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The return of foreign fighters to EU soil: Ex-post evaluation

15-05-2018

Since the Syrian conflict began in 2011, thousands of EU nationals have travelled or attempted to travel in conflict zones in Iraq and Syria to join insurgent terrorist groups, such as ISIL/Da'esh ('Islamic State'). Of those, it has been estimated that around 30 % have already returned to their home countries. The issue of foreign fighters has been high on the political agenda at both Member State and EU level for the last five years and touches upon a wide range of policies: policies related to ...

Since the Syrian conflict began in 2011, thousands of EU nationals have travelled or attempted to travel in conflict zones in Iraq and Syria to join insurgent terrorist groups, such as ISIL/Da'esh ('Islamic State'). Of those, it has been estimated that around 30 % have already returned to their home countries. The issue of foreign fighters has been high on the political agenda at both Member State and EU level for the last five years and touches upon a wide range of policies: policies related to the prevention of radicalisation; to information exchange at EU level; to criminal justice responses to returnees; to disengagement/deradicalisation inside and outside prisons. This study aims at outlining the EU response to the issue of returning foreign fighters and their families. It furthermore examines how six Member States have responded to this phenomenon so far (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, France, the Netherlands and the UK). These Member States are confronted with significant challenges in dealing with foreign fighters that combine legal, ethical and practical questions regarding their obligations and capabilities as regards the handling of the foreign fighters still abroad and the returnees already on EU soil. Meanwhile, Member States' existing programmes aiming at tackling radicalisation are difficult to evaluate, leading to uncertainties as regards the efficiency of current practices.

Външен автор

The external study was written by Dr Francesco Ragazzi (Assistant Professor at Leiden University, the Netherlands) and Josh Walmsley (Independent Researcher) at the request of the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

Malaysia's 2018 general election

26-04-2018

On 9 May 2018, Malaysians go to the polls to elect federal and state parliaments. Although a financial scandal and rising living costs have dented the popularity of the government, the opposition faces an uphill battle to end the governing Barisan Nasional coalition's six-decade rule, and it is not widely expected to win.

On 9 May 2018, Malaysians go to the polls to elect federal and state parliaments. Although a financial scandal and rising living costs have dented the popularity of the government, the opposition faces an uphill battle to end the governing Barisan Nasional coalition's six-decade rule, and it is not widely expected to win.

Prison Conditions in the Member States: Selected European Standards and Best Practices

17-01-2017

This paper provides an overview of European standards and good practices regarding prison conditions. Action by the EU in the field of judicial cooperation in criminal matters is affected by detention conditions across EU Member States. The Council of Europe has adopted numerous recommendations and standards on conditions of life in prison, and the European Court of Human Rights has found that detention conditions may breach the prohibition against torture and ill-treatment. The paper provides an ...

This paper provides an overview of European standards and good practices regarding prison conditions. Action by the EU in the field of judicial cooperation in criminal matters is affected by detention conditions across EU Member States. The Council of Europe has adopted numerous recommendations and standards on conditions of life in prison, and the European Court of Human Rights has found that detention conditions may breach the prohibition against torture and ill-treatment. The paper provides an overview of common problems affecting prisons in the EU Member States (from overcrowding to general conditions of life in prison) and describes some of the identified best practices to solve them. Specific attention is paid to pre-trial detention, to the use of alternative (non-custodial) measures, to measures aimed at social reintegration and prevention of recidivism, and to the special safeguards and standards developed as regards vulnerable prisoners (such as children, women, or mentally ill detainees).

CIA renditions and secret detention programme

02-06-2016

The CIA's extraordinary rendition and secret detention programme has again come under the scrutiny of the European Parliament, which will ask the Commission and the Council during the June plenary about the measures taken to implement Parliament's recommendations on the matter.

The CIA's extraordinary rendition and secret detention programme has again come under the scrutiny of the European Parliament, which will ask the Commission and the Council during the June plenary about the measures taken to implement Parliament's recommendations on the matter.

Israel's Policy of Administrative Detention

10-05-2012

Administrative detention is a pre-emptive measure that allows authorities to detain suspects before the trial. While the procedure can be applied to anyone and exists in many countries, the issue has become particularly pressing in Israel. Israeli authorities use administrative detention principally to constrain Palestinian political activism and apply the procedure for an unlimited period of time without pressing charges. As of April 2012, there were 309 administrative detainees in Israeli prisons ...

Administrative detention is a pre-emptive measure that allows authorities to detain suspects before the trial. While the procedure can be applied to anyone and exists in many countries, the issue has become particularly pressing in Israel. Israeli authorities use administrative detention principally to constrain Palestinian political activism and apply the procedure for an unlimited period of time without pressing charges. As of April 2012, there were 309 administrative detainees in Israeli prisons, contributing to the total tally of 5 000 Palestinians in Israeli jails, including 27 members of the Palestinian Legislative Council. A great many of these prisoners — some 2 000 — have been on a hunger strike since April 17, demanding better conditions of confinement and an end to detention without trial. The condition of two of the hunger strikers is critical. While international human rights organisations have recurrently condemned the Israeli practice of administrative detention as a violation of human rights, the issue has only recently attracted widespread international interest. The time is now ripe to place the issue on the agenda of European Union - Israel relations.

Proposal for a Regulation Establishing the Criteria and Mechanisms for Determining the Member States Responsible for Examining an Application for International Protection Lodged in one of the Member States by a Third-country National or a Stateless Person (Recast), COM (2008) 820 Final

16-02-2009

The note offers an assessment of the following aspects: extension of the scope of application for subsidiarity protection, the question of effective judicial protection, detention, the extension of the term "family member", the discretionary clauses, the new mechanism of temporary suspension of transfers.

The note offers an assessment of the following aspects: extension of the scope of application for subsidiarity protection, the question of effective judicial protection, detention, the extension of the term "family member", the discretionary clauses, the new mechanism of temporary suspension of transfers.

Външен автор

Kay Hailbronner (Konstanz, Germany)

The Conditions in Centres for Third Country National (detention camps, open centres as well as transit centres and transit zones) with a Particular Focus on Provisions and Facilities for Persons with special needs in the 25 eu member states

19-12-2007

Respect of International Obligations and of the Provisions of the European Charter of Fundamental Rights in the Definition and Implementation of the EU Return Policy

01-07-2006

This briefing paper deals with the human rights aspects of the draft Directive on common standards and procedures in member States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals (COM(2005) 391 final, 2005/0167(COD), 1 September 2005). It addresses, respectively, the scope of the draft Directive; the change of perspective on national return policies which is necessary in order to make the draft Directive relevant; the situation in transit zones; detention; suspensive effect of legal remedies ...

This briefing paper deals with the human rights aspects of the draft Directive on common standards and procedures in member States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals (COM(2005) 391 final, 2005/0167(COD), 1 September 2005). It addresses, respectively, the scope of the draft Directive; the change of perspective on national return policies which is necessary in order to make the draft Directive relevant; the situation in transit zones; detention; suspensive effect of legal remedies; and the principle of interstates trust.

Външен автор

Prof. dr. Thomas Spijkerboer, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Asylum in European Union Member States: Reception of Asylum Seekers and Examination of Asylum Applications

01-11-2005

Външен автор

Hemme Battjes and Karin M. de Vries under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Thomas P. Spijkerboer - Vrije Universiteit Amsterdamm the Netherlands

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