council.

4.      A delegated act adopted shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of 2 months of notification of the act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by 2 months at the initiative of the European Parliament or the Council.

Article 19

Committee

1.      The Commission shall be assisted by the DCI committee. That committee shall be a committee within the meaning of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011.

2.      An observer from the European Investment Bank shall take part in the committee's proceedings with regard to questions concerning the European Investment Bank.

Article 20

Financial reference amount

1.      The financial reference amount for the implementation of this Regulation over the period 2014-2020 is EUR 19 662 million. Annual appropriations shall be decided by the budgetary authority as part of the annual budget procedure within the limits set in the Multiannual Financial Framework.

2.      The indicative amounts allocated to each programme referred to in Articles 5 to 9 for the period 2014-2020 are laid down in Annex VII.

3.      As referred to in Article 13, paragraph 2 of the "Erasmus +" Regulation, in order to promote the international dimension of higher education, an indicative amount of EUR 1 680 million from the different external instruments (Development Cooperation Instrument, European Neighbourhood instrument, Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance, Partnership Instrument) will be allocated to actions of learning mobility to or from non EU countries and to cooperation and policy dialogue with authorities/institutions/organisations from these countries. The provisions of the "Erasmus +" Regulation will apply to the use of those funds.

         The funding will be made available through two multiannual allocations only covering the first four years and the remaining three years respectively. This funding will be reflected in the multiannual indicative programming of these instruments, in line with the identified needs and priorities of the countries concerned. The allocations can be revised in case of major unforeseen circumstances or important political changes in line with the EU external priorities.

4.  The funding from this regulation shall not exceed in total EUR 707 million of the financial reference amount allocated to this instrument. The funds shall be drawn from the financial allocations for geographic programmes, with specification of the expected regional distribution and the types of actions. Funding derived from this Instrument to the financing of actions covered by the "Erasmus + " Regulation shall be used for actions in the partner countries covered by this Regulation, with particular attention for the poorest countries. The student and staff mobility action between participating and third countries funded through the allocation from the Development Cooperation Instrument shall focus on areas that are relevant to the inclusive and sustainable development of developing countries.

         The Commission shall include in its annual report on the implementation of this Regulation a list of all "Erasmus+" actions for which the funding is derived from this instrument and their compliance with the objectives and principles as set out in Articles 2 and 3 of this Regulation.

Article 21

European External Action Service

The application of this Regulation shall be in accordance with Council Decision 2010/427/EU, establishing the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service.

Article 22

Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the third day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

It shall apply from 1 January 2014 until 31 December 2020.

Done at Brussels,

For the European Parliament                                            For the Council

The President                                                                    The President

ANNEX IV(4)

AREAS OF COOPERATION UNDER GEOGRAPHIC PROGRAMMES

A. COMMON AREAS OF COOPERATION UNDER GEOGRAPHIC PROGRAMMES

Geographic programmes shall be drawn from the areas of cooperation set out below, which should not be read to equate with sectors. Priorities will be established in accordance with international commitments in the area of development policy that the Union has entered into, in particular the MDGs and post-2015 internationally agreed new development targets which modify or replace the MDGs, and on the basis of a policy dialogue with each eligible partner country or region.

I.         Human rights, democracy and good governance

(a)       Democracy, human rights and the rule of law

-  supporting democratisation and strengthening democratic institutions, including the role of parliaments;

-  strengthening the rule of law and the independence of judicial and protection systems and ensuring unhindered and equal access to justice for all,

-  supporting the transparent and accountable functioning of institutions and decentralisation; promoting a participatory in-country social dialogue and other dialogues on governance and human rights,

-  promoting media freedom, including for modern means of communication,

-  promoting political pluralism, protection of civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights and protection of persons belonging to minorities and to most vulnerable groups,

-  supporting the fight against discrimination and discriminatory practices on any ground,, inter alia, racial or ethnic origin, caste, religion or belief, sex, gender identity, or sexual orientation, social affiliation, disability, health status or age,

-  promoting civil registration, especially birth and death registration.

(b)  Gender equality, the empowerment of and equal opportunities for women

-  promoting gender equality and equity,

-  protecting the rights of women and girls, including through actions against child marriage and other harmful traditional practices such as female genital mutilation and any form of violence against women and girls and support for the victims of gender-based violence,

-  promoting the empowerment of women, including in their roles as development actors and peace-builders.

(c)       Public sector management at central and local level

-  supporting the development of the public sector for enhancing universal and non-discriminatory access to basic services, especially health and education,

-  supporting programmes to improve policy formulation, public financial management, including the setting up and reinforcement of audit, control and anti-fraud bodies and measures, and institutional development, including human resource management,

-  strengthening the technical expertise of parliaments, enabling them to assess and contribute to the formulation and oversight of national budgets, including on domestic revenues from resource extraction and tax matters.

(d)       Tax policy and administration

-  supporting the building-up or strengthening of fair, transparent, effective, progressive and sustainable domestic tax systems,

-  strengthening monitoring capacities in developing countries in the fight against tax evasion and illicit financial flows,

-  supporting the production and dissemination of work on tax fraud and its impact, in particular by oversight bodies, parliaments and civil society organisations,

-  supporting multilateral and regional initiatives on tax administration and tax reforms,

-  supporting developing countries to participate more effectively in international tax cooperation structures and processes,

-  supporting the inclusion of country-by-country and project-by-project reporting in the legislations of partner countries to enhance financial transparency.

(e)       Fight against corruption

-  assisting partner countries in tackling all forms of corruption, including through advocacy, awareness-raising and reporting

-  increasing the capacity of control and oversight bodies and of the judiciary.

(f)        Civil society and local authorities

-  supporting capacity building of civil society organisations, in order to strengthen their voice and active participation in the development process and to advance political, social and economic dialogue,

-  supporting capacity building of local authorities and mobilising their expertise to promote a territorial approach to development, including decentralisation processes;

-  promoting an enabling environment for citizen participation and civil society action.

(g)       Promoting and protecting the rights of children

-  promoting the granting of legal documents,

-  supporting an adequate and healthy standard of life and healthy growth to adulthood,

-  ensuring basic education is provided to all.

II.   Inclusive and sustainable growth for human development

(a) Health, education, social protection, employment and culture

-  supporting sectoral reforms that increase access to basic social services, in particular quality health and education services, with a focus on the related MDGs and on access to such services by the poor and by marginalised and vulnerable groups,

-  strengthening local capacities to respond to global, regional and local challenges, including through using sectoral budget support with intensified policy dialogue,

-  strengthening health systems, inter alia by addressing the lack of qualified health providers, fair financing for health and making medicines and vaccines more affordable for the poor,

-  promoting the full and effective implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action and the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the outcomes of their review conferences and in this context sexual and reproductive health and rights;

-  ensuring an adequate supply of affordable good quality drinking water, adequate sanitation and hygiene,

-  enhancing support for and equal access to quality education,

-  supporting vocational training for employability and capacity to carry out and use the results of research in favour of sustainable development,

-  supporting national social protection schemes and floors, including social insurance systems for health and pension schemes, with a focus on reducing inequality,

-  supporting the decent work agenda, and promoting social dialogue,

-  promoting inter-cultural dialogue, cultural diversity and respect for the equal dignity of all cultures;

-  promoting international cooperation to stimulate the contribution of cultural industries to economic growth in developing countries to fully exploit its potential for fighting poverty, including addressing issues such as market access and intellectual property rights.

(b) Business environment, regional integration and world markets

-  supporting the development of a competitive local private sector, including by building local institutional and business capacity;

-  supporting the development of local production systems and of local enterprises including green enterprises;

-  promoting SMEs, microenterprises and cooperatives and of fair trade,

-  promoting the development of local, domestic and regional markets, including markets for environmental goods and services,

-  supporting legislative and regulatory framework reforms and their enforcement,

-  facilitating access to business and financial services such as micro-credit and savings, micro-insurance and payment transfer ;

-  supporting the enforcement of internationally agreed labour rights;

-  establishing and improving laws and land registries to protect land and intellectual property rights ;

-  promoting research and innovation policies which contribute to sustainable and inclusive development ;

-  promoting investments that generate sustainable employment, including through blending mechanisms, with a focus on financing for domestic companies and leveraging domestic capitals, in particular at SME level, and support human resources development;

-  improving infrastructure with full respect for social and environmental standards;

-  promoting sectoral approaches to sustainable transport, meeting partner countries' needs, ensuring transport safety, affordability and efficiency, and minimising negative effects on the environment,

-  engaging with the private sector to enhance socially responsible and sustainable development, promoting corporate social and environmental responsibility and accountability and social dialogue;

-  assisting developing countries in trade and regional and continental integration efforts, and providing assistance for their smooth and gradual integration into the world economy;

-  supporting more generalised access to information and communication technologies to bridge the digital divide.

(c) Sustainable agriculture, food and nutrition security

-  helping build developing countries' resilience to shocks (such as scarcity of resources and supply, price volatility) and tackling inequalities, by giving poor people better access to land, food, water, energy and finance without harming the environment;

-  supporting sustainable agricultural practices and relevant agricultural research, and focusing on smallholder agriculture and rural livelihoods;

-  supporting women in agriculture;

-  encouraging government efforts to facilitate socially and ecologically responsible private investment;

-  supporting strategic approaches to food security, with a focus on food availability, access, infrastructure, storage and nutrition;

-  addressing food insecurity and malnutrition through basic interventions in situations of transition and fragility;

-  supporting country-led, participatory, decentralised and environmentally sustainable territorial development.

(d) Sustainable energy

-  improving access to modern, affordable, sustainable, efficient, clean and renewable energy services;

-  promoting local and regional sustainable energy solutions and decentralised energy production.

(e) Natural resources management, including land, forestry and water, in particular:

-  supporting oversight processes and bodies and backing governance reforms that promote the sustainable and transparent management and preservation of natural resources

-  promoting equitable access to water, as well as integrated water resources management and river basin management;

-  promoting the protection and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services;

-  promoting sustainable patterns of production and consumption and the safe and sustainable management of chemicals and waste, taking into account their impacts on health.

(f) Climate change and environment

-  promoting the use of cleaner technologies, sustainable energy and resource efficiency with a view to achieving low-carbon development while reinforcing environmental standards,

-  improving the resilience of developing countries to the consequences of climate change by supporting ecosystem-based climate change adaptation and mitigation and disaster risk reduction measures,

-  supporting the implementation of relevant multilateral environmental agreements, notably the strengthening of the environmental dimension of the institutional framework for sustainable development and the promotion of the protection of biodiversity,

-  helping partner countries in coping with the challenge of displacement and migration induced by the effects of climate change, and rebuilding climate refugees' livelihoods.

III.   Other areas of significance for development

(a)   Migration and asylum

-  supporting targeted efforts to fully exploit the interrelationship between migration, mobility, employment and poverty reduction, so as to make migration a positive force for development and reducing "brain drain",

-  supporting developing countries in adopting long term policies for managing migratory flows, which respect the human rights of migrants and their families and enhance their social protection.

(b)       Linking humanitarian relief and development cooperation

-  reconstructing and rehabilitating, in the medium and long term, regions and countries affected by conflict, manmade and natural disasters;

-  carrying out medium- and long-term activities aimed at the self-sufficiency and integration or reintegration of uprooted people, linking relief, rehabilitation and development.

(c)       Resilience and disaster risk reduction

-  in situations of fragility, supporting the delivery of basic services and building legitimate, effective and resilient state institutions and an active and organised civil society, in partnership with the country concerned;

-  contributing to a prevention approach to state fragility, conflict, natural disasters and other types of crises by assisting partner countries' and regional organisations' efforts to strengthen early warning systems and democratic governance and institutional capacity building,

-  supporting disaster risk reduction, preparedness and prevention and the management of the consequences of such disasters.

(d)  Development and security, including conflict prevention

-  addressing the root causes of conflict, including poverty, degradation, exploitation and unequal distribution and access to land and natural resources, weak governance, human rights abuses and gender inequality as a means of supporting conflict prevention and resolution and peace building,

-  promoting dialogue, participation and reconciliation with a view to promoting peace and preventing outbreaks of violence, in accordance with international best practice,

-  fostering cooperation and policy reform in the fields of security and justice, the fight against drugs and other trafficking, including trafficking in human beings, corruption and money laundering.

B. SPECIFIC AREAS OF COOPERATION PER REGION

European Union assistance shall support actions and sectoral dialogues consistent with those mentioned in Article 5, Annex IV Chapter A and the overall purpose and scope, objective and general principles of this Regulation. Particular consideration shall be given to the areas described below, reflecting jointly-agreed strategies.

1. Latin America

(a) encouraging social cohesion, in particular social inclusion, decent work and equity, gender equality and women empowerment;

(b) addressing governance issues and supporting policy reforms, in particular in the areas of social policies, public finance management and taxation, security (including drugs, criminality and corruption), reinforcement of good governance, public institutions at local, national and regional levels, (including through innovative mechanisms for the provision of technical cooperation, e.g. TAIEX and twinning), protection of human rights, including the minorities', indigenous peoples' and afro-descendants’ rights, respect for the core labour standards of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), environment, fight against discrimination, fight against sexual, gender-based and child violence and fight against the production, consumption and trafficking of drugs;

(c) supporting an active, organised and independent civil society and strengthening social dialogue through support for social partners;

(d) Strengthening social cohesion in particular with the setting-up and strengthening of sustainable social protection systems, including social insurance, and fiscal reform, strengthening the capacity of tax systems and the fight against fraud and tax evasion which contributes to enhancing equality and wealth distribution;

(e) Assisting Latin-American states to fulfil their obligation of due diligence in the prevention, investigation, legal prosecution, sanction and reparation of and attention to feminicide;

(f) supporting various processes of regional integration and interconnection of network infrastructures, while ensuring complementarity with activities supported by European Investment Bank (EIB) and other institutions;

(g) addressing the security-development nexus;

(h) strengthening the capacity to provide universal access to quality basic social services, particularly in the health and education sectors;

(i) supporting policies in the area of education and the development of a common Latin American higher education area;

(j) addressing economic vulnerability and contributing to structural transformation by establishing strong partnerships around open and fair trade relations, productive investments for more and better jobs in the green and inclusive economy, knowledge transfer and cooperation in research, innovation and technology, and promoting sustainable and inclusive growth in all its dimensions, with particular attention to the challenges of migratory flows, food security (including sustainable agriculture and fisheries), climate change, sustainable energies and the protection and enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services, including water, soil and forests; supporting the development of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) as the main source for inclusive growth, development and jobs; promoting development aid for trade to ensure that Latin American MSMEs can benefit from international trading opportunities; taking into account of changes in GSP regime;

(k) mitigating the adverse effects that exclusion from the scheme of generalised tariff preferences will have on the economies of many of the countries in the region;

(l) ensuring an appropriate follow up to short term emergency measures addressing post-disaster or post-crisis recovery implemented through other financial instruments.

2. South Asia

(1)    Promote democratic governance

(a) Supporting democratic processes, fostering effective democratic governance, strengthening public institutions and bodies (including at local level), supporting efficient decentralisation, state restructuring and electoral processes;

(b) Supporting development of an active, organised and independent civil society, including media; and strengthening social dialogue through support for social partners;   

(c) Building and strengthening legitimate, effective and accountable public institutions, promoting institutional and administrative reforms, good governance, anti-corruption and public financial management; supporting rule of law;

(d) Strengthening the protection of human rights, including the rights of minorities, migrants, indigenous people and vulnerable groups, fight against discrimination, sexual, gender-based and child violence and human trafficking.

(e) protecting human rights, through promotion of institutional reforms (including on good governance and anti-corruption, public financial management, taxation and public administration reform) and legislative, administrative and regulatory reforms in line with international standards, in particular in fragile states and countries in conflict and post-conflict situations;

(2)    Promote social inclusion and human development in all its dimensions

(a) encouraging social cohesion, in particular social inclusion, decent work and equity and gender equality through education, health and other social policies;

(b) strengthening the capacity to provide universal access to basic social services, particularly in the health and education sectors; improving access to education for all with a view to increasing knowledge, skills and employability on the job market, including - where relevant - by addressing inequality and discrimination on the basis of work and descent, and in particular caste-based discrimination;

(c) Promoting social protection and inclusion, decent employment and core labour standards, equity and gender equality through education, health and other social policies;

(d) Promoting high-quality education/vocational and health services which are accessible to all (including for girls/women);

(e) in the context of the security and development nexus, fighting against gender and descent-based violence, child abduction, corruption and organised crime, production, consumption and trafficking of drugs and against other forms of trafficking;

(f) establishing development-oriented partnerships around agriculture, private sector development, trade, investment, aid, migration, research, innovation and technology and the provision of public goods, aiming at poverty reduction and social inclusion;

(3)    Support sustainable development, increase resilience of South Asian societies against climate change and natural disasters

(a) Promoting sustainable and inclusive growth and livelihoods, integrated rural development, sustainable agriculture and forestry, food security and nutrition;

(b) Promoting sustainable use of natural resources and renewable energy, protection of biodiversity, water and waste management, soil and forest protection

(c) Contributing to address climate change through supporting adaptation, mitigation and disaster risk reduction measures;

(d) Supporting efforts to improve economic diversification, competitiveness and trade, private sector development with a particular focus on SMEs, microenterprises and cooperatives.

(e) the promotion of sustainable consumption and production as well as investments in clean technologies, sustainable energies, transport, sustainable agriculture and fisheries, the protection of and enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services, including water and forests, and decent job creation in the green economy;

(f) supporting disaster preparedness and post disaster long term recovery, including in the field of food and nutrition security and assistance to uprooted people;

(4)    Support regional integration and cooperation

(a) Encouraging regional integration and cooperation, in a result-oriented way through support to regional integration and dialogue, notably through the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and promoting the development objectives of the Istanbul ("Heart of Asia") process;

(b) Supporting efficient border management and cross-border co-operation to promote sustainable economic, social and environmental development in border regions; fight against organised crime, production, consumption and trafficking of drugs;

(c) supporting regional initiatives targeting the major communicable diseases; contributing to preventing and responding to health risks, including those originating at the interface between animals, humans and their various environments;

3. North and South East Asia

(1)    Promote democratic governance

(a)  contributing to democratisation; building and strengthening legitimate, effective and accountable public institutions and bodies and protecting human rights, through promotion of institutional reforms (including on good governance and anti-corruption, public financial management, taxation and public administration reform) and legislative, administrative and regulatory reforms in line with international standards, in particular in fragile states and countries in conflict and post-conflict situations;

(b)  Strengthening protection of human rights, including minorities', indigenous peoples' rights, respect for the core labour standards, fight against discrimination, fight against sexual, gender-based and child violence, including children in armed conflict, and adressing the issue of human trafficking;

(c)  Supporting the ASEAN human rights architecture, especially the work of the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights;

(d)  Building and strengthening legitimate, effective and accountable public institutions and bodies;

(e)  supporting an active, organised and independent civil society; strengthening social dialogue through support for social partners;

(f)  Supporting the efforts of the region to enhance democracy, the rule of law and citizen security, including through justice and security sector reform, and the promotion of inter-ethnic and inter-faith dialogue and peace processes;

(g)  In the context of the security and development nexus, fighting against corruption and organised crime, production, consumption and trafficking of drugs and against other forms of trafficking, and supporting efficient border management and cross-border co-operation to promote sustainable economic, social and environmental development in border regions; support for demining activities;

(2)   Promote social inclusion and human development in all its dimensions

(a) Encouraging social cohesion, in particular social inclusion, decent work and equity and gender equality;

(b) strengthening the capacity to provide universal access to basic social services, particularly in the health and education sectors; improving access to education for all with a view to increasing knowledge, skills and employability on the job market, including - where relevant - by addressing inequality and discrimination on the basis of work and descent, and in particular caste-based discrimination;

(c) establishing development-oriented partnerships around agriculture, private sector development, trade, investment, aid, migration, research, innovation and technology and the provision of public goods, aiming at poverty reduction and social inclusion;

(d) Supporting the efforts of the region to prevent and respond to health risks, including those originating at the interface between animals, humans and their various environments;

(e) Promoting inclusive education, life-long learning and training (including higher education, vocational education and training), and to improve the functioning of labour markets,

(f) Promoting a greener economy and sustainable and inclusive growth especially in agriculture, food security and nutrition, sustainable energies and the protection and enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services;

(g) in the context of the security and development nexus, fighting against gender and descent-based violence, child abduction;

(3)   Support sustainable development and increase the resilience of South East Asian societies against climate change ad natural disasters

(a) supporting climate change mitigation and adaptation, the promotion of sustainable consumption and production;

(b) Supporting the region to mainstream climate change into sustainable development strategies, to develop policies and instruments for adaptation and mitigation, to address the adverse effects of climate change and enhance long-term cooperation initiatives and to reduce the vulnerability to disasters, to support the ASEAN Multi-Sectoral Framework on Climate Change: Agriculture and Forestry towards Food Security (AFCC);

(c) In view of population expansion and changing consumer demands, support for sustainable consumption and production as well as investments in clean technologies notably at regional level, sustainable energies, transport, sustainable agriculture and fisheries, the protection of and enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services, including water and forests, and decent job creation in the green economy.

(d) Link relief, rehabilitation and development by ensuring an appropriate follow up to short term emergency measures addressing post-disaster or post-crisis recovery implemented through other financial instruments; supporting disaster preparedness and post disaster long term recovery, including in the field of food and nutrition security and assistance to uprooted people.

(4)   Support regional integration and cooperation across North and South East Asia

(a) encouraging greater regional integration and cooperation in a result-oriented way through support to regional integration and dialogue;

(b) Supporting socio-economic integration and connectivity of ASEAN, including the implementation of the development-related objectives of the ASEAN Economic Community, the Master Plan on Connectivity and the Post-2015 Vision;

(c) Promoting trade-related assistance and development aid for trade, including to ensure that micro and small-sized enterprises (MSMEs) benefit from international trading opportunities;

(d) Leveraging financing for sustainable infrastructures and networks favouring regional integration, social inclusion and cohesion and sustainable growth, while ensuring complementarity with activities supported by European Investment Bank (EIB) and other EU financing institutions as well as with other institutions in this area;

(e) Encouraging dialogue between ASEAN institutions and countries and the EU.

(f) supporting regional initiatives targeting the major communicable diseases; contributing to preventing and responding to health risks, including those originating at the interface between animals, humans and their various environments;

4.        Central Asia

(a) as overarching objectives, contributing to sustainable and inclusive economic and social development, social cohesion and democracy;

(b) supporting food security, access to sustainable energy security, water and sanitation for local populations; promoting and supporting disaster preparedness and climate change adaptation;

(c) supporting representative and democratically elected parliaments, promoting and supporting good governance and democratisation processes; sound management of public finances; the rule of law, with well-functioning institutions and effective respect for human rights and gender equality; supporting an active, organised and independent civil society, and strengthening social dialogue through support for social partners;

(d) promoting inclusive and sustainable economic growth, addressing social and regional inequalities, and supporting innovation and technology, decent work, agriculture and rural development, promoting economic diversification by supporting MSMEs, while stimulating the development of a regulated social market economy, open and fair trade and investment, including regulatory reforms;

(e) supporting efficient border management and cross-border cooperation to promote sustainable economic, social and environmental development in border regions; in the context of the security and development nexus, fighting organized crime and all forms of trafficking, including the fight against production and consumption of drugs as well as negative effects thereof, including HIV/AIDS;

(f) promoting bilateral and regional cooperation, dialogue and integration including with countries covered by the European Neighbourhood Instrument and other Union instruments to support policy reforms, including through institution building when appropriate, technical assistance (e.g. TAIEX) , information exchange and twinning, and by key investments through appropriate mechanisms to mobilise financial resources in the education, environment and energy sectors, low emissions development/resilience to climate change impacts.

(g) strengthening the capacity to provide universal access to quality basic social services, particularly in the health and education sectors; supporting access for the populations, especially young people and women, to employment, inter alia through supporting improvement of general, vocational and higher education.

5.   Middle East

(a) addressing democratisation and governance (including in tax area), the rule of law, human rights and gender equality, fundamental freedoms and political equality issues so as to encourage political reforms, fight against corruption, transparency of the judicial process and build legitimate, democratic, effective and accountable public institutions and an active, independent and organised civil society; strengthening social dialogue through support for social partners;

(b) supporting civil society in its fight in defence of fundamental freedoms, human rights and democratic principles;

(c) promoting inclusive growth and encouraging social cohesion and development, in particular creation of employment, social inclusion, decent work and equity and gender equality; strengthening the capacity to provide universal access to basic social services, particularly in the health and education sectors; addressing, where relevant, inequality and discrimination on the basis of work and descent, and in particular caste-based discrimination;

(d) supporting development of civic culture especially via training, education and participation of children, young people and women;

(e) promoting sustainable economic reform and diversification, open and fair trade relations, the development of a regulated and sustainable social market economy, productive and sustainable investment in the main sectors (such as energy, with a focus on renewable energy);

(f) promoting good neighbourly relations, regional cooperation, dialogue and integration, including with countries covered by the European Neighbourhood Instrument and the Gulf States covered by the Partnership Instrument and other EU instruments by supporting integration efforts within the region, indicatively on economy, energy, water, transportation and refugees;

(g) promoting sustainable and equitable management of water resources as well as the protection of water resources;

(h) complementing resources deployed under this instrument by coherent work and support through other EU instruments and policies, which may focus on access to the Union internal market, labour mobility and wider regional integration;

(i) in the context of the security and development nexus, fighting against production, consumption and trafficking of drugs;

(j) in the context of the development and migration nexus, managing migration and helping displaced persons and refugees;

6.        Other Countries

(a) sup        porting the consolidation of a democratic society, good governance, respect for human rights, gender equality, a state governed by the rule of law and contributing to regional and continental stability and integration; supporting an active, organised and independent civil society, and strengthening social dialogue through support for social partners;

(b) providing support to the adjustment efforts triggered by the establishment of various free-trade areas;

(c) supporting the fight against poverty, inequality and exclusion, including by addressing the basic needs of the disadvantaged communities and by promoting social cohesion and redistributive policies aimed at reducing inequalities;

(d) strengthening the capacity to provide universal access to basic social services, particularly in the health and education sectors;

(e) improving living and working conditions with a special emphasis on promoting the ILO decent work agenda;

(f) addressing economic vulnerability and contributing to structural transformation with emphasis on decent employment through sustainable and inclusive economic growth and an energy-efficient, renewables-based low carbon economy by establishing strong partnerships around fair trade relations, productive investments for more and better jobs in the green and inclusive economy, knowledge transfer and cooperation in research, innovation and technology, and promoting sustainable and inclusive development in all its dimensions, with particular attention to the challenges of migratory flows, housing, food security (including sustainable agriculture and fisheries), climate change, sustainable energies and the protection and enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services, including water and soil;

(g) addressing sexual and gender based violence and health issues, including HIV/AIDS and its impacts on society.

ANNEX V

AREAS OF COOPERATION UNDER THEMATIC PROGRAMMES

A. PROGRAMME ON GLOBAL PUBLIC GOODS AND CHALLENGES

In compliance with the conditions laid down in Article 6, the Global public goods and challenges programme aims at strengthening cooperation, exchange of knowledge and experience and partner countries' capacities with a view to contribute to poverty eradication, social cohesion and sustainable development. The programme shall be drawn from the following areas of cooperation, ensuring a maximum synergy amongst them in light of their strong interconnection.

Environment and climate change

(a) contributing to the external dimension of the EU's environment and climate change policies with full respect for the principle of policy coherence for development and other principles set out in the Treaty;

(b) working upstream in assisting developing countries to achieve the MDGs or any subsequent framework agreed by the Union and its Member States, related to the sustainable use of natural resources and environmental sustainability;

(c) implementing the Union initiatives and agreed commitments at international and regional level and/or of a transboundary character particularly in the areas of climate change through the promotion of climate resilient low carbon strategies giving priority to strategies to promote biodiversity, protection of ecosystems and natural resources, sustainable management including oceans, land, water, fisheries and forests (for example through mechanisms such as FLEGT), desertification, integrated water resource management, sound chemicals and waste management, resource efficiency and the green economy;

(d) increasing the integration and mainstreaming of climate change and environmental objectives in EU development cooperation through support for methodological and research work on, in and by developing countries, including monitoring, reporting and verification mechanisms, ecosystem mapping, assessment and valuation, enhancing environmental expertise and promoting innovative actions and policy coherence;

(e) strengthening environmental governance and supporting international policy development to improve the coherence and efficiency of global governance of sustainable development, by assisting regional and international environmental monitoring and assessment, and by promoting effective compliance and enforcement measures in developing countries for multilateral environmental agreements;

(f) Integrating both disaster risk management and climate change adaptation into development planning and investment, and promoting the implementation of strategies which aim to reduce disaster risk such as protecting ecosystems and restoring wetlands;

(g) Recognising the decisive role of agriculture and livestock-keeping in climate change policies by promoting smallholder agriculture and livestock farming as autonomous adaptation and mitigation strategies in the South due to their sustainable use of natural resources such as water and pasture.

Sustainable Energy

(a) promoting access to reliable, secure, affordable, climate-friendly and sustainable energy services as a key driver for poverty eradication and inclusive growth and development with a special emphasis on the use of local and regional renewable energy sources and on ensuring access for poor people in remote regions;

(b) fostering greater use of renewable energy technologies, in particular decentralised approaches, as well as energy efficiency and promoting sustainable low emission development strategies;

(c) promoting energy security for partner countries and local communities through e.g. diversification of sources and routes, considering price volatility issues, emission reduction potential, improving markets and fostering energy and, in particular, electricity interconnections and trade.

Human development, including decent work, social justice and culture

(a) Health

(i)     Improving the health and well-being of people in developing countries through supporting inclusive and universal access to, and equal provision of, good quality essential public health facilities, goods and services with a continuum of care from prevention to post-treatment and with special emphasis to the needs of persons belonging to disadvantaged and vulnerable groups;

(ii)     supporting and shaping the policy agenda of global initiatives of direct significant benefit to partner countries, considering result orientation, aid effectiveness and effects on health systems, including supporting partner countries to better engage with these initiatives;

(iii)    supporting specific initiatives especially at regional and global level, which strengthen health systems and help countries develop and implement sound, evidence-based and sustainable national health policies, and in priority areas such as child and maternal health, including immunisation and response to global health threats (such as HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria and other poverty related and neglected diseases);

(iiia) promoting the full and effective implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action and the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the outcomes of their review conferences and in this context sexual and reproductive health and rights;

(iiib) promoting, providing and expanding essential services and psychological support for victims of violence, especially women and children.

(b) Education, knowledge and skills:

(i)     Supporting the achievement of internationally agreed goals in education through global initiatives and partnerships, with special emphasis on promoting knowledge, skills and values for sustainable and inclusive development;

(ii)     promoting exchange of experience, good practice and innovation, based on a balanced approach to the development of education systems;

(iii)    improving equal access to and quality of education in particular for persons belonging to vulnerable groups, migrants, women and girls, persons belonging to or religious minorities, people with disabilities, people living in fragile contexts, and in countries furthest from achieving global targets, and improving the completion of basic education and the transition to lower secondary education.

(c) Gender equality, women empowerment and protection of women's and girls' rights:

(i)     Supporting country, regional and local level programmes to promote women's and girls' economic and social empowerment, leadership and equal political participation;

(ii)     supporting national, regional and global initiatives to promote the integration of gender equality and women's and girls' empowerment into polices, plans and budgets, including in international, regional and national development frameworks and in the aid effectiveness agenda; helping to eradicate gender-biased sex selection practices;

(iii)    addressing sexual and gender-based violence and supporting its victims.

(d) Children and youth

(i)     combating trafficking of and all forms of violence and abuse against children and all forms of child labour, combatting child marriage, and promotion of policies taking into consideration youth's and children's particular vulnerability and potential, protection of their rights, including registration at birth, and interests, education, health and livelihoods, starting with participation and empowerment;

(ii)     enhancing developing countries' attention and capacity to develop policies benefiting youth and children and promoting the role of children and youth as actors for development;

(iii)    supporting the development of concrete strategies and interventions to address particular problems and challenges affecting youth and children, especially in the areas of health, education and employment, taking their best interests into account in all relevant action.

(e) Non-discrimination

(i)     Supporting local, regional, national and global initiatives to promote non-discrimination on grounds of sex, gender identity, racial or ethnic origin, caste, religion or belief, disability, disease, age and sexual orientation through the development of policies, plans and budgets, as well as the exchange of good practices and expertise;

(ii)     Ensuring a broader dialogue on the issue of non-discrimination and the protection of human rights defenders;

(f) Employment, skills, social protection and social inclusion:

(i)     Supporting high levels of productive and decent employment notably with support for sound education and employment policies and strategies, vocational training for employability relevant to local labour market needs and perspectives, working conditions including in the informal economy, promotion of decent work on the basis of the basic labour standards of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), including fight against child labour, and social dialogue as well as facilitation of labour mobility while respecting and promoting migrants' rights;

(ii)   strengthening social cohesion in particular with the setting-up and strengthening of sustainable social protection systems, including social insurance schemes for those living in poverty, and with fiscal reform, strengthening the capacity of tax systems and the fight against fraud and tax evasion, which contributes to enhancing equality and wealth distribution;

(iii)    strengthening social inclusion and gender equality with cooperation on equitable access to basic services, employment for all, empowerment and respect of rights of specific groups, notably migrants, children and youth, persons with disabilities, women, indigenous peoples and persons belonging to minorities to ensure that these groups can and will participate in and benefit from wealth creation and cultural diversity.

(g) Growth, jobs and private sector engagement

(i)     Promoting actions aiming at creating more and better jobs, by developing the competitiveness and resilience of local MSMEs and their integration into the local, regional and global economy, assisting developing countries to integrate into regional and multilateral trading systems,

(ii)     developing local crafts, which serve to preserve the local cultural heritage,

(iii)    developing a socially and ecologically responsible local private sector and improving the business environment,

(iv)    promoting effective economic policies that support the development of the local economy and local industries, towards a green and inclusive economy, resource efficiency and sustainable consumption and production processes.

(v)    Promoting the use of electronic communication as a tool to support pro-poor growth across all sectors in order to bridge the digital divide between developing and industrialised countries and inside developing countries, to achieve an adequate policy and regulatory framework in this area and promoting the development of the necessary infrastructure and the use of services and applications based on ICT.

(vi) promoting financial inclusion by fostering access to and effective use of financial services, such as micro-credit and savings, micro-insurance and payment transfer, by MSMEs and households, in particular disadvantaged and vulnerable groups.

(h) Culture

(i)     promoting inter-cultural dialogue, cultural diversity and respect for the equal dignity of all cultures;

(ii)     promoting international cooperation to stimulate the contribution of cultural industries to economic growth in developing countries to fully exploit its potential for fighting poverty, including addressing issues such as market access and intellectual property rights;

(iii)    promoting respect for the social, cultural and spiritual values of indigenous peoples and minorities to enhance equality and justice in multi-ethnic societies in compliance with universal human rights to which everyone is entitled, including indigenous peoples and persons belonging to minorities;

(iv)    supporting culture as a promising economic sector for development and growth.

Food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture

The programme shall strengthen cooperation, exchange of knowledge and experience and partner countries' capacities on the four pillars of food security with a gender sensitive approach: food availability (production), access (including land, infrastructure for food transport from surplus to deficit areas, markets, establishing domestic food reserves, safety nets), utilization (nutrition interventions in socially aware ways) and stability, while prioritizing five dimensions: smallholder agriculture and livestock-keeping, food processing to create added value, governance, regional integration and assistance mechanisms for vulnerable populations. It will also address fair trade

(a) Promoting the development of sustainable smallholder agriculture and livestock-keeping through ecosystem-based, low carbon and climate-resilient secure access to technology (including information and communication technologies), through the recognition, promotion and reinforcement of local and autonomous adaptation strategies with regard to climate change, and through extension and technical services, rural development schemes, productive and responsible investment measures, in accordance with international guidelines, sustainable land and natural resource management, protection of land rights of the population in its various form and access to land for local populations, protection of genetic diversity, in an enabling economic environment;

(b) supporting environmentally and socially responsible policy making and governance of the relevant sectors, the role of the public and non-public actors in its regulation and the use of public goods, its organisational capacity, professional organisations and institutions;

(c) strengthening food and nutrition security through adequate policies, including the protection of biodiversity and ecosystem services, climate adaptation policies, information systems, crisis prevention and management, and nutrition strategies directed to vulnerable populations which mobilise the necessary resources to deliver basic interventions that could prevent the vast majority of cases of malnutrition;

(d) fostering safe and sustainable practices throughout the food and feed supply chain.

Migration and Asylum

The programme intends to strengthen political dialogue, cooperation, exchange of knowledge and experience and the capacities of partner countries, civil society organisations and local authorities in order to support human mobility as a positive element of human development. The programme, based on a rights based approach encompassing all human rights, whether civil and political, economic, social and cultural will address the challenges of migration flows, including South-South migration, the situation of vulnerable migrants such as unaccompanied minors, victims of trafficking, asylum seekers, migrant women, and the condition of children, women and families left in the countries of origin.

(a) Promoting migration governance at all levels, with a particular focus on the social and economic consequences of migration, and recognising the key role of civil society organisations, including diaspora, and local authorities in addressing migration as an essential component of the development strategy;

(b) ensuring better management of migratory flows in all their dimensions, including through enhancing capacities of governments and other relevant stakeholders in partner countries in areas such as: legal migration and mobility; preventing irregular migration, smuggling of migrants and trafficking in human beings; facilitating sustainable return of irregular migrants and supporting voluntary return and reintegration; integrated border management capacities; and international protection and asylum.

(c) maximising the development impact of the increased regional and global mobility of people, and in particular of well-managed labour migration, improving integration of migrants in countries of destination, promoting and protecting the rights of migrants and their families, through support to the formulation and implementation of sound regional and national migration and asylum policies, through integration of the migration dimension into other regional and national policies and through support for the participation of migrants' organisations and local authorities in policy formulation and in the monitoring of policy implementation processes;

(d) improving a common understanding of the migration and development nexus, including social and economic consequences of government policies be they in migration/asylum or in other sectors;

(e) enhancing asylum and reception capacity in partner countries.

The programme will be managed in coherence with the Migration and Asylum Fund and Internal Security Fund, with full respect for the principle of policy coherence for development.

B. PROGRAMME ON CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANISATIONS AND LOCAL AUTHORITIES

In line with the conclusions of the Structured Dialogue Initiative and the support of the EU to democracy, human rights and good governance, the objective of the programme is to strengthen civil society organisations and local authorities in partner countries and, when provided for in this Regulation, in the Union, candidate countries and potential candidates. It aims to foster an enabling environment for citizen participation and civil society action and cooperation, exchange of knowledge and experience and capacities of civil society organisations and local authorities in partner countries in support of internationally agreed development goals.

In compliance with the conditions laid down in Article 6, the programme shall contribute to:

(a)    an inclusive and empowered society in partner countries through strengthened civil society organisations and local authorities and basic services delivered to populations in need;

(b)    an increased level of awareness of European citizens regarding development issues and mobilising active public support in the Union, potential candidate and candidate countries for poverty reduction and sustainable development strategies in partner countries;

(c)    an increased capacity of European and Southern civil society and local authority networks, platforms and alliances to ensure a substantive and continued policy dialogue in the field of development and to promote democratic governance.

Possible activities to be supported by this programme:

(a)    interventions in partner countries which support vulnerable and marginalised groups by providing basic services delivered through civil society organisations and local authorities;

(b)    capacity development of the targeted actors complementary to support granted in the framework of the national programme, actions aiming at:

(i)     creating enabling environment for citizen participation and civil society action and the capacity of civil society organisations to participate effectively in policy formulation and in the monitoring of policy implementation processes;

(ii)   facilitating an improved dialogue and better interaction between civil society organisations, local authorities, the State and other development actors in the context of development;

(iii)    strengthening the capacity of local authorities to participate effectively in the development process acknowledging their particular role and specificities;

(c)    raising public awareness of development issues, empowering people to become active and responsible citizens and promoting formal and informal education for development in the Union, in candidate and potential candidate countries, to anchor development policy in European societies, to mobilise greater public support for action against poverty and for more equitable relations between developed and developing countries, to raise awareness of the issues and difficulties facing developing countries and their peoples, and to promote the right to a process of development in which all human rights and fundamental freedoms can be fully realised and the social dimension of globalisation;

(d)    coordination, capacity development and institutional strengthening of civil society and local authority networks, within their organisations and between different types of stakeholders active in the European public debate on development as well as coordination, capacity development and institutional strengthening of Southern networks of civil society organisations and local authorities and umbrella organisations.

Civil society organisations are non-State, non-profit making actors operating on an independent and accountable basis which include: non governmental organisations, organisations representing indigenous peoples, organisations representing national and/or ethnic minorities, diaspora organisations, migrants' organisations in partner countries, local traders' associations and citizens' groups, cooperatives, employers associations and trade unions (social partners), organisations representing economic and social interests, organisations fighting corruption and fraud and promoting good governance, civil rights organisations and organisations combating discrimination, local organisations (including networks) involved in decentralised regional cooperation and integration, consumer organisations, women's and youth organisations, environmental, teaching, cultural, research and scientific organisations, universities, churches and religious associations and communities, the media and any non governmental associations and independent foundations, including independent political foundations, likely to contribute to the implementation of the objectives of this Regulation.

Local authorities encompass a large variety of sub-national levels and branches of government, i.e. municipalities, communities, districts, counties, provinces, regions etc.

***

Annex VI

Areas of cOoperation under the Pan-African programme

The Pan-African programme shall support the objectives and general principles of the strategic partnership between the EU and Africa. It shall promote the principles of a people-centred partnership and "treating Africa as one", as well as coherence between the regional and continental levels. It shall focus on activities of a trans-regional, continental or global nature in and with Africa, and support joint Africa-EU initiatives in the global arena. The programme shall in particular provide support in the following areas of the partnership:

- peace and security,

- democratic governance and human rights,      

- trade, regional integration and infrastructure (including raw materials),

- MDGs and post 2015 internationally agreed new development targets,

- energy,

- climate change and environment,

- migration, mobility and employment,

- science, information society and space,

- cross-cutting issues.

ANNEX VII

Indicative financial allocations for the period 2014-2020

(in EUR million)

Total                                                                                                      19 662

(1)    Geographic programmes                                                            11 809  (5)

a)     Per geographic area

· Latin America                                                                   2500

· South Asia                                                                       3813

· North and South East Asia                                               2870

· Central Asia                                                                     1072

· Middle East                                                                        545

· Other countries                                                                   251

b)     Per area of cooperation

· Human rights, democracy and good governance                        at least 15%

· Inclusive and sustainable growth for human development            at least 45%

(2)  Thematic programmes  7 008

(a)    Global Public Goods and Challenges                               5 101

· Environment and climate change (6)                                               27 %

· Sustainable Energy                                                                     12 %

· Human development including decent work, social justice and culture

  25 %

Of which:

-     Health                                                                              at least   40 %

-     Education, knowledge and skills                                     at least   17,5 %

-     Gender equality, women empowerment and protection of women's and girls' rights; children

and youth, non-discrimination; employment, skills,

      social protection and social inclusion; growth, jobs

      and private sector engagement, culture                          at least   27,5 %

· Food security and sustainable agriculture        29 %

· Migration and asylum                                     7 %

At least 50% of the funds, prior to the use of the markers based on OECD methodology (Rio markers), will serve for climate action and environment-related objectives.

         (b)    Civil Society Organisations and Local Authorities            1 907

(3)    Pan African programme                                                                   845

––––––––––––––––––––––––

(1)

* Amendments: new or amended text is highlighted in bold italics; deletions are indicated by the symbol ▌.

(2)

[1]              OJ C …

(3)

[2]              Position of the European Parliament of ... (not yet published in the Official Journal) and decision of the Council of ... .

(4)

NB: Former Annexes I, II and III deleted

(5)

          Of which 758 million EUR unallocated funds

(6)

          In principle funds would be allocated evenly between environment and climate change.   


ANNEX TO THE LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

STATEMENTS and DECLARATIONS

Draft Statement by the Commission on the strategic dialogue with the European Parliament(1)

On the basis of Article 14 TEU, the Commission will conduct a strategic dialogue with the European Parliament prior to the programming of [add the name of the corresponding ENI, DCI, IPA II, EIDHR, ISP, PI Regulation] and after initial consultation of its relevant beneficiaries, where appropriate. The Commission will present to the Parliament the relevant available documents on programming with indicative allocations foreseen per country/region, and, within a country/region, priorities, possible results and indicative allocations foreseen per priority for geographic programmes, as well as the choice of assistance modalities*. The Commission will present to the Parliament the relevant available documents on programming with thematic priorities, possible results, choice of assistance modalities*, and financial allocations for such priorities foreseen in thematic programmes. The Commission will take into account the position expressed by the European Parliament on the matter.

The Commission will conduct a strategic dialogue with the European Parliament in preparing the Mid Term Review and before any substantial revision of the programming documents during the period of validity of this Regulation.

The Commission, if invited by the European Parliament, will explain where Parliament's observations have been taken into consideration in the programming documents and any other follow-up given to the strategic dialogue.

CIR, IPA II, ENI, PI, DCI

Draft Statement by the European Parliament on the suspension of assistance

granted under the financial instruments

The European Parliament notes that the Regulation establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation, the Regulation establishing a European Neighbourhood Instrument, the Regulation establishing a Partnership Instrument for cooperation with third countries and the Regulation on the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance do not contain any explicit reference to the possibility of suspending assistance in cases where a beneficiary country fails to observe the basic principles enunciated in the respective instrument and notably the principles of democracy, rule of law and the respect for human rights. 

The European Parliament considers that any suspension of assistance under these instruments would modify the overall financial scheme agreed under the ordinary legislative procedure. As a co-legislator and co-branch of the budgetary authority, the European Parliament is therefore entitled to fully exercise its prerogatives in that regard, if such a decision is to be taken.

Draft

DECLARATION BY THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE COMMISSION ON ARTICLE 5.2(c) OF THE DCI

With regard to the application of Article 5.2.c) of Regulation (EU) Nr. .../xxxx at the time of entry into force of that Regulation, the following partner countries are considered eligible for bilateral cooperation, as exceptional cases, including in view of phasing out development grant aid: Cuba, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and South Africa.

Draft

DECLARATION BY THE COMMISSION ON ARTICLE 5 OF THE DCI

The Commission will seek the views of the European Parliament before changing the application of Article 5.2.c).

Draft Declaration by the Commission

This Regulation should enable the Union to contribute to fulfilling the joint Union commitment of providing continued support for human development to improve people's lives in line with the MDGs. At least 20% of allocated assistance under this Regulation will be allocated to basic social services, with a focus on health and education, and to secondary education, recognising that a degree of flexibility must be the norm, such as cases where exceptional assistance is involved. Data concerning the respect of this declaration will be included in the annual report referred to in Article 13 of the Common Implementing Regulation.

(1)

The Commission will be represented at the responsible Commissioner level


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

1. Background

On December 7, 2011 the European Commission's proposal for establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation was published, which started the procedure that will lead to a new legal base for the Union's development policies. This proposal contained several new aspects. Differentation is perhaps the most important element, the distinction between the least developed countries and those who have evolved into higher middle income countries. Equally important is the reduction of the number of thematic programmes from five to two, slimming down the body of the text while using annexes to specify the priorities for the geographic and thematic programmes. Simplification is another objective of the proposal, taking full benefit of the overarching goal of alignment to partner countries' policies. Country strategy papers will no longer be needed if the partner country has its own development plan. 

Your rapporteur shares the principles and objectives which the Commission laid down in its proposal, but suggests several amendments, many of which reflect priorities previously expressed by Parliament as regards the Union's future development policy and its implementation.

2. Main aspects of the draft report

a) Coordination and added value

The development policies of the Union should take full advantage of the added value of the EU, combining the weight of the Member States and adding their joint political resolve to reach the full leverage the Union can achieve. This is more than just a question of efficient use of financial resources. Indeed, coordination and a smart division of labour between Member States and Commission will lead to better use of funds and this should be a priority. Therefore, your rapporteur welcomes the wording in the DCI proposal on "greater complementarity and better harmonisation, alignment with partner countries and coordination of procedures both between the Union and its Member States and in relations with other donors and development actors", to avoid overlap as well as omissions and to ensure cost-effective aid delivery. Your rapporteur would like to see the joint programming by the Union and its Member States to become a reality where ever possible.

Meanwhile, the Union's role as a donor of development aid should be more than just being the 28th European donor, and its role should also be more than that of the coordinator. The Union's potential weight can be most useful in fields that are political by nature: the promotion of democracy, good governance, the Rule of Law and human rights.

b) Differentation

An important new aspect in the Commission's proposal is the concept of differentation. As some Middle Income Countries (MICs) have found their way to the G20 (BRICS) and are providing development aid themselves (China) the need for maintaining bilateral aid programmes with these countries seems to have decreased. If budget support provided by the EU is only a very small fraction of the overall budget of a partner country, the impact is limited. And if a country has enough wealth to build roads in Sub-Saharan Africa it should be able to provide health care for its own citizens. However, it cannot be ignored that around 70% of the world's poor live in these MICs and that the overall objective of EU development aid is to reduce this poverty.

In its proposal, the Commission rightly chooses to focus its budget for the geographic programmes on the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and other Low Income Countries, with the argument that the EU must target its resources where they are needed most and where they will have the greatest impact. Therefore the Commission proposes to exclude 19 countries from receiving aid under the bilateral geographic programmes, using GNI per capita as the (rather robust) criterion. These countries will, however, still be eligible for the thematic programmes.

Although your rapporteur agrees with the principle that aid should be targeted where it is most needed and where it will have the most impact, he does not think that the decision for graduation can be based on the sole criterion of GNI per capita alone, as GNI does not reflect social inequalities. Furthermore, there should be more flexibility in phasing out the geographic programmes. 

Therefore the following adjustments have been introduced: while the GDP per capita remains the starting point for differentiation, additional indicators are suggested which measure the extent of poverty, inequality and Human Development. In addition, qualitative criteria should be applied with regard to all middle income countries: bilateral aid should only continue if the EU has significant potential leverage and can provide added value.

Phasing out of geographic programmes is made possible, whereby close coordination should be sought with other donors and the partner country. During this transition period only specific areas should be targeted such as tax systems, social cohesion, good governance and human rights.

c) Simplification

One of the priorities of the Commission for this MFF is to simplify the regulatory environment. For DCI this means that, where possible, the Union will align to the national development plans of the partner countries and to their programming cycle. When there is an appropriate national development plan, no Country Strategy Paper (CSP) will be drafted for that partner country.

Your rapporteur agrees with this concept. However, he does not agree with the proposal by the Commission that "joint framework document" shall be used as a basis for programming, since these documents are not subject to any parliamentary control, neither at EU, nor at partner country level.

d) Human Development

In its proposal, the Commission states that at least 20% of the "global public goods and challenges" thematic programme should support social inclusion and human development. Your rapporteur is of the opinion that the term "human development and social inclusion" is too vague. Therefore he suggests strengthening this benchmark by clarifying that "at least 20% of the funds under this regulation should be used for supporting the provision of basic social services, as defined by the United Nations in the Millennium Development Goals". This keeps the proposal in line with the earlier position of the European Parliament and with the commitment made in the current DCI. 

e) Policy Coherence for Development

Your rapporteur was surprised to note that Policy Coherence for Development was not mentioned as such in the proposal by the Commission. Only a reference to article 21 of TFEU, on overall consistency of EU's external action, was given. Therefore a specific reference to PCD has been added to several parts of the text, to stress the importance of this requirement: the achievement of the main objective of EU's development policy - poverty reduction - should not be hampered by other actions of the Union.

f) Linking Relief Rehabilitation and Development

The gap between humanitarian aid and development aid, between emergency and long term action, still remains a major challenge. The two approaches have different perspectives and different procedures and a strong political commitment is needed to bring about a better linkage. The Commission shows this commitment, but a clear message on the link between relief, rehabilitation and development (LRRD) is needed in the new DCI. In its proposal the Commission has devoted a separated article (12) on this matter, which your rapporteur has adjusted slightly. The definition of a crisis is defined and wording on natural disasters and strengthening of people's resilience is added.

g) Climate change adaptation and mitigation

The proposal supports the objective of the Commission to dedicate at least 20% of the EU budget to a low carbon and climate resilient society. However, your rapporteur has added the reference that the EU and its Member States have pledged to provide the financing for climate mitigation and adaptation measures in developing countries additional to their commitments of 0,7% GNI to ODA, as financing for climate change under DCI should not undermine or jeopardize the fight against poverty.

h) Pan African Programme

A new element in the proposal is the Pan African Programme which supports the implementation of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy on a regional, continental and global level. Although your rapporteur understands the need for this programme, some modifications were made to ensure the complementarity and consistency with the DCI regulation. Furthermore, the involvement of the European Parliament and the Pan African Parliament is established.

i) Annex IV

In order to ensure the link between the overall objectives of the DCI regulation, the areas of cooperation for the geographic programmes need to be clearly defined, while providing sufficient scope for the choice of priorities based on the dialogue with partner countries. For this reason the three themes and its subthemes suggested by the Commission are further specified in Annex IV A.

3. Horizontal elements relating to the financing instruments for the EU external action (2014-2020)

The European Parliament, as strong proponent of an ambitious, comprehensive and consistent Union foreign policy calls on for a set of coherent financing instruments for EU external action. This should ensure the promotion of the Union's objectives and values in the world based upon democracy, rule of law and human rights, in order to bring peace, security, stability and economic prosperity. The geographic and thematic financing instruments proposed by the Commission for the period 2014-2020 are essential tools for implementing this approach.

The European Parliament acts in the spirit of responsibility based on the fundamental principle of accountability of the Union towards its citizens as to the allocation of resources and the choice of objectives and strategies. The new framework for the external action should be not only resource efficient and effective, but democratically legitimate. It is therefore crucial to make future generation of financing instruments both properly funded under the next Multiannual Financial Framework as well as designed to reflect and support the political ambitions and priorities with respect of the specificity of each of the instruments and the related policies.

Using its prerogatives and powers granted under the Lisbon Treaty, as co-legislator for these instruments and as budgetary authority, the European Parliament wishes these instruments:

· to deliver clear impact and visible results on the ground, in order to achieve clear objectives agreed at political level;

· to be prepared, implemented, monitored and assessed in a transparent and inclusive way, involving as far as possible, where applicable and appropriate, partner countries at national, regional and local level, as well as civil society;

· to be construed on a logic of coordination and synergies amongst each other and with other policy lines of the EU for its external action, but also with programmes of EU Member States and international donors addressing the same thematic or geographic areas behind shared policy objectives, thus avoiding overlaps and a waste of resources and efforts, and on the contrary increasing the positive impact of Union's programmes;

· to provide mechanisms which allow for a rapid reaction to unforeseen developments such as political transitions in third countries or the emergence of new global challenges requesting adequate and timely responses by the EU, while ensuring an adequate degree of predictability for the benefit of the partner countries.

This general approach is reflected in the amendments proposed in the draft reports. In particular, the reports propose that the two co-legislators, European Parliament and Council, delegate their powers to the Commission for preparing all the strategic programming documents defining objectives, priorities, expected results and financial allocations in broad terms, and adopt these documents as delegated acts, so as to allow for flexibility while ensuring democratic legitimacy and transparency through the equal involvement of both co-legislators at this strategic level.

These Instruments should remain in force for seven years, which makes democratic control even more important. As co-legislator, the European Parliament has the duty to ensure that these instruments are programmed and implemented in line with the spirit of the basic act. This does not mean being involved in micro-management, since the Parliament trusts the professionalism and the expertise of the Commission and the European External Action Service. However, in order to achieve one of the main goals of the Lisbon Treaty, which is to overcome the democratic deficit of the EU, EP involvement in strategic programming decisions through the procedure for delegated acts constitutes an absolute necessity.


OPINION of the Committee on Foreign Affairs (12.7.2012)

for the Committee on Development

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation

(COM(2011)0840 – C7-0493/2011 – 2011/0406(COD))

Rapporteur: Ana Gomes

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

Besides the overarching goal of poverty reduction, the financing instrument for development cooperation is an important tool to promote respect for human rights, the rule of law, transparency, democratisation and good governance in the partner countries covered by it. 

The Parliament should be promptly and fully informed of actions carried out by the European External Action Service in cases of human rights violations in DCI beneficiary countries. Systematic or grave violations of human rights should trigger ad hoc reviews of the strategy document and possibly lead to re-evaluating the scope, priorities and channels of the funding and, in extreme cases, to the consideration of the suspension of DCI assistance.

The Parliament should be closely associated in decisions on bilateral, geographic and thematic priorities and objectives pursued, as well as the expected results and breakdown of financial allocations and by percentage to each sector. With a view to increasing flexibility and efficiency for their adoption and revision, a delegation of power should be conferred upon the Commission for these matters.

Civil society organisations provide invaluable feedback on the needs of various groups of individuals, local communities, private sector organisations, trade unions and other elements of society, as well as international civil society. National parliaments must be involved as well. They should all be systematically and closely engaged in consultations from the programming stage to evaluations and reviews.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Foreign Affairs calls on the Committee on Development, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) The Union is founded on the values of democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, the principles of equality and solidarity and respect for the principles of the UN Charter and international law. It seeks to develop and consolidate commitment to these values in partner countries and regions through dialogue and cooperation.

(4) The Union is founded on the values of democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, gender equality, the principles of equality and solidarity and respect for the principles of the UN Charter and international law. It seeks to develop and consolidate commitment to these values in partner countries and regions through dialogue and cooperation.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) The Union acknowledges that respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms, the promotion of the rule of law, democratic principles, transparency, good governance, peace and stability, and gender equality are essential for the development of partner countries, and that those issues should be mainstreamed in the Union’s development policy, particularly in programming and in agreements with partner countries. The Union is committed to ensuring that a country’s record concerning human rights, democracy and the rule of law has a more direct impact on the programming, modalities and channels of aid, and on the reviewing of general budget support.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The Union also aims to ensure coherence with other areas of its external action. This should be ensured when formulating the Union's development cooperation policy and its strategic planning programming and implementation of measures.

(5) The Union also aims to ensure coherence with other areas of its external action. This should be ensured when formulating the Union's external dimension of, notably, its security, trade, investment, agriculture and fisheries policy and its strategic planning programming and implementation of measures.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) The Union and the Member States recognise that development assistance programmes must be accompanied by joint efforts at multilateral level to create an effective international legal framework to tackle illicit financial flows from developing countries, mechanisms for the disclosure of payments by multinational companies to developing countries, the exchange of information and fight against secrecy jurisdictions, which foster corruption and greatly undermine the domestic resources of developing countries to finance development. Development programmes should thus include and be complemented by initiatives to strengthen anti-money laundering measures, address tax evasion and create legal frameworks and institutional arrangements for the tracing, freezing and recovery of illegal assets, both in donor and partner countries.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5b) With a view to policy for development, it is important that Union external policies do not counteract developing countries' efforts in achieving the MDGs in line with Article 208 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) Union assistance should support the Joint Africa-EU Strategy and its successive Actions Plans which forms the framework for broad and mutually beneficial cooperation within a Strategic Partnership characterised by the pursuit of common objectives on an equal footing.

(7) Union assistance should support the Joint Africa-EU Strategy and its successive Actions Plans which forms the framework for broad and mutually beneficial cooperation within a Strategic Partnership characterised by the pursuit of common objectives on an equal footing. The consolidation of multilateral institutions and governance is an important factor in making a significant contribution to strengthening the Union's and partner countries' and regions' role and place in the world.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The Union and the Member States should improve the consistency and the complementarity of their respective policies on development cooperation, in particular by responding to partner countries' and regions' priorities at country and regional level. To ensure that the Union's development cooperation policy and that of the Member States complement and reinforce each other, it is appropriate to provide for joint programming procedures which should be implemented whenever possible and relevant.

(8) The Union and the Member States should improve the consistency, the complementarity and the efficiency of their respective policies on development cooperation, in particular by responding to partner countries' and regions' priorities at country and regional level. To ensure that the Union's development cooperation policy and that of the Member States complement and reinforce each other, it is appropriate to provide for joint programming procedures which should be implemented whenever possible and relevant.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) The Union's policy and international action for development cooperation are guided by the MDGs, such as the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, including any subsequent modifications thereto, and by the development objectives and principles approved by the Union and its Member States, including in the context of their cooperation within the United Nations (UN) and other competent international organisations in the field of development cooperation.

(9) The Union's policy and international action for development cooperation are guided by the MDGs, such as the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, including any subsequent modifications thereto, and by the development objectives and principles approved by the Union, its Member States, and the European Parliament including in the context of their cooperation within the United Nations (UN) and other competent international organisations in the field of development cooperation.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) The Union should promote a comprehensive approach in response to crisis and disaster and to conflict-affected and fragile situations, including those of transition. This should in particular build on the Council conclusions on Security and Development on an EU response to situations of fragility on conflict prevention as well as any relevant subsequent conclusions. This should provide the necessary mix of approaches, responses and instruments in particular by ensuring an appropriate balance between the security-oriented, development and humanitarian approaches, and by linking short-term reaction with the long term support.

(10) The Union should promote a comprehensive approach in response to crisis and disaster and to conflict-affected and fragile situations, including those of transition. This should in particular build on the Council conclusions on Security and Development on an EU response to situations of fragility on conflict prevention as well as any relevant subsequent conclusions. This should provide the necessary mix of approaches, responses and instruments in particular by ensuring an appropriate balance between the security-oriented, development and humanitarian approaches, and by linking short-term reaction with the long term support. Each country analysis and programming should contain a conflict analysis.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Union assistance should focus where it has more impact, having regard to its capacity to act on a global scale and respond to global challenges such as poverty eradication, sustainable and inclusive development and worldwide promotion of democracy, good governance, human rights and the rule of law, its long-term and predictable commitment to development assistance and its role in coordinating with its Member States. To ensure such impact, the principle of differentiation should be applied not only at the level of funds allocation, but also at the level of programming, to ensure that bilateral development cooperation targets partner countries most in need, including fragile states and states with high vulnerability, and with limited capacity to have access to other sources of financing for supporting their own development, having regard to the potential impact of the Union assistance in partner countries. As a consequence, bilateral programming would target such countries, pursuant to the application of objective criteria based on the needs and capacities of these countries, as well as the impact of EU assistance.

(11) Union assistance should focus where it has more impact, having regard to its capacity to act on a global scale and respond to global challenges such as poverty eradication, sustainable and inclusive development , conservation of the environment, climate change mitigation and adaptation, worldwide promotion of democracy, good governance, human rights and the rule of law, its long-term and predictable commitment to development assistance and its role in coordinating with its Member States. To ensure such impact, the principle of differentiation should be applied not only at the level of funds allocation, but also at the level of programming, to ensure that bilateral development cooperation targets partner countries most in need, including fragile states and states with high vulnerability, and with limited capacity to have access to other sources of financing for supporting their own development, having regard to the potential impact of the Union assistance in partner countries. As a consequence, bilateral programming would target such countries, pursuant to the application of objective criteria based on the needs and capacities of these countries, as well as the impact of EU assistance. To ensure the greatest impact of Union assistance in the world, the implementation of this Regulation should be strictly coordinated with programmes and actions funded under other Regulations establishing external financing instruments, namely Regulation (EU) No […/…] of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing an Instrument for Stability and Regulation (EU) No […/…] of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a financing instrument for the promotion of democracy and human rights worldwide and Regulation (EU) No [.../...] of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Partnership Instrument for cooperation with third countries..

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) This Regulation should provide an enabling framework for programming, allowing enhanced consistency between Union policies by using a joint framework document as a basis for programming. It should enable full alignment with partner countries and regions by relying, where appropriate, on national development plans or similar comprehensive development documents; and pursue a better coordination amongst donors, in particular between the Union and its Member States, through joint programming.

(12) This Regulation should provide an enabling framework for programming, allowing enhanced policy coherence for development between Union policies by using a joint framework document as a basis for programming. It should enable full alignment with partner countries and regions by relying, where possible, on national development plans or similar comprehensive development documents adopted by parliaments of partner countries or partner regions upon consultation of their respective civil societies; and pursue a better coordination amongst donors, in particular between the Union and its Member States, through joint programming.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Commission communication "Increasing the impact of EU Development Policy: an Agenda for Change" envisages continued support for social inclusion and human development through at least 20% of the Union's development aid. To contribute to that end, at least 20% of the global public goods and challenges programme should support that area of development.

(16) Commission communication "Increasing the impact of EU Development Policy: an Agenda for Change" envisages continued support for social inclusion and human development through at least 20% of the Union's development aid. To contribute to that end, at least 20% of the global public goods and challenges programme should support that area of development, with a focus on health and basic education.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) The lists of partner countries under this Regulation should be adapted on the basis of possible changes to their status as established by the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD/DAC), as well as important changes in human development, aid dependency, crisis situations, vulnerability and other aspects including the dynamics of the development process. Such updates, reviews of the partner countries eligible for bilateral development cooperation and modifications in the definitions of detailed areas of cooperation and activities, and adjustments of the indicative financial allocation per programme, constitute non-essential elements of this Regulation. Consequently, in order to adapt its scope to the rapidly evolving reality in third countries, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty of the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission for updating the Annexes of this Regulation which includes the list of partner countries and regions eligible for Union financing, the definition of detailed areas of cooperation under geographic and thematic programmes and the indicative allocations per programme. It is of particular importance that the Commission should carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should further ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and Council.

(17) The lists of partner countries under this Regulation should be adapted on the basis of possible changes to their status as established by the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD/DAC), as well as important changes in human development, aid dependency, crisis situations, vulnerability and other aspects including the dynamics of the development process. Such updates, reviews of the partner countries eligible for bilateral development cooperation and modifications in the definitions of detailed areas of cooperation and activities, and adjustments of the indicative financial allocation per programme, constitute non-essential elements of this Regulation. Consequently, in order to adapt its scope to the rapidly evolving reality in third countries, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty of the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission for updating the Annexes of this Regulation which includes the list of partner countries and regions eligible for Union financing, the definition of detailed areas of cooperation under geographic and thematic programmes and the indicative allocations per programme. It is of particular importance that the Commission should carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level and with the full and timely engagement of civil society organisations. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should further ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and Council.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) The implementing powers relating to strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes laid down in Articles 11 to 14 of this Regulation should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission's exercise of implementing powers. Taking into account the nature of those implementing acts, in particular their policy orientation nature or their budgetary implications, the examination procedure should in general be used for their adoption, except for measures of a small financial scale. The Commission should adopt immediately applicable implementing acts where, in duly justified cases relating to the need for a swift response from the Union, imperative grounds of urgency so requires.

(19) With a view to empowering the Commission to adopt delegated acts, strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes laid down in Articles 11 to 14 of this Regulation should be considered non-essential elements of the Regulation within the meaning of Article 290(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(19a) The implementing powers resulting from this Regulation should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission's exercise of implementing powers1.

 

____________

 

1 OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii) promoting democracy, the rule of law, good governance and respect for human rights.

(ii) promoting democracy, the rule of law, good governance, transparency, gender equality and respect for human rights.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The achievement of these objectives shall be measured using relevant indicators, in particular MDG 1 for subparagraph (a) and MDGs 1 to 8 for subparagraph (b), and other indicators agreed by the Union and its Member States.

The achievement of these objectives shall be measured using human development indicators, in particular MDG 1 for subparagraph (a) and MDGs 1 to 8 for subparagraph (b), and other indicators agreed by the UN, the Union and its Member States.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Union seeks to promote, develop and consolidate the principles of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms on which it is founded, through dialogue and cooperation with partner countries and regions.

1. The Union seeks to promote, develop and consolidate the principles of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including social, economic and cultural rights and fundamental freedoms on which it is founded, through dialogue and cooperation with partner countries and regions. This calls for a rights-based approach, promoting in particular the right to universal and non-discriminatory access to basic services, participation in democratic processes, transparency and accountability.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) commitments and performance.

(c) commitments and performance; in particular commitment and progress in attaining agreed human rights, transparency and democratisation objectives and priorities.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The following cross-cutting issues shall be mainstreamed in all programmes: the promotion of human rights, gender equality, women empowerment, non-discrimination, democracy, good governance, the rights of the child and indigenous peoples' rights, social inclusion and the rights of persons with disabilities, environmental sustainability including addressing climate change and combating HIV/AIDS.

3. The following cross-cutting issues shall be mainstreamed in all programmes: the promotion of human rights, gender equality, women empowerment, non-discrimination, democracy, good governance, the fight against corruption, the rights of the child and indigenous peoples' rights, social inclusion and the rights of persons with disabilities, environmental sustainability including addressing climate change , conflict prevention and combating HIV/AIDS.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Particular attention shall be given to strengthening the rule of law, improving access to justice and supporting civil society, trade and sustainable development, access to ICTs, health and food security, as well as promoting dialogue, participation and reconciliation, and institution-building.

4. Particular attention shall be given to strengthening the rule of law, improving access to justice and supporting civil society, supporting decentralisation, trade and sustainable development, access to ICTs, health and food security, as well as promoting dialogue, participation and reconciliation, and institution-building, including at regional and local level.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a. In particular, programming activities under this Regulation shall have due regard to the human rights country strategy papers prepared by the Union, which establish country-specific priorities, objectives and benchmarks on human rights and democratisation. Human rights country strategy papers shall be integrated into development programmes, aiming at tailoring a common and coherent Union approach to human rights.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 8 - introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

8. The Union shall promote effective cooperation with partner countries and regions in line with international best practice. It shall increasingly align its support with partners' national or regional development strategies, reform policies and procedures. It shall contribute to strengthening the process of mutual accountability between partner governments and institutions and donors and promote local expertise and local employment. To that end, it shall promote:

8. The Union shall promote effective cooperation with partner countries and regions in line with international best practice. It shall increasingly align its support with partners' national or regional development strategies, reform policies and procedures. It shall contribute to strengthening the process of partner countries' accountability to its citizens as well as mutual accountability between partner governments and institutions and donors, strengthening the capacity of local administration and promote local employment. To that end, it shall promote:

Amendment  24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 8 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) inclusive and participatory approaches to development and a broad involvement of all segments of society in the development process and in national and regional dialogue, including political dialogue;

(b) inclusive and participatory approaches to development and a broad involvement of all segments of society in the development process and in national and regional dialogue, including political dialogue; the involvement of all segments of society in the development process shall be achieved through a thorough consultation of, in particular, civil society organisations, and also national parliaments, local authorities, the private sector and trade unions, which shall be given the opportunity to provide their input in a timely manner, while being given access to detailed information about the development projects;

Amendment  25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

10. The Commission shall seek regular exchanges of information with civil society.

10. The Commission shall seek regular and timely exchanges of information with civil society and local and regional authorities.

Amendment  26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Within each country programme, the Union will in principle concentrate its assistance on three sectors.

4. Within each country programme, the Union will in principle concentrate its assistance on three sectors identified with the involvement of civil society, in order to respond to the real needs of the country and community.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The objective of the programme on civil society organisations and local authorities in development shall be to finance initiatives in the area of development by or for civil society organisations and local authorities originating from partner countries, the Union, candidate countries and potential candidates.

1. The objective of the programme on civil society organisations and local authorities in development shall be to finance initiatives in the area of development by or for civil society organisations and local authorities originating from partner countries, the Union, candidate countries and potential candidates. Particular attention should be given to those civil society organizations which are basic services providers, such as education and healthcare services.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. For geographic programmes, multiannual indicative programmes for partner countries and regions shall be drawn up on the basis of a strategy document, as provided for in Article 11.

1. For geographic programmes, multiannual indicative programmes for partner countries and regions shall be drawn up on the basis of a strategy document, as provided for in Article 11.

For thematic programmes, multiannual indicative programmes shall be drawn up as provided for in Article 13.

For thematic programmes, multiannual indicative programmes shall be drawn up as provided for in Article 13.

The Commission shall adopt the implementing measures laid down in Article 2 of the Common Implementing Regulation on the basis of the programming documents referred to in Articles 11 and 13. In particular circumstances, however, Union support may also take the form of measures not covered in these documents, as provided for in the Common Implementing Regulation.

 

Amendment  29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The Union and its Member States shall consult each other, and other donors and development actors including representatives of civil society and regional and local authorities, at an early stage of the programming process in order to promote complementarity and consistency among their cooperation activities. This consultation may lead to joint programming between the Union and its Member States.

2. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 18 to approve strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes for geographic programmes and thematic programmes. The Union and its Member States shall consult each other, and other donors and development actors including representatives of civil society and regional and local authorities, at an early stage of the programming process in order to promote complementarity and consistency among their cooperation activities. This consultation may lead to joint programming between the Union and its Member States.

Amendment  30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Funds may be left unallocated. Subject to their subsequent allocation or re-allocation as provided for in Articles 11(5) and 13, the use of these funds shall be decided later in accordance with the Common Implementing Regulation.

4. Funds may be left unallocated. Subject to their subsequent allocation or re-allocation as provided for in Articles 11(5) and 13, the use of these funds shall be decided later through the adoption of delegated acts in accordance with Article 18 of this Regulation.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Strategy papers are documents drawn up by the Union to provide a coherent framework for development cooperation between the Union and the partner country or region concerned, consistent with the overall purpose and scope, objectives, principles and policy of the Union.

1. Strategy papers are documents drawn up by the Union to provide a coherent framework for development cooperation between the Union and the partner country or region concerned, consistent with the overall purpose and scope, objectives, principles and policy of the Union.

The preparation and implementation of strategy papers shall comply with the principles of aid effectiveness: national ownership, partnership, coordination, harmonisation, alignment with recipient country or regional systems, mutual accountability and results orientation as laid down in Article 3(5) to (8).

The preparation and implementation of strategy papers shall comply with the principles of aid effectiveness: national ownership, partnership, coordination, harmonisation, alignment with recipient country or regional systems, mutual accountability and results orientation as laid down in Article 3(5) to (8).

To that end, strategy papers shall, in principle, be based on a dialogue between the Union and the partner country or region, involving where appropriate, the relevant Member States, and the partner country or region, involving civil society and regional and local authorities, so as to ensure that the country or region concerned takes sufficient ownership of the process and to encourage support for national development strategies, particularly those for reducing poverty.

To that end, strategy papers shall, in principle, be based on a dialogue between the Union and the partner country or region, involving the relevant Member States, and the partner country or region, in consultation with the national/regional parliaments and involving civil society and regional and local authorities through thorough consultation, so as to ensure that the country or region concerned takes sufficient ownership of the process and to encourage support for national development strategies, particularly those for reducing poverty. This dialogue takes place following a consultation and information phase for local and regional authorities and civil society.

Amendment  32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. Multiannual indicative programmes shall be drawn up for each of the countries or regions receiving an indicative allocation of Union funds under this Regulation Except for countries or regions mentioned in paragraph 4, these documents shall be drawn up on the basis of the strategy papers or similar documents referred to in this Article.

5. Multiannual indicative programmes shall be drawn up for each of the countries or regions receiving an indicative allocation of Union funds under this Regulation Except for countries or regions mentioned in paragraph 4, these documents shall be drawn up on the basis of the strategy papers or similar documents referred to in this Article.

For the purpose of this Regulation, where it complies with the principles and conditions established in this paragraph, including an indicative allocation of funds, and with the procedures provided for in Article 14, the joint multiannual programming document provided for in paragraph 3(b) may be considered as the multiannual indicative programme.

For the purpose of this Regulation, where it complies with the principles and conditions established in this paragraph, including an indicative allocation of funds, and with the procedures provided for in Article 14, the joint multiannual programming document provided for in paragraph 3(b) may be considered as the multiannual indicative programme.

Multiannual indicative programmes shall set out the priority areas selected for Union financing, the specific objectives, the expected results, the performance indicators and the indicative financial allocation, both overall and per priority area. Where appropriate, this allocation may be given in the form of a range and/or some funds may be left unallocated.

Multiannual indicative programmes shall set out the priority areas selected for Union financing, the specific objectives, the expected results, the performance indicators, the commitments to be fulfilled by partner countries regarding human rights and reforms towards democratisation, the indicative financial allocation, both overall and per priority area and the conditions for suspension of assistance or re-allocation of funds. Where appropriate, this allocation may be given in the form of a range and/or some funds may be left unallocated.

The multiannual indicative programmes should be adjusted where necessary, taking into account any mid-term or ad hoc reviews of the strategy document on which they are based.

The multiannual indicative programmes should be adjusted where necessary, taking into account any mid-term or ad hoc reviews of the strategy document on which they are based. Serious and systematic violations of human rights shall trigger an automatic ad hoc review of the strategy document. Mid-term ad hoc reviews shall be communicated to the European Parliament and the Council and shall be made public and available to local stakeholders.

Pursuant to the principle of mutual accountability in the pursuit and fulfilment of agreed objectives, including those referring to good governance, democracy and respect for human rights and to the rule of law, indicative allocations may be increased or decreased as a result of reviews, particularly in the light of special needs such as those resulting from a crisis, post-crisis or fragility situation, or where performance has been exceptional or unsatisfactory.

Pursuant to the principle of mutual accountability in the pursuit and fulfilment of agreed objectives, including those referring to good governance, democracy and respect for human rights and to the rule of law, indicative allocations may be increased or decreased as a result of reviews, particularly in the light of special needs such as those resulting from a crisis, post-crisis or fragility situation, or where performance has been exceptional or unsatisfactory. The review process shall allow for consultation with local and international civil society organisations. The European Parliament and the Council shall be kept fully informed.

Amendment  33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. When drawing up the programming documents for countries in crisis, post-crisis, or fragility situations, due account shall be taken of the vulnerability, special needs and circumstances of the countries or regions concerned.

1. When drawing up the programming documents for countries in crisis, post-crisis, or fragility situations, due account shall be taken of the vulnerability, special needs and circumstances of the countries or regions concerned.

Proper attention should be given to conflict prevention, state and peace building, post-conflict reconciliation and reconstruction measures.

Proper attention should be given to conflict prevention, state and peace building, post-conflict reconciliation and reconstruction measures.

Where partner countries or groups of partner countries are directly involved in, or affected by, a crisis, post-crisis or fragility situation, special emphasis shall be placed on stepping up coordination between relief, rehabilitation and development to help them make the transition from an emergency situation to the development phase. Programmes for countries and regions in fragility or regularly subject to natural disasters shall provide for disaster preparedness and prevention and for managing the consequences of such disasters.

Where partner countries or groups of partner countries are directly involved in, or affected by, a crisis, post-crisis or fragility situation, special emphasis shall be placed on stepping up coordination between relief, rehabilitation and development to help them make the transition from an emergency situation to the development phase. These efforts shall be coordinated with other possible initiatives being taken by the Union and Member States, namely under Regulation (EU) No […/…] of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing an Instrument for Stability. Programmes for countries and regions in fragility or regularly subject to natural disasters shall provide for disaster preparedness and prevention and for managing the consequences of such disasters.

Amendment  34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. In cases of crises, post crisis and fragility situations or threats to democracy, the rule of law, human rights or fundamental freedoms requiring a swift response by the Union, the urgency procedure provided for in Article 15(4) of the Common Implementing Regulation may be used to modify the document referred to in Article 11 following an ad hoc review of the country's or region's cooperation strategy.

2. In cases of crises, post crisis and fragility situations or threats to democracy, peace and stability, the rule of law, human rights or fundamental freedoms requiring a swift response by the Union, the urgency procedure provided for in Article 15(4) of the Common Implementing Regulation may be used to modify the document referred to in Article 11 following an ad hoc review of the country's or region's cooperation strategy. The European Parliament shall be kept fully informed. Any measures undertaken shall not impede and be fully coordinated with any measures undertaken under Regulation (EU) No […/…] of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing an Instrument for Stability and Regulation (EU) No […/…] of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a financing instrument for the promotion of democracy and human rights worldwide, as well as any future actions by the Union to promote democracy.

Such reviews may propose a specific and adapted strategy to ensure the transition to long-term cooperation and development, promoting a better coordination and transition between the humanitarian and development policy instruments.

Such reviews may propose a specific and adapted strategy to ensure the engagement of possible new actors in partner countries, the transition to long-term cooperation and development, promoting a better coordination and transition between the peace-building, conflict prevention, humanitarian and development policy instruments.

Amendment  35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Multiannual indicative programmes for thematic programmes shall set out the Union's strategy for the theme concerned, the priorities selected for financing by the Union, the specific objectives, the expected results, the performance indicators, the international situation and the activities of the main partners. Where applicable, resources and intervention priorities shall be laid down for participation in global initiatives. Multiannual indicative programmes shall be consistent with the documents referred to in Article 11(3).

1. Multiannual indicative programmes for thematic programmes shall set out the Union's strategy for the theme concerned, the priorities selected for financing by the Union, the specific objectives, the expected results, the performance indicators, the conditions for the suspension of assistance or the re-allocation of funds, the international situation and the activities of the main partners. Where applicable, resources and intervention priorities shall be laid down for participation in global initiatives. Multiannual indicative programmes shall be consistent with the documents referred to in Article 11(3).

Amendment  36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The multiannual indicative programmes shall give the indicative financial allocation, both overall and by priority area. Where appropriate, this allocation may be given in the form of a range, and/or some funds may be left unallocated. Multiannual indicative programmes should be adjusted where necessary for an effective policy implementation, taking into account any mid-term or ad hoc reviews.

2. The multiannual indicative programmes shall give the indicative financial allocation, both overall and by priority area. Where appropriate, this allocation may be given in the form of a range, and/or some funds may be left unallocated. Multiannual indicative programmes should be adjusted where necessary for an effective policy implementation, taking into account any mid-term or ad hoc reviews. Mid-term and ad hoc reviews shall be communicated to the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union and made public and available to local stakeholders.

Amendment  37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Strategy papers shall be approved and multiannual indicative programmes shall be adopted by the Commission in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 15(3) of the Common Implementing Regulation. This procedure shall also apply to substantial reviews which have the effect of significantly modifying the strategy or its programming.

1. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 18 to approve strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes. This procedure shall also apply to substantial reviews which have the effect of significantly modifying the strategy or its programming.

Amendment  38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The procedure referred to in paragraph 1 shall not apply to non-substantial modifications to strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes, making technical adjustments, reassigning funds within the indicative allocations per priority area, or increasing or decreasing the size of the initial indicative allocation by less than 20%, provided that these modifications do not affect the priority areas and objectives set out in these documents. In such case, adjustments shall be communicated to the European Parliament and to the Council within one month.

2. The Commission, in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 15(3) of the Common Implementing Regulation, may proceed with non-substantial modifications to strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes, technical adjustments, reassigning funds within the indicative allocations per priority area, or increasing or decreasing the size of the initial indicative allocation by less than 20%, provided that these modifications do not affect the priority areas and objectives set out in these documents. In such case, adjustments shall be communicated to the European Parliament and to the Council within one month.

Amendment  39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Without prejudice to the provisions on suspension of aid in partnership and cooperation agreements with partner countries and regions, where a partner country fails to observe the principles referred to in Article 3(1), the Union shall invite the partner country to hold consultations in view of finding a solution acceptable to both parties, except in cases of special urgency. Where consultations with the partner country do not lead to a solution acceptable to both parties, or if consultations are refused or in cases of special urgency, the Council may take appropriate measures in accordance with Article 215(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which may include full or partial suspension of Union assistance.

Without prejudice to the provisions on suspension of aid in partnership and cooperation agreements with partner countries and regions, where a partner country fails to observe the principles referred to in Article 3(1), the Union shall invite the partner country to hold consultations in view of finding a solution acceptable to both parties, except in cases of special urgency. Where consultations with the partner country do not lead to a solution acceptable to both parties, or if consultations are refused or in cases of special urgency, the Council may take appropriate measures in accordance with Article 215(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which may include full or partial suspension of Union assistance. The European Parliament shall be kept fully informed of the start and progress of consultations and of their outcome, which should be made public.

Amendment  40

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point I – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) Decentralisation and local governance

Amendment  41

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point II– point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) Business environment, regional integration and world markets; and

(b) Business environment, regional integration and world markets;

Amendment  42

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point II– point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) Sustainable agriculture and energy.

(c) Sustainable agriculture and energy; and

Amendment  43

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point II– point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) Urban and territorial management and slum upgrading.

Amendment  44

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point III – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) Transition from humanitarian aid and crisis response to long-term development cooperation.

(c) Post-disaster reconstruction in developing partner countries, including rapid reaction and increased flexibility, and transition from humanitarian aid and crisis response to long-term development cooperation.

Amendment  45

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point III– point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) Conflict prevention.

Amendment  46

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – paragraph 3– point i a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ia) supporting peace-building and conflict prevention approaches;

Amendment  47

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – paragraph 3– point i b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ib) contributing to greater respect for human rights and democratisation.

Amendment  48

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – paragraph 4– point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da) promoting gender equality;

Amendment  49

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – paragraph 4 – point d b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(db) supporting peace-building and conflict prevention approaches.

Amendment  50

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – paragraph 5– point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea) promoting peace-building.

Amendment  51

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – part B – paragraph 3– point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) interventions in partner countries which support vulnerable and marginalised groups in least developed countries by providing basic services delivered through civil society organisations and local authorities;

(a) interventions in partner countries which support vulnerable and marginalised groups in least developed countries by improving local governance and providing basic services delivered through local authorities, and by facilitating their participation and representation in local life and in the development process through civil society organisations.

Amendment  52

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – part B – paragraph 3 e (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(e) developing capacity and preparedness of local, national and regional civil society organisations regarding conflict prevention and peace-building, with a special emphasis on the transfer of knowledge, methods and instruments in the field of dialogue, mediation, reconciliation and transitional justice.

Amendment  53

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – part B – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Local authorities encompass a large variety of sub-national levels and branches of government, i.e. municipalities, communities, districts, counties, provinces, regions etc.

Local authorities encompass a large variety of sub-national levels and branches of government, i.e. municipalities, communities, districts, counties, provinces, regions, and their associations at national, regional and global level.

PROCEDURE

Title

Establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation

References

COM(2011)0840 – C7-0493/2011 – 2011/0406(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

DEVE

17.1.2012

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

AFET

17.1.2012

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Ana Gomes

14.12.2011

Date adopted

10.7.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

55

0

0

Members present for the final vote

Pino Arlacchi, Bastiaan Belder, Franziska Katharina Brantner, Elmar Brok, Arnaud Danjean, Michael Gahler, Marietta Giannakou, Takis Hadjigeorgiou, Richard Howitt, Liisa Jaakonsaari, Ioannis Kasoulides, Tunne Kelam, Nicole Kiil-Nielsen, Maria Eleni Koppa, Andrey Kovatchev, Eduard Kukan, Vytautas Landsbergis, Ryszard Antoni Legutko, Krzysztof Lisek, Sabine Lösing, Ulrike Lunacek, Mario Mauro, Kyriakos Mavronikolas, Francisco José Millán Mon, María Muñiz De Urquiza, Raimon Obiols, Kristiina Ojuland, Ria Oomen-Ruijten, Pier Antonio Panzeri, Alojz Peterle, Bernd Posselt, Hans-Gert Pöttering, Tokia Saïfi, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Nikolaos Salavrakos, György Schöpflin, Charles Tannock, Inese Vaidere, Sir Graham Watson

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Jean-Jacob Bicep, Reinhard Bütikofer, Andrew Duff, Diogo Feio, Roberto Gualtieri, Barbara Lochbihler, Norbert Neuser, Teresa Riera Madurell, Ivo Vajgl, Luis Yáñez-Barnuevo García, Janusz Władysław Zemke

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Victor Boştinaru, Arkadiusz Tomasz Bratkowski, Lena Kolarska-Bobińska, Claudiu Ciprian Tănăsescu, Artur Zasada


OPINION of the Committee on International Trade (17.9.2012)

for the Committee on Development

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation

(COM(2011)0840 – C7-0493/2011 – 2011/0406(COD))

Rapporteur: Helmut Scholz

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The European Commission proposes a new Regulation establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation (DCI). The current regulation expires on 31. December 2013. In a co-decision procedure, the European Parliament is now facing the task of defining the character, objectives and areas of operation of the Union's largest external action financing instrument for the period 2014-2020.

The overarching development policy goal of the Union remains the active contribution to reduction and, in the long run, eradication of poverty, as defined in the Treaty on European Union. To this end, your rapporteur wants the DCI to also contribute to sustainable and inclusive economic, social and environmental development, including decent work, as well as promoting democracy, international labour standards, the rule of law, good governance and respect for human rights. To contribute more effectively to these objectives, the Commission proposes some changes to DCI.

The Commission intends to bring DCI in line with recent international trends in development policies. Your rapporteur welcomes this approach, but wishes to restrict the executive to base itself on documents drafted or approved by the legislative, in particular the Consensus for Development, rather than on documents drafted unilaterally by the executive itself. To further clarify the intended use of this instrument, your rapporteur proposes to the co-legislators to go into more detail in the Annexes IV and V to this regulation, and to subdue the changing of the annexes to a legislative act.

The Commission proposes to implement differentiation towards partner countries, taking into account their needs, capacities, commitments and performance and potential impact in the partner countries without allowing for a transitional period. Your rapporteur in principal welcomes a differentiated approach and a focus on countries and regions most in need, while the needs should be identified in close cooperation with the partner countries in a process, which shall involve parliaments and civil society. Your rapporteur is of the opinion that the Commission went too far in excluding countries from bilateral development cooperation, and proposes to reintroduce several Latin American countries to list of eligible countries in Annex III.

The Commission proposes to increase the flexibility and reduce the complexity in the implementation of the instrument. Your rapporteur welcomes efforts to increase the effectiveness of the instrument. But flexibility needs may not simply do away with parliamentary obligations to control the budget. The Commission's request to receive carte blanche for up to 60 % of this instrument's budget is hence not acceptable. Instead, the list of areas of development cooperation addressed through this instrument shall be exhaustive. Furthermore, your rapporteur wishes to preserve the option for the co-legislators to object to Commission proposals to reallocate funds above a certain threshold as well as changes of non-technical nature, by requiring changes to be introduced as delegated acts.

Furthermore your rapporteur is of the opinion that trade can be an important motor for development. However, it cannot be ignored that the OECD peer review 2012 reports trade policy issues as accounting for 25 percent of all cases of concern regarding the goal of policy coherence for development. The EU has made policy coherence for development a central pillar in its concerted fight against poverty. Thus the way trade issues are addressed in this instrument must be carefully brought into coherence with development objectives. Otherwise activities in the trade area would not qualify for funding from the DC instrument. Your rapporteur makes several proposals to bring objectives related to trade and economics in line with the development frame.

The support for the Joint Africa EU Strategy through DCI is a good innovation in the Commission proposal. To eradicate poverty, Africa needs to overcome its economic and trade fragmentation as was recently concluded in a study of the World Bank. Any efforts the EU can do to support regional and continental integration should be done.

The rapporteur finally also welcomes the substantial increase in funding for the DCI.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on International Trade calls on the Committee on Development, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) The European Consensus on Development and Commission communications "Increasing the impact of EU development Policy - An Agenda for Change", and "The future approach of EU budget support to third countries", as well as any future communication establishing basic orientations and principles for the Union's development policy, and their subsequent conclusions, provide the general policy framework, the orientations and the focus to guide the implementation of this Regulation.

(3) The European Consensus on Development, the Treaty on European Union (TEU), the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), and objectives approved by the Union and the Member States in the context of the United Nations and in particular the UNCTAD and UNDP as well as other competent international organisations provide the general policy framework, the orientations and the focus to guide the implementation of this Regulation.

Justification

The Union's executive should find guidance for the implementation of the Union's policy instruments in documents co-written or approved by the legislative, and not in communications issued unilaterally by the executive itself. Hence legislation should not include reference to documents not influenced by the legislators, in particular not in form of a carte blanche ("any future communication").

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The Union also aims to ensure coherence with other areas of its external action. This should be ensured when formulating the Union's development cooperation policy and its strategic planning programming and implementation of measures.

(5) The Union is fully committed to advance Policy Coherence for Development and to ensure consistency between the different areas of its external action and between these and its other policies. Union development cooperation policy has as its primary objective the reduction and eradication of poverty. Its external policy fosters the sustainable economic, social and environmental development of developing countries. This includes the advancement of human rights, social justice, labour standards, fair trade relations, and environmental and climate-relevant practices. Development programmes aiming to improve, expand, train or facilitate trade relations will follow the same principles.

This should be ensured when formulating strategic planning programming and implementation of measures. The Union aims to use the available resources efficiently so as to optimise their impact.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) The Union's policy and international action for development cooperation are guided by the MDGs, such as the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, including any subsequent modifications thereto, and by the development objectives and principles approved by the Union and its Member States, including in the context of their cooperation within the United Nations (UN) and other competent international organisations in the field of development cooperation.

(9) The Union's policy and international action for development cooperation are guided by the MDGs, such as the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, including any subsequent modifications thereto, and by the development objectives and principles approved by the Union and its Member States, including in the context of their cooperation within the United Nations (UN) and other competent international organisations in the field of development cooperation.

 

In concert with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the Union should help develop North-South and South-South industrial cooperation through investment, capacity-building, technology transfer and sustainable industrial development that helps developing countries draw advantage from the globalisation process.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) The members of the WTO committed themselves at the 4th Ministerial Conference in Doha to mainstream trade in development strategies and to provide trade-related technical and capacity building assistance, which was reiterated during the 7th WTO Ministerial Conference.

Justification

Reintroduces a relevant recital from the current DCI regulation.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9b) Improvements in domestic and intra-regional trade are a key element of successful growth and development strategies. The Union should increase its support for domestic trade needs and regional integration. It should assist integration into the world economy of developing countries in accordance with their demand, while remaining the most open market to developing countries in order to contribute to the success of these development strategies. The Union should enforce its policy of promoting multilateralism in trade policy and enhance the negotiating capacities of developing countries.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Union assistance should focus where it has more impact, having regard to its capacity to act on a global scale and respond to global challenges such as poverty eradication, sustainable and inclusive development and worldwide promotion of democracy, good governance, human rights and the rule of law, its long-term and predictable commitment to development assistance and its role in coordinating with its Member States. To ensure such impact, the principle of differentiation should be applied not only at the level of funds allocation, but also at the level of programming, to ensure that bilateral development cooperation targets partner countries most in need, including fragile states and states with high vulnerability, and with limited capacity to have access to other sources of financing for supporting their own development, having regard to the potential impact of the Union assistance in partner countries. As a consequence, bilateral programming would target such countries, pursuant to the application of objective criteria based on the needs and capacities of these countries, as well as the impact of EU assistance.

(11) Union assistance should focus where it has more impact, having regard to its capacity to act on a global scale and respond to global challenges such as poverty eradication, sustainable and inclusive development through open and fair trade, and worldwide promotion of democracy, good governance, human rights, international labour standards, and the rule of law, its long-term and predictable commitment to development assistance and its role in coordinating with its Member States. To ensure such impact, the principle of differentiation should be applied not only at the level of funds allocation, but also at the level of programming, to ensure that bilateral development cooperation benefits strongest those partner countries most in need, including fragile states and states with high vulnerability, and with limited capacity to have access to other sources of financing for supporting their own development, having regard to the potential impact of the Union assistance in partner countries. As a consequence, bilateral programming should focus on such countries, pursuant to the application of objective criteria based on the needs and capacities of these countries, as well as the impact of EU assistance. For countries no longer eligible for country-specific geographical programmes, provision should be made for phasing out assistance through a gradual approach, paying special attention to the needs of particularly vulnerable population groups and bearing in mind that some of those countries will also cease to enjoy the commercial advantages of the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP), meaning they will be negatively affected twice.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14) In a globalised world, different internal EU policies such as environment, climate change, employment (including decent work for all), gender equality, energy, water, transport, health, education, justice and security, research and innovation, information society, migration, agriculture and fisheries, are increasingly becoming part of the EU's external action. Commission Communication ‘Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth underlines the commitment of the Union to promote in its internal and external policies smart, inclusive and sustainable growth bringing together three pillars: economic, social and environmental.

(14) In a globalised world, different internal EU policies such as environment, climate change, promotion of renewable energies, employment (including decent work for all), gender equality, energy, water, transport, health, education, justice and security, culture, research and innovation, information society, migration, agriculture and fisheries, are increasingly becoming part of the EU's external action. The success of the Union's domestic strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth depends on the economic and societal advancement of the Union's international trade partners, which should be promoted in its internal and external policies.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) Fighting climate change and protecting the environment are among the great challenges which face the Union and where the need for international action is urgent. In accordance with the intent stated in Commission Communication "A budget for Europe 2020" of 29 June 2011, this Regulation should contribute to the objective of addressing at least 20% of the EU budget to low carbon and climate resilient society, and the global public goods and challenges programme should use at least 25% of its funds to cover climate change and environment. Actions in these two areas should, wherever possible, be mutually supportive in order to reinforce their impacts.

(15) Fighting climate change and protecting the environment are among the great challenges which face the Union and all its international trading and commercial partner countries and regions and where the need for international action is urgent. The present Regulation should add to the objective of addressing at least 20% of the EU budget to low carbon and climate resilient society, and the global public goods and challenges programme should use at least 25% of its funds to cover climate change and environment, taking into consideration the contribution to climate emissions of global trade and transport of goods, in particular of unprocessed raw materials. Actions in these two areas should, wherever possible, be mutually supportive in order to reinforce their impacts.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Commission communication "Increasing the impact of EU Development Policy: an Agenda for Change" envisages continued support for social inclusion and human development through at least 20% of the Union's development aid. To contribute to that end, at least 20% of the global public goods and challenges programme should support that area of development.

(16) Support for social inclusion and human development should be the objective of at least 20% of the Union's development aid. This should include support for the provision of basic social services, in particular in healthcare and education. At least 20% of the global public goods and challenges programme should support that area of development.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) The lists of partner countries under this Regulation should be adapted on the basis of possible changes to their status as established by the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD/DAC), as well as important changes in human development, aid dependency, crisis situations, vulnerability and other aspects including the dynamics of the development process. Such updates, reviews of the partner countries eligible for bilateral development cooperation and modifications in the definitions of detailed areas of cooperation and activities, and adjustments of the indicative financial allocation per programme, constitute non-essential elements of this Regulation. Consequently, in order to adapt its scope to the rapidly evolving reality in third countries, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty of the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission for updating the Annexes of this Regulation which includes the list of partner countries and regions eligible for Union financing, the definition of detailed areas of cooperation under geographic and thematic programmes and the indicative allocations per programme. It is of particular importance that the Commission should carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should further ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and Council.

(17) The lists of partner countries under this Regulation should be adapted on the basis of possible changes to their status as established by the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD/DAC), as well as important changes in human development, aid dependency, crisis situations, vulnerability and other aspects including the dynamics of the development process. Updates and reviews of the partner countries eligible for bilateral development cooperation and modifications in the definitions of areas of cooperation and activities, as well as adjustments of the indicative financial allocation per programme, should be submitted by the Commission as legislative proposals introducing the necessary modifications to Annexes I, III, IV, V, VI and VII of this regulation.

Justification

The co-legislators should maintain a high level of control over the financing made available from the Union's largest external financing instrument.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18) In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission.

deleted

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) The implementing powers relating to strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes laid down in Articles 11 to 14 of this Regulation should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission's exercise of implementing powers. Taking into account the nature of those implementing acts, in particular their policy orientation nature or their budgetary implications, the examination procedure should in general be used for their adoption, except for measures of a small financial scale. The Commission should adopt immediately applicable implementing acts where, in duly justified cases relating to the need for a swift response from the Union, imperative grounds of urgency so requires.

deleted

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii) promoting democracy, the rule of law, good governance and respect for human rights.

(ii) promoting, consolidating and advancing democracy, including through fair and transparent elections, strengthening respect for human rights, social justice, and international labour standards, fostering the rule of law, good governance in both the public and private sector, fair trade relations, and promoting respect for international conventions and the principles of international law regarding social and environmental standards.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) needs;

(a) sustainable development needs, as identified in close cooperation with the partner countries and regions concerned and their respective parliaments, taking into full consideration the views of socio-economic stakeholders and civil society;

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) capacities to generate and access financial resources and absorption capacities; and

(b) capacities to generate and access financial resources and absorption and audit capacities; and

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Title II – Article 3 – Paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The following cross-cutting issues shall be mainstreamed in all programmes: the promotion of human rights, gender equality, women empowerment, non-discrimination, democracy, good governance, the rights of the child and indigenous peoples' rights, social inclusion and the rights of persons with disabilities, environmental sustainability including addressing climate change and combating HIV/AIDS.

3. The following cross-cutting issues shall be mainstreamed in all programmes: the promotion of human rights, gender equality, women empowerment, non-discrimination, democracy, good governance, the rights of the child and indigenous peoples' rights, social inclusion, decent work, and the rights of persons with disabilities, environmental sustainability including addressing climate change and combating HIV/AIDS.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Particular attention shall be given to strengthening the rule of law, improving access to justice and supporting civil society, trade and sustainable development, access to ICTs, health and food security, as well as promoting dialogue, participation and reconciliation, and institution-building.

4. At regional, national, and local level, particular attention shall be given to strengthening the rule of law, the implementation and enforcement of legislation, in particular with regard to labour and environmental law, improving access to justice and supporting civil society, including monitoring activities, to advancing fair trade and sustainable development, to access to ICTs, public services, to health and food security, as well as to promoting dialogue, participation and reconciliation, and institution building.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. In implementing this Regulation, consistency shall be ensured with other areas of Union external action and with other relevant Union policies. To this end, measures financed under this Regulation, including those managed by the EIB, shall be based on the cooperation policies set out in instruments such as agreements, declarations and action plans between the Union and the third countries and regions concerned, and on the Union's decisions, specific interests, policy priorities and strategies.

5. In implementing this Regulation, and while observing the principle of policy coherence for development, consistency shall be ensured with other areas of Union external action, including international trade and commercial policy, and with other relevant Union policies. To this end, measures financed under this Regulation, including those managed by the EIB, shall support, where applicable, cooperation policies set out in instruments such as agreements, trade agreements, declarations and action plans between the Union and the third countries and regions concerned.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – Paragraph 8 - letter b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) inclusive and participatory approaches to development and a broad involvement of all segments of society in the development process and in national and regional dialogue, including political dialogue;

(b) inclusive and participatory approaches to development and a broad involvement of all segments of society in the development process and in national and regional dialogue, including political dialogue and national and regional parliaments in the partner countries and regions;

Amendment  20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 8 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) the development of North-South and South-South industrial cooperation through investment, capacity-building, technology transfer and sustainable industrial development that helps developing countries draw advantage from the globalisation process.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

9a. The Union will engage in dialogue with the partner countries to promote trade policy consultation and capacity building in their development strategies.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

10. The Commission shall seek regular exchanges of information with civil society.

10. The Commission shall seek regular consultations and exchanges of information with all parties concerned (governments and agencies of recipient countries, civil society, EU delegations, international, national or private organisations) in order to formulate and implement jointly the commercial aspect of their development strategies. It shall render an account of the result of these consultations to the European Parliament.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

10a. Union financing under this Regulation shall not be used to finance the procurement of arms or ammunition, nor operations having military or defence implications.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) bilaterally with partner countries set out in Annex III.

(b) on a country-by-country basis with partner countries set out in Annex III and, where appropriate, for a transitional period, with other partner countries set out in Annex I.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – Paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Geographic programmes may be drawn from the areas of cooperation contained in the "European Consensus", amongst others, in order to attain the objectives provided for in Article 2(1).

3. Geographic programmes shall be drawn from the areas of cooperation contained in the "European Consensus" and the common and specific areas of cooperation listed in Annex IV, in order to attain the objectives provided for in Article 2(1).

Common areas of cooperation and specific areas of cooperation for each region are set out in Annex IV.

 

Amendment  26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – Paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The objective of Union assistance under the programme ‘Global public goods and challenges’ shall be to support actions in areas such as the environment and climate change, sustainable energy, human development, food security, and migration and asylum.

1. The objective of Union assistance under the programme ‘Global public goods and challenges’ shall be to support actions in areas such as the environment and climate change, sustainable energy, human development, food security, fair trade, decent work, social justice, culture, and migration and asylum.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The multiannual indicative programme for the Pan-African programme shall be drawn up on the basis of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy and its Action plans.

3. The multiannual indicative programme for the Pan-African programme shall be drawn up on the basis of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy and its Action plans. Active involvement of the European Parliament, civil society as well as the respective African national and regional parliaments in drawing up this programme and monitoring its implementation shall be ensured.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

To that end, strategy papers shall, in principle, be based on a dialogue between the Union and the partner country or region, involving where appropriate, the relevant Member States, and the partner country or region, involving civil society and regional and local authorities, so as to ensure that the country or region concerned takes sufficient ownership of the process and to encourage support for national development strategies, particularly those for reducing poverty.

To that end, strategy papers shall, in principle, be based on a dialogue between the Union and the partner country or region, involving where appropriate, the relevant Member States, and the partner country or region, involving the national and regional parliament, civil society and regional and local authorities, so as to ensure that the country or region concerned takes sufficient ownership of the process and to encourage support for national development strategies, particularly those for reducing poverty.

Amendment  29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Strategy papers may be reviewed at their mid-term, or ad hoc if necessary, in accordance, as appropriate, with the principles and procedures laid down in the partnership and cooperation agreements concluded with the partner countries and regions.

2. Strategy papers shall be reviewed at their mid-term, or ad hoc if necessary, in accordance, as appropriate, with the principles and procedures laid down in the partnership and cooperation agreements concluded with the partner countries and regions. The review process shall be conducted in close consultation with the responsible committees of the European Parliament and its respective delegations, the parliaments of partner countries and regions and joint parliamentarian structures; it shall also include consultations with representatives from civil society and stakeholders of beneficiary countries.

Amendment  30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Strategy papers shall not be required for the countries or regions receiving an allocation of Union funds under this Regulation not exceeding EUR 50 million for the 2014-2020 period.

deleted

Justification

50 Million Euro is still a lot of money.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 5 - subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. Multiannual indicative programmes shall be drawn up for each of the countries or regions receiving an indicative allocation of Union funds under this Regulation Except for countries or regions mentioned in paragraph 4, these documents shall be drawn up on the basis of the strategy papers or similar documents referred to in this Article.

5. Multiannual indicative programmes shall be drawn up for each of the countries or regions receiving an indicative allocation of Union funds under this Regulation. These documents shall be drawn up on the basis of the strategy papers or similar documents referred to in this Article.

Justification

50 Million Euro is still a lot of money.

Amendment  32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Strategy papers shall be approved and multiannual indicative programmes shall be adopted by the Commission in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 15(3) of the Common Implementing Regulation. This procedure shall also apply to substantial reviews which have the effect of significantly modifying the strategy or its programming.

1. Strategy papers shall be approved and multiannual indicative programmes shall be adopted by the Commission through a delegated act. This procedure shall also apply to mid-term reviews and ad hoc reviews which have the effect of significantly modifying the strategy or its programming.

Amendment  33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The procedure referred to in paragraph 1 shall not apply to non-substantial modifications to strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes, making technical adjustments, reassigning funds within the indicative allocations per priority area, or increasing or decreasing the size of the initial indicative allocation by less than 20%, provided that these modifications do not affect the priority areas and objectives set out in these documents. In such case, adjustments shall be communicated to the European Parliament and to the Council within one month.

2. The procedure referred to in paragraph 1 shall not apply to non-substantial modifications to strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes, making technical adjustments, reassigning funds within the indicative allocations per priority area, or increasing or decreasing the size of the initial indicative allocation by less than 10%, provided that these modifications do not affect the priority areas and objectives set out in these documents. In such case, adjustments shall be communicated to the European Parliament and to the Council within one month.

Amendment  34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 18 to amend or supplement the Annexes I to VII to this Regulation.

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 18 to adopt, amend or supplement strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes.

Amendment  35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 - paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. The non-objection period for aligning Annex I, II and III to the decisions of the OECD/DAC reviewing the list of recipients laid down in Article 1(a) shall be one week.

deleted

Amendment  36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. All financial allocations to be disbursed under this Regulation shall be audited by the European Court of Auditors (hereinafter referred to as the ECA). The ECA may consult with relevant institutions of the beneficiary countries to protect the financial interests of the citizens of the Union against fraud and abuse and ensure economy, efficiency and effectiveness of Union financing under this Regulation.

Amendment  37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 - paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The indicative minimum amounts allocated to each programme referred to in Articles 5 to 9 for the period 2014-2020 are laid down in Annex VII. The amounts may be reallocated between programmes by a delegated act in accordance with Article 18. The amounts within the global public goods and challenges programme may be reallocated between subheadings by Commission decision which shall be communicated to the European Parliament and to the Council within one month of its adoption.

2. The indicative minimum amounts allocated to each programme referred to in Articles 5 to 9 for the period 2014-2020 are laid down in Annex VII. The amounts may be reallocated between programmes by a delegated act in accordance with Article 18.

Amendment  38

Proposal for a regulation

Annex III

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

PARTNER COUNTRIES AND REGIONS WITH A BILATERAL COOPERATION ACCORDING TO ARTICLE 5(2)

PARTNER COUNTRIES AND REGIONS WITH A BILATERAL COOPERATION ACCORDING TO ARTICLE 5(2)

The following partner countries benefit from bilateral development assistance under this Regulation pursuant to Article 5(2):

The following partner countries benefit from bilateral development assistance under this Regulation pursuant to Article 5(2):

1. Bolivia

1. Bolivia

 

1a. Colombia

 

1b. Costa Rica

2. Cuba

2. Cuba

 

2a. Ecuador

3. El Salvador

3. El Salvador

4. Guatemala

4. Guatemala

5. Honduras

5. Honduras

6. Nicaragua

6. Nicaragua

 

6a. Panama

7. Paraguay

7. Paraguay

 

7a. Peru

8. Afghanistan

8. Afghanistan

9. Bangladesh

9. Bangladesh

10. Bhutan

10. Bhutan

11. Cambodia

11. Cambodia

12. Democratic People's Republic of Korea

12. Democratic People's Republic of Korea

13. Laos

13. Laos

14. Mongolia

14. Mongolia

15. Myanmar/Burma

15. Myanmar/Burma

16. Nepal

16. Nepal

17. Pakistan

17. Pakistan

18. Philippines

18. Philippines

19. Sri Lanka

19. Sri Lanka

20. Viet Nam

20. Viet Nam

21. Kyrgyz Republic

21. Kyrgyz Republic

22. Tajikistan

22. Tajikistan

23. Turkmenistan

23. Turkmenistan

24. Uzbekistan

24. Uzbekistan

25. Iraq

25. Iraq

26. Yemen

26. Yemen

27. South Africa

27. South Africa

Amendment  39

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – point A – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Geographic programmes may be drawn, inter alia, from the areas of cooperation identified hereafter, which should not be read to equate with sectors. Priorities will be established in accordance with the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions "Increasing the impact of EU Development Policy: an Agenda for Change" and with the subsequent conclusions from the Council institutions.

Geographic programmes shall be drawn from the European Consensus and the areas of cooperation identified hereafter, which should not be read to equate with sectors. Priorities will be established in cooperation with the respective partner country or region, including the involvement of civil society and parliaments, and will be guided by the Millennium Development Goals.

Amendment  40

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point I – heading

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

I. Human rights, democracy and other key elements of good governance

I. Human rights, democracy and other key elements of good governance in the public and private sectors

Amendment  41

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point I – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) Democracy, human rights and the rule of law;

(a) Democracy, including fair and transparent elections, respect for human rights, including political, economic, social and cultural rights, as enshrined in the United Nation's Universal Declaration of Human Rights, for labour rights and the rule of law;

Amendment  42

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point I – point a – indents (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- support for the monitoring of violations of democratic rights, human rights, and labour rights, including support for civil society organisations, journalists, and for the ILO and other specialised international organisations;

 

- support for the implementation and enforcement of legislation concerning democratic rights, human rights, and labour rights, also as a contribution to the fight against social dumping;

 

- support for awareness-building among the population with regard to existing democratic rights, human rights, and labour rights and respective international agreements and standards;

 

- support for capacity-building for trade unions and cooperatives.

Amendment  43

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point I – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa) Access to justice;

 

- in particular for victims of European transnational companies, if they violate rights of workers and/or cause damage to the environment, facilitating action at national, regional or European courts,

 

- strengthening appeal procedures for individuals and collectivities affected by company activity,

 

- supporting enabling measures for social, economic and environmental rights;

Amendment  44

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point I – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) Public sector management;

(c) Public sector management, including financial management, transparency and accountability;

Amendment  45

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point I – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) Tax policy and administration;

(d) Tax policy and administration, in particular:

 

- supporting transparent domestic tax systems for citizens and companies, and developing local monitoring capacities,

 

- fighting tax avoidance and tax evasion,

 

- promoting country-by-country reporting,

Amendment  46

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point I – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) Corruption;

(e) Anti-Corruption Activities;

Amendment  47

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point I – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f) Civil society and local authorities;

(f) Elected local authorities, including, where appropriate, traditional and customary authorities, and civil society;

Amendment  48

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point I – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g) Natural resources; and

(g) Sustainable, transparent and inclusive management of natural resources, including raw materials;

Amendment  49

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – point A – point I – point g – indents (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- support for capacity-building in good governance and management of raw materials;

 

- supporting the implementation of ILO convention 169;

 

- support for the official and civil society-based monitoring of country-by-country and project-by-project reporting of undertakings active in the extractive and logging sector;

 

- support for investment and vocational training schemes related to the domestic processing of raw materials;

 

- support for regional cooperation in the management of raw material reserves extending across borders;

 

- support for technological cooperation regarding the most environmentally sound forms of extraction and transport of raw materials;

 

- support for protection measures of nature reserves against raw materials prospection and extraction, including the Yasuni ITT initiative and comparable projects.

Amendment  50

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point II – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) Business environment, regional integration and world markets; and

(b) Business environment, regional integration, and trade on local, domestic, regional and world markets; support for the development of local production systems, particularly by promoting the development of local crafts, SMEs, micro-enterprises, cooperatives and fair trade principles; and

Amendment  51

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – point A – point II – point b – indents (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

- assisting partner countries and regions on trade, investment and regional integration including technical assistance and capacity-building to design and implement sound trade policies, favouring a more conducive business environment, sound economic and financial policies, tax transparency and private sector development in particular of SMEs, with a focus on marketing local produce locally, as well as on the national and regional markets, but also with a view to partner countries and regions benefiting from their smooth and gradual integration into the world economy and to supporting social justice and pro-poor growth;

 

- assisting developing countries on trade and regional and continental integration efforts (including South-South initiatives) through fostering equitable and environmentally sustainable growth, and in exchanging best practice with regard to trade negotiations, the linking of trade and poverty reduction or equivalent strategies, other policies in areas such as markets, infrastructure and cross-border cooperation on access by the poor to water, sustainable energy and human security;

 

- improving trade negotiation capacities; supporting accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) and implementation of WTO agreements by technical assistance and capacity-building; assisting partner countries in trade facilitation;

 

- supporting economic and trade cooperation and strengthening investment relations between the Community and partner countries and regions, including by actions to promote and ensure that private actors, including local and European businesses, contribute to socially responsible and sustainable economic development, including respect for the core labour standards of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and by actions to promote local capacity building;

 

- supporting the implementation and monitoring of sustainable development provisions in Trade Agreements with developing countries, including capacity-building for social partners, thereby ensuring a better interplay between trade, employment and social protection;

 

- supporting fair trade;

 

- support decent work and respective wages;

 

- support for the formation of cooperatives, in particular in the agriculture and fisheries sector, including management capacity building, support for schemes aiming at joint usage of machineries, transport, storage and cooling, training and marketing;

 

- engaging with the private sector with a focus on financing, including micro-credit schemes, for domestic companies and leveraging of domestic capitals, in particular at MSME level, in order to enhance socially responsible and sustainable development;

 

- support for the development of high-quality inclusive public services for the benefit of the whole population, including cooperation with the European Investment Bank and other large international financing institutions;

 

- supporting developing countries in the building-up of a prospering ICT sector, including software development, institutional support for protection of traditional knowledge, defence of IPRs of their creative sector, including creative solutions such as patent pools;

 

- building-up of fair economic partnerships, regulatory dialogues and economic cooperation to give a boost to partner country economies in order to eradicate poverty.

Amendment  52

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point II – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) Sustainable agriculture and energy.

(c) Sustainable, in particular small-scale agriculture and renewable energy.

Amendment  53

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part A – point III – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) Migration and asylum; and

(b) Support migration and asylum; and

Amendment  54

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – introductory paragraph

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

European Union assistance shall support actions and sectoral dialogues consistent with Article 5 and with the overall purpose and scope, objective and general principles of this Regulation. Appropriate consideration shall be given to the areas described below, reflecting jointly-agreed strategies, partnership, cooperation and trade agreements. Priorities will be established in accordance with the Communication ‘An Agenda for Change’ and with the subsequent conclusions of the Council.

European Union assistance shall support actions and sectoral dialogues consistent with Article 5 and with the overall purpose and scope, objective and general principles of this Regulation. Appropriate consideration shall be given to the areas described below, reflecting jointly-agreed strategies, partnership, cooperation and agreements contributing to open and fair trade. Priorities will be established in accordance with the Communication ‘An Agenda for Change’ and with the subsequent conclusions of the Council.

Amendment  55

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – Latin America – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) encouraging social cohesion, in particular social inclusion, decent work and equity, gender equality and women empowerment;

(a) encouraging social cohesion, in particular social inclusion, labour rights, decent work and equity, including support for trade unions and cooperatives, gender equality and women empowerment;

Amendment  56

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – Latin America – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) addressing governance issues and supporting policy reforms, in particular in the areas of social policies, public finance management and taxation, security (including drugs, criminality and corruption), reinforcement of good governance and public institutions (including through innovative mechanisms for the provision of technical cooperation, e.g. TAIEX and twinning), protection of human rights, including the indigenous peoples' and afro-descendents’ rights, environment, fight against discrimination, and fight against production, consumption and trafficking of drugs;

(b) addressing governance issues and supporting policy reforms, in particular in the areas of social policies, public finance management and taxation, security (including drugs, criminality and corruption), reinforcement of good governance and public institutions (including through innovative mechanisms for the provision of technical cooperation, e.g. TAIEX and twinning), protection of human rights, including the indigenous peoples' and afro-descendents’ rights, respect for the fundamental labour standards of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), environment, fight against discrimination, and fight against production, consumption and trafficking of drugs;

Amendment  57

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – Latin America – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f) addressing economic vulnerability and contributing to structural transformation by establishing strong partnerships around trade, investments, know-how and research, innovation and technology, and promoting sustainable and inclusive growth in all its dimensions, with particular attention to the challenges of migratory flows, food security (including sustainable agriculture and fisheries), climate change, sustainable energies and the protection and enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services, including water and forests, as well as on productive investment for more and better jobs in the green economy;

(f) addressing economic vulnerability and contributing to structural transformation by establishing strong partnerships around open and fair trade relations, productive investments for more and better jobs in the green and inclusive economy, knowledge transfer and cooperation in research, innovation and technology, and promoting sustainable and inclusive growth in all its dimensions, with particular attention to the challenges of migratory flows, food security (including sustainable agriculture and fisheries), climate change, sustainable energies and the protection and enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services, including water, soil and forests; supporting the development of micro, small and medium enterprises as the main source for inclusive growth, development and jobs; promoting development aid for trade to ensure that Latin American MSMEs can benefit from international trading opportunities;

Amendment  58

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – Latin America – point f a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fa) mitigating the adverse effects that exclusion from the scheme of generalised tariff preferences will have on the economies of many of the countries in the region.

Amendment  59

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – Asia – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) encouraging social cohesion, in particular social inclusion, decent work and equity, gender equality and women empowerment;

(a) encouraging social cohesion, in particular social inclusion, labour rights, decent work and equity, including support for trade unions and cooperatives, gender equality and women empowerment;

Amendment  60

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – Asia – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) establishing inclusive partnerships around trade, investment, aid, migration, research, innovation and technology;

(b) contributing to structural transformation by establishing inclusive partnerships around fair trade relations, productive investments for more and better jobs in the green and inclusive economy, knowledge transfer and cooperation in research, innovation and technology, and promoting sustainable and inclusive growth in all its dimensions, with particular attention to the challenges of migratory flows, food security (including sustainable agriculture and fisheries), climate change, sustainable energies and the protection and enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services, including water, soil and forests;

Amendment  61

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – Asia – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) supporting an active and organised civil society for development and fostering public private partnerships;

(d) supporting an active and organised civil society, including the strengthening of trade unions' and employers' organisations for social dialogue;

Amendment  62

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – Central Asia – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) promoting constitutional reform and legislative, regulatory and administrative approximation with the Union, including further democratisation and organised civil society, support for the rule of law, good governance, taxation and strengthening of national institutions and bodies, such as election bodies, parliaments, public administration reform and public financial management;

(a) promoting constitutional reform and legislative, regulatory and administrative approximation with the Union, with a focus on further democratisation, respect for human rights, strengthening of an organised civil society, including trade unions' and employers' organisations for social dialogue, support for the rule of law, good governance, taxation and strengthening of national institutions and bodies, such as election bodies, parliaments, an independent judiciary, public administration reform and public financial management;

Amendment  63

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – Central Asia – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) promoting inclusive and sustainable economic growth, addressing social and regional inequalities, and supporting policies in areas such as education, research, innovation and technology, health, decent work, sustainable energy, agriculture and rural development, fostering SMEs, while stimulating the development of a market economy, trade and investment, including regulatory reforms and the support for integration into the WTO;

(b) promoting inclusive and sustainable economic growth, addressing social and regional inequalities, and supporting policies in areas such as education, research, innovation and technology, health, decent work, sustainable energy, agriculture and rural development; promoting economic diversification by supporting MSMEs, while stimulating the development of a social market economy, open and fair trade and investment, including regulatory reforms and the support for integration into the WTO;

Amendment  64

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – Middle East – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) promoting sustainable economic reform and diversification, trade, the development of a market economy, productive and sustainable investment in the main sectors (such as energy, including renewable energy), public private partnerships, and partner countries' integration in the WTO;

(c) promoting sustainable economic reform and diversification, open and fair trade relations, the development of a sustainable social market economy, productive and sustainable investment in the main sectors (such as energy, with a focus on renewable energy), and, if they wish to do so, partner countries' integration in the WTO;

Amendment  65

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – Middle East – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) complementing resources deployed under this instrument by coherent work and support through other EU instruments, which may focus on wider regional integration, promoting the EU's interests in fields such as economy, energy, research, innovation and technology, fighting against production, consumption and trafficking of drugs in the context of the security and development nexus, as well as managing migration and helping displaced persons and refugees in the context of the development and migration nexus.

(e) complementing resources deployed under this instrument by coherent work and support through other EU instruments, which may focus on wider regional integration, promoting mutual interests in fields such as sustainable economy, economic recovery and protection against financial crises, renewable energy, research, innovation and technology; supporting the development of reliable, accessible and user-friendly channels of financing, including microcredit and counter-guarantee schemes by the European Investment Bank; fighting against production, consumption and trafficking of drugs in the context of the security and development nexus; promoting coherent migration management and fostering well-managed mobility, as well as helping displaced persons and refugees with practical solutions in the context of the development and migration nexus.

Amendment  66

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – South Africa – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) providing support to the adjustment efforts triggered by the establishment of various free-trade areas;

(b) providing support to the regional trade integration of South Africa and its SADC partners with a view to possible future free-trade areas between them and intensified trade relations with the EU;

Amendment  67

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – South Africa – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) overcoming economic vulnerability and achieving structural transformation with emphasis on decent employment through sustained and inclusive economic growth, a low carbon green economy and sustainable development in all its dimensions (including sustainable agriculture and fisheries) and enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services;

(d) addressing economic vulnerability and contributing to structural transformation with emphasis on decent employment through sustainable and inclusive economic growth and an energy-efficient, renewables-based low carbon economy by establishing strong partnerships around fair trade relations, productive investments for more and better jobs in the green and inclusive economy, knowledge transfer and cooperation in research, innovation and technology, and promoting sustainable and inclusive development in all its dimensions, with particular attention to the challenges of migratory flows, housing, food security (including sustainable agriculture and fisheries), climate change, sustainable energies and the protection and enhancement of biodiversity and ecosystem services, including water and soil;

Amendment  68

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – point A – introductory paragraph

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

In compliance with the conditions laid down in Article 6, the Global public goods and challenges programme aims at strengthening cooperation, exchange of knowledge and experience and partner countries' capacities. The programme may be drawn inter alia from the following areas of cooperation, ensuring a maximum synergy amongst them in light of their strong interconnection:

In compliance with the conditions laid down in Article 6, the Global public goods and challenges programme aims at strengthening cooperation, exchange of knowledge and experience and partner countries' capacities. The programme shall be drawn from the European Consensus for Development and the following areas of cooperation, ensuring a maximum synergy amongst them in light of their strong interconnection:

Amendment  69

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – part A – Sustainable Energy – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) promoting energy security through e.g. diversification of sources and routes, considering price volatility issues, emission reduction potential, improving markets and fostering energy interconnections and trade.

(c) promoting energy security through e.g. diversification of sources and routes, considering price volatility issues, emission reduction potential, improving markets and fostering energy interconnections and open and fair trade.

Amendment  70

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – part A – Human Development – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Promoting actions aiming at creating more and better jobs, in areas such as developing the competitiveness and resilience of local MSMEs and their integration into the global economy, assisting developing countries to integrate into the multilateral trading system, developing the private sector and improving the business environment, supporting the definition and implementation of industrial innovation and technology policies and of trade policies and agreements, supporting regional integration efforts, promoting investment relations between the EU and partner countries and regions and leveraging private and public investment and cooperation through innovative financial instruments. Promoting the green economy, resource efficiency and sustainable consumption and production processes. Promoting the use of electronic communications as a tool to support growth across all sectors in order to bridge the digital divide, to achieve an adequate policy and regulatory framework in this area and promoting the development of necessary infrastructure and the use of services and applications based on ICT.

Promoting actions aiming at creating more and better jobs, in areas such as developing the competitiveness and resilience of local MSMEs and their access to local, national, regional and global markets, assisting developing countries to integrate into regional and multilateral trading systems, developing local crafts, which serve to preserve the local cultural heritage, developing the private sector including micro-credit schemes, and improving the business environment, supporting the development of the local economy and local production systems, the definition and implementation of industrial innovation and technology policies and of fair trade relations, capacity building with regard to the negotiation of trade agreements, supporting regional integration efforts, leveraging private and public investment and cooperation through innovative financial instruments. Priority should be given to promotion of trade with domestic impact in the partner country and trade that benefits the small operators and the poor, while Aid for Trade should be better targeted; promoting the green and inclusive economy, resource efficiency and sustainable consumption and production processes. Promoting the use of electronic communications as a tool to support growth across all sectors in order to bridge the digital divide, to achieve an adequate policy and regulatory framework in this area and promoting the development of necessary infrastructure and the use of services and applications based on ICT.

Amendment  71

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – part A – Migration and Asylum – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) ensuring better management of migratory flows in all their dimensions;

(b) ensuring better management of migratory flows in all their dimensions and better protection of migrants in all respects, ensuring better protection of refugees and secure entry routes into the Union;

Amendment  72

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – part B – paragraph 2 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba) making European consumers more aware of fair and sustainable trade and promoting access to European markets for goods produced fairly.

PROCEDURE

Title

Establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation

References

COM(2011)0840 – C7-0493/2011 – 2011/0406(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

DEVE

17.1.2012

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

INTA

17.1.2012

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Helmut Scholz

25.1.2012

Discussed in committee

30.5.2012

11.7.2012

 

 

Date adopted

17.9.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

21

1

2

Members present for the final vote

William (The Earl of) Dartmouth, Marielle de Sarnez, Christofer Fjellner, Metin Kazak, Franziska Keller, David Martin, Vital Moreira, Paul Murphy, Helmut Scholz, Robert Sturdy, Gianluca Susta, Henri Weber, Jan Zahradil

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Amelia Andersdotter, Josefa Andrés Barea, George Sabin Cutaş, Béla Glattfelder, Silvana Koch-Mehrin, Tokia Saïfi, Jarosław Leszek Wałęsa, Pablo Zalba Bidegain

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Eric Andrieu, Jolanta Emilia Hibner, Gabriel Mato Adrover


OPINION of the Committee on Budgets (13.7.2012)

for the Committee on Development

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation.

(COM(2011)0840 – C7-0493/2011 – 2011/0406(COD))

Rapporteur: Jan Kozłowski

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The EU is the world's largest donor of development assistance, and together with its Member States it provides more than half of the total aid to developing countries. Furthermore, at the last Millennium Development Goal Summit the EU reconfirmed its intention to keep its leading position in development assistance by pledging to meet the 07.% GNI target by 2015 and to assess progress towards this goal every year.

The present Commission proposal for a regulation establishing a financial instrument for development cooperation will provide the Union with the necessary tools to meet its commitments for the 2014 – 2020 Multiannual Financial Framework. The new DCI will share the goals of its predecessor, notably the objective of eradicating poverty in partner countries and regions. The geographic scope of the new DCI will build on the existing instrument and will provide a better legal basis for the implementation of cross-regional initiatives, such as the Joint Africa – EU Strategy.

Development assistance at Union level is especially valuable due to the impartial position of the EU to deliver external aid and to complement Member States efforts in this direction. In times of austerity, a more coordinated and integrated approach between EU and Member States' policy programming is ever more important to tackle the global challenges more effectively and the current Commission proposal aims at strengthening this cooperation capacity further. Furthermore, the regulatory environment would be simplified for the next programming period, which should provide easier access to financing for beneficiaries. Your rapporteur wants to stress that EU spending of development aid must be measurable, accountable and designed to have maximum impact on poverty eradication.

The Commission also proposes a more differentiated approach to targeting union assistance where it is most needed and where it would have the biggest impact.

Budgetary implication

The Commission proposes an increase of 17.87% in the financial allocations available for the DCI for the next MFF (from EUR 17 474 mln in 2007 – 2013 to EUR 20 597 in 2014 – 2020). Contrary to the current instrument, the new regulation envisages leaving some funds unallocated to tackle unforeseen events and challenges.

The indicative financial allocations for the period 2014 – 2020 are given in Annex VII to the proposal for Regulation, which can be amended or updated by the Commission through a delegated act. Approximately 31.8 % of the DCI global public goods and challenges thematic allocations for the next MFF will be directed towards environment and climate change, 12.7% for sustainable energy measures, 20% will be earmarked of human development, 28.4% for food security and sustainable agriculture, and 7% for migration and asylum. Your rapporteur would like to underline that allocations for fighting climate change should not jeopardise the main tasks and objectives of development cooperation, namely poverty eradication and attainment of the Millennium Development Goals as well as promotion of democracy, human rights, rule of law and good governance. All these are preconditions for establishing a functioning and stable market economy in the developing countries.

A considerable percentage of European development aid is channelled through the Commission while most of aid is directly allocated by Member States. At the same time, the Union is better placed in the position of ensuring predictability of development support and identifying budgets and spending priorities on long term basis than Member States, because of its multiannual planning provided in the MFF. This competitive advantage should be capitalised and any potential overlaps between MS and Union assistance should be avoided.

Additionally, funding for higher education will be provided through the framework of the “Erasmus for All” programme, through 2 multiannual allocations to be reflected in the multiannual indicative programming of the DCI. Your rapporteur would like to replace this indicative amount with a relative percentage in view of the uncertainty concerning the final figures to be allocated to the participating external action instruments.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Budgets calls on the Committee on Development, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Draft legislative resolution

Paragraph 1 a (new)

Draft legislative resolution

Amendment

 

1a. Points out that the financial envelope specified in the legislative proposal constitutes only an indication to the legislative authority and cannot be fixed until agreement is reached on the proposal for a regulation laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020;

Amendment  2

Draft legislative resolution

Paragraph 1 b (new)

Draft legislative resolution

Amendment

 

1b. Recalls its resolution of 8 June 2011 on "Investing in the future: a new Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for a competitive, sustainable and inclusive Europe"1; reiterates that sufficient additional resources are needed in the next MFF in order to enable the Union to fulfil its existing policy priorities and the new tasks provided for in the Treaty of Lisbon, as well as to respond to unforeseen events; challenges the Council, if it does not share this approach, to clearly identify which of its political priorities or projects could be dropped altogether, despite their proven European added value;

 

_________________

 

1 Texts adopted, P7_TA(2011)0266.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a)This Regulation should lay down, for the entire duration of the instrument, a financial envelope constituting the prime reference, within the meaning of point [] of the Interinstitutional Agreement of XX/201Z between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management, for the budgetary authority during the annual budgetary procedure.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1b)Improving implementation and quality of spending should constitute guiding principles for achieving the objectives of the instrument while ensuring optimal use of the financial resources.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1c) It is important to ensure sound financial management of the instrument and its implementation in the most effective and user-friendly manner possible, while also ensuring legal certainty and the accessibility of the instrument to all participants.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) The Union is founded on the values of democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, the principles of equality and solidarity and respect for the principles of the UN Charter and international law. It seeks to develop and consolidate commitment to these values in partner countries and regions through dialogue and cooperation.

(4) The Union is founded on the values of democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, gender equality, the principles of equality and solidarity and respect for the principles of the UN Charter and international law. It seeks to develop and consolidate commitment to these values in partner countries and regions through dialogue and cooperation.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The Union also aims to ensure coherence with other areas of its external action. This should be ensured when formulating the Union's development cooperation policy and its strategic planning programming and implementation of measures.

(5) The Union also aims to ensure coherence with other areas of its external action as well as its internal policies. This should be ensured when formulating the Union's development cooperation policy and its strategic planning programming and implementation of measures.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) With a view to policy coherence for development, it is important that Union non-development policies assist developing countries' efforts in achieving the MDGs in line with Article 208 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) Bearing in mind that there is a high level of poverty in lower and middle income countries, special attention should be given to poverty reduction in thematic and geographical programmes available under DCI for these countries, while ensuring complementarity with the Partnership instrument.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The Union and the Member States should improve the consistency and the complementarity of their respective policies on development cooperation, in particular by responding to partner countries' and regions' priorities at country and regional level. To ensure that the Union's development cooperation policy and that of the Member States complement and reinforce each other, it is appropriate to provide for joint programming procedures which should be implemented whenever possible and relevant.

(8) The Union and the Member States should improve the consistency, coordination and the complementarity of their respective policies on development cooperation, in particular by responding to partner countries' and regions' priorities at country and regional level. To ensure that the Union's development cooperation policy and that of the Member States complement and reinforce each other, it is appropriate to provide for joint programming procedures which should be implemented whenever possible and relevant.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) The Union's policy and international action for development cooperation are guided by the MDGs, such as the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, including any subsequent modifications thereto, and by the development objectives and principles approved by the Union and its Member States, including in the context of their cooperation within the United Nations (UN) and other competent international organisations in the field of development cooperation.

(9) The Union's policy and international action for development cooperation are guided by the MDGs, such as the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, including any subsequent modifications thereto, and by the development objectives and principles approved by the Union and its Member States, and the European Parliament, including in the context of their cooperation within the United Nations (UN) and other competent international organisations in the field of development cooperation.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) The European Union is strongly committed to gender equality as a human right, a question of social justice and a core value of the Union development policy; gender equality is central in achieving all MDGs; the Council has adopted the EU Plan of Action on Gender equality and Women's Empowerment in Development (2010-2015).

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Union assistance should focus where it has more impact, having regard to its capacity to act on a global scale and respond to global challenges such as poverty eradication, sustainable and inclusive development and worldwide promotion of democracy, good governance, human rights and the rule of law, its long-term and predictable commitment to development assistance and its role in coordinating with its Member States. To ensure such impact, the principle of differentiation should be applied not only at the level of funds allocation, but also at the level of programming, to ensure that bilateral development cooperation targets partner countries most in need, including fragile states and states with high vulnerability, and with limited capacity to have access to other sources of financing for supporting their own development, having regard to the potential impact of the Union assistance in partner countries. As a consequence, bilateral programming would target such countries, pursuant to the application of objective criteria based on the needs and capacities of these countries, as well as the impact of EU assistance.

(11) Union assistance should focus where it has more impact, having regard to its capacity to act on a global scale and respond to global challenges such as poverty eradication, sustainable and inclusive development, worldwide promotion of democracy, good governance, human rights and the rule of law, its long-term and predictable commitment to development assistance and its role in coordinating with its Member States. To ensure such impact, each country analysis and programming should contain a conflict analysis and the principle of differentiation should be applied not only at the level of funds allocation, but also at the level of programming, to ensure that bilateral development cooperation targets partner countries most in need, including fragile states and states with high vulnerability, and with limited capacity to have access to other sources of financing for supporting their own development, having regard to the potential impact of the Union assistance in partner countries. As a consequence, bilateral programming would target such countries, pursuant to the application of objective criteria based on the needs and capacities of these countries, as well as the impact of EU assistance. To ensure the greatest impact of Union assistance in the world, the implementation of this Regulation should be strictly coordinated with programmes and actions funded under other Regulations establishing external financing instruments, namely Regulation (EU) No [.../...] of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing an Instrument for Stability and Regulation (EU) No [.../...] of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a financing instrument for the promotion of democracy and human rights worldwide and Regulation EU No [.../...] (COM (2011) 843) of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Partnership Instrument for cooperation with third countries.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) This Regulation should provide an enabling framework for programming, allowing enhanced consistency between Union policies by using a joint framework document as a basis for programming. It should enable full alignment with partner countries and regions by relying, where appropriate, on national development plans or similar comprehensive development documents; and pursue a better coordination amongst donors, in particular between the Union and its Member States, through joint programming.

(12) This Regulation should provide an enabling framework for programming, allowing enhanced policy coherence for development between Union policies by using a joint framework document as a basis for programming. It should enable full alignment with partner countries and regions by relying, where possible, on national development plans or similar comprehensive development documents adopted by the partner countries' or regions' parliaments in consultation with their respective civil societies; and pursue a better coordination amongst donors, in particular between the Union and its Member States, through joint programming.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) Fighting climate change and protecting the environment are among the great challenges which face the Union and where the need for international action is urgent. In accordance with the intent stated in Commission Communication ‘A budget for Europe 2020’ of 29 June 2011 , this Regulation should contribute to the objective of addressing at least 20% of the EU budget to low carbon and climate resilient society, and the global public goods and challenges programme should use at least 25% of its funds to cover climate change and environment. Actions in these two areas should, wherever possible, be mutually supportive in order to reinforce their impacts.

(15) Fighting climate change and protecting the environment are among the great challenges which face the Union and the developing countries, and where the need for international action is urgent. In accordance with the intent stated in Commission Communication ‘A budget for Europe 2020’ of 29 June 2011 , this Regulation should contribute to the objective of targeting the EU budget towards low carbon and climate resilient society, and the global public goods and challenges programme should use part of its funds to cover climate change and environment. Actions in these two areas should, wherever possible, be mutually supportive in order to reinforce their impacts, notwithstanding the fact that the main objective of this instrument is the achievement of MDGs including fight against poverty. As pledged by the EU in the Copenhagen Accord, resources for mitigation and adaptation in developing countries shall be new and additional.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Commission communication ‘Increasing the impact of EU Development Policy: an Agenda for Change’ envisages continued support for social inclusion and human development through at least 20% of the Union's development aid. To contribute to that end, at least 20% of the global public goods and challenges programme should support that area of development.

(16) Commission communication ‘Increasing the impact of EU Development Policy: an Agenda for Change’ envisages continued support for social inclusion and human development through at least 20% of the Union's development aid. The priority "social inclusion and human development" is to be understood as encompassing basic social services including health and education. To contribute to that end, at least 20% of the global public goods and challenges programme should support that area of development.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Aid shall also focus on reinforcing the partner countries’ fiscal policy and promoting mobilisation of domestic revenue which shall lead to the reduction of poverty and of aid dependency in the future, while fostering sustainable economic growth and social development.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The achievement of these objectives shall be measured using relevant indicators, in particular MDG 1 for subparagraph (a) and MDGs 1 to 8 for subparagraph (b), and other indicators agreed by the Union and its Member States.

The achievement of these objectives shall be measured using relevant indicators, including human development indicators, in particular MDG 1 for subparagraph (a) and MDGs 1 to 8 for subparagraph (b), and other indicators agreed by the UN, the Union and its Member States.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Without prejudice to point (a), at least 90 % of the expenditure foreseen under the Pan-African and thematic programmes shall fulfil the criteria for ODA established by the OECD/DAC.

100 % of the expenditure foreseen under the Pan-African and thematic programmes shall fulfil the criteria for ODA established by the OECD/DAC.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. Eligibility criteria for budget support shall be clearly and objectively defined and their strict application shall be ensured and scrutinized by the budgetary authority.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The following cross-cutting issues shall be mainstreamed in all programmes: the promotion of human rights, gender equality, women empowerment, nondiscrimination, democracy, good governance, the rights of the child and indigenous peoples' rights, social inclusion and the rights of persons with disabilities, environmental sustainability including addressing climate change and combating HIV/AIDS.

3. The following cross-cutting issues shall be mainstreamed in all programmes: the promotion of human rights, entrepreneurship, rights of workers, environmental protection, gender equality, women empowerment, nondiscrimination, democracy, good governance, the rights of the child and indigenous peoples' rights, social inclusion and the rights of persons with disabilities, environmental sustainability including addressing climate change and combating HIV/AIDS.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. In implementing this Regulation, consistency shall be ensured with other areas of Union external action and with other relevant Union policies. To this end, measures financed under this Regulation, including those managed by the EIB, shall be based on the cooperation policies set out in instruments such as agreements, declarations and action plans between the Union and the third countries and regions concerned, and on the Union’s decisions, specific interests, policy priorities and strategies.

5. In implementing this Regulation, consistency shall be ensured with other areas of Union external action, including other relevant Instruments for external action where applicable, and with other relevant Union internal and external policies. To this end, measures financed under this Regulation, including those managed by the EIB, shall be based on the cooperation policies set out in instruments such as agreements, declarations and action plans between the Union and the third countries and regions concerned, and on the Union’s decisions, specific interests, policy priorities and strategies.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. The Commission and the Member States shall seek regular and frequent exchanges of information, including with other donors, and promote better donor coordination and complementarity by working towards joint multiannual programming, based on partner countries' poverty reduction or equivalent strategies, by common implementation mechanisms including shared analysis, by joint donor-wide missions and by the use of co-financing and delegated cooperation arrangements

6. The Commission and the Member States shall seek regular and frequent exchanges of information, including with other international, regional and local donors, and promote better donor consistency, coordination and complementarity by working towards joint multiannual programming, based on partner countries' poverty reduction or equivalent strategies, by common implementation mechanisms including shared analysis, by joint donor-wide missions and by the use of co-financing and delegated cooperation arrangements.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7. Within their respective spheres of competence, the Union and the Member States shall promote a multilateral approach to global challenges and, where appropriate, foster cooperation with international organisations and bodies and other bilateral donors.

7. Within their respective spheres of competence, the Union and the Member States shall promote a multilateral approach to global challenges and, where appropriate, foster cooperation with local, national and international organisations and bodies and other bilateral donors.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 8 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) effective and innovative cooperation modalities and instruments as set out in Article 4 of the Common Implementing Regulation , such as blending grants and loans and other risk-sharing mechanisms in selected sectors and countries and private-sector engagement, in line with OECD/DAC best practices. These modalities and instruments shall be adapted to the particular circumstances of each partner country or region, with a focus on programme-based approaches, on delivery of predictable aid funding, on the mobilisation of private resources, on the development and use of country systems and on results-based approaches to development including, where appropriate, internationally agreed targets and indicators such as those of the MDGs; and

(c) effective and innovative cooperation modalities and instruments as set out in Article 4 of the Common Implementing Regulation such as blending grants and loans and other risk-sharing mechanisms in selected sectors and countries and private-sector engagement, in line with OECD/DAC best practices and based on the common Union standards and best practices on the use of Union funds and reporting, as laid down in the financial rules and other relevant Union legislation. These modalities and instruments shall be adapted to the particular circumstances of each partner country or region, with a focus on programme-based approaches, on delivery of predictable aid funding, on the mobilisation of private resources, on the development and use of country systems and on results-based approaches to development including, where appropriate, internationally agreed targets and indicators such as those of the MDGs; and

Amendment  26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 8 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) improved impact of policies and programming through coordination and harmonisation between donors to reduce overlap and duplication, to improve complementarity and to support donor-wide initiatives.

(d) improved impact of policies and programming through coordination, consistency and harmonisation between donors to create synergies and avoid overlap and duplication, to improve complementarity and to support donor-wide initiatives.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

10a. The Union shall offer particular support to local authorities and non-state actors based in the beneficiary countries.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 10 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

10b. The Union will include among the recipients of its public procurements and calls for tenders the local and regional authorities, and the non state agents of the beneficiary countries.

Amendment  29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Attention shall also be given to fostering private sector development, SMEs and micro-enterprises in the beneficiary countries.

Amendment  30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Consistent with the overall purpose and scope, objectives and general principles of this Regulation, actions undertaken through thematic programmes shall add value to and, be complementary to, actions funded under geographic programmes.

Consistent with the overall purpose and scope, objectives and general principles of this Regulation, actions undertaken through thematic programmes shall add value to and, be complementary to, actions funded under geographic programmes. Thematic support offered to the countries eligible for geographical support shall not be contradictory to the priority areas set up for those countries.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) the actions address global initiatives supporting internationally agreed goals, or global public goods and challenges, in which case, by way of derogation from Article 9 of the Common Implementing Regulation, they may include actions in Member States, candidate countries and potential candidates and other third countries, as envisaged in the relevant thematic programme;

(b) the actions address global initiatives supporting internationally agreed goals, or global public goods and challenges, in which case they may include actions in Member States, candidate countries and potential candidates, and in other third countries by way of derogation from Article 9 of the Common Implementing Regulation, as envisaged in the relevant thematic programme;

Justification

Derogation would be only in the case of third countries, as Article 9 of the Common Implementing Regulation already provides for Member States, candidate countries and potential candidates

Amendment  32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The objective of the programme on civil society organisations and local authorities in development shall be to finance initiatives in the area of development by or for civil society organisations and local authorities originating from partner countries, the Union, candidate countries and potential candidates.

1. The objective of the programme on civil society organisations and local authorities in development shall be to finance initiatives in the area of development by or for local authorities and civil society organisations originating from partner countries, the Union, candidate countries and potential candidates.

Amendment  33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall adopt the implementing measures laid down in Article 2 of the Common Implementing Regulation on the basis of the programming documents referred to in Articles 11 and 13. In particular circumstances, however, Union support may also take the form of measures not covered in these documents, as provided for in the Common Implementing Regulation.

The Commission shall adopt the implementing measures laid down in Article 2 of the Common Implementing Regulation on the basis of the programming documents referred to in Articles 11 and 13. In particular circumstances, however, Union support may also take the form of individual and special measures not covered in these documents, as provided for in the Common Implementing Regulation.

Amendment  34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The Union and its Member States shall consult each other, and other donors and development actors including representatives of civil society and regional and local authorities, at an early stage of the programming process in order to promote complementarity and consistency among their cooperation activities. This consultation may lead to joint programming between the Union and its Member States.

2. The Union and its Member States shall consult each other, and other donors and development actors including representatives of civil society and regional and local authorities, at an early stage of the programming process in order to promote coherence, complementarity and consistency among their cooperation activities. This consultation may lead to joint programming between the Union and its Member States.

Amendment  35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Commission shall determine the multiannual indicative allocations within each geographic programme in accordance with the general principles of this Regulation, based on the criteria laid down in Article 3(2), and taking into account, alongside the specificity of the different programmes, the particular difficulties faced by countries or regions that are in crisis, vulnerable, fragile, in conflict or disaster prone.

3. Without prejudice to the powers of the budgetary authority, the Commission shall determine the multiannual indicative allocations within each geographic programme in accordance with the general principles of this Regulation, based on the criteria laid down in Article 3(2), and taking into account, alongside the specificity of the different programmes, the particular difficulties faced by countries or regions that are in crisis, vulnerable, fragile, in conflict or disaster prone.

Amendment  36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Funds may be left unallocated. Subject to their subsequent allocation or re-allocation as provided for in Articles 11(5) and 13, the use of these funds shall be decided later in accordance with the Common Implementing Regulation.

4. Funds may be left unallocated. Subject to their subsequent allocation or re-allocation as provided for in Articles 11(5) and 13, the use of these funds shall be decided later in accordance with the Common Implementing Regulation, without prejudice to the prerogatives of the budgetary authority.

Amendment  37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a. In view of the fact that the predictability of aid flows is one of the most important factors in ensuring the quality of spending and that it enables the partner countries to carry out long-term planning of expenditures and to sustain improvements in sectoral policies, such improvements shall be reinforced by the partner countries' fiscal policy and by mobilisation of domestic revenue which, in the long-term, shall lead to the reduction of aid dependency.

Amendment  38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 5 – subparagraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Multiannual indicative programmes shall set out the priority areas selected for Union financing, the specific objectives, the expected results, the performance indicators and the indicative financial allocation, both overall and per priority area. Where appropriate, this allocation may be given in the form of a range and/or some funds may be left unallocated.

Multiannual indicative programmes shall set out the priority areas selected for Union financing, the specific objectives, the expected results, clear, specific and transparent performance indicators and, without prejudice to the prerogatives of the budgetary authority, lay down the indicative financial allocation, both overall and per priority area. Where appropriate, this allocation may be given in the form of a range and/or some funds may be left unallocated.

Amendment  39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Multiannual indicative programmes for thematic programmes shall set out the Union's strategy for the theme concerned, the priorities selected for financing by the Union, the specific objectives, the expected results, the performance indicators, the international situation and the activities of the main partners. Where applicable, resources and intervention priorities shall be laid down for participation in global initiatives. Multiannual indicative programmes shall be consistent with the documents referred to in Article 11(3).

1. Multiannual indicative programmes for thematic programmes shall set out the Union's strategy for the theme concerned, the priorities selected for financing by the Union, the specific objectives, the expected results, clear, specific and transparent performance indicators, the international situation and the activities of the main partners. Where applicable, resources and intervention priorities shall be laid down for participation in global initiatives. Multiannual indicative programmes shall be consistent with the documents referred to in Article 11(3).

Amendment  40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The multiannual indicative programmes shall give the indicative financial allocation, both overall and by priority area. Where appropriate, this allocation may, be given in the form of a range, and/or some funds may be left unallocated. Multiannual indicative programmes should be adjusted where necessary for an effective policy implementation, taking into account any mid-term or ad hoc reviews.

2. Without prejudice to the prerogatives of the budgetary authority, the multiannual indicative programmes, shall give the indicative financial allocation, both overall and by priority area. Where appropriate, this allocation may, be given in the form of a range, and/or some funds may be left unallocated. Multiannual indicative programmes should be adjusted where necessary for an effective policy implementation, taking into account any mid-term or ad hoc reviews.

Amendment  41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The procedure referred to in paragraph 1 shall not apply to non-substantial modifications to strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes, making technical adjustments, reassigning funds within the indicative allocations per priority area, or increasing or decreasing the size of the initial indicative allocation by less than 20%, provided that these modifications do not affect the priority areas and objectives set out in these documents. In such case, adjustments shall be communicated to the European Parliament and to the Council within one month.

2. The procedure referred to in paragraph 1 shall not apply to non-substantial modifications to strategy papers and multiannual indicative programmes, making technical adjustments, reassigning funds within the indicative allocations per priority area, or increasing or decreasing the size of the initial indicative allocation within the relevant percentage limit set out in Article 2(2) of the Common Implementing Regulation, provided that these modifications do not affect the priority areas and objectives set out in these documents. In such case, adjustments shall be communicated to the European Parliament and to the Council within one month.

Amendment  42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 14a

 

Coherence and complementarity of Union assistance

 

1. In implementing this Regulation, coherence shall be ensured with other areas and instruments of the Union external action, as well as other relevant Union policies.

 

2. The Union and the Member States shall coordinate their respective support programmes with the aim of increasing the effectiveness and efficiency in the delivery of support and policy dialogue in line with the established principles for strengthening operational coordination in the field of external support, and for harmonizing policies and procedures. Coordination shall involve regular consultations and frequent exchanges of relevant information during the different phases of the support cycle.

 

3. The Union shall, in liaison with the Member States, take the necessary steps to ensure proper coordination and cooperation with multilateral and regional organisations and entities, including, but not limited to European financial institutions, international financial institutions, United Nations agencies, funds and programmes, private and political foundations and non-Union donors.

Amendment  43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Without prejudice to the provisions on suspension of aid in partnership and cooperation agreements with partner countries and regions, where a partner country fails to observe the principles referred to in Article 3(1), the Union shall invite the partner country to hold consultations in view of finding a solution acceptable to both parties, except in cases of special urgency. Where consultations with the partner country do not lead to a solution acceptable to both parties, or if consultations are refused or in cases of special urgency, the Council may take appropriate measures in accordance with Article 215(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which may include full or partial suspension of Union assistance.

Without prejudice to the provisions on suspension of aid in partnership and cooperation agreements with partner countries and regions, where a partner country fails to observe the principles referred to in Article 3(1), the Union shall invite the partner country to hold consultations in view of finding a solution acceptable to both parties, except in cases of special urgency. Where consultations with the partner country do not lead to a solution acceptable to both parties, or if consultations are refused or in cases of special urgency, the Council may take appropriate measures in accordance with Article 215(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which may include full or partial suspension of Union assistance. The European Parliament shall be fully and immediately informed of any decision taken in this respect.

Amendment  44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The financial reference amount for the implementation of this Regulation over the period 2014-2020 is EUR 23 294 700 000.

1. The financial reference as defined in point [17] of the Interinstitutional Agreement of XX/201Z between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters and sound financial management for the implementation of this Regulation over the period 2014-2020 is EUR 23 294 700 000.

Amendment  45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The indicative minimum amounts allocated to each programme referred to in Articles 5 to 9 for the period 2014-2020 are laid down in Annex VII. The amounts may be reallocated between programmes by a delegated act in accordance with Article 18. The amounts within the global public goods and challenges programme may be reallocated between subheadings by Commission decision which shall be communicated to the European Parliament and to the Council within one month of its adoption.

2. The indicative minimum amounts allocated to each programme referred to in Articles 5 to 9 for the period 2014-2020 are laid down in Annex VII. The indicative amounts may be reallocated between programmes by a delegated act in accordance with Article 18. The indicative amounts within the global public goods and challenges programme may be reallocated between subheadings by Commission decision which shall be communicated to the European Parliament and to the Council within one month of its adoption. Annual appropriations shall be authorised by the budgetary authority without prejudice to the provisions of the Regulation laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 and the Interinstitutional Agreement of xxx/201z between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on cooperation in budgetary matters and sound financial management.

Amendment  46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 3 - subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. As referred to in Article 13, paragraph 2 of the "Erasmus for All" Regulation, in order to promote the international dimension of higher education, an indicative amount of EUR 1 812 100 000 from the different external instruments (Development Cooperation Instrument, European Neighbourhood Instrument, Instrument for Preaccession Assistance, Partnership Instrument and the European Development Fund), will be allocated to actions of learning mobility to or from non EU countries and to cooperation and policy dialogue with authorities/institutions/organisations from these countries. The provisions of the "Erasmus for All" Regulation will apply to the use of those funds.

3. As referred to in Article 13, paragraph 2 of the "Erasmus for All" Regulation, in order to promote the international dimension of higher education, an indicative amount corresponding to 2% of the financial allocations available for the participating instruments (Development Cooperation Instrument, European Neighbourhood Instrument, Instrument for Preaccession Assistance, Partnership Instrument and the European Development Fund), will be allocated to actions of learning mobility to or from non EU countries and to cooperation and policy dialogue with authorities/institutions/organisations from these countries. The provisions of the "Erasmus for All" Regulation will apply to the use of those funds.

Amendment  47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The funding will be made available through 2 multiannual allocations only covering the first 4 years and the remaining 3 years respectively. This funding will be reflected in the multiannual indicative programming of these instruments, in line with the identified needs and priorities of the countries concerned. The allocations can be revised in case of major unforeseen circumstances or important political changes in line with the EU external priorities.

The funding will be made available through 2 multiannual allocations only covering the first 4 years and the remaining 3 years respectively. This funding will be reflected in the multiannual indicative programming of these instruments, in line with the identified needs and priorities of the countries concerned, and it will only be allocated for purposes for which development aid may be granted. The allocations can be revised in case of major unforeseen circumstances or important political changes in line with the EU external priorities.

Amendment  48

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 5 – part A – paragraph 4 – point b – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii) strengthening social inclusion with cooperation on equitable access to basic services, employment for all, empowerment and respect of rights of specific groups, notably youth, persons with disabilities, women and minority groups to let all population participate and benefit from wealth creation and cultural diversity.

(iii) strengthening social inclusion and gender equality with cooperation on equitable access to basic services, employment for all, empowerment and respect of rights of specific groups, notably youth, persons with disabilities, women and minority groups to let all population participate and benefit from wealth creation and cultural diversity.

Amendment  49

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 5 – part A – paragraph 4 – point c – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i) Supporting country level programmes to promote women's economic and social empowerment and political participation;

(i) Supporting local, regional and country level programmes to promote women's economic and social empowerment and political participation;

Amendment  50

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 5 – part A – paragraph 4 – point c – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii) supporting national, regional and global initiatives to promote the integration of this issue in the aid effectiveness agenda.

(ii) supporting local, regional, national and global programmes and initiatives, to promote and implement gender equality, women and girls' empowerment, namely through micro-credit assistance, and the aid effectiveness agenda.

Amendment  51

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 5 – part A – paragraph 4 – point c – point ii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ii a) promoting, providing and expanding essential services and psychological support for victims of gender-based violence.

Amendment  52

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 5 – part A – paragraph 4 – point d – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i) Improving the health and well-being of people in developing countries through increasing access to, and equitable provision of, good quality essential public health services and more specifically:

(i) In line with the priorities set out in the European Consensus for Development, supporting the health and well-being of people in developing countries through increasing access to, and equitable provision of, good quality essential public health services and more specifically:

Amendment  53

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 5 – part A – paragraph 4 – point d – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii) supporting and shaping the policy agenda of global initiatives of direct significant benefit to partner countries, considering result orientation, aid effectiveness and effects on health systems, including supporting partner countries to better engage with these initiatives;

(ii) supporting and shaping the policy agenda of global initiatives of direct significant benefit to partner countries, in the context of poverty eradication and in the areas of health and basic education, considering result orientation, aid effectiveness and effects on health systems, including supporting partner countries to better engage with these initiatives;

Amendment  54

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 5 – part A – paragraph 4 – point d – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii) supporting specific initiatives especially at regional and global level, which strengthen health systems and help countries develop and implement sound, evidence-based national health policies, and in priority areas (e.g., maternal health and sexual and reproductive health and rights, access to family planning; global public goods and response to global health threats).

(iii) supporting specific initiatives at local, regional and global levels, which strengthen health systems and help countries develop and implement sound, evidence-based national health policies, and in priority areas (e.g. child and maternal health, and sexual and reproductive health and rights, access to family planning; global public goods and response to global health threats, such as HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria and other poverty related and neglected diseases).

Amendment  55

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 5 – part A – paragraph 4 – point d – point iii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iii a) promoting, providing and expanding essential services and psychological support for victims of violence, especially children.

Amendment  56

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 5 – part A – paragraph 4 – point e – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii) improving equal access and quality of education, including for vulnerable groups, women and girls, and countries furthest from achieving global targets.

(iii) enhancing equal access and quality of education, with particular emphasis on women, girls and other vulnerable groups, and countries furthest from achieving global targets.

Amendment  57

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 5 – part A – paragraph 4 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(e a) Children and youth:

 

(i) promotion of policies taking into consideration children's and youth's particular vulnerability, protection of their rights, education, health and livelihoods, starting with participation and empowerment;

 

(ii) promoting and helping on the implementation and development of policies, projects and programmes benefiting children and youth and enhancing the role of children and youth as actors for development;

 

(iii) promoting and helping on the implementation and development of policies, projects and programmes to eradicate child labour, trafficking of children and violence against children.

PROCEDURE

Title

Establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation

References

COM(2011)0840 – C7-0493/2011 – 2011/0406(COD)

Committee responsible

Date announced in plenary

DEVE

17.1.2012

 

 

 

Opinion by

Date announced in plenary

BUDG

17.1.2012

Rapporteur

Date appointed

Jan Kozłowski

29.2.2012

Date adopted

12.7.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

28

3

2

Members present for the final vote

Marta Andreasen, Richard Ashworth, Jean Louis Cottigny, Jean-Luc Dehaene, Isabelle Durant, James Elles, Göran Färm, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazábal Rubial, Salvador Garriga Polledo, Lucas Hartong, Jutta Haug, Anne E. Jensen, Jan Kozłowski, Alain Lamassoure, Giovanni La Via, Barbara Matera, Claudio Morganti, Juan Andrés Naranjo Escobar, Nadezhda Neynsky, Dominique Riquet, Alda Sousa, Helga Trüpel, Derek Vaughan, Angelika Werthmann

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Alexander Alvaro, Bendt Bendtsen, Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, Lidia Joanna Geringer de Oedenberg, Jutta Steinruck, Theodor Dumitru Stolojan, Nils Torvalds

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Leonardo Domenici


OPINION of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality (5.9.2012)

for the Committee on Development

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation

(COM(2011)0840 – C7-0493/2011 – 2011/0406(COD))

Rapporteur: Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality calls on the Committee on Development, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) The fight against poverty remains the primary objective of the development policy of the European Union, as laid down in Title V, Chapter 1 of the Treaty on European Union and Title III, Chapter 1 of Part Five of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, in line with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), or other objectives accepted by the Union and its Member States,

(2) The fight against poverty, extreme poverty and social exclusion, while recognizing that women, children and older people are particularly vulnerable and there is a close relationship between growth, development and poverty reduction, on the one hand, and the consistent reduction of gender inequalities on the other, remains the primary objective of the development policy of the European Union, as laid down in Title V, Chapter 1 of the Treaty on European Union and Title III, Chapter 1 of Part Five of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, in line with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), or other objectives accepted by the Union and its Member States, such as the fight against social and gender-based discrimination;

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2b) Women are key actors in development and drivers of change processes, contributing to their empowerment is therefore a medium and long-term investment, generating prosperity, competitiveness and more sustainable development;

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a) The EU has reiterated in the EU Plan of Action on Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment in Development (2010-2015) its strong commitment to gender equality as a human right, a question of social justice and a core value of the EU development policy;

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3b) Pursuant to Articles 2 and 3 TEU and Article 8 TFEU, equality between women and men is a fundamental value and objective of the EU and the EU should promote gender equality in all its activities;

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) The Union is founded on the values of democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, the principles of equality and solidarity and respect for the principles of the UN Charter and international law. It seeks to develop and consolidate commitment to these values in partner countries and regions through dialogue and cooperation.

(4) The Union is founded on the values and principles of democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, gender equality, non-discrimination, and solidarity and respect for the principles of the UN Charter and international law. It seeks to develop and consolidate commitment to these values in partner countries and regions through dialogue and cooperation.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) Violence against women in all its forms is a structural phenomenon linked to the unequal distribution of power between women and men in society and constitutes a violation of fundamental rights. Taking action to combat violence against women contributes to the promotion of equality between women and men and is a strong component of this Regulation;

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) The Union's policy and international action for development cooperation are guided by the MDGs, such as the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, including any subsequent modifications thereto, and by the development objectives and principles approved by the Union and its Member States, including in the context of their cooperation within the United Nations (UN) and other competent international organisations in the field of development cooperation,

(9) The Union's policy and international action for development cooperation are guided by the MDGs, such as the eradication of extreme poverty, gender- based discrimination and hunger, promotion of equality between men and women, the reduction of maternal and infant mortality, including any subsequent modifications thereto, and by the development objectives and principles approved by the Union and its Member States, including in the context of their cooperation within the United Nations (UN) and other competent international organisations in the field of development cooperation,

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) The EU must foster gender equality and the empowerment of women, not only to promote the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) specifically dedicated to it, but also to help achieve all the MDGs.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) The Union should promote a comprehensive approach in response to crisis and disaster and to conflict-affected and fragile situations, including those of transition. This should in particular build on the conclusions on Security and Development on an EU response to situations of fragility on conflict prevention as well as any relevant subsequent conclusions. This should provide the necessary mix of approaches, responses and instruments in particular by ensuring an appropriate balance between the security-oriented, development and humanitarian approaches, and by linking short-term reaction with the long term support.

(10) The Union should promote a comprehensive approach in response to crisis and disaster and to conflict-affected and fragile situations, including those of transition. This should include, whenever necessary, a cross-cutting gender dimension that not only addresses the particular vulnerability of women and girls but also promotes the image of women as agents of social change who possess valuable resources and capacities that are able to influence and steer the process of pacification, stabilisation, reconstruction and development. This should also in particular build on the conclusions on Security and Development on an EU response to situations of fragility on conflict prevention as well as any relevant subsequent conclusions. This should provide the necessary mix of approaches, responses and instruments in particular by ensuring an appropriate balance between the security-oriented, development and humanitarian approaches, and by linking short-term reaction with the long term support.

Amendment              10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a) Because of the importance of confronting the gender pay gap in favour of global development, it is important to cooperate with UN agencies and bodies such as the World bank and the European Investment Bank on specific programmes on improving access to economic opportunities for women and reducing earnings and productivity gaps between women and men.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a) Women are responsible for securing the foundations for the basic functioning of society during conflicts, but when they cease, women are subordinated, leading to the disadvantage that existed before the conflict.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10b) Whereas the importance of combating discrimination between men and women in access to employment and work, promoting equality in careers and professional categories, in vocational training and in salaries, and cooperation with key UN institutions is essential, to strengthen work with rights and to protect collective bargaining and union rights.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Union assistance should focus where it has more impact, having regard to its capacity to act on a global scale and respond to global challenges such as poverty eradication, sustainable and inclusive development and worldwide promotion of democracy, good governance, human rights and the rule of law, its long-term and predictable commitment to development assistance and its role in coordinating with its Member States. To ensure such impact, the principle of differentiation should be applied not only at the level of funds allocation, but also at the level of programming, to ensure that bilateral development cooperation targets partner countries most in need, including fragile states and states with high vulnerability, and with limited capacity to have access to other sources of financing for supporting their own development, having regard to the potential impact of the Union assistance in partner countries. As a consequence, bilateral programming would target such countries, pursuant to the application of objective criteria based on the needs and capacities of these countries, as well as the impact of EU assistance.

(11) Union assistance should focus where it has more impact, having regard to its capacity to act on a global scale and respond to global challenges such as poverty eradication, sustainable and inclusive development and worldwide promotion of democracy, good governance, the rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms, women’s rights, gender equality, non-discrimination, its long-term and predictable commitment to development assistance and its role in coordinating with its Member States. To ensure such impact, the principle of differentiation should be applied not only at the level of funds allocation, but also at the level of programming, to ensure that bilateral development cooperation targets partner countries most in need, including fragile states and states with high vulnerability, and with limited capacity to have access to other sources of financing for supporting their own development, having regard to the potential impact of the Union assistance in partner countries. As a consequence, bilateral programming would target such countries, pursuant to the application of objective criteria based on the needs and capacities of these countries, as well as the impact of EU assistance.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(11a) Concerns about increasing the effectiveness of development aid and the importance of new aid modalities — such as budget and sector support in partner countries — also create challenges in promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women in development cooperation.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15a) Given that climate change has a strong gender dimension, both in its effects and in the solutions thereto, gender equality concerns should be included as a cross-cutting issue in programmes and projects on climate change and the environment from their implementation through to their evaluation, so as to provide factual information to evaluate and improve the impact of these policies.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Commission communication "Increasing the impact of EU Development Policy: an Agenda for Change" envisages continued support for social inclusion and human development through at least 20% of the Union's development aid. To contribute to that end, at least 20% of the global public goods and challenges programme should support that area of development,

(16) Commission communication "Increasing the impact of EU Development Policy: an Agenda for Change" envisages continued support for social inclusion and human development, including gender equality and women's empowerment, through at least 20% of the Union's development aid. To contribute to that end, at least 20% of the global public goods and challenges programme should support that area of development. Under this aid, particular programmes should be targeted at women's empowerment, antidiscrimination, achieving the MDGs and the overarching priority of gender equality ,

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 - paragraph 1 - point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) thematic programmes to address global public goods and challenges and support civil society organisations and local authorities in countries, territories and regions eligible for Union funding under geographic programmes, in accordance with Annex I of this Regulation, Regulation (EU) No [.../…] of the European Parliament and the Council establishing a European Neighbourhood Instrument, and Council Decision [2001/822/EC of 27 November 2001 on the association of the overseas countries and territories], and in African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries signatories to the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000,

(b) thematic programmes to address global public goods and challenges and support local authorities and local civil society groups, especially women's associations and gender equality associations, organisations focusing on women's issues in countries, territories and regions eligible for Union funding under geographic programmes, in accordance with Annex I of this Regulation, Regulation (EU) No [.../…] of the European Parliament and the Council establishing a European Neighbourhood Instrument, and Council Decision [2001/822/EC of 27 November 2001 on the association of the overseas countries and territories], and in African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries signatories to the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000,

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba) thematic programmes which contribute to the promotion and protection of the principles of women's rights, gender equality and non-discrimination.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. Union assistance under this Regulation shall relate to gender equality and women empowerment through supporting regional, national and global initiatives and commitments to promote women's economic and social empowerment, leadership and political participation and the integration of gender equality and women and girls' empowerment into development policies, plans for action and budgets.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 - paragraph 1 - point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) the primary objective of cooperation under this Regulation shall be the reduction and, in the long term, the eradication of poverty,

(a) the primary objective of cooperation under this Regulation shall be the eradication of poverty in line with the fundamental values of the EU, especially gender equality, fostering at all levels of the decision- making and the implementation process in development policy in a close partnership with the poorest so that the means and resources, suited to combating chronic poverty effectively and to eradicating social exclusion can be drawn from their experience. Particular attention shall be given to prevent the impact of poverty to women, who are the main victims of poverty and discrimination;

Amendment  21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 - paragraph 1 - point b,- point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii) promoting democracy, the rule of law, good governance and respect for human rights.

(ii) promoting democracy, the rule of law, good governance, gender equality, women's empowerment and respect for human rights.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(bb) while promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment through the promotion of women’s rights and the principle of non-discrimination;

Amendment  23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Union seeks to promote, develop and consolidate the principles of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms on which it is founded, through dialogue and cooperation with partner countries and regions.

1. The Union seeks to promote, develop and consolidate the principles of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, women’s rights and the principles of gender equality and non-discrimination on which it is founded, through dialogue and cooperation with partner countries and regions.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 - paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The following cross-cutting issues shall be mainstreamed in all programmes: the promotion of human rights, gender equality, women empowerment, non-discrimination, democracy, good governance, the rights of the child and indigenous peoples' rights, social inclusion and the rights of persons with disabilities, environmental sustainability including addressing climate change and combating HIV/AIDS,

3. The following cross-cutting issues shall be mainstreamed in all programmes: the promotion of human rights, gender equality, women empowerment, improvement of working conditions and promotion of a better balance between professional and private life, access to highly qualified positions via equal access training courses and equal pay at work, promotion of the right to stable employment, combating all forms of gender violence in the workplace, in family and society, the right to live with dignity, without poverty and social exclusion, non-discrimination, democracy, good governance, the rights of the child and indigenous peoples' rights, social inclusion and the rights of persons with disabilities, environmental sustainability including addressing climate change and combating HIV/AIDS, while stressing the importance of looking at these issues from the perspective that women, children and older people can be particularly vulnerable.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 - paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Particular attention shall be given to strengthening the rule of law, improving access to justice and supporting civil society, trade and sustainable development, access to ICTs, health and food security, as well as promoting dialogue, participation and reconciliation, and institution-building.

4. Particular attention shall be given to strengthening the rule of law, gender equality, improving access to justice and supporting civil society and particularly organisations focusing on women' s rights, combating discrimination in access to economic, political and social resources, especially discrimination against women, trade and sustainable development, access to ICTs, health and food security, as well as promoting dialogue, participation and reconciliation, and institution-building while recognising the added value of adopting the gender perspective and promoting the role of women as equal agents of social change.

Amendment  26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 - paragraph 8 - point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea) gathering on an annual basis of data and statistics of the progress made, where appropriate broken down by gender.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 8 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea) the collection and processing of statistical data disaggregated by gender and the development of gender-sensitive indicators (quantitative and qualitative) to ensure the participation of women and men in the political and technical decision-making process.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 - paragraph 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

10. The Commission shall seek regular exchanges of information with civil society,

10. The Commission shall seek regular exchanges of information with civil society, especially local groups and organisations focusing on women's rights, and ensure that all sections of society are represented in and listened to during these exchanges;

Amendment  29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

10a. The Commission should take into account the Declaration A (2010) 21584 adopted by the 21st session of the ACP Parliamentary Assembly, held on 28 September 2010 in which the ACP Parliamentary Assembly is urgently appealing the European Union to refrain from any attempts to impose its values which are not freely shared.

Amendment  30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 - paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The objective of Union assistance under the programme ‘Global public goods and challenges’ shall be to support actions in areas such as the environment and climate change, sustainable energy, human development, food security, and migration and asylum.

1. The objective of Union assistance under the programme ‘Global public goods and challenges’ shall be to support actions in areas such as the environment and climate change, sustainable energy, human development, food security, equality between men and women and migration and asylum. Any future actions that are taken within this framework shall adopt the gender perspective and promote non-discrimination.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The objective of the programme on civil society organisations and local authorities in development shall be to finance initiatives in the area of development by or for civil society organisations and local authorities originating from partner countries, the Union, candidate countries and potential candidates.

1. The objective of the programme on civil society organisations and local authorities in development shall be to finance initiatives in the area of development by or for civil society organisations, especially local groups and women’s organisations and organisations dealing with gender equality, women’s empowerment and non-discrimination, and local authorities originating from partner countries, the Union, candidate countries and potential candidates.

Amendment  32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 - paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The Union and its Member States shall consult each other, and other donors and development actors including representatives of civil society and regional and local authorities, at an early stage of the programming process in order to promote complementarity and consistency among their cooperation activities. This consultation may lead to joint programming between the Union and its Member States,

2. The Union and its Member States shall consult each other, and other donors and development actors including gender experts, representatives of civil society, especially local groups and organisations focusing on women's rights, and regional and local authorities, at an early stage of the programming process in order to promote complementarity and consistency among their cooperation activities. This consultation may lead to joint programming between the Union and its Member States,

Amendment  33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 - paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Commission shall determine the multiannual indicative allocations within each geographic programme in accordance with the general principles of this Regulation, based on the criteria laid down in Article 3(2), and taking into account, alongside the specificity of the different programmes, the particular difficulties faced by countries or regions that are in crisis, vulnerable, fragile, in conflict or disaster prone.

3. The Commission shall determine the multiannual indicative allocations within each geographic programme in accordance with the general principles of this Regulation, based on the criteria laid down in Article 3(2), and taking into account, alongside the specificity of the different programmes, the particular difficulties faced by social groups and particularly by women, by countries or regions that are in crisis, vulnerable, fragile, in conflict or disaster prone. Special provision should be made for the establishment of a programme for information on and awareness of gender issues as well as for the empowerment of women and for tackling gender discrimination.

Amendment  34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. The Commission should adopt rigid compliance criteria linked to the respecting of fundamental rights and in particular the rights of women when assessing and allocating funds for cooperation and development.

Amendment  35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 - paragraph 1 - subparagraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Strategy papers shall set out the European Union's strategy for its assistance under this Regulation, based on the Union's priorities, the international context and the activities of the main partners. They shall be consistent with the overall purpose, objectives, scope, and principles of this Regulation and they should integrate a cross-cutting approach of principles of gender mainstreaming and non-discrimination during the stages of development, implementation and evaluation;

Amendment  36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 3 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

In order to respect the principle of aid effectiveness, the EU shall ensure that the proposed strategies for achieving the development goals do not accentuate any existing discrimination in the allocation of resources, and shall promote the combating of all kinds of discrimination and foster gender equality.

Amendment  37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Strategy papers may be reviewed at their mid-term, or ad hoc if necessary, in accordance, as appropriate, with the principles and procedures laid down in the partnership and cooperation agreements concluded with the partner countries and regions.

2. Strategy papers may be reviewed at their mid-term, or ad hoc if necessary, in accordance, as appropriate, with the principles and procedures laid down in the partnership and cooperation agreements concluded with the partner countries and regions. These reviews should include a gender dimension for the purposes of non-discrimination and respect the breakdown by gender of information and data.

Amendment  38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 5 – subparagraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Multiannual indicative programmes shall set out the priority areas selected for Union financing, the specific objectives, the expected results, the performance indicators and the indicative financial allocation, both overall and per priority area. Where appropriate, this allocation may be given in the form of a range and/or some funds may be left unallocated.

Multiannual indicative programmes shall set out the priority areas selected for Union financing, the specific objectives, the expected results, the performance indicators, while respecting the breakdown by gender of data and information, and the indicative financial allocation, both overall and per priority area. Where appropriate, this allocation may be given in the form of a range and/or some funds may be left unallocated.

Amendment  39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 5 – subparagraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Pursuant to the principle of mutual accountability in the pursuit and fulfilment of agreed objectives, including those referring to good governance, democracy and respect for human rights and to the rule of law, indicative allocations may be increased or decreased as a result of reviews, particularly in the light of special needs such as those resulting from a crisis, post-crisis or fragility situation, or where performance has been exceptional or unsatisfactory.

Pursuant to the principle of mutual accountability in the pursuit and fulfilment of agreed objectives, including those referring to good governance, democracy, the rule of law, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, women’s rights and the principles of gender equality and non-discrimination, indicative allocations may be increased or decreased as a result of reviews, particularly in the light of special needs such as those resulting from a crisis, post-crisis or fragility situation, or where performance has been exceptional or unsatisfactory, while taking into account the gender approach.

Amendment  40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 - paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. When drawing up the programming documents for countries in crisis, post-crisis, or fragility situations, due account shall be taken of the vulnerability, special needs and circumstances of the countries or regions concerned.

1. When drawing up the programming documents for countries in crisis, post-crisis, or fragility situations, due account shall be taken of the vulnerability of different social groups, special needs of women and circumstances of the countries or regions concerned.

Proper attention should be given to conflict prevention, state and peace building, post-conflict reconciliation and reconstruction measures.

Proper attention should be given to conflict prevention, state and peace building, post-conflict reconciliation and reconstruction measures.

Where partner countries or groups of partner countries are directly involved in, or affected by, a crisis, post-crisis or fragility situation, special emphasis shall be placed on stepping up coordination between relief, rehabilitation and development to help them make the transition from an emergency situation to the development phase. Programmes for countries and regions in fragility or regularly subject to natural disasters shall provide for disaster preparedness and prevention and for managing the consequences of such disasters.

Where partner countries or groups of partner countries are directly involved in, or affected by, a crisis, post-crisis or fragility situation, special emphasis shall be placed on stepping up coordination between relief, rehabilitation and development to help them make the transition from an emergency situation to the development phase. Programmes for countries and regions in fragility or regularly subject to natural disasters shall provide for disaster preparedness and prevention and for managing the consequences of such disasters. Special attention should be given to women, who are often the major victims in crisis situations.

Amendment  41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

When drawing up the programming documents for countries in crisis, post-crisis or fragile situations, it is vital to take into account the implications for the situation of women and girls because they are the main victims of atrocities and crimes such as violence and sexual abuse.

Amendment  42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Proper attention should be given to conflict prevention, state and peace building, post-conflict reconciliation and reconstruction measures.

Proper attention should be given to conflict prevention, state and peace building, post-conflict reconciliation and reconstruction measures. It is therefore vital to include women so that they can benefit from equal participation in negotiations and initiatives aimed at the pacification, stabilisation and reconstruction of countries and institutions. It is therefore essential to complement the image of women as vulnerable victims with an image of women as a highly differentiated group of social actors who possess valuable resources and capacities, who have their own priorities, and who can influence and steer the process of conflict resolution. Moreover, it is important to stress that the understanding of the role of women in post-war societies and of their contributions to post-war reconstruction must entail a global approach to promoting the key role of education in the empowerment of women and girls, in order to combat stereotypes and to change mentalities.

Amendment  43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The assistance measures provided under this Regulation shall take into account the specific features of crisis where there is a serious lack of fundamental freedoms, where human security is most at risk or where human rights organisations and defenders operate under the most difficult conditions. Particular attention should be paid to conflicts in which women are being exposed to physical and psychological violence;

Amendment  44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

In cases of crises, post crisis and fragility situations or threats to democracy, the rule of law, human rights or fundamental freedoms requiring a swift response by the Union, the urgency procedure provided for in Article 15(4) of the Common Implementing Regulation may be used to modify the document referred to in Article 11 following an ad hoc review of the country's or region's cooperation strategy.

In cases of crises, post crisis and fragility situations or threats to democracy, the rule of law, human rights, fundamental freedoms or women’s rights requiring a swift response by the Union, the urgency procedure provided for in Article 15(4) of the Common Implementing Regulation may be used to modify the document referred to in Article 11 following an ad hoc review of the country’s or region’s cooperation strategy.

Amendment  45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 - paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. As referred to in Article 13, paragraph 2 of the "Erasmus for All" Regulation, in order to promote the international dimension of higher education, an indicative amount of EUR 1 812 100 000 from the different external instruments (Development Cooperation Instrument, European Neighbourhood Instrument, Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance, Partnership Instrument and the European Development Fund), will be allocated to actions of learning mobility to or from non EU countries and to cooperation and policy dialogue with authorities/institutions/organisations from these countries. The provisions of the "Erasmus for All" Regulation will apply to the use of those funds.

3. As referred to in Article 13, paragraph 2 of the "Erasmus for All" Regulation, in order to promote the international dimension of higher education, an indicative amount of EUR 1 812 100 000 from the different external instruments (Development Cooperation Instrument, European Neighbourhood Instrument, Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance, Partnership Instrument and the European Development Fund), will be allocated to actions of learning mobility to or from non EU countries and to cooperation and policy dialogue with authorities/institutions/organisations from these countries. The provisions of the "Erasmus for All" Regulation will apply to the use of those funds.

The funding will be made available through 2 multiannual allocations only covering the first 4 years and the remaining 3 years respectively. This funding will be reflected in the multiannual indicative programming of these instruments, in line with the identified needs and priorities of the countries concerned. The allocations can be revised in case of major unforeseen circumstances or important political changes in line with the EU external priorities.

The funding will be made available through 2 multiannual allocations only covering the first 4 years and the remaining 3 years respectively. This funding will be reflected in the multiannual indicative programming of these instruments, in line with the identified needs and priorities of the countries concerned. The allocations can be revised in case of major unforeseen circumstances or important political changes in line with the EU external priorities. Particular attention should be given to a gender balance approach for those who participate in the "Erasmus for All" programme.

Amendment  46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 - paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. In addition to higher education, there shall be a focus on the elimination of gender disparity in primary and secondary education, and in all levels of education no later than 2015 as indicated in Target 3.A of the Millennium Development Goals.

Amendment  47

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – paragraph 2 "Latin America"– point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) encouraging social cohesion, in particular social inclusion, decent work and equity, gender equality and women empowerment;

(a) encouraging social cohesion, in particular social inclusion, decent work and equity, gender equality and women empowerment and the fight against sexual and gender-based violence and violence in close relationships;

Amendment  48

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – paragraph 3 "Asia"– point i a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ia) supporting the reinforcement of the protection of human rights, and the fight against discrimination and sexual and gender-based violence and violence in close relationships;

Amendment  49

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – paragraph 4 "Central Asia" – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) promoting constitutional reform and legislative, regulatory and administrative approximation with the Union, including further democratisation and organised civil society, support for the rule of law, good governance, taxation and strengthening of national institutions and bodies, such as election bodies, parliaments, public administration reform and public financial management;

(a) promoting constitutional reform and legislative, regulatory and administrative approximation with the Union, including further democratisation and organised civil society, support for the rule of law, good governance, taxation and strengthening of national institutions and bodies, such as election bodies, parliaments, public administration reform and judicial reform, and public financial management;

Amendment  50

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – paragraph 4 "Central Asia" – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) promoting inclusive and sustainable economic growth, addressing social and regional inequalities, and supporting policies in areas such as education, research, innovation and technology, health, decent work, sustainable energy, agriculture and rural development, fostering SMEs, while stimulating the development of a market economy, trade and investment, including regulatory reforms and the support for integration into the WTO;

(b) promoting inclusive and sustainable economic growth, addressing social and regional inequalities, and supporting policies in areas such as education, research, innovation and technology, health, decent work, creating independent trade unions, sustainable energy, agriculture and rural development, fostering SMEs, while stimulating the development of a market economy, trade and investment, including regulatory reforms and the support for integration into the WTO;

Amendment  51

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – paragraph 4 "Central Asia" – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) supporting efficient border management and cross-border cooperation to promote sustainable economic, social and environmental development in border regions; in the context of the security and development nexus, fighting organized crime and all forms of trafficking, including the fight against production and consumption of drugs as well as negative effects thereof, including HIV/AIDS;

(c) supporting efficient border management and cross-border cooperation to promote sustainable economic, social and environmental development in border regions; in the context of the security and development nexus, fighting organized crime and all forms of trafficking, particularly the trafficking of women, the fight against production and consumption of drugs as well as negative effects thereof, including HIV/AIDS;

Amendment  52

Proposal for a regulation

Annex IV – part B – paragraph 4 "Central Asia" – point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(d a) establishing a development policy with regard to demographic challenges tackling the growing sex imbalance favouring males to females and addressing the problem of pre-natal sex selection, sex-selected abortion and infanticide to secure male offspring;

Amendment  53

Proposal for a regulation

ANNEX V - paragraph A - 'Environment and climate change' - point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da) mitigating impacts of climate change on women as well as enhancing the role of women in tackling climate change, actions to help developing countries to adopt the gender perspective of climate change and environmental policies, especially in policies related to the natural disasters disproportionally affecting them, access to training on matters of the environment, and increased participation of women and women's organizations in development policies related to environment and climate change,

Amendment  54

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – part A – paragraph 2 "Environment and Climate Change" – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) promoting implementation of Union initiatives and agreed commitments at international and regional level and/or of a transboundary character particularly in the areas of climate change through the promotion of climate resilient strategies especially adaption strategies with biodiversity co-benefits, biodiversity and ecosystems services, forests including FLEGT, desertification, integrated water resource management, natural resource management, sound chemical and waste management, resource efficiency and the green economy;

(c) promoting implementation of Union initiatives and agreed commitments at international and regional level and/or of a transboundary character particularly in the areas of climate change through the promotion of climate resilient strategies especially adaption strategies with biodiversity co-benefits, biodiversity and ecosystems services, forests including FLEGT, desertification, integrated water resource management, natural resource management, sound chemical and waste management, resource efficiency and the green economy, while integrating the gender dimension to promote women’s participation in the development and implementation of these strategies, and to halt all kinds of discrimination against them, especially in access to resources and in participation in political life;

Amendment  55

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – part A – paragraph 3 "Sustainable energy" – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) promoting access to secure, affordable, clean and sustainable energy services as a key driver for poverty eradication and inclusive growth, with a special emphasis on the use of local energy sources;

(a) promoting access to secure, affordable, clean and sustainable energy services for all, while taking into account groups that are victims of discrimination, especially women, as a key driver for poverty eradication and inclusive growth, with a special emphasis on the use of local energy sources;

Amendment  56

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V - paragraph A - 'Human development' - point c,- point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i) Supporting country level programmes to promote women's economic and social empowerment and political participation;

(i) Supporting country level programmes to combat violence against women and promote women's economic and social empowerment and political participation;

Amendment  57

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – part A – paragraph 4 "Human development" – point b – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i) Supporting high levels of productive and decent employment notably with support for sound employment policies and strategies, vocational training for employability relevant to labour market needs and perspectives, working conditions including in the informal economy, promotion of decent work, including fight against child labour, and social dialogue as well as facilitation of labour mobility while respecting migrants' rights;

(i) Supporting high levels of productive and decent employment notably with support for sound employment policies and strategies, vocational training for employability relevant to labour market needs and perspectives, working conditions including in the informal economy, promotion of decent work for both women and men, including fight against child labour, and social dialogue as well as facilitation of labour mobility while respecting migrants' rights;

Amendment  58

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V – part A – paragraph 4 "Human development" – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(e a) Women and Children

 

(i) enhancing developing countries' attention and capacity to develop policies benefiting women and children;

 

(ii) advocacy for concrete strategies and interventions to address particular problems and challenges affecting women and children, taking their best interests into account in all relevant action;

 

(iii) using the Community's position as the principal donor of ODA among international institutions to urge the multilateral donors to exert pressure for the framing of policies to combat trafficking of, and violence against women and children, exploitation and forced labour and promoting the role of women and children as actors for development.

Amendment  59

Proposal for a regulation

Annex V - paragraph A - 'Migration and Asylum' - point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) maximising the development impact of the increased regional and global mobility of people, while promoting and protecting the rights of migrants, through support to the formulation and implementation of sound regional and national migration and asylum policies and through integration of the migration dimension into other regional and national policies;

(c) maximising the development impact of the increased regional and global mobility of people, while promoting and protecting the rights of migrants, taking into account the gender aspect of the issue and the situation of women migrants, through support to the formulation and implementation of sound regional and national migration and asylum policies and through integration of the migration dimension into other regional and national policies;

PROCEDURE

Title

Establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation

References

COM(2011)0840 – C7-0493/2011 – 2011/0406(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

DEVE

17.1.2012

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

FEMM

17.1.2012

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou

25.1.2012

Discussed in committee

21.6.2012

 

 

 

Date adopted

3.9.2012

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

20

0

0

Members present for the final vote

Edit Bauer, Andrea Češková, Marije Cornelissen, Edite Estrela, Mikael Gustafsson, Lívia Járóka, Teresa Jiménez-Becerril Barrio, Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou, Constance Le Grip, Astrid Lulling, Elisabeth Morin-Chartier, Joanna Katarzyna Skrzydlewska, Angelika Werthmann, Marina Yannakoudakis, Anna Záborská, Inês Cristina Zuber

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Mariya Gabriel, Gesine Meissner, Antigoni Papadopoulou


PROCEDURE

Title

Establishing a financing instrument for development cooperation

References

COM(2011)0840 – C7-0493/2011 – 2011/0406(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

7.12.2011

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

DEVE

17.1.2012

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

AFET

17.1.2012

INTA

17.1.2012

BUDG

17.1.2012

LIBE

17.1.2012

 

FEMM

17.1.2012

 

 

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

LIBE

26.1.2012

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Thijs Berman

5.12.2011

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

9.2.2012

24.4.2012

9.7.2012

24.6.2013

Date adopted

4.12.2013

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

18

0

5

Members present for the final vote

Thijs Berman, Véronique De Keyser, Nirj Deva, Charles Goerens, Filip Kaczmarek, Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez, Gay Mitchell, Bill Newton Dunn, Maurice Ponga, Jean Roatta, Michèle Striffler, Alf Svensson, Ivo Vajgl, Anna Záborská

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Philippe Boulland, Agustín Díaz de Mera García Consuegra, Santiago Fisas Ayxela, Enrique Guerrero Salom, Bart Staes

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Marusya Lyubcheva, María Muñiz De Urquiza, Jens Nilsson, Anni Podimata

Date tabled

6.12.2013

Last updated: 6 December 2013Legal notice