Studies and Options Briefs

 
124 results
 
Human Enhancement05-2009
Reference

IPOL-JOIN_ET(2009)417483

Author

Christopher COENEN (ITAS), Mirjam SCHUIJFF (Rathenau Institute), Martijntje SMITS (Rathenau Institute), Pim KLAASSEN (University of Amsterdam), Leonhard HENNEN (ITAS), Michael RADER (ITAS) and Gregor WOLBRING (University of Calgary)

Summary

The study attempts to bridge the gap between visions on human enhancement (HE) and the relevant technoscientific developments. It outlines possible strategies of how to deal with HE in a European context, identifying a reasoned pro-enhancement approach, a reasoned restrictive approach and a case-by-case approach as viable options for the EU. The authors propose setting up a European body (temporary committee or working group) for the development of a normative framework that guides the formulation of EU policies on HE.

Files
Fragment 1: Human Enhancement
 
Implications of Global Trends in Eating Habits for Climate Change, Health and Natural Resources04-2009
Reference

IPOL-JOIN_ET(2009)424735

Author

Conrad CASPARI, Maria CHRISTODOULOU, John NGANGA and Mariana RICCI (Agra CEAS Consulting)

Summary

The study outlines the contribution of livestock production to climate change and health risks associated w i t h high meat consumption. The natural resources required to produce animalbased and plant-based protein are contrasted and diets with different levels of both types of protein compared. Using world population projections, three scenarios based on different theoretical alternative consumption patterns are created to show possible requirements and greenhouse gas emissions for animal and plant protein production: “minimal” scenario (assumes consumption of animal protein only via milk and eggs); “optimal” scenario (assuming diets with a low meat intake) and “maximum” (baseline) scenario (current level of meat consumption extended to developing countries). Comments are made on alternative protein sources. Policy options are suggested.

Files
Fragment 1: Implications of Global Trends in Eating Habits for Climate Change, Health and Natural Resources
 
Animal-based Welfare Monitoring03-2009
Reference

IPOL-JOIN_ET(2009)417479

Author

Marc Bracke (ASG - WUR), Kathalijne Visser-Riedstra (ASG - WUR), Femke Schepers (WU), Nanda Ursinus (WU), Harry Blokhuis (ASG - WUR, SLU), Marien Gerritzen (WU) and Ellen ter Gast (Rathenau Institute) (Part 1) Martien Bokma-Bakker (ASG - WUR), Geert Munnichs (Rathenau Institute), Aart Evers (ASG - WUR), Michel de Haan (ASG - WUR), Eveline van Mil (LEI - WUR), Kees van Reenen (ASG - WUR) and Frans Brom (Rathenau Institute) (Part 2)

Summary

The study examines the potential for introducing a European system of on-farm assessment of animal welfare using animal-based indicators. Part 1 describes the scientific and techno-logical state-of-the-art regarding animal-based welfare indicators and monitoring technology. Part 2 studies the socio-economic impact of introducing an animal-based welfare monitoring system on livestock production in EU Member States.

Files
Fragment 1: Animal-based Welfare Monitoring
 
Looking forward in the ICT & Media Industries12-2008
Reference

IPOL-JOIN_ET(2008)417468

Author

Knud Böhle, Michael Rader, Arnd Weber and Dirk Weber (Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis - ITAS, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany)

Summary

The study examines the potential for introducing a European system of on-farm assessment of animal welfare using animal-based indicators. Part 1 describes the scientific and techno-logical state-of-the-art regarding animal-based welfare indicators and monitoring technology. Part 2 studies the socio-economic impact of introducing an animal-based welfare monitoring system on livestock production in EU Member States.

Files
Fragment 1: Looking forward in the ICT & Media Industries
 
Direct to Consumer Genetic Testing11-2008
Reference

IPOL-JOIN_ET(2008)417464

Author

Leonhard Hennen (ITAS), Arnold Sauter (ITAS) and Els van den Cruyce (VIWTA)

Summary

The present report provides an overview of the current discussion on direct-to-consumer genetic testing (DCGT) among experts and public authorities and on the current status of DCGT offers on the internet. Guided by an analysis of the market development and the pros and cons of DCGT, the report discusses possible options and needs for political intervention.

Files
Fragment 1: Direct to Consumer Genetic Testing
 
The Future of European Long-Distance Transport - Scenario Report10-2008
Reference

IPOL-JOIN_ET(2008)417471

Author

Jens Schippl, Ida Leisner, Per Kaspersen and Anders Koed Madsen (Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis - ITAS ; Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in the Helmholtz Association and Danish Board of Technology - DBT, Copenhagen, Danemark)

Summary

This document is Deliverable 5 of the project on “The Future of European Long-Distance Transport'. It contains the report on the scenario process carried out in Phase II of the project. The scenario process is based on phase I, in which a general scoping and identification of key challenges took place.

Files
Fragment 1: The Future of European Long-Distance Transport - Scenario Report
 
Extending the Pipeline - Toward a Comprehensive and Coordinated EU Approach to Poverty Related Diseases07-2008
Reference

IPOL-JOIN_ET(2008)393786

Author

Martijntje Smits (Rathenau Institute, The Hague, the Netherland)

Summary

Part of the project “Global human health 2, towards effective cooperation on Medicine Research and development”.

Files
Fragment 1: Extending the Pipeline - Toward a Comprehensive and Coordinated EU Approach to Poverty Related Diseases
 
Assessment of the Safety of Tunnels10-2007
Reference

IPOL-JOIN_ET(2007)400995

Author

Alan Beard (Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK) and David Cope (Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology - POST, House of Commons, London, UK)

Summary

The paper draws to a great extent on a literature search concerning the current status of risk assessment in relation to tunnels. It also draws on many conversations held with experts world-wide and to a small extent on the results of a questionnaire which was distributed to experts. Finally, it draws upon the discussions at a Workshop held at the European Parliament, Brussels, on 16th May 2007.

Files
Fragment 1: Assessment of the Safety of Tunnels
 
Interactions between New Technologies and the Job Market, Flexicurity and Training / Vocational Training10-2007
Reference

IPOL-JOIN_ET(2007)400996

Author

ETAG (European Technology Assessment Group) ; Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS), Karlsruhe ; Danish Board of Technology (DBT), Copenhagen ; Flemish Institute for Science and Technology Assessment (viWTA), Brussels ; Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST), London ; Rathenau Institute, The Hague ; Bettina-Johanna Krings and Anna Muellner (Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis - ITAS)

Summary

The following report provides a conceptual framework for the interaction between new technologies and job markets. It focuses on the importance of vocational training in these processes and on integrating the flexicurity concept as a policy instrument which is gaining more and more importance in public debate.

Files
Fragment 1: Interactions between New Technologies and the Job Market, Flexicurity and Training / Vocational Training
 
Policy Options for the Improvement of the European Patent System09-2007
Reference

IPOL-JOIN_ET(2007)393526

Author

Robin COWAN (BETA, Université Louis Pasteur and UNU-MERIT, Universteit Maastricht, the Netherlands) ; Wim Van der EIJK (International Legal Affairs and Patent law, EPO, München, Germany) ; Francesco LISSONI (University of Brescia, Italy) ; Peter LOTZ (Copenhagen Business School, Denmark) ; Geertrui Van OVERWALLE (University of Leuven, Belgium) and Jens SCHOVSBO (University of Copenhagen, Denmark)

Summary

This report is based on an independent, policy-oriented investigation of the current European patent system. The central premise of the report is that the patent system has so far been a positive factor in promoting innovation and the diffusion of knowledge, and thus that the system is contributing in a constructive way to economic and social welfare objectives. In acknowledging the importance of the patent system in relation to many aspects of society, it is also essential to continually evaluate whether the system is working as effectively as it could be. In addition, because of some of the influences coming to bear upon the system at the moment, as well as the various ways in which it has been operating, the workings of the European patent system especially merits close public attention.

Files
Fragment 1: Policy Options for the Improvement of the European Patent System