Procedure : 2013/0165(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A7-0106/2014

Texts tabled :

A7-0106/2014

Debates :

PV 25/02/2014 - 13
CRE 25/02/2014 - 13

Votes :

PV 26/02/2014 - 9.7
CRE 26/02/2014 - 9.7

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2014)0154

REPORT     ***I
PDF 565kWORD 729k
13 February 2014
PE 521.605v02-00 A7-0106/2014

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system and amending Directive 2007/46/EC

(COM(2013)0316 – C7-0174/2013 – 2013/0165(COD))

Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection

Rapporteur: Olga Sehnalová

Rapporteur for the opinion (*):Axel Voss, Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

(*)       Associated committee – Rule 50 of the Rules of Procedure

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 ANNEX - LIST OF SUBMISSIONS BY STAKEHOLDERS
 OPINION of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs*
 OPINION of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy
 OPINION of the Committee on Transport and Tourism
 PROCEDURE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system and amending Directive 2007/46/EC

(COM(2013)0316 – C7-0174/2013 – 2013/0165(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2013)0316),

–   having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 114 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C7-0174/2013),

–   having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 19 September 2013(1),

–   having regard to Rule 55 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection and the opinions of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy and the Committee on Transport and Tourism (A7-0106/2014),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it intends to amend its proposal substantially or replace it with another text;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Title 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Proposal for a

Proposal for a

REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

concerning type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system and amending Directive 2007/46/EC

concerning type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system based on the 112 service and amending Directive 2007/46/EC

(Text with EEA relevance)

(Text with EEA relevance)

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a) The deployment of an eCall service available in all vehicles and in all Member States has been one of the high Union priorities in the area of road safety since 2003. To achieve that objective, a series of initiatives have been launched, as part of a voluntary deployment approach, but have not achieved sufficient progress to date.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) In order to further improve road safety, the Communication ‘eCall: Time for Deployment’6 proposes new measures to accelerate the deployment of an in-vehicle emergency call service in the Union. One of the suggested measures is to make mandatory the fitting of eCall in-vehicle systems in all new vehicles starting with M1 and N1 vehicle categories as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC.

(3) In order to further improve road safety, the Commission Communication of 21 August 2009 entitled: ‘eCall: Time for Deployment’ proposes new measures to deploy an in-vehicle emergency call service in the Union. One of the suggested measures is to make mandatory the fitting of 112-based eCall in-vehicle systems in all new vehicles starting with M1 and N1 vehicle categories as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC.

__________________

 

6 COM (2009) 434 final.

 

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) It is still necessary to improve the operation of the 112 service throughout the Union, so that it provides assistance swiftly and effectively in emergencies.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The Union eCall system is expected to reduce the number of fatalities in the Union as well as the severity of injuries caused by road accidents. The mandatory introduction of the eCall system would make the service available to all citizens and thus contribute to reduce human suffering and healthcare and other costs.

(5) The Union eCall system is expected to reduce the number of fatalities in the Union as well as the severity of injuries caused by road accidents, thanks to the early alert of the emergency services. The mandatory introduction of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system, together with the necessary and coordinated infrastructure upgrade in electronic communication networks for conveying eCalls and Public Safety Answering Points (PSAPs) for receiving eCalls, would make the service available to all citizens and thus contribute to the reduction of fatalities and severe injuries, of costs relating to healthcare, of congestion caused by accidents and of other costs.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) The eCall system will represent an important structure composed of multiple actors dealing with the safety of lives. Therefore it is essential that the liability aspect is ensured by this Regulation in order to enable users to have full confidence and the eCall system to run smoothly.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) The provision of accurate and reliable positioning information is an essential element of the effective operation of the eCall in-vehicle system. Therefore, it is appropriate to require its compatibility with the services provided by satellite navigation programmes, including the systems established under the Galileo and EGNOS programmes set out in Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on the further implementation of the European satellite navigation programmes (EGNOS and Galileo)8.

(6) The provision of accurate and reliable positioning information in emergencies is an essential element of the effective operation of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. Therefore, it is appropriate to require its compatibility with the services provided by satellite navigation programmes, in particular the systems established under the Galileo and EGNOS programmes as set out in Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council8.

__________________

__________________

8 OJ L 196, 24.7.2008, p.1.

8 Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on the further implementation of the European satellite navigation programmes (EGNOS and Galileo) (OJ L 196, 24.7.2008, p.1.)

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system should initially apply only to new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (categories M1 and N1) for which an appropriate triggering mechanism already exists.

(7) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system should initially apply only to new types of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (categories M1 and N1) for which an appropriate triggering mechanism already exists. The possibility of extending the application of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system requirement in the near future to include other vehicle categories, such as heavy goods vehicles (HGVs), buses and coaches, powered two-wheelers (PTW) and agricultural tractors, should be further assessed by the Commission with a view to presenting, if appropriate, a legislative proposal.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7a) The equipping of vehicles of existing types to be manufactured after October 2015 with the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system should be promoted in order to increase penetration. In respect of types of vehicles type-approved before 1 October 2015, an eCall system may be retrofitted on a voluntary basis.

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7b) The public interoperable Union-wide eCall service based on the single European emergency call number 112 ("emergency number 112") and private eCall services (third party service supported eCall systems) can coexist provided that the measures necessary to ensure continuity in the provision of the service to the consumer are adopted. In order to ensure continuity of the public 112-based eCall service in all Member States throughout the lifetime of the vehicle and guarantee that the public 112-based eCall service is always automatically available, all vehicles should be equipped with the public 112-based eCall service, regardless of whether or not a vehicle buyer opts for a private eCall service.

Justification

Third party service supported eCall systems can coexist with the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system on the condition that the public 112-based eCall service is always available at least as the back-up option.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7c) Consumers should be provided with a realistic overview of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system and of the private eCall system, if the vehicle is equipped with one, as well as comprehensive and reliable information regarding any additional functionalities or services linked to the private emergency service, in-vehicle emergency or assistance-call applications on offer, and regarding the level of service to be expected with the purchase of third party services and the associated cost. The 112-based eCall is a public service of general interest and should therefore be accessible free of charge to all consumers.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system should be without prejudice to the right of all stakeholders such as car manufacturers and independent operators to offer additional emergency and/or added value services, in parallel with or building on the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. However, these additional services should be designed not to increase driver distraction.

(8) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system should be without prejudice to the right of all stakeholders such as car manufacturers and independent operators to offer additional emergency and/or added value services, in parallel with or building on the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. However, any additional services should be designed not to increase driver distraction or affect the functioning of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system and the efficient work of emergency call centres. The 112-based eCall in-vehicle system and the system providing private or added-value services should be designed in such a way that no exchange of personal data between them is possible. Where provided, those services should comply with the applicable safety, security and data protection legislation and should always remain optional for consumers.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) In order to ensure open choice for customers and fair competition, as well as encourage innovation and boost the competitiveness of the Union's information technology industry on the global market, the eCall in-vehicle system should be accessible free of charge and without discrimination to all independent operators and based on an interoperable and open-access platform for possible future in-vehicle applications or services.

(9) In order to ensure open choice for customers and fair competition, as well as encourage innovation and boost the competitiveness of the Union's information technology industry on the global market, the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system should be based on an interoperable, open-access, secured and standardised platform for possible future in-vehicle applications or services. As this requires technical and legal back-up, the Commission should assess without delay, on the basis of consultations with all stakeholders involved, including vehicle manufacturers and independent operators, all possibilities to promote and ensure such an open-access platform and, if appropriate, put forward a legislative proposal to that effect. Further clarifications should be provided on the conditions under which third parties providing added value services can have access to data stored in the112-based in-vehicle system. Furthermore, the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system should be accessible free of charge and without discrimination to all independent operators for repair and maintenance purposes.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) The introduction of any additional in-vehicle application or service should not delay the entry into force and the application of this Regulation.

Justification

The deployment of an interoperable EU-wide eCal in-vehicle system is an important progress in road safety and thus shall not be delayed anymore.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a) The 112-based eCall in-vehicle system, as an emergency system, requires the highest possible level of reliability. The accuracy of the minimum set of data and of the voice transmission and quality should be ensured, and a uniform testing regime should be developed to ensure the longevity and durability of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. Periodic technical inspections should therefore be carried out regularly in accordance with Regulation (EU) No .../....of the European Parliament and of the Council 1a*. Detailed provisions for the testing should be included in the relevant Annex thereof.

 

__________________

 

1a Regulation (EU) No. .../... of the European Parliament and of the Council of ... on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC (OJ L ...).

 

*OJ: Please insert the number of the Regulation contained in doc. 2012/0184(COD) and complete the footnote with its number, date and publication reference.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Small series vehicles are excluded under Directive 2007/46/EC from the requirements on the protection of occupants in the case of frontal impact and side impact. Therefore, those small series vehicles should be excluded from the obligation to comply with the eCall requirements.

(11) Small series vehicles are excluded under Directive 2007/46/EC from the requirements on the protection of occupants in the case of frontal impact and side impact. Therefore, those small series vehicles should be excluded from the obligation to comply with the eCall requirements set out in this Regulation.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) Special purpose vehicles should be subject to compliance with the eCall requirements set out in this Regulation, unless type-approval authorities consider, on a case by case basis, that the vehicle cannot meet those requirements due to its special purpose.

deleted

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) According to the recommendations made by the Article 29 Data Protection Working Party and contained in the 'Working document on data protection and privacy implications in eCall initiative', adopted on 26 September 20069, any processing of personal data through the eCall in-vehicle system should comply with the personal data protection rules provided for in Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data10 and in Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (Directive on privacy and electronic communications)11, in particular to guarantee that vehicles equipped with eCall in-vehicle systems, in their normal operational status related to 112 eCall, are not traceable and are not subject to any constant tracking and that the minimum set of data sent by the in-vehicle eCall system includes the minimum information required for the appropriate handling of emergency calls.

(13) Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council10, Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council11and Articles 7 and 8 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union11a govern the processing of personal data carried out in the context of this Regulation. Any processing of data through the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system should therefore be carried out in accordance with these Directives and under the supervision of the Member States' competent authorities, in particular the independent public authorities designated by the Member States pursuant to those Directives, in particular to guarantee that vehicles equipped with 112-based eCall in-vehicle systems, in their normal operational status related to 112 eCall, are not traceable and are not subject to any constant tracking and that the minimum set of data sent by the in-vehicle eCall system includes only the minimum information required for the handling of emergency calls by PSAPs, and that no personal data is stored after that. Given the consent of the data subject or a contract between both parties, other conditions may apply in case another emergency call system is installed in the vehicle in addition to the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system, but it should nevertheless comply with those Directives.

__________________

__________________

9 1609/06/EN – WP 125.

 

10 OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p.31.

10 Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31).

11 OJ L 201, 31.7.2002, p.37.

11 Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (Directive on privacy and electronic communications) (OJ L 201, 31.7.2002, p. 37).

 

11 a OJ C 303, 14.12.2007, p. 1.

Amendment  19

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a) This Regulation takes into account the recommendations made by the Article 29 Working Party established by Directive 95/46/EC in its 'Working document on data protection and privacy implications in eCall initiative', of 26 September 2006.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13b) When complying with technical requirements, vehicle manufacturers should integrate technical forms of data protection into in-vehicle systems and should comply with the principle of ‘privacy by design’.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) In order to ensure the application of common technical requirements regarding the eCall in-vehicle system, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed rules on the application of the relevant standards, on testing, on personal data and privacy protection and on exemptions for certain vehicles or classes of vehicles of categories M1 and N1. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council

(15) In order to ensure the application of common technical requirements regarding the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed rules on the application of the relevant standards, on testing, on personal data and privacy protection and on exemptions for certain vehicles or classes of vehicles of categories M1 and N1. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, consulting in particular the European Data Protection Supervisor, the Article 29 Working Party and consumer protection organisations. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council

Amendment  22

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Vehicle manufacturers should be allowed sufficient time to adapt to the technical requirements of this Regulation.

(16) Vehicle manufacturers should be allowed sufficient time to adapt to the technical requirements of this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Regulation in order to be able to carry out the necessary studies and tests under various conditions, as required, and thus ensure that the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system is fully reliable.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This Regulation shall not apply to small series vehicles.

(Alignment with Recital 11 and point (3)(b) of the Annex.)

Amendment  24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

For the purpose of this Regulation and in addition to the definitions laid down in Article 3 of Directive 2007/46/EC and in Article 2 of Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 305/201312 , the following definitions shall apply:

For the purpose of this Regulation and in addition to the definitions laid down in Article 3 of Directive 2007/46/EC, the following definitions shall apply:

__________________

 

12 OJ L 91, 03.04.2013, p. 1.

 

Justification

The reference to the Commission Delegated Regulation 305/2013 would in practice mean that the Commission may amend the definitions in the current proposal by amending the relevant definition in the Delegated Regulation. As definitions set out in this Article are considered as essential elements of the Regulation, the power to define their meaning cannot be delegated to the Commission.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) e-Call in-vehicle system means a system activated either automatically via in-vehicle sensors or manually, which carries, by means of mobile wireless communications networks, a standardised minimum set of data and establishes a 112-based audio channel between the occupants of the vehicle and a public safety answering point;

(1) '112-based eCall in-vehicle system' means an emergency system, comprising in-vehicle equipment and the means to trigger, manage and enact the eCall transmission, that is activated either automatically via in-vehicle sensors or manually, which emits signals by means of a public mobile wireless communications networks, to enable the transmission of a standardised minimum set of data and the establishment of a 112-based audio channel between the occupants of the vehicle and the appropriate public safety answering point;

 

(Horizontal amendment: if adopted, the references to "eCall in-vehicle system" will be replaced with "112-based eCall in-vehicle system" throughout the text)

Justification

The in-vehicle eCall is an emergency call generated either manually by the vehicle occupants by pushing a button or automatically via activation of in-vehicle sensors after a crash. When activated, the in-vehicle eCall device will establish an emergency call carrying both voice and data directly to the nearest emergency services. The voice call enables vehicle occupants to communicate with the eCall operator and if necessary cancel the the service in the case of a false alarm. At the same time, a minimum set of data will be sent to the eCall operator receiving the voice call.

Amendment  26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) ‘in-vehicle system’ means the in-vehicle equipment together with the means to trigger, manage and effect the eCall transmission via a public mobile wireless communications network providing a link between the vehicle and a means of enacting the eCall service via a public mobile wireless communications network.

deleted

Justification

The combination of the two definitions as proposed in this Article is highly confusing as the terms appear similar or at least linked, but the definitions are overlapping and not at all harmonised, using different terminology. In order to avoid confusion, the second definition can be deleted and only first definition applied throughout the text.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a) 'eCall' means an in-vehicle emergency call to 112, made via the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system;

Justification

This definition is an essential element for purposes of this Regulation and thus should be specified in the text of the proposal itself.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2b) 'public safety answering point' or 'PSAP' means a physical location where emergency calls are first received under the responsibility of a public authority or a private organisation recognised by the Member State concerned;

Justification

This definition is an essential element for purposes of this Regulation and thus should be specified in the text of the proposal itself.

Amendment  29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2c) 'minimum set of data' or '(MSD' means the information defined by the standard 'Road transport and traffic telematics — eSafety — eCall minimum set of data (MSD)' (EN 15722) which is sent to the eCall PSAP;

Justification

This definition is an essential element for purposes of this Regulation and thus should be specified in the text of the proposal itself.

Amendment  30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2d) 'in-vehicle equipment' means equipment permanently installed within the vehicle that provides or has access to the in-vehicle data required for the minimum set of data (MSD) to perform the eCall transaction via a public mobile wireless communications network;

Justification

This definition is an essential element for purposes of this Regulation and thus should be specified in the text of the proposal itself.

Amendment  31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 e (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2e) 'public mobile wireless communications network' means mobile wireless communications network available to the public in accordance with Directives 2002/21/EC1a and 2002/22/EC1b of the European Parliament and of the Council;

 

__________________

 

1a Directive 2002/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 March 2002 on a common regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services (Framework Directive) (OJ L 108, 24.4.2002, p. 33).

 

1b Directive 2002/22/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 March 2002 on universal service and users' rights relating to electronic communications networks and services (Universal Service Directive) (OJ L 108, 24.4.2002, p. 51).

Justification

This definition is an essential element for purposes of this Regulation and thus should be specified in the text of the proposal itself.

Amendment  32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that all new types of vehicles referred to in Article 2 are equipped with an eCall in-vehicle system, in accordance with this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Regulation.

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that all new types of vehicles referred to in Article 2 are equipped with an embedded 112-based eCall in-vehicle system, in accordance with this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Regulation.

Justification

Although the provision of the eCall functionality could be achieved to a certain extent through the use of nomadic solutions (such as mobile phones), mandatory introduction for new type-approved vehicles should be based on embedded in-vehicle equipment as these nomadic devices can be removed or be just forgotten to activate.

Amendment  33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that all their new types of vehicle are constructed to ensure that in the event of a severe accident which occurs in the territory of the Union, an eCall to the single European emergency number 112 is triggered automatically.

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that new vehicle types are constructed to ensure that in the event of a severe accident, detected by activation of one or more sensors and/or processors within the vehicle, which occurs in the territory of the Union, an eCall to the emergency number 112 is triggered automatically.

Amendment  34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that new vehicles are constructed as to ensure that an eCall to the single European emergency number 112 can also be triggered manually.

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that new vehicle types are constructed in such a way as to ensure that an eCall to the emergency number 112 can also be triggered manually.

Amendment  35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. Paragraph 2 is without prejudice to the right of the vehicle owner to use another emergency call system installed in the vehicle and providing a similar service, in addition to the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. In that case, that other emergency call system shall be compliant with the standard EN 16102 'Intelligent transport systems – eCall – Operating requirements for third party support', and manufacturers shall ensure that there is only one system active at a time and that 112-based eCall in-vehicle system is triggered automatically in the event that the other emergency call system does not function.

Amendment  36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that the receivers in the in-vehicle systems are compatible with the positioning services provided by satellite navigation systems including the Galileo and the EGNOS systems.

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that the receivers in the 112-based eCall in-vehicle systems are compatible with the positioning services provided by satellite navigation systems, in particular the Galileo and the EGNOS systems.

Amendment  37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Only those eCall in-vehicle systems which can be tested shall be accepted for the purposes of type-approval.

4. Only those embedded 112-based eCall in-vehicle systems which can be tested shall be accepted for the purposes of type-approval.

Justification

Although the provision of the eCall functionality could be achieved to a certain extent through the use of nomadic solutions (such as mobile phones), mandatory introduction for new type-approved vehicles should be based on embedded in-vehicle equipment as these nomadic devices can be removed or be just forgotten to activate.

Amendment  38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a. Manufacturers shall demonstrate that, in the event of a critical system failure which would result in an inability to execute an eCall detected during or following the self-test, a warning shall be given to the occupants of the vehicle.

Amendment  39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. The eCall in-vehicle system shall be accessible to all independent operators free of charge and without discrimination at least for repair and maintenance purposes.

6. The 112-based eCall in-vehicle system shall be accessible to all independent operators free of charge and without discrimination for repair and maintenance purposes.

Amendment  40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 7 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9 establishing the detailed technical requirements and tests for the type-approval of eCall in-vehicle systems and amending Directive 2007/46/EC accordingly.

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9 establishing the detailed technical requirements and tests for the type-approval of 112-basedeCall in-vehicle systems.

Justification

The amendments to Directive 2007/46/EC are already foreseen in Article 11 of this proposal. When adopted, this regulation together with the delegated acts adopted on its basis will become a separate regulation in the context of the EC type-approval procedure provided for by that Directive.

Amendment  41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 7 – subparagraph 2 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The technical requirements and tests referred to in the first subparagraph shall be based on the requirements set out in paragraphs 3, 4 and 6 and on the following standards, where applicable:

The technical requirements and tests referred to in the first subparagraph shall be adopted after consultation of relevant stakeholders and shall be based on the requirements set out in paragraphs 2, 2a, 3, 4 and 6 and on the available standards relating to eCall and, UNECE Regulations, where applicable, including:

Amendment  42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 7 – subparagraph 2 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) EN 15722 'Intelligent transport systems - eSafety - eCall minimum set of data (MSD)';

Justification

In combination with the deletion of item (d) in par. 7, an additional reference to the EN standard for the minimum set of data (MSD) should also be made.

Amendment  43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 7 – subparagraph 2 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) any additional European standards or UNECE Regulations relating to eCall systems.

deleted

Justification

This would create uncertainty about the specifications according to which eCall systems are developed and tested. If a standard, including a specific version reference, is not known at the moment of adoption of this Regulation, it should not be required.

Amendment  44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph -1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

-1a. This Regulation is without prejudice to Directive 95/46/EC and to Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council14a. Any processing of personal data through the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system shall comply with the personal data protection rules provided for in those Directives.

 

_____________

 

14aDirective 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (Directive on privacy and electronic communications) (OJ L 201, 31.7.2002, p. 37).

Amendment  45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

In accordance with Directive 95/46/EC and Directive 2002/58/EC, manufacturers shall ensure that vehicles equipped with eCall in-vehicle system are not traceable and are not subject to any constant tracking in their normal operational status related to the eCall.

Manufacturers shall ensure that vehicles equipped with 112-based eCall in-vehicle system are not traceable and are not subject to any constant tracking in their pre-emergency operational status related to the eCall.

Amendment  46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The minimum set of data sent by the eCall in-vehicle system shall include only the minimum information required for the appropriate handling of emergency calls.

2. The MSD sent by the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system shall as a maximum consist of the information required by the standard referred to in point 2c of Article 3. The MSD shall not be processed for longer than necessary for the purpose for which they have been processed, and shall not be stored for longer than is required for the appropriate handling of emergency calls. The MSD shall be stored in such a way as to make possible its full deletion.

Justification

The MSD consists of data needed for proper handling of emergency calls: manual or automatic activation; class of vehicle; type of fuel used; timestamp; exact position; direction of drive; minimum number of seatbelts fastened.

Amendment  47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that eCall users are provided with clear and comprehensive information about the processing of data carried out through the eCall in-vehicle system, in particular about:

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that eCall users are provided with clear and comprehensive information about the existence of a free public eCall system, based on 112, and the processing of data carried out through the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system, in particular about:

Amendment  48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) the purpose of the eCall processing;

(d) the specific purpose of the eCall processing which shall be limited to the emergency situations referred to in the first subparagraph of Article 5(2);

Amendment  49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f) the time limit for the retention of data in the in-vehicle system;

(f) the time limit for the retention of data in the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system;

Justification

Amendment reflecting the deletion of the "in-vehicle system" definition.

Amendment  50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g) the fact that there is no constant tracking of the vehicle;

(g) the fact that there is no tracking of the vehicle beyond the collection of the minimum amount of data necessary for the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system to determine and transmit the location and the direction of travel of the vehicle when reporting an incident, as well as the fact that any tracking data are only stored on the device for as long as strictly necessary for that purpose;

Amendment  51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 – point h a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ha) the fact that data gathered by the PSAPs through the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system must not be transferred to third parties without active prior consent from the data subject;

Amendment  52

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i) any necessary additional information regarding the processing of personal data in relation to the provision of a private eCall service and/or other added value services.

(i) any necessary additional information regarding traceability, tracking and processing of personal data in relation to the provision of a private eCall service and/or other added value services, which shall be subject to explicit consent by the user and in compliance with Directive 95/46/EC. Particular account shall be taken of the fact that differences may exist between the data processing carried out through the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system and the private eCall systems or other added value services.

Amendment  53

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. Manufacturers shall provide the information set out in paragraph 3 as part of the technical documentation handed over together with vehicle.

Justification

Modality of communication of information about personal data processing to the consumer should also be clarified.

Amendment  54

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3b. In order to avoid confusion as to the purposes pursued and the added value of the processing, the information referred to in paragraph 3 shall be provided to the user separately for the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system and other eCall Systems prior to the use of the system.

Amendment  55

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3c. Manufactures shall ensure that the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system and another installed emergency call system and a system providing added-value services are designed in such a way that no exchange of personal data between them is possible. The non-use of another system or an added-value service or the refusal of the data subject to give consent to the processing of his or her personal data for a private service shall not create any adverse effects on the use of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system and/or the eCall user.

Amendment  56

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9 which shall define further the requirement of the absence of traceability and tracking and the privacy enhancing technologies referred to in paragraph 1 as well as the modalities of the private data processing and of the user information referred to in paragraph 3.

4. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9, defining further the requirement of the absence of traceability and tracking and the privacy enhancing technologies referred to in paragraph 1 with respect to eCall, in particular the security measures that providers of eCall services are to adopt in order to ensure lawful data processing and prevent unauthorised access, disclosure, alteration or loss of personal data processed, as well as the modalities of the personal data processing and of the user information referred to in paragraph 3.

Amendment  57

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

With effect from 1 October 2015, national authorities shall only grant EC type-approval in respect of the eCall in-vehicle system to new types of vehicles which comply with this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Regulation.

With effect from ...*, national authorities shall only grant EC type-approval in respect of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system to new types of vehicles which comply with this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Regulation.

 

__________

 

* OJ: please insert the date of application of this Regulation.

Justification

The Parliament has called for the mandatory deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system by 2015 and wishes to pursue that objective. However, acknowleding the fact that industry will need sufficient lead in time to develop and test eCall systems, and considering that the final date of the adoption of this Regulation is not yet known, the deadline of 1 October 2015 could be reconsidered at a later stage.

Amendment  58

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 7a

 

Periodic technical inspections

 

The requirements for periodic technical inspections concerning the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system shall be regulated by Regulation (EU) No ... of the European Parliament and of the Council.

Amendment  59

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Commission may exempt certain vehicles or classes of vehicles of categories M1 and N1 from the obligation to install eCall in-vehicle systems set out in Article 4, if following a cost/benefit analysis, carried out or mandated by the Commission, and taking into account all relevant safety aspects, the application of those systems proves not to be appropriate to the vehicle or class of vehicles concerned.

1. The Commission may exempt certain classes of vehicles of categories M1 and N1 from the obligation to install 112-based eCall in-vehicle system set out in Article 4, if following a cost/benefit analysis and a technical analysis, carried out or mandated by the Commission, and taking into account all relevant safety aspects, the installation of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system proves not to be indispensable for further improving road safety, due to the fact that the class of vehicles concerned is designed primarily for off-road use or does not have an appropriate triggering mechanism. Those exemptions shall be limited in number.

Amendment  60

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9 setting out the exemptions referred to in paragraph 1. Those exemptions shall cover vehicles such as special purpose vehicles and vehicles without airbags and be limited in number.

2. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9 setting out the exemptions referred to in paragraph 1.

Amendment  61

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 5 (7), Article 6(4) and in Article 8(2) shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from […][Publications Office, please insert the exact date of entry into force].

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 5 (7), Article 6(4) and in Article 8(2) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from ...* . The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

 

____________

 

* OJ: please insert the date of entry into force of this Regulation.

Amendment  62

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 5(7), Article 6(4) and Article 8(2), shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 5(7), Article 6(4) and Article 8(2) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of three months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

Amendment  63

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States shall lay down the rules on penalties applicable to non-compliance by manufacturers with the provisions of this Regulation and shall take all measures to ensure that they are implemented. The penalties provided for shall be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. Members States shall notify those provisions to the Commission, and shall notify it without delay of any subsequent amendment affecting them.

1. Member States shall lay down the rules on penalties applicable to non-compliance by manufacturers with the provisions of this Regulation and the corresponding delegated acts and shall take all measures to ensure that they are implemented. The penalties provided for shall be effective, proportionate and dissuasive, in particular where Article 6 of this Regulation is not complied with. Member States shall notify those provisions to the Commission, and shall notify it without delay of any subsequent amendment affecting them.

Amendment  64

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) breaching provisions contained in Article 6.

Amendment  65

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 10a

 

Reporting and review

 

1. The Commission shall report to the European Parliament and to the Council regarding the readiness of the telecommunications and PSAP infrastructure required for eCall in Member States. If it is clear from that report that the eCall infrastructure will not be operational before the date referred to in Article 12, the Commission shall take appropriate action.

 

2. By 1 October 2018, the Commission shall prepare an evaluation report to be presented to the European Parliament and to the Council on the achievements of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system, including its penetration rate. The Commission shall investigate whether the scope of the Regulation should be extended to other categories of vehicles, such as powered two-wheelers, heavy goods vehicles, busses and coaches, and agricultural tractors. If appropriate, the Commission shall present a legislative proposal to that effect.

 

3. As soon as possible and in any event not later than by...*, the Commission shall report to the European Parliament and to the Council, following a broad consultation with all stakeholders, including vehicle manufacturers and independent operators, and an impact assessment, on the technical requirements for an interoperable, standardised, secure and open-access platform. The Commission shall accompany that report, if appropriate, with a legislative proposal to that effect. The 112-based eCall in-vehicle system shall be based on the standards for that platform as soon as they become available.

 

______________

 

*OJ: please insert the date: one year after the entry into force of this Regulation.

Amendment  66

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph -2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

-2a. Article 5(7), Article 6(4), Article 8(2) and Articles 9 and 10a shall apply from ...*.

 

__________

 

* OJ: please insert the date of entry into force of this Regulation.

Amendment  67

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

It shall apply from 1 October 2015.

2. Articles other than those referred to in paragraph -2a shall apply as from 1 October 2015.

Justification

The Parliament has called for the mandatory deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system by 2015 and wishes to pursue that objective. However, acknowledging the fact that industry will need sufficient lead in time to develop and test eCall systems, and considering that the final date of the adoption of this Regulation is not yet known, the deadline of 1 October 2015 could be reconsidered at a later stage.

Amendment  68

Proposal for a regulation

Annex – point 6

Directive 2007/46/EC

Annex XI – appendix 1 – item 71

 

Text proposed by the Commission

(6) In Appendix 1 to Annex XI, the following item 71. is added to the table:

Item

Subject

Regulatory act reference

M12 500 (

1) kg

M1 >2 500 (

1) kg

M2

M3

71.

eCall system

Regulation (EU) No…..

A

A

N/A

N/A

 

Amendment

deleted

(Alignment with Amendments to Recital 12 and Article 8)

(1)

OJ C 341, 21.11.2013, p. 47.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Introduction

In 2012, around 28 000 people were killed and more than 1.5 million injured in over a million traffic accidents on European roads, according to data collected by the Commission. In addition to the tragedy of loss of life and injury, this also represents an economic burden of around EUR 130 billion in costs to society every year.

The EU is highly committed to reducing the number of road accidents, as well as to mitigating their consequences when they occur. When fully up and running across the EU and available to every single driver, eCall will contribute significantly to achieving these objectives. Its major benefit will be the reduction of the number of fatalities and the mitigation of the severity of injuries caused by road accidents due to faster arrival of the emergency services to the accident scene.

Having been among the major supporters of the introduction of eCall for a long time, the European Parliament adopted, on 12 July 2012, by a large majority, a joint IMCO-TRAN report on eCall: a new 112 service for citizens, for which your Rapporteur had a pleasure to share the rapporteurship with Dieter-Lebrecht Koch. Regretting the delays and lack of progress in the voluntary deployment of eCall to that date, this report took note of the Commission Impact Assessment showing that the mandatory introduction of eCall through legislative action was the only option to achieve all positive results. The Parliament then asked the Commission to submit a proposal within the framework of Directive 2007/46/EC in order to ensure the mandatory deployment of a public, 112-based eCall system by 2015 in all new type-approved cars in all Member States.

Your Rapporteur, therefore, welcomes the Commission proposal introducing a requirement for equipping vehicles with an eCall in-vehicle system, which was presented together with the proposal on the deployment of the interoperable EU-wide eCall. When adopted, these two proposals will complete the eCall regulatory framework, in order to ensure that, as of October 2015, all new models of passenger cars and light duty vehicles will be fitted with 112 eCall and the necessary infrastructure will be created for the proper receipt and handling of eCalls in emergency call response centres. This will ensure the compatibility, interoperability and continuity of the EU-wide eCall service.

Your Rapporteur finds both proposals to be very much in line with what the Parliament asked for, and suggests endorsing their core elements. By doing so, and by considering the Commission proposals in a speedy manner, the Parliament would remain in the driving seat among the supporters of the introduction of the eCall, thus contributing its share to making eCall a reality by the agreed deadline of 2015.

With regard to the proposal concerning type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system, which is subject of this report, your Rapporteur is particularly supportive to the Commission proposal and the aims it seeks to reach. However, there are specific aspects where your Rapporteur considers the proposal could be further strengthened or clarified in order to ensure it delivers positive benefits to all parties concerned.

Additional emergency and/or added value services (open-access platform)

With the deployment of a EU-wide public eCall service, future vehicles will be equipped with a basic in-vehicle telematics platform, which will associate technical components (wireless communication with accurate positioning technology and a connection to vehicle control and sensor systems) and could provide basis for several in-vehicle applications or services.

In order to ensure free choice for consumers, fair competition, as well as encourage innovation and boost competitiveness, your Rapporteur believes that the eCall in-vehicle system should be open for possible future in-vehicle applications and services. However, your Rapporteur also believes that the focus should be placed, in the first instance, on the safety aspects. It should be ensured that the introduction of any additional in-vehicle applications or services does not delay the introduction of the 112-based emergency eCall system. At the same time, the Commission should be encouraged to further intensify its work on the added value services that could bring additional benefits to both consumers and industry, especially with regard to personal data protection.

Private emergency call services (third party supported eCall systems)

Private emergency call services were first introduced in Europe in the late 90s, and are offered today by different automobile branches and service providers. However, only around 0.7% of vehicles are currently equipped with private emergency call systems in the EU, with numbers barely rising. In addition, these proprietary systems do not offer EU-wide interoperability or continuity. Normally, they are offered only in high-end cars and in countries where there is a clear business case.

Similarly to the offer of any additional applications or services, your Rapporteur believes that the EU-wide public eCall service based on the 112 emergency number and private emergency call services can coexist, as long as the necessary measures to ensure the continuity in the provision of the service to the consumer are adopted and the necessary personal data protection measures are undertaken.

eCall should be a public emergency call service, free of charge, for the benefit of any driver anywhere in Europe, independently of his/her vehicle brand. All vehicles should be equipped with the public 112-based eCall in-vehicle system, which should always remain available, at least as a back-up option. In addition, consumers should be provided with clear information about the differences between the eCall in-vehicle system and the third party supported emergency systems, and should have the possibility to migrate to the EU-wide eCall service at any time.

Other clarifications

In addition to the aspects described above, your Rapporteur considers it important to ensure, throughout the proposal, that the mandatory introduction of the eCall in-vehicle system be based on an embedded in-vehicle equipment, rather than nomadic devices (such as mobile phones) as these can be removed or simply forgotten to activate.

Furthermore, the Commission proposal to introduce the mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system, in the first phase, only in vehicle categories in which the appropriate triggering mechanisms already exists, should be supported. However, the Commission should be encouraged to make a step forward, on the basis of the work already underway, and present proposals to extend the eCall service provision, as soon as possible, also to motorcycles, as well as heavy goods vehicles, coaches and buses.

Your Rapporteur also believes that the eCall system should be periodically tested in order to ensure its functionality throughout the lifetime of the vehicle. As this aspect reaches beyond the type-approval legislation and no obligations can be introduced in the current proposal, the co-legislators should be encouraged to keep the introduction of the eCall system in mind while revising Directive 2009/40/EC on periodic roadworthiness tests.

Finally, in order to ensure clarity of this legislative act, your Rapporteur proposes modifications to the definitions used for its purpose, as well as to the empowerments that should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the adoption of delegated acts.


ANNEX - LIST OF SUBMISSIONS BY STAKEHOLDERS

Disclaimer

The following list of stakeholders is collected on the basis of meetings, mails and position papers since having been appointed the Rapporteur until the deadline for this draft report in October 2013.

It must be noted that this list is non-exhaustive, as it is difficult to list all the implicit contributions and advocacy work that have inspired the report. It must also be noted that this draft Report marks only the beginning stage for the legislative work in the Parliament, with discussions and legislative work continuing until the final adoption of this legislation. Stakeholders give their input at later stages as well; hence, the listing here can only be seen as incomplete.

However, the ambition of this lobby footprint is for the Rapporteur to show in an open manner where the inspiration for this draft report originates.

List of stakeholders

   ACEA - European Automobile Manufacturers' Association

   AFCAR - Alliance for the Freedom of Car Repair

   BMW

   BOSCH

   CLEPA - European Association of Automotive Suppliers

   EENA

   ERTICO

   ETSC - European Transport Safety Council

   European GNSS Agency

   FIA - Federation Internationale de l'Automobile

   FIGIEFA - International Federation of Automotive Aftermarket Distributors

   GDV - German Insurance Association

   Hyundai

   IMA - Inter Mutuelles Assistance

   Insurance Europe

   JAMA

   PSA

   SNSA - Syndicat National des Sociétés d’Assistance

   Toyota Motor Europe

   VDA - German Association of the Automotive Industry

Finally, the Rapporteur has worked on the subject matter for a number of years, including in her capacity as Co-Rapporteur for the own-initiative report in 2012. For stakeholders submissions before the beginning of work on this report, please contact the office of the Rapporteur.


OPINION of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs* (4.2.2014)

for the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system and amending Directive 2007/46/EC

(COM(2013)0316 – C7-0174/2013 – 2013/0165(COD))

Rapporteur: Axel Voss

(*) Associated committee – Rule 50 of the Rules of Procedure

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

This proposal provides for the mandatory introduction of an eCall in-vehicle system in new type-approve vehicles in Europa.  It makes part of a set of EU legal acts for ensuring the deployment of the 112-based eCall service by 1 October 2015.  It therefore contains several obligations addressed to vehicle/equipment manufactures.  In addition to the eCall 112 based service, additional or added value eCall services can be offered to the users for different purposes.

The provision of eCall services is based on the processing of different categories of personal data (e.g. identification of the car, location of the vehicle, specifications of the vehicle, identity of the owner, etc.).  Therefore this processing is subject to EU data protection law, namely Directives 95/46/EC and 2002/58/EC (e-Privacy Directive) so as to ensure that the rights of individuals are respected.

This opinion aims to ensure that the legal instrument that will be finally adopted ensures full compliance with data protection principles laid down in Directive 95/46/EC and 2002/58/EC. The amendments proposed take account of opinions and works of European Data Protection Authorities, in particular the Article 29 Working Party which worked actively in the past with stakeholders in order to issue several recommendations regarding the deployment of eCall systems.

The Rapporteur considers to be of importance that a difference is drawn between an 112-based-eCall and an additionally possible private or added-value eCall. With a view to data protection aspects both systems should be treated differently. The 112-eCall should be activated by default and function without the prior consent of the data subject. The system shall be dormant and a tracking shall not be possible. When triggered, it shall only transmit a minimum set of data expressly referred to in (MSD) (EN 15722), and shall follow the principle of purpose limitation.

Regarding the private or added-value-eCall, data protection requirements are different. The processing of personal data shall be dependent on the prior consent of the data subject or the conclusion of a contract about the use of this data between the controller and the data subject. A clear identification and information of the data subject must be given.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs calls on the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) The 112 eCall in-vehicle system constitutes a service of general interest and should therefore be freely available, which means free of charge. The costs of the 112 eCall system may not be passed on to consumers.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) The provision of accurate and reliable positioning information is an essential element of the effective operation of the eCall in-vehicle system. Therefore, it is appropriate to require its compatibility with the services provided by satellite navigation programmes, including the systems established under the Galileo and EGNOS programmes set out in Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on the further implementation of the European satellite navigation programmes (EGNOS and Galileo)8.

(6) The provision of accurate and reliable positioning information in the event of an emergency is an essential element of the effective operation of the eCall in-vehicle system. Therefore, it is appropriate to require its compatibility with the services provided by satellite navigation programmes, including the systems established under the Galileo and EGNOS programmes set out in Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on the further implementation of the European satellite navigation programmes (EGNOS and Galileo)8.

__________________

__________________

8 OJ L 196, 24.7.2008, p. 1.

8 OJ L 196, 24.07.08, p. 1.

Justification

Clarification that positioning information should only be collected for rescue purposes in the event of an emergency.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system should be without prejudice to the right of all stakeholders such as car manufacturers and independent operators to offer additional emergency and/or added value services, in parallel with or building on the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. However, these additional services should be designed not to increase driver distraction.

(8) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system should be without prejudice to the right of all stakeholders such as car manufacturers and independent operators to offer additional emergency and/or added value services, in parallel with or building on the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. However, these additional services should be designed not to increase driver distraction. The 112-based eCall in-vehicle system and the system providing private or added-value eCall services should be technically separate in a way that also allows for both a parallel and a separate use. The systems may not hinder each other in their respective functionings. The non-use of a private or added-value eCall service or the refusal of the data subject to give consent to the processing of his or her personal data for the service may not adversely affect on the use of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system provided by the manufacturer or the provider of a mobile phone network.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) In order to ensure open choice for customers and fair competition, as well as encourage innovation and boost the competitiveness of the Union’s information technology industry on the global market, the eCall in-vehicle system should be accessible free of charge and without discrimination to all independent operators and based on an interoperable and open-access platform for possible future in-vehicle applications or services.

(9) In order to ensure open choice for customers and fair competition, as well as encourage innovation and boost the competitiveness of the Union’s information technology industry on the global market, private or added value eCall in-vehicle systems should be based on the principle of data portability.

Justification

Open access by third parties to the technical possibilities of an in-vehicle eCall system would entail significant risks as regards data protection. Private services/added value services should, however, comply with the principle of data portability, i.e. the right of consumers to transfer their own data from one service or place to another. In this way, consumers can switch more easily from one private service/added value service to another, helping to create a more level playing field.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) According to the recommendations made by the Article 29 Data Protection Working Party and contained in the 'Working document on data protection and privacy implications in eCall initiative', adopted on 26 September 20069, any processing of personal data through the eCall in-vehicle system should comply with the personal data protection rules provided for in Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data10 and in Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (Directive on privacy and electronic communications)11 in particular to guarantee that vehicles equipped with eCall in-vehicle systems, in their normal operational status related to 112 eCall, are not traceable and are not subject to any constant tracking and that the minimum set of data sent by the in-vehicle eCall system includes the minimum information required for the appropriate handling of emergency calls.

(13) Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data10 and Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (Directive on privacy and electronic communications)11, and Articles 7 and 8 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union govern the processing of personal data carried out in the context of this Regulation through the eCall in-vehicle system, and under the supervision of the Member States' competent authorities, in particular the independent public authorities designated by the Member States pursuant to those Directives. It shall be guaranteed that vehicles equipped with eCall in-vehicle systems, in their normal operational status related to 112 eCall, are not traceable and are not subject to any constant tracking, that their personal data is not stored, and that the minimum set of data sent by the in-vehicle eCall system includes the minimum information required for the appropriate handling of emergency calls. Given the consent of the data subject or a contract between both parties, other conditions for another emergency call system installed in the vehicle in addition to the eCall in-vehicle system may apply, but it shall nevertheless comply with those Directives.

________________

________________

9 1609/06/EN – WP 125

 

10 OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31.

10 OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31.

11 OJ L 201, 31.7.2002, p. 37.

11 OJ L 201, 31.7.2002, p. 37.

 

 

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a) This Regulation takes account of the recommendations made by the Article 29 Working Party in its 'Working document on data protection and privacy implications in eCall initiative', adopted on 26 September 20061a.

 

________________

 

1a 1609/06/EN -WP 125.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15) In order to ensure the application of common technical requirements regarding the eCall in-vehicle system, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed rules on the application of the relevant standards, on testing, on personal data and privacy protection and on exemptions for certain vehicles or classes of vehicles of categories M1 and N1. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council

(15) In order to ensure the application of common technical requirements regarding the eCall in-vehicle system, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed rules on the application of the relevant standards, on testing, on personal data and privacy protection and on exemptions for certain vehicles or classes of vehicles of categories M1 and N1. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, in particular the European Data Protection Supervisor and the Article 29 Working Party established by Directive 95/46/EC. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Vehicle manufacturers should be allowed sufficient time to adapt to the technical requirements of this Regulation.

(16) When complying with technical requirements, vehicle manufacturers should integrate technical forms of data protection into in-vehicle systems and should comply with the principle of ‘privacy by design’.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a) 'controller' means the natural or legal person, public authority, agency or any other body which alone or jointly with others determines the purposes and the means of processing personal data; where the purposes and means of processing are determined by Union law or Member State law, the controller or the specific criteria for his or her appointment may be laid down by Union law or by Member State law;

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Rules on privacy and data protection

Rules on privacy and data protection

 

-1. The provisions of this Regulation are without prejudice to Directive 95/46/EC and to Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. Any processing of personal data through the eCall in-vehicle system, shall comply with the personal data protection rules provided for in those Directives.

1. In accordance with Directive 95/46/EC and Directive 2002/58/EC, manufacturers shall ensure that vehicles equipped with eCall in-vehicle system are not traceable and are not subject to any constant tracking in their normal operational status related to the eCall.

1. Manufacturers shall ensure that vehicles equipped with eCall in-vehicle system are not traceable and are not subject to any constant tracking in their operational status related to the eCall.

Privacy enhancing technologies shall be embedded in the in-vehicle eCall system in order to provide eCall users with the desired level of privacy protection, as well as the necessary safeguards to prevent surveillance and misuse.

Privacy enhancing technologies shall be embedded in the in-vehicle eCall system in order to provide eCall users with the desired level of privacy protection, as well as the necessary safeguards to prevent surveillance and misuse.

2. The minimum set of data sent by the eCall in-vehicle system shall include only the minimum information required for the appropriate handling of emergency calls.

2. The minimum set of data sent by the eCall in-vehicle system shall as a maximum consist of the information required by the standard on ‘Intelligent transport systems - eSafety - eCall minimum set of data (MSD) (EN 15722) namely manual or automatic activation; class of vehicle; type of fuel used; timestamp; exact position; direction of drive; minimum number of seatbelts fastened. No additional data may be sent by the eCall in-vehicle system. The minimum data set shall not be stored for longer than is required for the appropriate handling of emergency calls and data shall be stored in such a way as to make possible its full deletion.

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that eCall users are provided with clear and comprehensive information about the processing of data carried out through the eCall in-vehicle system, in particular about

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that eCall users are provided with clear and comprehensive information about the processing of data carried out through the eCall in-vehicle system, in particular about

(a) the reference to the legal basis for the processing;

(a) the reference to the legal basis for the processing;

(b) the fact that the eCall in-vehicle system is activated by default;

(b) the fact that the eCall in-vehicle system is activated by default;

(c) the modalities of data processing that the eCall in-vehicle system performs;

(c) the modalities of data processing that the eCall in-vehicle system performs;

(d) the purpose of the eCall processing;

(d) the specific purpose of the eCall processing;

(e) the types of data collected and processed and the recipients of that data,

(e) the types of data collected and processed and the recipients of that data;

(f) the time limit for the retention of data in the in-vehicle system;

(f) the time limit for the retention of data in the in-vehicle system or if this is not possible, the criteria used to determine this period; in any event, personal data shall not be processed for longer than necessary for the purpose for which they have been processed;

(g) the fact that there is no constant tracking of the vehicle;

(g) the fact that there is no tracking of the vehicle beyond the collection of the minimum amount of data necessary for the eCall in-vehicle system to determine and transmit the location and the direction of travel of the vehicle when reporting an incident as well as the fact that any tracking data are only stored on the device for as long as strictly necessary for this purpose;

(h) the modalities for exercising data subjects' rights;

(h) the modalities for exercising data subjects' rights; the contact information of the controller;

(i) any necessary additional information regarding the processing of personal data in relation to the provision of a private eCall service and/or other added value services.

(i) any necessary additional information regarding traceability and tracking and the processing of personal data in relation to the provision of a private eCall service and/or other added value services, which shall be subject to explicit consent by the user and in compliance with Directive 95/46/EC. Particular account shall be taken of the fact that differences may exist between the data processing carried out through the eCall in-vehicle system and the private eCall systems or other added value services.

4. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9 which shall define further the requirement of the absence of traceability and tracking and the privacy enhancing technologies referred to in paragraph 1 as well as the modalities of the private data processing and of the user information referred to in paragraph 3.

4. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9, after consulting the European Data Protection Supervisor, which shall define further the privacy enhancing technologies referred to in paragraph 1, in particular how consent can be obtained from an eCall-user, how his or her identification can be ensured if a vehicle is being used by several persons, the security measures that providers of eCall services shall adopt to ensure lawful data processing and prevent unauthorised access, disclosure, alteration or loss of personal data processed, as well as the modalities of the private data processing and of the user information referred to in paragraph 3.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a. Vehicle manufacturers shall, in addition, make available the information pertaining to in-vehicle systems required under paragraph 3 in the vehicle’s technical documentation. When purchasing a vehicle from the manufacturers and resellers, customers should also be provided with this information in the form of a basic data sheet written in plain, intelligible language.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 4 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4b. To prevent confusion in relation to the purposes pursued and the added value of the processing, the information referred to in paragraph 3 shall be provided to the user separately for the eCall in-vehicle system and other eCall Systems prior to the use of the system.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 4 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4c. Manufactures shall guarantee that the eCall in-vehicle system and another installed emergency call system and a system providing added-value services are technically separated and that no exchange of personal data is possible. The non-use of another system or an added-value service or the refusal of the data subject to give consent to the processing of his or her personal data for a private service shall not create any adverse effects on the use of the eCall in-vehicle system and/or the eCall user.  

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The Commission may exempt certain vehicles or classes of vehicles of categories M1 and N1 from the obligation to install eCall in-vehicle systems set out in Article 4, if following a cost/benefit analysis, carried out or mandated by the Commission, and taking into account all relevant safety aspects, the application of those systems proves not to be appropriate to the vehicle or class of vehicles concerned.

1. The Commission may exempt certain vehicles or classes of vehicles of categories M1 and N1 from the obligation to install eCall in-vehicle systems set out in Article 4, if following a cost/benefit analysis and technical analysis, carried out or mandated by the Commission, and taking into account all relevant safety aspects, the application of those systems proves not to be appropriate to the vehicle or class of vehicles concerned.

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.

4. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with this Article which shall define further the privacy enhancing technologies referred to in Article 6(1) as well as the modalities of the private data processing and of the user information referred to in Article 6 (3).

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 5(7), Article 6(4) and Article 8(2), shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 5(7), Article 6(4) and Article 8(2) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of three months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

Justification

The delegated acts referred to have a significant impact on citizens. Parliament and the Council should therefore be granted a longer period to object.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca) breaching the provisions set out in Article 6 of this Regulation.

Justification

Breaches of the rules on privacy and data protection should likewise entail penalties for manufacturers.

PROCEDURE

Title

Deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system

References

COM(2013)0316 – C7-0174/2013 – 2013/0165(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

IMCO

1.7.2013

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

LIBE

12.12.2013

Associated committee(s) - date announced in plenary

16.1.2014

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Axel Voss

5.11.2013

Discussed in committee

28.11.2013

30.1.2014

 

 

Date adopted

30.1.2014

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

32

11

4

Members present for the final vote

Jan Philipp Albrecht, Edit Bauer, Rita Borsellino, Arkadiusz Tomasz Bratkowski, Salvatore Caronna, Philip Claeys, Agustín Díaz de Mera García Consuegra, Ioan Enciu, Frank Engel, Cornelia Ernst, Kinga Gál, Kinga Göncz, Nathalie Griesbeck, Sylvie Guillaume, Salvatore Iacolino, Sophia in ‘t Veld, Svetoslav Hristov Malinov, Nuno Melo, Claude Moraes, Georgios Papanikolaou, Judith Sargentini, Birgit Sippel, Renate Sommer, Axel Voss, Renate Weber, Josef Weidenholzer, Cecilia Wikström, Auke Zijlstra

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Michael Cashman, Anna Maria Corazza Bildt, Cornelis de Jong, Mariya Gabriel, Stanimir Ilchev, Iliana Malinova Iotova, Ulrike Lunacek, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Jan Mulder, Hubert Pirker, Raül Romeva i Rueda, Joanna Senyszyn

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Zuzana Brzobohatá, Santiago Fisas Ayxela, Jens Geier, María Irigoyen Pérez, Evelyn Regner, Bart Staes, Tadeusz Zwiefka


OPINION of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (10.1.2014)

for the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system and amending Directive 2007/46/EC

(COM(2013)0316 – C7-0174/2013 – 2013/0165(COD))

Rapporteur: Adina-Ioana Vălean

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

Having been working on E-Call proposals since 2005, the European Commission has initially considered introducing the system on a voluntary basis only. Such an approach proved to be a failure, taking into account that today only around 0,7% of vehicles are equipped with an eCall system.

In order to tackle this situation, the Commission is now choosing a ‘regulatory’ approach that would make E-Call mandatory in new vehicles. The system will be based on the installation of type-approved equipment for the Single European Emergency Number 112 in all vehicles and a framework for handling eCalls in the telecommunication networks and Public Safety Answering Pointss. This approach will make eCall available to all citizens in Europe as an EU-wide service.

Additional emergency and/or added value services (open-access platform)

With the deployment of an EU-wide public eCall service, future vehicles will be equipped with a basic in-vehicle telematics platform, which will associate technical components (wireless communication with accurate positioning technology and a connection to vehicle control and sensor systems). However, your Rapporteur believes that other services provided to consumers shall be dealt with in a specifically designed regulation on Intelligent Traffic Systems and Telematics Platforms. The eCall regulation concerning type approval requirements should only focus on the emergency services provided through the European 112 infrastructure. Introducing an open-access platform at this stage may lead to a legislative vacuum regarding ownership and responsibility as well as additional delays in making 112-based emergency eCall system operational. The Commission should however propose at the latest by April 2014 a regulation on added value services that could bring further benefits to the consumers.

Private emergency call services (third party supported eCall systems)

The third party services supported eCall system should be allowed to coexist with the 112 based eCall and therefore a definition should be included. Furthermore, third party service supported eCall systems should only be allowed to coexist with the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system on the condition that the public 112-based eCall service is always available at least as the back-up option.

Other clarifications

In order to clarify the different processes and parts that build up the eCall in-vehicle system, your rapporteur has chosen to detail the definitions for: the call itself, the equipment, as well as for the network which carries the information and its receiver. The initial definitions do not provide a clear separation between these different items.

As regards compatibility with the Galileo and EGNOS satellite systems, your rapporteur believes it is not feasible to complete development of a positioning receiver without full availability of the positioning satellites. Until that is achieved, it should not be a mandatory requirement.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy calls on the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) It is still necessary to improve the operation of the 112 service throughout the European Union, so that it provides assistance swiftly and effectively in emergencies.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) The eCall system will represent an important structure composed by multiple actors dealing with safety of lives. Therefore it is critical that the liability aspect is ensured by this Regulation to enable full confidence of users and smooth running of the eCall system.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) The provision of accurate and reliable positioning information is an essential element of the effective operation of the eCall in-vehicle system. Therefore, it is appropriate to require its compatibility with the services provided by satellite navigation programmes, including the systems established under the Galileo and EGNOS programmes set out in Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on the further implementation of the European satellite navigation programmes (EGNOS and Galileo)8 .

(6) The provision of accurate and reliable positioning information is an essential element of the effective operation of the eCall in-vehicle system. Therefore, it is appropriate to require its full compatibility with the services provided by global navigation satellite systems, and in particular the systems established under the Galileo and EGNOS programmes, once they become fully operational, set out in Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on the further implementation of the European satellite navigation programmes (EGNOS and Galileo)8 .

__________________

__________________

8 OJ L 196, 24.7.2008, p.1.

8 OJ L 196, 24.7.2008, p.1.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system should initially apply only to new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (categories M1 and N1) for which an appropriate triggering mechanism already exists.

(7) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system should initially apply only to new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (categories M1 and N1) for which an appropriate triggering mechanism already exists. The Commission ought, however, to assess the possibility of extending the mandatory eCall in-vehicle system to other categories of vehicles not covered by this Regulation.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system should be without prejudice to the right of all stakeholders such as car manufacturers and independent operators to offer additional emergency and/or added value services, in parallel with or building on the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. However, these additional services should be designed not to increase driver distraction.

(8) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system should be without prejudice to the right of all stakeholders such as car manufacturers and independent operators to offer additional emergency provided by private suppliers, in parallel with or building on the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. However, these additional services should be certified by a competent authority recognised by the authorities responsible for road safety so as not to increase driver distraction and should be offered to consumers on an optional basis

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) In order to ensure open choice for customers and fair competition, as well as encourage innovation and boost the competitiveness of the Union's information technology industry on the global market, the eCall in-vehicle system should be accessible free of charge and without discrimination to all independent operators and based on an interoperable and open-access platform for possible future in-vehicle applications or services.

(9) In order to ensure open choice for customers and fair competition, as well as encourage innovation and boost the competitiveness of the Union's information technology industry on the global market, all elements the eCall in-vehicle system should be accessible for repair and maintenance purposes in accordance with existing legislation

 

The Commission should put forward, without delay, based on consultations with all stakeholders, a legislative proposal regarding the ancillary services and a standardised open access interoperable telematics platform which could be developed for possible future in-vehicle applications or services.

 

To adapt the way of accessing vehicle repair and maintenance information to technical progress there is an urgent need to work towards an agreement on the technical in-vehicle system requirements and to update the existing European legislation accordingly.

 

To this aim, the Commission should provide specifications and update the list of priority actions included in the Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and the Council8a. Further clarifications should be provided on the conditions under which third parties providing added value services can have access to data stored in the in-vehicle system.

 

_________________

 

8a Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 7 July 2010 on the framework for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other modes of transport (OJ L 207, 6.8.2010, p. 1.).

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) The introduction of any additional in-vehicle application or service should not delay the entry into force of this Regulation or its application.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Vehicle manufacturers should be allowed sufficient time to adapt to the technical requirements of this Regulation.

(16) Vehicle manufacturers and service providers should be allowed sufficient lead time from the date of publication of this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Regulation in the Official Journal of the European Union to adapt to the technical requirements of this Regulation, taking into consideration that the technical requirements regarding testing, application of relevant standards and personal data and privacy protection will be established after the entry into force of this Regulation by means of delegated acts.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) ‘e-Call in-vehicle system’ means a system activated either automatically via in-vehicle sensors or manually, which carries, by means of mobile wireless communications networks, a standardised minimum set of data and establishes a 112-based audio channel between the occupants of the vehicle and a public safety answering point;

(1) ‘eCall in-vehicle system’ means an emergency system, composed of the in-vehicle equipment and the means to trigger manage and effect the eCall transmission, that is activated either automatically via in-vehicle sensors or manually, and which emits signals by means of mobile wireless communications networks in order to enable the transmission of a standardised minimum set of data, and to establish a 112-based or a third party services supported eCall based audio channel between the occupants of the vehicle and a public safety answering point;

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a) 'eCall' means an in-vehicle emergency call to 112, made via the eCall in-vehicle system;

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2b) ‘third party services supported eCall’ (TPS-eCall) means an emergency call system according to standard EN 16102: 2011 which includes the transmission of data to a third party service provider (TPSP), and the establishment of a voice call with this TPSP via mobile wireless communication networks.

 

In the event of a severe accident, the TPSP establishes a voice connection with the most appropriate public safety answering point (PSAP) and forwards all relevant information concerning the event, including the information specified by EN 15722 (Intelligent transport systems - eSafety -’eCall’ minimum set of data) to this most appropriate PSAP;

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2c) 'public safety answering point' (PSAP) means a physical location where emergency calls are first received under the responsibility of a public authority or a private organisation recognised by the Member State concerned;

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2d) 'minimum set of data' (MSD) means the information defined by the standard 'Road transport and traffic telematics — eSafety — eCall minimum set of data (MSD)' (EN 15722) which is sent to the eCall PSAP;

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 e (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2e) 'in-vehicle equipment' means equipment within the vehicle that provides or has access to the in-vehicle data required to perform the eCall transaction via a public mobile wireless communications network;

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – point 2 f (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2f) ' mobile wireless communications network' means mobile wireless communications network available to the public in accordance with Directives 2002/21/EC12a and 2002/22/EC12b of the European Parliament and of the Council;

 

__________________

 

12a Directive 2002/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 March 2002 on a common regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services (Framework Directive) (OJ L 108, 24.4.2002, p. 33).

 

12bDirective 2002/22/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 March 2002 on universal service and users' rights relating to electronic communications networks and services (Universal Service Directive) (OJ L 108, 24.4.2002, 51).

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that all new types of vehicles referred to in Article 2 are equipped with an eCall in-vehicle system, in accordance with this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Regulation.

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that all new types of vehicles referred to in Article 2 are equipped with an embedded eCall in-vehicle system, in accordance with this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Regulation.

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

This is without prejudice to the right of the vehicle owner to use another emergency call system installed in the vehicle and providing a similar service, in addition to the eCall in-vehicle system. In that case, this other emergency call system shall be compliant with the standard EN 16102 'Intelligent transport system -ESafety- Third Party Services Supported eCall - Operating Requirements'. Manufacturers shall demonstrate that the in-vehicle system includes a switch mechanism ensuring that there is only one system active at a time and that the eCall in-vehicle system takes automatically over in case the other emergency call system is not operational.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that the receivers in the in-vehicle systems are compatible with the positioning services provided by satellite navigation systems including the Galileo and the EGNOS systems.

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that the receivers in the in-vehicle systems are compatible with the positioning services provided by operational global satellite navigation systems including the Galileo and the EGNOS systems, 12 months after their initial operational capability

Amendment  19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Only those eCall in-vehicle systems which can be tested shall be accepted for the purposes of type-approval.

4. Only those embedded eCall in-vehicle systems which can be tested shall be accepted for the purposes of type-approval.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. The eCall in-vehicle system shall be accessible to all independent operators free of charge and without discrimination at least for repair and maintenance purposes.

6. All elements of the eCall in-vehicle system shall be accessible to all independent operators free of charge and without discrimination for vehicle repair and maintenance purposes as set out in Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council14a and for the purpose of developing and implementing additional services based on an interoperable, standardised and open platform for possible future on-board application or services.

 

__________________

 

14a Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, p. 1.).

Amendment  21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

6a. For vehicle repair and maintenance purposes and for future in-vehicle applications or services, the vehicle manufacturers and independent operators under the supervision of the European Commission shall by January 2017 come to an agreement with regard to the technical requirements for an interoperable, standardised and secure and open-access platform, on which the eCall in-vehicle system shall be based.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 6 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

6b. As from the adoption of this Regulation, the Commission shall start working on the technical requirements for an interoperable, standardised, secure and open-access platform, on which the eCall in-vehicle system may be based, for vehicle repair and maintenance purposes and for future in-vehicle applications or services.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 6 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

6c. In adopting these legal acts, the Commission shall create the technical preconditions for an interoperable, standardised, secure and open platform. This must afford access to repair and maintenance work for all market participants in a non-discriminatory manner.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9 establishing the detailed technical requirements and tests for the type-approval of eCall in-vehicle systems and amending Directive 2007/46/EC accordingly.

7. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9 establishing the detailed technical requirements and tests for the type-approval of eCall in-vehicle systems and amending Directive 2007/46/EC accordingly.

The technical requirements and tests referred to in the first subparagraph shall be based on the requirements set out in paragraphs 3, 4 and 6 and on the following standards, where applicable:

The technical requirements and tests referred to in the first subparagraph shall be adopted after consultation of relevant stakeholders and based on the requirements set out in paragraphs 3, 4 and 6 and on the following standards, where applicable:

(a) EN 16072 ‘Intelligent transport system-ESafety-PanEuropean eCall-Operating requirements’;

(a) CEN EN 16072:2011 ‘Intelligent transport system-ESafety-PanEuropean eCall-Operating requirements’;

(b) EN 16062 ‘Intelligent transport systems-ESafety-ECall high level application requirements (HLAP)’;

(b) CEN EN 16062:2011 ‘Intelligent transport systems-ESafety-ECall high level application requirements (HLAP)’;

(c) EN 16454 ‘Intelligent transport systems - eSafety - eCall end to end conformance testing’, as regards the eCall in-vehicle system conformance to the pan-European eCall;

(c) CEN EN 16454:Version ‘Intelligent transport systems - eSafety - eCall end to end conformance testing’, as regards the eCall in-vehicle system conformance to the pan-European eCall;

 

(ca) CEN EN 15722:2011 ‘Intelligent transport systems - eSafety - eCall minimum set of data (MSD)’;

 

(cb) CEN EN 16102:2011 ‘Intelligent transportation systems – eCall Operating requirements for third party support’;

(d) any additional European standards or UNECE Regulations relating to eCall systems.

(d) any additional European standards or UNECE Regulations relating to eCall systems.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The minimum set of data sent by the eCall in-vehicle system shall include only the minimum information required for the appropriate handling of emergency calls.

2. The minimum set of data sent by the eCall in-vehicle system shall include only the information defined by the standard 'Road transport and traffic telematics — eSafety — eCall minimum set of data (MSD)' (EN 15722) which is sent to the eCall PSAP.

Amendment  26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 – point h

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(h) the modalities for exercising data subjects' rights;

(h) the modalities for exercising data subjects' rights, including offering an independent contactpoint for handling of complaints;

Amendment  27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

With effect from 1 October 2015, national authorities shall only grant EC type-approval in respect of the eCall in-vehicle system to new types of vehicles which comply with this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Regulation.

With effect from 1 June 2016, national authorities shall only grant EC type-approval in respect of the eCall in-vehicle system to new types of vehicles which comply with this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Regulation

Amendment  28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 10a

 

Reporting

 

No later than 1 October 2018, the Commission shall evaluate the penetration rate and impact of the eCall in-vehicle system. This evaluation shall be presented to the European Parliament and the Council.

Amendment  29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

It shall apply from 1 October 2015.

It shall apply from 1 June 2016.

PROCEDURE

Title

Deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system

References

COM(2013)0316 – C7-0174/2013 – 2013/0165(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

IMCO

1.7.2013

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

ITRE

1.7.2013

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Adina-Ioana Vălean

11.9.2013

Discussed in committee

28.11.2013

 

 

 

Date adopted

9.1.2014

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

34

4

3

Members present for the final vote

Josefa Andrés Barea, Jean-Pierre Audy, Ivo Belet, Bendt Bendtsen, Jan Březina, Maria Da Graça Carvalho, Jürgen Creutzmann, Pilar del Castillo Vera, Christian Ehler, Adam Gierek, Norbert Glante, Fiona Hall, Kent Johansson, Romana Jordan, Marisa Matias, Jaroslav Paška, Miloslav Ransdorf, Herbert Reul, Teresa Riera Madurell, Paul Rübig, Amalia Sartori, Konrad Szymański, Patrizia Toia, Evžen Tošenovský, Claude Turmes, Marita Ulvskog, Vladimir Urutchev, Alejo Vidal-Quadras, Zbigniew Zaleski

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Maria Badia i Cutchet, Luigi Berlinguer, Jerzy Buzek, Antonio Cancian, Daniel Caspary, Yves Cochet, Lara Comi, António Fernando Correia de Campos, Rachida Dati, Francesco De Angelis, Ioan Enciu, Vicente Miguel Garcés Ramón, Elisabetta Gardini, Nick Griffin, Marek Józef Gróbarczyk, Matthias Groote, Françoise Grossetête, Andrzej Grzyb, Cristina Gutiérrez-Cortines, Takis Hadjigeorgiou, Rebecca Harms, Satu Hassi, Roger Helmer, Jolanta Emilia Hibner, Gunnar Hökmark, Yannick Jadot, Ivailo Kalfin, Sajjad Karim, Seán Kelly, Eija-Riitta Korhola, Paweł Robert Kowal, Holger Krahmer, Bernd Lange, Werner Langen, Corinne Lepage, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Zofija Mazej Kukovič, Alajos Mészáros, Alexander Mirsky, Tiziano Motti, Vladko Todorov Panayotov, Markus Pieper, Mario Pirillo, Pavel Poc, Franck Proust, Fiorello Provera, Frédérique Ries, Algirdas Saudargas, Peter Skinner, Alyn Smith, Laurence J.A.J. Stassen, Hannu Takkula, Silvia-Adriana Ţicău, Johannes Cornelis van Baalen, Peter van Dalen, Lambert van Nistelrooij, Henri Weber, Hermann Winkler, Inês Cristina Zuber

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Sandrine Bélier, Jean Lambert


OPINION of the Committee on Transport and Tourism (19.12.2013)

for the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system and amending Directive 2007/46/EC

(COM(2013)0316 – C7-0174/2013 – 2013/0165(COD))

Rapporteur: Philippe De Backer

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

Commission proposal

The Commission has been working on E-Call since 2005, and attempted to introduce it on a voluntary basis. As this voluntary approach did not work - today only around 0,7% of vehicles is equipped with an eCall system - the Commission started to adopt legislation in order to have eCall as a mandatory service in new vehicles.

The European Parliament adopted on 3 July 2012 with large majority an own-initiative report, called "eCall - a new 112 service for citizens". In that report, the Parliament considered that the eCall should be a public EU-wide emergency call system, embedded in the vehicle and based on the 112 emergency number and on common pan-European standards.

The Commission followed largely Parliament's report with the two proposals that are now on the table.

The Commission chose a ‘regulatory’ approach. eCall will be based on the installation of type-approved equipment for the Single European Emergency Number 112 in all vehicles, starting with certain categories of vehicles, and a framework for handling eCalls in the telecommunication networks and PSAPs. This approach will make eCall available to all citizens in Europe as an EU-wide service, accelerate the deployment and realise the full potential of eCall to save lives and mitigate the severity of injuries. Building on and coexisting with this 112 standard factory equipment, additional in-vehicle emergency and/or added value services may be provided to the end-user giving further safety and economic benefits.

On 8 September 2011 the Commission adopted a Recommendation on support for an EU-wide eCall service in electronic communication networks for the transmission of in-vehicle emergency calls based on 112 (‘eCalls’).

In order to complete the implementation of its eCall strategy and ensure timely and parallel implementation of the eCall service based on 112 by the three stakeholder groups involved (mobile network operators, public emergency services and automotive industry) by 2015, the Commission proposed the following:

a)  A Recommendation to the Member States targeting Mobile Network Operators to support the transmission of the eCalls (under the responsibility of DG CNECT - adopted on 8th September 2011).

b)  A proposal for a Regulation under the vehicle type-approval legislation for the mandatory introduction of the in-vehicle part of the eCall service in new type-approved vehicles of selected categories in Europe (under the responsibility of DG ENTRadopted on 13 June 2013).

c)  Within the framework of Directive 2010/40/EU on Intelligent Transport Systems, a Commission Delegated Regulation on specifications on the necessary equipment in the Public Safety Answering Points for the proper receipt and handling of eCalls. This was followed by a proposal on the deployment of that required infrastructure (under the responsibility of DG MOVE) - adopted on 13 June 2013.

The latter proposals published on 13 June 2013 are the following:

1. Proposal for a Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the deployment of the interoperable EU-wide eCall

2. Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning type-approval requirements for the deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system and amending Directive 2007/46/EC

Proposal for a regulation

The proposal adapts the type approval regulation to require new types of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles to be constructed so as to ensure that in the event of a severe accident an emergency call (eCall) to the 112 is triggered automatically. It must also be possible to trigger manually emergency calls (eCalls) to the 112.

Due to the nature of the information being provided by this service, the Commission provides rules for privacy and data protection.

The Regulation will be applicable from 1 October 2015

Rapporteur's point of view

Your rapporteur agrees with the Commission to limit the scope to new types of N1 and M1 vehicles. He asks the Commission to further investigate whether to expand the scope to powered two-wheelers, heavy duty vehicles and busses. He also calls on the manufacturers to install eCall technology as soon as possible on existing types of vehicles to be manufactured after 1 October 2015.

Your rapporteur supports the Commission in limiting the Regulation to the functioning of the eCall service. He thinks the open access platform is a useful tool, which will benefit EU drivers enormously. More research is needed, however, to come up with a thorough set of rules to organise the open platform. Your rapporteur therefore leaves the Commission proposal as it is. This will enable the policy makers to quickly proceed with the negociations, leading to a rapid application of eCall in all new vehicles.

Definition eCall

Your rapporteur is proposing to insert the definition on eCall that is taken from the Delegated regulation 305/2013

Third party services

A private eCall system is already offered to drivers by several car manufacturers. It is not the aim of your rapporteur to punish those manufacturers by prohibiting those services. Thirds party services can exist. Drivers who choose to have such a system in their car, need to be able to do that. It has to be made clear, however, that the 112 eCall is the basic system. It has to be a public system, available for all and it should be provided in every new car from 1 October 2015 onwards. It also has to made clear to the customer that, unlike with the use of the 112 eCall system, using third party services might make it possible to trace the car.

Privacy

Your rapporteur finds it of great importance that the privacy of the car driver is respected and misuse of data is avoided. He, therefore, supports the Commission in proposing eCall to be a dormant system, which makes tracing of the car impossible. Your rapporteur, however, wants to alert citizens that if they choose to have an additional third party service, their privacy is no longer guaranteed by this Regulation.

Periodical technical inspections

The periodical technical inspections concerning the eCall in-vehicle system should fall into the remit of the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Transport and Tourism calls on the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following amendments in its report:

Amendment  1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) In order to further improve road safety, the Communication ‘eCall: Time for Deployment’6 proposes new measures to accelerate the deployment of an in-vehicle emergency call service in the Union. One of the suggested measures is to make mandatory the fitting of eCall in-vehicle systems in all new vehicles starting with M1 and N1 vehicle categories as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC.

(3) In order to further improve road safety, the Communication ‘eCall: Time for Deployment’6 proposes new measures to deploy an in-vehicle emergency call service in the Union without neglecting the principle of technology neutrality. One of the suggested measures is to make mandatory the fitting of eCall in-vehicle systems in all new vehicles starting with M1 and N1 vehicle categories as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC.

__________________

__________________

6 COM (2009) 434 final.

6 COM (2009) 434 final.

Amendment  2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The Union eCall system is expected to reduce the number of fatalities in the Union as well as the severity of injuries caused by road accidents. The mandatory introduction of the eCall system would make the service available to all citizens and thus contribute to reduce human suffering and healthcare and other costs.

(5) The Union eCall system is expected to reduce the number of fatalities in the Union as well as the severity of injuries caused by road accidents, thanks to the optimum speed of the emergency services in rescuing victims. The mandatory introduction of the eCall system would make the service available to all citizens and thus contribute to reduce human suffering and costs relating to healthcare, congestion caused by accidents and the installation of emergency roadside telephones.

Amendment  3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) The provision of accurate and reliable positioning information is an essential element of the effective operation of the eCall in-vehicle system. Therefore, it is appropriate to require its compatibility with the services provided by satellite navigation programmes, including the systems established under the Galileo and EGNOS programmes set out in Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on the further implementation of the European satellite navigation programmes (EGNOS and Galileo)8 .

(6) The provision of accurate and reliable positioning information is an essential element of the effective operation of the eCall in-vehicle system. Therefore, it is appropriate to require its compatibility with the services provided by operational satellite navigation programmes, including the systems established under the Galileo and EGNOS programmes set out in Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on the further implementation of the European satellite navigation programmes (EGNOS and Galileo)8 .

__________________

__________________

8 OJ L 196, 24.7.2008, p.1.

8 OJ L 196, 24.7.2008, p.1.

Amendment  4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system should initially apply only to new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (categories M1 and N1) for which an appropriate triggering mechanism already exists.

(7) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system should initially apply only to new types of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (categories M1 and N1) for which an appropriate triggering mechanism already exists. The equipping of existing types of vehicles to be manufactured after October 2015 with the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system should be done as soon as possible. The Commission should carry out further research and an impact assessment on the opportunity to equip other vehicle categories, such as heavy goods vehicles (HGVs), buses and coaches, powered two-wheelers (PTW), and agricultural tractors in due time with the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system, with a view to presenting a legislative proposal.

Amendment  5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7a) Consumers should be provided with a realistic overview of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system and also of the private eCall system, if the vehicle is equipped with one, as well as comprehensive and reliable information regarding any additional functionalities or services linked to the private emergency service, in-vehicle emergency or assistance-call applications on offer, and regarding the level of service to be expected with the purchase of third party applications and the associated cost.

Amendment  6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system should be without prejudice to the right of all stakeholders such as car manufacturers and independent operators to offer additional emergency and/or added value services, in parallel with or building on the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. However, these additional services should be designed not to increase driver distraction.

(8) The mandatory equipping of vehicles with the eCall in-vehicle system should be without prejudice to the right of all stakeholders such as car manufacturers and independent operators to offer additional third-party emergency and/or added value services, in parallel with or building on the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. However, any additional services should be designed not to increase driver distraction and should be in line with the applicable data privacy protection legislation. It should also be ensured that the efficient work of emergency call centres is under no circumstances hampered by vehicle manufacturers' parallel emergency services.

Amendment  7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) In order to ensure open choice for customers and fair competition, as well as encourage innovation and boost the competitiveness of the Union's information technology industry on the global market, the eCall in-vehicle system should be accessible free of charge and without discrimination to all independent operators and based on an interoperable and open-access platform for possible future in-vehicle applications or services.

(9) In order to ensure open choice for customers and fair competition, as well as encourage innovation and boost the competitiveness of the Union's information technology industry on the global market, the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system should be accessible free of charge and without discrimination to all independent operators and based on an interoperable, open-access, secured and standardised platform for possible future in-vehicle applications or services.

Amendment  8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) The introduction of any additional in-vehicle application or service should not delay the entry into force of this Regulation and its application.

Amendment  9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a) eCall, as a safety-related system, requires the highest possible level of reliability. The accuracy of the minimum set of data and of voice transmission and quality should therefore be ensured, and a uniform testing regime should be developed to ensure the longevity and durability of the eCall in-vehicle system. This falls within the scope of the periodic technical inspections carried out in accordance with Regulation (EU) No .../…8a*. Detailed provisions for the testing should be included in the relevant Annex thereto.

 

__________________

 

8a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC (OJ L ...).

 

* Note to OJ: Please insert the number, the date and the publication reference of doc. 2012/0184(COD).

Amendment  10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) According to the recommendations made by the Article 29 Data Protection Working Party and contained in the 'Working document on data protection and privacy implications in eCall initiative', adopted on 26 September 20069, any processing of personal data through the eCall in-vehicle system should comply with the personal data protection rules provided for in Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data10 and in Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (Directive on privacy and electronic communications)11, in particular to guarantee that vehicles equipped with eCall in-vehicle systems, in their normal operational status related to 112 eCall, are not traceable and are not subject to any constant tracking and that the minimum set of data sent by the in-vehicle eCall system includes the minimum information required for the appropriate handling of emergency calls.

(13) According to the recommendations made by the Article 29 Data Protection Working Party and contained in the 'Working document on data protection and privacy implications in eCall initiative', adopted on 26 September 20069, any processing of personal data through the eCall in-vehicle system should comply with the personal data protection rules provided for in Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data10 and in Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (Directive on privacy and electronic communications11), in particular to guarantee that vehicles equipped with eCall in-vehicle systems, in their normal operational status related to 112 eCall, are not traceable and are not subject to any constant tracking and that the minimum set of data sent by the in-vehicle eCall system includes the minimum information required for the handling of emergency calls by public service answering points.

__________________

__________________

9 1609/06/EN – WP 125.

9 1609/06/EN – WP 125.

10 OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31.

10 OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31.

11 OJ L 201, 31.7.2002, p. 37.

11 OJ L 201, 31.7.2002, p. 37.

Amendment  11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

14a. Periodic technical inspection concerning the eCall in-vehicle system should fall into the remit of the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC.

Amendment  12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) Vehicle manufacturers should be allowed sufficient time to adapt to the technical requirements of this Regulation.

(16) Vehicle manufacturers should be allowed sufficient time to adapt to the technical requirements of this Regulation, for example in order to carry out the necessary tests under various conditions as required.

Amendment  13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This Regulation establishes the technical requirements for the EC type-approval of vehicles regarding the eCall in-vehicle system.

This Regulation establishes the technical requirements for the EC type-approval of vehicles regarding the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system.

Amendment  14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) ‘e-Call in-vehicle system’ means a system activated either automatically via in-vehicle sensors or manually, which carries, by means of mobile wireless communications networks, a standardised minimum set of data and establishes a 112-based audio channel between the occupants of the vehicle and a public safety answering point;

(1) ‘112-based eCall in-vehicle system’ or 'public eCall' means a sleeping system activated either automatically via in-vehicle sensors or manually, which carries, by means of public mobile wireless communications networks, a standardised minimum set of data and establishes a 112-based audio channel between the occupants of the vehicle and a public safety answering point;

Amendment  15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) ‘in-vehicle system’ means the in-vehicle equipment together with the means to trigger, manage and effect the eCall transmission via a public mobile wireless communications network providing a link between the vehicle and a means of enacting the eCall service via a public mobile wireless communications network.

(2) ‘embedded in-vehicle appliance’ means the in-vehicle equipment together with the means to trigger, manage and effect the eCall transmission via a public mobile wireless communications network providing a link between the vehicle and a means of enacting the eCall service via a public mobile wireless communications network.

Amendment  16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a) 'eCall' means an in-vehicle emergency call to 112, made either automatically by means of the activation of in-vehicle sensors or manually, which carries a standardised minimum set of data and establishes an audio channel between the vehicle and the eCall PSAP via public mobile wireless communications networks;

Amendment  17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2b) 'third party service eCall system (TPS-eCall)' or 'private eCall' is an emergency call system according to standard EN 16102: 2011 based on a contract between the car owner and the service provider which includes the transmission of data to a third party service provider (TPSP), and the establishment of a voice call with this TPSP via mobile wireless communication networks.

 

In the event of a severe accident, the TPSP establishes a voice connection with the most appropriate public safety answering point (PSAP) and forwards all relevant information concerning the event, including the information specified by EN 15722 (Intelligent transport systems - eSafety -'eCall' minimum set of data) to this most appropriate PSAP.

Justification

The TPS eCall provides important assistance services in case of accidents for many years now. As an addition to the pan-European eCall (EN 16072: 2011) the TPS eCall (EN 16102:2011) has been standardized to enable coexistence of both lifesaving systems in the vehicle.

Amendment  18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point 2 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2c) 'public safety answering point' (PSAP) means a physical location where emergency calls are first received under the responsibility of a public authority or a private organisation recognised by the Member State concerned in order to inform the rescue services;

Amendment  19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point 2 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2d) 'in-vehicle equipment' means equipment permanently installed within the vehicle that provides or has access to the in-vehicle data required to perform the eCall transaction via a public mobile wireless communications network.

Amendment  20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that all their new types of vehicle are constructed to ensure that in the event of a severe accident which occurs in the territory of the Union, an eCall to the single European emergency number 112 is triggered automatically.

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that all their new types of vehicle are constructed to ensure that in the event of a severe accident, detected through activation of one or more sensors and/or processors within the vehicle, which occurs in the territory of the Union, an eCall to the emergency number 112 is triggered automatically.

Amendment  21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that new vehicles are constructed as to ensure that an eCall to the single European emergency number 112 can also be triggered manually.

Manufacturers shall demonstrate that new types of vehicles are constructed as to ensure that an eCall to the single European emergency number 112 can also be triggered manually.

Amendment  22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The first and second subparagraphs shall be without prejudice to the right of the vehicle owner to use another emergency call system installed in the vehicle and providing a similar service, in addition to the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system. In that case, that other emergency call system shall be compliant with standard EN 16102 'Intelligent transport systems - ESafety - Third party services supported eCall - Operating requirements', and manufacturers or service providers shall demonstrate that the embedded in-vehicle system includes a switch mechanism ensuring that there is only one system active at a time and that the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system takes over automatically in the event that the other emergency call system is not operational.

Amendment  23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. All car manufacturers shall inform their clients of the existence of a free and public available e-Call system, based on 112.

Amendment  24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that the receivers in the in-vehicle systems are compatible with the positioning services provided by satellite navigation systems including the Galileo and the EGNOS systems.

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that the receivers in the embedded in-vehicle appliance are compatible with the operational positioning services provided by satellite navigation systems including the Galileo and the EGNOS systems.

Amendment  25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a. Manufacturers shall demonstrate that, in the event of a critical system failure which would result in an inability to execute an eCall detected during or following the self-test, a warning shall be given to the occupants of the vehicle.

Amendment  26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. The eCall in-vehicle system shall be accessible to all independent operators free of charge and without discrimination at least for repair and maintenance purposes.

6. All parts of the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system shall be accessible to all independent operators free of charge and without discrimination for vehicle repair and maintenance purposes.

Amendment  27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

6a. As from the adoption of this Regulation and if appropriate, the European Commission shall start working on the technical requirements for an interoperable, standardised, secure and open-access platform, for vehicle repair and maintenance purposes and for the future in-vehicle applications or services. The eCall systems shall be based on the standards for that platform as soon as they become available.

Justification

This Regulation should be limited to the functioning of the eCall service. The open access platform is useful and needs to be developed, as it will benefit EU drivers enormously by giving them freedom of choice. However, more research is needed to come up with a thorough set of rules to organise the open platform. The Commission should therefore start working on a proposal as soon as this Regulation is adopted.

Amendment  28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Privacy enhancing technologies shall be embedded in the in-vehicle eCall system in order to provide eCall users with the desired level of privacy protection, as well as the necessary safeguards to prevent surveillance and misuse.

Privacy enhancing technologies shall be embedded in the in-vehicle eCall system in order to provide eCall users with the desired level of privacy protection, as well as the necessary safeguards to prevent surveillance and misuse. Car manufacturers shall duly inform their clients about the possible location tracking as a result of the use of third party services and about the impact it might have for their privacy.

Amendment  29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The minimum set of data sent by the eCall in-vehicle system shall include only the minimum information required for the appropriate handling of emergency calls.

2. The minimum set of data (MSD) sent by the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system to PSAPs shall include only the minimum information required for the appropriate handling of emergency calls by PSAPs. This MSD should be reviewed periodically for revaluation of optional MSD to mandatory MSD, or for the possible addition of beneficial information to the MSD.

Justification

Some useful information, as for example the number of passengers, is currently not yet available in all vehicles. This information could become available due to future upgrades of type-approval regulation. Current optional data could then be converted to mandatory data.

Amendment  30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that eCall users are provided with clear and comprehensive information about the processing of data carried out through the eCall in-vehicle system, in particular about:

3. Manufacturers shall ensure that eCall users can freely choose from among services supplied by private eCall service providers and are provided with clear and comprehensive information, by those providers, about the processing of data carried out through the private eCall system, in particular about:

Amendment  31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f) the time limit for the retention of data in the in-vehicle system;

(f) the time limit for the retention of data in the embedded in-vehicle appliance;

Amendment  32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 3 – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i) any necessary additional information regarding the processing of personal data in relation to the provision of a private eCall service and/or other added value services.

(i) any necessary additional information regarding the processing of personal data in relation to the provision of a private eCall service and/or other added value services, taking particular account of the fact that differences may exist between the data processing carried out through the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system and the private eCall systems or other added value service, especially with regard to constant tracking of the vehicle.

Amendment  33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 7a

 

Periodic technical inspection

 

7a. The requirements for the periodic technical inspection concerning the eCall in-vehicle system shall be regulated under the Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC.

Amendment  34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Exemptions

Exemptions and retrofitting

Amendment  35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 8a

 

In respect of types of vehicles type-approved prior to October 2015, an eCall system with a mobile terminal, for both public and private eCall services, may be retrofitted.

Amendment  36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 5 (7), Article 6(4) and in Article 8(2) shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from […][Publications Office, please insert the exact date of entry into force].

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 5 (7), Article 6(4) and in Article 8(2) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from the date of entry into force of this Regulation. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

Amendment  37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Member States shall lay down the rules on penalties applicable to non-compliance by manufacturers with the provisions of this Regulation and shall take all measures to ensure that they are implemented. The penalties provided for shall be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. Members States shall notify those provisions to the Commission, and shall notify it without delay of any subsequent amendment affecting them.

1. Member States shall lay down the rules on penalties applicable to non-compliance by manufacturers with the provisions of this Regulation and the corresponding delegated acts and shall take all measures to ensure that they are implemented. The penalties provided for shall be effective, proportionate and dissuasive, in particular where Article 6 of this Regulation is violated. Member States shall notify those provisions to the Commission, and shall notify it without delay of any subsequent amendment affecting them.

Amendment  38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 10a

 

Reporting

 

10a. No later than 1 October 2018, the Commission shall prepare an evaluation report to be presented to the European Parliament and the Council on the achievements of the eCall in-vehicle system. The Commission shall investigate whether the scope of the Regulation should be extended for other categories of vehicles, such as powered two-wheelers, heavy goods vehicles and busses. If appropriate, the Commission shall present a legislative proposal.

PROCEDURE

Title

Deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system

References

COM(2013)0316 – C7-0174/2013 – 2013/0165(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

IMCO

1.7.2013

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

TRAN

1.7.2013

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Philippe De Backer

3.9.2013

Discussed in committee

5.11.2013

16.12.2013

 

 

Date adopted

17.12.2013

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

40

4

0

Members present for the final vote

Magdi Cristiano Allam, Inés Ayala Sender, Georges Bach, Erik Bánki, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Antonio Cancian, Michael Cramer, Joseph Cuschieri, Philippe De Backer, Luis de Grandes Pascual, Christine De Veyrac, Ismail Ertug, Carlo Fidanza, Knut Fleckenstein, Jacqueline Foster, Franco Frigo, Mathieu Grosch, Jim Higgins, Juozas Imbrasas, Dieter-Lebrecht Koch, Georgios Koumoutsakos, Werner Kuhn, Jörg Leichtfried, Bogusław Liberadzki, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Gesine Meissner, Mike Nattrass, Hubert Pirker, Dominique Riquet, Petri Sarvamaa, David-Maria Sassoli, Vilja Savisaar-Toomast, Olga Sehnalová, Brian Simpson, Silvia-Adriana Ţicău, Giommaria Uggias, Peter van Dalen, Patricia van der Kammen, Roberts Zīle

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Bogdan Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, Alfreds Rubiks, Sabine Wils, Karim Zéribi

Substitute(s) under Rule 187(2) present for the final vote

Ivo Strejček


PROCEDURE

Title

Deployment of the eCall in-vehicle system

References

COM(2013)0316 – C7-0174/2013 – 2013/0165(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

13.6.2013

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

IMCO

1.7.2013

 

 

 

Committee(s) asked for opinion(s)

       Date announced in plenary

ITRE

1.7.2013

TRAN

1.7.2013

LIBE

12.12.2013

 

Associated committee(s)

       Date announced in plenary

LIBE

16.1.2014

 

 

 

Rapporteur(s)

       Date appointed

Olga Sehnalová

9.7.2013

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

25.9.2013

5.11.2013

28.11.2013

16.12.2013

 

22.1.2014

 

 

 

Date adopted

11.2.2014

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

34

2

1

Members present for the final vote

Adam Bielan, Preslav Borissov, Jorgo Chatzimarkakis, Sergio Gaetano Cofferati, Birgit Collin-Langen, Lara Comi, Anna Maria Corazza Bildt, António Fernando Correia de Campos, Cornelis de Jong, Vicente Miguel Garcés Ramón, Evelyne Gebhardt, Małgorzata Handzlik, Eduard-Raul Hellvig, Philippe Juvin, Sandra Kalniete, Edvard Kožušník, Toine Manders, Hans-Peter Mayer, Phil Prendergast, Mitro Repo, Robert Rochefort, Zuzana Roithová, Heide Rühle, Christel Schaldemose, Andreas Schwab, Catherine Stihler, Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein, Barbara Weiler

Substitute(s) present for the final vote

Emma McClarkin, Roberta Metsola, Konstantinos Poupakis, Olga Sehnalová, Gabriele Stauner, Jutta Steinruck, Marc Tarabella, Wim van de Camp, Patricia van der Kammen

Date tabled

13.2.2014

Last updated: 17 February 2014Legal notice