REPORT     ***I
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29 September 2015
PE 546.598v02-00 A8-0270/2015

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 as regards the reduction of pollutant emissions from road vehicles

(COM(2014)0028 – C7-0027/2014 – 2014/0012(COD))

Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

Rapporteur: Albert Deß

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection
 OPINION of the Committee on Transport and Tourism
 PROCEDURE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 as regards the reduction of pollutant emissions from road vehicles

(COM(2014)0028 – C7-0027/2014 – 2014/0012(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2014)0028),

–  having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 114 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C7-0027/2014),

–  having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 29 April 2014(1),

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety and the opinions of the Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection and the Committee on Transport and Tourism (A8-0270/2015),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it intends to amend its proposal substantially or replace it with another text;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a) The problem of air pollution and climate impacts of road traffic is a large and complex issue. In order to guarantee a comprehensive approach to road emissions it should be ensured that small legislative changes which risk creating conflicts with the objectives of other legislation and which can have disproportionate implications for the competition between complying manufacturers are avoided.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) Although emissions of methane are not known to have a direct harmful effect on human health, methane is a strong greenhouse gas. Therefore, in line with the Communication of the Commission on the application and future development of Community legislation concerning vehicle emissions from light-duty vehicles and access to repair and maintenance information (Euro 5 and 6)2 and with Article 14(1) of Regulation (EC) 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council3 , the Commission should consider including methane emissions in the calculation of CO2 emissions.

(2) Although emissions of methane are not known to have a direct harmful effect on human health, methane is a strong greenhouse gas and significant ozone precursor. Therefore, in line with the Communication of the Commission on the application and future development of Community legislation concerning vehicle emissions from light-duty vehicles and access to repair and maintenance information (Euro 5 and 6)2 and with Article 14(1) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council3 , the Commission should consider including methane emissions in the calculation of CO2 emissions for the post-2020 period , after carrying out a clear and detailed impact assessment evaluating the proper conversion of methane emissions into CO2 emissions and its feasibility within the framework of the revision of Union legislation on reduction of CO2 emissions from light-duty and passenger vehicles.

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2 OJ C 182, 19.7.2008, p. 17.

2 OJ C 182, 19.7.2008, p. 17.

3 Regulation (EC) 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, p. 1).

3 Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, p. 1).

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) In order to facilitate the introduction of natural gas vehicles the current total hydrocarbons (THC) emission limit should be increased and the effect of methane emissions should be taken into account and expressed as a CO2 equivalent for regulatory and consumer information purposes.

(3) In order to assess natural gas-driven and petrol-driven vehicles in accordance with equal standards, as far as emissions are concerned, the current total hydrocarbons (THC) emission limit should be reviewed on the basis of a clear and detailed impact assessment and the effect of methane emissions should be considered to be taken into account and expressed as a CO2 equivalent.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a) The test procedure that provides the basis of EC type approval emissions regulations should reflect emission rates observed in real driving conditions. Therefore, emission control systems and test cycles should be designed in real driving conditions, especially in urban areas where driving conditions vary.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Modern diesel vehicles emit high and increasing amounts of NO2 as a share of the total NOx emissions which were not anticipated when Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 was adopted. Most air quality problems in affected urban areas appear to be related to direct NO2 emissions. Therefore, an appropriate emission limit should be introduced.

(4) Modern diesel vehicles emit high and increasing amounts of NO2 as a share of the total NOx emissions which were not anticipated when Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 was adopted. Most air quality problems in affected urban areas appear to be related to direct NO2 emissions. The Commission should therefore consider, after a detailed and thorough impact assessment, whether legislative measures setting separate limits for NO2, in addition to the existing NOx emission limits, or new NOx emission limits are necessary.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The current emission limits for CO and total hydrocarbons (THC) after a cold start at low temperature have been carried over from Euro 3 requirements set out in Directive 98/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council4, which appear to be outdated in the light of existing vehicle technology and air quality needs. In addition, air quality problems and results of vehicle emission measurements suggest the need to introduce an appropriate limit for NOx/NO2 emissions. Therefore, revised emission limits should be introduced pursuant to Article 14(5) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.

(5) The current emission limits for CO and total hydrocarbons (THC) after a cold start at low temperature have been carried over from Euro 3 requirements set out in Directive 98/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council4, which appear to be outdated in the light of existing vehicle technology and the requisite optimal air quality, which will not endanger public health. In addition, air quality problems and results of vehicle emission measurements suggest the need to introduce an appropriate limit for NOx/NO2 emissions. Therefore, revised emission limits, including for modern diesel vehicles, should be introduced pursuant to Article 14(5) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.

__________________

__________________

4 Directive 98/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 1998 relating to measures to be taken against air pollution by emissions from motor vehicles and amending Council Directive 70/220/EEC (OJ L 350, 28.12.1998, p. 1).

4 Directive 98/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 1998 relating to measures to be taken against air pollution by emissions from motor vehicles and amending Council Directive 70/220/EEC (OJ L 350, 28.12.1998, p. 1).

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) The emission limit set for NH3 in Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council5 is a requirement designed to limit the slip of ammonia from NOx after treatment technologies which use a urea reagent for the reduction of NOx. The application of the NH3 limit value should therefore only be applied to those technologies and not to positive ignition engines.

deleted

_____________

 

5 Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC (OJ L 188, 18.7.2009, p. 1).

 

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) The potential to reduce fuel consumption, and therefore pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions, through efficient driving behaviour, so-called ‘eco-driving’, is insufficiently exploited. That is mainly due to a lack of information or awareness on the part of drivers about how to drive efficiently. The technical means for facilitating eco-driving is focused on two types of in-vehicle systems: fuel consumption meters and gear shift indicators. Moreover, the mandatory installation of fuel consumption meters would not put a substantial burden on vehicle manufacturers. It is therefore appropriate, following the impact assessment accompanying this Regulation, for the Commission to introduce mandatory fuel consumption meters for light and heavy-duty vehicles by amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Regulation (EC) No 595/2009. The Commission should also consider to extend the mandatory installation of gear shift indicators from only passenger cars to all light and heavy-duty vehicles.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) In order to achieve EU air quality objectives and to ensure a continuous effort to reduce vehicle emissions, the power to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFUE) should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed rules on the application of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 5 000 kg, the specific procedures, tests and requirements for type approval, the requirements for the implementation of the prohibition on the use of defeat devices that reduce the effectiveness of emission control systems, the measures necessary for the implementation of the obligation of a manufacturer to provide unrestricted and standardised access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, the replacement of the information on the mass of CO2 emissions in the certificate of conformity with information on total mass of CO2 emissions equivalents, the increase or removal of the limit value of total hydrocarbons emissions for positive ignition vehicles, the amendment of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for the purposes of recalibrating the particulate mass based limit values and introducing particle number based limit values that would correlate broadly with the petrol and diesel mass limit values, the adoption of a revised measurement procedure for particulates and a particle number limit value, a limit value for emissions of NO2 and limits for tailpipe emissions at cold temperatures for vehicles approved as complying with the Euro 6 emission limits. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council.

(7) In order to achieve EU air quality objectives, as set out in the Union´s air quality standards and Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council1a, and to ensure a continuous effort to reduce vehicle emissions, the power to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFUE) should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed rules on the application of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum technically permissible laden mass not exceeding 5 000 kg, the specific procedures, tests and requirements for type approval, the requirements for the implementation of the prohibition on the use of defeat devices that reduce the effectiveness of emission control systems, the measures necessary for the implementation of the obligation of a manufacturer to provide unrestricted and standardised access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, the amendment of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for the purposes of recalibrating the particulate mass based limit values and introducing particle number based limit values that would correlate broadly with the petrol and diesel mass limit values. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council.

 

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1a Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe (OJ L 152, 11.6.2008, p. 1).

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 1

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 2 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. After publication of the delegated acts adopted in accordance with the second subparagraph and at the manufacturer's request, this Regulation shall apply to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council* with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 5 000 kg.

2. After publication of the delegated acts adopted in accordance with the second subparagraph and at the manufacturer's request, this Regulation shall apply to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council* with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum technically permissible laden mass not exceeding 5 000 kg.

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a concerning the detailed rules on the application of this Regulation to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 5 000 kg. The delegated acts shall ensure in particular that at chassis dynamometer tests the actual operational mass of the vehicle is appropriately considered for determining the equivalent inertia as well as other default power and load parameters.

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a concerning the detailed rules on the application of this Regulation to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum technically permissible laden mass not exceeding 5 000 kg. The delegated acts shall ensure in particular that at chassis dynamometer tests the actual operational mass of the vehicle is appropriately considered for determining the equivalent inertia as well as other default power and load parameters.

____________________

____________________

* OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, p. 1.

* OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, p. 1.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 2 a (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 1 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a) In Article 5, the following paragraph is inserted:

 

"1a. The manufacturer shall equip all categories of vehicles falling under the scope of this Regulation with fuel consumption meters in accordance with the requirements of this Regulation."

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 3 a (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 3 – point e a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a) In Article 5(3), the following point is inserted:

 

"(ea) equipment of vehicles with fuel consumption meters which provide the driver with accurate, permanently visible information about the real fuel consumption of the vehicle, including at least the following data: instantaneous fuel consumption (l/100 km or mpg), average fuel consumption (l/100 km or mpg), fuel consumption when idling (l/hour or m/hour), and an estimation of the range of the vehicle based on the current fuel level;"

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 3 b (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 3 – point i a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3b) In Article 5(3), the following point is inserted:

 

"(ia) a conformity factor, representing the ratio of the maximum level of emissions of a certain pollutant measured in real world conditions to the Euro 6 regulatory limit for that same pollutant, which shall be set at the minimum possible value;"

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 3 c (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3c) In Article 5(3), the following subparagraph is added:

 

"The Commission shall adopt by 31 December 2016 a delegated act for the purpose of supplementing the requirements referred to in paragraph 1a and point (ea) of this paragraph. With effect from 1 January 2018, national authorities shall refuse to grant EC type approval or national type approval for new types of vehicles which do not comply with those requirements. With effect from 1 January 2019, national authorities shall, in the case of new vehicles which do not comply with those requirements, consider certificates of conformity to be no longer valid and prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of such vehicles."

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point a

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Without lowering the level of environmental protection within the Union, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a concerning:

1. Without lowering the level of environmental protection within the Union, the Commission shall, where appropriate, propose legislative measures concerning:

a) the replacement of the information on the mass of CO2 emissions in the certificate of conformity referred to in Article 18 of Directive 2007/46/EC with the information on total mass of CO2 emissions equivalents, which shall be the sum of the mass of CO2 emissions and methane emissions, expressed as equivalent mass of CO2 emissions with regard to their greenhouse gas effects;

(a) the review of the information on the mass of CO2 emissions in the certificate of conformity referred to in Article 18 of Directive 2007/46/EC, in the framework of the revision of Regulation (EC) No 443/2009, based on the information on total mass of CO2 emissions equivalents, which shall be considered to be the sum of the mass of CO2 emissions and methane emissions, expressed as equivalent mass of CO2 emissions with regard to their greenhouse gas effects;

(b) the increase or removal of the limit value of total hydrocarbons (THC) emissions for positive ignition vehicles.

(b) the limit value of total hydrocarbons (THC) emissions for positive ignition vehicles which shall be reviewed on the basis of a detailed impact assessment.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point a

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. After the completion of the UN/ECE Particulate Measurement Programme, conducted under the auspices of the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations, and at the latest upon entry into force of Euro 6, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a in order to adopt the following measures, without lowering the level of environmental protection within the Union:

2. After the completion of the UN/ECE Particulate Measurement Programme, conducted under the auspices of the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations, and at the latest upon entry into force of Euro 6, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt, without undue delay, delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a in order to adopt the following measures, without lowering the level of environmental protection within the Union:

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point a

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Commission shall keep under review the procedures, tests and requirements referred to in Article 5(3) as well as the test cycles used to measure emissions. If the review finds that those procedures, tests, requirements and test cycles are no longer adequate or no longer reflect real world emissions, the Commission shall act in accordance with Article 5(3) in order to adapt them so as to adequately reflect the emissions generated by real driving on the road.

3. The Commission shall keep under review the procedures, tests and requirements referred to in Article 5(3) as well as the test cycles used to measure emissions.

 

The Commission shall introduce a real driving emissions test for all vehicles type-approved or registered from 2015 to ensure the effectiveness of emission control systems and enable the vehicle to comply with this Regulation and its implementing measures, with a conformity factor reflecting only the possible tolerances of the emissions measurement procedure in place by 2017.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point b

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a to set out, in addition to the existing limit value for emissions of total NOx, a limit value for emissions of NO2 for vehicles approved as complying with the Euro 6 emission limits set out in table 2 of Annex I. The limit for emissions of NO2 shall be set on the basis of an impact assessment, shall take into consideration the technical feasibility and shall reflect the air quality objectives set out in Directive (EC) No 2008/50 of the European Parliament and of the Council*.

The Commission shall propose, where appropriate, legislative measures concerning a limit value for emissions of NO2, in addition to the existing limit value for emissions of total NOx for vehicles approved as complying with the Euro 6 emission limits set out in table 2 of Annex I. The limit for emissions of NO2 shall be set on the basis of a clear and detailed impact assessment, and shall take into consideration the technical feasibility and shall in addition reflect the air quality objectives set out in Directive (EC) No 2008/50 of the European Parliament and of the Council*.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point c

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 5

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a to amend and supplement table 4 of Annex I in order to set out limits for tailpipe emissions at cold temperatures for vehicles approved as complying with the Euro 6 emission limits set out in table 2 of Annex I. The limits for emissions of NOx and NO2 shall be set on the basis of an impact assessment shall take into consideration the technical feasibility and shall reflect the air quality objectives set out in Directive (EC) No 2008/50 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

5. The Commission shall submit, where appropriate, to the European Parliament and to the Council a proposal, under the ordinary legislative procedure, to amend and supplement table 4 of Annex I in order to set out limits for tailpipe emissions at cold temperatures for vehicles approved as complying with the Euro 6 emission limits set out in table 2 of Annex I. The limits for tailpipe emissions at cold temperatures shall be set on the basis of an impact assessment concerning carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), nitrogen oxides (NOx), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and shall take into consideration the technical feasibility and shall better reflect the air quality objectives set out in Directive (EC) No 2008/50 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 6

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14a – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in the second subparagraph of Article 2(2), Article 5(3), Article 8 and in Article 14(1) to (5) shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from […][Publications Office, please insert the exact date of entry into force].

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in the second subparagraph of Article 2(2), Article 5(3), Article 8 and in Article 14(2) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from [the date of entry into force of this Regulation] [Publications Office, please insert the exact date of entry into force]. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 a (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 5 – paragraph 2 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a) In Article 5, the following paragraph is inserted:

 

"2a. Manufacturers shall equip all categories of vehicles falling under the scope of this Regulation with fuel consumption meters in accordance with the requirements of this Regulation."

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 b (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 5 – paragraph 4 – introductory part

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(1b) In Article 5(4), the introductory part is replaced by the following:

4. The Commission shall adopt measures for the implementation of this Article including measures in relation to the following:

"4. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 12a in order to develop the specific procedures, tests and requirements for type-approval set out in this Article, including requirements in relation to the following:".

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 c (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 5 – paragraph 4 – point e a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1c) In Article 5(4), the following point is inserted:

 

"(ea) equipment of vehicles with fuel consumption meters which provide the driver with accurate, permanently visible information about the real fuel consumption of the vehicle, including at least the following data: instantaneous fuel consumption (l/100 km or mpg), average fuel consumption (l/100 km or mpg), fuel consumption when idling (l/hour or m/hour), and an estimation of the range of the vehicle based on the current fuel level;"

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 d (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 5 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 2

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(1d) In Article 5(4), the second subparagraph is replaced by the following:

Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Regulation, inter alia, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 13(2).

"The Commission shall adopt by 31 December 2016 a delegated act for supplementing the requirements referred to in paragraph 2a and point (ea) of this paragraph. With effect from 1 January 2018, national authorities shall refuse to grant EC type approval or national type approval for new types of vehicles which do not comply with those requirements. With effect from 1 January 2019, national authorities shall, in the case of new vehicles which do not comply with those requirements, consider certificates of conformity to be no longer valid and prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of such vehicles."

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 e (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 12 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1e) The following Article is inserted:

 

"Article 12a

 

Exercise of the delegation

 

1. The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.

 

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 5(4) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from the [date of entry into force of this Regulation]. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

 

3. The delegation of powers referred to in Article 5(4) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

 

4. As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.

 

5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 5(4) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.".

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 2

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Annex I – table Euro VI Emission Limits – row with entry WHTC (PI)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2) In Annex I, in the table "Euro VI Emission Limits", the row corresponding to the entry "WHTC (PI)" is replaced by the following:

deleted

«WHTC (PI)

 

4 000

 

160

 

500

 

460

 

-

 

10

 

( 3 )«.

 

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 3a

 

The Commission shall assess the appropriateness of introducing requirements to fit gear shift indicators in vehicles with a manual gearbox other than in vehicles of category M1 for which a requirement already exists under current Union legislation. Based on that assessment, the Commission shall submit, if appropriate, a proposal to the European Parliament and the Council extending the scope of application of Article 11 of Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council1a to additional categories of vehicles.

 

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1a Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 concerning type approval requirements for the general safety of motor vehicles, their trailers and systems, components and separate technical units intended therefore (OJ L 200, 31.7.2009, p. 1.)

(1)

  OJ C 311, 12.9.2014, p. 55.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

This proposal consists of a set of different, relatively heterogeneous measures, mostly aiming at reducing noxious emissions from vehicles for human health. More in particular ,they concern the setting of specific NO2 emission limits within the wider NOx emission range, cancelling the ammonia limit for Heavy Duty combustion engines, modifying cold start emission limits inherited from previous "Euro" stages , a measure to adapt the Total Hydrocarbon Emissions (THC) in order to facilitate the introduction of natural gas vehicles, a measure aiming at adding methane as a greenhouse gas equivalent to the total CO2 emissions every car manufacturer has to comply with and the possibility to extend from 2 840 kg to 5 000 kg the range of vehicles which can fall under the emission rules for light commercial vehicles. Another series of measures of a more purely technical -regulatory nature, are a number of cases in which an alignment of the executive powers in the current legislative texts with the Lisbon Treaty is proposed as well as some new executive powers as an instrument to implement some of the new proposed measures.

In principle, measures to improve air quality are to be welcomed ,certainly if they strike a good balance between the costs involved and the yield in the form of more liveable and sustainable cities, where ever more of our citizens are concentrated, and less health care related costs. But on the other hand car manufacturers should not be rushed into measures which form a disproportional burden for them. We should be aware that the industry is currently still struggling to overcome the recent economic crisis and that extra -costs and red tape should be kept at a minimum.

The rapporteur would like to highlight certain specific aspects of the Commission proposal and of the proposed amendments.

•  Methane is not a pollutant gas in itself and does not constitute a threat for human health .Natural gas vehicles emit about 25% less CO2 than petrol driven cars and it is highly speculative which share of the market gas driven vehicles will gain in the future. At this moment gas driven vehicles are only a marginal part of the car fleet in use. In addition, the outcome of the real driving emissions tests creates an uncertainty as to how to account exactly for emissions, not only of methane. The rapporteur would prefer not to penalize from the start this small category of vehicles which contribute to lowering greenhouse gas emissions. The review laid down in Article 14(3) or, alternatively, a review of the CO2 legislation for cars should be a guarantee that, whenever methane emissions become a problem, the Commission is empowered to propose new legislation.

•  Extending the range of vehicles which at the request of the manufacturer can fall under the light duty emission rules is a positive intention by the Commission which the rapporteur would like to see even extended to 7 500 kg. It avoids still more double approval procedures and other avoidable administrative steps.

•  Ammonia is emitted by diesel fuelled heavy duty vehicles (HDVs) which use it in a so-called urea reagent, an after treatment technology used to reduce their NOx emissions. In the case of natural gas fuelled HDVs ammonia is emitted as a direct result of the combustion of natural gas itself, it is not used to neutralise NOx since there is virtually no NOx produced. Maintaining the ammonia limit for positive ignition HDVs would require expensive emission abatement systems, which would be discriminatory towards this category, as it would prevent alternative fuel technologies such as LPG and NG from becoming economically viable. The application of the NH3 limit value for positive ignition engines should therefore be removed, as proposed by the Commission, while the existing 10 ppm limit for compression ignition (i.e. diesel) vehicles, which comprise the majority of the vehicle fleet, would be kept in place.

•  As regards the alignment to the Lisbon Treaty, the proposal aims to adapt old comitology procedures to the delegated and implementing acts, in accordance with Articles 290 and 291 TFEU. This would empower the Commission to adopt such acts in respect of a wide range of rules, procedures and limit values related to the application of Euro 5 and Euro 6 standards. As it is the case in the large majority of acts, the power to adopt delegated acts should be conferred on the Commission from the entry into force until 30 June 2019, which corresponds to the end of the current legislative term, as opposed to the suggested indeterminate period of time, and the standard provisions on the Commission's report in respect of the delegation of powers and on the tacit extension should apply.


OPINION of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (02.7.2015)

for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 as regards the reduction of pollutant emissions from road vehicles

(COM(2014)0028 – C7-0027/2014 – 2014/0012(COD))

Rapporteur: Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 as regards the reduction of pollutant emissions from road vehicles is meant to address specific problem areas where market and regulatory failures present obstacles in the overall quest for ensuring better air quality in congested areas in Europe, as well as the reduction of toxic and greenhouse gas emissions, in the context of global warming, pollution and efforts for more efficient use of resources.

It is estimated that around 400 thousand Europeans die prematurely due to bad air quality and at the same time 17 Member States are under infringement procedures for not respecting the ambient air quality directive (AAQD). The way emissions are measured in tests also deviates significantly from real world emissions, with the latter being significantly higher, whereas they should be converging.

In light of the aforementioned, the primary objective was to table amendments that will ensure that the text is improved in a way that captures most of the issues at hand while not undermine the regulation's effectiveness and legal certainty, while reducing some of the connected administrative burdens.

Methane, being a very potent greenhouse gas is currently not calculated in the overall greenhouse gas emissions of vehicles and your rapporteur’s amendment is meant to further clarify the Proposal in this respect by providing Methane's inclusion in emission calculations through the method of CO2 equivalent. Furthermore, the current upper mass limit for light duty vehicles necessitates duplication of type-approval for certain vehicle platforms, which adds considerable burden on manufacturers of such vehicles. As such your rapporteur’s amendment to raise the maximum mass threshold is meant to address this problem, while also stipulating the need for access for remote diagnostic support on these vehicles, in line with latest technological developments.

While significant progress has been made in the last years in the reduction of emissions of particulates, we consider that nano-particulates need to be considered in the calculation of particulate emissions.

As emissions from vehicles are directly related to fuel consumption and since there are possible benefits from having mandatory in-dash fuel consumption meters and gear-shift indicators in Light Duty vehicles as well, Commission is called on carrying out an Impact Assessment in this respect and to follow it up with a legislative proposal, if warranted by the results of the IA.

As technological developments in this sector are ongoing, it is necessary to confer empowerments on the European Commission to amend certain non-essential elements of this legislative act, so that action can be taken promptly, if needed. In addition, as the current testing cycles do not reflect real world conditions, your rapporteur calls on a review and adjustment of the test cycles without delay in order to avoid misleading consumers and product development based on skewed and inaccurate data. In addition, test cycle accuracy should be reviewed on a regular basis, as driving conditions and levels of traffic congestion change over time. To this end, your rapporteur calls on a review of the accuracy of test cycles on an ongoing basis, at intervals of two years.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) Although emissions of methane are not known to have a direct harmful effect on human health, methane is a strong greenhouse gas. Therefore, in line with the Communication of the Commission on the application and future development of Community legislation concerning vehicle emissions from light-duty vehicles and access to repair and maintenance information (Euro 5 and 6)2 and with Article 14(1) of Regulation (EC) 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council3, the Commission should consider including methane emissions in the calculation of CO2 emissions.

(2) Although emissions of methane are not known to have a direct harmful effect on human health, methane is a strong greenhouse gas. Therefore, in line with the communication of the Commission of 19 July 2008 on the application and future development of Community legislation concerning vehicle emissions from light-duty vehicles and access to repair and maintenance information (Euro 5 and 6)1 and with Article 14(1) of Regulation (EC) 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council2, the Commission should consider including methane emissions in the calculation of CO2 emissions, in the framework of the revision of Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council 3a, after carrying out a clear and detailed impact assessment evaluating the proper conversion of methane emissions into CO2 emissions and its feasibility.

__________________

__________________

2 OJ C 182, 19.7.2008, p. 17.

2 OJ C 182, 19.7.2008, p. 17.

3 Regulation (EC) 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, p. 1).

3 Regulation (EC) 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, p. 1).

 

3a Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 setting emission performance standards for new passenger cars as part of the Community's integrated approach to reduce CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles(OJ L 140, 5.6.2009, p. 1).

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) In order to facilitate the introduction of natural gas vehicles the current total hydrocarbons (THC) emission limit should be increased and the effect of methane emissions should be taken into account and expressed as a CO2 equivalent for regulatory and consumer information purposes.

(3) In order to facilitate the introduction of natural gas vehicles, the current total hydrocarbons (THC) emission limit should be reviewed on the basis of a clear and detailed impact analysis and the effect of methane emissions should be considered to be taken into account and expressed as a CO2 equivalent for regulatory and consumer information purposes.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Modern diesel vehicles emit high and increasing amounts of NO2 as a share of the total NOx emissions which were not anticipated when Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 was adopted. Most air quality problems in affected urban areas appear to be related to direct NO2 emissions. Therefore, an appropriate emission limit should be introduced.

(4) Modern diesel vehicles emit high and increasing amounts of NO2 as a share of the total NOx emissions which were not anticipated when Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 was adopted. Most air quality problems in affected urban areas appear to be related to toxic NOx and direct NO2 emissions. For that reason, an appropriate emission limit should urgently be introduced.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The current emission limits for CO and total hydrocarbons (THC) after a cold start at low temperature have been carried over from Euro 3 requirements set out in Directive 98/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council4 , which appear to be outdated in the light of existing vehicle technology and air quality needs. In addition, air quality problems and results of vehicle emission measurements suggest the need to introduce an appropriate limit for NOx/NO2 emissions. Therefore, revised emission limits should be introduced pursuant to Article 14(5) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.

(5) The current emission limits for CO and total hydrocarbons (THC) after a cold start at low temperature have been carried over from Euro 3 requirements set out in Directive 98/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council4 , which appear to be outdated in the light of existing vehicle technology and air quality needs. In addition, air quality problems and results of vehicle emission measurements suggest the need to introduce an appropriate limit for NOx/NO2 emissions. Causing 41% of NOx emissions, traffic is by far the main source of those emissions. In particular, the high efficiency of state-of-the-art motors is due to higher combustion temperatures which, in turn, produce higher amounts of NOx. NO2, on the other hand, is responsible for ozone formation, acid rain and irritation of the human respiratory system. Consequently, revised emission limits should be introduced pursuant to Article 14(5) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.

__________________

__________________

4 Directive 98/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 1998 relating to measures to be taken against air pollution by emissions from motor vehicles and amending Council Directive 70/220/EEC (OJ L 350, 28.12.1998, p. 1).

4 Directive 98/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 1998 relating to measures to be taken against air pollution by emissions from motor vehicles and amending Council Directive 70/220/EEC (OJ L 350, 28.12.1998, p. 1).

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) The potential to reduce fuel consumption, and therefore pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions, through fuel-efficient driving behaviour, has so far been insufficiently exploited. That is mainly due to a lack of information or awareness, or both, on the part of drivers about how to drive in a fuel-efficient way. The technical means for facilitating fuel-efficient driving should be focused on two types of in-vehicle systems: fuel consumption meters (FCM) and gear shift indicators (GSI).

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6b) In accordance with the Commission's impact assessment, mandatory installation of FCM would not put a significant burden on vehicle manufacturers. They can be installed at relatively small cost. Currently FCM are often unavailable or sold as part of optional packages, which impedes their widespread use. Furthermore, where available, such devices are often installed in ways that are not well suited to facilitate fuel-efficient driving (e.g. no permanent visibility, no instantaneous information on fuel consumption, divergence between the fuel consumption displayed and the actual one). At the same time, the widespread availability of FCM could help vehicle users to decrease the emissions level and monitor fuel consumption and, as a consequence, contribute to consumers' ability to make more informed decisions when it comes to purchasing vehicles. Finally, consumers would be able to make a decision, in particular when buying used vehicles, also on the basis of realistic information on fuel consumption.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) In order to achieve EU air quality objectives and to ensure a continuous effort to reduce vehicle emissions, the power to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFUE) should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed rules on the application of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 5 000 kg, the specific procedures, tests and requirements for type approval, the requirements for the implementation of the prohibition on the use of defeat devices that reduce the effectiveness of emission control systems, the measures necessary for the implementation of the obligation of a manufacturer to provide unrestricted and standardised access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, the replacement of the information on the mass of CO2 emissions in the certificate of conformity with information on total mass of CO2 emissions equivalents, the increase or removal of the limit value of total hydrocarbons emissions for positive ignition vehicles, the amendment of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for the purposes of recalibrating the particulate mass based limit values and introducing particle number based limit values that would correlate broadly with the petrol and diesel mass limit values, the adoption of a revised measurement procedure for particulates and a particle number limit value, a limit value for emissions of NO2 and limits for tailpipe emissions at cold temperatures for vehicles approved as complying with the Euro 6 emission limits. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council.

(7) In order to achieve Union air quality objectives and to ensure a continuous effort to reduce vehicle emissions, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFUE) should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed rules on the application of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 7 500 kg, the specific procedures, tests and requirements for type approval, the requirements for the implementation of the prohibition on the use of defeat devices that reduce the effectiveness of emission control systems, the measures necessary for the implementation of the obligation of a manufacturer to provide unrestricted and standardised access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, including remote diagnostic support, the review of the information on the mass of CO2 emissions in the certificate of conformity with information on total mass of CO2 emissions equivalents, the increase of the limit value of total hydrocarbons emissions for positive ignition vehicles, the amendment of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for the purposes of recalibrating the particulate mass based limit values and introducing particle number based limit values that would correlate broadly with the petrol and diesel mass limit values, the adoption of a revised measurement procedure for particulates, including nano-particulates, and a particle number limit value, a limit value for emissions of NO2 and limits for tailpipe emissions at cold temperatures for vehicles approved as complying with the Euro 6 emission limits. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The Treaty of Lisbon introduced the possibility for the legislator to delegate power to the Commission to adopt non-legislative acts of general application to supplement or amend certain non-essential elements of a legislative act. The measures which can be covered by delegations of powers, as referred to in Article 290(1) TFEU, correspond in principle to those covered by the regulatory procedure with scrutiny established by Article 5a of Council Decision 1999/468/EC6. It is therefore necessary to adapt to Article 290 TFEU the provisions in Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 which provide for the use of the regulatory procedure with scrutiny.

(8) TFEU introduced the possibility for the legislator to delegate power to the Commission to adopt non-legislative acts of general application to supplement or amend certain non-essential elements of a legislative act. The measures which can be covered by delegations of powers, as referred to in Article 290(1) TFEU, correspond in principle to those covered by the regulatory procedure with scrutiny established by Article 5a of Council Decision 1999/468/EC6. It is therefore necessary to adapt to Article 290 TFEU the relevant provisions set out in Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 which provide for the use of the regulatory procedure with scrutiny. Such delegation of power should be conferred on the Commission from the entry into force of this Regulation for a four year period and could be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration.

__________________

__________________

6 Council Decision 1999/468/EC of 28 June 1999 laying down the procedures for the exercise of implementing powers conferred on the Commission (OJ L 184, 17.7.1999, p. 23).

6 Council Decision 1999/468/EC of 28 June 1999 laying down the procedures for the exercise of implementing powers conferred on the Commission (OJ L 184, 17.7.1999, p. 23).

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 1

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

After publication of the delegated acts adopted in accordance with the second subparagraph and at the manufacturer's request, this Regulation shall apply to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council* with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 5 000 kg.

After publication of the delegated acts adopted in accordance with the second subparagraph and at the manufacturer's request, this Regulation shall apply to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council* with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 7 500 kg.

____________________

____________________

*OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, p.1.

* OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, p. 1.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 1

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a concerning the detailed rules on the application of this Regulation to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 5 000 kg. The delegated acts shall ensure in particular that at chassis dynamometer tests the actual operational mass of the vehicle is appropriately considered for determining the equivalent inertia as well as other default power and load parameters.

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a concerning the detailed rules on the application of this Regulation to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 7 500 kg. The delegated acts shall ensure in particular that at chassis dynamometer tests the actual operational mass of the vehicle is appropriately considered for determining the equivalent inertia as well as other default power and load parameters.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 1 a (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point 17 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a) In Article 3, the following point is inserted:

 

"(17a) 'fuel consumption meter' (FCM) means a device which provides the driver with accurate information about the real fuel consumption of the vehicle, including at least the following data: instantaneous fuel consumption (l/100 km), average fuel consumption (l/100 km), fuel consumption when idling (l/hour) and lifetime fuel consumption (l);"

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 1 b (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point 17 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1b) In Article 3, the following point is inserted:

 

"(17b) "normal use" means any road and driving conditions that can generally be met across the European transport network."

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 2 a (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 1

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(2a) Article 5(1) is replaced by following:

1. The manufacturer shall equip vehicles so that the components likely to affect emissions are designed, constructed and assembled so as to enable the vehicle, in normal use, to comply with this Regulation and its implementing measures.

1. The manufacturer shall equip vehicles so that the components likely to affect emissions are designed, constructed and assembled so as to enable the vehicle, in normal use, to comply with this Regulation and its implementing measures. When correction factors (CF) are used in testing procedures measuring real life emissions, such CFs shall only reflect the uncertainty of the measuring devices.

 

The manufacturer shall ensure effectiveness of emission control systems in respect of the limits also set out for NOx and NO2.

 

The manufacturer shall equip vehicles with the FCM in accordance with the requirements of this Regulation and its implementing measures.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 3 a (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 3 – point i a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a) The following point is inserted:

 

"(ia) FCMs;"

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 4

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 8

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a in order to implement Articles 6 and 7. This shall include the definition and updating of technical specifications relating to the way in which OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information shall be provided, with special attention being paid to the specific needs of SMEs.

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a in order to implement Articles 6 and 7. This shall include the definition and updating of technical specifications relating to the way in which OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information, including remote diagnostic support, shall be provided, with special attention being paid to the specific needs of SMEs.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point a

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point a

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) the replacement of the information on the mass of CO2 emissions in the certificate of conformity referred to in Article 18 of Directive 2007/46/EC with the information on total mass of CO2 emissions equivalents, which shall be the sum of the mass of CO2 emissions and methane emissions, expressed as equivalent mass of CO2 emissions with regard to their greenhouse gas effects;

(a) the review of the information on the mass of CO2 emissions in the certificate of conformity referred to in Article 18 of Directive 2007/46/EC, in the framework of the revision of Regulation (EC) No 443/2009, based on the information on total mass of CO2 emissions equivalents, which should be considered to be the sum of the mass of CO2 emissions and methane emissions, expressed as equivalent mass of CO2 emissions with regard to their greenhouse gas effects;

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point a

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point b

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) the increase or removal of the limit value of total hydrocarbons (THC) emissions for positive ignition vehicles.

(b) the increase of the limit value of total hydrocarbons (THC) emissions for positive ignition vehicles.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point a

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. After the completion of the UN/ECE Particulate Measurement Programme, conducted under the auspices of the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations, and at the latest upon entry into force of Euro 6, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a in order to adopt the following measures, without lowering the level of environmental protection within the Union:

2. After the completion of the UN/ECE Particulate Measurement Programme, conducted under the auspices of the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations, and at the latest upon entry into force of Euro 6, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt, without undue delay, delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a in order to adopt the following measures, without lowering the level of environmental protection within the Union:

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point a

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – point b

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) adoption of a revised measurement procedure for particulates and a particle number limit value.

(b) adoption of a revised measurement procedure for particulates, including nano-particulates, and a particle number limit value.

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point a

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Commission shall keep under review the procedures, tests and requirements referred to in Article 5(3) as well as the test cycles used to measure emissions. If the review finds that those procedures, tests, requirements and test cycles are no longer adequate or no longer reflect real world emissions, the Commission shall act in accordance with Article 5(3) in order to adapt them so as to adequately reflect the emissions generated by real driving on the road.

3. The Commission shall, as soon as possible, review the procedures, tests and requirements referred to in Article 5(3) as well as the test cycles used to measure emissions. Following that review, the Commission shall, by means of delegated acts referred to in Article 5(3), adapt procedures, tests cycles and requirements so as to adequately reflect the emissions generated by real driving on the road. That review shall be conducted every two years.

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 6

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 a – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in the second subparagraph of Article 2(2), Article 5(3), Article 8 and in Article 14(1) to (5) shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from […][Publications Office, please insert the exact date of entry into force].

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in the second subparagraph of Article 2(2), Article 5(3), Article 8 and in Article 14(1) to (5) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of four years from ...*. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of four year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

 

___________

 

* OJ: please insert the date of entry into force of this Regulation.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 a (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 3 – point 16 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a) In Article 3, the following point is added:

 

"16a. 'fuel consumption meter' (FCM) means a device which provides the driver with accurate information about the real fuel consumption of the vehicle, including at least the following data: instantaneous fuel consumption (l/100 km), average fuel consumption (l/100 km), fuel consumption when idling (l/hour) and lifetime fuel consumption (l)."

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 b (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2 (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1b) The following subparagraph is added:

 

"The manufacturer shall equip vehicles with the FCM in accordance with requirements of this Regulation and its implementing measures."

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 c (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 5 – paragraph 4 – point k a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1c) In Article 5(4), the following point is added:

 

"(ka) FCMs"

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 2

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Annex I – table "Euro VI Emission Limits" – Column 9

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)".

(2) 6,0 x 1011".

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 3a

 

Gear shift indicators

 

The Commission shall assess by 30 June 2016 the appropriateness of introducing requirements to fit gear shift indicators in vehicles with a manual gearbox other than those of category M1 for which a requirement already applies under existing Union legislation. Based on that assessment, the Commission shall submit, where appropriate, a legislative proposal extending the scope of application of Article 11 of Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council1a to additional categories of vehicles.

 

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1a Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 concerning type approval requirements for the general safety of motor vehicles, their trailers and systems, components and separate technical units intended therefor (OJ L 200, 31.7.2009, p. 1.).

PROCEDURE

Title

Reduction of pollutant emissions from road vehicles

References

COM(2014)0028 – C7-0027/2014 – 2014/0012(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

6.2.2014

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

IMCO

6.2.2014

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein

3.12.2014

Discussed in committee

6.5.2015

4.6.2015

22.6.2015

 

Date adopted

29.6.2015

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

20

9

1

Members present for the final vote

Dita Charanzová, Carlos Coelho, Sergio Gaetano Cofferati, Lara Comi, Daniel Dalton, Nicola Danti, Pascal Durand, Vicky Ford, Evelyne Gebhardt, Antanas Guoga, Sergio Gutiérrez Prieto, Robert Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz, Liisa Jaakonsaari, Eva Paunova, Marcus Pretzell, Virginie Rozière, Christel Schaldemose, Andreas Schwab, Olga Sehnalová, Igor Šoltes, Ivan Štefanec, Catherine Stihler, Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein, Mylène Troszczynski, Marco Zullo

Substitutes present for the final vote

Lucy Anderson, Pascal Arimont, Birgit Collin-Langen, Roberta Metsola, Lambert van Nistelrooij


OPINION of the Committee on Transport and Tourism (19.6.2015)

for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 as regards the

reduction of pollutant emissions from road vehicles

(COM(2014)0028 – C7-0027/2014 – 2014/0012(COD))

Rapporteur: Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

I. Commission proposal

The purpose of this proposal is to introduce a number of amendments to Regulation (EC) 715/2007 and Regulation (EC) 595/2009 with respect to the reduction of pollutant emissions from road vehicles. The proposal consists of five measures aimed to ensure the following objectives:

–  avoid that the current ammonia (NH3) limits for heavy duty vehicles obstruct the market-uptake of certain positive ignition vehicles, in particular vehicles running on natural gas;

–  increase the upper mass limit of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 in order to allow manufacturers to type-approve vehicles under Light Duty (LD) or Heavy Duty (HD) legislation upon the choice of the manufacturer;

–  empower the Commission to introduce more severe low temperature emission limits for Euro 6 LD vehicles;

–  empower the Commission to introduce NO2 emission limits for Euro 6 LD vehicles;

–  empower the Commission to propose the deregulation of methane (CH4) emissions under the LD legislation, provided that methane emissions are included as CO2 equivalent emissions under the EU legislation setting mandatory CO2 emission targets for passenger cars and light commercial vehicles.

II. Rapporteur's overall position

Your Rapporteur welcomes the Commission's proposal, in particular as regards its provisions aimed at introducing NO2 emission limits and more stringent low temperature emission limits for LD vehicles and removing unnecessary administrative burdens for the type-approval of vehicles that have no positive environmental impact.

Air pollution, both indoors and outdoors, is a major environmental risk to human health. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that urban outdoor air pollution alone causes 1.3 million deaths worldwide per year. Long-term and peak exposure can lead to a variety of health effects, ranging from minor effects on the respiratory system to premature mortality. Two pollutants, ground-level ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5), are generally recognised as the most problematic ones. Elevated ozone concentrations alone are associated with 21 000 premature deaths per year in the EU. According to the WHO, exposure to particulate matter decreases the life expectancy of every person in Europe by an average of almost 1 year.

Exhaust emissions from LD and HD vehicles contribute significantly to air pollution. This is particularly problematic in urban areas where the motor vehicle and population density is higher. Road transport is accountable for over 40% of NOx emissions. Alongside its direct health effects, NO2, a component of NOx, is also the main source of nitrate aerosols, which form an important fraction of particulate matter and, in the presence of ultraviolet light, of O3. Through this mechanism, NO2 emissions aggravate O3 and PM2.5 pollution problems. New motor vehicles are, on average, more energy-efficient and emit fewer pollutants than older ones. However, due to the persistent growth of road transport volume, this is not translating into an equivalent decrease of atmospheric pollutant and greenhouse emissions from road transport.

Interestingly, the Commission proposal aims to address some of these problems through the relaxation of the emission limits for ammonia (NH3) from positive ignition HD vehicles and methane (CH4) from positive ignition LD vehicles. The aim of those provisions is to promote the market-uptake of vehicles running on natural gas which have difficulties in meeting the current emission limits for NH3 and CH4. It is projected that the wider replacement of diesel by natural gas vehicles, in particular in urban areas, would have a significant positive environmental effect with respect to the emissions of NOx and CO2.

However, the Commission is proposing to balance this positive environmental impact with potentially slightly higher NH3 (ammonia) and CH4 (methane) emissions. The impact assessment has demonstrated that the increase of NH3 emissions from removing the limit value for HD vehicles running on natural gas would be largely insignificant. Therefore, the global environmental impact of this option could be considered positive, taking into account the lower emissions of NOx and CO2 due to the anticipated wider use of natural gas vehicles which are currently a marginal part of the market. As regards methane emissions, the Commission should increase the limit value of total hydrocarbons (THC) emissions for positive ignition LD vehicles only if this would be offset by an overall reduction of the greenhouse gas effect of the combined total emissions of CO2 and methane. Your Rapporteur wishes to emphasise that the Commission should continue monitoring the evolution of ammonia and methane emissions from positive ignition vehicles placed on the market, and propose appropriate measures if necessary.

Last but not least, your Rapporteur wishes to ensure that new motor vehicles are equipped with systems assisting the driver in eco-efficient driving style in order to reduce fuel consumption, and therefore pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions. In its impact assessment, the Commission thoroughly assessed the advantages of fitting new cars with fuel consumption meters (FCM) and gear shift indicators (GSI) at a minimum cost. Therefore, your Rapporteur considers it necessary to introduce those systems as a standard feature of new vehicles in line with the findings of the impact assessment of the Commission.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Transport and Tourism calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) Although emissions of methane are not known to have a direct harmful effect on human health, methane is a strong greenhouse gas. Therefore, in line with the Communication of the Commission on the application and future development of Community legislation concerning vehicle emissions from light-duty vehicles and access to repair and maintenance information (Euro 5 and 6)2 and with Article 14(1) of Regulation (EC) 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council3, the Commission should consider including methane emissions in the calculation of CO2 emissions.

(2) Although emissions of methane are not known to have a direct harmful effect on human health, methane is a strong greenhouse gas. Therefore, in line with the Communication of the Commission on the application and future development of Community legislation concerning vehicle emissions from light-duty vehicles and access to repair and maintenance information (Euro 5 and 6)2 and with Article 14(1) of Regulation (EC) 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council3, the Commission should consider including methane emissions in the calculation of CO2 emissions after having carried out a stakeholder consultation and an impact assessment if necessary, in the context of the revision of Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 and Regulation (EU) No 510/2011.

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2 OJ C 182, 19.7.2008, p. 17.

2 OJ C 182, 19.7.2008, p. 17.

3 Regulation (EC) 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, p. 1).

3 Regulation (EC) 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, p. 1).

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) In order to facilitate the introduction of natural gas vehicles the current total hydrocarbons (THC) emission limit should be increased and the effect of methane emissions should be taken into account and expressed as a CO2 equivalent for regulatory and consumer information purposes.

(3) In order to facilitate the introduction of natural gas vehicles the current total hydrocarbons (THC) emission limit should be increased. However, the maximum authorised THC emissions should be set at a limit value which ensures that the possible increase of methane emissions from positive ignition vehicles would be offset by an overall reduction of the greenhouse effect of the combined total emissions of CO2 and methane from those vehicles.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a) The results of the test procedure that provides the basis of EC type approval emissions regulations should reflect emission levels observed in real driving conditions taking into account the results and evaluations from the Union funded ARTEMIS project. Therefore, emission control systems and test cycles should be designed to reflect real driving conditions, especially in urban areas where driving conditions are much more transient than the regulatory test cycle.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3b) If the objective of reducing the impact on the environment of pollutant emissions from road transport is to be achieved, fuels with a high carbon content should gradually be replaced by alternatives with a lower carbon content, such as natural gas, although in the longer term making road transport genuinely environmentally sustainable calls for the deployment of new technologies which have a low impact on the environment, such as vehicles powered by electricity, hydrogen or compressed air.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) High concentrations of air pollution caused by emitted precursors for O3 (high concentration of ozone, together with high temperatures in summer) as well as by diesel particulates and other emissions (that together with so-called inversion lead to smog during winter) should be avoided by taking precautionary measures. In particular, intensive cooperation with meteorological services should lead to timely and appropriate measures.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a) The potential to reduce fuel consumption, and therefore pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions, through efficient driving behaviour, so-called ‘eco-driving’, is insufficiently exploited. This is mainly due to a lack of information or awareness on the part of drivers about how to drive efficiently. The technical means for facilitating eco-driving is focused on two types of in-vehicle systems: fuel consumption meters (FCMs) and gear shift indicators (GSIs). A FCM is a device providing the driver with accurate information about the real fuel consumption of the vehicle, including instantaneous fuel consumption, average fuel consumption, fuel consumption when idling, lifetime fuel consumption and an estimation of the range of the vehicle based on the current fuel level. A GSI indicates the optimal gear when that is different from the selected gear, and what the driver should do (shift up or down) to minimise fuel consumption. Its purpose is to give the driver of a vehicle with a manual gearbox a visual warning when a gear change is necessary. GSIs have already been made mandatory in new passenger cars of category M1 which are fitted with a manual gearbox, but not in any other type of motor vehicle such as light commercial vehicles, trucks or buses. In contrast, no legal requirement exists to fit FCMs in any category of motor vehicle at present. Studies show that the potential of eco-driving can be better exploited when using both systems at the same time. Furthermore, FCMs could help consumers to buy vehicles with low fuel consumption. This would be pertinent in particular in the case of heavy duty vehicles where no legal requirement exists at present to display the fuel efficiency and CO2 emissions of vehicles offered for sale. FCMs and GSIs can be installed at small cost for the vehicle manufacturer but are currently often unavailable or sold as part of options packages, which impedes their widespread use. Furthermore, where available, such devices are often installed in ways that are not well suited to facilitate eco-driving (e.g. no permanent visibility, no instantaneous information on fuel consumption, divergence between the fuel consumption displayed and the actual one).

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) In order to achieve EU air quality objectives and to ensure a continuous effort to reduce vehicle emissions, the power to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFUE) should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed rules on the application of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 5 000 kg, the specific procedures, tests and requirements for type approval, the requirements for the implementation of the prohibition on the use of defeat devices that reduce the effectiveness of emission control systems, the measures necessary for the implementation of the obligation of a manufacturer to provide unrestricted and standardised access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, the replacement of the information on the mass of CO2 emissions in the certificate of conformity with information on total mass of CO2 emissions equivalents, the increase or removal of the limit value of total hydrocarbons emissions for positive ignition vehicles, the amendment of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for the purposes of recalibrating the particulate mass based limit values and introducing particle number based limit values that would correlate broadly with the petrol and diesel mass limit values, the adoption of a revised measurement procedure for particulates and a particle number limit value, a limit value for emissions of NO2 and limits for tailpipe emissions at cold temperatures for vehicles approved as complying with the Euro 6 emission limits. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council.

(7) In order to achieve EU air quality objectives and to ensure a continuous effort to reduce vehicle emissions, the power to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFUE) should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed rules on the application of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum technically permissible laden mass not exceeding 7 500 kg, the specific procedures, tests and requirements for type approval, the requirements for the implementation of the prohibition on the use of defeat devices that reduce the effectiveness of emission control systems, the measures necessary for the implementation of the obligation of a manufacturer to provide unrestricted and standardised access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, the replacement of the information on the mass of CO2 emissions in the certificate of conformity with information on total mass of CO2 emissions equivalents, the increase or removal of the limit value of total hydrocarbons emissions for positive ignition vehicles, the amendment of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for the purposes of recalibrating the particulate mass based limit values and introducing particle number based limit values that would correlate broadly with the petrol and diesel mass limit values, the adoption of a revised measurement procedure for particulates and a particle number limit value, a limit value for emissions of NO2 and limits for tailpipe emissions at cold temperatures for vehicles approved as complying with the Euro 6 emission limits. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council.

Justification

According to the current legislation, two type approvals are required for different variants of the same vehicle type. This causes an unnecessary administrative burden while having no positive environmental impact. Extending the maximum permissible laden mass to 7 500 kg would allow vehicles above the current light duty mass limits of 2610/2840 kg to be either type approved under the light duty or heavy duty vehicle legislation depending upon the choice of the manufacturer.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 1

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 2 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

After publication of the delegated acts adopted in accordance with the second subparagraph and at the manufacturer's request, this Regulation shall apply to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council* with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 5 000 kg.

After publication of the delegated acts adopted in accordance with the second subparagraph and at the manufacturer's request, this Regulation shall apply to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council* with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum technically permissible laden mass not exceeding 7 500 kg.

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a concerning the detailed rules on the application of this Regulation to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 5 000 kg. The delegated acts shall ensure in particular that at chassis dynamometer tests the actual operational mass of the vehicle is appropriately considered for determining the equivalent inertia as well as other default power and load parameters.

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a concerning the detailed rules on the application of this Regulation to vehicles of categories M1, M2, N1 and N2 as defined in Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC with a reference mass exceeding 2 610 kg but with a maximum technically permissible laden mass not exceeding 7 500 kg. The delegated acts shall ensure in particular that at chassis dynamometer tests the actual operational mass of the vehicle is appropriately considered for determining the equivalent inertia as well as other default power and load parameters.

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* OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, p. 1.".

* OJ L 263, 9.10.2007, p. 1.".

Justification

Extending the maximum permissible laden mass to 7 500 kg would allow vehicles above the current light duty mass limits of 2610/2840 kg to be either type approved under the light duty or heavy duty vehicle legislation depending upon the choice of the manufacturer. The ‘maximum technically permissible laden mass’ is the total mass of the combination of the motor vehicle and trailer(s) as stated by the manufacturer.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 2 a (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 1

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(2a) Article 5(1) is amended as follows:

"The manufacturer shall equip vehicles so that the components likely to affect emissions are designed, constructed and assembled so as to enable the vehicle, in normal use, to comply with this Regulation and its implementing measures."

"The manufacturer shall equip vehicles so that the components likely to affect emissions are designed, constructed and assembled so as to enable the vehicle, in real driving conditions, to comply with this Regulation and its implementing measures.

 

The manufacturer shall ensure the effectiveness of emission control systems by complying with a Conformity Factor that reflects only the possible tolerances of the emissions measurement procedure."

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 2 b (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 1 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2b) In Article 5, the following paragraph is added:

 

"1a. Manufacturers shall ensure that vehicles are equipped with fuel consumption metres in accordance with the requirements of this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant thereto."

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 3 a (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 3 – point a

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(3a) In Article 5(3), point (a) is amended as follows:

"(a) tailpipe emissions, including test cycles, low ambient temperature emissions, emissions at idling speed, smoke opacity and correct functioning and regeneration of aftertreatment systems;"

"(a) tailpipe emissions, including test cycles based on real driving emissions (RDE), the use of portable emissions measurement systems (PEMS), low ambient temperature emissions, emissions at idling speed, smoke opacity and correct functioning and regeneration of aftertreatment systems;"

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 3 b (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 3 – point e a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3b) In Article 5(3), the following point is inserted:

 

"(ea) equipment of vehicles with fuel consumption meters which provide the driver with accurate information about the real fuel consumption of the vehicle, including at least the following data: instantaneous fuel consumption (l/100 km), average fuel consumption (l/100 km), fuel consumption when idling (l/hour), lifetime fuel consumption (l), and an estimation of the range of the vehicle based on the current fuel level;"

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 3 c (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 3 – point i a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3c) In Article 5(3), the following point is inserted:

 

"(ia) a Conformity Factor, representing the ratio of the maximum level of emissions of a certain pollutant measured in real world conditions to the Euro 6 regulatory limit for that same pollutant, which should be set at the minimum possible value;"

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 3 d (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 5 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3d) In Article 5(3), the following subparagraph is added:

 

"The Commission shall adopt by 31 December 2016 the delegated act for the purpose of supplementing the requirements referred to in paragraph 1a and point (ea) of this paragraph. With effect from 1 January 2018, national authorities shall refuse to grant EC type approval or national type approval for new types of vehicles which do not comply with those requirements. With effect from 1 January 2019, national authorities shall, in the case of new vehicles which do not comply with those requirements, consider certificates of conformity to be no longer valid and prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of such vehicles."

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point a

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Without lowering the level of environmental protection within the Union, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a concerning:

1. The Commission shall consider including methane emissions in the calculation of CO2 emissions, so that the greenhouse effect of methane emissions is taken into account and expressed as CO2 equivalent for regulatory and consumer information purposes. To that end, the Commission shall submit, if appropriate, a legislative proposal to the European Parliament and the Council for the revision of Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 and Regulation (EU) No 510/2011.

a) the replacement of the information on the mass of CO2 emissions in the certificate of conformity referred to in Article 18 of Directive 2007/46/EC with the information on total mass of CO2 emissions equivalents, which shall be the sum of the mass of CO2 emissions and methane emissions, expressed as equivalent mass of CO2 emissions with regard to their greenhouse gas effects;

 

b) the increase or removal of the limit value of total hydrocarbons (THC) emissions for positive ignition vehicles.

 

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 5 – point a

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 – paragraph 1 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. Without lowering the level of environmental protection within the Union, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14a for the increase of the emissions limits of total hydrocarbons (THC) for positive ignition vehicles. The maximum authorised THC emissions shall be set at a limit value which ensures that the possible increase of methane emissions from positive ignition vehicles would be offset by an overall reduction of the greenhouse effect of the combined total emissions of CO2 and methane from those vehicles.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 6

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 14 a – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in the second subparagraph of Article 2(2), Article 5(3), Article 8 and in Article 14(1) to (5) shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from [][Publications Office, please insert the exact date of entry into force].

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in the second subparagraph of Article 2(2), Article 5(3), Article 8 and in Article 14(1a) to (5) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from the [date of entry into force of this Directive]. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – point 7 a (new)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Article 18 – paragraph 3

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(7a) In Article 18, paragraph 3 is replaced by the following:

"3. The amendments or implementing measures referred to in Article 5(3) and Article 14(6) shall be adopted by 2 July 2008."

"3. The amendments or delegated acts referred to in Article 2(2), Article 5(3) and Article 14(1a) to (5) shall be adopted by [one year after the entry into force of this Regulation] at the latest."

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 a (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 5 – paragraph 2 a (new)

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(1a) In Article 5, the following paragraph is added:

 

"2a. Manufacturers shall ensure that vehicles are equipped with fuel consumption metres in accordance with the requirements of this Regulation and the delegated acts adopted pursuant thereto."

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 b (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 5 – paragraph 4 – introductory sentence

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(1b) In Article 5(4), the introductory sentence is replaced by the following:

4. The Commission shall adopt measures for the implementation of this Article including measures in relation to the following:

"4. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 12a in order to develop the specific procedures, tests and requirements for type-approval set out in this Article, including requirements in relation to the following:".

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 c (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 5 – paragraph 4 – point e a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1c) In Article 5(4), the following point is inserted:

 

"(ea) equipment of vehicles with fuel consumption meters which provide the driver with accurate information about the real fuel consumption of the vehicle, including at least the following data: instantaneous fuel consumption (l/100 km), average fuel consumption (l/100 km), fuel consumption when idling (l/hour), lifetime fuel consumption (l), and an estimation of the range of the vehicle based on the current fuel level."

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 d (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 5 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1d) In Article 5(4), the second subparagraph is replaced by the following:

 

"The Commission shall adopt by 31 December 2016 the delegated act for supplementing the requirements referred to in paragraph 2a and point (ea) of this paragraph. With effect from 1 January 2018, national authorities shall refuse to grant EC type approval or national type approval for new types of vehicles which do not comply with those requirements. With effect from 1 January 2019, national authorities shall, in the case of new vehicles which do not comply with those requirements, consider certificates of conformity to be no longer valid and prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of such vehicles."

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – point 1 e (new)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

Article 12 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1e) The following Article is inserted:

 

"Article 12a

 

Exercise of the delegation

 

1. The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.

 

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 5(4) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from the [date of entry into force of this Regulation]. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

 

3. The delegation of powers referred to in Article 5(4) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

 

4. As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.

 

5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 5(4) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.".

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 3a

 

Gear shift indicators

 

The Commission shall assess the appropriateness of introducing requirements to fit gear shift indicators in vehicles with a manual gearbox other than those of category M1 for which a requirement already exists under current Union legislation. Based on that assessment, the Commission shall submit, if appropriate, a proposal to the European Parliament and the Council extending the scope of application of Article 11 of Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council1a to additional categories of vehicles.

 

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1a Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 concerning type approval requirements for the general safety of motor vehicles, their trailers and systems, components and separate technical units intended therefor (OJ L 200, 31.7.2009, p. 1.)

PROCEDURE

Title

Reduction of pollutant emissions from road vehicles

References

COM(2014)0028 – C7-0027/2014 – 2014/0012(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

6.2.2014

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

TRAN

6.2.2014

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska

26.11.2014

Discussed in committee

5.5.2015

 

 

 

Date adopted

16.6.2015

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

35

8

1

Members present for the final vote

Lucy Anderson, Inés Ayala Sender, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Michael Cramer, Luis de Grandes Pascual, Andor Deli, Karima Delli, Isabella De Monte, Ismail Ertug, Jacqueline Foster, Dieter-Lebrecht Koch, Stelios Kouloglou, Miltiadis Kyrkos, Bogusław Liberadzki, Peter Lundgren, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Gesine Meissner, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Renaud Muselier, Jens Nilsson, Markus Pieper, Gabriele Preuß, Christine Revault D’Allonnes Bonnefoy, Dominique Riquet, Massimiliano Salini, David-Maria Sassoli, Claudia Schmidt, Jill Seymour, Claudia Tapardel, Keith Taylor, Pavel Telička, Peter van Dalen, Wim van de Camp, Janusz Zemke, Roberts Zīle, Kosma Złotowski

Substitutes present for the final vote

Ivo Belet, Daniel Dalton, Kateřina Konečná, Werner Kuhn, Ulrike Rodust, Patricija Šulin, Henna Virkkunen

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Jarosław Wałęsa


PROCEDURE

Title

Reduction of pollutant emissions from road vehicles

References

COM(2014)0028 – C7-0027/2014 – 2014/0012(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

31.1.2014

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

6.2.2014

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

ITRE

6.2.2014

IMCO

6.2.2014

TRAN

6.2.2014

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

ITRE

12.2.2014

 

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Albert Deß

10.7.2014

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

10.11.2014

6.5.2015

25.6.2015

 

Date adopted

23.9.2015

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

66

2

0

Members present for the final vote

Marco Affronte, Margrete Auken, Pilar Ayuso, Zoltán Balczó, Ivo Belet, Simona Bonafè, Lynn Boylan, Cristian-Silviu Buşoi, Mireille D’Ornano, Miriam Dalli, Seb Dance, Angélique Delahaye, Jørn Dohrmann, Ian Duncan, Stefan Eck, Eleonora Evi, José Inácio Faria, Karl-Heinz Florenz, Francesc Gambús, Elisabetta Gardini, Jens Gieseke, Julie Girling, Matthias Groote, Françoise Grossetête, Andrzej Grzyb, Jytte Guteland, György Hölvényi, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Jean-François Jalkh, Benedek Jávor, Karin Kadenbach, Kateřina Konečná, Giovanni La Via, Peter Liese, Norbert Lins, Valentinas Mazuronis, Susanne Melior, Miroslav Mikolášik, Gilles Pargneaux, Piernicola Pedicini, Bolesław G. Piecha, Pavel Poc, Frédérique Ries, Michèle Rivasi, Daciana Octavia Sârbu, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Renate Sommer, Tibor Szanyi, Estefanía Torres Martínez, Nils Torvalds, Jadwiga Wiśniewska, Damiano Zoffoli

Substitutes present for the final vote

Guillaume Balas, Nikolay Barekov, Paul Brannen, Renata Briano, Albert Deß, Herbert Dorfmann, Ismail Ertug, Giorgos Grammatikakis, Gesine Meissner, Anne-Marie Mineur, Ulrike Müller, James Nicholson, Marijana Petir, Gabriele Preuß

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Martin Häusling, Judith Sargentini

Date tabled

29.9.2015

Last updated: 14 October 2015Legal notice