Procedure : 2016/0221(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0120/2017

Texts tabled :

A8-0120/2017

Debates :

PV 13/09/2017 - 18
CRE 13/09/2017 - 18

Votes :

PV 14/09/2017 - 8.10

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2017)0356

REPORT     ***I
PDF 635kWORD 87k
30 March 2017
PE 595.680v02-00 A8-0120/2017

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 on European venture capital funds and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 on European social entrepreneurship funds

(COM(2016)0461 – C8-0320/2016 – 2016/0221(COD))

Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs

Rapporteur: Sirpa Pietikäinen

AMENDMENTS
DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 on European venture capital funds and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 on European social entrepreneurship funds

(COM(2016)0461 – C8-0320/2016 – 2016/0221(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2016)0461),

–  having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 114 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8-0320/2016),

–  having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 14 December 2016(1),

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (A8-0120/2017),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

AMENDMENTS BY THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT(2)*

to the Commission proposal

---------------------------------------------------------

2016/0221 (COD)

Proposal for a

REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

amending Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 on European venture capital funds and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 on European social entrepreneurship funds

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 114 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Central Bank,(3)

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee(4),

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure(5),

Whereas:

(1)  Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council(6) and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council(7) lay down uniform requirements and conditions for managers of collective investment undertakings that wish to use in the Union the ‘EuVECA’ or ‘EuSEF’ designations for the marketing of qualifying venture capital funds and qualifying social entrepreneurship funds. Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 contain rules governing, in particular, qualifying investment, qualifying portfolio undertaking and eligible investors. Under Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013, only managers with assets under management that in total do not exceed the threshold referred to in point (b) of Article 3(2) of Directive 2011/61/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council(8) qualify for the use of the ‘EuVECA’ and ‘EuSEF’ labels respectively.

(2)  The Communication on the Investment Plan for Europe of 16 November 2014(9) provides a comprehensive strategy to tackle the lack of finance which is holding back Europe's potential to grow and to provide jobs for its citizens. It aims at unlocking private investment by using public funding and by improving the legal framework for the investment environment.

(3)  The Communication on the Capital Markets Union of 30 September 2015(10) is an important element of the Investment Plan. It aims at reducing fragmentation in the financial markets and increasing supply of capital to businesses, from inside and outside the Union, through the establishment of a genuine single capital market. The Communication specifies that Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 need to be amended to ensure that the frameworks are best able to support investment in SMEs.

(4)  The market of qualifying venture capital funds and qualifying social entrepreneurship funds should be opened to increase scale effects, to reduce transaction and operational costs, to improve competition and to strengthen investor choice. Enlarging the base of prospective managers contributes to opening up that market. It should benefit undertakings seeking investment by giving them access to financing from a greater and more varied range of risk investment sources. The scope of Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 should therefore be extended by opening up the use of the ‘EuVECA’ and ‘EuSEF’ labels to managers of collective investment undertakings authorised under Article 6 of Directive 2011/61/EU.

(5)  In order to keep a high level of investor protection, those managers should continue to be subject to the requirements of Directive 2011/61/EU while complying with certain provisions of Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 or Regulation (EU) No 346/2013, namely the provisions concerning eligible investments, targeted investors and information requirements.

(5a)  A threshold of EUR 100 000 minimum entry ticket for non-professional investors is maintained for investing in EuVECA funds. Due to their long-term and illiquid nature, venture capital funds are not directly suitable for retail investors other than those described in Article 6 of this Regulation, even in the case where investor protection rules would be strengthened. However, in the context of the next review of Regulation (EU) No 345/2013, the Commission should investigate whether it would be beneficial to create an additional voluntary option for retail investors through the use of a feeder fund under Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 for those EuVECA funds that wish to enlarge their investor base. The Commission should also investigate whether lowering the relatively high threshold might be beneficial, especially as it can be seen as a potential barrier to more investment in such funds, and whether it may be appropriate to extend the social entrepreneurship label to certain crowdfunding and microfinancing entities with a high social impact. Although venture capital remains a highly risky form of investment, it should be recalled that similarly risky, unregulated forms of investment are increasingly available to consumers. Such forms of investment, for example crowd funding, currently fall outside the regulated space whereas the EuVECA regime is regulated and supervised.

(5b)  For EuSEF funds, the threshold of EUR 100 000 should, in any case, be lowered to EUR 50 000. This would increase access to funding, in particular for smaller and socially engaged firms which are less bankable due to the fact that they re-invest their profits into their projects and as such do not meet the minimum required return for bank capital requirements. It would also allow the spectrum of investment possibilities for non-professional investors to be widened and would allow such investors to support firms with a positive social impact.

(6)  In order to ensure that competent authorities know about every new use of the ‘EuVECA’ and ‘EuSEF’ labels, managers of collective investment undertakings authorised under Article 6 of Directive 2011/61/EU should register each qualifying venture capital fund or qualifying social entrepreneurship fund they intend to manage and market. This should ensure that those managers may maintain their business models by being able to manage collective investment undertakings established in other Member States while further widening the range of products they offer.

(7)  The range of eligible undertakings in which qualifying venture capital funds can invest should be expanded to further increase supply of capital to businesses. The definition of qualifying portfolio undertakings should therefore include companies with up to 499 employees (small mid-caps) and small and medium enterprises listed on SME growth markets. The new investment options should also allow growth stage entities that have already access to other sources of financing, such as SME growth markets, to receive capital from qualifying venture capital funds which in turn should contribute to the development of the SME growth markets.

(7a)  In order to make the framework more appealing and to further increase the supply of capital to social businesses, the range of eligible undertakings in which qualifying social entrepreneurship funds can invest should be expanded by extending the definition of positive social impact. The current, detailed language on positive social impact under the definition of qualifying portfolio undertaking is difficult to quantify and, as a result, difficult for both the funds and the regulators to interpret, apply or supervise. Moreover, the discrepancy between what constitutes positive social impact in different Union contexts further complicates the regulatory landscape of social entrepreneurship fund and makes, for example, the participation of institutional investors in EuSEF funds more difficult.

(8)  Qualifying venture capital funds should be allowed to participate on the longer term also in the funding ladder for unlisted SMEs, unlisted small-midcaps and SMEs listed on SME growth markets, to further enhance their potential for making returns from high-growth companies. Therefore, follow-on investments subsequent to the first investment should be allowed.

(9)  Registration procedures should be simple and cost-effective. Therefore, a registration of a manager in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 should also serve the purpose of the registration referred to in Directive 2011/61/EU. Registration decisions and failures to register under Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 or Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 should, where appropriate, be subject to judicial review.

(10)  Fees and other charges imposed on qualifying venture capital fund managers by host Member States contribute to regulatory divergence and may sometimes represent significant obstacles to cross-border activities. Such fees impede the free flow of capital across Union borders, thus undermining the principles of the internal market. It is thus necessary to emphasise and clarify that the prohibition for the host Member State to impose requirements or administrative procedures in relation to the marketing of qualifying venture capital funds and qualifying social entrepreneurship funds in its territory includes the prohibition to impose fees and other charges on the managers of those funds, if no supervisory task has to be performed.

(10a)  The legal and supervisory frameworks should play a fundamental role in avoiding excessive risk-taking and instability in financial markets and facilitate cross-border operations in a deepened European capital market union; therefore, a strong Union-wide supervision, including adequate macroprudential instruments, is needed. In view of the 2017 mid-term review of the CMU programme, supervisory convergence should be improved in the Union on the basis of the banking sector´s experience with the SSM framework.

(11)  In accordance with Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013, ▌managers of qualifying venture capital funds and qualifying social entrepreneurship funds, which are not authorised in accordance with Directive 2011/61/EU, are required to have sufficient own funds at all times. In order to develop an appropriate and proportionate capital treatment for qualifying venture capital fund managers and for qualifying social entrepreneurship fund managers, the level of own fund requirements in the context of those two fund structures should be based on cumulative criteria and should be significantly lower and less complex than the amounts laid down in Article 9 of Directive 2011/61/EU to take into account the specificities, nature and small size of these funds, and to respect the principle of proportionality. To ensure a consistent understanding of those requirements for those managers across the Union, the application of minimum capital requirements and own funds should be provided for in this regulation.

(12)  Since this Regulation opens up the use of the ‘EuVECA’ and ‘EuSEF’ labels to managers of collective investment undertakings authorised under Article 6 of Directive 2011/61/EU, the central database, maintained by ESMA in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013, should also include information concerning the qualifying venture capital funds and qualifying social entrepreneurship funds that are managed and marketed by those managers.

(12a)  The appropriateness of the definition of marketing and discrepancies in the interpretation of that definition by national competent authorities were identified as significant barriers to cross-border investments as part of the Commission's work on a Capital Markets Union. In order to facilitate the efficient cross-border marketing of qualifying venture capital and social entrepreneurship funds, and to take into account the specificities of EuVECA and EuSEF funds and their capital fundraising process, the circulation of draft fund documentation that does not include subscription documents, at a time when no subscription is possible, should not be considered to be marketing. Marketing should be deemed only to start at the point at which final legal documents relating to a fund are no longer negotiable.

(12b)  In parallel with the review in accordance with Article 69 of Directive 2011/61/EU, the Commission should analyse the appropriateness of introducing a management passport for managers of the qualifying venture capital funds and qualifying social entrepreneurship funds and the suitability of the definition of marketing for venture capital. Following the review, the Commission should submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council, accompanied, if appropriate, by a legislative proposal.

(13)  Since the objectives of this Regulation, namely to further strengthen an internal market for qualifying venture capital funds and qualifying social entrepreneurship funds by strengthening the use of ‘EuVECA’ and ‘EuSEF’ labels, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States and can therefore, by reason of its scale and effects, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve the objectives pursued, in accordance with Article 5(4) of the Treaty on European Union.

(13a)  This Regulation should be without prejudice to the application of state aid rules to qualifying venture capital funds. Such funds may serve as vehicles for state aid to promote risk capital investments in SMEs through, for example, more favourable treatment of private investors than of the State, provided such aid is compatible with state aid rules and in particular with Article 21 of Commission Regulation (EU) No 651/2014 of 17 June 2014.

(14)  Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 and Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 should be amended accordingly,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 is amended as follows:

(1)  In Article 2, paragraph 2 is replaced by the following:

“2.  Articles 5 and 6, points (c) and (i) of Article 13(1) and Article 14a of this Regulation shall apply to managers of collective investment undertakings authorised under Article 6 of Directive 2011/61/EU that manage portfolios of qualifying venture capital funds and intend to use the designation ‘EuVECA’ in relation to the marketing of those funds in the Union.”

(2)  Article 3 is amended as follows:

(a)  Point (k) is replaced by the following:

“(k)  ‘home Member State’ means the Member State where the manager of a qualifying venture capital fund has its registered office;”

(b)  In point (d), point (i) is replaced by the following:

“(i)  at the time of the first investment by the qualifying venture capital fund in that undertaking complies with one of the following conditions:

—  the undertaking is not admitted to trading on a regulated market or on a multilateral trading facility (MTF) as defined in points (21) and (22) of Article 4(1) of Directive 2014/65/EU of the European Parliament and the Council*, and employs up to 499 persons;

—  the undertaking is a small and medium-sized enterprise as defined in point (12) of Article 4(1) of Directive 2014/65/EU which is listed on a SME growth market as defined in point (13) of Article 4(1) of that Directive.”

(c)  Point (m) is replaced by the following:

“‘(m)  competent authority’ means:

(i)  for managers referred to in Article 2(1) of this Regulation, the competent authority referred to in Article 3(3)(a) of Directive 2011/61/EU;

(ii)  for managers referred to in Article 2(2) of this Regulation, the competent authority referred to in Article 7(1) of Directive 2011/61/EU;

(iii)  for qualifying venture capital funds, the competent authority of the Member State in which the qualifying venture capital fund has its registered office or head office;”

_______________________________________________________________

*  Directive 2014/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on markets in financial instruments and amending Directive 2002/92/EC and Directive 2011/61/EU (OJ L 173, 12.6.2014, p. 349).

(2a)  In Article 7, point (f) is replaced by the following:

  “(f) treat their investors fairly. This shall not preclude more favourable treatment of private investors than of a state investor, provided it is compatible with state aid rules and in particular with Article 21 of Commission Regulation (EU) No 651/2014 of 17 June 2014;”

(3)  ▌Article 10 is replaced by the following ▌:

“Article 10

1.  At all times, managers of qualifying venture capital funds shall have sufficient own funds and shall use adequate and appropriate human and technical resources as necessary for the proper management of the qualifying venture capital funds that they manage.

2.  Both internally and externally managed qualifying venture capital funds shall be provided with an initial capital of EUR 30 000.

2a.  Own funds shall always amount to at least one eighth of the fixed overheads incurred by a manager in the preceding year. Where a significant change in a firm's business has occurred compared to the previous year, the competent authorities may adjust that requirement. If a manager of a qualifying venture capital fund has not completed a year's business, the requirement shall amount to one eighth of the fixed overheads expected in his business plan, unless the competent authority of the home Member State of the manager requires an adjustment to that plan.

2b.  If the qualifying venture capital funds exceed EUR 300 000 000, the manager of those funds is required to provide an additional amount of own fund corresponding to 0,015 % of the amount by which the total value of the qualifying venture capital funds exceeds EUR 300 000 000.

2c.  It is necessary to invest own funds in liquid assets or assets that can be readily converted into cash in the short term. Own funds shall not include speculative positions.

2d.  Insofar as they manage those funds before ... [date of entry into force of this amending Regulation], managers of qualifying venture capital funds may continue to manage those funds during the lifetime of those funds without complying with the requirement set out in paragraph 2b of Article 10. Those managers shall ensure that they are able to justify at all times the sufficiency of their own funds to maintain operational continuity.”

(3a)  In Article 13(1), point (c) (iv) is replaced by the following:

  "(iv) the non-qualifying investments which it intends to make, including the criteria and guidelines which govern the selection of such investments;"

(4)  ▌Article 14 is amended as follows:

(a)  Paragraph 1 is amended as follows:

– The introductory part is replaced by the following:

“1.  Managers of qualifying venture capital funds that intend to use designation ‘EuVECA’ for the marketing of their qualifying venture capital funds shall inform the relevant competent authority of their home Member State and ESMA of their intention and shall provide them with the following information:”

– Point (e) is deleted.

(b)   Paragraph 2 is amended as follows:

  – The introductory part is replaced by the following:

“2.  The relevant competent authority of the home Member State shall only register the manager of a qualifying venture capital fund if the following conditions are met:”

– Point (d) is deleted.

(c)  the following paragraphs are inserted:

“3a.  The managers referred to in paragraph 1 shall be informed by the competent authority of their home Member State on whether they have been registered as a manager of a qualifying venture capital fund no later than two months after they have provided all the information referred to in paragraph 1.

3b.  A registration in accordance with this Article shall constitute a registration for the purposes of Article 3(3) of Directive 2011/61/EU.

3c.  In order to ensure the consistent application of this Article, ESMA shall develop draft regulatory technical standards to specify the information to be provided to the competent authorities and ESMA in the application for registration set out in paragraph 1 and the conditions set out in paragraph 2.

Power is delegated to the Commission to adopt the regulatory technical standards referred to in the first subparagraph of this paragraph in accordance with Articles 10 to 14 of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010.

3d.  In order to ensure uniform conditions of application of this Article, ESMA shall develop draft implementing technical standards to determine standard forms, templates and procedures for the provision of information provided for in paragraph 1.

Power is conferred on the Commission to adopt the implementing technical standards referred to in the first subparagraph of this paragraph in accordance with Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010.

3e.  ESMA shall perform a coordination and oversight role in order to ensure that a consistent approach is taken by competent authorities in relation to the registration process set out in this Article. For that purpose, ESMA shall carry out reviews of the registration processes of competent authorities.

ESMA is empowered, while respecting the principle of proportionality, to issue recommendations in accordance with Article 16 of Regulation (EU) 1095/2010 addressed to competent authorities to change their registration processes where it has clear and demonstrable grounds to believe that the registration process of the competent authority does not comply with the registration requirements set out in this Regulation or the regulatory technical standards and implementing technical standards referred to in paragraphs 3c and 3d of this Article.

(5)  The following Articles are inserted:

“Article 14a

1.  Managers of collective investment undertakings authorised under Article 6 of Directive 2011/61/EU shall apply for registration of the qualifying venture capital funds for which they intend to use the designation ‘EuVECA’.

2.  The managers referred to in paragraph 1 shall inform the relevant competent authority of their home Member State and ESMA of their intention and shall provide them with the following information:

(a)  the fund rules or instruments of incorporation of the qualifying venture capital fund;

(b)  the information on the identity of the depositary;

(c)  the information referred to in Article 14(1).

For the purposes of point (c) of the first subparagraph, the information on the arrangements made for complying with the requirements of Chapter II of this Regulation shall refer to the arrangements made for complying with Articles 5 and 6 and points (c) and (i) of Article 13(1).

2a.  The competent authority of the qualifying venture capital fund shall ask the competent authority of the manager for information whether qualifying venture capital fund fall within the scope of the manager's authorisation to manage AIFs and whether the conditions laid down in point (a) of Article 14(2) are fulfilled. Where the qualifying venture capital fund is established in a different Member State than its manager, the competent authority of the Member State where the qualifying venture capital fund is established shall provide the competent authority of the home Member State with the necessary information on the fund and ask that authority for information to assess and confirm whether a qualifying venture capital fund falls within the scope of the manager's authorisation to manage AIFs and whether the conditions laid down in point (a) of Article 14(2) are fulfilled. The competent authority of the qualifying venture capital fund may ask the competent authority of the manager for clarification and information as regards the documentation referred to in first subparagraph. The competent authority of the manager shall provide an answer within 10 working days from the date on which it received the request submitted by the competent authority of the qualifying venture capital fund.

2b.  Managers of collective investment undertakings authorised under Article 6 of Directive 2011/61/EU shall not be required to provide information or documents, which the management company has already provided when applying for authorisation under Directive 2011/61/EU, if these documents and information remain up to date.

3.  The competent authority of the qualifying venture capital fund shall register every fund as a qualifying venture capital fund if the manager of the fund meets the conditions laid down in Article 14(2).

4.  The managers referred to in paragraph 1 shall be informed by the competent authority of the qualifying venture capital fund on whether that fund has been registered as a qualifying venture capital fund no later than twenty days after those managers have provided all the information referred to in paragraph 2.

5.  Registration of qualifying venture capital funds under paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 shall be valid in the entire territory of the Union and shall allow marketing of those funds under the designation ‘EuVECA’ throughout the Union.

5a.  In order to ensure uniform conditions of application of this Article, ESMA shall develop draft implementing technical standards to determine standard forms, templates and procedures for the provision of information provided for in paragraph 2.

Power is conferred on the Commission to adopt the implementing technical standards referred to in the first subparagraph of this paragraph in accordance with Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010.

5b.  ESMA shall perform a coordination and oversight role in order to ensure that a consistent approach is taken by competent authorities in relation to registration process set out in this Article.

ESMA is empowered, while respecting the principle of proportionality, to issue recommendations in accordance with Article 16 of Regulation (EU) 1095/2010 addressed to competent authorities to change their registration processes where it has clear and demonstrable grounds to believe that the registration process of the competent authority does not comply with the implementing technical standards referred to in paragraph 5a of this Article.

Article 14b

Any refusal to register the managers referred to in Article 14 and the funds referred to in Article 14a shall be substantiated, notified to the managers referred to in those Articles and subject to a right of appeal before the courts. This right of appeal shall also exist where no decision on a registration has been taken two months after it has been applied for.”

(5a)  In Article 15, the introductory part is replaced by the following:

"Managers of qualifying venture capital funds shall inform the competent authority of the home Member State and ESMA where they intend to market:"

(6)  ▌Article 16 is replaced by the following:

“Article 16

1.  The competent authority of the home Member State shall notify ▌ESMA immediately of any registration or removal of a manager of a qualifying venture capital fund, any addition or removal of a new qualifying venture capital fund, ▌or of any addition or removal of a new Member State in which a manager of a qualifying venture capital fund intends to market those funds.

For the purposes of the facilitation of the notification process and the required exchange of information, ESMA shall maintain a central database accessible by competent authorities of the home and host Member States.

2.  The competent authorities of the host Member States shall not impose on the managers of qualifying venture capital funds any requirements or administrative procedures in relation to the marketing of their qualifying venture capital funds, nor shall they require any approval of that marketing prior to its commencement.

Without prejudice to the generality of the first subparagraph, the requirements or administrative procedures referred to in that subparagraph shall include fees and other charges.

3.  In order to ensure uniform conditions of application of this Article, ESMA may develop draft implementing technical standards to determine standard forms, templates and procedures for the provision and exchange of information provided for in paragraph 1.

4.  ESMA shall submit those draft implementing technical standards to the Commission by 16 February 2014.

5.  Power is conferred on the Commission to adopt the implementing technical standards referred to in paragraph 3 of this Article in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010.”

(7)  Article 17 is replaced by the following:

“Article 17

ESMA shall maintain a central database, publicly accessible on the internet, listing all managers of qualifying venture capital fund using the designation ‘EuVECA’ and the qualifying venture capital funds for which they use it, as well as the countries in which those funds are marketed.”;

(7a)  The following Article is inserted:

“Article 17a

1. ESMA shall publish on its website a list of third countries fulfilling the applicable requirement under the second paragraph of Article 3(d)(iv) based on the information received under paragraph 2.

2. For the purpose of the second paragraph of Article 3(d)(iv), Member States shall communicate to ESMA agreements they have signed with third country jurisdictions to ensure an effective exchange of information on tax matters.”

(7b)  In Article 19, the following paragraph is added:

“ESMA shall perform an oversight role in order to ensure that a consistent approach is taken by competent authorities in relation to the use of the supervisory and investigatory powers set out in the first paragraph.”

(8)  In Article 20(2), the date of “16 May 2015” is replaced by that of “[24 months after the date of entry into application of this Regulation]”;

(9)  Article 21 is amended as follows:

(a)  paragraph 1 is amended as follows:

– Point (c) is replaced by the following:

“(c)  uses the designation ‘EuVECA’ but is not registered in accordance with Article 14, or the qualifying venture capital fund is not registered in accordance with Article 14a;”

– Point (e) is replaced by the following:

“(e)  has obtained registration through false statements or any other irregular means, in breach of Article 14 or Article 14a;”

(b)  In paragraph 2 point (a) is replaced by the following:

“(a)  take measures to ensure that the manager of a qualifying venture capital fund concerned complies with Articles 5 and 6, points (a) and (b) of Article 7 and Articles 12 to14a;”

(ba)  Paragraph 4 is replaced by the following:

“4.  The right to market one or more qualifying venture capital funds under the designation ‘EuVECA’ expires with immediate effect from the date of the decision of the competent authority referred to in point (b) of paragraph 2 or of the recommendation of ESMA referred to in paragraph 4a.”

(bb)  The following paragraph is added:

“4a The competent authorities of the home or the host Member State shall inform ESMA without delay if they believe the manager of a qualifying venture capital fund has committed any of the breaches referred to in points (a) to (i) of Article 21(1).

ESMA shall, while respecting the principle of proportionality, issue recommendations in accordance with Article 16 of Regulation (EU) 1095/2010 addressed to competent authorities to take or refrain from measures referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article or take appropriate measures referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article itself where it has clear and demonstrable grounds to believe that such measures are necessary from the point of view of investor protection, financial stability or market integrity.”

(10)  ▌Article 26(2) is amended as follows:

(a)  In point (a), the date of “22 July 2017” is replaced by that of “[48 months after the date of entry into application of this Regulation]”.

(b)  The following subparagraph is added:

“In parallel with the review in accordance with Article 69 of the Directive 2011/61/EU, the European Commission shall analyse:

the appropriateness of introducing a management passport for managers of qualifying venture capital funds;

the suitability of the definition of marketing for venture capital and the impact of this definition and differing national interpretations on the operation and viability of venture capital funds and on the cross-border distribution of EuVECA funds.

Following the review, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council, accompanied, if appropriate, by a legislative proposal.”

Article 2

Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 is amended as follows:

(1)   In Article 2, paragraph 2 is replaced by the following:

“2.  Articles 5 and 6, 10, 13(2), points (d), € and (f) of Article 14(1) and Article 15a of this Regulation shall apply to managers of collective investment undertakings authorised under Article 6 of Directive 2011/61/EU that manage portfolios of qualifying social entrepreneurship funds and intend to use the designation ‘EuSEF’ in relation to the marketing of those funds in the Union.”

(2)   Article 3(1) is amended as follows:

(-a)  In in point d(ii), the first indent is replaced by the following:

“–  provides services or goods which generate a social return,”

(a)  Point (k) is replaced by the following:

“‘home Member State’ means the Member State where the manager of a qualifying social entrepreneurship fund has its registered office;”

(b)  Point (m) is replaced by the following:

“‘(m)  competent authority’ means:

(iii)  for managers referred to in Article 2(1) of this Regulation, the competent authority referred to in Article 3(3)(a) of Directive 2011/61/EU;

(ii)  for managers referred to in Article 2(2) of this Regulation, the competent authority referred to in Article 7(1) of Directive 2011/61/EU;

(iii)  for qualifying social entrepreneurship funds, the competent authority of the Member State in which the qualifying social entrepreneurship fund has its registered office or head office;”

(2a)  In Article 6(1), point (a) is replaced by the following:

“(a) to commit to invest a minimum of EUR 50 000; and”

(3)  ▌Article 11▌is replaced by the following:

“Article 11

1.  At all times, managers of qualifying social entrepreneurship funds shall have sufficient own funds and use adequate and appropriate human and technical resources as necessary for the proper management of the qualifying social entrepreneurship fund that they manage.

2.   Both internally and externally managed qualifying social entrepreneurship funds shall be provided with an initial capital of EUR 30 000.

2a.  Own funds shall always amount to at least one eighth of the fixed overheads incurred by a manager in the preceding year. Where a significant change in a firm's business has occurred compared to the previous year, the competent authorities may adjust that requirement. If a manager of a qualifying social entrepreneurship fund has not completed a year's business, the requirement shall amount to one eighth of the fixed overheads expected in his business plan, unless the competent authority of the home Member State of the manager requires an adjustment to that plan.

2b.  If the qualifying social entrepreneurship funds exceed EUR 300 000 000, the manager of those funds is required to provide an additional amount of own funds corresponding to 0,015% of the amount by which the total value of the qualifying social entrepreneurship funds exceeds EUR 300 000 000.

2c.  It is necessary to invest own funds in liquid assets or assets that can be readily converted into cash in the short term. Own funds shall not include speculative positions.”

(3a)  Article 13(2) is amended as follows:

(a)  Point (e) is replaced by the following:

  "(e) information on the nature, value and purpose of the investments other than qualifying investments referred to in Article 5(1)."

(b)  the following point is added:

  “(ea) a description of how environmental and climate factors are considered in the investment approach of the qualifying social entrepreneurship fund and in particular, information about its exposure to assets whose value may be negatively impacted by legislation necessary to meet the Union's climate targets.”

(3b)  In Article 14(1), point c(iv) is replaced by the following:

  "(iv) the non-qualifying investments which it intends to make, including the criteria and guidelines which govern the selection of such investments;"

(4)  ▌Article 15 is amended as follows:

(a)  paragraph 1 is amended as follows:

the introductory part is replaced by the following:

“1.  Managers of qualifying social entrepreneurship funds that intend to use of the designation ‘EuSEF’ for the marketing of their qualifying social entrepreneurship funds shall inform the competent authority of their home Member State and ESMA of their intention and shall provide them with the following information:”

– point (e) is deleted.

(b)  In paragraph 2, point (d) is deleted.

(c)  The following paragraphs are inserted:

“3a. The managers referred to in paragraph 1 shall be informed by the competent authority of their home Member State on whether they have been registered as a manager of a qualifying social entrepreneurship fund no later than two months after they have provided all the information referred to in paragraph 1.

3b.   A registration in accordance with this Article shall constitute a registration for the purposes of Article 3(3) of Directive 2011/61/EU.

3c. In order to ensure the consistent application of this Article, ESMA shall develop draft regulatory technical standards to specify the information to be provided to the competent authorities and ESMA in the application for registration set out in paragraph 1 and the conditions set out in paragraph 2.

Power is delegated to the Commission to adopt the regulatory technical standards referred to in the first subparagraph of this paragraph in accordance with Articles 10 to 14 of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010.

3d.   In order to ensure uniform conditions of application of this Article, ESMA shall develop draft implementing technical standards to determine standard forms, templates and procedures for the provision of information provided for in paragraph 1.

Power is conferred on the Commission to adopt the implementing technical standards referred to in the first subparagraph of this paragraph in accordance with Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010.

3e. ESMA shall perform a coordination and oversight role in order to ensure that a consistent approach is taken by competent authorities in relation to the registration process set out in this Article. For this purpose, ESMA shall carry out reviews of the registration processes of competent authorities.

ESMA is empowered, while respecting the principle of proportionality, to issue recommendations in accordance with Art 16 of Regulation (EU) 1095/2010 addressed to competent authorities to change their registration processes where it has clear and demonstrable grounds to believe that the registration process of the competent authority does not comply with the registration requirements set out in this Regulation or the regulatory technical standards and implementing technical standards referred to in paragraphs 3c and 3d.”;

(5)  The following Articles are inserted:

“Article 15a

1.  Managers of collective investment undertakings authorised under Article 6 of Directive 2011/61/EU shall apply for registration of the qualifying social entrepreneurship funds for which they intend to use the designation ‘EuSEF’.

2.  Managers referred to in paragraph 1 shall inform the competent authority of their home Member State and ESMA of their intention and shall provide them with the following information:

(a)  the fund rules or instruments of incorporation of the qualifying social entrepreneurship fund;

(b)  the information on the identity of the depositary;

(c)  the information referred to in Article 15(1).

For the purposes of point (e) of the first subparagraph, the information on the arrangements made for complying with the requirements of Chapter II of this Regulation shall refer to the arrangements made for complying with Articles 5, 6 and 10, Article 13(2) and points (d), (e) and (f) of Article 14(1).

2a.  The competent authority of the qualifying social entrepreneurship fund shall ask the competent authority of the manager for information on whether qualifying social entrepreneurship funds fall within the scope of the manager's authorisation to manage AIFs and whether the conditions laid down in Article 15(2) point (a) are fulfilled. The competent authority of the manager shall provide an answer within 10 working days from the date on which it received the request submitted by the competent authority of the qualifying social entrepreneurship fund.

2b.  Managers of collective investment undertakings authorised under Article 6 of Directive 2011/61/EU shall not be required to provide information or documents, which the management company has already provided when applying for authorisation under directive 2011/61/EU, if these documents and information remain up to date.

3.  The competent authority of the qualifying social entrepreneurship fund shall register every fund as a qualifying social entrepreneurship fund if the manager of the fund meets the conditions laid down in Article 15(2).

4.  The managers referred to in paragraph 1 shall be informed by the competent authority of the qualifying social entrepreneurship fund on whether that fund has been registered as a qualifying social entrepreneurship fund no later than twenty days after those managers have provided all the information referred to in paragraph 2.

5.  Registration of qualifying social entrepreneurship funds under paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 shall be valid in the entire territory of the Union and shall allow marketing of those funds under the designation ‘EuSEF’ throughout the Union.

5a.  In order to ensure uniform conditions of application of this Article, ESMA shall develop draft implementing technical standards to determine standard forms, templates and procedures for the provision of information provided for in paragraph 2.

Power is conferred on the Commission to adopt the implementing technical standards referred to in the first subparagraph of this paragraph in accordance with Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010.

5b.  ESMA shall perform a coordination and oversight role in order to ensure that a consistent approach is taken by competent authorities in relation to registration process set out in this Article.

ESMA is empowered, while respecting the principle of proportionality, to issue recommendations in accordance with Article 16 of Regulation (EU) 1095/2010 addressed to competent authorities to change their registration processes where it has clear and demonstrable grounds to believe that the registration process of the competent authority does not comply with the implementing technical standards referred to in paragraph 5a of this Article.

Article 15b

Any refusal to register the managers referred to in Article 15 and the funds referred to in Article 15a shall be substantiated, notified to the managers referred to in those Articles and subject to a right of appeal before the courts. This right of appeal shall also exist where no decision on a registration has been taken two months after it has been applied for.”;

(5a)  In Article 16, the introductory part is replaced by the following:

  "Managers of qualifying social entrepreneurship funds shall inform the competent authority of the home Member State and ESMA where they intend to market:"

(6)   In Article 17, paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 are replaced by the following:

“1.  The competent authorities of the home Member States shall notify the competent authorities of the host Member States and ESMA immediately of any registration of a manager of a qualifying social entrepreneurship fund in accordance with Article 15 and Article 15a, any addition of a new qualifying social entrepreneurship fund, any addition of a new domicile for the establishment of a qualifying social entrepreneurship fund or of any addition of a new Member State in which a manager of a qualifying social entrepreneurship fund intends to market those funds.

ESMA shall maintain a central database accessible by competent authorities of the home and host Member States for the purposes of the facilitation of the notification process and the required exchange of information.

2.  The competent authorities of the host Member States shall not impose on the managers of qualifying social entrepreneurship funds any requirements or administrative procedures in relation to the marketing of their qualifying social entrepreneurship funds, nor shall they require any approval of that marketing prior to its commencement.

Without prejudice to the generality of the first subparagraph, the requirements or administrative procedures referred to in that subparagraph shall include fees and other charges.

3. In order to ensure uniform conditions of application of this Article, ESMA may develop draft implementing technical standards to determine standard forms, templates and procedures for the provision and exchange of information provided for in paragraph 1.”;

(7)  Article 18 is replaced by the following:

“Article 18

ESMA shall maintain a central database, publicly accessible on the internet, listing all managers of qualifying venture capital fund using the designation ‘EuSEF’ and the qualifying social entrepreneurship funds for which they use it, as well as the countries in which those funds are marketed.”;

(7a)  In Article 20, the following paragraph is added:

  "ESMA shall perform an oversight role in order to ensure that a consistent approach is taken by competent authorities in relation to the use of the supervisory and investigatory powers set out in paragraph 1."

(8)  In Article 21(2), the date of “16 May 2015” is replaced by that of “[24 months after the date of entry into application of this Regulation]”;

(9)  Article 22 is amended as follows:

(a)  Paragraph1 is amended as follows:

– Point (c) is replaced by the following:

“(c)  uses the designation ‘EuSEF’ but is not registered in accordance with Article 15, or the qualifying social entrepreneurship fund is not registered in accordance with Article 15a;”

– point (e) is replaced by the following:

“(e)  has obtained registration through false statements or any other irregular means, in breach of Article 15 or Article 15a;”

(aa)  The following paragraph is inserted:

1a.  The competent authorities of the home or the host Member State shall inform ESMA without delay if they believe the manager of a qualifying social entrepreneurship fund has committed any of the breaches in points (a) to (i) of Article 22(1).”

(b)  In paragraph, 2 “point (a) is replaced by the following:

“(a)  take measures to ensure that the manager of a qualifying social entrepreneurship fund concerned complies with Articles 5 and 6, points (a) and (b) of Article 7 and Articles 13 to 15a;”

(ba)  Paragraph 4 is replaced by the following:

4.  The right to market one or more qualifying social entrepreneurship funds under the designation ‘EuSEF’ in the Union expires with immediate effect from the date of the decision of the competent authority referred to in point (b) of paragraph 2 or of the recommendation of ESMA referred to in paragraph 4a.”

(bb)  The following paragraph is added:

“4a. The competent authorities of the home or the host Member State shall inform ESMA without delay if they believe the manager of a qualifying social entrepreneurship fund has committed any of the breaches in points (a) to (i) of Article 21(1).

ESMA shall, while respecting the principle of proportionality, issue recommendations in accordance with Article 16 of Regulation (EU) 1095/2010 addressed to competent authorities to take or refrain from measures referred to in paragraph 2 or take appropriate measures referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article itself where it has clear and demonstrable grounds to believe that such measures are necessary from the point of view of investor protection, financial stability or market integrity.”

(10)   ▌Article 27(2) is amended as follows:

(a)  In point (a), “22 July 2017” is replaced by ... “[48 months after the date of entry into application of this Regulation]”.

(b)  The following subparagraph is added:

“In parallel with the review in accordance with Article 69 of the Directive 2011/61/EU, the European Commission shall analyse:

a) the appropriateness of introducing a management passport for managers of qualifying social entrepreneurship funds;

b) the suitability of the definition of marketing for venture capital and the impact of this definition and differing national interpretations on the operation and viability of social entrepreneurship funds and on the cross-border distribution of EuSEF funds.

Following the review, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council, accompanied, if appropriate, by a legislative proposal.”

Article 3

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels,

For the European Parliament  For the Council

The President  The President

(1)

OJ C 75, 10.3.2017, p. 48.

(2)

* Amendments: new or amended text is highlighted in bold italics; deletions are indicated by the symbol ▌.

(3)

  OJ C […], […], p. […].

(4)

  OJ C , , p. .

(5)

  Position of the European Parliament of .................... (............) and decision of the Council of .................

(6)

  Regulation (EU) No 345/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2013 on European venture capital funds (OJ L 115, 25.4.2013, p. 1).

(7)

  Regulation (EU) No 346/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2013 on European social entrepreneurship funds (OJ L 115, 25.4.2013, p. 18).

(8)

  Directive 2011/61/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2011 on Alternative Investment Fund Managers and amending Directives 2003/41/EC and 2009/65/EC and Regulations (EC) No 1060/2009 and (EU) No 1095/2010 (OJ L 174, 1.7.2011, p. 1).

(9)

  Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Central Bank, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment bank: An Investment Plan for Europe (COM(2014)903 final).

(10)

  Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Central Bank, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Action Plan on Building a Capital Markets Union (COM(2015)468 final).


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

European venture capital funds and European social entrepreneurship funds

References

COM(2016)0461 – C8-0320/2016 – 2016/0221(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

13.7.2016

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ECON

12.9.2016

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

ITRE

12.9.2016

IMCO

12.9.2016

JURI

12.9.2016

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

ITRE

26.9.2016

IMCO

26.9.2016

JURI

5.9.2016

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Sirpa Pietikäinen

12.7.2016

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

8.12.2016

12.1.2017

27.2.2017

 

Date adopted

22.3.2017

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

44

4

1

Members present for the final vote

Burkhard Balz, Hugues Bayet, Pervenche Berès, Udo Bullmann, Esther de Lange, Markus Ferber, Jonás Fernández, Sven Giegold, Neena Gill, Sylvie Goulard, Brian Hayes, Gunnar Hökmark, Danuta Maria Hübner, Cătălin Sorin Ivan, Georgios Kyrtsos, Alain Lamassoure, Sander Loones, Bernd Lucke, Olle Ludvigsson, Ivana Maletić, Gabriel Mato, Costas Mavrides, Stanisław Ożóg, Dimitrios Papadimoulis, Sirpa Pietikäinen, Pirkko Ruohonen-Lerner, Alfred Sant, Pedro Silva Pereira, Peter Simon, Theodor Dumitru Stolojan, Kay Swinburne, Paul Tang, Ernest Urtasun, Tom Vandenkendelaere, Cora van Nieuwenhuizen, Miguel Viegas, Jakob von Weizsäcker, Marco Zanni

Substitutes present for the final vote

Enrique Calvet Chambon, David Coburn, Syed Kamall, Jan Keller, Paloma López Bermejo, Thomas Mann, Siegfried Mureşan, Lieve Wierinck

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Krzysztof Hetman, Agnes Jongerius, Tatjana Ždanoka

Date tabled

30.3.2017


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

44

+

ALDE

Enrique Calvet Chambon, Sylvie Goulard, Lieve Wierinck, Cora van Nieuwenhuizen

ECR

Syed Kamall, Sander Loones, Bernd Lucke, Stanisław Ożóg, Pirkko Ruohonen-Lerner, Kay Swinburne

PPE

Burkhard Balz, Markus Ferber, Brian Hayes, Krzysztof Hetman, Gunnar Hökmark, Danuta Maria Hübner, Georgios Kyrtsos, Alain Lamassoure, Ivana Maletić, Thomas Mann, Gabriel Mato, Siegfried Mureşan, Sirpa Pietikäinen, Theodor Dumitru Stolojan, Tom Vandenkendelaere, Esther de Lange

S&D

Hugues Bayet, Pervenche Berès, Udo Bullmann, Jonás Fernández, Neena Gill, Cătălin Sorin Ivan, Agnes Jongerius, Jan Keller, Olle Ludvigsson, Costas Mavrides, Alfred Sant, Pedro Silva Pereira, Peter Simon, Paul Tang, Jakob von Weizsäcker

Verts/ALE

Sven Giegold, Ernest Urtasun, Tatjana Ždanoka

4

-

EFDD

David Coburn

ENF

Marco Zanni

GUE/NGL

Paloma López Bermejo, Miguel Viegas

1

0

GUE/NGL

Dimitrios Papadimoulis

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Last updated: 5 September 2017Legal notice