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EU policies – Delivering for citizens: Protecting European consumers

28-06-2019

Consumer protection rules have been improving the rights of consumers in the European Union since the 1970s. While the level of protection is today considered to be among the highest in the world, consumers in the EU are still faced with a number of issues. According to the latest available data, in 2016 one in five consumers said that they had had a reason to complain in the last 12 months, a level which has remained largely unchanged since 2008. Since 2014, efforts have been made in a number of ...

Consumer protection rules have been improving the rights of consumers in the European Union since the 1970s. While the level of protection is today considered to be among the highest in the world, consumers in the EU are still faced with a number of issues. According to the latest available data, in 2016 one in five consumers said that they had had a reason to complain in the last 12 months, a level which has remained largely unchanged since 2008. Since 2014, efforts have been made in a number of areas, including stronger cross-border cooperation between national authorities in charge of consumer protection and market surveillance. Notably, the Commission proposed a 'new deal for consumers' in April 2018, to enable representative legal actions for the protection of the collective interests of consumers and to modernise EU consumer protection rules. Sector-specific efforts included: eliminating roaming charges across the EU in 2017; legislation aimed at facilitating consumer participation in the digital single market; reforms on the rules on privacy and data protection; enhancing the rights of energy consumers and passengers; and efforts to address the 'dual quality' of branded food products. The EU budget for consumer protection is relatively small, because although rules in this field are made at the EU level, their implementation and enforcement are carried out by the Member States. The consumer programme has a budget of €188 million for the 2013-2020 period, or roughly €0.05 per citizen per year. This may change in the new multiannual financial framework, as consumer protection becomes part of a wider single market programme, which is expected to create synergies between its various components. Future policies could focus on longer product lifetime, labelling and quality requirements for non-agricultural and industrial products, fairer food labelling and retail financial services. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

Reconsidering the General Food Law

26-02-2019

On 11 April 2018, the European Commission published a proposal to review the General Food Law Regulation and amend eight legislative acts dealing with specific food chain sectors. The proposal follows-up on the European Citizens' Initiative on glyphosate; and especially on concerns regarding the transparency of the scientific studies used in the evaluation of pesticides. The proposal also responds to a fitness check of the General Food Law, completed in January 2018. The proposal's objective is to ...

On 11 April 2018, the European Commission published a proposal to review the General Food Law Regulation and amend eight legislative acts dealing with specific food chain sectors. The proposal follows-up on the European Citizens' Initiative on glyphosate; and especially on concerns regarding the transparency of the scientific studies used in the evaluation of pesticides. The proposal also responds to a fitness check of the General Food Law, completed in January 2018. The proposal's objective is to increase the transparency and sustainability of the EU scientific assessment model, and other aspects such as governance of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). In the European Parliament, the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) adopted its report on 27 November 2018. A vote in plenary to finalise Parliament's position took place on 11 December and the Council adopted its position on 12 December 2018. A provisional agreement was reached at the third trilogue meeting on 11 February 2019, and was endorsed in the ENVI committee on 20 February. The text will be the subject of a vote to adopt it in plenary in the coming weeks. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Mandatory origin-labelling schemes in Member States

12-09-2018

Eight EU Member States have launched, or are about to launch, national mandatory labelling schemes for certain food products, mainly for milk and milk used in dairy products, but also meat used in processed foods. The regulatory basis for these national measures is the Regulation on the provision of food information to consumers, which allows Member States to adopt additional national measures concerning the mandatory labelling of foodstuffs, as long as these are justified by reasons specifically ...

Eight EU Member States have launched, or are about to launch, national mandatory labelling schemes for certain food products, mainly for milk and milk used in dairy products, but also meat used in processed foods. The regulatory basis for these national measures is the Regulation on the provision of food information to consumers, which allows Member States to adopt additional national measures concerning the mandatory labelling of foodstuffs, as long as these are justified by reasons specifically defined in the regulation. The European Parliament has been supporting origin labelling in several resolutions. Consumer organisations have advocated it as well, while many industry stakeholders have highlighted the practical difficulties and costs it would bring. The European Commission has reiterated its position, based on its reports exploring the issue, that voluntary origin labelling is the best option at European level.

Food Safety Situation in Ireland and Overview of the Directorate for Health and Food Audits and Analysis, DG SANTE

28-02-2018

This study was prepared for Policy Department A at the request of the Environmental, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) Committee, and updates the earlier 2016 briefing. It provides an overview of the food safety situation in Ireland. It outlines the Irish food and drink industry, the structure and organisation of the food safety and control system involved in food safety in Ireland and a description of current food safety issues in Ireland. An overview of the structure and competencies of the ...

This study was prepared for Policy Department A at the request of the Environmental, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) Committee, and updates the earlier 2016 briefing. It provides an overview of the food safety situation in Ireland. It outlines the Irish food and drink industry, the structure and organisation of the food safety and control system involved in food safety in Ireland and a description of current food safety issues in Ireland. An overview of the structure and competencies of the Directorate for Health and Food Audits and Analysis, DG SANTE (formerly European Food and Veterinary Office) based in Ireland is also provided.

New rules on bisphenol A in food contact materials

16-02-2018

A new European Commission regulation updating the rules concerning the use of bisphenol A (BPA) in food contact materials was published on 14 February 2018 and will apply as of 6 September 2018. The rules aim at better protecting children under three years of age, by extending the ban on the use of BPA to include, in addition to infant feeding bottles, drinking cups or bottles intended for infants and young children. This is an updated edition of an 'At a glance' note originally published in January ...

A new European Commission regulation updating the rules concerning the use of bisphenol A (BPA) in food contact materials was published on 14 February 2018 and will apply as of 6 September 2018. The rules aim at better protecting children under three years of age, by extending the ban on the use of BPA to include, in addition to infant feeding bottles, drinking cups or bottles intended for infants and young children. This is an updated edition of an 'At a glance' note originally published in January 2018.

Безопасност на храните

01-02-2018

Целите на европейската политиката за безопасност на храните са две: да защитава здравето на хората и интересите на потребителите и да насърчава гладкото функциониране на европейския вътрешен пазар. В резултат на това Европейският съюз гарантира установяването и спазването на стандарти за контрол в областта на хигиената на фуражите и храните, здравето на животните, здравето на растенията и предотвратяване на замърсяването на храните от външни вещества. Съюзът също така регулира етикетирането на хранителните ...

Целите на европейската политиката за безопасност на храните са две: да защитава здравето на хората и интересите на потребителите и да насърчава гладкото функциониране на европейския вътрешен пазар. В резултат на това Европейският съюз гарантира установяването и спазването на стандарти за контрол в областта на хигиената на фуражите и храните, здравето на животните, здравето на растенията и предотвратяване на замърсяването на храните от външни вещества. Съюзът също така регулира етикетирането на хранителните и фуражните продукти.

New rules on bisphenol A in food contact materials

31-01-2018

A new European Commission regulation updating the rules concerning the use of bisphenol A (BPA) in food contact materials is expected to enter into force in the coming weeks. The rules aim at better protecting young children by extending the ban on the use of BPA to include, in addition to infant feeding bottles, drinking cups or bottles intended for infants and young children.

A new European Commission regulation updating the rules concerning the use of bisphenol A (BPA) in food contact materials is expected to enter into force in the coming weeks. The rules aim at better protecting young children by extending the ban on the use of BPA to include, in addition to infant feeding bottles, drinking cups or bottles intended for infants and young children.

Европейска аквакултура

01-01-2018

Европейската аквакултура се намира в застой за разлика от увеличаващия се дял на производството на аквакултури в света. В опит да противодейства на тази тенденция Комисията публикува две съобщения със стратегии за развитието на европейската аквакултура — едното през 2002 r., а второто през 2009 r. Стратегията от 2002 r. не успя да постигне увеличение на производството в Европа, а световната икономическа криза засегна силно пазара и производството на аквакултури. Това доведе до публикуването през ...

Европейската аквакултура се намира в застой за разлика от увеличаващия се дял на производството на аквакултури в света. В опит да противодейства на тази тенденция Комисията публикува две съобщения със стратегии за развитието на европейската аквакултура — едното през 2002 r., а второто през 2009 r. Стратегията от 2002 r. не успя да постигне увеличение на производството в Европа, а световната икономическа криза засегна силно пазара и производството на аквакултури. Това доведе до публикуването през 2013 r. на трето съобщение на Комисията, което е насочено към постигането на устойчивото развитие на сектора на аквакултурите на ЕС и предлага стратегически насоки.

Precision agriculture in Europe:Legal, social and ethical considerations

13-11-2017

The aim of this study is to illustrate the different ways in which the current EU legislative framework may be affected by the digitisation and automation of farming activities and the respective technological trends. The study analyses the issues that might have to be dealt with, identifying the European Parliament committees concerned and the legislative acts that might need to be revisited, especially in view of the forthcoming Commission communication on the future of the Common Agricultural ...

The aim of this study is to illustrate the different ways in which the current EU legislative framework may be affected by the digitisation and automation of farming activities and the respective technological trends. The study analyses the issues that might have to be dealt with, identifying the European Parliament committees concerned and the legislative acts that might need to be revisited, especially in view of the forthcoming Commission communication on the future of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). It also provides a series of overarching recommendations that EU actors may wish to take into account when dealing with precision agriculture. To do so, an analysis of the multiple ethical and legal challenges associated with precision farming technologies has been performed, along with a scanning of current legislation in a wide range of areas of EU policy-making, including agricultural policy and related fields, such as environment, health, food safety and climate change.

Мерки за защита на потребителите

01-11-2017

Европейските мерки за защита на потребителите имат за цел да защитят здравето, безопасността и икономическите и правните интереси на европейските потребители независимо от това къде живеят, пътуват или пазаруват в ЕС. Разпоредбите на ЕС регламентират физическите сделки и електронната търговия и съдържат общоприложими правила, както и разпоредби, които касаят конкретни продукти, включително лекарствата, генетично модифицираните организми, тютюневите изделия, козметиката, играчките и взривните вещества ...

Европейските мерки за защита на потребителите имат за цел да защитят здравето, безопасността и икономическите и правните интереси на европейските потребители независимо от това къде живеят, пътуват или пазаруват в ЕС. Разпоредбите на ЕС регламентират физическите сделки и електронната търговия и съдържат общоприложими правила, както и разпоредби, които касаят конкретни продукти, включително лекарствата, генетично модифицираните организми, тютюневите изделия, козметиката, играчките и взривните вещества.

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