Procedure : 2018/0209(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0397/2018

Texts tabled :

A8-0397/2018

Debates :

PV 10/12/2018 - 13
CRE 10/12/2018 - 13

Votes :

PV 11/12/2018 - 5.5
CRE 11/12/2018 - 5.5

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2018)0487

REPORT     ***I
PDF 1119kWORD 227k
26 November 2018
PE 627.845v02-00 A8-0397/2018

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013

(COM(2018)0385 - C8-0249/2018 – 2018/0209(COD))

Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

Rapporteur: Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Budgets
 OPINION of the Committee on Regional Development
 OPINION of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013

(COM(2018)0385 - C8-0249/2018 – 2018/0209(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2018)0385),

–  having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 192 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8-0249/2018),

–  having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 18 October 2018(1),

–  having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions of 9 October 2018(2),

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety and the opinions of the Committee on Budget, the Committee on Regional Development and the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (A8-0397/2018),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2)  The Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE), established by Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council6 for the period 2014 to 2020 is the latest in a series of Union programmes over 25 years which support the implementation of environmental and climate legislation and policy priorities. It was positively assessed in a recent mid-term evaluation7 as being on track to be effective, efficient and relevant. The 2014-2020 LIFE Programme should therefore be continued with certain modifications identified in the mid-term evaluation and subsequent assessments. Accordingly, a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) (the ‘Programme’) should be established for the period starting 2021.

(2)  The Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE), established by Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council6 for the period 2014 to 2020 is the latest in a series of Union programmes over 25 years which support the implementation of environmental and climate legislation and policy priorities. It was positively assessed in a recent mid-term evaluation7 as being already highly cost-effective and on track to be effective in general terms, efficient and relevant. The 2014-2020 LIFE Programme should therefore be continued with certain modifications identified in the mid-term evaluation and subsequent assessments. Accordingly, a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) (the ‘Programme’) should be established for the period starting 2021.

_________________

_________________

6 Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on the establishment of a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) and repealing Regulation (EC) No 614/2007 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 185).

6 Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on the establishment of a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) and repealing Regulation (EC) No 614/2007 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 185).

7 Report on the Mid-term Evaluation of the Programme for Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)(SWD(2017) 355 final).

7 Report on the Mid-term Evaluation of the Programme for Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)(SWD(2017) 355 final).

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  Pursuing the achievement of the Union's objectives and targets set by environmental, climate and related clean energy legislation, policy, plans and international commitments, the Programme should contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, to the protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, either through direct interventions or by supporting the integration of those objectives in other policies.

(3)  Pursuing the achievement of the Union's objectives and targets set by environmental, climate and related clean energy legislation, policy, plans and international commitments, the Programme should contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, net-zero emission and climate-resilient economy, to the protection and improvement of the environment and health, to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, including through the support of the Natura 2000 network, effective management and tackling the degradation of ecosystems, either through direct interventions or by supporting the integration of those objectives in other policies.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)  The Union is committed to developing a comprehensive response to the sustainable development goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development, which highlight the intrinsic connection between the management of natural resources to ensure their long-term availability, ecosystem services, their link to human health and sustainable and socially inclusive economic growth. In this spirit, the Programme should make a material contribution to both economic development and social cohesion.

(4)  The Union is committed to developing a comprehensive response to the sustainable development goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development, which highlight the intrinsic connection between the management of natural resources to ensure their long-term availability, ecosystem services, their link to human health and sustainable and socially inclusive economic growth. In this spirit, the Programme should reflect the principles of solidarity and responsibility-sharing, while making a material contribution to both economic development and social cohesion.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a)   With a view to promoting sustainable development, environmental and climate protection requirements should be integrated into the definition and implementation of all Union policies and activities. Synergies and complementarity with other Union funding programmes should, therefore, be promoted, including by facilitating the funding of activities that complement strategic integrated projects and strategic nature projects and support the uptake and replication of solutions developed under the Programme. Coordination is required to prevent double funding. The Commission and Member States should take steps to prevent administrative overlap and burden on project beneficiaries, arising from reporting obligations from different financial instruments.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  The Programme should contribute to sustainable development and to the achievement of the objectives and targets of the Union environment, climate and relevant clean energy legislation, strategies, plans and international commitments, in particular the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development8 , the Convention on Biological Diversity9 and the Paris Agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change10 ("Paris Agreement on Climate Change").

(5)  The Programme should contribute to sustainable development and to the achievement of the objectives and targets of the Union environment, climate and relevant clean energy legislation, strategies, plans and international commitments, in particular the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development8, the Convention on Biological Diversity9, the Paris Agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change10 ("Paris Agreement on Climate Change"), the UNECE Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (the “Aarhus Convention”), the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, the UN Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, the UN Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade and the UN Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.

_________________

_________________

8 Agenda 2030, Resolution adopted by UN GA on 25/09/2015.

8 Agenda 2030, Resolution adopted by UN GA on 25/09/2015.

9 93/626/EEC: Council Decision of 25 October 1993 concerning the conclusion of the Convention on Biological Diversity, (OJ L 309, 13.12.1993, p. 1).

9 93/626/EEC: Council Decision of 25 October 1993 concerning the conclusion of the Convention on Biological Diversity, (OJ L 309, 13.12.1993, p. 1).

10 OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p. 4.

10 OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p. 4.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  For achieving the overarching objectives, the implementation of the Circular economy package11 , the 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework12 ,13 ,14 , Union nature legislation15 , as well as of related policies16 ,17 ,18 ,19 ,20 , is of particular importance.

(6)  For achieving the overarching objectives, the implementation of the Circular economy package11 , the 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework12 ,13 ,14 , Union nature legislation15 , as well as of related policies16 ,17 ,18 ,19 ,20, is of particular importance, as is the implementation20a of the general action programmes on environment and climate policy adopted in accordance with Article 192(3) TFEU, such as the 7th Environment Action Programme20b.

_________________

_________________

11 COM(2015) 614 final, 02.12.2015.

11 COM(2015) 614 final, 02.12.2015.

12 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework, COM(2014)15, 22.01.2014.

12 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework, COM(2014)15, 22.01.2014.

13 EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change, COM(2013)216, 16.04.2013.

13 EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change, COM(2013)216, 16.04.2013.

14 Clean Energy for all Europeans package, COM(2016) 860, 30.11.2016.

14 Clean Energy for all Europeans package, COM(2016) 860, 30.11.2016.

15 Action Plan for nature, people and the economy, COM(2017)198, 27.04.2017.

15 Action Plan for nature, people and the economy, COM(2017)198, 27.04.2017.

16 Clean Air Programme for Europe, COM(2013)918.

16 Clean Air Programme for Europe, COM(2013)918.

17 Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1).

17 Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1).

18 Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, COM(2006)231.

18 Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, COM(2006)231.

19 Low Emission Mobility Strategy, COM/2016/0501 final.

19 Low Emission Mobility Strategy, COM/2016/0501 final.

20 Action Plan on Alternative Fuels Infrastructure under Article 10(6) of Directive 2014/94/EU, 8.11.2017.

20 Action Plan on Alternative Fuels Infrastructure under Article 10(6) of Directive 2014/94/EU, 8.11.2017.

 

20a Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on minimum requirements for water reuse.

 

20b Decision No 1386/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on a General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 ‘Living well, within the limits of our planet’ (OJ L 354 of 28.12.2013, p. 171).

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a)  The European Union attaches great importance to the long-term sustainability of the results of LIFE projects, and to the capacity to secure and maintain those results after project implementation, inter alia by project continuation, replication and/or transfer. This implies having special requirements for the applicants as well as the need for Union level guarantees to ensure that other Union funded projects do not undermine the results of any implemented LIFE projects.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  Complying with the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change requires the transformation of the Union into an energy efficient, low carbon and climate resilient society. This in turn requires actions, with a special focus on sectors that contribute most to the current levels of CO2 output and pollution, contributing to the implementation of the 2030 energy and climate policy framework and the Member States' Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans and preparations for the Union's mid-century and long-term climate and energy strategy. The Programme should also include measures contributing to the implementation of the Union's climate adaptation policy to decrease vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change.

(7)  Complying with the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change requires the transformation of the Union into a sustainable, circular, renewable, energy efficient, net zero-emission and climate resilient society. This in turn requires actions, with a special focus on sectors that contribute most to the current levels of greenhouse gas output and pollution, contributing to the implementation of the 2030 energy and climate policy framework and the Member States' Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans and to the implementation of the Union's mid-century and long-term climate and energy strategy, in line with the decarbonisation objective of the Paris Agreement. The Programme should also include measures contributing to the implementation of the Union's climate adaptation policy to decrease vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  The transition to clean energy is an essential contribution to the mitigation of climate change with co-benefits for the environment. Actions for capacity building supporting the clean energy transition, funded until 2020 under Horizon 2020, should be integrated in the Programme since their objective is not to fund excellence and generate innovation, but to facilitate the uptake of already available technology that will contribute to climate mitigation. The inclusion of these capacity building activities into the Programme offers potential for synergies between the sub-programmes and increases the overall coherence of Union funding. Therefore, data should be collected and disseminated on the uptake of existing research and innovation solutions in the LIFE projects, including from the Horizon Europe programme and its predecessors.

(8)  The transition to renewable, energy efficient and net-zero emission energy is an essential contribution to the mitigation of climate change with co-benefits for the environment. Actions for capacity building supporting the clean energy transition, funded until 2020 under Horizon 2020, should be integrated in the Programme since their objective is not to fund excellence and generate innovation, but to facilitate the uptake of already available technology for renewable energy and energy efficiency, that will contribute to climate mitigation. The Programme should involve all stakeholders and sectors involved in a clean energy transition, such as the building sector, industry, transport and agriculture. The inclusion of these capacity building activities into the Programme offers potential for synergies between the sub-programmes and increases the overall coherence of Union funding. Therefore, data should be collected and disseminated on the uptake of existing research and innovation solutions in the LIFE projects, including from the Horizon Europe programme and its predecessors.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  The impact assessments of the Clean Energy legislation estimate that the delivery of the Union's 2030 energy targets will require additional investments of EUR 177 billion annually in the period 2021-2030. The biggest gaps relate to the investments in buildings decarbonisation (energy efficiency and small-scale renewable energy sources), where capital needs to be channelled towards projects of highly distributed nature. One of the objectives of the Clean Energy Transition sub-programme is to build capacity for projects development and aggregation, thereby also helping to absorb funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds and catalyse investments in clean energy also using the financial inst