Procedure : 2010/0817(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A7-0477/2013

Texts tabled :

A7-0477/2013

Debates :

PV 26/02/2014 - 17
CRE 26/02/2014 - 17

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PV 27/02/2014 - 10.2

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2014)0165

REPORT     ***I
PDF 456kWORD 305k
20 December 2013
PE 478.493v03-00 A7-0477/2013

on the draft directive of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the European Investigation Order in criminal matters

(09288/2010 – C7-0185/2010 – 2010/0817(COD))

Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

Rapporteur: Nuno Melo

AMENDMENTS
DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 PROCEDURE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the draft directive of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the European Investigation Order in criminal matters

(09288/2010 – C7-0185/2010 – 2010/0817(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the initiative emanating from a group of Member States submitted to Parliament and the Council (09288/2010),

–   having regard to Article 76(b) and Article 82(1)(a) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the draft act was submitted to Parliament (C7-0185/2010),

–   having regard to Article 294(3) and (15) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to the undertaking given by the Council representative by letter of 5 December 2013 to approve Parliament’s position, in accordance with Article 294(4) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to Rules 44 and 55 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (A7-0477/2013),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment  1

AMENDMENTS BY THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT(1)*

to the draft by a group of Member States

---------------------------------------------------------

Initiative of the Kingdom of Belgium, the Republic of Bulgaria,the Republic of Estonia, the Kingdom of Spain, the Republic of Austria,

the Republic of Slovenia and the Kingdom of Sweden

for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council

of

regarding the European Investigation Order in criminal matters

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 82 (1) (a) thereof,

Having regard to the initiative of the Kingdom of ▌Belgium, ▌the Republic of Bulgaria, the Republic of Estonia, the Kingdom of Spain, the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Slovenia and the Kingdom of Sweden,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national Parliaments,

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure,

Whereas:

(1)       The European Union has set itself the objective of maintaining and developing an area of freedom, security and justice.

(2)       According to Article 82(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, judicial cooperation in criminal matters in the Union is to be based on the principle of mutual recognition of judgments and judicial decisions, which is, since the Tampere European Council of 15 and 16 October 1999, commonly referred to as a cornerstone of judicial cooperation in criminal matters within the Union.

(3)       Council Framework Decision 2003/577/JHA of 22 July 2003 on the execution in the European Union of orders freezing property and evidence,(2) addressed the need for immediate mutual recognition of orders to prevent the destruction, transformation, moving, transfer or disposal of evidence. However, since that instrument is restricted to the freezing phase, a freezing order needs to be accompanied by a separate request for the transfer of the evidence to the issuing state in accordance with the rules applicable to mutual assistance in criminal matters. This results in a two-step procedure detrimental to its efficiency. Moreover, this regime coexists with the traditional instruments of cooperation and is therefore seldom used in practice by the competent authorities.

(4)       Council Framework Decision 2008/978/JHA of 18 December 2008 on the European evidence warrant for the purpose of obtaining ▌objects, documents and data for use in proceedings in criminal matters(3) was adopted to apply the principle of mutual recognition in such respect. However, the European evidence warrant is only applicable to evidence which already exists and covers therefore a limited spectrum of judicial cooperation in criminal matters with respect to evidence. Because of its limited scope, competent authorities are free to use the new regime or to use mutual legal assistance procedures which remain in any case applicable to evidence falling outside of the scope of the European evidence warrant.

(5)       Since the adoption of Framework Decisions 2003/577/JHA and 2008/978/JHA, it has become clear that the existing framework for the gathering of evidence is too fragmented and ▌ complicated. A new approach is therefore necessary.

(6)       In the Stockholm programme, which was adopted on 11 December 2009, the European Council decided that the setting up of a comprehensive system for obtaining evidence in cases with a cross-border dimension, based on the principle of mutual recognition, should be further pursued. The European Council indicated that the existing instruments in this area constitute a fragmentary regime and that a new approach is needed, based on the principle of mutual recognition, but also taking into account the flexibility of the traditional system of mutual legal assistance. The European Council therefore called for a comprehensive system to replace all the existing instruments in this area, including the Framework Decision on the European evidence warrant, covering as far as possible all types of evidence and containing deadlines for enforcement and limiting as far as possible the grounds for refusal.

(7)       This new approach is based on a single instrument called the European Investigation Order (EIO). An EIO is to be issued for the purpose of having one or several specific investigative measure(s) carried out in the executing State with a view to gathering evidence. This includes the obtaining of evidence that is already in the possession of the executing authority.

(8)      The EIO has a horizontal scope and therefore applies to all investigative measures aimed at gathering evidence. However, the setting up of a joint investigation team and the gathering of evidence within such a team require specific rules which are better dealt with separately ▌. Without prejudice to the application of this Directive, existing instruments should therefore continue to apply to this type of measure.

(9)      This Directive does not apply to cross-border observations as referred to in Article 40 of the Convention of 19 June 1990 implementing the Schengen Agreement(4).

(10)     The EIO should focus on the investigative measure which has to be carried out. The issuing authority is best placed to decide, on the basis of its knowledge of the details of the investigation concerned, which measure is to be used. However, the executing authority should, wherever possible, use another type of measure if the requested measure does not exist ▌under its national law or would not be available in a similar domestic case. Availability refers to occasions where the requested measure exists under the law of the executing State but is only lawfully available in certain situations, for example when the measure can only be carried out for offences of a certain degree of seriousness; against persons for which there is already a certain level of suspicion; or with the consent of the person concerned. The executing authority may also have recourse to another type of investigative measure when it will achieve the same result as the measure provided for in the EIO by means implying less interference on the fundamental rights of the person concerned.

(10a)   The EIO should be chosen where the execution of an investigative measure seems proportionate, adequate and applicable to the case in hand. The issuing authority should therefore ascertain whether the evidence sought is necessary and proportionate for the purpose of proceedings, whether the measure chosen is necessary and proportionate for the gathering of this evidence, and whether, by means of issuing the EIO, another MS should be involved in the gathering of this evidence. The same assessment should be carried out in the validation procedure, when the validation of an EIO is required under this Directive. The execution of an EIO should not be refused on grounds other than those stated in this Directive, however the executing authority is entitled to opt for a less intrusive measure than the one indicated in an EIO if it makes it possible to achieve similar results.

(10b)   When issuing an EIO the issuing authority should pay particular attention to ensuring full respect of the rights established in Article 48 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. The rights of the suspected or accused person to be presumed innocent until proved guilty, as much as the rights of defence in criminal proceedings are a cornerstone of the fundamental rights recognised in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union within the area of justice. Any limitation of such rights by an investigative measure ordered in accordance with the provisions of this Directive should fully conform to the requirements established in Article 52 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union with regard to the necessity, proportionality and objectives that it should pursue, in particular the protection of the rights of others.

(10c)   In view of ensuring the transmission of the EIO to the competent authority of the executing State, the issuing authority may make use of any possible or relevant means of transmission, including for example the secure telecommunications system of the European Judicial Network, Eurojust, or other channels used by judicial or law enforcement authorities.

(10d)   When making a declaration concerning the language regime, Member States are encouraged to include at least one language which is commonly used in the European Union other than their official language(s).

(10e)   This Directive should be implemented taking into account the provisions of Directive 2010/64/EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 20 October 2010 on the right to interpretation and translation in criminal proceedings and of Directive 2012/13/EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 22 May 2012 on the right to information in criminal proceedings, as well as of Directive 2013/48/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2013 on the right of access to a lawyer in criminal proceedings and in European arrest warrant proceedings, and on the right to have a third party informed upon deprivation of liberty and to communicate with third persons and with consular authorities while deprived of liberty.

(10f)   Non-coercive measures could for example be such measures that do not infringe rights to privacy or property, depending on national law.

(12a)   The principle of ne bis in idem is a fundamental principle of law in the European Union, as recognized by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and developed by the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. Therefore the executing authority should be entitled to refuse the execution of an EIO if its execution would be contrary to such principle. Given the preliminary nature of the proceedings underlying an EIO, its execution should not be subject to refusal when it is aimed to establish possible conflict with the ne bis in idem principle or when the issuing authority has provided assurances that the evidence transferred as a result of the execution of the EIO will not be used to prosecute or sanction a person whose case has been finally disposed in another Member State for the same facts.

(12b)   As in other mutual recognition instruments, this Directive does not have the effect of modifying the obligation to respect the fundamental rights and fundamental legal principles as enshrined in Article 6 of the Treaty on the European Union and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. In order to make this clear, a specific provision has been inserted in the text.

(12c) The creation of an area of freedom, security and justice within the Union is based on mutual confidence and a presumption of compliance, by other Member States, with the European Union law and, in particular, with fundamental rights. However, that presumption is rebuttable. Consequently, if there are substantial grounds for believing that the execution of an investigative measure contained in the EIO would result in a breach of a fundamental right of the person concerned and that the executing Member State would disregard its obligations concerning the protection of fundamental rights recognised in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the execution of the EIO should be refused.

(12d)   It should be possible to refuse an EIO where its recognition or execution in the executing State would involve breaching of an immunity or privilege in that State. There is no common definition of what constitutes an immunity or privilege in the European Union and the precise definition of these terms is therefore left to national law, which may include protections which apply to medical and legal professions, but should not be interpreted in a way which would run counter to the obligation to abolish certain grounds for refusal in Article 7 of the Council Act of 16 October 2001 establishing, in accordance with Article 34 of the Treaty on European Union, the Protocol to the Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Member States of the European Union. This may include as well, even though they are not necessarily considered as privilege or immunity, rules relating to freedom of the press and freedom of expression in other media.

(13)     Time restrictions are necessary to ensure quick, effective and consistent cooperation between the Member States in criminal matters. The decision on the recognition or execution, as well as the actual execution of the investigative measure, should be carried out with the same celerity and priority as for a similar national case. Deadlines should be provided to ensure a decision or execution within reasonable time or to meet procedural constraints in the issuing State.

(13a)   Legal remedies available against an EIO should be at least equal to those available in the domestic case against the investigative measure concerned. In accordance with their national law Member States should ensure the applicability of these legal remedies including by informing in due time any interested party about the possibilities and modalities for seeking the legal remedies. In cases where the objections against the EIO are submitted by interested party in the executing State in respect of the substantive reasons for issuing the EIO, it is advisable that information about such challenge is transmitted to the issuing authority and that the interested party is informed accordingly.

(13b)   The expenses incurred in the territory of the executing Member State for the execution of an EIO should be borne exclusively by that Member State. This arrangement complies with the general principle of mutual recognition. However, the execution of an EIO may incur exceptionally high costs on the executing State. Such exceptionally high costs may, for example, be complex experts' opinions or large police operation or surveillance activities over a large period of time. This should not impede the execution of the EIO and the issuing and executing authorities should seek to establish which expenses are to be considered as exceptionally high. The issue of costs might become subject to consultations between the Member States concerned and they are recommended to resolve this issue during the consultations stage. As the last resort, the issuing authority may decide to withdraw the EIO or to maintain it and the part of the costs which are estimated exceptionally high by the executing State and absolutely necessary in the course of the proceedings, should be covered by the issuing State. The given mechanism does not constitute an additional ground for refusal, and in any case should not be abused in a way to delay or bar execution of the EIO.

(14)     The EIO provides a single regime for obtaining evidence. Additional rules are however necessary for some types of investigative measures which should be included in the EIO, such as the temporary transfer of persons held in custody, hearing by video or telephone conference, obtaining of information related to bank accounts or banking transactions, controlled deliveries or covert investigations. Investigative measures implying a gathering of evidence in real time, continuously and over a certain period of time are covered by the EIO, but whenever necessary practical arrangements should be agreed between the Member States concerned in order to accommodate the differences existing in the national laws of the Member States.

(14a)   This Directive sets rules on carrying out, at all stages of criminal proceedings, including the trial phase, of an investigative measure, if needed with the participation of the person with a view to collecting evidence. For example an EIO may be issued for the temporary transfer of the person to the issuing State or for carrying out of a hearing by videoconference. However, where the person is to be transferred to another Member State for the purposes of prosecution including bringing that person before a court for the purpose of the standing trial an European Arrest Warrant should be issued in accordance with the Council Framework Decision 2002/584/JHA.

(14b)   With a view to the proportionate use of an European arrest warrant […], issuing authorities should consider whether an EIO would be an effective and proportionate means of pursuing criminal proceedings. Issuing authorities should consider, in particular, whether issuing an EIO for the hearing of a suspected or accused person via videoconferencing could serve as an effective alternative.

(14c)   An EIO may be issued in order to get evidence concerning the accounts, of whatever nature, held in any bank or any non-banking financial institution by the person subject to criminal proceedings. This possibility is to be understood broadly as comprising not only suspected or accused persons but also any other person in respect of which such information is found necessary by the competent authorities in the course of criminal proceedings.

(14d)   Where in this Directive a reference is made to the financial institutions this term should be understood according to the relevant definitions of Article 3 of the Directive 2005/60/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 26 October 2005 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purpose of money laundering and terrorist financing.

(14e)   When an EIO is issued to obtain the ‘particulars’ of a specified account, ‘particulars’ is understood to include at least the name and address of the account holder, details of any powers of attorney held over the account, and any other details or documents provided by the account holder when the account was opened and that are still held by the bank.

(14f)   Possibilities to cooperate under the provisions on interception of telecommunications should not be limited to the content of the telecommunication, but could also cover collection of traffic and location data associated with such telecommunications, allowing competent authorities to issue an EIO for purposes of obtaining less intrusive data on telecommunications. An EIO issued to obtain historical traffic and location data related to telecommunications should be dealt with under the general regime related to the execution of the EIO and may be considered, depending on the national law of the executing State, as a coercive measure.

(14g)   Where several Member States are in the position to provide the necessary technical assistance, an EIO should be sent to only one of them and priority should be given to the State where the person is located. Member States where the subject is located and from which no technical assistance is needed to carry out the interception should be notified thereof according to the Article 27d. Conversely, where the technical assistance may not be received from merely one Member State, an EIO may be transmitted to more than one executing State.

(14h)  In an EIO containing the request for interception of telecommunications the issuing authority should provide the executing authority with sufficient information such as details of the criminal conduct under investigation, in order to allow the executing authority to assess whether the measure would be authorised in a similar national case.

(14i)   Member States should have regard to the importance of ensuring that technical assistance can be provided by a service provider operating publicly available telecommunications networks and services in the territory of the Member State concerned, in order to facilitate cooperation under this instrument in relation to the lawful interception of telecommunications.

(14j)    This directive, because of its scope, deals with provisional measures only with a view to gathering evidence. In this respect, it should be underlined that any item, including financial assets, may be subject to various provisional measures in the course of criminal proceedings, not only with a view to gathering evidence but also with a view to confiscation. It is important to recognise that the distinction between the two objectives of provisional measures is not always obvious and that the objective of the provisional measure may change in the course of the proceedings. For this reason, it is crucial for future works to maintain a smooth interrelationship between the various instruments applicable in this field. Furthermore, for the same reason, the assessment on whether the item is to be used as evidence and therefore the object of an EIO should be left to the issuing authority.

(15a)   Where reference to mutual assistance is made in relevant international instruments, such as in conventions concluded within the Council of Europe it is understood that this Directive applies between the Member States participating in its adoption in precedence to those conventions.

(15b)   The offences listed in Annex X should be interpreted consistently with their interpretation under the already existing legal instruments on mutual recognition.

(15c)   In accordance with the Joint Political Declaration of Member States and the Commission on explanatory documents of 28 September 2011, Member States have undertaken to accompany, in justified cases, the notification of their transposition measures with one or more documents explaining the relationship between the components of a directive and the corresponding parts of national transposition instruments. With regard to this Directive, the legislator considers the transmission of such documents to be justified.

(16)     Since the objective of this Directive, namely the mutual recognition of decisions taken to obtain evidence, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States and can therefore, by reason of the scale and effects of the action, be better achieved at the level of the Union, the Union may adopt measures in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Directive does not go beyond what is necessary to achieve that objective.

(17)     This Directive respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised by Article 6 of the Treaty on European Union and by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, notably Title VI thereof, by international law and international agreements to which the Union or all the Member States are party, including the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and by Member States’ constitutions in their respective field of application. Nothing in this Directive may be interpreted as prohibiting refusal to execute an EIO when there are reasons to believe, on the basis of objective elements, that the EIO has been issued for the purpose of prosecuting or punishing a person on account of his or her sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion, sexual orientation, nationality, language or political opinions, or that the person's position may be prejudiced for any of these reasons.

(17a)   The protection of natural persons in relation to the processing of personal data is a fundamental right. Article 8(1) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and Article 16(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union lay down that everyone has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him or her.

(17b)   Member States should provide in the application of this Directive for transparent policies with regard to the processing of personal data and for the exercise of the data subject's rights to legal remedies for the protection of his or her personal data.

(17c)   Personal data obtained under this Directive should be processed when necessary and proportionate for purposes compatible with the prevention, investigation, detection and prosecution of crime or enforcement of criminal sanctions and the exercise of the right of defence. Only authorised persons should have access to information containing personal data which may be achieved through authentication processes.

(18)     In accordance with Article 3 of Protocol Nº 21 on the Position of the United Kingdom and Ireland in respect of the area of Freedom, Security and Justice annexed to the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, the United Kingdom has notified its wish to take part in the adoption of this Directive. Without prejudice to Article 4 of that Protocol, Ireland is not taking part in the adoption of this Directive and is not bound by it or subject to its application.

(19)     In accordance with Articles 1 and 2 of Protocol Nº 22 on the Position of Denmark annexed to the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Denmark is not taking part in the adoption of this Directive and is not bound by it or subject to its application,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

CHAPTER I

THE EUROPEAN INVESTIGATION ORDER

Article 1

The European Investigation Order

and obligation to execute it

1.        The European Investigation Order (EIO) shall be a judicial decision issued or validated by a judicial authority of a Member State ("the issuing State") in order to have one or several specific investigative measure(s) carried out in another Member State ("the executing State") with a view to obtaining evidence in accordance with the provisions of this Directive. The EIO may also be issued for obtaining evidence that is already in the possession of the competent authorities of the executing State.

2.          Member States shall execute any EIO on the basis of the principle of mutual recognition and in accordance with the provisions of this Directive.

2a.      The issuing of an EIO may be requested by a suspected or accused person (or by a lawyer on his behalf), within the framework of applicable defence rights in conformity with national criminal procedure.

3.        This Directive shall not have the effect of modifying the obligation to respect the fundamental rights and ▌legal principles as enshrined in Article 6 of the Treaty on European Union, including the right of defence of persons subject to criminal proceedings, and any obligations incumbent on judicial authorities in this respect shall remain unaffected. ▌

Article 2

Definitions

For the purposes of this Directive:

(aa)     "issuing State" shall mean the Member State in which the EIO is issued;

(ab)     "executing State" shall mean the Member State executing the EIO, in which the investigative measure is to be carried out;

(a)       "issuing authority" shall mean:

(i)     a judge, a court, an investigating magistrate or a public prosecutor competent in the case concerned; or

(ii)       any other competent authority as defined by the issuing State and, in the specific case, acting in its capacity as an investigating authority in criminal proceedings with competence ▌ to order the gathering of evidence in accordance with national law. In addition, before it is transmitted to the executing authority the EIO shall be validated, after examination of its conformity with the conditions for issuing an EIO, in particular the conditions set out in Article 5a.1, under this Directive, by a judge, court, investigating judge or a public prosecutor in the issuing State. Where the EIO has been validated by a judicial authority, that authority may also be regarded as an issuing authority for the purposes of transmission of the EIO;

(b)       "executing authority " shall mean an authority having competence to recognise ▌an EIO and ensure its execution in accordance with this Directive and the procedures applicable in a similar domestic case. Such procedures may require a court authorisation in the executing State where provided by its national law.

Article 3 Scope of the EIO

▌The EIO shall cover any investigative measure with the exception of the ▌setting up of a joint investigation team and the gathering of evidence within such a team as provided in Article 13 of the Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Member States of the European Union(5) (hereinafter referred to as "the Convention") and in Council Framework Decision 2002/465/JHA of 13 June 2002 on joint investigation teams(6), except for the purposes of applying, respectively, Article 13(8) of the Convention and Article 1(8) of the Framework Decision.

Article 4

Types of procedure for which the EIO can be issued

The EIO may be issued:

a)          with respect to criminal proceedings brought by, or that may be brought before, a judicial authority in respect of a criminal offence under the national law of the issuing State;

b)        in proceedings brought by administrative authorities in respect of acts which are punishable under the national law of the issuing state by virtue of being infringements of the rules of law and where the decision may give rise to proceedings before a court having jurisdiction, in particular, in criminal matters;

c)        in proceedings brought by judicial authorities in respect of acts which are punishable under the national law of the issuing state by virtue of being infringements of the rules of law, and where the decision may give rise to proceedings before a court having jurisdiction, in particular, in criminal matters, and

d)          in connection with proceedings referred to in points (a), (b), and (c) which relate to offences or infringements for which a legal person may be held liable or punished in the issuing state.

Article 5

Content and form of the EIO

1.        The EIO set out in the form provided for in Annex A shall be completed, signed, and its content certified as accurate and correct by the issuing authority.

It shall in particular, contain the following information:

(a)       data about the issuing authority and, if applicable, validating authority;

(aa)     the object of and reasons for the EIO;

(ab)     the necessary information available on the person(s) concerned;

(ac)     a description of the criminal act, which is subject of the investigation or proceedings, and the applicable provisions of criminal law;

(ad)     a description of the investigative measures(s) requested and evidence to be obtained.

2.        Each Member State shall indicate the language(s) which, among the official languages of the institutions of the Union and in addition to the official language(s) of the Member State concerned, may be used for completing or translating the EIO when the State in question is the executing State.

2a.      The EIO set out in the form provided for in Annex A shall be translated by the competent authority of the issuing State into an official language of the executing State or any other language indicated by the executing State in accordance with Article 5(2).

Article 5aConditions for issuing and transmitting an EIO

1.        An EIO may be issued only when the issuing authority is satisfied that the following conditions have been met:

(a)       the issuing of the EIO is necessary and proportionate for the purpose of the proceedings referred to in Article 4 taking into account the rights of the suspected or accused person; and

(b)       the investigative measure(s) mentioned in EIO could have been ordered under the same conditions in a similar national case.

2.        These conditions shall be assessed by the issuing authority in each case.

3.        Where an executing authority has reason to believe that the conditions in Article 5a(1) have not been met, the executing authority can consult the issuing authority on the importance of executing the EIO. After such consultation, the issuing authority may decide to withdraw the EIO.

CHAPTER IIPROCEDURES AND SAFEGUARDS FOR THE ISSUING STATE

Article 6

Transmission of the EIO

1.        The EIO completed in accordance with Article 5 shall be transmitted from the issuing authority to the executing authority by any means capable of producing a written record under conditions allowing the executing State to establish authenticity.

1a.      All further official communication shall be made directly between the issuing authority and the executing authority.

2.        Without prejudice to Article 2(b), each Member State may designate a central authority or, when its legal system so provides, more than one central authority, to assist the ▌ competent authorities. A Member State may, if necessary as a result of the organisation of its internal judicial system, make its central authority(ies) responsible for the administrative transmission and receipt of the EIO, as well as for other official correspondence relating thereto.

3.        If the issuing authority so wishes, transmission may be effected via the ▌ telecommunications system of the European Judicial Network.

4.        If the executing authority is unknown, the issuing authority shall make all necessary inquiries, including via the European Judicial Network contact points, in order to obtain the information from the executing State.

5.        When the authority in the executing State which receives the EIO has no competence to recognise it and to take the necessary measures for its execution, it shall, ex officio, transmit the EIO to the executing authority and so inform the issuing authority.

6.        All difficulties concerning the transmission or authenticity of any document needed for the execution of the EIO shall be dealt with by direct contacts between the issuing and executing authorities involved or, where appropriate, with the involvement of the central authorities of the Member States.

Article 7

EIO related to an earlier EIO

1.        Where the issuing authority issues an EIO which supplements an earlier EIO, it shall indicate this fact in the EIO in accordance with the form provided for in Annex A.

2.        When assisting in the execution of the EIO in the executing State, in accordance with Article 8(3), the issuing authority ▌ may, without prejudice to notifications made under Article 28(1)(c), address an EIO which supplements the earlier EIO directly to the executing authority, while present in that State.

2a.      Any supplementary EIO must be certified in accordance with Article 5 and validated in accordance with to Article 2.

CHAPTER III

PROCEDURES AND SAFEGUARDS

FOR THE EXECUTING STATE

Article 8

Recognition and execution

1.        The executing authority shall recognise an EIO, transmitted in accordance with the provisions of this Directive, without any further formality being required, and ensure its execution in the same way and under the same modalities as if the investigative measure in question had been ordered by an authority of the executing State, unless that authority decides to invoke one of the grounds for non ▌-recognition or non ▌-execution ▌ or one of the grounds for postponement provided for in this Directive.

2.        The executing authority shall comply with the formalities and procedures expressly indicated by the issuing authority unless otherwise provided in this Directive and provided that such formalities and procedures are not contrary to the fundamental principles of law of the executing State.

2a.      Where an EIO is received by an executing authority and it has not been issued by an issuing authority as specified in Article 2(a), the executing authority shall return the EIO to the issuing State.

3.        The issuing authority may request that one or several authorities of the issuing State assist in the execution of the EIO in support to the competent authorities of the executing State to the extent that the designated authorities of the issuing State would be able to assist in the execution of the investigative measure(s) mentioned in the EIO in a similar national case. The executing authority shall comply with this request provided that such assistance is not contrary to the fundamental principles of law of the executing State or does not harm its essential national security interests.

3a.      The authorities of the issuing State present in the executing State shall be bound by the law of the executing State during the execution of the EIO. They shall not have any law enforcement powers in the territory of the executing State, unless the execution of such powers in the territory of the executing State is in accordance with the law of the executing State and to the extent agreed between issuing and executing authorities.

4.        The issuing and executing authorities may consult each other, by any appropriate means, with a view to facilitating the efficient application of this Article.

Article 9

Recourse to a different type of investigative measure

1.        The executing authority shall have, wherever possible, recourse to an investigative measure other than that provided for in the EIO when:

a)        the investigative measure indicated in the EIO does not exist under the law of the executing State, or;

b)        the investigative measure indicated in the EIO would not be available in a similar domestic case;

1a.      Paragraph (1) does not apply to the following investigative measures, which always have to be available under the law of the executing State without prejudice to Article 10:

(a)      the obtaining of information or evidence which is already in the possession of the executing authority and, this information or evidence could have been obtained, in accordance with the law of the executing State, in the framework of criminal proceedings or for the purposes of the EIO;

(b)      the obtaining of information contained in databases held by police or judicial authorities and directly accessible by the executing authority in the framework of criminal proceedings;

(c)       the hearing of a witness, expert, victim, suspected or accused person or third party in the territory of the executing State;

(d)      any non-coercive investigative measure as defined under the law of the executing State;

(e)       the identification of persons holding a subscription of a specified phone number or IP address.

1b.      The executing authority may also have recourse to an investigative measure other than that provided for in the EIO when the investigative measure selected by the executing authority will have the same result as the measure provided for in the EIO by less intrusive means.

2.          When the executing authority decides to avail itself of the possibility referred to in paragraph (1) and (1bis), it shall first inform the issuing authority, which may decide to withdraw or supplement the EIO.

3.        Where, in accordance with paragraph (1), the investigative measure provided for in the EIO does not exist under the law of the executing State or it would not be available in a similar domestic case and where there is no other investigative measure which would have the same result as the measure requested, the executing authority must notify the issuing authority that it has not been possible to provide the assistance requested.

Article 10

Grounds for non-recognition or non-execution

1.        Without prejudice to Article 1.4, recognition or execution of an EIO may be refused in the executing State where:

a)         ▌there is an immunity or a privilege under the law of the executing State which makes it impossible to execute the EIO or there are rules on determination and limitation of criminal liability relating to freedom of the press and freedom of expression in other media, which make it impossible to execute the EIO;

b)    ▌in a specific case, its execution would harm essential national security interests, jeopardise the source of the information or involve the use of classified information relating to specific intelligence activities;

d)    ▌the EIO has been issued in proceedings referred to in Article 4 (b) and (c) and the measure would not be authorised under the law of the executing State in a similar domestic case;

e)        the execution of the EIO would be contrary to the principle of ne bis in idem.

f)         the EIO relates to a criminal offence which is alleged to have been committed outside the territory of the issuing State and wholly or partially on the territory of the executing State, and the conduct in connection with which the EIO is issued is not an offence in the executing State;

g)        there are substantial grounds to believe that the execution of the investigative measure contained in the EIO would be incompatible with the executing Member State's obligations in accordance with Article 6 TEU and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union;

(h)      the conduct for which the EIO has been issued does not constitute an offence under the law of the executing State, unless it concerns an offence listed within the categories of offences set out in the Annex X, as indicated by the issuing authority in the EIO, if it is punishable in the issuing State by a custodial sentence or a detention order for a maximum period of at least three years; or

           (insert list of 32 offences into the Annex X)

(i)       the use of the measure is restricted under the law of the executing State to a list or category of offences or to offences punishable by a certain threshold, which does not include the offence covered by the EIO.

1a.      Paragraphs (1)(h) and (1)(i) do not apply to measures listed under Article 9, paragraph (1a).

1b.      In relation to offences in connection with taxes or duties, customs and exchange, recognition or execution may not be opposed on the ground that the law of the executing State does not impose the same kind of tax or duty or does not contain a tax, duty, customs and exchange regulation of the same kind as the law of the issuing State.

2.        In the cases referred to in paragraph 1(a), (b), (e), (f) and ( g) before deciding not to recognise or not to execute an EIO, either totally or in part, the executing authority shall consult the issuing authority, by any appropriate means, and shall, where appropriate, ask it to supply any necessary information without delay.

3.        In the case referred to in paragraph 1(a) and where power to waive the privilege or immunity lies with an authority of the executing Member State, the executing authority shall request it to exercise that power forthwith. Where power to waive the privilege or immunity lies with an authority of another State or international organisation, it shall be for the issuing authority to request it to exercise that power.

Article 11

Deadlines for recognition or execution

1.        The decision on the recognition or execution shall be taken and the investigative measure shall be carried out with the same celerity and priority as for a similar national case and, in any case, within the deadlines provided in this Article.

2.        Where the issuing authority has indicated in the EIO that, due to procedural deadlines, the seriousness of the offence or other particularly urgent circumstances, a shorter deadline than those provided in this Article is necessary, or if the issuing authority has stated in the EIO that the investigative measure must be carried out on a specific date, the executing authority shall take as full account as possible of this requirement.

3.        The decision on the recognition or execution shall be taken as soon as possible and, without prejudice to paragraph 5, no later than 30 days after the receipt of the EIO by the competent executing authority.

4.        Unless either grounds for postponement under Article 14 exist or evidence mentioned in the investigative measure covered by the EIO is already in the possession of the executing State, the executing authority shall carry out the investigative measure without delay and without prejudice to paragraph 5, no later than 90 days after the decision referred to in paragraph 3 is taken.

5.        When it is not practicable in a specific case for the competent executing authority to meet the deadline set out in paragraph 3 or the specific date set out in paragraph 2, it shall without delay inform the competent authority of the issuing State by any means, giving the reasons for the delay and the estimated time needed for the decision to be taken. In this case, the time limit laid down in paragraph 3 may be extended by a maximum of 30 days.

6.        When it is not practicable in a specific case for the competent executing authority to meet the deadline set out in paragraph 4, it shall without delay inform the competent authority of the issuing State by any means, giving the reasons for the delay and it shall consult with the issuing authority on the appropriate timing to carry out the measure.

Article 12

Transfer of evidence

1.        The executing authority shall without undue delay transfer the evidence obtained or already in the possession of the competent authorities of the executing State as a result of the execution of the EIO to the issuing State. Where requested in the EIO and if possible under national law of the executing State, the evidence shall be immediately transferred to the competent authorities of the issuing State assisting in the execution of the EIO in accordance with Article 8(3).

1a.      The transfer of the evidence may be suspended, pending the decision regarding a legal remedy, unless sufficient reasons are indicated in the EIO that an immediate transfer is essential for the proper conduct of its investigations or the preservation of individual rights. However, the transfer of evidence shall be suspended if it would cause serious and irreversible damage to the person concerned.

2.        When transferring the evidence obtained, the executing authority shall indicate whether it requires it to be returned to the executing State as soon as it is no longer required in the issuing State.

3.        Where the objects, documents, or data concerned are already relevant for other proceedings the executing authority may, at the explicit request and after consultations with the issuing authority temporarily transfer the evidence under the condition that it be returned to the executing State as soon as they are no longer required in the issuing State or at any other time/occasion agreed between the competent authorities.

Article 13

Legal remedies

1.        Member States shall ensure that legal remedies equivalent to those available in a similar domestic case, are applicable to the investigative measures contained in the EIO.

2.        The substantive reasons for issuing the EIO may be challenged only in an action brought in the issuing State, without prejudice to guarantees of fundamental rights in the executing State.

3.        Where it would not undermine the need to ensure confidentiality of an investigation, as provided for in Article 18(1), the issuing and the executing authorities shall take the appropriate measures to ensure that information is provided about the possibilities under national law for seeking the legal remedies when these become applicable and in due time to allow their effective exercise.

4.        Member States shall ensure that the time limits for seeking a legal remedy shall be the same as those that are provided for in similar domestic cases and are applied in a way that guarantees the possibility of the effective exercise of these legal remedies for the parties concerned.

5.        The issuing and executing authorities shall inform each other about the legal remedies sought against the issuing or the recognition or execution of an EIO.

6.        A legal challenge does not suspend the execution of the investigative measure unless it is provided in similar domestic cases.

7.        A successful challenge to the recognition or execution of an EIO will be taken into account by the issuing State in accordance with its own national law. Without prejudice to national procedural rules, Member States shall ensure that, in criminal proceedings in the issuing State, in the assessment of the evidence obtained through the EIO, the rights of the defence and the fairness of the proceedings are respected.

Article 14

Grounds for postponement of recognition or execution

1.          The recognition or execution of the EIO may be postponed in the executing State where:

a)      its execution might prejudice an on going criminal investigation or prosecution until such time as the executing State deems reasonable; ▌

b)        the objects, documents, or data concerned are already being used in other proceedings until such time as they are no longer required for this purpose;

2.        As soon as the ground for postponement has ceased to exist, the executing authority shall forthwith take the necessary measures for the execution of the EIO and inform the issuing authority thereof by any means capable of producing a written record.

Article 15

Obligation to inform

1.        The competent authority in the executing State which receives the EIO shall, without delay and in any case within a week of the reception of an EIO, acknowledge this reception by filling in and sending the form provided in Annex B. Where a central authority has been designated in accordance with Article 6(2), this obligation is applicable both to the central authority and to the executing authority which receives the EIO via the central authority. In cases referred to in Article 6(5), this obligation applies both to the competent authority which initially received the EIO and to the executing authority to which the EIO is finally transmitted.

2.        Without prejudice to Article 9(2) and (3) the executing authority shall inform the issuing authority:

(a)    immediately by any means:

(i)     if it is impossible for the executing authority to take a decision on the recognition or execution due to the fact that the form provided for in the Annex is incomplete or manifestly incorrect;

(ii)    if the executing authority, in the course of the execution of the EIO, considers without further enquiries that it may be appropriate to undertake investigative measures not initially foreseen, or which could not be specified when the EIO was issued, in order to enable the issuing authority to take further action in the specific case;

(iii)    if the executing authority establishes that, in the specific case, it cannot comply with formalities and procedures expressly indicated by the issuing authority in accordance with Article 8.

Upon request by the issuing authority, the information shall be confirmed without delay by any means capable of producing a written record;

(b)       without delay by any means capable of producing a written record:

(i)     of any decision taken in accordance with Articles 9 or 10 ▌;

(ii)    of the postponement of the execution or recognition of the EIO, the underlying reasons and, if possible, the expected duration of the postponement.

Article 16

Criminal liability regarding officials

When present in the territory of the executing State in the framework of the application of this Directive, officials from the issuing State shall be regarded as officials of the executing State with respect of offences committed against them or by them.

Article 17

Civil liability regarding officials

1.        Where, in the framework of the application of this Directive, officials of a Member State are present in the territory of another Member State, the first Member State shall be liable for any damage caused by them during their operations, in accordance with the law of the Member State in whose territory they are operating.

2.          The Member State in whose territory the damage referred to in paragraph 1 was caused shall make good such damage under the conditions applicable to damage caused by its own officials.

3.        The Member State whose officials have caused damage to any person in the territory of another Member State shall reimburse ▌ in full any sums the latter has paid to the victims or persons entitled on their behalf.

4.        Without prejudice to the exercise of its rights vis-à-vis third parties and with the exception of paragraph 3, each Member State shall refrain in the case provided for in paragraph 1 from requesting reimbursement of damages it has sustained from another Member State.

Article 18

Confidentiality

1.        Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the issuing and executing authorities take due account, in the execution of an EIO, of the confidentiality of the investigation.

2.        The executing authority shall, in accordance with its national law, guarantee the confidentiality of the facts and substance of the EIO, except to the extent necessary to execute the investigative measure. If the executing authority cannot comply with the requirement of confidentiality, it shall without delay notify the issuing authority.

3.        The issuing authority shall, in accordance with its national law and unless otherwise indicated by the executing authority, keep confidential any evidence and information provided by the executing authority, except to the extent that its disclosure is necessary for the investigations or proceedings described in the EIO.

4.        Each Member State shall take the necessary measure to ensure that banks do not disclose to the bank customer concerned or to other third persons that information has been transmitted to the issuing State in accordance with Articles 23, 24 and 25 or that an investigation is being carried out.

Article 18a

Protection of Personal Data

When implementing this Directive Member States shall ensure that personal data is protected and may only be processed in accordance with the provisions laid down in Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA of 27 November 2008 on the protection of personal data processed in the framework of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters and the principles of the Council of Europe Convention of 28 January 1981 for the protection of Individuals with regard to the Automatic Processing of Personal Data and its Additional Protocol.

Access to such data shall be restricted, without prejudice to the rights of the data subject. Only authorized persons may have access to such data.

Article 18b

Costs

1.        Unless otherwise provided in the Directive, all costs undertaken on the territory of the executing State which are related to the execution of an EIO shall be borne by the executing State.

2.        Where the executing authority considers that the costs for the execution of the EIO may become exceptionally high, it may consult with the issuing authority on whether and how the costs could be shared or the EIO modified. The issuing authority shall be previously informed by the executing authority of the detailed specifications of the part of the costs deemed exceptionally high.

3.        In exceptional situations where the consultations cannot lead to an agreement, the issuing authority may decide to withdraw partially or completely the EIO or, should it decide to maintain the EIO, it will bear the part of the costs deemed exceptionally high.

chapter ivspecific

provisions for

certain investigative measures

Article 19

Temporary transfer to the issuing State of

persons held in custody for purpose of conducting an investigative measure

1.        An EIO may be issued for the temporary transfer of a person in custody in the executing State for the purpose of conducting an investigative measure with a view to collecting evidence for which his presence on the territory of the issuing State is required, provided that he shall be sent back within the period stipulated by the executing State.

2.        In addition to the grounds for non-recognition or non-execution referred to in Article 10 the execution of the EIO may also be refused if:

(a)       the person in custody does not consent; or

(b)       the transfer is liable to prolong his detention.

2a.      Without prejudice to paragraph 2 (a), where the executing State considers it necessary in view of the person’s age or physical or mental condition, the opportunity to state the opinion on the temporary transfer shall be given to the legal representative of the person in custody.

3.        In a case under paragraph 1, transit of the person in custody through the territory of a third Member State shall be granted on application, accompanied by all necessary documents.

4.        The practical arrangements regarding the temporary transfer of the person including the particularities of his custody conditions in the issuing State, and the dates by which he ▌must be transferred from and returned to the territory of the executing State shall be agreed between the Member States concerned, ensuring that the physical and mental condition of the person, as well as the level of security required in the issuing State are taken into account.

5.        The transferred person shall remain in custody in the territory of the issuing State and, where applicable, in the territory of the Member State through which transit is required, for the acts or convictions for which he has been kept in custody in the executing State, unless the executing Member State applies for his release.

6.        The period of custody in the territory of the issuing Member State shall be deducted from the period of detention which the person concerned is or will be obliged to undergo in the territory of the executing Member State.

7.        Without prejudice to paragraph 5, a transferred person shall not be prosecuted or detained or subjected to any other restriction of his personal liberty in the issuing State for acts committed or convictions handed down before his departure from the territory of the executing State and which are not specified in the EIO.

8.        The immunity provided for in paragraph 7 shall cease when the transferred person, having had for a period of fifteen consecutive days from the date when his presence is no longer required by the issuing authorities an opportunity to leave, has nevertheless remained in the territory, or having left it, has returned.

9.        Costs resulting from the application of this Article shall be borne in accordance with Article 18b, except for the costs arising from the transfer of the person to and from the issuing State which shall be borne by this State.

Article 20

Temporary transfer to the executing State of persons

held in custody for the purpose of conducting an investigative measure

1.        An EIO may be issued for the temporary transfer of a person held in custody in the issuing State for the purpose of conducting an investigative measure with a view to collecting evidence for which his presence on the territory of the executing State is required.

5.        Paragraph 2 lit. a and paragraphs 2a to 8 of Article 19 are applicable mutatis mutandis to the temporary transfer under this Article.

6.        Costs resulting from the application of this Article shall be borne in accordance with Article 18b, except for the costs arising from the transfer of the person to and from the executing State which shall be borne by the issuing State.

Article 21

Hearing by videoconference or other audio – visual transmission

1.        If a person is in the territory of the executing State and has to be heard as a witness or expert by the competent authorities of the issuing State, the issuing authority may ▌ issue an EIO in order to hear the witness or expert by videoconference or other audio – visual transmission, as provided for in paragraphs 6 to 9.

1a.      An EIO may also be issued for the purpose of the hearing of a suspected or accused person by videoconference or other audio - visual transmission. In addition to the grounds for non-recognition or non-execution referred to in Article 10, the execution of the EIO may also be refused if :

a)        the suspected or accused person does not consent; or

b)        the execution of such a measure in a particular case would be contrary to the fundamental principles of the law of the executing State .

1b.      The practical arrangements regarding the hearing shall be agreed between the issuing and the executing authority. When agreeing such arrangements, the executing authority shall undertake to:

(a)       summon the witness or expert concerned of the time and the venue of the hearing or;

(b)       summon the suspected or accused person to appear for the hearing in accordance with the forms laid down by its law and inform him about his rights under the law of the issuing State, in such a time as to allow him to exercise his rights of defence effectively;

(c)         ensure the identification of the person to be heard.

3.        If in circumstances of a particular case the executing authority has no access to the technical means for videoconferencing, such means may be made available to it by the issuing ▌State by mutual agreement.

6.        In case of a hearing by videoconference or other audio – visual transmission, the following rules shall apply:

(a)       a competent authority of the executing State shall be present during the hearing, where necessary assisted by an interpreter, and shall also be responsible for ensuring both the identification of the person to be heard and respect for the fundamental principles of the law of the executing ▌ State. If the executing authority is of the view that during the hearing the fundamental principles of the law of the executing ▌ State are being infringed, it shall immediately take the necessary measures to ensure that the hearing continues in accordance with the said principles;

(b)      measures for the protection of the person to be heard shall be agreed, where necessary, between the competent authorities of the issuing and the executing State;

(c)       the hearing shall be conducted directly by, or under the direction of, the competent authority of the issuing State in accordance with its own laws;

(d)      at the request of the issuing State or the person to be heard, the executing State shall ensure that the person to be heard is assisted by an interpreter, if necessary;

(e)       suspected or accused persons shall be informed in advance of the hearing of the procedural rights which would accrue to them, including the right not to testify, under the law of the executing and the issuing State. Witnesses and experts may claim the right not to testify which would accrue to them under the law of either the executing or the issuing ▌State and shall be informed about this right in advance of the hearing.

7.        Without prejudice to any measures agreed for the protection of the persons, the executing authority shall on the conclusion of the hearing draw up minutes indicating the date and place of the hearing, the identity of the person heard, the identities and functions of all other persons in the executing ▌State participating in the hearing, any oaths taken and the technical conditions under which the hearing took place. The document shall be forwarded by the executing authority to the issuing authority.

9.        Each Member State shall take the necessary measures to ensure that, where the person is being heard within its territory in accordance with this Article and refuses to testify when under an obligation to testify or does not testify ▌ the truth, its national law applies in the same way as if the hearing took place in a national procedure.

Article 22

Hearing by telephone conference

1.        If a person is in the territory of one Member State ▌ and has to be heard as a witness or expert by competent authorities of another Member State, the issuing authority of the latter Member State may, where it is not appropriate or possible for the person to be heard to appear in its territory in person, and after having examined other suitable means, issue an EIO in order to hear a witness or expert by telephone conference ▌ as provided for in paragraph 4.

4.        ▌Unless otherwise agreed, the provisions of Article 21(1b.), (6), (7) and (9) shall apply mutatis mutandis.

Article 23

Information on bank and other financial accounts

1.          An EIO may be issued in order to determine whether any natural or legal person that is the subject of the criminal proceedings holds or controls one or more accounts, of whatever nature, in any bank located in the territory of the executing State, and if so, provide all the particulars of the identified accounts.

2.          Each Member State shall, under the conditions set out in this Article, take the measures necessary to enable it to provide the information referred to in paragraph 1.

3.        The information referred to in paragraph 1 shall also, if requested in the EIO ▌ include accounts for which the person that is the subject of the proceedings has powers of attorney.

4.        The obligation set out in this Article shall apply only to the extent that the information is in the possession of the bank keeping the account.

6.        The issuing authority shall state in the EIO ▌ why it considers that the requested information is likely to be of substantial value for the purpose of the criminal proceedings and on what grounds it presumes that banks in the executing ▌ State hold the account and, to the extent available, which banks may be involved ▌. It shall also include in the EIO any information available which may facilitate its execution ▌.

7.        An EIO may also be issued to determine whether any natural or legal person that is the subject of the criminal proceedings holds one or more accounts, in any non-bank financial institution located on the territory of the executing State. Paragraphs 3 to 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis. In such case and in addition to the grounds for non-recognition and non-execution referred to in Article 10, the execution of the EIO may also be refused if the execution of the measure would not be authorised in a similar national case.

Article 24

Information on banking and other financial operations

1.        An EIO may be issued in order to obtain the particulars of specified bank accounts and of banking operations which have been carried out during a specified period through one or more accounts specified within, including the particulars of any sending or recipient account.

2.        Each Member State shall, under the conditions set out in this Article, take the measures necessary to be able to provide the information referred to in paragraph 1.

3.        The obligation set out in this Article shall apply only to the extent that the information is in the possession of the bank holding the account.

4.        The issuing authority shall ▌indicate in the EIO why it considers the requested information relevant for the purpose of the criminal proceedings.

5.        An EIO may also be issued with regard to the information provided for in paragraph 1 with reference to the financial operations conducted by non- banking financial institutions. Paragraphs 3 to 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis. In such case and in addition to the grounds for non-recognition and non-execution referred to in Article 10, the execution of the EIO may also be refused if the execution of the measure would not be authorised in a similar national case.

Article 25The monitoring of banking transactions

Article 26Controlled deliveries

Article 27

Investigative measures implying the gathering of evidence in real time,

continuously and over a certain period of time

1.        When the EIO is issued for the purpose of executing a measure ▌ implying the gathering of evidence in real time, continuously and over a certain period of time, such as:

(a)       monitoring banking or other financial operations that are being carried out through one or more specified accounts;

(b)       controlled delivery on the territory of the executing State;

           its execution may ▌be refused, in addition to the grounds for non-recognition and non-execution referred to in Article 10, if the execution of the measure concerned would not be authorised in a similar national case.

1a.      The practical arrangements regarding the measure referred under paragraph 1 (b) and wherever else necessary, shall be agreed between the Member States concerned.

1b.      The issuing authority shall indicate in the EIO why it considers the requested information relevant for the purpose of the criminal proceedings.

4.        The right to act and to direct and control operations related to the execution of an EIO referred to in paragraph 1 shall lie with the competent authorities of the executing State.

Article 27aCovert investigations

1.         An EIO may be issued for the purpose of requesting the executing State to assist issuing State in the conduct of investigations into crime by officers acting under covert or false identity (covert investigations).

2.        The issuing authority shall state in the EIO why it considers that this particular measure is likely to be relevant for the purpose of the criminal proceedings. The decision on the recognition and execution of an EIO issued under the conditions set out in this Article shall be taken in each individual case by the competent authorities of the executing State with due regard to its national law and procedures.

3.        Execution of an EIO referred to in paragraph 1 may be refused, in addition to the grounds for non-recognition and non-execution referred to in Article 10, if the execution of the measure concerned would not be authorised in a similar national case or where it was not possible to reach an agreement on the arrangements for the covert investigations, as set out in paragraph 4.

4.        Covert investigations shall take place in accordance with the national law and procedures of the Member State on the territory of which the covert investigation takes place. The right to act, to direct and to control operation related to the investigative measures referred to in paragraph 1 shall lie solely with the competent authorities of the executing State. The duration of the covert investigation, the detailed conditions, and the legal status of the officers concerned during covert investigations shall be agreed between the Member States with due regard to their national law and procedures.

CHAPTER IV (A)

INTERCEPTION OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS

Article 27b

Interception of telecommunications

with technical assistance of another Member State

1.        An EIO may be issued for the interception of telecommunications in the State from which technical assistance is needed.

2.        Where more than one State is in a position to provide the complete necessary technical assistance for the same interception of telecommunications, the EIO shall be sent to only one of them, and priority shall always be given to the State where the subject is or will be located.

3.          An EIO referred to in paragraph 1 shall also contain the following:

(a)       information for the purpose of identifying the subject of this interception;

(b)       the desired duration of the interception; and

(c)       the provision of sufficient technical data in particular the target identifier, to ensure that the EIO can be executed.

3a.      The issuing authority shall indicate in the EIO why it considers the requested measure relevant for the purpose of the criminal proceedings.

4.        In addition to the grounds for refusal provided in Article 10, the execution of an EIO referred to in Paragraph 1 may also be refused if the measure would not have been authorised in a similar national case. The executing State may make its consent subject to any conditions which would be observed in a similar national case.

5.        An EIO referred to in paragraph 1 may be executed by:

a)        transmitting telecommunications immediately to the issuing State; or

b)        intercepting, recording and subsequently transmitting the outcome of interception of telecommunications to the issuing State.

The issuing authority and the executing authority shall consult each other with a view to agreeing on whether the interception is carried out in accordance with paragraph 5(a) or (b).

6.        When issuing an EIO referred to in paragraph 1 or during the interception, the issuing authority may, where it has a particular reason to do so, also request a transcription, decoding or decrypting of the recording subject to the agreement of the executing authority.

7.        Costs resulting from the application of this Article shall be borne in accordance with Article 18b, except for the costs arising from the transcription, decoding and deciphering of the intercepted communications which shall be borne by the issuing State.

Article 27d

Notification of the Member State where the subject is located from which no technical assistance is needed

1.        Where, for the purpose of conducting an investigative measure, the interception of telecommunications is authorized by the competent authority of one Member State (the ‘intercepting Member State’) and the communication address of the subject specified in the interception order is being used on the territory of another Member State (the ‘notified Member State’) from which no technical assistance is needed to carry out the interception, the intercepting Member State shall inform the competent authority of the notified Member State of the interception:

a)        prior to the interception in cases where the competent authority of the Member State knows when ordering the interception that the subject is or will be on the territory of the notified Member State;

b)        during the interception or after the interception has been carried out, immediately after it becomes aware that the subject of the interception is or has been during the interception, on the territory of the notified Member State.

2.        The notification referred to in paragraph 1 shall be done by using the form provided for in Annex C.

3.        The competent authority of the notified Member States may, in case where the interception would not be authorized in a similar national case, notify, without delay and at the latest within 96 hours after the reception of the notification referred to in paragraph 1, the competent authority of the intercepting State that:

a)        the interception may not be carried out or shall be terminated; and,

b)        where necessary, that any material already intercepted while the subject was on its territory may not be used, or may only be used under conditions which it shall specify. The competent authority of the notified State shall inform the competent authority of the intercepting State of reasons justifying the said conditions.

4.        Article 5(2) shall be applicable mutatis mutandis for the notification referred to in paragraph 2.

CHAPTER IV(B)

PROVISIONAL MEASURES

Article 27e

Provisional measures

1.        An EIO may be issued in order to take any measure with a view to provisionally preventing the destruction, transformation, moving, transfer or disposal of item that may be used as evidence.

2.        The executing authority shall decide and communicate the decision on the provisional measure as soon as possible and, whenever practicable, within 24 hours of receipt of the EIO.

3.        When the provisional measure referred to in paragraph 1 is requested the issuing authority shall indicate in the EIO whether the evidence shall be transferred to the issuing State or shall remain in the executing State. The executing authority shall recognise and execute such EIO and transfer the evidence in accordance with the procedures laid down in the Directive.

4.        When in accordance with paragraph 3 an EIO is accompanied by an instruction that the evidence shall remain in the executing State, the issuing authority shall indicate the date of lifting the provisional measure referred to in paragraph 1, or the estimated date for submission of the request for the evidence to be transferred to the issuing State.

5.         After consulting the issuing authority, the executing authority may in accordance with its national law and practices lay down appropriate conditions in the light of the circumstances of the case in order to limit the period for which the provisional measure referred to in paragraph 1 will be maintained. If, in accordance with those conditions, it envisages lifting the provisional measure, it shall inform the issuing authority, which shall be given the opportunity to submit its comments. The issuing authority shall forthwith notify the executing authority that the measures referred to in paragraph 1 have been lifted.

chapter vfinal provisions

Article 28

Notifications

1.        By ...(7)* each Member State shall notify the Commission of the following:

(a)       the authority or authorities which, in accordance with its internal legal order, are competent according to Article 2 (a) and (b) when this Member State is the issuing State or the executing State;

(b)       the languages accepted for the EIO, as referred to in Article 5(2);

(c)       the information regarding the designated central authority or authorities if the Member State wishes to make use of the possibility under Article 6(2). This information shall be binding upon the authorities of the issuing State;

(e)       Member State may also provide the list of necessary documents it would require under Article 19(3).

2.        Member States shall inform the Commission of any subsequent changes to the information referred to in paragraph 1.

3.        The Commission shall make the information received in application of this Article available to all the Member States ▌ and to the European Judicial Network (EJN). The EJN shall make the information available on the website referred to in Article 9 of the Council Decision 2008/976/JHA of 16 December 2008 on the European Judicial Network.

Article 29

Relations to other agreements and arrangements

1.        Without prejudice to their application between Member States and third States and their temporary application by virtue of Article 30, this Directive replaces, as from …,(8)* the corresponding provisions of the following conventions applicable in the relationships between the Member States bound by this Directive:

▌       European Convention on mutual legal assistance in criminal matters of 20 April 1959 as well as its two additional protocols of 17 March 1978 and 8 November 2001 and the bilateral agreements concluded pursuant to Article 26 of that Convention;

▌       Convention of 19 June 1990 implementing the Schengen Agreement of 14 June 1985;

▌       Convention of 29 May 2000 regarding mutual legal assistance in criminal matters between the Member States of the EU and its protocol of 16 October 2001.

2.        Framework Decision 2008/978/JHA is replaced in relation to all Member States which participated in the adoption of this Directive. Provisions of Framework Decision 2003/577/JHA are replaced for all Member States which participated in the adoption of this Directive as regards freezing of evidence.

3.          In addition to this Directive, Member States may conclude or continue to apply ▌bilateral or multilateral agreements or arrangements with other Member States after …(9)* only insofar as these make it possible to further strengthen the aims of this Directive and contribute to simplifying or further facilitating the evidence gathering procedures and provided that the level of safeguards set out in this Directive is respected.

5.        Member States shall notify to the Commission by …(10)* the existing agreements and arrangements referred to in paragraph 3 which they wish to continue to apply. The Member States shall also notify the Commission within three months of the signing ▌of any new agreement or arrangement referred to in paragraph 3.

Article 30

Transitional arrangements

1.        Mutual assistance requests received before (11)* shall continue to be governed by existing instruments relating to mutual assistance in criminal matters. Decisions to freeze evidence by virtue of Framework Decision 2003/577/JHA and received before * shall also be governed by the latter.

2.        Article 7(1) is applicable mutatis mutandis to the EIO following a decision of freezing taken by virtue of Framework Decision 2003/577/JHA.

Article 31

Transposition

1.        Member States shall take the necessary measures to comply with ▌ this Directive by …(12)*.

1a.      When Member States adopt these measures, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such reference on the occasion of their official publication. The methods of making such reference shall be laid down by Member States.

2.        By …(13)*, Member States shall transmit to the ▌Commission the text of the provisions transposing into their national law the obligations imposed on them under this Directive.

Article 32

Report on the application

No later than five years after the date of entry into force of this Directive, the Commission shall present to the European Parliament and the Council a report on the application of this Directive, on the basis of both qualitative and quantitative information, including in particular, the evaluation of its impact on the cooperation in criminal matters and the protection of individuals, as well as the execution of the provisions on the interception of telecommunications in light of technical developments. The report shall be accompanied, if necessary, by proposals for amending this Directive.

Article 33

Entry into force

This Directive shall enter into force on the twentieth day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Article 34Addresses

This Directive is addressed to the Member States in accordance with the Treaties.

Done at …,

           For the European Parliament                                                       For the Council

           The President                                                                    The President

___________________

ANNEX A

EUROPEAN INVESTIGATION ORDER (EIO)

This EIO has been issued by a competent ▌authority. The issuing authority certifies that the issuing of this EIO is necessary and proportionate for the purpose of the proceedings specified within it taking into account the rights of the suspected or accused person and that the investigative measures requested could have been ordered under the same conditions in a similar national case. I request that the investigative measure or measures specified below be carried out taking due account of the confidentiality of the investigation and the evidence thereafter obtained as a result of the execution of the EIO be transferred.

Section A

Issuing State:.........................................................................................................................................

Executing State: ....................................................................................................................................

Section B: Urgency

Please indicate if there is any urgency due to

o Evidence being concealed or destroyed

o Imminent trial date

o Any other reason

Please specify below:

Deadlines for execution of the EIO are laid down in the Directive. However, if a shorter or specific deadline is necessary, please provide the date and explain the reason for this:

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Section C: Investigative measure(s) to be carried out

1.        Describe the assistance / investigative measure(s) required AND indicate, if applicable, if it is one of the below investigative measures:

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

o Obtaining of information or evidence which is already in the possession of the executing authority

o Obtaining of information contained in databases held by police or judicial authorities

o Hearing

    witness

    expert

    suspected or accused person

    victim

   third party

o Identification of persons holding a subscription of a specified phone number or IP address

o Temporary transfer of a person held in custody to the issuing State

o Temporary transfer of a person held in custody to the executing State

o Hearing by videoconference or other audio-visual transmission

    witness

    expert

    suspected or accused person

o Hearing by telephone conference

    witness

    expert

o Information on bank and other financial accounts

o Information on banking and other financial operations

o Investigative measure implying the gathering of evidence in real time, continuously and over a certain period of time

    Monitoring of banking or other financial operations

    Controlled deliveries

    Other

o Covert investigations

o Interception of telecommunications

o Provisional measure(s) to prevent the destruction, transformation, moving, transfer or disposal of an item that may be used as evidence.

Section D: Relation to an earlier EIO

If applicable, indicate if this EIO supplements an earlier EIO. Provide information relevant to identify the previous EIO (the date of issue of such EIO, the authority to which it was transmitted and, if available, the date of transmission of the EIO, and reference numbers given by the issuing and executing authorities).

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

If relevant please indicate as well if an EIO has already been addressed to another MS in the same case.

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

Section E: Identity of the person concerned

 

1. State all information, as far as known, regarding the identity of the (i) natural or (ii) legal person(s) concerned by the investigative measure (if more than one person is concerned, please provide the information for each person):

 

(i)     In the case of natural person(s)

Name:.....................................................................................................................................................

First name(s):........................................................................................................................................

Other relevant name(s), if applicable:..................................................................................................

Aliases, if applicable:............................................................................................................................

Sex:.........................................................................................................................................................

Nationality:...........................................................................................................................................

Identity number or social security number…………………………………………………………….

Type and number of the identity document(s) (ID card, passport), if available: ……………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Date of birth:.........................................................................................................................................

Place of birth:........................................................................................................................................

Residence and/or known address; if address not known, state the last known address:………………

................................................................................................................................................................

Language(s) which the person understands:

................................................................................................................................................................

(ii)      In the case of legal person(s)

Name:.....................................................................................................................................................

Form of legal person:............................................................................................................................

Shortened name, commonly used name or trading name, if applicable:………………………………

................................................................................................................................................................

Registered seat:......................................................................................................................................

Registration number:............................................................................................................................

Address of the legal person:..................................................................................................................

Name of the legal person's representative………………………………………………………….….

 

Please describe the position the concerned person currently holds in the proceedings:

   Suspected or accused person

   Victim

   Witness

   Expert

   Third party

   Other (please specify):……………..………………………………………………………………

 

2. If different from the above address, please give location where investigative measure is to be carried out: ……………………………………………………………………………………................................

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

3. Provide other information that will assist with the execution of the EIO, if any:

……………………………………………………………………………………................................

…………………………………………………………………………………....................................

Section F: Type of proceedings for which the EIO has been issued:

         a)        with respect to criminal proceedings brought by, or that may be brought before, a judicial authority in respect of a criminal offence under the national law of the issuing State; or

         b)        proceedings brought by administrative authorities in respect of acts which are punishable under the national law of the issuing State by virtue of being infringements of the rules of law, and where the decision may give rise to proceedings before a court having jurisdiction in particular in criminal matters; or

         c)        proceedings brought by judicial authorities in respect of acts which are punishable under the national law of the issuing State by virtue of being infringements of the rules of law, and where the decision may give rise to proceedings before a court having jurisdiction in particular in criminal matters.

         d)        in connection with proceedings referred to in points (a), (b), and (c) which relate to offences or infringements for which a legal person may be held liable or punished in the issuing state.

Section G: Grounds for Issuing the EIO

1.        Summary of the facts

Set out why the EIO has been issued, including a summary of the underlying facts, a description of offences charged or under investigation, the stage the investigation has reached, the reasons for any risk factors and any other relevant information.

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

2.        Nature and legal classification of the offence(s) for which the EIO is issued and the applicable statutory provision/code:

................................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

3.       Is the offence for which the EIO is issued punishable in the issuing State by a custodial sentence or detention order of a maximum of at least three years as defined by the laws of the issuing State and included in the list of offences set out below? (please tick the relevant box)

□ - participation in a criminal organisation,

□ - terrorism,

□ - trafficking in human beings,

□ - sexual exploitation of children and child pornography,

□ - illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances,

□ - illicit trafficking in weapons, munitions and explosives,

□ - corruption,

□ - fraud, including that affecting the financial interests of the European Communities within the meaning of the Convention of 26 July 1995 on the protection of the European Communities' financial interests,

□ - laundering of the proceeds of crime,

□ - counterfeiting currency, including of the euro,

□ - computer-related crime,

□ - environmental crime, including illicit trafficking in endangered animal species and in endangered plant species and varieties,

□ - facilitation of unauthorised entry and residence,

□ - murder, grievous bodily injury,

□ - illicit trade in human organs and tissue,

□ - kidnapping, illegal restraint and hostage-taking,

□ - racism and xenophobia,

□ - organised or armed robbery,

□ - illicit trafficking in cultural goods, including antiques and works of art,

□ - swindling,

□ - racketeering and extortion,

□ - counterfeiting and piracy of products,

□ - forgery of administrative documents and trafficking therein,

□ - forgery of means of payment,

□ - illicit trafficking in hormonal substances and other growth promoters,

□ - illicit trafficking in nuclear or radioactive materials,

□ - trafficking in stolen vehicles,

□ - rape,

□ - arson,

□ - crimes within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court,

□ - unlawful seizure of aircraft/ships,

□ - sabotage.

Section H: Additional requirements for certain measures

Fill out the sections relevant to the investigative measure(s) requested:

Section H1: Transfer of a person held in custody

 

(1) If a temporary transfer to the issuing State of a person held in custody for the purpose of investigation is requested, please indicate whether the person consented to this measure:

o Yes o No o I request that the person’s consent is sought

 

(2) If a temporary transfer to the executing State of a person held in custody for the purpose of investigation is requested, please indicate whether the person consented to this measure:

o Yes o No

Section H2: Video or telephone conference or other audio-visual transmission

(1) If hearing by video or telephone conference or other audio-visual transmission is requested:

 

Please indicate the name of the authority that will conduct the hearing (contact details/language):……………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Please indicate reasons for requesting this measure:……………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………...

  (a) Hearing by videoconference or other audio-visual transmission:

   The suspected or accused person has given his/her consent

 

  (b) Hearing by telephone conference

 

Section H3: Provisional measures

If a provisional measure to prevent the destruction, transformation, moving, transfer or disposal of an item, that may be used as evidence, is requested, please indicate whether:

   the item shall be transferred to the issuing State

   the item shall remain in the executing State; please indicate an estimated date:

for lifting of provisional measure:…………………………………………….

for the submission of a subsequent request concerning the item ………………..……….

Section H4: Banking information

 

(1) If information on bank accounts or other financial accounts that the person holds or controls is requested, please indicate, for each of them, why you consider the measure relevant for the purpose of the criminal proceedings and on what grounds you presume that banks in the

executing state hold the account:

 

   Information on bank accounts that the person holds or in respect of which he or she has the power of attorney.

 

   Information on other financial accounts that the person holds or in respect of which he or she has the power of attorney

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

(2) If information on banking operations or other financial operations is requested, please

indicate, for each of them, why you consider the measure relevant for the purpose of the criminal

proceedings:

 

 

   Information on banking operations

   Information on other financial operations

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

Indicate the relevant period of time and the related accounts

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(Previous section H5 now moved to Section H6)

Section H5: Investigative measures implying the gathering of evidence in real time, continuously and over a certain period of time

 

If such investigative measure is requested please indicate, why you consider the requested information relevant for the purpose of the criminal proceedings

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(Previous section H6 now moved to Section H7)

Section H6: Covert investigations

 

If covert investigation is requested please indicate, why you consider the measure likely to be relevant for the purpose of the criminal proceedings

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(Previous section H7 now moved to Section H5)

Section H7: Interception of telecommunications

 

(1)       If interception of telecommunications is requested please indicate, why you consider the

measure relevant for the purpose of the criminal proceedings

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(2) Please provide following information:

(a) information for the purpose of identifying the subject of this interception:

................................................................................................................................................................

(b) the desired duration of the interception:

................................................................................................................................................................

(c) technical data (in particular the target identifier – such as mobile telephone, landline telephone, email address, internet connection), to ensure that the EIO can be executed:

................................................................................................................................................................

(3) Please indicate your preference concerning the method of execution

o Immediate transmission

o Recording and subsequent transmission

 

Please indicate if you also require transcription, decoding or decrypting of the intercepted material*:

................................................................................................................................................................

*Please be aware that the costs of any transcription, decoding or decrypting must be met by the issuing State.

 

Section I: Formalities and procedures requested for the execution

 

1.        Tick and complete, if applicable

o       It is requested that the executing authority comply with the following formalities and

procedures(…):......................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................................

           

2.        Tick and complete, if applicable

o       It is requested that one or several officials of the issuing State assist in the execution of the

EIO in support of the competent authorities of the executing State.

 

Contact details of the officials:        

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

Languages that may be used for communication:..................................................................................

Section J: Legal Remedies

 

1. Please indicate if a legal remedy has already been sought against the issuing of an EIO, and if so please provide further details (description of the legal remedy, including necessary steps to take and deadlines):

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

 

2. Authority in the issuing State which can supply further information on procedures for seeking legal remedies in the issuing State and on whether legal assistance and interpretation and translation is available:

Name: ....................................................................................................................................................

Contact person (if applicable): ..............................................................................................................

Address: ................................................................................................................................................

Tel. No: (country code) (area/city code) ...............................................................................................

Fax No: (country code) (area/city code) ...............................................................................................

E-mail: ..................................................................................................................................................

 

Section K: Details of the authority which issued the EIO

Tick the type of authority which issued the EIO:

 

           judicial authority

           *any other competent authority as defined by the law of the issuing State

                     *Please also complete section (L)

 

Name of authority:

................................................................................................................................................................

Name of representative / contact point:

................................................................................................................................................................

File no.:..................................................................................................................................................

Address: ................................................................................................................................................

Tel. No: (country code) (area/city code)………………………………………………………………

Fax No: (country code) (area/city code)………………………………………...…………………….

E-mail.....................................................................................................................................................

Languages in which it is possible to communicate with the issuing authority:

................................................................................................................................................................

 

 

If different from above, the contact details of the person(s) to contact for additional information or to make practical arrangements for the transfer of evidence:

 

Name / Title / Organisation:................................................................................................................

Address:.................................................................................................................................................

Email / Contact Phone No.:................................................................................................................

Signature of the issuing authority and/or its representative certifying the content of the

EIO as accurate and correct:

 

Name:

Post held (title/grade):          

Date:  

Official stamp (if available):

 

 

Section L: Details of the judicial authority which validated the EIO

 

Please indicate the type of judicial authority which has validated this EIO:

           □         (a) judge or court

           □         (b) investigating magistrate

           □         (c) public prosecutor

 

Official name of the validating authority:  

................................................................................................................................................................

Name of its representative:

................................................................................................................................................................

Post held (title/grade):

................................................................................................................................................................

File no:…………………….…………………………………………………………………………..

Address: ................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

Tel. No: (country code) (area/city code) ...............................................................................................

Fax No: (country code) (area/city code)...............................................................................................

E-mail:....................................................................................................................................................

Languages in which it is possible to communicate with the validating authority:

................................................................................................................................................................

 

Please indicate if the main contact point for the executing authority should be the:

□ issuing authority

□ validating authority

 

Signature and details of the validating authority

Name:

Post held (title/grade):

Date:

Official stamp (if available):

 

_______________

ANNEX B

CONFIRMATION OF THE RECEIPT OF AN EIO

This form has to be completed by the authority of the executing State which received the EIO referred to below.

(A)      THE EIO CONCERNED

Authority which issued the EIO:

...............................................................................................................................................................

File reference:

...............................................................................................................................................................

Date of issuing:

...............................................................................................................................................................

Date of receipt:

...............................................................................................................................................................

(B)      THE AUTHORITY WHICH RECEIVED THE EIO((14))

Official name of the competent authority:

...............................................................................................................................................................

Name of its representative:

...............................................................................................................................................................

Post held (title/grade):

...............................................................................................................................................................

Address:

...............................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................................

Tel. No: (country code) (area/city code)

...............................................................................................................................................................

Fax No: (country code) (area/city code)

...............................................................................................................................................................

E-mail:

...............................................................................................................................................................

File reference:

...............................................................................................................................................................

Languages in which it is possible to communicate with the authority:

...............................................................................................................................................................

(C)      (WHERE APPLICABLE) THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY TO WHOM THE EIO IS TRANSMITTED BY THE AUTHORITY UNDER (B)

Official name of the authority:

...............................................................................................................................................................

Name of its representative:

...............................................................................................................................................................

Post held (title/grade):

...............................................................................................................................................................

Address:

...............................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................................

Tel. No: (country code) (area/city code)

...............................................................................................................................................................

Fax No: (country code) (area/city code)

...............................................................................................................................................................

E-mail:

...............................................................................................................................................................

Date of transmission:

...............................................................................................................................................................

File reference:

...............................................................................................................................................................

Language(s) that may be used for communication: ....................................................................................

 

(D) ANY OTHER INFORMATION WHICH MAY BE RELEVANT FOR THE ISSUING AUTHORITY:

 

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

 

(E)      SIGNATURE AND DATE

Signature:

Date:......................................................................................................................................................

Official stamp (if available):

 

 

 

ANNEX C

notification

This form is used in order to notify a Member State about the interception of telecommunication that will be, is or has been carried out on its territory without its technical assistance. I hereby inform ………...........................…….(notified Member State) of the interception.

(A)(15)     THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY

Official name of the competent authority of intercepting Member State:

................................................................................................................................................................

Name of its representative:

................................................................................................................................................................

Post held (title/grade):

................................................................................................................................................................

Address:

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

Tel. No: (country code) (area/city code)

................................................................................................................................................................

Fax No: (country code) (area/city code)

................................................................................................................................................................

E-mail:

................................................................................................................................................................

File reference

................................................................................................................................................................

Date of issuing:

................................................................................................................................................................

Languages in which it is possible to communicate with the authority:

................................................................................................................................................................

(B)      INFORMATION CONCERNING THE INTERCEPTION

(I) Information about state of play: This notification takes place (please tick)

 

  prior to the interception

  during the interception

  after the interception

 

(II) The (anticipated) duration of the interception (as known to the issuing authority):

……………………………………, starting from…………………………………………...

 

(III) Target of the interception: (telephone number, IP number or e-mail)

…………………………………………………………………………………………….………..

(IV) Identity of the persons concerned

State all information, as far as they are known, regarding the identity of the (i) natural or (ii)

legal person(s) against whom the proceedings are/may be/is taking place:

 

(i)     In the case of natural person(s)

Name:...............................................................................................................................

First name(s):..................................................................................................................

Other relevant name(s), if applicable:............................................................................

Aliases, if applicable:......................................................................................................

Sex:...................................................................................................................................

Nationality:.....................................................................................................................

Identity number or social security number……………………………………………

Date of birth:...................................................................................................................

Place of birth:..................................................................................................................

Residence and/or known address; if address not known, state the last known address:

..........................................................................................................................................

Language(s) which the person understands:

..........................................................................................................................................

(ii)......In the case of legal person(s)

Name:...............................................................................................................................

Form of legal person:......................................................................................................

Shortened name, commonly used name or trading name, if applicable:

..........................................................................................................................................

Registered seat:................................................................................................................

Registration number:......................................................................................................

Address of the legal person …………………………………………………………..…

Name and contact details of the representative of the legal person:………….……

(V) information regarding the purpose of this interception:

State all information necessary, including a description of the case, legal classification of the offence(s) and the applicable statutory provision/code, in order to enable the notified authority to assess the following:

    whether the interception would be authorised in a similar national case; and

whether the material obtained can be used in legal proceedings;

   where the interception has already occurred, whether that material can be used

in legal proceedings

 

…………………………………………………………………………………………….………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………….………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………….………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………….………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………….………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………….………..

 

Please note that any objection to the interception or the use of already intercepted material must be made no later than 96 hours after the reception of this notification.

 

 

(D)      SIGNATURE AND DATE

Signature:

Date: ………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Official stamp (if available):

 

 

 

ANNEX X (related to Article 10)

- participation in a criminal organisation,

- terrorism,

- trafficking in human beings,

- sexual exploitation of children and child pornography,

- illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances,

- illicit trafficking in weapons, munitions and explosives,

- corruption,

- fraud, including that affecting the financial interests of the European Communities within the meaning of the Convention of 26 July 1995 on the protection of the European Communities' financial interests,

- laundering of the proceeds of crime,

- counterfeiting currency, including of the euro,

- computer-related crime,

- environmental crime, including illicit trafficking in endangered animal species and in endangered plant species and varieties,

- facilitation of unauthorised entry and residence,

- murder, grievous bodily injury,

- illicit trade in human organs and tissue,

- kidnapping, illegal restraint and hostage-taking,

- racism and xenophobia,

- organised or armed robbery,

- illicit trafficking in cultural goods, including antiques and works of art,

- swindling,

- racketeering and extortion,

- counterfeiting and piracy of products,

- forgery of administrative documents and trafficking therein,

- forgery of means of payment,

- illicit trafficking in hormonal substances and other growth promoters,

- illicit trafficking in nuclear or radioactive materials,

- trafficking in stolen vehicles,

- rape,

- arson,

- crimes within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court,

- unlawful seizure of aircraft/ships,

- sabotage.

(1)

* Amendments: new or amended text is marked in bold italics; deletions are indicated by the symbol ▌.

(2)

          OJ L 196, 2.8.2003, p. 45.

(3)

          OJ L 350, 30.12.2008, p. 72.

(4)

          OJ L 239, 22.9.2000, p. 19.

(5)

          OJ C 197, 12.7.2000, p. 3.

(6)

          OJ L 162, 20.6.2002, p. 1.

(7)

*          OJ: Please insert the date: Three years from the entry into force of this Directive.

(8)

*          OJ: Please insert the date: Three years from the entry into force of this Directive.

(9)

*          OJ: Please insert the date: Three years from the entry into force of this Directive.

(10)

*          OJ: Please insert the date: Three years after the entry into force of this Directive.

(11)

*          OJ: Please insert the date: Three years after the entry into force of this Directive.

(12)

*          OJ: Please insert the date: Three years after the entry into force of this Directive.

(13)

*          OJ: Please insert the date: Three years after the entry into force of this Directive.

(14)

          This section is to be completed by each authority which received the EIO. This obligation falls upon the authority competent to recognise and execute the EIO and, where applicable, upon the central authority or the authority which transmitted the EIO to the competent authority.

(15)

          The authority which is referred to here is the one which should be contacted in further correspondence with the issuing State.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Given the unsuitability of traditional judicial cooperation in the current European context, the step forward that the adoption of this Directive represents is undoubtedly a positive factor, which will clearly help to consolidate the construction of the European criminal area. It crystallises the tension in terms of progress with the transfer of sovereignty, in the name of security and protection of fundamental rights.

The challenge in terms of European criminal integration is therefore to ensure respect for and guarantee fundamental rights. It is significant that the preamble to the Charter of Fundamental Rights expressly refers to the area of ‘freedom, security and justice’, given its particularly sensitive nature in terms of fundamental rights and freedoms. There is no need to point out that this guarantee must be ‘real’ and not ‘formal’. The carefully thought out and considered development of the European criminal area therefore requires judicial control of respect for fundamental rights in the Union.

The importance of the European criminal area is now evident as a priority within European integration, given the gradual liberation of traditional cooperation mechanisms. Having promoted police and judicial cooperation as a measure compensating for the disappearance of internal borders, the European Union is now moving beyond this inter-state cooperation in order to gradually construct a homogenous criminal area.

This progress must be made based on the following principles: mutual recognition, coordination of investigations, and protection of fundamental rights in criminal cases, thereby complying with the measures defined by Article 82 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The complementary link between mutual recognition and harmonisation is thus reaffirmed, highlighting the fact that mutual recognition cannot be achieved without harmonisation.

There is no need to point out that one of the objectives of the European integration process is precisely to promote the free movement of persons, without failing to guarantee their safety, by creating an area of freedom, security and justice.


PROCEDURE

Title

The European Investigation Order in criminal matters

References

09288/2010 – C7-0185/2010 – 2010/0817(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

LIBE

7.9.2010

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Nuno Melo

27.9.2010

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

30.11.2010

16.3.2011

12.1.2012

28.2.2012

 

26.3.2012

8.5.2012

5.12.2013

 

Date adopted

5.12.2013

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

42

1

0

Members present for the final vote

Jan Philipp Albrecht, Edit Bauer, Rita Borsellino, Arkadiusz Tomasz Bratkowski, Ioan Enciu, Frank Engel, Monika Flašíková Beňová, Kinga Gál, Sylvie Guillaume, Anna Hedh, Salvatore Iacolino, Sophia in ‘t Veld, Lívia Járóka, Teresa Jiménez-Becerril Barrio, Juan Fernando López Aguilar, Monica Luisa Macovei, Svetoslav Hristov Malinov, Véronique Mathieu Houillon, Anthea McIntyre, Nuno Melo, Roberta Metsola, Louis Michel, Claude Moraes, Georgios Papanikolaou, Birgit Sippel, Csaba Sógor, Rui Tavares, Wim van de Camp, Axel Voss, Renate Weber, Josef Weidenholzer, Cecilia Wikström, Tatjana Ždanoka, Auke Zijlstra

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Michael Cashman, Cornelis de Jong, Mariya Gabriel, Evelyne Gebhardt, Petru Constantin Luhan, Ulrike Lunacek, Salvador Sedó i Alabart, Janusz Wojciechowski

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

María Irigoyen Pérez

Date tabled

20.12.2013

Last updated: 13 February 2014Legal notice