Procedure : 2017/0312(NLE)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0258/2018

Texts tabled :

A8-0258/2018

Debates :

Votes :

PV 11/09/2018 - 6.13
CRE 11/09/2018 - 6.13

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2018)0330

REPORT     *
PDF 618kWORD 97k
12 July 2018
PE 618.359v02-00 A8-0258/2018

on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Research and Training Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (2019-2020) complementing the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation

(COM(2017)0698 – C8-0009/2018 – 2017/0312(NLE))

Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

Rapporteur: Rebecca Harms

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Research and Training Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (2019-2020) complementing the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation

(COM(2017)0698 – C8-0009/2018 – 2017/0312(NLE))

(Consultation)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to the Council (COM(2017)0698),

–  having regard to Article 7 of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, pursuant to which the Council consulted Parliament (C8-0009/2018),

–  having regard to Rule 78c of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (A8-0258/2018),

1.  Approves the Commission proposal as amended;

2.  Calls on the Commission to alter its proposal accordingly, in accordance with Article 293(2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and Article 106a of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community;

3.  Calls on the Council to notify Parliament if it intends to depart from the text approved by Parliament;

4.  Asks the Council to consult Parliament again if it intends to substantially amend the Commission proposal;

5.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and the Commission.

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)  In order to ensure continuity of nuclear research at Community level, it is necessary to establish the Research and Training Programme of the Community for the period from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2020 (the 'Euratom Programme'). The Euratom Programme should have the same objectives as the 2014-2018 Programme, support the same activities and use the same mode of implementation which proved to be efficient and appropriate for the purpose of achieving the programme's objectives.

(4)  In order to ensure continuity of nuclear research at Community level and achieve the objectives in this area, it is necessary to establish the Research and Training Programme of the Community for the period from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2020 (the 'Euratom Programme'). The Euratom Programme should have the same objectives as the 2014-2018 Programme, support the same activities and use the same mode of implementation which proved to be efficient and appropriate for the purpose of achieving the programme's objectives.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  Notwithstanding the potential impact of nuclear energy on energy supply and economic development, severe nuclear accidents may endanger human health. Therefore, nuclear safety and, where appropriate, security aspects dealt with by the Joint Research Centre (the 'JRC') should be given the greatest possible attention in the Euratom Programme.

(6)  Notwithstanding the potential impact of nuclear energy on energy supply and economic development, severe nuclear accidents may endanger human health, as well as the environment, in the medium and long term. Therefore, nuclear safety and, where appropriate, security aspects dealt with by the Joint Research Centre (the 'JRC') should be given the greatest possible attention in the Euratom Programme.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  The European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (the 'SET Plan'), set out in the conclusions of the Council meeting of 28 February 2008 in Brussels, is accelerating the development of a portfolio of low carbon technologies. The European Council agreed, at its meeting on 4 February 2011, that the Union and its Member States would promote investment in renewables, and safe and sustainable low carbon technologies and would focus on implementing the technology priorities established in the SET Plan. Each Member State remains free to choose the type of technologies that it would support.

(7)  The European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (the 'SET Plan'), set out in the conclusions of the Council meeting of 28 February 2008 in Brussels, is accelerating the innovation process in the field of European advanced low-carbon technologies. The European Council agreed, at its meeting on 4 February 2011, that the Union and its Member States would promote investment in renewables, and safe and sustainable low carbon technologies including nuclear power and would focus on implementing the technology priorities established in the SET Plan. Action 10 (nuclear) of the SET-Plan has as its goal: Maintaining a high level of safety of nuclear reactors and associated fuel cycles during operation and decommissioning, while improving their efficiency. Each Member State remains free to choose the type of technologies that it would support.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  As all Member States have nuclear installations or make use of radioactive materials particularly for medical purposes, the Council has recognised, in the conclusions of its meeting in Brussels on 1 and 2 December 2008, the continuing need for skills in the nuclear field, in particular through appropriate education and training linked with research and coordinated at Community level.

(8)  As all Member States have nuclear installations or make use of radioactive materials particularly for medical purposes, the Council has recognised, in the conclusions of its meeting in Brussels on 1 and 2 December 2008, the continuing need for skills in the nuclear field, in particular through appropriate education and training at all levels and proper coordination with European-level research projects.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  While it is for each Member State to choose whether or not to make use of nuclear power, it is also acknowledged that nuclear energy plays different roles in different Member States.

(9)  While it is for each Member State to choose whether or not to make use of nuclear power, it is also acknowledged that nuclear research plays an important role in all Member States, not least in the field of human health.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11)  For fusion to become a credible option for commercial energy production, it is, firstly, necessary to successfully complete, in a timely manner, the construction of ITER and start its operation. Secondly it is necessary to establish an ambitious, yet realistic roadmap towards the production of electricity by 2050. Reaching those goals requires the European fusion programme to be directed towards a joint programme of activities implementing this roadmap. In order to secure the achievements of on-going fusion research activities, as well as the long-term commitment of, and collaboration between, the fusion stakeholders, continuity of the Community's support should be ensured. A stronger focus should be placed primarily on the activities in support of ITER but also on the developments towards the demonstration reactor, including the stronger involvement, as appropriate, of the private sector. Such rationalisation and refocusing should be achieved without jeopardising the European leadership of the fusion scientific community.

(11)  For fusion to become a credible option for commercial energy production, it is, firstly, necessary to successfully complete, in a timely manner, the construction of ITER and start its operation and EURATOM Programme can make a significant contribution. Secondly it is necessary to establish an ambitious, yet realistic roadmap towards the production of electricity by 2050. Reaching those goals requires the European fusion programme to be directed towards a joint programme of activities implementing this roadmap. In order to secure the achievements of on-going fusion research activities, as well as the long-term commitment of, and collaboration between, the fusion stakeholders, continuity of the Community's long-term support should be ensured. A stronger focus should be placed primarily on the activities in support of ITER but also on the developments towards the demonstration reactor, including the stronger involvement, as appropriate, of the private sector. Such rationalisation and refocusing should be achieved without jeopardising the European leadership of the fusion scientific community.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  The JRC should continue to provide independent customer-driven scientific and technological support for the formulation, development, implementation and monitoring of Community policies, in particular in the field of nuclear safety and security research and training. To optimize human resources and ensure no duplication of research in the Union, any new activity carried out by the JRC should be analysed to check its consistency with existing activities in the Member States. The security aspects of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme should be limited to the direct actions of the JRC.

(12)  The JRC should continue to provide independent customer-driven scientific and technological support for the formulation, development, implementation and monitoring of Community policies, in particular in the field of nuclear safety, security, safeguards and non-proliferation research and training. To optimize human resources and ensure no duplication of research in the Union, any new activity carried out by the JRC should be analysed to check its consistency with existing activities in the Member States. The security aspects of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme should be limited to the direct actions of the JRC.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  In the interest of all its Member States, the role of the Union is to develop a framework to support joint cutting-edge research, knowledge creation and knowledge preservation on nuclear fission technologies, with special emphasis on safety, security, radiation protection and non-proliferation. That requires independent scientific evidence, to which the JRC can make a key contribution. That has been recognised in the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, dated 6 October 2010, entitled 'Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative Innovation Union', in which the Commission stated its intention to strengthen scientific evidence for policy-making through the JRC. The JRC proposes to respond to that challenge by focusing its nuclear safety and security research on the Union's policy priorities.

(14)  In the interest of all its Member States, the role of the Union is to develop a framework to support joint cutting-edge research, knowledge creation and knowledge preservation on nuclear fission technologies, with special emphasis on safety, security, processing of nuclear waste, radiation protection and non-proliferation. That requires independent scientific evidence, to which the JRC can make a key contribution. That has been recognised in the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, dated 6 October 2010, entitled 'Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative Innovation Union', in which the Commission stated its intention to strengthen scientific evidence for policy-making through the JRC. The JRC proposes to respond to that challenge by focusing its nuclear safety and security research on the Union's policy priorities.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15)  With the aim of deepening the relationship between science and society and reinforcing public confidence in science, the Euratom Programme should favour an informed engagement of citizens and civil society on research and innovation matters by promoting science education, by making scientific knowledge more accessible, by developing responsible research and innovation agendas that meet the concerns and expectations of citizens and civil society, and by facilitating their participation in activities under the Euratom Programme.

(15)  With the aim of deepening the relationship between science and society and reinforcing public confidence in science, the Euratom Programme should ensure a better provision of information to enable an informed engagement of citizens and civil society on research and innovation matters by promoting science education, by making scientific knowledge more accessible, by developing responsible research and innovation agendas that meet the concerns and expectations of citizens and civil society, and by facilitating their participation in activities under the Euratom Programme.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17)  The outcomes of the debates that took place at the Symposium on 'Benefits and Limitations of Nuclear Fission Research for a Low Carbon Economy' prepared by an interdisciplinary study involving, among others, experts from the fields of energy, economics and social sciences, co-organised by the Commission and the European Economic and Social Committee in Brussels on 26 and 27 February 2013, recognised the need to continue nuclear research at the European level.

(17)  The outcomes of the debates that took place at the Symposium on 'Benefits and Limitations of Nuclear Fission Research for a Low Carbon Economy' prepared by an interdisciplinary study involving, among others, experts from the fields of energy, economics and social sciences, co-organised by the Commission and the European Economic and Social Committee in Brussels on 26 and 27 February 2013, recognised the need to continue nuclear research, including fission research, at the European level.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18)  The Euratom Programme should contribute to the attractiveness of the research profession in the Union. Adequate attention should be paid to the European Charter for Researchers and Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers17, together with other relevant reference frameworks defined in the context of the European Research Area, while respecting their voluntary nature.

(18)  The Euratom Programme should contribute to the attractiveness of the research profession in the Union and help encourage young people to become involved in research in this field. Adequate attention should be paid to the European Charter for Researchers and Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers17, together with other relevant reference frameworks defined in the context of the European Research Area, while respecting their voluntary nature.

_________________

_________________

17 Commission Recommendation of 11 March 2005 on the European Charter for Researchers and on a Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers (OJ L 75, 22.3.2005, p. 67).

17 Commission Recommendation of 11 March 2005 on the European Charter for Researchers and on a Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers (OJ L 75, 22.3.2005, p. 67).

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  The activities developed under the Euratom Programme should aim at promoting equality between women and men in research and innovation, by addressing in particular the underlying causes of gender imbalance, by exploiting the full potential of both female and male researchers, and by integrating the gender dimension into the content of projects in order to improve the quality of research and stimulate innovation. Activities should also aim at the implementation of the principles relating to the equality between women and men as laid down in Articles 2 and 3 of the Treaty on European Union and Article 8 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

(19)  The activities developed under the Euratom programme must comply with the principles of equality between women and men in research and innovation, by addressing in particular the underlying causes of gender imbalance, by exploiting the full potential of both female and male researchers, improving their access to research programmes in order to improve the quality of research and stimulate innovation. Activities should also aim at the implementation of the principles relating to the equality between women and men as laid down in Articles 2 and 3 of the Treaty on European Union and Article 8 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)  Research and innovation activities supported by the Euratom Programme should respect fundamental ethical principles. The opinions on energy matters of the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies should be taken into account as appropriate. Research activities should also take into account Article 13 of the TFEU and reduce the use of animals in research and testing, with a view to ultimately replacing animal use. All activities should be carried out ensuring a high level of human health protection.

(20)  Research and innovation activities supported by the Euratom Programme should respect fundamental ethical principles. The opinions on energy matters of the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies should be taken into account as appropriate. Research activities should also take into account Article 13 of the TFEU and replace the use of animals in research and testing, with a view to ultimately prohibit animal use. All activities should be carried out ensuring the highest level of human health protection.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21)  A greater impact should also be achieved by combining the Euratom Programme and private sector funds within public-private partnerships in key areas where research and innovation could contribute to the Union's wider competitiveness goals. Particular attention should be given to the involvement of small and medium-sized enterprises.

(21)  A greater impact should also be achieved by combining the Euratom Programme and private sector funds within public-private partnerships in key areas where research and innovation could contribute to the Union's wider competitiveness goals. Particular attention should be given to the involvement of small and medium-sized enterprises, including emerging new innovative actors within the relevant research area.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25)  The financial interests of the Union should be protected through proportionate measures throughout the expenditure cycle, including the prevention, detection and investigation of irregularities, the recovery of funds lost, wrongly paid or incorrectly used and, where appropriate, penalties. A revised control strategy, shifting focus from minimisation of error rates towards risk-based control and fraud detection, should reduce the control burden for participants.

(25)  The financial interests of the Union should be protected through appropriate measures throughout the expenditure cycle, including the prevention, detection and investigation of irregularities through joint audit procedures, the recovery of funds lost, unduly paid or incorrectly used and, where appropriate, penalties. A revised control strategy, shifting focus from minimisation of error rates towards risk-based control and fraud detection based on common principles and criteria at EU level, should reduce the control burden for participants.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 26

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(26)  It is important to ensure sound financial management of the Euratom Programme and its implementation in the most effective and user-friendly manner possible, while also ensuring legal certainty and its accessibility to all participants. It is necessary to ensure compliance with the relevant provisions of Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council (the "Financial Regulation") 19 and with the requirements of simplification and better regulation.

(26)  It is important to ensure sound financial management of the Euratom Programme and its implementation in the most effective and user-friendly manner possible, while also ensuring legal certainty and that potential beneficiaries are properly informed, so as to increase accessibility for all participants. It is necessary to ensure compliance with the relevant provisions of Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council (the "Financial Regulation") 19 and with the requirements of simplification and better regulation.

_________________

_________________

19 Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union and repealing Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002 (OJ L 298, 26.10.2012, p. 1).

19 Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union and repealing Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002 (OJ L 298, 26.10.2012, p. 1).

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 33

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(33)  Achieving the objectives of the Euratom Programme in relevant areas requires support for cross-cutting activities, both within the Euratom Programme and jointly with the activities of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme.

(33)  Achieving the objectives of the Euratom Programme in relevant areas requires support for cross-cutting activities, both within the Euratom Programme and jointly with the activities of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, for example in the case of Marie Skłodowská Curie actions supporting researcher mobility.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The general objective of the Euratom Programme is to pursue nuclear research and training activities with an emphasis on continuous improvement of nuclear safety, security and radiation protection, notably to potentially contribute to the long-term decarbonisation of the energy system in a safe, efficient and secure way. The general objective shall be implemented through the activities specified in Annex I in the form of direct and indirect actions which pursue the specific objectives set out in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article.

1.  The general objective of the Euratom Programme is to pursue nuclear research and training activities with an emphasis on continuous improvement of nuclear safety, security and radiation protection, notably to contribute to the long-term decarbonisation of the energy system in a safe, efficient and secure way. The general objective shall be implemented through the activities specified in Annex I in the form of direct and indirect actions which pursue the specific objectives set out in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  supporting safety of nuclear systems;

(a)  supporting safety of nuclear systems, inter alia by means of structural cross-border inspections in the case of nuclear facilities in the vicinity of one or more national borders with other Member States;

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  contributing to the development of safe, longer term solutions for the management of ultimate nuclear waste, including final geological disposal as well as partitioning and transmutation;

(b)  contributing to cooperation at EU level and with third countries in the identification and development of safe, long-term solutions for the management of ultimate nuclear waste, including final geological disposal as well as partitioning and transmutation;

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  improving nuclear safety including: nuclear reactor and fuel safety, waste management, including final geological disposal as well as partitioning and transmutation; decommissioning, and emergency preparedness;

(a)  improving nuclear safety including: nuclear reactor and fuel safety, waste management to prevent any undesirable impacts on man or the environment, including final geological disposal as well as partitioning and transmutation; decommissioning, and emergency preparedness;

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  improving nuclear security including: nuclear safeguards, non-proliferation, combating illicit trafficking, and nuclear forensics;

(b)  iimproving nuclear security including: nuclear safeguards, non-proliferation, combating illicit trafficking, and nuclear forensics, the disposal of source materials and radioactive waste, countering cyber-attacks and reducing the risks of terrorism on nuclear power plants as well as structural cross-border inspections in the case of nuclear facilities in the vicinity of one or more national borders with other EU Member States;

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  fostering knowledge management, education and training;

(d)  fostering knowledge management, education and training, including long-term professional training to reflect permanent developments made possible by new technologies;

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  The Euratom Programme shall be implemented in such a way as to ensure that the priorities and activities supported are relevant to changing needs and take account of the evolving nature of science, technology, innovation, policy making, markets and society, with the aim of optimizing human and financial resources, and to avoid duplication on nuclear research and development in the Union.

4.  The Euratom Programme shall be implemented in such a way as to ensure that the priorities and activities supported are relevant to changing needs and take account of the evolving nature of science, technology, innovation, policy making – particularly energy and environmental policy – markets and society, with the aim of optimizing human and financial resources, to create greater synergies between existing programmes and projects and to avoid duplication on nuclear research and development in the Union.

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The financial envelope of the Euratom Programme may cover expenses pertaining to preparatory, monitoring, control, audit and evaluation activities which are required for the management of that Programme and the achievement of its objectives, in particular studies and meetings of experts, as far as they relate to the general objectives of this Regulation, and expenses linked to information technology networks focusing on information processing and exchange, together with all other technical and administrative assistance expenses incurred by the Commission for the management of the Euratom Programme. The expenses for continuous and repetitive actions such as control, audit and IT networks will be covered within the limits of the Commission's administrative expenditure specified in paragraph 1.

2.  The financial envelope of the Euratom Programme may cover expenses pertaining to preparatory, monitoring, control, audit and evaluation activities which are required for the management of that Programme and the achievement of its objectives, in particular studies and meetings of experts, as far as they relate to the general objectives of this Regulation, and expenses linked to information technology networks focusing on information processing and exchange, and the security of those networks, together with all other technical and administrative assistance expenses incurred by the Commission for the management of the Euratom Programme. The expenses for continuous and repetitive actions such as control, audit and IT networks will be covered within the limits of the Commission's administrative expenditure specified in paragraph 1.

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  countries or territories associated to the Seventh Euratom Framework Programme or the Euratom Research and Training Programme 2014-2018.

(c)  countries or territories, associated to, or participating as a Member State in, the Seventh Euratom Framework Programme or the Euratom Research and Training Programme 2014-2018.

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  The work programmes referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall take account of the state of science, technology and innovation at national, Union and international level and of relevant policy, market and societal developments. They shall be updated as and where appropriate.

3.  The work programmes referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall take account of the state of science, technology and innovation at national, Union and international level and of relevant policy, market and societal developments. They shall be updated as and where appropriate, taking due account of the relevant recommendations made by the independent Commission Expert Groups set up to evaluate the EURATOM Programme.

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Particular attention shall be paid to ensuring the adequate participation of, and innovation impact on, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and the private sector in general in the Euratom Programme. Quantitative and qualitative assessments of SME participation shall be undertaken as part of the evaluation and monitoring arrangements.

Particular attention shall be paid to ensuring the adequate participation of, and innovation impact on, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), including emerging new innovative actors in the relevant research area and the private sector in general in the Euratom Programme. Quantitative and qualitative assessments of SME participation shall be undertaken as part of the evaluation and monitoring arrangements.

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 21 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The Commission shall report and make publicly available the results of the monitoring referred to in paragraph 1.

2.  The Commission shall report and make publicly available the results of the monitoring referred to in paragraph 1 and forward them to Parliament.

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Nuclear power constitutes an element in the debate on combating climate change and reducing Europe's dependence on imported energy. In the broader context of finding a sustainable energy-mix for the future, the Euratom Programme will also contribute through its research activities to the debate on the benefits and the limitations of nuclear fission energy for a low-carbon economy. Through ensuring continuous improvement of nuclear safety, more advanced nuclear technologies could also offer the prospect of significant improvements in efficiency and use of resources and producing less waste than current designs. Nuclear safety aspects will receive the greatest possible attention.

Nuclear power makes an important contribution to combating climate change and reducing Europe's dependence on imported energy. In the broader context of finding a sustainable energy-mix for the future, the Euratom Programme will also contribute through its research activities to maintaining the technological advantages of nuclear fission energy for a low-carbon economy. Through ensuring continuous improvement of nuclear safety, more advanced nuclear technologies could also offer the prospect of significant improvements in efficiency and use of resources and producing less waste than current designs. Nuclear safety aspects will receive the greatest possible attention.

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – paragraph 6 – point a – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

In line with the general objective, support to joint research activities concerning the safe operation and decommissioning of reactor systems (including fuel cycle facilities) in use in the Union or, to the extent necessary in order to maintain broad nuclear safety expertise in the Union, those reactor types which may be used in the future, focusing exclusively on safety aspects, including all aspects of the fuel cycle such as partitioning and transmutation.

In line with the general objective, support to joint research activities concerning the safe operation and decommissioning of reactor systems (including fuel cycle facilities) in use in the Union or, to the extent necessary in order to maintain broad nuclear safety expertise in the Union, those reactor types may be used in the future on all aspects of the fuel cycle such as partitioning and transmutation.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – paragraph 9 – point a – paragraph 2 – point 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  exchange with relevant stakeholders for strengthening Union capacity to respond to nuclear accidents and incidents by research on alert systems and models for radiological dispersion in the air, and by mobilising resources and expertise for analysing and modelling nuclear accidents.

(3)  exchange with relevant stakeholders for strengthening Union capacity to respond to nuclear accidents and incidents by research on alert systems and models for radiological dispersion in the environment (air, water and soil), and by mobilising resources and expertise for analysing and modelling nuclear accidents.

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – paragraph 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

In order to achieve the objectives of the Euratom Programme, appropriate links and interfaces, such as joint calls, will be ensured with the Specific Programme of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme.

In order to achieve the objectives of the Euratom Programme and to create synergy between nuclear and non-nuclear activities and knowledge transfer in relevant areas, appropriate links and interfaces, such as joint calls, will be ensured with the Specific Programme of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme.

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 1 – point b – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  Contributing to the development of safe, longer-term solutions for the management of ultimate nuclear waste, including final geological disposal, partitioning and transmutation

(b)  Contributing to the development of safe, long-term solutions for the management of ultimate nuclear waste, including final geological disposal, partitioning and transmutation

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 1 – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f)  Laying the foundations for future fusion power plants by developing materials, technologies and conceptual design

deleted

-  The percentage of the Fusion Roadmap's milestones, established for the period 2014-2020, reached by the Euratom programme.

 

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 1 – point g – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g)  Promoting innovation and industry competitiveness

(g)  Promoting innovation


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Your draftswoman considers that the Euratom Research and Training Programme can contribute to improved nuclear safety, security and radiation protection. As the nuclear reactor fleet of the Union is aging, the need to ensure expertise for decommissioning activities and to improve safety for the decommissioning process is evident.

At the same time your draftswoman encourages research and training regarding nuclear waste management and disposal. Despite the commercial use of nuclear power for five decades in the Union, none of the member states is in possession of a disposal site for high level nuclear waste and spent fuel and progress in this area remains slow. Expertise on radioactive waste management and disposal will be indispensable for decades to come, which is why research and training is vital. Considering the risks involved for public health and safety, involvement of public funds is appropriate notwithstanding the polluter pays principle.

In absence of a disposal site most of the high level waste and spent fuel must be stored in interim storage facilities for many decades. In many cases, the safety-related requirements are doubtful. Also in that respect further research and training is encouraged.

Your draftswoman does not consider partitioning and transmutation promising solutions for the nuclear waste problem. Should these technologies ever be viable in the future, they demand considerable investments in questionable future reactor technologies and ultimately may reduce the volume of nuclear waste, but still won’t eliminate it altogether. Hence the necessity to find a final nuclear waste disposal site remains.

As the majority of member states have either never operated nuclear reactors or have decided to phase out the use of nuclear power, it is necessary to rethink the priorities of the research programme.

Also given the need for a swift decarbonisation notably in the electricity sector in order to comply with the Paris agreement commitments, your draftswoman deems it necessary to question the use of public funds to support research into future reactor technologies. The electricity sector will have to be decarbonised long before the possible commercial use of fusion energy. Your draftswoman therefore recommends to divert public funds to those technologies that can play an important role in the energy transition. Irrespective of that ITER is not financed through this programme and therefore is out of the scope of this regulation.


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Research and Training Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (2019-2020) complementing the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation

References

COM(2017)0698 – C8-0009/2018 – 2017/0312(NLE)

Date of consultation / request for consent

12.1.2018

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ITRE

18.1.2018

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

18.1.2018

JURI

18.1.2018

 

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

BUDG

24.1.2018

JURI

24.1.2018

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Rebecca Harms

9.2.2018

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

21.3.2018

24.4.2018

 

 

Date adopted

10.7.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

42

13

3

Members present for the final vote

Zigmantas Balčytis, Bendt Bendtsen, Xabier Benito Ziluaga, José Blanco López, Cristian-Silviu Buşoi, Jerzy Buzek, Angelo Ciocca, Edward Czesak, Jakop Dalunde, Pilar del Castillo Vera, Christian Ehler, Fredrick Federley, Adam Gierek, Theresa Griffin, Rebecca Harms, Barbara Kappel, Krišjānis Kariņš, Seán Kelly, Jeppe Kofod, Jaromír Kohlíček, Peter Kouroumbashev, Zdzisław Krasnodębski, Christelle Lechevalier, Janusz Lewandowski, Edouard Martin, Tilly Metz, Csaba Molnár, Nadine Morano, Dan Nica, Angelika Niebler, Morten Helveg Petersen, Miroslav Poche, Paul Rübig, Massimiliano Salini, Algirdas Saudargas, Sven Schulze, Neoklis Sylikiotis, Dario Tamburrano, Patrizia Toia, Evžen Tošenovský, Vladimir Urutchev, Kathleen Van Brempt, Henna Virkkunen, Lieve Wierinck, Hermann Winkler, Anna Záborská, Flavio Zanonato, Carlos Zorrinho

Substitutes present for the final vote

Michał Boni, Benedek Jávor, Werner Langen, Olle Ludvigsson, Marisa Matias, Rupert Matthews, Gesine Meissner, Dominique Riquet

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Romeo Franz, Ulrike Rodust

Date tabled

12.7.2018


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

42

+

ALDE

Fredrick Federley, Gesine Meissner, Morten Helveg Petersen, Dominique Riquet, Lieve Wierinck

ENF

Christelle Lechevalier

GUE/NGL

Jaromír Kohlíček

PPE

Bendt Bendtsen, Michał Boni, Cristian-Silviu Buşoi, Jerzy Buzek, Christian Ehler, Krišjānis Kariņš, Seán Kelly, Werner Langen, Janusz Lewandowski, Nadine Morano, Angelika Niebler, Massimiliano Salini, Algirdas Saudargas, Sven Schulze, Vladimir Urutchev, Henna Virkkunen, Hermann Winkler, Anna Záborská, Pilar del Castillo Vera

S&D

Zigmantas Balčytis, José Blanco López, Adam Gierek, Theresa Griffin, Jeppe Kofod, Peter Kouroumbashev, Olle Ludvigsson, Edouard Martin, Csaba Molnár, Dan Nica, Miroslav Poche, Ulrike Rodust, Patrizia Toia, Kathleen Van Brempt, Flavio Zanonato, Carlos Zorrinho

13

-

ECR

Edward Czesak, Zdzisław Krasnodębski, Rupert Matthews, Evžen Tošenovský

EFDD

Dario Tamburrano

GUE/NGL

Xabier Benito Ziluaga, Marisa Matias, Neoklis Sylikiotis

VERTS/ALE

Jakop Dalunde, Romeo Franz, Rebecca Harms, Benedek Jávor, Tilly Metz

3

0

ENF

Angelo Ciocca, Barbara Kappel

PPE

Paul Rübig

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Last updated: 29 August 2018Legal notice