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Outermost regions of the EU: A stronger and renewed partnership

19-01-2018

The EU's outermost regions qualify for special treatment owing to structural difficulties, such as remoteness, difficult topography or economic dependence on a few products, which can severely hamper their development. Specific support mechanisms exist under cohesion, agricultural and fisheries policies, with the Commission outlining measures aimed at assisting outermost regions in its communications published in 2004, 2008, and 2012. Nevertheless, with the outermost regions continuing to face numerous ...

The EU's outermost regions qualify for special treatment owing to structural difficulties, such as remoteness, difficult topography or economic dependence on a few products, which can severely hamper their development. Specific support mechanisms exist under cohesion, agricultural and fisheries policies, with the Commission outlining measures aimed at assisting outermost regions in its communications published in 2004, 2008, and 2012. Nevertheless, with the outermost regions continuing to face numerous challenges in areas such as mobility, unemployment and climate change, discussions were launched on the formulation of a new strategy, which was published in October 2017. The result of extensive consultation with stakeholders, including Parliament and the outermost regions themselves, the 2017 communication puts forward a new approach to support their development by making the most of the outermost regions' assets, exploiting new opportunities for growth and job creation and giving greater recognition to their specific circumstances and needs. To achieve this, the communication outlines a series of concrete and coordinated actions to be taken at EU and national level, as well as by the outermost regions, and calls for a stronger partnership between outermost regions, their respective Member States, and the EU. While broadly welcoming the new strategy, the outermost regions and its partners have highlighted several key issues that it fails to cover. Equally, although the Commission puts forward many commitments and positive measures, the strategy is very much a work in progress, and its measures will need to be developed further and incorporated into the EU legislative framework before they can be rolled out on the ground. In this context, the future shape of the EU's legislative and financial proposals post-2020 will be of crucial importance for the successful delivery of this strategy. This is a revised and updated version of a briefing from March 2017, PE 599.365.

Managing Outermost Regions' fishing fleets

21-04-2017

An own-initiative report on the management of the fishing fleets in the Outermost Regions is scheduled to be voted during the April II plenary session. The report looks into the possibilities of modernising the Outermost Regions' fleets, while ensuring sustainable fishing in these regions.

An own-initiative report on the management of the fishing fleets in the Outermost Regions is scheduled to be voted during the April II plenary session. The report looks into the possibilities of modernising the Outermost Regions' fleets, while ensuring sustainable fishing in these regions.

Tax evasion, money laundering and tax transparency in the EU Overseas Countries and Territories: Ex-Post Impact Assessment

20-04-2017

This study aims to present the legal, political and institutional framework governing offshore practices in the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) of the European Union, which are under the sovereignty of four Member States: Denmark, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The institutional arrangements of the OCTs with the relevant EU Member States directly affect the possibility to establish policies and adopt regulations, including on taxation and money laundering. Regardless of ...

This study aims to present the legal, political and institutional framework governing offshore practices in the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) of the European Union, which are under the sovereignty of four Member States: Denmark, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The institutional arrangements of the OCTs with the relevant EU Member States directly affect the possibility to establish policies and adopt regulations, including on taxation and money laundering. Regardless of the level of control of the EU Member States over their OCTs, implementation of the law by the local authorities is of concern in a number of the UK and Dutch OCTs, both in terms of structural weaknesses, but also because of limited financial and human resources. In the case of the French OCTs, suboptimal oversight controls and lack of information make it difficult to supervise financial activities. The opening analysis compares the French, Dutch and British cases in terms of combating tax evasion, money laundering and enhancing tax transparency; explores the case of Greenland; and draws conclusions on how the EU could better use its leverage in these overseas territories. The analysis is based on the detailed annexed contributions, written by external experts, which cover in detail the OCTs under French, Dutch, and British rule. This ex-post impact assessment has been produced by the European Parliamentary Research Service at the request of the European Parliament's Committee of Inquiry into Money Laundering, Tax Avoidance and Tax Evasion (PANA) to assist it in the context of its ongoing work.

Външен автор

Prof. Alexandre Maitrot de la Motte of the University of Paris-Est Creteil, Prof. Dr H.E. Bröring, Prof. Dr O.O. Cherednychenko, Prof. Dr H.G. Hoogers and G. Karapetian LL.M. (Department of Constitutional Law, Administrative Law and Public Administration/Groningen Centre for European Financial Services Law (GCEFSL), University of Groningen), Dr Peter Clegg of the University of the West of England

Outermost regions of the EU: Towards a renewed strategy

28-03-2017

The EU's outermost regions qualify for special treatment owing to structural difficulties, such as remoteness, difficult topography or economic dependence on a few products, which can severely hamper their development. Specific mechanisms exist under cohesion, agricultural and fisheries policies, with the Commission publishing a communication in 2012 setting out how it can work in partnership with the outermost regions and their respective countries to achieve the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy ...

The EU's outermost regions qualify for special treatment owing to structural difficulties, such as remoteness, difficult topography or economic dependence on a few products, which can severely hamper their development. Specific mechanisms exist under cohesion, agricultural and fisheries policies, with the Commission publishing a communication in 2012 setting out how it can work in partnership with the outermost regions and their respective countries to achieve the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy. While a renewed strategy is due to be prepared by the Commission by the end of 2017, the outermost regions continue to face numerous challenges in areas such as mobility, unemployment and climate change. Stakeholders have already begun to draft their contributions to this renewed strategy, highlighting issues such as the need to ensure that trade agreements take better account of outermost regions' needs, maintain specific provisions for these regions in areas such as cohesion, agriculture and fisheries policy, and provide the outermost regions with improved access to horizontal programmes. Parliament's Committee on Regional Development is preparing an own-initiative report on the outermost regions as part of this process. It remains to be seen, however, how receptive the Commission will be to these proposals in a context of increasing budgetary pressure. Bringing together representatives of the Commission and the outermost regions, as well as some of the key stakeholders involved, the fourth forum on outermost regions to be held on 30-31 March 2017 will provide a key platform for discussions that can shape the future development of the outermost regions for generations to come.

EU funding for the outermost regions

25-02-2015

Outermost regions (ORs) are an integral part of the European Union (EU) and as such have access to all EU funding instruments and programmes. In addition, owing to their particular geographical location, they are entitled to specific treatment aimed at mitigating the impact of their structural disadvantages.

Outermost regions (ORs) are an integral part of the European Union (EU) and as such have access to all EU funding instruments and programmes. In addition, owing to their particular geographical location, they are entitled to specific treatment aimed at mitigating the impact of their structural disadvantages.

Review of regime for agriculture in the outermost regions (POSEI): Implementation Appraisal

21-01-2015

This Implementation Appraisal focuses on Regulation 228/2013 on laying down specific measures for agriculture in the outermost regions of the Union and repealing Regulation 247/2006, which is the basic act for the POSEI regime. POSEI - the French acronym for Programmes dʼOptions Spécifiques à lʼEloignement et à lʼInsularité - is a scheme that supports the incomes of farmers and the supply of essential products to the outermost regions of the European Union. The scheme ...

This Implementation Appraisal focuses on Regulation 228/2013 on laying down specific measures for agriculture in the outermost regions of the Union and repealing Regulation 247/2006, which is the basic act for the POSEI regime. POSEI - the French acronym for Programmes dʼOptions Spécifiques à lʼEloignement et à lʼInsularité - is a scheme that supports the incomes of farmers and the supply of essential products to the outermost regions of the European Union. The scheme compensates farmers for extra costs of production and marketing due to the small size of these territories, their topography and climate, and more difficult access to European markets. The European Parliament, as well as the EESC and CoR have repeatedly called for more involvement of the outermost regions in Structural and Cohesion Funds. Both the Parliament and the European Court of Auditors have called on Commission to monitor more regularly the effectiveness of the specific measures.

The Orientations and Policies of Interurban Transport in the Outermost Regions

14-06-2013

A great diversity of spatial structures, transport systems and needs can be observed in the Outermost Regions (ORs) of the EU. Interurban transport as a means for developing the inland market of ORs would deserve more, and especially better-designed, support. Ideally, modern new regional transport authorities applying innovative solutions would avail themselves of better EU funding opportunities for both planning and operations.

A great diversity of spatial structures, transport systems and needs can be observed in the Outermost Regions (ORs) of the EU. Interurban transport as a means for developing the inland market of ORs would deserve more, and especially better-designed, support. Ideally, modern new regional transport authorities applying innovative solutions would avail themselves of better EU funding opportunities for both planning and operations.

Външен автор

Wolfgang Schade and Lucia Mejia-Dorantes (Fraunhofer Institute Systems and Innovation Research, Germany) , Werner Rothengatter (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany) , Olaf Meyer-Rühle, Markus Drewitz and Alex Auf der Maur (ProgTrans AG, Switzerland)

Specific measures for agriculture in the EU's outermost regions

31-01-2013

Development of the outermost regions is hindered by a number of geographical and economic factors. To offset these, the EU has introduced specific measures (POSEI) for the agricultural sector. The Commission proposes to revise the POSEI Regulation to align it with the requirements of the Lisbon Treaty and to update and simplify some provisions.

Development of the outermost regions is hindered by a number of geographical and economic factors. To offset these, the EU has introduced specific measures (POSEI) for the agricultural sector. The Commission proposes to revise the POSEI Regulation to align it with the requirements of the Lisbon Treaty and to update and simplify some provisions.

The Status and Location of the Military Installations of the Member States of the European Union and their Potential Role for the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP)

19-02-2009

Executive summary The recently launched European Union (E.U.) mission EUNAVFOR SOMALIA (‘Operation Atalanta’) to fight piracy off the Somali coast and ensure the protection of a key E.U. Sea Line of Communication (S.L.o.C.) is a vivid example of the coming of age of European Security and Defence Policy (E.S.D.P.).1 While such a development should be applauded, the present Briefing Paper argues that the E.U. and its Member States need speed up their efforts to reform, amalgamate and put in place the ...

Executive summary The recently launched European Union (E.U.) mission EUNAVFOR SOMALIA (‘Operation Atalanta’) to fight piracy off the Somali coast and ensure the protection of a key E.U. Sea Line of Communication (S.L.o.C.) is a vivid example of the coming of age of European Security and Defence Policy (E.S.D.P.).1 While such a development should be applauded, the present Briefing Paper argues that the E.U. and its Member States need speed up their efforts to reform, amalgamate and put in place the necessary functional and geographic structures for the protection of European S.L.o.C.s. and to expand the E.U.’s geographical and geostrategic reach. Key to these structures are the overseas military installations of the E.U. Member States. These facilities, spread out across the world—and concentrated in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans—form part of a far broader set of geographic, political, economic and strategic dynamics, namely the delivery of a credible E.U. ‘forward presence’ (i.e. regional presence, overseas basing, expeditionary military capabilities, and logistical supply systems, etc.) in regions surrounding the E.U., or along critical S.L.o.C.s linking the E.U. homeland to the multiple different nodes and points of the global economy. In an increasingly multipolar world, placing a renewed focus on these military facilities is a pressing European priority, particularly in an age of increasing geopolitical competition along the coastal littoral of Eurasia.

Външен автор

James Rogers (University of Cambridge, UK) and Luis Simón (University of London, UK)

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