Procedure : 2017/0332(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0288/2018

Texts tabled :

A8-0288/2018

Debates :

PV 22/10/2018 - 16
CRE 22/10/2018 - 16

Votes :

PV 23/10/2018 - 7.13
CRE 23/10/2018 - 7.13

Texts adopted :


REPORT     ***I
PDF 1198kWORD 199k
1 October 2018
PE 621.116v04-00 A8-0288/2018

on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the quality of water intended for human consumption (recast)

(COM(2017)0753 – C8-0019/2018 – 2017/0332(COD))

Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

Rapporteur: Michel Dantin

(Recast – Rule 104 of the Rules of Procedure)

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 ANNEX: LETTER FROM THE COMMITTEE ON LEGAL AFFAIRS
 ANNEX: OPINION OF THE CONSULTATIVE WORKING PARTY OF THE LEGAL SERVICES OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE COMMISSION
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the quality of water intended for human consumption (recast)

(COM(2017)0753 – C8-0019/2018 – 2017/0332(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure – recast)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2017)0753),

–  having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 192(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8-0019/2018),

–  having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to the reasoned opinions submitted, within the framework of Protocol No 2 on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality, by the Czech Chamber of Deputies, the Irish Houses of the Oireachtas, the Austrian Federal Council and the United Kingdom House of Commons, asserting that the draft legislative act does not comply with the principle of subsidiarity,

–  having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 12 July 2018(1),

–  having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions of 16 May 2018(2),

–  having regard to the Interinstitutional Agreement of 28 November 2001 on a more structured use of the recasting technique for legal acts(3),

–  having regard to the letter of 18 May 2018 sent by the Committee on Legal Affairs to the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety in accordance with Rule 104(3) of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to Rules 104 and 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (A8-0288/2018),

A.  whereas, according to the Consultative Working Party of the legal services of the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission, the Commission proposal does not include any substantive amendments other than those identified as such in the proposal and whereas, as regards the codification of the unchanged provisions of the earlier acts together with those amendments, the proposal contains a straightforward codification of the existing texts, without any change in their substance;

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out, taking into account the recommendations of the Consultative Working Party of the legal services of the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

Proposal for a directive

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2)  Directive 98/83/EC set the legal framework to protect human health from the adverse effects of any contamination of water intended for human consumption by ensuring that it is wholesome and clean. This Directive should pursue the same objective. To that end, it is necessary to lay down at Union level the minimum requirements with which water intended for that purpose must comply. Member States should take the necessary measures to ensure that water intended for human consumption is free from any micro-organisms and parasites and from substances which, in certain cases, constitute a potential danger to human health, and that it meets those minimum requirements.

(2)  Directive 98/83/EC set the legal framework to protect human health from the adverse effects of any contamination of water intended for human consumption by ensuring that it is wholesome and clean. This Directive should pursue the same objective and should promote the universal access to such water for all in the Union. To that end, it is necessary to lay down at Union level the minimum requirements with which water intended for that purpose must comply. Member States should take all necessary measures to ensure that water intended for human consumption is free from any micro-organisms and parasites and from substances which, in certain cases, constitute a potential danger to human health, and that it meets those minimum requirements.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a directive

Recital 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a)  In line with the communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions of 2 December 2015 entitled “Closing the loop - An EU action plan for the Circular Economy”, this Directive should strive to encourage water resource efficiency and sustainability, thereby meeting circular economy goals.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a directive

Recital 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2b)  The Human Right to Water and Sanitation (HRWS) was recognised as a human right by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly on 28 July 2010 and thus, access to clean, potable water should not be restricted due to unaffordability by the end user.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a directive

Recital 2 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2c)  Coherence between Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council1a and this Directive is necessary.

 

_________________

 

1a Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1).

Amendment    5

Proposal for a directive

Recital 2 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2d)  The requirements set out in this Directive should reflect the national situation and conditions of the water suppliers in the Member States.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a directive

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  It is necessary to exclude from the scope of this Directive natural mineral waters and waters which are medicinal products, since these waters are respectively covered by Directive 2009/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council68and Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council69. However, Directive 2009/54/EC deals with both natural mineral waters and spring waters, and only the former category should be exempted from the scope of this Directive. In accordance with the third subparagraph of Article 9(4) of Directive 2009/54/EC, spring waters should comply with the provisions of this Directive. In the case of water intended for human consumption put into bottles or containers intended for sale or used in the manufacture, preparation or treatment of food, the water should comply with the provisions of this Directive until the point of compliance (i.e. the tap), and should afterwards be considered as food, in accordance with the second subparagraph of Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council70.

(3)  It is necessary to exclude from the scope of this Directive natural mineral waters and waters which are medicinal products, since these waters are respectively covered by Directive 2009/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council68 and Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council69. However, Directive 2009/54/EC deals with both natural mineral waters and spring waters, and only the former category should be exempted from the scope of this Directive. In accordance with the third subparagraph of Article 9(4) of Directive 2009/54/EC, spring waters should comply with the provisions of this Directive. However, that obligation should not extend to the microbiological parameters set out in Part A of Annex I to this Directive. In the case of water intended for human consumption from public water supply or private wells put into bottles or containers intended for sale or used in the commercial manufacture, preparation or treatment of food, the water should, as a matter of principle, continue to comply with the provisions of this Directive until the point of compliance, and should afterwards be considered as food, in accordance with the second subparagraph of Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council70. Where applicable food safety requirements are met, competent authorities in the Member States should have the power to authorise the reuse of water in food processing industries.

_________________

_________________

68 Directive 2009/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on the exploitation and marketing of natural mineral waters (Recast) (OJ L 164, 26.6.2009, p. 45).

68 Directive 2009/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on the exploitation and marketing of natural mineral waters ;(Recast) (OJ L 164, 26.6.2009, p. 45).

69 Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 November 2001 on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 311, 28.11.2001, p. 67).

69 Directive 2001/83/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 November 2001 on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use (OJ L 311, 28.11.2001, p. 67).

70 Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety (OJ L 31, 1.2.2002, p. 1).

70 Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety (OJ L 31, 1.2.2002, p. 1).

Amendment    7

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)  Following the conclusion of the European citizens' initiative on the right to water (Right2Water)71 , a Union-wide public consultation was launched and a Regulatory Fitness and Performance (REFIT) Evaluation of Directive 98/83/EC was performed72 . It became apparent from that exercise that certain provisions of Directive 98/83/EC needed to be updated. Four areas were identified as offering scope for improvement, namely the list of quality-based parametric values, the limited reliance on a risk-based approach, the imprecise provisions on consumer information, and the disparities between approval systems for materials in contact with water intended for human consumption. In addition, the European citizens' initiative on the right to water identified as a distinct problem the fact that part of the population, especially marginalised groups, has no access to water intended for human consumption, which is also a commitment under Sustainable Development Goal 6 of UN Agenda 2030. A final issue identified is the general lack of awareness of water leakages, which are driven by underinvestment in maintenance and renewal of the water infrastructure, as also pointed out in the European Court of Auditors' Special Report on water infrastructure73 .

(4)  Following the conclusion of the European citizens' initiative on the right to water (Right2Water)71 which called on the Union to increase its efforts to achieve universal access to water, a Union-wide public consultation was launched and a Regulatory Fitness and Performance (REFIT) Evaluation of Directive 98/83/EC was performed72 . It became apparent from that exercise that certain provisions of Directive 98/83/EC needed to be updated. Four areas were identified as offering scope for improvement, namely the list of quality-based parametric values, the limited reliance on a risk-based approach, the imprecise provisions on consumer information, and the disparities between approval systems for materials in contact with water intended for human consumption and the implications this has for human health. In addition, the European citizens' initiative on the right to water identified as a distinct problem the fact that part of the population, among vulnerable and marginalised groups, has limited or no access to affordable water intended for human consumption, which is also a commitment made under Sustainable Development Goal 6 of UN Agenda 2030. In this context, the European Parliament recognised a right of access to water intended for human consumption for all in the Union. A final issue identified is the general lack of awareness of water leakages, which are driven by underinvestment in maintenance and renewal of the water infrastructure, as also pointed out in the European Court of Auditors' Special Report on water infrastructure73, and by what is sometimes insufficient knowledge of water systems.

_________________

_________________

71 COM(2014) 177 final

71 COM(2014) 177 final

72 SWD(2016) 428 final

72 SWD(2016) 428 final

73 Special report of the European Court of Auditors SR 12/2017: "Implementing the Drinking Water Directive: water quality and access to it improved in Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania, but investment needs remains substantial".

73 Special report of the European Court of Auditors SR 12/2017: "Implementing the Drinking Water Directive: water quality and access to it improved in Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania, but investment needs remains substantial".

Amendment    8

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a)  In order to fulfil the ambitious goals set up under the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal No 6, Member States should be obliged to implement action plans to ensure universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4b)  The European Parliament adopted resolution of 8 September 2015 on the follow-up to the European Citizens’ Initiative Right2Water.

Justification

As acknowledged by the European Commission the proposal of recast takes into account the European Parliament resolution as adopted on September the 8th, 2015.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a directive

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  The World Health Organisation (WHO) Regional Office for Europe conducted a detailed review of the list of parameters and parametric values laid down in Directive 98/83/EC in order to establish whether there is a need to adapt it in light of technical and scientific progress. In view of the results of that review74, enteric pathogens and Legionella should be controlled, six chemical parameters or parameter groups should be added, and three representative endocrine disrupting compounds should be considered with precautionary benchmark values. For three of the new parameters, parametric values that are more stringent than the ones proposed by the WHO, yet still feasible, should be laid down in light of the precautionary principle. For lead, the WHO noted that concentrations should be as low as reasonably practical, and for chromium, the value remains under WHO review. Therefore, for both parameters, a transitional period of ten years should apply before the values become more stringent.

(5)  The World Health Organisation (WHO) Regional Office for Europe conducted a detailed review of the list of parameters and parametric values laid down in Directive 98/83/EC in order to establish whether there is a need to adapt it in light of technical and scientific progress. In view of the results of that review74, enteric pathogens and Legionella should be controlled and six chemical parameters or parameter groups should be added. The WHO recommendations, which are based on the most up-to-date scientific data and evidence at international level, should be followed and the parametric values adjusted accordingly. For lead, the WHO noted that concentrations should be as low as reasonably practical, and for chromium, the value remains under WHO review.

__________________

__________________

74 Drinking Water Parameter Cooperation Project of the WHO Regional Office for Europe "Support to the revision of Annex I Council Directive 98/83/EC on the quality of water intended for human consumption (Drinking Water Directive) Recommendation", 11 September 2017.

74 Drinking Water Parameter Cooperation Project of the WHO Regional Office for Europe "Support to the revision of Annex I Council Directive 98/83/EC on the quality of water intended for human consumption (Drinking Water Directive) Recommendation", 11 September 2017.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a directive

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a)  Water intended for human consumption plays a fundamental role in the Union's ongoing efforts to strengthen the protection of human health and the environment against endocrine-disrupting chemicals. The regulation of endocrine-disrupting compounds in this Directive constitutes a promising step in line with the updated Union strategy on endocrine disruptors, which the Commission is obliged to deliver without any further delay.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a directive

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  The WHO also recommended that three parametric values be made less stringent and five parameters be removed from the list. Nevertheless, those changes are not considered necessary as the risk-based approach introduced by Commission Directive (EU) 2015/178775 allows water suppliers to remove a parameter from the list to be monitored under certain conditions. Treatment techniques to meet those parametric values are already in place.

deleted

_________________

 

75 Commission Directive (EU) 2015/1787 of 6 October 2015 amending Annexes II and III to Council Directive 98/83/EC on the quality of water intended for human consumption (OJ L 260, 7.10.2015, p. 6).

 

Justification

WHO recommendation moved to Recital 5.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a directive

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a)  Where scientific knowledge is not sufficient to determine the human health risk, or absence thereof, of a substance present in water intended for human consumption, or the permissible value for the presence of that substance, it should be placed on a watchlist, on the basis of the precautionary principle, until there are clearer scientific data. Endocrine-disrupting substances in water intended for human consumption are a case in point, since, as scientific knowledge currently stands, they pose no potential risk to human health, but, in the light of their potential risk to the environment, it is warranted to place them on a watchlist. Accordingly, Member States should monitor such emerging parameters separately.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a directive

Recital 6 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6b)  Indicator parameters have no direct public-health impact. However, they are important as a means of determining how water production and distribution facilities are functioning and of evaluating water quality. They can help to identify water treatment deficiencies and they also play an important role in increasing and maintaining consumer confidence in water quality. Therefore, they should be monitored by Member States.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a directive

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  Where necessary to protect human health within their territories, Member States should be required to set values for additional parameters not included in Annex I .

(7)  Where necessary for full implementation of the precautionary principle and to protect human health within their territories, Member States should be required to set values for additional parameters not included in Annex I .

Justification

Creates consistency with the proposed approach in the file on the precautionary principle

Amendment    16

Proposal for a directive

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  Preventive safety planning and risk-based elements were only considered to a limited extent in Directive 98/83/EC. The first elements of a risk-based approach were already introduced in 2015 with Directive (EU) 2015/1787, which amended Directive 98/83/EC so as to allow Member States to derogate from the monitoring programmes they have established, provided credible risk assessments are performed, which may be based on the WHO’s Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality76 . Those Guidelines, laying down the so-called "Water Safety Plan" approach, together with standard EN 15975-2 concerning security of drinking water supply, are internationally recognised principles on which the production, distribution, monitoring and analysis of parameters in water intended for human consumption are based. They should be maintained in this Directive. To ensure that those principles are not limited to monitoring aspects, to focus time and resources on risks that matter and on cost-effective source measures, and to avoid analyses and efforts on non-relevant issues, it is appropriate to introduce a complete risk-based approach, throughout the supply chain, from the abstraction area to distribution until the tap. That approach should consist of three components: first, an assessment by the Member State of the hazards associated with the abstraction area ("hazard assessment"), in line with the WHO’s Guidelines and Water Safety Plan Manual77 ; second, a possibility for the water supplier to adapt monitoring to the main risks ("supply risk assessment"); and third, an assessment by the Member State of the possible risks stemming from the domestic distribution systems (e.g. Legionella or lead) ("domestic distribution risk assessment"). Those assessments should be regularly reviewed, inter alia, in response to threats from climate-related extreme weather events, known changes of human activity in the abstraction area or in response to source-related incidents. The risk-based approach ensures a continuous exchange of information between competent authorities and water suppliers.

(8)  Preventive safety planning and risk-based elements were only considered to a limited extent in Directive 98/83/EC. The first elements of a risk-based approach were already introduced in 2015 with Directive (EU) 2015/1787, which amended Directive 98/83/EC so as to allow Member States to derogate from the monitoring programmes they have established, provided credible risk assessments are performed, which may be based on the WHO’s Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality16. Those Guidelines, laying down the so-called "Water Safety Plan" approach, together with standard EN 15975-2 concerning security of drinking water supply, are internationally recognised principles on which the production, distribution, monitoring and analysis of parameters in water intended for human consumption are based. They should be maintained in this Directive. To ensure that those principles are not limited to monitoring aspects, to focus time and resources on risks that matter and on cost-effective source measures, and to avoid analyses and efforts on non-relevant issues, it is appropriate to introduce a complete risk-based approach, throughout the supply chain, from the abstraction area to distribution until the tap. That approach should be based on the knowledge gained and actions carried out under Directive 2000/60/EC and should take into account more effectively the impact of climate change on water resources. A risk-based approach should consist of three components: first, an assessment by the Member State of the hazard associated with the abstraction area ("hazard assessment"), in line with the WHO’s Guidelines and Water Safety Plan Manual77; second, a possibility for the water supplier to adapt monitoring to the main risks ("supply risk assessment"); and third, an assessment by the Member State of the possible risks stemming from domestic distribution systems (e.g. Legionella or lead), with special focus on priority premises ("domestic distribution risk assessment"). Those assessments should be regularly reviewed, inter alia, in response to threats from climate-related extreme weather events, known changes of human activity in the abstraction area or in response to source-related incidents. The risk-based approach ensures a continuous exchange of information between competent authorities, water suppliers and other stakeholders, including those responsible for the pollution source or the risk of pollution. As an exception, the implementation of the risk-based approach should be adapted to the specific constraints of maritime vessels that desalinate water and carry passengers. European flag maritime vessels comply with the international regulatory framework when sailing in international waters. Furthermore, there are particular constraints for the transport and production of water intended for human consumption on board which means that the provisions of this Directive should be adapted accordingly.

_________________

_________________

76 Guidelines for drinking water quality, Fourth Edition, World Health Organisation, 2011 http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/2011/dwq_guidelines/en/index.html

76 Guidelines for drinking water quality, Fourth Edition, World Health Organisation, 2011 http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/2011/dwq_guidelines/en/index.html

77 Water Safety Plan Manual: step-by-step risk management for drinking water suppliers, World Health Organisation, 2009, http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/75141/1/9789241562638_eng.pdf

77 Water Safety Plan Manual: step-by-step risk management for drinking water suppliers, World Health Organisation, 2009, http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/75141/1/9789241562638_eng.pdf

Amendment    17

Proposal for a directive

Recital 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(8a)  Ineffective use of water resources, in particular leakage in the water supply infrastructure, leads to over exploitation of scarce resources of water intended for human consumption. This severely hinders the Member States in reaching the objectives set under Directive 2000/60/EC.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a directive

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  The hazard assessment should be geared towards reducing the level of treatment required for the production of water intended for human consumption, for instance by reducing the pressures causing the pollution of water bodies used for abstraction of water intended for human consumption. To that end, Member States should identify hazards and possible pollution sources associated with those water bodies and monitor pollutants which they identify as relevant, for instance because of the hazards identified (e.g. microplastics, nitrates, pesticides or pharmaceuticals identified under Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council78 ), because of their natural presence in the abstraction area (e.g. arsenic), or because of information from the water suppliers (e.g. sudden increase of a specific parameter in raw water). Those parameters should be used as markers that trigger action by competent authorities to reduce the pressure on the water bodies, such as prevention or mitigating measures (including research to understand impacts on health where necessary), to protect those water bodies and address the pollution source, in cooperation with water suppliers and stakeholders.

(9)  The hazard assessment should take a holistic approach to risk assessment, founded on the explicit aim of reducing the level of treatment required for the production of water intended for human consumption, for instance by reducing the pressures causing the pollution of, or a risk of pollution of, water bodies used for abstraction of water intended for human consumption. To that end, Member States should identify hazard and possible pollution sources associated with those water bodies and monitor pollutants which they identify as relevant, for instance because of the hazard identified (e.g. microplastics, nitrates, pesticides or pharmaceuticals identified under Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council18), because of their natural presence in the abstraction area (e.g. arsenic), or because of information from the water suppliers (e.g. sudden increase of a specific parameter in raw water). In accordance with Directive 2000/60/EC, those parameters should be used as markers that trigger action by competent authorities to reduce the pressure on the water bodies, such as prevention or mitigating measures (including research to understand impacts on health where necessary), to protect those water bodies and address the pollution source or risk, in cooperation with all stakeholders, including those responsible for pollutant or potential pollutant sources. Where a Member State finds, via the hazard assessment, that a parameter is not present in a given abstraction area,for instance because that substance never occurs in groundwaters or surface waters, the Member State should inform the relevant water suppliers and should be able to allow them to decrease the monitoring frequency for that parameter, or remove that parameter from the list of parameters to be monitored, without carrying out a supply risk assessment.

_________________

_________________

78 Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1).

78 Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1).

Amendment    19

Proposal for a directive

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11)  The parametric values used to assess the quality of water intended for human consumption are to be complied with at the point where water intended for human consumption is made available to the appropriate user. However, the quality of water intended for human consumption can be influenced by the domestic distribution system. The WHO notes that, in the Union, Legionella causes the highest health burden of all waterborne pathogens. It is transmitted by warm water systems through inhalation, for instance during showering. It is therefore clearly linked to the domestic distribution system. Since imposing a unilateral obligation to monitor all private and public premises for this pathogen would lead to unreasonably high costs, a domestic distribution risk assessment is therefore more suited to address this issue. In addition, the potential risks stemming from products and materials in contact with water intended for human consumption should also be considered in the domestic distribution risk assessment. The domestic distribution risk assessment should therefore include, inter alia, focusing monitoring on priority premises, assessing the risks stemming from the domestic distribution system and related products and materials, and verifying the performance of construction products in contact with water intended for human consumption on the basis of their declaration of performance in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council79 . The information referred to in Articles 31 and 33 of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council80 is also to be supplied together with the declaration of performance. On the basis of this assessment, Member States should take all necessary measures to ensure, inter alia, that appropriate control and management measures (e.g. in case of outbreaks) are in place, in line with the guidance of the WHO81 , and that the migration from construction products does not endanger human health. However, without prejudice to Regulation (EU) No 305/2011, where these measures would imply limits to the free movement of products and materials in the Union, these limits need to be duly justified and strictly proportionate, and not constitute a means of arbitrary discrimination or a disguised restriction on trade between Member States.

(11)  The parametric values used to assess the quality of water intended for human consumption are to be complied with at the point where water intended for human consumption is made available to the appropriate user. However, the quality of water intended for human consumption can be influenced by the domestic distribution system. The WHO notes that, in the Union, Legionella causes the highest health burden of all waterborne pathogens, in particular Legionella pneumophila, which accounts for most cases of Legionnaires’ disease in the Union. It is transmitted by warm water systems through inhalation, for instance during showering. It is therefore clearly linked to the domestic distribution system. Since imposing a unilateral obligation to monitor all private and public premises for this pathogen would lead to unreasonably high costs and would contravene the principle of subsidiarity, a domestic distribution risk assessment is therefore more suited to address this issue, with a special focus on priority premises. In addition, the potential risks stemming from products and materials in contact with water intended for human consumption should also be considered in the domestic distribution risk assessment. The domestic distribution risk assessment should therefore include, inter alia, focusing monitoring on priority premises, assessing the risks stemming from the domestic distribution system and related products and materials in contact with water intended for human consumption. The information referred to in Articles 31 and 33 of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council20 is also to be supplied together with the declaration of performance. On the basis of this assessment, Member States should take all necessary measures to ensure, inter alia, that appropriate control and management measures (e.g. in case of outbreaks) are in place, in line with the guidance of the WHO21, and that the migration from substances and materials in contact with water intended for human consumption does not endanger human health.

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_________________

79 Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2011 laying down harmonised conditions for the marketing of construction products and repealing Council Directive 89/106/EEC (OJ L 88, 4.4.2011, p. 5).

 

80 Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency, amending Directive 1999/45/EC and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/94 as well as Council Directive 76/769/EEC and Commission Directives 91/155/EEC, 93/67/EEC, 93/105/EC and 2000/21/EC (OJ L 396, 30.12.2006, p. 1).

80 Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency, amending Directive 1999/45/EC and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/94 as well as Council Directive 76/769/EEC and Commission Directives 91/155/EEC, 93/67/EEC, 93/105/EC and 2000/21/EC (OJ L 396, 30.12.2006, p. 1).

81 "Legionella and the prevention of Legionellosis", World Health Organisation, 2007, http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/emerging/legionella.pdf

81 "Legionella and the prevention of Legionellosis", World Health Organisation, 2007, http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/emerging/legionella.pdf

Amendment    20

Proposal for a directive

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  The provisions of Directive 98/83/EC on quality assurance of treatment, equipment and materials did not succeed in addressing obstacles to the internal market when it comes to the free circulation of construction products in contact with water intended for human consumption. National product approvals are still in place, with different requirements from one Member State to another. This renders it difficult and costly for manufacturers to market their products all over the Union. The removal of technical barriers may only be effectively achieved by establishing harmonised technical specifications for construction products in contact with water intended for human consumption under Regulation (EU) No 305/2011. That Regulation allows for the development of European standards harmonising the assessment methods for construction products in contact with water intended for human consumption and for threshold levels and classes to be set in relation to the performance level of an essential characteristic. To that end, a standardisation request specifically requiring standardisation work on hygiene and safety for products and materials in contact with water intended for human consumption under Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 has been included in the 2017 standardisation Work Programme82, and a standard is to be issued by 2018. The publication of this harmonised standard in the Official Journal of the European Union will ensure a rational decision-making for placing or making available on the market safe construction products in contact with water intended for human consumption. As a consequence, the provisions on equipment and material in contact with water intended for human consumption should be deleted, partly replaced by provisions related to the domestic distribution risk assessment and complemented by relevant harmonised standards under Regulation (EU) No 305/2011.

(12)  The provisions of Directive 98/83/EC on quality assurance of treatment, equipment and materials did not succeed in addressing obstacles to the internal market when it comes to the free circulation of construction products in contact with water intended for human consumption or providing sufficient protection with regard to human health. National product approvals are still in place, with different requirements from one Member State to another. This renders it difficult and costly for manufacturers to market their products all over the Union. That situation stems from the fact that there are no minimum European hygiene standards for all products and materials in contact with water intended for human consumption, which is essential for fully ensuring mutual recognition between Member States. The removal of technical barriers and conformity of all products and materials in contact with water intended for human consumption at Union level can, therefore, only be effectively achieved by establishing minimum quality requirements at Union level. As a consequence, those provisions should be strengthened by means of a procedure for harmonisation of such products and materials. That work should draw on the experience gained and advances made by a number of Member States that have been working together for some years, in a concerted effort, to bring about regulatory convergence.

_________________

 

82 SWD(2016) 185 final

 

Amendment    21

Proposal for a directive

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13)  Each Member State should ensure that monitoring programmes are established to check that water intended for human consumption meets the requirements of this Directive. Most of the monitoring carried out for the purposes of this Directive is performed by water suppliers. A certain flexibility should be granted to water suppliers as regards the parameters they monitor for the purposes of the supply risk assessment. If a parameter is not detected, water suppliers should be able to decrease the monitoring frequency or stop monitoring that parameter altogether. The supply risk assessment should be applied to most parameters. However, a core list of parameters should always be monitored with a certain minimum frequency. This Directive mainly sets provisions on monitoring frequency for the purposes of compliance checks and only limited provisions on monitoring for operational purposes. Additional monitoring for operational purposes may be necessary to ensure the correct functioning of water treatment, at the discretion of water suppliers. In that regard, the water suppliers may refer to the WHO's Guidelines and Water Safety Plan Manual.

(13)  Each Member State should ensure that monitoring programmes are established to check that water intended for human consumption meets the requirements of this Directive. Most of the monitoring carried out for the purposes of this Directive is performed by water suppliers but, where necessary, Member States should clarify with which competent authorities the obligations stemming from the transposition of this Directive lie. A certain flexibility should be granted to water suppliers as regards the parameters they monitor for the purposes of the supply risk assessment. If a parameter is not detected, water suppliers should be able to decrease the monitoring frequency or stop monitoring that parameter altogether. The supply risk assessment should be applied to most parameters. However, a core list of parameters should always be monitored with a certain minimum frequency. This Directive mainly sets provisions on monitoring frequency for the purposes of compliance checks and only limited provisions on monitoring for operational purposes. Additional monitoring for operational purposes may be necessary to ensure the correct functioning of water treatment, at the discretion of water suppliers. In that regard, the water suppliers may refer to the WHO's Guidelines and Water Safety Plan Manual.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a directive

Recital 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a)  Given that water suppliers are both fragmented and numerous, encouragement and incentives should be offered for the use of common standards and practice for rapid exchange of data whenever necessary and in any event for the purposes of continuous monitoring. New technologies can boost this dynamic at a modest or, at any rate, reasonable cost, with a view ultimately to providing more information to end-users, both citizens and stakeholders, and improving dynamics between water suppliers. Data exchange should, in addition, help to reduce waste or, as far as possible, keep it within bounds.

Justification

Wider ranging data exchange and facilitation thereof constitute added value, not least in terms of the safety and quality of water for human consumption, and the cost would probably not even be hard to meet. Lastly, data exchange could also be helpful in combating waste.

Amendment    23

Proposal for a directive

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  The risk-based approach should gradually be applied by all water suppliers, including small water suppliers, as the evaluation of Directive 98/83/EC showed deficiencies in its implementation by those suppliers, which were sometimes due to the cost of performing unnecessary monitoring operations. When applying the risk-based approach, security concerns should be taken into account.

(14)  The risk-based approach should be applied by all water suppliers, including small and medium-sized water suppliers, as the evaluation of Directive 98/83/EC showed deficiencies in its implementation by those suppliers, which were sometimes due to the cost of performing unnecessary monitoring operations. When applying the risk-based approach, security concerns and concerns relating to the ‘polluter pays’ principle should be taken into account. For smaller suppliers, the competent authority should support the monitoring operations by providing expert support.

Amendment    24

Proposal for a directive

Recital 14 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14a)  In order to deliver the strongest protection for public health, Member States should ensure a clear and balanced distribution of responsibilities for the application of the risk-based approach in line with their national institutional and legal framework.

Amendment    25

Proposal for a directive

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15)  In the event of non-compliance with the standards imposed by this Directive the Member State concerned should immediately investigate the cause and ensure that the necessary remedial action is taken as soon as possible to restore the quality of the water. In cases where the water supply constitutes a potential danger to human health, the supply of such water should be prohibited or its use restricted. In addition, it is important to clarify that failure to meet the minimum requirements for values relating to microbiological and chemical parameters should automatically be considered by Member States as a potential danger to human health. In cases where remedial action is necessary to restore the quality of water intended for human consumption, in accordance with Article 191(2) of the Treaty, priority should be given to action which rectifies the problem at source.

(15)  In the event of non-compliance with the standards imposed by this Directive the Member State concerned should immediately investigate the cause and ensure that the necessary remedial action is taken as soon as possible to restore the quality of the water. In cases where the water supply constitutes a potential danger to human health, the supply of such water should be prohibited or its use restricted, and citizens who could be affected should be duly informed. In addition, in the event of failure to meet the minimum requirements for values relating to microbiological and chemical parameters, Member States should determine whether exceeding the values constitutes a potential risk to human health. To that end, Member States should take account of, in particular, the extent to which minimum requirements have not been met and the type of parameter concerned. In cases where remedial action is necessary to restore the quality of water intended for human consumption, in accordance with Article 191(2) of the Treaty, priority should be given to action which rectifies the problem at source.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text.

Amendment    26

Proposal for a directive

Recital 15 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15a)  It is important to prevent contaminated water causing a potential danger to human health. Therefore, the supply of such water should be prohibited or its use restricted.

Amendment    27

Proposal for a directive

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  Member States should no longer be authorised to grant derogations from this Directive. Derogations were initially used to allow Member States up to nine years to resolve a non-compliance with a parametric value. This procedure proved to be burdensome for Member States and Commission alike. In addition, in some cases, it led to delays in remedial actions being taken, as the possibility for derogation was considered as a transitional period. The provision on derogations should therefore be deleted. For reasons of protection of human health, when parametric values are exceeded, the provisions related to remedial actions should apply immediately without the possibility of granting a derogation from the parametric value. Derogations granted by Member States pursuant to Article 9 of Directive 98/83/EC and still applicable at the date of entry into force of this Directive should, however, continue to apply until the end of the derogation but should not be renewed.

(16)  Member States should be authorised to grant derogations from this Directive. Derogations were initially used to allow Member States up to nine years to resolve a non-compliance with a parametric value. This procedure has proved to be useful for Member States, given the level of ambition of the Directive. It should be noted, however, that, in some cases, it has led to delays in remedial actions being taken, as the possibility for derogation was sometimes considered to be a transitional period. In the light of the fact, firstly, that the quality parameters in this Directive are to be strengthened and, secondly, that emerging pollutants are being increasingly detected, requiring stepped-up evaluation, monitoring and management actions, it remains, nonetheless, necessary to maintain a derogation procedure that is in keeping with those circumstances, provided that they do not constitute a potential risk to human health and provided that the supply of water intended for human consumption in the area concerned cannot otherwise be maintained by any other reasonable means. The provision in Directive 98/83/EC on derogations should therefore be amended so as to ensure faster and more effective compliance by Member States with the requirements of this Directive. Derogations granted by Member States pursuant to Article 9 of Directive 98/83/EC and still applicable at the date of entry into force of this Directive should continue to apply in accordance with the arrangements laid down by the provisions in force when the derogation was granted.

Amendment    28

Proposal for a directive

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17)  The Commission, in its reply to the European citizens’ initiative ‘Right2Water’ in 201483 , invited Member States to ensure access to a minimum water supply for all citizens, in accordance with the WHO recommendations. It also committed to continue to "improve access to safe drinking water […] for the whole population through environmental policies"84 . This is in line with UN Sustainable Development Goal 6 and the associated target to "achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all". The concept of equitable access covers a wide array of aspects such as availability (due for instance to geographic reasons, lack of infrastructure or the specific situation of certain parts of the populations), quality, acceptability, or financial affordability. Concerning affordability of water, it is important to recall that, when setting water tariffs in accordance with the principle of recovery of costs set out in Directive 2000/60/EC, Member States may have regard to the variation in the economic and social conditions of the population and may therefore adopt social tariffs or take measures safeguarding populations at a socio-economic disadvantage. This Directive deals, in particular, with the aspects of access to water which are related to quality and availability. To address those aspects, as part of the reply to the European citizens' initiative and to contribute to the implementation of Principle 20 of the European Pillar of Social Rights85 that states that "everyone has the right to access essential services of good quality, including water", Member States should be required to tackle the issue of access to water at national level whilst enjoying some discretion as to the exact type of measures to be implemented. This can be done through actions aimed, inter alia, at improving access to water intended for human consumption for all, for instance with freely accessible fountains in cities, and promoting its use by encouraging the free provision of water intended for human consumption in public buildings and restaurants.

(17)  The Commission, in its reply to the European citizens’ initiative ‘Right2Water’ in 201483, invited Member States to ensure access to a minimum water supply for all citizens, in accordance with the WHO recommendations. It also committed to continue to "improve access to safe drinking water […] for the whole population through environmental policies"84. This is in line with Articles 1 and 2 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. This is also in line with UN Sustainable Development Goal 6 and the associated target to "achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all". The concept of equitable access covers a wide array of aspects such as availability (due for instance to geographic reasons, lack of infrastructure or the specific situation of certain parts of the populations), quality, acceptability, or financial affordability. Concerning affordability of water, it is important to recall that, without prejudice to Article 9(4) of Directive 2000/60/EC, when setting water tariffs in accordance with the principle of recovery of costs set out in that Directive, Member States may have regard to the variation in the economic and social conditions of the population and may therefore adopt social tariffs or take measures safeguarding populations at a socio-economic disadvantage. This Directive deals, in particular, with the aspects of access to water which are related to quality and availability. To address those aspects, as part of the reply to the European citizens' initiative and to contribute to the implementation of Principle 20 of the European Pillar of Social Rights25 that states that "everyone has the right to access essential services of good quality, including water", Member States should be required to tackle the issue of affordable access to water at national level whilst enjoying a certain margin of discretion as to the exact type of measures to be implemented. This can be done through actions aimed, inter alia, at improving access to water intended for human consumption for all, for instance by not unjustifiably making water quality requirements more stringent on public-health grounds, which would increase the price of water for citizens, with freely accessible fountains in cities, and promoting its use by encouraging the free provision of water intended for human consumption in public buildings, restaurants, shopping and recreational centres, as well as areas of transit and large footfall such as train stations or airports. Member States should be free to determine the right mix of such instruments with regard to their specific national circumstances.

_________________

_________________

83 COM(2014)177 final

83 COM(2014)177 final

84 COM(2014)177 final, p. 12.

84 COM(2014)177 final, p. 12.

85 Interinstitutional Proclamation on the European Pillar of Social Rights (2017/C 428/09) of 17 November 2017 (OJ C 428, 13.12.2017, p. 10).

85 Interinstitutional Proclamation on the European Pillar of Social Rights (2017/C 428/09) of 17 November 2017 (OJ C 428, 13.12.2017, p. 10).

Amendment    29

Proposal for a directive

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18)  The European Parliament, in its Resolution on the "follow-up to the European citizens’ initiative Right2Water"86 , "requested that Member States should pay special attention to the needs of vulnerable groups in society"87 . The specific situation of minority cultures, such as Roma, Sinti, Travellers, Kalé, Gens du voyage etc., whether sedentary or not – in particular their lack of access to drinking water – was also acknowledged in the Commission Report on the implementation of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies88 and the Council Recommendation on effective Roma integration measures in the Member States89 . In light of that general context, it is appropriate that Member States pay particular attention to vulnerable and marginalised groups by taking the necessary measures to ensure that those groups have access to water. Without prejudice to the right of the Member States to define those groups, they should at least include refugees, nomadic communities, homeless people and minority cultures such as Roma, Sinti, Travellers, Kalé, Gens du voyage, etc., whether sedentary or not. Such measures to ensure access, left to the appreciation of the Member States, might for example include providing alternative supply systems (individual treatment devices), providing water via tankers (trucks and cisterns) and ensuring the necessary infrastructure for camps.

(18)  The European Parliament, in its Resolution on the "follow-up to the European citizens’ initiative Right2Water"86, "requested that Member States should pay special attention to the needs of vulnerable groups in society"87. The specific situation of minority cultures, such as Roma and Travellers, whether sedentary or not – in particular their lack of access to drinking water – was also acknowledged in the Commission Report on the implementation of the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies88 and the Council Recommendation on effective Roma integration measures in the Member States89. In light of that general context, it is appropriate that Member States pay particular attention to vulnerable and marginalised groups by taking the necessary measures to ensure that those groups have access to water. Taking into account the principle of recovery of costs set out in Directive 2000/60/EC, Member States should improve access to water for vulnerable and marginalised groups without jeopardising the supply of universally affordable high-quality water. Without prejudice to the right of the Member States to define those groups, they should at least include refugees, nomadic communities, homeless people and minority cultures such as Roma and Travellers, whether sedentary or not. Such measures to ensure access, left to the appreciation of the Member States, might for example include providing alternative supply systems (individual treatment devices), providing water via tankers (trucks and cisterns) and ensuring the necessary infrastructure for camps. Where local public authorities are made responsible for meeting those obligations, Member States should ensure that they have sufficient financial resources and technical and material capacities and should support them accordingly, by providing expert support for example. In particular, the distribution of water for vulnerable and marginalised groups should not be disproportionately costly for local public authorities.

_________________

_________________

86 P8_TA(2015)0294

86 P8_TA(2015)0294

87 P8_TA(2015)0294, paragraph 62.

87 P8_TA(2015)0294, paragraph 62.

88 COM(2014) 209 final

88 COM(2014) 209 final

89 Council Recommendation (2013/C 378/01) of 9 December 2013 on effective Roma integration measures in the Member States (OJ C 378, 24.12.2013, p. 1).

89 Council Recommendation (2013/C 378/01) of 9 December 2013 on effective Roma integration measures in the Member States (OJ C 378, 24.12.2013, p. 1).

Amendment    30

Proposal for a directive

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  The 7th Environment Action Programme to 2020 ‘Living well, within the limits of our planet’90 , requires that the public have access to clear environmental information at national level. Directive 98/83/EC only provided for passive access to information, meaning that Member States merely had to ensure that information was available. Those provisions should therefore be replaced to ensure that up-to-date information is easily accessible, for instance on a website whose link should be actively distributed. The up-to-date information should not only include results from the monitoring programmes, but also additional information that the public may find useful, such as information on indicators (iron, hardness, minerals, etc.), which often influence consumers' perception of tap water. To that end, the indicator parameters of Directive 98/83/EC that did not provide health-related information should be replaced by on-line information on those parameters. For very large water suppliers, additional information on, inter alia, energy efficiency, management, governance, cost structure, and treatment applied, should also be available on-line. It is assumed that better consumer knowledge and improved transparency will contribute to increasing citizens' confidence in the water supplied to them. This in turn is expected to lead to increased use of tap water, thereby contributing to reduced plastic litter and greenhouse gas emissions, and a positive impact on climate change mitigation and the environment as a whole.

(19)  The 7th Environment Action Programme to 2020 ‘Living well, within the limits of our planet’90, requires that the public have access to clear environmental information at national level. Directive 98/83/EC only provided for passive access to information, meaning that Member States merely had to ensure that information was available. Those provisions should therefore be replaced to ensure that up-to-date information that is comprehensible and relevant to consumers and easily accessible, for instance in a booklet, a website or a smart application. The up-to-date information should not only include results from the monitoring programmes, but also additional information that the public may find useful, such as the outcome of actions taken to monitor water suppliers as regards water quality parameters and information on indicator parameters listed in Part Ba of Annex I. For very large water suppliers, additional information on, inter alia, management, tariff structure and treatment applied, should also be available on-line. The purpose of better consumer knowledge of relevant information and improved transparency should be to increase citizens' confidence in the water supplied to them, as well as in water services, and should lead to an increased use of tap water as drinking water, which could contribute to reduced plastic usage and litter and greenhouse gas emissions, and a positive impact on climate change mitigation and the environment as a whole.

_________________

_________________

90 Decision No 1386/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on a General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 ‘Living well, within the limits of our planet’ (OJ L 354, 28.12.2013, p. 171).

90 Decision No 1386/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on a General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 ‘Living well, within the limits of our planet’ (OJ L 354, 28.12.2013, p. 171).

Amendment    31

Proposal for a directive

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)  For the same reasons, and in order to make consumers more aware of the implications of water consumption, they should also receive information (for instance on their invoice or by smart applications) on the volume consumed, the cost structure of the tariff charged by the water supplier, including variable and fixed costs, as well as on the price per litre of water intended for human consumption, thereby allowing a comparison with the price of bottled water.

(20)  For the same reasons, and in order to make consumers more aware of the implications of water consumption, they should also receive information in an easily accessible manner, for instance on their invoice or by smart application on the volume consumed per year, changes in consumption, a comparison with average household consumption, where such information is available to the water supplier, the structure of the tariff charged by the water supplier, including the distribution of variable and fixed parts of it, as well as on the price per litre of water intended for human consumption, thereby allowing a comparison with the price of bottled water.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a directive

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21)  The principles to be considered in the setting of water tariffs, namely recovery of costs for water services and polluter pays, are set out in Directive 2000/60/EC. However, the financial sustainability of the provision of water services is not always ensured, sometimes leading to under-investment in the maintenance of water infrastructure. With the improvement of monitoring techniques, leakage rates – mainly due to such under-investment – have become increasingly apparent and reduction of water losses should be encouraged at Union level to improve the efficiency of water infrastructure. In line with the principle of subsidiarity, that issue should be addressed by increasing transparency and consumer information on leakage rates and energy efficiency.

(21)  The fundamental principles to be considered in the setting of water tariffs, without prejudice to Article 9(4) of Directive 2000/60/EC, namely recovery of costs for water services and polluter pays, are set out in that Directive. However, the financial sustainability of the provision of water services is not always ensured, sometimes leading to under-investment in the maintenance of water infrastructure. With the improvement of monitoring techniques, leakage levels – mainly due to such under-investment – have become increasingly apparent and reduction of water losses should be encouraged at Union level to improve the efficiency of water infrastructure. In line with the principle of subsidiarity, in order to raise awareness of this issue, the information related to it should be shared in a more transparent way with consumers.

Amendment    33

Proposal for a directive

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22)  Directive 2003/4/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council91 aims at guaranteeing the right of access to environmental information in the Member States in line with the Aarhus Convention. It encompasses broad obligations related both to making environmental information available upon request and actively disseminating such information. Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council92 is also of broad scope, covering the sharing of spatial information, including data-sets on different environmental topics. It is important that provisions of this Directive related to access to information and data-sharing arrangements complement those Directives and do not create a separate legal regime. Therefore, the provisions of this Directive on information to the public and on information on monitoring of implementation should be without prejudice to Directives 2003/4/EC and 2007/2/EC.

(22)  Directive 2003/4/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council91 aims at guaranteeing the right of access to environmental information in the Member States. It encompasses broad obligations related both to making environmental information available upon request and actively disseminating such information. Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council92 is also of broad scope, covering the sharing of spatial information, including data-sets on different environmental topics. It is important that provisions of this Directive related to access to information and data-sharing arrangements complement those Directives and do not create a separate legal regime. Therefore, the provisions of this Directive on information to the public and on information on monitoring of implementation should be without prejudice to Directives 2003/4/EC and 2007/2/EC.

_________________

_________________

91 Directive 2003/4/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2003 on public access to environmental information and repealing Council Directive 90/313/EEC (OJ L 41, 14.2.2003, p. 26).

91 Directive 2003/4/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2003 on public access to environmental information and repealing Council Directive 90/313/EEC (OJ L 41, 14.2.2003, p. 26).

92 Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE) (OJ L 108, 25.4.2007, p. 1).

92 Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE) (OJ L 108, 25.4.2007, p. 1).

Amendment    34

Proposal for a directive

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25)  Pursuant to paragraph 22 of the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making, the Commission should carry out an evaluation of this Directive within a certain period of time from the date set for its transposition. That evaluation should be based on experience gathered and data collected during the implementation of the Directive, on relevant scientific, analytical, epidemiological data, and on any available WHO recommendations.

(25)  Pursuant to paragraph 22 of the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making, the Commission should carry out an evaluation of this Directive within a certain period of time from the date set for its transposition. That evaluation should be based on experience gathered and data collected during the implementation of the Directive, on any available WHO recommendations, and on relevant scientific, analytical and epidemiological data.

Amendment    35

Proposal for a directive

Recital 28

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(28)  In order to adapt this Directive to scientific and technical progress or to specify monitoring requirements for the purposes of the hazard and domestic distribution risk assessments, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty should be delegated to the Commission to amend Annexes I to IV to this Directive. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts. In addition, the empowerment laid down in Annex I, part C, Note 10, of Directive 98/83/EC, to set monitoring frequencies and monitoring methods for radioactive substances has become obsolete due to the adoption of Council Directive 2013/51/Euratom96 and should therefore be deleted. The empowerment laid down in the second subparagraph of part A of Annex III to Directive 98/83/EC concerning amendments of the Directive is no longer necessary and should be deleted.

(28)  In order to adapt this Directive to scientific and technical progress or to specify monitoring requirements for the purposes of the hazard and domestic distribution risk assessments, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty should be delegated to the Commission to amend Annexes I to IV to this Directive, and take measures necessary under the changes set out under Article 10a. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts. In addition, the empowerment laid down in Annex I, part C, Note 10, of Directive 98/83/EC, to set monitoring frequencies and monitoring methods for radioactive substances has become obsolete due to the adoption of Council Directive 2013/51/Euratom96 and should therefore be deleted. The empowerment laid down in the second subparagraph of part A of Annex III to Directive 98/83/EC concerning amendments of the Directive is no longer necessary and should be deleted.

_________________

_________________

96 Council Directive 2013/51/Euratom of 22 October 2013 laying down requirements for the protection of the health of the general public with regard to radioactive substances in water intended for human consumption (OJ L 296, 7.11.2013, p. 12).

96 Council Directive 2013/51/Euratom of 22 October 2013 laying down requirements for the protection of the health of the general public with regard to radioactive substances in water intended for human consumption (OJ L 296, 7.11.2013, p. 12).

Amendment    36

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  This Directive concerns the quality of water intended for human consumption.

1.  This Directive concerns the quality of water intended for human consumption for all in the Union.

Justification

Necessary for reasons related to the internal logic of the text. The introduction of the access to water (Article 13) was not reflected in Article 1 of the COM Proposal.

Amendment    37

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The objective of this Directive shall be to protect human health from the adverse effects of any contamination of water intended for human consumption by ensuring that it is wholesome and clean.

2.  The objective of this Directive shall be to protect human health from the adverse effects of any contamination of water intended for human consumption by ensuring that it is wholesome and clean, and to promote universal access to water intended for human consumption.

Justification

Necessary for reasons related to the internal logic of the text. The introduction of the access to water (Article 13) was not reflected in Article 1 of the COM Proposal.

Amendment    38

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. ‘water intended for human consumption’ shall mean all water either in its original state or after treatment, intended for drinking, cooking, food preparation or production, or other domestic purposes in both public and private premises, regardless of its origin and whether it is supplied from a distribution network, supplied from a tanker or, for spring waters, put in bottles .

1. ‘water intended for human consumption’ shall mean all water either in its original state or after treatment, intended for drinking, cooking, food preparation or production, or for other food purposes, or other domestic purposes in both public and private premises, including food businesses, regardless of its origin and whether it is supplied from a distribution network, supplied from a tanker or put in bottles or containers.

Amendment    39

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  ‘domestic distribution system’ shall mean the pipework, fittings and appliances which are installed between the taps that are normally used for human consumption in both public and private premises and the distribution network but only if they are not the responsibility of the water supplier, in its capacity as a water supplier, according to the relevant national law.

(Does not affect the English version.)

Amendment    40

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  'water supplier' shall mean an entity supplying at least 10 m3 of water intended for human consumption a day as an average.

3.  'water supplier' shall mean a legal entity supplying at least 10 m3 of water intended for human consumption a day as an average.

Amendment    41

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a.  'very small water supplier' shall mean a water supplier supplying less than 50 m3 per day or serving less than 250 people.

Amendment    42

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. 'small water supplier' shall mean a water supplier supplying less than 500 m3 per day or serving less than 5 000 people.

4. 'small water supplier' shall mean a water supplier supplying less than 500 m3 per day or serving less than 2 500 people.

Amendment    43

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.  'medium water supplier' shall mean a water supplier supplying at least 500 m3 per day or serving at least 2 500 people.

Amendment    44

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. 'large water supplier' shall mean a water supplier supplying at least 500 m3 per day or serving at least 5 000 people.

5. 'large water supplier' shall mean a water supplier supplying at least 5 000 m3 per day or serving at least 25 000 people.

Amendment    45

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6. 'very large water supplier' shall mean a water supplier supplying at least 5 000 m3 per day or serving at least 50 000 people.

6. 'very large water supplier' shall mean a water supplier supplying at least 20 000 m3 per day or serving at least 100 000 people.

Amendment    46

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7. 'priority premises' shall mean large premises with many users potentially exposed to water-related risks, such as hospitals, healthcare institutions, buildings with a lodging facility, penal institutions and campgrounds, as identified by Member States.

7. 'priority premises' shall mean large non-household premises with many people, in particular vulnerable people, potentially exposed to water-related risks, such as hospitals, healthcare institutions, retirement homes, schools, universities and other education facilities, crèches and nurseries, sport, recreation, leisure and exhibition facilities, buildings with a lodging facility, penal institutions and campgrounds, as identified by Member States.

Amendment    47

Proposal for a directive

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

8a.  ‘food business’ shall mean a food business as defined in point (2) of Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text. This definition clarifies the meaning of the term in this Directive and ensures consistency with the legislation already in place.

Amendment    48

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  For water used in food businesses for the manufacture, processing, preservation or marketing of products or substances intended for human consumption, only Articles 4, 5, 6 and 11 of this Directive shall apply. However, none of the articles of this Directive shall apply where an operator of a food business can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the competent national authorities that the quality of the water it uses does not affect the hygiene of the products or substances resulting from its activities and that such products or substances comply with Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council1a.

 

________________

 

1a Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs (OJ L 139, 30.4.2004, p. 1).

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    49

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1b.  A producer of water intended for human consumption that is put into bottles or containers shall not be considered a water supplier.

 

Provisions of this Directive shall apply to water intended for human consumption put into bottles or containers insofar as they are not covered by obligations under other Union legislation.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    50

Proposal for a directive

Article 3 – paragraph 1 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1c. Maritime vessels that desalinate water, carry passengers and act as water suppliers shall only be subject to Articles 1 to 7 and 9 to 12 of this Directive and its Annexes.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    51

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  Member States have taken all other measures necessary to comply with the requirements set out in Articles 5 to 12 of this Directive.

(c)  Member States have taken all other measures necessary to comply with the requirements set out:

 

(i)  in Articles 4 to 12 of this Directive for water intended for human consumption supplied to the final consumers from a distribution network or from a tanker;

 

(ii)  in Articles 4, 5 and 6 and Article 11(4) of this Directive for water intended for human consumption put into bottles or containers in a food business;

 

(iii)  in Articles 4, 5, 6 and 11 of this Directive for water intended for human consumption produced and used in a food business for the production, processing and distribution of food.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    52

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Member States shall ensure that the measures taken to implement this Directive in no circumstances have the effect of allowing, directly or indirectly, any deterioration of the present quality of water intended for human consumption or any increase in the pollution of waters used for the production of water intended for human consumption .

2.  Member States shall ensure that the measures taken to implement this Directive adhere fully to the precautionary principle and in no circumstances have the effect of allowing, directly or indirectly, any deterioration of the present quality of water intended for human consumption or any increase in the pollution of waters used for the production of water intended for human consumption .

Justification

The link to theprecautionary principle should be made explicit in this Article as,particularly with the introduction of the risk-based approach, this principleshould underpin the approach to the obligations upon Member States throughoutthis Directive

Amendment    53

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  Member States shall take measures to ensure that competent authorities carry out an assessment of the water leakage levels on their territory and of the potential for improvements in water leakage reduction in the drinking water sector. That assessment shall take into account relevant public health, environmental, technical and economic aspects. Member States shall adopt, by 31 December 2022, national targets to reduce the leakage levels of water suppliers in their territory by 31 December 2030. Member States may provide meaningful incentives to ensure that water suppliers in their territory meet the national targets.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    54

Proposal for a directive

Article 4 – paragraph 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2b.  If a competent authority in charge of the production and distribution of water intended for human consumption hands over the management of all or part of the water production or supply activities to a water supplier, the contract between the competent authority and the water supplier shall specify each party’s responsibilities under this Directive.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    55

Proposal for a directive

Article 5 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Member States shall set values applicable to water intended for human consumption for the parameters set out in Annex I, which shall not be less stringent than the values set out therein.

1.  Member States shall set values applicable to water intended for human consumption for the parameters set out in Annex I.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text.

Amendment    56

Proposal for a directive

Article 5 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  The values set pursuant to paragraph 1 shall not be less stringent than those set out in Parts A, B and Ba of Annex I. As regards the parameters set out in Part Ba of Annex I, the values shall be set only for monitoring purposes and for the sake of ensuring that the requirements set out in Article 12 are met.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text.

Amendment    57

Proposal for a directive

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The Member States shall take all necessary measures to ensure that the treatment agents, the materials, and the disinfection procedures used for disinfection purposes in water supply systems do not adversely affect the quality of water intended for human consumption. Any contamination of water intended for human consumption from the use of such agents, materials and procedures shall be minimised without, however, compromising the effectiveness of the disinfection.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text.

Amendment    58

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The parametric values set in accordance with Article 5 for the parameters listed in Annex I, parts A and B, shall be complied with:

The parametric values set in accordance with Article 5 for the parameters listed in Annex I, parts A, B and C, shall be complied with:

Amendment    59

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  in the case of spring waters , at the point at which the water is put into the bottles.

(c)  in the case of water intended for human consumption put into bottles or containers, at the point at which the water is put into the bottles or containers;

Amendment    60

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca)  in the case of water used in a food business where water is supplied by a water supplier, at the point of delivery in the food business.

Amendment    61

Proposal for a directive

Article 6 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  In the case of water covered by point (a) of paragraph 1, Member States shall be deemed to have fulfilled their obligations under this Article, where it can be established that non-compliance with the parameters provided for in Article 5 is caused by a private distribution system or the maintenance thereof, except as regards priority premises.

Amendment    62

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  a hazard assessment of bodies of water used for the abstraction of water intended for human consumption, in accordance with Article 8;

(a)  a hazard assessment of bodies of water or parts of bodies of water used for the abstraction of water intended for human consumption, carried out by Member States in accordance with Article 8;

Amendment    63

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  a supply risk assessment carried out by the water suppliers for the purposes of monitoring the quality of the water they supply, in accordance with Article 9 and Annex II, part C;

(b)  a supply risk assessment carried out by the water suppliers in each water supply system for the purposes of safeguarding and monitoring the quality of the water they supply, in accordance with Article 9 and Annex II, part C;

Amendment    64

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  Member States may adapt the implementation of the risk-based approach, without compromising the objective of this Directive concerning the quality of water intended for human consumption and the health of consumers, when there are particular constraints due to geographical circumstances such as remoteness or accessibility of water supply zone.

Amendment    65

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1b.  Member States shall ensure a clear and appropriate distribution of responsibilities between stakeholders, as defined by the Member States, for the application of the risk-based approach with regard to the bodies of water used for the abstraction of water intended for human consumption and domestic distribution systems. Such distribution of responsibilities shall be tailored to their institutional and legal framework.

Amendment    66

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Hazard assessments shall be carried out by [3 years after the end-date for transposition of this Directive]. They shall be reviewed every 3 years, and updated where necessary.

2.  Hazard assessments shall be carried out by [3 years after the end-date for transposition of this Directive]. They shall be reviewed every 3 years, taking account of the requirement, provided for in Article 7 of Directive 2000/60/EC, for Member States to identify bodies of water, and updated where necessary.

Amendment    67

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Supply risk assessments shall be carried out by very large water suppliers and large water suppliers by [3 years after the end-date for transposition of this Directive], and by small water suppliers by [6 years after the end-date for transposition of this Directive]. They shall be reviewed at regular intervals of no longer than 6 years, and updated where necessary.

3.  Supply risk assessments shall be carried out by water suppliers by [6 years after the end-date for transposition of this Directive]. They shall be reviewed at regular intervals of no longer than 6 years, and updated where necessary.

Amendment    68

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a.  Pursuant to Articles 8 and 9 of this Directive, Member States shall take the necessary corrective measures under the programmes of measures and river basin management plans provided for in Articles 11 and 13 of Directive 2000/60/EC respectively.

Amendment    69

Proposal for a directive

Article 7 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Domestic distribution risk assessments shall be carried out by [3 years after the end-date for transposition of this Directive]. They shall be reviewed every 3 years, and updated where necessary.

4.  Domestic distribution risk assessments in the premises referred to in Article 10(1) shall be carried out by [3 years after the end-date for transposition of this Directive]. They shall be reviewed every 3 years, and updated where necessary.

Amendment    70

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Hazard assessment of bodies of water used for the abstraction of water intended for human consumption

Hazard assessment, monitoring and management of bodies of water used for the abstraction of water intended for human consumption

Amendment    71

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Without prejudice to Articles 6 and 7 of Directive 2000/60/EC, Member States shall ensure that a hazard assessment is performed covering the bodies of water used for the abstraction of water intended for human consumption that provide more than 10 m3 a day as an average. The hazard assessment shall include the following elements:

1.  Without prejudice to Directive 2000/60/EC, in particular Articles 4 to 8, Member States shall, in cooperation with their competent water authorities, ensure that a hazard assessment is performed covering the bodies of water used for the abstraction of water intended for human consumption that provide more than 10 m3 a day as an average. The hazard assessment shall include the following elements:

Amendment    72

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  identification of and geo-references for all abstraction points in the bodies of water covered by the hazard assessment;

(a)  identification of and geo-references for all abstraction points in the bodies or parts of bodies of water covered by the hazard assessment. Given that the data referred to in this point are potentially sensitive, in particular in the context of public health protection, the Member States shall ensure that such data are protected and communicated only to the relevant authorities;

Amendment    73

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  mapping of the safeguard zones, where those zones have been established in accordance with Article 7(3) of Directive 2000/60/EC, and the protected areas referred to in Article 6 of that Directive;

(b)  mapping of the safeguard zones, where those zones have been established in accordance with Article 7(3) of Directive 2000/60/EC;

Justification

This would go beyond the scope of the Drinking Water Directive in terms of protected areas (nature protection and nutrient sensitive areas are also part of protected areas under Art. 6). Drinking water protected areas have to be identified according to Art. 7, no need for a reference to Art. 6.

Amendment    74

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  identification of hazards and possible pollution sources affecting the bodies of water covered by the hazard assessment. To that end, Member States may use the review of the impact of human activity undertaken in accordance with Article 5 of Directive 2000/60/EC and information on significant pressures collected in accordance with point 1.4 of Annex II to that Directive;

(c)  identification of hazards and possible pollution sources affecting the bodies of water, or parts of bodies of water, covered by the hazard assessment. Such identification of pollution sources shall be regularly updated in accordance with Article 7. To that end, Member States may use the review of the impact of human activity undertaken in accordance with Article 5 of Directive 2000/60/EC and information on significant pressures collected in accordance with point 1.4 of Annex II to that Directive;

Amendment    75

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point d – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  regular monitoring in the bodies of water covered by the hazard assessment of relevant pollutants selected from the following lists:

(d)  regular monitoring in the bodies or parts of bodies of water covered by the hazard assessment of pollutants that are relevant for the water supply and that are selected from the following lists:

Amendment    76

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  other relevant pollutants, such as microplastics, or river basin specific pollutants established by Member States on the basis of the review of the impact of human activity undertaken in accordance with Article 5 of Directive 2000/60/EC and information on significant pressures collected in accordance with point 1.4 of Annex II to that Directive.

(iv)  parameters for monitoring purposes only in Part Ca of Annex I, or other relevant pollutants such as, microplastics, provided that a methodology to measure microplastics as specified in Article 11(5b) is in place, or river basin specific pollutants established by Member States on the basis of the review of the impact of human activity undertaken in accordance with Article 5 of Directive 2000/60/EC and information on significant pressures collected in accordance with point 1.4 of Annex II to that Directive.

Amendment    77

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Very small water suppliers may be exempted from the requirements referred to in points (a), (b) and (c) of this paragraph, provided that the competent authority has prior and up to date documented knowledge of the relevant parameters referred to in those points. This exemption shall be reviewed by the competent authority at least every three years and updated where necessary.

Amendment    78

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Member States shall inform water suppliers using the body of water covered by the hazard assessment of the results of the monitoring carried out under paragraph 1(d) and may, on the basis of those monitoring results:

deleted

(a)  require water suppliers to carry out additional monitoring or treatment of certain parameters;

 

(b)  allow water suppliers to decrease the monitoring frequency of certain parameters, without being required to carry out a supply risk assessment, provided that they are not core parameters within the meaning of Annex II, part B, point 1, and provided that no factor that can be reasonably anticipated is likely to cause deterioration of the quality of the water.

 

Amendment    79

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  In such cases where a water supplier is allowed to decrease the monitoring frequency as referred to in paragraph 2(b), Member States shall continue to regularly monitor those parameters in the body of water covered by the hazard assessment.

deleted

Amendment    80

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 5– subparagraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

On the basis of the information collected under paragraphs 1 and 2 and gathered under Directive 2000/60/EC, Member States shall take the following measures in cooperation with water suppliers and other stakeholders, or ensure that those measures are taken by the water suppliers:

On the basis of the information collected under paragraphs 1 and 2 and gathered under Directive 2000/60/EC, Member States shall take the following measures in cooperation with water suppliers and other stakeholders:

Amendment    81

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 5 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  prevention measures to reduce the level of treatment required and to safeguard the water quality, including measures referred to in Article 11(3)(d) of Directive 2000/60/EC;

(a)  prevention measures to avoid treatment or reduce the level of treatment required and to safeguard the water quality, including measures referred to in Article 11(3)(d) of Directive 2000/60/EC, as well as measures to reduce leakages in the system;

Amendment    82

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 5 – subparagraph 1 – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  ensure that polluters, in cooperation with water suppliers and other relevant stakeholders, take preventive measures to reduce or avoid the level of treatment required and to safeguard the water quality, including measures referred to in point (d) of Article 11(3) of Directive 2000/60/EC as well as additional measures deemed necessary on the basis of the monitoring carried out under point (d) of paragraph 1 of this Article;

Amendment    83

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 5 – subparagraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  mitigating measures, which are considered necessary on the basis of the monitoring carried out under paragraph 1(d), in order to identify and address the pollution source.

(b)  mitigating measures, which are considered necessary on the basis of the monitoring carried out under paragraph 1(d), in order to identify and address the pollution source and avoid any additional treatment, when prevention measures are considered not viable or not effective enough to address the pollution source in a timely manner;

Justification

In some Member States, water operators do not have the legal powers to decide and implement preventive or mitigation measures alone because this power is with the public authorities. To ensure consistency with provisions of Article 7.3 in the Water Framework Directive, preventive measures should be preferred when possible to reduce the level of treatment required.

Amendment    84

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 5 – subparagraph 1 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba)  where measures set out in points (aa) and (b) have not been deemed sufficient to provide adequate protection for human health, require water suppliers to carry out additional monitoring of certain parameters at the point of abstraction or treatment, if strictly necessary to prevent health risks.

Amendment    85

Proposal for a directive

Article 8 – paragraph 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a.  Member States shall inform water suppliers using the body or parts of bodies of water covered by the hazard assessment of the results of the monitoring carried out under point (d) of paragraph 1 and may, on the basis of those monitoring results, and of the information collected under paragraphs 1 and 2 and gathered under Directive 2000/60/EC:

 

(a)  allow water suppliers to decrease the monitoring frequency of certain parameters, or the number of parameters being monitored, without requiring them to carry out a supply risk assessment, provided that the parameters concerned are not core parameters within the meaning of point 1 of Part B of Annex II, and provided that no factor that can be reasonably anticipated is likely to cause deterioration of the quality of the water;

 

(b)  where a water supplier is allowed to decrease the monitoring frequency as referred to in point (a), continue to regularly monitor those parameters in the body of water covered by the hazard assessment.

Amendment    86

Proposal for a directive

Article 9 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Supply risk assessment

Supply risk assessment, monitoring and management

Amendment    87

Proposal for a directive

Article 9 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall ensure that water suppliers perform a supply risk assessment providing for the possibility to adjust the monitoring frequency for any parameter listed in Annex I, parts A and B that are not core parameters according to part B of Annex II, depending on their occurrence in the raw water.

Member States shall ensure that water suppliers perform a supply risk assessment in accordance with Part C of Annex II, providing for the possibility to adjust the monitoring frequency for any parameter listed in Annex I, parts A, B and Ba that are not core parameters according to part B of Annex II, depending on their occurrence in the raw water.

Amendment    88

Proposal for a directive

Article 9 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

For those parameters Member States shall ensure that water suppliers can deviate from the sampling frequencies set out in Annex II, part B, in accordance with the specifications set out in Annex II, part C.

For those parameters Member States shall ensure that water suppliers can deviate from the sampling frequencies set out in Annex II, part B, in accordance with the specifications set out in Part C of Annex II, and depending on their occurrence in the raw water and the treatment set-up.

Amendment    89

Proposal for a directive

Article 9 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

To that end, water suppliers shall be required to take into account the results of the hazard assessment carried out in accordance with Article 8 of this Directive and of the monitoring carried out pursuant to Article 7(1) and Article 8 of Directive 2000/60/EC.

To that end, water suppliers shall take into account the results of the hazard assessment carried out in accordance with Article 8 of this Directive and of the monitoring carried out pursuant to Article 7(1) and Article 8 of Directive 2000/60/EC.

Amendment    90

Proposal for a directive

Article 9 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  Member States may exempt very small water suppliers from paragraph 1, provided that the competent authority has prior and up to date documented knowledge of the relevant parameters and deems there to be no risk to human health as a result of such exemptions, and without prejudice to the authority’s obligations under Article 4.

 

The exemption shall be reviewed by the competent authority every three years or when any new pollution hazard is detected in the catchment area, and updated where necessary.

Amendment    91

Proposal for a directive

Article 9 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Supply risk assessments shall be approved by the competent authorities.

2.  Supply risk assessments shall be the responsibility of the water suppliers who shall ensure that they comply with this Directive. To this end, water suppliers may request the support of competent authorities.

 

Member States may require competent authorities to approve or monitor water suppliers’ supply risk assessments.

Amendment    92

Proposal for a directive

Article 9 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  On the basis of the results of the supply risk assessment carried out pursuant to paragraph 1, Member States shall ensure that water suppliers establish a water safety plan tailored to the risks identified and proportionate to the size of the water supplier. By way of example, that water safety plan may concern the use of materials in contact with water, water treatment products, possible risks stemming from leaking pipes, or measures to adapt to present and future challenges, such as climate change, and shall be further specified by the Member States.

Amendment    93

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Domestic Distribution Risk Assessment

Domestic distribution risk assessment, monitoring and management

Amendment    94

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Member States shall ensure that a domestic distribution risk assessment is performed, comprising the following elements:

1.  Member States shall ensure that a domestic distribution risk assessment is performed in priority premises, comprising the following elements:

Amendment    95

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  an assessment of the potential risks associated with the domestic distribution systems, and with the related products and materials, and whether they affect the quality of water at the point where it emerges from the taps normally used for human consumption, in particular where water is supplied to the public in priority premises;

(a)  an assessment of the potential risks associated with the domestic distribution systems, and with the related products and materials and whether they affect the quality of water at the point where it emerges from the taps normally used for human consumption;

Amendment    96

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point b – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  regular monitoring of the parameters listed in Annex I, part C, in premises where the potential danger to human health is considered highest. Relevant parameters and premises for monitoring shall be selected on the basis of the assessment performed under point (a).

(b)  regular monitoring of the parameters listed in Annex I, part C, in priority premises where specific risks to water quality have been identified during the assessment performed under point (a).

Amendment    97

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point b – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

With regard to the regular monitoring referred to in the first subparagraph, Member States may set up a monitoring strategy focusing on priority premises;

With regard to the regular monitoring, Member States shall ensure access to installations in priority premises for the purposes of sampling and may set up a monitoring strategy, in particular as regards Legionella pneumophila;

Amendment    98

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  a verification of whether the performance of construction products in contact with water intended for human consumption is adequate in relation to the essential characteristics linked to the basic requirement for construction works specified in point 3(e) of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 305/2011.

(c)  a verification of whether the performance of products and materials in contact with water intended for human consumption is adequate in relation to the protection of human health.

Amendment    99

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca)  a verification of whether the materials used are suitable for contact with water intended for human consumption and whether the requirements specified in Article 11 are met.

Amendment    100

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Where Member States consider, on the basis of the assessment carried out under paragraph 1(a), that there is a risk to human health stemming from the domestic distribution system or from the related products and materials, or where monitoring carried out in accordance with paragraph 1(b) demonstrates that the parametric values set out in Annex I, part C, are not met, Member States shall:

2.  Where Member States consider, on the basis of the assessment carried out under paragraph 1(a), that there is a risk to human health stemming from the domestic distribution system in priority premises or from the related products and materials, or where monitoring carried out in accordance with paragraph 1(b) demonstrates that the parametric values set out in Annex I, part C, are not met, Member States shall ensure that appropriate measures are taken to eliminate or reduce the risk of non-compliance with the parametric values set out in Part C of Annex I.

(a)  take appropriate measures to eliminate or reduce the risk of non-compliance with the parametric values set out in Annex I, part C;

 

(b)  take all necessary measures to ensure that the migration of substances or chemicals from construction products used in the preparation or distribution of water intended for human consumption does not, either directly or indirectly, endanger human health;

 

(c)  take other measures, such as appropriate conditioning techniques, in cooperation with water suppliers, to change the nature or properties of the water before it is supplied so as to eliminate or reduce the risk of non-compliance with the parametric values after supply;

 

(d)  duly inform and advise consumers about the conditions of consumption and use of the water and about possible action to avoid the risk from reoccurring;

 

(e)  organise training for plumbers and other professionals dealing with domestic distribution systems and the installation of construction products;

 

(f)  for Legionella, ensure that effective control and management measures in place to prevent and address possible disease outbreaks.

 

Amendment    101

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  With a view to reducing the risks connected to domestic distribution across all the domestic distribution systems, Member States shall:

 

(a)  encourage owners of public and private premises to carry out a domestic distribution risk assessment;

 

(b)  inform consumers and owners of public and private premises about measures to eliminate or reduce the risk of non-compliance with the quality standards for water intended for human consumption due to the domestic distribution system;

 

(c)  duly inform and advise consumers about the conditions of consumption and use of the water and about possible action to avoid the risk from reoccurring;

 

(d)  promote training for plumbers and other professionals dealing with domestic distribution systems and the installation of construction products and materials in contact with water; and

 

(e)  for Legionella, in particular Legionella pneumophila, ensure that effective control and management measures which are proportionate to the risk are in place to prevent and address possible outbreaks of the disease.

Amendment    102

Proposal for a directive

Article 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 10a

 

Minimum hygiene requirements for products, substances and materials in contact with water intended for human consumption

 

1.  Member States shall take all necessary measures to ensure that substances and materials for the manufacture of all new products in contact with water intended for human consumption, placed on the market and used for abstraction, treatment or distribution, or the impurities associated with such substances:

 

(a)  do not directly or indirectly reduce the protection of human health provided for in this Directive;

 

(b)  do not affect the smell or taste of water intended for human consumption;

 

(c)  are not present in water intended for human consumption at a concentration above the level necessary to achieve the purpose for which they are used; and

 

(d)  do not promote microbial growth.

 

2.  For the purposes of ensuring the harmonised application of paragraph 1, by ... [three years after the date of entry into force of this Directive], the Commission shall adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 19 in order to supplement this Directive by laying down the minimum hygiene requirements and the list of substances that are used for production of materials in contact with water intended for human consumption, and are approved in the Union, including specific migration limits and special conditions of use wherever applicable. The Commission shall regularly review and update this list in line with the latest scientific and technological developments.

 

3.  In order to support the Commission in adopting and amending the delegated acts pursuant to paragraph 2, a standing committee shall be set up consisting of representatives appointed by the Member States who may call on the assistance of experts or advisers.

 

4.  Materials in contact with water intended for human consumption, which are covered by other Union legislation, such as Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 of the European Parliament and of Council1a, shall comply with paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article.

 

______________

 

1a Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2011 laying down harmonised conditions for the marketing of construction products and repealing Council Directive 89/106/EEC (OJ L 88, 4.4.2011, p. 5).

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    103

Proposal for a directive

Article 11 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Member States shall take all measures necessary to ensure that regular monitoring of the quality of water intended for human consumption is carried out, in order to check that the water available to consumers meets the requirements of this Directive and in particular the parametric values set in accordance with Article 5. Samples shall be taken so that they are representative of the quality of the water consumed throughout the year. In addition, Member States shall take all measures necessary to ensure that, where disinfection forms part of the preparation or distribution of water intended for human consumption, the efficiency of the disinfection treatment applied is verified, and that any contamination from disinfection by-products is kept as low as possible without compromising the disinfection.

1.  Member States shall take all measures necessary to ensure that regular monitoring of the quality of water intended for human consumption is carried out, in order to check that it meets the requirements of this Directive and in particular the parametric values set in accordance with Article 5. Samples shall be taken so that they are representative of the quality of the water consumed throughout the year. In addition, Member States shall take all measures necessary to ensure that, where disinfection forms part of the preparation or distribution of water intended for human consumption, the efficiency of the disinfection treatment applied is verified, and that any contamination from disinfection by-products is kept as low as possible without compromising the disinfection.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    104

Proposal for a directive

Article 11 – paragraph 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a.  Member States shall communicate to the Commission the results of the monitoring carried out in accordance with the monitoring of parameters listed in Part Ca of Annex I by ... [three years from the date of entry into force of this Directive], and thereafter once a year.

 

The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 19 in order to amend this Directive by updating the substances included on the watch list set out in Part Ca of Annex I. The Commission may decide to add substances where there is a risk of such substances being present in water intended for human consumption and posing a potential risk to human health, but in respect of which scientific knowledge has not demonstrated a risk to human health. To that end, the Commission shall make use in particular of the scientific research of the WHO. The addition of any new substance shall be duly justified under Article 1 of this Directive.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    105

Proposal for a directive

Article 11 – paragraph 5 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5b.  By ... [one year after the date of entry into force of this Directive], the Commission shall adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 19 in order to supplement this Directive by adopting a methodology to measure the microplastics listed in the watch list set out in Part Ca of Annex I.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    106

Proposal for a directive

Article 12 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Member States shall ensure that any failure to meet the parametric values set in accordance with Article 5 is immediately investigated in order to identify the cause.

1.  Member States shall ensure that any failure to meet the parametric values set in accordance with Article 5 at the point of compliance referred to in Article 6 is immediately investigated in order to identify the cause.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    107

Proposal for a directive

Article 12 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

In case of non-compliance with the parametric values set out in Annex I, part C, remedial action shall include the measures set out in points (a) to (f) of Article 10(2).

In case of non-compliance with the parametric values set out in Annex I, part C, remedial action shall include the measures set out in Article 10(2a).

Amendment    108

Proposal for a directive

Article 12 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall automatically consider any failure to meet the minimum requirements for parametric values set out in Annex I, parts A and B, as a potential danger to human health.

Member States shall consider a failure to meet the minimum requirements for parametric values set out in Annex I, parts A and B, as a potential danger to human health, except where the competent authorities consider the non-compliance with the parametric value to be trivial.

Amendment    109

Proposal for a directive

Article 12 – paragraph 4 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  In the cases described in paragraphs 2 and 3, Member States shall as soon as possible take all of the following measures:

4.  In the cases described in paragraphs 2 and 3, where the non-compliance with the parametric values is considered to be a potential danger to human health, Member States shall as soon as possible take all of the following measures:

Amendment    110

Proposal for a directive

Article 12 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The measures referred to in points (a), (b) and (c) shall be taken in cooperation with the water supplier concerned.

Amendment    111

Proposal for a directive

Article 12 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  The competent authorities or other relevant bodies shall decide what action under paragraph 3 shall be taken, bearing in mind the risks to human health which would be caused by an interruption of the supply or a restriction in the use of water intended for human consumption.

5.  Where non-compliance is established at the point of compliance, the competent authorities or other relevant bodies shall decide what action under paragraph 3 shall be taken, bearing in mind the risks to human health which would be caused by an interruption of the supply or a restriction in the use of water intended for human consumption.

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    112

Proposal for a directive

Article 12 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 12a

 

Derogations

 

1.  Member States may provide for derogations from the parametric values set out in Part B of Annex I, or set in accordance with Article 5(2), up to a maximum value to be determined by them, provided that such derogations do not constitute a potential danger to human health and provided that the supply of water intended for human consumption in the area concerned cannot otherwise be maintained by any other reasonable means. Such derogations shall be limited to the following cases:

 

(a)  a new water supply zone;

 

(b)  a new source of pollution detected in a water supply zone or parameters newly searched or detected.

 

Derogations shall be limited to as short a time as possible and shall not exceed three years in duration, towards the end of which period Member States shall conduct a review to determine whether sufficient progress has been made.

 

In exceptional circumstances, a Member State may grant a second derogation in respect of points (a) and (b) of the first subparagraph. Where a Member State intends to grant such a second derogation, it shall communicate the review, along with the grounds for its decision on the second derogation, to the Commission. Such second derogation shall not exceed three years in duration.

 

2.  Any derogation granted in accordance with paragraph 1 shall specify the following:

 

(a)  the grounds for the derogation;

 

(b)  the parameter concerned, previous relevant monitoring results, and the maximum permissible value under the derogation;

 

(c)  the geographical area, the quantity of water supplied each day, the population concerned and whether or not any relevant food-production undertaking would be affected;

 

(d)  an appropriate monitoring scheme, with an increased monitoring frequency where necessary;

 

(e)  a summary of the plan for the necessary remedial action, including a timetable for the work and an estimate of the cost and provisions for reviewing; and

 

(f)  the required duration of the derogation.

 

3.  If the competent authorities consider the non-compliance with the parametric value to be trivial, and if action taken in accordance with Article 12(2) is sufficient to remedy the problem within 30 days, the information provided for in paragraph 2 of this Article need not be specified in the derogation.

 

In that event, only the maximum permissible value for the parameter concerned and the time allowed to remedy the problem shall be set by the competent authorities or other relevant bodies in the derogation.

 

4.  Recourse may no longer be had to paragraph 3, if failure to comply with any one parametric value for a given water supply has occurred on more than 30 days on aggregate during the previous 12 months.

 

5.  Any Member State which has had recourse to the derogations provided for in this Article shall ensure that the population affected by any such derogation is promptly informed in an appropriate manner of the derogation and of the conditions governing it. In addition, the Member State shall, where necessary, ensure that advice is given to particular population groups for which the derogation could present a special risk.

 

The obligations referred to in the first subparagraph shall not apply in the circumstances described in paragraph 3 unless the competent authorities decide otherwise.

 

6.  With the exception of derogations granted in accordance with paragraph 3, a Member State shall inform the Commission within two months of any derogation concerning an individual supply of water exceeding 1 000 m3 a day as an average or serving more than 5 000 people, including the information specified in paragraph 2.

 

7.  This Article shall not apply to water intended for human consumption offered for sale in bottles or containers.

Amendment    113

Proposal for a directive

Article 13 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Without prejudice to Article 9 of Directive 2000/60/EC, Member States shall take all necessary measures to improve access for all to water intended for human consumption and promote its use on their territory. This shall include all of the following measures:

1.  Without prejudice to Article 9 of Directive 2000/60/EC and to the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality, Member States shall, whilst taking into account the local and regional perspectives and circumstances for water distribution, take all necessary measures to improve universal access for all to water intended for human consumption and promote its use on their territory.

(a)  identifying people without access to water intended for human consumption and reasons for lack of access (such as belonging to a vulnerable and marginalised group), assessing possibilities to improve access for those people and informing them about possibilities of connecting to the distribution network or about alternative means to have access to such water;

To this end, Member States shall identify people without access, or with limited access, to water intended for human consumption, including vulnerable and marginalised groups, and reasons for lack of access, assessing possibilities to improve access for those people and informing them clearly about possibilities of connecting to the distribution network or about alternative means to have access to such water.

 

Member States shall also take measures, such as:

(b)  setting up and maintaining outdoors and indoors equipment for free access to water intended for human consumption in public spaces;

(a)  setting up and maintaining outdoor or indoor equipment, including refill points, for free access to water intended for human consumption in public spaces, where doing so proves technically feasible and proportionate in relation to the need for such measures. Such measures shall also take account of specific local conditions, such as climate and geography;

(c)  promoting water intended for human consumption by:

(c)  promoting water intended for human consumption by:

(i)  launching campaigns to inform citizens about the quality of such water;

(i)  launching campaigns to inform citizens about the high quality of tap water;

 

(ia)  launching campaigns to encourage the general public to carry reusable water bottles and launching initiatives to raise awareness of the location of refill points;

(ii)  encouraging the provision of such water in administrations and public buildings;

(ii)  encouraging the provision of such water in administrations and public buildings;

(iii)  encouraging the free provision of such water in restaurants, canteens, and catering services.

(iii)  encouraging the provision of such water for free or for a low service fee, for customers in restaurants, canteens, and catering services.

Amendment    114

Proposal for a directive

Article 13 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

On the basis of the information gathered under paragraph 1(a), Member States shall take all necessary measures to ensure access to water intended for human consumption for vulnerable and marginalised groups.

On the basis of the information gathered under paragraph 1(a), Member States shall take measures that they consider necessary and appropriate to ensure access to water intended for human consumption for vulnerable and marginalised groups.

Amendment    115

Proposal for a directive

Article 13 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  Where obligations under this Article are incumbent on local public authorities under national law, Member States shall ensure that such authorities have the means and resources to ensure access to water intended for human consumption and that any measures in that regard are proportionate to:

 

(i)  the resources of the distribution network concerned;

 

(ii)  the size of the network; and

 

(iii)  the expected benefits.

Amendment    116

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Member States shall ensure that adequate and up-to-date information on water intended for human consumption is available online to all persons supplied, in accordance with Annex IV.

1.  Member States shall ensure that adequate, up-to-date and accessible information on water intended for human consumption is available, online or in other user-friendly ways, to all persons supplied, in accordance with Annex IV, while complying with applicable data protection rules.

Amendment    117

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall ensure that all persons supplied receive regularly and at least once a year, and in the most appropriate form (for instance on their invoice or by smart applications) without having to request it, the following information:

Member States shall ensure that all persons supplied receive regularly and at least once a year, and in the most appropriate and easily accessible form (for instance on their invoice or by smart applications) as determined by the competent authorities, the following information:

Amendment    118

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point a – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  information on the cost structure of the tariff charged per cubic metre of water intended for human consumption, including fixed and variable costs, presenting at least costs related to the following elements:

(a)  where costs are recovered through a tariff system, information on the tariff charged per cubic metre of water intended for human consumption, including the distribution of fixed and variable costs;

Amendment    119

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point a – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  measures taken by water suppliers for the purposes of the hazard assessment pursuant to Article 8(5);

deleted

Amendment    120

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point a – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  treatment and distribution of water intended for human consumption;

deleted

Amendment    121

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point a – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii)  waste water collection and treatment;

deleted

Amendment    122

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point a – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  measures taken pursuant to Article 13, in case such measures have been taken by water suppliers;

deleted

Amendment    123

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  information on the quality of water intended for human consumption, including the indicator parameters;

Amendment    124

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  the price of water intended for human consumption supplied per litre and cubic metre;

(b)  where the costs are recovered through a tariff system, the price of the supply of water intended for human consumption per cubic metre, and the price invoiced per litre; where the costs are not recovered through a tariff system, the total annual costs borne by the water system to ensure compliance with this Directive, accompanied by contextual and relevant information on how water intended for human consumption is supplied to the area;

Amendment    125

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba)  the treatment and distribution of water intended for human consumption;

Amendment    126

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  the volume consumed by the household, at least per year or per billing period, together with yearly trends of consumption;

(c)  the volume consumed by the household, at least per year or per billing period, together with yearly trends of household consumption, if technically feasible and only if this information is available to the water supplier;

Amendment    127

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  comparisons of the yearly water consumption of the household with an average consumption for a household in the same category;

(d)  comparisons of the yearly water consumption of the household with an average consumption for a household, when applicable in accordance with point (c);

Amendment    128

Proposal for a directive

Article 14 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Commission may adopt implementing acts specifying the format of, and modalities to present, the information to be provided under the first subparagraph. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 20(2).

Member States shall set out a clear division of responsibilities with regard to the provision of information under the first subparagraph between water suppliers, stakeholders and competent local bodies. The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 19 supplementing this Directive by specifying the format of, and modalities to present, the information to be provided under the first subparagraph.

Amendment    129

Proposal for a directive

Article 15 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  set up, and update annually thereafter, a data set containing information on drinking water incidents that have caused potential danger to human health, regardless of whether any failure to meet the parametric values occurred, that lasted for more than 10 consecutive days and that affected at least 1 000 people, including the causes of those incidents and remedial actions taken in accordance with Article 12.

(d)  set up, and update annually thereafter, a data set containing information on drinking water incidents that have caused potential risk to human health, regardless of whether any failure to meet the parametric values occurred, that lasted for more than 10 consecutive days and that affected at least 1 000 people, including the causes of those incidents and remedial actions taken in accordance with Article 12.

Amendment    130

Proposal for a directive

Article 15 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  The Commission may adopt implementing acts specifying the format of, and modalities to present, the information to be provided in accordance with paragraphs 1 and 3, including detailed requirements regarding the indicators, the Union-wide overview maps and the Member State overview reports referred to in paragraph 3.

4.  The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 19 supplementing this Directive by specifying the format of, and modalities to present, the information to be provided in accordance with paragraphs 1 and 3, including detailed requirements regarding the indicators, the Union-wide overview maps and the Member State overview reports referred to in paragraph 3.

Amendment    131

Proposal for a directive

Article 15 – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The implementing acts referred to in the first subparagraph shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 20(2).

deleted

Amendment    132

Proposal for a directive

Article 17 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  provisions related to access to water set out in Article 13;

(b)  provisions related to access to water set out in Article 13 and the share of the population without access to water;

Amendment    133

Proposal for a directive

Article 17 – paragraph 2 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  provisions concerning the information to be provided to the public under Article 14 and Annex IV.

(c)  provisions concerning the information to be provided to the public under Article 14 and Annex IV, including a user friendly overview at Union level of the information listed in point 7 of Annex IV..

Amendment    134

Proposal for a directive

Article 17 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  The Commission shall, no later than ... [five years after the final deadline for transposition of this Directive] — and afterwards where appropriate —submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council on the potential threat to sources of water intended for human consumption from microplastics, medicines and, if necessary, other newly occurring pollutants and on the appropriate associated potential health risks. The Commission is empowered to adopt, if necessary, delegated acts in accordance with Article 19 in order to supplement this Directive by establishing maximum levels for microplastics, medicinal products and other newly occurring pollutants in water intended for human consumption.

Justification

It is important to monitor newly occurring substances in drinking water and to be able to introduce parameter values where a health risk is identified. An EU-wide standard approach to setting or deriving maximum levels is necessary to ensure the same level of protection throughout the EU.

Amendment    135

Proposal for a directive

Article 18 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  By ... [five years after the date of entry into force of this Directive], the Commission shall review whether Article 10a has led to a sufficient level of harmonisation of hygienic requirements on materials and products in contact with water intended for human consumption and, if necessary, take further appropriate measures.

Amendment    136

Proposal for a directive

Article 23 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Derogations granted by Member States in accordance with Article 9 of Directive 98/83/EC that are still applicable by [end-date for transposition of this Directive] shall remain applicable until the end of their duration. They may not be renewed further.

2.  Derogations granted by Member States in accordance with Article 9 of Directive 98/83/EC that are still applicable by [end-date for transposition of this Directive] shall remain applicable until the end of their duration.

Amendment    137

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – part A – table

Note

In the case of water intended for human consumption put into bottles or containers, the parameters listed in this Part shall not be tested, except in the case of water intended for human consumption put into bottles or containers from the tap.

Amendment    138

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – part B – table

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Chemical parameters

Parameter

Parametric value

Unit

Notes

Acrylamide

0,10

μg/l

The parametric value refers to the residual monomer concentration in the water as calculated according to specifications of the maximum release from the corresponding polymer in contact with the water.

Antimony

5,0

μg/l

 

Arsenic

10

μg/l

 

Benzene

1,0

μg/l

 

Benzo(a)pyrene

0,010

μg/l

 

Beta-estradiol (50-28-2)

0,001

μg/l

 

Bisphenol A

0,01

μg/l

 

Boron

1,0

mg/l

 

Bromate

10

μg/l

 

Cadmium

5,0

μg/l

 

Chlorate

0,25

mg/l

 

Chlorite

0,25

mg/l

 

Chromium

25

μg/l

The value shall be met, at the latest, by [10 years after the entry into force of this Directive]. The parametric value for chromium until that date is 50 μg/l.

Copper

2,0

mg/l

 

Cyanide

50

μg/l

 

1,2-dichloroethane

3,0

μg/l

 

Epichlorohydrin

0,10

μg/l

The parametric value refers to the residual monomer concentration in the water as calculated according to specifications of the maximum release from the corresponding polymer in contact with the water.

Fluoride

1,5

mg/l

 

Haloacetic acids (HAAs)

80

μg/l

Sum of the following nine representative substances: monochloro-, dichloro-, and trichloro-acetic acid, mono- and dibromo-acetic acid, bromochloroacetic acid, bromodichloroacetic acid, dibromochloroaetic acid and tribromoacetic acid.

Lead

5

μg/l

The value shall be met, at the latest, by [10 years after the entry into force of this Directive]. The parametric value for lead until that date is 10 μg/l.

Mercury

1,0

μg/l

 

Microcystin-LR

10

μg/l

 

Nickel

20

μg/l

 

Nitrate

50

mg/l

Member States shall ensure that the condition [nitrate]/50 + [nitrite]/3 ≤ 1, where the square brackets signify the concentrations in mg/l for nitrate (NO3) and nitrite (NO2), is complied with and that the value of 0,10 mg/l for nitrites is complied with ex water treatment works.

Nitrite

0.50

mg/l

Member States shall ensure that the condition [nitrate]/50 + [nitrite]/3 ≤ 1, where the square brackets signify the concentrations in mg/l for nitrate (NO3) and nitrite (NO2), is complied with and that the value of 0,10 mg/l for nitrites is complied with ex water treatment works.

Nonylphenol

0,3

μg/l

 

Pesticides

0,10

μg/l

‘Pesticides’ means:

 

 

 

organic insecticides,

 

 

 

organic herbicides,

 

 

 

organic fungicides,

 

 

 

organic nematocides,

 

 

 

organic acaricides,

 

 

 

organic algicides,

 

 

 

organic rodenticides

 

 

 

organic slimicides,

 

 

 

related products (inter alia, growth regulators) and their relevant metabolites as defined in Article 3(32) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/20091.

 

 

 

The parametric value applies to each individual pesticide.

 

 

 

In the case of aldrin, dieldrin, heptachlor and heptachlor epoxide, the parametric value is 0,030 μg/l. 

Pesticides — Total

0,50

μg/l

‘Pesticides — Total’ means the sum of all individual pesticides, as defined in the previous row, detected and quantified in the monitoring procedure.

PFAS

0,10

μg/l

'PFAS' means each individual per- and polyfluoroalkyl substance (chemical formula: CnF2n+1−R).

PFASs - Total

0,50

μg/l

'PFASs Total' means the sum of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (chemical formula: CnF2n+1−R).

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

0,10

μg/l

Sum of concentrations of the following specified compounds: benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, benzo(ghi)perylene, and indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene.

Selenium

10

μg/l

 

Tetrachloroethene and trichloroethene

10

μg/l

Sum of concentrations of specified parameters

Trihalomethanes — Total

100

μg/l

Where possible, without compromising disinfection, Member States shall strive for a lower value.

 

 

 

Sum of concentrations of the following specified compounds: chloroform, bromoform, dibromochloromethane, bromodichloromethane.

Uranium

30

μg/l

 

Vinyl chloride

0,50

μg/l

The parametric value refers to the residual monomer concentration in the water as calculated according to specifications of the maximum release from the corresponding polymer in contact with the water.

__________________

1. Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and repealing Council Directives 79/117/EEC and 91/414/EEC (OJ L 309 24.11.2009, p. 1).

 

Amendment

Chemical parameters

Parameter

Parametric value

Unit

Notes

Acrylamide

0,10

μg/l

The parametric value refers to the residual monomer concentration in the water as calculated according to specifications of the maximum release from the corresponding polymer in contact with the water.

Antimony

5,0

μg/l

 

Arsenic

10

μg/l

 

Benzene

1,0

μg/l

 

Benzo(a)pyrene

0,010

μg/l

 

Beta-estradiol (50-28-2)

0,001

μg/l

 

Bisphenol A

0,1

μg/l

 

Boron

1,0

mg/l

 

Bromate

10

μg/l

 

Cadmium

5,0

μg/l

 

Chlorate

0,25

mg/l

 

Chlorite

0,25

mg/l

 

Chromium

25

μg/l

The value shall be met, at the latest, by [10 years after the entry into force of this Directive]. The parametric value for chromium until that date is 50 μg/l.

Copper

2,0

mg/l

 

Cyanide

50

μg/l

 

1,2-dichloroethane

3,0

μg/l

 

Epichlorohydrin

0,10

μg/l

The parametric value refers to the residual monomer concentration in the water as calculated according to specifications of the maximum release from the corresponding polymer in contact with the water.

Fluoride

1,5

mg/l

 

Haloacetic acids (HAAs)

80

μg/l

Sum of the following nine representative substances: monochloro-, dichloro-, and trichloro-acetic acid, mono- and dibromo-acetic acid, bromochloroacetic acid, bromodichloroacetic acid, dibromochloroaetic acid and tribromoacetic acid.

Lead

5

μg/l

The value shall be met, at the latest, by [10 years after the entry into force of this Directive]. The parametric value for lead until that date is 10 μg/l.

Mercury

1,0

μg/l

 

Microcystin-LR

10

μg/l

 

Nickel

20

μg/l

 

Nitrate

50

mg/l

Member States shall ensure that the condition [nitrate]/50 + [nitrite]/3 ≤ 1, where the square brackets signify the concentrations in mg/l for nitrate (NO3) and nitrite (NO2), is complied with and that the value of 0,10 mg/l for nitrites is complied with ex water treatment works.

Nitrite

0.50

mg/l

Member States shall ensure that the condition [nitrate]/50 + [nitrite]/3 ≤ 1, where the square brackets signify the concentrations in mg/l for nitrate (NO3) and nitrite (NO2), is complied with and that the value of 0,10 mg/l for nitrites is complied with ex water treatment works.

Nonylphenol

0,3

μg/l

 

Pesticides

0,10

μg/l

‘Pesticides’ means:

 

 

 

organic insecticides,

 

 

 

organic herbicides,

 

 

 

organic fungicides,

 

 

 

organic nematocides,

 

 

 

organic acaricides,

 

 

 

organic algicides,

 

 

 

organic rodenticides

 

 

 

organic slimicides,

 

 

 

related products (inter alia, growth regulators) and their relevant metabolites as defined in Article 3(32) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/20091.

 

 

 

The parametric value applies to each individual pesticide.

 

 

 

In the case of aldrin, dieldrin, heptachlor and heptachlor epoxide, the parametric value is 0,030 μg/l. 

Pesticides — Total

0,50

μg/l

‘Pesticides — Total’ means the sum of all individual pesticides, as defined in the previous row, detected and quantified in the monitoring procedure.

PFAS

0,10

μg/l

'PFAS' means each individual per- and polyfluoroalkyl substance (chemical formula: CnF2n+1−R).

PFASs - Total

0,30

μg/l

'PFASs Total' means the sum of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (chemical formula: CnF2n+1−R).

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

0,10

μg/l

Sum of concentrations of the following specified compounds: benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(k)fluoranthene, benzo(ghi)perylene, and indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene.

Selenium

10

μg/l

 

Tetrachloroethene and trichloroethene

10

μg/l

Sum of concentrations of specified parameters

Trihalomethanes — Total

100

μg/l

Where possible, without compromising disinfection, Member States shall strive for a lower value.

 

 

 

Sum of concentrations of the following specified compounds: chloroform, bromoform, dibromochloromethane, bromodichloromethane.

Uranium

30

μg/l

 

Vinyl chloride

0,50

μg/l

The parametric value refers to the residual monomer concentration in the water as calculated according to specifications of the maximum release from the corresponding polymer in contact with the water.

__________________

1. Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and repealing Council Directives 79/117/EEC and 91/414/EEC (OJ L 309 24.11.2009, p. 1).

Justification

The changed value for BPA in this amendment seeks to correct a typing mistake made by the Commission in transposing the WHO recommendations.

Amendment    139

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – Part B a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

 

 

 

 

 

Amendment

Indicator parameters

Parameter

Parametric value

Unit

Notes

Aluminium

200

μg/l

 

Ammonium

0,50

mg/l

 

Chloride

250

mg/l

Note 1

Colour

Acceptable to consumers and no abnormal change

 

 

Conductivity

2 500

μS cm-1 at 20°C

Note 1

Hydrogen ion concentration

≥ 6,5 and ≤ 9,5

pH units

Notes 1 and 3

Iron

200

μg/l

 

Manganese

50

μg/l

 

Odour

Acceptable to consumers and no abnormal change

 

 

Sulphates

250

mg/l

Note 1

Sodium

200

mg/l

 

Taste

Acceptable to consumers and no abnormal change

 

 

Colony count at 22°C

No abnormal change

 

 

Coliform bacteria

0

Number/100 ml

 

Total organic carbon (TOC)

No abnormal change

 

 

Turbidity

Acceptable to consumers and no abnormal change

 

 

Note 1:

The water should not be aggressive.

Note 2:

This parameter need not be measured unless the water originates from or is influenced by surface water. In the event of non-compliance with this parametric value, the Member State concerned shall investigate the supply to ensure that there is no potential danger to human health arising from the presence of pathogenic micro-organisms, e.g. cryptosporidium.

Note 3:

For still water put into bottles or containers, the minimum value may be reduced to 4,5 pH units.

For water put into bottles or containers which is naturally rich in or artificially enriched with carbon dioxide, the minimum value may be lower.

Amendment    140

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – Part C

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Parameters relevant for the domestic distribution risk assessment

Parameter

Parametric value

Unit

Notes

Legionella

< 1 000

Number/l

If the parametric value <1 000/l is not met for Legionella, resampling for Legionella pneumophila shall be done. If Legionella pneumophila is not present, the parametric value for Legionella is <10 000/l.

Lead

5

μg/l

The value shall be met, at the latest, by ... [ten years after the date of entry into force of this Directive]. The parametric value for lead until that date is 10 μg/l.

 

Amendment

Parameters relevant for the domestic distribution risk assessment

Parameter

Parametric value

Unit

Notes

Legionella pneumophila

< 1 000

Number/l

 

Legionella

< 10 000

Number/l

If Legionella pneumophila, whose parametric value is < 1 000/l, is not present, the parametric value for Legionella shall be <10 000/l.

Lead

5

μg/l

The value shall be met, at the latest, by ... [ten years after the date of entry into force of this Directive]. The parametric value for lead until that date shall be 10 μg/l.

Amendment    141

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – Part C a (new)

Microplastics

The monitoring shall be carried out in accordance with the methodology for measuring microplastics laid down in the delegated act referred to in Article 11(5b)

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    142

Proposal for a directive

Annex II – part B – point 1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Escherichia coli (E. coli), Clostridium perfringens spores, and somatic coliphages are considered 'core parameters' and may not be subject to a supply risk assessment in accordance with part C of this Annex. They shall always be monitored at the frequencies set out in Table 1 of point 2.

Escherichia coli (E. coli) and enterococci are considered 'core parameters' and may not be subject to a supply risk assessment in accordance with part C of this Annex. They shall always be monitored at the frequencies set out in Table 1 of point 2.

Amendment    143

Proposal for a directive

Annex II – part B – point 2 – table 1

Volume (m3) of water distributed or produced each day within a supply zone

Minimum number of samples per year

≤ 100

10a

> 100      ≤ 1 000

10a

> 1 000    ≤ 10 000

50b

> 10 000    ≤ 100 000

365

> 100 000

365

 

Amendment

Table 1

Minimum frequency of sampling and analysis for compliance monitoring

Volume (m3) of water distributed or produced each day within a supply zone

Minimum number of samples per year – core parameters

Minimum number of samples per year – non-core parameters

≤ 100

6

2

> 100

≤ 1 000

12

3

> 1000

≤ 5000

24

4

> 5000

≤ 10 000

52

5

> 10 000

≤ 50 000

104

6

> 50 000

≤ 100 000

208

6

 

 

 

+ 1

 

 

 

for each 25 000 m3/d and part thereof of the total volume

> 100 000

365

12

 

 

+1

 

 

for each 25 000 m3/d and part thereof of the total volume

Amendment    144

Proposal for a directive

Annex II – part D – point 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  samples for Legionella in domestic distribution systems shall be taken at risk points for proliferation of and/or exposure to Legionella pneumophila. Member States shall establish guidelines for sampling methods for Legionella;

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    145

Proposal for a directive

Annex II a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Minimum hygiene requirements for substances and materials for the manufacture of new products coming into contact with water intended for human consumption:

 

(a)  a list of substances approved for use in the manufacture of materials, including, but not limited to, organic materials, elastomers, silicones, metals, cement, ion exchange resins and composite materials, and products made therefrom.

 

(b)  specific requirements for the use of substances in materials and products made therefrom.

 

(c)  specific restrictions on the migration of certain substances into water intended for human consumption.

 

(d)  hygiene rules regarding other properties required for compliance.

 

(e)  basic rules to verify compliance with points (a) to (d).

 

(f)  rules concerning sampling and analysis methods to verify compliance with points (a) to (d).

Justification

Necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text and for more clarity.

Amendment    146

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

INFORMATION TO THE PUBLIC TO BE PROVIDED ONLINE

INFORMATION TO THE PUBLIC

Amendment    147

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The following information shall be accessible to consumers on-line in a user-friendly and customized way:

The following information shall be accessible to consumers on-line or in equally user-friendly and customized ways:

Amendment    148

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1)  identification of the relevant water supplier;

(1)  identification of the relevant water supplier, the area and number of people supplied, and the method of water production;

Amendment    149

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 2 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2)  the most recent monitoring results for parameters listed in Annex I, parts A and B, including frequency and location of sampling points, relevant to the area of interest to the person supplied, together with the parametric value set in accordance with Article 5. The monitoring results must not be older than:

(2)  a review of the most recent monitoring results per water supplier, for parameters listed in Annex I, parts A , B and Ba , including frequency relevant to the area of interest to the person supplied, together with and the parametric value set in accordance with Article 5.The monitoring results must not be older than:

Amendment    150

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  in case of exceedance of the parametric values set in accordance with Article 5, information on the potential danger to human health and the associated health and consumption advice or a hyperlink providing access to such information;

(3)  in case of potential danger to human health as determined by competent authorities following an exceedance of the parametric values set in accordance with Article 5, information on the potential danger to human health and the associated health and consumption advice or a hyperlink providing access to such information;

Amendment    151

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)  a summary of the relevant supply risk assessment;

deleted

Amendment    152

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  information on the following indicator parameters and associated parametric values:

(5)  information on the indicator parameters listed in part Ba of Annex 1 and associated parametric values;

(a)  Colour;

 

(b)  pH (Hydrogen ion concentration);

 

(c)  Conductivity;

 

(d)  Iron;

 

(e)  Manganese;

 

(f)  Odour;

 

(g)  Taste;

 

(h)  Hardness;

 

(i)  Minerals, anions/cations dissolved in water:

 

  Borate BO3-

 

  Carbonate CO32-

 

  Chloride Cl-

 

  Fluoride F-

 

  Hydrogen Carbonate HCO3-

 

  Nitrate NO3-

 

  Nitrite NO2-

 

  Phosphate PO43-

 

  Silicate SiO2

 

  Sulphate SO42-

 

  Sulphide S2-

 

  Aluminium Al

 

  Ammonium NH4+

 

  Calcium Ca

 

  Magnesium Mg

 

  Potassium K

 

  Sodium Na

 

Those parametric values and other non-ionised compounds and trace elements may be displayed with a reference value and/or an explanation;

 

Amendment    153

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  advice to consumers including on how to reduce water consumption;

(6)  advice to consumers including on how to reduce water consumption where appropriate and use water responsibly according to local conditions;

Amendment    154

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  for very large water suppliers, annual information on:

(7)  for large and very large water suppliers, annual information on:

Amendment    155

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 7 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  the overall performance of the water system in terms of efficiency, including leakage rates and energy consumption per cubic meter of delivered water;

(a)  the overall performance of the water system in terms of efficiency, including leakage levels as determined by the Member States;

Amendment    156

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 7 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  information on management and governance of the water supplier, including the composition of the board;

(b)  information on management model and the ownership structure of the water supply by the water supplier

Amendment    157

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 7 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  information on the cost structure of the tariff charged to consumers per cubic meter of water, including fixed and variable costs, presenting at least costs related to energy use per cubic meter of delivered water, measures taken by water suppliers for the purposes of the hazard assessment pursuant to Article 8(4), treatment and distribution of water intended for human consumption, waste water collection and treatment, and costs related to measures for the purposes of Article 13, where such measures have been taken by water suppliers;

(d)  where costs are recovered through a tariff system, information on the structure of the tariff per cubic meter of water, including fixed and variable costs as well as costs related to measures taken by water suppliers for the purposes of the hazard assessment pursuant to Article 8(4), treatment and distribution of water intended for human consumption, and costs related to measures for the purposes of Article 13, where such measures have been taken by water suppliers;

Amendment    158

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 7 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  the amount of investment considered necessary by the supplier to ensure the financial sustainability of the provision of water services (including maintenance of infrastructure) and the amount of investment actually received or recouped;

(e)  the amount of investment undertaken, under way and planned, as well as the financing plan;

Amendment    159

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 7 – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g)  summary and statistics of consumer complaints, and of timeliness and adequacy of responses to problems;

(g)  summary and statistics of consumer complaints, and how they are resolved;

Amendment    160

Proposal for a directive

Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  access to historical data for information under points (2) and (3), dating back up to 10 years, upon request.

(8)  access to historical data for information under points (2) and (3), dating back up to 10 years, and not earlier than the date of transposition of this Directive upon request.

(1)

Not yet published in the Official Journal.

(2)

Not yet published in the Official Journal.

(3)

OJ C 77, 28.3.2002, p. 1.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Access to high quality drinking water remains an important issue for EU citizens and one which affects their daily lives, their health and their activities. The Drinking Water Directive is one of the pillars of current EU water legislation. Initially drafted at the end of the 1980s, today this text ensures a compliance rate of over 99 % with regard to high-quality water supply in the EU. However, Directive 98/83/EC has been in force for 20 years and has not undergone any significant recasts since then. This revised directive thus aims to align drinking water quality standards with the most up-to-date scientific data and to adapt the legislative framework in order better to meet new challenges, such as climate change and the transition to a circular economy.

In its REFIT evaluation, the Commission identified four areas with room for improvement, namely the list of parameters, the use of a risk-based approach, the need for greater transparency and consumer access to information on the water they consume and lastly, the materials which come into contact with drinking water. Your rapporteur fully supports these priorities and proposes a number of amendments as summarised below.

Updating drinking water quality parameters

The quality parameters set out in Annex I are the cornerstone of this directive. They set the level of ambition of the text in order to achieve its very purpose, namely the quality of water for human consumption. The parameters have not been revised in depth since 1998, which prompted the European office of the World Health Organisation (WHO) to issue some recommendations with a view to updating the list of parameters and parametric values laid down in Directive 98/83/EC. While your rapporteur endorses the Commission’s approach incorporating most of the WHO recommendations for updating the list of parameters, he does not support the proposals to adopt a stricter framework for several parameters in accordance with the precautionary principle. Based as they are on the most comprehensive scientific state of the art, the WHO recommendations on water for human consumption provide the necessary human health safeguards. However, the setting of stricter parametric values for some substances, without any broad scientific consensus, would entail higher costs for all drinking water operators, starting with water suppliers which might carry out additional treatment. On the other hand, the introduction of values for new parameters, as proposed by the Commission (e.g. endocrine disruptors and microplastics), raises two issues. Firstly, since these values are based on environmental criteria, it is doubtful whether they are relevant in terms of their application to a text concerning human health. Endocrine disruptors are a case in point. Secondly, despite the growing interest they are arousing, research on microplastics is still at an early stage. In the absence of any firm evidence and of an analytical method validated by the scientific community, in your rapporteur’s view this parameter should not be added to the text. Applying the precautionary principle and in keeping with the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC), he proposes introducing a list of parameters that should be placed on a ‘watch list’ in order to contribute to the improvement of scientific knowledge and anticipate the management of emerging pollutants.

Letting Member States retain responsibility for compliance with water quality standards

Once ambitious quality standards have been established, compliance with those standards is a prerequisite for achieving the purpose of this directive in practice. Since it is an EU directive, and in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, your rapporteur believes that Member States should retain responsibility for enforcing these minimum quality requirements. To that end, he wishes to make the Member States responsible, in particular through their national drinking water authorities, for assessing the risks to human health in the event of non-compliance with the parametric values. Should those values be exceeded, this does not constitute per se a potential risk to human health. That depends on the type of parameter concerned (whether or not it is a basic parameter) and the level of non-compliance.

Furthermore, your rapporteur takes the view that the derogations should be maintained, whilst adapting them to circumstances and encouraging swifter, more effective compliance by Member States. This revised directive is very ambitious and takes a new (risk-based) approach which warrants a necessary period of adjustment for Member States and for water suppliers. Removing the option to use derogations could have a counter-productive effect, by encouraging water suppliers to prioritise curative treatments to the detriment of prevention measures. That would run counter to the rationale behind the risk-based approach.

A complete risk-based approach

Partially introduced in the 2015 revision, on a non-binding basis, the complete risk-based approach as proposed by the Commission on the basis of WHO recommendations is fully endorsed by your rapporteur. This will mean better water management to prevent the risk of pollution as early as possible and thus avoid or reduce the treatment of water intended for human consumption at the end of the chain. Several adjustments are deemed necessary.

First of all, the sharing of responsibilities between the various stakeholders responsible for water (the state, competent authorities, water suppliers, those responsible for pollution or the risk of pollution, citizens) could be clarified, in particular in Articles 7 to 10 of the draft revision. Accordingly, the risk-based approach should be applied in the light of the subsidiarity, precautionary and ‘polluter pays’ principles.

The dovetailing of the draft directive with other EU legislation in the field of water policy could also be improved. The implementation of the risk-based approach is closely linked to the objectives and provisions of the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC), in particular with regard to the hazard assessment and potential sources of pollution. As regards the implementation of the hazard assessment and risk management for the bodies of water used for the abstraction of water intended for human consumption, this could be somewhat clarified to ensure appropriate synergy between the two directives and avoid overlapping.

The implementation of the risk-based approach should also be proportional to the size and resources of water suppliers. This will substantially alter the way in which water suppliers operate. It will involve investments in infrastructure and will generate new operational costs, which have not been adequately taken into account in the Commission’s impact assessment. One example of this is the cost of sampling for the monitoring of water quality. Your rapporteur thus proposes a number of adaptation measures for small and medium-scale water suppliers whose resources are more limited.

While your rapporteur agrees with the finding that a number of health problems relating to water intended for human consumption are linked to domestic distribution systems (in buildings), which calls for fresh measures, he takes the view that the Commission proposal is not fully consistent with the subsidiarity principle. In particular, the measures relating to risk assessment across all domestic distribution networks appear to encroach upon the prerogatives of the Member States.

Your rapporteur supports an ambitious approach when it comes to priority premises accessed by large numbers of people or sensitive groups of individuals (government departments, schools, hospitals, etc.). For the rest, and for most domestic distribution systems, your rapporteur believes that greater information should be given to consumers and building owners, to encourage those responsible to take the necessary measures.

Harmonisation of materials and products that come into contact with water

The provisions of Directive 98/83/EC concerning the equipment and materials that come into contact with water did not succeed in removing the obstacles to the internal market. Mutual recognition between Member States does not work. This is due, in particular, to the lack of minimum hygiene requirements for such products and materials. Doubts have been raised as to how this directive dovetails with Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 on construction materials. The latter does not cover all products and materials in contact with water and does not enable minimum quality requirements to be established, that being a prerequisite for fully ensuring mutual recognition between Member States. Uncertainties also remain with regard to the scope and time frame of the mandate given to the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN).

In order to remove these obstacles and ensure the safety of products and materials in contact with water, your rapporteur prefers to take an approach geared to harmonisation and the establishment of minimum quality standards. This work should draw on the relevant experience gained and advances made by a number of Member States.

Access to water for all

This new article is an important step forward and is based on the goal of achieving universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all and on the European Citizens’ Initiative ‘Right2Water’. Your rapporteur supports this and proposes several adjustments to ensure that this provision complies with the principle of subsidiarity and proportionality. First of all, he believes that the provisions of the directive should prioritise access to high-quality and affordable water for all and thus avoid any unnecessary and unjustified safety measures which might increase the price of water for all consumers.

In accordance with the principle of cost recovery under Directive 2000/60/EC, according to which ‘water pays for water’, your rapporteur also takes the view that the provisions of this article should not lead to disproportionate costs for the local government authorities in charge of water, which would have a knock-on effect on consumers’ water bills. Accordingly, a number of measures should be encouraged at Member State level.

Transparency and information for consumers

Transparency concerning water quality information and how it is provided to consumers is likely to encourage water operators to make every effort to meet their obligations in this area. In your rapporteur’s view, such information is necessary, provided that it is comprehensible, relevant and easily accessible to consumers. Furthermore, public information should not be implemented in such a way as to reduce public confidence in water intended for human consumption.


ANNEX: LETTER FROM THE COMMITTEE ON LEGAL AFFAIRS

D(2018)19076

Ms Adina-Ioana VĂLEAN

Chair, Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

ASP 13E102

Brussels

Subject:  Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the quality of water intended for human consumption (recast)

COM(2017)0753 - C8-0019/2018 - 2017/0332 (COD)

Dear Chair,

The Committee on Legal Affairs has examined the proposal referred to above, pursuant to Rule 104 on Recasting, as introduced into the Parliament's Rules of Procedure.

Paragraph 3 of that Rule reads as follows:

“If the committee responsible for legal affairs considers that the proposal does not entail any substantive changes other than those identified as such in the proposal, it shall inform the committee responsible for the subject matter thereof.

In such a case, over and above the conditions laid down in Rules 169 and 170, amendments shall be admissible within the committee responsible for the subject-matter only if they concern those parts of the proposal which contain changes.

However, amendments to parts of the proposal which remain unchanged may, by way of exception and on a case-by-case basis, be accepted by the Chair of the committee responsible for the subject matter if he or she considers that this is necessary for pressing reasons relating to the internal logic of the text or because the amendments are inextricably linked to other admissible amendments. Such reasons must be stated in a written justification to the amendments.”

Following the opinion of the Consultative Working Party of the legal services of the Parliament, the Council and the Commission, which has examined the recast proposal, and in keeping with the recommendations of the rapporteur, the Committee on Legal Affairs considers that the proposal in question does not include any substantive changes other than those identified as such in the proposal and that, as regards the codification of the unchanged provisions of the earlier acts with those changes, the proposal contains a straightforward codification of the existing texts, without any change in their substance.

In conclusion, at its meeting of 15 May 2018, the Committee on Legal Affairs, unanimously(1), recommends that the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, can proceed to examine the above proposal in accordance with Rule 104.

Yours sincerely,

Pavel Svoboda

(1)

The following Members were present: Max Andersson, Joëlle Bergeron, Dominique Bilde, Marie-Christine Boutonnet, Jean-Marie Cavada, Kostas Chrysogonos, Mady Delvaux, Geoffroy Didier, Pascal Durand, Rosa Estaràs Ferragut, Enrico Gasbarra, Lidia Joanna Geringer de Oedenberg, Jytte Guteland, Heidi Hautala, Sylvia-Yvonne Kaufmann, António Marinho e Pinto, Emil Radev, Virginie Rozière, Pavel Svoboda, József Szájer, Axel Voss, Francis Zammit Dimech.


ANNEX: OPINION OF THE CONSULTATIVE WORKING PARTY OF THE LEGAL SERVICES OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE COMMISSION

 

 

 

CONSULTATIVE WORKING PARTY

OF THE LEGAL SERVICES

Brussels, 02.05.2018

OPINION

FOR THE ATTENTION OF  THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

          THE COUNCIL

          THE COMMISSION

Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the quality of water intended for human consumption (recast)

COM(2017) 753 final of 1.2.2018 - 2017/0332 (COD)

Having regard to the Inter-institutional Agreement of 28 November 2001 on a more structured use of the recasting technique for legal acts, and in particular to point 9 thereof, the Consultative Working Party consisting of the respective legal services of the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission met on 19 March 2018 for the purpose of examining the aforementioned proposal submitted by the Commission.

At that meeting(1), an examination of the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council recasting Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption resulted in the Consultative Working Party’s establishing, by common accord, that the following should have been marked with the grey-shaded type generally used for identifying substantive changes:

- the deletion of recital 18 of Directive 98/83/EC;

- the deletion of the first sentence of recital 26 of Directive 98/83/EC (‘Whereas it is important to prevent contaminated water causing a potential danger to human health‘);

- in Article 12(3), the replacement of the word 'or' with the word 'and';

- in Article 18(1), first subparagraph, the deletion of the final words 'under the procedure laid down in Article 189c of the Treaty';

- in point 1(b) of Part A of Annex II, the replacement of the words 'to demonstrate that the obligations set out in Articles 4 and 5, and the parametric values laid down in Annex I, are being met' with the words 'to demonstrate that the obligations set out in Article 4 and the parametric values set in accordance with Article 5 are being met';

- in point 2 of Part C of Annex II, the replacement of the words 'in point 2 of Part B' with the words 'considered in the monitoring';

- in point 3 of Part C of Annex II, the replacement of the words 'set out in point 2 of Part B' with the words 'considered in the monitoring';

- in the first paragraph of point 1 of Part B of Annex III, the deletion of the words 'and C'.

In consequence, examination of the proposal has enabled the Consultative Working Party to conclude, without dissent, that the proposal does not comprise any substantive amendments other than those identified as such. The Working Party also concluded, as regards the codification of the unchanged provisions of the earlier act with those substantive amendments, that the proposal contains a straightforward codification of the existing legal text, without any change in its substance.

F. DREXLER      H. LEGAL      L. ROMERO REQUENA

Jurisconsult      Jurisconsult      Director General

(1)

  The Consultative Working Party worked on the basis of the English language version of the proposal, being the master-copy language version of the text under discussion.


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Quality of water intended for human consumption (recast)

References

COM(2017)0753 – C8-0019/2018 – 2017/0332(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

1.2.2018

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

8.2.2018

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

8.2.2018

ITRE

8.2.2018

IMCO

8.2.2018

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

BUDG

21.2.2018

ITRE

21.2.2018

IMCO

21.3.2018

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Michel Dantin

8.3.2018

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

7.6.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

10.9.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

30

13

19

Members present for the final vote

Margrete Auken, Pilar Ayuso, Catherine Bearder, Ivo Belet, Biljana Borzan, Lynn Boylan, Paul Brannen, Soledad Cabezón Ruiz, Nessa Childers, Birgit Collin-Langen, Miriam Dalli, Angélique Delahaye, Mark Demesmaeker, Stefan Eck, Bas Eickhout, Elisabetta Gardini, Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, Jens Gieseke, Julie Girling, Sylvie Goddyn, Françoise Grossetête, Andrzej Grzyb, György Hölvényi, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Karin Kadenbach, Kateřina Konečná, Giovanni La Via, Peter Liese, Lukas Mandl, Susanne Melior, Miroslav Mikolášik, Rory Palmer, Massimo Paolucci, Piernicola Pedicini, Bolesław G. Piecha, John Procter, Frédérique Ries, Michèle Rivasi, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Daciana Octavia Sârbu, Nils Torvalds, Adina-Ioana Vălean, Jadwiga Wiśniewska, Damiano Zoffoli, Davor Škrlec

Substitutes present for the final vote

Dominique Bilde, Michel Dantin, Jørn Dohrmann, Eleonora Evi, Eleonora Forenza, Elena Gentile, Christophe Hansen, Rebecca Harms, Martin Häusling, Norbert Lins, Ulrike Müller, Christel Schaldemose

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Jacques Colombier, Karine Gloanec Maurin, John Howarth, Julie Ward, Joachim Zeller

Date tabled

1.10.2018


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

30

+

ALDE

Catherine Bearder, Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Ulrike Müller, Frédérique Ries, Nils Torvalds

ECR

Mark Demesmaeker, Jørn Dohrmann

ENF

Dominique Bilde, Jacques Colombier, Sylvie Goddyn

PPE

Pilar Ayuso, Ivo Belet, Birgit Collin Langen, Michel Dantin, Angélique Delahaye, Elisabetta Gardini, Jens Gieseke, Julie Girling, Françoise Grossetête, Andrzej Grzyb, Christophe Hansen, György Hölvényi, Peter Liese, Norbert Lins, Lukas Mandl, Miroslav Mikolášik, Annie Schreijer Pierik, Adina Ioana Vălean, Joachim Zeller

13

-

EFDD

Evi Eleonora, Piernicola Pedicini

GUE/NGL

Lynn Boylan, Stefan Eck, Eleonora Forenza, Kateřina Konečná

PPE

Giovanni La Via

VERTS/ALE

Margrete Auken, Bas Eickhout, Rebecca Harms, Martin Häusling, Michèle Rivasi, Davor Škrlec

19

0

ECR

Bolesław G. Piecha, John Procter, Jadwiga Wiśniewska

S&D

Biljana Borzan, Paul Brannen, Soledad Cabezón Ruiz, Nessa Childers, Miriam Dalli, Elena Gentile, Karine Gloanec Maurin, John Howarth, Karin Kadenbach, Susanne Melior, Rory Palmer, Massimo Paolucci, Christel Schaldemose, Daciana Octavia Sârbu, Julie Ward, Damiano Zoffoli

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Last updated: 3 October 2018Legal notice