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Money laundering - Recent cases from a EU banking supervisory perspective

11-02-2019

This briefing (1) provides some insight into recent cases of breaches or alleged breaches of anti-money laundering (AML) rules by SSM supervised banks and (2) identifies some common prudential features. The briefing also outlines (3) the respective roles of European and national authorities in applying AML legislation that have been further specified in the 5th AML Directive adopted by the EP Plenary on 19 April, and (4) ways that have been proposed to further improve the AML supervisory framework ...

This briefing (1) provides some insight into recent cases of breaches or alleged breaches of anti-money laundering (AML) rules by SSM supervised banks and (2) identifies some common prudential features. The briefing also outlines (3) the respective roles of European and national authorities in applying AML legislation that have been further specified in the 5th AML Directive adopted by the EP Plenary on 19 April, and (4) ways that have been proposed to further improve the AML supervisory framework, including the 12 September Commission’s communication and the changes to the European Supervisory Authority (ESA) Regulation proposed by the Commission. The Commission suggests a three-pronged approach to reinforce AML supervision: (i) further guidelines and best practices developed by EBA; (ii) stronger powers - including an obligation to act - for the European Banking Authority (‘EBA’) as part of the ESA review being negotiated at Council and Parliament; (iii) establishing, where appropriate, an EU body, at a later stage, as part of the review clause of the 5th AML Directive in 2022. This briefing is an updated version of the April 2018 EGOV briefing.

Workshop "Anti-corruption provisions in EU free trade and investment agreements: Delivering on clean trade"

28-03-2018

International trade agreements have the potential to help breaking the vicious circle of corruption in economies based on privileged connections rather than fair competition. They increase competition in the removal of tariffs and so diminish the power of rentier companies which influence domestic regulation in their favour. They also contribute to a fairer business environment through their transparency provisions. Trade openness, red tape reduction and fiscal transparency, especially transparency ...

International trade agreements have the potential to help breaking the vicious circle of corruption in economies based on privileged connections rather than fair competition. They increase competition in the removal of tariffs and so diminish the power of rentier companies which influence domestic regulation in their favour. They also contribute to a fairer business environment through their transparency provisions. Trade openness, red tape reduction and fiscal transparency, especially transparency of procurement, play positive roles in widening control of corruption. They can be more easily influenced by external actors than the other important control of corruption factors: judicial independence, freedom of the press or the demand from civil society for good governance. This study ordered by the INTA Committee argues that indirect good governance policies which increase competition and subvert power and economic monopolies or quasi monopolies are far more effective than direct anticorruption policies, which in relying on domestic implementation tend to fall into the vicious circle again. The study presents options characterised as an ‘economist’s approach’ with an apparently more modest but effective good governance package, a ‘lawyer’s’ approach’ with firm anticorruption language but unenforceable provisions even in EU countries (on bribery, for instance), and a ‘holistic’ approach where the EU would coordinate across international trade, promotion of norms and development aid. The three options may be used alternatively, depending on the degree of development and quality of governance of the trading partner. The study was presented at a workshop of the INTA committee on 24 January 2018.

PANA committee of inquiry

05-12-2017

The European Parliament's 'Committee of Inquiry to investigate alleged contraventions and maladministration in the application of Union law in relation to money laundering, tax avoidance and tax evasion' (PANA committee) was established in June 2016. Its report and the recommendation submitted for adoption by the European Parliament's December plenary session now pave the way for further monitoring and follow-up actions.

The European Parliament's 'Committee of Inquiry to investigate alleged contraventions and maladministration in the application of Union law in relation to money laundering, tax avoidance and tax evasion' (PANA committee) was established in June 2016. Its report and the recommendation submitted for adoption by the European Parliament's December plenary session now pave the way for further monitoring and follow-up actions.

Disinformation, 'fake news' and the EU's response

20-11-2017

The impact of the online spread of mis- and disinformation – including false news posing as factual stories – became increasingly visible in the context of the crisis in Ukraine, and gained notoriety as a global challenge during the 2016 United States presidential election campaign. Ahead of the European elections in 2019, the EU is now stepping up its efforts to tackle 'fake news'. This is a further updated version of an 'at a glance' note published in April 2017: PE 599.384.

The impact of the online spread of mis- and disinformation – including false news posing as factual stories – became increasingly visible in the context of the crisis in Ukraine, and gained notoriety as a global challenge during the 2016 United States presidential election campaign. Ahead of the European elections in 2019, the EU is now stepping up its efforts to tackle 'fake news'. This is a further updated version of an 'at a glance' note published in April 2017: PE 599.384.

Consumer Protection Cooperation Regulation

08-11-2017

The European Commission has proposed the revision of the Consumer Protection Cooperation (CPC) Regulation, to broaden its scope and strengthen the powers of the national authorities cooperating on cross-border EU consumer-law infringements. Three rounds of trilogue negotiations produced a provisional agreement in June 2017, now awaiting a first-reading vote in plenary in November.

The European Commission has proposed the revision of the Consumer Protection Cooperation (CPC) Regulation, to broaden its scope and strengthen the powers of the national authorities cooperating on cross-border EU consumer-law infringements. Three rounds of trilogue negotiations produced a provisional agreement in June 2017, now awaiting a first-reading vote in plenary in November.

Protection of whistle-blowers at EU level

23-10-2017

In October, the European Parliament is due to discuss on an own-initiative report on legitimate measures to protect whistle-blowers. Whistle-blowers have proved to be a crucial resource in revealing harm to the public interest. The report calls on the Commission to present a horizontal legislative proposal with a view to protecting whistle-blowers effectively in the EU.

In October, the European Parliament is due to discuss on an own-initiative report on legitimate measures to protect whistle-blowers. Whistle-blowers have proved to be a crucial resource in revealing harm to the public interest. The report calls on the Commission to present a horizontal legislative proposal with a view to protecting whistle-blowers effectively in the EU.

Renewing the approval for glyphosate

23-10-2017

Glyphosate, one of the world's most widely used active substances in herbicides, has recently become the subject of controversy. The European Commission now proposes to renew its approval for 10 years. The ENVI committee has adopted a motion for a resolution calling for glyphosate to be phased out by 2020, and a vote on this issue is expected during the October II plenary session.

Glyphosate, one of the world's most widely used active substances in herbicides, has recently become the subject of controversy. The European Commission now proposes to renew its approval for 10 years. The ENVI committee has adopted a motion for a resolution calling for glyphosate to be phased out by 2020, and a vote on this issue is expected during the October II plenary session.

Gazprom's controversial Nord Stream 2 pipeline

06-07-2017

In April 2017, European Energy Commissioner, Maroš Šefčovič, commented that no commercial project has ever been so intensely debated as the Nord Stream 2 pipeline. Opponents of the pipeline are above all worried about its geopolitical and energy security implications.

In April 2017, European Energy Commissioner, Maroš Šefčovič, commented that no commercial project has ever been so intensely debated as the Nord Stream 2 pipeline. Opponents of the pipeline are above all worried about its geopolitical and energy security implications.

What if your personal health tracker could save your life?

09-06-2017

Through advances in technology, big data has become a major asset and can open up numerous opportunities in all areas, but how can we use this in the context of health care and ensure it benefits everyone?

Through advances in technology, big data has become a major asset and can open up numerous opportunities in all areas, but how can we use this in the context of health care and ensure it benefits everyone?

South Korea's presidential election: Potential for a new EU role in the Korean Peninsula

08-05-2017

South Korea has been shaken by a succession of corruption scandals involving politicians, judges, senior officials, businessmen and even academics. Impeachment of the country's first female president, the conservative Park Guen-hye, was confirmed by the Constitutional Court, and snap Presidential elections take place on 9 May 2017. Moon Jae-in, a liberal politician and a leading Minjoo (Democratic Party) personality, leads the polls and is the prospective next President of South Korea. Whoever will ...

South Korea has been shaken by a succession of corruption scandals involving politicians, judges, senior officials, businessmen and even academics. Impeachment of the country's first female president, the conservative Park Guen-hye, was confirmed by the Constitutional Court, and snap Presidential elections take place on 9 May 2017. Moon Jae-in, a liberal politician and a leading Minjoo (Democratic Party) personality, leads the polls and is the prospective next President of South Korea. Whoever will run the country is expected to launch an era of political and constitutional reform, as well as reducing the power of the chaebol, business conglomerates which enjoy outsize influence and impunity. Moon and the Minjoo are critical of deployment of the US-developed anti-missile shield, Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD). A new direction to relations with North Korea is also expected, with a shift from military deterrence to an engagement attitude. This new course could favour stability in the region, paving the way for a new role for the European Union, which could offer its experience in dialogue and integration to engage in a possible future denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula.

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