What is the State of the European Union?

European Parliament building

The State of the European Union is the annual debate in which Members of the European Parliament, directly elected by the citizens of the European Union, assess the Commission’s achievements of the past year and objectives of the year to come.

European Commission building

The President of the European Commission first delivers a speech, which is followed by an open debate with the MEPs. It takes place every year during the first plenary session in September.

Ensuring an EU that delivers

European Parliament, 14 September

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A key moment for EU democracy

The State of the European Union debate aims to add to the transparency of the workings of the EU. It is also an exercise in political accountability, that of the EU executive body (the Commission) to the elected representatives of Europeans (the Parliament).

It is also an exercise in political accountability, that of the EU executive body (the Commission) to the elected representatives of Europeans (the Parliament).

SOTEU in the past

You can watchand downloadprevious SOTEU debates here

Read the press release

Coverage onStorify

The European Parliament’s role

Key players

Citizens’ expectations

Discover the expectations of the European citizens towards the European Union in this infographic based on the latest Eurobarometer survey.

The Parliament collects citizens’ opinion on current and other major topics concerning European citizenship through the Eurobarometer, a public opinion tool available since 1973.

What eu citizens
expect from
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The progress of EU priorities

At the start of his term, the European Commission’s President Jean-Claude Juncker presented the Commission’s 10 priorities for the next five years.

The legislative train offers a transparent follow-up of the implementation of those priorities and a clear overview of the legislative process.

Status of legislativesprocess regardingEC 10 priorities

Legislative train schedule

Legal Framework

The State of the European Union was legally instituted in 2010 in an interinstitutional framework agreement between the European Parliament and the European Commission as part of the annual political and legislative programming of the European Union. You can learn more about the State of the European Union process in this briefing.

EPRS Briefing

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