Cycling mobility in the EU

20-05-2015

As an everyday activity for millions of Europeans, cycling is increasing in importance in European society. In economic and social terms, it influences or impacts upon transport, mobility, environment and climate change, the economy and tourism. Currently, no cycling strategy exists at EU level. Cycling policies are a matter for Member States, which provide the regulatory frameworks and – in many cases – country-wide cycling programmes, while concrete actions are generated mostly at local or regional levels, notably in cities. Nevertheless, the EU has taken an active role in cycling promotion, trying to make the best use of this mode of transport, including in efforts to achieve Europe 2020 strategy targets. Accordingly, a number of EU policies and programmes take cycling into account. The EU's overall approach aims to bring about a lasting change in people's behaviour, in favour of more cycling. To attain this goal, several different aspects of cycling promotion could benefit from coordinated development. EU support consists principally of guidance, exchange of best practice, and financial support, oriented towards local and regional authorities promoting a stronger culture of cycling mobility. More and more people use cycling for their everyday travel. As a means of transport over short distances, cycling brings certain economic, environmental and health-related benefits. In parallel, cycling for leisure and tourism is also evolving, thanks to a growing network of cycle paths. One of the most visible cycling developments is taking place in cities, where recent trends such as the introduction of bicycle sharing systems, electric bicycles and cargo bikes, are transforming the cityscape and contributing to a broader acceptance of cycling in society. For its part, the European Parliament contributes to cycling promotion with continuous active support. Stakeholders are already looking ahead and aiming for a coordinated EU approach to cycling.

As an everyday activity for millions of Europeans, cycling is increasing in importance in European society. In economic and social terms, it influences or impacts upon transport, mobility, environment and climate change, the economy and tourism. Currently, no cycling strategy exists at EU level. Cycling policies are a matter for Member States, which provide the regulatory frameworks and – in many cases – country-wide cycling programmes, while concrete actions are generated mostly at local or regional levels, notably in cities. Nevertheless, the EU has taken an active role in cycling promotion, trying to make the best use of this mode of transport, including in efforts to achieve Europe 2020 strategy targets. Accordingly, a number of EU policies and programmes take cycling into account. The EU's overall approach aims to bring about a lasting change in people's behaviour, in favour of more cycling. To attain this goal, several different aspects of cycling promotion could benefit from coordinated development. EU support consists principally of guidance, exchange of best practice, and financial support, oriented towards local and regional authorities promoting a stronger culture of cycling mobility. More and more people use cycling for their everyday travel. As a means of transport over short distances, cycling brings certain economic, environmental and health-related benefits. In parallel, cycling for leisure and tourism is also evolving, thanks to a growing network of cycle paths. One of the most visible cycling developments is taking place in cities, where recent trends such as the introduction of bicycle sharing systems, electric bicycles and cargo bikes, are transforming the cityscape and contributing to a broader acceptance of cycling in society. For its part, the European Parliament contributes to cycling promotion with continuous active support. Stakeholders are already looking ahead and aiming for a coordinated EU approach to cycling.