Procedure : 2018/0227(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0408/2018

Texts tabled :

A8-0408/2018

Debates :

OJ 12/12/2018 - 95

Votes :

OJ 13/12/2018 - 95

Texts adopted :


REPORT     ***I
PDF 2330kWORD 398k
28 November 2018
PE 625.457v02-00 A8-0408/2018

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Digital Europe programme for the period 2021-2027

(COM(2018)0434 – C8-0256/2018 – 2018/0227(COD))

Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

Rapporteur: Angelika Mlinar

Rapporteur for the opinion (*):

Bogdan Wenta, Committee on Culture and Education

(*)  Associated committees – Rule 54 of the Rules of Procedure

AMENDMENTS
DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 ANNEX: LIST OF ENTITIES OR PERSONSFROM WHOM THE RAPPORTEUR HAS RECEIVED INPUT
 OPINION of the Committee on Culture and Education
 OPINION of the Committee on Budgets
 OPINION of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
 OPINION of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection
 OPINION of the Committee on Transport and Tourism
 OPINION of the Committee on Legal Affairs
 OPINION of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Digital Europe programme for the period 2021-2027

(COM(2018)0434 – C8-0256/2018 – 2018/0227(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2018)0434),

–  having regard to Article 294(2) and Articles 172 and 173(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8-0256/2018),

–  having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy and the opinion of the Committee on Culture and Education, and also the opinions of the Committee on Budgets, the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, the Committee on Transport and Tourism, the Committee on Legal Affairs and the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (A8-0408/2018),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

Draft legislative resolution

Citation 3 a (new)

Draft legislative resolution

Amendment

 

  having regard to the resolution of the European Parliament of 17 May 2017 on FinTech: the influence of technology on the future of the financial sector,

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)  Pursuant to [reference to be updated as appropriate according to a new decision on OCTs: Article 88 of Council Decision / /EU53], persons and entities established in overseas countries and territories (OCTs) should be eligible for funding subject to the rules and objectives of the Programme and possible arrangements applicable to the Member State to which the relevant overseas country or territory is linked.

(4)  Pursuant to [reference to be updated as appropriate according to a new decision on OCTs: Article 88 of Council Decision / /EU53], persons and entities established in overseas countries and territories (OCTs) should be eligible for funding subject to the rules and objectives of the Programme and possible arrangements applicable to the Member State to which the relevant overseas country or territory is linked. The constraints relating to the participation of overseas countries or territories must be taken into account when implementing the Programme, and their effective participation in the Programme must be monitored and regularly evaluated.

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53 Council Decision / /EU.

53 Council Decision / /EU.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  Pursuant to paragraph 22 and 23 of the Inter-institutional agreement for Better Law-Making of 13 April 201654 , there is a need to evaluate this Programme on the basis of information collected through specific monitoring requirements, while avoiding overregulation and administrative burdens, in particular on Member States. These requirements, where appropriate, can include measurable indicators, as a basis for evaluating the effects of the Programme on the ground.

(5)  Pursuant to paragraph 22 and 23 of the Inter-institutional agreement for Better Law-Making of 13 April 201654 , there is a need to evaluate this Programme on the basis of information collected through specific monitoring requirements, correlated to existing needs and complying with the Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council54a, while avoiding overregulation and administrative burdens for all beneficiaries, in particular on Member States and SMEs. These requirements should, where appropriate, include measurable quantitative and qualitative indicators, as a basis for evaluating the effects of the Programme on the ground.

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54 Interinstitutional Agreement between the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission on Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016; OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1–14.

54 Interinstitutional Agreement between the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission on Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016; OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1–14.

 

54a Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation) (OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, p. 1).

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5 a)  The Programme should ensure utmost transparency, accountability and democratic scrutiny of innovative financial instruments and mechanisms that involve the Union budget, especially as regards their contribution, both as regards initial expectations and end results made towards achieving Union objectives.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  The Tallinn Digital Summit55 of September 2017 and the Conclusions of the European Council56 of 19 October 2017 indicated the need for Europe to invest in digitising our economies and addressing the skills gap to maintain and enhance European competitiveness, our quality of life and social fabric. The European Council concluded that the digital transformation offers immense opportunities for innovation, growth and jobs, will contribute to our global competitiveness, and enhance creative and cultural diversity. Seizing these opportunities requires collectively tackling some of the challenges posed by the digital transformation and reviewing policies affected by the digital transformation.

(6)  The Tallinn Digital Summit55 of September 2017 and the Conclusions of the European Council56 of 19 October 2017 indicated the need for Europe to invest in efficient digitalisation of our economies and addressing the skills gap to maintain and enhance European competitiveness and innovation, our quality of life and social fabric. The European Council concluded that the digital transformation offers immense opportunities for innovation, growth and jobs, will contribute to our global competitiveness, and enhance creative and cultural diversity. Seizing these opportunities requires collectively tackling the challenges posed by the digital transformation in several ways, including by ensuring that the essential building blocks on which new technologies rely are put in place, by creating effective and easily enforceable legal rules, by reviewing policies affected by the digital transformation, and by creating an innovation-friendly environment in which the interests of users are fully safeguarded. Optimally, the financial envelope for this Programme, a European level effort, shall be increased by significant private sector funds and contributions from the Member States.

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55 https://www.eu2017.ee/news/insights/conclusions-after-tallinn-digital-summit

55 https://www.eu2017.ee/news/insights/conclusions-after-tallinn-digital-summit

56 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/21620/19-euco-final-conclusions-en.pdf

56 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/21620/19-euco-final-conclusions-en.pdf

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6 a)  The future of European society and the European economy will strongly rely on a harmonised and consistent spectrum policy, on 5G infrastructure, which will require an infrastructure objective regarding VHC networks, with the aim of providing high-quality and faster communication services; this is a prerequisite for the good implementation of this Programme. In this regard, the Programme should benefit of the good implementation of Connecting Europe Facility and in particular the Wif4EU initiative aiming to promote connectivity for citizens in the Union’s public spaces; the combination of those two programmes will maximise output and deliver on the Union targets of deliver reliable and consistent high-speed network coverage across the Union.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  The European Council concluded in particular that the Union should urgently address emerging trends: this includes issues such as artificial intelligence and distributed ledgers technologies (e.g. blockchain), while at the same time ensuring a high level of data protection, digital rights and ethical standards. The European Council invited the Commission to put forward a European approach to artificial intelligence by early 2018 and called on the Commission to put forward the necessary initiatives for strengthening the framework conditions with a view to enable the EU to explore new markets through risk-based radical innovations and to reaffirm the leading role of its industry.

(7)  The European Council concluded in particular that the Union should urgently address emerging trends: this includes issues such as digital divide, artificial intelligence, while at the same time ensuring a high level of data protection in full compliance with Regulation (EU) 2016/679, rights, fundamental rights and ethical standards. The European Council invited the Commission to put forward a European approach to artificial intelligence by early 2018 and called on the Commission to put forward the necessary initiatives for strengthening the framework conditions with a view to enable the EU to explore new markets through risk-based radical innovations and to reaffirm the leading role of its industry.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7a)  On 10 April 2018 Member States expressed their support and a joint will to cooperate together on initiatives on artificial intelligence and distributed ledger technologies (for example blockchain) infrastructure services by signing cooperation agreements.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7b)  For a successful implementation of this Programme, more is needed than following the trends. The Union needs to be committed to privacy-enabling technologies (i.e. cryptography and decentralised applications (DApps)) as well as increased investments in future-proof infrastructure (fibre-optic) networks) to enable a self-determined digitalised society.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7c)  Europe has to make decisive investments in its future, building strategic digital capacities in order to benefit from the digital revolution. A substantial budget (of at least 9.2 billion euro) must be ensured at EU level for this purpose, which must be complemented by sizable investment efforts at national and regional level, namely with a consistent and complementary relationship with structural and cohesion funds.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  The Commission's Communication on 'A new, modern Multiannual Financial Framework for a European Union that delivers efficiently on its priorities post-2020'57 outlines among the options for the future financial framework a programme for Europe's digital transformations to deliver 'strong progress towards smart growth in areas such as high quality data infrastructure, connectivity and cybersecurity'. It would seek to secure European leadership in supercomputing, next generation internet, artificial intelligence, robotics and big data. It would reinforce the competitive position of industry and businesses in Europe across the digitised economy and would have a significant impact on filling the skills gap across the Union.

(8)  The Commission's Communication on 'A new, modern Multiannual Financial Framework for a European Union that delivers efficiently on its priorities post-2020'57 outlines among the options for the future financial framework a programme for Europe's digital transformations to deliver 'strong progress towards smart growth in areas such as high quality data infrastructure, connectivity cybersecurity and digitalization of public administrations. It would seek to secure European leadership in supercomputing, next generation internet, artificial intelligence, robotics and big data. It would reinforce the competitive position of industry and businesses in Europe across the digitised economy and would have a significant impact on bridging and filling the skills gap across the Union ensuring that European citizens have the necessary skills, competences and knowledge to face the digital transformation.

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57 COM(2018) 98 final

57 COM(2018) 98 final

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(8a)  Whereas in view of the delay in developing the Union's strategic digital capacities and the efforts made to remedy this, a budget commensurate with the ambitions of this programme and of at least EUR 9.2 billion should be guaranteed.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  The Communication “Towards a common European data space”58 , addresses the new measure to be taken as a key step towards a common data space in the EU - a seamless digital area with a scale that will enable the development of new products and services based on data.

(9)  The Communication “Towards a common European data space”58 , addresses the new measure to be taken as a key step towards a common data space in the EU - a seamless digital area with a scale that will enable the development and innovation of new products and services based on data.

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58 COM (2018) 125 final

58 COM (2018) 125 final

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a)  The Next Generation Internet initiative launched by the European Commission in 2017 should also provide ground for the implementation of the Programme as it aims towards a more open Internet with better services, more intelligence, greater involvement and participation, addressing technological opportunities arising from advances in various research fields, extending from new network architectures and software-defined infrastructures to new concepts for services and applications.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10)  The general objective of the Programme should be to support the digital transformation of industry and to foster better exploitation of the industrial potential of policies of innovation, research and technological development, for the benefit of businesses and citizens all over the Union. The programme should be structured into five Specific Objectives reflecting key policy areas, namely: high-performance computing, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, advanced digital skills, and deployment, best use of digital capacities and interoperability. For all these areas, the Programme should also aim at better aligning Union, Member States and regional policies, and pooling of private and industrial resources in order to increase investment and develop stronger synergies.

(10)  The general objective of the Programme should be to support the digital transformation of industry and to foster better exploitation of the industrial potential of policies of innovation, research and technological development as well as to modernise specific sectors of public interest, for the benefit of businesses, especially SMEs, and citizens all over the Union. Furthermore, the Programme should strengthen the Union's competiveness and the resilience of its economy.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a)  There is a pressing need to support SMEs intending to harness the digital transformation in their production processes. Digital research and innovation will allow SMEs to contribute to the growth of the European economy through an efficient use of resources.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10b)  The Programme should be structured into five specific objectives reflecting key policy areas, namely: (a) high-performance computing, (b) artificial intelligence and distributed ledger technologies, (c) cybersecurity, (d) advanced digital skills, and (e) deployment, best use of digital capacities and interoperability. For all these areas, the Programme should also aim at better aligning Union, Member States and regional policies, and pooling of private and industrial resources in order to increase investment and develop stronger synergies.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10c)  Together with the general objective of digital transformation, the Programme should contribute to ensuring long-term strategic security objectives by building capacities and capabilities in the Union, giving priority to actions that increase the strategic potential and limit dependence on third countries suppliers and products, thereby securing the Union's economic and innovative competitiveness.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11)  A central role in the implementation of the Programme should be attributed to Digital Innovation Hubs, which should stimulate the broad adoption of advanced digital technologies by industry, by public organisations and academia. A network of Digital Innovation Hubs should ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe59 . A first set of Digital Innovation Hubs will be selected based on Member States’ proposals and then the network will be enlarged through an open and competitive process. The Digital Innovation Hubs will serve as access points to latest digital capacities including high performance computing (HPC), artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, as well as other existing innovative technologies such as Key Enabling Technologies, available also in fablabs or citylabs. They shall act as single-entry points in accessing tested and validated technologies and promote open innovation. They will also provide support in the area of advanced digital skills. The network of Digital Innovation Hubs should also contribute to the participation of the outermost regions in the Digital Single Market.

(11)  A central role in the implementation of the Programme should be attributed to European Digital Innovation Hubs, which should stimulate the broad adoption of advanced digital technologies by industry including SMEs , by public organisations and academia. A network of European Digital Innovation Hubs should ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe59 . A first set of European Digital Innovation Hubs will be selected based on Member States’ proposals and then the network will be enlarged through an open, transparent and competitive process. The European Digital Innovation Hubs will serve as access points to latest digital capacities including high performance computing (HPC), artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, as well as other existing innovative technologies such as Key Enabling Technologies, available also in fablabs or citylabs. They shall act as one-stop-shops in accessing tested and validated technologies and promote open innovation. They will also provide support in the area of advanced digital skills. The network of European Digital Innovation Hubs should also contribute to the participation of the outermost regions in the Digital Single Market and support the digital transformation in the overseas countries and territories.

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59 As indicated in the Communication on Digitising European Industry (COM(2016) 180 final)

59 As indicated in the Communication on Digitising European Industry (COM(2016) 180 final)

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(11 a)  In order to create synergies between investments under this Programme and Union research and development investments , in particular those under the Horizon Europe programme, European Digital Innovation Hubs should act as a platform to bring together industry, business and administrations which are in need of new technology solutions on one side, with companies, notably start-ups and SMEs, that have market-ready solutions on the other side.

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(11b)  The planning, development and procurement of the programme should be carried out with a view to enhancing Union capacities and competitiveness in the medium and long term. Priority should be given to actions that increase the strategic potential and competiveness of the Union which aim at limit the dependence on third countries suppliers and products. The participation of third countries to Specific objectives of the Programme should therefore depend on the contribution such countries would make to the Union.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  The Programme should be implemented through projects reinforcing essential digital capacities and their wide use. This should involve co-investments with Member States and, when needed, the private sector. This should notably require reaching a critical mass in procurement to obtain better value for money and guarantee that suppliers in Europe stay at the forefront of technology advancements.

(12)  The Programme should be implemented through projects reinforcing essential digital capacities and the Union's strategic autonomy. To this end the programme should ensure an EU budget of at least 9.2 billion euro complemented with co-investments from Member States and/or the private sector. This should notably require reaching a critical mass in procurement to obtain better value for money and guarantee that suppliers in Europe reachthe forefront of technology advancements.

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  The Programme's actions should be used to address market failures or sub-optimal investment situations, in a proportionate manner, without duplicating or crowding out private financing and have a clear European added value.

(14)  The Programme's actions should be used to reinforce and extend the Union's digital base, tackle major societal challenges, further raise the Union's digital industrial competences, as well as address market failures or sub-optimal investment situations, in a proportionate manner, without duplicating or crowding out private financing and have a clear European added value.

Justification

The Digital Programme should not only address market failures and problems, but should also help the Union to extent, safeguard or support to achieve technological, digital and industrial leadership.

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15)  To achieve maximum flexibility throughout the lifetime of the programme and develop synergies between its components, each of the specific objectives may be implemented through all instruments available under the Financial Regulation. The delivery mechanisms to be used are direct management and indirect management when Union financing should be combined with other sources of financing or when execution requires the setup of commonly governed structures.

(15)  To achieve maximum flexibility throughout the lifetime of the programme and develop synergies between its components, each of the specific objectives may be implemented through all instruments available under the Financial Regulation. The delivery mechanisms to be used are direct management and indirect management when Union financing should be combined with other sources of financing or when execution requires the setup of commonly governed structures. In cases of indirect management, the Commission will ensure that all quality and safety standards required for the direct management of the programme are maintained and respected.

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  The high performance computing and the related data processing capacities in the Union should allow to ensure wider use of high performance computing by industry and, more generally, in areas of public interest in order to seize unique opportunities that supercomputers bring to society as regards health, environment and security as well as competitiveness of industry, notably small and medium-sized enterprises.

(16)  The high performance computing and the related data processing and storage capacities in the Union should allow to ensure wider use of high performance computing by industry and, more generally, in areas of public interest in order to seize unique opportunities that supercomputers bring to society as regards health, environment and security as well as competitiveness of industry, notably small and medium-sized enterprises. The Union needs to acquire world-class supercomputers, secure its supply system and deploy services for simulation, visualisation and prototyping while ensuring a HCP system in accordance with Union values and principles.

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17)  The support to the Union's intervention in this area was expressed by the Council60 and, by the European Parliament61 . Moreover, in 2017 nine Member States signed the EuroHPC Declaration62 , a multi-government agreement where they commit to collaborate with the Commission to build and deploy state-of-the-art HPC and data infrastructures in Europe that would be available across the Union for scientific communities, public and private partners.

(17)  The support to the Union's intervention in this area was expressed by the Council60 and, by the European Parliament61 . Moreover, in 2017 nine Member States signed the EuroHPC Declaration62 , a multi-government agreement where they commit to collaborate with the Commission to build and deploy state-of-the-art HPC and data infrastructures in Europe that would be available across the Union for scientific communities, public and private partners and strengthening the EU-added value.

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60

60

61

61

62

62

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18)  For the high performance computing specific objective a joint undertaking is deemed the most suited implementation mechanism, in particular to coordinate national and Union strategies and investments in high performance computing infrastructure and research and development, pool resources from public and private funds, and safeguard the economic and strategic interests of the Union63 . Moreover, high performance computing competence centres in Member States will provide high performance computing services to industry, academia and public administrations.

(18)  For the high performance computing specific objective a joint undertaking is deemed the most suited implementation mechanism, in particular to coordinate national and Union strategies and investments in high performance computing infrastructure and research and development, pool resources from public and private funds, and safeguard the economic and strategic interests of the Union63 . Moreover, high performance computing competence centres in Member States will provide high performance computing services to industry, including SMEs and start-ups, academia and public administrations established in the Union

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63 Impact Assessment accompanying the document "Proposal for a Council Regulation on establishing the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking" (https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/proposal-council-regulation-establishing-eurohpc-joint-undertaking-impact-assessment)

63 Impact Assessment accompanying the document "Proposal for a Council Regulation on establishing the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking" (https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/proposal-council-regulation-establishing-eurohpc-joint-undertaking-impact-assessment)

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  Developing capacity related to artificial intelligence is a crucial driver for the digital transformation of industry and also of the public sector . Ever more autonomous robots are used in factories, deep sea application, homes, cities and hospitals. Commercial artificial intelligence platforms have moved from testing to real applications in health and environment; all major car manufacturers are developing self-driving cars, and machine learning techniques are at the heart of all main web platforms and big data applications.

(19)  Developing capacity related to artificial intelligence is a crucial driver for the digital transformation of industry and also of the public sector . Ever more autonomous robots are used in factories, deep sea application, homes, cities and hospitals. Commercial artificial intelligence platforms have moved from testing to real applications in health and environment; all major car manufacturers are developing self-driving cars, and machine learning techniques are at the heart of all main web platforms and big data applications. In order to create the best framework conditions for these new technologies to foster in Europe, the Union needs to add the innovation principle to its policy-making process.

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(19a)  In its resolution of 1 June 2017 on digitising European industry the European Parliament pointed out the impact of language barriers on industry and its digitisation. In this context the development of large-scale AI-based language technologies such as automatic translation, speech recognition, big data text analytics, dialog and question-answering systems are essential to preserve linguistic diversity, ensure inclusiveness and enable human-human and human-machine communication.

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(19b)  The increasingly rapid development of self-learning robots and artificial intelligence as well as their ability to multiply knowledge and learning content within seconds makes it difficult to predict any stage of development until the Programme’s termination in 2027. Consequently, the Commission should pay particular attention to this fast-evolving digital trend and, if applicable should swiftly adapt the objectives of the work programme, accordingly.

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(19c)  In light of European industry’s increasing demand for AI robotics solutions and the importance of avoiding a significant investment gap in this field, the Programme’s objectives on artificial intelligence should encompass robotics powered by artificial intelligence.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(19d)  Products and services based on artificial intelligence should be user-friendly, legally compliant by default and provide consumers with more choice and more information, in particular on the quality of products and services.

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)  The availability of large-scale data sets and testing and experimentation facilities are of major importance for the development of artificial intelligence.

(20)  The availability of large-scale data sets and testing and experimentation facilities to secure the internal market where artificial intelligence is used and access to text and data mining are of major importance for the development of artificial intelligence, including language technologies.

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(20a)  On 25 April 2018 the Commission committed to propose a European approach by developing draft Artificial Intelligence guidelines in cooperation with stakeholders within the AI alliance, a group of artificial intelligence experts, in order to boost AI-powered applications and businesses in Europe.

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21)  In its resolution of 1 June 2017 on digitising European industry64 the European Parliament highlighted the importance of a common European cybersecurity approach, recognising the need to raise awareness and considered cyber-resilience as a crucial responsibility for business leaders and national and European industrial security policymakers.

(21)  In its resolution of 1 June 2017 on digitising European industry64 the European Parliament highlighted the importance of a common European cybersecurity approach, recognising the need to raise awareness and considered cyber-resilience as a crucial responsibility for business leaders and national and European industrial security policymakers, as well as the implementation of security and privacy by default and by design.

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64 Document ref. A8-0183/2017, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0240

64 Document ref. A8-0183/2017, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0240

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22)  Cybersecurity is a challenge for the whole Union that cannot continue to be addressed only with fragmented national initiatives. Europe's cybersecurity capacity should be reinforced to endow Europe with the necessary capacities to protect its citizens and businesses from cyber threats. In addition consumers should be protected when using connected products that can be hacked and compromise their safety. This should be achieved together with Member States and private sector by developing, and ensuring coordination between, projects reinforcing Europe's capacities in cybersecurity and ensuring the wide deployment of latest cybersecurity solutions across the economy, as well as by aggregating the competences in this field to ensure critical mass and excellence.

(22)  Cybersecurity is a challenge for the whole Union that cannot continue to be addressed only with fragmented national initiatives. Europe's cybersecurity capacity should be reinforced to endow Europe with the necessary capacities to protect citizens, public administrations and businesses from cyber threats. In addition consumers should be protected when using connected products that can be hacked and compromise their safety. This should be achieved together with Member States and private sector by developing, and ensuring coordination between, projects reinforcing Europe's capacities in cybersecurity and ensuring the wide deployment of latest cybersecurity solutions across the economy, as well as by aggregating the competences in this field to ensure critical mass and excellence.

Amendment    37

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 23

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(23)  In September 2017, the Commission put forward a package of initiatives65 setting out a comprehensive Union approach to cybersecurity, with the aim of reinforcing Europe’s capacities to deal with cyber-attacks and threats and to strengthen technology and industrial capacity in this field.

(23)  In September 2017, the Commission put forward a package of initiatives65 setting out a comprehensive Union approach to cybersecurity, with the aim of reinforcing Europe’s capacities to deal with cyber-attacks, to increase cyber resilience and threats and to strengthen technology and industrial capacity in this field.

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65 https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/policies/cybersecurity

65 https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/policies/cybersecurity

Amendment    38

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 23 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(23 a)  As a matter of principle, cybersecurity solutions should contain safety and security standards as core design parameters according to the available state-of-the-art technology and the principles of ‘security by design’ and ‘security by default’.

Amendment    39

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 24

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(24)  Trust is a prerequisite for the Digital Single Market to function. Cybersecurity technologies such as digital identities, cryptography or intrusion detection, and their application in areas such as finance, industry 4.0, energy, transportation, healthcare, or e-government are essential to safeguard the security and trust of online activity and transactions by both citizens, public administrations, and companies.

(24)  Trust is a prerequisite for the Digital Single Market to function. Cybersecurity technologies such as distributed ledger technology, digital identities, cryptography, encryption  or intrusion detection, and their application in areas such as finance, industry 4.0, logistics, energy, transportation, tourism, healthcare, or e-government are essential to safeguard the security, transparency and trust of online activity, including 5G platforms, and transactions by both citizens, public administrations, and companies.

Amendment    40

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25)  The European Council in its conclusions of 19 October 2017 stressed that to successfully build a Digital Europe, the Union needs in particular labour markets, training and education systems fit for the digital age and that there is a need to invest in digital skills, to empower and enable all Europeans;

(25)  The European Council in its conclusions of 19 October 2017 stressed that to successfully build a Digital Europe, the Union needs in particular labour markets, training and education systems fit for the digital age and that there is a need to invest in digital skills development and improve the digital literacy, to empower and enable all Europeans with an integrated approach.;

Amendment    41

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 26 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(26a)  Considering the need for a holistic approach, the Programme should also take into account the areas of inclusion, qualification, training and specialization which, in addition to the advanced digital competences, are decisive for the creation of added value in the knowledge society.

Amendment    42

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 27

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(27)  In its resolution of 1 June 2017 on digitising European industry67 the European Parliament stated that education, training and lifelong learning are the cornerstone of social cohesion in a digital society.

(27)  In its resolution of 1 June 2017 on digitising European industry67 the European Parliament stated that education, training and lifelong learning are the cornerstone of social cohesion in a digital society. It furthermore demanded that the gender perspective would be incorporated in all digital initiatives, emphasizing the need to address the severe gender gap within the ICT sector, since this is essential for Europe’s long-term growth and prosperity;

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67 Document ref. A8-0183/2017, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0240

67 Document ref. A8-0183/2017, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0240

Amendment    43

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 27 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(27 a)  In its resolution of 28 April 2016 on gender equality and empowering women in the digital age the European Parliament underlined the need of collecting gender-disaggregated data on the use of ICT, and of developing targets, indicators and benchmarks to track the progress of women's access to ICT and promote best practices examples among companies;

Amendment    44

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 27 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(27 b)  In its resolution of 21 December 2015, Towards a Digital Single Market Act, the European Parliament fully supported and encouraged a digital entrepreneurial culture for women, as well as their integration and participation in information society.

Amendment    45

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 28

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(28)  The advanced digital technologies supported by this Programme, such as high performance computing, cybersecurity and artificial intelligence are now sufficiently mature to move beyond the research arena and be deployed, implemented and scaled-up at Union level. Just as the deployment of these technologies require a Union response so does the skills dimension. Training opportunities in advanced digital skills need to be scaled up, increased and made accessible throughout the EU. Failing this could impede the smooth deployment of advanced digital technologies and hamper the overall competitiveness of Union's economy. The actions supported by this programme are complementary to those supported by the ESF, ERDF and Horizon Europe programmes.

(28)  The advanced digital technologies supported by this Programme, such as high performance computing, cybersecurity cloud computing, data protection and information governance and artificial intelligence are now sufficiently mature to move beyond the research arena and be deployed, implemented and scaled-up at Union level. Just as the deployment of these technologies require a Union response so does the skills dimension. Learning and training opportunities in advanced digital skills need to be scaled up, increased and made accessible throughout the EU. Failing this could impede the smooth deployment of advanced digital technologies and hamper the overall competitiveness of Union's economy. The actions supported by this programme are complementary to those supported by the ESF, ERDF, ERASMUS and Horizon Europe programmes.

Amendment    46

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 29

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(29)  Modernising public administrations and services through digital means is crucial to reducing administrative burden on industry and on citizens in general by making their interactions with public authorities faster, more convenient and less costly, as well as by increasing the efficiency and the quality of the services provided to citizens and businesses. Since a number of services of public interest already have a Union dimension, the support to their implementation and deployment at Union level should ensure that citizens and businesses will benefit from the access to high quality digital services across Europe.

(29)  Modernising public administrations and services through digital means is crucial to reducing administrative burden on citizens and industry by making their interactions with public authorities faster, more convenient and less costly, as well as by increasing the efficiency, transparency and the quality of the services provided to citizens and businesses while at the same time increasing the efficiency of public spending. Since a number of services of public interest already have a Union dimension, the support to their implementation and deployment at Union level should ensure that citizens and businesses may benefit from the access to high quality multilingual digital services across Europe. It is also important that these services be accessible to people with disabilities.

Amendment    47

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 29 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(29a)  Digitalisation can facilitate and improve barrier-free accessibility for everyone, including older people, persons with reduced mobility or a disability, and those in remote or rural areas.

Amendment    48

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 30

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(30)  The digital transformation of the areas of public interest such as healthcare68 , mobility, justice, earth/environmental monitoring, education and culture requires the continuation and expansion of Digital Service Infrastructures, which make secure cross-border exchange of data possible and foster national development. Their coordination under this Regulation best achieves the potential for exploiting synergies.

(30)  The digital transformation of the areas of public interest such as healthcare68 , mobility, justice, earth/environmental monitoring, security, reduction of carbon emissions, energy infrastructure, education and training and culture requires the continuation, upgrading and expansion of Digital Service Infrastructures, which make secure cross-border and cross-language exchange of data and information possible and foster national development. Their coordination under this Regulation best achieves the potential for exploiting synergies and ensuring complementarity. The digital transformation should nevertheless take into account that some citizens are not taking part - out of different reasons - in it and networks should be supported to continue informing those citizens, helping them to remain in full possession of their rights and participation to all social and civic duties.

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68 http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=51628

68 http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=51628

Amendment    49

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 30 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(30a)  The digital transformation of this sector must in all circumstances allow EU citizens to access, use and manage their personal data securely across borders, irrespective of their location or the location of the data.

Amendment    50

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 30 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(30b)  The deployment and access to advanced technologies in areas of public interest, such as education, also require training in skills necessary to make use of these technologies. Therefore the objectives included in Specific Objective 8 should also cover training programmes for those persons who will be using the advanced technologies.

Amendment    51

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 32

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(32)  The modernisation of European public administrations is one of the key priorities for successful implementation of the Digital Single Market Strategy. The mid-term evaluation of the Strategy highlighted the need to strengthen the transformation of public administrations and to ensure citizens have easy, trusted, and seamless access to public services.

(32)  The modernisation of European public administrations is one of the key priorities for successful implementation of the Digital Single Market Strategy. The mid-term evaluation of the Strategy highlighted the need to strengthen the transformation of public administrations and to ensure citizens have easy, trusted, secure seamless and inclusive access to public services.

Amendment    52

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 33

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(33)  The Annual Growth Survey published by the Commission in 201769 shows that the quality of European public administrations has a direct impact on the economic environment and is therefore crucial to stimulating productivity, competitiveness, economic cooperation, growth and employment. In particular, efficient and transparent public administration and effective justice systems are necessary to support economic growth and deliver high quality services for firms and citizens.

(33)  The Annual Growth Survey published by the Commission in 201769 shows that the quality of European public administrations has a direct impact on the economic environment and is therefore crucial to stimulating productivity, competitiveness, economic cooperation, sustainable growth, employment and high-quality work. In particular, efficient and transparent public administration and effective justice systems are necessary to support economic growth and deliver high quality services for firms and citizens.

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69 COM(2016) 725 final

69 COM(2016) 725 final

Amendment    53

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 34

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(34)  Interoperability of European public services concerns all levels of administration: Union, national, regional and local. Besides removing barriers to a functioning Single Market, interoperability facilitates successful implementation of policies and offers great potential to avoid cross-border electronic barriers, further securing the emergence of new, or the consolidation of developing, common public services at Union level. In order to eliminate fragmentation of European services, to support fundamental freedoms and operational mutual recognition in the EU, a holistic cross-sector and cross-border approach to interoperability should be promoted in the manner that is the most effective, and the most responsive to end-users. This implies that interoperability is to be understood in a broad sense, spanning from technical to legal layers and encompassing policy elements in the field. Accordingly, the span of activities would go beyond the usual lifecycle of solutions to include all the interventions elements that would support the necessary framework conditions for sustained interoperability at large.

(34)  Interoperability of European public services concerns all levels of administration: Union, national, regional and local. Besides removing barriers to a functioning Single Market, interoperability facilitates cross-border co-operation, alignment of common standards, successful implementation of policies and offers great potential to avoid cross-border electronic and language barriers, to cut red tape, further securing the emergence of new, or the consolidation of developing, common public services at Union level as well as preventing unnecessary double-storage. In order to eliminate fragmentation of European services, to support fundamental freedoms and operational mutual recognition in the EU, a holistic, technology-neutral cross-sector and cross-border approach to interoperability should be promoted in the manner that is the most effective, and the most responsive to end-users and that ensures a high level of data protection. This implies that interoperability is to be understood in a broad sense, spanning from technical to legal layers and encompassing policy elements in the field. Accordingly, the span of activities would go beyond the usual lifecycle of solutions to include all the interventions elements that would support the necessary framework conditions for sustained interoperability at large.

Amendment    54

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 34 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(34 a)  On 6 October 2017, EU Ministers in Tallinn stated that the European digital strategy should be based on collaboration and interoperability, including the use of open licensing policies and open standards. The programme should, therefore, encourage open source solutions in order to allow reuse, increase trust and secure transparency. This will have a positive impact on the sustainability of funded projects.

Amendment    55

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 37

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(37)  In April 2016 the Commission adopted the Digitising European Industry initiative to ensure that "any industry in Europe, big or small, wherever situated and in any sector can fully benefit from digital innovations".71

(37)  In April 2016 the Commission adopted the Digitising European Industry initiative to ensure that "any industry in Europe, big or small, wherever situated and in any sector can fully benefit from digital innovations". This is of particular relevance to small and medium enterprises in the cultural and creative sectors.

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71 null

 

Amendment    56

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 39

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(39)  Reaching the target objectives may require leveraging the potential of complementary technologies in the networking and computing domains, as stated in the Communication "Digitising European Industry"73 that recognises "availability of world class networking and cloud infrastructure" as an essential ingredient of industry digitisation.

(39)  Reaching the target objectives may require leveraging the potential of complementary technologies in the networking and computing domains, as stated in the Communication "Digitising European Industry"73 that recognises "availability of world class networking and cloud infrastructure" as an essential component of industry digitisation.

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73 COM (2016) 180 final: Digitising European Industry – Reaping the full benefits of a digital single market.

73 COM (2016) 180 final: Digitising European Industry – Reaping the full benefits of a digital single market.

Amendment    57

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 40

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(40)  The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), applicable from May 2018 onwards, by providing for a single set of rules directly applicable in the Member States legal orders, will guarantee the free flow of personal data between EU Member States and reinforce trust and security of the individuals, two indispensable elements for a real Digital Single Market. The actions undertaken under this Programme, when they involve the processing of personal data, should therefore support the application of the GDPR, for instance in the field of artificial intelligence and blockchain technology.

(40)  Regulation (EU) 2016/679 by providing for a single set of rules directly applicable in the Member States legal orders guarantees the free flow of personal data between EU Member States and reinforces trust and security of the individuals, two indispensable elements for a real Digital Single Market. All actions undertaken under this Programme, when they involve the processing of personal data, should therefore be in full compliance with that Regulation. They should especially support the development of digital technologies that comply with the ‘data protection by design’ obligations which are binding pursuant to that Regulation to the extent that the processing involves electronic communications data, due respect is to be paid to Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council.1a They should especially support the development of digital technologies that comply with the “data protection by design” obligations which are binding pursuant to the GDPR.

 

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1a Directive 2002/58/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 July 2002 concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector (Directive on privacy and electronic communications) (OJ L 201, 31.7.2002, p. 37).

Amendment    58

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 41

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(41)  The Programme should be implemented in full respect of the international and EU framework of intellectual property protection and enforcement. The effective protection of intellectual property plays a key role in innovation and thus is necessary for the effective implementation of the Programme.

(41)  The Programme should be implemented in full respect of the international and EU framework of intellectual property protection and enforcement. The effective protection of intellectual property plays a key role in innovation and maintaining European added value and thus is necessary for the effective implementation of the Programme.

Amendment    59

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 42

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(42)  Bodies implementing this Programme should comply with the provisions applicable to the Union institutions, and with national legislation regarding the handling of information, in particular sensitive non-classified information and EU classified information.

(42)  To the extent that bodies implementing this Programme handle sensitive non-classified information or Union classified information, they should respect the relevant provisions laid down in Union acts or national legislation regarding the handling of information, as applicable.

Amendment    60

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 43

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(43)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union’s commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and lead to the achievement of an overall target of 25% of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives74 . Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes.

(43)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union’s obligations to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and help leading to the achievement of an overall target of 25% of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives74 . Relevant actions should be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes in order to ensure full compliance with these obligations.

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74 COM(2018) 321 final, page 1

74 COM(2018) 321 final, page 1

Amendment    61

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 44

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(44)  In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission for the adoption of the work programmes so that the objectives of the Programme are achieved in accordance with the Union's and Member States' priorities while ensuring consistency, transparency and continuity of joint action by the Union and the Member States. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with the advisory procedure referred to in Article 4 of Regulation (EU) 182/201175 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by the Member States of the Commission's exercise of implementing powers.

deleted

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75 Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers (OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13)

 

Amendment    62

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 45

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(45)  The work programmes should be adopted in principle as multi-annual work programmes, typically every two years, or, if justified by the needs related to the implementation of the programme, annual work programmes. The types of financing and the methods of implementation under this Regulation should be chosen on the basis of their ability to achieve the specific objectives of the actions and to deliver results, taking into account, in particular, the costs of controls, the administrative burden, and the expected risk of non-compliance. This should include consideration of the use of lump sums, flat rates and unit costs, as well as financing not linked to costs as referred to in Article 125(1) of the Financial Regulation.

(45)  Work programmes should be adopted so that the objectives of the Programme are achieved in accordance with the Union's and Member States' priorities, while ensuring consistency, transparency and continuity of joint action by the Union and the Member States. The work programmes should be adopted in principle every two years, or, if justified by the needs related to the implementation of the programme, on an annual basis. The types of financing and the methods of implementation under this Regulation should be chosen on the basis of their ability to achieve the specific objectives of the actions and to deliver results, taking into account, in particular, the costs of controls, the administrative burden, and the expected risk of non-compliance. This should include consideration of the use of lump sums, flat rates and unit costs, as well as financing not linked to costs as referred to in Article 125(1) of the Financial Regulation.

Amendment    63

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 46

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(46)  The power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission concerning amendments to Annex II to review and/or complement the indicators. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

(46)  The power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission concerning amendments to Annexes I and II to review and/or complement the indicators. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

Amendment    64

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 46 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(46a)  In order to ensure, maintain and develop long term financing for the Digital Europe Programme it requires clear, common EU rules that are future-oriented and pro-competitive in order to drive investment and innovation and preserve affordability;

Amendment    65

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 47

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(47)  This Regulation respects fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Unions, notably those referred under Articles [8], [11], [16], [21], [35], [38] and [47] regarding the protection of personal data, the freedom of expression and information, the freedom to conduct business, the prohibition of discrimination, healthcare, consumer protection and the right to effective remedy and fair trial. The Member States must apply this Regulation in a manner consistent with these rights and principles.

(47)  Actions which fall within the scope of the Programme should respect fundamental rights and observe the principles acknowledged in particular by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, notably those referred under Articles [8], [11], [16],[21], [22][35], [38], [41] and [47] regarding the protection of personal data, the freedom of expression and information, the freedom to conduct business, the prohibition of discrimination, linguistic diversity and right to communicate in any of the EU languages, healthcare, consumer protection and the right to effective remedy and fair trial. Such actions should be in conformity with any legal obligation including international law and with any relevant Commission decisions, as well as with ethical principles, which include avoiding any breach of research integrity.

Amendment    66

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 47 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(47 a)  In April 2018 the Commission committed 1a to set up a framework for stakeholders and experts to develop draft Artificial Intelligence guidelines in cooperation with the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies; the Commission will support national and EU-level consumer organisations and data protection supervising authorities in building an understanding of AI-powered applications with the input of the European Consumer Consultative Group and the European Data Protection Board.

 

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1a Communication of 25.4.2018 on Artificial Intelligence for Europe, COM(2018)237 final, available at:http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0237/COM_COM(2018)0237_EN.pdf

Amendment    67

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 48

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(48)  Third countries which are members of the European Economic Area (EEA) may participate in Union programmes in the framework of the cooperation established under the EEA agreement, which provides for the implementation of the programmes by a decision under that agreement. A specific provision should be introduced in this Regulation to grant the necessary rights for and access to the authorizing officer responsible, the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) as well as the European Court of Auditors to comprehensively exert their respective competences.

deleted

Amendment    68

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This Regulation establishes the Digital Europe programme ('Programme').

This Regulation establishes the Digital Europe programme ('Programme'), which shall be implemented for the period of 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2027.

Amendment    69

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  'Digital Innovation Hub' means legal entity designated or selected in an open and competitive procedure in order to fulfil the tasks under the Programme, in particular providing access to technological expertise and experimentation facilities, such as equipment and software tools to enable the digital transformation of the industry.

(e)  'European Digital Innovation Hub' means an existing or new legal entity or a consortium of legal entities designated or selected in an open, transparent and competitive procedure in order to fulfil the tasks under the Programme, in particular providing access to technological expertise and experimentation facilities, such as equipment and software tools to enable the digital transformation of the industry as well as facilitating access to finance. European Digital Innovation Hub shall be open to business of all forms and sizes, in particular to SMEs, scale-ups and public administrations across the Union.

 

European Digital Innovation Hubs shall act as one-stop-shops where companies - especially SMEs, start-ups and mid-caps – can get help to improve their business, production processes, products and services by means of digital technology that could result in added value. The Hubs will therefore create a decentralised network across the Union offering support to companies to ensure that their employees’ skills match the expertise required to handle the available digital technology. The Hubs shall also coordinate with education providers with a view to supporting training for students and on-the-job training for workers.

Amendment    70

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point f a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fa)  "media literacy" means the analytical skills necessary to find one's path of understanding throughout the digital world.

Amendment    71

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point f b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fb)  'European Partnership' means an initiative where the Union, together with private and/or public partners (such as industry, research organisations, bodies with a public service mission at local, regional, national or international level or civil society organisations including foundations, SMEs organisations), commit to jointly support the development and implementation of digital innovation and technological deployment activities, including those related to market, regulatory or policy uptake;

Amendment    72

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point f c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fc)  ‘small and medium-sized enterprises’ or ‘SMEs’ means small and medium-sized enterprises as defined in Article 2 of the Annex to Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC;

Amendment    73

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point f d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fd)  'consortium' means a collaborative grouping of undertakings constituted to carry out an action under the Programme.

Amendment    74

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The Programme has the following general objective: to support the digital transformation of the European economy and society and bring its benefits to European citizens and businesses. The Programme will:

1.  The Programme has the following general objective: to support and to accelerate the digital transformation of the European economy, industry and society and to bring its benefits to European citizens, public services and businesses, as well as to reinforce the strategic autonomy and cohesion of the Union while securing competitiveness and reducing the digital divide. The Programme shall:

Amendment    75

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  widen their diffusion and uptake in areas of public interest and the private sector.

(b)  widen their diffusion and uptake in the private sector and in areas of public interest, supporting their digital transformation and ensuring access to digital technologies;

Amendment    76

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  deploy, coordinate at the Union level and operate an integrated world-class exascale77 supercomputing and data infrastructure in the Union that shall be accessible on a non-commercial basis to public and private users and for publicly funded research purposes;

(a)  deploy, coordinate at the Union level and operate an interoperable world-class exascale77 supercomputing and data infrastructure in the Union that shall be accessible to public and private users and for publicly and privately funded research purposes;

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77 Billions of billions of floating operations per second

77 Billions of billions of floating operations per second

Amendment    77

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  deploy ready to use/operational technology resulting from research and innovation to build an integrated Union high performance computing ecosystem, covering all scientific and industrial value chain segments, including hardware, software, applications, services, interconnections and digital skills;

(b)  deploy ready to use/operational technology resulting from research and innovation to build an integrated Union high performance computing ecosystem, covering all scientific and industrial value chain segments, including hardware, software, applications, services, interconnections and digital skills, ensuring a high level of security and data protection;

Amendment    78

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  deploy and operate a post-exascale78 infrastructure, including the integration with quantum computing technologies and develop new research infrastructures for computing science.

(c)  deploy and operate a post-exascale78 infrastructure, including the integration with quantum computing technologies and develop new research infrastructures; encourage the development within the Union of the hardware and software necessary for such deployment , for computing science.

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78 A thousand times faster than exascale

78 A thousand times faster than exascale

Amendment    79

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. The actions under Specific Objective 1 shall be primarily implemented through the Joint Undertaking proposed by the Commission and endorsed by the Council of Ministers on 25 of June 2018 in accordance with Regulation (EU) ... of the European Parliament and of the Council1a.

 

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1a Regulation establishing the European High Performance Computing Joint Undertaking. 10594/18. Brussels, 18 September 2018 (OR. en). http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-10594-2018-INIT/en/pdf

Amendment    80

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  build up and strengthen core artificial intelligence capacities in the Union, including data resources and libraries of algorithms in compliance with data protection legislation;

(a)  build up and strengthen core artificial intelligence capacities in the Union, including data resources and libraries of algorithms. In compliance with data protection legislation, AI-based solutions and resources made available shall respect the principle of privacy and security by design; and ensuring that humans remain at the centre of the development and deployment of Artificial intelligence,

Amendment    81

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  make those capacities accessible to all businesses and public administrations;

(b)  make those capacities accessible to businesses, especially SMEs and start-ups, and public administrations including not-for-profit organisations, research institutions, universities,

Amendment    82

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(c a)  to develop and reinforce industrial application and production systems, facilitating integration of technologies in value chains, development of innovative business models, and shortening the time passed from innovation to industrialisation; and to foster the take up of AI-based solution in areas of public interest and society

Amendment    83

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The actions under this specific objective Artificial Intelligence shall be implemented exclusively through direct management by the Commission or an executive agency on the basis of a cost-benefit analysis.

Amendment    84

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Actions carried out under Specific objective 2 shall comply with ethical principles and relevant national, Union and international laws, including the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the European Convention of Human Rights and the Protocol thereto. The Commission taking into account the recommendations of the High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence shall specify conditions related to ethical issues in the work programmes under Specific objective 2. The calls or the grant agreements shall include relevant conditions as set out in work programmes. An ethical review of each project shall be performed during the evaluation of each action, Actions that are not ethically acceptable or that do not fulfil the conditions agreement shall not be eligible for funding.

Amendment    85

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  support, together with Member States, the procurement of advanced cybersecurity equipment, tools and data infrastructures in full compliance with data protection legislation;

(a)  support, together with Member States, the procurement of advanced cybersecurity equipment, tools and data infrastructures in order to achieve a common high level of cybersecurity at the European level, in full compliance with data protection legislation and the fundamental rights while ensuring EU strategic autonomy

Amendment    86

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  support the best use of European knowledge, capacity and skills related to cybersecurity;

(b)  support the best use and the increase of European knowledge, capacity and skills related to cybersecurity; and the sharing and mainstreaming of best practices,

Amendment    87

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  ensure a wide deployment of the latest cybersecurity solutions across the economy;

(c)  ensure a wide deployment of the latest cybersecurity solutions across the economy; with special attention to public services and essential economic operators such as SMEs;

Amendment    88

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  reinforce capabilities within Member States and private sector to help them meet Directive (EU) 2016/1148 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 concerning measures for a high common level of security of network and information systems across the Union79 .

(d)  reinforce capabilities within Member States and private sector to help them meet Directive (EU) 2016/1148 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 concerning measures for a high common level of security of network and information systems across the Union79 including through measures aiming at developing a cybersecurity culture within organisations .

__________________

__________________

79 OJ L 194, 19.7.2016, p. 1–30

79 OJ L 194, 19.7.2016, p. 1–30

Amendment    89

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(d a)  improve resilience against cyber-attacks, to increase risk awareness and knowledge of basic security processes among users, particularly public services, SMEs and start-ups, to ensure that companies have basic levels of security, such as end-to-end encryption of data and communications and software updates, and to encourage the use of the security-by-design and by default knowledge of basic security processes as well as cyber-hygiene;

Amendment    90

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The actions under Specific objective 3 Cybersecurity and trust shall be primarily implemented through the European Cybersecurity Industrial, Technology and Research Competence Centre and the Cybersecurity Competence Network in accordance with [Regulation ..... of the European Parliament and of the Council1a].

 

__________________

 

1a Regulation ..... of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the European Cybersecurity Industrial, Technology and Research Competence Centre and the Network of National Coordination Centres

Amendment    91

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The financial intervention by the Union under Specific Objective 4. Advanced Digital skills shall support the development of advanced digital skills in areas supported by this programme, thus contributing to increase Europe's talent pool, fostering greater professionalism, especially with regard to high performance computing, big data analytics, cybersecurity, distributed ledger technologies, robotics and artificial intelligence. The financial intervention shall pursue the following operational objectives:

The financial intervention by the Union under Specific Objective 4. Advanced Digital skills shall support the development of advanced digital skills in areas supported by this programme, thus contributing to increase Union's talent pool, reducing the digital divide, fostering greater professionalism on a gender balance way, especially with regard to high performance computing, big data analytics, cybersecurity, distributed ledger technologies, robotics, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, communication systems and networks, data protection competencies, artificial intelligence. To stimulate and improve labour market, and specialisation in digital technologies and applications, the financial intervention shall pursue the following operational objectives:

Amendment    92

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  support the design and delivery of long-term trainings and courses for students, IT professionals and the workforce;

(a)  support the design and delivery of high quality long-term training courses including blended learning for students, teachers, educators, IT professionals, researchers and the workforce including public servants, in collaboration with schools, universities and research centres;

Amendment    93

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  support the design and delivery of short-term trainings and courses for entrepreneurs, small business leaders and the workforce;

(b)  support the design and delivery of high quality short-term trainings and courses including blended learning for entrepreneurs, small business and start-up leaders, and the workforce including public servants and self-employed;

Amendment    94

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  support on-the-job trainings and traineeships for students, young entrepreneurs and graduates.

(c)  support high quality on-the-job trainings, including blended learning and traineeships for students, young entrepreneurs and graduates.

Amendment    95

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The actions under Specific objective 4 Advanced Digital Skills shall be primarily implemented through direct management by the European Commission. The European Digital Innovation Hubs may act as facilitators for training opportunities, advising companies and liaising with the appropriate competence centres to ensure the widest geographical coverage across the Union .

Amendment    96

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The financial intervention by the Union under Specific Objective 5. Deployment, best use of digital capacities and Interoperability shall achieve the following operational objectives:

The financial intervention by the Union under Specific Objective 5. Deployment, best use of digital capacities and Interoperability shall achieve the following operational objectives complementing the digital infrastructure actions to that end while reducing the digital divide:

Amendment    97

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  ensure that the public sector and areas of public interests, such as health and care, education, judiciary, transport, energy, environment, cultural and creative sectors, can deploy and access state-of-the-art digital technologies, in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity;

(a)  ensure that the public sector and areas of public interests, such as health and care, education, judiciary, transport and communication energy, environment, cultural and creative sectors, as well business established within the Union can effectively deploy and have the necessary skills through training to use access state-of-the-art digital technologies, in particular high performance computing, language technology, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity

Amendment    98

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  deploy, operate and maintain trans-European interoperable Digital Service Infrastructures (including related services) in complementarity with national and regional actions;

(b)  deploy, operate and maintain trans-European interoperable state of the art Digital Service Infrastructures across the Union (including related services) in complementarity with national and regional actions;

Amendment    99

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  facilitate the development, update and use of solutions and frameworks by European public administrations, businesses and citizens, including the re-use of interoperability solutions and frameworks;

(c)  facilitate the development, update and use of solutions and frameworks by European public administrations, businesses and citizens, including open source and the re-use of interoperability solutions and frameworks;

Amendment    100

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  offer to public administrations access to testing and piloting of digital technologies, including their cross-border use;

(d)  offer to public administrations access to testing piloting and scaling-up of digital technologies, including their cross-border use;

Amendment    101

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  support the uptake of advanced digital and related technologies, including in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity and future emerging technologies by the Union industry, notably SMEs;

(e)  support the uptake of advanced digital and related technologies, including in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence, distributed ledger technologies, cybersecurity data protection, cloud computing and information governance and future emerging technologies by the Union industry, notably SMEs and start-ups;

Amendment    102

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f)  support the design, testing, implementation and deployment of interoperable digital solutions for EU level public services delivered through a data-driven reusable solutions platform, fostering innovation and establishing common frameworks in order to unleash the full potential of the public administrations’ services for European citizens and businesses;

(f)  support the design, maintain, testing, implementation and deployment of interoperable digital solutions for EU level public services delivered through a data-driven reusable solutions platform, fostering innovation and establishing common frameworks in order to unleash the full potential of the public administrations’ services for European citizens and businesses;

Amendment    103

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g)  ensure a continuous capacity at the Union level to observe, analyse and adapt to fast-evolving digital trends, as well as sharing and mainstreaming best practices;

(g)  ensure a continuous capacity at the Union level to spearhead digital development, in addition to observe, analyse and adapt to fast-evolving digital trends, as well as sharing and mainstreaming best practices and facilitating cross-fertilisation between the different national initiatives, leading to the development of the digital society thanks to a permanent cooperation among all actors involved at EU level;

Amendment    104

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point h

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(h)  support cooperation towards achieving a European ecosystem for trusted infrastructures using distributed ledger services and applications, including support for interoperability and standardisation and fostering the deployment of EU cross-border applications;

(h)  support cooperation towards achieving a European ecosystem for trusted infrastructures using inter alia distributed ledger services and applications, including support for interoperability and standardisation and fostering the deployment of EU cross-border applications based on security and privacy by design, guaranteeing data protection and consumer safety;

Amendment    105

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The actions under sSpecific objective 5 Deployment, best use of digital capacities and Interoperability shall be primarily implemented through direct management by the European Commission. The European Digital Innovation Hubs and competence centres may act as facilitators.

Amendment    106

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021−2027shall be EUR 9 194 000 000 in current prices.

1.  The financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021−2027shall be EUR 8 192 391 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 9 194 000 000 in current prices).

Amendment    107

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  up to EUR 2 698 240 000 for Specific Objective 1, High Performance Computing

(a)  up to EUR 2 404 289 438 in 2018 prices (EUR 2 698 240 000 in current prices) for Specific Objective 1, High Performance Computing

Amendment    108

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  up to EUR 2 498 369 000 for Specific Objective 2, Artificial Intelligence

(b)  up to EUR 2 226 192 703 in 2018 prices (EUR 2 498 369 000 in current prices) for Specific Objective 2, Artificial Intelligence

Amendment    109

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  up to EUR 1 998 696 000 for Specific Objective 3, Cybersecurity and Trust

(c)  up to EUR 1 780 954 875 in 2018 prices (EUR 1 998 696 000 in current prices) for Specific Objective 3, Cybersecurity and Trust

Amendment    110

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  up to EUR 699 543 000 for Specific Objective 4, Advanced Digital skills

(d)  up to EUR 623 333 672 in 2018 prices (EUR 699 543 000 in current prices) for Specific Objective 4, Advanced Digital skills

Amendment    111

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  up to EUR 1 299 152 000 for Specific Objective 5, Deployment, best use of digital capacities and Interoperability

(e)  up to EUR 1 157 620 312 in 2018 prices (EUR 1 299 152 000 in current prices) for Specific Objective 5, Deployment, best use of digital capacities and Interoperability

Amendment    112

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  Resources allocated to Member States under shared management may, at their request, be transferred to the Programme. The Commission shall implement those resources directly in accordance with point (a) of Article 62(1) of the Financial Regulation or indirectly in accordance with point (c) of that Article. Where possible those resources shall be used for the benefit of the Member State concerned.

5.  Resources allocated to Member States under shared management may, at their request, be transferred to the Programme. The Commission shall implement those resources directly in accordance with point (a) of Article 62(1) of the Financial Regulation or indirectly in accordance with point (c) of that Article. Where possible those resources shall be used to the maximum extent possible for the benefit of the Member State concerned.

Amendment    113

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The programme shall be open to:

deleted

Amendment    114

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Members of the European Free Trade Association, which are members of the European Economic Area, in accordance with the conditions laid down in the European Economic Area agreement;

1.  The programme shall be open to Members of the European Free Trade Association, which are members of the European Economic Area, in accordance with the conditions laid down in the European Economic Area agreement;

Amendment    115

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Acceding countries, candidate countries and potential candidates , in accordance with the general principles and general terms and conditions for their participation in Union programmes established in the respective framework agreements and Association Council Decisions, or similar agreements, and in accordance with the specific conditions laid down in agreements between the Union and them;

2.  Full or partial association to the programme of third countries that are not referred to in paragraph 1 shall be based on a case by case assessment of the Specific objectives, in accordance with the conditions laid down in a specific agreement covering the participation of the third country to any Union programme, provided that this specific agreement fully respects the following criteria:

 

-  the participation of the third country is in the interest of the Union;

 

-  the participation contributes to achieving the objectives lay down in article 3,

 

-  the participation does not raise any security concerns and fully respects the relevant security requirements lay down in article 12,

 

-  the agreement ensures a fair balance as regards the contributions and benefits of the third country participating in the Union programmes;

 

-  the agreement lays down the conditions of participation in the programmes, including the calculation of financial contributions to individual programmes and their administrative costs. These contributions shall constitute assigned revenues in accordance with Article [21(5)] of [the new Financial Regulation];

 

-  the agreement does not confer to the third country a decisional power on the programme;

 

-  the agreement guarantees the rights of the Union to ensure sound financial management and to protect its financial interests.

Amendment    116

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2 a.  When preparing the work programmes, the European Commission or other relevant implementing bodies, shall assess on a case-by-case basis whether the conditions laid down in the agreement referred to in paragraph 2 are met for the actions included in the work programmes.

Amendment    117

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Countries covered by the European Neighbourhood Policy, in accordance with the general principles and general terms and conditions for the participation of those countries in Union programmes established in the respective framework agreements and Association Council Decisions, or similar agreements, and in accordance with the specific conditions laid down in agreements between the Union and those countries;

deleted

Amendment    118

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Third countries in accordance with the conditions laid down in a specific agreement covering the participation of the third country to any Union programme, provided that the agreement

deleted

  ensures a fair balance as regards the contributions and benefits of the third country participating in the Union programmes;

 

  lays down the conditions of participation in the programmes, including the calculation of financial contributions to individual programmes and their administrative costs. These contributions shall constitute assigned revenues in accordance with Article [21(5)] of [the new Financial Regulation] ;

 

  does not confer to the third country a decisional power on the programme;

 

  guarantees the rights of the Union to ensure sound financial management and to protect its financial interests.

 

Amendment    119

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The cooperation with third countries and organisations mentioned in paragraph 1 under Specific Objective 3. Cybersecurity and Trust shall be subject to Article [12].

2.  The cooperation with third countries and organisations mentioned in paragraph 1 under Specific Objectives 1, High Performance Computing, 2 Artificial intelligence and 3. Cybersecurity and Trust shall be subject to Article [12].

Amendment    120

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  The work programme may also provide that legal entities established in associated countries and legal entities established in the EU but controlled from third countries are not eligible for participation in all or some actions under Specific Objective 3 for security reasons. In such cases calls for proposals and calls for tenders shall be restricted to entities established or deemed to be established in Member States and controlled by Member States and/or nationals of Member States.

5.  The work programme may also provide that legal entities established in associated countries and legal entities established in the EU but controlled from third countries are not eligible for participation in all or some actions under Specific Objective 1, 2 and 3 for strategic and security reasons. In such cases calls for proposals and calls for tenders shall be restricted to entities established or deemed to be established in Member States and controlled by Member States and/or nationals of Member States.

Amendment    121

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5 a.  Actions including the transfer of technology outside the Union shall not permitted. With a view to ensuring long term strategic security objectives, an opportunity evaluation shall be carried out in respect of the participation of entities which have their main establishment outside the Union.

Amendment    122

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 5 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5 b.  Where appropriate the Commission or the funding body may carry out security checks, actions which do not comply with security rules may be excluded or terminated at any time.

Amendment    123

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The Programme is designed to be implemented enabling synergies, as further described in Annex III, with other Union funding programmes, in particular through arrangements for complementary funding from EU programmes where management modalities permit; either in sequence, in an alternating way, or through the combination of funds including for the joint funding of actions.

1.  The Programme is designed to be implemented enabling synergies, as further described in Annex III, with other Union funding programmes, in particular through arrangements for complementary funding from EU programmes where management modalities permit; either in sequence, in an alternating way, or through the combination of funds including for the joint funding of actions. The Commission shall ensure that when leveraging the complementary character of the programme with other European funding programmes, in particular ESIF, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), Horizon Europe and Connecting Europe Facility (CEF-2), investEU, Erasmus, European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) the achievement of Specific objectives 1 to 5 are not hampered.

 

The Commission shall look into ways of improving the overall efficiency of programmes offering resources in the field of digitalisation.

Amendment    124

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Appropriate mechanisms of coordination between relevant authorities and appropriate monitoring tools shall be established to systematically ensure synergies between the Programme and any relevant EU funding instruments. The arrangements shall contribute to avoiding duplications and maximising impact of expenditure.

2.  Appropriate mechanisms of coordination between relevant authorities and between authorities and the European Commission and appropriate monitoring tools shall be established to systematically ensure synergies between the Programme and any relevant EU funding instruments. The arrangements shall contribute to avoiding duplications and maximising impact of expenditure.

Amendment    125

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The Programme may provide funding in any of the forms laid down in the Financial Regulation, including notably procurement as a primary form as well as grants and prizes. It may also provide financing in the form of financial instruments within blending operations.

2.  The Programme may provide funding in any of the forms laid down in the Financial Regulation, including notably procurement by the Commission or funding body, by grant beneficiaries individually or jointly as a primary form of the action as well as grants and prizes. Procurements may authorise the award of multiple contracts within the same procedure and may provide for place of performance conditions in line with applicable international procurement agreements. The Programme may also provide financing in the form of financial instruments within blending operations.

Justification

The amendment aims at allowing the use of procurement in the most effective way by clarifying the provision on how the EC or EU funding bodies themselves can be involved as procurers in DEP funded public procurements. Also one procurement can award contracts to multiple vendors or multiple sourcing ensuring better value for money and assuring continuity of supply and service especially for digital technologies.

Amendment    126

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Programme may be implemented through European Partnerships. This may include in particular contributions to existing or new public-private partnerships in the form of joint undertakings established under Article 187 TFEU. For these contributions, provisions relating to European Partnerships under [Horizon Europe Regulation, ref to be added] apply.

The Programme may be implemented through European Partnerships agreed within the Strategic programming Process between the Commission and the Member States . This may include in particular contributions to existing or new public-private partnerships in the form of joint undertakings established under Article 187 TFEU. For these contributions, provisions relating to European Partnerships under [Horizon Europe Regulation, ref to be added] apply.

Amendment    127

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

European Partnerships shall:

 

(a) Be established in cases where they will more effectively achieve objectives of Digital Europe Programme than the Union alone;

 

(b) Adhere to the principles of Union added value, transparency, openness, impact, leverage effect, long-term financial commitment of all the involved parties, flexibility, coherence and complementarity with Union, local, regional national and international initiatives;

 

(c) Be time limited and include conditions for phasing-out the Programme funding.

Amendment    128

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Provisions and criteria for their selection, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and phasing-out are set out in (Reference to be added).

Amendment    129

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Digital Innovation Hubs

European Digital Innovation Hubs

Amendment    130

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  During the first year of the implementation of the Programme, an initial network of Digital Innovation Hubs shall be established.

1.  During the first year of the implementation of the Programme, an initial network of European Digital Innovation Hubs shall be established on existing infrastructure and shall be at least one European Digital Innovation Hub per Member State.

Amendment    131

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  For the purpose of the establishment of the network mentioned in paragraph 1, each Member State shall designate candidate entities through an open and competitive process, on the basis of the following criteria:

2.  For the purpose of the establishment of the network mentioned in paragraph 1, each Member State shall designate candidate entities through an open, transparent, inclusive and competitive process, on the basis of the following criteria:

Amendment    132

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  appropriate competences related to the functions of the Digital Innovation Hubs;

(a)  appropriate competences related to the functions of the European Digital Innovation Hubs;

Amendment    133

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  appropriate management capacity, staff and infrastructure;

(b)  appropriate management capacity, staff and infrastructure and skillset;

Amendment    134

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(d a)  proven cooperation with the private sector to ensure market relevance of the interventions under the Specific Objectives 1 to 5;

Amendment    135

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – point d b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(d b)  links with existing ICT Hubs created under Horizon 2020, the EUinvest Hub and the European Entreprise network;

Amendment    136

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2 a.  The detailed conditions to be fulfilled in order to be designated as 'European Digital Innovation Hub' and the tasks to be executed, shall be harmonised and published in due time in order to allow for proper preparation and implementation of the actions.

Amendment    137

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 3 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  The Commission shall adopt a decision on the selection of entities forming the initial network. These entities shall be selected by the Commission from candidate entities designated by Member States on the basis of the criteria mentioned in paragraph 2 and the following additional criteria:

3.  The Commission shall adopt a decision on the selection of entities forming the initial network. These entities shall be selected and clearly identified by the Commission from candidate entities designated by Member States on the basis of the criteria mentioned in paragraph 2 and the following additional criteria:

Amendment    138

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 3 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  the need to ensure by the initial network a coverage of the needs of industry and areas of public interest and a comprehensive and balanced geographical coverage.

(b)  the need to ensure by the initial network a coverage of the needs of industry and areas of public interest and a comprehensive and balanced geographical coverage, improving convergence and contribute to fill the gap between the cohesion countries and the other Member States and to decrease the digital divide in geographical terms.

Amendment    139

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Additional Digital Innovation Hubs shall be selected on the basis of an open and competitive process, in such a way to ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe. The number of entities of the network shall be proportional to the population of a given Member States and there shall be at least one Digital Innovation Hub per Member State. To address the specific constraints faced by the EU outermost regions, specific entities may be nominated to cover their needs.

4.  Additional European Digital Innovation Hubs shall be selected on the basis of an open, transparent and competitive process, in such a way to ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe. The number of entities of the network shall be proportional to the population of a given Member States. To address the specific constraints faced by the EU outermost regions, additional Innovation Hubs may be selected in those regions.

Amendment    140

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  The Digital Innovation Hubs may receive funding in the form of grants.

5.  The European Digital Innovation Hubs shall be clearly identified by means of specific indications and receive funding in the form of grants.

Amendment    141

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  The Digital Innovation Hubs which receive funding shall be involved in the implementation of the Programme to:

6.  The European Digital Innovation Hubs which receive funding shall be involved in the implementation of the Programme to:

Amendment    142

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  provide digital transformation services - including testing and experimentation facilities - targeted towards SMEs and midcaps, also in sectors that are slow in the uptake of digital and related technologies;

(a)  provide digital transformation services and technological expertise including testing and experimentation facilities - targeted towards start-ups, SMEs and midcaps, also in sectors that are slow in the uptake of digital and related technologies;

Amendment    143

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(a a)  support companies, especially SMEs and start-ups, organisations and public administrations to become more competitive and improve their business models through use of new technologies covered by the Programme

Amendment    144

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  transfer expertise and know-how between regions, in particular by networking SMEs and midcaps established in one region with Digital Innovation Hubs established in other regions which are best suited to provide relevant services;

(b)  transfer expertise and know-how between regions, in particular by networking SMEs, start-ups and midcaps established in one region with European Digital Innovation Hubs established in other regions which are best suited to provide relevant services; encourage exchanges of skills, joint initiatives and good practices;

Amendment    145

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  provide thematic services, including services related to artificial intelligence, high performance computing and cybersecurity and trust to the administrations, public sector organisations, SMEs and midcaps. Individual Digital Innovation Hubs may specialise in specific thematic services and do not need to provide all thematic services mentioned in this paragraph;

(c)  provide thematic services, including services related to artificial intelligence, high performance computing and cybersecurity and trust to the administrations, public sector organisations, SMEs, and start-ups and midcaps. Individual European Digital Innovation Hubs may specialise in specific thematic services and do not need to provide all thematic services mentioned in this paragraph;

Amendment    146

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

6 a.  The European Digital Innovation Hubs may also cooperate with the European Institute of Innovation and Technology in particular the EIT Digital as well as the Digital Innovation Hubs set up under Horizon 2020.

Amendment    147

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

6 b.  The European Digital Innovation Hubs may carry out the activities of the Digital Innovation Hubs set up under the Framework Programmes for Research and Innovation, including the Innovation Hubs of the EIT Digital

Amendment    148

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Only actions contributing to the achievement of the objectives referred to in Article [3] and Articles [4]-[8] shall be eligible for funding.

1.  Only actions contributing to the achievement of the objectives referred to in Article [3] and Articles [4]-[8] shall be eligible for funding in accordance with the general objectives set out in Annex I.

Amendment    149

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 – paragraph 2 – point a – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  a third countries associated with the Programme;

(ii)  a third countries associated with the Programme in accordance with articles 10 and 12;

Amendment    150

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Legal entities established in a third country which is not associated to the Programme are exceptionally eligible to participate in specific actions where this is necessary for the achievement of the objectives of the Programme.

3.  Legal entities established in a third country which is not associated to the Programme are exceptionally eligible to participate in specific actions where this is necessary for the achievement of the objectives of the Programme, and when it does do not imply additional security risks for the Union or put in question the Union's strategic autonomy.

Amendment    151

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Natural persons shall not be eligible, except for grants awarded under Specific Objective 4. Advanced digital skills.

4.  Natural persons may be eligible for grants awarded under Specific Objective 4. Advanced digital skills. Third country nationals may be eligible provided that they reside within the Union.

Amendment    152

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Grants under the Programme shall be awarded and managed in accordance with Title VIII of the Financial Regulation.

Grants under the Programme shall be awarded and managed in accordance with Title VIII of the Financial Regulation and may cover up to 100% of the eligible costs on duly justified reasons, without prejudice of the co-financing principle; and in accordance with the specification under each objective.

Amendment    153

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The award criteria shall be defined in the work programmes and in the calls for proposals, taking into account at the minimum the following elements:

1.  The award criteria shall be defined in the work programmes and in the calls for proposals, taking into account at least the following elements:

Amendment    154

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  where applicable, the economic, social, climate and environmental impact, and accessibility;

(e)  where applicable, the economic, climate, environmental and social impact, in particular promoting accessibility and equal educational and professional opportunities;

Amendment    155

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g)  where applicable, a balanced geographical distribution across the Union, including the outermost regions;

(g)  where applicable, a balanced geographical distribution across the Union, including the outermost regions including overseas countries and territories;

Amendment    156

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point h a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(h a)  where applicable, the freedom for re-use and adaptation of the projects' results;

Amendment    157

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point h b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(h b)  where applicable, the public interest;

Amendment    158

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point h c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(h c)  where applicable, a reduction of digital divide between regions, citizens or business.

Amendment    159

Proposal for a regulation

Article 21 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Blending operations decided under this Programme shall be implemented in accordance with the [InvestEU regulation] and Title X of the Financial Regulation.

Blending operations decided under this Programme shall be implemented in accordance with the [InvestEU regulation] and Title X of the Financial Regulation. The amount of expenditure from this programme to be blended with a financial instrument shall be non-refundable.

Amendment    160

Proposal for a regulation

Article 22 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2 a.  Where an action has already been awarded or has received contributions from another Union programme or support from an EU fund, that contribution or support shall be listed in the application for a contribution under the Programme.

Amendment    161

Proposal for a regulation

Article 23 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  The first multiannual work programme shall focus on the activities set out in the Annex and ensure that the actions thereby supported do not crowd out private financing. Subsequent work programmes may include activities not set out in the Annex provided that they are consistent with the objectives of this Regulation, as set out in Articles [4 – 8].

3.  The work programmes shall focus on the activities set out in the Annex I and ensure that the actions thereby supported do not crowd out private financing.

Amendment    162

Proposal for a regulation

Article 23 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3 a.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 27 to amend Annex I to review or complement the activities set out therein in a manner consistent with the objectives of this Regulation as set out in articles 4 - 8.

Amendment    163

Proposal for a regulation

Article 24 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Indicators to monitor the implementation and progress of the Programme in achieving the general and specific objectives set out in Article 3 are set in the Annex II.

1.  Measurable indicators to monitor the implementation and progress of the Programme in achieving the general and specific objectives set out in Article 3 are set in the Annex II.

Amendment    164

Proposal for a regulation

Article 24 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1 a.  The Commission shall define a methodology to provide for measurable indicators for an accurate assessment of the progress towards achieving the general objectives set out in Article 3(1). On the basis of this methodology the Commission shall complement Annex III at the latest by 1st January 2021.

Amendment    165

Proposal for a regulation

Article 24 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  To ensure effective assessment of progress of the Programme towards the achievement of its objectives, the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 27 to amend Annex II to review or complement the indicators where considered necessary and to supplement this Regulation with provisions on the establishment of a monitoring and evaluation framework.

2.  To ensure effective assessment of progress of the Programme towards the achievement of its objectives, the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 27 to amend Annex II to review or complement the measurable indicators where considered necessary and to supplement this Regulation with provisions on the establishment of a monitoring and evaluation framework.

Amendment    166

Proposal for a regulation

Article 24 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  The performance reporting system shall ensure that data for monitoring programme implementation and results are collected efficiently, effectively, and in a timely manner. To that end, proportionate reporting requirements shall be imposed on recipients of Union funds and Member States.

3.  The performance reporting system shall ensure that data for monitoring programme implementation and results are suitable for an in-depth analysis of the progress achieved and the difficulties encountered and are collected efficiently, effectively, and in a timely manner. To that end, proportionate reporting requirements shall be imposed on recipients of Union funds and Member States.

Amendment    167

Proposal for a regulation

Article 24 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Official EU statistics such as regular ICT statistical surveys shall be used to their maximum. National Statistical Institutes shall be consulted on, and involved together with Eurostat, in the initial design and subsequent development of statistical indicators used for monitoring the implementation of the programme and the progress made with regard to digital transformation.

4.  Official EU statistics such as regular ICT statistical surveys shall be used in the most efficient manner possible, as well as collection of DESI datasets at NUTS-2 to help address the lack of Digital Europe related regional data. National Statistical Institutes shall be consulted on, and involved together with Eurostat, in the initial design and subsequent development of statistical indicators used for monitoring the implementation of the programme and the progress made with regard to digital transformation.

Amendment    168

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Evaluation

Programme Evaluation

Amendment    169

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Evaluations shall be carried out in a timely manner to feed into the decision-making process.

1.  The Commission shall ensure regular monitoring and external evaluation of the Programme, based notably on the performance reporting system as referred to in Article 24 paragraph 3. The evaluations shall also provide for a qualitative assessment of the progress towards achieving the general objectives set out in Article 3(1).

Amendment    170

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The interim evaluation of the Programme shall be performed once there is sufficient information available about the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the start of the implementation of the Programme.

2.  In addition to regularly monitoring the Programme, the Commission shall establish an interim evaluation report and shall submit it to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions no later than 31 December 2024. The interim evaluation shall present the findings necessary to make a decision about a follow-up to the Programme beyond 2027 and its objectives.

 

The interim evaluation shall be submitted to the European Parliament.

Amendment    171

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  At the end of the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the end of the period specified in Article [1], a final evaluation of the Programme shall be carried out by the Commission.

3.  On the basis of a final external and independent evaluation, the Commission shall establish a final evaluation report of the Programme, which assesses its longer-term impacts and its sustainability.

Amendment    172

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.  The Commission shall submit the final evaluation report referred to in paragraph 3 to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions no later than 31 December 2030.

Amendment    173

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  The Commission shall communicate the conclusions of the evaluations accompanied by its observations, to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions.

deleted

Amendment    174

Proposal for a regulation

Article 26 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  As part of the control system, the audit strategy may be based on the financial audit of a representative sample of expenditure. That representative sample shall be complemented by a selection based on an assessment of the risks related to expenditure.

4.  As part of the control system, the audit strategy shall be based on the financial audit of at least a representative sample of expenditure. That representative sample shall be complemented by a selection based on an assessment of the risks related to expenditure.

Amendment    175

Proposal for a regulation

Article 27 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 24 shall be conferred on the Commission until 31 December 2028.

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Articles 23 and 24 shall be conferred on the Commission until 31 December 2028.

Amendment    176

Proposal for a regulation

Article 27 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  The delegation of power referred to in Article 24 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

3.  The delegation of power referred to in Articles 23 and 24 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

Amendment    177

Proposal for a regulation

Article 27 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  A delegated act adopted pursuant to article 24 shall enter into force if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or by the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

6.  A delegated act adopted pursuant to Articles 23 and 24 shall enter into force if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or by the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

Amendment    178

Proposal for a regulation

Article 29 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The recipients of Union funding shall acknowledge the origin and ensure the visibility of the Union funding (in particular when promoting the actions and their results) by providing coherent, effective and proportionate targeted information to multiple audiences, including the media and the public.

1.  The recipients of Union funding shall acknowledge the origin and ensure the visibility of the Union funding (in particular when promoting the actions and their results) by providing coherent, truthful, effective and proportionate targeted information to multiple audiences, including the media and the public.

Amendment    179

Proposal for a regulation

Article 29 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The Commission shall implement information and communication actions relating to the Programme, and its actions and results. Financial resources allocated to the Programme shall also contribute to the corporate communication of the political priorities of the Union, as far as they are related to the objectives referred to in Article [3].

2.  The Commission shall implement information and communication actions relating to the Programme, and its actions and results. It shall also ensure integrated information and access to potential applicants to Union funding in the digital sector. Financial resources allocated to the Programme shall also contribute to the corporate communication of the political priorities of the Union, as far as they are related to the objectives referred to in Article [3].

Amendment    180

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 1 – paragraph 2 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  A joint procurement framework for an integrated network of world-class HPC including exascale supercomputing and data infrastructure. It will be accessible on a non-economic basis to public and private users and for publicly funded research purposes.

1.  A joint procurement framework for an integrated network of world-class HPC including exascale supercomputing and data infrastructure. It will be accessible to all businesses and public administrations, and on a non-economic basis to public and private users and for publicly funded research purposes.

Amendment    181

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 1 – paragraph 2 – point 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  The deployment of ready to use/operational technology: supercomputing as a service resulting from R&I to build an integrated European HPC ecosystem, covering all scientific and industrial value chain segments (hardware, software, applications, services, interconnections and advanced digital skills).

6.  The deployment of ready to use/operational technology: supercomputing as a service resulting from R&I, in particular new technologies that have previously benefitted or that currently benefit from Union funding, to build an integrated European HPC ecosystem, covering all scientific and industrial value chain segments(hardware, software, applications, services, interconnections and advanced digital skills).

Amendment    182

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 2 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Programme shall build up and strengthen core Artificial Intelligence capacities in Europe including data resources and repositories of algorithms and making them accessible by all businesses and public administrations as well as reinforcement and networking of existing AI testing and experimentation facilities in Member States.

The Programme shall build up and strengthen core capacities of Artificial Intelligence and distributed ledger technologies in Europe including data resources and repositories of algorithms and making them accessible by all businesses and public administrations as well as reinforcement and networking of existing AI testing and experimentation facilities in Member States.

Amendment    183

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 4 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Programme shall support easy access to advanced digital skills, notably in HPC, AI, distributed ledgers (e.g. blockchain) and cybersecurity for the current and future labour force by offering students, recent graduates, and existing workers, wherever they are situated, with the means to acquire and develop these skills.

The Programme shall support easy access and training opportunities in advanced digital skills, notably in HPC, AI, distributed ledgers (e.g. blockchain) and cybersecurity for the current and future labour force by offering students, recent graduates or citizens of all ages in need of upskilling, jobseekers and existing workers, wherever they are situated, with the means to acquire and develop these skills.

Amendment    184

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 4 – paragraph 2 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Access to on the job training by taking part in traineeships in competence centres and companies deploying advanced technologies.

1.  Access to on the job training and blended learning opportunities by taking part in traineeships in competence centres and companies deploying advanced technologies.

Amendment    185

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 4 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

All interventions will be designed and implemented primarily through the Digital Innovation Hubs, as defined in Article 15.

All interventions will be designed and implemented primarily through the Digital Innovation Hubs, as defined in Article 16.

Amendment    186

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 5 – subpart I – point 1 – point 1.2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.2.  Support the design, piloting, deployment, maintenance and promotion of a coherent eco-system of cross-border digital services infrastructure and facilitate seamless end-to-end, secure, interoperable, multi-lingual, interoperable cross-border or cross-sector solutions and common frameworks within public administration. Methodologies for assessing the impact and benefits shall also be included.

1.2.  Support the design, piloting, deployment, maintenance, expansion and promotion of a coherent eco-system of cross-border digital services infrastructure and facilitate seamless end-to-end, secure, interoperable, multi-lingual, interoperable cross-border or cross-sector solutions and common frameworks within public administration. Methodologies for assessing the impact and benefits shall also be included.

Amendment    187

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 5 – subpart I – point 2 – point 2.1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.1.  Ensure that EU citizens can access, share, use, and manage their personal health data securely across borders irrespective of their location or the location of the data. Complete the eHealth Digital Service Infrastructure and extend it by new digital services, support deployment of the European exchange format for electronic health records.

2.1.  Ensure that EU citizens can access, share, use, and manage their personal health data securely and in a way that guarantees their privacy across borders irrespective of their location or the location of the data. Complete the eHealth Digital Service Infrastructure and extend it by new digital services, support deployment of the European exchange format for electronic health records.

Amendment    188

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 5 – subpart I – point 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Judiciary: Enable seamless and secure cross-border electronic communication within the judiciary and between the judiciary and other competent bodies in the area of civil and criminal justice. Improve access to justice and juridical information and procedures to citizens, businesses, legal practitioners and members of the judiciary with semantically interoperable interconnections to national databases and registers as well as facilitating the out-of-court dispute resolution online. Promote the development and implementation of innovative technologies for courts and legal practitioners based on artificial intelligence solutions which are likely to streamline and speed-up procedures (for example “legal tech” applications).

3.  Judiciary: Enable seamless and secure cross-border electronic communication within the judiciary and between the judiciary and other competent bodies in the area of civil and criminal justice. Improve access to justice and juridical information and procedures to citizens, businesses, legal practitioners and members of the judiciary with semantically interoperable interconnections to databases and registers as well as facilitating the out-of-court dispute resolution online. Promote the development and implementation of innovative technologies for courts and legal practitioners based on artificial intelligence solutions which are likely to streamline and speed-up procedures (for example “legal tech” applications).

Amendment    189

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 5 – subpart I – point 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Transport, energy and environment: Deploy decentralised solutions and infrastructures required for large-scale digital applications such as smart cities or smart rural areas in support of transport, energy and environmental policies.

4.  Transport, energy and environment: Deploy decentralised solutions and infrastructures required for large-scale digital applications such as smart cities, smart rural areas or outermost regions in support of transport, energy and environmental policies.

Amendment    190

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 5 – subpart II – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

II  Initial activities related to the digitization of industry:

II  Initial activities related to the digitisation of industry:

Amendment    191

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 2 – part 2 – point 2.2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.2  Number of companies and organisations using AI

2.2  Number of companies and organisations testing and experimenting with AI in co-operation with Digital Innovations Hubs

Amendment    192

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 2 – part 2 – point 2.2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2.2a  Number of concrete AI applications supported by the programme that are being currently commercialised.

Amendment    193

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 2 – part 4 – point 4.1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.1  Number of ICT specialists trained and working

4.1  Number of ICT specialists trained and working each year in the Union

Amendment    194

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 2 – part 4 – point 4.2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.2  Number of enterprises having difficulty recruiting ICT specialists

4.2  Number of enterprises having difficulty recruiting ICT specialists each year in the Union

Amendment    195

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 2 – part 4 – point 4.2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4.2b  Number of students, recent graduates and unemployed that have improved their status after training provided in the framework of the programme.

Amendment    196

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 2 – part 5 – point 5.1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.1  Take-up of digital public services

5.1  Frequency of take-up of digital public services

Amendment    197

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 2 – part 5 – point 5.2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.2  Enterprises with high digital intensity score

5.2  Number of enterprises with high digital intensity score

Amendment    198

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 2 – part 5 – point 5.3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.3  Alignment of the National Interoperability Framework with the European Interoperability Framework

5.3  Extent of alignment of the National Interoperability Framework with the European Interoperability Framework

Amendment    199

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 3 – point 1 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba)  Digital Europe Programme shall actively create synergies with Horizon Europe around the sustainability of data originating from research projects;

Amendment    200

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 3 – point 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  Digital Europe will invest in (i) digital capacity building in High Performance Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Cybersecurity and advanced digital skills; and (ii) national and regional deployment within an EU framework of digital capacities and the latest digital technologies in areas of public interest (such as health, public administration, justice and education) or market failure (such as the digitisation of businesses, notably small and medium enterprises);

(c)  Digital Europe will invest in (i) digital capacity building in High Performance Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Cybersecurity and advanced digital skills; and (ii) national, regional and local deployment within an EU framework of digital capacities and the latest digital technologies in areas of public interest (such as health, public administration, justice and education) or market failure (such as the digitisation of businesses, notably small and medium enterprises);

Amendment    201

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 3 – point 3 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  Digital Europe will invest in (i) digital capacity building in High Performance Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Cybersecurity and advanced digital skills; and (ii) national and regional deployment within an EU framework of digital capacities and the latest digital technologies in areas of public interest (such as health, public administration, justice and education) or market failure (such as the digitisation of businesses, notably small and medium enterprises);

(c)  Digital Europe will invest in (i) digital capacity building in High Performance Computing, Artificial Intelligence, distributed ledger technology, Cybersecurity and advanced digital skills; and (ii) national and regional deployment within an EU framework of digital capacities and the latest digital technologies in areas of public interest (such as health, public administration, justice and education) or market failure (such as the digitisation of businesses, notably small and medium enterprises);


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

The Digital Europe Programme for the period 2021-2027 proposed by the Commission on 6 June 2018 lays down the objectives of the programme, the budget for the 2021 - 2027 period, the forms of European Union funding and the rules for providing such funding.

The Rapporteur endorses the overall objective of the proposed programme to support the digital transformation of the European economy, industry and society. The programme should bring benefits to European businesses and citizens. It shall reinforce Europe's capacities in key digital technology areas through large-scale deployment and widen their diffusion and uptake in both areas of public interest and private sector. However, taking into account the specificity of certain objectives, the Rapporteur believes that on top of the digital transformation, the Programme overall aim is to create capabilities and reinforce strategic autonomy of the EU.

The current state of digitalisation of EU economy, industry and society is not sufficient to answer to the political ambition of the Digital Single Market. There is still an important gap to cover through substantial and better European investment, in order to achieve the common goal and fully benefit from the EU added value. The Rapporteur would like to underline that this proposal is the first pan-European digital programme; it should be seen as a major step for strengthening and improving Europe leading position.

The programme has five specific objectives, and the difference among them is reflected in their specific envelopes. Since a wide variety of activities could be financed through this programme, its implementation could lead to the dilution of the main goal of the programme itself, which is to build capabilities in the EU. The Rapporteur would like to remain very vigilant, and, therefore, proposes that the work programmes will be drafted under the scrutiny of the European Parliament.

This Programme should be a veritable tool to strengthen EU independence, notably in the area of the Specific Objectives 1, 2 and 3 (High Performance Computing, Artificial Intelligence and Cybersecurity and Trust). EU strategic autonomy is essential to ensure concrete freedom of action at global level; it can only be achieved by better cooperation between Member States and undertakings, which must be based in the Member States.

Specific Objective 4 (Advanced Digital Skills) is essential to support the success of the first three Objectives, by ensuring that the current and future labour force will easily acquire advanced digital skills by offering students, graduates, and workers the means to acquire and develop these skills, no matter where they are in the EU.

Specific Objective 5 (Deployment, better use of digital capacities and interoperability) is crucial to expand the best use of digital capacities (notably High Performance Computing, Artificial Intelligence and Cybersecurity) across the economy, including the deployment of interoperable solutions in areas of public interest, and facilitate access to technology and knowhow for all businesses, including SMEs and start-ups, and citizens.

The Rapporteur would therefore like to clarify that the eligible entities should be established in the EU. The cooperation with third countries in the specific context of this programme seems inappropriate.

The Rapporteur also believes that, due to the sensitivity and the ongoing consultations on the Specific Objective 2 (Artificial Intelligence), the selected projects would need to respect ethical requirements, as it is the case in other MFF files such as Horizon Europe and the European Defence Programme.

The European Digital Innovation Hubs are meant to carry out targeted programmes to help European industry, including SMEs and start-ups, and public administrations to equip their personnel with the needed advanced skills to be able access the new opportunities offered by supercomputing, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity. SMEs, start-ups and public administrations will also have the possibility to access to technological expertise and experimentation facilities, but also receiving advice to better assess their business case of digital transformation projects. They are today one of the key elements of the Digitising European Industry strategy. The Rapporteur believes that it is of utmost importance to support the establishment of a European Digital Innovation Hubs network. This network should extend to the widest geographical coverage across Europe but also at national level to meet the concrete needs. The establishment of at least one European Digital Innovation Hub in each region will be a priority.

The overall budget of the programme of EUR 9.1940.0000 should be considered as the minimum amount to steer the Digital Europe Programme towards success. The Rapporteur considers that the amount proposed by the Commission seems potentially limited, taking into account the overall ambition and challenges that cannot be foreseen now, being the Programme a new one and being impossible to assess ex ante the precise needs of each individual objective.

Finally, the Rapporteur is well aware of the Union and the Member States budgetary limits and investments efforts, which is why the implementation of this Programme cannot overlook the commitment to the most efficient management of the funds. Accordingly, a key element will be to realise synergies between the Programme and the other EU funding under the next MFF.

The Rapporteur believes that the funds’ de-compartmenting will make investments more effective and provide better value, notably by amplifying the impact of EU-level digital investments on the ground, while national and regional digital investment will be able to better complement the EU programmes.


ANNEX: LIST OF ENTITIES OR PERSONSFROM WHOM THE RAPPORTEUR HAS RECEIVED INPUT

The following list is drawn up on a purely voluntary basis under the exclusive responsibility of the rapporteur. The rapporteur has received input from the following entities or persons in the preparation of the report, until the adoption thereof in committee:

Entity and/or person

 

Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education of Portugal

Austrian Federal Ministry for Digital and Economic Affairs (EU Presidency)

Mission of Norway to the EU

EARTO

IAPP

Aalto University

Committee of Regions

Wirtschaftskammer Österreich

Bitkom

Amazon

DIGITALEUROPE

European Digital Rights (EDRi)

European Cyber Security Organisation (ECSO)

TNO

UEAPME – the European craft and SME employers’ organisation

European Digital SME Alliance

European Digital Rights (EDRi)


OPINION of the Committee on Culture and Education (12.10.2018)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Digital Europe programme for the period 2021-2027

(COM(2018)0434 – C8-0256/2018 – 2018/0227(COD))

Rapporteur for opinion (*): Bogdan Brunon Wenta

(*)  Associated committee – Rule 54 of the Rules of Procedure

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The Rapporteur welcomes the Commission's proposal to establish a Digital Europe Programme. As part of the next long-term EU budget (MFF 2021-2027), and with a budget of €9.2 billion, the Programme aims to shape Europe's digital transformation to the benefit of citizens and businesses.

The Programme focuses on five specific objectives: (1) high-performance computing, (2) artificial intelligence, (3) cybersecurity, (4) advanced digital skills and (5) deployment, best use of digital capacity and interoperability.

The main points of the draft opinion are:

(i)  Budget (Article 9)

Whilst the Rapporteur considers it essential to ensure the synergies between the Digital Europe Programme and all other MFF programmes, he would nevertheless like to stress the necessity to secure the budget allocated to Digital Europe, considering its ambitious objectives. In that regard, the Rapporteur therefore suggests some specific modifications to the budget.

In particular, the Rapporteur suggests a slight increase of the budget allocated to the specific objective 4, “Advanced digital skills”, with a proposal for a budget of around €830 million (9% of the overall budget) instead of the €700 million (7,6%) originally foreseen by the Commission.

(ii)  Advanced digital skills (Article 7 and annexes)

Considering the crucial importance of ensuring that both the current and future workforce will have the opportunity to acquire advanced digital skills through long-and short-term training courses and on-the-job traineeships, the Rapporteur suggests several amendments in order to reinforce this specific objective and further clarify the proposed provisions.

(iii)  Deployment, best use of digital capacity and interoperability (Article 8 and annexes)

This objective is of particular relevance to cultural and creative sectors. The Rapporteur suggests several amendments to strengthen support to cultural and creative industries, in particular in the audiovisual sector, in their ongoing digital transformation and stresses the need to guarantee them access to the most advanced and performing digital technologies from AI to advanced computing.

This objective is also relevant to cultural heritage. The Rapporteur would like to emphasise the important role Digital Europe will play in supporting Europeana.

(iv)  Evaluation (Article 25)

The Rapporteur suggests several important changes concerning the evaluation of the Programme because he considers that the Commission's proposal is not sufficiently clear in that regard.

(v)  Work programmes (Article 23)

The Rapporteur suggests that the work programmes are adopted by the Commission through delegated acts and not through implemented acts as suggested by the Commission in its proposal.

Overall the Rapporteur welcomes the effort that the Commission has put into this proposal. Nevertheless, the Rapporteur considers it to be far too general, vague, and to be lacking in crucial detail and in legal clarity. In that regard, considering the difficulties in understanding how the Programme will concretely work as well as how the synergies between programmes will be implemented, the Rapporteur suggests a series of amendments, focusing particularly on providing greater legal clarity and certainty to the Programme.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Culture and Education calls on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  Pursuant to paragraph 22 and 23 of the Inter-institutional agreement for Better Law-Making of 13 April 201654 , there is a need to evaluate this Programme on the basis of information collected through specific monitoring requirements, while avoiding overregulation and administrative burdens, in particular on Member States. These requirements, where appropriate, can include measurable indicators, as a basis for evaluating the effects of the Programme on the ground.

(5)  Pursuant to paragraph 22 and 23 of the Inter-institutional agreement for Better Law-Making of 13 April 201654 , there is a need to evaluate this Programme on the basis of information collected through specific monitoring requirements, while avoiding overregulation and administrative burdens, in particular on Member States. These requirements, where appropriate, can include measurable quantitative and qualitative indicators, as a basis for evaluating the effects of the Programme on the ground.

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54 Interinstitutional Agreement between the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission on Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016; OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1–14.

54 Interinstitutional Agreement between the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission on Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016; OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1–14.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  The Tallinn Digital Summit55 of September 2017 and the Conclusions of the European Council56 of 19 October 2017 indicated the need for Europe to invest in digitising our economies and addressing the skills gap to maintain and enhance European competitiveness, our quality of life and social fabric. The European Council concluded that the digital transformation offers immense opportunities for innovation, growth and jobs, will contribute to our global competitiveness, and enhance creative and cultural diversity. Seizing these opportunities requires collectively tackling some of the challenges posed by the digital transformation and reviewing policies affected by the digital transformation.

(6)  The Tallinn Digital Summit55 of September 2017 and the Conclusions of the European Council56 of 19 October 2017 indicated the need for Europe to invest in digitising our economies and addressing the skills gap to maintain and enhance European competitiveness, our quality of life and social fabric. The European Council concluded that the digital transformation offers immense opportunities for innovation, growth and jobs, will contribute to our global competitiveness, media freedom and democratic dialogue, whilst enhancing not only cultural and creative industries but also cultural and linguistic diversity. Seizing these opportunities requires collectively tackling some of the challenges posed by the digital transformation and digital monopolies and reviewing policies affected by the digital transformation while putting focus on investment in human capital and citizens needs in terms of upskilling and reskilling in order for them to fully benefit from the Digital Single Market.

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55 https://www.eu2017.ee/news/insights/conclusions-after-tallinn-digital-summit

55 https://www.eu2017.ee/news/insights/conclusions-after-tallinn-digital-summit

56 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/21620/19-euco-final-conclusions-en.pdf

56 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/21620/19-euco-final-conclusions-en.pdf

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  The European Council concluded in particular that the Union should urgently address emerging trends: this includes issues such as artificial intelligence and distributed ledgers technologies (e.g. blockchain), while at the same time ensuring a high level of data protection, digital rights and ethical standards. The European Council invited the Commission to put forward a European approach to artificial intelligence by early 2018 and called on the Commission to put forward the necessary initiatives for strengthening the framework conditions with a view to enable the EU to explore new markets through risk-based radical innovations and to reaffirm the leading role of its industry.

(7)  The European Council concluded in particular that the Union should urgently address emerging trends: this includes issues such as digital divide, artificial intelligence and distributed ledgers technologies (e.g. blockchain), while at the same time ensuring a high level of data protection,  rights and ethical standards. The European Council invited the Commission to put forward a European approach to artificial intelligence by early 2018 and called on the Commission to put forward the necessary initiatives for strengthening the framework conditions with a view to enable the EU to explore new markets through risk-based radical innovations and to reaffirm the leading role of its industry.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  The Commission's Communication on 'A new, modern Multiannual Financial Framework for a European Union that delivers efficiently on its priorities post-2020'57 outlines among the options for the future financial framework a programme for Europe's digital transformations to deliver 'strong progress towards smart growth in areas such as high quality data infrastructure, connectivity and cybersecurity'. It would seek to secure European leadership in supercomputing, next generation internet, artificial intelligence, robotics and big data. It would reinforce the competitive position of industry and businesses in Europe across the digitised economy and would have a significant impact on filling the skills gap across the Union.

(8)  The Commission's Communication on 'A new, modern Multiannual Financial Framework for a European Union that delivers efficiently on its priorities post-2020'57 outlines among the options for the future financial framework a programme for Europe's digital transformations to deliver 'strong progress towards smart growth in areas such as high quality data infrastructure, connectivity and cybersecurity'. It would seek to secure European leadership in supercomputing, next generation internet, artificial intelligence, robotics and big data. It should reinforce the competitive position of industry and businesses in Europe across the digitised economy and it should ensure that European citizens have the necessary skills, competences and knowledge to face the digital transformation of our societies and economies.

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57 COM(2018) 98 final

57 COM(2018) 98 final

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10)  The general objective of the Programme should be to support the digital transformation of industry and to foster better exploitation of the industrial potential of policies of innovation, research and technological development, for the benefit of businesses and citizens all over the Union. The programme should be structured into five Specific Objectives reflecting key policy areas, namely: high-performance computing, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, advanced digital skills, and deployment, best use of digital capacities and interoperability. For all these areas, the Programme should also aim at better aligning Union, Member States and regional policies, and pooling of private and industrial resources in order to increase investment and develop stronger synergies.

(10)  The general objective of the Programme should be to support the digital transformation of industry, in society and to foster better exploitation of the potential of policies of innovation and research policies, as well as the full use of R&D results, technological development, European and international standards in industry, in cultural, educational, academic/scientific, audiovisual and media institutions and in public administration, for the benefit of citizens and businesses all over the Union. The programme should be structured into five Specific Objectives reflecting key policy areas, namely: high-performance computing, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, advanced digital skills, and deployment, best use of digital capacities and interoperability. For all these areas, the Programme should also aim at better aligning Union, Member States and regional policies, and pooling of private and industrial resources in order to increase investment and develop stronger synergies.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a)  In line with the objectives of, and action plan for, the European Year of Cultural Heritage (which has highlighted the great potential of the cultural, artistic, creative and audiovisual sectors to contribute to European scientific and social innovation), the programme should promote partnerships and research projects between research institutes, universities and cultural, artistic, creative and audiovisual bodies (in particular, museums, academies, conservatories, theatres and cinemas). It should also support the development of digital technologies that facilitate and broaden the scope for conservation of, and access to, cultural, artistic, creative and audiovisual content and services (e.g. augmented and virtual reality and human-machine interfaces), in synergy with the Creative Europe and Horizon Europe programmes.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11)  A central role in the implementation of the Programme should be attributed to Digital Innovation Hubs, which should stimulate the broad adoption of advanced digital technologies by industry, by public organisations and academia. A network of Digital Innovation Hubs should ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe59 . A first set of Digital Innovation Hubs will be selected based on Member States’ proposals and then the network will be enlarged through an open and competitive process. The Digital Innovation Hubs will serve as access points to latest digital capacities including high performance computing (HPC), artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, as well as other existing innovative technologies such as Key Enabling Technologies, available also in fablabs or citylabs. They shall act as single-entry points in accessing tested and validated technologies and promote open innovation. They will also provide support in the area of advanced digital skills. The network of Digital Innovation Hubs should also contribute to the participation of the outermost regions in the Digital Single Market.

(11)  A central role in the implementation of the Programme should be attributed to Digital Innovation Hubs, which should stimulate the broad adoption of advanced digital technologies by industry, SMEs, local start-ups by public organisations and academia taking into account the specific sectorial needs at regional level. A network of Digital Innovation Hubs should ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe59 while taking into consideration remote areas and less developed regions. A first set of Digital Innovation Hubs will be selected based on Member States’ proposals taking into account criteria such as geographical situation, demographic trends, regional skills forecasts needs and then the network will be enlarged through an open, transparent and competitive process. The Digital Innovation Hubs will serve as access points to latest digital capacities including high performance computing (HPC), artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, as well as other existing innovative technologies such as Key Enabling Technologies, available also in fablabs or citylabs. They shall act as single-entry points in accessing tested and validated technologies and promote open innovation. They will also provide support in the area of advanced digital skills. The network of Digital Innovation Hubs should also contribute to the participation of the outermost regions in the Digital Single Market.

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59 As indicated in the Communication on Digitising European Industry (COM(2016) 180 final)

59 As indicated in the Communication on Digitising European Industry (COM(2016) 180 final)

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  The Programme's actions should be used to address market failures or sub-optimal investment situations, in a proportionate manner, without duplicating or crowding out private financing and have a clear European added value.

(14)  The Programme's actions should be used to address market failures or sub-optimal investment situations, in a proportionate manner, without duplicating or crowding out private financing and have a clear European added value. It should also see to the unconditional respect of rights of content providers, consumers and users of digital technology, ensuring full respect of European values in the development of a digital Europe.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  The high performance computing and the related data processing capacities in the Union should allow to ensure wider use of high performance computing by industry and, more generally, in areas of public interest in order to seize unique opportunities that supercomputers bring to society as regards health, environment and security as well as competitiveness of industry, notably small and medium-sized enterprises.

(16)  The high performance computing and the related data processing capacities in the Union should allow to ensure wider use of high performance computing by industry and, more generally, in areas of public interest in order to seize unique opportunities that supercomputers bring to society as regards health, environment, linguistics and security as well as competitiveness of industry, notably start-ups, micro, small and medium-sized enterprises.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(16a)  Digital technologies should be widely accessible to all the necessary public and private bodies, taking into account geographical balance; the criteria for grants, therefore, should give strong emphasis to the general impact, the availability of technologies and information technologies, and the geographic balance.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)  The availability of large-scale data sets and testing and experimentation facilities are of major importance for the development of artificial intelligence.

(20)  The availability of large-scale data sets, as well as computational linguistics, and testing and experimentation facilities are of major importance for the development of artificial intelligence.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22)  Cybersecurity is a challenge for the whole Union that cannot continue to be addressed only with fragmented national initiatives. Europe's cybersecurity capacity should be reinforced to endow Europe with the necessary capacities to protect its citizens and businesses from cyber threats. In addition consumers should be protected when using connected products that can be hacked and compromise their safety. This should be achieved together with Member States and private sector by developing, and ensuring coordination between, projects reinforcing Europe's capacities in cybersecurity and ensuring the wide deployment of latest cybersecurity solutions across the economy, as well as by aggregating the competences in this field to ensure critical mass and excellence.

(22)  Cybersecurity is a challenge for the whole Union that cannot continue to be addressed only with fragmented national initiatives. Europe's cybersecurity capacity should be reinforced to endow Europe with the necessary capacities to protect citizens, businesses and public administrations from cyber threats. In addition consumers should be protected when using connected products that can be hacked and compromise their safety. This should be achieved together with Member States and private sector by developing, and ensuring coordination between, projects reinforcing Europe's capacities in cybersecurity and ensuring the wide deployment of latest cybersecurity solutions across the economy, as well as by aggregating the competences in this field to ensure critical mass and excellence.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(25a)  In its resolution of 14 September 2017 on the New Skills Agenda for Europe65a , the European Parliament recalled that in today's society, ensuring basic digital skills is an essential prerequisite for personal and professional fulfilment. Furthermore it stressed the necessity of equipping people with more specific and advanced digital competences in order to be able to use digital technologies in an innovative and creative way.

 

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65a Texts adopted, P8_TA(2017)0360.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 27

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(27)  In its resolution of 1 June 2017 on digitising European industry67 the European Parliament stated that education, training and lifelong learning are the cornerstone of social cohesion in a digital society.

(27)  In its resolution of 1 June 2017 on digitising European industry67 the European Parliament stated that education, training and lifelong learning are the cornerstone of social cohesion in a digital society. It emphasised as well the importance of basic digital skills which should encompass knowledge of the possibilities that digital skills offer, advanced use of basic digital tools, safe internet behaviour and search methodologies to identify credible sources, and promote awareness-raising about rights online. It would also contribute to allowing citizens to have a critical understanding of different forms of digital media and thereby increasing and enhancing the resources and opportunities offered by ‘digital literacy’.

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67 Document ref. A8-0183/2017, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0240

67 Document ref. A8-0183/2017, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0240

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 28

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(28)  The advanced digital technologies supported by this Programme, such as high performance computing, cybersecurity and artificial intelligence are now sufficiently mature to move beyond the research arena and be deployed, implemented and scaled-up at Union level. Just as the deployment of these technologies require a Union response so does the skills dimension. Training opportunities in advanced digital skills need to be scaled up, increased and made accessible throughout the EU. Failing this could impede the smooth deployment of advanced digital technologies and hamper the overall competitiveness of Union's economy. The actions supported by this programme are complementary to those supported by the ESF, ERDF and Horizon Europe programmes.

(28)  The advanced digital technologies supported by this Programme, such as high performance computing, cybersecurity and artificial intelligence are now sufficiently mature to move beyond the research arena and be deployed, implemented and scaled-up at Union level. Just as the deployment of these technologies require a Union response so does the skills dimension. Learning and training opportunities, including on-the-job training, blended and distance learning in advanced digital skills need to be scaled up, increased and made accessible throughout the Union. Particular attention should be paid to providing workers, especially in the context of an ageing workforce, the means and tools to benefit from the opportunities offered by new digital infrastructures. Failing this could impede the smooth deployment of advanced digital technologies and hamper the participation of citizens to the public life and the job market, as well as the overall competitiveness of Union's economy. The actions supported by this programme are complementary to those supported by the ESF, ERDF and Horizon Europe and Erasmus programmes.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 30

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(30)  The digital transformation of the areas of public interest such as healthcare68 , mobility, justice, earth/environmental monitoring, education and culture requires the continuation and expansion of Digital Service Infrastructures, which make secure cross-border exchange of data possible and foster national development. Their coordination under this Regulation best achieves the potential for exploiting synergies.

(30)  The digital transformation of the areas of public interest such as healthcare68 , mobility, justice, earth/environmental monitoring, education and training and culture requires the continuation and expansion of Digital Service Infrastructures, which make secure cross-border exchange of data possible and foster national development. Their coordination under this Regulation best achieves the potential for exploiting synergies. The digital transformation should nevertheless take into account that some citizens are not taking part - out of different reasons - in it and networks should be supported to continue informing those citizens, helping them to remain in full possession of their rights and participation to all social and civic duties.

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68 http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=51628

68 http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=51628

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 30 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(30a)  The deployment and access to advanced technologies in areas of public interest, such as education, also require training in skills necessary to make use of these technologies. Therefore the objectives included in Specific Objective 8 should also cover training programmes for those persons who will be using the advanced technologies.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 34 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(34a)  In order to make the most of all the opportunities and benefits offered by digital technologies, the existing gap in terms of access and use between public administrations, individuals, businesses and geographical areas should be filled. In view of this, accelerating the adoption of digital infrastructures, in particular in the most disadvantaged areas of the European territory, is fundamental in order to increase inclusiveness as well as the reduction of the digital divide.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 35 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(35a)  In that context, and as evidenced by the Europeana initiative, the digitisation of European works represents a significant opportunity to improve the accessibility, distribution and promotion of European culture and common cultural heritage. Digital innovation can provide the impetus for a revolution in how cultural goods are exhibited and accessed. Promoting the use of 3D technologies for data collection and the reconstruction of destroyed cultural goods and heritage is, in that regard, of particular importance. Digital Europe can therefore contribute to the guarantee of funding for a fair and ethical digitisation, preservation and online availability of European cultural heritage and culture.

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 35 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(35b)  Furthermore historical and cultural sites are often not easily accessible for persons with disabilities. The Programme could therefore contribute to support digital initiatives aiming at improving engagement and making cultural experiences, sites and artefacts throughout Europe more accessible to persons with disabilities, regardless of geographical location.

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 35 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(35c)  On 31 May 2016, the Council underlined the vital importance of ensuring the sustainable funding and governance of Europeana as a combined effort of cultural heritage institutions, Member States and the Commission. As a well-established digital service infrastructure, the Europeana Digital Service Infrastructure should have priority for funding. In particular, the continuity in Union funding in Digital Europe should be ensured in the multiannual financial framework for the period 2021-2027, in order to allow for the uninterrupted and successful delivery of services at the same level as provided for under the current funding scheme.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 37

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(37)  In April 2016 the Commission adopted the Digitising European Industry initiative to ensure that "any industry in Europe, big or small, wherever situated and in any sector can fully benefit from digital innovations".71

(37)  In April 2016 the Commission adopted the Digitising European Industry initiative to ensure that "any industry in Europe, big or small, wherever situated and in any sector can fully benefit from digital innovations". This is of particular relevance to small and medium enterprises in the cultural and creative sectors.

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71 null

 

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 39

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(39)  Reaching the target objectives may require leveraging the potential of complementary technologies in the networking and computing domains, as stated in the Communication "Digitising European Industry"73 that recognises "availability of world class networking and cloud infrastructure" as an essential ingredient of industry digitisation.

(39)  Reaching the target objectives may require leveraging the potential of complementary technologies in the networking and computing domains, as stated in the Communication "Digitising European Industry"73 that recognises "availability of world class networking and cloud infrastructure" as an essential component of industry digitisation.

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73 COM (2016) 180 final: Digitising European Industry – Reaping the full benefits of a digital single market.

73 COM (2016) 180 final: Digitising European Industry – Reaping the full benefits of a digital single market.

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 44

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(44)  In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission for the adoption of the work programmes so that the objectives of the Programme are achieved in accordance with the Union's and Member States' priorities while ensuring consistency, transparency and continuity of joint action by the Union and the Member States. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with the advisory procedure referred to in Article 4 of Regulation (EU) 182/201175 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by the Member States of the Commission's exercise of implementing powers.

Deleted

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75 Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers (OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13)

 

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 45

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(45)  The work programmes should be adopted in principle as multi-annual work programmes, typically every two years, or, if justified by the needs related to the implementation of the programme, annual work programmes. The types of financing and the methods of implementation under this Regulation should be chosen on the basis of their ability to achieve the specific objectives of the actions and to deliver results, taking into account, in particular, the costs of controls, the administrative burden, and the expected risk of non-compliance. This should include consideration of the use of lump sums, flat rates and unit costs, as well as financing not linked to costs as referred to in Article 125(1) of the Financial Regulation.

(45)  Work programmes should be adopted so that the objectives of the Programme are achieved in accordance with the Union's and Member States' priorities, while ensuring consistency, transparency and continuity of joint action by the Union and the Member States. The work programmes should be adopted in principle every two years, or, if justified by the needs related to the implementation of the programme, on an annual basis. The types of financing and the methods of implementation under this Regulation should be chosen on the basis of their ability to achieve the specific objectives of the actions and to deliver results, taking into account, in particular, the costs of controls, the administrative burden, and the expected risk of non-compliance. This should include consideration of the use of lump sums, flat rates and unit costs, as well as financing not linked to costs as referred to in Article 125(1) of the Financial Regulation.

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 46

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(46)  The power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission concerning amendments to Annex II to review and/or complement the indicators. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

(46)  The power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission concerning the adoption of work programmes, amendments to Annex II to review and/or complement the indicators. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This Regulation establishes the Digital Europe programme ('Programme').

This Regulation establishes the Digital Europe programme ('Programme'), which shall be implemented for the period of 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2027.

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  'Digital Innovation Hub' means legal entity designated or selected in an open and competitive procedure in order to fulfil the tasks under the Programme, in particular providing access to technological expertise and experimentation facilities, such as equipment and software tools to enable the digital transformation of the industry.

(e)  'Digital Innovation Hub' means legal entity designated or selected in an open, transparent and competitive procedure, in order to fulfil the tasks under the Programme, in particular providing access to technological expertise and experimentation facilities, such as equipment and software tools, as well as specialised trainings in advance digital skills, to enable the digital empowerment of all European citizens and the digital transformation of the industry and public institutions.

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point f a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fa)  "media literacy" means the analytical skills necessary to find one's path of understanding throughout the digital world.

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The Programme has the following general objective: to support the digital transformation of the European economy and society and bring its benefits to European citizens and businesses. The Programme will:

1.  The general objective of the Programme shall be to support the digital transformation of the European economy and society and bring its benefits to European citizens and businesses. It shall:

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  reinforce Europe's capacities in key digital technology areas through large-scale deployment,

(a)  reinforce Europe's capacities in key digital technology areas, seeing thereby to a full respect of rights and European values, through large-scale deployment,

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The Programme will have five specific objectives:

2.  The five specific objectives of the Programme shall be:

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  support, together with Member States, the procurement of advanced cybersecurity equipment, tools and data infrastructures in full compliance with data protection legislation;

(a)  support, together with Member States, the procurement of advanced cybersecurity equipment, tools and data infrastructures in full compliance with data protection legislation supported by the development of voluntary standards;

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The financial intervention by the Union under Specific Objective 4. Advanced Digital skills shall support the development of advanced digital skills in areas supported by this programme, thus contributing to increase Europe's talent pool, fostering greater professionalism, especially with regard to high performance computing, big data analytics, cybersecurity, distributed ledger technologies, robotics and artificial intelligence. The financial intervention shall pursue the following operational objectives:

The financial intervention by the Union under Specific Objective 4. Advanced Digital skills shall support the development of advanced digital skills in areas supported by this programme, thus contributing to increase the Union’s talent pool, fostering greater professionalism, especially with regard to high performance computing, big data analytics, cybersecurity, distributed ledger technologies, robotics, artificial intelligence and computer linguistics. The financial intervention shall pursue the following operational objectives:

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  support the design and delivery of long-term trainings and courses for students, IT professionals and the workforce;

(a)  support the design and delivery of high-quality long-term trainings and courses, including blended learning for citizens of all ages, such as students, people in need of upskilling, teachers and trainers, researchers, IT professionals and the workforce and taking into account and respecting language diversity;

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  support the design and delivery of short-term trainings and courses for entrepreneurs, small business leaders and the workforce;

(b)  support the design and delivery of high-quality short-term trainings and courses, including blended learning, for teachers, trainers, entrepreneurs, including small business and start-ups leaders, self-employed and the workforce, as well as citizens of all ages in need of upskilling, including in the non-profit sector and cultural, creative, artistic and audiovisual organisations;

Amendment    37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba)  support the design and delivery of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) for jobseekers, students and workers;

Amendment    38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  support on-the-job trainings and traineeships for students, young entrepreneurs and graduates.

(c)  support high-quality on-the-job trainings, included blended learning and traineeships for students, young entrepreneurs and graduates, as well as citizens of all ages in need of upskilling.

Amendment    39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca)  support networks or services offering help and continued information to citizens not taking part in the digital development - out of different reasons.

Amendment    40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point c b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(cb)  support on-the-job trainings for the workforce.

Amendment    41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  ensure that the public sector and areas of public interests, such as health and care, education, judiciary, transport, energy, environment, cultural and creative sectors, can deploy and access state-of-the-art digital technologies, in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity;

(a)  ensure that the public sector and areas of public interests, such as health and care, education, judiciary, transport, energy, environment, cultural and creative sectors, can effectively deploy and have the necessary skills through training to use state-of-the-art digital technologies, in particular high performance computing, language technology, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity;

Amendment    42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da)  reduce the distance in terms of use and access to digital services and infrastructures between public administrations, citizens, businesses and geographical areas, supporting their ability to provide more efficient services and encouraging greater citizens' involvement in decision-making processes;

Amendment    43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The annual appropriations shall be authorised by the European Parliament and the Council within the limits of the multiannual financial framework.

Amendment    44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The indicative distribution of the referred amount shall be:

2.  The financial envelope referred to in paragraph 1 shall be allocated as follows:

Amendment    45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  up to EUR 2 698 240 000 for Specific Objective 1, High Performance Computing

(a)  a maximum of 29% for Specific Objective 1, High Performance Computing

Amendment    46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  up to EUR 2 498 369 000 for Specific Objective 2, Artificial Intelligence

(b)  at least 27% for Specific Objective 2, Artificial Intelligence

Amendment    47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  up to EUR 1 998 696 000 for Specific Objective 3, Cybersecurity and Trust

(c)  at least 21% for Specific Objective 3, Cybersecurity and Trust

Amendment    48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  up to EUR 699 543 000for Specific Objective 4, Advanced Digital skills

(d)  at least 9% for Specific Objective 4, Advanced Digital skills

Amendment    49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  up to EUR 1 299 152 000for Specific Objective 5, Deployment, best use of digital capacities and Interoperability

(e)  at least 14% for Specific Objective 5, Deployment, best use of digital capacities and Interoperability

Amendment    50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The Programme is designed to be implemented enabling synergies, as further described in Annex III, with other Union funding programmes, in particular through arrangements for complementary funding from EU programmes where management modalities permit; either in sequence, in an alternating way, or through the combination of funds including for the joint funding of actions.

1.  The Programme shall enable synergies, as further described in Annex III, with other Union funding programmes, in particular through arrangements for complementary funding from EU programmes where management modalities permit, either in sequence, in an alternating way, or through the combination of funds including for the joint funding of actions.

Amendment    51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  NUTS classification;

Amendment    52

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Additional Digital Innovation Hubs shall be selected on the basis of an open and competitive process, in such a way to ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe. The number of entities of the network shall be proportional to the population of a given Member States and there shall be at least one Digital Innovation Hub per Member State. To address the specific constraints faced by the EU outermost regions, specific entities may be nominated to cover their needs.

4.  Additional Digital Innovation Hubs shall be selected on the basis of an open, transparent and competitive process, in such a way to ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe. The number of entities of the network shall be proportional to the population of a given Member States and there shall be at least one Digital Innovation Hub per Member State, while taking into consideration the Union's less advantaged regions, the demographic situation and the regional skills forecast needs. To address the specific constraints faced by the EU outermost regions, specific entities may be nominated to cover their needs.

Amendment    53

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  provide digital transformation services - including testing and experimentation facilities - targeted towards SMEs and midcaps, also in sectors that are slow in the uptake of digital and related technologies;

(a)  provide digital transformation services - including testing and experimentation facilities - targeted towards start-ups, SMEs and midcaps, especially in sectors that are slow in the uptake of digital and related technologies;

Amendment    54

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  transfer expertise and know-how between regions, in particular by networking SMEs and midcaps established in one region with Digital Innovation Hubs established in other regions which are best suited to provide relevant services;

(b)  transfer expertise and know-how between regions, in particular by networking start-ups, SMEs and midcaps established in one region with Digital Innovation Hubs established in other regions which are best suited to provide relevant services;

Amendment    55

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  provide thematic services, including services related to artificial intelligence, high performance computing and cybersecurity and trust to the administrations, public sector organisations, SMEs and midcaps. Individual Digital Innovation Hubs may specialise in specific thematic services and do not need to provide all thematic services mentioned in this paragraph;

(c)  provide thematic services, including services related to artificial intelligence, high performance computing and cybersecurity and trust to the administrations, public sector organisations, start-ups, SMEs and midcaps. Individual Digital Innovation Hubs may specialise in specific thematic services and do not need to provide all thematic services mentioned in this paragraph;

Amendment    56

Proposal for a regulation

Article 23 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 27 in order to supplement this Regulation by adopting work programmes.

Amendment    57

Proposal for a regulation

Article 23 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Those work programmes shall be adopted as multiannual programmes for the entire Programme. If justified by specific implementation needs, they may also be adopted as annual programmes which cover one or more Specific Objectives.

2.  Those work programmes shall be adopted as multiannual programmes every two years. If justified by specific implementation needs, they may also be adopted as annual programmes which cover one or more Specific Objectives.

Amendment    58

Proposal for a regulation

Article 24 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Indicators to monitor the implementation and progress of the Programme in achieving the general and specific objectives set out in Article 3 are set in the Annex II.

1.  Quantitative and qualitative indicators to monitor the implementation and progress of the Programme in achieving the general and specific objectives set out in Article 3 are set in the Annex II.

Amendment    59

Proposal for a regulation

Article 24 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  To ensure effective assessment of progress of the Programme towards the achievement of its objectives, the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 27 to amend Annex II to review or complement the indicators where considered necessary and to supplement this Regulation with provisions on the establishment of a monitoring and evaluation framework.

2.  To assess efficiently the progress of the Programme towards the achievement of its objectives, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 27 to amend Annex II to review or complement the indicators where considered necessary and to supplement this Regulation with provisions on the establishment of a monitoring and evaluation framework.

Amendment    60

Proposal for a regulation

Article 24 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  The performance reporting system shall ensure that data for monitoring programme implementation and results are collected efficiently, effectively, and in a timely manner. To that end, proportionate reporting requirements shall be imposed on recipients of Union funds and Member States.

3.  The performance reporting system shall ensure that data for monitoring programme implementation and results are collected efficiently, effectively, and in a timely manner. To that end, specific reporting requirements shall be imposed on recipients of Union funds and Member States.

Amendment    61

Proposal for a regulation

Article 24 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Official EU statistics such as regular ICT statistical surveys shall be used to their maximum. National Statistical Institutes shall be consulted on, and involved together with Eurostat, in the initial design and subsequent development of statistical indicators used for monitoring the implementation of the programme and the progress made with regard to digital transformation.

4.  Official EU statistics such as regular ICT statistical surveys shall be used in the most efficient manner possible, as well as collection of DESI datasets at NUTS-2 to help address the lack of Digital Europe related regional data. National Statistical Institutes shall be consulted on, and involved together with Eurostat, in the initial design and subsequent development of statistical indicators used for monitoring the implementation of the programme and the progress made with regard to digital transformation.

Amendment    62

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Evaluation

Programme Evaluation

Amendment    63

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Evaluations shall be carried out in a timely manner to feed into the decision-making process.

1.  The Commission shall ensure regular monitoring and external evaluation of the Programme, based notably on the performance reporting system as referred to in Article 24 paragraph 3.

Amendment    64

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The interim evaluation of the Programme shall be performed once there is sufficient information available about the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the start of the implementation of the Programme.

2.  In addition to regularly monitoring the Programme, the Commission shall establish an interim evaluation report and shall submit it to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions no later than 31 December 2024.

Amendment    65

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  At the end of the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the end of the period specified in Article [1], a final evaluation of the Programme shall be carried out by the Commission.

3.  On the basis of a final external and independent evaluation, the Commission shall establish a final evaluation report of the Programme, which assesses its longer-term impacts and its sustainability.

Amendment    66

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  The evaluation reporting system shall ensure that data for programme evaluation are collected efficiently, effectively, in a timely manner and at the appropriate level of granularity by recipients of Union funds;

deleted

Amendment    67

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.  The Commission shall submit the final evaluation report referred to in paragraph 3 to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions no later than 31 December 2030.

Amendment    68

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  The Commission shall communicate the conclusions of the evaluations accompanied by its observations, to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions.

deleted

Amendment    69

Proposal for a regulation

Article 27 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 24 shall be conferred on the Commission until 31 December 2028.

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Articles 23 and 24 shall be conferred on the Commission until 31 December 2028.

Amendment    70

Proposal for a regulation

Article 27 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  The delegation of power referred to in Article 24 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

3.  The delegation of power referred to in Articles 23 and 24 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

Amendment    71

Proposal for a regulation

Article 27 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  A delegated act adopted pursuant to article 24 shall enter into force if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or by the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

6.  A delegated act adopted pursuant to Articles 23 and 24 shall enter into force if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or by the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

Amendment    72

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 4 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Programme shall support easy access to advanced digital skills, notably in HPC, AI, distributed ledgers (e.g. blockchain) and cybersecurity for the current and future labour force by offering students, recent graduates, and existing workers, wherever they are situated, with the means to acquire and develop these skills.

The Programme shall support easy access and training opportunities in advanced digital skills, notably in HPC, AI, distributed ledgers (e.g. blockchain) and cybersecurity for the current and future labour force by offering students, recent graduates or citizens of all ages in need of upskilling, jobseekers and existing workers, wherever they are situated, with the means to acquire and develop these skills.

Amendment    73

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 4 – paragraph 2 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Access to on the job training by taking part in traineeships in competence centres and companies deploying advanced technologies.

1.  Access to on the job training and blended learning opportunities by taking part in traineeships in competence centres and companies deploying advanced technologies.

Amendment    74

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 4 – paragraph 2 – point 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  Access to Massive open online courses (MOOCs) which will be offered by online learning platforms and universities.

Amendment    75

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 5 – subpart II – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

II  Initial activities related to the digitization of industry:

II  Initial activities related to the digitisation of industry:

Amendment    76

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 5 – subpart I – point 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  Education and culture: Provide creators and creative industry in Europe with access to latest digital technologies from AI to advanced computing. Exploit the European cultural heritage as a vector to promote cultural diversity, social cohesion and European citizenship. Support the uptake of digital technologies in education.

5.  Education and training: Support the uptake of digital technologies and digital communication rules in formal, informal and non-formal education, notably the further inclusion of digital skills, media literacy as well as the use of digital technologies in all curricula with effective access to latest digital technologies from AI to advanced computing, including providing schools with adequate digital infrastructures and equipment, such as high-capacity broadband networks with access to at least 100 Mbps connectivity. Support investment in distance learning, both blended and entirely online. Support continuing digital education from an early age, without prejudice to nurturing at the same time classical and humanistic skills, without overlooking the risk of digital addiction as well as potential pathologies linked to digitalisation, in the context of social and physical interactions.

Amendment    77

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 5 – subpart I – point 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a.  Cultural and creative sectors: support cultural and creative sectors, in particular the audiovisual sector, in their ongoing digital transformation whilst guaranteeing them the access to the most advanced, sustainable and performing digital technologies from AI to advanced computing, as well as supporting the contribution of the cultural and creative sectors to a fair and ethical use and development of their digital tools and infrastructures.

Amendment    78

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 1 – part 5 – subpart I – point 5 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5b.  Cultural heritage: Exploit and promote the European cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible as a vector to promote cultural and linguistic diversity, social cohesion and European citizenship. Protect, preserve and disseminate cultural heritage through digitisation and the development of contemporary digital cultural practices, as well as specific digital initiatives such as European, cultural heritage cloud, and other initiatives that take into account the latest digital technologies.

Amendment    79

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 2 – part 4 – point 4.1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.1  Number of ICT specialists trained and working

4.1  Number of ICT specialists trained and working each year in the Union

Amendment    80

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 2 – part 4 – point 4.2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.2  Number of enterprises having difficulty recruiting ICT specialists

4.2  Number of enterprises having difficulty recruiting ICT specialists each year in the Union

Amendment    81

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 3 – point 1 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba)  Digital Europe Programme shall actively create synergies with Horizon Europe around the sustainability of data originating from research projects;

Amendment    82

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 3 – point 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.  Synergies with Creative Europe shall ensure that:

 

(a)  The Programme will support the development and acquisition of the advanced digital skills needed for the deployment of cutting-edge technologies relevant for the cultural ecosystem and cultural and creative sectors as a whole. It shall enable exchange within cultural sectors and across other sectors on the protocols and advanced digital skills already developed by creative communities with a view to foster its dissemination and uptake.

 

(b)  The Creative Europe Programme, with its general objective of increasing the competitiveness of the cultural and creative sectors, will complement in that regard the interventions of Digital Europe, which aim to support the digital transformation of cultural and creative industries; as well as to ensure the diversity of available platforms taking into consideration the increasing market concentration of digital monopolies.

 

(c)  Within the Programme two leadership projects will ensure the continuation of deployment activities linked to the #Digital4Culture strategy. The leadership project on digital transformation of the cultural heritage sector will continue to support European initiative launched during the European Year on Cultural Heritage 2018. The part of the Programme focusing on digital skills has synergies with issues such as media literacy and film education.

 

(d)  The Programme will support the launch and the realisation of an online directory of European films available on legal on-demand services with the aim of promoting distribution, promotion, visibility and findability at a European level.

 

(e)  The Programme will support the development of new technologies needed to enhance theatrical and online distribution and provide wider access across borders to European audiovisual works, as stated in the priorities of Creative Europe´s MEDIA Strand.

Amendment    83

Proposal for a regulation

Annex 3 – point 5 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba)  The programme adequately supports the development and implementation of the European Student Card (e-Card) by providing the technical infrastructure and capacity building and ensuring the development of the trust and security aspects, especially concerning the electronic exchange of data;

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Establishing the Digital Europe programme for the period 2021-2027

References

COM(2018)0434 – C8-0256/2018 – 2018/0227(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ITRE

14.6.2018

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

CULT

14.6.2018

Associated committees - date announced in plenary

5.7.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Bogdan Brunon Wenta

1.6.2018

Discussed in committee

3.9.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

10.10.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

27

0

1

Members present for the final vote

Isabella Adinolfi, Dominique Bilde, Nikolaos Chountis, Silvia Costa, Mircea Diaconu, Damian Drăghici, Angel Dzhambazki, Jill Evans, María Teresa Giménez Barbat, Giorgos Grammatikakis, Petra Kammerevert, Svetoslav Hristov Malinov, Rupert Matthews, Stefano Maullu, Morten Messerschmidt, Luigi Morgano, Momchil Nekov, Helga Trüpel, Sabine Verheyen, Julie Ward, Bogdan Brunon Wenta, Theodoros Zagorakis, Bogdan Andrzej Zdrojewski, Krystyna Łybacka, Michaela Šojdrová

Substitutes present for the final vote

Norbert Erdős, Martina Michels, Remo Sernagiotto

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

27

+

ALDE

Mircea Diaconu, María Teresa Giménez Barbat

ECR

Angel Dzhambazki, Rupert Matthews, Morten Messerschmidt, Remo Sernagiotto

EFDD

Isabella Adinolfi

GUE/NGL

Nikolaos Chountis, Martina Michels

PPE

Norbert Erdős, Svetoslav Hristov Malinov, Stefano Maullu, Michaela Šojdrová, Sabine Verheyen, Bogdan Brunon Wenta, Theodoros Zagorakis, Bogdan Andrzej Zdrojewski

S&D

Silvia Costa, Damian Drăghici, Giorgos Grammatikakis, Petra Kammerevert, Krystyna Łybacka, Luigi Morgano, Momchil Nekov, Julie Ward

VERTS/ALE

Jill Evans, Helga Trüpel

0

-

 

 

1

0

ENF

Dominique Bilde

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention


OPINION of the Committee on Budgets (07.11.2018)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Digital Europe programme for the period 2021-2027

(COM(2018)0434 – C8-0256/2018 – 2018/0227(COD))

Rapporteur for opinion: Paul Rübig

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Budgets calls on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18)  For the high performance computing specific objective a joint undertaking is deemed the most suited implementation mechanism, in particular to coordinate national and Union strategies and investments in high performance computing infrastructure and research and development, pool resources from public and private funds, and safeguard the economic and strategic interests of the Union63. Moreover, high performance computing competence centres in Member States will provide high performance computing services to industry, academia and public administrations.

(18)  For the high performance computing specific objective a joint undertaking is deemed the most suited implementation mechanism, in particular to coordinate national and Union strategies and investments in high performance computing infrastructure and research and development, pool resources from public and private funds, and safeguard the economic and strategic interests of the Union63. Moreover, high performance computing competence centres in Member States will provide high performance computing services to industry, including SMEs and start-ups, academia and public administrations.

_________________

_________________

63 Impact Assessment accompanying the document "Proposal for a Council Regulation on establishing the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking" (https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/proposal-council-regulation-establishing-eurohpc-joint-undertaking-impact-assessment)

63 Impact Assessment accompanying the document "Proposal for a Council Regulation on establishing the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking" (https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/proposal-council-regulation-establishing-eurohpc-joint-undertaking-impact-assessment)

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 39 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(39a)  Blockchain and other distributed ledger technologies can significantly enhance access to distributed datasets across the Union, facilitate notarisation of documents, and enable traceability of transactions or movement of products in a way that is secure and compliant with the EU acquis. They reinforce trust in applications involving multiple stakeholders, enhance collaborative models and enable the defragmentation of distributed datasets. This will lead to quality and efficiency gains, reducing administrative burden, in particular for regulatory reporting and auditing, combating and limiting fraud, incentivising the adoption of best practices and ethical behaviours. Moreover strengthening capacities in Europe to develop and exploit Blockchain and other distributed ledger technologies will reinforce digital innovation ecosystems in Europe and help position European actors amongst the leaders of a new internet economy.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 39 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(39b)  At the European Council meeting on 19 October 2017 Member States concluded the Union needs a sense of urgency to address emerging trends: including blockchain technologies, while at the same time ensuring a high level of data protection, digital rights and ethical standards. The European Parliament resolution on "Distributed ledger technologies and blockchains: building trust with disintermediation" (2017/2772(RSP)) passed on 16 May2018, recognises the role of blockchain in enhancing innovation in Europe and around the world.

 

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 39 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(39c)  At the second Digital Day on 10 April, 2018, European counties committed to working together in the development of advanced trusted solutions for public services (e.g. through the development of a European blockchain infrastructure for services) and invited the European Commission to support the development and deployment of blockchain and distributed ledger technology through its digital programmes.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 43

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(43)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union’s commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and lead to the achievement of an overall target of 25% of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives74 . Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes.

(43)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union’s commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and lead to the swift achievement of an overall target of at least 25% of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives74 over the MFF 2021-2027 period and 30% as soon as possible at the latest by 2027. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes. It is imperative that the EU delivers on its commitment to be a frontrunner in implementing the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) although there is a lack of a clear and visible commitment to that end in the MFF proposals, therefore, the mainstreaming of the SDGs should be present in all EU policies and initiatives of the next MFF.

_________________

_________________

74 COM(2018) 321 final, page 1

74 COM(2018) 321 final, page 1

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The Programme will have five specific objectives:

2.  The Programme will have six specific objectives:

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea)  Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technologies

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  support the design and delivery of short-term trainings and courses for entrepreneurs, small business leaders and the workforce;

(b)  support the design and delivery of short-term trainings and courses for entrepreneurs, small business leaders, including start-uppers and the workforce;

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  support the uptake of advanced digital and related technologies, including in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity and future emerging technologies by the Union industry, notably SMEs;

(e)  support the uptake of advanced digital and related technologies, including in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity and future emerging technologies by the Union industry, notably SMEs and start-ups;

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 8a

 

Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technologies

 

The financial intervention by the Union under Specific Objective 6: Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technologies, shall pursue the following operational objectives:

 

(a)  Build up and strengthen core Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technologies capacities in the Union, connecting national / regional blockchain infrastructures and establishing a governance model that can support the development and deployment of new digital services enabled by Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technologies in accordance with the Union's legal framework;

 

(b)  Make those capacities accessible to businesses, [in particular SMEs], public administrations or other organisations in order to support development of innovative cross-border applications of those technologies that will benefit European citizens and the digital economy [in Europe];

 

(c)  Further develop, deploy, coordinate and operate at the Union level a European Blockchain Services Infrastructure meeting the highest global standards of cybersecurity, energy efficiency, privacy-compliance and accessible on a non-commercial basis to public and private users to support the delivery of services of public interest;

 

(d)  Support the deployment of ready to use/operational technology resulting from research and innovation strengthening an integrated Union innovation ecosystem on Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technologies, offering testing and experimentation facilities in Member States.

Justification

Blockchain and other distributed ledger technologies can significantly enhance access to distributed datasets across the Union, facilitate notarisation of documents, and enable traceability of transactions or movement of products in a way that is secure and compliant with the EU acquis. They reinforce trust in applications involving multiple stakeholders, enhance collaborative models and enable the defragmentation of distributed datasets. This will lead to quality and efficiency gains, reducing administrative burden, in particular for regulatory reporting and auditing, combating and limiting fraud, incentivising the adoption of best practices and ethical behaviours.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021−2027shall be EUR 9 194 000 000 in current prices.

1.  The financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021−2027shall be EUR 8 192 391 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 9 194 000 000 in current prices).

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  up to EUR 2 698 240 000 for Specific Objective 1, High Performance Computing

(a)  up to EUR 2 404 289 438 in 2018 prices (EUR 2 698 240 000 in current prices) for Specific Objective 1, High Performance Computing

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  up to EUR 2 498 369 000 for Specific Objective 2, Artificial Intelligence

(b)  up to EUR 2 226 192 703 in 2018 prices (EUR 2 498 369 000 in current prices) for Specific Objective 2, Artificial Intelligence

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  up to EUR 1 998 696 000 for Specific Objective 3, Cybersecurity and Trust

(c)  up to EUR 1 780 954 875 in 2018 prices (EUR 1 998 696 000 in current prices) for Specific Objective 3, Cybersecurity and Trust

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  up to EUR 699 543 000 for Specific Objective 4, Advanced Digital skills

(d)  up to EUR 623 333 672 in 2018 prices (EUR 699 543 000 in current prices) for Specific Objective 4, Advanced Digital skills

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  up to EUR 1 299 152 000 for Specific Objective 5, Deployment, best use of digital capacities and Interoperability

(e)  up to EUR 1 157 620 312 in 2018 prices (EUR 1 299 152 000 in current prices) for Specific Objective 5, Deployment, best use of digital capacities and Interoperability

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1 a.  The Commission shall ensure that procedural requirements for application and participation in programmes relevant for the Digital Agenda are harmonised.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The Programme may provide funding in any of the forms laid down in the Financial Regulation, including notably procurement as a primary form as well as grants and prizes. It may also provide financing in the form of financial instruments within blending operations.

2.  The Programme may provide funding in any of the forms laid down in the Financial Regulation, including notably procurement by the Commission or funding body, by grant beneficiaries individually or jointly as a primary form of the action as well as grants and prizes. Procurements may authorise the award of multiple contracts within the same procedure and may provide for place of performance conditions in line with applicable international procurement agreements. The Programme may also provide financing in the form of financial instruments within blending operations.

Justification

The amendment aims at allowing the use of procurement in the most effective way by clarifying the provision on how the EC or EU funding bodies themselves can be involved as procurers in DEP funded public procurements. Also one procurement can award contracts to multiple vendors or multiple sourcing ensuring better value for money and assuring continuity of supply and service especially for digital technologies.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  provide digital transformation services - including testing and experimentation facilities - targeted towards SMEs and midcaps, also in sectors that are slow in the uptake of digital and related technologies;

(a)  provide digital transformation services - including testing and experimentation facilities - targeted towards SMEs, midcaps and start-ups, also in sectors that are slow in the uptake of digital and related technologies;

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  transfer expertise and know-how between regions, in particular by networking SMEs and midcaps established in one region with Digital Innovation Hubs established in other regions which are best suited to provide relevant services;

(b)  transfer expertise and know-how between regions, in particular by networking SMEs, midcaps and start-ups, established in one region with Digital Innovation Hubs established in other regions which are best suited to provide relevant services;

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  provide thematic services, including services related to artificial intelligence, high performance computing and cybersecurity and trust to the administrations, public sector organisations, SMEs and midcaps. Individual Digital Innovation Hubs may specialise in specific thematic services and do not need to provide all thematic services mentioned in this paragraph;

(c)  provide thematic services, including services related to artificial intelligence, high performance computing and cybersecurity and trust to the administrations, public sector organisations, SMEs, midcaps and start-ups. Individual Digital Innovation Hubs may specialise in specific thematic services and do not need to provide all thematic services mentioned in this paragraph;

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  the need to overcome financial obstacles such as the lack of market finance;

(d)  the need to overcome financial obstacles such as the lack of market finance in particular for young entrepreneurs and SMEs;

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 29 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The Commission shall implement information and communication actions relating to the Programme, and its actions and results. Financial resources allocated to the Programme shall also contribute to the corporate communication of the political priorities of the Union, as far as they are related to the objectives referred to in Article [3].

2.  The Commission shall implement information and communication actions relating to the Programme, and its actions and results. It shall also ensure integrated information and access to potential applicants to Union funding in the digital sector. Financial resources allocated to the Programme shall also contribute to the corporate communication of the political priorities of the Union, as far as they are related to the objectives referred to in Article [3].

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Establishing the Digital Europe programme for the period 2021-2027

References

COM(2018)0434 – C8-0256/2018 – 2018/0227(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ITRE

14.6.2018

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

14.6.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Paul Rübig

28.6.2018

Discussed in committee

26.9.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

5.11.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

27

2

1

Members present for the final vote

Jean Arthuis, Reimer Böge, Lefteris Christoforou, Gérard Deprez, Manuel dos Santos, André Elissen, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Jens Geier, Ingeborg Gräßle, Monika Hohlmeier, John Howarth, Bernd Kölmel, Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Vladimír Maňka, Siegfried Mureşan, Jan Olbrycht, Paul Rübig, Eleftherios Synadinos, Indrek Tarand, Isabelle Thomas, Inese Vaidere, Daniele Viotti, Tiemo Wölken, Marco Zanni

Substitutes present for the final vote

Karine Gloanec Maurin, Alain Lamassoure, Janusz Lewandowski, Andrey Novakov

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Michael Detjen

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

27

+

ALDE

Jean Arthuis, Gérard Deprez

ECR

Bernd Kölmel, Zbigniew Kuźmiuk

PPE

Reimer Böge, Lefteris Christoforou, José Manuel Fernandes, Ingeborg Gräßle, Monika Hohlmeier, Alain Lamassoure, Janusz Lewandowski, Siegfried Mureşan, Andrey Novakov, Jan Olbrycht, Paul Rübig, Inese Vaidere

S&D

Michael Detjen, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Jens Geier, Karine Gloanec Maurin, John Howarth, Vladimír Maňka, Manuel dos Santos, Isabelle Thomas, Daniele Viotti, Tiemo Wölken

VERTS/ALE

Indrek Tarand

2

-

ENF

André Elissen

NI

Eleftherios Synadinos

1

0

ENF

Marco Zanni

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention


OPINION of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (13.11.2018)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Digital Europe programme for the period 2021-2027

(COM(2018)0434 – C8-0256/2018 – 2018/0227(COD))

Rapporteur for opinion: Adina-Ioana Vălean

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety calls on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10)  The general objective of the Programme should be to support the digital transformation of industry and to foster better exploitation of the industrial potential of policies of innovation, research and technological development, for the benefit of businesses and citizens all over the Union. The programme should be structured into five Specific Objectives reflecting key policy areas, namely: high-performance computing, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, advanced digital skills, and deployment, best use of digital capacities and interoperability. For all these areas, the Programme should also aim at better aligning Union, Member States and regional policies, and pooling of private and industrial resources in order to increase investment and develop stronger synergies.

(10)  The general objective of the Programme should be to support the digital transformation of industry and of European societies and to foster better exploitation of the industrial potential of policies of innovation, research and technological development, for the benefit of businesses, regions, local communities and citizens all over the Union. The programme should be structured into five Specific Objectives reflecting key policy areas, namely: high-performance computing, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, advanced digital skills, and deployment, best use of digital capacities, interoperability and closing the digital gap between regions and between urban and rural communities. For all these areas, the Programme should also aim at better aligning Union, Member States and regional policies, and pooling of private and industrial resources in order to increase investment and develop stronger synergies.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11)  A central role in the implementation of the Programme should be attributed to Digital Innovation Hubs, which should stimulate the broad adoption of advanced digital technologies by industry, by public organisations and academia. A network of Digital Innovation Hubs should ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe59 . A first set of Digital Innovation Hubs will be selected based on Member States’ proposals and then the network will be enlarged through an open and competitive process. The Digital Innovation Hubs will serve as access points to latest digital capacities including high performance computing (HPC), artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, as well as other existing innovative technologies such as Key Enabling Technologies, available also in fablabs or citylabs. They shall act as single-entry points in accessing tested and validated technologies and promote open innovation. They will also provide support in the area of advanced digital skills. The network of Digital Innovation Hubs should also contribute to the participation of the outermost regions in the Digital Single Market.

(11)  A central role in the implementation of the Programme should be attributed to Digital Innovation Hubs, which should stimulate the broad adoption of advanced digital technologies by industry, by public organisations, public administrations and academia. A network of Digital Innovation Hubs should ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe59 . A first set of Digital Innovation Hubs will be selected based on Member States’ proposals and then the network will be enlarged through an open, transparent and competitive process. The Digital Innovation Hubs will serve as access points to latest digital capacities including high performance computing (HPC), artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, as well as other existing innovative technologies such as Key Enabling Technologies, available also in fablabs or citylabs. They shall act as single-entry points in accessing tested and validated technologies and promote open innovation. They will also provide support in the area of advanced digital skills. The network of Digital Innovation Hubs should also contribute to the participation of the outermost regions in the Digital Single Market.

_________________

_________________

59 As indicated in the Communication on Digitising European Industry (COM(2016) 180 final)

59 As indicated in the Communication on Digitising European Industry (COM(2016) 180 final)

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  The high performance computing and the related data processing capacities in the Union should allow to ensure wider use of high performance computing by industry and, more generally, in areas of public interest in order to seize unique opportunities that supercomputers bring to society as regards health, environment and security as well as competitiveness of industry, notably small and medium-sized enterprises.

(16)  The high performance computing and the related data processing capacities in the Union should allow to ensure wider use of high performance computing by all beneficiaries of the Programme and, more generally, in areas of public interest in order to seize unique opportunities that supercomputers bring to society as regards social inclusiveness, health, environment and security as well as competitiveness of industry, notably small and medium-sized enterprises.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(16a)  The energy consumption of computer devices and data storage centres, which is expected to increase continuously over the next decades, should be based on renewable energy sources.

Justification

The storage of data becomes an increasingly prominent problem with data centres estimated to have the fastest growing carbon footprint from across the whole ICT (Information and Communication Technology) sector. Research shows that global electricity usage ascribed to Communication Technology in the coming years are expected to grow, leading to a potential 14% share of global CO2 emissions by 2040 (already 2% today). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320225452_Total_Consumer_Power_Consumption_Forecast

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18)  For the high performance computing specific objective a joint undertaking is deemed the most suited implementation mechanism, in particular to coordinate national and Union strategies and investments in high performance computing infrastructure and research and development, pool resources from public and private funds, and safeguard the economic and strategic interests of the Union63. Moreover, high performance computing competence centres in Member States will provide high performance computing services to industry, academia and public administrations.

(18)  For the high performance computing specific objective a joint undertaking is deemed the most suited implementation mechanism, in particular to coordinate national and Union strategies and investments in high performance computing infrastructure and research and development, pool resources from public and private funds, and safeguard the economic and strategic interests of the Union63. Moreover, high performance computing competence centres in Member States will provide high performance computing services to industry, including SMEs and start-ups, academia and public administrations.

_________________

_________________

63 Impact Assessment accompanying the document "Proposal for a Council Regulation on establishing the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking" (https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/proposal-council-regulation-establishing-eurohpc-joint-undertaking-impact-assessment)

63 Impact Assessment accompanying the document "Proposal for a Council Regulation on establishing the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking" (https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/proposal-council-regulation-establishing-eurohpc-joint-undertaking-impact-assessment)

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 28

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(28)  The advanced digital technologies supported by this Programme, such as high performance computing, cybersecurity and artificial intelligence are now sufficiently mature to move beyond the research arena and be deployed, implemented and scaled-up at Union level. Just as the deployment of these technologies require a Union response so does the skills dimension. Training opportunities in advanced digital skills need to be scaled up, increased and made accessible throughout the EU. Failing this could impede the smooth deployment of advanced digital technologies and hamper the overall competitiveness of Union's economy. The actions supported by this programme are complementary to those supported by the ESF, ERDF and Horizon Europe programmes.

(28)  The advanced digital technologies supported by this Programme, such as high performance computing, cybersecurity, data protection and artificial intelligence are now sufficiently mature to move beyond the research arena and be deployed, implemented and scaled-up at Union level. Just as the deployment of these technologies require a Union response so does the skills dimension. Training opportunities in advanced digital skills need to be scaled up, increased and made accessible throughout the EU. Failing this could impede the smooth deployment of advanced digital technologies and hamper the overall competitiveness of Union's economy. The actions supported by this programme are complementary to those supported by the ESF, ERDF and Horizon Europe programmes.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 30

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(30)  The digital transformation of the areas of public interest such as healthcare68 , mobility, justice, earth/environmental monitoring, education and culture requires the continuation and expansion of Digital Service Infrastructures, which make secure cross-border exchange of data possible and foster national development. Their coordination under this Regulation best achieves the potential for exploiting synergies.

(30)  The digital transformation of the areas of public interest such as healthcare68 , mobility, justice, earth/environmental monitoring, reduction of carbon emissions, energy infrastructure, education and culture requires the continuation and expansion of Digital Service Infrastructures, which make secure cross-border exchange of data possible and foster national development. Their coordination under this Regulation best achieves the potential for exploiting synergies.

_________________

_________________

68 http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=51628

68 http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=51628

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 43

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(43)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union’s commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and lead to the achievement of an overall target of 25% of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives74 . Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes.

(43)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union’s obligations to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and help leading to the achievement of an overall target of 25% of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives74 . Relevant actions should be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes in order to ensure full compliance with these obligations.

_________________

_________________

74 COM(2018) 321 final, page 1

74 COM(2018) 321 final, page 1

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba)   modernise education and training across the Union,

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point b b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(bb)   promote open government

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – point b c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(bc)   enhance the use of digital technologies as a means to improve citizen's access to information and culture and improve their job opportunities.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  build up and strengthen core artificial intelligence capacities in the Union, including data resources and libraries of algorithms in compliance with data protection legislation;

(a)  build up and strengthen core artificial intelligence capacities in the Union, including data resources and libraries of algorithms in full compliance with data protection legislation;

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  support, together with Member States, the procurement of advanced cybersecurity equipment, tools and data infrastructures in full compliance with data protection legislation;

(a)  support, together with Member States, the procurement of advanced cybersecurity equipment, tools and data infrastructures in full compliance with data protection legislation and the fundamental rights;

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  support the design and delivery of short-term trainings and courses for entrepreneurs, small business leaders and the workforce;

(b)  support the design and delivery of short-term trainings and courses for entrepreneurs, small business leaders, including start-uppers, and the workforce;

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  ensure that the public sector and areas of public interests, such as health and care, education, judiciary, transport, energy, environment, cultural and creative sectors, can deploy and access state-of-the-art digital technologies, in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity;

(a)  ensure that the public sector and areas of public interests, such as health and care, education, judiciary, transport, energy, environment, climate, cultural and creative sectors, can deploy and access state-of-the-art digital technologies, in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity;

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  support the uptake of advanced digital and related technologies, including in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity and future emerging technologies by the Union industry, notably SMEs;

(e)  support the uptake of advanced digital and related technologies, including in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity and future emerging technologies by the Union industry, notably SMEs and start-ups;

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point i a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ia)  ensure that the concept of user-cantered design is thoroughly adapted by creating digital solutions that are simple, functioning, modifiable and tailorable to personal needs, taking into account the ageing population. 

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  provide digital transformation services - including testing and experimentation facilities - targeted towards SMEs and midcaps, also in sectors that are slow in the uptake of digital and related technologies;

(a)  provide digital transformation services - including testing and experimentation facilities - targeted towards SMEs, midcaps and start-ups, also in sectors that are slow in the uptake of digital and related technologies;

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  transfer expertise and know-how between regions, in particular by networking SMEs and midcaps established in one region with Digital Innovation Hubs established in other regions which are best suited to provide relevant services;

(b)  transfer expertise and know-how between regions, in particular by networking SMEs, midcaps and start-ups established in one region with Digital Innovation Hubs established in other regions which are best suited to provide relevant services;

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  provide thematic services, including services related to artificial intelligence, high performance computing and cybersecurity and trust to the administrations, public sector organisations, SMEs and midcaps. Individual Digital Innovation Hubs may specialise in specific thematic services and do not need to provide all thematic services mentioned in this paragraph;

(c)  provide thematic services, including services related to artificial intelligence, high performance computing and cybersecurity and trust to the administrations, public sector organisations, SMEs, midcaps and start-ups. Individual Digital Innovation Hubs may specialise in specific thematic services and do not need to provide all thematic services mentioned in this paragraph;

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Establishing the Digital Europe programme for the period 2021-2027

References

COM(2018)0434 – C8-0256/2018 – 2018/0227(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ITRE

14.6.2018

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

14.6.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Adina-Ioana Vălean

21.6.2018

Date adopted

12.11.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

42

5

1

Members present for the final vote

Margrete Auken, Pilar Ayuso, Ivo Belet, Biljana Borzan, Lynn Boylan, Paul Brannen, Soledad Cabezón Ruiz, Nessa Childers, Birgit Collin-Langen, Miriam Dalli, Seb Dance, Angélique Delahaye, Mark Demesmaeker, Stefan Eck, Bas Eickhout, Francesc Gambús, Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, Arne Gericke, Jens Gieseke, Julie Girling, Françoise Grossetête, Andrzej Grzyb, Jytte Guteland, György Hölvényi, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Jean-François Jalkh, Benedek Jávor, Karin Kadenbach, Urszula Krupa, Jo Leinen, Peter Liese, Susanne Melior, Rory Palmer, Bolesław G. Piecha, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Davor Škrlec, Nils Torvalds, Adina-Ioana Vălean, Jadwiga Wiśniewska, Damiano Zoffoli

Substitutes present for the final vote

Cristian-Silviu Buşoi, Fredrick Federley, Giorgos Grammatikakis, Christophe Hansen, Tilly Metz, Carolina Punset

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Paul Rübig, Tomáš Zdechovský

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

42

+

ALDE

Fredrick Federley, Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Carolina Punset, Nils Torvalds

GUE/NGL

Lynn Boylan, Stefan Eck

PPE

Pilar Ayuso, Ivo Belet, Cristian-Silviu Buşoi, Birgit Collin-Langen, Angélique Delahaye, Francesc Gambús, Jens Gieseke, Julie Girling, Françoise Grossetête, Andrzej Grzyb, Christophe Hansen, György Hölvényi, Peter Liese, Paul Rübig, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Adina-Ioana Vălean, Tomáš Zdechovský

S&D

Biljana Borzan, Paul Brannen, Soledad Cabezón Ruiz, Nessa Childers, Miriam Dalli, Seb Dance, Giorgos Grammatikakis, Jytte Guteland, Karin Kadenbach, Jo Leinen, Susanne Melior, Rory Palmer, Damiano Zoffoli

Verts/ALE

Margrete Auken, Bas Eickhout, Benedek Jávor, Tilly Metz, Davor Škrlec

5

-

ECR

Mark Demesmaeker, Arne Gericke, Urszula Krupa, Bolesław G. Piecha, Jadwiga Wiśniewska

1

0

ENF

Jean-François Jalkh

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention


OPINION of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (7.11.2018)

for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Digital Europe programme for the period 2021-2027

(COM(2018)0434 – C8-0256/2018 – 2018/0227(COD))

Rapporteur for opinion: Evelyne Gebhardt

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

Internet and new technologies are comprehensively changing our society and our economy. Increasing investment in modern digital infrastructure – like high-performance computing, artificial-intelligence products and services and efficient cybersecurity capacities – combined with investment in advanced digital skills in these new technologies for workers and students is crucial to ensure that citizens, industry, business and public administrations can take full advantage of these developments and of the Digital Single Market.

In order to stimulate innovation, tackle market fragmentation under fair and balanced conditions and achieve consumer confidence, such a substantial investment in infrastructure and digital skills needs to be executed by the European Union, by Member States and by the private sector. This is entirely in line with the European Parliament’s call, in its report “Towards a digital single market act”(1), for a long-term investment strategy in digital infrastructure and skills as well as the support of digitisation of Europe’s industry and public administration.

The new Digital Europe Programme can be a powerful instrument to support this digital transformation. Furthermore, it complements other programmes of the European Union, supports other Union policies and thus creates synergy effects, in particular with:

•  the Horizon Europe Programme, supporting research and development of new technologies;

•  the European Regional Development Funds (EDRF), supporting inter alia the deployment of digital solutions, including cybersecurity;

•  the Connecting Europe Facility, providing infrastructure for broadband networks;

•  and the Single Market programme, supporting inter alia product safety in relation to digital economy, cybersecurity and artificial intelligence.

The rapporteur welcomes the proposal of the new Digital Europe Programme and suggests to maintain the total budget of the Programme of 8.192 billion in constant prices (i.e. 9.194 billion in current prices) as proposed by the Commission, in accordance with the agreement of the European Parliament based on its resolution of 14 March 2018(2). Nevertheless, the rapporteur calls on the Member States and the private sector to make the financial contribution needed to achieve the Programme’s objectives.

Furthermore, the rapporteur welcomes the integration of existing and new Digital Innovation Hubs to implement the Programme. Digital Innovation Hubs will support the digital transformation of European industry, in particular SMEs, and of public administration and diffuse digital capacities on a local level. Therefore, the rapporteur suggests increasing the responsibilities of the Digital Innovation, clarifying that Hubs should be allowed to receive other public or private contributions and own revenues created by the Digital Innovations Hubs. In addition, Digital Innovation Hubs should be free to define their internal organisation, their composition, their work programme and working methods.

In order to avoid significant investment gaps in other new technologies covered by the Horizon Europe Programme but not the Digital Europe Programme, it should be made clear that those other new technologies can attract funding under this Programme provided they are part of a comprehensive and related solution with the technologies that are covered under Articles 4 to 8.

Specific objectives:

The rapporteur supports the EuroHPC declaration and the proposal of the Commission for a Council Regulation establishing the EuroHPC Joint undertaking, which seems to be an effective and efficient instrument to acquire, deploy and maintain the integrated high performance computing infrastructure.

In light of European industry’s undoubtedly increasing demand for AI robotics solutions and distributed ledger technology (e.g. blockchain) and the importance of avoiding a significant investment gap in these fields, the Programme’s objectives should encompass robotics powered by artificial intelligence and distributed ledger technology.

With regard to the fight against digital exclusion, the rapporteur suggests to open up opportunities for advanced long-term training to all qualified persons. Given the large number of people that have to be trained to satisfy European industry’s needs, and given the challenge of recruiting enough qualified trainers for that task, the rapporteur also suggests to support the design and provision of a pan-European e-learning platform.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection calls on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5 a)  The Programme should ensure utmost transparency, accountability and democratic scrutiny of innovative financial instruments and mechanisms that involve the Union budget, especially as regards their contribution, both as regards initial expectations and end results made towards achieving Union objectives.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  The Tallinn Digital Summit55 of September 2017 and the Conclusions of the European Council56 of 19 October 2017 indicated the need for Europe to invest in digitising our economies and addressing the skills gap to maintain and enhance European competitiveness, our quality of life and social fabric. The European Council concluded that the digital transformation offers immense opportunities for innovation, growth and jobs, will contribute to our global competitiveness, and enhance creative and cultural diversity. Seizing these opportunities requires collectively tackling some of the challenges posed by the digital transformation and reviewing policies affected by the digital transformation.

(6)  The Tallinn Digital Summit55 of September 2017 and the Conclusions of the European Council56 of 19 October 2017 indicated the need for Europe to invest in digitising our economies and addressing the skills gap to maintain and enhance European competitiveness, our quality of life and social fabric. The European Council concluded that the digital transformation offers immense opportunities for innovation, growth and jobs, will contribute to our global competitiveness, and enhance creative and cultural diversity. Seizing these opportunities requires collectively tackling some of the challenges posed by the digital transformation and reviewing policies affected by the digital transformation. Optimally, the financial envelope for this Programme, a European level effort, shall be increased by significant private sector funds and contributions from the Member States.

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55 https://www.eu2017.ee/news/insights/conclusions-after-tallinn-digital-summit

55 https://www.eu2017.ee/news/insights/conclusions-after-tallinn-digital-summit

56 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/21620/19-euco-final-conclusions-en.pdf

56 https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/21620/19-euco-final-conclusions-en.pdf

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7a)  On 10 April 2018 Member States expressed their support and a joint will to cooperate together on initiatives on artificial intelligence and distributed ledger technologies (for example blockchain) infrastructure services by signing cooperation agreements.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  The Commission's Communication on 'A new, modern Multiannual Financial Framework for a European Union that delivers efficiently on its priorities post-2020'57 outlines among the options for the future financial framework a programme for Europe's digital transformations to deliver 'strong progress towards smart growth in areas such as high quality data infrastructure, connectivity and cybersecurity'. It would seek to secure European leadership in supercomputing, next generation internet, artificial intelligence, robotics and big data. It would reinforce the competitive position of industry and businesses in Europe across the digitised economy and would have a significant impact on filling the skills gap across the Union.

(8)  The Commission's Communication on 'A new, modern Multiannual Financial Framework for a European Union that delivers efficiently on its priorities post-2020'57 outlines among the options for the future financial framework a programme for Europe's digital transformations to deliver 'strong progress towards smart growth in areas such as high quality data infrastructure, connectivity, digitisation of public administrations and cybersecurity'. It would seek to reduce the gap between the European Union and leading economies in supercomputing, next generation internet, artificial intelligence, robotics and big data. It would reinforce the competitive position of industry and businesses in Europe across the digitised economy and would have a significant impact on filling the skills gap across the Union.

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57 COM(2018) 98 final

57 COM(2018) 98 final

Justification

Given that on the one hand China, Japan and the United States are widely seen as leading countries in relation to new technologies and that on the other hand the budget of the Programme is limited to less than 10 billion Euro, a more realistic approach seems appropriate. In its resolution of 16 February 2017 on the European cloud initiative, the European Parliament already noted the lack of HPC capacity in Europe. It stressed that the EU was ‘lagging behind in the development of HPC as a result of its under-investment in establishing a complete HPC system, when countries like the USA, China, Japan and Russia are significantly investing in such systems, making them a strategic priority, with national programmes to develop them.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10)  The general objective of the Programme should be to support the digital transformation of industry and to foster better exploitation of the industrial potential of policies of innovation, research and technological development, for the benefit of businesses and citizens all over the Union. The programme should be structured into five Specific Objectives reflecting key policy areas, namely: high-performance computing, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, advanced digital skills, and deployment, best use of digital capacities and interoperability. For all these areas, the Programme should also aim at better aligning Union, Member States and regional policies, and pooling of private and industrial resources in order to increase investment and develop stronger synergies.

(10)  The general objective of the Programme should be to support the digital transformation of industry and to foster better exploitation of the industrial potential of policies of innovation, research and technological development as well as to modernise specific sectors of public interest, for the benefit of businesses, especially SMEs, and citizens all over the Union. Furthermore, the Programme should strengthen the Union's competiveness and the resilience of its economy.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10 a)  The Programme should be structured into five specific objectives reflecting key policy areas, namely: (a) high-performance computing, (b) artificial intelligence and distributed ledger technologies, (c) cybersecurity, (d) advanced digital skills, and (e) deployment, best use of digital capacities and interoperability. For all these areas, the Programme should also aim at better aligning Union, Member States and regional policies, and pooling of private and industrial resources in order to increase investment and develop stronger synergies.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10 b)  The Programme should support a fair digital transition and uphold the common values of the European Union, including the right to education, the protection of workers’ rights, guarantee fair competition, promote equality and ensure that digitisation contributes to rising social and labour standards, and promote prosperity for all European citizens, democracy and security.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11)  A central role in the implementation of the Programme should be attributed to Digital Innovation Hubs, which should stimulate the broad adoption of advanced digital technologies by industry, by public organisations and academia. A network of Digital Innovation Hubs should ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe59 . A first set of Digital Innovation Hubs will be selected based on Member States’ proposals and then the network will be enlarged through an open and competitive process. The Digital Innovation Hubs will serve as access points to latest digital capacities including high performance computing (HPC), artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, as well as other existing innovative technologies such as Key Enabling Technologies, available also in fablabs or citylabs. They shall act as single-entry points in accessing tested and validated technologies and promote open innovation. They will also provide support in the area of advanced digital skills. The network of Digital Innovation Hubs should also contribute to the participation of the outermost regions in the Digital Single Market.

(11)  A central role in the implementation of the Programme should be attributed to Digital Innovation Hubs, which should stimulate the broad adoption of advanced digital technologies by industry, by public organisations and academia. A network of Digital Innovation Hubs should ensure the widest geographical coverage across Europe59. A first set of Digital Innovation Hubs should be selected based on Member States’ proposals and then the network should be enlarged through an open, transparent and competitive process. The Digital Innovation Hubs should serve as access points to latest digital capacities including high performance computing (HPC), artificial intelligence, robotics powered by artificial intelligence, and distributed ledger technologies, cybersecurity, as well as other existing innovative technologies such as Key Enabling Technologies, available also in fablabs or citylabs. They should act as single-entry points in accessing tested and validated technologies and promote open innovation and provide assistance to businesses especially SMEs and start-ups. They should also provide support in the area of advanced digital skills. The network of Digital Innovation Hubs should contribute to the participation of a broad range of partners of all sizes from both private and public sectors, and from a range of economic sectors, and should also contribute to the participation of the outermost regions in the Digital Single Market. Digital Innovation Hubs should have substantial overall autonomy to define their internal organisation and composition, as well as their precise work programme and working methods.

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59 As indicated in the Communication on Digitising European Industry (COM(2016) 180 final)

59 As indicated in the Communication on Digitising European Industry (COM(2016) 180 final)

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(11 a)  In order to create synergies between investments under this Programme and Union research and development investments , in particular those under the Horizon Europe programme, Digital Innovation Hubs should act as a platform to bring together industry, business and administrations which are in need of new technology solutions on one side, with companies, notably start-ups and SMEs, that have market-ready solutions on the other side.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(11 b)  Digital Innovation Hubs should be allowed to receive contributions from Member States, participating third countries or public authorities within them, contributions from international bodies or institutions, contributions from the private sector, in particular from members, shareholders or partners of the Digital Innovation Hubs, revenues generated by the Digital Innovation Hubs’ own assets and activities, bequests, donations and contributions from individuals or funding in the form of grants including from the Programme and other EU programmes.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  The Programme should be implemented through projects reinforcing essential digital capacities and their wide use. This should involve co-investments with Member States and, when needed, the private sector. This should notably require reaching a critical mass in procurement to obtain better value for money and guarantee that suppliers in Europe stay at the forefront of technology advancements.

(12)  The Programme should be implemented through projects reinforcing essential digital capacities and their wide use. This should involve co-investments with Member States and the private sector. This should notably require reaching a critical mass in procurement to obtain better value for money and guarantee that suppliers in Europe reach the forefront of technology advancements.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  The Programme’s actions should be used to address market failures or sub-optimal investment situations, in a proportionate manner, without duplicating or crowding out private financing and have a clear European added value.

(14)  The Programme’s actions should also be used to reinforce and extend the Union’s digital base, tackle major societal challenges, further raise the Union’s digital industrial competences, as well as address market failures or sub-optimal investment situations, in a proportionate manner, without duplicating or crowding out private financing and have a clear European added value.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  The high performance computing and the related data processing capacities in the Union should allow to ensure wider use of high performance computing by industry and, more generally, in areas of public interest in order to seize unique opportunities that supercomputers bring to society as regards health, environment and security as well as competitiveness of industry, notably small and medium-sized enterprises.

(16)  The high performance computing and the related data processing capacities in the Union should allow to ensure wider use of high performance computing by industry and, more generally, in areas of public interest in order to seize unique opportunities that supercomputers bring to society as regards health, environment, security, communication, urban planning, landscaping and traffic optimisation as well as competitiveness of industry, notably small and medium-sized enterprises.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17)  The support to the Union's intervention in this area was expressed by the Council60 and, by the European Parliament61 . Moreover, in 2017 nine Member States signed the EuroHPC Declaration62 , a multi-government agreement where they commit to collaborate with the Commission to build and deploy state-of-the-art HPC and data infrastructures in Europe that would be available across the Union for scientific communities, public and private partners.

(17)  The support to the Union's intervention in this area was expressed by the Council and, by the European Parliament. Moreover, in 2017 nine Member States signed the EuroHPC Declaration, a multi-government agreement where they commit to collaborate with the Commission to build and deploy state-of-the-art HPC and data infrastructures in Europe that would be available across the Union for scientific communities, public and private partners and would boost the Union’s innovative potential. The Programme provides a good opportunity for other Member States to sign that declaration.

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60

 

61

 

62

 

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18)  For the high performance computing specific objective a joint undertaking is deemed the most suited implementation mechanism, in particular to coordinate national and Union strategies and investments in high performance computing infrastructure and research and development, pool resources from public and private funds, and safeguard the economic and strategic interests of the Union63 . Moreover, high performance computing competence centres in Member States will provide high performance computing services to industry, academia and public administrations.

(18)  For the high performance computing specific objective the HPC joint undertaking (EuroHPC JU) is deemed the most suited implementation mechanism, in particular to coordinate national and Union strategies and investments in high performance computing infrastructure and research and development, pool resources from public and private funds, and safeguard the economic and strategic interests of the Union63 . The EuroHPC JU will enable Member States to coordinate together with the Union their supercomputing strategies and investments. Moreover, high performance computing competence centres in Member States will provide high performance computing services to industry, especially SMEs and start-ups, academia and public administrations. The Programme should therefore finance the EuroHPC JU for the sole purpose of investing in high performance computing under the Programme.

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63 Impact Assessment accompanying the document "Proposal for a Council Regulation on establishing the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking" (https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/proposal-council-regulation-establishing-eurohpc-joint-undertaking-impact-assessment)

63 Impact Assessment accompanying the document "Proposal for a Council Regulation on establishing the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking" (https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/proposal-council-regulation-establishing-eurohpc-joint-undertaking-impact-assessment)

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  Developing capacity related to artificial intelligence is a crucial driver for the digital transformation of industry and also of the public sector . Ever more autonomous robots are used in factories, deep sea application, homes, cities and hospitals. Commercial artificial intelligence platforms have moved from testing to real applications in health and environment; all major car manufacturers are developing self-driving cars, and machine learning techniques are at the heart of all main web platforms and big data applications.

(19)  Developing capacity related to artificial intelligence is a crucial driver for the digital transformation of industry and also of the public sector. Ever more autonomous robots are used in production processes, deep sea application, homes, cities, medical and pharmaceutical areas. Commercial artificial intelligence platforms have moved from testing to real applications in health and environment; all major car manufacturers are developing self-driving cars, and machine learning techniques are at the heart of all main web platforms and big data applications. Artificial intelligence (AI) will provide entirely new areas in science, for example the use of artificial intelligence for drug discovery and related areas such as synthetic biology for the manufacture and rapid design of microorganisms for industrial uses. The future application of artificial intelligence in cybersecurity should reduce the success of hacker attacks.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(19 a)  The increasingly rapid development of self-learning robots and artificial intelligence as well as their ability to multiply knowledge and learning content within seconds makes it difficult to predict any stage of development until the Programme’s termination in 2027. Consequently, the Commission should pay particular attention to this fast-evolving digital trend and, if applicable should swiftly adapt the objectives of the work programme, accordingly.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(19 b)  In light of European industry’s increasing demand for AI robotics solutions and the importance of avoiding a significant investment gap in this field, the Programme’s objectives on artificial intelligence should encompass robotics powered by artificial intelligence.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(19 c)  Products and services based on artificial intelligence should be user-friendly, legally compliant by default and provide consumers with more choice and more information, in particular on the quality of products and services.

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)  The availability of large-scale data sets and testing and experimentation facilities are of major importance for the development of artificial intelligence.

(20)  The availability of large-scale data sets and testing and experimentation facilities to secure the internal market where artificial intelligence is used and access to text and data mining are of major importance for the development of artificial intelligence.

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(20a)  In its resolution of 12 September 2018 on autonomous weapon systems 1a the European Parliament reaffirmed the EU’s ambition to be a global actor for peace, called for the expansion of its role in global disarmament and non-proliferation efforts and urged the Vice-President of the Commission / High-Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Member States and the Council to work towards the start of international negotiations on a legally binding instrument prohibiting lethal autonomous weapon systems. Lethal autonomous weapons are mostly based on Artificial Intelligence. Consequently, financial contributions by the Union under Specific Objective 2 of the Programme should not be used for military purposes.

 

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1a P8_TA-PROV(2018)0341.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(20b)  On 25 April 2018 the Commission committed to propose a European approach by developing draft Artificial Intelligence guidelines in cooperation with stakeholders within the AI alliance, a group of artificial intelligence experts, in order to boost AI-powered applications and businesses in Europe.

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21)  In its resolution of 1 June 2017 on digitising European industry64 the European Parliament highlighted the importance of a common European cybersecurity approach, recognising the need to raise awareness and considered cyber-resilience as a crucial responsibility for business leaders and national and European industrial security policymakers.

(21)  In its resolution of 1 June 2017 on digitising European industry64 the European Parliament highlighted, in the context of potential vulnerabilities as regards cyber attacks, sabotage, manipulation of data or industrial espionage, the importance of a common European cybersecurity approach, recognising the need to raise awareness on enhancing cybersecurity and considered cyber-resilience and implementation of security and privacy by default and by design as a crucial responsibility for business leaders and national and European industrial security policymakers, as well as highlighting the need to make cybersecurity requirements mandatory for public procurement with regard to IT equipment and IoT products.

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64 Document ref. A8-0183/2017, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0240

64 Document ref. A8-0183/2017, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0240

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 21 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(21 a)  Data and IT infrastructure security and trust in the digital environment are essential for unlocking the full potential of growth and innovation connected with the digitisation of industry as well as public administrations for the benefit of citizens, workers, consumers and businesses, including SMEs and start-ups.

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 23

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(23)  In September 2017, the Commission put forward a package of initiatives65 setting out a comprehensive Union approach to cybersecurity, with the aim of reinforcing Europe’s capacities to deal with cyber-attacks and threats and to strengthen technology and industrial capacity in this field.

(23)  In September 2017, the Commission put forward a package of initiatives65 setting out a comprehensive Union approach to cybersecurity, with the aim of reinforcing Europe’s capacities to deal with cyber-attacks, to increase cyber resilience and threats and to strengthen technology and industrial capacity in this field.

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65 https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/policies/cybersecurity

65 https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/policies/cybersecurity

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 23 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(23 a)  As a matter of principle, cybersecurity solutions should contain safety and security standards as core design parameters according to the available state-of-the-art technology and the principles of ‘security by design’ and ‘security by default’.

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 24

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(24)  Trust is a prerequisite for the Digital Single Market to function. Cybersecurity technologies such as digital identities, cryptography or intrusion detection, and their application in areas such as finance, industry 4.0, energy, transportation, healthcare, or e-government are essential to safeguard the security and trust of online activity and transactions by both citizens, public administrations, and companies.

(24)  Trust is a prerequisite for the Digital Single Market to function. Cybersecurity technologies such as distributed ledger technology, digital identities, cryptography or intrusion detection, and their application in areas such as finance, industry 4.0, energy, transportation, healthcare, or e-government are essential to safeguard the security and trust of online activity, including 5G platforms, and transactions by both citizens, public administrations, and companies.

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25)  The European Council in its conclusions of 19 October 2017 stressed that to successfully build a Digital Europe, the Union needs in particular labour markets, training and education systems fit for the digital age and that there is a need to invest in digital skills, to empower and enable all Europeans;

(25)  The European Council in its conclusions of 19 October 2017 stressed that to successfully build a Digital Europe, the Union needs in particular labour markets, life-long learning and innovation-driven training and education systems fit for the potential and challenges of the digital age and that it is crucial to invest in digital skills in order to empower and enable all European citizens and businesses;

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 26 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(26a)  Considering the need for a holistic approach, the Programme should also take into account the areas of inclusion, qualification, training and specialization which, in addition to advanced digital competences, are decisive for the creation of added value in the knowledge society.

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 27

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(27)  In its resolution of 1 June 2017 on digitising European industry67 the European Parliament stated that education, training and lifelong learning are the cornerstone of social cohesion in a digital society.

(27)  In its resolution of 1 June 2017 on digitising European industry67 the European Parliament stated that education, training and lifelong learning are the cornerstone of social cohesion in a digital society. They are of utmost importance for fighting digital exclusion and for promoting inclusiveness and the competitiveness of European regions.

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67 Document ref. A8-0183/2017, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0240

67 Document ref. A8-0183/2017, available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0240

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 28

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(28)  The advanced digital technologies supported by this Programme, such as high performance computing, cybersecurity and artificial intelligence are now sufficiently mature to move beyond the research arena and be deployed, implemented and scaled-up at Union level. Just as the deployment of these technologies require a Union response so does the skills dimension. Training opportunities in advanced digital skills need to be scaled up, increased and made accessible throughout the EU. Failing this could impede the smooth deployment of advanced digital technologies and hamper the overall competitiveness of Union's economy. The actions supported by this programme are complementary to those supported by the ESF, ERDF and Horizon Europe programmes.

(28)  The advanced digital technologies supported by this Programme, such as high performance computing, cybersecurity, cloud computing, data protection and artificial intelligence are now sufficiently mature to move beyond the research arena and be deployed, implemented and scaled-up at Union level. Just as the deployment of these technologies require a Union response so does the skills dimension. Training opportunities in advanced digital skills need to be scaled up, qualitatively improved, increased and made accessible throughout the EU. Failing this could impede the smooth deployment of advanced digital technologies, increase the shortage of a qualified workforce in Europe and hamper the overall competitiveness of Union’s economy. The actions supported by this programme are complementary to those supported by the ESF, ERDF and Horizon Europe programmes.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 29

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(29)  Modernising public administrations and services through digital means is crucial to reducing administrative burden on industry and on citizens in general by making their interactions with public authorities faster, more convenient and less costly, as well as by increasing the efficiency and the quality of the services provided to citizens and businesses. Since a number of services of public interest already have a Union dimension, the support to their implementation and deployment at Union level should ensure that citizens and businesses will benefit from the access to high quality digital services across Europe.

(29)  Modernising public administrations and services through digital means is crucial to reducing administrative burden on industry and on citizens in general by making their interactions with public authorities faster, more convenient and less costly, as well as by increasing the efficiency, transparency and the quality of the services provided to citizens and businesses. Since a number of services of public interest already have a Union dimension, the support to their implementation and deployment at Union level should ensure that citizens and businesses will benefit from the access to high quality digital services across Europe.

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 29 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(29 a)  The accelerating digitisation in the Member States must reduce the growing gap between poor and rich. Therefore, the Programme should contribute to more social equality in an accelerating digitised world by granting access to modern digital technologies for all citizens including persons with disabilities.

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 32

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(32)  The modernisation of European public administrations is one of the key priorities for successful implementation of the Digital Single Market Strategy. The mid-term evaluation of the Strategy highlighted the need to strengthen the transformation of public administrations and to ensure citizens have easy, trusted, and seamless access to public services.

(32)  The modernisation of European public administrations is one of the key priorities for successful implementation of the Digital Single Market Strategy. The mid-term evaluation of the Strategy highlighted the need to strengthen the transformation of public administrations and to ensure citizens have easy, trusted, and inclusive access to public services.

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 33

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(33)  The Annual Growth Survey published by the Commission in 201769 shows that the quality of European public administrations has a direct impact on the economic environment and is therefore crucial to stimulating productivity, competitiveness, economic cooperation, growth and employment. In particular, efficient and transparent public administration and effective justice systems are necessary to support economic growth and deliver high quality services for firms and citizens.

(33)  The Annual Growth Survey published by the Commission in 201769 shows that the quality of European public administrations has a direct impact on the economic environment and is therefore crucial to stimulating productivity, competitiveness, economic cooperation, sustainable growth, employment and high-quality work. In particular, efficient and transparent public administration and effective justice systems are necessary to support economic growth and deliver high quality services for firms and citizens.

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69 COM(2016) 725 final

69 COM(2016) 725 final

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 34

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(34)  Interoperability of European public services concerns all levels of administration: Union, national, regional and local. Besides removing barriers to a functioning Single Market, interoperability facilitates successful implementation of policies and offers great potential to avoid cross-border electronic barriers, further securing the emergence of new, or the consolidation of developing, common public services at Union level. In order to eliminate fragmentation of European services, to support fundamental freedoms and operational mutual recognition in the EU, a holistic cross-sector and cross-border approach to interoperability should be promoted in the manner that is the most effective, and the most responsive to end-users. This implies that interoperability is to be understood in a broad sense, spanning from technical to legal layers and encompassing policy elements in the field. Accordingly, the span of activities would go beyond the usual lifecycle of solutions to include all the interventions elements that would support the necessary framework conditions for sustained interoperability at large.

(34)  Interoperability of European public services concerns all levels of administration: Union, national, regional and local. Besides removing barriers to a functioning Single Market, interoperability facilitates cross-border co-operation, alignment of common standards, successful implementation of policies and offers great potential to avoid cross-border electronic barriers, to cut red tape, further securing the emergence of new, or the consolidation of developing, common public services at Union level. In order to eliminate fragmentation of European services, to support fundamental freedoms and operational mutual recognition in the EU, a holistic cross-sector and cross-border approach to interoperability should be promoted in the manner that is the most effective, and the most responsive to end-users. This implies that interoperability is to be understood in a broad sense, spanning from technical to legal layers and encompassing policy elements in the field. Accordingly, the span of activities would go beyond the usual lifecycle of solutions to include all the interventions elements that would support the necessary framework conditions for sustained interoperability at large.

Amendment    37

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 41 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(41 a)  The Programme should support open-source projects provided that they are in line with the Programme's conditions, in particular in relation to security and data protection.

Amendment    38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea)  ‘small and medium-sized enterprises’ or ‘SMEs’ means small and medium-sized enterprises as defined in Article 2 of the Annex to Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC;

Amendment    39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The Programme has the following general objective: to support the digital transformation of the European economy and society and bring its benefits to European citizens and businesses. The Programme will:

1.  The Programme has the following general objective: to support the digital transformation of the European economy and society, to boost Europe’s innovative capacity and bring its benefits to European citizens and businesses, especially SMEs. The Programme will:

Amendment    40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  deploy ready to use/operational technology resulting from research and innovation to build an integrated Union high performance computing ecosystem, covering all scientific and industrial value chain segments, including hardware, software, applications, services, interconnections and digital skills;

(b)  deploy ready to use/operational technology resulting from research and innovation, including technologies that have previously benefitted or that currently benefit from Union funding, to build an integrated Union high performance computing ecosystem, covering all scientific and industrial value chain segments, including hardware software, applications, services, interconnections and digital skills;

Amendment    41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  deploy and operate a post-exascale78 infrastructure, including the integration with quantum computing technologies and develop new research infrastructures for computing science.

(c)  deploy and operate a post-exascale78 infrastructure, including the integration with quantum computing technologies and develop new research infrastructures for computing science, that shall be accessible on a non-commercial basis to public and private users and for publicly funded research purposes;

__________________

__________________

78 A thousand times faster than exascale

78 A thousand times faster than exascale

Amendment    42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  build up and strengthen core artificial intelligence capacities in the Union, including data resources and libraries of algorithms in compliance with data protection legislation;

(a)  build up and strengthen core artificial intelligence capacities in the Union, including data resources and libraries of algorithms in compliance with data protection legislation and guided by the principles of security and privacy by design and by default;

Amendment    43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  make those capacities accessible to all businesses and public administrations;

(b)  make those capacities accessible to all businesses and public administrations, as well as to not-for-profit organisations, research institutions and universities;

Amendment    44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  reinforce and network existing artificial intelligence testing and experimentation facilities in Member States;

(c)  reinforce and network existing ethical artificial intelligence testing and experimentation facilities in Member States;

Justification

Ethics is a necessary prerequisite for respecting the fundamental rights in Artificial Intelligence research and deployment, therefore funding should only be provided for those initiatives that abide by it

Amendment    45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(c a)  reinforce, develop, network and strengthen existing artificial intelligence sectors, especially where Europe is already a leader, such as robotics, automotives, manufacturing, household appliances, space technologies and cyber defence technologies.

Amendment    46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Financial interventions by the Union under Specific Objective 2 of the Programme shall not be used for military purposes.

Amendment    47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  support the best use of European knowledge, capacity and skills related to cybersecurity;

(b)  support the best use of European knowledge, capacity and skills related to cybersecurity, and the sharing and mainstreaming of best practices;

Amendment    48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  ensure a wide deployment of the latest cybersecurity solutions across the economy;

(c)  ensure a wide deployment of the latest cybersecurity solutions across the economy, including for industry, as well as for SMEs and start-ups;

Amendment    49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(d a)  reinforce capabilities within Member States and private sector to help them comply with Regulation xx/xx of the European Parliament and of the Council on ENISA, the “EU Cybersecurity Agency”, and repealing Regulation (EU) No 526/2013, and on Information and Communication Technology cybersecurity certification1a.

 

__________________

 

1a Proposal 2017/0225(COD), not yet adopted.

Amendment    50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point d b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(d b)  support the mission, objectives and tasks of the European Cybersecurity Industrial, Technology and Research Competence Centre[1] in so far as the objectives under Article 3 of this Programme are concerned1b.

 

__________________

 

1b Proposal for a regulation establishing the European Cybersecurity Industrial, Technology and Research Competence Centre and the Network of National Coordination Centres of 12 September 2018, 2018/0328(COD).

Amendment    51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The financial intervention by the Union under Specific Objective 4. Advanced Digital skills shall support the development of advanced digital skills in areas supported by this programme, thus contributing to increase Europe's talent pool, fostering greater professionalism, especially with regard to high performance computing, big data analytics, cybersecurity, distributed ledger technologies, robotics and artificial intelligence. The financial intervention shall pursue the following operational objectives:

The financial intervention by the Union under Specific Objective 4. Advanced Digital skills shall support the development of advanced digital skills in areas supported by this programme, thus contributing to increase Europe's talent pool, fostering greater professionalism, especially with regard to high performance computing, big data analytics, cybersecurity, cloud computing, data protection competencies, distributed ledger technologies, robotics and artificial intelligence. The financial intervention shall pursue the following operational objectives:

Amendment    52

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  support the design and delivery of long-term trainings and courses for students, IT professionals and the workforce;

(a)  support the design and delivery of both general and specialised long-term trainings and high-quality courses for students, teachers, academics, ICT professionals, other qualified persons and the broader workforce, taking into consideration different levels of skills;

Amendment    53

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  support the design and delivery of short-term trainings and courses for entrepreneurs, small business leaders and the workforce;

(b)  support the design and delivery of short-term trainings and high-quality courses for entrepreneurs, including self-employed persons, leaders of SMEs and start-ups, and the workforce, including public servants;

Amendment    54

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(c a)  support the design and provision of a pan-European e-learning platform;

Amendment    55

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  ensure that the public sector and areas of public interests, such as health and care, education, judiciary, transport, energy, environment, cultural and creative sectors, can deploy and access state-of-the-art digital technologies, in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity;

(a)  ensure that the public sector and areas of public interests, such as health and care, education, judiciary, transport and communications, energy, environment, cultural and creative sectors, can deploy and access state-of-the-art digital technologies, in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity;

Amendment    56

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  deploy, operate and maintain trans-European interoperable Digital Service Infrastructures (including related services) in complementarity with national and regional actions;

(b)  deploy, operate, maintain and expand state-of-the-art trans-European interoperable Digital Service Infrastructures (including related services) in complementarity with national and regional actions;

Amendment    57

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  facilitate the development, update and use of solutions and frameworks by European public administrations, businesses and citizens, including the re-use of interoperability solutions and frameworks;

(c)  facilitate the development, deployment, update and use of solutions and frameworks by European public administrations, businesses and citizens, including open-source solutions and the re-use of interoperability solutions and frameworks;

Amendment    58

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point d

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  offer to public administrations access to testing and piloting of digital technologies, including their cross-border use;

(d)  offer to public administrations access to testing and piloting of advanced digital technologies, including their cross-border use;

Amendment    59

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  support the uptake of advanced digital and related technologies, including in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity and future emerging technologies by the Union industry, notably SMEs;

(e)  support the uptake of advanced digital and related technologies, including in particular high performance computing, artificial intelligence, distributed ledger technologies, cloud computing, cybersecurity, data protection and future emerging technologies by the Union industry, notably SMEs and start-ups, entrepreneurs and self-employed persons;

Amendment    60

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f)  support the design, testing, implementation and deployment of interoperable digital solutions for EU level public services delivered through a data-driven reusable solutions platform, fostering innovation and establishing common frameworks in order to unleash the full potential of the public administrations’ services for European citizens and businesses;

(f)  support the design, testing, implementation and deployment of interoperable digital solutions for EU level public services delivered through a data-driven reusable solutions platform, fostering innovation and research and establishing common frameworks in order to unleash the full potential of the public administrations’ services for European citizens and businesses;

Amendment    61

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g)  ensure a continuous capacity at the Union level to observe, analyse and adapt to fast-evolving digital trends, as well as sharing and mainstreaming best practices;

deleted

Amendment    62

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point h

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(h)  support cooperation towards achieving a European ecosystem for trusted infrastructures using distributed ledger services and applications, including support for interoperability and standardisation and fostering the deployment of EU cross-border applications;

(h)  support cooperation towards achieving a European ecosystem for trusted infrastructures using, among other things, distributed ledger services and applications, including support for interoperability and standardisation and fostering the deployment of EU cross-border applications to support businesses, especially SMEs;

Amendment    63

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point 4 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Third countries in accordance with the conditions laid down in a specific agreement covering the participation of the third country to any Union programme, provided that the agreement;

4.  Third countries in accordance with the conditions laid down in a specific agreement covering the participation of the third country to any Union programme, provided that the Commission has undergone a case-by-case assessment that their participation contributes to the achievement of the objectives of the programme in the Union and is compliant with the security requirements in accordance with Article 12, and that the agreement;

Amendment    64

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – point 4 – indent 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

—  guarantees the rights of the Union to ensure sound financial management and to protect its financial interests.

—  guarantees the rights of the Union to ensure sound financial management and to protect its interests.

Amendment    65

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  Planning, development and procurement in the programme shall be done with a view to enhancing European Union competitiveness in the medium and long term. Priority shall be given to actions that increase the strategic potential and limit the dependence on suppliers and products from outside the European Union.

Justification

A competitive industry needs that the characteristics of European products are better than those coming from competitors. In order to achieve that medium and long-term objectives need to be favoured.

Amendment    66

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The cooperation with third countries and organisations mentioned in paragraph 1 under Specific Objective 3. Cybersecurity and Trust shall be subject to Article [12].

2.  The cooperation with third countries and organisations mentioned in paragraph 1 under Specific Objective 2, Artificial Intelligence, Specific Objective 3, Cybersecurity and Trust shall be subject to Article [12].

Amendment    67

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a.  Actions that limit technology transfers outside the European Union shall be given priority. With a view to ensuring long-term strategic security objectives, an opportunity evaluation shall be done for the participation of entities not having their main establishment in the European Union.

Justification

A competitive industry is also based on its technological level. Advances resulting from the programme’s actions need to be used for increasing European competitivity.

Amendment    68

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The Programme is designed to be implemented enabling synergies, as further described in Annex III, with other Union funding programmes, in particular through arrangements for complementary funding from EU programmes where management modalities permit; either in sequence, in an alternating way, or through the combination of funds including for the joint funding of actions.

1.  The Programme is designed to be implemented enabling synergies, as further described in Annex III, with other Union funding programmes, in particular through arrangements for complementary funding from EU programmes where management modalities permit; either in sequence, in an alternating way, or through the combination of funds including for the joint funding of actions. The Commission shall ensure that when leveraging the complementary character of the programme with other European programmes, in particular ESF, ERDF, Horizon Europe and CEF-2, the achievement of the specific objectives set in Articles 4 to 8 are not hampered.

Amendment    69

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Appropriate mechanisms of coordination between relevant authorities and appropriate monitoring tools shall be established to systematically ensure synergies between the Programme and any relevant EU funding instruments. The arrangements shall contribute to avoiding duplications and maximising impact of expenditure.

2.  Appropriate mechanisms of coordination between relevant authorities, and between authorities and the European Commission, and appropriate monitoring tools shall be established to systematically ensure synergies between the Programme and any relevant EU funding instruments. The arrangements shall contribute to avoiding duplications and maximising impact of expenditure.

Amendment    70

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 2 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  For the purpose of the establishment of the network mentioned in paragraph 1, each Member State shall designate candidate entities through an open and competitive process, on the basis of the following criteria:

2.  For the purpose of the establishment of the network mentioned in paragraph 1, each Member State shall designate candidate entities based on harmonised rules through an open, transparent, inclusive and competitive process, on the basis of the following criteria:

Amendment    71

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 3 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(b a)  the need to ensure involvement of entities of all sizes from both private and public sectors, and from a range of economic sectors.

Amendment    72

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4 a.  Digital Innovation Hubs shall have substantial overall autonomy to define their internal organisation and composition, as well as their precise work programme and working methods. In particular, Digital Innovation Hubs shall aim to be open to new partners to join Digital Innovation Hubs whenever these members add value to the partnerships and function in an open and transparent way.

Amendment    73

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  The Digital Innovation Hubs may receive funding in the form of grants.

5.  The Digital Innovation Hubs may receive contributions from Member States, participating third countries or public authorities within them, contributions from international bodies or institutions, contributions from members, shareholders or partners of the Digital Innovation Hub, revenues generated by the Digital Innovation Hubs own assets and activities, bequest, donations and contributions from individuals or funding in the form of grants including from this Programme and other EU programmes.

Amendment    74

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  The Digital Innovation Hubs which receive funding shall be involved in the implementation of the Programme to:

6.  The Digital Innovation Hubs shall be involved in the implementation of the Programme to:

Amendment    75

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  provide digital transformation services - including testing and experimentation facilities - targeted towards SMEs and midcaps, also in sectors that are slow in the uptake of digital and related technologies;

(a)  provide digital transformation services and technological expertise - including testing and experimentation facilities - targeted towards SMEs, midcaps and start-ups, also in sectors that are slow in the uptake of digital and related technologies;

Amendment    76

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(a a)  support companies, especially SMEs and start-ups, organisations and public administrations to become more competitive and improve their business models through use of new technologies covered by the Programme;

Amendment    77

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  transfer expertise and know-how between regions, in particular by networking SMEs and midcaps established in one region with Digital Innovation Hubs established in other regions which are best suited to provide relevant services;

(b)  transfer expertise and know-how between regions, in particular by networking SMEs, midcaps and start-ups established in one region with Digital Innovation Hubs established in other regions which are best suited to provide relevant services and offer coaching consultancy;

Amendment    78

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  provide thematic services, including services related to artificial intelligence, high performance computing and cybersecurity and trust to the administrations, public sector organisations, SMEs and midcaps. Individual Digital Innovation Hubs may specialise in specific thematic services and do not need to provide all thematic services mentioned in this paragraph;

(c)  provide thematic services, including services related to artificial intelligence, high performance computing and cybersecurity and trust to the administrations, public sector organisations, SMEs, midcaps and start-ups. Individual Digital Innovation Hubs may specialise in specific thematic services and do not need to provide all thematic services mentioned in this paragraph;

Amendment    79

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

6 a.  The European Commission shall, in close cooperation with the Member States, organise continuous monitoring and evaluation of the output, results and impacts of Digital Innovation Hubs receiving EU funds.

Amendment    80

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2 a.  Actions that pursue objectives relating to other new technologies covered by the Horizon Europe Programme, namely robotics, big data and Key Digital Technologies, shall be eligible for funding, provided that those objectives relate to the specific objectives covered under Articles 4 to 8 and constitute a comprehensive and related solution in a specific project.

Justification

In order to avoid significant investment gaps in other technologies, exclude comprehensive solutions from the Programme or complicate its distinction, other new technologies should also be part of the Programme provided they constitute a comprehensive and related solution with the new technologies according to Art. 4 to 8.

Amendment    81

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 – paragraph 2 – point a – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  legal entities established in:

(a)  legal entities established and, if applicable, liable to pay corporate tax in:

Amendment    82

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  Legal entities established in a third country which is not associated to the programme should in principle bear the cost of their participation.

6.  Legal entities established in a third country which is not associated to the programme should bear the cost of their participation.

Amendment    83

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  where applicable, the economic, social, climate and environmental impact, and accessibility;

(e)  where applicable, the economic, social, climate and environmental impact, gender equality opportunities and accessibility;

Amendment    84

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g)  where applicable, a balanced geographical distribution across the Union, including the outermost regions;

(g)  where applicable, a balanced geographical distribution across the Union, including the outermost regions to reduce the digital divide between regions, citizens and businesses;

Amendment    85

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point h a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(h a)  where applicable, the presence of a plan to create sustainable high-quality employment in the European Union or a participating country.

Amendment    86

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point h b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(h b)  where applicable, the complementarity of the project with other Union programmes;

Amendment    87

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 – point h c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(h c)  where applicable, the innovativeness of the project.

Amendment    88

Proposal for a regulation

Article 22 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2 a.  Where an action has already been awarded or has received contributions from another Union programme or support from an EU fund, that contribution or support shall be listed in the application for a contribution under the Programme.

Amendment    89

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The interim evaluation of the Programme shall be performed once there is sufficient information available about the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the start of the implementation of the Programme.

2.  The interim evaluation of the Programme shall be performed once there is sufficient information available about the implementation of the Programme, but no later than three years after the start of the implementation of the Programme. The interim evaluation shall present the findings necessary to make a decision about a follow-up to the Programme beyond 2027 and its objectives.

 

The interim evaluation shall be submitted to the European Parliament.

Amendment    90

Proposal for a regulation

Article 25 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  At the end of the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the end of the period specified in Article [1], a final evaluation of the Programme shall be carried out by the Commission.

3.  At the end of the implementation of the Programme, but no later than two years after the end of the period specified in Article [1], a final evaluation of the Programme shall be carried out by the Commission.

Amendment    91

Proposal for a regulation

Article 26 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  As part of the control system, the audit strategy may be based on the financial audit of a representative sample of expenditure. That representative sample shall be complemented by a selection based on an assessment of the risks related to expenditure.

4.  As part of the control system, the audit strategy shall be based on the financial audit of at least a representative sample of expenditure. That representative sample shall be complemented by a selection based on an assessment of the risks related to expenditure.

Amendment    92

Proposal for a regulation

Article 29 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The recipients of Union funding shall acknowledge the origin and ensure the visibility of the Union funding (in particular when promoting the actions and their results) by providing coherent, effective and proportionate targeted information to multiple audiences, including the media and the public.

1.  The recipients of Union funding shall acknowledge the origin and ensure the visibility of the Union funding (in particular when promoting the actions and their results) by providing coherent, truthful, effective and proportionate targeted information to multiple audiences, including the media and the public.

Amendment    93

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 1 – paragraph 2 – point 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  The deployment of ready to use/operational technology: supercomputing as a service resulting from R&I to build an integrated European HPC ecosystem, covering all scientific and industrial value chain segments (hardware, software, applications, services, interconnections and advanced digital skills).

6.  The deployment of ready to use/operational technology: supercomputing as a service resulting from R&I, in particular new technologies that have previously benefitted or that currently benefit from Union funding, to build an integrated European HPC ecosystem, covering all scientific and industrial value chain segments(hardware, software, applications, services, interconnections and advanced digital skills).

Amendment    94

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 2 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Programme shall build up and strengthen core Artificial Intelligence capacities in Europe including data resources and repositories of algorithms and making them accessible by all businesses and public administrations as well as reinforcement and networking of existing AI testing and experimentation facilities in Member States.

The Programme shall build up and strengthen core capacities of Artificial Intelligence and distributed ledger technologies in Europe including data resources and repositories of algorithms and making them accessible by all businesses and public administrations as well as reinforcement and networking of existing AI testing and experimentation facilities in Member States.

Amendment    95

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 4 – paragraph 2 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Access to on the job training by taking part in traineeships in competence centres and companies deploying advanced technologies.

1.  The Programme shall support easy access to advanced digital skills, notably in HPC, AI, distributed ledgers (for example block chain) and cybersecurity for the current and future labour force by offering students, recent graduates, existing workers and other qualified persons, wherever they are situated, the means to acquire and develop these skills.

Amendment    96

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 4 – paragraph 2 – point 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2 a.  The Programme shall support the design and provision of a pan-European e-learning platform.

Amendment    97

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 4 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

All interventions will be designed and implemented primarily through the Digital Innovation Hubs, as defined in Article 15.

All interventions will be designed and implemented primarily through the Digital Innovation Hubs, as defined in Article 16.

Amendment    98

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 5 – subpart I – point 1 – point 1.2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.2.  Support the design, piloting, deployment, maintenance and promotion of a coherent eco-system of cross-border digital services infrastructure and facilitate seamless end-to-end, secure, interoperable, multi-lingual, interoperable cross-border or cross-sector solutions and common frameworks within public administration. Methodologies for assessing the impact and benefits shall also be included.

1.2.  Support the design, piloting, deployment, maintenance, expansion and promotion of a coherent eco-system of cross-border digital services infrastructure and facilitate seamless end-to-end, secure, interoperable, multi-lingual, interoperable cross-border or cross-sector solutions and common frameworks within public administration. Methodologies for assessing the impact and benefits shall also be included.

Amendment    99

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 5 – subpart I – point 2 – point 2.1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.1.  Ensure that EU citizens can access, share, use, and manage their personal health data securely across borders irrespective of their location or the location of the data. Complete the eHealth Digital Service Infrastructure and extend it by new digital services, support deployment of the European exchange format for electronic health records.

2.1.  Ensure that EU citizens can access, share, use, and manage their personal health data securely and in a way that guarantees their privacy across borders irrespective of their location or the location of the data. Complete the eHealth Digital Service Infrastructure and extend it by new digital services, support deployment of the European exchange format for electronic health records.

Amendment    100

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – part 5 – subpart I – point 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Judiciary: Enable seamless and secure cross-border electronic communication within the judiciary and between the judiciary and other competent bodies in the area of civil and criminal justice. Improve access to justice and juridical information and procedures to citizens, businesses, legal practitioners and members of the judiciary with semantically interoperable interconnections to national databases and registers as well as facilitating the out-of-court dispute resolution online. Promote the development and implementation of innovative technologies for courts and legal practitioners based on artificial intelligence solutions which are likely to streamline and speed-up procedures (for example “legal tech” applications).

3.  Judiciary: Enable seamless and secure cross-border electronic communication within the judiciary and between the judiciary and other competent bodies in the area of civil and criminal justice. Improve access to justice and juridical information and procedures to citizens, businesses, legal practitioners and members of the judiciary with semantically interoperable interconnections to databases and registers as well as facilitating the out-of-court dispute resolution online. Promote the development and implementation of innovative technologies for courts and legal practitioners based on artificial intelligence solutions which are likely to streamline and speed-up procedures (for example “legal tech” applications).

Amendment    101

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 5 – point 5.1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.1  Take-up of digital public services

5.1  Frequency of take-up of digital public services

Amendment    102

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 5 – point 5.2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.2  Enterprises with high digital intensity score

5.2  Number of enterprises with high digital intensity score

Amendment    103

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 5 – point 5.3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.3  Alignment of the National Interoperability Framework with the European Interoperability Framework

5.3  Extent of alignment of the National Interoperability Framework with the European Interoperability Framework

Amendment    104

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – part 2 – point 2.2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.2  Number of companies and organisations using AI

2.2  Number of companies and organisations testing and experimenting with AI in co-operation with Digital Innovations Hubs

Amendment    105

Proposal for a regulation

Annex III – point 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  Digital Europe will invest in (i) digital capacity building in High Performance Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Cybersecurity and advanced digital skills; and (ii) national and regional deployment within an EU framework of digital capacities and the latest digital technologies in areas of public interest (such as health, public administration, justice and education) or market failure (such as the digitisation of businesses, notably small and medium enterprises);

(c)  Digital Europe will invest in (i) digital capacity building in High Performance Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Cybersecurity and advanced digital skills; and (ii) national, regional and local deployment within an EU framework of digital capacities and the latest digital technologies in areas of public interest (such as health, public administration, justice and education) or market failure (such as the digitisation of businesses, notably small and medium enterprises);

Amendment    106

Proposal for a regulation

Annex III – point 3 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  Digital Europe will invest in (i) digital capacity building in High Performance Computing, Artificial Intelligence, Cybersecurity and advanced digital skills; and (ii) national and regional deployment within an EU framework of digital capacities and the latest digital technologies in areas of public interest (such as health, public administration, justice and education) or market failure (such as the digitisation of businesses, notably small and medium enterprises);

(c)  Digital Europe will invest in (i) digital capacity building in High Performance Computing, Artificial Intelligence, distributed ledger technology, Cybersecurity and advanced digital skills; and (ii) national and regional deployment within an EU framework of digital capacities and the latest digital technologies in areas of public interest (such as health, public administration, justice and education) or market failure (such as the digitisation of businesses, notably small and medium enterprises);

Amendment    107

Proposal for a regulation

Annex III – point 3 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(c a)  Other new technologies covered by the Horizon Europe Programme, namely robotics, big data and Key Digital Technologies, will be eligible for funding, provided that those objectives relate to the specific objectives covered under Articles 4 to 8 and constitute a comprehensive and related solution in a specific project.

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Establishing the Digital Europe programme for the period 2021-2027

References

COM(2018)0434 – C8-0256/2018 – 2018/0227(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ITRE

14.6.2018

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

IMCO

14.6.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Evelyne Gebhardt

19.6.2018

Discussed in committee

24.9.2018

10.10.2018

 

 

Date adopted

5.11.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

30

1

0

Members present for the final vote

John Stuart Agnew, Pascal Arimont, Carlos Coelho, Sergio Gaetano Cofferati, Daniel Dalton, Nicola Danti, Dennis de Jong, Pascal Durand, Evelyne Gebhardt, Maria Grapini, Sergio Gutiérrez Prieto, Philippe Juvin, Morten Løkkegaard, Nosheena Mobarik, Jiří Pospíšil, Christel Schaldemose, Andreas Schwab, Jasenko Selimovic, Ivan Štefanec, Richard Sulík, Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein, Anneleen Van Bossuyt, Marco Zullo

Substitutes present for the final vote

Birgit Collin-Langen, Arndt Kohn, Julia Reda, Martin Schirdewan, Marc Tarabella, Lambert van Nistelrooij

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Esther Herranz García

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

30

+

ALDE

ECR

EFDD

GUE/NGL

PPE

S&D

Verts/ALE

Morten Løkkegaard, Jasenko Selimovic

Daniel Dalton, Nosheena Mobarik, Richard Sulík, Anneleen Van Bossuyt

Marco Zullo

Martin Schirdewan, Dennis de Jong

Pascal Arimont, Carlos Coelho, Birgit Collin-Langen, Esther Herranz García, Philippe Juvin, Jiří Pospíšil, Andreas Schwab, Ivan Štefanec, Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein, Lambert van Nistelrooij

Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Sergio Gaetano Cofferati, Nicola Danti, Evelyne Gebhardt, Maria Grapini, Sergio Gutiérrez Prieto, Arndt Kohn, Christel Schaldemose, Marc Tarabella

Pascal Durand, Julia Reda

1

-

EFDD

John Stuart Agnew

0

0

 

 

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

(1)

Own initiative report “Towards a digital single market act” (2015/2147(INI)

(2)</