Procedure : 2015/0136(NLE)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0078/2017

Texts tabled :

A8-0078/2017

Debates :

Votes :

PV 05/04/2017 - 9.3

Texts adopted :


RECOMMENDATION     ***
PDF 461kWORD 59k
27 March 2017
PE 597.652v02-00 A8-0078/2017

on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with regard to the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters

(14112/2015 – C8-0409/2015 – 2015/0136(NLE))

Committee on Legal Affairs

Rapporteur: Pavel Svoboda

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with regard to the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters

(14112/2015 – C8-0409/2015 – 2015/0136(NLE))

(Consent)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the draft Council decision (14112/2015),

–  having regard to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea 1996 (the '1996 HNS Convention'),

–  having regard to the Protocol of 2010 to the 1996 HNS Convention,

–  having regard to the request for consent submitted by the Council in accordance with Article 81 and Article 218(6), second subparagraph, point (a) (v), of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (C8-0409/2015),

–  having regard to Protocol No 22 on the position of Denmark annexed to the Treaties,

–  having regard to Council Decision 2002/971/EC of 18 November 2002 authorising the Member States, in the interest of the Community, to ratify or accede to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 (the HNS Convention)(1),

–  having regard to the opinion of the Court of Justice of 14 October 2014(2),

–  having regard to its interim resolution of 8 June 2016 on the draft Council decision(3),

–  having regard to the Commission follow up to the interim resolution of 4 October 2016,

–  having regard to Rule 99(1) and (4) and Rule 108(7) of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the recommendation of the Committee on Legal Affairs (A8-0078/2017),

1.  Gives its consent to the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with regard to the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters;

2.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States.

(1)

OJ L 337, 13.12.2002, p. 55.

(2)

Opinion of the Court of Justice of 14 October 2014, 1/13, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2303.

(3)

Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0260.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

The International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea 1996 deals with liability and compensation for damages arising from the carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by sea, including liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). The 2010 Protocol to the 1996 HNS Convention contained amendments to address problems identified in the 1996 HNS Convention and is to be read, interpreted and applied together with the provisions of the Convention as a single instrument, which is referred to as the '2010 HNS Convention'.(1) Neither the 1996 HNS Convention, nor the 2010 Protocol to the HNS Convention have entered into force.

The 2010 HNS Convention establishes strict liability of the owner of the ship carrying HNS for any damage resulting from an incident in connection with the carriage of HNS by sea and on board that ship. There are limited exceptions to the strict liability of the owner, which is coupled with the owner's obligation to take out insurance or other financial security to cover his liability for damage under the Convention. More importantly, a specialised compensation fund is established that is aimed at compensating any person suffering damage in connection with the carriage of HNS by sea where such person has been unable to obtain full and adequate compensation for the damage from the shipowner and its insurer. The total amount of compensation available is 250 million units of account (approximately 310 million euros in today's monetary exchange rates), based on an elaborate system of contributions paid to the HNS Fund by persons receiving HNS in each State Party.

Chapter IV of the 2010 HNS Convention establishes rules on the jurisdiction of courts, and the recognition and enforcement of judgments, and thus overlaps in scope with the rules contained in the recast Brussels I Regulation. In assessing the difference between the two jurisdiction regimes, it becomes clear that the HNS Convention contains a rather restrictive regime of jurisdiction, which contrasts the multiple grounds of jurisdiction available under the recast Brussels I Regulation.

Your rapporteur understands that in light of the highly specific nature of the jurisdiction regime of the HNS Convention - which stems from an effort to avoid 'forum shopping', ensuring the equal treatment of claimants, while guaranteeing the sound administration of justice through the avoidance of difficulties involved in settling the same issues, involving the same experts, the same witnesses and the same defendants in different courts in several jurisdictions - as well as due to the anticipated legal and practical difficulties in applying a separate jurisdiction regime within the Union, as compared to that applying for other parties to the HNS Convention, an exception to the general application of the recast Brussels I Regulation is justified.

Parliament received a letter requesting it to give its consent to the draft Council decision on the ratification of Protocol of 2010 to the HNS Convention on 17 December 2015. In view of the substantial discrepancies between the draft Council decision and the original Commission proposal, and after hearing the Commission and the Council (28 January 2016) and consulting with Parliament’s Legal Service (15 March 2016), the Committee on Legal Affairs decided to make recourse to paragraph five of Rule 99 RoP and draft an interim report with recommendations for modification of the said draft Council Decision.

The main discrepancies between the draft Council decision and the Commission proposal in the context of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters concerned the scope of exclusive Union competence pursuant to Article 3(2) TFEU; the extent of overlap between Chapter IV of 2010 HNS Convention and the recast Brussels I Regulation; and the necessity for an obligation on Member States to ratify the Convention within a fixed-timeframe.

Against this background, your rapporteur proposed an interim report in order to work towards a positive outcome with the Council and the Commission that would ensure the uniformity, integrity and effectiveness of Union law as well as the fundamental principle of conferral of EU competences. The Commission welcomed the adoption by Parliament of this resolution and confirmed that it would have been ready to accept a compromise solution on an extended reasonable timeframe for ratification of the 2010 HNS Convention.

The Council took note of Parliament’s resolution in the Shipping Working Party at its meeting of 15 July and found that there was no scope to reopen the discussion on the text of the draft Council Decision, since it fell under the consent and not the co-decision procedure.

In view of Council’s categorical denial to open up a dialogue with Parliament and the Commission, and taking into account the significant share HNS cargo represents in maritime freight transport, the global nature of the shipping business, as well as the cross-boundary impact accidents involving HNS cargo are likely to have, your rapporteur believes it is in the interest of the Union as a whole to have a homogenous liability regime applicable to environmental damage arising from the carriage of HNS at sea.

Your rapporteur recommends therefore that Parliament consent to the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with regard to the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters.

(1)


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Ratification and accession by Member States on behalf of the Union to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea with regard to aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters

References

14112/2015 – C8-0409/2015 – COM(2015)03052015/0136(NLE)

Date of consultation / request for consent

18.1.2016

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

JURI

18.1.2016

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

18.1.2016

TRAN

18.1.2016

PECH

18.1.2016

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

ENVI

16.7.2015

TRAN

15.9.2015

PECH

15.7.2015

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Pavel Svoboda

13.7.2015

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

28.1.2016

15.3.2016

21.4.2016

28.2.2017

Date adopted

23.3.2017

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

21

0

1

Members present for the final vote

Max Andersson, Joëlle Bergeron, Marie-Christine Boutonnet, Jean-Marie Cavada, Kostas Chrysogonos, Lidia Joanna Geringer de Oedenberg, Mary Honeyball, Sajjad Karim, Sylvia-Yvonne Kaufmann, António Marinho e Pinto, Jiří Maštálka, Emil Radev, Julia Reda, Pavel Svoboda, Tadeusz Zwiefka

Substitutes present for the final vote

Isabella Adinolfi, Daniel Buda, Angelika Niebler, Virginie Rozière, Rainer Wieland

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Eugen Freund, Maria Noichl

Date tabled

27.3.2017


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

21

+

PPE

S&D

ALDE

GUE/NGL

Verts/ALE

EFDD

ENF

Daniel Buda, Angelika Niebler, Emil Radev, Pavel Svoboda, Rainer Wieland, Tadeusz Zwiefka

Eugen Freund, Lidia Joanna Geringer de Oedenberg, Mary Honeyball, Sylvia-Yvonne Kaufmann, Maria Noichl, Virginie Rozière

Jean-Marie Cavada, António Marinho e Pinto

Kostas Chrysogonos, Jiří Maštálka

Max Andersson, Julia Reda

Isabella Adinolfi, Joëlle Bergeron

Marie-Christine Boutonnet

0

-

 

 

1

0

ECR

Sajjad Karim

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Last updated: 28 March 2017Legal notice