REPORT     ***I
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29 June 2017
PE 599.576v02-00 A8-0247/2017

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a common framework for European statistics relating to persons and households, based on data at individual level collected from samples

(COM(2016)0551 – C8-0345/2016 – 2016/0264(COD))

Committee on Employment and Social Affairs

Rapporteur: Tamás Meszerics

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a common framework for European statistics relating to persons and households, based on data at individual level collected from samples

(COM(2016)0551 – C8-0345/2016 – 2016/0264(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2016)0551),

–  having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 338(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8-0345/2016),

–  having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs (A8-0247/2017),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital -1 (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(-1)  Statistical data and indicators are the backbone of responsible evidence-based policies. For the purpose of creating, analysing and adapting Union, national and regional policies in order to address the needs of citizens and take responsible decisions, it is essential for policy makers to dispose of timely, comparable and precise information.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1)  In the context of the Europe 2020 Strategy21 and the strengthening of economic governance, social indicators play an essential role in informing and supporting the Union's key priorities for growth and job creation, the reduction of poverty and social exclusion, skills, mobility and the digital economy. In particular, social indicators must provide a sound statistical basis for developing and monitoring the policies introduced by the Union to address those priorities.

(1)  In the context of the Europe 2020 Strategy21 and the strengthening of economic governance, social indicators play an essential role in informing and supporting the Union’s key priorities for inclusive and sustainable growth and job creation, for social cohesion, for the reduction of poverty, inequalities and social exclusion, for the inclusion of people with disabilities, and for gender equality, skills, mobility and the digital economy. In particular, social indicators must provide a sound statistical basis for developing and monitoring the policies introduced by the Union and the Member States to address those priorities.

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21 Communication from the Commission - EUROPE 2020 A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth COM (2010) 2020 of 3 March 2010.

21 Communication from the Commission - EUROPE 2020 A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth COM (2010) 2020 of 3 March 2010.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a)  A good balance between economic and social goals in the European Semester, supported by high-quality statistics in both areas, is particularly important for the sustainability and legitimacy of the economic and monetary union. Social and employment goals have therefore become more prominent within the European Semester, with both country reports and country-specific recommendations addressing social and employment challenges and promoting policy reforms based on best practices. To that end, social statistics have a paramount role, and it is essential to improve the timeliness of social indicators so that they are available in due time for the relevant policy frameworks, including the European Semester.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1b)  In shaping European social statistics, due account of Article 10 TFEU should be taken. It is therefore essential to ensure high-quality, gender-segregated and age-segregated data collection, including with regard to people aged over 74, in order to identify issues specific to gender and age and allow for a solid factual basis to assess progress with regard to gender equality and tackling gender and age-based discrimination. In this respect, due consideration should be given in particular to the reference manual "Developing Gender Statistics: a practical tool”, prepared by the UNECE Task Force on Gender Statistics Training for Statisticians with contributions from various experts1a.

 

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1ahttp://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/stats/publications/Developing_Gender_Statistics.pdf

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1c)  Gross domestic product (GDP) is a fundamental macroeconomic indicator showing aggregated economic activity. It is, however, essential to complement GDP with strong indicators adopting a household perspective, focusing on the situation of citizens, describing the distributions of material living conditions and inequalities as well as investigating better the multiple dimensions of quality of life. This regulation should therefore provide for a rich and evolving set of statistics in these domains.

Justification

The policy and media attention to GDP is high. It is an important indicator. However, statistics should focus also on the living conditions of the citizens, the inequalities, the quality of life and their wellbeing, as stated in the TFEU as an objective of the EU. Therefore, data in these fields should be reinforced in order to support policies targeting better life for the citizens.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1d)  In line with the “Beyond GDP” initiative1a, it is important to move beyond economic indicators such as GDP by developing high-level indicators reflecting other dimensions in particular social aspects of progress, such as quality of life (including work-life balance), inclusion, well-being and social cohesion, highlighting the importance of ensuring that relevant data can be broken down in order to identify, for example, gender-specific issues.

 

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1ahttp://ec.europa.eu/environment/beyond_gdp/background_en.html

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 e (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1e)  The development, production and dissemination of European statistics are governed by the statistical principles of professional independence, impartiality, objectivity reliability and cost-effectiveness.

Justification

These are the core principles governing production and dissemination of EU statistics, as listed in Regulation 223/2009.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 f (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1f)  The European Statistical System (ESS), which is the partnership between the Commission (Eurostat), the national statistical institutes (NSIs) and other national authorities responsible in each Member State for the development, production, publication and dissemination of official European statistics aims to provide relevant, impartial, reliable, timely and comparable statistical data at Union level.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 g (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1g)  European social statistics should be provided on the basis of equal opportunities to all types of users, such as policy-makers, public administrations, researchers, trade unions, students, and civil society representatives, including non-governmental organisations (NGOs), which should access data freely and easily through Commission (Eurostat) databases on its website. The ESS is committed to engaging users proactively and meeting their demands in a responsive manner.

Justification

This principle is enshrined in the Regulation 223/2009. In practice, anyone can access online to Eurostat’s Database, which contains the full range of aggregated data publicly available at Eurostat. They are presented in multi-dimensional tables with various selection features and export formats. The research community enjoys wider access in particular to confidential data, for analysis in the interest of scientific progress - this access is subject to strict rules under Regulation 557/2003.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 h (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1h)  An appropriate balance between economic and social goals in the European Semester, supported by high-quality statistics, is needed to improve the resilience of the Union and its cohesion targets, and to preserve its welfare levels.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1 i (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1i)  For the implementation of this Regulation, Member States should comply with the European Statistics Code of Practice.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2)  In view of this, social indicators should be of the necessary high quality, in particular in terms of their robustness, their timeliness, their relevance, their adaptability to new users' requests, as well as their comparability and efficiency.

(2)  It is therefore paramount that social indicators should be of the highest quality, in particular in terms of their robustness, their accuracy, their timeliness, their usability and accessibility, their relevance, their adaptability to new users' requests, as well as their comparability, coherence and efficiency.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a)  Household income is the key factor in determining living standards and the reference budget approach is the most detailed methodology defining the minimum level of resources required to participate adequately in society as well as the price of the necessary basket of goods and services. Where there is a clearly identified need to improve data collection and methodology of reference budget estimations on a regional basis in cooperation with international partners through pilot studies, the Commission (Eurostat) should provide financial support for such pilot studies.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2b)  Income is widely used when assessing the situation of the households. Consumption, wealth and debts, including possible debts in foreign currency, are however also important to measure, both from a household and from a macroeconomic perspective.

Justification

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts constitute the material living conditions of the households. Debts, sometimes contracted in foreign currencies, may represent considerable amounts for some households, relative to their income. This impact households, but also potentially for the economy more generally as several debt crises showed recently

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2c)  Poverty is a multifaceted phenomenon. It involves not only material living conditions such as income, consumption, wealth or debt, but also health, education, access and use of services. Furthermore, poverty is also to be considered in the context of the society in which people live. It is therefore important that statistical data should provide a rich, sound, comparable and robust basis for the setting up of indicators adapted to the variety of possible uses.

Justification

Several views of and analysis on poverty must be allowed, like multidimensional poverty or relative or absolute poverty. Statistics should offer a basis allowing for this multiplicity of approaches

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2d)  It is important to describe disability accurately, in particular in relation to independent living, reasonable accommodation in the labour market and possible obstacles to social and labour integration. It is therefore important to ensure better coverage of the populations concerned and to allow them to take part fully in the data collections through fully accessible surveys.

Justification

Surveys shall be accessible for people with disabilities because this assures their participation.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  European statistics relating to persons and households are currently collected on the basis of a number of legislative acts covering surveys on persons and households, demographic statistics, population and housing censuses and statistics mainly collected from administrative sources. Some data are also gathered from business surveys. Despite significant improvements in recent years there is a need to further integrate the collection of statistics based on surveys conducted on persons and households.

(3)  European statistics relating to persons and households are currently collected on the basis of a number of legislative acts covering surveys on persons and households, demographic statistics, population and housing censuses and statistics mainly collected from administrative sources. Some data are also gathered from business surveys. Research users have stressed problems with the timeliness and quality of data, including their comparability. Despite significant improvements in recent years there is a need to further integrate and streamline the collection of statistics in a more holistic manner based on surveys conducted on persons and households throughout the Union. In order to have sound data for research and policy-making, it is essential to invest more in high-quality, more accurate and holistic data collections and not to reduce investments, as sound data are a pre-condition for responsible policy-making.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)  The possibility to use administrative sources for statistical purposes has widened significantly, thanks to technological advances. The use of administrative sources should be actively promoted in the area of social statistics, while always ensuring the quality, accuracy, timeliness and comparability of those statistics.

(4)  To improve data quality and efficiency, the use of administrative records should be encouraged to the extent possible. The possibility to use administrative sources for statistical purposes has already widened significantly, thanks to rapid technological advances. The use of administrative sources should be further actively promoted in the area of social statistics, while always ensuring the quality, accuracy, timeliness and comparability of those statistics. Other instruments adapted to persons or relevant subjects which cannot be accessed through administrative records should also be maintained, while safeguarding the right to the protection of personal data.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  In 2011, the European Statistical System (ESS) endorsed in Wiesbaden its Memorandum on a New Conceptual Design for Household and Social Statistics. In its view, the European surveys that provide data relating to persons and households should be streamlined, and additional, less frequent microdata collections should be used to complement those core social surveys. Furthermore, there should be better access to administrative data, and the re-use of existing data sources and access to new data sources should be developed at national and EU level.

(6)  In 2011, the European Statistical System (ESS) endorsed in Wiesbaden its Memorandum on a New Conceptual Design for Household and Social Statistics. In its view, the European surveys that provide data relating to persons and households should be streamlined, and additional, less frequent microdata collections should be used to complement those core social surveys. Furthermore, there should be better access to administrative data, increased user-friendliness of Eurostat website and the re-use of existing data sources and access to new data sources should be developed at national and Union level, in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council1a. It is of the utmost importance that input by all stakeholders, including policy-makers and academic users, data producers, the civil society and interest groups is duly taken into account when adapting and modernising the social surveys.

 

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1a  Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, p. 1).

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a)  In particular, this Regulation should act as a catalyst in order to strengthen and reinforce cooperation between the Commission (Eurostat), the national central banks and the Statistical Advisory Committee. It should also provide for more integration with the NSIs and ensure Member States' compliance with the European Statistics Code of Practice.

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  The developments described above need to be gradually streamlined, and statistical legislation in the area of social statistics needs to be modernised, in order to ensure that the high quality social indicators are produced in a more integrated, flexible and efficient manner. At the same time, due consideration must be given to the needs of users, to the burden placed on respondents, to Member States resources, the reliability and accuracy of the methods used, technical feasibility of producing the statistics, the time within which they can be available and the reliability of the results.

(7)  The developments described above need to be gradually streamlined, and statistical legislation in the area of social statistics needs to be modernised, in order to ensure that the high-quality social indicators are produced in a more integrated, adaptable, flexible efficient and speedy manner, in order to adapt to developments in society. At the same time, whilst by no means reducing quality, efficiency or timeliness, due consideration must be given to the needs of users, to respecting needs of the respondents, to Member States capacities and resources, the reliability and accuracy of the methods used, technical feasibility of producing the statistics, the time within which they can be available and the reliability of the results.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(8a)  Union law concerning social statistics based data at individual level was adopted to answer certain policy needs existing at the time of its adoption. The social area is, however, characterised by new and fast changing realities. New social circumstances and phenomena are emerging, which make it necessary to update the existing legal framework at Union level. This Regulation should therefore provide for a rich statistical base that adequately covers and reflects current needs and allows for the development and production of statistical data that are responsive to the future needs of policy makers, users and the public at large, taking into account statistical comparability at international level. Its legal architecture should, in particular, provide for high flexibility for further developments in the field of statistics relating to persons and households. It is also essential that data collection is kept up to date with technological changes.

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  In order to better streamline and rationalise the reference framework for European social statistics collected from samples, existing European statistics on persons and households based on data at individual level should be brought together under one framework. This would guarantee that European social statistics collected from samples including the domains of labour market, income and living conditions, health, education and training and use of information and communication technologies would be undertaken in a consistent, coherent and coordinated way.

(9)  In order to better streamline and rationalise the reference framework for European social statistics collected from samples, existing legal provisions for European statistics on persons and households based on data at individual level should be brought together under one framework. This would guarantee that the European social statistics collection of samples including the domains of labour force, income and living conditions, time use, consumption, health status, education and training, participation in lifelong-learning and use of information and communication technologies would be undertaken in a more consistent, coherent and coordinated way. This should ensure, for the purpose of better policy making, the provision of relevant data regarding unemployment, in particular youth unemployment, new employment trends, in particular in the context of digital economy, poverty, including child poverty, social exclusion, access to health care and ICT, skills development and participation in education activities, consumption expenditure and purchasing power.

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a)  In accordance with the objectives of this Regulation and in order to improve the quality of data sets and social indicators, the Commission should adopt measures implementing feasibility and pilot studies aiming to improve quality of social statistics, including comparability, at modernising data collection and at meeting users' new demands in a cost-efficient and responsive manner. Member States should cooperate with regard to those feasibility and pilot studies and the Commission should be able to provide financial support for their implementation.

Justification

Feasibility and other pilot studies should be carried out, as mentioned in article 13, before significantly modifying this legislative framework, both in terms of methodologies and of content.

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9b)  For the labour force and income and living conditions domain, in order to adapt to users' needs and new expectations, data can be collected on ad-hoc subject, at a specific point in time in order to allow the variables permanently collected with supplementary variables to be complemented, highlighting unexplored aspects of labour market and income and living conditions. In justified cases, those data could also cover topics not provided for in this Regulation.

Justification

See article 4. In order to adapt to emerging needs, a certain degree of adaptability and flexibility is necessary.

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9c)  A core set of harmonised variables should be collected for every domain, with a view to better exploiting and disseminating the data available to the Commission (Eurostat) and, in particular, as a prerequisite for data matching and cross-cutting analyses. This will help increase the analytical potential of datasets through the application of modelling techniques and achieve economies of scale.

Justification

Including a core, harmonised set of variables allows the users to work cross-survey. Without additional cost, this substantially improves the analytical possibilities.

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9d)  There should be a methodological investigation through pilot studies of the extent to which people are "missing from the surveys covered by this Regulation. That investigation would need to be followed up by proposals to adjust and adapt where feasible for survey underrepresentation and non-coverage by surveys and would be important material for the Sustainable Development Goals and the 2030 Agenda.

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 e (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9e)  As it is difficult for surveys to reach specific sub-populations, and those sub-populations are sometimes more vulnerable than the general population, or present other specific characteristics, there is a need to seek better coverage of those sub-populations through methodological investigations that aim to make proposals to adjust and adapt the scope of the surveys. In the meantime, Member States should report on the scope and extent of non-coverage of persons not living in private households, such as persons in care homes and homeless people.

Justification

Data should be based on representative samples, however, there are hard-to-reach sub-populations (e.g. homeless people) who are de facto not included and this has likely an impact on the statistics that are produced (e.g. on poverty). There should be methodological investigation and sharing of best practices within the ESS and, more widely, within the UN statistical system aiming at, in the long run, overcoming those obstacles.

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10)  Data collections in the domains of time use and consumption are currently carried out voluntarily by many Member States, on the basis of agreed general guidelines. These two domains should be modernised, so as to take full advantage of new technological advances. Data collections in these two domains should be organized in accordance with this Regulation so as to open possibilities and create opportunities for further developments in the future, ensuring data that are more timely and relevant, and produced more efficiently. In the meantime, the Member States’ current approaches should not be changed.

(10)  Data collections in the domains of time use and consumption at Union level are currently carried out voluntarily by many Member States, on the basis of an agreement and general guidelines. Research based on the Time Use Survey has shown its utmost importance in assessing among others gender equality in sharing work and care responsibilities. The gender dimension is also of high importance in the field of household consumption. Gender equality as a fundamental principle of the Union, provides another reason to integrate those two data collections fully into the set of European social statistics. These two domains provide important multi-purpose data for Union policies affecting the lives of citizens. They should be modernised including the collection of data, so as to take full advantage of new technological advances and be made fully available at Union level so as to provide policy-making with a sound statistical basis. Data collections in these two domains should be organised in accordance with this Regulation so as to open possibilities and create opportunities for further developments in the future, ensuring data that are more timely, comparable and relevant, and produced more efficiently. Where possible, Union financial support should be provided for the modernisation and implementation of those data collections. In the meantime, the Member States' current approaches could continue but should be adapted to new developments and policy needs over time, including at Union level, and should converge towards greater comparability.

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  Statistics are no longer considered as just one of many sources of information for policy-making purposes, but instead play a central role in the decision-making process. Evidence-based decision-making requires statistics that meet high-quality criteria, as set out in Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council25 , in accordance with the purposes they are serving.

(12)  Social statistics play a central role in the decision-making process in particular for policies aiming to improve socio-economic conditions and the life and well-being of citizens by ensuring non-discrimination and gender equality. Statistics are no longer considered as just one of many sources of information for policy-making purposes, but instead play a central role in the decision-making process. Evidence-based decision-making requires statistics that meet high-quality criteria, as set out in Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council25, in accordance with the purposes they are serving. Statistical data is essential for describing and assessing the development of life and well-being of citizens, the economy and the environment. Sound data are of the utmost importance as a bulwark against falsified facts, alternative facts, and fake news.

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25 Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics and repealing Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1101/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the transmission of data subject to statistical confidentiality to the Statistical Office of the European Communities, Council Regulation (EC) No 322/97 on Community Statistics, and Council Decision 89/382/EEC, Euratom establishing a Committee on the Statistical Programmes of the European Communities (OJ L 87, 31.3.2009, p. 164).

25 Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics and repealing Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1101/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the transmission of data subject to statistical confidentiality to the Statistical Office of the European Communities, Council Regulation (EC) No 322/97 on Community Statistics, and Council Decision 89/382/EEC, Euratom establishing a Committee on the Statistical Programmes of the European Communities (OJ L 87, 31.3.2009, p. 164).

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a)  Income, consumption and wealth are three dimensions determining the material wellbeing of the households. It is important to seek, across the existing data sources, to describe better these dimensions, the distribution of each of them as well as their joint distributions across households, taking into account the existence of several data sources and seeking reinforcement of their joint use. This Regulation should therefore include and enhance the consumption domain and the linkages between those three dimensions.

Justification

Several data sources coexist, which describe each dimensions of income, consumption or wealth. However, it is needed to consider jointly these dimensions at the household level. Therefore, the consumption domain is to be introduced in the regulatory framework, and synergies between the domains of income, consumption and wealth (wealth being the topic of a survey run by the ECB should not be regulated as such through this regulation) need to be developed, without duplicating existing data collections.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 provides a reference framework for European statistics and requires Member States to comply with the statistical principles and quality criteria specified in the Regulation. Quality reports are essential for assessing, improving and communicating on the quality of European statistics. The European Statistical System Committee (ESSC) has endorsed an ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure, in accordance with Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009. This should contribute to the harmonisation of quality reporting under this Regulation.

(14)  European social statistics should be developed, produced and disseminated on the basis of a comprehensive and harmonised approach (with uniform standards) in order to guarantee a high quality of results; this should not only be in line, but also go beyond the Commission’s political priorities, based also on ESS Beyond 20201a in order to support policies favouring the further integration process of the Union. To that end, Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 provides a reference framework for European statistics and requires Member States to comply with the statistical principles and quality criteria specified in the Regulation. Quality reports are essential for assessing, improving and communicating on the quality of European statistics. The European Statistical System Committee (ESSC) has endorsed an ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure, in accordance with Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009. Moreover, in 2014, the ESS published the ESS Vision 2020, "Building the future of European statistics"1b, as the guiding frame for the development of the ESS until 2020. Against that background, Member States should provide the Commission (Eurostat) with reports on the quality of the data transmitted with explanation of the methodology used and applying the requirements of relevance, accuracy and reliability, timeliness and punctuality, coherence and comparability, accessibility and clarity. The Commission (Eurostat) should assess the quality of data transmitted and should prepare and publish reports on the quality of European statistics. This should contribute to the harmonisation of quality reporting under this Regulation.

 

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1a http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/42577/6906243/ESS+vision+2020+brochure/4baffcaa-9469-4372-b1ea-40784ca1db62

 

1b http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/42577/6906243/ESS+vision+2020+brochure/4baffcaa-9469-4372-b1ea-40784ca1db62

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14a)  This Regulation ensures the right to respect for private and family life and to the protection of personal data, as provided for in Articles 7 and 8 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. This Regulation also ensures the protection of individuals as regards the processing of personal data and specifies, as far as European statistics are concerned, the rules laid down in Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council1a.

 

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1a Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31).

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15)  Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 includes rules on the transmission of data from the Member States, including the transmission of confidential data. Measures taken in accordance with this Regulation should ensure that confidential data is protected and that no unlawful disclosure or non-statistical use of data occurs during the production and dissemination of European statistics.

(15)  Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 includes rules on the transmission of data from the Member States, including the transmission of confidential data. Measures taken in accordance with this Regulation should ensure that confidential data is protected and that no unlawful disclosure or non-statistical use of data occurs during the production and dissemination of European statistics, in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  Statistics are needed at national and at regional level as well. In accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1059/200327 , all Member States’ statistics that are transmitted to the Commission and that are to be broken down by territorial units should use the NUTS classification. Consequently, in order to establish comparable regional statistics, data on the territorial units should be provided in accordance with the NUTS classification.

(16)  Reliable statistics are needed at national and at regional level as well. where better comparability is required it is important that aggregated data are made available for comparable territorial units such as NUTS2, while taking costs into account and providing Member States with the appropriate financial resources. In accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council27, all Member States’ statistics that are transmitted to the Commission and that are to be broken down by territorial units should use the NUTS classification. Consequently, in order to establish comparable regional statistics, data on the territorial units should be provided in accordance with the NUTS classification. In the longer term, efforts should be made to achieve a more detailed geolocalisation of respondents, based on the infrastructure set up by Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council27a.

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27 Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 May 2003 on the establishment of a common classification of territorial units for statistics (NUTS) (OJ L 154, 21.6.2003, p. 1).

27 Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 May 2003 on the establishment of a common classification of territorial units for statistics (NUTS) (OJ L 154, 21.6.2003, p. 1).

 

27a Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (OJ L 108, 25.4.2007, p. 1).

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(16a)  In order to be able to produce high-quality and comparable data at NUTS2 level and to overcome in the longer term methodological difficulties relating to geolocalisation, feasibility studies in that direction should be provided for, as well as links between this Regulation and developments in the context of population and housing censuses. The Commission (Eurostat) should provide adequate financial resources for that purpose.

Amendment    37

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17)  In order to take account of economic, social and technical developments, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed topics set out in Annex I. The Commission should also have the power to put in place or adapt the eight-year multiannual rolling planning for the collection of data covered by this Regulation in accordance with the periodicity specified in Annex IV. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations are conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

(17)  In order to take account of economic, social and technical developments, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the detailed topics set out in Annexes Ib to Ig, namely the number, title and description of variables, the precise characteristics of the statistical populations, the observation units and the respondents, the reference periods and dates, as well as in respect of certain derogations and authorisations for Member States. The Commission should also have the power to put in place or adapt the eight-year multiannual rolling planning for the collection of data covered by this Regulation in accordance with the periodicity specified in Annex IV and in accordance with the European Statistical Programme. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations are conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 20161a. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

 

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1a. OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1.

Amendment    38

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18)  In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission in respect of the technical specifications of the particular data sets, the technical items when they are common to several data sets, the technical standards needed to facilitate the exchange and sharing of information between the Commission (Eurostat) and the Member States, the sampling frames, notably setting out their minimum requirements, the modalities and content of the quality reports, and in respect of any derogations. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/201128.

(18)  In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission in respect of the technical specifications of the particular data sets, the technical standards needed to facilitate the exchange and sharing of information between the Commission (Eurostat) and the Member States, the sampling frames, notably setting out their minimum requirements, the modalities and format of the quality reports. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/201128.

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28 Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers (OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13).

28 Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers (OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13).

Amendment    39

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  Implementation of this Regulation could require major adaptations to the national statistical systems, and the Commission may therefore grant derogations to Member States.

(19)  Implementation of this Regulation could require major adaptations to the national statistical systems, and therefore limited derogations should be granted to Member States. Where appropriate, Union financial contribution should also be provided to Member States in the form of grants, in particular for capacity-building purposes and supporting feasibility and pilot studies, and in accordance with Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council1a.

 

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1a Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union and repealing Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002 (OJ L 298, 26.10.2012, p. 1).

Amendment    40

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)  Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council29 and Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council30 should apply to the statistical data covered by this Regulation. In particular, statistical data that are required for the purpose of developing and monitoring Union and national actions and strategies in the areas of public health and health and safety at work should be regarded as data processed for reasons of substantial public interest.

(20)  Directive 95/46/EC and Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council30 should apply to the statistical data covered by this Regulation. In particular, statistical data that are required for the purpose of developing and monitoring Union and national actions and strategies in the areas of public health and health and safety at work should be regarded as data processed for reasons of substantial public interest, in accordance with Article 8(4) of Directive 95/46/EC.

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29 Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31).

 

30 Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 8, 12.1.2001, p. 1).

30 Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 8, 12.1.2001, p. 1).

Amendment    41

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(20a)  The collaboration and coordination between the authorities in the framework of the ESS should be reinforced to ensure coherence and comparability of European social statistics produced in accordance with the principles laid down in Article 338(2) TFEU. There is also data collection by other Union bodies as well as the academic community, beyond those established by this Regulation. Cooperation between such actors and those involved in the ESS should therefore be enforced in order to take advantage of synergies.

Amendment    42

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(20b)  There should be an obligation to notify the processing of personal data to the supervisory authorities in the case of data processing operations which involve using new technologies, or are of a new kind and where no data protection impact assessment has been carried out before by the controller, or where they become necessary because of the lapse of time since the initial processing.

Amendment    43

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(20c)  When using data from new data sources, for example location data obtained from mobile telephone records, Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council1a should apply.

 

_____________

 

1a  Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (OJ L 201, 31.7.2002, p. 37).

Justification

Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector, OJ L 201,31.7.2002, p.37; amended by Directive 2009/136/EC

Amendment    44

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21)  The objective of this Regulation, namely the establishment of a common framework for European statistics relating to persons and households, based on data at individual level collected from samples, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can instead, for reasons of harmonisation and comparability, be better achieved at EU level. The EU may therefore adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

(21)  Since the objective of this Regulation, namely the establishment of a common framework for European statistics relating to persons and households, based on data at individual level collected from samples, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can rather, by reasons of harmonisation, data quality and comparability, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. Statistics that are collected in a uniform, high-quality manner, provide a major added value to policy-making at Union and Member State level. In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

Justification

As mentioned above, high-quality and especially comparable statistical data are paramount for evidence-based policy-making.

Amendment    45

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22)  The European social statistics collected from samples and the data collection process should become more efficient and relevant. The comparability and coherence of the data in the long run should be ensured. European statistics on persons and households based on data at individual level collected from samples are currently regulated in a number of separate legislative acts which should be replaced by this Regulation. It is therefore necessary to repeal Council Regulation (EC) No 577/9831 and Regulation (EC) No 1177/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council32.

(22)  The European social statistics collected from samples and the data collection process should become more efficient and relevant. The comparability and coherence of the data in the long run should be ensured. European statistics on persons and households based on data at individual level collected from samples are currently regulated in five separate legislative acts which should be completely or partially replaced by this Regulation. Council Regulation (EC) No 577/9831 and Regulation (EC) No 1177/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council32 are covered in their totality by this Regulation and it is therefore necessary to repeal them. Regulations (EC) No 808/200432a, (EC) No 1338/200832b and (EC) No 452/200832c of the European Parliament and of the Council cover other statistical units besides individuals and households, as well as other domains and topics besides those covered by this Regulation. While those regulations should remain in force, they should be amended in order to exclude from their scope the respective parts dealing with the collection of data from individuals and households which are covered by this Regulation.

__________________

__________________

31 Council Regulation (EC) No 577/98 of 9 March 1998 on the organisation of a labour force sample survey in the Community (OJ L 77, 14.3.1998, p. 3).

31 Council Regulation (EC) No 577/98 of 9 March 1998 on the organisation of a labour force sample survey in the Community (OJ L 77, 14.3.1998, p. 3)

32 Regulation (EC) No 1177/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 June 2003 concerning Community statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC) (OJ L 165, 3.7.2003, p. 1).

32 Regulation (EC) No 1177/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 June 2003 concerning Community statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC) (OJ L 165, 3.7.2003, p. 1).

 

32a Regulation (EC) No 808/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 concerning Community statistics on the information society (OJ L 143, 30.4.2004, p. 49)

 

32b Regulation (EC) No 1338/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on Community statistics on public health and health and safety at work (OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, p. 70)

 

32c Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008 concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning (OJ L 145, 4.6.2008, p. 227)

Amendment    46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 1

Article 1

Subject matter

Subject matter

1.  This Regulation establishes a common framework for European statistics relating to persons and households, based on data at individual level collected from samples of those persons and households.

1.  This Regulation establishes a common framework for European statistics relating to persons and households, based on data at individual level collected from samples of those persons and households in accordance with the European Statistical Programme.

2.  This Regulation does not apply to population and housing censuses referred to in Regulation (EC) No 763/200833

2.  This Regulation does not apply to population and housing censuses as referred to in Regulation (EC) No 763/200833

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__________________

33 Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on population and housing

33 Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on population and housing

Amendment    47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 2

Article 2

Definitions

Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions shall apply:

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions apply:

 

(-a)  'microdata' means non-aggregated observations or measurements of characteristics of individual units;

(a)  ‘pre-checked data or microdata’ means data or microdata verified by the Member States, on the basis of agreed common validation rules;

(a)  ‘pre-checked’ means verified by the Member States, on the basis of agreed common validation rules;

(b)  ‘domain’ means one or several data sets organised in order to cover particular topics;

(b)  ‘domain’ means one or several data sets organised to cover particular topics;

(c)  'observation unit' means an identifiable entity about which data can be obtained;

(c)  'observation unit' means an identifiable entity about which data can be obtained;

(d)  ‘topic’ means the content of the information to be collected about the observation units, each topic covering a number of detailed topics;

(d)  ‘topic’ means the content of the information to be collected about the observation units, each topic covering a number of detailed topics;

(e)  ‘administrative records’ mean data generated by a non-statistical source, usually a public body, the aim of which is not to provide statistics, for its own purposes;

(e)  'administrative records' mean data generated by a non-statistical source (usually, but not always, a public body), for other non-statistical purposes;

(f)  ‘ad hoc subject’ means themes that are of a particular interest for users at a specific point in time but that are not included in the regular data sets;

(f)  ‘ad hoc subject’ means themes or topics that are of a particular interest for users at a specific point in time but that are not included in the regular data sets;

(g)  ‘headline indicator’ means a widely used information that serves to monitor a central objective of EU policy.

(g)  ‘headline indicator’ means widely used information that serves to monitor a central objective of EU policy;

 

(ga)  ‘metadata’ means information that is needed to be able to use and interpret statistics and which describes data in a structured way by giving definitions of and information on matters such as populations, objects, variables, methodology and quality;

 

(gb)  ‘quality report’ means a report conveying information about all the dimensions of the quality of a statistical product or process;

 

(gc)  ‘sampling frames’ means a list, map or other specification of the units which define a population to be completely enumerated or sampled;

 

(gd)  ‘private household’ means a person living alone or a group of people who live together providing themselves with the essentials of living.

Amendment    48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 3

Article 3

Data sets

Data sets

1.  The data collection referred to in Article 1 shall be organised into the following domains:

1.  The data collection referred to in Article 1 shall be organised into the following domains:

(a)  labour market,

(a)  labour force;

(b)  income and living conditions,

(b)  income and living conditions;

(c)  health,

(c)  health;

(d)  education and training,

(d)  education and training;

(e)  use of information and communication technologies,

(e)  use of information and communication technologies;

(f)  time use,

(f)  time use;

(g)  consumption.

(g)  consumption.

 

1a.  Data sets shall cover topics common to all domains, as set out in Annex Ia.

2.  The data sets shall cover topics common to all domains in addition to the following specific topics, as further detailed in Annex I:

2.  In addition to the topics which are common to all domains, the data sets shall cover topics specific for respective domains, as set out in Annexes Ib to Ig.

(a)  person and household characteristics,

 

(b)  labour market participation

 

(c)  job tenure and previous work experience,

 

(d)  working conditions including working hours and working time arrangements,

 

(e)  educational attainment and background,

 

(f)  participation in education and training,

 

(g)  health: status and disability, care and determinants,

 

(h)  income, consumption and wealth, including debts,

 

(i)  living conditions, including material deprivation, housing, living environment and access to services,

 

(j)  quality of life, including social and cultural participation and wellbeing,

 

(k)  allocation of time, and

 

(l)  participation in the information society.

 

3.  The precision requirements and the characteristics of the samples used for the different domains shall be as specified in Annexes II and III, respectively.

3.  The precision requirements and the characteristics of the samples used for the different domains shall be as specified in Annexes II and III, respectively.

 

3a.  The data shall be broken down so as to describe sub-populations of interest and shall reflect inequalities, where relevant. Member States and the Commission (Eurostat) shall also produce information that allows deriving information valid at NUTS2 territorial level, in order to allow for better cross-country data comparability, taking cost into account.

4.  The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 to amend the detailed topics listed in Annex I so as to reflect relevant technical, social and economic developments and respond to the new needs of users. In exercising this power, the Commission shall ensure that:

4.  The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 on the basis of a feasibility study in order to amend the detailed topics listed in Annexes Ib to Ig so as to reflect relevant legislative, technical, social, civil and economic developments and respond to the new needs of users, also in accordance with the European Statistical Programme, while avoiding putting additional burden on respondents.

(a)  such delegated acts do not impose a significant additional burden or cost on the Member States or on respondents;

 

(b)  no more than 20 per cent of the detailed topics listed in Annex I are changed for each domain by delegated acts. For the domains for which data are collected with an infra-annual or annual periodicity, these changes shall represent a maximum of 10 per cent of the list of detailed topics. Those maximum percentages shall apply to four consecutive years. The number of detailed topics that may be changed shall be rounded up to the nearest integer.

Unless duly justified by exceptional circumstances, no more than 20 per cent of the detailed topics listed in Annexes Ib to Ig may be changed for each domain. For the domains for which data are collected with an infra-annual or annual periodicity, these changes shall represent a maximum of 10 per cent of the list of detailed topics. Those maximum percentages shall apply to four consecutive years. The number of detailed topics that may be changed shall be rounded up to the nearest integer.

 

(Throughout the Regulation the domain “labour market” is replaced by “labour force”)

Amendment    49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 4

Article 4

Multiannual rolling planning

Multiannual rolling planning

1.  The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 to establish or adapt a multiannual rolling planning for eight years for the collection of data covered by this Regulation, in accordance with the periodicity specified in Annex IV. The Commission shall ensure that such delegated acts do not impose a significant additional burden or cost on the Member States or on the respondents.

1.  The Commission shall adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 in order to supplement this Regulation by establishing or adapting a multiannual rolling planning for eight years for the collection of data covered by this Regulation, in accordance with the periodicity specified in Annex IV and in accordance with the European Statistical Programme.

2.  This multiannual rolling planning shall specify the period during which data are collected for:

2.  This multiannual rolling planning shall specify the period during which data are collected for:

(a)  the detailed topics attached to the domains,

(a)  the detailed topics attached to the domains,

(b)  ad hoc subjects requested by the users, for the labour market and income and living conditions domains, as provided for in Annex IV. In exceptional and justified cases, these data may cover detailed topics other than those listed in Annex I.

(b)  ad hoc subjects requested by the users, for the labour force and income and living conditions domains, as provided for in Annex IV. In justified cases, these data may cover detailed topics other than those listed in Annexes Ib to Ig.

3.  The adaptations of the planning referred to in paragraph 1 shall be made no later than 24 months before the beginning of the each data collection period, as specified in the planning. These adaptations shall aim to ensure effectiveness and consistency of the planning with users’ needs.

3.  The adaptations of the planning referred to in paragraph 1 shall be made no later than 24 months before the beginning of the each data collection period, as specified in the planning. These adaptations shall aim to ensure effectiveness and consistency of the planning with users’ needs.

Amendment    50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  Member States shall aim to extend the coverage of the data collections beyond private households, provided that the data transmitted allows the identification of the observation units that do not belong to private households and that usually reside in that Member State.

Justification

Member States should try to cover citizens beyond private households. This is an important long-term goal, as statistics will improve if also persons living in care homes - be it elderly, disabled, chronically ill or others - and homeless persons could be covered in the data collections.

Amendment    51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 5a

 

Specifications of data sets

 

The Commission shall adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 in order to supplement this Regulation by specifying the following items of the different data sets, including when those items are common to several data sets, in order to cover the needs identified in the relevant detailed topics:

 

(a)  the number, title and description of variables;

 

(b)  the precise characteristics of the statistical populations, the observation units and the respondents;

 

(c)  the reference periods and dates.

Amendment    52

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 6

Article 6

Technical specifications and data sets

Technical specifications and data sets

1.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt implementing acts for the purpose of specifying the following technical items of the individual data sets:

1.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the following technical items of the individual data sets:

(a)  the number and description of variables;

 

(b)  the statistical classifications;

(a)  the statistical classifications;

(c)  the precise characteristics of the statistical populations, the observation units and the respondents;

 

(d)  the reference periods and dates;

 

(e)  the requirements relating to geographical coverage, sample features including subsampling, technical aspects of the fieldwork, editing and imputation, weighting, estimation and variance estimation;

(e)  the requirements relating to geographical coverage, sample features including subsampling, technical aspects of the fieldwork, editing and imputation, weighting, estimation and variance estimation;

(f)  where necessary to achieve a high level of comparability for employment and unemployment data in the labour market domain, the methodology to be used to collect the data. This may include, where necessary, the order and placing of the questions in the questionnaire. This necessity shall be duly justified.

(f)  the methodology providing for comparability of the data collected; for employment and unemployment in the labour force domain and for material deprivation in the income and living conditions domain, it may include, in duly justified cases, the order of the questions. Model questionnaires shall not be mandatory, but only recommendations.

2.  When items are common to several data sets, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt implementing acts for the purpose of specifying the following technical characteristics of the data sets:

 

(a)  the list and description of variables;

 

(b)  the statistical classifications;

 

(c)  the precise characteristics of the statistical populations and of the observation units.

 

3.  For the data sets on monthly unemployment relating to the labour market domain, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt implementing acts for the purpose of describing the variables and the length, quality requirements and level of detail of the time series to be transmitted.

3.  For the data sets on monthly unemployment relating to the labour force domain, the Commission shall adopt implementing acts for the purpose of describing the variables and the length, quality requirements and level of detail of the time series to be transmitted.

4.  These implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2).

4.  The implementing acts referred to in paragraph 1 shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2).

Amendment    53

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 7

Article 7

Standards for transmission and exchange of information

Standards for transmission and exchange of information

1.  Technical standards shall be put in place to facilitate the exchange and sharing of information between the Commission (Eurostat) and the Member States, in particular for the purpose of supporting quality management and process documentation related to the statistics covered by this Regulation.

1.  Technical standards shall be put in place to facilitate the exchange and sharing of information between the Member States and the Commission (Eurostat), in particular for the purpose of supporting quality management and process documentation related to the statistics covered by this Regulation.

2.  The technical standards shall cover statistical concepts, processes and products, including data and metadata.

2.  The technical standards shall cover statistical concepts, processes and products, including data and metadata.

3.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt implementing acts to establish the technical standards referred to in paragraph 1. These implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2).

3.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts establishing the technical standards referred to in paragraph 1. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2).

Amendment    54

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 8

Article 8

Data source and methods

Data source and methods

1.  Member States shall provide the data referred to in Article 1 by using one or a combination of the following sources, provided that they meet the quality requirements given in Article 12:

1.  Member States shall provide the data referred to in Article 1 by using one or a combination of the following sources, provided that they meet the quality requirements given in Article 12 and are collected and further processed in accordance with and subject to the safeguards provided in applicable data protection law:

(a)  information directly provided by the respondents;

(a)  information directly provided by the respondents on a voluntary basis, on the basis of the consent of the data subjects providing the data, unless the provision of information is specifically required under Union law or the law of the Member State to which the controller is subject and which also lays down suitable measures to safeguard the data subjects' rights and freedoms and legitimate interest;

(b)  administrative records and any other sources, methods or innovative approaches in so far as they allow for the production of data that are comparable and compliant with the applicable specific requirements laid down by this Regulation.

(b)  administrative records and any other sources, methods or innovative approaches, including small area estimation techniques intending to cover the territorial diversity in so far as they allow for the production of data that are comparable and compliant with the applicable specific requirements laid down by this Regulation and comply with Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

2.  Member States shall provide the Commission (Eurostat) with detailed information on the sources and methods used.

2.  Member States shall provide the Commission (Eurostat) with detailed information on the sources and methods used as well as the related data sets in accordance with the implementing acts referred to in Article 7(3).

Amendment    55

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 10

Article 10

Data transmission and deadlines

Data transmission and deadlines

1.  The transmission deadlines shall be as specified in Annex V.

1.  The transmission deadlines shall be as specified in Annex V.

2.  For every data set, Member States shall transmit to the Commission (Eurostat) pre-checked microdata without direct identification.

2.  For every data set, Member States shall transmit to the Commission (Eurostat), through secure transmission channels, pre-checked microdata without direct identification.

3.  By way of exception to paragraph 2, pre-checked aggregated data shall be transmitted for the compilation of monthly unemployment statistics.

3.  By way of exception to paragraph 2, pre-checked aggregated data shall be transmitted for the compilation of monthly unemployment statistics.

4.  Member States shall collect and transmit data according to this Regulation starting in 2019.

4.  Member States shall collect and transmit data according to this Regulation starting in 2019.

 

4a.  The Commission (Eurostat) shall, save in duly justified cases, publish the aggregated data on the Eurostat’s website in a user-friendly way within six months of the date of receipt of the final microdata, provided that data from half of the Member States are available.

Amendment    56

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 11

Article 11

Sampling frames

Sampling frames

1.  Data shall be based on representative samples drawn from sampling frames set up at national level that allow persons or households to be selected at random, with a known probability of selection. The sampling frames shall aim to cover exhaustively and exclusively the population of interest and shall be regularly updated. They shall contain all the information necessary for the sample design, such as information needed for stratification purposes and for contacting the persons or households. The sampling frame shall also include the information needed to link persons to other administrative records, in so far as is allowed under data protection rules.

1.  Data shall be based on representative samples drawn from sampling frames set up at national level that allow persons or households to be selected at random, with a known probability of selection. The sampling frames shall aim to cover exhaustively and exclusively, with the usual accepted coverage error, the target population and shall be regularly updated. They shall contain all the information necessary for the sample design, such as information needed for stratification purposes and for contacting the persons or households. The sampling frame shall also include the information needed to link persons to other administrative records, in so far as is necessary and proportionate and is allowed under all applicable data protection law, which should also lay down measures to safeguard the rights and freedoms and legitimate interests of the data subjects. The sampling frame shall provide for appropriate safeguards for data subjects.

2.  When no such sampling frame is available in the Member State, other sampling frames that meet the following criteria shall be used. Such sampling frames shall:

2.  When no such sampling frame is available in the Member State, other sampling frames that meet the following criteria shall be used. Such sampling frames shall:

(a)  identify the sample units, which can be persons, households, dwellings or addresses;

(a)  identify the sample units, which can be persons, households, dwellings or addresses;

(b)  be able to provide the probability of selection;

(b)  be able to provide the probability of selection;

 

(ba)  provide information about the size of sub-populations that are difficult to reach;

(c)  be regularly updated.

(c)  be regularly updated.

 

2a.  Where relevant for Union purposes the Commission shall facilitate access to national statistical institutes’ sampling frames for non-ESS surveys.

3.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt implementing acts laying down uniform conditions for the sampling frames, notably setting out minimum requirements. These implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2).

3.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts laying down uniform conditions for the sampling frames, in particular setting out minimum requirements. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2).

Amendment    57

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 12

Article 12

Quality

Quality

1.  Member States shall take the measures necessary to ensure the quality of the data and metadata transmitted.

1.  Member States shall take the measures necessary to ensure that the data and metadata transmitted are of the highest quality.

2.  For the purpose of this Regulation, the quality criteria defined in Article 12(1) of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 shall apply.

2.  For the purpose of this Regulation, the quality criteria defined in Article 12(1) of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 shall apply.

3.  The Commission (Eurostat) shall assess the quality of the metadata on the specifications, of the data transmitted and of the sampling frames.

3.  The Commission (Eurostat) shall assess the quality of the metadata on the specifications, of the data transmitted and of the sampling frames having also due consideration to display them in a user-friendly manner on the Eurostat website.

4.  For this purpose, Member States shall transmit, in respect of the data and microdata referred to in Article 10:

4.  For this purpose, Member States shall transmit, in respect of the data and microdata referred to in Article 10:

(a)  metadata describing the methodology used and how technical specifications were achieved by reference to those laid down by this Regulation;

(a)  metadata describing the methodology used, including the data sources and methods referred to in Article 8, and how technical specifications were achieved by reference to those laid down by this Regulation;

(b)  information on compliance with the minimum requirements for the sampling frames used, including in developing and updating them, as laid down by this Regulation.

(b)  information on compliance with the minimum requirements for the sampling frames used, including in developing and updating them, as laid down by this Regulation;

 

(ba)  information about the sub-populations that have not been reached by the data collection.

5.  Member States shall transmit the metadata and information referred to in paragraph 4 by, at the latest, three months after the deadline for transmitting the data and microdata. This additional information shall be provided in the form of quality reports that demonstrate, in particular, how the data and microdata transmitted, and the metadata and information, meet the quality requirements.

5.  Member States shall transmit the metadata and information referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article and in Article 11 by, at the latest, three months after the deadline for transmitting the data and microdata. This additional information shall be provided in the form of quality reports that demonstrate, in particular, how the data and microdata transmitted, and the metadata and information, meet the quality requirements. The Commission (Eurostat) shall make that information public in accordance with Union and national personal data protection law.

6.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt implementing acts specifying the modalities and content of the quality reports. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2).

6.  The Commission shall adopt implementing acts specifying the modalities and the format of the quality reports. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2).

7.  Member States shall inform the Commission (Eurostat) as soon as possible of any relevant information or change with regard to the implementation of this Regulation that would influence the quality of the data transmitted.

7.  Member States shall inform the Commission (Eurostat) as soon as possible of any relevant information or change with regard to the implementation of this Regulation that would influence the quality of the data transmitted.

8.  At the request of the Commission (Eurostat), Member States shall provide the additional information necessary to evaluate the quality of the statistical information.

8.  At the request of the Commission (Eurostat), Member States shall provide the additional information necessary to evaluate the quality of the statistical information.

Amendment    58

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 13

Article 13

Feasibility and pilot studies

Feasibility and pilot studies

In order to improve the data sets, the Commission (Eurostat) shall, where necessary, institute and Member States shall cooperate in several feasibility and pilot studies, in particular, to improve quality including comparability, to contribute to modernising the consumption and time use domains, to explore and implement new ways of improving responsiveness to users' needs, to better integrate the collection of data and the use of other data sources, and to make data collection in Member States more efficient, taking into account technological developments.

1.  While complying with the objectives of this Regulation and in order to improve the data sets and social indicators, the Commission shall institute and Member States shall cooperate and participate in a limited number of representative feasibility and pilot studies, evaluating and developing alternative methodologies, taking into account technological developments, in particular in order to:

 

(a)  improve the quality and comparability of data sets;

 

(b)  extend the coverage of the data collection to persons not living in private households or to sub-populations that are difficult to reach;

 

(c)  develop, assess and implement techniques allowing better coverage of the territorial diversity at NUTS2 level and at local level;

 

(d)  follow up on statistical coverage of migrating citizens changing their country of residence;

 

(e)  develop and test new detailed topics for data collection;

 

(f)  contribute to modernising the consumption and time use domains, including consumption volume data;

 

(g)  explore and implement new ways of improving responsiveness to users' needs;

 

(h)  better integrate the collection of data and the use of other data sources; and

 

(i)  make data collection in Member States more efficient and improve data collection instruments in order to allow full participation of people with disabilities.

 

In the case of a mandatory feasibility or pilot study, the Commission (Eurostat) shall provide the appropriate financing according to the rules set out in Article 14.

 

2.  The Commission (Eurostat) shall, where relevant, invite Union agencies which carry out non-ESS European social surveys to contribute to the development of new indicators and the collection of pilot data on ad-hoc subjects as referred to in Annex IV, or subjects of future interest to ESS.

Amendment    59

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 13a

 

Access for scientific purposes to confidential data

 

The Commission (Eurostat) may grant access on its premises to confidential data or release sets of anonymised micro-data from the data sets sources for the domains as listed in Article 3, for scientific purposes and under the conditions laid down in Commission Regulation (EU) No 557/20131a.

 

__________________

 

1a Commission Regulation (EU) No 557/2013 of 17 June 2013 implementing Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European Statistics as regards access to confidential data for scientific purposes and repealing Commission Regulation (EC) No 831/2002 (OJ L 164, 18.6.2013, p. 16).

Amendment    60

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  the development and/or implementation of data collections or data collection methods for social statistics, including sampling frames, during the first four years of the collection of the data sets ;

(a)  the development and/or implementation of data collections or data collection methods for social statistics, including sampling frames, during the first cycle of the collection of the data sets for each domain covered by this Regulation;

Amendment    61

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  developing methodologies, including the feasibility and pilot studies referred to in Article 13;

(b)  developing methodologies, including participation in the feasibility and pilot studies referred to in Article 13;

Amendment    62

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca)  NSIs shall be granted the sufficient financial and human resources earmarked for the exact purpose of the additional tasks outlined in this Regulation for which they do not currently undertake. The resources needed shall be re-evaluated according to the evolution of this Regulation.

Amendment    63

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The Union financial contribution shall be provided in accordance with Article 7 of Regulation (EU) No 99/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council34 , Article 16(1) (a) of Regulation (EU) No 1296/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council35 , Article 6 of Regulation (EU) No 1291/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council36 , Article 58 of Regulation 1303/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council37 , or Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 282/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council38 .

2.  The Union financial contribution under the Multiannual Financial Framework 2014 to 2020 shall be provided in accordance with corresponding regulations regarding the European Statistical Programme, the European Union Programme for Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI), Horizon 2020 - the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020), the Third Programme for the Union's action in the field of health (2014-2020) and the Structural Reform Support Programme.

__________________

 

34 Regulation (EU) No 99/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2013 on the European statistical programme 2013-17 (OJ L 39, 9.2.2013, p. 12).

 

35 Regulation (EU) No 1296/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on a European Union Programme for Employment and Social Innovation ("EaSI") and amending Decision No 283/2010/EU establishing a European Progress Microfinance Facility for employment and social inclusion (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 238)

 

36 Regulation (EU) No 1291/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 establishing Horizon 2020 - the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020) and repealing Decision No 1982/2006/EC (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 104).

 

37 Regulation (EU) No 1303/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council of 17 December 2013 laying down common provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and laying down general provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1083/2006(OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 320).

 

38 Regulation (EU) No 282/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2014 on the establishment of a third Programme for the Union's action in the field of health (2014-2020) and repealing Decision No 1350/2007/EC (OJ L 86, 21.3.2014, p. 1).

 

Amendment    64

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 15

Article 15

Exercise of the delegation

Exercise of the delegation

1.  The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.

1.  The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Articles 3(4) and 4(1) shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from [Publications Office: please insert exact date of entry into force of the Regulation].

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 3(4), Article 4(1), Article 5a and Article 17(1),(2),(3) and (4) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from ... [Publications Office: please insert exact date of entry into force of the Regulation]. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

3.  The delegation of power referred to in Articles 3(4), 4(1) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect on the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

3.  The delegation of power referred to in Article 3(4), Article 4(1), Article 5a and Article 17(1), (2), (3) and (4) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect on the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

4.  Before adopting a delegated act, the Commission shall consult experts designated by each Member State in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 201639.

4.  Before adopting a delegated act, the Commission shall consult experts designated by each Member State in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016.

5.  As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.

5.  As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.

6.  A delegated act adopted pursuant to Articles 3(4) and 4(1) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or by the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or the Council.

6.  A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 3(4), Article 4(1), Article 5a and Article 17(1),(2),(3) and (4) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or by the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or the Council.

__________________

 

39OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1.

 

Amendment    65

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 17

Article 17

Derogations

Derogations

1.  If applying this Regulation, or the implementing measures and delegated acts adopted under it, in a Member State’s national statistical system would necessitate major adaptations, the Commission may grant, by means of implementing acts, a derogation for up to three years. A derogation may only be granted if it will not compromise the comparability of Member States’ data relating to headline indicators, or hamper the calculation of the required timely and representative European aggregates.

1.  If applying this Regulation, or the implementing measures and delegated acts adopted under it, in a Member State’s national statistical system would necessitate major adaptations, the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 in order to supplement this Regulation concerning the granting of a derogation for up to four years. A derogation shall be granted only if the authorisation referred to in paragraph 3 has not been granted, and if it will not compromise the comparability of Member States’ data relating to headline indicators, or hamper the calculation of the required timely and representative European aggregates.

2.  Where a derogation is still justified at the end of the period for which it was granted, the Commission may grant a subsequent derogation for a maximum period of three years, by means of implementing acts.

2.  Where a derogation is still justified by sufficient evidence at the end of the period for which it was granted, the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 in order to supplement this Regulation concerning the granting of a subsequent derogation for a maximum period of one year.

3.  When the only means by which a Member State can provide the required data sets is by using methods other than those laid down in this Regulation, or in the implementing measures and delegated acts adopted under it, the Commission may exceptionally authorise the use of such methods for a maximum duration of five years, by means of implementing acts.

3.  Where the only means by which a Member State can provide the required data sets is by using methods other than those laid down in this Regulation, or in the implementing measures and delegated acts adopted under it, and where no derogation has been granted pursuant to paragraph 1, the Commission may exceptionally authorise the use of such methods for a maximum duration of five years by means of delegated acts in order to supplement this Regulation in accordance with Article 15.

4.  Where the authorisation is still justified at the end of the period for which it was granted, the Commission may grant a subsequent authorisation for a maximum period of five years, by means of implementing acts.

4.  Where the authorisation is still justified by sufficient evidence at the end of the period for which it was granted, the Commission may adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15, in order to supplement this Regulation by granting a subsequent authorisation for a maximum period of two years.

5.  For the purposes of paragraphs 1 to 4, the Member State shall submit a duly justified request to the Commission within three months of the date of the entry into force of the act concerned, or six months before the end of the period for which the current derogation or authorisation has been granted. When requesting the authorisation referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4, the Member State concerned shall describe in detail the methods used and demonstrate that they lead to comparable results.

5.  For the purposes of paragraphs 1 to 4, the Member State shall submit a duly justified request to the Commission within three months of the date of the entry into force of the act concerned, or six months before the end of the period for which the current derogation or authorisation has been granted. When requesting the authorisation referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4, the Member State concerned shall describe in detail the methods used and demonstrate that they lead to comparable results.

6.  The Commission shall adopt those implementing acts in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16(2).

 

Amendment    66

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 17a

 

Amendments to Regulation (EC) No 808/2004

 

Regulation (EU) No 808/2004 is amended as follows:

 

(1)  Article 4 is replaced by the following:

 

"Article 4

 

Modules

 

The modules in this Regulation shall cover the domain enterprises and the information society, as defined in Annex I."

 

(2)  Annex II is deleted.

Amendment    67

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 17b

 

Amendments to Regulation (EC) No 1338/2008

 

Regulation (EC) No 1338/2008 is amended as follows:

 

(1)  Article 2 is replaced by the following:

 

"Article 2

 

Scope

 

Member States shall supply to the Commission (Eurostat) statistics on the following domains:

 

(a)  health care, as defined in Annex II;

 

(b)  causes of death, as defined in Annex III;

 

(c)  accidents at work, as defined in Annex IV;

 

(d)  occupational diseases and other work-related health problems and illnesses, as defined in Annex V."

 

(2)  Annex I is deleted.

Amendment    68

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 c (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 17c

 

Amendments to Regulation (EC) No 452/2008

 

Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 is amended as follows:

 

(1)  Article 3 is replaced by the following:

 

"Article 3

 

Domains

 

This Regulation shall apply to the production of statistics in two domains:

 

(a)  Domain 1 shall cover statistics on education and training systems;

 

(b)  Domain 2 shall cover other statistics on education, such as statistics on human capital and on the social and economic benefits of education, not covered by Domain 1 and by Regulation (EU) No ... [Regulation establishing a common framework for European statistics, COD 2016/0264];

 

The production of statistics in those domains shall be carried out in accordance with the Annex.";

 

(2)  In the Annex, the section entitled “Domain 2: Participation of adults in lifelong learning” is deleted.

Amendment    69

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – domain “For all domains”

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Topic

Detailed topics

Technical items

Data collection information

 

Identification

 

Weights

 

Interview characteristics

 

Localisation

Person and household characteristics

Demography

 

Citizenship and migrant background

 

Household composition

Labour market participation

Main activity status (self-defined)

 

Elementary job characteristics

Educational attainment and background

Educational attainment level

Amendment

Topic

Detailed topics

Technical items

Data collection information

 

Identification

 

Weights

 

Interview characteristics

 

Localisation

Core person and household characteristics

Demography

 

Citizenship and migrant background

 

Household composition

Disability

Disability

Labour market participation

Main activity status (self-defined)

 

Elementary job characteristics

Educational attainment, educational continuity and background

Educational attainment level

 

Educational continuity

Basic household income characteristics

Overall household income

(Annex I is split into separate annexes based on the domains)

Amendment    70

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I a (new) – domain “Labour force”

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Topic

Detailed topics

Person and household characteristics

Household composition - details

 

Duration of stay in the country

Labour market participation

Employment status

 

Duration of contract

 

Duration of contract – secondary information

 

Full- or part-time status - reason

 

Dependent self-employment

 

Supervisory responsibilities

 

Establishment size

 

Workplace

 

Working at home

 

Search for work

 

Willingness to work

 

Availability

 

Second job

 

Search for another job

 

Reconciliation between work and family life

 

Young people on the labour market

 

Labour market situation of migrants and their immediate descendants

 

Transition into retirement

 

Care needs

Job tenure and previous work experience

Start of job

 

Way job found

 

Previous work experience

Working conditions including working hours and working time arrangements

Working hours

 

Working time arrangements

 

Work organisation and working time arrangements

Educational attainment and background

Educational attainment - details

Participation in education and training

Participation in formal and non-formal education and training (4 weeks)

 

Participation in formal and non-formal education and training (12 months)

Health: status and disability, care and determinants

Accidents at work and other work-related health problems

 

Minimum European Health Module

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Income from work

Amendment

Topic

Detailed topics

Additional person and household characteristics

Household composition - additional specific details

 

Duration of stay in the country

Labour market participation

Employment status

 

Duration of contract

 

Duration of contract – secondary information

 

Full- or part-time status - reason

 

Dependent self-employment

 

Supervisory responsibilities

 

Establishment size

 

Workplace

 

Working at home

 

Search for employment

 

Willingness to work

 

Availability

 

Second or multiple job(s)

 

Search for another job

 

Underemployment

 

Reconciliation between work and family life

 

Young people on the labour market

 

People with disabilities on the labour market

 

Labour market situation of migrants and their immediate descendants

 

Transition into retirement

 

Care needs and obligations

Job tenure work biography and previous work experience

Start of job

 

Way job found

 

End of job

 

Career continuity and breaks

 

Previous work experience

Working conditions including working hours and working time arrangements

Working hours

 

Working time arrangements

 

Work organisation and working time arrangements

Educational attainment and background

Educational attainment - details

Participation in education and training

Participation in formal and non-formal education and training (4 weeks)

 

Participation in formal and non-formal education and training (12 months)

Health status, disability, access to, availability and use of health care and health determinants

Accidents at work and other work-related health problems

 

Minimum European Health Module

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Income from work

 

Income from allowances

Amendment    71

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I b (new) – domain “Income and living conditions”

Topic

Detailed topics

Person and household characteristics

Household composition - details

 

Duration of stay in the country

Participation in education and training

Participation in formal education activities (current)

Educational attainment and background

Educational attainment - details

Labour market participation

Characteristics of the workplace

 

Duration of contract

 

Employment status

 

Detailed labour market situation

 

Supervisory responsibilities

Job tenure and previous work experience

Previous work experience

Working conditions including working hours and working time arrangements

Calendar of activities

 

Working hours

Health: status and disability, care and determinants

Minimum European Health Module

 

Health status and disability

 

Children health

 

Access to health care

 

Health care

 

Access to health care (children)

 

Health determinants

Quality of life, including social, and cultural participation and wellbeing

Quality of life

 

Social and cultural participation

 

Well-being

Living conditions, including material deprivation, housing, living environment, access to services

Material deprivation

 

Child deprivation

 

Main housing characteristics

 

Housing conditions details, incl. deprivation

 

Housing costs including imputed rent

 

Living environment

 

Use of services, including care services

 

Affordability

 

Unmet needs and reasons

 

Childcare

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Income from work

 

Income from allowances

 

Income from pensions

 

Other incomes

 

Taxes and contributions

 

Total income

 

Over-indebtedness

 

Arrears

 

Wealth

 

Main consumption components

 

Intergenerational transmission of disadvantages

Amendment

Topic

Detailed topics

Additional person and household characteristics

Household composition - additional specific details

 

Households with several generations unemployed on the long term

 

Duration of stay in the country

Participation in education and training

Participation in formal education activities (current)

Educational attainment and background

Educational attainment - details

Labour market participation

Characteristics of the workplace

 

Duration of contract

 

Employment status

 

Detailed labour market situation

 

Supervisory responsibilities

Job tenure, work biography and previous work experience

Previous work experience

Working conditions including working hours and working time arrangements

Calendar of activities

 

Working hours

Health status and disability, access to, availability and use of health care and health determinants

Minimum European Health Module

 

Health status and disability

 

Children health

 

Access to health care

 

Health care

 

Access to health care (children)

 

Health determinants

Quality of life, including social, civil, economic and cultural participation, inclusion and wellbeing

Quality of life

 

Social and cultural participation

 

Well-being

 

Capability for independent living of people with disabilities

Living conditions, including material deprivation, housing, living environment, health and education, unmet needs and assessment of own needs, access to services

Material deprivation

 

Child deprivation

 

Main housing characteristics

 

Housing conditions details, incl. deprivation

 

Housing costs including imputed rent

 

Housing costs including reduced utility costs

 

Reasonable accommodation provided for people with disabilities

 

Living environment

 

Housing difficulties (including renting difficulties)

 

Use of services, including care services

 

Affordability

 

Unmet needs and reasons

 

Assessment of own needs

 

Childcare

 

Care

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Income from work

 

Income from allowances

 

Income from pensions

 

Other incomes

 

Taxes and contributions, incl. tax-credits for families with children

 

Total income - additional details (household and respondent)

 

Over-indebtedness including reasons

 

Arrears

 

Wealth (including all assets)

 

 

 

Main consumption components

 

Intergenerational transmission of disadvantages

 

Intergenerational transmission of advantage

Amendment    72

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I c (new) – domain “Health”

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Topic

Detailed topics

Health: status and disability, care and determinants

Minimum European Health Module

 

Diseases and chronic conditions

 

Accidents and injuries

 

Pain

 

Mental health

 

Functional limitations

 

Difficulties in personal care activities

 

Difficulties in household activities

 

Temporary limitation in activity (due to health problems)

 

Barriers to participation in specific life domains

 

Use of health and long-term care

 

Medicine use

 

Preventive care

 

Access to health care

 

Height and weight

 

Physical activity

 

Nutritional habits

 

Smoking

 

Alcohol consumption

 

Social and environmental factors

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Total income

Amendment

Topic

Detailed topics

Health: status and disability, access to, availability and use of health care and health determinants

Minimum European Health Module

 

Diseases and chronic conditions

 

Accidents and injuries

 

Pain

 

Mental health

 

Addiction

 

Functional limitations

 

Disability - additional specific details

 

Difficulties in personal care activities

 

Difficulties in household activities

 

People with disabilities: independent living

 

Temporary limitation in activity (due to health problems)

 

Barriers to participation in specific life domains

 

Use of health and long-term care

 

Medicine use

 

Preventive care

 

Access to health care

 

Height and weight

 

Physical activity

 

Nutritional habits

 

Smoking

 

Alcohol consumption

 

Social and environmental factors

 

 

Amendment    73

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I d (new) – domain “Education and training”

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Topic

Detailed topics

Person and household characteristics

Duration of stay in the country

Job tenure, work biography and previous work experience

Start of job

Labour market participation

Establishment size

Educational attainment and background

Educational attainment - details

 

Educational background

 

Self-reported skills

Participation in education and training

Access to information on learning possibilities and guidance (12 months)

 

Participation in formal education activities (12 months)

 

Most recent formal education activity - details (12 months)

 

Use of ICT in most recent formal education (12 months)

 

Reasons for participating in most recent formal education (12 months)

 

Payment and hours of most recent formal education (12 months)

 

Outcomes and use of skills from most recent formal education (12 months)

 

Participation in non-formal education activities (12 months)

 

Non-formal education activities - details (12 months)

 

Use of ICT in non-formal education activities (12 months)

 

Reasons for participating in non-formal education activities (12 months)

 

Payment and hours of non-formal education activities (12 months)

 

Outcomes and use of skills from non-formal education activities (12 months)

 

Obstacles to participation in education and training (12 months)

 

Informal learning

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Total income

Amendment

Topic

Detailed topics

Additional person and household characteristics

Duration of stay in the country

Job tenure, work biography and previous work experience

Start of job

Labour market participation

Establishment size

Educational attainment and background

Educational attainment - details

 

Educational background

 

Self-reported skills

Participation in education and training

Access to information on learning possibilities and guidance including for people with disabilities (12 months)

 

Participation in formal education activities (12 months)

 

Most recent formal education activity - details (12 months)

 

Use of ICT in most recent formal education (12 months)

 

Reasons for participating in most recent formal education (12 months)

 

Payment and hours of most recent formal education (12 months)

 

Outcomes and use of skills from most recent formal education (12 months)

 

Participation in non-formal education activities (12 months)

 

Non-formal education activities - details (12 months)

 

Use of ICT in non-formal education activities (12 months)

 

Reasons for participating in non-formal education activities (12 months)

 

Payment and hours of non-formal education activities (12 months)

 

Outcomes and use of skills from non-formal education activities (12 months)

 

Obstacles to participation in education and training (12 months)

 

Informal learning

 

Participation of people with disabilities in education and vocational training

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Total assets value excluding income

Amendment    74

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I e (new) – domain “Use of information and communication technologies”

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Topic

Detailed topics

Information society participation

Access to ICT

 

Use and frequency of use of ICT

 

Barriers and problems to use

 

Effect of use

 

Security, privacy, trust

 

Connection to the internet from anywhere

 

Digital Skills

 

Internet activities

 

e-Commerce

 

Interaction with public authorities

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Total income

Amendment

Topic

Detailed topics

Information society participation

Access to ICT

 

Use and frequency of use of ICT

 

Barriers and problems to use

 

Effect of use

 

Security, privacy, trust

 

Connection to the internet from anywhere

 

Digital Skills

 

Internet activities

 

e-Commerce

 

Interaction with public authorities

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Total assets value excluding income

Amendment    75

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I f (new) – Domain “Time use”

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Topic

Detailed topics

Person and household characteristics

Household composition - details

Participation in education and training

Participation in formal education activities (current)

Health: status and disability, care and determinants

Minimum European Health Module

Living conditions, including material deprivation, housing, living environment, access to services

Possession of durable goods

 

Childcare

 

Care for sick and elderly

Working conditions including working hours and working time arrangements

Working hours

 

Working time arrangements

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Production for self-consumption and sell, reparations

 

Income from work

 

Total income

Allocation of time

Time use, types of activities

 

Parallel activities

 

Place of activity

 

Presence of others during the activity

 

Assessment of activity

Amendment

Topic

Detailed topics

Additional person and household characteristics

Household composition - details

Participation in education and training

Participation in formal education activities (current)

Health status and disability, access to, availability and use of health care and health determinants

Minimum European Health Module

Living conditions, including material deprivation, housing, living environment, health and education unmet needs and assessment of own needs and access to services

Possession of durable goods

 

Childcare

 

Care for sick and elderly

Working conditions including working hours and working time arrangements

Working hours

 

Working time arrangements

 

 

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Production for self-consumption and sell, reparations

 

Income from work

 

deleted

Allocation of time

Time use, types of activities

 

Parallel activities

 

Place of activity

 

Presence of others during the activity

 

Assessment of activity

Amendment    76

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I g (new) – Domain “Consumption”

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Topic

Detailed topics

Person and household characteristics

Household composition - details

Living conditions, including material deprivation, housing, living environment, access to services

Main housing characteristics

Participation in education and training

Participation in formal education activities (current)

Labour market participation

Duration of contract

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Total income

 

Taxes and contributions

 

Income in kind from non-salaried activities

 

Imputed rent

 

Main source of income

 

Wealth

 

Debts

 

Arrears

 

Consumption by COICOP

 

Cross border consumption expenditures by COICOP

 

Own consumption

Amendment

Topic

Detailed topics

Additional person and household characteristics

Household composition - additional specific details

Living conditions, including material deprivation, housing, living environment, health and education unmet needs and assessment of own needs and access to services

Main housing characteristics

Participation in education and training

Participation in formal education activities (current)

Labour market participation

Duration of contract

Income, consumption and wealth, including debts

Total income - additional details (household and respondent)

 

Income from work

 

Taxes and contributions

 

Income in kind from non-salaried activities

 

Imputed rent

 

Housing costs including reduced utility costs

 

Main source of income

 

Total assets value excluding income

 

Wealth

 

Debts

 

Arrears

 

Consumption by COICOP

 

Cross border consumption expenditures by COICOP

 

Own consumption


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Reliable and quality statistics are the backbone of good policy-making. As policy-makers we need to have well-founded information about the labour market situation, the living and income conditions of European citizens, their state of health, education and training conditions, their consumption habits, their time use and use of technology so as to be able to develop sound and evidence-based policies. This Statistical Framework which brings together seven household surveys is a remarkable step in this direction and will pave the way towards the further quality development of social statistics. It therefore is important that together we develop a legislation that is sound, works in practice, delivers high-quality, timely, comparable and reliable data and can be adapted to changing needs over time.

In the Parliament's draft report I reinforced the elements and developed further proposals in order to emphasise the following objectives. European statistics should collect reliable and comparable quality data adapted to the needs of the users, be it policy-makers, researchers or any other stakeholders. It should also respond effectively to the social challenges the Union faces to be able to support well founded policy measures.

It is important to address the issue of scope for data reliability. Household surveys cover persons living in private households, while those who are living in institutions or are homeless will not be interviewed which is of great concern especially in case of health related data. National statistics offices should report on the amount of existing non-coverage. In the long run all actors should develop alternative ways to cover citizens beyond private households. The Survey on Income and Living Condition survey provides invaluable information on homelessness in the form of retrospective questions, that needs to be further developed by looking at what is best termed as "housing difficulties".

For reasons of comparability and good quality the level of aggregation of statistical data should be of similar size. Comparing Luxembourg with Germany can have its statistical shortcomings while comparing urbanised regions with rural regions would provide essential additional information. I would welcome if this framework opened the way to start aggregating data at NUTS2 level. NUTS2 has been defined as statistical regions of geographical units of comparable size. Better comparability is one of the major objectives of the reform. I have therefore suggested that Member States and Eurostat aim at addressing this in the long run.

The surveys in this legislative framework produce key for data on income and consumption and these are essential to get a clearer picture about the well-being of households as well as inputs to evaluate the proper functioning of markets. The data collection and analysis would need to concentrate more on complex indicators such as reference budgeting.

I am very much in favour of regulating at the right level. The European Parliament should be the actor safeguarding the success of the Regulation in terms of enforceability and quality (e.g. content and scope of surveys and derogations), therefore these elements should be decided either in the main legislative act itself or in delegated acts. Only purely technical matters should be regulated in implementing acts.

Financial consequences are offset by the better targeted quality policy-making potential that it enables as well as early stage adjustment of methods and better use of new technological developments. Saving on cost of producing statistical data and statistical analysis would directly lead to a society where policymakers and the opinion leaders of a society can no longer argue on the basis of well-founded knowledge, but on beliefs, fears and pseudo-facts. We constantly need to develop the comparability, timeliness, precision and the scope of our data collection. I welcome and highlight that the Commission can provide grants to the national statistical institutes especially for capacity-building purposes. I advocate for making the framework adaptable to sufficiently address new needs and developments therefore pilot studies should be prepared to address new challenges.

Statistics are among the best tools we have to understand the current status of our society and economy and this knowledge is the single greatest asset a policy-maker can have.


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Establishing a common framework for European statistics relating to persons and households, based on data at individual level collected from samples

References

COM(2016)0551 – C8-0345/2016 – 2016/0264(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

24.8.2016

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

EMPL

12.9.2016

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

12.9.2016

ECON

12.9.2016

 

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

BUDG

31.8.2016

ECON

15.9.2016

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Tamás Meszerics

18.10.2016

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

25.1.2017

28.2.2017

12.4.2017

 

Date adopted

21.6.2017

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

41

4

2

Members present for the final vote

Guillaume Balas, Brando Benifei, Mara Bizzotto, Vilija Blinkevičiūtė, Enrique Calvet Chambon, Lampros Fountoulis, Elena Gentile, Marian Harkin, Czesław Hoc, Danuta Jazłowiecka, Agnes Jongerius, Rina Ronja Kari, Jan Keller, Ádám Kósa, Jean Lambert, Jérôme Lavrilleux, Jeroen Lenaers, Verónica Lope Fontagné, Javi López, Dominique Martin, Elisabeth Morin-Chartier, João Pimenta Lopes, Georgi Pirinski, Marek Plura, Terry Reintke, Sofia Ribeiro, Robert Rochefort, Anne Sander, Sven Schulze, Siôn Simon, Romana Tomc, Ulrike Trebesius, Marita Ulvskog, Jana Žitňanská

Substitutes present for the final vote

Georges Bach, Heinz K. Becker, Lynn Boylan, Miapetra Kumpula-Natri, Paloma López Bermejo, António Marinho e Pinto, Alex Mayer, Tamás Meszerics, Michaela Šojdrová

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Xabier Benito Ziluaga, Morten Messerschmidt, Monika Smolková, Milan Zver

Date tabled

29.6.2017


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

41

+

ALDE

ENF

EPP

Green/EFA

GUE/NGL

S&D

Enrique Calvet Chambon, Marian Harkin, António Marinho e Pinto, Robert Rochefort

Dominique Martin

Georges Bach, Heinz K. Becker, Danuta Jazłowiecka, Ádám Kósa, Jérôme Lavrilleux, Jeroen Lenaers, Verónica Lope Fontagné, Elisabeth Morin-Chartier, Marek Plura, Sofia Ribeiro, Anne Sander, Sven Schulze, Michaela Šojdrová, Romana Tomc, Milan Zver

Jean Lambert, Tamás Meszerics, Terry Reintke

Xabier Benito Ziluaga, Lynn Boylan, Rina Ronja Kari, Paloma López Bermejo, João Pimenta Lopes

Guillaume Balas, Brando Benifei, Vilija Blinkevičiūtė, Elena Gentile, Agnes Jongerius, Jan Keller, Miapetra Kumpula-Natri, Javi López, Alex Mayer, Georgi Pirinski, Siôn Simon, Monika Smolková, Marita Ulvskog

4

-

ECR

Czesław Hoc, Morten Messerschmidt, Ulrike Trebesius, Jana Žitňanská

2

0

ENF

NI

Mara Bizzotto

Lampros Fountoulis

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Last updated: 30 June 2017Legal notice